Newspaper Page Text
THE SUN, MONDAY, APRIL 14, 1918.
MO.tU . Willi, it. uti:i,
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( lass Mull Mnltrr.
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Published ilnllv. Im-bidlng Sunday. I'V the Sun
IT In tin n nml Puhll-liliic m.i i.iUoii a I l?n Nassau
trrrl, In ihr ll'irmi Eh of UiiiitwilMu, Nrw oil.
Prrsiilrn' .ind 'I w cm nr. 1 1I Wi tti Itrlrk, 170
N'assailsi crt Mi r-I'leslili III. I ilrtnfil I' Mitchell.
IM Na.ii Mrrri. Srirtar. ' I. l.iiMnn, Kn
Pffltisham 1fonr. 1 Arundrl
Pari rrilrr tlur dr la Mlfhodlfrr, off Itun du
M'anhlnetnti offlrr, lllhhs I'llllrtlni.
llrookln offlrr. Infl Llvlncfion ttrrrt.
ff our trttiiii vht furor ii iriin mnnticrlr unit
toluslrnttom for rublienlftn vth tn hmf tfjftlfi
ariiclrt tnntntit lir u nt;.l In nil eatu $rni ilampi
for that fi'irvi."
Strikes anil flovrmmrut Ownership.
Tlm Hon 1'iunk llrciHVAN. Pemo
crat. Ilepresentntive in Congress of
the Seventh Illinois district, was for
1 I .... ! .. . .1
pc,. ,,s Mcsmnn ,,, , ..
local union of the Bridge and Structural
Iron Workers nnd for four vears inter-
national president of that union. He
is serving his second term in Congic
and is a member of the Committee on
Iibnr. The .uveitis.! slrikeof the Boston
.,. WK h, ill...,,.- I"eMO,,nisie,
liy tlm telephone eomtwittv of some of
its employees from other cities to
Boston, a proceeding which seems to
have given the transferred an enjoyable
vacation with the privilege of the best
hotels, stirred Mr. ItraiA.VAN to his.'hig twenty-one years of nge nnd
depth. The power of Congress to recti- ''itizens of tlm 1'nited States, or ngainst
late interstate commerce must be used ; organiAutions, combinations, unions or
to forbid the interstate transportation
of "strike breakers. Mr. lift iianas
is not entirely sure that such a measure
would be within the constitutional power
oi congress nu, slnce , onstitution
iihs iieen oneri sirainen to oiuaiu lie
rloinna Iwvciiln i.v l .l- - iimin
, V. r .,' . .V
... .,., i..u .i.nsioiis- .m
any rale, bills for tho purpose will be
i nn is ot more immeiiiate interest
in Mr. Bitha.van'k views is his homilv
in favor of Oovenitnent ownership:
"finch corporations a this tho trlephon (any sea power but Kliglnnd. Kngl.und
mmpany In ri'irftionl nusht not to rrlrt. 'can lie eliminated from the calculation,
Thr Government fIioiiM on ami oprratu . bis ause she is jointly interested with
all puhllr utilities, Hml some. lay th Kmrrl- the Vnited Slates in the preservation
can people 11 wake up to that view." ' 0f the Monroe Doctrine, the cornerstone
We have no doubt of the sincerity of of American national policy.
Mr. HfriiA.VAX, whose career is honor-' -t the meeting of the Navy league
able to himself and to that American : t'" most significant incident was the
equality of opportunity which lm seem i discussion of the preparedness of the
to appreciate imperfectly. But what i Atlantic fleet for battle. When Presi
becomes of the right to strike when the, lent Tait reviewed it in New York
employees involved are (iovcrnment harbor last October ho said: "I nm
employees'5 Would Congress always sufficiently advised of tlm preparedness
yield to their demands' That might f 'l'0 veses to know that when they
bring extravagances to which tlm conn- I,a-ss mn to-morrow in front of the
try. the immense majority ngainst a Statue of Liberty they would be ready
favored "class." would not and could not lo lnpot nn pnemy outside of Sandy
consent. Would the country consent to Hook, both those vessels on the active
the suspension of public utility service "st Hn those on the reserve, with
if the demands of employees were tht'lr guns shotted and ammunition
not granted'' Possibly Mr. Bithanan 'enough in store to do effective battle for
and those who agree with him will their country." Was this tho language
"wake up" to tho view that flovemment ! expected on tho occasion or was the
ownership nnd operation of public 1 "'"'t fu,,-v prepared to go out to battle''
Utilities might mean the end of strikes, ;
the beginning of compulsory employ-j
dent without redress of grievances.
The atrabilious and black seeing e.x
pect trouble and divorce between the
President and the Vice-President, his
memento mnri Tl,., II,... T.. . ., I
Riley Map.s.iall refutes 'their v; ,
imaginings. He corrects and informs
"The Prr.drnt of the fnltr! Statra,
that fion rem man to rrrprtuate Jeffer
The chastened and stole moderation
of this language will blind nobody to
its meaning. It was not an nddress
but n message that was read to Congress
At last the country knows what direct
A Faulty Mrrtlml i.aw.
While tho main provisions and the
intent and purpose of the Senate Bill No.
80070'.', entitled "An Act to Amend the
Public Health Law Helative to Medical
Licenses," are commendable, it is drawn
in such ambiguous language and is
fo devoid of judicial safeguards that
should it becomo law it would olTer a
serious menace to medical men whom
it is designed to protect. The most
flagrant objection to tho bill is the ex
traordinary jurisdiction it bestows in
matters of professional life and death
upon men who nre not trained in the
methods of taking and weighing evi
dence, It provides that tho Itegcnts
may revoko tho license of a practitioner
of medicino or annul his n-gist rat ion or
suspend him for nny length of time if ho
bo guilty of unprofessional conduct, the
meaning of which is defined in tho usual
muddled legal veibingo ns "advertising
to perform cures of incurable, diseases,
nnouocing professional services with
out compensation, wilfully betraying
m nrrifnaeinno 1 I. . . i i . I
" i 'iii I ci. 1 1 1 . i , rmimuai (triitiK-
ennoss or addiction to drugs, dividing
Ippu nr nnv tVi., ,,r.t..-. ... 1
" i .11 ii'in nm consonant
with good morals or anything done or
faid detrimental to the health or morals
of others "
A law of this character would ho
decided Iiniroenient upon the present I
netnods ol "t luciiilminir oil,. ml.
flK&tnst professional ethics." Strive as
they may, the committees chosen an
tiuaTiy for this function by medical so
cieties do not alwuys administer even
jubtlco. In bomo important cases, ns
In that which, hus recently agitated vio-
leittly the New York County Medical
Sriciciy, tlx verdict is thwiirtiil., More
over, tmlh accuser imil licensed usually
lime partisans miikiiik the members who
' liecorue indent champions nml thus do
ll '.'it the ends "f justice. We tire eon-
ni.ant nl a case in which a revcisnl of
a lair decision wan obtained on appeal
to a new committee favorable to him,
tho election of which had been ardently
ptomoted hy the offender.
Such leniency is more or Irs pardon
nhle, since the trial committee is not
Mvorn. Much vahmhlo time him been
wasted in these trials also flint might
liave hcen profitably spent in scientilli.'
discu.-xinii!?, anil not rarely have they
brought discredit nnd undeserved criti
cism upon tho society. Nevertheless
this imperfect method is preferable to
a hill which confers tremendous dis
cretionary powers upon men who huve
been appointed for n different purpose
and whose function is far more simple,
namely, to adminiMcr the well defined
provisions) of a statute.
In ii- r,.nl... l .1,., l.lil
authorizes the eereief l.i.lieml wer
In mntlers wlilidi nm m donr nn llfi.
itself, honor and a right to earn a living
in a railing to which the larger part of
the man's life may have been devoted,
Heing in effect a penal enactment, this
law should be clear and definite nnd at.
least omit tho last unwarranted if not
ludicrous provision, the language of
which is so ambiguous and vague that
the most astute .ludge would be stag
gered by its interpretation. And yet
the Itegents of tlm University, a board
of laymen unaccustomed to interpreting
law or sifting evidence, are empowered
, jU(c,nent that m.iv blasta man's
jjf, wjl0Ut ,owillK lliln ,hp r,h to
appeal to a higher court. The bill
worthy of n,,prnl,ntion if ,
nature of each offence were clearly de
I tinisl so as to leave less discretion to the
judges nnd if some of the latter were
M,(rtC(i fe , , , profrw,ion,
The Klghtrrnth Amendment.
Die laws of the Vnited States shall not
le enforced against laborers or farmers.
' associations of such laborersor farmers.
1 the Tlrrt Always neiuly?
If the Hon. I'lUNKLIN Dkia.VO Hoose-
vki.t smke for the Administration when
. lie noil ri"strt thi Nnvr l..iniin in Wnali.i,,
... . ".. .
"iRion on inursony, t'resiitent ii.son
U ll0 ns ptur,iy m, Htivwate of nn
pfiicient navy as his predecessor was:
'i, n-iw i.innot lu. i.fli,.;..nt nnUj a
is adequate, for efticiency must le un
derstood in the broad sense of capacity
to maintain American policy ngainst
According to reports of tho discussion
nt the Navy League meeting, all the
ships did not have a complement of
well trained seamen on board, and it
may bo doubted if they could have
fought more than one engagement.
Other ships than tho dreadnought
Wyoming, which was hurried into com
mission for the review and was not
'"" ien.- it:
7'J-' ngo shots with power
. ll' , , ,,,u,, 1 lllll tl 1IHIU
ing edge. There might have been a
difficulty about an extra supply of
ammunition, for Secretary Mrykr said
in his annual report after tho review:
"Tho 1'nited States now has only one
small makeshift vessel for ammunition
carrying purposes. The construction
of others cannot longer bo delayed with
Tlm ammunition question is ad
mitted to bo a delicate one. Inck of
thoroughly trained seamen to make
full complements is not denied. Sec
retary Daniels should devote himself
to the business of preparing the whole
fleet for emergency service. It is bad
enough to have nJmndoned the two bat
tleship building programme; but if the
fleet is not actually ready "to meet nn 1
i-uciii viuiniuiT tn rsuiuy xiuuk mo .
pcoplo havo a still greater ETlovanco
against tho Government and the Navy
I'laya and Cities.
When tljo history of the present the
atrical season comes to bo written in
connection with its predecessors there
will be one detail of marked difference
from former years. Never hus taste in
the matter of tho newdrnmnssuhmitted
to i he public shown such marked varia
tions. What Now York has approved
has altogether failed in certain cases
to interest other cities, Morn striking,
iinwni'flp lino hnnn Ihn .... I ..I
' ' " "I'l'MMUl CISC-
where of nlilVfl to which our local nlnv.
goers took but slight fancy. This dif-
rerence in tasto wan most marked be.
twee, the two cities which nro supposed
to represent the conservative ideas of
t e h ist nnd the c?renter imlmiom nn.. I
of tlm middle West. Chicago nnd Now
York have altogether failed to ngren us
to the merits of the dramas submitted tn
them for approval.
This. divergenco in opinion was no-
ticeablo chiefly in the matter of foreign
dramas. Moth "llindln Wakes" and "Th.v
Blindness of Virtun" worn acted in New
otk win, ampin appreciation of their
literary and dromatin otlJllltfef. Kill untl.
little or no public patronage "The
Dtotic," which waa abandoned after two
hearings in this city, is said to havn
found much greater favor in the West
ern city, "ltutherford and Hon," highly
praised or its artistic qualities, was so
cHielly neglected by the public that
even the smallest theatre in New York
"was but sparingly filled during its per
foimanccs. That powerful study of n
disagreeable Knglish problem did not
travel so far west ils Chicago, so tlm
reversal of metropolitan patronage wan
not to be noticed ill this ease.
Hut there wus siiflicient public for tho
two other metropolitan 'nilures to make
them notuhln among tho enduring suc-
cesseH of the theatrical year in Chicago,
This must mean that there is in tlm West
it ili.mmi.1 fnr nlnva nr V,nr( n.linI n " "lr,n' o"1' had flnrr hrrn he
. I""'" ".
problem apart from their quality first
as dramatic products and secondly a
means or entertainment. Or it may bo
thai 'the theatregoers of tlm West havn
decided that their entertainment is of
u characier different from that required
here. At all events, the theatregoers
of the West have shown ft disposition to
1 W,,(0m(, W',h Krra,"r rordiltlity than
tliose who live in New York the works
of the so-called new playwrights. Per
hapi this differenco in taste Is of ad
vantage to tho manager who must
suit liis wares to as many markets
as possible. What is not appreciated
hero may reward his enterprlso beforo
Why Ho Porjnrrrn Go Free?
To what extent false swearing is the
habit in certain classes of civil actions
every Judge and lawyer knows, An
almost unbelievable amount of per
jury marks tho progress of litigation,
while the prosecutions for this offenre
aro so few in number as to amount to
a confession that the penal statute
enacted to protect the truth is a dead
letter. These facts make doubly wel
come an announcement made by .ludge
Mack in the Tinted States District
Const, in which he said:
Somrtinily has cut to pay for nil tlir IrtriK
that tins Iieen done in this i-onrl.and pros
cm ion for perlury will result "
Conditions in the State courts are
worse than in the Cnitisl States courts,
for obvious reasons. It is true that
convictions fortius offence are hard to
obtain, but in this tlm crime of perjury
is not alone, nnd the obstacles that
obstruct tlm prosecuting officers are
not an excuse for evasion of a' dutv.
A few perjurers in Sing Sing would have
.....'. nor, ..... 1 ..r .l...
i" " 1 """"sinici u ui u.e
, trial courts in this count v.
The Woman Did It.
If the Bank of England has been
robbed of "tens of thousands of pounds,"
as n widely believed London report has
it, one of the earliest beliefs of child
hood lias received its positive denial.
Who has not been taught that the Old
l-idy of Threadnecdlo Street guarded
her treasure so vigilantly that so much
as n farthing could not be abstracted
without the connivance of all Kngland,
including the Royal Family? The exact
accounting, the merciless audit, the
armed guards: these are as real to even
the humblest deJbtor as tho Liberty En
lightening the World or the New York
We reject the tale of a "high placed
official" of the bank who took the cash.
No monument of respectability like a
Bank of England officer could steal.
Even n naturo depraved and debased
would shrink from tapping that reser
voir of the world's treasure and credit.
If the money is gone, cherchez la femnm.
'Twns a militant prigged it.
Thr Department of Agrlcultur prac
tically absolves cold storage of the charge
of increasing the cost of living. Some
other malefactor must he found; nnd how
the Ultimate Consumer longs for tho
Th" burden of city bookkeeping In the
Department or Hnancn would be con
siderably reduced if the President of the
Borough of Brooklyn would consolidate
all his lulls for expensive bottled drink
ing water nnd make one voucher serve
where mnny nre used now This is what
he would do if he were paying for the
water himself The fact that the tax
payers foot the bill for this official luxury
may have made him a little c.ireleao about
the minor details
The soft Cnmpanlan luxuries and mar
ble magnificence of the Senate tvaths have
long stirred tho bile of "wool hat" and
"wild Western" statesmen. The end of
the revels Is come Tho employees of
that pagan palace have been discharged.
The Hon. John Sharp Williams, chair
man of the new Committee on Audit and
Control of the Contingent Expenses of the
.Senate, has "succeeded," a Washington
drnatch to Tiik Srx tella an admiring
country, "in abolishing the baths "
This .Spartan virtue is doubly gratify-
1 . :.. .1 ,. .. -
iiiK in iiib case oi .nr ivil.l.IAMS, the ex
nectancv and rose of the fair fiintn nt Ml..
sissinni. a naraeon of neatness nnd nm.
Mr Williams ia right In holding that
the Capitol liarber shop should oloao or
support itself, "Uiat , Senators ought to pay
for their hatha, massage and shoves like
other persons and not charge the ex.
penae to the Government." They should,
though a decorous nnd onndid facade
becomes a Father Conscript. But how
eaay it is to make parade of a little econ
omy of this sort and yet propose or con
sent to millions of wasteful and dema
gogic, appropriations! If there were a
bnth from which a Senator might omerge
cleansed of hypocrisy and humbugl
We know not what others may think,
hut in ono friendly nnd faithful bosom
this nomination renews old memories and
Invites new worship
" William .T. McDonalb, to he United
States Marshal for the Northern District
I Ifnll n4 A .1 .. . . . r. ... ..
i r. . i .
I.one Star Rangers, the foe of Forakrii.
tho hernia soldier soul that boils to
-charge Hell with a bucket of water!
Knleker Jones ss hi rtnein't want any
thing but his autograph from the Prsildcnt,
Hoiker Hut he wnnts that on commti-
Knlckrr U Jnns a hlurterf
Horkir 1 should my so; he Is willing In
psy an Income tax to mik. folki think he
hit an Incarna.
I'll E SCEI'TIVM, MR. IH'KI.I'.X.
Mill Iticrrdtiloiis ns to the I'rnvrd IM.
I'liee of ny Centenarian,
To Tilt, l.lil roll or 'I K SI s s'lr He
piling to .Mr S It Fitch In his letter pub
lished In Tin-: si nf March :il. I beg leave
to say Hint I never mud.. lln -laletneiit that
"only mi Insurance, imllcy er pension cer
tlllcute call furnish lllertltahlo evident e ill
nn Issue concerning n nrin4 nite I
merely gnvcan Illustration of what I would
nclmlt in 'pinof nml jilmoliito ii,iir "
.My minis vveto as follows
If one nt Ihe llosion fatl't ullrRed ccntrmrlans
would, In connection Mlih thr record of his hlrlli.
give the record of having hern accepted dy n
lite Insurance company ny llfiy cnrs ago,
nnd thr dam of birth in thrn given agrees wltli
thr one now given, I would admit It as "primf "
C)i If hr had rntrrnl Ihr military or nanl rrlcr
s n yomiir man, and thrn rrqutrrd In she Ihr dale
of hl lilrlh, and had idnrr lirrn hornr on Un
prnlon rolls, I nnuld. If dalrsarcrd. arcrpt that
at "absolute proof,
Mr Pitch Is likewise In error when lie
says "Nut ono person In ten Is Insured tn.
day," If he means ndult mules I nImiuIiI
say, nfter consilium: iiiilh'iiitles. that In
his city of Newark, ns well as In the North
UUtitle a ml Now l.mdntiil Stater, T." per
l ent of the male population over I'.'i vents
of Hire, ellvllde for Insurance, carry onm
kind of n life Insurance pollrv
'Hie Innuranrr Viild In lie ue of prll
Promptly came Ihr proof In onr lntanre from
thr rrrnrds of the Mutual Life of Nrw York The
rompany began hulnr In su, Pnllry No,
was ItMird In that jear to Charlr II. Ilonlh, who
riled on May:, low, at theaurof 11)1. Throldent
pollrj holder now living t (imrifr L, Nrw man of
Charlottesville, Va , who was horn nn July 1.1,
laid. In about thrrr yrars It w III be pnaslble for
Mr. Nrwman, wr trust, to qualify as anolhrr
rirrptlon. Hut these arr few oul nf the multi
tudes of "eenlenarlanV who annually qualify
on the rredullly of reporter". It will be noticed
none has onr ahue 101 What about ihr lilt
ear old Mexlran who died a few month acn'
Was hr a body MTMint of Corlc or a plain tin
Imaginative liar' lid tenants of Washington
have died by regimen It Ihr lat luen!-hAr rar.
Hut theyhad no proof up to Ptrklrn er an other
'I he farts in the case of Mr llootli above
referied to were liirtiislieil me hy the .Mutual
Life Insurance Company of New nrk
bunt ten years nirii, while he ns llvlmt at
the supposed nite of about n years At that
time the company published In Its oflklnl
paper, the Wtrklu Slnlrmrnt, nil autograph
letter from Mr. Ilooth. Inquiring about hl
policy, in which he said he was "verv old."
Evidently he did not thrn know his age and
there Is n possibility iimt u was a matter
of guesswork when he made his application
III 143. At least, I have never seen nny
record proof of the date ef his birth
As to Mr tieorge 1, Newman of Char
Inttesville. Y.i who aciording to the In-
intranet irWIs now the oldest llv Ing policy
n,u... , mi il,, t. in,-., iii.-i . iiik IMIUCy.
holder. I haxe to say that If Mr Newman
will furnish a record that Is reasonable
proof that ho waa born on .lulv IS, Istn, and
that record agrees with tha date given in
his application for Insurance, win. if be is
living on .luly l.'i, tnta, present to him linn
In gold Or if he, then being llv ing, declines
to accept the same I will present that amount
to some home for aged persons, to he se
lected by the editors of Tin: Sc.v nnd the
All actuaries and other persons well In
formed on the subject of longevity with
whom I hnve corresponded have agreed
that tin years Is the maximum age ever
attained by any human being in putting
the ago nt ton years I feel that 1 am entitled
to record proof of some kind, eliminating
folk lore nnd hearsay ldence
S I FtrM.r.N
WasnivnTox. D C, April IS.
An to Mr. Ficklen's somewhat guarded
offer of n prize of lino in gold, we take
pleasure in expressing our liellef that ho
is financially responsible.
irwr nons nox'T ni.mv away.
Settled to an Inquirer's Satisfaction hy
a Sclent ine Neighbor.
To Tnr. Epitor or Tiik sr.v .Sir- In my
ic-i-i me mnri nn? iiii.-ii me wirm was
blowing sixty or seventy miles an hour 1
saw me., not onlv full lo ,L. h.mlu v
hut actually blown back, while dogs were
!,,, !,.. l - 'i'l,.
strange to me. I.ui neighbor of mine who 1
Is a man nf scientific turn explained It all
to mn very simply
In the first place, h said, dogs have, as
compared with men, to use a marine term,
less freeboard, they don't rise so high above
the surface. To be sure, the surface here Is
not of water but of land but the effect s
the same. Having less freeboard the dog
presents less superficial urea to the wind
and Is therefore less likely to be affected
by It That's one thing
tor another, the dog's centre of gravity
Is lower 'Ihe man stands with his body
upright, soaring Into the air; while the
dog carries Its body horizontal to the earth
and so very much lower Its centre of
gravity being lower It has, of course, a
rorreepondingly greater degree of stability.
And, finally, my scientific neighbor said
to me. You must not forget that the dog
has four leet lo stand upon Instead of only
two, as In the case of man So. with his low
freeboard and his low- centre of gravity and
his four feel to give him still greater se
curity, the dog Is able to make his way
easily against gales that men can't with-
si 11 hi i. nun is, i nn ecu, inn very seniom mown
a wa y
All of which seemed to settle It quite sat
isfactorily I) sHTMOl'TI!.
Nkw Vosk, April i:.
FEW RE A RUED RARBERS.
Thrln a Trade Followed by Vounn or
Youna; l-ooklna; Men.
To rnK Elinor, or Tut: Sfv-.Sir: Did
It ever strike you that you see few barbers
with lieanls.' Very few
One reason for this, I suppose. Is found In
Ihe thought that if they should grow beards
their customers might he prompted to. nnd
this wouliUiurt Ihebuslness I here's nothing
llkesn much revenue from trimming a man's !
beard twice n month as there is from shav
ing him every day. ery few barbers set
the beard example
. Another reason why barbers don't wear
beard is because It might make them look
older, nnd nn barber wants to look old. Hv
shnvlug he can keep a youthful face, and
many barbers shave clean, or If, ns many
do, they wear a mustache only they can
dye that, and thus keep young looking.
Ah you see few- bearded barbers o also do
you sen few- old barber. It Is a business
followed mainly by young and youngish
men or men who look young
I sometimes wonder what hernmes of
barbers when they grow old.
New Yokk, April i:i. HK.snr Enhf.l.
The Sugar Tax.
To tiik Ennou or The Hiw .sir. i
hould like to add a word to whut your
correspondent "!. K. II." says In The Sum
regarding the. tariff on sugar. In my opin
ion It should be retained because it meeta
the three fundamental of euultahle find
1. Large yield,
'i. Ease of collet-lion.
.1. Wide dlst ribul ion.
It will bo noticed that a tax nn the homo
product does not meet tho second require
ment, It will, of course, afford incidental
proloctlon, but if m can have free compn.
tltlon, on which Ihe country seema deter
mined, that quest ion should not tin nrieil
against a tax on tho imported article for
...r,,,.r, ..in, ,,n iirru in,, money.
New Yum, April lit, Fiiancis riair.
Learning an Obsolete trad.
To thr KnnoRorTHEfiPN .sir- i saw to-day
a man learning loiirlv r a horse cm
That (remrd rather a foolish thing to rin. Kven
In New York hnrie cars are going out of me; Ms
Job wnn'l he good fnt more than rive years at Ihe
molt. He It learning an obsolete trade.
fxaw You, April ll. UoauLMa
Till: (illMH ATKII TAX.
Armiiiicnt In I'uviir of It as a Measure
Itcpn-ssltc of IJrrHt I'ort lines.
To i m k En: ton or Tiik Si s sir I have
tend voiir editorials on ihe'nevv tariff hill
with uroat liiloreti it it 1 mile your object Ion
In what you conililer tlm nndemorrnl Ic
urinliuili'il Ineome tax, wlilch I iipio is
another wnv of saylni; Hint It has not yet
hcen adopted by (lie Democracy of this
1 have I lie hlKiiesl respect for your opin
ions on nlmoit every mbjcit, and yiu nre
rlpht In iiviiii; that this tax is a new tic
partiue in this country Th mere fact,
however, that a tax ha not been hereto
fore levied, or approved In this country
does not of llself prove It lo be n bad tax,
nml If it is a Kood tax the sooner it is adopted
Now, then, Is n properly graduated Income
tn n bad thins'.'
Kmv will disagree with the proposition
that the best tax that could be levied and the
one ninal easily borne would be one that fell
only on the surplus Income of the rate payer
alter deducting hi necessary living ox
poiise, that Koutlial part of his Income that
would he Invested.
AIo It would lm hard lo deny thai nslhls
annual Imoine Increases In se it more and
more should help lo lienr the expense of the
government muter which it has been earned,
Clearly when a man has nn annual Income
of half n million he ran better afford to pay
lo tier cent ,r IJo.nun, than can h man ttltli
an Ini omo of fi.non afford to phv ISO, be
cause, the IV.iiix! would come entirely out
of the surplus and the 5n out of tho Income
needed for living,
Nor Is the other aspect of this graduated
tax to be disregarded, and that is that If
logically followed out It would dlscourag
the accumulation of the enormous fortutiea
of to-day, which ar irenerally Admitted
lo be n misfortune for the country. Hup.
posing the graduated tax to tin so adjusted
that no annual Income could exceed one
million, who would be hurt?
My objection to the tnx Is that It does not
co far enough All annual Incomes over
Pi.iiii pay the same, which Is unjust ni.d
unscientific. 'I he bill should provide
constantly Increasing jiercentage as the
Income grows until It reaches a point where
It limits the possible net Income.
Surely where all property and all Income
is piw.essed nnd enjojed by virtue of the
law of the landl there Is no reason why the
poncr that grnnls the income should not
A. II, C.
Nkw York, April I?
We are not conscious of having said
that the increasing rate on incomes was
a new departure in tills i-ountry Tho
income taxes of the civil war period went
up very sharply on the larger Incomes.
That, however, was purely for the revenue
thus gained for the (iovcrnment in a tern
' "Ip emergency What is a new departure
is the graduated tux for the avowed pur
pose of restricting nnd redistributing
wealth a socialistic purpose which our
esteemed correspondent seems frankly
Their lioiiil Influence I'pim I'ulillc Taste
nil Their Success as Painters.
To tiik Ennou or Tin: Sc.s .Sir In an
address at the National Arts Club the other
evening Mr harles Dana (iibson spoke
of the Influence uf the illustrator In culti
vating a wider interest In general art It
Is n fait too often overlooked that tho Illus
trator of to-day ver.v often becomes" the
painter of to-morrow
Looking over the tub's of a magazine the
other day I came across Illustrations hy the
following men, who have since made repu
tations for themselves as painters. t
would be easy to add nianv others to the list:
.1 Francis Mnrphv. Ilruce Ciane, I'jlwiii
A Abbey. F llnpkinson Smith, V T Smed
Icn, llobert Ilium, Thomas Mornn, Will II
Low, Klihu Vedder. E II. Hlashfleld. F K
Helm. II. West Cllnedinst. Wlllard I. -Met-calf.
Freddie llemlngton, .lohn La Fnrge.
.1. Wells Champney. Frederick Dielman,
Wyntt Eaton. Karl Anderson. K I.. Illumen-
schem. J H Twachtman, Gilbert (laid.
i .., , .. , , ...
LV ' '"" ""","r;. "''-nness. Jr. W M.
,IH"V hp, on " 1 '"""l 1 Chapman,
P " V, r.'' .. AJ".S?",l.er....
.'IIHI-IU IliU-M Icllls'll llrt lU'fll IfltPUft IirW
ln,1'Tl",1,hv.co.l"r 'rln,Jnlf "?''"".'" M.an'
) of the illustrations we see in the magazines
are really paintings, and it Is hy no means
uncommon to see them hanging upon the
walls of the Academy exhibitions Some
of the great men in British art began their
careers as Illustrators In spite of th
Percy and ('Interne fashion plate things,
there is a lot of good, sound, dignified work
In American illustration
1 never think of the Illustrations of the
past twentv years without lamenting again
tho untimely death of Walter Appleton
Clark. The, tradition of his competent,
conscientious work. It Is pleasant to record,
is having its Intluence upon some of the
younger men of to-day
.1. H, Cakkisoto.v.
New Your, April 13.
LIFE SAVIXO MOTOIl CARS.
A Kindlier View of the levll Wanon and
To thi: Elinor, or Tnr. Si , .Sir Auto,
mobiles have killed many, but do you not
suppose thai by Ihelr advent the lives of at
least some persons have been puiletmcd'
I am a man verging on TO not an old man,
hut still not unite st spry as when I was
younger Hefore the automobile came I
used to plunge) ahead almost anywhere,
crossing streets and take the chances. 1
suppose 1 have been n hundred times In
grrnt danger of being run down, but I don't
do that now I know- 1 can't dodge the
automobile. 1 stand back for them, and
that hns now wrought In me a habit of
caution as to all I now- take no chances of
being run over by any sort of vehicles, 1
now stand back for nil
I have no doubt the coming of the auto
mobile has prolonged my life severnl years,
an entry proper to be made on the credit
side nf the automobile slaughter account
and I have nn doubt there might he found
oilier similar cases that would Justify like
entries S. W C
Nkw YonK, April IS.
The l.le as a Money Maker.
To the Ennou ok TnK hus--.Sir
have always tried to live up to honesty in
business, and shall alway continue, on
thnt basis, win or lose, llut it I dishearten-
,. i,i ..,. in, mm luiiiiieiiiors win-1
nlng orders nnd contracts nwny from me
hy "ways that are dark" and tricks which I
consider unmoral and allied to dishonesty
One of my client told ine a while ago that
I had too much conscience ever to be
successful money maker! he said also that a
lie wa justifiable to put n deal through
that when other merchants did unclean
things and (ailed It trade custom ' a
man waa foolish who did not follow suit
One of our leading politicians told mn one
day that "craft" was usuol and customary
mid not tn he taboo because of a few re
formers who opposed It. F H I'r-LET.
Unoom.YN, April 18.
An Excellent Thing.
To thr I'.ditoii or Tint h't'N sir; Yeaterrlay
I met a woman w hoie voice waa "soft, gentle and
low," musical, smooth and grareful, jet gently
accurate In every word, and P prrvadrd by the
unconscious confidence thatcoima to one of per-
in-ny assurril posilion.
Urn was a voice of the highest quality, the
"real goods, " If 1 may so denominate It: and a
pleawro 11 was lo hear It. To have a voice just
like this, like it lo the last dcllcale shading, it
nay be that we must have back nf It generations
nf grace and, at the present lime, hanelsot money,
Hut hy riilllvallnn may not coarner volcea be re
fined greatlyt Oh, how rare Is a well bred volcel
.Nrw York. April n IIostonian
"Wish lhe'd Invoke the Rhemtan law
agalnat the fruit rompany In this locality,'1
ha triad aa ha (sa at lb appla.
(1ERMAXV AS It FltAMK.
llerr I'rlmavese Makes Ills Compliment
to M. Henri Litllnle.
'lo ihf. Eon on or 'lut St.s Sir The
teply of Mr Henri l.nlltole lo my letter
regarding the ntlltudp of the (iermati IEiii
peror In European affairs Is, If nothing else,
quite amusing, especially as it does not bear
on the subject In question
h'or the hake of argument I might men
tion that the llallian allies, though they may
be using many Cretisot guns, nte employing
(lermiin gunpowder This was even ad
mitted In a speech In the Trench Chamber
recently, of which .Mr l.alltole ought lo be
aware, 'I he iirserllon seems quite reason
able In view of the fact that French battle
ships l In I he plural, if you please) have been
totally destroyed by reason of the defective
French gunpowder It docs not seem
likely, therefore, thai the llalknn allies
would have much confidence In the French
Hut ns ti the Krupp guns Is il not a fart
thai they have proved very effective when
captured from the Turks and turned against
them? It depends altogether on the man
behind the gun This lends up to the an
swer which Mr, l.nlltole would want to give
ine, so I anticipate it for him, that the Turks
were (lermnti indued, The Turkish com
mander In chief nl the beginning of the
war was a graduate from the French Mili
tary College, Besides, an American mili
tary mail of high standing published a long
article some time ago in which he slated
that the (iermati dulled and Instructed
army officers wore not in the field, or at
least were not permitted by the Young
Turks lo remain In Important positions, and
that the most efficient troops had not long
before the war been discharged from ser
vice, Ac: In short, that the Young Turks
had mismanaged things. With the Jeal
ousy and corruption prevailing. It Is prob
ably a wonder that anything at nil was nr.
ronipllheil. And why did the Car nf the
llulgars send the Aiistilnn (leneral (leorgl
his picture and thank him for the successes
of the lltilgarisns, as their insirm tor''
s to tho misfortune of the ennrlln
ctulser In the light of recent events Mr
Lafltoln'a Joy must have subsided con
siderably In the first place, there Is noth
ing to gloat over vv hen a ship loses Its hear
lugs In a fog If the airship happens to
fly over tho frontier and find itself In a
land of such excitable people as the French,
It was probablv the wisest thing to deter
mine to land to avoid suspicion rather than
to return to the (iermati f nun ler That they
i mild have returned has since been es
tablished, but 1 mention this bit of news In
case. It should hnve escaped Mr Lalltole's
notice What an outcry would have been
raised in la belle France If the airship had
been sighted and bad afterward disap
peared' Hut what did the French do?
They acted like pirates toward a stranded
vessel and lev led a tribute' chivnlry of the
Hy the way, Mr Lafltole, whntever be
came of that famous French nlrshlp I.a
l'ntrie' Accident for accident, the French
have nothing to boast about
Hut the whole sum and substance nf this
controversy Is Why should Mr. (luyot
write to this country on the sublect of the
tinman Emperor and what ho may be doing
In Europe? We should worry Mr (iuyot
does not expect help, does h' Ho might
get sympathy, ntterwiird. long afterward.
Brooklyn, April II. II If Phimatfrk.
CHA RACTF.R AS SEC1 RITY.
CrratNalnR of Mr.Mornan'a lllnstratesl
by the Case nr Itlrharil I'ohrtrn.
To tiik F.ntTon or Tun Hus .Sir.- On
the day of Mr. Morgan's funeral It is pe
culiarly appropriate to introduce from the
life of ftichard Cobden h striking corrobora
tion of our great financier' emphatic testi
mony that In the world of business It l
character which necessarily counts above
jail else, even above capital an affirmation
whUli seemed to startle the public, and
which ou with your tne sense of values
votispicuously recnlled In the admirable
appreciation with which you mourned the
loss of this unique lender.
In l.sjfl when Cobden was :S he formed
a partnership with two other young men
of like high character for the purpose of
engaging In the calico and muslin trade,
the details of which -they had thoroughly
mastered Of money no one of them had
so much as li.non Within three yenrs they
had established a factory at Kabden In Lan
cashire, and very soon were carrying on
a large business In both Manchester and
London It was this success, practically
assured at the age of is. which liberated
Cobden's mind and energy for the illustrious
and beneficent tniblio career upon which he
almost immediately entered,
How did he and his young associates, al
most penniless as they were, secure that
pregnant start in business? It Cobden tell
In his own words-
We introduced ourselves to Fort Prothera
Co . a rich house ln Manchester!, and we
told our tale honestly, concealing nothing.
In less than two years from IS.tn we owed
them Altd.non for goods which they had sent
to us In Wntllng street, ujion no other se
eurlty than our characters nnd knowledge
of our business, I frequently talked with
them In later times upon tho great con
fidence they showed in men who avowed
that they were not possessed of a;oo each.
Their answer was that they would always
prefer tn trust young men with connections
and with a knowledge of their trade. If they
knew them to possess character and ability,
to those who started with capital without
these advantages, and that they had acted
on this principle successfully lu all parts
of the world." 8.
-Nlw York, April is.
Warmed b Fervor of the name.
To the F.niTon or The Hex -.Sir Why
doesn t the antique who dreads pneumonia
and subscribes himself F. A. N " carry a
hot water bag or small oil stove with hint
to the game If he tnui go? It Is not neces
sary for him to attend anyway. There
were M.iino people nt Thursday's game at
the Polo tirounds who had no plaint to put
iip'because of cold, nnd t hese mostly regretted
thai the game did not begin Washington's
birthday, or better. Christmas, or far better.
If the scheduled games could start off
Thanksgiving afternoon at I o'clock and
last until the sun went down the "magnate"
'might gather In as many harvests as they
'pleased. This puny individual who finds
.the baseball! parks 'even on sunny afler-
i noons coin alter the sun hides Its face
is a fit subject for some sanitarium where
steam radiators work all Ihe season round
He Iihs no business nt a baseball park where
Homing works nut the players and the fans
Even If these "magnates" expect their! na
trons to turn out in large numbers, there la
no law compelling the patrons to comply
with their expectations, i there? Truth
to tell, the "magnates" are no more anxious
to gather in all the ducats in sight than the
people are to hand out their ducats for any-
ining asjoyous as baseball. A. FASLTTE,
New York, April 13,
Protect Ins the HUk liWInitry.
To the F.nnon or The SvsSir There
ia no good reason for the Imposition of a
protective tariff except for the purpose of
fostering Industries that will enable a suffi
cient number of our citizens to earn reason-
ablo wages or belter than those of the cheap
labor employed by foreign competitors
When an Industry such as silk pays an
average wage of not more than IS to tn a
week II appears that the fundamental rea
son for the protective tariff is gone, and
why it should be dlacusird nt all exeent as
to the advisability of its removal does not
appear. No one is benefited by it but a few
t'nder such circumstances why not re
move it end benefit the many consumers
hy giving them cheaper and better silk?
b An industry that cannot pay a better
average wage than that Is an Injury rather
than u benefit to a community, as It fur
nishes such nn easy and ready outlet for the
youngsters that they float Into It to the
detriment of their future welfare.
P. R. Schuyler.
Patnsox, N. J., April 12.
OUR SCHOOLS BETTER
1 it ti ifli Professor, After Kijrlit
Weeks Here, Finds Milch
X0. 02 IN N. Y. A M0D11L
Such Discipline Seldom Seen,
nnd Clubs Aro a
City Superintendent nf Schools Max
well bus obtained a translation of a
series of at tides published In the prca
of (Jermnny which were written by L)r
Kerschcnstulner, superintendent nf
schools In Munich, who spent e.ght
weeks In this country investigating th.
The German official made good uss
of his time studying the methods nf
tencblng nnd the administration tn the
Here nie some of "the things he wrnts
for bis own countrymen:
"We Oermnns may boast ef having
given the public school to the world
We too may boast of having given It
t'estnlozxl and Kioohel. We may also
boast that no people even nt this day
has so sstcmatlxed the public schools
ns we have, hut we can no longer strut
around In the tngii of pnrteptor mundl
The American public school s.vstem Is lm1
llfty years old, whereas the (Icrmnn ss
tem looks hack upon 150 years of exist,
ence. There are some States nnd en-ne
cities In this oiliig nation In which
there nro school organizations and edu
cational acquirements that can compare
with the best In the world and from
which wo liermans can learn as much
now n s. the American once learned from
"The American child has nn elementary
school course of eight years, ns Is ths
case In Herman' It has annually ahout
SOU hours of Instruction. In Its full eoursa
about 7,21)0 hours. In ilavarla the rural
child has about C.'iOO; the city child
(Munich), about .,nnu hours. In th
United States the hours of Instruction
are devoted exclusively to secular In
structlon. whereas in (Jermnny from nne
II fill to one-seventh of the total time la
devoted to religious Instruction.
"In the mother tongue (Knglish litera
ture, composition, spelling), in music.
Physical training, gi-ogrnphy and hlstor.v
the nlms nre a bout the Rame as In Herman-,
only with this difference, that ths
well supplied school libraries and the
free supply of histories, geographies and
good renders give the children a far
better Insight Into literature than the
poor renders and pitiful clasa libraries
do In (ieriiiaiiy
"In drawing nnd In nature study and
science the aims nre also the same, but in
the .l.'nlted States, In the nine cities I vis
Itfd, wrong methods In the case of draw
ing nnd Insufficient equipment In nature
study and science prevent the schools from
reaching their alms. This Is all the more
remarkable because It was not true of ths
high schols that articulate with the el
tnentary schools. On the contrary ths
drawing methods In the high schools wore,
such ns to make It possible to carry out
the alms ; and the equipment In many
schools for nature study, for biology, for
physics nnd for chemistry surpassed In
appropriateness, In nbundance and tn use
anything thnt I have ever seen In the
many countries, not excluding Oermany
that I havn visited. In nrlthmetlc and
geometry the alms In the American schools
are higher than they are In Oerman
"Especially In the intermediate schonli
of Doston and New York, In which the
upper classes are concentrated, did I find
that clubs were developing along excellent
lines nnd having a good mornl Influence
on the whole school.
"On one occasion," he says, "I visited
r. S. fi: In New York. In which there
are about fifty classes of the seventh nnd
eighth years. As I entered the school
the morning exercises were In progress
About 1,500 children were singing a hymn
The three part song had been most ex
cellently taught. 1 have rarely seen
such excellent discipline, not only during
the exercises but also In marching In and
out of the assembly room. In this school
there were eighteen clubs that met after
Public School 62, Manhattan, Is at
Hester, Essex and Norfolk streets.
SKl'LIXE COMMISSWX SAM EM.
Practical Men Will Limit HeUhl of
Borough President McAneny an
nounces this morning; the names
of the man who will tlnd out
what sort of restrictions ought lo be
placed on the height of buildings
In New York. The commission
will consider not only the regulation
of the height of building but the ques
tion of their proper proportion, accord
Ine to location nnd uses, and will con
sider the proper grouping and distribu
tion of hulldlngs with relation to the
general need of correct city planning
and the relief of congestion. This Is
Manhattan Allan Robinson, prislden'
Allied Ileal Kstnte Interests Wlllsm II
Chesebrough of the .Metchiints Associa
tion , George T. Mortimer, president
United States llealty nnd Imptovement
Company mid member nf the Fifth Aventn
Commission. C Grant l.a Fiitgc. presi
dent New Y'ork Chapter American Inst1
tute of Architects. Hurt I.. Fenner r
McKim. Mend & White; Otto C Kldllli.
builder, Abratu I, Klkiis. counsel fin the
State Factory Investigating Commission
Lawrence Velller of the Charities organ
zntlnn Society, Oaylord S. White, presi
dent of the Association of Neighborhood
Hrooklyn Edward M. Hassett former
Public Sen-Ice Commissioner , Edward t"
Hlum of Abraham A Straus, .1 Mourn
Hewlett of Lord & Hewlett. Franklin S
Tomllii, secretary Joint Labor Legislative
The Hronx William A. Cokeley of me
Real Estate Interests; August F
Schwa rxler, builder.
Queens Robert W, Hlgble, real estate
Richmond Edward W. nrown of Don
gan Hills, manufacturer.
Also I.awaon Purdy, president Pepar'
ment of Taxes and Assessments, and N'l
son P. Lewis, chief engineer Hoard of
The commission will meet for organi
zation nt the City Hall at 4 o'clock to
morrow afternoon. The Board of Esti
mate has voted an appropriation of $16
000 to meet its expenaea.
NICHOLS NEW DEAN AT CORSE LL
Professor at Pkralra Elected to Sac
Ithaca, April 13. Edward L. Nlchm
profesaor of physics at Cornell Vnlversliv
has been elected dean of the College nf
Arts and Sciences at Cornell Untverun
Official announcement of his appolntni'nt
will not he made until after the trustees
meet. He succeeds Dean Charlea H. Huh,
Prof, Nichols was the unanimous chi"''
of the nominating committee and
unanimously approved hy tho faculty Tie
faculty voted to make the term of d'm
two years. The faculty recommended
that an executive secretary to the dean
hould fee appoint!,