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TUESDAY, AL'dUST 12, 1913.
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far that purpose.
The Trial of Impeachments.
This Is from Mr. Justice Story's
''Commentaries on the Constitution of
the United States'.
"The object of prosecutions of this aort
Is to reach high and potent offenders, such
as might be presumed to escape punish
ment In tho ordinary tribunals, either from
their own extraordinary Influence or from
the imperfect organization and powers of
those tribunal'. These prosecutions ore
therefore conducted hy the representatives
if the nation tor State) In their public
capacity. In the face of the nation, and I
ipon a responsibility which Is Mt once felt I
and reverenced by the whole communis.
The notoriety of the proceedings ; the sol'
emn manner In whlch'they are conducted .
the deep extent to which they affect the
imputations of tho aicued , the Ignominy'
if a conviction, which is to lie known
through all time; and the glory of on ac
quittal, which ascertains and confirms
Innocence these are all calculated to pro
line a lvlil and lastlnB Interest In the
p-jblii mind, and to give to such prosecu
te up when neces-ary. a vast Importance
lMth its ti heck to crime and an Incite
ment to vlilue."
To which tt may be added that tlu
Constitution of the Slate of New York
dues not attempt to deline or limit In
any way the offences for which a Gov
ernor may be Impeached ; does not even
restrict such high and viKuin proceed
ings ti (Times or misdemeanors al
loged to have been committed by tho
liiilached during his actual term of
urtioe, ami does not routine the' Juris
diction of the court of Impeachment to
offences indictable under ordinary
criminal procedure. Hut the Constitu
tion does provide a tribunal every
member of which Is sworn truly and
impartially to try the Impeachment ac
cording to the evidence.
Conscious Innocence, fortified by the
proof of rectitude and spurning the
Idea of evasion or obstruction by tech
nicalities, could ak no swifter or
surer Instrument for the restoration
of public confidence than is afforded
to, William Sulzer by the process de
scribed above by Josr.pit Story.
Ah! the glory of an acquittal which
nseertnins and confirms innocence!
Tke Peace of Europe as Much a
Factor as Ever.
According to a report in Paris, the
Turkish Ambassador has given M.
PicitON. the Foreign Minister, to under
stand that Turkey will not evacu
ate Adrlanople, even If the Halkan
kingdoms offer territorial compensa
tion as a consideration. To offer such
an Inducement would of course be to
disregard the Treaty of London, which
tho Powers Insist at the present time
that Turkey shall respect.
It Is the Powers that are responsi
ble for the Treaty of London, and the
Halktiu klucdoms rely upon them to
discipline Turkey. Adrlanople belongs
to Hulgaria by right of conquest ns
aftirmeil by the treaty. It Is a case
where possession therefore Is not ulne
points of the law. Nevertheless, the
Porto litis holies of being allowed to
'retain the holy city. Turkey has her
chniuplous. It Is argued that Hulgaria
Ji.is only herself to blauie If she has
lost Ailrlanoplo, as she withdrew her
iinny of iKctipatlon anil engaged In a
war with two of her allies to acquire
territory elsewhere; nnd that, more
over, tho majority of the Inhabitants
of Ailrliinople would prefer Moslem to
Hulgarlau rule. So the question Is
u shod, Can the Powers afford to coerce
'I'm key? Still, there remains the
Treaty of London, Are Its cessions
and compacts to be disregarded when
ever u war occurs In tho nalkans be
tween thu htto allies?
The Turkish view of the case, con
tained in a uoto to the British Gov
ernment. Is that tho possession of
Ailrlanoplo Is vital to the necurlty of
Constantinople and the Dardanelles.
That is a view which the Powers did
not take when tho Treaty of Loudon
wn drafted, nnd tho ability of tho
Turks to hold, the Tctmtuldja line Is
a KUftlclent answer to the Porte's con
tention. In r.ngland the Unionist
party is more than partial to the claim
Pi Turkey, in the House of Cm
mons the other tiny Mr. Wahm Gcin- 1
Ni.ss nskod Sir Howard Grkv this
"May t null whether, in view of the
Powers having allowed the former allies
to Indulge In a linked war of conquest,
there Is any reason to object to the
rcoccupatlon of tho former Turkish terri
tory In accordance with the princlplo of
nationality which the right honorable gen
tlcman formerly supported?"
Sir Kdwakd (Irkt replied thnt tho
question wits based on the assumption
that the action of the Powers was res
tituted by logic mill International law,
und he went on to say :
"The action of the Powers deems to
me- to have been Influenced In the case of
eath Individual Tower first by the view of
what Itx own Interest requires, und In the
case of all the Powers hy a common de
sire between them to preserve the pe.ice
of Kurope, and I Imagine that their, no
tion will continue to he regulated by
It was nfter Sir Howard (Irky mutle
this noncommittal statement that the
Powers ordered Turkey to evacuate
Adrlanople, hut evidently It does not
follow that they will undertake to
drive tin army of 200,iHMoiit of Thrace.
If the pence of Kurope requires thnt
no such heroic measures bo under
taken, there will he a compromise Unit
calls for a revision of the Treaty of
Loudon. At any r.ite. the I'orte ad
here to the simple plan of playing
the game to the end, and delay l a
"Jones, He Pays the Freight."
It Is nearly twenty-seven ears since
Kdwaki) Franc Junes became Llutiten-unt-Uovertvor
of his native State nnd
the phrase which he hail made famous
in his factory grew as famous In poli
tics. Probably this generation lias for
gotten that salient iH-rsonullty. thnt
homely, shrewd, kindly,' lovable and
straightforward num. a strange and
welcome flirure In the herd of politi
cians. So that Feneration had forgot
ten the Colonel of the Sixth Massnchu
fells, the tirt Northern blood shed at
Kaltlmore, the defence of Washington,
Mr. Lincoln's gratitude to Colonel
Jonks. For a few days whose legends
i now are faint saw among n few, the
Sixth Massachusetts was a glorious
us the Old titiard :
"Weave hut the flag whose Kir to-day
Drooped ,cuvy o'er our early d.ail.
Qr ),m,.iy garments, coarse and may.
For otphnns that must earn their
So .In. i a Wakii Howl adjured "Ye
Lyons loom-'." If Colonel Joni.s had
died like KLLswoHrtt or Tiihidoki:
Wintiiroi'. those early flowers of fame,
his memory would huxe been fresher
among living men. He lived to do
brave, honest -work ill the SItU and
Twenty-sixth, In the Mu-.NirhUseUs
Uonernl Court, n a nun of business
and a man of honor. He lived to mi
extreme old age shadowed by one of
the most mournful of human disasters,
home by hint as gallantly as he had
worn a sword in his thirties; and lie
strove with all ills force and all the
kindness of his nature to help the
other dwellers In the dark, tho de
prived of tills bright world.
See the Indomitable soldier with
tlittt great sweep of white mustache,
as he knits patiently In the long night
that Hears the end for him. Amid a
I multitude of noisier names, reniein
j her for a moment "Jonks, he pays the
Somehow, the words of Colonel F.n
waiui Dickinson Raklk, ile.nl nt Hall's
Hlutf. rise In the memory: "(iooj
friend, true hero, hail and farewell:"
A Mtudy In Star".
We observe that our uoluhhor the
H'orfrf had the following self-eollipll-inentary
sentence In a sjieclal despatch
from Washington yesterday:
"The IIoudb committee will have the
star witness. Colonel Martin Michael
MtiLUAU., nhose disclosures tbroiiKli tha
World created a nationwide sensation."
On July -'ft Chairman l'.M)i:itwooii of
the Committee on Ways ami Means
paid a brief visit to the Senate lobby
investigating committee. The visit
was as warm as It was brief, for In
a few seconds Mr. Cndirwood had
characterized the above mimed "star"
is'rformer in language such as that
gentleman does not often employ, even
at times of extreme provocation.
On Saturday, August 0, in Milwaukee,
Cardinal Giiiiions, when asked about
his reported meeting with the alleged
'As for MtHTiN M. Mui.HAM., I have
never met him, and -therefore will not
take the time and trouble of denying his
testimony before the Senate lobby Inves
tigation committee that ho had u confer
ence with me with the hope of gaining
,my Influence in regard to legislation favor
able to the manufacturers' association,"
When two gentlemen so widely sep
arated in the spiritual and material
uffalrs of this country as Cardinal Gin
noNs and Chairman I'.mii.rwooii unite In
their testimony ns to tho trustworthi
ness of a niau "whose disclosures
through the World created a nation
wide sensation," tint query naturally
arises as to the precise moaning, of
the conception and definition that our
esteemed neighbor had In atplylng the
word "star" to hlmV
Once a noted character, Miss Hix'kt
Siiaiip, was called "an angel," but her
creator asked his renders to remember
that there were two kinds of angels.
Wo presume that likewise thcro are
two kinds of stars.
We salute Mr. JCallett, tho Itusslan
Hercules who on Suuday night gave n
demonstration of the malleable quality
of the Iron fittings of his cell In the
West 152d street police station. Tho
essential nobility of Mr. Zali.lti's na
ture must not go unrecognized.
This genial lithe-Ian, whose biceps
possess the compelling isiwer of a
steam crane, has the slmplo heart of
a child. On Hunduy nlcbt be was feel -
!nj$ eiuhernnt; tho world looked bright
ami good; nil nature wus kindly.
What more natural than that, In
sheer llglithenrtedness, he should pick
up n brick und throw It nt a passing
automobile? lie did not Intend to hit
tlie automobile or the driver, we are
convinced; he threw the brick us n
child throws n pebble In the water, as
a purely spontaneous expression of the
joy of life. Hut the owner of the nuto
mobile thought otherwise; perhaps he
had forgotten that he too was onco a
child and liked to throw things about.
At any rate he caused the arrest of
The way In which the l.tisslnn re
ceived this stroke of malignant for
tune Is an Index to the gentleness of
his character. Instead of there and
then putting forth a tithe of the
strength that Is in til lit and pulveriz
ing the Llllputlan otllcer who took hliu
in charge, lie walked docilely to the
police station, doubtless thinking that
when he explained that he had no In
tent Ion of hurting nuybody nil would
be well. The disillusionment must
have been bitter when his protesta
tions were of no avail, nnd we can
sympathize with the vrotul spirit that
matte him demand that he should be
Only when the cell door wan locked
did Ids thoughts turn to vengeance,
and then it was a noble, a magnani
mous revenge that lie took. He showed
his puny captors what he might have
iloue and how in his mercy lie had
spared them. For an hour Mr. Hal-
i.kit favored the assembled station
force on the other side of tho looked
door with a realistic Imitation of Sam
son Agoutstes. He broke his cot across
his knee, he twisteW the bars of his
cell Into corkscrews, he plucked the
water pipe ns though it had been a
flower. Then, having demonstrated
what he might do if he really got
angry, he began to sing softly to him
self, doubtless some lullaby remem
bered from his infancy, and so, as
Pipys sny, to sleep.
What followed stand out in un
pleasant contrast with the magnanim
ity of Mr. Zalllti'. The doormun,
1 iiajionh a rough diamond surely
assumed the role of Ullila. and creep
ing Into the cell manacled the sleeping
gl.tnt ns he lay. Still. It Is satisfac
tory to read that on the morrow Mr.
. u.i.t rr smiled happily as he paid a
ten dollar tine.
.sorrows of the Kleh.
In a sermon nt a Newport church
frequented by "many of the wealthy
summer residents" the Hev. IIr.Kin:KT
Siiii'.man, a clergyman of distinction
in this town, pitied, und apparently
with no sense of paradox, the sorrows
of the rich:
"We live In a restles and unsatisfied
;me. We are constantly confronted with
the fad and pathetic slk'ht of unhappluei-fl
and disappointment. There Is, no doubt,
misery and suffnSm; In the slums. I do
not mm reftr to that, but to the pathos
of the uuhapplnos of the rich and the
successful : not of the bread line, but of
the automobile line. Men who have
ever thing money can buy, everything
the world can give, are still yearning with
inexpressible longing for what they have
lost or have missed."
What aire since the Golden has lieeil
restful anil MitiMird? Who born t
mortal things has not lost something,
does not j earn for something? Who
even among upllfters has not found
pursuit exciting, itossesslon cloying?
"The pathos of the unhapplnos.s of
the rich" Is an excellent good phrase,
but does It stand analyst'; What Is
that pathos, for example, to the ior
is'ttial tight between heaven and hell,
felt with all the intenseiiess of halluci
nation, in the bosom of n Villon, a Ver
liiine, a Francis Thompson? Outside
of the griefs and disappointments UUI
uufullillcd desires common to men,
ennui Is probably the darkest care that
rides behind the purple and replete.
Hut how many of them have the
visualizing energy and tierce capacity
for self-torture of some, of many, art
ists und iHiols?
After all, was Dr. SmrxiAN express
ing the charitable view that with all
their faults "thu rich" are human?
Never will the Hon. , Iloni.RT .yk
IIlniiy or the Hon. AbsCnr Paulin
Pimo consent to that fatal admission.
Df.?en Is the Pittsburg of Germany.-
Home Is the Topeka of Italy.
The French Minister of Marine is to
ask Parliament for an appropriation
of $2,"."0,000, to be used by tho navy In
acquiring aeroplanes. It is said to bo
the opinion of the authorities that ex
plosives as powerful as those now llred
from torpedo boats can bo dropped from
aeroplanes to destroy warships, and
France desires to be well equipped for
ouch a method of attack. The example
of France might not to be lost on the
United States: if fleets are to be ex
posed to such a hazard a navy that
neglects to supply Itself with aeroplanes
tlttcd to discharge heavy explosives
will at once lose Its place in the llrst
claw. The possession of fighting aero
planes by a rival sea power might de
ride a naval engagement In its favor,
Dit William Hatakd Hall, who no
longer hides his Identity ns the confidential
envoy of President Wilson, called at the
emlinsfy lo-uay, H.pa(ct irom fne City
of Mcjtco to lid Cicalas J'oat.
Such Is fame the name of the dls
tlngulshrd publicist misspelled! Hut
what evldcnco Is there that Mr. II ale
has denied his identity as commissioner
extraordinary to analyze the Mexican
Hertle county guvo a great welcome
to Governor Lockk Ckaio, Its native son,
at its "Homo Coining Week" celebration.
It has a right to do honor to such a son,
for bo telltcta honor on Hertle. Hateiglt
.Veics and Observer.
Hertle Is not as famous or as classi
cal us her sister county Huncombc. To
ho a native son, of Hertlo is to reflect
honor without additional distinction.
When the lime comes for the sun to net
would that we could ask to be taken
hack, back to Hertlo! Hut what about
this appropriation of tho use of the
1" "native ton" 7 Will not Callfor
nla anathematize you for thin free usage
of her sacred nwoterlc. We thought only
the heaven born with bears on their
chests had tho prerogative to coll them
selves native sons. A native son of
Hertle? A tarheel sitting on redwood
The Hon. Silas Wiuoiit Is avenged.
All human knowledge Is relative.
Not all; some, for Instance, that of
the Hon, Alukrt Jcrilmiah Hevtripob,
the Hon. ItomiRT Marion La Follette
and the Hon. dimmn Pinciiot, Is posi
tive, even pretcrposltlve.
Every day we look for fresh devastation
of tho middle Went literary belt to make
a diplomatic holiday. Jlnrtford Times.
Cynic, go! Though from that West
ern midst came every Ambassador,
Minister, Consul-Oencral, Consul, yea,
every Postmaster, yet would those In
exhaustible loins teem still with Immor
tal authors and that belt gleam brighter
Miss Sylvia Pankuvrst continues to
demonstrate the sweet reasonableness
of the militant way of looking at things.
On Sunday, having surrounded herself
with her customary bodyguard of Kiat
F.nd toughs, whose enthusiasm for suf
frage Is unquestionably altruistic, she
proceeded to break up a meeting In
Trafalgar Square that wus being held
for the purpose of protesting against
the "cat and mouse" act.
To a lady yearning for "martyrdom'
It is doubtless intensely annoying to
find a number of Intltiential people at-,
tempting to deprive her of the oppor-
tunlty to Indulge her passion: and a
grievance is of no use to anybody once
It Ills been removed. Hesldes. Miss
Stlvia has Indulged since her early girl-,
hood in the strong wine of violence
1 ..-I.... - .. I
and notoriety and craves for the.se
things ns the dope fiend hankers for'
bis favorite drug. When you appreciate
these facts the logic of the militant at
titude becomes apparent.
XAVAL BASE SITUS.
llamptmi Reads for Various Reasons
Preferred to Narragansett tla.
To tub Koitor op Till: Scn .Sir The
recommendation of the predecessor of
Mr. Mover, for the'
con-olldatlon of such navv vards as ,
should be letalncd was wis,, and the
policy should be catrled out. As tegards
the use of NarraKanndt Hay as a naval
base, theie should be som cora'deratlon.
Hampton Itoads. on account f Its un-
excelled conllRiiration and central post'
tlon. would seem to be the (treat central
naval location for the tountiy. Sectrtdiy
Welles promised to make it so. Why it
i.s not done Is In a mejsure explained
In. a t einai k In his "Diary." Mr. Welles
8i s :
I alull atai tfsiet thut til- Naval
Sibool w&s nut established ttt Newport
News on the beautiful i)iet of atT at
Hampton Itodd. ThTe would buve been
more ample acremmoaailniK and paip.
deeper nater, an atiumlam of It, with
every facility for euch an Inetttutton. Uu.1
ttrlmtv and other, lth a narrowne uf
feeling that eurprl-e.i me, .10I adniltllnic
then udvaittart. would not e,uieut tu
transfer the .school so far Muth as Virginia
Porter flret favor-d th meaeure, but wae
ellenced by th Maryland nuthorltle. de
serted me and helped to Influent e Crimen.
It 1 a p.ty that the sectional fecllne
engendeied by the war frustrated Secre
tary Welles's plan Nattue semis to have
formed Hampton ltonds for a Kf it nival
station. Why not make. It so now '
Nw York, August 10. K. T. W.
nllf iv Tlir tff !
' T"h "ssls
PlltshrK ami Xew Kngl.nd lU.e One
Phrase lii Common.
To the KntToR or The Sl'N-.Sir: Yourublv nlWeil. h. w,il,l find It f.nlbln
Dunlmiv urr.lmndent In l.i. 1-ll.r
n,.... o.... -i t . ..
Tiik hLN rubes mi Interesting question
M.k...., I... .1 . . . , '
im .tiling of the word whl. h sounds like '
missis," as he spells it. though the truth
Is It Is one of the commonplace oral cor- !
ruptloiis that aro rarely seen in print or
I have heaid that vsoid in Pittsburg,
Vjf V''.. !!0,,V . . "V. '" ,h!r Nt"
l.ngland city of proud literary lineage
but never befote have 1 seen any attempt
to sp,u It out on paper. The Panbury
man is correct, or course, in saying that
11 is uscmi to cirsiicriHir a niMrncu woman
How often have I been asked: "How Is
The origin of the form e hear seems
simple enough. It Is the otd "mistress"
i . i, i. , v., i , ,,
pear nils ess. This Is not more objec
tionable than our habit of saying "Wens.
day" for "Wednesday
So I should say that If the Panbury
mun would distinguish between mother
and the daughters, he should remember
the double "s" on the end for the for
mer, with the single "s" in the middle;
and the single "s" on the end for the
latter, with the double "s" lu tho middle
Thus, "mls'css" and "misses.
AI.SKKT C DlKITIINBeCll
Hartfoud, Conn., August 10.
(ilbberrrs In a World of Miracles.
To tub KoiTon or Tiir Sun .Sir:
Though I am tempted to believe 111
telepathy I have never yet met with a
quite convincing Instance of It. Thought
reading any one can achieve by practlco.
The thought readcir receives muscular vi
brations Just as the turning tablo does.
If there Is such a thing as transfer of
thought without physical connection
1 ..II it,. .,iulni-l..a , mtilnli ivniitlliiM
surely all the mysteries to which popular
belief has given credence could bo swept
away, tt is wonderful that mind can
communicate with mind by letter, or even
by speech, and until wo havo got over
that problem I see no reason why another
mystery should b added to our darkness
This question of telepathy, ghosts and
dreams deserves a more convincing an
swer than wo are likely to lecelve. f
have been living, working' and thinking
for more than half a century, but up to
now I have only been afraid of ghosts,
have never seen one, and I have sought
light from constant factors of human
A ghoit Is hii eccentric accident and
there are so many miraculous happenings
nowadays that ono might well call to
mind the man In "The Cloister and the
Hearth" who replied to his fellow, who
was anxious to know why the market
place was black with groups, "Ye born
fool. It Is only a miracle."
Anyway one doesn't need to seek In
timations of Immortality In telepathy or
the haphazard freaks of disembodied In
IlnooKLTN, August 11.
Condolence From l.atlnlst.
To mi Hpitob oi Tiik Sun, .Sir;
Poor Homo Sulzer!
Wii.minoton, Del., August 11,
The Mystery of Hay t?er.
If you thoutii Ibe In I'oduali
And cry "Aclioot AcliooP
You berk to cure bay fever
The clime of Tlrobuctoo. .
And when you reach that haven
With wonder sweet and sure
Your troublet all will leave you
Aud you will rtnd'a cure.
Meanwhile a mrelnc mortal
Who dwell In 'Itmbucloo
Will trek the I'odtink cllmtir
1 o cure lit dread "achoo'"
n, I ttheti hUcaicr nostrils
Pirattic. In that happy rilme,
i'Ii, miracle and wonder,
It cures him etery lime.
VAT MOT ISM ASP POLITICS.
Ariversn Remarks on the Dnty of Uphold
tug the President's Hands.
To tiik Editor op Tub Sun Sir: Tour
leader of Saturday about upholding the)
President in the Mexican matter re
sponds to an ancient tradition, "poll
tics should cease at the water's edge":
in which case Mr. Kvarts Li reported as
saying that there would have been
no politics In tho whole term of the
Hnvcs Administration, In which ho
Iliad been Secretary of State. If we
Wero ttt war with Mexico there
would be nothing to say except what
you liavo wild. Hut when tho question
is of Incurring or avoiding war may It
not conceivably he the part of patriot
ism to "hold up the handH" of the Presi
dent In a different sense? When one
sees tho Administration rushing vio
lently down n steep place In the country
of the Oadareneg, nnd, headed for the
Sea of Oalilce, Is It not tho time for re
monstrance and expostulation? If not,
at what point should public opinion
Mr. Henry Lane Wilson has been tell
ing tho President and tho Foreign Com
mitten of the Scnnte, and incidentally
tho country, of thu settlement that ho
would recommend. His long service In
Mexico and the protection which he suc
ceeded In procuring there for Ameri
cans nnd American Interests through-
out a very trying time made him n
most valuable witness nnd counsellor, t journal which has declared that it was
und at least entitled him to a respect- , the assumption of Anglo-Saxon superl
ful hearing, which ho received from , ority In the mission of Mr. Lind nnd In
the Senate committee, if he can scarcely ti. official explanations of that mis-
ne sam to nave received u irom ino .
President. In fact tho impression which i
he made upon tho Honate committee
vns so favorable and so commended to
that body his plan of pacification by I
the recognition of the Government of
Huerta that the President induced the 1
I'orelgn Committee of the House to i
..,,fr..lH,... ,1... l....l..I..M I, t.n.1 !..- I
withdraw the Invitation It had given to
the Amlmssador to appear before It,
Tho natural Inference was promptly
drawn that the President feared that
tho Ambassador's plan of pacification
would discredit his own private plan. ,
and accordingly took steps to muzzle
the formidable witness. This ha.s not
exactly the air of taking the country
into the confidence of the Admlnlstra- j
The President's private plan of pacl-1
I ficotloil bun not ,vn vt Lti tilltillnlv ,
. ., ... , ,
K", . ' ' "l " ",'"' " "" '
"'oun kiviiiks out to iiiruuitt u sciienie
01 mediation' nmoni; the contending ,
Tactions with the comment of their lead-
ers. If the Governor of Pennsylvania,
at what seemed u critical time in the
hlstory of this municipality, had "ten- i
dered his Kood otticcs" to Mayor 'luyuor, '
I District Attorney Whitman. Commls- I
sioner Waldo. Lieutenant Decker and
Dig .lake Zellg in the effort to bring
about a peaceful and amicable .solution, 1 be fulfilled. If he attempts to open ne
of which the first step should be the gotiations with the chiefs of the revo
retirement of the Mayor, that, proposal ' lutlonary parties the Mexican Oovcrn
would doubtless have ciwmendrd itself ment will bo within Its rights if it or-
to some of the parties concerned, hut ders him out of the country as a mis
hardly to the Mayor. The retirement chlevous alien interfering with Mexican
of President Huerta, It is at least uu- domestic affairs. Either he will return
derstond, is the ultimatum of President with a flea In his ear, nnd the Mexican
Wilson. And this, though a stronger fleas ate singularly large and pungent,
ease for the recognition of a de facto or he will remain in the seclusion of
Government than exists for our n-cognl- j
tlon of the Government of Huerta has
seldom been presented. Ho has been
for months in the undisturbed and un
challenged control of tho capital, of the
army, of the ports and of all the ma
chinery of government. Ills position is
so strung that almost every Power hav
ing relations with Mexico or Interest
in it has already recognized it. except-
fill? nnlv tilt I liltM.l SSI.'iti.u (l.A rrr.c-nl.
i . Li, n.
ion of which is more important to him
'Z . "'V ' "
,. . . J. . .
(ignition of the L n ted States, t s nlaus-
.'.'. 7... . .. I . . . .
i" ii-"ii,itt- loan?, lotvt wiium nive nun
,, ,, .,.,,. i, .. . ..
.... i,nni'.rn ,it- it,--,,,, i.. vuilll'triv ,11,"
Pacification of the disturbed districts,
11 lj- as much to our Interest as to thai
nf Mexico that there should he tome
(iovernment there which we can hold
..n,.,-.,. ... .. I.!.. .1 ! ...... 1
i American persons or property, and
l"lch we can ami must recognlW for
that purpose. Tho only obstacle that
"I'l ",", r,:coK""on Vh,?1,,,.e
-s, w, ...mi.. r uiinin-.iiiiiiinui
fact that Huerta is the beneticlarv of
assassination, and perhaps the I'resl-
dent's personal susnlelon that lie w:ls
Mmsof accessory to the assassination
"y which he pmllted. Hut these are not
"the arguments of slates nnd king
doms." Tho question for us is merely
whether the (Iovernment of Huerta is
in fuct the (Iovernment of Mexico, not
how it came to be so, und It Is no more
to be settled by the President's personal
scruples about Huertu's "record" than
hy the authenticity of doubts about his
marriage certificate, If he has them.
In these j oceni Presidential perform
ances it Is doubtful whether ignorance
of human nature or of International
usage is tho more conspicuous. It was
a fond Imagination that Huerta would
give tui power before he was forced
do ho, still fonder that he would hurst
into tears and abdicate when the Presi
dent's personal scheme was proposed
to him, enforced by the unintelligi
ble eloquence of Mr. I-ltid, it was per
fectly within the President's right, if
i he distrusted his oftlchtl reports from
Mpxp , supplement thorn by de-
spiitehlng personal representatives to
examine and report to him upon the
situation. John Hay pursued that
courso In the case of tho lloxer rebel
lion In China in 1900 when he sent out
Mr. Hockhill to supplement tho reports
of tho resident Minister. It is true that
tho resident Minister was ono of the
old fashioned und new fashioned politi
cal spoilsmen who had been appointed
without the least question of his tltness
for the place, und that Mr. Hockhill
was one of the quulltlcd diplomatists
wl,om Hay took such pains to at-
tract and retain In our diplomatic scr
vice, and whom tho present President
and the present Secretary of State aro
taking equal pains to weed out. Tho
spollH Juggernaut has Just now rolled
at Constantinople over Mr. Hockhill,
perhaps the most accomplished diplo
matic officer In our service, with no
more compunction than If ho had been
a Pittsburg Hepubllran millionaire.
Still, It was within tho President's right
to choose his own emissaries to Mexico,
one of them tho most ecstatic of his
eulogists in tho magazines, und to scud
them about tho country equipped each
with a copy of the State Department's
secret cipher code, to tell him about tho
condition of Mexico. Tho (iovernment
of Huerta could Ignore these emissa
ries und permit them to go about as
tourists. Hut after the President had
rejected tho advice of our- Ambassador
to Mexico to recognize the Huerta Gov
ernment, and removed tho Ambassador
for Riving It, und had announced that
his personal representative was going to
Mexico In a man-of-war to propound a
plan which, whatever else It Included,
Included tha retirement nf llnprlii. thu
1 Mexican Government could no longer
ignore the Incident.
It took tho perfectly correct and un
exceptionable courso of notifying our
riovcrnment that unless Mr. l.ltid
brought credentials In due form rec-
as? hohu,rnot was $
tho executive Mead or mat uovernmeni
nor by any department of it, ana mat
his presence would not bo regarded as
desirable. As If our courso thus far
had not been sufficiently irregular and
tactless, the Secretary of State took
upon himself to issue a reproof to the
Mexican Government, declaring that it
"should have waited" to hear what Mr.
Llnd was prepared to propose before
docllnlng to receive him. Mr. Hryan
was of courso far from foreseeing the
Infuriating effect on the Mexican mind
that would be produced by the uncon
scious insolence of his admonition, an
admonition that not even he itnould
dream of addressing to a nation that he
regarded as the equal of his own. Hut
the effect was produced nil the same.
Mexican politics also ceaao at the
water's edge, jus Mr. do la Uarra has
just been reminding us In language
of which the studied moderation does
not conceal his amazement at our
diplomatic procedures. Mexicans with
out regard to party nre rallying to the
support of a Government which they
regard as having vindicated the dignity
of the nation. If the Administration
had been trying to strengthen the Gov
ernment of Huerta it could not pos
sibly have effected so much toward
that end as It has done by this last
phase of Its effort to weaken that Gov
ernment." The feeling of all Mexico Is
doubtless expressed by the Mexloan
si0n that "pained and shamed and
angered" the people of Mexico,
n j9 no wonder that the diplomatic
body at the Mexican capital is reported
to he deriving amusement from our
predicament. It must nppear to that
body that there is nobody in our State
Department who knows how thlnsrs nre
, . .. .. . ...
lone Internationally, and particularly
what Is "not done." Americans know
that not to be the rase. To be sur?,
Mr. Hryan has got rid of all such per
sons as he could. Hut there Is no better
authority on international usane than
the counsellor of the Department, whose
counsel was evidently not sought upon
this occasion. Mr. O'Shaughnessy, tho
Charge d'Affalres at Mexico city, also
presumably knows what is done In
diplomatic usage, having been for ten
l'onrt nr tnnrA on tva In )A,-nlnff It
. ' "..V'
""ukh it n ik.ii o- ns mucn ns nm
piace is worm lor nun to auviso ins
superiors that what they are doing I"
Meanwhile the mission of Mr. Lind,
which was a foredoomed failure. W al-
ready a proved failure. The (Sovern-
ment, "near" which he has been sent to
reside, will have nothing to say to him
except upon conditions which it Is of
the essence of his mission are not to
A lirotlir hedned with ulien rpetcb
And Ucklnr all lntrpr-tf r,
like thoe pathetic and yet exasperating
lnnm rnf nnf a -l,V ,rl,nm , I, CnrntafV
of sute has been replacing . 'i
officers who knew their business-
throughout Itin America. Is It not
, . I, a n,,., i.f ktnn t -l,,t la,,,' r;,tl,.,r 1 ft-
,ltato ,hr retrcat of thp Admlnlstra-
i ... . . .
tlon from a perfectly .untenable ami
rldcuIoua position than to encourage Its
PrJect whlch lmml-
nently threatens to turn irom a rarce
. - n.,. . i...
' lu a llrr'ulu " .
I I1AR.MODIUS AmsTTOiTO.
v-. i,,ns, 11
7F.w iork, August it.
Where the Hrponthllll Rett
To the Kmtoh or Tiik Scjc Sir: You
truthfully say it is a "time to hold up
the hands of President Wilson. Illght
1 "?u "r"! ,J,Ul . ,1 n,T
1 ..t!?" TPZ ""t
strengthen him In doing his duty. The
, responsibility for blazing the way is
his, and it "is to bo hoped the people
lthout hesitation or backwardness will
The Mexican situation requires close
and constant attention. Let it have
such nttentlon. K. T W.
Nr.w VoitK, August 11
Aneerlnte for the llenefll of John Pnr
To tiik nniTOR or tiik Sl'N" Sir; Mr.
John I'tirroy Mltehel Is reported to have
ald that ho could "wish for no better
luck" th.in to have Mayor Gaynor for his
It occurs to mo that the Collector of tha
Port. .1 most estimable gentleman, 'Is des
tined very soon to find himself in the po
s'tlon of the old maldiwho was too proud
tu wear glasses.
After teturnlng from a vacation spent
to.1'1 Ul" country she visited an optician,
where the following conversation took
I want a pair of eyeglasses, sir. White
visiting In the country 1 made a blunder
which almost caused a tragedy."
"Indeed! Sioke to a stranger thinking
he was an ncqualntame, I presume?'1
"No, not exactly thut. I picked a bum
blebee thinking It was a huckleberry!"
New York, August 11.
Charlotte llronte and Shelley.
To tub KiuTon or Tui; Sun .s'ir: .In
the extracts from th" alleged Mrorite
lettets published in THE St'NDAT SfN
occurs tills patngraph, as from the first
of the letters, written tu July, 1S44:
formerly 1 pueil nhule dun and weeks
and month In uritlnv, not nholtv without
result, for Shelley and Coleridge, two of
oar bet uuthorn, to whom I eNt certain
manuscrlirts, wera good enough 'to e.iip.en
their approval, but now my slcht Is too weak
Something is wiong here, for Char
lotte llronte wax but ti .veuin of ngo
when Shelley died, and she could not
have sent any manuscripts to him. As
t'olorldgo lived till she wan iv, shu
might havo neiit snmo to him. The let
ters Hie aald to have been written In
Trench, Perhaps either th translator
or the transcriber blunderingly wrote
"Shelley Instead of "Southey." If tho
namo really stands "Shelley'' ln tho orig
inal manuscript there Is good reann for
suspecting that tho letters uio a forgery,
Nhw York, August 11. rt. J.
Help far the rrienda of Maa.
To THK Editor or TnH SUN flic; Tell tht
I, W. W. to count on u If we dna't gel our diplo
ma. Anxious ktuuknt.
Nbw Vosk, Auimt 11.
"Ladybur, ladybuic, fly away huir.r; your bou.,0
U on fire and your rhlldrru will burn."
"I board and have no children," replied the
Where Ha Lauded.
Visitor Aud wbo Is this poor fellow?
Keeper -He U a man who acknowledeei It
wouldn't be a peraoua) sacrifice tut hlni to hold
Measure of Defence.
First Baby Are the candidates Usalne you?
Second Paby Yts, It l plain I shall have to
row a mvmtcaw.
MULHALL LOSES HIS
TITLE OF "COLONEL"
Iuformcr Is Sadly Rattled
GETS A NEW YORK LAWYKH
Manufacturers' Ex-Lobbyist Hp
fiiHCS to Answer Many
Washington, Aug. 11. Col. M. t, ,t
Mulliull before tho House lohbs .
mlttco Is a very different Col. Mir .1,
from tho truculent, cocksure witness l.0
ran tho Senatorial lobby Investlgatloi for
three weeks. Ho appeared to-day for r.
amlnatlon before the Oarrett r imr ttee
for tho first time. Ho was submissive
for a short while, but vastly more rru.
cent than when ho had Senator Heed of
Missouri sitting close to his elbow and
propounding all tho questions that Col
MulhaU might answer lu his own siuet
way and In his own sweet time.
Things were different In tho House, and
the Colonel knew It. Ho attempted the
truculent attitude only twice, oncn to hl
great (llscomtltuie, with Keprescntative
Ferris of Oklahoma, and promptly the
Oklahoma member appealed to the clulr
and with equal promptitudo Mr. Garrett
forced a direct answer.
Before the Senate committee Col Mul
haU gave his testimony with an arpar
rrtly remarkably accurate memory
for names and elates. So correct
wero his answers, so certain ht
memory on all the answers which
ho made that the committee- mar
velled at the wonderful exhibition. Col,
MulhaU was letter perfect ln his role of
"the great Informer" before the Senata,
but to those who listened to his testi
mony to-day and heard him reiterate
over' and over again that "his mind km
not quite clear on that point," and his
appeals for tho production of his letter
and memoranda "Just llko they did over
in thu .Senate." It soon bctatnu apparent
that the Senate testimony must have been
preceded by a dress rehearsal.
o lleeord Colonel,
Incidentally "Col " MulhaU lot hla
titlo to-day. It was snatched from him by
Heprtkentntive Willis of Ohio, who pro
duced a letter from tho AdJutan-Ceti'Mi
of the tit.ite of Ohio, In vthlch that otht r
stated with emphasis that no such pti.- i
as Martin Michael MulhaU ever lwl !!.
a member of the stall of any (iovemor "f
Ohio. "Col." MulhaU testltietl bofoit- t.e
Senate tomnilltte that he was appointed
by (Jov. William MeKlnley of Ohio as .1
member of his staff in lsl'3 and suvd
The lommlttee reviewed th" "colon 1 s
career as n member of the Held irtuff '
the National Association of Mnntifa' Sum .1
from the date of his tirst seei.t ..plo
ment bv Secrttaty Marshall CushibK 1
l'JUu. The review was cuisory und ! . 1
only with the general scope of I. Is vv 1
It was in tills review that MulhaU !''' J
nioit recalcitrant. He tefu. td to n
ductid Hum the litteis, in It had I" "
lu the Sen.itt cuinmltUe H if t'n.-t that
the difference in the bearing of the ' in
former" was most It'll, u uable -b.. 11 mail
(lariett had lmptetMil upon Mullmll tl H
the principal purpose of the House com
mittee was to get at the activities of
MulhaU and his associates In the National
Association of Manufacturer in 1 alitic.-
with members of the present and pr ,e
Houses of Ilepresentatlvts. The ib sin
tho committee to get down to simp
unspectacular bedrock of facts apparently
did not appeal to the witness.
A 1'lnsh With I'errls.
The clash with ltepresentattv e K, ri
of Oklahoma came over MulhaU s ui.
llllimtiess to dllfilentlato between t '
ilary ami other expenses in the claim tie
InrfC,,' in i,i bworu statement to the New
York H'ocW MulhaU made aflldavit to
his statement, prlnud In the M'orW on Juni-
that during the ten years of his rv
ployment by the National Association !
had spent SZuu.OUO in lobbying and n
general political activity. Mr. l'i rr,
asked him what the differences weir b.--
tween the tlgures. MulhaU appealed ta
his books and documents.
Oh, Just approximately, please," tt'.i
I cannot approximate," pleaded M
hall, "I won't try to go Into details wt
out my books and accounts,"
"I am not asking ou to -o Into det.i :
I only w.ftit an approximation." ins
.Mr. I'errls. "Do you think half of It e
I won t go Into no detail? without 'i
notes and financial accounts." bellow ri
Here Mr. I'errls appealed to ("In!-" in
Oarrett and the latter said:
"The question asked bv Mr IVtv? '.
perfectly pertinent. H requires a d r
answ er "
"Well, I don't know," said Mu-' H
flushing and looking angrily t tV rpt"s
John W. II. Crlm of New York, an at
torney engaged hy tho New York U "''d
on Mulhall's demand, appeared a '
afternoon session and entered bis ap"
nnce. on behalf of MulhaU. Th adds
fourth distinct group of counsel I" '
MulhaU investigation, the Nat o-.-'
toclatlon of Manufactuiers, the A'. "' "
Federation of Labor. Mr. McHerme"
torney and now Mr. Crlm for the I- iv '
SCHOOL VACCIXATIOX I I'll I I I'
Juilfte ItosnWky Itreldr lirdioHoi'r
Must lie niiirrvrd.
Juilgo ltosalsky of ilener'l
court yesterday started on Its, v
final legal solution tho question v'
or not tho Board of IMue.iti"'
foreo vaccination on public ul
illeti by upholding a 15 tine I m t '
a polico coutt on Hagb.ird !'..'
civil engineer, of 4470 Park .im ' e
I ef using to keep his child m s ',
less tho Hoard of IMuc.ition ,S'i
that the child would not h, v.o 1
The Judge suggested that Ukindd
his case to tho higher mints
The Hkerold child, a bo, w.
back from school as not vaeein,,te i
a truant otllcer told the f.it'n- t' ' ''
ho would keep quiet nnd send b
to school there probably wmi'd '
trouble, ICkirold sent the boy b.o
mailed a letter to tho Hoard ef I '
tlon asking lor an assurance !''
hoy would not bo vaccinated In - ' '
Tho board returned the boy and i 1
action against the futher, with tnu i
suit that Hkerold win fined id
111 taking the Magistrate's actum he'
(leneral Sessions court Atloii.e hi
Welnheigur for Hkerold mainl..ii I
It was not imrelv a question of a
tlon. hut ono of personal llheiti .r I
raid that the law discriminated W-'w
the rich and the poor, as It did '
apply to the children who go to pr v
schools. Ho aWo presented t-t.it '
which he claimed ptoved that vaci 1
tlon was futlU.
Judgo ltosalsky replied that the Ota
tlon before tho court did not concern 1
viiluo of viu dilation, but tnerei w n
or not thu action of tho licit d o' 1
cation was lu accotd with the !
Judgo announced that he yoiihl tus'
the llndlng of tho Magistrate and il iN
that an appeal be taken from his nittnf