Newspaper Page Text
THE SUN, WEDNESDAY, APRIL 23, 1913.
r'Mprrlfiil tirotrxt m-nltiM illwrtmlna
Hon In tliN vnxr, not only (mthmao t
itrrtu It my duty to tin t im the Thief
Hxemtlvr- nf tlio tuition lint also, und
'tin morn rrmllly, Ihthiimp I IipIIoVo thnt
I ho fLupIo mill tlio li'Kllatlvi utitlinrltlim
of rullfornl,'! will KPtierotmly leapum!
'ho tmiinunt (hi) matter in frankly -ire-xi'ntfil
to llit-m hh ii I'tii'Mlnti of nntlonul
imllry and of natlimiil liotior. If tliey
limn liiorril IIiIh point of view It Is, 1
mil Miir, hi'catiM.' ihuy illil not realize
what and how much wan Involved.
Th PifMldpnt. In innklriK thli appeal,
tliipm nMil tin: forinal tout' of Sor.rotary
of Hliito Hryan'M ti'lommn winl to Gov
"rnor .ImIiunoii hy direction from the
U'hlto I Initio- on Sattirdny. In the lut
ti'r tcli'Krmn iiroK-Ht whh mudo iiKninHt
illncrltnlnatlnti, hut In tu-iluy'si nUtrus.
ilio I'rcnldeni wont to tho extent of
MtKKcsdlm; tho KPtirral form tho li-ele-Intlon
Mioiild take If Its pn.i.-UKe were
t.riv. .Inhn.un llt-plr.
flo Jnlinmin tcplted as follow to
"Imnirdl.itPly upon rreelpt of your
tiJfKrnm It was trnnnmlttod to "both
hoiiHCM of tho LeslHlaturt'. J think 1 can
Bsurp you that It Is the dealro of the
malorlty mr-mborw of tho J,efrl sin turn
o do nothing In tlm matter of tho alien
lanrj Mils that will bo einbnrraflHlnB to
our own Oovcrnuumt or offensive to
"It Is tho drwilim'or this lMtlMators
specifically to provirto In nny net that
nothing-' hrrulti niay bo conetrutM as
offcctltic or Imimlring any rlghti ,se--itred
by treaty, thniiKh, from our kical
standpoint, thin Is deemed unnecessary.
"If iny not bo paused, It will be Ken
nrn4 In chnrncter rolatlnir to thono who
nre Incllfrlblo to dtlzenahlp and the Ian
miao employed will bo that which ban
Mm precedent nnd nanctlon In etatntr-s
which now exlHt tiion tho subject."
Hero Is tho inllammatory sUatrment
iMnetl liy Henator Vitrdamnn, wbone I
iintl-tios-ro wntlnii'ntH nre well known:
"It In very Kratlfylug to mo to ob
.'rvn tho Htand taken by tho people
of California on the nutation of alien
ownership of land. Htrlpped of nil un
necessary verhlaso It simply means a
declaration In favor of Anglo-Paxon eu
premacy In America. This l a white
iiihiVh Kovernment and therefore must
remain a whlto man's country. And
nnythlnK that Interferes In nny way
with the Industrial and political suprem
acy of the whlto nice betokens evil
and otiRht to be avoided.
Woold Cat Off All llelafloa.
"While r have no feellnR of hostility
toward tlio Japanese, tho Chinese, or
tlio neKro. t uni deeply Interested In
maintaining the purity of the Cauca
sian race nnd the preservation of Anglo
Hhxoii civilization. If to prohibit the
.lapaiieso from leaslnu and holillna land
In California would lose the friendship!
.... i.. ...i.i. i i. '
Mini imi-i it-i inn iiumnrs liner-
i oursn with the Japanese peoplo I
should very cheerfully make th sacrifice,
should rather cut off all business rMu
tlon.i with the Japanese empire, yes, I
will make it the Orient, than to sacrifice
the Interest of tho white peoplo of that
one small section of the Htate of Cali
fornia. "Itace purity is Indispensable to Cau
casian oupremacy. And tlm only way
to maintain tho supremacy is to prohibit
by law the commlnKllnB of the ruces. It
has been well wvld: 'It is idle to talk of
'ilucatlon and civilization and tho like
is correotlvo or comprehensive agencies.
Ml aro weak and beggarly as over
MKalnst the almlnhtiness of heredity,
tho omnipotence of tho transmitted
u-enn plasma. Lot this be shorn In some,
measuro of Its exceeding weight of an-
estral plory. let it be soiled In its
millennial purity and livteirrlty and notb.
mir ctuill ever restore It. neither wealth
nor culture, nor science, nor att, nor
morality, nor religion and een Chris
tianity Itself '
Hope They Will Phi Ibfl.an.
"I congratulate the people of Califor
nia upon their Independence, and regard
ed of what may follow I hope thev will
pass tho law. And then I hope the
ourts may not nasumo the right to Je-
laro tho law Invalid or unconstitutional
n order to avoid complications. The
race question in California will oervo to
rail attention of tho American people to
at1ll more dtfllcult race problem In the
South. The Japanese In California aro
hut a handful to the total population,
while tho negro in some of the Southern
States is lamely in the tnujurlty. And
tho Japanese Is not so undeslrablH n
iltlzen as the negro. He Is capable of
omo degree of civilization. He lias sus
lalneil power of self-development, while
the negro depends upon nomeVidv eUe
"In all the ages of the world the
negro ha not nhown the least capacity
for self-development. Hh is th same
rteaturo to-day In the heart of Africa
hat he was when tho Pharaohs ruled in
ICgypt. 1 repeat 1 should like to ovoid
ad dlsagieeable complications. Hut the
supremacy of tho white man and the la-
egrlty of the white rnce in America are
of vastly more Importance than the
good will or tho business of slHh alien
races on earth."
PUN NEW ALIEN LAND LAW.
California Lea-Ulatora Do .Vol Wlak
in ICnbamH Wilson,
Sacxamento, Cal April 22. Members i
of the majority In the legislature and i
Gn'. Hiram Johnson do not Intend to
embarrass the National Administration,
nocordlng to tho opinion expressod to
day by Republicans and Democrats of
i ho upper house of the Legislature
otter tha receipt of the message from
President Wilson urging that no dis
criminatory alien land lawn be passed.
Tho statement is made In view of the
text of the measagn sent to tha natlon'H
Chief Executive by the Governor, In
which ho nays that ho Statu doea not
intend the, nmbarrasa the Federal Ad
ministration and that "If any art U
passed It will bn general In character
i elating to aliens ineligible to become
Another cause for Gils belief Is the
statement made by Senator Newton
Thompson thla afternoon that ho was
working on tho draft of another alien
land bill which would apply only to
those Ineligible to become citizens. This
bill, Which he expects to havo In shape
In acotiplo of days, will be much shorter
then the present lllrdsall measure itntl
will deal only with one phase of the
question making It Impossible for In
ellglblo nllcnx to hold land in this State.
Tho lllrdsall hill will be held on the fllo
until this new meaaure comes out on the
Several Senators of tho majority sro
upporrd to alien lcglil.it Ion, among them
imlng Senators Leroy Wright nnd Lee
i'. Gates. The former does not be
lieve In any such legislation of any
uuid lit tho present tune, In view of
i io fact that Japan haa kept the agree
ment of 1007, to restrict the nmigra
Ion of her laboring people to this.
, country. Hcnstor-GatcH Is opposed to
any alien legislation, but If It Is uoc
essary ho belleies In striking only at
those Ineligible to become citizens
Ho far as the Demnciats nre ion
cerned. thev have been nimble to get
together as et mid map out a pro
gramme for action. They ate trying
to do so uml will uiiutigo to meet the
wishes of the national Administration
In alien land matters.
Senator John H. Curtln pioposcs to
refer the whole ,subject to the people
of tlm fltato by a constitutional amend
ment. The gist of this Hinendtnent will
bo to give the Legislature, power to
enact laws regarding aliens holding
land, Should he present this tesoliitlou
for the amendment, which he has al
ready prepared, within the next few
days and It passes ho will have pulled
the Democrats of California out of a
bad hole. This action will pill over
all such legislation for two years and
In lila opinion will be better for every
one concerned. ' -
Henator George Cartwrlght, also of
tho minority, doa not see the need of' ashi.mitom, April 22. -Htcreurv of
alien legislation si this time for sev-1 state llryan will go before tho .Senate
eral reasons. Committee on Foreign Kelatlons to-
"There Is a question in mi mind ns',,,.,-. nd explain his plan for unl
to tho need of such legislation at this Kersul peace treaties, a general outline
time, nnd I have my doubts as to its 0f which was published exclusively In
advisability. Two reasons for this ni-Titi; Si'N tnilny
pear to me. tup nist is mat ir we pas-
thin legislation discriminating BKfllnst .
Japan that country will take the matter
of citizenship to tho Supreme Court of
the United States nnd may establish
the right to such cltlzeznshlp
"Another point that appeals to mo
Is this: If wo pass such legislation,
contrary to the Ideas of lYesldent Wil
son, it Is entirely possible for the Demo
cratic Congress to stand behind the
President and pass a special law grant
ing citizenship to Japanese, In either
event we should have, Jnpanese coming
In hero In droves with right to own as
much land as they wished, nnd wo
should bo morn worse riff thsn st pre
PUBLISHERS DEFEND LAW.
4'llforiilnu Snj .lapaurae tre For
etns White Men Oal.
Callfornln newspaper publishers here
for the American Newspapor Publishers
Association convention dlsctised Call-
fornla's projected anti-Japanese land
law between meetings at the. Waldorf-1
Astoria yesterday. They believe that '
conditions in California are not fully
understood by tho authorities In Wash
ington, end expressed their confidence
In the fitness of the California Legisla
ture to handle the matter.
"The Legislature of California Is pro
grvsslvo and represents very thoroughly
the attitude of the people of the State."
suld V. S, McClatchy, publisher of the
Sacramento lire, who was reelected n
director of the Associated Pres. "Our
Legislature Is now made up of a worthv
collection of business men, manufac
turers and farmers all vltnlly inter
ested In California's prosperity. We
know from our own experience the
grave danger of being overrun by an
alien rnce like the Japanese
"They take charge of entire communl-
uos oy meinous or grauuauy uispiacmg
native born American. Take, for in-
Hiunce, ine rase ui mi oi cimru. jupa
neso labor drives out oil other laftor
as the Japs will work for less munej.
Then, when there Is ho other ldbor, they
will refuse to work unless glen a lease
of the orchard. Later they may foire a
sale of the on hard to them in tho same
maimer. Ah soon as the Japanese be
come owners the surrounding property
Is no lonifer desirable.
"The entire sttuwberry dUtrlct of
Floiln Sicramemo county. Is now In the
huiult of do Japanese and It was ac
quired In just this way. They hne
actually forced out the whites.
"We understand the dangfr and you
Hastem people do not. You would do
what California m doing if von were
plared .n the same position The mat
ter Is to. serious to allow th- Kedeial
Government to tnterfeie. At present Cal
ifornia Is entirely within her light-"
.1 M Thomson, publisher of toe New
Orleans feni, formerly a Cnllfnrnlan.
likened California's Japanese trouble to
the negro problem In the South "Whei -ever
Americans are in rontui t with an
alien race of different blood they insist
on superiority," ho said. '.Vow the Jap
anise In California have It In their heads
that they are Just us Important ns we.
And that is wheie the clash comes.
Where u Japanese acquires pronertv
-urroiiiiuing properly uepreciaies, ju-t
a- sunoundlng ptopertj would depre-
elate here on Mfth avenue if the negroes i
'Governor Jolinwn is u teniperaiuental
tlrebrund. He may put this proposed
act through, and If he does he will have i
e flvmpawiy oi mi wno are acquainteu
nun ine eaicnuuiiions. mil every sane
man is praying thai we will not have
war It to be hoped that the miner
ran be arranged without thai
POLK TO BE PORT COLLECTOR.
No lloaltl Tbat Wilson Will aote
ashinoton, April 22. Ther Is no
doubt to-night that Preildent Wilson has
deoided to appoint Frank L. Tolk, Secre
tary MoAdoo's candidate. Collector of the
Port of New York. The nomination
probably will o Into Hie S-nate on
Henator O'Gormsn .piobably will onpoj
confirmation of the nomination
BATTLESHIPS ORDERED HERE.
Twelve of tlantle Kleel Will At
tend Walnr Memorial lledleatlon.
Word came from Wanhlngton yesterday
that the Government will aend at least
twelve battleships of the Atlantic Meet
to ndd dignity to the celebration Incident
to the dedication of the Mnlno Mnniorl.il
.Monument at the Columbus Circle en
tianee to Centrul Park on May an. Secre
tary of the Navy Daniels utid Mrs, Daniels
will attend the ceremonies.
The battleships ordered to x,.w York for
the occasion aro the Wyoming, Florida,
North Dakota, Delaware, Vermont, New
Hampshire, South Carolina. Kansas. Vh.
jrlnlu, Oeorila. New Jersey and Hhode
KIDNAPPED, SAYS THE FATHER.
Snlnnion iar Telia of Threats l.y
Solomon .May, father of La Max is
.eait old. of 62 Kast Third stieel. llnsik
Ivn, who dl-apiearnl 1111 H;ituidu, onld
last night that he believes that buslnes
enemies Jiave got lila son and sro holding
him for levenge. He said threats have
bent made against hllii and hi" son.
Muy senior is a stik thread manufac
turer with a builness at IS2U Hrosdwiy,
The father rocolved n postal card yes.
tenia y which read ;
"Help' They ara killing in. The s
holding me ngsluat inv will don''
know wheie i am In '
.Miss Bally Thai, 193" Forty-tlilrd street
Brooklyn, a cloae friend of the mls'lnt1
tioy, also received a postal. It rad:
"Help! I am held aralnat mv will
They are torturing m. 7 don't know whie
am They rohbed laa, lk,"
NO ARBITRATION IN
BRYAN'S PEACE PLANS
I'lililicii of Commission' Kind
in us of Fru'ts in Hispiifo
nU HKCEPTION LlKKliV
Forcifrii Countrins Aro Apt to
Look Toldly on Our Trcnty
Further particulars of Mr. llryan's
inn becmno know n to-dav followinir its
private rlriMilntloti mining members of
the Senate committee, The complete
plan In vety simple and relies for Its
success solely on the effect which calm
and Judicial investigation of tho facts of
an International controversy Is hoped
to have on ihe temper of the parties to
Mr ltryan proposes that s commis
sion of three shall be mimed. Each
Government concerned In the dispute
slinll name one member of this commis
sion and they shall provldo for the selec
tion of tho third. The commission Is to
have n year In which to make an Inves
tigation of nil tli facts In any contro
versy and present Its report to the two
During the period of this Investiga
tion neither Government Is In any way
to Increase Its armament, make any
new strategical disposition of Its forces
or In any wny do anything to strengthen
Its offensive or defensive position.
After the commission has made Its re
port this embdruo on mllltnry move
ments Is to continue for thirty days
more. The purpose of this additional
limitation of thirty days Is to afford an
opportunity for the pe.ople of both coun
tries party to the dispute nnd also the
rest of the world to rend the report
mid see clearly what are the facts In
It Is beliewd by Mr IJryan that In
the face of the knowledge that all the
world will know the farts and will be
able to judge on which side Is the right
of the matter neither Government con
cerned will feel like going to war about
There l abulntel no provision for
nrbltiation ft is Mr Bryan's theory
that arbitration will not be necessary
after the Intermediary commission lias
completed Its Investigation and reported
on the fucts in the case. Ho believes
,, ftftPr thls hoH Wen ,lonp nna pv,.rv
,. llflH coop1 oft Iur:il.H tu tne
dispute will Mud a way to settle their
difference umlcably without lighting
and without arUtratlon by nny third
That a cold reception is in store for
the llryan peace treaties In foreign rapt,
tuls was the prediction mad? here to
day It wan suggested on e.vcry hand
that the 1 'nlted States has been too buwy
In the last few months acquiring an un
savory reputation for n willingness to
dUregaid treaty obligations nnd for gen
i iul obrttreperousncsri In matters of for
eign relations for other governments to
be disposed at t'.iis time to listen to
nny talk from Washington about
peace treaties '
In olio qtiartei muM fneiullv to Ilia
new Admlnistratluii it was ingested
tint p-rhap Greet lintnln would not be
oveienthuslastlc about the proposal,
coming as it will at a moment when
Pension are erluiii.v considering a mo
tion to n.-pudlate the Claj ton-Hulwer
any lias -I'auncefote iteaties. which can
not be abrogated without Great Britain's
consent, and not long after a proposal
tliFit the arbltiation treaty with Groat
Britain be allowed to lapse on Its ex
piration next June as a means of escap
ing the Hrltl-h demund for arbitration
of the canal tolls dwpute. Llkewto it
was asked lu-das, How would the Gov-
(.nm,.al of ,,dpan b, ,Kiy , welcome
FUch a p,.opoHft frln Washington at the
mntn.nt .hn ,, ot n, states of the
'lTel.ie. thrMtAn l.i UAIM lrt irl hi 1 1. .11
whlcll nuty llP m dettance
,Kn, ()f ,,apan,S(l RUhjec
of the treaty
lhli i,f .Innnnesn MUhlpPt''
,, .,, predicted In diplomatic clr-
lhat llu for(.gn Government would
nr.r,.n, ... ,rptv whioh would bind tt
for a period of one year not to make any
liu iesse In armament or mobilization
ALL STAY UP AND IN.
i; i-Dim ii and Ont Heport n Kali
Crom the Wagon.
Th I'n and In Club, composed of .v
down and outs, had a dinner last night at
the Dowery branoh of the V. 1. C. A. to
oelebrato th fact that all tho members
now have ntsndy Jobs and lestoied self-
Some weiii too busy walking to attend,
but they sent letters. Tiie twenty who
shared the feast sat round n long table
and applauded one another's accounts of
how the Bowery branch had helped them
to shake off evil fortune.
Gnu man was applauded because when
he hud flnlnhed his story It was told of him
that when he finally got work after many
days and nights he stayed on tlm Howory
and ate flie cent meals In order to give
his wages to a man in The iirnnx who not
only was hungr but had ient to pay
And a third t'p and In itienibei wound un
Ids narrative of hardship with
"Ann now rni nvimr in n nat with a
dng and a unaie drum and s bass drum
nml the best little woman the best llttl
woman say, boys, I love this place heie
on the Itnwen It t)ir Hock of Ann for
Are You Thinking
Look at the Vanderbilt
Avenue Building fac
ing Grand Central Ter
minal Vanderbilt Aye.
-42nd to 43rd Streets.
Idea for locatioa, ace,
light hmI adTertilBf .
Ready for occajsaacy Juae
1st Reaao sable pricei.
Tf.ehula ! Unie UcaUeai,
62T Fifth Aveeme, New York
ON TARIFF BILL
Cimtlnttrti from Flnl Vnye,
Ing 2 por cont bonds of the Government,
which carry tho privileges of national
bank circulation, ami substituting 3 per
cent, bonds without the circulation
privilege. Tho plan would substitute
for tho bond secured currency Issues
based on commercial paper of undoubted
Tlio Dcmocratlu leaders Insist that
any plan now proposed Is simply tenta
tive, but that whatever Is finally deter
mined on will bo substantially unllko the
There was eome surpriso shown by
tho Democratic leaders whon they
learnea ro-uay inat tno l-resineni nuu
In contemplation currency reform legis-
latlon at tho extra session. There was
no little murmuring;, but the reports
brought to the Capitol are that the
I'roaldent U determined to put through
currency legislation at tho extra session
i .....i.lA .......... ...... .ii.... i..
the money market following tariff legis
lation. BILL COMES VP TO-DAY.
Action Takro lo Itnab Turin'
loll Tlirouali. j
Washington", April 22. Consideration '
of the Underwood tariff bill will be 1
taken up In the House for debate at
noon to-morrow. Beginning on Thurs-1
day the House will meet at 1 I o'clock
daily and remain In session until a late
hour every night. It Is expected the
bill will bo passed and transmitted to
the Senate on or nbout May 15. ,
The Finance Committee of tho Pen-1
ate, by a strict party vote, decided to
day to turn down tho request for public
hearings on the tariff bill. The com
mittee will receive statements or briefs.
This, like the move In the House to hold
night sessions, is designed to hurry the
passage of the bill.
With the long sessions, upon which
the Democratic Irtulers will Insist, op-
portunlty will be given to every member
who wants to speak on the bill. A
practical working arrangement has been
etTerteil ix.lwemi th.. iwn hoiiKes nod m
far as can be learned there will bo no
filibuster against tile bill In the Senate, protected ' Is reasonable or unreason
For this reason administration leaders utile"
see no reason why the Underwood tariff
should not be approved by the President
early in July, or by July lii at the latest
At a meeting of the Committee on
Ways and Means It took the Democratic
members, of whom there nre seventeen
as against seven of the opposition, only
a few minutes to order n report on the
bill. Chairman Underwood nnnounced
in the House when he filed It that
general debate on the measure would
le limited to five days.
Wkerr Protection Failed.
The report Is on elaborate document.
It holds the protective system respon
sible for prnctlcally all the present eco
nomic Ills. It charges that protection
assisted In the development of monopo
lies and that protection had a great
deal to do with the exhaustion of some
of our natural resource. Chairman
Fndorwood denounces the theory that It
Is Incumbent on tho United Stntes to
maintain a system of tariff rates cover
ing the difference In the cost of produc
tion hern and abroad. He discusses at
length the theory of u competitive tariff
upon which It Is claimed the pending
bill Is based. A long chapter is de
voted to a discussion of the Income tax
After denouncing the I'uwie law of
lfiOft the 1'nderwood report says In j
DtlilliK the eftrs subx-mii-ut in Ine te
newal of the policy of high piotectlou tu
17 there ha' been h radical tranfoimn -
tlon uf American economic life in mun
directions nnd In most eases a ineotlon
between the rates of pruti-illon and th
development of utifuii or objectionable
conditions ha been fully established. The
excessive protection granted by .the art
of 18!7 and continued under Republican
rul together with the practical reserva
tion of the home market In many Impor
tant lines to a relatively small number of
selecb-d Individuals or corporations hus
tended to aggravate conditions which had
previously been h sourco of serious regret
as well us others which hnve during th
period devrlopwd under the new economic
Influences nt work
Worn Oat Marklnery.
"There is another serious condition
which must be directly attributed to the
tariff, but of which little Is usually said,
This Is thn extateiire of obsolete plant"
and method In many lines of Industry,
old machinery and out of data methods
being continued In operation for years
after they have been practically elimi
nated elsewhere. President Taft's tariff
hoard for example, showed that the paper
making machinery of the United States I
less efficient than In Canada, owing to
rapid advance in Industrial methods, and
that this la sufficient to put u at a dis
advantage with our greatest competitor,
lixaltat!ng from the protective point
of view the maintenance of an offttlng
tariff which would enable the payment of
Interest upon maohlnes that should hava
been long since relegated to the scrap
"In the oottnn textile Industry the
tariff board found some machinery still
In operation which wos fully sixty year
A Shoe of Enduring Fame
neat and comfort
able that it has
been for many
years the favorite
of a multitude
HrnaqiM.T, eernsr il ti h HI
nrodwy. corner Jsth Bt
iojs Ilrntdwsr, nr tSA Hi
Broadway, ear. Canal ht
old, while In the woollen indusliy n simi
lar but far worse condition slated, The
information In the hands of tlm Wus and
Means Committee strongly confirms tin
belief that there N in rely s highly pro
tected Industry In which s considerable
percentage of the plants and machinery
aio not hopelessly Imhlnd the times. The
demand for high protective duties is neces
sarily Insed upon the supposed reunite
mnnts of these plants, for In nearly every
lino of buOness the modern and most effi
cient establishments aro able to hold their
own against any foreign competition.
Thelo conditions constitute mm of the
stronrost arguments in favor of n-ctlfy-lug
tho condition complained of by apply
ing tho Impetus of moderate competition."
Here Is what the report oays con
cernlng the Influence of protection In
tho depletion of natural resources:
"The rapid growth In population nnd
the failure of domestic resources to meet
ihe demand for an Increascl supply of
agricultural products and In some re
spects for manufactured goods have been
most noteworthy during tho years under
consideration. That the speedy exhaus-
,in r t,..,i. ,,H,r,,i ,.n.ir,,u u i i,
fnred unless access to u fresh supply Is
gained no oiw who considers the subject
from nn unbiased standpoint can doubt,
This Is notably true In the case of such
articles as timber, otes, minerals and
ol,1"'r ""balances whoso supply cannot be
incrriieeu noil i imse eniniusiiuii in
merely n question of the rate nt which
they are taken from their original souices,
That the protective system has been
greatly Influential In maintaining a too
lapld rate of depletion of natural re
sources In order to satisfy the constantly
Increasing demands of a rising population
is an unmistakable fact."
The competitive tariff as opposed to
protection Is illcussed In part as fol
lows I'rulei-lluK Their I'roOl.
. Th. ...,,,. ,, ,.,.... ,,, M.mn,
r 1nn two Rreut purtP8 this question
Vpry r0Br and easily ascertained In
theory. Where the tariff rates balance
tho difference in cost at home and abroad,
Including mi allowance for the difference
.In freight rates, the tariff must lm com
petitive, nnd from that point downward
to the lowest tariff that enn lie levied It
will continue to be competitive to a
greater or less extent.
I "Where competition Is not Interfered
with by levying the tax above the highest
competitive point the profits of the manu
facturer are not protected. On the other
'hand when the dutlcji levied at the custom
house nre high enough to allow the
American manufacturer to make a profit
before bis competitor can enter the Held
we have Invaded the domain of the pro-
tectlon or pronts. in our juugment ine
proiecuon or any prom musi oi necessuy
have a tendency to destroy competition
nnA nt!itn mnnnMlv 'llAthr tlln nrntlt
MAY UPSET TREATIES.
TarllT lllll tffecla Cont ratlona With
Washington. 'April 22. Twenty treat
ies will be violated If the Underwood
tariff bill become law. Th! fact, made
known to-day, Is being brought to
made known to-day Is bemg brought to
the attention of Secretary of State
llryan by the diplomatic representa
tives of the governments affected.
Theso diplomats express great astonish
Tho offending piovlskm in the tariff
bill Is that which states thut a 5 er
cent. I eduction on all duties uliall bo
granted upon all goods Imported into
the L'nitcd States In vessels eligible to
American registry; that Is, American
bottoms. Tills provision is In flat con
tradiction of clauses that are found In
the treaties of the I'nlled States with,
nearly every maritime nation.
Among the natloni thus offended aro
Great Britain, Germany, the Argentine
Republic, lielglum. Italy and Holland.
There are fourteen others.
For instance, Article 1, In the treaty
of commerce and navigation with tho
Netherlands provides that:
"Hoods nnd merchandise whatever
their origin nmv be. Imported into or e.
, ported from the ports of tho tnlted
.states, from and to an. other couutrv
( , ,...u.ia , ,i. Veiiiorinmlu -iw.ti m
no higher or other duties than shall le
levied on like goods nnd merchandise im '
pdrted or exported In nntlonal vewsols. '
It is felt that tha proposed violation i
of such articles as theso which appear
In twenty treatise provides excellent ma
terial for a score of tariff wars. These
nations whose shipping would l
affected Include about all those with
whom the Fnlted States has large trado
intercuts. Should they all retaliate, or
even a considerable number of them.
American trade Interests would suffer a
An administrative clause of the l'n
derwood bill provides that a 10 per cent
Increase on all schedules shall be levied
upon goods brought to the United States
In the veesel of any country with which
the United States has not a treaty of
commerce and navigation. Most of these
treatlea may be abrogated by either
party giving notice. Upon such notice
the treaties aro to be terminated at the
end of twelve months from date of de
nunciation. The Democratic leaders In the House
contend that the B per rent, preferenco
does not constitute u violation of the
treaties, hut thn fact that foreign government--
are now malting Inquiries In
dicates that the Democratic view In not
acceptable to them. Furthermore,
members of tho Senate who are expert
on foreign relations contend that the
Hjpwlway, far, filllMi fit
In HreoUyn at MB Pulton f
Jlenmern Is lrolde for Clinnue
llnle nlitlnll) .
Wahhimmon, April 22 -A liscal ii'tnim
Involving a plan when-liy t'ougice may
increaso or ritltlcn tho income tin ito
oortliiig to tlm exigencies of tho Treasury
in explained at length In tlio report mi tlm
Democratlo tariff hill Mibmitliil to the
House to-day. Chairman t'tulci-uood
announccH that it is tho purposo of the
DomocrntH, If practlcnhlo, to i-rcato n
budget or other eHectiv" system ly which
Congress may bo nblo closely lo calculate
anil tlot-ertiilno in advance forthcoming
expenditures, in liic!i ovent ho believes
it would be easy to maintain a nloso bal
ance; between expenditures and revenues
such us is practised In most other coun- (
tries. Il! hiiys.
"With our resourced revised to all hon
est nnd fixed basis and the Income tax a '
permanent part of our revenue Hystem i
and at nil times affording n substantial
amount of revenue, Congress could nnd
if necessary should annually raise or lower
the income tax rates in sucli tiiiuilier nst
would prevent eltner it UelleM or a surplus
n tin1 Tri'iiHiiry This oiiiMiiihI tax sys
tem would alToril lustlco in taxation,
flexibility and stability of revenue ami
rigid economy in expenditure"
'I ho prediction is mndo that the Income
tax oventually will prove popular Denial
la made that' tho enforcement of thotnx
requires inquisitorial methods.
It Is stlmatiil that in tho llrst year of
its life the tax will yield $;o,12o,nist and
that, tin; amount collectiil eventually
will reach $l2!i,not,oon in n twelvo inotith
rieriod According to figures prepnnsl
iv Treasury experts tin; incomo of i:'.",noo
persons will boMubieet to taxation I hen
aro providnl us follows
I'our thousand dollars to $ri,noo, I2i),fi00
persons; 5,ikki to jin.non. i7s,noo; iin.ism
to IIS.OfHI, MjlHH);tlIW to J(t,tK, 2,r((si;
$20.0110 to 1-.',(XKI, ii,.'iio; Jl' j.tssi to i.Vl.ixsi.
21,(Hi; $."iO,OOc to Jllsi.OOi). S.f,iHj; Ipsi.fioo
to 2.ri0.0isi. 2,,'iiHi; :',',0,(H)i to J.Vm.iKKl, Mo;
,V,ixxi to li.isxi.issi, y.V) Dver $i,kio,iio,
JOHN D. PLAYS GREAT GOLF.
"Brats Ibe MnlHns" Oat if Opponent
at Poeantlen Hills.
TAntivTowN, April 22. John D. Itocke.
feller has returned to his Pocantlco
Hills homo for the spring season nnd
he is in great golfing form. On his
way back from the South Mr. rtocke-
i feller stopped over at Ijikewood for n
' few weeks nnd did not reach hero
until last night. This morning ho got
out on the links for his first game and
to use the expression of his follow
players ho "beat thr. .Muffins out of
He appears to lie in excellent health
and he was In high spirit over his
Ann playing. After the game lie had
luncheon nnd then be walked around
his estate overseeing the finishing
touches on his mansion on tho hill and
the progress mode on his new Ice plant,
which will make a ton of Ice n day and
snve him 112 a ton at the present prloe.
Mr Rockefeller will remain here un
til the middle of June when he will
leave for Cleveland
provision In the rmlerMiil bill
cniiHtltulo n plain lol,itlon of
INCOME TAX. $70,125,000
Gold Medal. London. 1911
Urt,,t Salt HIGH-GRADE Tea in WtrU,
Exhilarating, Delicious, Healthful.
me worlds highest grade tea.
rsamed tor and
"Ta 1 .
v lcioria auring
" Hs M. B." $1.00
In Sfileil Air-rich. Pkfs.
All Blah-Class Grocc.-s
Order Trial PacVace
TO. DAY I
MENS & BOYS' CLOTHING.HATS & FURNISHINGS
Spring looked before she leaped,
but she has landed in our midst
at last, which brings us to the
important subject of spring
Two big floors full of choice.
You can't be too particular about fashion,
fit, material or pattern to find a suitable com
bination of all these in some one of our
Spring; Suits or Overcoats.
A whole year (of designing, selecting .mate
rials, testing of making and perfecting the
finished Garments, is now embodied in our
Spring Sack Suits. $18 to $42.
Astor Place &l Fourth Avenue
f UBWAY AT THE DOOR-ONK BLOCK PROM BROADWAV
TiiMtfe for IVisonsI I ru.H
l-'iflh Avenue rV .Ihlh 6trcet
llb.NJAMIN A I, I MAN,
II. Allmsn A Cm.
VINUIiNI AS I OK
(5I.O. P. IIAKI'K,
(Jhsiimm I'ittt Nslitnal Rn V
.Sl Iil'llUN ItAKblt.
I'rct, IlsnU id Ihe Msnhtltsn Cs.
WhiisA t'sir, Altornrri
Pin. United Dry Goods Cimpsnm
THOMAS COCHUAN. JR..
Ii. C. CONVIiHSU.
H. r. DAVISON.
J. 1'. Mur(sn A Co., nssktrs
JOHN I. DOWNI1Y.
ELIlliKT II. GARY.
Chsirmtn, U.S. Strel Corr"rsMii
Kouiinr WAi.roN oohllt
I'ltANCIS I.. IIINH.
I'rtt. l int Nttionil DioL
THOMAS W. I.A.MONT.
J. V. Mn,in A Co.. Dtnkcn
ItANAIJ) II. MACDONAl.t),
HUOAIt I.. MARSTCN.
ill.ir & Co.. Il.ltn
J. II. MARTINDAl.il.
I'rei. t'hemicsl Nstiontl Hftsk
QATi:S V. McOAHHAH,
rtti..Mclisnicj.t M tills Nst. lit sk
CHARI.I'.S A. I'F.AHODY.
Tits. Mulutl Life Idturinei Co.
D. H. I'OMHROY.
Vice-l'rt. Ilinktn Trutt Co.
WHXIAM II. PORTER.
J. I'. Morim A Co., Iltnktn
I'rtt. Liberty Nttiontl Iltok
DAN1HL O. ItKID.
Hock Itltnd Sftitni
ARCIIIIIALD D. RUSSELL
ALRXANDI-R H. STF.VRNS.
RHNJAMIN STRONG, JR..
Vice-Tret. Htnkcrt Tnitt Co.
CIIAKI.HS L. TIPFANY.
Vice.l'ret. Titftny A Co.
THHODORH N. VAIL.
Prtt. Amtriotn Tel. A Ttl. Co.
ALbl'HT II. WIGGIN.
Prtt. Cbite Ntlionsl Bank
n. C. CONVF.R8B. a
ALF.VANDKR II. STBVHNS,
THOMAS COCHRAN. JR.,
Iin.NRY J. COCHRAN.
JAM HS It. TROWBRIDGE,
Interest Paid on
IMg-eirnler Itejeels t'oriinilsslnn Itule.
Hackicnsack. N J., April 22, -The Urn
ough of IMgewater reji-cted the eoinrnls
slon form of government to-night b
otf of 2C2 to 143. The tesult of the elec
tion Is due largely to the campaign carri
on by Mayor John Chilian, Jr
used bv Queen
s . is? '
last -a years of
pound yet ''costs