Newspaper Page Text
THE SUN, TUESDAY, APRIL 29, 1913.
ti i:si)A, Ai'Jin, vii, Him
I nlercd at ihr I'nsi timer at .New York nsMcrond
las Mall Matter
Subscriptions lit Mull,
I'AII.V, t'rr Mmlh
liAII.Y. 1'er ear
M'MIAV. Per Vrar
I'AILV AM) M'MLU
I'AILY A.MISl .Ml.U
fer Year ,
I Itn r.VKMNO M. Per Mnnlh
i hi: i; i.winu sun, ivr ivm
rotate lo foreign i minutes nrlitrd
All checks, menc) niilir. Ac , in lir marl pay
able toTiir ftps
t'uMihrd dailv. including Sundsj. I the Sun
I'rlntlnr nnrt I'lihlMilng s.nriailnn .11 lie .Sbh-.hu
-,r-r,, 111 ill" iiuiimikii 111 ,M n il.t 1 1,111, .r UIH,
Pie.Mrnt ami l.e-surrr. Wllll.n. r lin.u. i:.i
Nassau strr.d Wrc I'rr nlrni, l.lw aril I' Miirhrll, i
I n Nfl-san sllcrt
Smctar. (.'. 1 . 1,'ntiui,
1-ondnn omce, LfPnctiani Mouse
Paris oih.e. n Hue lr la Mlchndieir pit Hue lu
Washington nnlie. IIIMis HulMInc
DrooKh u office, ins. Livingston siicet.
tf rur trtrntit icirt tuinr us uit'i wwunf rip's irti
Khulntwii fnr piir-ifirtii mli fn hmr mtttrti
(irnrifi rrturnfij iftru mt.t ei i,7 i-,r .u st'iwps
lor tl6t purpfr
A ,loli fur (lie (ir.iiul .lur..
.nea.nnm.s rauou.u ino riaio prii-ons
ha been under sipieion for cever.il
i?ars. viovenrir oooiaioo u in
be in need of thorough reformation,
''iipenntendeiit Sron rame to hi duties
with an excellent loputati'in. and his
piiporvMon was epociod to result m
the correction of whatever abides might,
exist. The report on conditions at
Auburn, made public voicrdav. indi
cate that a gieat deal remains lo lie
nceoniplished, and tirand Jury investi
gation of that institution, as well as of
the other prisons, is much to be pre
ferred to a mere political ovci hauling.
Kiom tho nature of the case, charges
against prison keepers iiiiist he accented
with the utmost caution They wmk with
imperfect knowledge and admittedly
crude instruments to bring abmii ill
defined and vaguely understood iculis
They deai with men and women practi
cally all of whom are equally deficient
morally, menially and physically. It is
possible to .stir up n scandal in the best
managed institution, and to obtain for
i' sensational if not convincing support
lor tin's reason alone culmination oT
all allegation of mismanagement and
brutality should not be entrusted to
possibly biased agencies, bill should be
made by noii-l).irisan and d.-mtoroMcd
bodies, among which under our svsiem i "'P nw"r ""l"n.ni!nennnnunreihoiii
of government the Crand .lurv' mosM f-',vo" l,n,'n.v sensibly Some
nearlv fulfills the ideal i""10 " vcr" 00(l ls 'Hayed by
Moreover, if prison keepers treat
Hieir wards brutally, or otherwi
their trust, th'-y ought to be mdi. d.
irinl and punihed. and not merely
deiiouu' ed lis illains
In ,i v H'eek-,
Our esteemed and often quoted eon-, editions Is'fore ihey are weeded out of
temporary Hail;: ' oiiHiilrtr rttitt T nrtiie official pages.
Ilcportif is the sponsor of the prediction. , The lust number of the Com;res.
reprinted in .Monday's Stw
that " iis-
irahan beef, mutton, potk and butler
111 a few weeks will flood the markets of
Sin franc i-eoand other American cities
end lower the present high prices of i be. We observe a growing fondness
n.oat io the consumer " ff th,. public exhibition of those sta.
The i ynical consumer grins When tistiis ()f matrimonial feliciiv whuh
he sens actual lower prnes of meat, were formerlv confided to the blank
t'lfti lie will order his ns- ension roiie , leaves of the I mnilv Mible. ()t merely
There ai" loo many humans, too few ithe number and names of the si:it,.J.
other cattle; that is lu
too solid philn.nphv.
i ver.juieed bin all ;
"In a lew WceksV ;l fow weeks he
vill be nibhliiig cold asparagus, lettuce
and tomato salad, ni, umber and tomaio
salad: m a few weeks iced tea. iced coffee,
fed Hrvan cocktails, ginger ale. root
beer, eloret or Mos,.e cup. if lie be a
leaf tionary. and a curse, will titillate his
haughty and lender inwards, cheap
l-ork -It will not be cheap in the
,.v.rs .a .nuy: neap mutton, cheap to the Ameriuin nation his Iwelve
beef they will be cheap w,eu all (ion's; month babv. Oris I'llLdiami; Wim.u
great years are aeniiately described Hs.,lutuor. Miinv other new members do
n few weeks ' these invite htm when the same thing if thev are able to,,
.old bouillon is an abomination and a lar from resenting it. we aie inclined
sweetbiead too heating, when he reviles I to like the honorable cent lemon better
ihedavhandeiiisestheiiightsaiid longs J for their attention to domestic details
lor the cantaloupes of his hovhood! : 'oi n von- ir.nr- n,. ,!,.. ..f ,1...
In a few weeks' In a few weeks
lave.s will be paid with thanks by the
(ollertor atifl butchers will send each
client a devil wagon instead of a bill
including "bill rendered "
"Trulir anil Mr. INink Imrs-t .
The Ixindnn Truth has probably put
its finger at any rale on a half truth in
Us article on the Patikhurst family The
charges made by Truth .no that Mrs.
t'ANKltritST nnd her two able .laughters
have betn actuated in their campaign a
good deal more by love of notoriety and
money than by a demro for the vote,
and it seeks to show with a good deal
of plausibility how every favorable op
portunity for getting the claims of suf
frage reeognlj'd has been wrecked hv
an outburst of-militanev The explana
tion, according to'VmViV argument, is
that, once the vote were obtained, the
power, not to mention Ihe livelihood, of
the PankHITISTS would be gone
This is an aspect of the case that has
"truck a good many people, and while
we cannot not opt. all the .inclusions
ol Truth, there is a force m sortie of its
arguments that fannoi be denied. It
is incontestable that the Pankhiirst
i:im have gradually driven out of
Ihe ranks of the Women's Social and
Political I'liion all tho leaders of nulli
cient prominence or intellectual power
lo contest their supremacy, with the
result that the organization has become
a Pnnkhurst irusi, its. members ad
mitted by no other test than tho will
V Mrs. Pankiii'Iwt and actuated only
T a blind adoration of the beloved
leafier. Tho women' union, which pro
ffhses lo bo fighting for a democratic
principle, is. in fact the most undcrno
eratio association in the touutry.
That Mrs. PANKiintsr and her .linurh.
tan depend, nt any ruic to a large cx-
ii'iii. on ll'i Votes for Women cHinpuIgn
for llii'ir livelihood luis never heon
seriously denied; lint liet
WO lo IIOl
.accept Truth's conclusion Ihul on Hun
ni'i oiihi Hip r ..induct is m t Hill eel tiy
' i fiii-i-ioiiily morcciiiiry inotivi'M. No
doubt .Mm. pANKiinibT sincerely bc
I hows iluit tin' laborer is worthy of his
hire Nor ran w accept I ho coticltl
Isioli I hill Ml. I'ANKIIl IIHT is dollbel-
(uiely liuhinm not for Iml uii.'iiiisi the
so .".n uranium of tin vole. 'Hint the inili
) tiinlf have seriously tefarded tin1 pron-
tess of the siiffrncf cuuo, not only in
Knpland hut in I his country, seems
to us indisputable; hut it Is not iiooos
s.ny to suppose that tjiis lias horn the
rrMili of deliberate intent on th; pari
of the 1nkiiitihih.
Truth comes, ncnier to the ccplntM
lion of Mrs, I'A.S'KiinmT when it alludes
to Ihi' desire for power mid hotorielv
wldi'li has characterized her conduct of
1 1 he affairs of I lie Women's Social nlld
ll..ll I I -. . ,, . I I I.I
, 1 "lltlcill l llloll. I hat desire lll-s (level-i
i . r ...
opn uuo a ,onn o, ,nea oina.u... y
no inner man ine speciaeuiar moans une
haondopied eould Mrs. I'ankhi'Usi' win
the blind. tnifiiestionliiR worship of ihe
hysierieal w-onirn who become her fol
lowers, and by no other moans ran she
lielain it. Mrs. PANiiiinisr has luvomo
intoM'ratcd with the soiie of power nnd
the adoration of her followers, Her
vision isdistorted and limited. Shr lives
routiiiunlly in an nnilirial attuosphoro
of adiilalion, and she si e heoelf alwavs
f-et on a throne inhalinc the Mitoke of
1111 iMIkO oflet'twl liv Iter t.'liiwililirr ,tt,ifi,
, Th, imilsphcro ,.ls i,,,,,,,,,, ,.,.,.,.
L.,,.,. , un, i,,.,,,,, . i.,,,,,,,, f
her nostriU, mute necessary perhaps
than the food that she refuses with such
sangfroid on her periodic excursions to
prison, where, despite her manifest
anxiety to snatch nl a halo of martyr
dom, she is treated habitually with a
tenderness and consideration that, as
Truth romatks. would certainly not be
accorded her by the "verdict of twelve
( 'onfeloii of tlu
To a philosophical observer the first
edition of the Congressional Ibroi lory
for a new session of Congress is alwaxs
inteiosting. This publication is an open
trap lor vanity, for sell-complacency.
, for unsophisticated or union vent ional
habits of self-expression. As everybody
knows, ihe litile autobiographkal no
' lives furnished to the Public Printer by
'the new Senators and lleprrx-ntatives
' in Congress vary in form liom the most
I businesslike statements of the mam
j fads of a i rally distinguished career
1 to the most elaborate presentation of
the statesman's own ideas romeriiing
1 Mls ou" inne.s. Generally speaking.
"5,'K " o.ici kik . in tiussoii oi author-
llli III," , -VM'li' IMKillill ISSIV si-
advertisement which gives, him shivers,
when he sees it in i old 'ypo. and which
;he hastens to withdraw liom the next
I edit ion of the pirectory. Sometimes
jthe little silline.-s,. or the unconsrioiis
'self-revelations endure thrnuch several
sinnal Ilircctorv for the Sixt v-lhird
Congress i cached us yesteidav. and has
been sludie!. as usual, as sin h :l , ,iec
tion of human documents des, to
man's children go to the Publn Punier
but also the exae, ages, flown lo in
conspicuous infatlri Here, for e-
ample, i the Hon. llrvniKso.v M.wu
sox.Iakuvw. of Darflanelle, Arkansas,
inscribing the day of ihe month of his
wedding, and recording the present
contents of 1 1 im nursery, the eldest
therein being vears old. while his
colleague, the Hon. Oris 'I IlKunoilK
Wl.Vi.fi of )e Queen, nroiiflh nresonls
were rarely found in the Concression.il
I lire. torv.
U't us thank, instead of blaming, the
Hon Hi.nuv I'fifNiAl.v AsitriiHT. one
of ihr two Democratic Senators I mm
Hie new state of Arizona, for this un
flinching (Uinoiinceinent of his useful
lias pursued' ihe follow inz "ci iit.iiion
Iniiilieriafk, iouIiov, eork and cashier In
stole. iioiMpf'r reporter, hn.lrarrter and
Why should not the Hon. (ii-onor.
-Ioii.v KiNTiix of Colorado sieak in tho
Directory of his invention of "a parcel
post graduate which would reduce the
rates on the whole one-sixth, besides
simplifying and equalizing rates, at
tho same time making provision for the
much demanded increased maximum
weight on a relative basis with that of
Kuroponn countries"'' Why should not
the Hon. f b.UT)!-: IKNfii.i: or l fltiit be
permitted to explain that he "in his de
termination to establish a free journal
in Florida was twice forced to suspend
publication because the special inter
ests objected to the publication of the
truth about public affairs and had
money and influence enough to make
their objection good; his third journal,
Dixit; now published weekly, appeals
to be strong enough to live"? Whv
should not the Hon. Dtoi.uy .Maui
Hi cm ics of (ieorgia oiiit with prido to
tho circumstance that, ho served four
years "with great ubility" )M president
of tho (ieorgia Stato Agricultural So.
ciely'.' Why should not the Hon. H.
How-.r.r i owi.kii ol Illinois f onfess offi
cially that he isii lawyer wiih a love lor
neisonal injury practice, never taking
sides with corporations against labor"?
And why should not the Hon. Cum.dk
H. Tavkn.vkii of ihe Kimo Stale de
scribe, in tho Directory his curccr ub an
Independent nnd syndicating journalist
in fins IntciestiNE pur-sage:
"When in Venn, olil slnfloil In work In II
country newspaper office, sotting t VI" 'nl
lln' wise' steadily fur lour ynnr, then look
up editorial end of newspaper work on
laree rliy iIiiIIIp", iplrlnK In Iip wholly
free In write Ills own vIpwh of iiipnlion
iirTeellnc Hip wrlfiirr nf Hip ppoplp, wllhoill
hclnir li,ini'ri'il by Hip nirlleiilnr polley
of oiip nettpiiiii'r, lie Iickiiii In inn, nl Hip
siifftrrillnn niiiI with Hie lii'lp nf hh mnlliiT,
lo nrlle n ilnllv l cnrrl nrllele from Wah
I n si mi l!ipclppr. ttPrrHolnipiPn(pnt mill
nrlnuinl in iliiiriii lrr llinl nt flrt no rdllnr
vuiiilil pulillali Minn not ItlittiiniliiiK IliU
lie eoiiiltiiipd lo write ii loiter every dHy
fur l.ien ilnys, or four yenr: Kpvpnly dully
new epii pern lliroimliout Hip I'nltPd Ktntc
lire now printing Hip nrllrlrn pypry ilny nti
tlin flrni. lump, inoip limn ;',!)) country
weehlie nrp reenlnrly piilillihlnBlii Pfkly
Irller of Vitnl WbiIiIukIoii Np."
Thank heaven it huMi'l oecunod yet
to this enterprising publicist lo avail
i niniMi I rlMHV nl in,, nrivnecre nl nvfeii.
i , ,. .... . . . .. , , ;
,,.' iii i 'iue ii urn nn in? tiiiiiv niii
for the welfare of the people'
Tho self-drawn portrait of the Hon.
Wii.i.iAM II(iwaki) Thompson will es
pecially commend itwlf to the attention
of the discerning. Of the new Senator
from Kansas the Directory says:
Ife Is the oiinapt -Senator evpr elected
from Kann- and will he mm of Ihe on n ur -ps
now In lli'e SpiuiIp has been pry nrlive
In Hi" affairs of Hie Suip from erlv iiinn
Imod to the pre-eii! tlmp. fllllns- viirloiis
po-llion- of honor nnd iruM willitlie slrlol
pl liiiiiostv rfiid lldellt It l hp
ktiot,dced hv nil ho know hlni Hint n
Senator he will not only hrlns credit nnd
honor to himself hut to the Statp and na
tion n well '
This is official. We have at last found
The autobiographical notice of " Wiu.
i.m H McmtAV Alfalfa Uft.u. Demo-
rat. of Tishomingo. Oklahoma," as the
( ongressjonal Directory enrolls him.
informs tm that Alfalfa lilf.l, is culled
in Oklahoma "the hat her of the Consti
tution." fie has uso five other children;
"Massk.va Ha.mt.oi-t, Johnston', Will
iam Hknrv. .Ir.. .Iuan and HrnnxNK."
The Hon .Ions- M Moiiin of PotmsyU.
vaiua, as we note in passing, "has been
an all around athlete and lakes a lively
uiieiest in athletic affairs, in Pennsyl
vania being best known as a sculler,
while in Molilalia helped orgam.o nnd
served ius a director of the Montana
State Itasolmll league; was mannger
cafitain and filayed with the .Missoula
team in isni-iMW "
The longest autobifigraphies in the
latest Directory are those of S-nator
Hi Po.sr of Delaware and the Hon
AI.TI.lt liAKI'KHTV of OlcgOti Mr.
I..KI'KllTV's elTorl is so cons.'jentious
i that ho even catalogues his seven sisters
(and in others, namely. Oka, C.L'ssik,
iHosa and Hoxa. and l.rniKit. Ai.nKiir
jand iioi.lA He mentions such circutn
jstaiRes lis that "his mother's first cousin.
jMaj. Lruimt li. Cowan, forty-fifth
Illinois Infantry, was killed in liattle
I before Viiksbiirg. May '.:. 18R3." hol
low Mi. I.aki'KIH V's family roootds a
"III- tiroilier l!oi.i. sprvpd in the proil
ioiih1 olunte"rs in the Philippine", enlist
Ins Iipii Im h 17 and fotmiiK oul nith the
r. ink of corporal maternal fcrandmother w
u y tw tu-sN of North Carollni. anil
Ins ii.it.-rnal ura..(lmothpr as II, sTt n X x
Mr.ris of Kentuiik.'i In- creat-irand-inollmr
Kinmt wa Ki., on Piriiri,
It is pro)r to say that Mr. I.affkiity
served in the last Congress, hut until
the apearanee of tho ptesent edition
fif the Ditcctory the genealogical ilata
i oncoming him have been meagre and
iiiinHisiiu lory. I lie usiiul tendency is
towaril condensation, as experience in
Congress lengthens. In Mr IaFKKnTY's
case the autobiography has grown
from twelve lines m December, 1012.
to fifty-seven lines m April. 1I3. It
already occupies moie than eleven times
the space of the Hon. Osc.Ui W. l'.vnKIl
wooii'h, anil more than fourteen times
that of the Hon Jam.s It. Mann of
Illinois. We await future exclusions
However, good luck to them all.
fresh and loquacious though thev be, or
salted down and dry in their autobiog
raphies as the contents of any box of
codfish ever shipped from Gloucester!
' Trial Nrpar.tt Ion."
.lustice (ill-fii:iticil of ihe Supreme
Court of this State has decreed a separa
tion for a year of a wife and her hus
band, against whom she alleges certain
grievances here passed over. -Judge
(iir.f;::i:if II holds that the troubles of
the two are not so portentous and ir
reconcilable that a year's absence and
reflection may not muko reunion and
renewed afTectlon out of them.
Whatever the result of thin particular
case, a large and tolerant wisdom looks
from the decree. Too many divorces
are as hasty as too many marriages, and
esfieciajly whore one or both parties are
young, high strung, romantic, full of
tho intolerance of youth and Htung by
I lie realism of a seeming disillusion and
It is not so unlikely as most other
things in this world of marvels which
has so common a face that if many mar
riisl folks wore separated by tho law for
periods of weeks, months or venrs, ac
cording to Ihe stage of the patients, they
would confirm Iho old proverb and give
the counts a inighly sight loss to do.
VUial Is. VucI Ion Coining To?
Ciin the KMiio of unction survive, as n
popular pastime, the vast and constantly
inereiisiiiK machinery of conventions
that is lieini; superimposed upon it V
I'or all except the comparatively few
who have the time and disposition lo
load their minds with Hie purely arbi
trary menniiiKs attached to the so-called
transfer bills ihobo constitute source
of confusion and irritation which not
only leail to unwise declarations but
seriously interfere wih the player's
t-kill in mamiKiiiK liis bund,
Moreover, just as many pcrsoiw on-
J"1 i, ii.i iinu "i . on. cm iwiiiti illhcuras.
lit, ,1 I., 1,1-1 ..., rT ....,;.. .... I J I I
l)V which for no reason o.cent nrovious
agreement between partner an oven or
IiIkIi nnl may indlonte BtreiiRth in a
suit, whilenn odd or lowcnrtl may mean
weakioh, there are numerous playern
w ho roKurd an elaborate H.vstetn of con
ventional biddiiiK as dcmoralb.InK,
Their (.ontontion is that if two players,
by imiiouiu'liiK nt the boKinuinK of a
rubber that they use, for example, Ihe
transfer Iwls, may honorably eommtini -
cate w ith each other in a IniiRiiaKe
understood onlv'liv those possessim; a
technical education in iis Intricacies
I here is no reason w hy, for example,
... , , ., , , , ,, ,.
wo teleKraphers, absi.lvmK themselves
before hnnd by making known their
purpose, should not tell each other in
the .Morse code, their cards, thus obtain
im; an advantage over opponents igno
rant of telegraphy or deaf.
It would not require great ingenuity
to devise a series of conventional bids
by which every card in a pluyer's hand
could he described. All that would be
necessary for its success would be a
retentive memorv N'or would it take
, ,,,,. , , wlKp,lf)l lh(. fncinK
of the fifty-two cards fin tint table after
each deal and before the bidding began.
This indeed would lie tho logical end of
conventional bidding, and any game
that is reduced to such a pass cHnnot
lie expected long to retain it hold on
The tiMemloti middle Wp-t. -.Srwini.
flrM llr piiiii-nn.
Cincinnati or fhicigo or MilwnuUo'''
The Ronton (?obr hji'ks in nfTncted doubt .
"Which Is he Ithe Hon. Thomas Ull.r.v
MAnsinixl, mdlral or conservative?"
For Minister Uesidsnt and Consul-Oon-eral
to the Jollyo Islands: Colon-l Ciiaiu.ks
Hknht Tatlor of Keacnn street.
Sir Ctcil, AnillCR HTRI.vo.RicE seems
to he another of those accomplished cos
mopolitans who, 11 (e all resj swells, are
democratic in mannjr. .Mr Buycf.'h suc
cessor has a "hird stunt"; Sir CKrlt, be
gins as if he could and would do it.
'lh-Hon Wii.mamD H YWOOn says ho
is "mad " The rnos -and n too-clnri-tahle
explani on of him
She hurled the lorsnette enrfine
A tam. vill.it ic. "off year substitute
.'or tho "lie
v ow If Kssxn Pasha -s il consent to th-;
refer e-diim' Theie is no doubt about
The Hon. homas Upto.v -irsok. M C .
j of .Mississippi, horn in Attala county, is
lnevltaiilv ternlileairl "lint stun.
In declining with regret an inviti-
tion lo address the General Assembly of
Illinois on the occasion of the Douglas
centen.iry. Hk-iiy Wattkrson wrote as.()urPd to provide necessary facilities for
follows to the chai mm of the ; in the ue and benefit of the shinnine and
"From inv boyhood to his ifath I Un
lildee Unrnt.ts well The last two venrs
of ht life and especially Hie last few
months I whs wlrh him every dav He
was as lovable a h ns great Lincoln
was not a truer friend to 'he I'nlon. nnd.
had his life bepn spared, there I- reason
to believe ho would bae bton l.tvcol Vs
-el-mid self iijnu tho il.irl. ilavt of
When Iip returned to Washington after
the famous l.inroln-Uotiglas dehate of
!". t heard him asked about the strange.
nw being who had so siiddenlv rien above
the national horiron 'Mr Lincoln-.1 he
replied. ( the verr ahlest dehilr I have
ever met here or anywhere ele
"Generous to a fault, capllva'ing before
eierv audience and delightful in ah private
companies Mr IIlmni, himself not more so
he was bound to th dvlng bodv of institu
tional slavcrv which ln abhorred, and
d i?.?led by the Presidency as were Ct,Y,
W'ltisTrn and (' iliioos '
This brief passage of swift and ure
charactenzati n makes u wih the more
that Colonel Wa.tkusjn could have
found time to prepare the nddress desired
by the legislature of tho Stale of Aiira
li m Lin oi.Nund tkiui n.V Iot:oi,s
To mi. I.IUTI1R or TlIK Si n Sir Please
note this ou will never. In Ihe time Mr.
Wilson continues in public life, find him on
the wrong side or anv iinestroti or wrong
on any public question
ItAimv .M Konwisfr.
VrwuiK, X .1 . Mrll V
The Fresh Air Haling Commuter.
To thk i:uitob or 1 mi Hex -Sir On a train
.saiurdt the first thing- that the man who took
the fat ahrad of me illrl after re hail dropped
his tiai naa lo try to open the window The
window stuck, fnr which 1 was truly gratetul:
and now thin man fathered up his bag and mnvrd
off to try somewhere rise.
Of course 1 knew that the neat man to come
along mlht be stronrer; rjut. thank heaien. he
wasn't This man after two or three efforts
settled down ln ihe (.cat. with the window closed,
and so the da was saxed
Hut now the season has come when you never
can tell wheihrr you are going lo ride In peace
and comfort or tn dust and cinders
llAIH IU.ACII, April !. Thatkllkr.
t nn.trurtlnn foil by the Cubic Foot,
To thk Kiiitor or Tub Sin Sir if t have
tic en rotrrctly informed there seems to he a cio;l
oiis coincidence between the cost of the Wool
worth building and Ihe number ef cubic feet It
contains The cost of the building Is said tohae
been llJ,6on,r), ihe nimiher of ruble feci lS,snn..
This would seem to Indicate that In a build
ing of the construction nf theWoolworlh the cost
could be ckllmated by letting Ihe number of
cubic feet and allowing one dollar a cubic fool
UmNOTox H. Carman.
I'ATCnonrv, April !n.
'lo thk i;niTon or THE Hon -air: Wr hrar
frequently of "blue blooded people" and of people
of whom It Is said that they have "ml' blond In
their mIiis," Ihe one phrase signifying aristocracy
and the other courage; hut these blood rnjors
are Hie onlv ones commonly spoken nf. I would
like in aH.
Of what color or colors Is the blood of Just
"plain ordinary people, who are flelthcr blue
blooded nor red blooded: t mean the great multi
tude of Just common folks? L'oRri'scuc,
Nrw ,on, April Js.
A Mar) lan.l Artist,
To TMK i:pT0K or THK KcN Mr: Is theie
space In the Hall nf I'ame for .Solomon Mark,
timber, of llaltlmorr? Wai.tkh II. Ilrch,
Ui.rluoiiK, Mil., April
Short Course In Hither Mathematics.
Tommy I'a, what Is the fourth dimension
I'alhcr- The one that Ills every fashion: your
mother has It.
friend- Why so worried!
.HufTragcltc (Joiner The baby's nose Is somall
f don't bee how the ran ever be fed through It,
In the .Vnna American lUrltw fnr May Amos
K. Flske wrllea on currency reform. Julet ftoche
on State snilallsm, S, Ncarlnt nn the danger from
defectives, (i, A, Clark on conservation of tha
teals, A. Kdwardt on I'an-ltlamltm, f. U. Noyet
on Ihe Associated I'resa and May .Sinclair on a
nrw Hindu poet. There are articles also on the
. . , . . .
unucn ncnun oi me croiesiani confessions, on
,nr ""rarn" r.urope anu on urn grounds
P00r,rn"""y l""4,U" "d ,n v tnd '
ItMUWMt SKCI HITIES,
ImiiimI in i:.er. nf Value, Hon hll
Their Ownrrn He Protrcleitr
To itiK KniTonopTllKHf.v Sir1 Hun
dreds of tliousuiids of our citizens con
tinue to believe that hk a general propo
sition our railroad companies urn heavily
overcapitalized, that their capital slock
! represents for tho mot part "water,
i that such juntlllcnllon us may warrant
PVrn sIstinB prices for tholr nlmren is
' ha(i ln lnrK measure upon values which
I rrl)reH,"Jt unearned Increment In one, form
or nnothnr thousands ore held In thin
pori,uaH,on delipllo ,he reUerfttlon of
authoritative atatnments and facta which
tend to disprove the exist mco of such a
Allow me to submit the following table
of flKiirns which 1 believe to be correct,
showing the amount of stock outatand
Ing of three prominent Kastern trunk line
railroad, the New York Contral, the Balti
more and Ohio and the Pennsylvania:
ToMI tmounl told
riiplMI nl P'ir or brtltr fMa
fintk. .wire Woo. rnilttnl,
New York On
trai (4i i:::,7-,ioo iiM.noo.ooo ii:,mm,::4
common (i u:,:w,su n7.uno,or) io7,rmn,nori
pre Ir rreit (4l 6O.niM.0nn
it, ivi. , 49n.!M.no -su.nn.AU -M,Asi.mn
fcttl.2:,0M T74,7;n,AU IIM.TM.D.U
Apprnlmalfly correct. Inrludu new tocl
Issue of about IM,aj,Mn authnrlted April
The table shown that of the 1034, DO.noO
capita' stork at present oiitatanding or
miner oner 01 eaio, id7,uiin,i)'i, or nooui
BIS Per cent, of the total am unt, repre
sents stock sold since teon for J62l,00O,non
cash Over one-half of the present out
standing stock of he New York Central
and Hudson River Railroad was sold at
prices to net tho company about 103$ ;
two-thirds of the Baltimore and Ohio
Railroad common stock was sold nt par:
nbout two-thirds of the Pennsylvania
Railroad stock was sold at prices averag
ing ubout If.'.
Tho table drw not, of course, include
the scores, even hundreds of millions, of
bonds which have been sold during the
last ten years at prlcps considerably
above Ihe present market prices, the
greater part of which bonds boar interest
nl 3'-, and 4 per cent If wo consider both
Iho bonds and Ihe stock of these three
companies referred to which have been
sold to investors for cash since I Don we
find Hint the average Income) received by
the investors over this twelve year period
lias been considerably less than 5 percent ;
none of these companies has in recent
years shown any considerable margin
of safely over dividends paid.
Here nre companies which have
financed their capital requirements in the
most advanced fashion known to modern
! finance, nnmelv. hv causing Hie partners.
stockholders, to contribute liberallv in-
Ulead of by ermittingcredilors, the bond-
t holders, alone to sunplv the capital re-
... ... . ....
triveiung puoile Hum a financial poller
has tended to preserve the Integrity of
these companies, nnd as a natural conse
quence has fended to place them in a com
paratively favorable position to furnish
service to the pulvlic Allowlnc for nil
of this, especial emphasis i hete laid upon
the fncts presented above, w hich indicate
that investors in securities of at least
three of our most prominent railroads
have not been receiving even reasonably
fair returns during recent years
To what may this condition h ascribed'
Certainly the worldwide chance in eco
nomic conditions is to a large extent re
sponsible, vet it must be admitted that
demnisoKy and rank misrepresentation
have been potent influence in lirttiRinK
ntiout tins unfortunate position in which
investors find themselves placed
The misrepresentation referred to is
not that of pohncians nlone, from my
own knowledge 'l may confidently assert
that iirguntonts submitted by the Inter
state Commerce Commission have fre
qtiently been grossly misleading, inac
curate and unfair I hnve in mind rank
errors and misleading arguments such
nn those which are to be found in the opin
ions submitted by the commissioners in
the rate ojihos in mm, when the Kastern
nnd Vetern carriers were refused ier
mission to raise rate I make no refer
ence to the jtiMice or injustice of the de
cisions rendered: I refer lo the expressed
or rightly implied misrepresentation
which may he found in the arguments
Under existing circumstmces what
should stockholders and bondholders do
to protect themselves' On Hie authority
of the president of one of the largest trans
portation companies in the United .States
I submit that it is time for them to or
ganize for the protection of their proper
ties I quote the following paragraphs
from n letter recently written by him
There must he hundreds nf thousands of bond
holders and stockholders of our railroads who are
vitally Interested in the suiressful operation nf
their properties, and ct who are absolutely
silent and passive while laws are being enacted
thai riepreilate the value or their securities and
will eventually render them almost valueless
unless something Is done to check the tide of
adverw legislation and unintelligent regulation
The railroad officials are doing their utmost
In this direction. As a matter of fact the lime of
these officials Is being mnnopollred In appearing
before commissions and legislative bodies to
prevent rate reductions or the adoption of rulet
and regulations which add materially in the ei
priii.es of ihe roads and nothing to their cfllrlency
111 all this work they have had hut very little
help or cooperation on the part of those most
directly Interested, the nw ners of tse properties
Is It not time for the bondholders and share
holders of the ratlroada of the count ty to organize
for the protection of their properties and to
iifloril some measuie of support to and cooperate
with the overworked and harassed managers
How miy tho partners nnd creditors of
our rnuroH.l companies best lie brought
togother ns suggested nnd the'r support
nnd cooporution secured for the proteo
llon of their properties? la it not almost
hopeless tooxpoot that In advance nf ri
disaster to their securities nnd Irreparable
iof hi uiemseives moy will lie persuaded
io gei logotner. unless tho officers nnd
diiectors of the railroads themselves en.
operato to hring this nbout by general an
neals made directly to the Investor? The
omcors ann uireotors have easy access to
the names and addresses Of Hie HAOlirlf
holders nnd nlono might speak authori
tatively to them, adducing in support of
their appeals complete und easily intolll-
giiue mcis guinea not on v from fb
nrds but also from their knowledgo gained
ic i.uumi experience in the practical ad
ministration of the comminlns' iir.ir.
If it bo a fact, an has Ixsen allogod. that
win runrouus on me wnoKf are being oper
ated economically and honestly and that
grossly unfair acousatlons and inaimm
tions have been and Hre being directed
ugainHl the railroads by representative
public bodies, by politicians, by logl-,-lators,
Oovernor f States, Ao.j If" as
railroad officials assert, adverse leglsla
tion nnd unintelligent regulation aro being
advuneedand in many instances have been
adopted to the great harm of the railroad-
if for example, as Is alleged, the railroad
are belnn forced to employ additional men
nt the behest of labor unions, with no
object In view except to augment the mem
bership of labor organiTuitlona and multi
ply the number of railway employees,
theti it appears to me that much good
would result to Investors In railroad so-
Icuritlea and to the public at large If the
managers would cooperato In an intelli
gent and consistent effort to disseminate
broadly and eepeclally among Its security
holders adequate Information In the
promises, This course might be justified
alone by tho statement made by the man
agers, that acting as stewards for their
partners and for the creditors of the rail
roads they felt that a duty rested upon
them to furnish investors with whatever
of reassurance they (the Investors) might
derive from having eet before them the
precise facta and from an authoritative,
vigorous nnd widely published denial
being made of misleading and unjust
The time has come for the adoption of
more vigorous methods than have previ
ously been employed. The managers
must speak directly to Investors; thoso
prominent investors, the insurance com
panies, trust companies, savings banks,
In turn directly to their policyholders nnd
depositors, and all combined assist in nn
effort to present the facts directly to the
public at large. Floyd W. Mundt.
Nf.w York. April 2s.
The Court House Competition.
To Ttir. Knrrort or Tim Hrs -.Sir In my
letter piihllshed In riir Ht'.N of April H I
look Ihe llhertv of ralllnc your attention
lo a reported Interview with one of the un
successful competitors In the recent court
house competition, In hi. h he hetrsva, ith
seven of his males, a deplnrnhle slate of
mind in flaring Ihe plan of Ihe successful
architect, In threatening to upset the award,
In making the ahsurd deduction that h cir
cular plan exhibits a self-evident error in
Judgment because none of thelnentyothers
were circular and In offering a gratuitous
Insult to the three eminent judges In nhat
probablv is one of the fairest lompelitlonH
ever held In this country
1 had hoped for some reply (anonymous
or aboveboardl from one or all of these
men lh explanation of their behavior, or
for nn apology from Thk Hex In the event
that the reporter overreached himself, hut
up lo Iho present time no published or un
published statement of Ihe kind has been
received by tne or called to my attention
I ask yon therefore to extend to tne tne
courtesy of space In your columns that the
public may know how deeplv Him fair
minded men of my profession and of the
allied arts deplore such h humiliating spec
tacle 'I hee Immortal eight are members of
archllerttiMl societies that require their In
dividuals to subscribe to a .ode of ethics
lofty and clean of purpose I would be the
last one publicly lo criticise the conduct
of one of tnv frnternllv, but these eight
men are unknown, and In tho most cowardly
fashion thev hive wronged their associates
and smirched the good name of the pto-
fesslon bv iriviiur th iblic s koo.1 reason
to look upon our prolessed worehlp or liiRli
uleala as In-lniere If the statement made
by your lepnrler are true the honor of the
profession of architecture has been smeared
with one of the uirliest blots In its history
The layman's opinion of the architect . never
too flatlerinir lias dropped hi i ineiiienie
to depths that Hre indeed inortlfvliic jndc
InK from the III favored continents heard
on everv side. onteniiituoun sneer ,n
professional ethirs." authorized com
petitions, M-ntlum: ieferen.es to 'pikers,"
weaklings," i-ails" and the lite
Did not each oiie of Ihe twenty-two en
into the competition with th names of the
unices before him. and would the ludces
have b"en i ailed incompetent by anv one
nf the eU-hl had his plan been selected as
I ihe best? Thin s.n sample of Ihe question
f 1 1 1 n sr at ik, to which the only answer is a
deepeiiitur blush of shame 'Ihe merits
or the defpets of the winning plans have no
hearing In the case Mill the competilors
"theirs not lo reason whv. theirs but to do"
-and accept the verdict In dignified silence.
There are more than twentv-two architects
in this country .inallfled In discover serious
imperfections, If there are anv, In Mr
Imvvcll - plans The publlf should know
that the insult to the distinguished Judges
and In the profession at large is deplored
anil denounced by every elf-repeering
architect Oswald (' HhntMi
Nkw onn. April :'7
Women's School Vote.
To Tin; KntTott or Thk Si .s Sir An
antt-sufTrage correspondent In your columns
savs that In Massachusetts the school vote
was granted to women In lsa; It was
granted in Ufa riirurcs are also given to
show the number of men nnd women voting
In Hedham for a period of years. The
comparison l disingenuous because the
men were voting for all nfllcers and the
women for school officers only Wherever
school officers are chosen at a separate
election only a small fraction of the men
turn out to vote
Kverybndy Knows that men's vote Is
largest the large elect ions anil small at the
small elections. The sarnols triienf women.
In Kansas women tot Hie school suffrage
in is Their vote was small In iss;
they got the municipal suffrage, and
their vote became much larger and since
they have had full sufftage there have
been no complaints of their indifference.
In l nloradn women got the school
suffrage In is'f) Their vote was sinsll.
In IMil thev obtained Hie full ballot, and
the Colorado Legislature, by a prnctically
unanimoimvoteof both houses, liasdeclnred
that they exercise the privilege "as generally
as the men " In Oregon women acquired
school suffrage in isso. Their vote was
small. Last year they came into full
suffrage and although the women consti
tute much less than half of the total popula
tion the reports from a whole series of
town elections this spring teport them hs
casting from .in lo u per cent, of the total
II is a pity lh.it women's vote Is small
where school officers only are lo be chosen,
but It l merely a new proof of the truth of
Mrs, Peyser's Immortal saving- "I am nor
denying that women are foolish Hod Al
mighty made them to match the men!"
Incidentally it may be noted thai Hie
marked increase of interest In equal suffrage
throughout the country during the past
two years has been felt in Massachusetts
also, and has been accompanied by a large
Increase in the women's school vote. Mur
ing Ihe twenty years from tsoo to tout It
averaged 1 5,800: In limit rose to .'l.T.Vi, and
In I9t: to 4,t:7.
Alice Htonk Hi.vckwki.l.
DonrHKSTBB. Mass,. April ;s.
Diplomatic firape Juice.
To Tita Pditob orTliK SfN-.SIf Mrs nuva
lickwnod says that Secretary Bryan's trapes
Juice "Is safe and sane and doesn't leave s 'head'
In the morning "
If It is so efficacious In revrallnt secrets. I am
for "trapejulco diplomacy." at It may he ihe
means of great diplomatic advantages to our
.New Hatf.n, ronn . April 88.
Ho, Ho. Itof
To the llniTon or THK Sex Sir. Hall to the
w orld language which ThrSiin has Immortalized.
"And Ihcn he'd Ito, Ho, no. Ho, no,
'Way up the rlrer he would Rn, Ho, not"
Nr.w VoK, April ;i. t
Am Irrsduclkl Mlstuura.
I've little sympathy, I must confess,
With the opinion many men cipri ss,
That woman la fitravagant In drcis
I do not see how ihe could do with leas'
nroaoi n. M oaawoou.
Teetotallers should take a little stimulant dur
ing their annual vacation, 1fitieal not:
M'yeat II should he, the doctors say,
A son ol sloobolldayl
U T. II.
APPEALS COURT BARS
LAW STUDENTS' GUIDE
Sii.vs Its Issue by .Sfrrotnry nf
Kxntnininc: Bonnl Is
I HSC HEP FT TO THE STATIC
Intlnrsps Other f itHHmiis
Exninliinrinn of Cnnrlf.
flairs for Iho Bnr.
Collovvlnc criticism by the Jurlina
committee of the Har Association '
the methods piir-iifil by the Stale Jtnar'
of Har l-:.umlners In contlurtlne
Hmlnatlons for admission to the u
nml of other matters relating tn the a
ministration of their office, the Court
Appeals, which hns authority over '
board of examiners, ordered Impor'a
chnilKes fstcrdiiy In the Imarrl's pi
The report of the committee nn whh-ti
the Court nf Appeals nrted nnd whleh
was first marie public yesterda with
the court's nctinn, said that the alien.
Hon of the .IikIkos of the Court of Ap
peals and Ihe Appellate Division of th
Supreme Court and of the Har Assoc!!
Hon "had been tailed to the evident
educational shnrtcnmlnK.a shonn hv
many nf the persons who hive recently
applied for admission or have nrtualiy
been admitted to practice"
'Thl lack of education," th report
says, "has shown Itself In various- wavt
nnd appears to Indicate amnnc nthr
thlnes that the t xamlnatlnns for ar
mission to Ihe bar do not serve the pur
pose for which they are designed V
are also nssurcd that In many rases a p.
pllcants who are especially vfl niu,,.
tied have failed to pass, an assertion
which If rt founded adds another
Item lo the evidence asalnt the pres.
rnt method of examination."
The committee objects to the method
of examination under which the nppii.
cant nre compelled to study the de
cisions of the courts of New York and
"In remember the actual decisions of
the courts rather than to have a sound
Renernl knowledge of local principles
nnd the historical development of the
law of this State."
The chief criticism hv the rnrnmltt
PnU,.,u ,.. II.. ..,.1.11.... V... t-
i '' , T ' ' '""' -ranKim
fj- ""''er. secretary of the Hoard nf
' hxnndner. of a book called "Uar Ex-
iiminiillon Questions and Courses pf
Study." now !n lis fifth edition, which
Is printed by the publishers of the State
law reportu, ln expressing Its opinion
ns to the "Impropriety nf the publica
tion of such n hook by the secretary of
the boaid," the committee paid:
"It seinis to us that a member of th
Stnte Hoard of l.nw Kxnmlners should ret
be permitted thus to exploit his pns.
Hon hy publishing, advertising and selllnr
such a work, which has and Is Intended
to have a large sale among law students,
who rnav well be led to suppose that Its
study will be Indispensable tn admission
to the bar In the State nf New York
The substance and style of the hook an1
the fact that It Is put forward In som
sense as an official publication. In our
Judgment, has invited Just criticism and
has reflected discredit upon the State.''
In acting upon the Uar Association's
report the Court of Appeals yesterdav
ordered that the publication of "Bar
Examinations and Courses of Study" h
discontinued. The court then made this,
direction concerning the method of con
ducting the examination:
"The State Hoard of Law Rxnmlnrs
Is Instructed so to frame the questions
propounded to candidates for admission
to practice as to permit of a reason'1
answer 1o a question. The board ls In
structed In that respect to formulate ques
tions, whether based upon decided cases
or upon statutes, so lis to ascertain th
ability of the candidate to apply hi!
knowledge of legal principles ah1
statutory rules nnd to explain the method
of their application bv him, rather than
to elicit answers the correctness of which
will rest upon the candidate's power of
MAY LOSE MOIU1AX IXsmAXCF..
American Companies tlratralned b
The $28,000,000 insurance to he placed
on the $60,000,000 Morgan art collection
may be lost to American companies,
linglish concerns operating under
broader laws nnd not restricted by th
New Vork Cire Exchange may get It all.
If the .Morgan estate takes the Insur
ance offered by the New York com
panies, which are members of the ex
change, it will have to comply with
law which Insurance men call "non
sensical" In this case.
The Insurance exchange hn." a law
known as tho colnsur.ince clause which
stipulates that unless property owners
have Insurance to the amount or "
per cent, of Ihe value of their property
they cannot collect the full amount of
When the Insuring of the Morgan art
collection was first talked of it was
granted that the American companies
would not care to cover the whole $:,
000,000 and that on account of certain
limitations In some States the Kngllsh
companies would probably get the major
share of II. This Is due to laws in aims
States that no matter what the surplus
of a company mny be It cannot Insure
In excess of one-tenth of Us capltallr
tion on nny one risk.
The collection Is valued at $0,000,00n.
To meet the qualifications of the re
insurance law It would have tn he In
sured 4tr about $48,000,000, which would
make a larger premium than .1. P. Mor
gan would care to pay.
Up to the present time about $l",00n,.
000 has ben placed on the collection, et
which American companies have takes
$12,000,000. No rate, however, haa bC
DEATH RATE VP LAST WEEK.
Increased Mortality Was Maowa $
All Aire aros.
There' were 1,(107 deaths reported lst
week, a rate of 16.31 a thousand.
against 1,559 deaths and a rate of
for the corresponding week of 111". Trvnj
shows Increases of 141 dsaths and
,86 of a point In the rats. Thla tnc'eaiM
mortality extended throughout all s
groups, almost one-third of H taKins
place among children under 5 years et
The Increase was due to ths compara
tively large number of dsaths rsporiea
from diphtheria, croup wlM.V.n
cough In the Borough of Manht-UW;
Among the adults there were 4 more
deaths lepurted from heart disease-. -more
from acute respiratory dlss'
53 more from pulmonary tuberculosis.