Newspaper Page Text
THE SUN, SATURDAY, APRIL 26, 1913.
HATl ltDAY, APIUIi '.'0, 1013.
filtered at the Post Office at New York aahecond
I.Iafi Mall Jattn.
Mnbsirlptlnns (it Mall, Postpaid.
PAILY, I'er Month o BO
DAILY. I'er Year .... l OH
sTNDAV, Per ear a no
tiAH.Y AND SCNMY. I'er Year M Ml
I'AILY AND M'XDAT. I'er Month ?R ;
inn EVENt.VO SL'N, I'er Month.. 35
HIE EVENINO SUN. Per Year. a RO
Poetaie to foreign countries added,
All checks, moner orders, Ac, to be. nude pay
able to The Sew.
PuMI'hed dally, Including Sunday, by the Sun
I'rtatlni and publlshlnit Association (it l"0 Nassau
street. In Uie lintntiitli nf Manhattan, Mew York.
President and Treasurer. William 0. HrlcU. I TO
asau street: Vice-President. lMwnrd P. Mitchell,
ITO Nwssu Mreeti Secretary. C, I.. I.uiton, 10
London office, nfr.nfham House, 1 Anindel
Parti oBce, e, Hue de la Mlchodlere, o(T Hue du
Washington ntSee, fllbbs PulMIni,
Brooklyn onVe, los Livingston street.
tf nut JrirntSs utin tare' us irilk nmuseripts rt-id
illustrations tor putilltallm tun to nntt rrjeattl
putlti returned tlev riml m nil caej tenit stamps
tor fiat purpv.e.
u- the incomo tax as itn provisions now '
Hand is estimated officiallv at about
The amount of revenue to bo pro
iuced by the inoomo tax ns its pro
visions now stand is estimated officially
it about $70,000,00(1.
The income taxed part of tho popula
tion, therefore, is about one, person out
of every two hundred and twenty-five
Tho revenue expected from thin tax
n.. MA nM.n ra.l Af A.,n Iti-n l..ln.
rA J9- a I
..,i n. uui .iihh ....I.... ,
nnu twenty-nve ot tno total population
amounts about to tho sum voted away
foolishly recklessly and extravagantly f ,Krowing unt ry a book aV illutnina t- (1; ueh -s th
at, tho last session of the Democratic jni; and oltl81.,on;t,int in ,vhich. a scholar full pow.-r m "heIi. The''""V hlr?u
(Tnun .,,.fM. M,J l'M-'nbalmcl the Holy Ho.nan mirfln,aryof Wislative activities printed I 'l?
,rr: " .nw 'ti,,,
1 1 w.
the House of Representatives 19 about ,
l.'nderwood tariiT hill
Suppose that a tidal wave of common
aenso.afipiritof equity and an honest
desire, for a revenue tax wherewith to
provide for tho expenses of Government
economically administered should strike
he Democratio House of Itepresenta-
Vv.e'i t tii ,
o can doubt what wuld happen?
uwueiuTOduuinaoumj ui iu xiuubo
would reduce tho minimum of the taxed
income at least to t:,00O; better to (1,000.
This for revenue.
ft would equalize tho rate of the tax
on incomes so that every taxed Income
turn, i.eui.. ,,i.,, nun...... i
common burden of Government. This
Which is the more important, that a ,
tax should 1) just and revenue produc
ing or that it bhould be "popular"?
not a worse professor of it. It is tho
Governor .Johnson of California. nrt of ncc0mmodating one's self to one's
What Governor HiruM Johnson of hosts, of "mixing" nnd cornerstone
California says in his latest manifesto laying, the art of deserting formal ofll
about proposed alien land tenure legis-! cialdom and sharing within reason In
latlon at Sacramento is not creditable : the life and aspirations of tho country,
to his intellectuals and warrants the 1 Mr. Hr.YCE has the right of senioritv
suspicion that he is plaving prineipaliv
to the gallery. " i
The dignity of California I not at
rl nbn na Iia e noni r c 1 o mlrj: it in thn
i.iain,oii.-iin:iiuiiaij u feiivc, jiv. u. in-
nhility of its politicians to pass uncon-
stitutional alien land tenure bills doubted,
There is some wonder that they should
want to do bo when such a performance
might involvo tho United States in a
eompllcation with a friendly nation that
has waived it treaty right to send its
subjects to tho 1'nited States.
If the California lawmakers did not
know of the existence of the treaty of
1011, which grants to the Japanese well
defined privilege to own nnd lease real
property, tho agitation at Sacramento
would not be serious; but they do nol
fceem to care whether tho law thoy
propose would bo declared unconsti
tutional or not, or would embarrass the
national Administration or not.
Tn tbiirnr.fl,et-am toinw.ito,i
bv the Hon. Hiium Jounson. for if his the Ch!ncpo epublie, where The
words are to bo taken seriously he is . Sl' J"1"1 Jmpjitwnlly his Impressions,
more than willing to havo the question fin1 hrwk K )vltll'lilIl!
of the eligibilitv of tho Japanese to citi-! Mr- I,R,V('K is 11 ,m-v of 7S or Bf. ,f
vienfrhip raised bv a California alien land ,mv" rrnl '' nnmU tTW- A" owr th(l
tenure law. woild the fi-li lire begging him to come
Vot even Colonel T?onKEVTT.T seeros'i"'1 t'10"1 ,)i,c: "' mountains are
ahln to subdue Hiram Johnson to mine
and Fafo purpose.
The Question of Scutari.
Recent despatches from Thk Sr.v'B
forrespondent in Imdon should go far
toward discounting the various alarm
ist rumors, emanating principally from
Vienna, that followed on the entry of
the Montenegrins into Scutari. It is
apparent that Kurojie is recovering to
some extcn fiom tho lust shock ol
surprise that King NicJloias. had actu-
ally been able to defy tho great Powers
to the extent of carrying out tlio pur
poso on which nil tho energies of his
countrymen had been bent since tho
outbreak of the war. The opinion is
steadily gaining ground that the cap
siro of Scutari may have complicated
but has not materially changed tho
ituatlon. Montenegro Is in a better
position to demand compensation for
tho sacrifices she has made, and her
demands aro likely to be moro readily
granted. That is all That Scutari can
remain In tho hands of King NiaioiiAS
is out of the question. It is a first con
dition of the preservation of peace in
Kurope tliat tho city should form part
of tho new citato of Albania, and that
condition is ethnically logical sinco the
overwhelming majority of the rioniila-
lionof Scutari isAlbanian. KingNicn
ouH would retain the city by no better
right than Uiat of the Hword.
Tho wild rumora that have come from
at iho eoriferenco
uc-reiico oi um .s.Jiiuussuuuib
UUcIoq and being prepared to launch
an nrmy of 10,000 n against Scutari If
it. I wit Immediately surrendered may
probably lie dismissed as journalistic
enterprise on tin' purl of tlm A fcnnese
pi ess. The cut hiixlustn of Austria's Slav
htibjcctH over tl' Montenegrin viutory
llll TH,t't T
Scutari by ,
plates the (iovcnitncnt in too
iMinltion foi- it toiiiko any busty
ll is certain that Austria will not tol
I lio continued possession of
Montenegro, but tlmt ilie has set a titno
limit for the ovacuatlon to bo effected is
Tho probability Is that timo will be
allowed for tlm general Slur jubilation
in eastern Ktiropu to cool down, mid thro
liberal compensation will bo given to
MonteiieKto for tho .surrender of tho
fortnw. Our lAindon correspondent '
mentions a report that Montenegro will
uccept r specified frontier lino KivitiR her
nocces from Luke Scutari tn the '
..e tv If. t.-,l. t I - .1.- .
..I nuiim-ii, uoui naiiioi oi ui .
IHver and a strip of seat-oast to tho
northward of San Oiovannl til Modua
Such a report, whilo It lacks ofllcial
authority, is on account of Its Inherent
reasonableness a rock! deal more credi
ble than tho alarmist minors that havo
been disseminated from Vienna.
The situation calls for anxiety, but
not for pessimism. Tho llusslmi ('OV-Un,j
eminent is apparently determined to
stick to its compact with tho other row
ers, and if the-o continue to exercise
tho same moderation nnd pacific temper
that has marked tho conduct of their
negotiations durim; the ius,t critical
months a solution of tho ditllculty
.. . . .... . '
sliouin imj reacneii which win give io,'".. 1
Montenegro a reward adeiiuato to her J'
Nicniices awl yet maintain tiio lunda-
' mental principle of the proposed set-
t ement. an autonomous A bania with
Scutari as its capital.
An Old Friend.
JAMI.3 Hnrrc is going to leave next
week. For economy of ;,,, h ;is here
stripped oriiis honors, titles and degrees,
.. . a a .
- tttloct trait, proud asa cocKerc s ram- '
,)0W Al o( frjem, ot tho Vnhl
states who came to see it first fortv-tliree '
'years ago, he has been mining us takin'
I notes many a timo, has written on thistjt
hm."lro- lp. wns a" J,nvo-v of.K0Wl wm
al)(1 po,1( i;noviiMlgo long berore he
,,ccnmo tho niTcIa, riti,h Anii)assl(()r
iiAiiii'Muiutii; (ii 'iiiiirn i a n
tentiary somo six years ago. He has
been faithful in the discharge of his
(uties (o G i,rltaln' anl ft WrU
favorite person here.
The Ambassador of Great Britain in
Washington, tho Ambassador of tho
, rnite(, S(a(0,at thoCourt of St .jnmpsV
! are a little different as a rule from other
lK0(l8 of the dlponmtic vorU1, though
, rinrT -, yrnnx, iInIln.,.
dors to tho United States have learned
much of the secret A friendliness, an
expansion a circulation, a personal and
popular rather than a strictly official
and rod tape relation: these have char-
.nr,r,i , r .,, .-.. ,.
, at 'Ji0n,,pn. Mr n'
i,r,n!,l tl , mn,nllnin,.l nr.,1 ot nKllcl.l
us , tIdition. M. ,jrRSEnAM;
j learned ong ago the same art, and
Count von HKnNSTortFK, if a younger is
in these honorable wavs of promoting
international good feeling. Horn In
Ireland of a Scotch father and nn Irish
a . 1, nnlmi ,,aJ f til...
iimiuci , nu nun i u i. urn u;u jui uio so-
Iciablo cosmopolitanism awl alligation of
j bloods which is America. "I waselected
for It when I was horn," ns Tom DrNN,
i sometime of Ireland, used to say when
' congratulated upon his election as Sher-
. jff 0r this countv.
Mr. IlrtYci:, feasted hy the Pilgrims
last night, goes pilgrimlng again next
week. Of an Oxonian of his generation
jtm, VirKilian question, a littlo changed,
may be asked without pedantry:
"Oum reglo Irt terils vostrt non plena
Where in the world haven't you been?
Ho has stood on Ararat and studied tho
Transcaiicasians; South Africa and
South America know and are known of
I'lm; " Mnrt nP1 fr Pacific
! imploring his steady veteran legs to
cliini) them, in tlie remotest recesses
of tho most Inaccessililo of Himalayas
nnd of Andes, will Jamks Hryce, friend
and honorary citizen of tho United
- Statcfli rcrr)Prnl,er that he is expected to
land at thia port early and often?
Senator Lewis's Hire Wnrnlnir.
As a freshman in the Senate tho Hon.
James Hamilton Lkuts, now of Illi
nois, cannot expect to lie nssjgned to
the Foreign Relations Committee for at
lp,ist t'dvo months, but meanwhile
his genius for publicity will not be
denied. Upon the foreign affairs of the
Government ho considers himself one
of the most competent authorities, bet
ter informed and more astute than even
the new Secretary of State, As a globe-
rotter of no mean pretensions Mr. Ioyfty in evory of poitcal Inter
Lewis nbsorbed national policies as he . ference. nn no doubt he will,
went nlong. Ho has more friends in j . ,
Mongolia than any other American, awl I Tr Conn having at last signed with thn
was regarded as a specialist in Oriental Detroit Tigers, wo shall probably hear no
diplomacy before ho left Seattle. K
stress Is laid tip'on Mr. Lewis's interest
in tho foreign relations of tho Govern
ment It is because ho is already betting
up as a Senatorial authority and must
bo reckoned with.
On April '.'.'I Mr. LEWIH, with the laurels
of his new Senatorship thick upon him
,.nen.-..,l ..( il,.M ,...,! . '
. ... .,.trW-..
tno u mois i,eK,s,uiuro in joint session
upon his hobby. For n man riatumllv
optimistic and joyous ho look a uoui-
' I!..?' -nrHicntions of
i ui'1 imi ninu- no connileil lo tho
lr?6islt.turo ol tho fcuckcr BtaUi thatry housea ami' hayBtack foxeU that
Mexico and Central and South America dmnostlo men urn not without Utter ox
wero "all biding their titno to aid .lap.m l-ik-nccs of burSit food I
or any Oriental or lluropeuti enemy in
nt, assault upon liHimtl in theilestrin ti"ii
of tho Panama Omul."
If tlii.s rttsclnsiire had been tnnde liv
II IIIIM (IP! 'fill t M l III ' II lllll't'
any other Senator It t be wlnMled
ter' d?i.s:v :s nJz
, Vl.ry l?pll, nothing eseapes hi,,,. .
I I... I. t.r. .tlfitl,. k
11 nu nuiii in,-.iu. n 11.. 1, in. . ,,. ,
It is dlsqiiiutiiiK to liavo him nay that:
there I" "a prospect of war with. Japan," 1
mid that lint 1 nited States litis a "(lis-,
turbalico" with KtlKland. 1
What the Hon. iIamks IUmilton
Lf.wih p:ivs In Snrinctield. HI., may not ;
reaeh Toklo or Iajik on: it is what ho.
fM (n tho Semito chamber tlmt i
,n;ltters,' for ho cannot be subdued even j
if relecated to the Cominitteo on the
Disposition of IVeless l'aiielH In the '
. .. ... . I
hxcc'iiuvo ucpartmciiti. no win do
heard and ho cannot bo restrained; and
ho will sny what ho feels llko saylnn,
aividinc tfmo with the Hon.. Ia.mi.s Kim-
rent ,.,. t. ,....,... ,e uii .!,.t i. ta
-r"-"lllU: i AHDAMAN of Mississippi, Who is.
another author, y upoti our forc.nrela-
uons unci especially nmiicu hi cimi.n n i-
Izntion of tho .lapaneMi. It is an awful ,
prospect, nnd one wihes tho Atlantic '
paoiilo rabies coultl bo cut hen i
either of these statesmen speaks.
Al)ollli the rnnropsanry I'tiliHe Ser
It becomes increasingly apparent
that tho regulation of public- service
otfr..- li..i.ti ilm i.t.wlitttii ,tf tit. 1
expensive awl respeetaiue j )ii-.
'o' jiiihii.-i.,ii.-, ' ,,
unsaiisiaciory 10 ine j.egisianire. ine
commissions wero creaien ui exercise ,
control in the public intoiost over the :
corporations, to relievo the lawmakers I
of tho burden of correcting abuses of
details in management nnd generally
t0 rrInovc fr0ln tiH. flpit f leeislatioii ,
mMm of administration. That tl.o
commissions tiro politically out of sym-1
nv with the luislatiiro cannot now
The evldenco of dis-content on the
twirt 0f iiln
Legislature Is convincing. '
l)a!;HHi the full ciew bill, an obvious .
yesterday inchules the following
"Tho Assembly pned to-day the Sllvr
iteln bill making It a mldempinor to oper
ate horse cars In llrt class cities. Tho bill
la aimed at the New- ork hore cars.
"Tho Senate advanced to final paairp
the Torbtirg bill HmltlnK to five cents tho
fare to be charred between Klatbuh avenue
and Manhattan Oroln, Kines county
the Grlflln bill providing for a Ave cent fare
In New York on suburban trains of steam
railroads In Tho Ilronx. nnd the bill of As.
semblyman HrtRN Increasing tho l7 of
caboose cars on railroads nnd specifying
standards for the cars.
"The Walkpr bll 1 providing for unlimited
telephone service throughout the State at
fixed prlcps passed the Assembly."
All of these matters nro within the
jurisdiction of tho l'ublio Service Com-i,hn ht,ro ln jul,Km,.llt nn thn hero,
missions, which maintain expensive awl i, mya with -plendiil eloiiuenco:
theoretically competent staffs to study ; "I do not deny that I am an extraor
their probems. Most of these biibjeuts, ulinary peisouugp. I liavo never speou
if not all, have iH'en investigated bv the I lated in wickml Wall Street in my lifo
commissions. The intervention of the except when I received a bonus In tho
Legislature therein can be taken onlv ! Strawberry IMper C..mp.iny. and then
as proof of a profound dissatisfaction ,ha,,.Ii ot 1,1 r,Plur" for "!y "l1
, ! , . . 1 , as a publlo servant and in return for my
witli their attltiKio. hard earned savings was a few straw-
It is manifestly extravagant and 1 ,)(irry mnrl.B wtiu.i, appear on 'the docu-
wasteful for the Stato to continue in ' ,nenf deUver.il by Vice-chancellor (Tiut-
being an agency unsatisfactory in tlnney, a teoblo old man. full of nsl pepi.r.
performance of its duties and tailing to
j afford the relief it was designed to give
lit is therefore apparent that if the
.Juro must continue do wha,
lVm lili In iiPinitA I JinilillLklnViJ xt nl i.
"u" ....- .,,..,.,.,r. " ' "
established to tlo, the Public Service
commissions stioiiKl lie iibolistieil. inatiwi,v tho homo of a reputable -lawyer
suggestion is respectfully submitted to ' hriuld not be 'an annex' of nn electrio
a body of lawmakers now busily en- lighting plant?"
gaged In attaining economy through Tho first rule in civic poker is that a
increasing appropriations, in tho sin-
cere belief that it will promptly raise
the salarv of somebody or other as nn
. . -
incontrovertible demonstration of itsop
posit ion to waste of the public funds.
A Fire In Halelgh.
The Hon. Jo.sephpk Daniels and his
.rtrn ami Ohsencr aro such old valued
friends of THE Si'N that even the present
nf ,1... rr v. ,. .. ... "
n 1 V i Vi
inn Ilt-t.-l ll neuis run iwuiiiy ri-ciiliciie us
to tho fire that wrecked its envy on his
Ttnleigh newspaper houe Thursday.
The lire did its best to destroy the
plant, technically so called; but that is
only an accident in a career of steady
prosperity due to vital intelligence,
energy and knowledge of and sympathy
with tho needs and the wishes of a
Nationally and locally, the .Yrira and
Obemcr is a pajier to be proud of; awl
tho men who make it will keep on mak
ing It and making It better, which is
To tho Hon. Josephvs Daniki.h and
his comates in Haleigh our heartiest
Kood wishes nnd tho continuation of an
ancient friendship! Hairing their pas
sionate attachment to the Mecklenburg
Declaration of Independence, they aro
It is encouraging to find thnt my views
ns to the necessity of putting down hazing
with a strong hand are shared by so many
peoplo In all parts of tho I'nlted States. -Secretary
The Secretary's vIowb nro also those of
the authorities at West Point and Annnpo-
I llu II la V.l. rl.t... t ,..n,l l.M tl.A.
morn of a Hasnball Trust.
Tim order of tho German Wur Oftlco In
military aviators to keep uwuy from tlio
French frontier, which wim iironinted bv
,, . , ,. ,, , ,. "
1110 tiuporor, isomineuiiy setlrlblo lliero
, probably no fortification on tlio French
1 Mn at "10 border with which tho German
hlulTUw.t lumili.ir. and thehvsteriaof the
Inht riHW . ,,,-, ,,.,..,,.,;
' r " . un iM.
ing tho .tnny aviators In their flights
That Gorman woman suffragist who
r.r tl,n .n i..t,...i i..i..i ....
I I mm Rlirtia - Mnil tmlmtlnnl neira " 1
li 'li r-lnu. I
(inlf and the tet of thn (fulled .Stales i
.... (i 1
- - j
Mi:AMj.ts to continue). n-ffinr
h(,(, nwr pn nny ,mpfl ,, h
,P,.ft, on the. tnrtfT.-trnVnnoton
Kvurybody wnntn to i-penk, nnbodr to
hear. Dpitmnd ha struck.
A Hr lew of the lenr'B Heat I'otir l.'nnl
Students of political mclmlrnmn havn
etiintneiited with iJilerest upon the fact
,,l:lt of thI yr' onerinps havo
t'eeii Dased upon (lie Uieory niul practice
,... !,,... vl-o,l
w (l)U, Mak() Kamu (lt Wnhlllll;toll ,,
, .llnny for yeam say Hint political poker
irt not the same art that it used to Im in
the days wlii'ti buncombu was spoiled
bunkum. They call attention to the fact
that nil thn best players, men like Waco
Henry of Teias, Samuel X'ndermlner, and
last but foremost, Marx Marshall himself,
prove tlmt as a Reiientl working theme
for more s.irlous melodrama bluff is far
more profitable than the old fashioned
(bunkum. , , ,
.Mr. .'larsnan oeciarrs inai ne is in nn
sense a follower of Karl Marx, but of some
OM(, ....Lj. n10f5;l,n(. n.m... lllsteceiit work
lentitleit ihe lille Ihoimhtsof nThouglit-
,H ivilow" bids fair to take nink with
Waco Henry's "l lnanelnl Mntia" and
1'ujo's great doteclivo monologue. Hut
whereas Waco ramn to conceive his words
land music through reading the noted
l 't',, "' '' ""veis irom trie pen m .
; nnancial realist. Marx Marshall j
on tlio ?Jtst Side. '
Uhv should u Vlee-rrpsldent be buried
alive when he may leap into thn limelight
trom having held close converso with thn
l'-ast Hide, where every man is nn iutel-
query that Marx Marshall
when the htngo photoc- ,
ed him to try to a'pix-ar as if hn '
were thinking. ,
At the climax of his drama Mnrshall 1
calls upon all "backward looking and In- '
ward looking men to put on their masks"
and watch a sideward looking pseudo
philwopher take a wistful glance at tho
Of course next in point of Importance,
in so far as civic poker is concerned, havo
been the notable triumphs of Mr. Samuel
L'nderminer Torn time Mr Cnderminer
collaborated with other wrio-eomio actor
mnnaRrrs, but old critics knew tietter.
They knew that Mr riiderminer lud l
sime so nccustomeil to monologue parts
Unit he could not work long in unison,
share nnd share nlike, in Uie limelight.
And so it was not long before Mr. Under
minor branched out into his ono not,
one part tragedy entitliii "How to Bo
Scorched Without !"ing Hurnt.
In tlw, i.itflt gT tlm trl:il ncnA wrbttrtk
when ho spul vi. it my publlo services.
' His view- of me is a gm-s libel, exploited
'' " bd of stock brokers who are no more
um , "nnrXt
, u,,,,t jon ,o the) Public Service Commls
It is this- Is them any reason
Player has a right to cnliclo his own
! V7- but not Urns,, of another
V ntcrplplng the IHplomatlc Corps.
To Tiir: hniTon or Tin: Kr.v-Sir- The
contemplation of our Secretary nf State
forcing his ews nf diet en I ho official rep-
rrseniniives nr rruniliv mil ions mils, Do
granting io lint i) ppoi pamoi win. n p -
linen in hip nrmi non oi nm nrmy eanieen,
m,w aummeu io une oeen oneoi me gre.u
f"!1",', r""1"1"",d '""",.,n,,"";i 'f
t-mP-rame. b, It is mildly di-gus.lng
io in.' aerage iii.iii
.ir nrviill is i iiiiu.-ii in ins nwn views in
in waiter in leverages mr ms persona,
use. but demonstrations ,.f his total alMI-
nencn need not Include th innocent h
fctanrier. I'.nwiN lUnon
AI.hast. April 2f.
Twere fo l onsliler Ton furiously.
To Tiir. I'niTiin.oK Tup. S,-- Sir uur
.Secretary of State, in order to be consistent
with his nnti-saliion league allies, offers a
wlneless dinner to tlm I'lplomntio Corps.
Tills Is In line with lh" hypocrisy now lie.
fome a prominent charncterlstlo of our
inerlcan character. If It were not such an
Ingrained attribute, a lot of paid nnd pro
fessional reformers would not be able to
make a ll Ing out of the prohibition game.
Nhw York, April is.
To THKEnnOKPFTKfcSi'M sir WhyilMnnt
lh' Miner's committee w hlrli ilr.'w up the new
rab orillnsncu lower nil thn tasli-ati rates? Itwns
thn publics wish lint the mnunllten would do
this; but Insteail nf lowering nil the rates they
lowrre.l some ami! rsl'fd others. s a compnrlnin
of Ihe old rates nnd the new ones w ill t.hnw.
In caves u here inn persons aro carried In a tail
thn rales nro lowered. I'ndi'r the old rates tho
maturity nf the tail concerns i luirpcd ft) rents
fur the first mile and in rents for enili additional
ciunrter "f a mile. If two people rode nvo miles
under h.-e rues they would psy S;'.4n. Under
Ihe ralei migKeated by tho Mayor's committee the
mm i-litrgeil for two peraonswoulrl be jo cehta
Inr tho first half mlln and in cents for each mic
reeding quarter of a mile. A live inllo trip would
amount to Ij.l'ii, a twenty cent sailiig over tho
(in lh-: other hand. Mipposa four perkons aie
riding In ial and paying for It under the new
rules proposed In the nnllnanic drnwn up by the
M.Hm cninniittrn. I nr Ihti llrt half mile they
wnuhi pay ri nuts and fur each nnc-slxih uf a
tulle in i rnis.
live mile trip under these rales ?,u" ,nn ""T "r ulm""'
to i.1.20. If wo refer lo tho old 1 "a "I"' ' oB 11 ' f a r
would Amount tu
rjto-. we will Mini that four peoplo can ride for
uie urt mile ai si cents and each additional ntinr
" " ."u" i iu ccins. a use mile trip unuer
Ihese i.-ites would cnsl 15.40. 4lrlffli-.il trill nikt
lir ut a inllo at lo cents. A Ave mile trip under
four pi-r&onsMi cents moro io ride live miles under
' ",, ""in it would under the old.
! . '?'"" "iltt did not make a good
J ' ' ordinance! Taxi.
Ni-w niiR, Apill ii
rtie llalhoi nf HrntaltiT.
n'ost humiliating Insult
Is this ill portatlnn plan,
Nnd the ninre sn If Ihe Outratette
Aie sent ,0 the hie of Muu,
THE INCOME TAX.
Tlir llrmiicrattt'ComiiilKn Alnt l',iint-
"V " ""nil"'
To TUB l.litfort or 1 nr. HPS
terdiiy Mr rptlnrwooil, tlio lendnr of thn
- - 1
Hi tho uniWIyine prln-
r enuo lilll tho tnUlnir nwny
hlthorto has hern homo
rich nnd poor nllko, nnil
the wonlthy, Ha the) better
nliln to henr It
If co.rrpctly rrportrd tho Dpinoeratlo
rlmlrniitn of the Wnys nnd Mean f'ommlttoe
"iIpikhiiippiI tho raljlni: of tniea hy tho
protecting tnrln nn linjut, lippntin It tntpd
entially the workmnnsnd tho mtiltlmilllon
iilie " t'titinlity In Inmtlon ti no longer to
lip upheld by tho Democrntln rnrty. The
rich mnn miit lie tnndo to rny morn Ihnn
hU iiroportlonnte eh.ire, bpp.ni'o. It 1 anld,
he does nut fppl tho bunion of tnxntlon so
I much ns tho mnn wlio nosnpes loss wenltli
Hence tho nbolltlon of n tariff duty which
nobody really feels, and a gubatlltitton
therefor of a tax on Income, cunningly
devHed to fall upon a comparatively few
Individual". (If tho Individual tho
,imn w(h vorr laTg0 fortlin, to pay
not only his proportlonato shnra but n
"supertax," as a kind of penalty for ownlnir
so much property.
Without etnpplrur to Inquire Into tho
wledom of such a departure from tho rtilo
that has governed our loelshitors ever slnco
thn federal ronstllutlon was ndnptml, and
worked welt, let us for n moment conlder
the Iniquity nnd dinner of such a policy.
A tat Is nothing ele than a forced con
tribution by the citizen toward defraying
publlo expenditures, nnd that contribution
Is meant to be a return for tho protection
that Is ufToriM his property by the flov
erninent. Is It not apparent that every
body ehnuld pay nccordlnir lo tho amount
r protection that Is pitended to htm?
-,1,mi.,. i, the ettirclon of a sense of ex-
ni.t jtce. What dtfTorpnce does It mako
whot)inr A or B r r onns reppctlvely a
of jm(1? ,:uch aJ., h, tRI nrcorfl.
to ,h" Ul of not nccn'
,0 '''z', ' 'llH l"l"k nt'cmint.
To fix an amount of tax upon Iho basts
of an ability to pay, a tax 1 mean not on a
prlx lleee granted by the HIate but an or
dinary tax on property for the support of
Hip Government, I to violate that sense of
fnlrdeallng which the American people, when
they understand It, will Insist shall ever
ehnrnr tnrlre nur revenue legislation.
a little rptlectlon will convince ourpeople
()mt syotctn of taxation Is defensible
...i.,.,, ri nn.i .. the htirrien on
tlflt cl,, ,,,,, f(ir tnP foe rfll,on tnnt it
can be made to bear It.
s word bv way of suggestion to tho
reader who has bpen told that the wealthy
clas In this country Is escaping Its
share of the public burden. How many
persons stop to think what would happen
were our rich men ami women strangers
to that generous Impulse which prompts
tho endowment of charitable Institutions?
Think of the extent and tho constant flow
of private gifts and subscriptions to help
the needy nnd tho suffering. T-nok at our
hospitals, our V M C A. buildings, our
libraries and like Institutions, railed Into
being nnd sustained by tho benefactions of
well to do people.
These are ways In which public or quasi
public burdens are readily and graciously
bornn by those who have boen blessed with
an abundant share of this world's goods.
A thought of them may temper n llttls the
unworthy feeling that tho demagogue per
haps has excited, In Ills denunciatory charge
that the wealthy class ought to bo made
to pay more than Its proportion of the taxes
for publlo pxpcndlturos. It Is not true, as
a rule, that tho rich havo not hfen sus
taining their proper share of the hurden
of paying for the protection given by tho
. n.itional Income tax bill In time of
peaco that convalns no exemption over
I.vki nnd no graduatpd "supertax," but a
fair bill treating nil property owners nlike.
j be defended I he present mensuro Is
no credit to the Democratic party. It Is
unwise because Iniquitous
KnNK vr iiAritr.TT
Wasiusotov, D (' . April ?.
llutlncM Men In I'olttlM.
To tub KpiTon or Tiif Srs--.S(r- I am
heartllv in nccord with Mr Paul's views In
to-diy's Sfs regarding tlm infection of
business men nnd ideas into politics. ,
Hits is a business country, nnd It seems
the "Irony of liitH'ihal we as a people should
, (.olltn t ieet lawyer and other pro
j f(,lnlLl , , ropt n. men who
i;lV(, theories r.itU-r than those who havo
,lanl pr.,P,lrll 0Ommnn business sense
, Unoeked Inm them by eeming in contact
wllh .,,,.,, norld
The business man and the layman will
..- -nine Inln their own until these nrn
f.wii.,i , ..ui- ,i. iu...r.
, sppnll,, )iy nonprofessionals, and there
should be an earnest, and efficient organli-a
linn of business men formed throughout
this country with that object In view and
l he motto "Only business men on guard
emblazoned upon lla banner
New VotiR. prll 14 HrsisFss.
Natnre Notes and Others From Pennsylvania
Correspnnitenet In Vattev Tint'.
Miss Mae Hear spent user Sunday with Elsie
and KU.el Wolf.
Mis. HcbScra Thrush of Newvllle epent seseral
dajs last week at the home ot her son Harry'
Mrs. Samuel Wolf of Carlisle and sitter, Mrs.
Carrie Meals, of Polling Springs, visited relative
Mlna (es called st the Mound home on
Mrs. Mary A. nurd, Merhanlcfiburg. Ttslted
St the hmne nf W Yost,
Mls (.cnus Uuishall Is spending few days
Mr. and Mrs. William Weary of near Plalntleld
visited her sister. Mrs. Mary t'lekes.
Master Edward (illt Is better.
Mlk ertle Jumper (.pent Saturday In Car
Mrs. Ira Zimmerman Is on of the ladles who
are done whitewashing.
Pit Uoore's nale was well attended,
We aro forry to mention tho Illness of James
The moving of Oram Heeder was largely at
tended. Kverj-thlng went oft nicely and nothing
was broken, l.el Snyder was the champion
Unite a chance In the weather.
Iho I'nihsdowed Upper Up.
To tub Emma or Tnie Sun -,Sir.- Is there
any particular lesson why some men shae o(!
thrlr mustaches at ihls time of ear' A man
wears a mustache hccaui.e he thinks It en
hances his brainy or allcUaira his ugllnesn,
ness and apt lo dispel coulldrnce. If one 6how
such Instability of character!
Nkw vobk, April vs. ViEii.i.K-MocsTAcaa.
from i;i ljnten Chranlele.
I'lll found that his attempts to tai fashions
wereaadlfflrultasshootlngfollyajilt files. There
was Iho tai In I7fl7 on tho Trench slraw hats
knnnu as Walleau hats. These bata were all
Ihn rage In England, and It was thought an enor
inoiis sum would he realized by Inning them,
Hut smugglers illM-oxcrcd that they were quhe
as profitable cargo as brandy or lace, and beforo
Ihey rould tin successfully coped wllh Walleau
tmti went oul of fashion, and Iho lux bcraiuo a
A Hrlef Historical Hclc of Its Re
nmrkahlr t'ollllral rarcer.
'lo iiiu K.ditob or Tub Hi n- Kir. 'I ho
stoiy of susar In America and Its relation
to politics is of nliHLirblnu dramatic interest
Its power for mischief nnd corruption bceuu
an early ns 17.13 with (ho paesai-'o by tho
Tlrltlsh I'arllameDtof the so-called "molussea
net." ThU as a tariff on the cane product
of the West Indian Inlands other than those,
of Hrltlsh posdee-lon. Its purpose was lo
ttiscouraRO tho trudo of tho colonics with
tho colonies In the Aiitlllea of other nations
nnd to fnator It with those of (treat Hrltaln
It was Intended to bo prohibits. It failed
of effect. The colonial tradeis. especially
thoao of Massachusetts, built up under Its J
tax administration a profitable, trado wlthj
tho Islands clIBcruninaUHi airainM iy uic
.Imnlo omlhnil of rvadlnB tho duties. H
tins been charsed. although not legally
proved, that some of the royal (lovcrnors
were privy to and profiled by this Illegal
lly un act of fleorue lit., which received
the royal approval on April 0, 1764, tho
statute of 1733 was renewed and a hlher
rate of duty Was placed on sugar,
newer enactment as stated by Governor
lliTiiurd. the most bitter, relentless, and
'if Thomas Hutchinson Is excepted the most
hated of tho rovul Governors of Massa-
cliusetls, caused greater alarm In the colony
than tho capture of Kort William Henry
George Greavillr, tho Prime Milliliter, de
termined to enforce strictly tho navlgutlon
acts which Involved tho destruction of the
smuggled trafllo In siigiir. Grvnvlllc was
a llterallst und his policy was to Interfere
materially with tho courso of trade. To
carry out his purpose with effect ho had
to usn tho power given under ono or the
most obnoxious of Iho British statutes and
resort lo writs of assistance. Theso writs
gave to minor revenue oftlduls the right,
similar to that granted by a certain pro
vision of the administrative part of the
bill that the Wnya and Means Committee
now proposes that tlm present Congress
shall pass, on mere suspicion to make a
search that can (Ind no decent excuse for its
presrncu In a statute of tho United States
of the twentieth century.
In 1917 thn Hrltlsh Hoard or Customs for
bade the Issuance of these writs to any offi
cer "unless ho previously make oath before
a magistrate of his belief and the grounds
of his belief for making necpssary Uie
granting of authority for this right of
search. This ordr finally disposed, so far
ns England Is concerned, of ono of the most
fruitful Instruments of blackmail and ex
tortion ever placed by law In thousands of
subordinate revenue officers, To tho in
telligent understanding of Americans these
writs were an offensive stretch of the rev
enue pnweruind their use In Massachusetts
Is conceded by historians to have been the
entering wedge of tho Revolution.
The next chapter In the story of sugar
is the beginning of its cultivation In tho
Trench province of Louisiana by Jesuit
fathers, who used It to make aplrlts, half a
century before tho acquisition of tho Terri
tory by the Jefferson Administration. An
attempt was made to export part of tho
crop to V'ranco, but It failed. The sugar
leaked from tho hogsheads, It lst said, be
cause of Imperfect crystallization. It was
not, howevor. until about the period of
Louisiana's actual transfer to the L nited
States that the raising of sugar In tho newly
ncnulred Territory began to prosper. T hpn
It was to come under a domination that was
to usn ono of tho staple resources of a great
province as a football and to treat It alter
nately as a ward of political parties or as
An Impost on sugar was laid by the first
tariff In 17S9. No record of the debate Is
preserved, as thpScnato deliberated behind
closed doors. The Journal of William
.Maclay, a Senator for Pennsylvania, how -ever,
gives some light, lie says;
All ran smoothly until we came to molasses.
The New- England men brat this ground even to
the hailing of the hooits that caught Ihe flh to
buy molasses. A vote of four cents was carried.
Now came the pnM poned article uf loaf Eucar
Mr. Lea (Virginia) said thai the loaf ugar uf
Amerlra was bad. U waa lime and some other
Mle composition. Hi- had broken a (peon trlng
to illssolse anil separate it. Must go on breaking
hl spoon and three millions of people must bo
taxed tn support a dozen people In Philadelphia.
With varying fortunes the old straw of
duties on sugar was thrashed out in the
tariffs between this first one and that of
ism. In Ihe debate on the latter bill horns
were for the tlrst time locked between the
cotton manufacturers) of New England and
the planters of Louisiana. It was proposed
,n reduce the duties on raw- sugar from four
cents to two and a half cents. The rale
nsked was five cpnts. Three cents was
I tider tho short lived Morrill bill passed
In IMI tho duty on the sugar of comnipieo
was fixed at three-fourths of a cent ,i pound
The wur tariffs that quickly followed it
graded It and fixed the rates according to
grade at two, two, nnd a half and three
cents, The tariff of 1S70 restored tlie into
of the Morrill bill. Two tarlfle Intervened,
hut the one that made tho most radical
departure from precedent in busing the
duties on the weight was the Wilson bill of
ll This tariff put tlie duty at 40 per cent,
ad valorem In two Mr McKinley, then tho
chalrmanof the Wnysand Means Commit tee,
placed sugar on thn freo list nnd grunted
a bounty to tho ilumcstlo producer. This
resulted In a loss nf leveuun nf nbout .M,
000,000, annually nnd tho pajmont between
the years iv nnd ISH of approximately
i:o,0no,ooo in bounties t tho sugar pro
ducers of the t. nited Stales 'Ihn tariffs
nf H07 and 1009 successively placed the
duties on sugar nt varying rales based on
tho polariscoplo test, the average rate for
tno ears being I.M cents onsugars not over
number sixteen Ptitch -landaul
So for nearly :no oars sugnr has trod
the dusty path of legislation, It has lifted
some of Its votaries to pinnacles of wealth
nnd power and has brought others to ihe
threshold of the penitentiary Cmm (he
lesee of the Mississippi may be seen to-day
biond plantations dotted wllh sugar houses,
1 ho prayer of tho men who there toll In tho
enne Is to be pioteclod f i urn Iho angry water
of the great river, tlio malice or vagaries of
statesmen and an open market.
New Yon. April 14.
Rostnn's I'nrlvalled Agltatnr.
Io the EniroR or Tim SfK- Sir; Unow
that your favorite pasilme Is knocking lioston,
and especially what we hac to diliik here, nnd
sometimes I have suspected ou of lilting peoplo
to wtltn up letters slamming tuts town, hilt I am
glad In see you give IIIU Hurley Ids due
Homebody has written up a lot nf "hull" about
him, but when you say he s tho best bartender
In llnston you have said It all. Call Hill Hurley
an "agitator" or nnt, tho fact remains that he
knows more nbnut a Manhattan cockialt than all
Ihe booie fighters from the flattery to Central
Park, M. I).
ttosTos, April I.
Melody and Mandoratlnn.
( Aorordlng to a recent book on food and conkei y
by a prominent muslo critic, flavor Is the soul of
food ai expression Is of music.)
The luscious leeks that sprout In spring
Are like a polonaise In K,
And. simply served with salt, they brine
A pleasure palpitant to me.
An arabesque or barcarolle
Will arouse, Mich feelings as arias
When t assail file I nf sole
Each one transports me to Ihe sklea.
A rhapsody by Liszt nr Drahms
Wakes passions past mere words to utter
So too n mesa of fresh soft plains
And half a cup of melted butter.
A nruch chaconne, a Each toccata,
A nocturne nigh Choplnlan,
Hllr my medulla oblongata,
Just as a choice hors d'truvre can.
All thoughts, all pleasures, all delights
'I hat music's mightiest masters frame
Are never equalled save by knlglils
HI pot anil pan who know- the game.
41 NEW HEROES PUT
IN CARNEGIE LIST
Thoy JJriiiK the Total Aunnls
of tlie Founclaf ion
Up io 7n.
...... ..., it, mtvn itt.iti,-.
ll().()JS FOR TWO Wd.MIN
v 'Winno f TlWc i
rOIIP tltl.PIIS Of 1 MS MlltC p.
epivn Mortals nnil
I'lTTSBURO, April 2fi. The a
Hero Fund Commission made nnm
n,nt to-duy of forty-one awaids
brlnKs the total of awards ni.ide inr
the foundation or tlio fimil on Apr) 1,1.
,90i, up to 765. l''ourtPPti Statrs ar
represented In the list, and of Hes
Pennsylvania Is first, with fifteen New
York and Illinois have four each.
Two women nro unions the elected
The oldest hero Is .Martin H. Wadn nf
Hrndfnrd, Pa. He Is 67 nd saved a. fif
teen-yeur-old boy from being, run over
by a train. The youngpst hero is Ii
Kenneth Oliver of Tamplco, III. lie 1
11 yenra old nnd rescued a seven-year-old
Rlrl from a train.
The four New York State horoei ai
Samuel Nasser of 1305 College nvenue,
i:imlra. Patrick J. Heldy of 161 Alabmniv
street, Buffalo: Iram Kevorkian of 151i
Murrain nvenue, Niagara Falls, nnd HI
Ilott IJ. Nichols, Jr., of Watts Falla.
Nasser rushed Into a burning bulldlni.
and saved a four-year-old boy. II; gu
a bronze medal and 11,000 as he may
need It, Heldy saved a six-year-old boy
from being run over by a train. Ills re
ward Is a silver medal and 11,000 to help
liquidate a murtfrage on his property.
Kovorklan waded out to his hips lilO
feet from the brink of the American
Fulls at Niagara and with it pike pole
cuught Henry J. l.utx, a candy maker.
51 years old. Koth wero pulled to ths
bank by other men. Kovorklau gcta a
silver medal nnd $1,000.
Nichols, a thirteen-year-old schoolboy,
but not a good swimmer, went Into a
reservoir and towed Jibs F. Kcrnlu
Fltek, IT years old, to tho bank. The
young woman's stepfather, who had
been teaching her to swim. lost his life
Nichols gets a bronze medal and 11,000.
The other awards are:
Silver medal LuwTcnce E. Itldffle,
Uronze medal William J. Illdy
Silver. medal and $1,000 F Gertmdf
Semon, Galesburg, III.; Martin D. Wad.
Bradford, Pa.; Joseph M. Fricl. Pitts
burg, I'a.; Stanislaus Orlcmanskl, Urlr
Pa.; Charles G, Davis, Danville, Va
Alvah II. Gibson. Milwaukee, Wis., ltov
W. Carney, Kalamazoo, Mich.
Silver medal and pension to survivor
William W. Webster, Kaluniaz.no
Mich.; Herbert II. Cornell, 1 12 years
old), Athens, Ohio; John T Hrnokc
IJurllnganie, (Tai.; Peter N 11. Flniie
Hlllsvllle. Va.: Charles Thomas, Circle
vllle. Ohio; Kllas U. Adams. Dayton
Ohio: Alexander Johnston, Plttsburs,
Pa.; Oswald G. IJeck, litna. Pa.
Uronze medal nnd pension tn sur
vlvors--James O. London. Sykesville
Pa.; George W. Smith. Hurllnganio. C'h
Hronzn medals and from $900 to J:
000 in money Charles R. Lilly. Graf
ton, Pa.; Kdgar H. Shorman. Marlon
Iowa; Jeremiah Train. Kankln. Td
I.lllamae Formby, Waldo. Ark,, rialr!
K. Maxey. Monmouth, III.. Thomas r
Cahlll, Johnstown, Pa.; U.ivld Phillip'
Wynne. Pa.; William J. Arthur. Pitts
burg. Pa.: Bernard C. King. Warren
Pa.; Alexander E. Shearer, Farming
ton, W. Va.; Alvln M. Crafton, Sldnev
Ark.. William F. Orr. Glade Sprint
Va.; James Reynolds, New Havpn
Conn ; .Tosppli T. Holland. Eri, P
Sheldon V. Clarke, Willlanisport. Pa 1
Floyd Frasler, FarmrrsvUK Tc. rt
Kenneth Oliver, Tamplco, III.
PEACE CONFERENCE IIEm'.VAY I
Treaty nf Ghent Trnlenarr Will Re
An international conference tn per
feet a programme fur the celebration tt
tho one hundredth anniversary of pear
among Knslbdi speaking nations w IP V
held hre from May I In 12
This meeting Is the forr runner of th
nctunl celebration, which will beln on
Christmas eve, 191-1, Just 10ft yri
from the signing of the Treaty of Ghent
The permanent sub-executive coin
mlttee met In the Lawyers Club at 11.'
Uroudway yesterday afternoon
Those who attended were ITupene N
Fess, Governor of Massachusetts. Co
Robert M. Tliompson. WashliiKtnn cor
nellus Vunderhllt, Alton H, Parker
seph H. Choate, George T ilsnfi
Jntnes 1., Wandllngr, T Kcnnard Then'
snn. R. A. c. Smith. WulUni II short.
Isaac N. Seligni.m, Dr, Limit. LIvliiK-tnn
Seaman, William Salomon, Calvin V7
Rice. Georan F ICunz. Andrew P
Humphrey. Dr. K. R. L. Gould. WlHUm
D. Forbes. William Curtis l)pni"rf!t
Charles Stewart Pavion and John
Stewart, chairman ex ofllcio.
A RurKomiiHter of Ghent presided
the oppnlng spssloii of the Join, HIS1
Commission in 1R1I when negotiation
wpre begun which ended Hip war of
1S1I. Following this precedent fe
Uruyne. an Aldermim of Ghent, will b
made ehnlrmun of this cnufeience a
the Inltlul meeting In tho City Hall on
tho morning of May 0.
Mayor Gaynor will welcome the dele
gates. Lord Weardaln, president nf the
Interparliamentary I'nlon. who brail
tho British delegation, will respond M
the Mayor's address.
A committee will go to Now limn
to-morrow to Invite ex-President Taf
to deliver the formal address. Andre
Carnegie -will preside nt the annua'
meeting of tho American committee '
tho Hotel Plaza on May 9. Anions the
speakers will be Prof. W. A. Duunlne
of Columbia University. The AnierMrt
committee will entertain the fnreisn
conferees at a banquet In tho Hotel
Alitor on tho evening of May 9.
The foreign visitors will leave N
York Saturday, Muy 10, In charge of an
escort from the American eommlttt"
yf.'onferences will be held ln Boston,
Washington, Richmond, Philadelphia
end Chicago, They will be received bv
the President and Secretary of State "
Washington. King George receive.) the
Kngllsh delegation yesterday. It "vi"
fall for New York to-day.
It In proposed to have five nilnipo
silence throughout thn English spcaUlnl
j world, on Sobruary. Kit 4Wt
v-u'Mk - A J