Newspaper Page Text
THE SUN, THURSDAY, APRIL 24, 1918.
XHUtSllAY. Al'ltll, 'J4, ll)t:i. j
Lntertil At tlir l'ol Of.hr at New York asHrcmiit
I lap Mall Matin, j
mbi rlelliins h Mull, lntiatl.
DAILY, IVr Month 0 SO
DAILY, IVr Yrnr no
M'.NIUY. IVi Yrnr -J SO j
lUri.Y AMI .Nt-N'1A I'rr Yrnr .. . H SO ,
DAILY AMI SINHAV, I'rr Month .... S
Tlir. I'.VLMMi SfN. I'rr Mi.nth .... 3J
'rill. I'VTN'IXli St'N. I'rr Year .. . a 80 j
PostsKs to forrlitu iomiirlr Ailttnt
All chri'k. inonry otilfr. Ac . 10 Ir miulr my.
l'obllhrd dally. Incluithut Sunday, by Ihr Sun
Printing arid Pibllshlng Association At 170 Nassau
street. In thr llnruucli of Manhattan, .Vrw York.
PrreMrnt ami Treasurer, Wlltl.itn (' Uriel., 170
Nassau slrrrt Vlrr.l'rrslilrnt. IMward P" Mitchell,
170 Nassau Hirrt .srrretai). (' K. l.uxtnn. I7n
taction office. Kfflnghatn Humr, 1 AruDdel
Paris oflre , A Hue dr l Ulrhodlr re. off Hue du
Washington offlrr, nitb Rulldlnc.
Brooklyn ofm-e. l(M l.tvtmMon strrrl.
If cur ttltnit tiho tutor in trlia monufrlpf mil
BHiMranons tor puMUaUm icOa lo hatf rtltritd
erUeUt rrmrnrt Ihrv "it.il In all eairs ifiit iranp)
f that purjior
Thr Allen l,nd Tenure Hills.
A Burvoy of tho situation nt Sucra
mento justifies tho oinion tliut t lie words
'Isallfcibltf to citizenship. which huvo
wounded Japanese sensibilities, will not
appear in any alien land tcnuru bill if one
is passed at this session of the Califor
nia. Legislaturu. In tint message which
Becretnry Biitak, by direction of Presi
dent Wilson, sent to Governor Hikam
Johnson on April 18 Mr. Hhyan mid:
He thn President very respectfully
and most earnestly Hdvises against the
use of the words 'ineligible to citizen
Bhlp.' It was intimated in the men
sage to Governor Johnson that the
President preferred the Senate bill,
which limited ownership to those who
had declared their Intention of becom
An a matter of fact. Assembly bill
So. 20H4, which passed the lower house
by a voto of 60 to 15 three days before
Mr. Biiya.v telegraphed in behalf of
the Administration to Governor John
son, did not contain the objectionable
description "ineligible to citizenship."
This draft was a substitute for soveral
other bills, in one or more of which the
expression occurred, so that it was the
sense of the Assembly, which is Pro
gressive by a majority of twelve, that
"Ineligible to citizenship" should bo
dropped altogether. There is no rea
son to believe that the Senate, which the
Progressives control by fourteen votes,
has any desiro to restore, the words
by amendment. I'rom the Administra
tion's point of view the Senate is the
more conservative body, and the Presi
dent should lie well informed
As bearing upon the question of the
Senate's attitude it may be pointed out
that its draft, which the President pre
ferred, guaranteed the treaty rights of
aliens, and differed from the bill passed
by the Assembly in not requiring the
abrupt termination of leases of land
to aliens at the end of a year and pro
viding the process for escheat, the Sen
ate bill merely said that such leases
should bo "subject to escheat "
In view of President Wilson's inten
tion to send Mr. Biivan to Sacramento
It is doubtful whether the alien land
tenure bills will bo taken up to-day, as,
was the plan when the Legislature de
cided last week to postpone considera
tion of them to allay excitement. Mr.
Bktax will bo very useful in council,
becauso as Secretary of State he must
be In a position to convince the Progres
sive leaders ut Sacrumento that radical
and discriminating legislation would bo
dangerous. The Democratlo minority
has declared its intention to support the
national Administration, and as Colonel
Roosevelt has sent Governor Johnson
a message urging tho defeat of any
measure discriminating against tho Jap
anese tho hope Is that conservative
counsels will llnally provall in spite of
the sinister reports that nre still ema
nating from Sacramento.
Ncutnrl and After.
No achievement more glorious than
the taking of Scutari by assault has
occurred in tho war between Turkoy
and the Allies, in fuel, it may be said
that there has been nothing finer In
tho heroio annals of the Montenegrin
peoplo tlian their defianco of the Con
cert of Kuropo and this ultimate success
In storming tho heights of Torabosch
with the threat sounding In their ears
that the Powers would uso armed force
if tho siege of Scutari wero not aban
doned. But however much King Nicholas
may bo admired for his fortitude and
his tribesmen applauded for their mag
nificent valor, tho sobering second
thought is that the delicate negotiations
of tho Powers U preservo the concert
un'd bring the Balkan war to an end and
insure a lasting peace may provo futile
after all. In diplotr.atlo circles there is
n disposition to put tho best face upon
tho matter, but tho Montenegrins having
won Scutari by the sword after fearful
hnerifices will more resolutely assert
their claim to it than ever King Nich
olas was not taken suriouslv when Im
defied the Powers to raise tho siege-tho
insinuation that he could bo bribed tn
submit was oven heard; but as tho con
queror of Scutari his vow to hold It "as
courageously as we fought against tho
Turks" is portentous.
Tho Powers must either agree upon a
readjustment of thn northern frontier
of autonomous Albania or dislodgo
tho intrenched Montenegrins on Tara
boacu. The fleet blockading Antlvarl
Jiasnot the men mid tho guns for heroio
treatment of the situation. It would be
necessary to mako a regular campaign
Ugalnst the MnntM,.nrln. .hi.
.artillery, lor if it wero done it would
w oe done quickly; the tl that
binds tho Powers, composing on one
sidi! the Triple Alliance and on tho other
the Triple Kntente, is tenso almost to
breaking now. To delegate to Austria
the disciplining of Montenegro would be
hazardous, and It would be difficult to
lU'iee upon a new siege of Scutari by
the troops of the six Powers.
Mr IllittAlin (1hi:y has 'declared that
the Inclusion of Scutari in autonomous
Albania was essential to tho pence of
Ku'iope. King Nicholas has taken it
to have and to hold. The Powers must
now proceed warily, or the llalkan war
may be u prelude to a greater struggle
involving a scramble for the spoils of
tin; lesser conflict.
The .M'lnr or the Coinili'?.
Mr. Jam km Hiiyok is a teetotaller, we
believe: Mr. BHYAN'h wineless and un-
cordialled dinner to him and Mrs. Hutck
tuny therefore have received superfluous
compliment from tho Drys and super
fluous criticism from the Wets.
It may not bo superfluous to niv,
however, that tiie members of the Uiplo-'
malic orps in any country are entitled
to be entertained according to tho cus
toms of the country in which they are
How many people in this countrv
drink wine at dinner?
We remember hearing an astute
Provencal, who was about to settle in 1
this country for business purposes a ,
number of years, my, and even amid
the temptations of the old Delmonico's: I
"No! In Home do as the (tomans do. 1 1
shall accustom myself to ice water " 1
On broader philosophical grounds und
apart from individual practice in regard
to the use of alcohol, it might bo said
that, whether you are Secretary of State
or plain John Dok. you should not force
your guest to drink grape juice or plain
or bottled water. Give him these and
wines; and let his dinner course be
elective, not required. If ut if a host has
conscientious scruples against the 'wine
cup." why should ho violate them be
cause he is an official host ?
No doubt the Wet diplomats whom
Mr. BnYAN entertained found his en
tertainment piquant. Some of them
may have sat at tho tables of English
political magnates as consistent. If not,
he gave them n new sensation and
something new to talk about; and the
Metropolitan Club was open afterward.
Destroying the Albany rMt Iloiid
For the preservation of tho historic
old highway between Now York and
Albany from further appropriation by
trolley enterprise tho Legislature of
10O9 enacted a law providing that the
Albany post road should lie kept free
from all obstacles to travel.
"No trustees," says tho act of 1009,
"of any village or corporation, or town
superintendents of highways, or any !
other person or board whatever, shall I
have any power or authority to au-
thorize or license the laying of any
railroad track upon said highway, ex
cept to cross tho same, and anv such
action shall bo void and of no effect."
The only exceptions to the prohibitive 1
effect of this most desirable measure .
for tho protection of tho old highway
applied to existing rights of transporta- ,
tion companies within the city of New
ork and in tonkers, in the town of
Cortland and the village of Sing Sing, j
and to the road of tho Hensselaer and I
Columbia Turnpike Companv.
An amending bill which interpolates'
i ii.i i ., ... . ,
additional except ons, in tho case of tho
n i t . . , i
townsof Oss ning, Mount Pleasant and 1
Oreenburg, has passed the Assembly
without attracting much nttention, and i
an identical measure scraped through ' rvo,,, ' . . , ,
. , . operating with the Koyal Society for
the Senate on 'iuesday by one vote. , e Prot,ion of UM ,
Thus beguis the process which. . now , , trnnic
unchecked, will result Inevitably In thoilu '
destntctlon of tho safeguard erected four
au V ' '"' "'"'with.liut is opposed by the influential
Albany post road for the purposes of i whoIngiIe dpalcr8 in lj0n(lon whjrh jB
ordinary travel the or)d,s
e ao noi Deueve inai ine peopio ot
New York Stato want tho old post road
destroyed for tho benefit of local trolley
extensions. This is the time for salu
tary and conservative activity on tho
part of the pen which is empowered,
ti.. ... "i'Mesirable species will lie exterminated.
1,10 words "I forbldl The rft from Rjxty to onn Uwuhod
that tho two societies desire to save
Cheaper Cabs for New Vrk. j from thjs fate M , aurtions j Ix)n.
The cab ordinance framed for Mayor I don hundreds of thousands of plumes
Oatnob by a commission of seven, in- und skins from every part of tho world
eluding Mr. Orf.n Hoot and Mr Will- are sold annually. The dealers have
IAM D. STitAiOHT, and sent with a mes- their agents in all the tropical countries,
sago to tho Board of Aldermen, may be "d these agents in turn employ tho na
read with indlfferenco or pity by an-I fives to snare ami slaughter the birds,
cients among us who come down from J New Guinea, the Malay Peninsula, Bur
tho Old Yellow Cab ago, have seen so I ma, China, India, the Indian archipel
many stillborn efforts at cab reform I "go, tho South Sea Islands, the West
and expect to be fleeced whenever Indies, and the equatorial countries of
they are forood to take a taxi. "Drunk South America uro the fields of this In-
or rioh" was long tho cynical proverb
of the town when a man hailed a cab.
Tho geography of long, lank Manhattan
has been found guilty by tho apologists
of its hackney men. Its pavements have
been held accountable, and so on.
Any New Yorker who has watched In
Paris with Involuntary enthusiasm a
gay lot of workmen In blouses rolling
along Jovially In a "sapln," or a blan
chfsseuse taking homo the washing in
tho same contrivance, must nourish in
his bosom a permanent if cynical won
der at the wealth required to ride in a
puniin conveyance m ins Home town
Cabs are bowling in most, cities of the j argument: "It is safe to say that an
world and in many email places; many j entire discontinuance of tho importa
of them are proadamitic and uncom- tions of tho plumage of wild birds into
fortablo, sprlngless, built for the short Mho Tinted States would not actually
legged, oven as tho Neapolitan jingling'
lamceiiu mo ingenious amulets of
whoso "plugs' against the evil eve seem
to bo a jest at tho mad forest itro pus-
senger. Cab drivers everywhere uro a
suiiiie, winy anu cruel race, artists that
liato the bourgeois and love to wring
his purse strings, Yet where beneath
the nose of heaven does u passenger get
less for his monoy than in a New York
cub? Where else is he surer of being
pilled and polled? Tho foreign oxue
tions are usually small and nover prac
tised save on strangers. Hero tho na
tive is as fair gamo as tho pilgrim; and
oven If he knows tho gamo perfectly he
usually it too busy or loo unambitious
of distinction to complain and bring tho
offender to book.
Some of the most amiable, intelligent
and tolerant ihtmhis in the world are
tooling hansoms, yet the race as a whole
has not inspired the public confidence ,
that was given, pot haps too freely, to the , and a large number of people are etn
applo faced humorists of old There I ployed, should have consideration. Ab-
M-criis to be a fulling off in manners, due, '
i i.. ... .1.;. ....!.. If. !.. I
no iMMiiii, iu mis Miuiei luiihut' tii: ,
and in the win of habitual extortion and
deceit, puiely piofcs-ioual yf course, rtm
many of them are expert The wicked
employer is always to blame.
Tin- essential fact, outside of dovia-
lions from the tariff and the diieet route
'"id veilings of or tampering with the
meter, is that the fares are too high.
The Mayor's commission finds the pies
ent rate about TOtelilsit mile.
Iti Merlin within the limits of the "po
lice district," say roughly six miles by
four, one to two persons can go in a taxi
meter or horse cab Mi meters by day,
three to five persons uki meters by day,
one to live persons tm meters by night.
for a minimum price of seventeen
and a half cents.
i-'or each additional
two cents and a half they can go 400,
300, '.'OO respectively. The motor taxi
meter call fare is the same; the respec
tive distances 000, 400. 400 meters, and
each additional two and a half cent
distance is 300, 200, 200.
In Paris an ordinary cab within the
city, for two. costs 40 cents an hour
bv dav. Ml ut night, a taximeter 15
'cents for 1.200 meters, or nine minutes;
for each additional three minutes, or too
meters, two cents; a motor cab for two.
25 cents for t lie first kilometer (llve-
eighths of a mile), ten cents for each
additional kilometer. And four to five
cents tip for iui hour or drive.
It is superfluous to go into other de
tails. These figures are adduced only 1
... .1... ....1 r... 1
... .,- ,..., .e,-.. i
MOTOR TEItlCt.1 s.
(Except HlKhtspelne cars
I'or not more than two paf "enirf r
I'or the flret half mllo or any frac
tion thereof 4U cents
Kor each succeedrnit one-o.UHrter
mile or any fraction thereof to cents
for three or more passengers
For the first half mile or any frac
tion thereof .to cents
For each succeedlnc one-slith mile
or nny fraction thereof tn rents
hop.sk diuwn vfiiici.i.s
For the first mile or any fraction
For each succeeding one-half
or any fraction thereof
For the flrt mile or any fraction
thereof ;o cents
For each succeedlnc ono-halt mile
or any fraction thereof 30 cents
Hourly rates (applying only to horse
drawn vehicles when shopping or calling,
and not Inclurilne park or road drlvintr. nor
driving morn than five miles from the hturt
For the frt hour or anv part
thereof 11 j
For each additional one-half hour SO cents
Are theso not steep enough? Wouldn't
there bo more cabbists if the rates were
cut still lower?
Some excellent requirements as to tho
responsibility of the driver we pass over
without comment. For the good of
passenger and driver, moderate fare
is the first thing.
wild Bird rlumaje In theTarllT Hill.
. . . , .
' ,i ' ' lu
prohib t tho importation of plumes,
skins and feathers of wild birds, excent-
, ,, , , , , . . ' :
cated fowls, originated with the New
v,t, c!... u:i. .-
" Hiiitini I i I'll, krvJ7-. I ilf
Knglish society has no tariff to contend
Australia is the pioneer in the move
ment. A prohibitive law is on the stat
ute book there. There is no doubt that
unless the protection of the wild birds
whoso plumage is ravished for tho mil-
linerv trade is made intprrmtinnnl mnnv
dustry. A condor skin sells in Iondon
for from $3.r,o to Vi.15; the plumes of tho
birds of paradise, of which there nre
many varieties, from $1.14 to $24.(10;
cassowary plumes for $3.48 an ounce;
"osproy" skins for $1.08 to $2,78; emu
skins for $4.so; tho African golden
cuckoo, $1.08; crown pigeon heads, $2.r0:
the argus pheasant's skin, $3.85, and the
humming bird, of which many thou
sands are killed, as low us two cents.
In a circular which has been sent to
every member of Congress and dis
tributed throughout the country tho
.New Uirk Zoological Society uses this
throw out of employment u singlo in-
inisiriai worser. u icniucrs cannot
he used on women's hats the labor of
woman's hands will producn other
ornaments to take their place." Tho
assertion that no ono would bo thrown
out of employment if importations wero
stopped is not ingenuous. There aro
a good many workers in feathers who
probably could not find employment in
any other branch of the millinery busi-ne.-.s.
Thn issue is between the trade
and tho Zoological Society and their
sympathizers, who aro a host, including
many womon, doubtless a majority of
It is verr desirable that beautiful
species of wild birds shall not be exter
minated, and any movement, to extend
International protection to them should
be encouraged. At the same, time the
Interests of the millinery trade, in which
much capital is legitimately invested
solute and Immediate prohibition of the i
r I r....t '
luijiwumiuif im imiiiiicn ntiu lemons
would be manifest ly unfair to the trad
There should be a means of compromise
that would afloril adequate protection
to the wild birds of the world, if it is
practicable, ami penult the gradual
withdrawal of the importers and milli
ners from a long established industry
The Hon .Ia.mkm A O'Ooiiman was 1111
I admirable .ludgn and hn is an Industrious
and capable Senator, If sometimes a llttlo
too much fascinated by ixn lioular parts
of the Demociatlc platform of IU12 In
spite, then, of reports from Washington
It Is hard to believe thnt .Senator O'Gos
UAN' opines that ho is "a bigger man than
old Wilsov" or even "old McAnoo," or
that ho has the right to appoint or veto
tho appointment of n Collector of the Port
of New York
Miss I.lND-Ar-lf aiikbt, who conducted
her own ce, mmle a record for npeslln
continuously for moro than ntn hour
Her openlnc oiioreh ran over tiiunv hours
on tln following dny AVir
It is not much, but Battle Hon I.a 1'ol
LETTK might well encourngo by a telegram
of congratulation this beginner
ltepreentatlve r.Mir.l'.wont declared th it
the tarlfl policy of tin- llcinocr.it would
reduce the cot of llvlnqatid wlththeennrt
meat of an Income tan. coincident ulth a
revision of the ctixtoms lawn, would more
trenerjlly dlHtributo thn burdens of taxa
tion - !VoAingon rfr;i(ri
What does "conerallv" mean? Tho
burden of Income taxation Is to be "gen
.,,. ,.,ri., .--non .t
If persons subject to It may charitably
be held to have souls
The Pacific coast from Seattle toSnnllairo
Is It somewhere near San Diego?
Olmrrvance In the Schools Should
Include Tree rianttn.
To the Kditor or Tur. Sun Sir Arbor
Day. which will occur this year on May 2.
does not Include usually in the exercises
which mark the observance In tho schools
hereabout the actual plantiSi: In the pres. !
ence. of tho children of one or more trees
or shrubs This can nlwsys ho made in
teresting to youns children, whoaru observ
ant and tntelllcent In such matters.
It l practicable to plant at least one tree
on many school sidewalk-, for example.
In the more populous city, while the oppor
tunity to plant more freelv and In crenter
rarlety of both deciduous and evergreen
material on school ground exlsta quite
generally In the otitlvinir borouchsof tho
And even If for any good reason the school
property does not afford opportunity for
this desirable feature of the exercise. It
can be arranged to make the exercise mem
orable and decidedly more effective by
transferrin? the enterprise to om nearby
public park 1th th approval and aid of the
authorities. Trees, and shrubs too, In
greater variety, can he planted and the act
associated with the name of some distin
guished man or woman or noted historical
If the school principals will take the mat
ter in hand and secure trees, Ac, in advance,
and the preparation and soiling of the pit,
there should be no difficulty in maklni this
feature n success We need this opportunity
and nil similar ones to interest the young
In tree planting, and these practical object
lessons are very effective
Jons Y ("ui.Tfr.
New Yomk. April 23
II A It It MAXVAL L AROlt.
A "DripUrd Conductor" Shows lilt Ca
pacity for Intellectual Work Too.
To TH K I'.DiTon or The Scv .Sir- As a
native of Maine and a despised conductor
may I beg your Indulgence for a partial an
swer to the letter of Henry Ide Wllley In
to-day'sSe.M? Mr Wllley seems to urge that
since the white man of this country will
no longer dig and reap with egthuulasm for a
dollar and a half a day, then the gates should
he thrown open to thoio who will In other
words the descendants of those white men
who fought to build and preserve this 101m
try a the abode of a white race, and their
cousin of the blood, both here and In the
"old country," should lie driven from their
birthright because, like myself, they lack
the brain" to lift themselves from thn man
ual labor class, and yet demand the ever
Increasing wages made necessary hv the
ever rising standard and cost of living.
Mav I beg to prophesy that hlstorv will
yet clasH Denis Kearney and those like him
with those raving demagogues of another
day who followed Washlncton through Val
ley Forge to Yorktown and those who later
flung themselves at the heights, of Freder
icksburg and left their Fhlftless bodies In
th Wilderness In the Interest of another
protest against cheap labor
If Mr Wllley would only try the experi
ment of offering living wages for the doing
of the "continued hard manual labor" he
would get a brilliant sidelight on wherein
lies the degradation.
Mr Wllley implies that the work of con
ductor and motormen Is not "continued
hard manual labor "
William Lawrence Wilson,
Iladgejis:1, New York Railways Company.
New York, April !l.
The Court House Competition.
To the FniTon or The Sitk Sir: The
following statements appear in to-day'a
Issue of The Sun-
Cuy lowell's plan far a circular county court
bouse will not be carried to a Miccrsful com
pletion without an organized fight against It by
tome of the other architects who competed fir
the contract. The storm ot protest over Ihe
ward Is not to tile out without an attempt bring
made to Induce Ihr court house hnar.l to recon
The untirrrful men say they are not attack
ing tlr Lowell's plan brcause thry lost In com
petition. Thrlr civic pride I aroutrd
It is incredible thut eight of Hid twenty
two competing architects could, ns re
ported, exhibit such execrable taste as to
condemn, under tho safe cover of a hidden
identity, the award of a jury of distinguished
If there Is any fault to be found with the
successful competitor's plan, let us hnve
sober and convincing argument from an
unprejudiced source, und not the whine
of a cowardly crew of crybabies, or If the
report t "garbled" let us have an apology
from The Sun's too enthusiastic reporter.
Oswald ('. llmiNU.
Member American Institute, of Architects.
Nr.w Yoih, April in.
Thr cosmopolitan Intercut of Art In Amtrtea Is
shown In Ihr teennd number, for April, puhllshrd
by Frederic ralrchtld Sherman. August K.
Jaconet UrwrlliCH tltr figure picture la America
hv Corol, V von Lnga writes on the Spanihli
paintings in Sir William Van Home's collection,
)r lloile has additional notes on Itrmhrandt,
Krnyon l'o comment on portrait av-rltird to
Cilorgtone, while comprtrntaulhorsdral with con
vernation niece by Hogarth, a trecento paint
ing, a relief by Alrskaadro Leopardl, llomsn
bust. Renaissance window and two Chinese
figures. The main article la an entertaining
description by W. It. ValenUner of the an treas
ures In the library of Mrs. Lytug , v
sir At.t. fif'vfvrse nn f.vri pnf.1.1
The Xeeil of More AetHe ltrpresent
Hon of lliilnr night.
To iiii: Kiutoh ok Thr Sun Sir: A
great flniiucli'r who thinks thnt business
is almost wholly misrepresented in legis
lative life but (iocs not feel wire whether
the, suggestion of n business men's party
would successfully meet the situation
is iii'VctIIk'I-sh of the opinion that It Is
time for t''e business interests to come
actively into political life und seek direct
representation of their rights.
In Its evident tlcteiniliiiitlon to reform
every one but Itself Congress has given
ground for this view It litis raised tlm
salaries of Its own members, made appro
priations for costly public buildings In
sparsely Inhabitwl spots whose entire
populations could llnd ample living apace
lu them, nnd granted iiensioin which
some of those who voted for them knew
to In1 excessive and in some cases unde
served These extravagant uses of the
public money help Congressmen to "come
back Meanwhile, comparatively small
payments such as that for which tho
(lovcrnment is morally responsible to thn
depositors of tho defunct Kreedmen's
Savings Hank are not even mentioned,
nnd the navy Is starved to save the money
needed for "Investigations. "
In these latter Congressional diversions
tho business organizations that have
made the country prosperous, aro butch
ered to make n legislative holiday. Rep
resentations of the wisest business nnd
legal leaders are met by the misrepresent
tations of the demagogue, who Is merely
the boss in n new disguise. Most of tho
lenders in "progressive" politics show that
they have not studied history nnd polit
ical economy untlerstaudingly, if at nil,
nnd those who have an1 more culpable
than the ones who err ftirough lack of
While tltese wise gentlemen are explain
ing how they aie going to reduce tho
prices of merchandise to the consumer by
increasing the cost of production, and are
inducing the voters to nhow their disap
proval of a pirtinl und reciprocal opening
of our market to Canada by voting for a
policy that will oen it to the whole world
without any compensation nt all, corpo
rate slid Individual capitnl is already be
ginning to lllustrntc the natural result
of such a course by seeking Investment
The latest instunce of this Is the removal
of the Auburn, N. Y., twine mills to Neties,
Germany, to bo operated there by German
labor. Minimum wages of $1. 68a day for
men nnd " a week for women for a nine
hour day were being paid, but tho employ
ees hnrl been encouraged In the progres
sive" idea that they knew more about tho
business than their employers, and they
onn now seek other employment
The Inspired legislators who are per
haps primarily responsible for the recent
removal of this lurgn establishment to
Oermnny and another one to Canada will
now have a chance to see and tho orsons
thrown out of work will be able to show
whether laborers can conduct nn Industry
for themselves as well as able business
men can manage it, as the syndicalists
profess to believe. If such emigration
of capital is to become general a reversion
to the competition of some of their primi
tive ancestors who lived by digging roots
out of tho ground may await some of the
tollers whom misguided politicians arc
Inoculating with discontent while they
are receiving the best wages ever paid iu
the world for similar services.
The visionary schemes of tho disturb
ers of business have all been tried In one
form or another and In various countries,
nnd they have always been complete fail
ures The oldest of these fallacies, so
often disproved by the experience that a
debased currency drives out gold and all
real money, Is more plausible than tho
newest of them. It Is Just an Impossible
to overcome the natural laws of commerce
by legislation as It would bo to regulate
the weather by law The only good fea
ture of these movements is tliat they al
ways react against their authors sooner
or later, und hence revolutions are cor
rectly represented as dovouring their own
The suggestion that business como
out actively into political life la there
fore tlmoly. With superior ability and
resources it could show the masses who
aro now without accurate information
the manifest truth that their interests are
dependent on tho continued success of
our great business organizations. If busi
ness men do not spread the truth they
need not wonder If tho assertions of igno
rance and falsehood prevail, and the stupid
utterances of such bodies ns tho Industrial
Workers of the World are received with
respect and their members are permitted
to commit crime with little fear of ade
quate punishment. K, W. Vav.u.
Washinoto.v, D. C, April 23
Mr. ITck leu's ftlOO In Gold.
To the Ilnrron or The Sun Sir I no
tire In The Sun of April Ma letter signed
by Mr (illhert Ray llawc of New York In
which he says.
Y'our rorrepondrnt Mr S. P rirklen at Wash
ington term! In be very sceptical on thr subject
ofllongcWly He rrn goes (.o far a to
olTrr a reward of $100 In gold for Mich "proof "
I'ennlt inn to say that not only I Mr
Hnwes's statement Incorrect nnd mislead
ing, but that I made no suoh olTer as ho at
tributes to me. '
My letter ns It appeared In The Sun of
April 14, to which Mr Hirer probably has
reference, wa correctly published as written
by mo. If he choose to distort my words,
ho can likewise assume th.e responsibility
of paying such reward as he mentions.
1 stand by my statements, but not by thoso
that every critic see fit to put la my mouth.
The Sun says Mr. Hnwes Is a responsible
citizen. I hopo that he I also an Intelligent
one, nnd can understand tho Knglish Ian
cuago as It I written nnd spoken In this
Kindly give, with your usual fairness, the
samo publicity to my letter ns you gave to
thnt written by Mr. Ilawe.
8. P. I-'icilen.
Waiiinoton, D C, April SI.
I re I ami.
Written for thr Irlf.li Historic Pagraat.
Hear land of song, and bard, whose lays
Ring for all time nnd story,
Whoso saints' and martyrs' burning word
Are for a whole world's glory.
Ah. who shall voice tho heart's desir
In such strange, tender strain,
(ir lilt tho laughter or glad life,
Or huiistiee's weird refrain
Cull darn ing elves beneath Ihe moon,
Or wraiths of warriors bold,
AVitli just the music of thy longue?
That Celtlo speech of gyldt
O luiid who stood so high anil free,
Cutnuchvd by Roman yokel
When llrltuiii bowed hencath their chains,
Thy pride they never broke, '
Where Klnn, like David, fought for right
Where Moorn and Doldsmlth sang, '
Where Kinmot spake with tongue of flam,
Where Patrick's message rang.
Shall not thy harp sound forth again
From Tnra Hill's new birth?
Shall not thy sons know their own Und,
'Mong nations of the earth?
Aura E. Itm.
Peril of an ItMie ltaril
llnnd Pointed out.
To THE Kbtron or Tin: SI N .Sir The
plan put forth In n letter to Tin; Hi'N Inst
Saturday by "A. M " In which he suggests
currency Issues seemed by State bond
nnd under (lovernmetit supervision may
bo Interesting to New Yorkeis because It
ofler n furile escupn from thn illfileultv
presented In floating n llii.ooo.rioii iiond i
Issue there. A similar iiVenuc of e'eap"
preented Itself to tho '.'lilted Minted III the ,
emergency of civil war, nnd wns seled
upon. Ker oliice we h.ixo been paying I
the penalty for It not only In unscientific
banking but in unsound economic thought.
'Ihe. whole theoiy of bond secured cur
rency Is wrong Thn notion that solely
from the need of Income a Stnte may nt
will Inject huge sum of currency Into our
system without regntil to Ihe need of
business Is meretricious. Such proiedure
cannot fail to upset the delicate machinery
of exchanging goods, unsettle contracts and
lead to a riot of speculation,
Tho history of thn dlsnsters which fol
lowed on State Issue prior to the civil war
Is too fnmlll.tr tn need repetition here,
"A M ." however, proposes that the Issues
shall now hn under (lovernmetit super
vision, and that to this end tho present
prohlbltlvo tax of to per cent on them shall
lie lifted "Money panics would be prac
tically Impossible." ho writes, "were tt
known that the t'nlted States possessed the
power of creating emergency currency "
The t'nlted States now ha that power,
nd Representative Prouty has inl reduced
a bill which would In effect extend the make
shift Aldrlch-Vireland net, under which
the power i conferred "A. M " evidently
mean to ny "were It known that the Slate
posesed the power " And In thl he pre
sents hi econd fallacy
The Issuance of emeigency currency Is
a confession of emergency. It cannot but
aggravate alarm, llitead of allaying It, We
were on tlm brink f panic last fall, whnt
with the movement of our tremendous
crop, the war anil fear of a general war
Inl'.urope Hut not onn national bank naked
for the emergency currency w hlch lay ready
to Its hand. To have done so would havo
been to set the match to the powder
Carter Ola of Ylrglnla, whoe commit
tee In the House Is framing a monetary bill
likely to be presented nt the extra session,
ha In mind a currency backed by a stratum
of gold and a stratum above that of picked
commercial paper, fluctuating with the de
mand of trndn. There I the promise of
elasticity In that; of contraction as well ns
expansion, and contraction I Just ns Im
portant liut where are we to set contrac
tion with a bond secured currency?
Citicai.o. April :t .Silas Hbnt.
MME. VE STAEL.
Her Introduction of German Thought,
and Views on nomin In Polities.
To the KDlionoFTHUKcN Sir: The book
on (lermany by Mme. de Htnel, composed
In the year Isio, wus regarded by Sir .tunics
Mackintosh as Ihe greatest production of
feminine genius In It first were brought
to the wide and serious attention of both
France nnd Kugland that life, literature
and philosophy of Germany which before
were scarcely known In foreign land. The
extraordinary development of letters from
Klopstock and Leasing to Ooethe, and of
philosophy from Leibnitz and Kant to Hegel
together with the domestic, religious and
"thetlo life of the German people, she
witnessed and first made an open book to
She mingled with many famous leaders
of the age. and was herself one of it most
brilliant exponents n womnn of great
dlcernroent, comprehensive view; and no
leas a woman of heart and character than
of powerful Intellect, large experience,
extensive accomplishments n woman that
could awe N'ttpoleon, who wus Just a Utile
afraid of her searching eyes. Among her
writings the romance called "Corlnne" Is
still read, and In French literature i
counted a modern clasito.
It Is of Interest to And In thn work first
named the estimate such a woman bus
Placed on the relation of her se to civil
affair. In a notable chnpter on "Man la Be
she remarks' "It l right to exclude women
frosn political nnd civil nffalrs nothing I
more opposite to their natural destination
than all that would bring them into rivalry
with mnn end fflnrv Itself n nnhl be for
women only a splendid mourning suit for
happiness. Hut If tho destiny ot women
ought to consist In a continual net of devo -
Hon to conjugal love, the recompense of
this devotion Is the strict faltliltilness or
him who Is Its object "
There Is much more In the writings and
memoirs of this eminent womnn to Illus
trate and enforce these few words, together ,
with n profound recognition of the fact ,
that things In thl world are not n they'
ought to be nnd conditions wholly normal
not easy to find,
Henry William Rankin.
Rrooilyn, April 2.1. !
A Tax on llrnevolrnee.
To the KniTor. or Tin: Scn- .sir l it .
not probable that nn Income tut will prove
a great blow to the benevolent and rditen- I
tlonal Institution of thi StaleV Hitherto1
the rich havo been largely relied upon to ;
build or endow our school-, mlleges. ,
churches, hmpltal. Ac If Ihev arc to
crippled by nn excessive income tat tliev
run it t:cy
will be apt to say when solicited Vie can
no longer keep up our gift a formerlv. for
we cannot afford it. being now burdened
hy very large taxes in tho nam" of Income
for the Government's support
It I a curious proposition thnt the
wealthy class, who do the most for the pub
lie, should hereafter bo taxed the most.
Hi.vr.v M nriN
nsooiLYN, April I.t
A SnisrMlon That the l lccl lie Sent
Around South America.
To tsk Knnon ok Tin: Sr.v s'lr With
due respect to Ihe Hon. .losephus Daniels,
Secretary of Ihe Navy, I dare lo suggest u
cruise around South America Instead of
the Intended one to the Mediterranean
Send the fleet from New York, with a
cordial und Impressive farewell, to Sun
Francisco, stopping at the West Indies,
Venezuela, Brail, I'ruguay, Argentina,
Chile, Peru and Kcuador.
The Cnlted States ha or must hive a
South American policy, and it could be pro
moted by such a visit. It has no policy at
all in the Mediterranean. .losi: Lor-hz
Xkw York, April !.'l
To Tn Editoii or Tun Si n- Sir. If
"Variety" Is tired of rallying all good men
lo the aid of their party, let him try "Tim
nimble fox Jumped over the lazy dog," or
that premier test sentence, "Packing box
with live doyen liquor Jugs." The Jugs
may be lllled with Secretary Hryan's favor
ite tipple. Kkvhoard
Ni'.w York, April :.l
A Renowned lloston Agitator,
To TIIK r.DITon or THK firs Sir; The libel
laid oa Uns ton ami Its hartrmlem In lo-ilay's .sun
by "W. S. II " cannot go without notice. The
ghastly rxprilrucr of "V. H. II." I no doubt the
horrid truth, anil llial he gut a Manhattan cock
tall with ginger In It Is pmtmbly absolutely mi,
hut why, nli why, did he patronise home obscure
gin mill lu "Hock Siiiarr"t Why did lie nut yu
lo a "place" Instead of, a he says, a "saloon"'
They put ginger In everything In HoMon In cold
weather. In tea, brer, ale and rorklalla, liut If
he had gosr up to Ihe "place" where William
Hurlry, "agitator," presides, he would have got
a ucctar 111 for Ihe gods, Say, William Hurlry
can do it right, ami I have askrd him to send you
the rrrlpc. Walt for it, "W S, H" ami thrn sre
what It Is to kiuiw perfect "booze,"
IIOSTON, April 53, TlUTItl.LINO Uan.
One or the Other.
Marriage la not the only aim of a woman,
Out. aim or no aim, Klin her II li this
It roust be cither a hit or a mlssl
X. T, B.
MILK DEALERS FIGHT
HEALTH BOARD RULES
Aro Iniciuleil io
l (ho Hi-
Hl'IiKS ONLY TKNTATIU:
Iiodorlo Sii.vs llonriiipr Will lie
(iiven. but Soinol hiiipr Will
Hiivo to lie I)oiu
Association of dealern In "loo."
"dipped" milk nnd individual dealers, of
whom there are nbout 29,000 In New
York city, are to light Health Coramls
sloner Ernest J. Iederle's proposed
regulations rcirardlnK Its sale, which
have been submitted to the association
for their consideration. A hearlnr will
be held before June 1 and the miVn
sellers hopo to have the regulations i
modified that reputable dealers will not
object to them.
The Health Hoard wants to surround
the selling- of "dipped" mlllt, which li
the milk tho poor buy at elx cents a
quart, with clean, sanitary method..
The farms of tho dairymen have ben
cleaned up, the herds have been weedsd
out until they are healthy, the trans,
portatlon of the milk to tho city has
been mado sanitary and tho dealers
will be asked to clean up their stores.
Commissioner Ldcrlo explained yes
terday that the Health Hoard adopted a
resolution on October 7 Inst that after
June I "dipped" milk should be sola
only In stores where cleanliness was
observed. No attention was paid to
this. The regulations to which tha
dealer object were sent out on Feb
ruary H of this year to every associa
tion of dealers In the city with requests
for opinions and suggestions. There
were some letters from Individuals and a
visit from one committee from a Jewjsn
association which has a membership of
7,000. Tho other associations acknowl
edged the receipt of the notice and snld
It had been "referred." No one ap
peared to awaken until about last Mon
day, when It suddenly dawned upon
one association that there would be a
lot of trouble around June 1, and they
began to tnke action.
The regulations are as follows:
After Juno 1, the sale of mIKt
dipped from cans will bo permitted only
In mlllt stores approved by this rtcrsjrt
meat nnd for which a permit hn been
Issued, or In plnces In which foodstuffs
other than milk products nro fold m
orlglnnl packages only.
1. The poods which mny be sold In ac
cordance with tho preceding rulo Include
nny foods when contnlned In unbroken
package., nlso eggs, butter, cream, chees...
Vtrciil ,i,t,t ,'ffl fit '
I 2 "Iyoose" or "dipped" mtlk shall not
bo stored, handled or sold In nny stable, or
In nny room used for cooking or domestic
purposes, or In any room which rnmmunl
cates directly with nny such stable or
room, or In nny room In which there l
n lavatory npnrtmcnt or with which a
lavatory apartment communicate.
less such npnrtmcnt is enclosed
! vestibule nnd both npnrtmcnt nnd vestl
bulo nre properly ventilated to thu c
tcrnnl air '
3. The use of n booth or small room tn
which to store mill; or crenm Is pro
4 "Loose" or "dipped" milk shall not
1 which is
he stored, handled or soul In nny rn.jm
lark, poorlv ventilated, or i
which rubbish or useless mnterl.il Is
1 lowed to nccumulate. or In wlm-h the
nre offensive odors.
l.ooe" or "dipped" mlllt shall nor
I be stored, handled ni- fold In nny room
' which Is unduly crowded or In wiech there
I Is not sufficient unoccupied Poor p.n e
' so that thu premises may be rendu; kep'
I 6 Tho floor of rooms In which "loose'
i or "dipped" milk I stored, handled
'sold Khali lie smooth, free from revlce
' or other places where dirt nnd erniin " .i"
lodge, nnd they shall be wntcrl'glu T1 .'
' walls and ceilings of .ill such toon s s! "
be of enamel lirfrli, cement or tilnic
with a hard finish In the t, t nn
cimmel brick I not Uf-ed the wall i, in'
I be painted to the sntlsfiu t'on i f t e 1"
p.iitmcnt of Health with some Lgle
7 The can from which "lnn.tr' n
"dlpped" milk Is sold must be kept
propcrU constructed tee tub surrou lc!
mil must be kept cmerci .ii "
times except when milk Is mlimll ie -dipped
theicfrnm. These tubs uuipt
piiliilcd both Inside nnd outside to t r
Fittl.sfnctloii of the Department of Ileal"
nnd must be maintained In n clean
illtlmi ,'U nil limes. A sufllnciit number
of lec tubs must be provided lo cin- f '
all the mill; or cream stored on the pre"
Ises All measures nnd other uicmi, Is
used In the handling; of "loose" or "il tn'l"
mill, must ln of the seamless 'M
and must be kept clean while In use '
utensils must bo thoroughlv cleaned wiiii
hot water nnd soda ImmcdliitcK af'ci
each day's use.
.s. An adequate supply of running h"
and cold water must bo provided for fh
washing nnd cleaning of milk utensils
9. "Loose" or "dipped" milk shall lie'
be kept for sale, handled or stoicd in "
loom In which butter or checfe Is mn'".
factored, or Willi h bus a direct communi
cation with a room In which steh ma
terial Is prepared.
in. The attendants who bundle "lnn"
or "dipped" milk shnll wear clean vhlis
outer clothing while engaged In the hami
llug of milk.
"The so-called regulations." s.ilrt Com
missioner Icderle, "were not Intended
become pnrt of the reg-ulntlon of this
department as they stand. Thev wet
put forth with the Idea thnt the as
soclatlons nnd the dealers would mum
forward with suggestions for modifies
tlons or' nmendments out of which we
could arrile nt proper rules thnt w'' 1
safeguard the consumer nnd the hour'
dealer us well. The regulations attracted
very little attention until a day or ""
ngo, and now comes the cry that the de
pirtmcnt Is trying to put so many thou
Hind dealers out of biirdnos-s In order '
aid the bottled milk men or the btg com
panies, "That Is absurd. No lionvt denw
will be. put out of business by this d
partment, and the public should he kIs'1
to see a mnn who noils loose milk
nmld unsanitary surrounding made
stop. Hut fomo regulation is going in'e
effect on June 1 and It will be for th
Keneral y.ood of the consumer."
Wllllnm drain Drown said yesterdiv
that hn liad been retained ns counsel bv
Home of the milk tlcnlers, lie bad no'
rye mapped out a courpo of procedure
and would wait until utter .lime l n
See whether the Health Commissioner
put thn rcKiilntlhnH Into effect. "The
retaliations," he said, "are Impossible if
enforcement and the dealers do not b'
lleve that the Commissioner will at
tempt to enforce them."