Newspaper Page Text
THE SUN, THURSDAY, MAY 1, 1913.
THIiltSDAY, MA V I, ltiia.
Kotered at the Post OSce at New York as Scfoii
Class Mull M liter.
Subscrlptlmn bv Mull, I'm! paid.
nsII.Y. Per Munth Mi
DAILY, Per Year 11 Oil
SUNDAY. Per r ....
DAILY AND SUNDAY, I'rr Year
DAILY AND SUNDAY. I'rr Month .
Tilt: lATNINfi .SI N. Per Month
Tilt: UVUMMi KI N. Per Yc.ir
Postage to foreljn countries added.
All ehf rk, money orders, Ac, to be. made pa -ablotoTHESt'N.
Published dally. Ini-hidlng Siindav, In- Ihe Nun
Prlntlngaml t'libllihltig Association at I In .Vi-m.i
street, n hit lUirnuKli of Manh.Hlnti. New SmU
l'reIUeul aud Treasurer. Wtlll.tm r. Itrlrk. IM
.Va.sau street, Vice PieMdent, Cilnntil P. MMrhi II,
170 Nassau street; fcctrciary. C. L. Liitiun, ITo
l-luHshsm Hon-". I riinrtcl
Palls oniie. fi line, lie la Mictuvllerr. ol! Iluo du
Washington ulllee. Illt.hs building
I'liokl ii olllii', 111 I.lvuigsmn Mlrrl.
y i"rW"' trim faror us tn!h rnnw.irripu .nd
Vluttnttlnfti ftir tutlif'ttitn hih M hur teltctrit
irirr, trturiint t'irb ruiV i "II ri.M .'fin
lor Ih it purpose.
CniiHrmlns the ,lapaurr in Their
The new alien land tenure bill which
the California Senate pa.s.ed in the
unall hours of Wcdnci-day tnornim: was
diawnbyAttorney-Ceneral l . S. Yykiiii,
yho seetim to have concluded that the nw Wiijso.V cttrrieil West VirKinia bv
tuno had como for tho I'rocro.s.nves to,3()S,. thrro wn8 a ,.iln,i.
Mop playmt? i.ohtics and retire front an ,.lto for Covvm0T who rcccivod n vote
indefensibli! poltiln. In the se ond i (lr j (
hection of the bill the privilcces of the "
Japanese under the treaty ot 11)11 an
rceopnized ty a
aliens other than
provision that "all
those mentioned in
heclion 1 tray acquire, poss,..,, enjoy
uud transfer real property, or any in
terest therein, in the manner and to the
extent and for the purpose prescribed
by any treaty now existing between the
(iovemment of the Tinted States aud
the nation and country of which sinb
alien is a citizen or subject, and not
otherwise." This is a superfluous ad
mission that the treaty w, ih Japan is
"the supreme law of the land."
This second N-ction of the Webb bill
Is in effect an enactment of sei-timi I
of the treaty with .Japan, winch accnnls
her subjects the privilege "to own or
lease and occupy houses, manufactories,
warehouses and shops" and "lo lea-c
land for residential and commercial
purposes," Literally construed this see.
lion of the treaty, and there is no other
bearinc upon the matter in controversy ,
docs not provide for the owning of land
ns such by the .l.iinese or lor the leas
inn of laud except lor "residential and
commercial purposes." t was appar
ently never intended that the dniKines"
hhould lease land for farinmc, fruit
growing or for any agrieult mal purpose.
Yet in California they not only leas
but own land which they cultivate.
So it may In; said that tho l uliforninns
in their dealings wuh the Jnpanes,.
liavo not insisted upon a strict adher
ence to the letter of thetreaty.iuul back
of nil the agitation that has emlintnissed
the J'ederal Government there was
doubtless a design to draw attention to
the wording of the treaty and to stop
tho acquisition of land by the Japanese
for agricultural purposes. The pre
Mimption is that in most cases boththoy
and the American land owners with
whom they dealt weie ignorant of the
limitations implied by section 1 of the
treaty or were indifferent to them.
Section 1 of the Webb bill, to which
reference is made in section U, provides
that "all aliens eligible to citizenship
tinder the laws of the Tinted States may
ncquire, possess, enjoy, transfer anil
inherit real property, or any interest
therein, in this State in the same manifer
and to the same extent as citizens of
tho United States, except as otherwise
provided by tho laws of this State."
Tho words "all aliens eligible to citi
zenship" imply, as they are intended
to imply, that the Japanese cannot
be naturalized; but as tho treaty of
1011 defines their privileges with regard
to tho owning of "real propertv" and
the leasing of land they could gain
nothing by toting the naturalization
laws. Yet Beetion 1 or tho Webb bill
is mischievous, becauso it might pro
voke a Japanese to apply for his first
papers and carry an adverse decision
up to tho Supremo Court, to tho irrita
tion of Japan and the embarrassment
of tho United States. Tho presumption
is that this section was put into the bill
for political effect io keep tho agita
tors in countenance and to satisfy nuti
Japaneso sentiment in the State. Sec
tion 1 is fiiirphisago: tho treaty with
Japan, or nny other treaty, is "tho
supremo law of tho land."
Japan could not tako exception to
tho Webb bill if enacted, sineo it does
not deny tho right of Japaneso Piibjeetfi
under tho treaty with the United States
to own buildings, houses, Vc, or to lease
land for resident iai and commercial
purposes. Tho Webb bill ought to bo
ttatisfactory to American farmers and
fruit growers because it aims to pro
mote a st rict const ruction of treaty privi
leges. So doubt tho sandlot politicians
at. Sacramento will claim a gnat victory
if tho measure becomes a law, but tho
truth is that so far as they urn concerned
Iho campaign to drlvo tho Japanese
trcm their comparatively small land
"-WdiiiKS will have failed.
Wrt Virginia's Itobust fiovernor.
Tho lion. H. I). H.VII-IKLD of West
Virginia becms to be of man size as
Governor of the Slate and iiiizen.
Through his paiieul mediation I lie miuo
strike in iho ( abm and Paint Creek
district h.'ift been seltled. ee,lcu and
unprincipled agitalois pioijpitatcd and
ngKravated uti ugly a situation ns tho
'(Jovcmor of a Statu ever had to doal
with. It became necessary to declare
marital law, mid tlmt purt of West Vir
' cini.'i was tinned into an urmeil mmp.
I Tin1 t-l l iking mitiiTs tlctnamlcil a nine:
I hour day, tin- right to select their
;own ilitrl; weighcrM, no discrimination
j iiguiii.st union men, almlition of tho
initio Kiiurd system, and wml-monthly
imy iln. (lovernor Hatpikld settlei!
1 tli strike practically on tlichc terms,
except dial rccounition of tlm union
leiimiiied a ilcluituliln iiticKtion, the
inincrM liclnt; villinn to Id tint (iovcrnor
decido wliethei' recognition could bo
read into tlie terms 'of t ho agreement.
His courso during; tlm Htriko did not
ple,iNj tlie agitators, nltliougli the r'tt le
nient of it sitilied tlie miners, and a
Socialist lawyer telegraphed recently
an angry protest against the (iovenior'n
arrest aud imprisonment of notorious
agitators to preserve tho peace. He
got a reply hy letter, of which the fol
lowing, is most pertinent:
"ou belong to the elas of character
iishIh who hac been aiding a ml abetting
In tlia conditions that elt In tin strike
region more than nny other clement of
"I want oo to thoroughly understand
Hint l.iw nnil order will lie preserved In
Wi-i Irglnia iih long as I inn Ciovcrnor,
nnil If It is necessary to 'Jug' miicIi charac
ters ns ou nnil Keep oii there It will tie
dom If it becomes nccesary to continue
law ntul onliT."
Wot Virginia, is to la congratulated
upon ha vint: a (Jovcnior no brave and
outspoken in it tlinoof danperous oxcite
uient. H) deterniined to tnaintain law
and order and w indifteren' to his po
litical future. The peoplo of the State
I evidently knew their man when they
elected II. I). HATPIKLD Governor, for
i ilk. flu, tff iiililifvnt, i.nrwlulntft In'w nlnriilitv
v iu, vra,,mi,r i,nn MVmn.
Mr. Wtlon at Home.
The legislation for the reform of the
jury system in behalf of which President
Wilson will appeal to the voters of his
home State to-day is designed to take
from the Sheriffs the drawing of jurors
and put that ta.sk in the hands of com-
mis.sioiisappointed by the Judges. It is
asserted that the Sheriffs have allowed
politics to influence the selection of
talesmen, and it is promised that the
commissions shall bo free from this vice.
Important as the proposed change is,
it takes on a particular significance
through the fact that on this issue the
political opponents of Mr Wilson have
so far succeeded in blocking his plans,
and if they can cotniniio so to do his
picstigein his home State will be seri
At the regular session of the Legisla
ture tho President's foes within his
imrty won a victory over him after
proposing that the creation of jury
commissions be left optional with the
counties, the subject to bo referred to
the voters for such action as they might
take. This gave oportunity to raise
the cry of popular rule, and, as Mr.
Wilson was on record as strongly in
favor of the referendum, created an
awkward situation for his adherents.
Moreover, no excitement had arisen in
the electorate over abuses that havo
developed in the present system of
drawing jurors, in spito of their alleged
gravity. Thus the projwsed legisla
tion was defeated. Governor FlKLDLR
promptly called n speciul session of the
Legislature, to meet on May 0, and tho
President's partisans began an active
campaign for his bill.
It is this campaign that brings Mr.
Wilson to New- Jersey in a struggle that
many persons believe is inconsequential
and others regard as hopeless. He
makes good his promises not to "desert"
his friends and to keep up his interest
in New Jersey, and this he probably
regards as a complete justification of
the course he has pursued.
The Intervention of Austria.
Despite the serious fact that Austria
is making military preparations and
has signified her dissatisfaction with tho
failure of the Ambassadors' conference
in London to arrive at u solution of tho
Scutari difficulty, it is noteworthy that
recent despatches exhibit a more opti
mistic tone concerning the avoidance of
Kuropcun conflict than they did u week
ago. The unfavorable nows from Vi
enna was reflected in a panic on tho
Paris Iiourso, but the significance of
that may bo partly discounted as at
tributable to tho stato of tension 'which
has been prevalent in Franco for some
time. Jn J-ondon also tho Uourso dis
played a panicky tendency on Tuesday,
but it had recovered by closing time.
Tho fact that Austria Is actually mov
ing troops does not necessarily indicate
that sho is determined to toko immedi
ate action against Montenegro. Much
undoubtedly depends upon the Ambas
sadors' conferenco that is fixed for to
day. Tho result of that may be a -determination
on the part of tho Powers
to tighten the blockadu of tho Monte
negrin coast, as is understood to be tho
counsel of Hussia, and thus givo King
Nicholas moro timo to see reason, in
any event, however, it is unlikely that
Austria will adopt, offensive tactics im
mediately, and every day that actual
conflict can bo avoided is a gain for tho
causo of peace.
Kven if tho worst should como to the
worst and Austria bring force to bear
upon tho little kingdom on her own re
sponsibility, tho generul opinion seems
lo provail that the area of conflict will
bo localized and that tho other great
Powers will not lm drawn into the strug
gle. Austria will only bo carrying into
effect the principle that has been agreed
upon by the general consent of tho
Powers. There is, of course, I ho danger
of an outburst of pan-slavism which
might force tho Hussian Government lo
go lo tho assistani'o of jig prot'igo, in
which case Germany, in nccordan "ith
the conditions of the Triple Alliance,
would join loi'es with Austrin and u
general Liiropoan war would be inevi
table That, howover, is u contingency
unlikely to arise, Tho liusslan Govern
ment has associated itself closely with
the demands of the other Powers for the
evacuation of Scutari and has niven
KitiK NiritoiwVs to undernland that he
can expect no itssiMntKe. from that
quarter. The attitude of Servia is
varioiwlv dehcribed. Iitit the corre-
rr.rniir,tUI Vlll! JiUI H ilJJ 1 J'llHJ 1l,IUf
ileclares nho Is ricrupulously keeping
her promiM to evacuate Albania,
On the face of It it Hcems improbable
that Montenegro can count upon her
allies for assistance. These have every
tln'hi; to lone and nothini; to nail" by
prolongi'iiK the conflict, and out of n
general lltiropean Mnnrcle they would
almost mirely emerge heavy losern,
Hut the best hope fur the preserva
tion of peace or at least for the localiza
tion of war if Austria takes matters
into her own hands is tho fact that
peace has already been preserved
through hU extremely critical months,
and that all of the Powers most earnestly
lesire to avoid war, Syinu'ithy niav be
felt for .Montenegro as n weak Power
faeitiK overwhelmitii; odds, and Aus
trian diplomacy in tho past bus been
such as to cause well founded suspicions;
but in this instance, as we have pointed
out previously, equity demands the
surrender of Scutari to the future State
of Albania, and if Austria slnlo handed
curries into effect the wishes of the
Powers there seems no reason why her
independent action should stir up n
The Ituld on the MllltnntV Head
Yesterday's police raid on tho offices
of tho Women's Social nnd Political
Union was a move In tlie right direction.
Those offices have become practically
tho headquarters of an anarchist organ
ization, the members of which have em
ployed every weapon known to anarchy
except actual murder, and there can
bo llttlo doubt that that will follow In
time unless tho activities of these women
are suppressed. Among the papers
that havo been seized it is only reason
able to suppose that some will bo found
revealing tho details of various destruc
tive plots and conspiracies in which the
women have engaged or wero contem
plating engaging. The prosocut ions
which may lx expected to lollow will
Iw entirely proper, but apart altogether
from any convictions that may bo ob
tained tlie revelation of tho methods
employed by tho organizers of this so
ciety will in all proUibility have a very
salutary effect in discrediting those who
are responsible for them and in alienat
ing some of the mistaken sympathy
wJilch at present they inspire.
It may le presumed also that the
financial nffnirs of the Union will be
brought to light, in itself a highly de
sirable thing, and the charges, freely
made of late, that the militants have
been suborning male ruffians to do their
dirty work for them will bo either
proved or disproved.
The procoslings that may v expected
to follow this raid should go far toward
clearing tho air of many misunder
standings as to militant aims and meth
ods. It is to bo hoped also that it may,
temporarily ot least, cripple the activi
ties of tho organization.
With mingled pain and pleasure does
Thk Sun read and reproduce this note,
moro complimentary to its impartial ad
dressee, than to the Trimouutain City;
"To the F.ntTOR or The Sun Sir; 1
havo liouuht your paper every day for a
week looking for Hu.t, HenU'.T's ruin for
aultatine a cocktnll. I have not ceen It
yet. Ih It a bluff? Tnr. Sirs- la uoort, any
how, anil I cuem I shall keep on tnlilne It.
"Hostos, April so IlcNKKn Hill "
The writer of this flattering blame is
ono of those "solid men of lioston"
whom Charles Monm.s warned long
ago to "banish long potations." It is
his pure patriotism, not his sinful do
light in tho alchemy of liquid alligation,
that agitates him, impels him to join
the great cooperative "acceleration
movement of the Publicity Department
of Hoston. Tlie methods of the accel
orators of the "greatest Boston agitator
sineo William Lloyd GAitnisoN, Wkn
dklij Phillips and Honey Kith" are
candid as the new born balo. An
alleged New Yorker "discovers" Mr,
HfliLKT; then the highball is kept on
tho bound. Hordies drive to Hrm.EY;
cars stop at Huiilky'9; all guides direct
to HuitLET; the lost arts of the three
hilled city aro revived in soran mystic
fashion in the sole ami indispensable
Huiu.KY. Such is tho rouge of Fame
in these days.
A poet of the Tuvcm Club inflames
himself but not us in this hurleyburly
of honorific chant;
" 'Bay not tho poet itie,' san Doctor
Hoi.Mt.s tlm wine
'I he Arm of Cenlii" and the I'oeJ'n l'eet,
Sail, mad, Kind, Blorlous strophes, tronc
Come from our maker nnd Hiipreme Shaker,
Illlthe 1lll.li Heni.tY of Avery atreet "
These raptures would be moro im
pressivo if not so ovidently "assisted."
JIi'itLKY, if ho exists, Jiiis noble names
to vio with. A distinguished art con
noisseur and dealer of this town loved
to say that, in his Hostonlan apprentice
ship the head liarkeepcr of a distin
guished Hoston hotel was "the Ix-st art
critic in tho United States"; and used
to take his judgment at picture sales
hero. Probably a opu!ar and "nnoo
dot in" art was that wet JJerenson's de
partment, yet his example teaches us
that thero may bo Impressionist and
I Cubist experts enaproned to-duy behind
who knows what solitary Hoston bars,
Was it Tom APPLirroN who mid
"Now York drinks; Boston thinks; it is
cheaper. Besides, it's no great task to
bear a flask"?
Seven or eight years ago a gentleman
of Boston origin but caught young by
Manhattan look tlie double to teli
phono 'I'm; Sun that, returning to the
city of tho Tutelar Codfish, ho had found
a barkeeper "who reads 'Omar Khayyam'
and the limit drt Deux Mantle " Ho
was surprised, but why?
Is William HuitLKY an artist in what
he grind or what be shake? Until
that question is decided TlIK SUN will i
have no opinion of him, if he is.
It can do no harm to record, as an
obiter dictum, if you choose, that the
constant procession of the Ancient and
Honorable Artillery Company must
make it very hard for a lioston artist
to approach perfection.
Minding Your Own !liilnct.
The San Francisco fall urbanely re
marks of tho present situation:
"California Is not nulled nor ntoiised
for or nealnit tho alien land leBlntloii,
It merely would like, na politely ns possible,
diplomatically and Inctfulb, as the (lover
nor li.is done, to say to sumo of our volun
teer nilvNers, pleaae mind your own bull
iiesa ami lei ours nlone."
The San Franc'sco Chronicle of tho
same day, April 25, remarks with a some
what aeiiter perception of tho Kssi
bilities of minding your own business:
I o enact tills law at tho present time may
result In Injury to this State far Kreatcr
than nny possible benefit to be obtained
from the law.
"One obvious matter of rnnrern, but by
nn menus tho mot Important, la tho effect
which sueli a law mlsht have on our Kreat
Tho people of the Statu as such hnv
Invested fri.ooo.ooo In this exposition. San
I'rani'lsio will Invest ll?,Mio,u00, and tho
counties outside of San Francisco may
collectively spend as much as tho Stato.
"If our peoplo will stop nnd think they
will recounlre that the pecuniary interests
nt stake nre enormously creater than the
total value of tho property alleged to be
endanirered by Japanese purchases of land
Tlicro are eeveral ways of minding
your own business.
Any citizen of this SUU who has the
smallest rudlmont of a sense of Its dignity
must li nauseated by the everlasting In
terchange of abuse between Legislature
Those public officers nre assumed to rep
resent the people.
If thoy represent it faithfully the peo
ple must be as ashamed of Itself as It Is get
ting to be of these statesmen.
The Hon. Ahocstub O. Stanley, whose
mighty Intellect shone so gloriously In
tho Steel investigation, cries with a proud
T am from a small town, yea, Terlly, and
1 glory In it."
Most of us will condole with the town.
Should a former President lend himself
to n partisan movement? Tho question
is promptisl by the nppearance of Mr.
T.ut us honorary president of the Philip-
nine Society, whose purpose Is to spread
a more accurate knowledge of the Philip
pines. Is not such a society n direct
assault upon the great majority of Demo,
113. 7S for Milton's hair. Uradline
A lock of tho Hon OLLin Jamkb's
ought to bo worth 113,750.
It is spring in downtown New York.
President McASF.NY's City Hall roof
garden once more reminds the wayfarer
of a near tropical hallway in an apart
Icebergs in Lake Superior give some
notion of tho slr.o of America's f resh.wnter
l.'aliromlant and Others.
fo HIE F.PlTOn or TlIK SUN Sir Why
Is It desirable for the rest of tho country
to concern itself over the land laws of
California? Obviously nny State has the
right lo pass any laws not forbidden by
the Constitution If the law proposed hy the
State ol California l not in violation of
the rights of Japan under her treaty with the
I'nited States, why should Japan complain?
On the other hand, If such a law Is in vio
lation of Japan's rights, California's labors
would be fruitful only of irritation, as a
treaty is the supreme law of the land.
Moreover. California attempt lo single
out tlm Japanese in her proposed enact
ment by describing them as "aliens in
eligible to citi.enshlp." assuming that a
Japanese Is under our laws Ineligible. Hut
the end would be worse than the beginning
if the Supreme Court should as a result of
this agitation Anally decide that a Japanese
Is eligible to citizenship.
The real motives of the people of Cali
fornia uro not so easy to understand. Cali
fornia has many thousands of acres of un
eultlvated land, and many other thousands
inadequately cultivated. This idle or half
idle land Japanese laborers aro willing to
cultivate, and thus reduce the cost of
living to Callfornians, and maybe to some
of the rest of us. but Callfornians, refusing
to cultivate the land IhenweUes. forbid
It being done by the only people willing to
do tho work. Household servants are
scarce In San Francisco and wages 60 pel
cent higher than in New York, yet Cali
fornia refuses lo admit within her borders
Iho people who would serve her belter and
at half tho present cost, liefiising lo do
needed work themselves, Callfornians refuse
to let others do the work that should ba
This same problem faces Ihe Cast also,
for In certain portbons of New Fngland
increasingly large tracts of land are being
taken up by Italian farmers who are willing
to work hard, spend little and save much,
to tlm obvious detriment of neighboring
Vnnkee farmers who would work les,
spend more and save nothing. The Yan
kee farmer is apt to forget the life story
of his own fathers, who securisl theso
lauds, kept them and mude them what they
are by the exercise of Ihe same virtues
Which now make. these Itallausand Japanese
so obnoxious. "In the sweat of thy face
shall lliou eat bread, till thou return into
tlie ground," and this primal curso is not
to be avoided by legislation.
FnKnEnicK s. Dickrok.
Nkw York, April so,
Reprisal Against an I'nfrlendl) State.
To lilt' Km roll of Tin: Si s .Sir; 'Ihe
npparent desire of the people of California
to take individual anion Inward Japan In
disregard of national obligations might
well lie reflected by the withdrawal of
(lovernmeiital assistance in the matter of
tlm approaching canal exposition, and hy
permitting our Western neighbor to manngo
that affair individually also,
Chaiilfs M. Lea,
I'nii.APi.i.riiiA, April ao. .
To tUK UlUToll or TlIK Hcn -Mr; In your
nlUorl.il arllrlo on 'The Sale nf Or. I'rlnlmsnn's
Curo'" ou Main thst suffering humanity will
suffer no Injury 'by Ihe rniumrrrlallzallnn of a
nirttlral itlsratrry." Will you Ulnilly Hale how
oi Justify the iimi of tho w'ord "rommerclallja.
lion'' nnd w hy tliero t no such word to he found
In Webster's lllrlloiiar)! MAIir Hanustkr.
Yo.NKhRH, April art,
U In the standout Dictionary It is
also in the Dugllsh language,
word expresses tho idea?
Unappreciated llomettlr Berries
SlfllA The way to a man's heart Is throuch
Bella 1 know) my
flvr blm beartbura.
brut mm ray cookit
Til I! VISUM' TO .KVI'KUS IV,rnt. ma w .wiw...
vi7.r.. ii,r ferret I r.Mlm.t Tlmt Morr Tlmn Half Ills Kuril.
When Nhe Landed at Uiiirtllle.
lo 'lilt. I. in lull oh I UK .SC.s .Sir; l lie
slmiltlciiiit points about the recent enforced
landlliK of the Zeppelin IV. on I rencli soil
have been entirely missed. The main point
Is that the airship ran Into a fo. 'I tip
oftli.'lal statement makes it clear that Air
ship I'uplalu (limit! had only suci eeded In
teestabllshliiK tils ship's position after thai
Vessel was soaring over I'ranri' He did
(he only correct thine. He landed Imme
diately lo fiutilih proof that any suspicion
of spying was unfounded, It was a build
er's test with a military romtnlsslon tukltig
Tlie l.iuievllle Incident shows the Impera
tive neeiswlty for air craft lo know their
position in space. In lug Iho very best
astronomical or teriestrlal localizing dors
not prevent airmen I win temporarily
losing their way. It was during Just such
an Interval of doubt that Captain (llund, who
by the way Is a former naval lominander,
got off his course In Ihe fog. We still do
that on the water Hut It is encouraging
to nole that l)r Pleckmaun, a (letmaii
selenllllu aeronaut, has Introduced a won
derful new nrt of always knowing an air-
nii posmuii ny wire cs
I Ills was suc
cessfully demonstrated by Dr. Dlcekmann
himself on the marine Zeppelin when she
ran for thirty-one hours, travelling l,on;
miles through dense fog, mid arrived at
her ilesilmil Ion. Aeroplanes, which cannot
iiriomiiiudate navigating facilities, get
hist on very high Mlghls, alwas above the
clouds, or even In bright sunlight. In plain
view of the ground, due to the bewildering
mass of detail produced by sw Ift llight
Contrary to the general opinion, France
did not learn the Zeppelin "secret " These
modern machinss nrcthoresultof long years
of steadily accumulating experience! Zep
pelin IV. was tho sixteenth ship designed.
A hasty examination of her general struc
tur will not enable any otm lo imitate her
closely. This Is so because of vast shop
experience, the use of special machinery
and the trained stuff of workmen. Ship
nnd motors must lie systematically taken
apart, or drawings must be stolen to learn
the secret. Moreover, tlm technics of
handling these ships cannot be acquired
theoretically. This has taken Oermany
hundreds of experimental trips, necessa
rily extending over many years. Here Is
the lesson that Is beginning to "soak In"
both in France and England. In n. few
years more our own Oovernment will wake
up to It.
I.uneville has hastened legislation that
will fix definite rules for just such landings.
The necessity for airships to put Into for
eign ports can be dono away with no more
than In marine navigation. Progress is
providing combinations of Ingenuity that
will soon master the sheltering of airships,
that last problem In the evolution of a new
machine for war and commerce.
T. K. MaoMechrn.
New Yoni, April 80.
(Iron I of a Commuter Wlfo Has a Preju
dice Against Yawp.
To inn Knuor. orTni:Scs- $!r: Would
it not be a good idea and calculated to in
crease the comfort and peace of mind of
Innumerable inoffensive commuters for
the railroad rompanlej to provide on their
morning nnd evening trains," talking cars"
and politely but persistently invite the talk
ers to occupy them?
I know of nothing more Irritating to a
man who after more or less rush has been
lucky enough to catch, say. the s.nn out of
South Orange, secure a seat and settle down
comfortably In anticipation of perusing his
Hl'N, than to have some gaseous Individual
get into tlm seat behind and persist until the
train mils into lloboken In bellowing forth
his personal and private views on every
thing and anything from the exact number
of pounds of coal a furnace should con
sume fo the proper method of settling the
Often the direct victim selected by the
pest has a paper of his own and would pre
sumably like lo read It, but these chronic
windbags are utterly oblivious to n hint and
seem to be under the imperative necessity
of delivering their matutinal monologue
regardless of Its irritating and distracting
effect on every one within the sound of their
voices, w hleh are invariably of the most rau
cous description and necessarily pitched
high enough to overcome the noise of the
The public objects to smoking except In
cars set apart for those who must indulge
In the habit Why not then segregate these
talk (lends where they cannot Intllct their
eloquence upon anybody hut themselves?
They would doubtless appreciate the oppor
tunity of orating to an admiring audience,
and I amdead sure Ihe rest of the people In
the train would congratulate the railroad
on making the additional provision for
A ScrrERER Tnn Morkino.
Sovth OnAMiE. X. j April :9.
The Commissioner of Pensions.
To THE Knnoit op TttK St'N-.S'ir' It
announced that the Pension Commissioner
ship will be given only to a man who fought
in the civil war.
This Is a mistake. The post should be
given to tlie man best qualified for It.
Pension matters have not been managed
wisely The sole object seems to have
been lo extract from Ihe treasury
The count I y wants to do well by the
pensioners and will do well, but It Is not rlghl
that they should be perpetually asking for
more and more. There should bo a limit
lo this AlllMou- nml limnv thit.L l.lu II...1,
..... .. in iiiic ,,,,,,,
lias long been passed.
I.et us havo a proper commissioner, no
matter If he served in the civil war or any
other war or not K. T. v
Nkw Yona, April 30
To Tilh Kni ron ok Thk. St'N-.S'ir While
Thk Sun continues lo slime there is hope
for all of us. .May it ever gently smooth
Ihe ruffled wings of soaring Indignation
of public servants, whether from Chicago
or Philadclphli, not to mention Brooklyn
and Its suburb New York. .May It recall
Ihe gods of fashion, show, pirVor and re
form to the pastures of lire, aud through its
wit and wisdom keep fragrant, smiling and
happy this earth of Joy and plenty. If it
must kill something once in a while let it
occasionally harpoon a professional muck-
raker.or better still inject its serum and
hope. A llormu, Cask
Atlantic Cut, X. J., April .to.
The llran Cochtall.
To Til!'. Union okThuSi.'.s -.Sir. (iipe
Juice diplomacy is n revision downwind of
"dollar diplomacy" to a live and ten cent
basis, with incidental proieition to the
morals and economics of the official Ameri
can dinner table.
In purely domestic functions where office
seekers, iiolitlcal backslldeis and "buck.
ward looking men" may be present root beer
nun iiireii peer may be suitably berved.
Nt.w oiiK, April :io. j. p. j
"A tirntlrnian's Drink."
To THE ItDITOB or Tllll Kl.'N .sir; nl onlv
,i nits uiiinniirii i,, ,i,r smiinnusn locktall a
wmiii or kpni-e, ii in wiin nun. ihanllng budiilng
nature Into bloom, dancing brooU lrsvini o,inr.
Iferoui. mint In Ihrlr wake, It's a kordld sinful
name to dream, think, feci or itltcuss anything
but Iho proper way to niaku Ihe mint Julep, a
gcniivmnn s orinK,
Jonathan Joil turnbvi.u
Nkw If avik. Conn., April 3.
'Ihe lameltlhranchlatn molluil
i K the genu Ostrea now,
lis nr&tnn liflhu fh.lshnt,
Mill mske Its farewell bnv
I mil we reaih heiMembrr,
When It will ho Ihe star
Cif every lrM of fanhlon
At oBiert always It.
W, 1 LAimoN.
I - ..,.1- itiMVe
Ings Is I'llclird I rum lllin.
To Tin. Kiiitor ok TlIK St . .Sir In
regard to the stand taken bv jour cor
tespondent "Old Subscriber" that It Is one's
duty to give one-tenth of one's Income to
charltv. I would say that If we followed the
laws of the Cod of his fathers In nil things
theworld would bewell ruled and well gov
erned, lull, nliis' 'lempor.i inutiilitur, et
nos miitamur In Hlls.
'Die Chosen People ofliod were well nble
to pay a tlttm of 0 per cent , lor they lived
In a tied fenrlng age and were a Cmd fearln
people Since that time Diogenes hud to
search with a lantern for an honest mini
Imagine n man with an Income of JI.eon
n year nnd upward, with n plot of ground,
a "place," In the siibmhs, as Is common
all over tho t nlted States Suppose be
overplus for every commodity bo put
chases. Suppose that merchants, down to
the milkmen, have two prices, ono for him
and one for the smaller householder. Sup
pose he pays his servants, who also receive
out of Ills Income a commission In the oer
charge of the merchants, pays onto a legal
wngn and once (in Illegal loll
Suppose ho pays an Illegal toll In the
feed man, the gasolene man, the veteilnary
surgeon, tho cook, nnd to heuveti knows
whom notl Then the land ow tier will pay
twice over, never receiving full value for
his money If b keeps thteo servants
the wnste In butter iilnne will amount lo
Moo a icnr, the Inteiesl on two Si.ikki bonds
lit o pr lent 'I he actl ill waste, deliberate
throwing away, hogging of food, damage
and destruction to propel tv and theft
niound a "place," not to mention around
a man's plaro of business, will amount to
one-third of a man's Income a year 'Ibis
Is .13 l-a per cent, taken from a man before
he has had the chance to make a free will
offering to chat It y
If after this shortage he elves an addi
tional 10 per cent, to charity he has been
mulcted 43 l-.l per cent , almost hilf of bis
Income, Then a tax Is Imposed upon him
by the Stnte for charity ami to add Insult
to Injury tho t'nlted States I iovemment
proposes to tax all ability that produces
an Income exceeding It.noo So that morn
than half of his labor goes for nothing or
to his glorious country, whichever way
you choose to phrase it. Verily, the man
of means has not a living chance. A man
must be poor or else very wealthy In order
to retain the reward of the sweat of his
brow or the creation of his Intellect Sixty
per cent, of his earnings Is filched from
Ardmorb, Pa., April :
COURT HOUSE COMPETITION'.
The Architects Wbo Participated Accept
Uir. .Itiry's HeoMon.
To Tns Kpitor ok Tnr. Sun .Sir- A
communication printed In Thk St's of
April in with reference to the court house
comjietltlon appears to me to require nn
authoritative reply. Your correspondent
labors under a mistaken notion He bases
his unfortunate though doubtless well
Intontloncd criticism on the Idea that tor.
tain statements reflecting on the professional
honor of eight participants in the court
house comietitlon must, of necessity, be
true because no ono has publicly declared
them to hfi false. Ily virtue of my office
1 nm familiar with the circumstances con
nected with this competition 1 should
like, therefore, to make an exceedingly
brief statement, which I trust will once for
all set tho whole matter at rest
When It was first stated in The Hex of
April 10 that a number of competitors would
take steps for an organised protest against
tho Jury's award the majority of the com
petitors took It for granted that the public
would not give credence to such a report
The professional standing of these men Is
such that a denial of the charge appeared
superfluous It would have been as if each
one had said. "I do protest that I am an
honorable man." It is for this reason I am
certain that no formal recognition was
given to what was considered a preposterous
charge. Thosltuation IsdlfTerent, however,
now that a member of our profession has
indicated In your communication his be
lief in the possibility of Mich a protest.
Will you allow me. therefoie, to s.iy in Tnr.
SfN that the architects who participated
in this competition know that it was con
ducted in the most honorable manner nnd
accept the decision ot the Jury In entire
good faith? It would be beyond tho hounds
of reason to suppose that any other attitude
is possible on the part of representative
members or a profession which lor many
years has demanded of Its members n high
ethical standard not only toward each other
but also townrd the public.
Hobkut D hOIIN.
President of the New York Chapter. Amer
ican Institute of rchltects
Nkw Your, April 30.
A New .Irrscy Apologue.
To thk Kuiior ok Tm: Sex .Sir Some
years ago I was standing after btc.ikf.ist
on the porch of a small hotel In a New Jersey
town observing with languid interest such
sights ns there were, when my attention
was nrrested by the proceedings of a youth
evidently dressed in Ins best, who was
making n soil of triumphal progress down
the main street. He seemed to have hosts
of ndmillug friends, who every Instant
stopped him with shakes of the hand, slaps
on the back and speeches Now aud I hen
one more enthusiastic than his fellows haled
Ihe not unwilling youth through Ihe swing
ing doors of a saloon, whence both emerged
wiping their mouths witli the backs of their
hands, and then the speeches ami hand
shaking recommenced. I began lo wonder
what it all meant and what Ihe youth had
done to evoke all this "ovation "
Near me stood, cynically watching these
manifestations of regard, two men. pre
sumably townsmen of the youth. As the
latter emerged from the swing door place
for the third time one of them remarked lo
Ihe other- "I do hope Illlly won't get too
drunk with nil this fuss, for you know lit
is to be married this evening "
The man addressed replied that he hoped
so too, adding -wen, iwiy is a rigid
good sort of a chap."
The first speaker did not reply at once,
but appeared lo be meditating deeply t
labt hu answered thus, with a hesitating
drawl- "Y-e-e-s, Hilly Is n pretty good fel
low. Of course you can't perhaps exactly
blame iLinaii for what he dnn'i know, and
becauseiio can't lie learned nothing "
Ills friend seemed to assent with u care
less nod, and so Ihe Incident closed, the
unconscious youth still strutting along the
street receiving congratulations. I do
nol know why this trivial ancciloie should
have come back lo my iccollci Hon when
reading of the doings nnd sayings of our
new, very new, Vice-President, unless some
naughty association of Ideas can Im made
to bear Ihe blame. d. S. I. a T.
MavwooH, W. Va , Apill '.'S
To THK KPIIOB or THK M'N .Sir.- n.ir cor
respondent "Zoophilist" asks whether any of
yourreailerscanniBSest a reason nol srnilnienliil
for keeping Uiiks In ellles I siy Wo' io can
think of anything but seiillinenl applicable to
dog anyhow! Anil who wan Is lo" 'Ilm Idea nt
considering a dog from an "ecunumlu point n(
Hut, hold! there was the f,cniKU "cracker,
who when asked as lo the times snsurrtd
"Waal, stunner, ihey sho Ii bad, wlira 5011
reckon thai mol of us kla keep only one dawg
when we usler keep seven!" J. N I!
New York, April an.
A Mother's Camlld Criticism.
rnrln crrrponiltncf I.owtnn l.iprttt
When the new Prrsldinl of Ihe republic re
uirurd In lil Iiuii.m' In Iho Hue Commandant
Matlln afler tils elei'llon hl moiher, nczlrrtlng
Iho nftlrlul peronaje present, kissed her fon In
front of them all. and then, psillng Ids theck,
remarked clearly and distinctly "I only hope,
naymond, that you have not undertaken too
difficult a Job. You were never quite so clever
as you thought yourself, you kaonr.: ,
PEACE CONGRESS TO
BE CONVENED TO-DAY
Dolopjnlcs of 10 Countries of
Wt'sioi'ii llnniispliorc Will
111(1 PKOfiHAMMK PRKPA 1(121)
Ciinirrossninii Ulchii nl Hnrtholtlt
Will Preside nt, the Open
St. f.oris, April 30. . pregriiinin
embracing every topic of Intercut t
the devotees ot tlio peace movement
hit been arranged for tho fourth Amer.
can Peace Congress, which will bo con
cned In this city to-morrow and wit,
continue In session until Saturday night
DIstitiKiilslicil men of nfTiiIra nnd edit
uitorM of niilloniil prominence have
been aligned to .spctilt on matters to
which they lmvc given particular studv
Delegates: from nt least nineteen conn
fle.s of tho Western Hemisphere wll
An event looked forwnrd to with u.t
usiml Interest whs the delivery of nn
addresH by Secretary of State William
J. Itry.in nt the meeting of the Amtrl
can Pence Society on Saturday after
noon. Mr. Hryan litis, recently discussed
with the Sennte aud thu Diplomatic
Corp.i a peace project Involving casea
of International disputes, the suspension
of wa- preparations for a period of sW
months while the merits of nny uues
tlon nrlslng between nations nre being
discussed by a board of Inquiry, nnd
thin meeting would have given him an
opportunity to explain the details of
Ills scheme to men nnd women In a posi
tion to give circulation to his Ideas. It
Is likely, however, that the necessity for
his presence In California will prevent
his attending the congresa.
Congressman Richard Bartholdt will
be announced ns the presiding ouVcr for
the opening session. Mr, Uartholdt Is the
author of the term "grape Juice diplo
macy," which Im used on the door of
the House recently to describe the con
duct of the Stato Department by Its
present chief. At this session addresses
of welcome will be delivered by Gov
K. W. Major nnd -Mayor Henry W. Kiel
Andrew Carnegie will speak nn "The
Unoless Four of War"
During the three days attention will
li centred on four subjects which bear
an Intimate relation to the movement
for world peace. The first of these Is a
"world court." Such a court was agreed
upon at the Hague conference In 190
but detlnlte action failed becauso of the
Inability of the delegates to agree as to
Itn composition, Another topic Is the
"limitation of armaments" which Is con
sidered timely In view of the recent
armament craze In Franco and Ger
many and the revelations made by Dr
I.leliknecht respecting the) methods of
the Krupp company In the latter coun
try. Consideration will be (riven to the
proposed celebration of the signing of
.the Treaty of dhent. which Inaugurated
a hundred years of peace between Qrca
Itritaln nnd tho United States. The
fourth topic Is tho Panama Canal and
the situation which has arisen In con
nectlon with tho opening thereof
through the proposal Ui violate the
Hay-l'auncefote treaty In Its applica
tion to tho payment of canal tolls.
To-morrow night former Vice-Pros!
dent Fairbanks Is to speak on "Our Na
tional Duty" nt a session to be presided
over by Chancellor Frederick A. Hall of
Washington University. Another speak
er at this sersion will be Hooker T
Washington, whose subject Is "From
Junglelsm to Internationalism "
The programme of
tho four othei
general sessions, s
far ns arranged
Third, Friday Morning - Pre-uline. Jaine
Urown Scott, secretary Carnegie I ndo
uient for International Peace "The Itin: i
Tribunal, its Present .Meaning and ruttli
Promise, ' Prof. William I. Hull of Swartb
more College. "The Active Promotion of
International Peace as a Primaiy Polii
of tho I nited States," Prof Paul S 1!eini b
of the I nivorsity of Wisconsin. "Ihe Pan
Teutonic Pledge or Peace," i'.dw In ll Mod
director ol the World I'cm-o Foundation.
Fourth. Friday Sight Presiding. Charles
W Fairbanks. "The Immediate Issue.
Mrs. l.ucin Ames Mead, chairman p.n"
and arbitration committee. Xational otin
cil or Women address. Dean Shatter Math
ews, dlvlnitv school, tnierslt of I hi
c.-iBo -I he lletter Way," Philip P Clinton
I nited Mates Commissioner ot Fducntion
"Iho lliitden of the Nation-,' Thoma I
Fifth. Saturday Morning Picsiding, r
t Inn- li Call, iMeetitiw director Ameili.in
Peace Society "(Hie Handled e.lrs Ago.
Justice William Itenwick Itiddell. the So
preme Court or Ontario. "'Hie Identity of
tlm Inteiests et tho United States and
Canada.". John Lewis, editor the Toronto
star: "Anglo-American Obligations In Main
t..i,,incT lVnce " Justice Ii. lliissell. Mullfnv
addres.es by members of the llritish nnd
i.. . tl.A .-..ll,rt,tlnn
American coiiuiiiiiccs u n,,- -v
of Ono Hundicd Years or Peace between
Unglisli Speaking Peoples."
Si.Mli. Saturday Night- Presiding, lllch
ard Uartholdt, president or tlie conges
"Appreciation of the Waste of War." Pros1
dent David Starr Jordan. Inland Stanford
l niversity, address, Mrs. Percy V IVnm
packer, president (Icncral Federation 'i
In addition to there features of the
programme, arrangements have been
made for lectures on special topics,
oratorical contents, discussions and ie
ceptlons. The chief of the latter W'1'
bo an open ulr reception in the Mis
souri liotanlcn! (Widens, at which Mr
and Mrs. Andiew Carnegie will b" the
guests or honor. The Jefferson
Mcmoilal nt Forrest Park, erected at a
cot of loOO.OOO by the Louisiana Pur
clrise Imposition to commemorate the
peaceful ncfiuisltlon of the Loiiislaii.'
I'ltrchnJ-o, Is lo be dedicated to-morrow
.afternoon as one of the preliminary
e cum of the congrcn-.
.IOIIX KUIIiy SOT TO HI X M. .11 V
Prcsldeut ot .Innufncturera Associa
tion Sees Unty at llouie.
John Klrby. Jr.. who has been Pies!;
dent of the. National Association of Manu
facture! h for the last four years, sent
letter lo member of tho association
jesterday asking that his tiamo be not
presented for reelection at the coin In.
convention of the association a.t ltrm.
Muy I?, I'", 21 n.
Mr Klrby. who Is general managei m
the Dayton Manufacturing Company, nm
been conspicuous for his utterances
the labor .jueatlon. He. wrote that '
wanted to devote more time to his fatniw
and bualncaa. '