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The sun. (New York [N.Y.]) 1833-1916, April 30, 1913, Image 8

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TOE SUN, WEDNESDAY, APRIL 30, 1913.
i
WKDN'KSDAY, APKIIj 30, IM.'l.
I'nte red al tbe IVud (Jfflrc nt New York as Second
Claw Mall Matter.
Sobrrlptlon by .Mll, I'ojtpaVI.
TtAIt.Y. 1'er Morilli.J...... 0 fto
DAILY, Yr Year
M'.NDAY, rer Year....
t IIAII.Y AM) SUNDAY. Per Year..- ..
' DAILY AND SUNDAY, Per Month....
TltK nVKNINfl NlIN.Tcr Months
Till". KVn.VI.VO HU.V, Per Year.......
l (Ml
j no
M HO
3 AO
rostsge to foreign counules artrleil.
All rhreln, money orders, Ac , to lift made pay
able to Tn k Sun.
Published dally, Incluillnt Sunday, by the Sun
filming and Publishing Association At i;oXau
street, In the lloroudi nt Manhattan, New York.
I'rrMdcnt mid Treasurer. William Itelck, 170
Nassau street; Vice-President, Kdwurd I'. Mitchell.
1M Nassau street; Secretary, ('. II. l.uilon, ITo
Kmwj sUcct.
I.onilon office, r.fflogham Mouse, t Arundel
street, Strand.
Paris oWre, (I Hue de la Mir hodtrre, off Due du
Uuatrc .Scptembre,
Washington nmre, lllbbs Ilulldlni,
Ptooklm iilllrc, loa Livingston street,
It out trlml Kho fittor us vitl tn.inujrrir'.' nnd
UluttttMons for rufiUcnlinn irt.,1 to hare rejreltit
ntltctri trlurneJ tlttu must in alt rJe.i frnd iwmri
ftr tint purpose.
Mr. .Nlssnn if Mississippi, Former
Apnttii' nr l'rafi.
It is nbotit two months ninco tlio
iiation of inaintnitiinn iui adequate
navv ns the Mifeirtiurd of peace was
last heforo Congress. Tho naval ap
propriation hill wan Iici'iik hammered
ilowti ti permit extra vnKunco in other
directions, Tho principal assailant of
the bill was the Hon. Tiiomah Iiton
Msson ff Mississippi. Not only with,
rt'tfanl to tlie two battleship programme
hut also with remml to every other
feature of ho hill, naval stations, navy
voids, eons' rtiet ion, maintenanee, pay,
supplies and so forth, he was the per-f-i-tent.
indefatigable, microscopic critic
of proposed expenditure for national
defence.
Tho statement will scarcely be credited
lint the paces of the Congressional
lUcoril prove it that during three days
of debate in committee of the whole
the Hon. Tiiomas 1'. Sisso.v was on his
feet our hintlrcl ami sr rcni.otr times
to speak upon this one measure, l'our
hundred and seventy-four times in
three days! Mr. Sisson's general atti
tude toward the naval appropriation
lull was contemporaneously described
bv Representative Moom; of I'enn--ylvania.
"The gentleman from Mis-fik-ippi."
said .Mr. Moohk, "knocks out
item after item in the interest of al
leged economy, tearing down labor,
tearing down the material men and
geiieifJIy undermining the structures
that have been reared, and all in tho
name of economy."
Better yet was Mr. Stssox's own ex
planation of his attitude toward the
sea arm of national defence. On one
of the four hundred and seventy-lour
occasions when he claimed the Speak
er s attention during his three days
campaign he delivered himself of these
white winged t-entimeiitb:
I n not believe t liar ,i country ih made
greater, nor do I believe it 1 made stronger,
I' umiccc-sanly incrca-iug tile number of
shoulder i-traps or the number of lup on
i lie sea "
I know of no better bill to u.e as an ilni
t ration of the rapidly increasing extriixu-
Ciii' i" of I lie ( loveriimetii than this nnval
In
"The milit.ir) expenses of the I'eder.il
fioverninent nre KrowitiK too mindly, flur
roilliiiry etnbll-linient (ltn li!dlni the nnval
eiiblismient i W the mot expenive In the
Mir d Uv referrlni; to the t.itement of
expenditures in the naval and military
establishments of the rountry ou will
ne a startlinc itiLre.i-e. whu h mean that
In- free republic Is rapidly drifting under
Hie control of the nillitnrv spirit '1 he
lusiorv of the iiast shows thai tln militiiry
pint has been the i ause of the overilirow
of liberty in every ountry "
I he influences whieh el tee and all
the supplies of the crent armies and navies
of Hie world, out of which vast fortune are
beinff made, lonstantlv suriound the c apital-
of the wu Id i nd till the new spatters and
iiiacajnes with -ensat ional siorus tihnh
i ause i h naiionx to unneee-s.irily dread
rn li other and to play one nation ait iuist
the other "
This er.ind republic oucht to unnd
for peace anil not for wur We ilo
not need these nuulity establishments for
delence at home I his mllitai y spirit would
send us out Aleinnder-IIIte to couuuer the
world "
"When ill this folly cease? Never so
lone us. the members of Consrcs and the
memberr of the Siennte continue to clamor
for preparations for w.ir "
l.xery soldier In the army and every
tat on the fc.i Is a Inn den on Hie back of
I lie man who labors and toils m t he Held,
in 'lie Ihi tones, in the mine-
I be I'residint of the I nltcd Slates has
selei I ! as hec lelitrj ol Male the i-iealed
Uriine r,n on lids i-.i 1 1 h s a man who
lienee. in peai e lie belleveH In the chili
oil", doctrine of biolherhood IiiiikIiI by the
MiiMiT when lie unsiui e.ntli I. el us fol
low this ate.it leader In his conns to Iiiiiiu
slio-e peai e aiiloiiu the nations of the faith
I. ii I li i. ureal pally while it i.t in power
holil up the I'le-idiMil s hands and I he hands
or Mr llitvAS, and all the oilier ureal l alii
net nllli eiK that the I'rc.-udciil has sclecied.
in Hieir ifloris lo bnni,' about In this world
pea e on eailh, uooil will toward men '
Strange lo wiy, this is the satin) Hep.
rcsontutive SiHsti.v who is lirst of any
member of Congiess to shout jingoism
In the present rather delicate situation
ni iiiig from tlu legislation proposed m
alil'ornia. It is Sissos- wlio is for war
with .Japan rather than for the niuinte-
r . ... ..!; ..
't" treaty oinigations wneu in
(.onuii'i whu local purposes and Slate
politics Instead of following "the
greatest Democrat on earlh" in his
I-Mesent elTot trt to prcburvu peace with a
gteatand I riendly nation, Sisson Is doing
his vehement best to embarrass tin
Secretary of State Instead of holding
up the iiuiMlh of President Wilson and
Mr Ilia an in this crisis, Sissun is doing
all ho can to pull down their bauds.
lt la Sibuon of. Mississippi, utter Jus
four hundred ami nr.Ycnty.foiir ntttieks,
only Iwo months ago, tion the naval
appropriation bill, who is now declaring
war against lapan, antl publicly record"
ing his determination not to surrender
until wo have spent "tins last tlrop of
blood in American manhood antl Im
poverished our country for one hundred
generations,"
Wo do not doubt the personal heroism
of the, geiitlemnn from Mississippi, but
in the emergency which he is doing bis
silly utmost to provoke would his valor bo
worth as much ns oven one battleship?
Corlnto.
As to the forcible collection of n British
claim against a Smith American republic,
and the relation of tho process to the
Monroo Doctrine, it is worth while to
recall tho occupation of Corlnto on
the Pacific, coast of Nicaragua, almost
twenty years ago.
This was a claim for indemnity. Nic
aragua would not pay. On April '.'7,
IM.". British naval forces landed at
Corinto and took military possession
of tho town by occupying the custom
house and other Oovernment buildings.
Captain l'limiKiticK I'kucivai, Tiikntii
of the Itoynl Arthur beeamo Ciovernor
of the port.
Nicaragua thereupon mndo an agree
ment to pay the indemnity on terms
satisfactory to Its creditor. The forces
were withdrawn nnd tho occupation
ceased on Mav S, 1S93.
Wo do not remember that the incident
occasioned in this country any great
amount of apprehension for tho con-
tinned existence of tho Monroo Doctrine
or concerning ulterior British purposes.
It happened, too, that tho scene of
British operations was wry near to n
place in which tho United Ktaten then
had a peculiarly scnsitlvo Interest, the
Pacific end of tho Isthmian cnnal, which
we all then thought would be con-
tructcd by tho Nicaragua route. The
proceeding was conducted by Great
Britain in no spirit of aggression or hos
tility to the Monroe Doctrine, but a a
debt collecting meamiro recognized by
international practice.
Tho Monroe Doctrine survived intact,
just as it will survive a similar tern-
porary occntuition of Ountcmalan ter
ritory. This republio ho nothing to
worry about. Tho Dootrino Is not a
shelter for Incorrigible debtors. OreM
Britain is not working to undermlno
antl overthrow tho Monroo Doctrine
for as a great North American Power
her concern In it and for It is very much
like our own.
A .Short Question of Right and
Wrong.
We had an experieneo latolv with
Busi-ia about the treatment of American
( itizens under Hussiun domestic law.
How far does our position throughout
that affair coincide w ith the position into
which some of tho California!! politicians
are trying to force the Federal Govern
ment as to the rights of Japanese sub
jects under local American law?
One
Reform No Sane Perann Can
Oppose.
What the State needs more urgently
than anything else at the present mo-
ment is a financial policy conceived in
wisdom antl honesty nnd maintained in
good faith and sincerity. Since tho
day in which Bknmamin fl. Odki.i, de
vised his masterly schemu for getting
-omethiiig for nothing, tho legislative
and the executive departments have
shown an utter ineapacitv to deal in
telligently with the most elementarv
details of the problem presented by the
sale and redemption of securities
The community now sees tho legisla
tive power invoked by the. Governor
who signed them to repeal two statutes
enactisl at this session. This incident,
the effect of which on cautious investors
need not be enlarged upon, is typical
of the chaotic condition that exisw in
the whole matter. There is division of
opinion as to the desirability of nomu
projected reforms, but there can bo nom
as to the importance of a reform in the
serious business of maintaining tho
credit of the State.
A World Suffrage Hymn.
Wlio is to bo tho sacred bard of woman
sufftage'' Some British militant petti
coated Korncr with sword-und-torch
and lyre? Some quieter but as tuneful
Julia Ward Howo with a "Battle Hymn
of tho Paraders"? Most women are
poets, whether they bo Sapphos or "their
silent sisters," whose fate Dr. Holmes
sang so movingly. But supply seldom re
sponds to demand when a requisition is
made for a "State song," "State hymn"
or substitute for "America" -tho Hov.
Mr. Smith's pedestrian chunt, lifted
Pegasus back, we believe, by tho lfev.
Dr. van DvKKina supplementary stanza.
Still, if new occasions breed new duties,
new- duties may be trusted to breed
new songs. Meanwhile thn world must
bear as it can those that have turned up
mi woman suffrage entitled surely to a
laureate, and strong and promising in
many Slates besides those in which it
has conquered already.
A man, if wo may judge by the name,
ScilfVLLit Gi'.KKNi:, though that may lie
a pseudonym, is tho author of "March
ing On to Victory." a song whereof Till-:
Mf.v acKiiowietiges graiciuny a -complimentary
pi oof," and that is "in
scribed respectfully to Tho Suffragists
of tho World." Tho musiu, too, is by
a man, Mr. Ono Motzan. It is good
that tho tumbling tyrants should do
obeisance in rhyme to the perpetual
sovereigns of tho future und tho present
and tho past, if without Impalement
or something elso lingering and humor
ous it may bo said. Besides, the al
lotted bondsman of the palm and wreath
of woman sulVrugo should bo a woman,
bo tho phraso accepted with no growl
ing f the Celtio or any other bull ring!
Tho mils io of the hymn to which we
"invito your intention this morning,"
as the old school divines, used to say in
their "discourses," is "majestic,"
ro-
hgimis, in Hie right mood Only
ttm
words aio a. proper sludv for Tun St v
"May wo usk your cooperation in mak-
'ing this popular?" the publisher My;
"wo mo preparing to have it used in
',,v i- ....-i ..r l, ,c.,cl,l ul,..,.. immie
everv part of the world where niiisit
is heard. We ask your cooperation in
making this the ollleial hymn." Thai
lies on the knees of gods. Paim, may
plant and Apolloh waler. The pios
perily of a hymn depends upon the ears
of those who hear it mid the voices of
those who sing It. The naked wonN,
stripped of the magical musical raiment,
may look Ifssihan theyare; yet these aie
all that can lie shown here:
"t.o, behold, n wondrous morning, dnylbtht
has rnttin at last,
Pee those b.uini'ts "Voles for Women,' li.irVt
to tli4 trumpet's blast!
We shall strite anil we shall conuiler, hard
thiV th IlKlit tuny be
And tho' hearts crow weal, nnd wenry,
we'll 'hike' front sea to sea '
This is sound antl kind, hut seems
intended for a transcontinental parade.
Probably the Idea is that tho victory will
I' "won in n walk." Again the pedes
trian must?. What is especially dis
quieting, however, is this subsequent
passage: "And we're here to tight with
all our might, Kv'ry Mother's Son."
This is excellent In intention and full
of fire, but
The Motives of Itlram.
Tho discovery has been made by those
frying to work out a solution of the
alien land tenure problem in California
that the State Constitution contains the
following:
'Foreigner of th white race or of Afri
can drscptit ellctble to become citizens of
the t'nited States under the nnttirnllatoti
Inns thereof, while bona flde residents of
this State shall have the name rlifhts In
respect to the acquisition, possemlon, en.
Jeyment, transmission ami Inheritance of
property ns native born citizens "
This provision should not bo allowed
t,o confuse tho issue. It was no doubt
aimed at tho .Japanese but does not
take away the right to own houses mid
leaso land which tho treaty of 1911 gives
them. Tho inhibition does not stand
against them, since a treaty in "the
supremo law of tho land any
thing in tho Constitution or laws of any
State to tho contrary notwithstanding."
It is obvious, however, that any Cali
fornia statute qualifying the right given
to "foreigners of tho white race or of
African descent eligible to become citi
zens of the I'nited States" to acquire
and transmit or inherit property would
be in conflict, with the State Constitu
tion. If the Progressive legislature
desired to exclude all aliens from own
ing or leasing real property it could not
tlo bo. It wants to do nothing of tho
sort, however. Aliens other than the
Japanese are undoubtedly ownem and
lessees of a vast amount of real property
in California; besides, treaty rights are
not confined to tho Japanese
Governor Hiiiasi Johnson anil his
followers are hostile only to Japanese
house owners and kind lessees, and that
hostility renders them so insensible to
consequences that they seem U'nt uton
in-s.'ning the words "ineligible to citizen
ship" in their land tenure bill. Tho
Governor us a lawyer well known that
the expression would not revoke the
right accorded t he Jajvinese In tho treaty
of 1911; the presumption, therefore, is
that tho Hon. Hi ham Johnson either
seeks to compel the Japanese to test in
tlie supreme lourt their eligibility to
Income citizens or is currying favor
with the labor leaders and tho farmers
by taking their side of the controversy
Whatever tno iiovernors onject, lie is
building for hw own political future, and
that is characteristic of him.
Some I.rechea on New VorU .
President SniAfSS of the Hoard of
Water Supply does not go too far when
he characterizes as scandalous tin
bleeding of New York city by the au
thorities of rural counties through which
the Catskill water will be brought to the
Westchester line. It is notorious that
the city is made to pay exorbitant taxes
on its property wherever outside its own
boundaries it is unfortunate enough to
have acquired real cstato for this essen
tial public) work.
Nor is the city suffering the effects of
natural indignation aroused by a mean
and petty policy on its part. At no
timo has it sought to take advantage
of other political subdivisions of tin
State or its people Instead, its tint lion-
ties havt! inclined lo generosity in Us
dealings. Kven the legislation it now
desires would obligate it to pay taxes on
submerged land at the same rate that is
paid on adjoining improved acreage, a
policy more liberal than has been
adopted in any similar undertaking in
tho country. In all except tw-o States,
President Sthal'ss points out, such land
is exempt from taxation on the reason
able ground that it is used lor a public
necessity.
Thero is much talk of Tammany domi
nation of tho legislature. For the pur
pose of relieving tho taxpayers of New
York from unjust burdens antl enforcing
equitable treatment of the city as a
property owner we hope to set- it demon
si rated that such couttol exists.
Not a Gag: Merely llusiucss.
Tho Hon. Oscau W. l.'.vnnitwoni) an
nounced yesterday that the Democrat jc
majority in the House of Hepresentatives
ontcmplatod no 'gag rule' to choke off
debate or to block proposed amend
incuts" to thn larifT bill. On the other
hand:
"lie intimated, however, that if dilatory
tnetlcis worn adopted by the. minority he
would be forced In adopt Mime method lo
expedite passage, of the Administration
measure."
It is not improbable that Mr. I'kdkii
wood may find it necessary, while vir
tuoiisly abstaining from anything even
remotely approaching even in appear
ance the hated "gag rule," to resort to
"some, method to expeditti" tho passage,
of tho bill. The Washington despatches
say that:
"Republicans and 1'ingicsnves will ofler
amendment 10 practically everv schedule,
1101 in especinnon ill euccting any ennnge,
but In keep their icoords siiuighl
A flood of eloquence, a delude of
amendment: tliceo are what the leader
'of I he majority knows lie must, expect
Hill there shall be no "unir rule." VYhal
Bui there shall be no "gag rule." What.
rare enjoyment one .losi-irn (i. Cannon'
must gei out of tho sttiirmings of his
ancient focnieii!
Investigation or Setmtor HllLWM.ls
aliened misdeeds bv the District Attorney
Is Inr liioie satisfactory than any political ,
inquiry Into his cimtluct could possibly
be. If his rascalities have, been half ns
bud us his accusers allege mere expulsion
froiii the Statu Senate would Iib alto
gether too tullil punishment.
Tlie Government has discovered forty
or four hundred ways of cooking mutton,
bill this need disturb nobody so long hs
it dues nut devise a method of making us
ent it.
By reason of Hiirlor facilities in Its
clerical bureaus the Department of Water
Supply, (Ins and Klectrlcity was able to
gel its report for the three months ended
June .to, lili:', Into the office of the Villi
liicnrd on April I of this year.
The demands made on President Wil
son by Cnliforna's attitude toward the,
Jnpanese, tariff reform, tho British ulti
matum to Guatemala, the desire, of tho
t'hitieso Republic, for recognition, the
need of now currency laws, thu Mexican
difllctlltles and the jury laws of New
Jersey must be very exhausting.
In this country excessive talklnc has
been looked upon as a bad habit. .ouia-
ie t'oiMrr-.oiirMfl,
Where? When? On the contrary, Is
not excessive talking, supposing for the)
sake of argument that there can be u
surplus nnd plethora of talk, nt once the)
f outidat Ion and tho pinnacle of vlrtuo?
It is reliably reported that Dr. flm Yat-
sfn. who Is a member of tho Kwo Sllng-
tanc or Demoeratin party, haa announced
publicly that, provisional President VtUN
Shiii-k'ai will not be elected President. -
limratch from f'kin
The doctor Is a good agitator but per-
hnps a poor prophet. China Is In more
need of a strong man like YriANfiltlll-K'Al
than of n political philosopher An pro
visional President uan Hhiii-iCai must
hax-e laid the wires to atleceed himself.
It will therefore be well to not pay much
Attention to the soothsaying of Dr. Sun
Vat-sen.
The capltal'a bartender have absorbed
noma of the diplomacy at lama here, ai
ehown by the appearance of a "Bryan
rlckey'at popular cafes, It'n grape JtlPe,
a dash of lemon, plenty of cracked tee and
charged water. Despatch from 'Vrnaintffon.
A good summer drink and not new.
nut rickeys nre made with limes, not with
lemons
The fiovernor appeared to be beside him
self with wrath. He nhooU his fist.- Dtt-
patch mm .Sacramento.
Governor JonNsoN always ahnkem his
list nnd is violently agitated when he
makes a stump seeeh. He has never
sioken with cnlmness unci restraint since
he became a candidate for office.
If Squire Wor.Mwnoo of the lllddeford
Inurnal ever gets to be Secretary of State--
ami may heaven speed the. day- the oftlclal
booe w 111 be swltchel SI anehrtl'r t'nion.
Yes, but would Squire WoliMwoon lie
willing to Issue n statement to the effect
that fie has used nothing else "from youth.
us did his parents before him'? And then
what sort of awitchel Molasses awitchcl.
or the real article with a tincture of rum'
The Squire must know that even with
eangnree there Is sangaree nnd sangnree.
but there is only one graio juice.
THE ALMIAMA
ACUtt.LKS.
ew
Name to lie Noted
antl Never
forgotten.
It i difficult to determine nt this writ
ing whether ltepresentattvo llentn or
M.itiama is to comts-te with Mr. Nicholas
Carter, the eminent novelist, or with the
playwrights of Tlie Bronx His lntest
eruption indicates the potentialities of a
union of the gifts of tho melodrumatlst
and the dime novelist. At all event his
verbal prowess makes him well deserve
the .Hie of Hefty Heflin, tho Alabama
Achilles, or shall wo stick to the pro
nunciation of the youth in "The Outcasts
of Poker Plat." who persisted in calling
It "Aslieels, the Alabama Asheelrt?
One thing is certain, nnd that is that
Hefty Ileflln has dreamed of pirates since
he was a boy. and the tame nnd respec
table tariff "barons" of the erstwhile
best sellers of Congressional artists be
come revivified under his volcanic touch
Into "marauders." It m get that picture
accurately, with nil the fulness of its life
like out line and warm Southern glow:
The most important institution in our
country is the American home (of the plain
oph-l. and the Democratic, party has
registered a vow- that it will drive thia
baud of tariff marauders (here they are)
from the door of tho American home.
They nre sowing pestilence nnd want in
the path of American youth."
Never before in the history of poetic,
license have marauders been known to
"sow," being usually of tho dashing,
barebnek riding type, who could no more
permit themselves to dawdle by "sowing
than they could take the time to eat a
plate of ieo cream. "American youth"
will not allow Hefty to strike many more
false notes llko that. His bales will fall
off too quickly.
We turn with pleasure to a much truer
chiomo-
" They still the marauder) are breeding
the poison of disease and bitterness along
his lyouth's) wny, and by their cruel pil
lage mid plunder (that's more like lt of
the American homes theyare making an
anaichist or socialist of him before he
reaches thn age of accountability "
It in evident from this passage that
Mr lleffin, having, like Mnrx Marshall,
readied the age of accountability, has
conversed with men on the street, "par
tioulitrlyontho Kust Side," ns Murx Mar
shall explained. Mr. Daniel 1'rohman once
remarked that the population of tho
United States was ninety millions, mostly
playwrights But according to tho lntest
returns it is one hundred millions, mostly
anarchists und socialists.
"If the publio is to live," oried Mr.
Heflin, "this .condition of things must
change. Kven tho American youth will
agree to tlmt.l This oppressive tariff
system of the Republican party is the
deadly upas tree of the political life of
America." Mr. Heflin, being on au
thority on things deadly, modestly omits
himself. This self-effacement Is also
noticed in the following plea for the
American boy:
"You Hindi not surround this boy with
gloom and despondency unless he comes
to Congiess) und shut out from his bright
eyes the blessed light of hope," This
subtle and indirect personification of the
i author is a mnaterpieee of allegory
A .lewel of a Drink.
( Impairs i)lnveI the pratl.
"I wanted a toll drink Dial would make mora
j tlr than Bryaa't irapepuncb.r iheeiplalntd.
run norxit rovnr house.
l.nw)rr'n I'racllcHl Title Ism of ttrt
Interior Arrangement.
To mi; llPiTorc tie 'lilt: Kcn .Sir: As
your arl critic finds It Impossible to get the
opinion of either architects or builders
"rotiiortiluK cylindrical architecture," and
as almost ewry one seems to lie iifrnld to
express mi opinion, perhaps II Is worth while
to mention what one of several thousand
lawyers thinks about the new court house,
Of course I can only speak for myself, but
ns one of the ninny who have sufiercil in
the Tweed court house mid will lie obliged
louse the new hillldllnr, nnd w ho may there
fore be supposed to know a little about the
practical side of the mailer, II seems to me
Hint the approved plan shows a building
which Is utterly unsuitable for lis purpose
and which Is nbsoliilely certain to be con
demned by experience.
I he architect has very cleverly attempted
to sipiare the circle, that I will admit; but
why we should have a circular building
when II Is perfectly obvious that It is least
ndnpted to give the rectangular rooms
which a court house must provide I cannot
understand. It Is like trying to cut a pie
Into siiiare pieces, livery classical build
ing that I can recall of circular or oval
form wns so constructed because thn use
of tho building reipiirud or Justified ft, but
In this cusc the circular form seems to me
wholly Inconsistent with the purpose of the
structure, nnd I can find no excuse for It
except as a sort of "tour de force" w hich
th architect hns set for himself In order
to tin something different and to see what
he could make of an Impossible problem,
It Is a freak idea and it naturally leads to
freak results.
Due of these results Is the central rotunda
to which Judges, lawyers and Jurors alike
must betake themselves In order to get
anywhere. What can follow Inn conges
tion nii'l confusion? In order to reach n
certain court room n Juror, who In most
cases Is unfamiliar with the building, enters
one of the four entrances and walks :.n
feet to the rotunda, ho must then find nmong
twenty or thirty elevators the right one.
having found It he goes to the lloor on w hich
one of llfty court rooms Is ltunted and then
walks about Sou feet to reach th.it loom.
That Is, he Is obliged to traverse tho entire
diameter of the building In order to teach
his destination, supposing the Improbable
condition that he takes the most direct line.
In a building to lie used by so many thou
sands of people dally It eoems to me thnt
simplicity of arrangement nnd directness
of access are the first essentials, and I con
hardly Imagine a building more lacking In
these requirements thnn the propneed court
houstt.
Another feature of the building which
seems to me opposed to reason and common
sense Is that lis system of Internal commu
nicntlon depends upon Innumerable bridges.
big bridges for lawyers and Jurois and little
bridges for .bulges; bridges everywhere
spanning the Interior nren which is expected
to nflord light and nlr lo the court looms
and to the Interior unices. And what does
this area amount to.' It Is less than thlny
feet wldo and over one hundred feet high,
cut up Into segments by the aforesaid
bridges, which ladiute from the rotunda
like the spokes of a wheel. The light and
air whU.li penetrate these chimneys will
have to show a good deal of enterprise to
illuminate and ventilate the innumerable
dark corners wuh which such a building
inevitably abounds
Without going into further details it
seems to me perfectly evident that the in
terior of the building has been planned to
fit the exterior and that all considerations
of utility and practical convenience have
been subordinated to a de-Ire to produce
an unusual and striking design
As n mere layman I will not venture to
criticise the design, though it seems lo me
that in appearance il will be as much out
of place In New York as the Coliseum or '
the castle St. Angela would be If trans- I
ported from the liber to the Hudson but
I should like to Inquire whether it l In
evitable that New York musi spend mill
ions of dollars for a building perfectly
unsiiited lo its needs because the de.-lgii
has been approved by a Jury of gentlemen
from Philadelphia and Boston and St Louis
and acquiesced in by the Court House
Commission. We have a tribunal of our
own in the Art I'ommls-ion, which under
the Charter not only has the pow er but owes
the duty of pas. ing upon the designs of all
buildings to be erected at the expense of
the city. Without its formal approval no
uch building c.m lie erected In times past
the Art Commission has shown the courage
of its convictions and has rendered ths city
services of Inestimable value by the exer
cise of Its veto power but It has never been
presented with a problem of such mugni
tude or importance as that which no con
fronts It, und tho Justification for Its ex
istence must be demonstrated by the inde
pendence, the couruge and the sound judg
ment with which it meets that problem
Nkw Your, April "ti t.Aw vi-n
Friendly hut IMsrrlmtnatlnc Opinion of
a Hartford Architect.
To tiif. Knnoi; okTiii: Sex sir- I sym
pathize with Mr Guy Lowell, the archi
tect, remembering how my de.lgn for the
Garfleld .Memorial was ahuned w hen adopted
by the building committee. Some of the
Cleveland engineers likened It to a great
cnmllo with a collection of grease at its ,
tiae. And in the case of my design for 1
the Memorial Hrldgo across the Potomac!
at Washington, the very men whoatiempteil )
to discipline me are now eager to have my
ideas carried out, but carefully suppressing
my purl In opening their eyes to the ab
surdity of the design recommended lo
Congress
I he principal objection that I see to the
circular plan for the court house is that
every one of the rooms must hs of irregu
lar shape, the sides converging toward a
common centre and the outer and Inner
walls forming parts of concentric circles,
like slices of a watermelon.
It may be that the advantages of th cir
cular plan are enough lo compensate for
the awkward shapes of the rooms. V
Gold, another correspondent on the same
subject. Is what Artemus Ward would call
"an ainoosln' cuss " He does what he can
to belittle a fine design by comparing It to
a bandhoi or n glorified wedding cake.
It would be Just as appropriate to apply
the same comparison to tho Pantheon or
the castle of St Angelo at Home, circular
buildings that evidently suggested the plan
of the court house. Hut the catl of fit.
Angelo, the Pantheon and the Temple of
Vesta, another of the precedents cited In
fnvnr of the circular plan, all contain single
chambers or rolunda shaped rooms, a beau
tiful form which would lose all lis beuuly
if cut up into sections as you would cut
a flat pie. Myriads of rooms of this Irregu
lar shape might be suitable for n beehive
w Idle Intolerable for human beings.
Notwithstanding this obvious objection
I havo no doubt that Mr Lowell in deter
mining on his circular plan did so with his
eyes open and was willing to risk defeat
ill the competition while trusting that the
Insight of thn Jury would lead them to see
the great ndvnntages of tho plan over Its
Inherent defects, The Jury undoubtedly
weighed tho advantages in lighting, free
dom from noise and convenience of plan
for conducting tho business of the courts
and were, convinced that they far more
than counterbalanced thn objections to the
Irregular shapes of tho rooms, Aalda from
the advantages of thn plan, what especially
coinmenns it is me admirable exterior de
sign, which by Its mass, dignity and sim
plicity or design will nlnnys hold ts own
even If hemmed In by skyscrapers,
OKontiE KfcU.rR
lUrtT-rortp, Conn., April '.'n,
I'rom a Had Man,
To rnf. Knuon or Tbk Sun .Sir; Ur
Anna Shaw's statement "f do not believe
thnt there has ever been a bad man In
favor of woman suffrage" Is working such
havoo among my friends the nntis that
something must bo said to offset It May
1 suggest then that I do not behove there
has ever been a silly woman opposed to
woman suffrage? ,' A Bad Man.
Niw Yore, April Jft.
MIUTAXCV.
Mrs. Illstch Opposed to It Here, tint Net
In Ureal llrllaln.
1 o tiik KniTon of The Sp.n .Sir. There
has been a general call to the leaders of the
suffrnRn movement to stand up and he
counted as for or against l.nglish militant
methods; but probubly the special chal
lenge to mo Is based on the fact that I wr(s
personally responsible for Introducing Mrs.
Pankhiirst to America. I take up the
gauntlet Hern Is my confession of fnlth
I ntn not a Danker nor n non-resistant.
Both on my father's side as well as inv
mother's I inherit plenty of tlie spirit of
"It. My own grandmother, so Itio story
goes, loaded guns, nnd If she didn't kill
tiny one In revolutionary davs It was be
cause she was the ptoverblal bad shot.
She alined to kill her country's enemy.
My grandmother, not being a (Junker or
non-resistant, taught me to adiulto the
courage, the devotion, the patriotism of
my maternal ancestor As a child I hon
ored her, and I frankly admit I honor her t
still. And I would not honor her tlie less
If she had loaded guns to gain liberty for
women Instead of merely for the men of
her time.
Hut my ndmlrntlon for the militant
women of 1776 does not blind inn to the
fact that wo am living In the twentieth
century nnd not In the eighteenth, ntitl
that tho manner of pushing our political
demands must tnl'e into nccount the c au
ditions of our own time. The act lust mentsi
of commercial life are so delicately balanced
that public opinion Is now ngainst the use
of physical force The tendency In trade
disputes, In International disputes, Is
toward arbitration. Those who use vio
lence, then, nre very likely to array against
their cause a v Igoifitis public opinion
Another practical nnd iitiromnnllc argu
ment against nilllliincy h Hint the highly
perfected systems of liiterconiniunlcallon
of our time render riot or giierrllla.warfare
lmpossiblu of long continuance and grow th.
Highly mobile armies and navies, highly
developed police and detective forces,
telegraph, telephone, render victories for
violence Improbable The spirit of the re
form must hoiievcomb army and navv as
It did In Portugal, or success won't crown
rebellion These considerations have no
Idealism In them, of course, but they have
the counsel of common sense and caution.
Following ns they do afler men in the
demand for political enfranchisement, it
Is little wonder that women often over
emphal?e hat men have gained through
violence. The fact is that scarcely a single
wide extension of the franchise during the
past fifty years has been achieved by the
usn of physical force. Not only ha the
marvellous gronth of woman suffrage
throughout the world come entirely through
the peaceful conversion of the ruling class
to the Idea of justice, hut the extensions of
the franchise to different aM-n of men.
for example, to the farm laborer in I'll
laiul, have been singularly tree of violence,
having come usually as a matter of parly
exigency
.My opposition to even .1 suggestion of
militancy in America does not rest, then,
upon any abstract theories in regard to
ph ideal force, nor upon the fl ittering s.
sertlon that "American men are dlfleient."
nor upon the reassuring prnphcev that "It
will never be necessary here " lv nblee
tion to militancy rests upon the siih-tuuliul
fact that in mil time thu vote has not been
won through violence To suggest mili
tancy In the I'nited States Is singula! ly
Inept. In our country the final appeal is
to the body of the voters. To challenge
half the people on the physical plane Is
us Impossible as abniiid
Hut because I hold such a political phi
losophy I ee no reason for condemning the
conduct of the suft rage movement in an
other l,i nil Surely a little modesty is de.
m.inded on the part of Americans The
r.ugllsh battle is not ours, 'lo spciU of us
leaders. . ,. ,(e. a "hv-terlcal ' as ' -"r- -Munurn declared mat me wnoi.
"viragoes,- i -insane. ' t to speak with '"' York telephone situation would hi
ignoiance of facts oi w Ith desire to deceiv e thrown into the melting pot If the Oov
Weie they siu-h women then movement icrnur signed this bill and great cot
could be easilv .-rushed ' he militant- aio , fusion would result In th service and
women of marked intelligence, of evcep-j the companies' rolutlon to Its patron,
tiou.cl poise, of self-saciitlce and devotion I Mr. Hcthell explained the entire rt
of the highest order. Opposed to them Lunation In New York and at the clou
siauus a mi ernnieni mat nassnoivn itseu
weak, vie lllatitig and false to every pledge
When I utter condemnation It will be upon
the llntlsh Cabinet, the fundamental cau-e
of the Kuglisli situation, that my disap
proval will fall
Uvr.lllOTSTVNTON llLATCH
Nf.w Yopk, a pnl :.
I'reilict lens
Vliinit the
Hill.
IMrcct Trlniar)
To Till l.ttirotor I'm. scn sir pro
po thu direi . primary bill at Albany,
has it ever bee n revealed why former Gov
ernor Hughe., who was its champion, let
it go bv default'' When he was nnoomtcil
.is a .Iiisiice of the I lined states supremo '
Court the bill was pending in the I.egila-(
t tire It was about to come lo a vole when ,
he tendered his lesignatlon a Governor,
lie left it unenat ted
However. Gov ernor Suler will profit bv
(lie grievous error of Governor Hughes,
and those' w ho imagine that he is subservient
lo Murphy will soon have their minds dis.
abused of that notion. Personally he can
navigate more successfully under direct
nominations than he could under the boss
ridden convention system.
Huler will win. for the Kepublican mem
bers cannot nflord to oppose the direct pn
m.iry measure Gt.nnor I'v sinus
Nr.w Yonn, April .".)
The Sweet Mnger of Ilo,
io thi. LniTon or Tut; St-N-.Sir read
with exceeding Interest I'm; Sl-s's editorial
article on Ilo, the universal luncuage as
proclaimed from Marietta. Ohio. Having
the degree of A. M from Marietta College.
my Interest Is thereby intensified and I have
written a little verso In lto, the only Ilo
poetry, I fancy, ever presented in these
parts. The lay reader may see for him
self how gracefully and affluently the new
language lends itself to rhyme and rhythm,
and yet It Is as Intelligible ns the "high
brow " poetry of ordlnnry langunge-
Ah rl Ivl niutfa,
Ab el nlvU ng:
Ak nel war mutka
Wuy U.i nbouta Jc
Nr. ah el In Illd.
Acs? ml- ad reni.
Ac we ns koj oo
Wny ava ille at em'
The reader will nole Hint some of the
word of Ho sound very like plain l.ngliMi,
but they are not thai at all, though the
similarity Indlcal es the ease with which
those speaking Kngllsh or American can
acfiulre lto. W .1 L
Nkw Yotvi, April 2
A Gentleman's Drink.
'roTnn r.niToaorTltaSrs- .sir rniirrrnlng
the ail tatlnn about Manhattan rnckialUIn Huston,
I arree with your correspondent -C H I' ' who
sn lhat "no gentleman ever thinks of iltlnklng
a Manhattan cocktail." This ts i rue. tlrilrlnki
Hi nru cocktails. fRirtcit,.
ARDMOSi, Pa., April 21.
Contemporary Hpesch.
To THE IUiitob or TIIK SCN Strt I have often
wondered as to the origin of those everyday ex
prrtdons "I got you, Steve"; "Pipe the new- hat,"
and n on, I shall greatly appreciate It If any of
your readers will explain, Krki) Deck.
Cuablott, N, r , April .7
International Compliment!.
To the riPlTon or Tiik Sun- Mr May I Dunk
"H. H." of Ashevllle, N. C , for his reply lo my
query, which rather upseu the existing belief
on the-mher side that all the polite Americans
stay at home' IImiuriivun.
Nr.w You, April :t.
An I'plown Cignttary.
To tick I.pitor of Tiik Si's Sir Is the high
rnktof living responsible for the term "Community
CommliKary" on the window of a dairy In W'eit
lllit atreet, Washington Htlihut Ccaioci.
YOU, April 3.
NICKEL TELEPHONE
RATE BILL IS DEAD
Jlonrinr nrinp;s Out Tts Fatal
I'lnw, Also Much fctrnnr;
Opposition.
SrLZKTt NOT TO STON iT
(lovornor PromlHcs to Areel.
orato P. S. Commissions'
Actions In Fnttiro.
Alpant. April 29. At a hrnrln hs
fore Oov. Hulzer this afternoon on th
Litrrlmer bill tl.xlng .i uniform Ave een,
telephone rate throughout all rlis hr
oughs of Greater New York ,enator
Dtiluimel of Hronldyn said the Publle
Service Commission was Inactive. The
Ooveinor said he was receiving many
complaint!! of Its slowness and ho pm.
posed to go after them and And nut
what tho dlfllculty was.
I.edyard I. Hale, counsel to ths lip
Slate Public Service Commission, ssM
Hint "to approve this bill Is to sanction
and Invite a return of special nets af
fecting every conceivable pbnse of pub
lie service rate regulation; In short, to
Invite a return of tlie lobby, laden with
argument sure to produce scandal tn
restore the temptation to Introduce ani
push holdup bills and tho demoraliza
tion which follows buying Immunity
from them, and from buying Immunity
from Injustice to buying Immunity from
Jttstlco is a short step, euro to he
taken."
Hubert I- Blnkerd of the City Club
appeared In opposition to the bill, de
claring that the fixing of rates by lfjrls.
Iictlon worked an Injustice to corpora
tions, brought about poor public service
and corruption of legislative powers.
.1. I). Ilainmltt of the Citizens Union also
opposed tho bill and culled attention to
the fact that thu penalty clause of thr
bill Is defective by an omission of a
negative It provides for n rate to b
chaiKcd and then penalizes tho company
for collecting that very rate. The Oov
ernor agreed with Mr. Hammttt and
notified AHoinb1ymnn Uirrlmer that th.
bill would have to he recalled hecaus
of this defect.
The Governor declared emphatically
that bills of this kind should not bn
brought before him and he would Ms
to It Hint the Public Service Commis
sion handled these rate cases In a man
ner that would prevent them from belnn
brought into the Legislature and to htm
for uctlnn.
I It. Defernrd, representing the Mer
chants Association, Joined tho City Club
and Cltlens t'nion in opposing the bill
.lohn G. Mllburn and tT. X. Bethell,
president of the New- York Tclephont
Company, appeared nnd argued that ths
effect of this bill would be to break
down a scientific, rate schedule which
hud been established after years of
study and would In many cases rain
I rates.
of the hearing Gov. Sulzer brought to
gether President Hethell, Chairman
Stevens of the Public Service Coram'.i
sion and Assemblyman Larrlmer.
It was agreed that tho commission
was to quickly decide tho rate case re
lating to service between Bath Beach,
Com-y Island and Now York city. Th
t.arrlmer bill Is to be recalled, as th
Coney Island and Hath lle.ich protests
caused the Introduction of the bill.
The Governor expressed the hope that
no more rate cases would be put up to
him. but handled through the proper
tribunal, the Public Service Coramli
sions. i.o ixa vi r roit irooi.woitTn.
Inlng Hank Directors l'omme-
mte Oprnlnif nt . Home.
The directors of the Irving Natlon.il
Hank presented u large loving cup to
V. V. Woolworth yesterday at ths clo
of the regular board meeting In the bank.
I Mr. YVoolworth Is 11 member of the liv
ing's directorate. The presentation vs
tu.ido In the new- directors suite on ths
fourth floor of the Woolworth Building.
Lewis li. l'lerson. formerly president of
the living, made the presentation speech.
The cup bears the inscription:
Presented to
I'ranU VV Woolworth
with ths estenu sml ani-tton of tn
llu.ud ef Dlrt-cton
of iho
Irvine National Hank
To i-ommmoriite th IUnk' occupincs
of its hjihWnme new home
In th
Woolworth Ilulldlni
A reception was held In the afternoon.
The new banking rooms were decorated
with roses and refreshments wera eerved.
a .veir rniLirviXE society.
Atmm tn
enetl he Itltier la
Maar War
The nnnnuncenii nt of the formation of
thn Philippine Society was mads yester
day by Its secretary, Richard B. I-"orrt
of 30 Church street. The nfflcers art
William II Tuft, honorary president . Oen.
Luke K. Wright, president; Oovernor-O'ii-rial
W. Cameron Korbes. honorary vk
president . Lieut .Col. 15. W. Halford. vice
president , dipt, C. P. Palmer, trsasuw,
and Hlohard K. Forrest, secretary. Th
executive committee Is composed of Dr.
Aithtif T. Hrowu, Martin Kgan, Manuel
L. Quezon, Krederle H. Reed, theRav. W.F.
Oldham. Kugene A. Phllhln, the Hev.
James K. Rodgers, Oapt. W. J. r!atk
and Judgn JunifH Ross.
The purposes of tho boclety are to bene
fit tho people of tho Islands by cooperation
In the tlelds of religion, phtlantnropri
education and commerce, and to promoU
a more sympathetic Interest between th
people of the United Statea and tha
Islanders. The society will ba kept fr
of partisanship and sectarianism.
.tblpraaa Chosea ai Regeat
Ai-iiant, April CO. The Senate an
Abjembly to-day voted to elect Andre
J. ahlpman of New York city Regent ol
the University of the State of New Y'orH
to succeed liimene A. Phllbln, who te
signed !o become a Huprems Court Ju
tlce. The Senate and Assembly wtl
meet In Joint tension to-morrow and nnH
Mr. Hhlpman.
llolr Qalla Slate nrte
Washington, April 13. W. T.
announced hi resignation to-day w1!
of the Latlri-AinvlicMii division ef l
Statn Hepuitmcnt, to take, effect te-Kr
row. On Mh- 1 ho will enter the tmrm
at tho Caribbean J'etroleum OcffiP'
which haa lug Intonate la BmV
AJMTtOA. . . -'

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