Newspaper Page Text
THE SUN. FRIDAY, APRIL 25, 1913.
SJI it I
FRIDAY, U'UII, :'.-). IMS.
I Mere d at the Post OSrc at New York aa Se r omt
( ls.s Mall Mutter
Sub rtptliins hi Xlall, I'li.tpahl,
I'Att.Y. Per Month Uti fin
tiAt.Vi'. I'fr Var o oo
.Sf.NDAY. I'er m a r.o
DAILY AMI St'NPAV. I'rr Year ... . H Ml
llAIl.Y AM) St'MlAY, Per Month .... 71V
1 111" fVfMNO St'V. t'rr Month an
'inr rvi'MS(.M'. irriit a mi
Postage to foreign countries added.
All cheeks, tnene y order. Ac, to be recite pir
able tn Tint sr..
J'ultlhf rl itsltv. Inrltirtlns Kiimtxv. by tt-e Sun
I'ltnttng a tnl l'ii!ilililnu ,"orlitlnn nt tin Nassau
strrrt. In 11m ttiroit,!h of Miiihaitm.. New ntk
Pir.lilrnt nnd 'ltrniirrr Uliifini r lli-lok, 1 7 P
Nn.fAtttreot: Vlrr-Picldriit, I'dwird P. Mitchell,
IM Namaii street: Frotrtnr, , l I!. Linton, 1M
Lonrlnn nfTrr, Hrnngham Hoii'r. 1 Arundel
Paris offloo. t. line rt la Mhhodlfrr. of! Hup rtit
Washington oillcp. Jllhhs building
lirccklvn n.T.ce. 1"A Livingston street.
If our rtPtil. trio furor tit (ritl ruinMjtrripli mit
illustration tor jurtuattmi u-Uft tn hat ruffcUii
nrffflp. Tttwn't tirv mat In nil ffl.M rent .Mint
tor that ltr)m r
llrrn k rr.
Tho treaty hronkors are now paying
that there i a precedent for ropudiutlne;
our contract with Ciront Hritnin in the
tccont denunciation ami uhiocntiou of
t ho old treaty of commerce and nnvi
Wit ion concluded with Hussla in 1S.T.'
nnd proclaimed -the following year. If
so with Russia, why not so with Oreat
liritain? tho treaty breakers ask. "A
treaty is not an oathhound and inde
feasible olilicatioti. Tt is not an affi
davit. There it no necessary perjury
or perfidy in denouncing it."
This arRinnent will probably he Rood
enotmh for Senator CiiAMnF.nMtN of
Orecon, who has introduced the resolu
tion to abrogate the Hay-Pauncefoto
treaty. It inav seem good enough -although
we pcrM-t in hoping that it will
not - to Senator O'OoiiMxV of Now York,
formerly on the bench of the Supremo
Court of this State.
Perhaps it t not superfluous tn point
out to tho-e citicn Mho are impressed
by the foregoing piece of impudent non
sense that th treaty with ttus.ia con
tained in Article XI. an explicit provi-r-ion
for its own termination at the
will of either party. The prescribed
method of abrogation ha been observed
wnipuloiHly by our Government. The
treaty is terminated in good faith nnd
not in perfidy or by perjury.
What in tho name of common sense
has that incident to do with the case of
the Hay-l'auncefote treaty, which con
tains no provision for it term.n.rion
at the vill of one of the two parties to
the compart' W'n should like to have
Senator OTiORman'r opinion us a law
yer and a Judge. The Hay-Pauncefote
treaty is an international contract,
honorably terminable only by tho con
cent of both of the contracting Govern
ments. Tho men who are now doing their ut
most to bring shame upon the American
people and to brand our Government
beforo the world as a mercenary vio
lator of its faith pledged in the most
solemn of form known in international
iclations should obtain tho pamphlet t
complied and published by Mr. Hoiikkt
Umikrwood.Iohxso.v. He has brought
together and put into conciso shnpo a
great mass of representative opinions
on this subject, collected from the news
paper pross, trom the resolutions of
rhanibera of commerce and other in
fluential organizations, nnd from tho
individual expressions of collego presi
dents, clergymen, lawyers anil citizens
of stanilmg.in every part of the land.
Iji;t tho treaty breakers oxamino this
evidenco of tho extent and Intensity of
tho honorable American sentiment in
opposition to their dishonorablo projeot
nnd then, oven if only as politicians,
think a little about tho situation.
I'liilorwootl on "Wealth."
Mr. I'sTiKiiwoon's opening speech on
th tariff bill is skilfully calculated for
the latitudes of popular feeling and the
exigencies of party politics. A certain
want of candor in parts of it, an evident
sophistry, a possibly unconscious Glad
stotilnnlstn: if these qualities or defects
.oiako us regret tho bravo nnd candid
f'N'Dl'.liwodi) of the sojourn in the wll
derness thev are natural and Inevitable.
It is '.he chief counsel doing his best for
ii cause which is not exactly as ho would
have chosen it; to which he has had to
sierilice some of lm own wishes nnd
In saving this TliK Hvs abates none
of its respect for the intellectual force
and the engaging sincerity that it has
Imig admired in Mr. I'.vpntwooi). o(.
tics is the ait of compromise; and it is
for a pnlitii al nnd parliamentary leader
to pm the bi.st face hocin on tho of-
'iet when Mr I'xpniworm tells im of
ii threatened delii leney in reveniio "ot
about S UMi.f KMi.rHMi which tho Commit-,
tee on Ways and Means "is compelled to
meet by extraordinary methods of tax
ation, used heretofore only in time of
war," when In. projects a purely artificial
"nun rgciiey" on which tn Justify tho in
ci mo lax. M is not plain, struightfonvaid
Ai.iiiniii', it is Mr. fiiansioNK "impro
vising lifelong con. idiom," thai tho
lu.'.ioiical student is icminded of. lias
urn the Committee on Ways and Moans
deliberately cieated h "delieit," dug tin.
hole in onler that tho ineomo tax may
Hear Mr. I'MlllllWonn in a nnssnio.
that iiiusi sound hollow to his earn, re
inciiibeiing how ho fought and over
tamo Mi HliVAN on tho lien raw iimto
1 i.ils idea.
"Win. Mi f,
airman, we could hiiv..
(i.und this tioo.Miii.uui at tin. custom liniiKeH
If wo had no desired, but thn Hmn has conm
tk this couutry wbn th irtat untuird
npalth of AmprlPA mimt nnH hAll henr Its
fnlr Mmrp nf tin iitirriVn
"Veri'niivptlii'tntPnt tli rtilom hntiAo
purpiKoh In low n on wp;ilib
Again, "wo do not proposo to Iai one
tnan for thnliencflt of the other man ex
cept for tho necessary rovenuo thnt ho
must raise to administer this Govern
ment economically" 'Pork and PliO.
He is going to tax "wealth."
What is "wealth"? Here is the bead
roll of the "wealthy," including Mr.
I'MiKHwoon and every other member
"Knur thntiAsnd dollars to 15,000, IH.000
tuTAnti'. I'l.nnfl to IID.dOO, tln.non; llO.nOfl
to i...ooo, .vt.nno: li,,,,mm to $jo,nno, ;,.vmi
f.'O.inn In :'.",,iii, ii,,Vm, $:.,, mill to ;!!, mm,
Il.nnn l,'.ii,iKm ti $ini,iiim, s,.',iv. finn.mvi
to fi.Mi.rxm, ?,.,,nn, Ijko.ikhi to IMHi.nno, S50;
$:,nn,nnntoti,tio(VKio,:M Ovcrll.iton.niH), inn."
A man whoso income Is $3,000.00 is
"poor." For his supposed lieneflt and
that of ovcryliody elco hose income is
under J l.ouo, rj.Vono petons aro to Im
taxed. A bitter comment on "Wo do
not prooso to tax one man for tho ben
efit, of the other man."
"You Itepublicansl l)avo lieen tAztng
the poor for five decades." At least the
Itepublicatis did not, tax the widow and
orphan. They did not assume that
mutual life insuranco companies, whose
average policy is perharm 11,000 or $2,
000, wero "wealth," They thought that
such companies were as essentially
"lionelieinP and "fraternal" as the so
cieties exempted by the income tax
provisions of Mr. r.vnEHWoon's bill.
They did not regard n refunded excess
of premium as a "dividend" savo in
Mr. I'mierwood lionsts that the Dem
ocrats have lowered the tax on "com
mon soap," tho kind used, we infer, by
persons who don't pay an income tnx
and aro not Insured, from 20 per cent,
to 5 per cent. Not all tho soap that can
bo used under the benefit of this reduc
tion can wash away the smudge of
domngogism, of inequality, of moral
dishonesty from tho income tax pro
visions of the bill Mr. T'NDEiiWoon in
troduce with such charm of manner
and absence of matter.
Who Will Pny?
Vat on the heels of the locomotive
engineers' siuvessful demand for higher
wages eamo the firemen's appeal, with a
decision in their favor. Tho yard men,
station hands and nil the other railroad
employees cannot 1 expected tosmother
their ambitions. Moreover, the full crew
laws increase in number, with additional
expense to the railroad companies.
Nobody believes that the coffers of
the railroads are filled from private
stores of wealth. Kverybody knows
whenco their incomes How. The public
they serve contributes every penny they
receive to be paid out for wages, better
ments, dividcmlsand interest. If operat
ing costs absorb the gross income the
security holders will suffer in nn.-Uct
land suffering turn to other fields of
'investment. Iliulding must come tn a'
halt and projected improvements be
abandoned. Hut this is unthinkable.
What is to bo done?
There may be wastes thnt can be
stopped, but these are of minor conse
quence. Ideal administration could not
make revenues adjusted to one standard
of income meet exM'nditurcs raised to a
notably higher plane. Increased rates,
putting on tho public tho new burden,
nre the solo refuge of tho railroads, and
the necessity for these will soon be
apparent even to tho shipping commu
More Public Records Gone.
Quite in the ordinary course of events
yesterday a barn in Coney Island burned
and with it were consumed the records
of the council of the town of flravesend.
What was once (Inivcsend is now a part
of New York, and tho records of the
extinct municipal corporation may In
assumed to hnve lieen worthless. Yet
they may have had a historical value,
at least, and in ojiy ovent a frame barn
on tho premises of tho town's ono time
clerk is not a suitable place for the
storage of any public documents.
When tho State Capitol was partly
wrecked by fire much virtuous planning
for tho proper protection of public
records was indulged in throughout
the State. Beforo tho repairs to the
Capitol aro finished the Rood resolu
tions then recorded ha volxen forgotten.
Thn destruction of this Coney Island
barn points to tho neglect with which
such tapers, many of thorn of incalcu
lable value, are treated throughout tho
State. A serious, effort to provide
ndequato storugo facilities for these
priceless records seem beyond tho
enterprise of tho State and its subdi
visions. The Crime of David.
Introducing Master David Ri'shku,,
aged four, an abandoned character
of this town, Father, u lawyer, as the
Hon. Thomas Hii.kv Makhhamj will be
at onco gratified and saddened to know.
David tho Wicked was caught in the
ait by I'olicemun McKk.n.a of tho
Ono Hundredth street station, uixm
whose chest be a Carnegie hero medal!
The blithe air of Hivciside Drivo and
tlm still mom invigorating air of uplift
swelled that glorious protuberance. In
broad daylight, on a public street, ho
niw a i luld "playing with dirt" dumped
Horn his gigantic cut, rolling happily
and savagely in the dirt, makinc-
balls, pies, faiitastio ligiues, heaven
know h what shapes of crime of it, throw
ing it perhaps through his btuined
pudgy hainllots as if ho wero un auto
mobile or iho god of tlio winds. Devil
ish Damp was covered with dirt, tinted
wilh dirt, sincaied, soaked, plaslered
willi dill, 'llio gicat ( omparativo
.Museum or Ins pockets ran over with
many dirts. Ho was joyous because
ho was dirty. Ciiconscious Darwinile,
ho sought unknowingly to take tho color
of his surroundings und escuo the birds
This monster of four had not reck
oned with minor McKknna, snotlesh
as I lie tiaditions of that great board of
cciiooisiif which he is an ornament. Ho
saw tin. Wicked Ono disporting In tho
din, blotting tho clean light of heaven
from nursemaids, perhaps flinging hi
favorite element into the faces anil
upon the stainless raiment of sweel,
little guarded, howling, envious infants
that luutcctl by.
To seo, to nub, to hale, to clink and
court this wretched reactionary child
was tho work or a moment lor tne
shocked policeman, touched in his
Will it be believed lh.it one I'lllX llt
-l-'msKY? said to bo a Magistrate,
let Desperate David go, restored him
A I - A I ...
. nn .u... ,s 1i...uc.-.,c....u-
ngeil mm to go hacK ti the sou nmi
the shame? Knr.SCIlt should be re-'
called. Ho is not equal to the demands
of an enliirhteiieil niro. If his sinister
tiast was scinched it would be found I Vl'1"" ,"' testitl on a less ambitious suitn 1
as. , s suite lint II wolllil .. ''.., , . .,,,,,.
tnat 111 tils yolltll lie too sprawieil III tlie ,
dirt, and was seldom more than remotely 1
. . . .-I..
recognizable by his parents when he
returned dnily or hourly from 'his im-
puro revels to be washed perhaps
spanked and worshipped
Thank nil good powers, this glorious
epoch will havn nn mercy, no matter
what hidebound magistrates may de
cide, on savage horrors such as Havim
Uf.ssKt.t, has for the moment escaped
tho net. of justice for
inutiKa Igooil powers t lie wiser young-,
stern of to-dav are not to tight and are
to alwavs cleaner than the village of .
Hroelc and tho undrlyen snowl And
thank nil powers of evil, no boy that ,
hadn't, rather be dirtv than clean and I
rather light than eat is any relation of
TtlK Sun or its readers!
As Prenf9rr Yamamoto Views It,
The statement made by Count Yama
moto, the .Inpancso Premier, at Tokin
yesterday was the sensible and pacific
utterance that might have been ex
Ieijtol from such u tnan when he had
anything to say about the California
controversy I.Ike most Japanese states
tnen who have received a professional
training in the Initeil States he is at. .
admirer of this country
iml a stanch
friend of it.
Admiral Gombei Yamamoto wns one
of the first Jnpancse graduates of the
Naval Academy at Annapolis, and he
has visited the I 'tiited States several I
times since his promotion to high rank
in the navy. When he was here m unit
, ,. , i,,i, r ,i .. i
ois-ieiy uu auui ess iii.u iiiusi si III DC
remembered by the distinguished Amor
icans who were present, for it stamped
Yamamoto as a public man who so far
as lay in his power would never ermit
the friendly relations of the I nited
States and, Japan to be interrupted.
A passage from that speech will bear
quoting now, for then, as now, there was
a California controversy;
"Our Interests, comtnep ml and other
wise, are so Intimate and the cordial rela
tions between ns nf fifty years Maudlin; are
of so firm a nature that I can confidently
nftlrm that they never will be disturbed by
mere trittinit incident. It 1 true that l.itly
i louds ilut aip..,ir in one
uuaricr of Hie ky. but it is noilim but a
local niiuall and does not in mi way repre
sent the general ttnteof the weather, .i ml i ven
this sIIkIiI cloud will soon beil!per..'d
"We nre nil aware of the high i.nc nf
Instlee and liumnultv poes..( ly t",,.
American, the principles whnh form tin.
very foundations nf ihe republn Ii m
admitted on nil s.(. thin they are the lead
ers In the clvillallou of the world, and
throughout Japan we all ad'uire those,
terlttu; oualltles. Men are ecntla!' y
prone to be controlled bv ,nttnont, ami it
is the duty of thoe In the lecbn position '
to see that they are alas nuclei in the 1
path nf rluliteousness and that they are not
led astray "
Admiral Yamamoto is now (n tho
"leading position" in Japan. He be
came l'l'cniier in February last. It is
thereforo interesting to note how ho
deals with the alien land tenure tigita-
tation. In his remarks at Tokio yester
day ho referred to tho matter as a local
disturbance; to him it evidently ap
eared to be one of those "trilling inci
dents" of which he spoke in this city on
the occasion of his last visit. Hut being
Premier of Japan Admiral Yamamoto
has to repress a natural tendency to
mako light of it as a trouble breeder.
Ho is aware, as he once said in an inter
view in this country, that Japan has its
"yellow newspapers" also. Therefore
taking ns seriously ns any of his coun
trymen would wish him to do the isue
that has been raised, ho said he believed
the Americans would be fair enough not
to discriminate against the Japanese in
any land tenure law that was enacted.
And he vigorously "expressed Ids dis
approval of exhibitions of temper and
It is reassuring to know that the most
responsible Minister in Japan in tho
present flurry is not only a man of self
control and mature judgment but a sin
cere friend of tho I'nitcd States, who
owes it some of tho pleasantest memo
ries of his life.
Reports or alarm atnonir our people and
about imidltions at llrownsville and Laredo
ureally overdrawn Situation on our side,
ipilcl (li'iicrul Mexican opinion both sides
nt border slroucly opposed to llri.itu -tri'nrl
nf (Inirinl I.I.ONilll) Wonii.
Tho important conclusion in this hum
ming up is Unit there is no war scare in
tho American border towns
llimll boriowcis, bewaie1 Hir..M thn
cop will shallow all ileliiiciuentn. ruf.
lint in 'I lit. V. i mm. Si v
Why tlilsfeiocity of a Now Jersey publlo
library against procrastination? Wasn't
j H c'OLK,l""'- " at borrower In every
sense, who said that a book should belong
to the mull lies! fitted to road it?
What does Sir Anrili'ii I'i.nkiio uie.iii
by saying that (1 II S is not a smoker?
'1 hat lolul vciu'tariiin is an indcfaliL.abla
' producer of sinoko without llamn. I'urlia-
1 '"",u or "l0 London County Council
should ttiakn him consume, bis smoke.
Mr Wilson wont to iho Capitol yester -
day for the express purpose of "tulkinr.
politics" to rietiiilors. ,u pillar of tho
Constitution sagged No ceiling fell
...11 111 iik 111 inn iispcoi 01 nr. non.tt II.IjI AM
nihil rvio.NK iiiiiicateil lliul .1 grcal. irei'o
ilnnt wun (load
The sentence of Kl-OAl, 111 the I lilted
KtaleB District Court for tlm infamous
olTonce of entlcitiK into whitu shivery a
schoolgirl ueventeen yeare old ccrtulnly
did not err on tho side of severity On
the colli riity, (lie llllelliKi'llceof the yoting
ninti nnd tln other eiteiiniHtnnces which
seem In have impelled the jury ton iceom
iiii inl.ilii.il or lenity only leiidered more
odious the cilltm of which ho was con
victed Hy going to the limit of tho law
m inflicting exemplify punishment In
such ciisch thn cotiits can do much to
unril the icino,il of one of the blackest
IiIiiIh iiotiiiirelvilijitliii To warn n nil
to deter me not the lend of th functions)
of punitive Justice, Tills Is h scoundrel
who hits got. oft" too ensily.
Thirty-fourth streot Is olearlr not
thn plneo for experimental enterprise In
the way or moving platforms. If the
new whimsicality of triinstortntloti must
tiled mil somnwhere. let lis practical
, , I
1, .ri . . .. , i7. ..i..
,r.(o . ,.i.u. i
to serve n tn.Hle.t apprenticeship lfore It
takes toss,.sion orThliiy-fotirth street
rm: cost or u iu.
Short TarltT Talk llrtwern a Curious
lllisfricr ami the Naked Truth.
Tho Curious Observer watchod tho
IMrnde ir iia.ssing events In siletico and
..Will, l?roMltw. t,n,'lil..Tilv At List. Iltl-
7 ,.- , ,
..ill.. ... f.iiri. iiik i , u mil. iiii.crftr im
)llliown1- ' .
... . ... . . ....... u
17 . L "T .. ' T! - . i
. u...- oc;.i niiiciun me w.riiun ui
passing events," s.ild tho Curious Ob-1
server, "and I am amazed. Horore our 1
recent elections was It not maintained
by certain Indlvldu.its Hint a rcdiiclion
of the tariff would result In lowering the
cost of living' ,
"It wis," replied Naked Truth
-!, .1 f U. I. I
...... ...mc ...... .v ..M.m
nkcd tho Curious Observer, "now that I
Iliece s.iine people nre roducinK tho tariff.
they urn liegintilng to warn all of us not ,
to expect any changes In the cost of
"Hecause they fear, after all, the tariff
may prove that It plays a negligible part
In tho mysteries tif retail prices," nn-
'swercd Nuked Truth
. Previous u. mo election utey sam
tl.fc ,,. IT ll..ln
hi- ifi i iii - mi i inn 1 1 it" vm". kh it in i
persisted tho Curious Oberer
"That was because they had to aay
something to win the election," aald
Naked Truth "What they said mattered
little us long as it sounded well It
always sounds well to announce a simple
rcmey for a complex and intricate
re incec ii..w mriu m.iRci-s iriKiiifiiru,
(then. at tlieap,rwchof thodayof making
good?" asked the Curious Observer
"Tboy aro becoming very uneasy."
rn.wonrl.wl VuUaH Truth -Thov bnv
sugared their promises so heavily they'
fear tbev tn.ty attract a lot of boee " '
"Has the high co3of sugar ever made,
a deep itnpiession on the housewife?"
asked the Curious Observer.
"Never." replied Naked Truth.
"How much duty Is collected on sugar
during tho year?" tho Curlou Observer
"Fifty-two million dollars," answered
Naked Truth "The nvernge duty Is
about 1' j cents a pound "
"What does tho cousumer stand to
save?" nskcii the Curious Observer.
"If tin average consumer receives nil
.1 . . ...... - V-..I.-.J C ....
me leiuiucii urn-, soiii .siiK.ni iruio,
"and if sugar is placed on tho free list,
the a vera E" consumer gain In reduction
of price should be uliout $1 a year."
"Will the average consumer get the
sugary dollar?" asked the Curious Ob
server. "He will not," answered Naked Truth
"'Iho importer will retain .1 good big Mrt
of it and the wholesaler and retailer will
split between themselves most of what is !
"If these things nre true," said the
Curious Observer, "why should the (iov
crmncnt abandon so much good, legiti
"In order to create n deficit ." answered
"Is a delicti a good thing for a Govern
ment to possess?" naked the Curious
"Sometimes it Is n necesarT political
we.-q.on," .tn.swercd Naked Truth.
"I do not understand you," said the
"I'nle.ss there is a threatened dellcit in
tho national trenstiry an ineomn tax can
not be imposed," explained Naked Truth.
"Ah! So the Imposition of an Incoma
tax is the real objective, is it?" replied tha
Curious Observer. "I begin to under
The country demands nn Income tax,"
elucidated Naked Truth. "Slnco no tax
can l imposed until a way is found to w
tho ii.onov. it bns lieen necessary to creat.
i ,i i. r .1 i ........... .in -
a deficit for the income .fan to 111
"If placing commodities on the free list
docs not reduce the cost of living." said
tho Cutious Observer, "will tho jieople be
recompensed by knowing they have to
iwv an Income tax?
That is what the makers of the new
tariff nre beginning to hope," snld Naked
"Will they net away with It?" nsUed the
"Oo back to the parade or passing
events and watch," said Naked Truth.
".Mnny bluffs Just as bad have txcn pulled
off in the course of our glorious history.
Wait nnd see."
THE KISSEIt nOMAX.
Ijirtf I'ttrrnac of a llnstnn KorlnlngtM,
To Till KtiiToa or Tn Si n -.sir: "T N. n "
nf Huston wrllrs In THK Sc.v to ssy Urn I "mot
wonii n upon being kleit close their ejf '
'Hint Is tint no experlri.ee, anil I'.t lieen la
lloston loo. lias "T N II really tilcil most
women '1 . 1.
NhW Yom, Apt II 51
Closing Ihe Ii." In an lib Tail.
To nut l.'nnos or 'I HE Sr.N -Mr. Ill view of
the phiklotiiioiny of the avf raise man most women
hf to fare while tiring UIskmI hy them they
prnhnhly close llulr fes lo ward off rmntlonal
iiiilli.-cslloi.. "T. N II V question should hu.c
hern nfcried to the therapeuilc tallur Ihsn Ihf
holnglcsl ilfpartimtil. I' J V.
,t.w Voiik, April '.'I
lie If Tabula.
To Titr. Ci.itoh or Tins Sex .Sir II taken no
psji hist to tell "T f'. II " why iiiusi woiiirn upon
bring klstnl close llielr ryes If he will take
the trouhlf to glance nl hlmsilf In a mirror Just
before llic t-alutc l lo be fulmlnlmei ed hf will iue x
Ihr trasoii, iiiili'sa he Is miUkUally ohluse.
Nr.w Vosii, April SI. SKl.iu,
'lo i iik I tm ror. ok Tm-' Sr.x .sir An Inttlne
lite piciaiilloii unllll the nose, of the blunder
lug mule wundeilng lulu Die visual in gnu.
1 .. ,.. I'srciioun Aiiunr.
I ;'',m" ''
Ul.lt. . k.t- .)-.. Il.irl, i,t Hi Inc. 'a .lit
l.i lack of prnililters
llrlld I linn ihe beat way to make 'em rr.iiluce
Ii. to co home to tt.ull.rr
Ivnlrkri 1'oni.ress Is lo hold nlstit sesslona
m Hie tarirf,
Docker Well, ynu arc generally kepi up al
nljhl with Infant Ind.uiUlaa, 1'
Varying Views of the Propofrt Anil
Suin'ulloinnf .he Vrni "oZm Hon I
tpflil fl follows '"I Ills I'nnstltntlnn nnil
the lnws nf the t'lillod Slnlos which slinll
tm niHdrt In purstmnce thereof nnd nil
troutles miiilo, or nhlch shitll lie mnde, mi
ller the authority of tho I ulloil Stiitc,
"hull he tho stinrotno Inw of lh mini, nml
Hie .Indues In evorv Slnle slmll tin Imund
Ihoreliv, nnylhlm; In tho Constitution or
(itr nt nnu Stntr In thr enntrnru tioiiffi-
When California entered the I'nlon s on
of the t'nlted Slntes It by Hist not Indorsed
nnd accepted as hlndlnc upon It tho cilxlli
Article nf rlio I'oilonil Cntilltutliut iihovo
liioli'd Tins Irentv hplwoon Hie uenornl
linvortitiioiil nnd Ispan Is ns hlndlin; upon
1'nlirni tiln, wl.ii li U mi Inleeral lull of Mm
cei.-inl (iovrnttnei.t. n It l upon tho Ail-
inliillrntlnti nt Washington, which Is In
honor Imntid to enforce lt provision ns the
iiioiit of tho Slntes whkh cntitltute the,
miiiimiiiii Villi tin Hi' uilli'l limn n M'ri'ii" ,
ft.,.,. Iho piHtl.m which II has is.uiiicd
aU.iitist the .'aiMliese In thnt .State.
'I ho Constitution nowhere mentions State
sovereignly or State rlnht. neither In the
seven orlclnal article nor In any of the
"luteon amendments which have been added,
The theory or State rlirhls orlRlnateil as
eailv as tsi , nnd un rneeil In H.I3 when
South I'anilin.i i.miiI the flist niilllOcatlnii
1 ..... I ,., r,.,..l frnrn llio
- ...... ....
state cnirt ,s , the . v.,,lltv or her ac. was
contempt or the stale couit. and that ir the
eneral (iovertimen' attempted to control
her in the matter of nullification the Slate
would consider herself wllhdiawn from the
'I he erieriry nf inlrou .tneksoii put n I
iini'tu on i In hold nsMinipllon of South
i 'iimllni, and on March in of that year a
stale convontlnii repealed the onlinance
of nulllllcatloti N'ow If tho Constitution
I n-nn.M.I l..H... ...1... .11.1
............ nan,, . ,
south Carolina yield?
hiHtnry repeHtlnii Itself In callfornlH?
lh,ns, Vprir.M .Iohn I'.. HnccK
M Hilar) Coneiuoncr.
To tub KlilTott or Till. Ht .Sir Of
course It is understood that If California
see fit to ureclpltato a war with Japan
she Is to fight It out slnitle handed, and
take the consequences would lie mon-
t strolls for her lo take action contrary lo
the will of the uiillnn and then call on the
nation to fight her battle for her
Nt.w unK, April :u. Vkteban.
illce From lloston.
To thk Ilntion or Tm. St:s .Sir Cali
fornia appears to be working ror a world's
record in bull headed Iffnorance, to define
with a minimum of IntiKtiace Dm salient as
pects of her present attitude in law maklne.
s David Starr .lordati. one of California's
nu sane citiens, tins polnteil
still sane cltletn, has pointed nut, that bill
alme.1 nl the .lapanese (to ple,ie the Han
' Krnnclsco hoodlums chiefly i Is unconstltu-
, 1,1 fmlr directions. et the I.eulsla-
l"rP iieierinineii io pin u inioup.li.
Here Is an opportunity for Mr. Charles
.1 llonaparle to put into practice a recenllv
slated prouraiiiine Hint "the I'rouressivn
psrty will now conduct n campaiKii of
education" flood llecin with California,
bind of prunes and I'rogresslvlsm, led by
.lohnson. taught by Hoosevelt, the latter
If necessary lt the "education" besln
with Instruction and advice Pass the
word to the lonu eared Johnsonites that
"you are fiiecrliiK the whole business: cut
out this tomfool t.'lk about a law which
you know an well us you know a fodder
rack that you couldn't enforce for a min
ute' Stop exasporatlmt tha other rorty
seven States by a crazy effort to brush
aside the Constitution' lis liooscvelt un-
j ij, ,,fr"
Id la-t f.ilb t little thlmc
iiicuini! a whole party, or mak-
tin; puppets of our own .Indues, you can
pull ofl and tie dashed It affects your own
State and nobody else. Hut don't Jam the
whole country into trouble, Especially
while you aro trying to'put over n 'world'
fair' sraft. and incidentally tryinc to dis
band your own stale troops and naval
teservc. Cut It out'''
II ui t may not sound like flonnpatb. hut
it sounds like common seiie.
liosTo.v. Mass , April
I'erbh thr Thought!
To Tm, l.onon or Tut: St's-.Sir Since
California and other Pacific, coast States
tool free to do h- they like In spite ef oppo
sition from Hasten) States, It would be a
cood Idea If they were cut oft from the sup
jxirt of the nation and rorcod to take care or
Thorn Is not much In common between
the two sides or the nation. A separate
republic InrludltiK the States west or thn
Kocky Mountains would Vive those radicals
a chance to havn their iuitlutlve and lefcrcu
ibim, their recall, woman suffrage, anti
alien law's and other ridiculous measures.
Hut if it came to war you can bet they
would run to us for protection
.Nr.w York, April Ii M Katun.
From a Callfornlan.
To thk KtitTon ok Thk Sex .Sir. That
my attitude bo not misconstrued, permit m
most emphatically to assert my Irrevocable
' opposition to tho Incoming or any
, n"im"n,iv,, element to our country
No sane Amor can would consent lo this.
(,a , aM ( of
Vl,,tm r ,., lf ,,,, , ,,
ufliont lo a nou-assiiiiilallve or any oilier
' element inside or out of our lountry
I Theie Is always a digiillled. manly way to
accomplish everything, as well as a rowdy-
Ish manner, and I support Ihe former.
None dispute the right or any State nf
this 1 nion to enact laws providing restric
tions with rererence to the ownership of
rciniy. 111 inei ine OKI) Ullierence 01 opin
ion concerning the California Legislature's
treatment nf the ,lnpauec land ownership
iiueslioti Is with reference to the method
adopted, the languuge used
I blush with shame to think that any of
the descendants of those grand old 'uiers
would lend themselves to so disreputable
n scheme aa appears imminent, and I hope
they ate few. I'nfortuiutely my California
luethren are not all generous, not all gentle
men. I tegret to slate that that most common
and fatal of all defects swell bead is more
prevalent In California than any other sec
tion I know of
Our pioneers weie titily great men, our
State is gteat In so many ways as to cieate
it vast deal of tlalteiing comment. We have
produced some great men, and ninie will
achieve gieatness, this knowledge has hud
the effect of encouraging 11 conceit among
our people entirely In excess of their deserts.
This Is easily proved by Ihealtlliideof our
representatives ill all national gal herlngs,
Invariably they are Ihe most forwunl,
1 otispleuous ami vociferous of every con
vention or gulliering to which Ihny aro dele
gated. lew of our great oitcn aro of
In every uggri'gntion of individuals there
is a leader; hence the acts ot a body or people
or mob ure but the following of a leader.
If he be a inodosl, gentlemanly man, re
sults, in Ihe ratio of his charuoler, will bn
1111 a high plane, if a "hoodlum," they will
be of a correspondingly low imture.so I
am forced to recognize, n leader suffering
from swell head 11 ml selllslmess us prob
ably responsible for Ihe present friction
in my native .Slate.
Knowing the people as I do I nm wonder
ing if pirchaiu u there may not be an In
sane desire for a lot of cheap notoriety,
advertising or Ciilifor.iiu, wilh a view to
increasing the flow of visitors to the l'iiuimii
Pacillo Imposition In liur.. Hueh foolish
things have been done. If this he in pari
or entirely nt Ihe bottom of Ibis friction
it Is the wildcat kind nf lolly "monkeying
witli n bii.r. saw" would bn tamest child's
piny compared lo such Idiocy as this would
prove, and if it happened lo prove 11 boom
erang there would be plenty of llio "saok
cloth tvr4 mum" of repentance In the
Oolnn tonlr. Ther mlht h tueht
ry piipnlvo leMon In common courtesy.
How sny lilch minded gpntlpnimi run
Inriorsi) the course adopted li.v tho proppnt
InnttiHkPr of CsllMirnln slumps me, IIipi
action whore his ox was Kored In like man
Surely there must he n aroup of Callfor
nl?e the wldotii contained In the courteous
protest and ndvloe of our President, sub
Kostlnu avoidance of "Invidious discrimi
nation." which should cau-fl them tn re
frain from "JuuKllnB with the termsofth
Surely there must be om leader In
Bacramenlo who can rle equal to this
ementenoy nnd In a patriotic, Rentlemnnly
manner so outline the act as to conform to
the trentv olillKutlnn and Insult no one,
Htsr.V tliK Wll.l.i.T
Xiw Vnns, Vprll '.'I
Nymnath)' sllh the Callfornlani.
To Tnr, KniTon or The Hu.v Kir; The
CHllfornlans are deservlnic of n lot of sym
pathy for Hi" predicament tl.ey nre It.
California has ever In the past been the
. . iii. ..I ... .1
rrf,.'?".of m".' -'" I'r " 1
It I all
rluht for us New Yorker lo attempt to
shnnio thn Cnllfornlans hy calling their
attention to ttje honor or the tteatles, hut
It Is an entirely different proposition when
viewed from tho CalHornta standpoint.
A native there has a very slim chanre
or eompetlne aeali.'t the tinderblilillnB
.lapanose who offers his services for iihont
the square root or our American laborer,
and lives on about .1 cents worth or Hoc
The motive or self-preservation Is the
prompting motive of the Cnllfornlans,
pushing them to resort to such drnstlo
measures. T O'CoNNM.f,.
Xr.w ur.n, April '.'i
OUt 171.' VMMU'.U.A.
Unci. In Memory Hie Itrrrnt
.Spell nf Italuy Weather.
Tn Till: Km loll or T ill, StW Sir: The
umbrella i niitcliiporutieuu with the old
limp carpet bug and the iilllffiilnr mouthed
black fii.iliiellisl valise bud w lialobotio ribs.
doubtless Hu-re are amoiiir Hie older readers
or Tin; Six many who will remember Hie
This umbrella was commonly covered with
cIiicIimiii lis whulebotie ribs hadn't th
resiliency or steel, and after an umbrella
had been used some time they came to huve
permanent bow in them, so that when
tho umbrella was loldisl it buUisI lit the
Ides, between where the strap went around
it, near the handle, and the tip.
when steel frame umbrellas nrit came in
there were carried by people who could
afford them steel framed silk umbrellas
hav uiK twite as many ribs as ure commonly
put In umbrella at the present djy Ihe
silk panels or these umbrellas, holmr much
nmrower, spiead iiinih Hatter, there was
less sac to them between Ihe ribs; one of
those many ribbed umbrellas had the ap
pearance or it tliitlonod dome, and such
umbrellas wero sometimes made of silk,
dark red and sometimes datk Kre.-n.
Very noble thoe old time silk umbrella
of that sort were, such us lor a lotnf time 1
have not seen, and whether the are made
to-day or not I do not know . but cerlalnl
the old tune whalebone ribbed umbrella
of our fathers and the ullitfutor mouthed
valise or carpet hue lhat went with It have
now loim been displaced, the one by the
more universally carried tight , rolling um
brella with steel ribs and the other by the
as universally substituted suit case. I
don't believe 1 should have recalled even
the old time umbrellas if my memory had
not been so severely Jogged, reully Jolled,
by the recent long lontliiued epell or rainy
weather Ni:w KNn!.ANDt.ri.
Nl.w i oiifc. April it
Mill (ihe Nothing to mantles Hereafter.
To Tim KniTon or TliK Sin -.Sir In
response to many appeals for subscriptions
tor charity, I would say that I pay a State
tax for charity, and as the Htato levies
upon me It Is unfair that 1 should give twice
The country Is retrograding All legis
lation taors the poorer "class - ,n in
come tax. an employers' liability act. a pen
sion tor industrial accidents, u pension ror
industrial diseases and many other unjust
measures that reully veil socialism nre br
ing put upon lho;0 who have achieved
This means a premium upon Ignorance and
In view of these tacts I po-itlvelv and
definitely refuse to bo tapped twice ocr.
l.et the State take care ul its charities.
AiiPMoitr. I'a . pril :a ,'t stiiia.
To thr F.DIT0E or Thk scn -Sir: The Jolt
ing proof ss Incidental tn tlic collection uf irirmie
which Secretary Urilnclil thinks will Ituirasc
the "eftlclrncy" of tlic American biiliie man
... r....,.,.il i In li.ii.f i.r il.i. uh.n (It
a ..... .s...,n-,i s. . h-iwiimi,..- iii hi
.UllltUVI'. ....,'. ..............
receipt due to ihf IneCclency of a somnolent
The car wns run off the track and ott the
cohtilpn.nifs until tbe Inernclfncy to pay
jolted out of thr somnolent one or the amount
: .u...i .m.i...... .... .sr....
fne.1 by the proce.-. of dislocation necessary to
awaken him. J P. H.
New York. April 14.
Mar Dmf In "Cranrnrd."
From thr .omlon Chronicle
There Is one vlllnire In III. viand where the rilnn
chair may still he seen That l Kiintrfnril. the
"Cranfonr uf Mrs (il.eir storv Kmit-ford
Mill clings to ihenhl time ceremoiij of ihccrowi
Irix of ihr Ma) sjurrn. and evi r Ma day spurts
are held on Ihe village grren A solan ehnlr Iv
aluas used on these nccasloti. 'Ihe May ilaj
spurts at lvt.uti.foid, hy the wn) , are 011 a much
ninrr elaborate scale now than 1.111 Im the life of
Mrs (ia.kell. 'Amour the visitors In in; rif
King I'duarU and Uueru Alexandra, who as a
memento of Ihelr vMl itnvf permission fur Ihe
j word "n-yal' to he used as a prellx In .Ic.-orlblii
Complaint of nn Antl-Mimopollst.
Tn thk Minion of Tiih Si'N-.Sir: What has
become ot iho mollifying Thank oir of the
United Clitar .Stores Company since Ihe dissolu
tion of Ihe "tobacco trust "? That It obtains m.
caslonally through force of personal habit, against
a fUrd former policy, I 10 n.e evident. Is It
possible Ihit the power remaining has decreed
the abolition of this redrcnilng clause 1 hope
not, thuuth observation leaves me doubtful.
Navy Yom. April J. V K.
Crowding a Kentucky lot I tor.
1'rom the .'Itlnn 7'imej
Their are hi many candidates In Todd that the
Tlmtt has found It nrcessary to handle their an
nouncements In brief form every once In a while
tn (Ice space for other advertisements anil read
A Phlloiopher drought to nook.
To run MPiron ok 'I iik Son .sir "j v I" "
Ix a belter philosopher than engineer. A lafety
valvenu an engine would he as useful as a piston
lu a boiler. T.
NHW Voaa, April 2i,
Mmrmrnt In Mtatlnner).
ToiHSlllHTOaorTliBHf.s-sSIr: 1 nr. amused
tn miller In a vacant store window the sign "This
stationary place haa moved In No. - Kulton
street." Almost equal to Mir lloj e lloche's bird.
Niw Vok, April 53. A Panhemut.
On Uie Waiting Lilt.
To thk Kditor or Til Sun .sir: Does not
Joseph I'lesch, hulclirr, of l.akr wood, ,V, J., de
serve a place lu the hall of fame
1.1 1.1 4K llALDWIX.
I.iar.woon, N. J April 21.
Ad Applicant From lewa.
Vrtim tUf Itidrraor Xttvi,
Madonna I'loog speul Sunday with her father
Rnkker Times are becoming degenerate.
Ilockrr- Yes, even Justice is becoming an old
Tha C.erman la a curious rus,
And haa been from the Ural,
Bacauu he llkrs his sauerkraut best
And likes his wleucrwurst,
COURT HOUSE PLANS
ARE VIEWED BY MANY
Various Sorts of Architecture
Submitted by tlio Twoim
ALL BRILLIANT IN DETAIL
Two Wore Skyscrapers, One a
(reck Cross, Another n
Hiiffo Letter II .
Mn in New Yorkers went yester
the Kino Aria Hiilldlnn, 21.". Vc.i fi
cIkIiIIi Ntreet, to loolt nt the plan of
twenty-two competitors for tho new
court house. The question In the iniml..
nf all was whether any Lowell's p!nn
for n circular court house fitted tho
needs of the courts and the site
There were ninny fXHinplen of m,m
sorts of architecture upon w'ii. i
mltrht base conclusions, Thfre wcr m.
sk scrapers, n few tltnnk (.reel: tern
pies, a building followlm; the outline of
a Greek cross, another which made a
huge letter II and many which followed
closely the Irregular hexneon of tne
plot, as provided by tho Heard of Ku
mate. Hut there wns only one rounn
court hoii!e. nnd that was Cuy l.owe r
As one looked nt the plnn some ,t
the hulldlnns hnd the appenrnncc of com
fortnhlo public llbrnrles, but when ths
scale was considered it was realized r n
the modest Orrek columns ileplrteii
would rise half ns hleh nsnln ns the im-
I ' , ".'"'"f;
monso columns in iron; oi ihh nen
The plans prepared by McKltn, Mead
White, who planned tho Municipal
nulldlnc, were for a structure which
lu a general way would hnve harmo
nized with it. The building follow ed
the shape nf the plot. Hows of columns
were placed at the base of the building
rising to tho height of the first three
stories. From that level the building
rose three more floors, with a similar
order of columns at the top. Like the
Municipal Building, there was what ap
peared to tho lay eye a separate
unit rising from the roof of the main
building, n "lantern" In architectural
The two skyscrapers were planned by
Kenneth M. Murchlson & Howav'
fJreenley and Oeorse & Edwnrd Blum.
In Kcneral outline they were similar
an Immense tower rising In front
of n sort of architectural screen which
extended lo the full two block width
of the plot.
The plan of Murchlson ft Greenley
called for ii broad classical base, the
wings of which were not unlike those of
the Public Library. The tower was tn c
perhaps twenty-live stories tall, a plain
shnft surmounted by a pyramid not
unlike that nt the top of the Bankers
Trust Building. The Blum shaft was
more ornate nnd somewhat taller.
Howells & Stokes designed ft building
in the form of the letter II. The cross
bar extended lieyond the two legs, thus
getting; around the necessity of nn en
The plans of Arnold V'. Brunner
called for a building In the shape ,f
a Creek crosS, surmounted by a heavy
tower. .lames It. Gordon planned a
tower rising from a centrnl heavy mass.
York & Sawyer submitted plans for
ii, building, th" most striking feature
of which was a tint Hommi dome rbing
above n scries of graduated inusscu.
The visitors yesterday were struck
with rtie purity ef tho draughtsmanship.
The drawings wero executed with i
brilliancy of detail and delicacy of exe
cution which architects said wue
unliiue in competitions bore.
.w.ir h i: to cost mom:.
shi.rliice In So mil U Mure
The supply of natural In for
York city this summer will Ik uL
i iiiiiinn tiinv below tin normal
mand and nltciub the bin coilip
nre boosting prices on H e eonuii- n
. ...... .MrcotlonB. Prices ipn 1 I '
,. , . , ,,, ,i,. n, ,,n,e. i.i
bls mini h show that th
I,ii....inr who suonlv a faintly ttllllC P
main at 10 cents for lnu pounds, vvb., h
Is not nn Increase, but the nurinui'
trade, the man who must Keep all K.uds
of perishable Roods. Is now p.t Inir lf
cents for 100 pounds, an Increase of '''
cents over last year, while tin- plu"
nt the platform, as It Is technical.
Known, that in mi arrival 111 the cu aa
Jumped from VI to J'J and own to t a
Thes,. i-c April prices; there is I
llhooil of a further Increase III Mn
unlesn Homo way out is found the !"
diction is made that prices in the a"
months must go up to the hoiielutdi
and to the merchant, who being utuhie
to preserve a large slock will advmn.
his pil-e.s also to tnako up his losses.
II V. Cole has made a suggestion
that the big Ice companies erect all ic
houses in duplicate, storing both "'
capacity in h cold winter to use only
one In the following; summer.
Mr. Cole contends thnt tscedtiS
Ice is not only flnnnclallv wise
but wise lu other wns. It has been
found that nil Krm disappear from ice
kept tluee or four months. The I'oli
Sloratie mid fee 7'nmV .nuriinl b.i
made an edilorlal sliggestlnn to 1111'
Knickeibocker Ice Company and uu
other blK producer whomi crop of natu
ral Ice Is sadly lacking; this car. U "
siiKcestcil that as the cniup.tnlrs pf
dime both nuttirul and miiuufu''"!"'''
ico they use only manufactured Ice un
til the heaviest demand comes, when
they cun break In on their na. iul
attacks ox-in:sun:.T '
.Major Cnlla Orrllnanre Crude nnd !
ilny He Aiiiendfd.
Maor (lHlinr ruiiiatkeu wl the be..Mn
cturt'.u on tho Aldermann. ru a'11'
requlriiiR all city employees to 'n
i. ...I.- ..r V...V x'nrl that the "i!ii'.ie
nino-.-o ..f iim til 1 1 "Is somewhat culf
Thoae who hoard him believe that
tan u-til l.uvn in In. amended bofnte
Mayor approves It- Tho fractrs
that the Mayor will ulgu the bill evciu-
"'The two principal objections Jo wipe1!
the M.ior paid e.ipeclal attention wcr
the huidhhlP to noii.realdent emplo
the ordinance goes Into effect at once m
that city department, llle the Hoard "
Water Hupply. which employ men
work iiutnlde the city limits will be
vetiled fioin doing so- ....
KepreHeiittlv!S of the Civil bervice I.e
form Assoeiatloi. nnd the Cltuens l .ij
said that the ordinance would depio"
Ihe city of tho nervlcea of experts A'
dernmn Dow ling replied that the fin"'
engineers and expert In the country "
to bo found In New York,