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THE SUN, FRIDAY, JULY 18, 1918.
FRIDAY, JU1A' 18, 191X
Entered 41 the Post ()fllce at New York as Second
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litre, telephone SiGO BieUnian,
Published dally, Inrludlnf Sunday, by the Sun
Printing and Publishing Association at 170 Nassau
at reel, In the Dorouih of Manhattan, New York,
President and Treasurer. William C. Itelck, 170
ivassaustreet; Vlce.Preldent, Edward I'. Mitchell
HO Naaaau tueeti secretary. C. E Luiton, HO
London efflce, EtBngrura House, I Arundel
Parti office, Rue de la Itlchodtere, off Rue du
Washington o9ce, Hlbb, Building.
Brooklyn office, 10 Livingston ttrtet.
tt our friendj irt fnrer ui trtfl rnanujrrlplJ end
Ukittralloni for publicum itlth la har tnelni
ertnlti re'urned ttay nu)i In all casts rend ito'ip
tor Mai pwrpnie.
Country Banks and the Banking
Judging from the manifestations of
mania by some members of Congress
In discussing the currency provisions
if t lir uevv bunking Mil, it little sta
tistical study of the present natloutil
banking system will be timely. It may
be represented compnetly lu the; fob
lowlns tabulation derived from the
last report of tbe national banks to the
Comptroller of the Currency:
Country banks (number), ,80, J5 per
rent, of total.
Country bank resources. t J,5:M7S.471,
f.l per cnt. of total.
United States bonds held by country
banks to aecure circulation and deposits,
I514.0S2.T.1O. per cent, of total.
Country bank capital and aurpluSj $971,
176. S9S, 55 per cent, of total.
Country bank capital Invested In United
States bonds, 62 per cent.
Reserve city bank capital so Invested, 40
Central reserve bank capital so In
vested. IS per cent.
One thins which the framers and
advocates of the Administration bank
ins bill must keep constantly iu mind
Is the necessity of satisfying intelli
gent banking opinion. In order to es
tablish an Improved banking system
and make It work well a statute, for
that purpose must enlist the coopera
tion of all national bankers and se
nt re the favorable regard of the rest
of the banking community. Absurd
suspicions about the city banker may
be Indulged at the cost of falling
to win the country banker's approval
of a measure of change In financial
A may he; Inferred from the fore
going statistical survey, the country
hank Is the backbone of the national
batikin;; system. The country banker
Is preeminently the man who must be
satlftletl with the Justice of provisions
for protecting national bank Invest
ments made In United States bonds.
According to all trustworthy accounts
It Is the country banker who bas
sbowu restlessness over commitments
in these bonds, nud It Is his selling
which lm weakened the Government
There are other ways In which the
Interests of the country bunker are In
volved In the proiosed legislation, and
the examination which has Just Ihh-ii
ninile here suggests the Importance of
considering his views in nil p.trtlcu
lars. Call This "Prison Heform"?
Abandonment or reconstruction of
Ring Slug will not constitute prison
reform. The substitution of clean cell
blocks for disease breeding ittarters,
the discontinuance of housing condl
Hons that would bring the Board of
Wealth to a private establishment on
the double quick, cannot honestly lie
called progress toward an enlightened
treatment of convicts. It Is negative
only, n removal of a disgrace, nn ab
stention from offeuce. n belated tribute
Wo shall not congratulate (he State
merely because It ceases to Infect Its
prisoners with disease, reduce them to
n level of existence below that In
Htlnctlvely maintained by beasts, ami
force them Into corruption so vile that
even trained Investigators blanch when
Its Iniquities are revealed. Were we
to tell the truth about King King The
Sun would be excluded from the malls
and banished from the homes of decent
men. Can the present proposal to
remedy such conditions be called any
thing except a too tardy reparation to
Wherever oxperlence has been
heeded It has como to be recognized
that In Its treatment of lawbrenkers
oclety must keep two objects In view.
One Is punishment Of the wrongdoer,
embodied In the form of reprimand,
due, imprisonment or death, The. other
is bis reclamation from evil ways and
restoration to usefulness In the com
unlty, lo be brought about by educa
tion, th establishment of health, the
correction of wrong Ideas, the rousing
of self-respect. A prison dovoted only
to the detention of malefactors in no
better than u bedlam given over solely
(0 the restraint of mad men. Despite
the sentimentality of mmo sapless
prison reformers, Intelligence supports
tho foundation on which they erect
rubatluu Hysk-uis, the children's
(puts, reaoctita ef witeiee for ft
conduct, distinctive uniforms and spe
cial privileges for good behavior are
all expressions of the reconstructs o
spirit. To save men, not simply to
gratify humane feeling, but for eco
nomic gain: to lessen the amount of
human wastage, to decrease the cost of
taxpayers, these arc practicable pur
poses, not (Miotic dreams. To their ac
complishment sclentlHc tiennlogy Is de
voted, but It docs not count taking men
nut of cesspools as within Its province.
It assumes that the State will not put
men In cossxki1s, and New York has
done exactly that.
What the State should do Is not
hidden In mystery. Its first obligation
Is to house nil prisoners lu decency.
Kach should receive such medical and
surgical treatment as his condition re
quires. Knch should have any tuition
he may need to put him on the level
of a common school graduate. Kach
should have employment suited to hl
strength. None should be exploited
through private contractors or be
brought Into comietltloti with free la
bor. Here Is a problem difficult but
not unsolvnble. Great public works
such as highways and canals, irriga
tion and drainage projects, these are
appropriate and proper fields for con
vict labor, for by it plans destrable but
commercially too exienslve or not suf
ficiently remunerative to be. carried for
ward come within the range of pos
sibility. And every device of amuse
ment and recreation that may awaken
or sustain honor in these men should
be utilized for the severely utilitarian
purpose of relieving the taxpayers of a
burden and setting their charges up la
That much may be accomplished In
this direction Is not a I'toplan snecu
latlon. The record of actual proved
success Is available for auy man who
cares to road It. It does not. Indeed,
point to the immediate elimination of
all criminals. It Is not a story of un
varying attainment of Ideals. Hut It
comprises a history damning without
even faint praise tbe system that makes
a prison n place simply of bars and
bolts, be they never so secure.
1'ntll New York enters on a course
embodying the Ideals here so generally
outlined, Tttr. Sun cannot accept Its
conduct ns promising a real prison re
form. Much less can we take the pro
posed abandonment of au unspeakably
vile and incredibly foul cell block as
prison reform. That Is a long delayed
acknowledgment of detestable wrong
doing for which the State can hope to
get no more credit than an ancient
pirate deserves for deathbed confession
of a few of his sins.
A Matter of Record.
The St'N wishes particularly well to
Judge Linpsey of Denver and shows
It by wondering If it is any reply to
the charges made against him by the
Woman's Protective League to bring
up the ancient story about "corrupt
special privileges Influence." It seems
reasonable to suppose that "special
privileges." corrupt or Incorrupt, are
not foolish enough to attack such work
as Judge I.tNnstY has got the reputa
He can afford to be Judged by his
record. Even though It slay blm, yet
should he trust lit It.
We do not know in detail the charge.
of the Woman's Protective League; and
Judge I.iNDsfv will benefit In tbe East
by the remembrance of an honorable
and a tieful service.
Still, some of the best of men, In
cluding Mr. Bryan, are not always as
austere to themselves as their notions
of pnbllc virtue and their long habit
of enlightening the rest of us might
seem to require.
Tbe mention of Mr. Bbtan suggests
that frequent absence of the body
which, as Charles Lamb would put It.
means presence with the Lord. We
have no sort of doubt tlmt Judge Lino
s.ly Is always on the spot; that he
never or seldom leaves to a subordi
nate those duties In the Juvenile Court
of Denver that have given him renown ;
that he never permits himself those
profitable oratorical divagations and
peregrinations whereby Mr. Bryan has
conquered the Curse of (rod.
Would Judge Lindskv mind fending
ns the record of his presences lu and
absences from the Juvenile Court since
January 7, 1901? No doubt the record
reveals hH persistence in his official
duty. "Special privileges" need not
frighten us so loug as their opponents
are faithful to their trust.
The Nefarious Conduct of Certain
So far as the record Is available It
shows that the trainmen of the East
ern railroads made tvrtalii demands on
their emplojers, Involving a large In
crease in the wage schedule, and of
fered, as the alternative to a general
strike which would starve half the pop
ulation of the nation ami greatly In
convenience the other half, to submit
,thoso demands to urhltrntlou. Theio
upon the Congress euactcd and tho
President signed a law providlug for
arbitration on terms acceptable to
railroads and to men. and both shies
agreed to submit thereto.
This having been accomplished, the
employers had the amassing audacity to
declare that while the arbitration was
In progress they Intended to submit
curtain recommendations of their own
In respect of the terms of service ren
dered, us upnii from the .service paid
for. To the tinliilllate this would seem
reasonable ami Just, Hut by the In
citers of this enterprise the nrunosul of
any question the answer to which might
conceivably put them lu the situation
of glviug instead of taking Is regarded
as a monstrous breach of faith, a most
reprehensible ami Indefensible thing.
From this It Is deduced tlmt arbi
tration that may result In taking money
from uti employer's pocket ami putting
It In un employee's ncket Is a noble
and glorious device; but arbitration
that may work In the iiiummHi, . i i
la a. despicable assault on the in
tegrity and manhood of labor, emanat
ing from the evil one, and not for a
moment to be tolerated by any right
Iet us arbitrate on our demands:
we refuse to arbitrate on your counter
The Oreen Knglnccr.
The history of civilization Is the
record of advance founded upon error.
It took the sinking of the Tltnnlc to
reveal our Insane and Insatiable ap
petite for futile speed. It took an Iro
quois Theatre lire to show us the value
of fire exits. And It took the Stam
ford wreck to reveal the green en
gineer. It Is a sad but none the less true
satisfaction to feel that this wreck has
produced a great permanent clement
of safely In travel. Sometimes we
cannot see the good results at once,
but the fact that the engineer was
spared lo tell his story of humble In
competence was one of the best thlugs
that have ever happened In the evolu
tion of making our railroads safe.
In compliance with tbe recommen
dations of the Interstate Commerce
Commission and tbe Public Utilities
Commission of Connecticut General
Manager Bardo of the New Haven
road has Issued an order that should
be copied and enforced by every rail
road across the country. Ills order
puts nn end to the danger from the
green engineer. Would that there were
some means of putting a similar end
to the green chauffeur.
nulers of the World.
Whatever of real modesty Inspires the
arrests of women charged In various
purts of the country with devotion to
the latest mode In dress nobody knows.
When mere mau Intrudes In Mich mat
ters the knowing wonder who Is striv
ing for free advertisement. Fashion
Is not made or unmade through legal
processes, and what the style decrees
woman will wear regardless of police,
courts, mayors and penal codes.
As for the gowns liesllt and sheer,
under which no longer are worn those
garments once considered essential,
their rule will be of short duration.
Women are not fools. They know as
well as other philosophers thut their
charm lies In self-concealment, not In
self-revelntlon. A glimpse of ankle Is
more provocative than a large area of
calf, no matter how creditably moulded.
A hint, a suggestion, a tantalizing sus
picion: these are womnn's most effec
tive weapons. And she knows It;
knows It In that unfathomed wisdom
that men call Intuition. She requires
no school master or ma'am to teach
her some things.
Therefo-e the disclosures of to-day
may be confidently set down as a short
lived whim, soon to pass. Almost be
fore they nre here they will be gone,
restoring woman' to that vantage
ground of secrecy she has for a brief
spatv so Imprudently sacrificed. We
shall not long be privileged to say that
w e are shocked.
A Quarter of n Century In Athletics.
At Travers Island the New York
Athletic Club Is holding a three days
celebration of the twenty-flffh anni
versary' of its field on '!he Island. By
way of doing the tbln up In style a
lot of the athletes ,f those remote
heroic days are expected to exhibit tbe
remnants of their prowess on track
It will be a sight for the gods, and
may be expected to pop .the eyes of
winged foot youth with wonder. De
spite the ravages of the greedy years,
our money goes down every time on
thoe graybeard veterans of forgotten
wnrs of tho cinder path. The leg
muscles may have lost their steely
spring, fat living may have Impaired
the wind, the ruthless scythe of Father
Time may have carved all too gen
erous a slice off the stock of stam
ina ; but despite the sttperllchil defi
ciencies of stride and bellows and
staying power, we still back those old
fellows for the heart that Is In them.
the courage that Is never lost.
And supiwse, young man, with your
wire hung "hammer" that Is no more
a hammer than the cock of a gun can
crow, and your wizardry of the three
mystic turns stipiiosc you can hurl
the hefty missile a few or many
beggarly feet further than our old
time sons of Hntcui.rs sent their
woodeu handled weapons of the smithy:
are you approved thereby the better
man? Say yon can knock off a few
fifths of a second In a flight of your
flimsy hurdles, hullt to fall like a row
of paper soldiers heforo your disingen
uous Inch clipping, spike bristling foot
gear: w hat Is tho pride of the fleet foot
to tho stoutness of heart that used to
tako a man fearlessly at tho firm
pluuted obstacles, which to try to cheat
meant n fall, sure and hard?
No; your modem high Jumper may
twist himself acrobatically six Inches
higher than his head lives, your circus
clown nolo vaulter scrape the clouds:
our love Is for tbe old fellows who
keep closer to Mother Karlh,
So heros all standing a deep
and foaming cup of grape Juice to the
oldsters of Immortal youth!
Price of txef soaring. Newpapir head-
This Information no longer sends
terror through tho free lunch connoU
sours and cafe athletes. They have
long since cultivated a preference for
varioua Imitations of bologna and
leather herrings, privately stating that
roast beef does not agree with them.
Tho Mayor and the Chief of Pollca
looked and gasped. Richmond despatch.
Whenever tho silhouette gown and
the slashed skirt strike a town for the
first time this Invariably happens.
Tanner Is a type of the Democrat who
regards Wiixiam Jinninos Brian a
"the greatest exemplar of true Demo
cratic principle In the world." OcaunlcA
from l.tzinglon, Ky,
Just ul thla reading we are unable
to recall all that w ought to know
about this Mr. Tanner. But be bas
tho light Idea. And If ho can only
mako his notions about "the greatest
exemplar" reach the eyes and the ears of
the exemplar himself be may be ap
pointed h Minister Plenipotentiary at a
salary that would be unlawful In Ken
tucky. tt Is sincerely to be hoped that the
District Attorney has actually got what
the emanations from the criminal courts
allege evidence that will Justify crim
inal prosecution of The Man Wither Up.
The source of his Information, the ara
site of a blackmailing policeman, Is not
attractive, but It may serve. Our hope
that this mystery may bo solved springs
from our wish that all rascals might he
brought to Justice, and Is strongly but
tressed In the weariness Induced by
years of vain search for tho never here
tofore named person to whom nil the
virions pay tribute.
The second West Virginia lawmaker
to be convicted of bribery this year Is
Mr. ItUTll Durr. A namo like that
should be Htudlotisly kept off the crim
A PATIEXT llOLSEnOLDEH.
How He Enjoys His Neighbors' Children
on the Lwn.
To thi Editor or Th Sun Sir: Let
Mr. Frank Monro Beverly of Freellng,
W. Va., rejoice, that when the "period of
occupation" by tils Invited guests has
come to an end he can stand on the plana,
wave them aood-by, rub his hands aa
he sees them depart, turn on his (of
course the right) heel and say: "(lott
sel dank; they have gone!" or words to
Thus one may see that your corre
spondent has benefited by his experience
ntul will know whether to Invito othrr
friends with children, or to take unto
himself the pleasure of sitting on bis
front porch to read his beloved books ami
be sHtlstled In the knowledge of no more
marauders entering upon his preserve
Hut bow with those who live in a lo
cality nhero there are equalling, brawl
ing, caterwauling and mauling "kids" who
overrun one's lawn, dash throuah the
tholre rose, hushes, make tracks In and
around the hydrangeas, tear violently be
tween the peonies and play tag through
What redress baa the patient house
holder who must sit, smile and be con
tent because it were not neighborly to
shoo the little dearies away to (tet the
reputation of belnir sour or unfriendly?
Such a sufferer haa not tho same pleas
ure as your correspondent, who sits, reads
ami communes In the knowledge that the
maternally Indulged children may not re
turn ; but the other must stand (and para
doxically sit) and listen to the din, rarW't,
smash, crash, bang and other raucous
noises as an evidence that the young ones
are enjoying themselves to their mamma's
satisfaction. All this prohibits thought or
unlet repose until after the time when
the little angels have retired for the day,
lucklessly to commence the same schedule
on the morrow, and It matters not
whether on the Sabbath or a secular
day, the process goes on Just the same.
?or Is this all; For we have among
us a genre that allows no polite con
sideration to prevent an Inspection of
HtiMhliig desired and come to stay. One
day there wus n. ring at the door and the
maid reported that "Mrs. wIMied to
see our new Mtrhen linoleum," and the
re,iirt was made at the front door the
better to see the parlor carpet uv well.
So you se we are not In exclusion, hut
subject In nn Invasion of papa and mamma.
ami the young ones, who tell not, neither
ilo they spin literally, although the net of
tolling In the hedge and spinning on the
lawn, to be pi erlpltnted Into the privet
by the elrcumrotatlst who calls out
loudly to another spinner, or to others.
"Kay, feJIers, dls 1st like when dad
comes home off evenings, how every
thing govs round."
Those who live In the locality described
re debating whether to Install spring
guns nnd bear traps or erect a brick wall
whose top shall be surmounted by plenty
of solid mortar In which mueh broken
glass Is to be Incorporated i but even that
would not atop the "spinner and hedge
Let your correspondent rejoice that he
has the prlvllcgo of selecting his guests
and Is free from the neighbors' kids.
Then may he say with Martin Luther:
"Mlenrldgw 1st nlcht mehr eln fenter
Ui.isn nttMR. N. .1., July 17.
Rattle Relies ta Order.
rrom th Tntrtitft tllnh
At a meeting of the Mnrrlthiirg municipal
counrll Mr. .Inhn Dnln, one of 1 1 member,
who la n Iron founder. Informed his col
leigues that he had been approached by a
cltlsen who tnted him to raft tlfty ran
lion t,ll. The halls were to be afterward
treated with mil snd water and made to
look like something orrsMnnally found en
the battlefield of Chryaler'a Kami. They
were then to be rold aa rellra or the battle
at the forthcoming- Chryaler's Kami cen
That they would be readily bought t cer
tain, for while tannon balla picked up at
Chrysler's were onie ao common to be
uaed for bonltng on the green thty have
for many years been quit scare.
To TBS 1'pitor or TnK Si:n -.S'lr- A notice
stare one In Hie face on the open car, "beats
accommodate fle permn-." Well, elilier the
dictionary or the car company Is urnnj, for I
And the follow In g elucidation of "accommodate":
"To be, or furnish something a Undress or
favor, or to save trouble to. To oblige, to help,
as to accommodate with a loan or by cashing
a check, To fit, adapt, or make suitable AclhiM
or conform. To settle amicably, compromise "
Can any one by any Mretrh of the Imagination
say that these seats are fitted, adapted, or made
amiable fer five people"- Is It possible for five
people to settle amicably In them Aud has auy
one ever got otf one uf these cars feeling that tie
would like to accommodate a friend with a loan,
or even cash his check! No, they are nimlrn.
lira of ilvUlMiln-!, TSATiLIts.
:ioarN, July IT.
The Original Subway,
To TBS rniTOR or The St'N Mr; In the "Tale
of New York's Original Subnay" In Tint SfN
of July 14 1 think there are somoerron ou would
like lo correct. My recollection Is that the en
train to the subway was on the southerly side
of either Warren or Murray nrret and that It
ran one block south. AIo that the Devlin store
was n clothing snd not a dry goodi store, No
doubt some of your readers can five full details.
raovinsscr, H, l J'llv 17. C, i:. Nuitu.
Growth of the Kngllsh Tongua.
TOTltsi:plTORorTUKSiiN--.Sir: Several men
were this morning dlkcusslng another man's
"I wouldn't trust him," said one; "he'd Mulhall
you In a minute."
Which suggests that our friend the Colonel may
be tho ktnd of metal out of which can he coined
a term that will give him the ion of Immortality
he deserves, I.r.naos.
Nswass, N. J July 17.
The Master araTdled.
Nawton boasted that ha knew what made
an apple fall.
nut we'll bat you don't know what makas
a greB n glva you colic." nn countered.
A Hotel Sage.
First rrnarlator Hw do you mak 'tm
fail cool 7
Second Proprietor I hp an extra ther
mometer en th porch labelled "New York
Th Wonder of II,
Applea nourish tbe brain. -.Vca'ical sr.
Maybe they do, but w open our eyas
In really tha very utmoat surprlsa
At th number of people we can recall
Wkt apparently don't cat apple st all.
U T. .
SHIPS OP THE CARIBBEAN.
Figures aa to the German Proportion
Taken from Ottlclal Itrports.
To Tits KditoR ok Tlir. Sun Sir: I
was ronstdctably Interested In tho lead
ing article In the aeml-monthly mag
cine section of Tub Hnv which presents
In u striking manner the question "Can
the first comer take I'anainaT" Mr.
Cushlng Stetson, the author, presents some
forceful facts, and much thut lie says Is
worthy of wide consideration. Hut bo
has very greatly overrated the Importance
of Herman merchant tonnage In the Car
ibbean trade. Kor example. In the first
lmtiigraili of bin article he says; "(icr
man ships share chiefly with Kngiand u
monopoly of the Caribbean trade."
I have been at some pains to learn If
Ibis Is so. Tho only source of precise
Information avnllnble as t wrlto la that
Issued by the United Mates Government
covering tho trade between tho United
States and the rest of the world. Includ
ing, of course, the countries and pos
sessions falling within the designation
I tlnd that the tonnage of vessels tlmt
entered the porta of the United .States
during the year ended .tune 30, 1!12,
as' shown on page 1,2(17 to 1.2S7 of
Table No. 21 of the annual Hcport on
Commerce and Navigation of the United
States, from Hrltlnh, Dutch and French
Oulana, Venezuela, Colombia and Pan
ama, the Central American republics on
tho Caribbean side, Mexico (Oulf side),
Santo Domingo, Hartl, Cuba, the French,
Dutch, Danish and British West Indian
possessions, Including Barbados and Brit
ish Honduras, totalled 8,417, tons.
The following table presents this tonnage
In the order of tts Importance:
. . :,01S.609
. . ,l,S7fl,727
. .. md.o;
Of course this does not Include, of the
6?S.n94 tons of vessels that entered the
ports of the United Stntes from Porto
Blco, N7,M tona American, 934 British
and nn Norwegian or Oerman tonnage.
I do not believe that the shipping en
gaged In the Caribbean trade with other
parts of the world would support Mr.
Stetson's further statement, on page 12
of Tub Sun's magazine section, ns fol
Krom a aource easily available, the extent
of Oerman tonnage plying through the
Caribbean can be aeen to have eceertcit.
(irejt Britain alone enrepted, the combined
tonnage of the world: and aa we have seen
to this total the tonnage of the United Fruit
llnra la likely to be added
As to the tonnage of the United Fruit
lines: Mr. Stetson would leave the Im
pression that this tonnage Is. If not wholly
American, then largely such. He says:
I have been aaaured by an official of th
t'nlte.l Krult Company, which haa nearly a
monopoly of the American fruit trade In the
Caribbean, and has Inveated upward of 12(1,
000,(100 In the development of Central Amer
ica, that It was their Intention Imim-dlatdy
to Mat the tonn.ige of their entire fleet under
the flag of Oermany or England, bv which
action the American flag will dlsuppenr from
Aside from a couple of American ships
chartered, I iielleve. to the United Krult
Compnny and running between Philadel
phia and Jamaica. I doubt If there Is an
other vessel under the American flag In
their entire fleets, so that If those two
chartered vessels were put under the
British or Cerumn flags that action would
lie unlikely to drive, the tonnage above
tabulated from those seas.
A lotiple of years ago the United Fruit
Companv seemed eager to place Its ves
sels under the American flag, and a bill
was before Congress for that purpose, but
It did not pass. On Aupust 24. 1912. Con
gress p.is"cd an act admitting foreign
vessels, If not over nve years old, and
owned by Americans, to American regis
ter fur foiclgn trade. None of the United
Fruit Company's ships has been brought
under our flag since the passage of that
act. nlthniigh I think there are several
that would not be barnsl by age,
tiermany's tonnage Is growing In the
trade of the world, but It haa not yet
reaclud the commanding Importance In
the Caribbean trade, at least, that Mr
Stetson thinks tt hns. A B. Smith.
Yo.VKfXS, ,tuy 17,
ITOfrK IX THE Slt.K M1I.1.S.
Contrast With the Conditions of a Few
To Tlir. Epitok or Tlir. Sew .'lr. The
silk strlko In Paterson, N. .1., my native
city, has Interested me nnd awakened
memories of mv chltdhocl, when my par
ents and my kindred tolled there in the
mills In the 4fta and "50a. There still
lives my uncle, more than so. and also
mv num. past 70. Being anxious tn put
right my thoughts regarding those days,
when I, after darkness, often carried their
nippers to them In Kyle's silk mill, when
7, I have looked up some old letters.
Often h.ive I thought how thankful the
workers In the mills then- should now
feil that they nro not working In those
days of long ago. And for their reflec
tion I quote my aunt's letter, dated Jan
uary S, 1906:
In reply to your questions, dear nephew,
how many hours e worked In thoae d.
It was fourteen. I went to work nt 5 years
of nge, and my Drat wage w.ia 7fl centa a
eek, and I wna proud to think that I
could earn aomethlnic to help my mother
to get nlong In her atrugglea. (My grand
mother became n widow In 1843. J
Many a time did my poor mother carry
in through the anoudrlfta. until we rania
lo a patliwa), thla while I was ver oung,
In the a. line mill
And for ten years. 15 to 1a, I worked
for John Kyle, and my brother .loo w-orknl
III the aaino milt. He always nailed for
me at night, ao 1 wna well guarded going
home, We atarted at work ut 5 n'clmk In
tbe morning, enme home for breakfast at 7.
then went to work nt 7'45, and up to IS
noon. Then e worked from 15:45 until
or longer In the night.
In lass the ten hour law went In effect
through the Instrumentality of Thoiuna 1.
IIoxy, a noted lawjer In his day, and a
good friend to the working people.
What a change there has been In the
hours of work and wagca of to-day com
pared to those days. Still, the vvorketa
are dlssatlstled, and probably ever will
he. And In the distant future they will
likely demand a four hour day. and a
dollar or more an hour, being spurted nn
by banqueted orators, fllmllamtners and
drniioa who feast while their victims fast.
What regard have they for tho dlrtrcsa
they create by their acltlsh and ruinous
advice of further continuation of Idle-
These Inciters of riot and ruin of prop
erty and human llfo Itself should be.
promptly met with military rule.
.My sympathies ever extend to tho
working class, and 1 cherish the hope
that their gtlevuncea will be righted,
bringing blessings on themselves, their
kindred and employers alike. M.
OcKANroiiT, N, J July 17.
Garlic for "come across with th cash."
Jn collecting a bill 'tis a teat of true skill
Not tn ruffle the debtor's proud soul,
For you'll find It a fact, If you only uaa tact,
That you'll get nothing less than th
8o don't b to gruff or go off In a huff,
But learn lo uae tact or tineas,
And ainll on th gent when hli bill yu
And gently aay: "Arragh A-Ches."
Draw pnker'a a gam, aa w know, which
One's temper may rile In a Jiff;
So 'tla well a a rule to be genial and rl
And so Have off many a tiff,
If the "age" baa, perhapa, a memory Japs
And th "ante" shows signs it d litre,
Don't yell, getting hot, "You're ahy In th
But just murmur; "Arragh A-chee."
A SHARK YARN.
A til- Kf.h of Kauai That Hetnrnett a
Favor With f'ood Measure.
To Tite Epitor ok Tiis Bun fllr: If
"Mnlntop" Is really noxious to rid himself
of tKOO ho has only to go to the Ha
waiian Islands to obtain plenty of evi
dence of bites and even death from
When we lived In the Hawaiian Isl
ands there was a native who peddled
fish nt our hack door who had lost his left
hand from a shurk bite, and nn old beg
gar near the fish market who had had his
right leg bitten off by a shark. Shark
bites, more or less serious, nre by no
means Infrequent ; any doctor In the
coust towns can testify to having treated
them, and I havo heard fishermen tell of
having seen a companion torn to pieces
and devoured by sharks.
Needless tn say there are many shark
stories current that nre, If anything, a
trifle, more piscine than the shsrks them
selves. It Is possible that an attempt to
verify soma of 'these has been tho cause
of "Maintop's" doubtful attitude. One
bas Islandwldo reputation.
For many years Captain Slmonson of
the Interlslnnd Steam Navigation Com
tiany brought his little steamer to a safe
nncboragu In the rockbound harbor of
Nawlllwlll, Kaual, guiding her with un
erring skill through the coral reefs and
shifting sand bars that line the harbor en
trance. Always on approaching this
port the steamer was slowed to a "walk."
The mate stood on the cathead heaving
the lead and shouting the marks, and the
anchor allowed to trail flukes under ready
to be dropped at an Instant's notice.
Passengers of the tourist variety would
soon realize that something waa up and
make Captain Slmonson the mark for th
usual battery of, "Say, captain, Is that
man up there In front flshtngr "Are we
going or are we drifting?" "Doein't the
anchor hold us back If It drags that
way?" "How do you know where all the
rocks are, captain ; did you see them at
low tide?" and so on ad Infinitum.
Captain Slmonson always waited until
a fair sized audience had collected, nnd
then In a manner that would have made
the late fl. Washington look like the
president of the Amerlcnn Club he would
tell his tale.
No, the ship was not moving on her
own power ; the engines were turning
from the drag of the propeller. She was
Towed Business of surprise and Ineio
dullty on the part of the tourist au
dience. Yes, one of the largest sharks In those
waters was towing the ship by the an
chor ; possible to see him If the water
Immediate departute of the audience
for the starlioatd rail; much cranim; of
necks and remarks of disappointment at
the unwonted muddlnees of tho mni ; forty
feet of that water Is as transparent aa a
plate glass showcase 3fio days In the year.
Yes, It was most unusual for a shark
to do such a thing, but very simple of ex
planation. As ii little boy he used to
swim nnd fish In the harlmr. One day he
saw a monster shark In apparent dis
tress, and paddling his eanoe out he
found tti.it the unfortunate creature had
been eating a fish and a large lame hnd
caught In Its throat Unwilling to see
the poor thing suffer he had carefully
extracted the offending bone. Years later
be had come to w a captain and brought
tils ship to his boyhood harbor. The shark
had not forgotten his kindness. Out of
sheer gratitude that shark Invariably met
the ship, seized a fluke of the anchor and
towed her safely past reef and sand bar
to her proper anchorage. Kanaka,
Nbvv York, July 17.
To Tttr I'ntTon or Tits Sun Sir: A
friend of mine from Cuba said the other
day that If anybody up here wants proof
of the edibility of humans from Mr.
Shark's point of view let him go to Cuba,
and Investigate. And then this Cuban
friend of mine, a good, conscientious
"athnllc. albeit of Scotch, not Spanish,
extraction, procieded to relate how an
Hngllshmnn bathing with his (my
friend's) grandfather was claimed as a
tidbit, and how, one day, a laborer fell
overboard from a scow coming Into har
lsir, who when rescued was minus a con
siderable) section vf bis anatomy ; and
again bow a shark was caught, nnd on
being opened "gave up" tho leg of a
It was known tn be the leg of a Span
ish soldier because It was still clothed In
an appropriate part of a pair of army
So, If "old Salt" Verner will concede
the reasonableness of my preference for
bathing otherwise than among sharks I
t-hall be content to see him keep his
money John W'ortht.
New Tonic, July 17.
Autos. Oils, (Julters. Tin Cans, Rain Bar.
rrls nnrt .Irrse) lllnla of Prey.
To Tin: lluiTon or Tlir. SfN filr: With
tho advent of tho nutomoblle and the
mania for dtistless speeding a remedy for
the mosquito nuisance which has already
proved Itself a godsend bas l-en forced
upon us In tho widespread application of
oil to our thoroughfares.
Although we have known for years that
crude oil and the various petroleum prod
ucts would prevent tho Increase of the
larv:e of the, mosquito, nnd although lta
application to stagnant puddles has been
widely recommended both by our State
Agricultural Department and the local
boards of health It hna taken the auto
mobile to stir up the crusade, primarily
upon dust, but Just aa Important In th
elimination of the mosquito.
The heavier oils are known to be the
most effective against mosquitoes. If you
will notlro the gutters of an oiled street
during a rain you will sen that a good
portion of the oil Moats away, a little with
each rain, nnd It la the heavier oils thut
go, for the lighter oils nrn moro quickly
absorbed by the road, the heavier onca
remaining on the surface.
tirnvlty now helps out, and every place
where tlowlnc.' water from tho oiled road
can collect to stagnate la at once e-overed
iv 1th the 111 m of oil In which nn larva;
have a chance to develop, leaving there
fore ns the only breeding places tin cans,
rain barrels and utensils left aliout stand
lug upright, and of coursn the places to
which oil Is not applied.
The fact that mosquitoes are plentiful
In the far north and in tho torrid belt as
well us our own temperate zone Indicates
that climatic conditions have little to do
with their ptesenee. Then why Is It we
tlnd them In some parts of New Vnt-w
ami New Jersey nnd not In others? My
iinprt'Hsiiiii is mat mis is utie almost en
tirely to poor drainage and the character
of the subsoil , that Is, whether It Is por
ous or of such texture as to cause water
to collect and stagnate for a nerlod lour
enoiiKh for the pests to develop.
I,et us drain then whero nractlent ib.
little stagnant pools, many of which can be
found quite near our houses for weeks
during rainy spells, so that they will soon
dry, and let us upset every tin can, rain
barrel and utensil we find containing stag
nant water, and let us Implore the authori
ties tn rnntlnim 1,a nm,nrt.M, -
oil to the roads by tho tank enr
If necessary. Then ultimately we will
have a "mosqultolesa paradise" right here
In New Jersey, Uiiwakp J. Brown,
lU'THERromi, N. J July 17,
To an Old (Inty Horse.
To TBS KUITOR or Tas XVSStr;
Id this extremely active age
Whin every one Is on the fly
1 love to watch the old gray horsr
Do plodding slowly by.
As laty clouds take half a day
To crrep arrets the sky
The old gray horse with dignity
Stepa slowly, softly by.
There ta no hurry In tain soul,
Ills contemplative eye
Srarce seems lo see that swirling heels
Continually ruh by.
To emulate the old gray horse
I think that I shall try
And then perhapa I shall not tare
Thai everything goes by.
Wbits Piquet, July 17, 11, W. I),
WOMAN OFFERS $500
TO EMPTY SING SING
Sees Plans to Move 300 Pnn
victs to Great Meadow
In "The Sun."
STATE'S ACTION AWAIT .Mi
New York Men WJllinp .,
Finnnco Plan If Tieris
IloeiUhe she siw In Tub St'N thit h
wanted to Ret 300 men out of .Sing Hing into
a clean environment, a woman in l(hnd
Island wroo yesterday to Edwin O Holer,
lawyer of 00 Hroadw.iy, ofTerinc $So
toward tho expense of moving the men to
tho bin farm of Great Meadow prison
Mr. Holter told ofkthe offer last ni?bt at
his homo In Mount Klsco.
"Tho namo of this woman," sild th
lawyer, "Is unfamiliar to me. Appa rnt ly
she eoes not know mo etoept by aeeinc
tho story in Tint Hun. I sent word of her
offer to Ieon C. Welnstock, tho New York
city member of the commission appointed
by Gov. .Suiter to replace Hing Sing :n
quickly as possible.
"Such nn offer from an unespectori
source was very heartening. I titn glad
to see that Mr. Weinstock says that his
commission plans to get those turn out nf
that pesthole at Ossining the very tirs'
thing it does, Nothing is lacking tei move
them to Great Meadow this week esuept
"Todoit will require only afewthoiiMiid
dollars. Tho cost has all been ttguiod on'
I do not recall the exact llgure.
"I have told Gov. Sulzcr that If the
Legislature docs not appropriate 'he
money with something approach nu
promptness, I will start n public suh
scrlptlon to raise It, 1 told him tha
1 believed the full Htitn could be ?n
that way In a very few days and s-iUi
an Incident as the letter from Kb d
Island makes me more confident thin
"If absolutely nerwsary I would under
take, with the' assistance of n few other
men, to finance the thing. Hut it ondit
not to be ni-eeary for us to eto tha'
The Legislature ought to glvo that mono
nud give it eitliok "
Itichdrd M Ilutd, head of th !.nwyer
Mortgage Companv, wild at his ho:n n
Locust Point, S" .1 . that the offer Iron
Hhcle Island was "line."
"That money to transfer those nin t
going to be raised," he declared "bit
the Legislature should give it and give
without delay Appropriations of thr
larger sort for a site and preliminary wot
on a prison to replace Sing Sing ran w.o
a few weeks, but the money to tako tho.
men to Great Me-adow ought not to wa.
"lh grevit thing is to bring pub'
opinion to be-ar I believe that by th
time llie public knows the full horror nf
Sing Sing und that it won't let any politic,
eiuarrel nt Albany excuse delay in givtii
the men now 'doubled up' at Ossining ,i
chance to be houseel ileceiitH'."
Mr Holter anel Mr Hurd liked the out
line of the plan for a new farm prison in
hutches county ns elebcrlbed by Mr
WVinstock in 'I if K St'N yesterday. In
fact, approval of a farm prison in place of
Sing Sing was general among the men
who know conditions there.
Mr. WVinstock waa in Albany conferring
with other members of Gov. 8ulzer''-e-ommission
and urging members of th"
Legislature not to block tho plan for th
If this prison is hullt on the site pro
tiosevl, not far from Poughkeepsie, It ra
be largely ereejted by the convicts them
selves. That is tho method followed at
Great Meadow prison, which Is still only
DR. MVLLER'S FAREWELL.
Thanked Bryan for Nation's Itnapt-
tallty Before Ratlin.
WasnivnTON, July 17. On the eve of h'
departure for Brazil after a five weeks t'ir
of the United States aa the guest of th
nation. Dr. Lauro Muller. Minister fo.
Foreign Affairs of nrar.ll, sent the following
message to Secretary of State Hryan yester
"I could not personally address each "
the distinguished members, of tho Cabin"
of the Congn'ss, of the Supreme Court an
of the civil and military authorities who
delightfully received the representative o,
Urazll. 1 therefore beg you to hive
kindness to express to each of them mv mo
sincero and profound gratitude, with t
wishes which I herewith express for th
continued huppiness of those hoptih
people aud for the growing prosperity of t1
great republic which I havo now hid th'
good fortune to visit "
President Wilson sent the followlr.
message to President Konseea, of Hraztl
"On the eleparture to-day of your pe. .
Ambassador, Dr. Ijiuro Muller, on h
homeward voyage, I wish to express to yo
Excellency the heartfelt pleasure which r
Government and people of the t'npe
States have had In welcoming this di
tlnguisheel citizen and representative ,
your friendly nation. Permit me. to hip
that In returning to his own country he mi
bear with him memories of his vtsi' i
delightful aa those which it has left vi'ti
OVERTAXATION THE ISSI V
City Kconomy Legoxarra Tell I
alontata What Campaign Iteiiulrea.
William II. ChesehrouRli, represen' n
tho City ICcotiomy League, with a n '
bershlp of 18,000 Mr, Clu'-sobr
aald ht expected tho league would ' ,
100,000 members before the campa g
over appeared estcnlay before "
fusion committee on candidates to
what sort of a Mayor the league wa .
He did not name his man.
"This committee Is here," he s.nd. -a
urge yon to Incorporate lu your pla' . n
the principles for which It stands a .
emphasize 'overtaxation' aa the t
mount issue in the coming municipal
Among the others who spoke were r i
ward M Doyle, Frank II Tyler and ' V
Trod well, Tho committee on eandil i'
expects to begin the real slate m.i s
Puts lllll la Now Putnam, Coon
Qrernvvicii, Conn., July 17 A" "
upon a stiKgestlon made at a special t
mealing by Kdwln II. Halter of New
the voters decided hereafter to use
dlgnllled name nf I'ulu.un In pttferto '
the old historical name of Puts 111'
to huve all town records made wl'li
now name. The meeting decided to i
of Mrs. A. A, Anderson one-thlrd of
acre and Improve the hill at an cxpenn
Columbia Haa Ilrrord Sraalon
All records for attendance at the mm'
session of Columbia I nlversit y have be, n
broken Ibis year, according to He.'
F. A. Ulckey. 'lbs tola! number id -
dents Is 4.SS0, an Increase ot neai'v
over last year On one elay the iiuinli'
students registered as l.tM,
1,0:.', the highest for one day in m
year. Evmlng classes, a new fmiuis,
art oas ef tb oaussa of Us Increase,