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THE SUN, THURSDAY, AUGUST 14, 1913.
THOnSDAT, AUGUST 14. 1813.
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One Thlnji at n Time.
As soon as Assets currency enme Into
the field of proposed legislation It was
Inevlt.'ililo that nil the lurklitK falla
cies about money which have been fos
tered In our history would be pilvan
Ized Into new life. Reminiscent ob
servers were of the opinion mouths ago
that tlm legislative progress of an Ad
ministration banking bill would be
characterized by Ihe illlllculty of sup
pressing schemes for Injecting prepos
terous elements of unsoundness Into
the country's financial system. The
event Is Justifying their apprehensions,
but there Is no particular reason for
surprise over the campaign which has
begun In the House Democratic mn-
Jorlty caucus for the inclusion of corn i
currency In the provisions of the pro
posed banking act.
We fear that Secretary MeAnoo's
. 1 - 1.. .. I.... .. I--
rccem uciiiiriiiie in oiiciing u ion:- . . . M
, . . ., , ... . I distinguishing impeachment from con-
tiry market for Southern and Western " " 1
commercial phiht has Inflamed political vIc,lon ou the ,rlnI of the Impeachment,
'mlmls already excited by a vision of, a power not In the Assembly but with
assets currency. The danger of try- the trlhunnl that consists of the Sena
lug to devise some means for making tors nnd the Judges of the Court of
bank assets properly liquid In time of Al,poaIjlt The Impeachment exists when
need has all along been that it would .. , ., . . .
,, . . . the Assembly Impeaches. It Is an lm-
nrotlso the propagandists of comiuod- ...
Il.v money. This Is. of course, no argu- I,t'!,chp, Governor that is tried, not
incut against furnishing the country merely an nccused Governor to deter
with tliianclal facilities modernized In 1 mine whether he shall be impeached ns
accoiilance with sound banking prlncl- the result of the trial. Governor Sul-
ples and banking oxiorieiice. It is, 1
however, a forceful reason for the vig
orotis expression of opxsltlon to any
movement Mich its Is being carried on
by the radical contingent In Congress
headed by Representative IIknky of
Texas, who committal himself a month
ago to the declaration that the Admin
istration banking bill was written
"wholly in the Interests of the creditor
elnsscs without proper provision for the
The problem of creating a system of
credits especially available for agricul
tural use is elsewhere In the world
recognized as distinct from the prob
lem of commercial banking. It Is a
whole Held of inotilrv and action bv
lUelf. ..,t at the moment the ntten-
tion of the country Is deeply engaged
with tho task of establishing a com
mercial banking s.Wcin more adequate
to its requirements and opportunities
than the existing laws contemplate or
permit. This undertaking Is alone suf
licieiit to occupy legl.slntlw' energy and
ability until it Is accomplished to the
satisfaction of all the interests most
directly concerned. If attempts are
.made to complicate It with the question
of rural credits the illltlcultles of theton ,,0PS not clmialn m provlslon. In
Immediate problem must be vastly In- j ,llt. ,)reHent Constitution the only officers
creased. President Wn son Is entirely i suspended from iliscluirKltiK the duties of
right in urging that Congress relegate tlitlr oitlce are judicial olllcers. The Oov
the matter of rural credit- to the regu- ernor Is not a Judicial officer. The nrtl
lur session in the expecln'ti'dl that ail -'lt'!' ,llc Constitution which define the
act revising the national banking and
currency system will be passed at the
extra session. The Administration lias
given assurances that it will iletoto
effort to supplying special credit fa
cilities to agricultural industry, and it
is to be hoped that the President's
statement of yesterday will (iVectiially
dispose of Representative Hlniiy'h mar
plot following for the piesent.
The I'rrscnt Status of Lieutenant
Crazy views nre attributed to tho
Impeached Governor of Ni;w York audi
tho men who are advising him.
It is asserted, for example, that "the
Governor's otllcu is a constitutional ono
and ciiuuot be vacated by the Legislature."
It is a constitutional oillce and It can during trial applied to Judicial oftleers
be and Is temporarily vacated, so farlJu-! as It does In the Constitution of
as Sir. Sri.7i:n Is concerned, by the 1M)". The provision respecting an lm
Constitution, which provides in siv- j jieaiiied Governor was the snme then
tlon 6 of Article IV. that. "In case of jits It Is now, with a slight difference
the impeachment of the Governor, or 'of phraseology which only serves to
ills removal from ofllce, death, luabll-' emphasize what wo have been saying
Ity to discharge the powers and duties i nbmit the meaning of tho word "1m
'of tho sahl ntUi-e, resignation or ab-, peachment":
hence from Iho Slate, the powers and! constitution or 1821.
duties of the olllco shall devolve noon! "ln ra the Impeachment of tho
the Lieutenant-Governor for the ri'sl-
duo of tho term, or until the disability
Oovernor Kri.yr.n was tmi,o.b.Ml v.
terday mid Hie powers and duties of
the ollice of I, r i ir liniiii'dlalely and
Utllomutleall.v lieiolveil Uiol the I, leu-tenant-Governor,
the I Ion. M.vinis II
1,1. V.N.N, aiie disability of Mr, Sllzlh
for exercising the '-lowers and duties of
the office of Oovernor cannot cease un
til he shall have been acquitted on tho
trial of his Impeachment. Thero is
no more doubt of the automatic opera
tion of this constitutional provision
taking the powers and duties of tho
ofllce of Oovernor out of the hands of
Coventor Sui.zkr and nutting them In
the hnniis of Lieutenant-Governor
Clynn than there Is douht that all
the functions of the Chief Magistracy
would devolve iiion tho Lieutenant
Governor In case the Governor became
Insane or left the State on any other
than n military errand as Commnnder
"In case of the impeachment of the
Governor the powers and
duties of the olBce shall devolve upon
the Lieutenant-Governor until
the disability shall cease."
That Is not n statutory provision
vacating by legislative enactment a
constitutional otllco. It Is a constitu
tional provision of the same status and
force as the constitutional provision
creating the ofllce of Governor.
The only theory on which It can be
held that the powers and duties of the
ofllce of Governor did not constitution
nlly devolve upon Lieutenant-Governor
Glynn yesterday Is that Governor Sui.-zf-b
was not impeached yesterday; that
Is to say, that his Impeachment will
not occur until his conviction. This
argument seems to be the last des
perate, forlorn hope of the pettifogging
advisers who are misguiding Governor
Sulzkb at n time when every personal
j Interest of his In this terrible situation,
every plain consideration of honor and
manhood, to say nothing of policy, re
quires him to welcome the opportunity,
face the court and disprove the charges
If he can.
The theory that Impeachment begins
only with conviction, after trial of the
Impeachment, Is disposed of by tho
language of the Constitution itself. The
title of section 14 of Article VI. Is
"Trial of Impeachments," the lraieach
ment being something that precedes the
trial and the ascertainment of guilt or
innocence. The same section provides
that "the Assembly shall have the
power of Impeachment," thus clearly
zfb will have been Impeached, even if
the trial of the Impeachment results In
his acquittal; Just as an Indicted man
has none tlie less been indicted because
tin trial has subsequently cleared him.
The distinction between impeachment
and conviction upon Impeachment Is so
elementary and so universally recog
nized In legal terminology, nnd so ap
parent In the text of the Constitution
Itself, that It Is a marvel that any self
respecting mind can attempt to befog
that question. And it Is upon the Im
peachment of the Oovernor, not upon
his conviction, that the duties and
powers of tho ofllce are transferred to
The audacity of this attempt skirts
on dishonesty In the case of the writer
of the Sulzerlan argument in the
ICitickvrbiickcr-l'rcsii of Albany:
"I'nrtcr the Constitution of 1821 the
Governor was suspended from discharg
ing tho duties of his ofllce while articles
of Impeachment were being prosecuted
am! until he was acquitted on the charges
therein contained. The rjreaent Constltu.
J duties of the Lieutenant-Governor nre
."Imply definitive as to those duties. Un
der the present Constitution the Ciovtr
tior of the State Is not suspended from
discharging- the duties of his office until
lie Is convicted by the court of Impeach
ment after due trial and deliberation."
What precious recklessness of mis
statement Is this? The purpose of the
Kitifl;ribi)ckir-l'rcK, In behalf of Mr.
Stn.zKii, Is to create the Impression thut
an explicit provision susendlng the
Governor during impeachment proceed
ings existed In the Constitution of 1S21
mid Is repealed in the present Const!
tutlon, and that suspension from nfllee
dining Ihe trial of Impeachments now
applies only to Judicial officers. The
fact Is that the particular mention In
the Constitution of 1821 of suspension
i Governor, or his removal from office,
death, lesiiriiniioii. or iiheri,. fro,,, . i, ..
j state, the powers urn! duties of the oitice
snail devolve unon tlie I. leutenant-dover.
' for 11,0 reMue of the term, or unffl
the ijot'iriior dlisriif or imprucAnt iol(
irliira or be etciiulltrd."
I-OKSTITI'TION np ISO.'i.
"In i am of tho Impeachment of tho
I'lHl T.i '. Ill' Ills lemovilt fiom olllr...
death, Inability to dlucharge th powers
iaBaBBaMailaMlialiMaM i ill 11 I1 i'iHIi .rir--:v;--"J-'-j--r.T-.rv.--,r i .'Vt.., . f I
and duties of the said ofllce, resignation or
absence from the State, the powers nnd
duties of the office shall devolve upon tho
Lieutenant-Governor for the residue of
the term, or until the disability shall
Impeachment Is disability ln both
cases, and ln both cases Impeachment,
not merely conviction, devolves the
powers nnd duties of the ofllce uimiii
the Lieutenant-Governor. Any other
view of this plain meaning of the Con
stitution would seem Impossible even
to tho Intelligence of a child.
We do not agree with tho view at
tributed to the lion. Aaron .1. Levy ln
the despatches, namely, that Lleuten-ant-Gowrnor
becomes Governor" by the Impeach
ment of Governor Splzer. The powers
am! duties of the ofllce pass to the
Lieutenant-Governor, but uot the title.
Mr. Gt.YNN Is still the Lieutenant-Governor,
constitutionally exercising the
powers and duties of the ofllce of Gov
ernor while Mr. Suihr Is under Im-
peachment, Just ns ho would exercise dlt ions In Germany made him a Social
those powers nnd duties If Mr. Sulzkb I ,st' ,,1,!lt' 110 ennverted millions to
were absent from the State or tomim-1
rarlly the Inmnte of an asylum. The
distinction, however, is of no
practical or political Importance
Henri! but Not llcllevcd.
It cannot be thnt the Republicans
want to hog a lot of places on the fn-
slon Judiciary nnd county tickets. A now been built by the protests against
self-denying ordinance Is the condition the divty made by Grent Rrltain for
precedent of fusion, that last liest form .Intuition of the bananas, and by Co
of altruism. Republicans ns Republl- lombln, Costa Rica, Guatemala, Hon
caus may be In the bond of Iniquity; . dtiras, Panama, all growers of the
tepubllenns contemplating fusion would
fly from ofllce: fly like a wounded hart ,
or roe; would have to be chased and
captured and forced to take nomlna -
Fusion Is a league for the common 1
good, not it swill dlsiionsnry.
It cannot bo that the Progressives
threaten to have a ticket of their own
If the Republicans draw too many of
the remaining prizes. The Progres-
sies nre iiui.v men, lurcu oenrers 01 j
an ideal, political ascetics. To paint ;
them ns If they were base, common, un-
uplifted "heelers" Is a sin and shame,
It cannot be thnt, ns in!sroortsl,
the Hon. Saxon P.pooon "Is Inclined
to agree with the Republican position."
The Hon. Saxon Papoood agrees with
nooouy mil uiiiiseii; anil u ue tun iitree ,
witn tnc iiepuoiicnn position me ue-
publicans would know at once that It
ought to be changed.
Why libel the good as they struggle
The death of Auoust Rkiiki.. leader
of the Soclnl Democrats, the strongest
pnrty numerically In the Reichstag,
will make a great stir In (Jermany. He
was ltetter known In the Fatherland
than any other citizen, more feansl
and more bated, no doubt, and also
more esteemed am! admired and faith
fully followed. In his time Chancel
lors have come and gone and been for
gotten even the fame of Hismaiick
has been obscured by the personality
of Wilmam II.. who dropiKil tho pilot
and took the helm himself ; but ltr.mx
grew In stature and Itilluence as the
orator and leader of the democratic
cause to the end. There were divisions
in his party, even secessions front 1'., (
but he lived to see it a formidable rlvnl
to prerogative atid cluss distinction
and the most compact nnd best disci
plined political organization In the
IIkiiki. tins tieen called a fanatic, and
so he seemed to be when lushing him
self Into eloquence In the Reichstag;
but he thought too clearly and reslstisl
anarchical tendencies too steadily to
be described as a fanatic. Hi; was
more of a statesman than some of the
Chancellors whose policies he assailed,
and their foreign ollcles no more
Milted him sometimes than their do
mestic. He Mleved the acquisition of
Alsace-Iiorralne was a blunder, as II
caused a deathless feud with France,
and he vehemently opjxiscd (Jermnn ng
gresslon In China. In both instances
he has been vindicated. Nor was he
partial to Intervention III Morocco, and
here again he was not ln the wrong.
What ltKnr.t. meant by socialism he
often explained, and always In the
"I mean by socialism an entire recon
struction of society, n change far greater
than that from feudalism to our piesent
free capitalistic regime. In the socialistic
state, or society, nH 1 prefer to call It, al(
land nnd the means of production, as well
nn transportation, are to be exclusively In
the hnnds of the people, nnd not, ns Is now
the ense, In the hnnds of 11 particular
class. Everybody will have to work.
There nre to lie no drones nnd rentiers,
nnd each person Is to bo paid according
to his work, be it of tho hand or brain.
Hut money will not he the means of pay
ment. A simple exchange of goods or
service is to take the place of it, and
these goods and services nro not to be
appraised nccordlng to their worth In
money, Only tho work expended on them
will determine their exebnnge value, and
no middlemen and commercial exploiters
will be allowed to enhance It."
In BKnbi.'s State the common work-
man was to have the samei chance to
satisfy his wants as the brain worker,
and only those who would not work
vvero to suffer. Ho was opposed to
Government ownership of public utlll
ties, on the ground Unit It would beieations ani.ui i"nma to icarn wnctiier
but a sior substitute for capitalistic i t,,r' l'fess..r wm id be ...ceplable to the
1 1 provlslomil rcpubllfi it will not lie time
matiageinent. I ,osti PVt.n thl,wh ln Oovernment would
Cliancellor von Itt'Kbovv, one of , opj,,, , lni. nominee on tim score
Hliiicl'h ablest opiNiiieuts in debate, told of anything ho lias written, Senator
1 him that Ills Ideas "could only bo
! eon I 7,I lii 1'ino's Kinioliil.i ii n
! every one was un angel," and tlie Chan -
' .,..ll.. ..,l.l,wi iiiri,.. ., i,..i.. ........i ......
ii'ellor addcsl, "What a lovely angel you
i would make!" This was probabl-)' au
i allusion to Hliikl's very comfortable
lirciinislance.s, owing to beipiesls left
,1)1111 by admirers. Although the Social
ist leader lived simply In a Hit In
itelilll, ho had a line villa at Zurich.
ud ouce when catechised about hi use
of an unusually Inrgo legacy he had to
admit that, while he gave a part of It
to the testator's heirs nnd made it
liberal contribution to the Social Demo
era tic parly, he kept the lion's share
Nevertheless, August llrnrci., who
began life ns n turner's apprentice, was
one of the great men of his time and
actually a rlvnl In personnl Influence
to the Kmpernr who ruled by divine
right. If Rkiifx was a .Socialist lie was
also a German, setting patriotism above
his economic creed In crises. Al
though a labor leader In the broad
.sense he did
not nivvnys approve or,
labor union programmes. For In
stance, he had little sympathy with the
general strike, doubting its wisdom or
humanity, lie was one of the pio
neers In the woman suffrage cause,
holding that the world would lie bet-
ter If woman had n part In politics and
reform legislation. In Huglnnd Rkhi.i,
might have continued to be the LUicral
he was before he turned Socialist, mid
In the ('lilted States, where there are
no class dlslnctlons, he would probably
have been a moderate radical, ('im
If anything were needed to sustain
'the master I icmocratlc economists of
the Senate Finance Committee in their
most grandiose work, the Imposition
of u duty of one-tenth of a cent n
pound on bananas, that buttress has
abhorred fruit. The remonstrance of
those Governments to Mr. IIkvan rests
upon bus,; respects of commerce; It I
belongs ti) the dark and dishonored
ages of dollar diplomacy.
It Is clear, however, that there Is
a conspiracy among thce six Govern-
incuts to force niton the Culled Slates,
untaxed and undeterred, an article
which Is or Is said to be the stibleet
of a "monopoly" nust.tiiig "f divers
Tliee Insolent protestants should be
j told that the objections to the banana
lure moral. Incidentally and among
ourselves a luinliilferotis economist of
I the Senate has told the country that
the Importer will pay the tax. Thus'
Is a hook put into the Jaw of "mo-i
nopoiy. ami Hills Hie cost ol living s
reduced as per schedule.
Should It prove but It cannot that
the Importer In bis blindness declines
to pay the tax and unloads it on the '
consumer the moral Issue will be still
clearer. The people will have to give
up bananas; a llaiiaua Tarty, worthy
successor of the Itostou Tea Party, may
even be necessary to teach I lie "mo
nopolists" that a free nation prefers
priceless principle to cheap foods.
V011 cannot make n silk purse of
sow's ear. Von cannot, anyhow !
It Is now reported that Congress
may take n reece-s after the passage of
the tariff bill until November I. If
the iciess Is to be long enough to al
low Jaded members a reM, the Senate
will have to do less talking and more
Senator SAitt.smmv of Delawaie to-day
Intioiluced a bill to Increase the salary of
the vice-i'iesiiient from 112,001) to t
mm a c.ir. M'nsiiiiyfon J'.iputc h.
What In the world would a home
spun Vlce-l'n slilrnt like Tom Mar
shall do with $25,000 n year?
Congressman. Arni'fTrs t rjAimsFR. the
son-ln-lavv of Senator I.orsiR. SnrfnjiirM
Senator I.oix;e, the father-ln-lavv of
There Is no need of Idleness. -pfcfn
Just un agreeable luxury.
The vanity of a woman of large a,oli
dupolx. uusfun 'oil.
Is only n woman of small Troy weight
entitled to vanity".' What is the weight
limit for the vain? Are fat men any
less vain than lean and hungry Cas
slttses? Sociologist, speak!
The perversity of old maids. Courier
Joiirnol. This Is n good deal less than courte
ous nnd rcstS on nothing more than n
doddering convention. Many of the
most charming and brilliant of women
are "old maids"- and apparently in the
next generation there will bo multitudes
of them. The psychology of the aver-
nge stupid ynwp of men about "old
maids' Is simple enouga. Not to
marry, to get through life, without tlm
"support" of a man, why it Is lose
.onlouiv ,.f tb. irniisoreil px-soverelirns
f tv, world' ll Is a stab nt ninsen.
lino self-appreciation; nnd tho Irritated
The decline, of drinking. f fusion .ld
t'ci f Iscr.
See internal revenue llgurcs for tlm
Tlie report that ex-I'rcsldent Josi:
Mmi'ia. Go.MKz vviih llilaklru: of an In
Hiirrcctlonary movement In Cuba docs
an injustice to that gentleman. He lias
Marge property Interests there thnt might
be injured by nctlvo sedition, nnd ua
,..... ,. nf . ,,... ......... ..,.,,.
ably be Its eundlduto to succeed 1 'resi
If Senator Shivki.v hns been fomnds
sinned to read I'.vi'i, S. Kki.nsi'u's publl-
. Miivin.r will at least absorb Home solid
I Information about the t't'lestlnl King-
1 ''"'"' "f whU'h ,u l,r,l,'u,,1y stanils groat-
I "' ""
'Io tiik llmron or 'I'ur. Si'N .sir: A Sun cor
respondent vvaiiti. lo put "suicotnMi" 'In Ihe
nie'in " I decided nhlecl, except on the tun
illtlo I tli.it' he hi s'le lcio mil Hie con. Corn
, "1" . '"' M '"r . ' 'ml I' Is rritnItUv nut
" au t Sfi"1''''' ,'',U,C e.h...
Npatihti lessons for the Uenent of Kceen
To tub KniTon of the Hun Sir: Tho
spelling reformers have been unlucky.
They have alienated vast numbers of
persons who nre naturally In sympathy
with the reforms nnd they have offended
Rome of the deepest prejudices of the
English Is n spoken language primarily
nnd Its written form Is purely secondary.
It had no alphabet at nil for centuries
and It hits never hail unythlng better than
the rags and tatters of the Latin alpha
bet to cover Its nakedness. Kngllsh has
nfit.tn fnrfl' i1lrr,rnl stimula ntwl llin l.iitlli
alphabet we use has twenty-six charnc
ters, some of them duplicates, mid the
makeshifts used In expressing forty sounds
by twenty-six characters result III queer
combinations nnd misfits nothing hort
And yet we nro rather proud of some
of these lagged little beggars. They
amuse us. Sir Walter Scott Immortnllied
some of them In his famous lines:
Though Ihe touch iciukIi and hiccough
pluugh me through.
.Won th lough thin evmlng t must eo.
There is no affection wasted on the In
dividuals of this motley crew, ns Is shown
by our writing "plow" for "plough,"
"slurf" and "slew" for "slough." "Hiccup"
Is not objectionable; we use 1ho Scotch
"loch" for "lough" and wo "ruff" at
bridge. The reformers tnke "through"
and cut It down tu "thru," and there is
n shock throughout the whole Kngllsh
speaking world; fur there Is no word of
purely Kngllsh origin ending In "u."
There nro n few from other languages,
principally French, such ns "Lou," "gnu."
"ormolu." but they nre not Kngllsh, "Tho"
I Is not unite so hnd, but there is no word
In Kngllsh of over two letters ending
In "o." An "e" or "w" Is hIwiijs added
nnd the "u" sound is expressed by "ew,"
"oo" or "ue" In nil other cases.
Similarly, the reformers have made a
sad mess of the past participles of verbs
ending In "ess."
"Hli'st bo the tio that binds" is unob
jectionable, as It Is pronounced that way;
but the rendition of the beatitudes In
the Sermon On thu Mount must not !
read that way. It offends the entire
religious sentiment of the Kngllsh speak
ing people. "OonffBt" Is unobjection
able but tieedl.'ss, nnd "confessedly can
tmt be tolerated as "confestly," as It
changes the real word which Is the spoken
woid. "iluest" could not be substituted
for "guessed." as It already means some
Tho sins of omission on the part of
thf refoinuis nre grenter than thos? of
commission. They pay no attention to
the changes inailo In other languages,
especially In .Spanish. The obvious mi
i?w,'r 'f ,hBt
lk' leforiners show io
any other laiigungu and
not much of their own.
Tin- .Spaniards havu dropped the un
sounded letters of Creek words and they
writ.- "Illailellla," "tolnmy."' "tisls and
"tnrnalnu" with all the useless letters
omitted. The extra letters which still
! Inn ilea our spelling are used for no other
ie.i.'on than to show that the words are
of deck origin Who cares? Wlo
tdiouln an Atizona cowboy .spell tlm capi
tal of Ins State "I'hcenlx" to show Its
.k ,,.riv;,tion while ,u M,.ic-m ...m.
iservam. wrtt.s it "ivnix." which Is far
t.lU, U'Um Willi .1..III.!., r....,k....o..tu TI,
sp:n,iris tliw ut u. ,.tr.i l.'tte
wheiever possible They double only "c.
"1 and "r, and tlioe only where theie
l a definite reason fur the extra letter.
Thus in "accidental" the double conso
nant Is retained, as the sounds of the two
conon.int are dlt;nct but In "accredit"'
one of the double consonant" Is sup
!re4ed. The double "1" l conlderi'l n
separate character, and In "mlllnn." whlib
I has the same pronunciation and meaning
as 1. ur wind "million." Its force can b
As fne all the nther doubled conson ! '.
th." f,,: lwlng In Knclwii have ,,ne ' He in
dropn.il 111 Spanish, "abbot."' "m relit '
"addition, ' "allllction." ."aggregation,"
'alliteration," "ammonia," "annotation,'
"appear." "aesor' and "attention." The
rule in Spanish l that an unsounded con-
I hon.int goes overboard. The I'.reelt letttr
"y" W alw,'t)s replaced by "1" In fileck
wolds Mich a "type," "s.vnonym," and
except In a single r.ie the original ilieek
btttr is i-.il as a consonant, and that
single cae ha n ferenee to the beginning
and ending f certain word" Hegltining
a word with 'i capital It Is written with
the lire, k letter. Thus the big ship 's
called "Vmpcnolor" and the King's signa
ture Is always "Vo. 1 Key"
C. It. Finch.
Los Asv.r.t.r.s, I'al , August .1,
.1 II (H) sir. It SALT.
The Hon. .lolm M. Kern on "I'erf nmcil
Olllecr." anil "Common alori."
To Tin: Kmtoi. or Tltr. Kt'N .sir; The
lemail.f ft the lion. Jol.n W. Kern about
'perfumed naval oilleets' lend one tu be
lieve that If he becoin. s ihe leader of the
inability In the I'n'ted S'tati s Senate the
ii iM'ieratj will tind themselves in a bad
vva In one .sentence he siueis at the
ollh eis and then n fer to the enlisted men
us 'i ommun sailors."
If Mr. Kein'Kti, w anything about the
elllHttd men, W.lolll ho Is so needlessly
ch.iiiiptioi'.ng. he would know thnt there
Is ti" term the le.-eut more bitterly than
' minium sailors." If be knew anything
about tlm tine conditio!,:, about which he
rambler "ii with sin li ill tempi r he would
know that any enlisted man with the
proper perseverance and necessary edu
cation can wm a commission. Ity the
regulations of the personnel nit. passed
by Congress and ptoposed by the "per
turned ollliirs." as many as twelve en
listed men may be coninilsfltined each
year from the rank of warrant otllcer.
i'urthi rni'ii e, when commission, d them s
no discrimination made ng.ilnst them 1"
j cause tlnv came not from Annapolis but
1 from tho ranks.
Th" fnct that naval olllcers are bailed
! "' Congress fiom replying to any ill
1 'rtK ?he
. mt Hm,,, n,.,.,iI,.ss aml m founded attacks
. ,,, nm,o t,y nu.mt rs of Congress,
Tho Hon. John W Kern ought to avoid
i IHilltlclans for a wlille, go to sea III a
I hnttlehhlp and ubsoib some of the rudl
merits of naval life and fair play. Give
the salt winds a chance to tug at thoso
overworked paint brush whlskois,
A Skhviok Svmpatiiixkk.
Wlt.l.iAMsi'or.T, l'a August 1 3,
An l iiiiiiilillliiiis Author.
ToTIIEllniToi' iTui'M's- Sir I quite nuree
Hi il Hie iiiininbllloiii linn Is ns rinpi ns Hiiytmily,
far more, hnppy Himii Hie nun wlih Aiiilililniis fnr
nrl la Hie hitler ease there l a suhile sympathy
Hist contiecls "Inniii" th "funics," Still, In
pollllc.il ecoiiotnv Hieie Is a region called "Hie
Hint kiln of s'llisMcnce," n soil of iiurifiHnrv
hetHifii n henvea nf luvuries mitt A hades of
him ger Hen' tlm nrllM can culsi on bieml ami
UHler, nnd nl tlines sntiiehisly else k ulilsl,e)
no oiid jniis for tne i iii!ium,ni!ti enrn an honest
llilni; Iiy lm nlu g out dishonest mnnuscrlpl. An
Hinliltloa lor Ihe spirit of commerce Is no desrudv
11, in, even ihouith II destroy tho ambtlloii for
Ihu only ambition the uiiAiiihltlftiis iiiaii tins
Is to live, llioiiiih why he should show even this
iiiixlety Is n problenn and nn nrtlsi who dies of
htnrvntloii uouitihivs Is a dend donkey.
IIhoom.v.n, August tJ At'THOII
A (interims UtTcr Which We Must lleellnr.
To tiik r.linjiri or Tar. hiiN -.Nir: I nm h
kplrltunl medliiin, Vn old Italian iiAined Ho
rnehi'o, who says he wrote n honk rlled the
"Deckiiineron" four or Ton years ten, lm lurn
pesterlnic me lately every lime 1 am In coniiiiii.
nlratlon with Hie "other side," .Sonui one has
been telling him nf the wonderful! nuitlcrlul re
ported of diverse, eiises lit Ihci N, V, uqiers.
Ilu H.iiiih to irer nm a new iillslion of his liook
up lo date. Ho wools mo lo read Iho phpcri lo
him and he will illemlt Hie slorles to me, Hut I
deii'i Miint tu to to nil thet truhlile unless it win
pny. Hive lee join l i s' l ih W on this mallei
and If i on lie, hie i v P ri, ,.( nm , (,,.,.
I pilntliigaml pioti'ii: i"l, mil ro sou n.nvi r.
SIXTKKXTH VEXTt'llV ItlKLAXD.
Her l lvlllrstlon In Thnt Period Declared
to lie Ntipcrlnr to KnglsniPs.
To tiik KntTon of Tiik HVXSIr: "Ingo
mar" In n letter to Tun Su.v, like every
typical llrltlsh historian before him, Ig
nores one lact: that though thero was a.
Norman-Krench "Invasion" of Ireland In
1172 there wns no Norman conquest nkln
to that of Kngland In 1060, Henry II., n,
French speaking monarch of Knglnnd.
visited snveral friendly Irish princes, who
sought his alliance, and with tho help of
the bull of Adrian IV., the only Kngllsh
Pope, wns greeted by other Irish princes,
who with their united power could have
annihilated him. Companies of Normans
settled In Ireland right up to the Reforma
tion, becoming Irishmen, nnd vvero nh
soibed Into the Irish nation. A distinc
tively Kngllsh colony mndo Its nbode nt
what came to bo called The. Pale, u con
fined urea with Dublin as Its centre, "out
of which they dared not peep." Dublin
nnd Its colony was of smnll Importance,
finally becoming so hlbcrnlclsed that
Henry Vlll.'s pioclamntlon In 1536 had
to be translated Into Irish to be under
stood. Thus Ireland's Independence to
the sixteenth century remained unim
paired, though a connection vith Kngland
cotitlnind; and this Is the distinction of
Ireland alone among the countries of Ku
rope, a little known fact.
Compare Kngland. First In tho hands
of the Claels, then of tho Urltoris. then of
the Itoinans, then of the Saxons, whom
the Danes llnully enslaved. Then Danes
and Normans enslaved the Saxons again,
nnd In the modern Kngllshmnn, cringing
at home, swelling his chest abroad, wo
have nil these mongrel bleeds of serfs
nnd slaves. Yet heil tell you that h
Invented liberty, and will talk condescend
ingly about Itelund. which never knew
oppression until It knew him, and has
unnumbered nges of liberty, Independence
and clvllliatlon behind It.
Thu mere fnct that tho Kngllsh could
sell their own children Into foreign slavery
In Inland as late as the twelfth century
shows, as Newman ndmlts. that nt that
tliqu the lowest classes In liebmd were
higher In civilization than the whole Kng
llsh nation. We have also the authority
of Klmmcr that Itlshmen at that tlm
were the possessors of an Indigenous cul
ture higher than the Normans ever nt
tnlned. That the Normans' were a strong
military power gives to them no more
title to civilization than to the Huns, who
were no more naked than they of litera
ture, law or art.
As for the Anglo-Saxons of the time,
we have among others the authority of
rilrnldu". w ho lived among them : "Who
date compare the Knpllfh. the. most de
giailed of all the laces under heaven, with
the Welsh? In their own country they
are serfs, the veriest slaves of the Nor
mans, ln ours Wales who else Jiave we
for our shepherds, herdsmen, lobblers,
skinners, and cieani rs of our dog ken
nels?" illraldus was writing of n country
he hail seen. The hlstoiy of Inland Is
being lewrltten. and as a consequence
mteii of the hlstorj of Kurope and Ameilc.i
will have to be rewritten after It.
IIkoiia Mac Krixooo.
St. lir.nrtoi:. St.iteii Island. Augut 13.
sri'Mt t i.f. tiii: i .wii.y
Mlgscsllon That II Mould He a liniiil
Thing In neat Ion Time.
To Tin: Ki'-.Toli or TitK S'-v -So
a ou sUnn In my mind whether it
not l' rutv'snnie mr a lainiiy goniu on
Us vacation to sepal ate. going one mem
l.ei to one pine and another to aii'.thei,
and so on thiough the list.
In even tho mcW felicitously frlendlv
family ihete may sometimes be giatlng,
and even In such families the association
tnav become monotonous.
The pin pose of the vacation is chaiiEe,
Miiiitj. nst. refreshment, -eiie'val. and
I . pi, sluuil I . o'lMdi r hew all thise desid
erata can best be obtained.
If t'-e fi'nlly simjs together there Is
t'e saine contriiii us lnnuotnnv of ass,,,
nation . and If tin re 1" in thl family .'iiy
b.. keilng whatever thi is conM-ueil on
the vacation Just the same. We hrve
lieie dlffeient surioiindlnBS and we meet
m.mv new t.ionle. but In the famllv when
it lomis together at the end of the day
the atmosphere is what it ha
Inline, there Is no change, nnd
drop into famllla- conditions again, with
little hi . uing le netit. wl'i i, what the
v. ' at a n should do for lis js f In .ter us in
contact with new things and. leu people,
foi , ornplile i hurg. not iui
of roiiise If daughters v.i nt awav In the
manner indicated the should I." suitably
ihaperori.il. or they should go among
frii nils Sons ought o b.- able to take
care of themsolM.s Ctlu r and mother
might sta together, they ought by this
time to bo able delightfully to enjoy eacu
other,, compaio . but I think this idia of
a family scpniatlng wbui it gms oa Its
vacafoii i worth eonsld. ilug Papa.
I'.VI'K M Y. N .1 . August 1.1.
Gum shoe lllll mill Technique.
To tiik KniTor. op Tit1: Si s sir 1
should like to follow the reasoning proo
. ss of Seiiatoi Stone of .MIsouii, who so
hotly protested, according to Tub SpnV
Washington despatches, against Senator
I.ippltt s opinion that the cotton sili-diile
of the ptoposed tariff bill has been "pro-
pared Ignoian'ly." The worthy protest
ant continues j
lie knows more about the technique of his ,
Imlusirj i ha n the Senators who wrote I
So far so good, and the gentleman ( rum
the sceptical State grows more and more
heated : .
He Isilll Stnntor l.lirln n think
the men who. like himself. pus-.", the
know ledge "' the iniitiliiae " the i . , i : .
should write the rales In ihe la.l. i
I Tho Mlssouiian is light 1 have no
1 doubt 'that Senator l.tppltt retains the
old ri'.ictlonaiy belief that the men who
wnte laws taillt and otherwise, sin ulil
know something or the technique of the
subjects at Issui . 1 mil templed to won
, der If then uie not wniio patriots In tlm
nation vvho.-o honest is not alTi ' ti il ad
I versely Iiy theli acquaint. uiii'shlp with i
arn I'ounfs and conversion costs. No
' answer! Will, let's take a llicr at some ,
I new rates. Never mind the technique . cut
, the, old rates in half, or qu.utor them.
Wo all know enough ailthmetlc for that
Then let the other tollow vvonv'
Nkw Voiik. August li. ll. A II.
Krinii Sunic lliis.lao I rleriiis.
To tiii: i:pitoi! or Tiik Spn .sir.- Allow
us, as the t'epi I'sentatlvcs of the Moscow
Society for tlie Promotion of Technical
Ktiovviiilge, to expiess our sincere grati
tude to the American people in general,
and pal tlciihu ly lo thoso organizations
which took earn ol our paity ilui'lm: Its
stay In this countr, for the unprece
dented kliiilins.s and bospltallt.v extended
to the patty.
i Hoping that our Million will bo able In
'the near future to reel pi oca to this kind
I ness and hospltalltj, we remain,
Nkw Voiik, August 111.
As the Prinler Almle It,
'ruin f.e t'hurct t'autlly u iier.
A stm v Is told nf a "printer's erini ' that
oiKe ctuHfil eiiuHterniitliin 111 a eoiiuti) l -
liise, An inch In the thiirih hud Pet nine
dlhiplibiteil and a Hunt wns stalled fur Its j
rejuilr. I'pnll one nci islon so as to llliike I
the mqieul inure widely known, the lector,
had a nntlie I 'K.i nil nu Hi" nub fund i
prlnled In the vIILiko, with the result thu I
en lie- billow Ins Nomay the itiiuniini'eiiient
appeared In l.irne l pe The i nllei tlnn lo
day will lm fur the anil tleml "
ToTiir. I'niTon or'1 iiHht'N .sir In Tut'. Si's
of Vuiriisi It Is 1 1 1 1 1 ii i il an ankle t nun the
llV'I'iiivfi'r i:ti:eltc on Hie orlitlu nt "Meiihls-
i loplii'les "
I I he H'ri"oijfrr wrlier iniilil ro irad his Plhle
j moie c.'iielullv lis he decs uot irlie the corieci
pclllni; lo Hie Si'ilpliiie iinines o( Nt' plillmslielli
and Aliltlinplii'l. 'Ihe inrniei lie spells Isii.
his'lietu" a n I the utter Viclillnph I "
Noawicu, Conn., August 13.
QIJ1J I TTi Wf DUIDtm
Gov. OWonPfl OrdiMitluls
Ju'iH'cscnlntivo (Moyttm to
Up Turned Down.
DIDN'T FOLLOW XKW
The Constitutional AiiiciiiIiimmh
About Direct Kloctioiis
Ilnisps nn Issue.
Washington, Aug. IS. ttcpn si nt .
Henry D. Clayton of Alabama, who n.
ported to arrive In Washington to-nmrrow
bearing credentials from Gov. o'NVii f
Alabama ns Senator ml Inteilm. vv'.l hot
be permitted to take the oath of oitlce
The indications to-day wire that if the
question Is put to n vote In the Senate to
test the validity of his appointment the
Governor's nctlon will bo held Invalid by
nn overwhelming majority.
When the credentials are submitted In
the Senate If they nre submitted- -a
motion will be made to refer them to the
Senate Committee on Privileges and dic
tions. Instead of following the usual course
nnd placing them "on tile." Cnder such
circumstances Mr. Clayton would not he
allowed to take the oath. The rtcclpt
and reference of the credentials win
probably be tho only proceedings In the
( In Ion lln Vol llrslgnrd.
II wns isgltitid out to-day thnt Mr.
Clayton has not reslf neil ns a member of
the House and he Is quoted In de.patrhi
from Alatnma as saying that In would not
resign until he was sw orn In as Si r.ator
Senators said that Mr. Clayton could not
be sworn In as Senator tin 111 after he h.nl
resigned from tne House, even if his
credentials were not open to attack for
Senator llacon of Georgia. Senator
Overman of N'ortli Carolina nnd Si-natir
Kern of Indiana were outspoken In the
opinion that Gov O'Neal has no author-
' Ity to make the appointment The run.
elusion was based on the rollowing para
graph of the Constitution, proclaimed lat
February, which changed tl.. method of
"When vacancies happen in the rep",
senlatioii of an State ni-the Senate !!?
executive authority of such State !n I
issue writs of election to fill such vacan
cies Provided that the I.egljd i!ui e (.f
any State ir.ay ompowir the Kve.ut.e
thereof to make temporal nppoititmer's
until the people tilt the vacancies by el." -nun
as tho Legislature n av direct
Tho Alnbaioi I.egls'ature lias made re
provision for filling vacancies li, the s i
cle from that State nor has . autt . -ir.nl
the Govvtnor to make nppotnini," '.
Tlie Senate leaders have advised "lov
iiNcal to lonwii" the l.eg.slaturi
special session without !c!a and ss a
authority bv Joint resolution nt "ti
wise to appoint a Senator ad intir.ni
he had iloin s the matter of Mllim: "
vnci'ii y might have been de'.-.y- d a sh..
time, until the l.eg.s'.nture iv.iM be a
semb'.eil. bli' a fen.itr,.- bear ur m
ciedentials .'ion !lv ilovn.oi wo-il .
doubledly have been seated and th" re
ter of pii.vidii'. lor i specal elect.' '
till out the u 'exp.reil term would have
beel. tal en e..le of !.lt I
i;.n. ll'Xeill Wll I old.
Ileliiocl.l'.s 111 the Semite wo;v much
disappointed that the Governor did ilv
see nt to net ou their suggestion Si
of the Alabama liolltlrlaiu charged
(!av ,h1, t,r Governor was eager to i
,.,,.,.. .1... .....slice of tho ten i
lary appointment 'o assist hen In
rice for the Senate win ll the sp'" s
election comes on Criticism was a -'
at till" al'egeil preference to Judge C iv
Among a few Se'iatois there u i
deposition to ascribe to the Gove""' t
motive s.niplv of tilling the vac u
qti okly as po!b!e to meet the exigi" e
of the tarltr situation III the Senate T!'
i s.,,,i ih.it in making the appointnn nt
relied on the Alabama cone, nun k
him a broad authority to call sp,. .,it e.
tlin.s to till any vac.mo an ng '
elective oITIce m the State. H.'ei' S
tor llacon admitted to-day that th '
tare of the Alabama coil had .
some doubt In the minds of inan S' 'i
tor as to vvhethe' or not the il 'M r "'
del not have atlthorit.v to call a t
il.s'tlon vv.tho'it waiting for the I.ej.-'a
I tore to specially authorize him b .to -!
Hut even the Alabama code on il l i"'
Justify an appointment by the Go. cm'
i they said
The'e Is an understanding hi'e 'h"
tho Govo'nor relied on the l.ingu lire
the last paragraph cf the nc amend
ment, which rends
"This aaiondmont shall not bo so i
strued as to affect the election io i"
of any Senator' ehuseu before il be -,
valid as a part nf the Constitution'
Mlir lilllll lllocllnll tllll'kl lulled.
I A majority of tho Senators lichen '"i.
' sjiecial election w li clr has been
I by Gov Goldsbornugh In Marylu
elect a successor to tho late Sc vnr
Itayner, who will r-.iroeoil Sonatoi .1
son, who is serving under an appon '
from the Governor, .s Invalid and
man chosen at that olictlon proluli'. .
not bo stated by the Senate. Ti -because
thej believe the Governo' 1 1
not have authoi'lt from the l.egisl i '
1 to o iHhe spe-ial election.
Sensto" Dillingham, who comes up fn
' reelection In Vermont and who t
, ranking Hepiibllcan member of t'n I'- vi
i lieges and Klei'tinns Committee, ' ha-
, vised Itopulillcan managers In his S ''
to see that .1 session of the l,oc s' ,t i-.
Is called to make the neoessarv a" r ;'
merits for tlm election.
ll.Xli:i.S TO I'HKSKXT f'. T
Will Give llaltlr r.ftlclcnc.t lioh'
to Ittnlto on ',rituril:t ,
Nnwi'OiiT .Vie; 11 U le m Si. n I i"
Daniels v.s.ts hei, on Saiiul.i le "
prisilit to the olllceis ami enw of '
baltb ship Idaho Ihe b.it;li . tllel, n -v
uant for the .vein and also a btl. '
I'losiibnt Wilson coiiimh le! ig th. "
the rhlp In gi Itlng a n rei ntagi cf I
The t'tali got si cond plioe.nnl t1 V
gal) third In the isimpet turn
The Sieretarv villi be ai 'oiiip i e 1
Capt. William 1'. I'ullani anl fni n
tlon and l.leiiteimtit-rnici '.null i "'
Cm vin, dnector of target and u
lug competitions. Th" pans w i
i fiom N
oik on the d' spa!.
Itear Admlial I'hailos I It.olt
lu.llliler in elilof ol" 111, Ileet .11
high nitidis will piobabh be pi
hi:xri rhi.w i on I'.t.v.iw t.
Wlllliim .1. Price Nominated to tie
W VSHINI1TON, Aug 1.1. The 1'icsli.
sent to the Setiatu to-day tho tiomti'
tlon of William ,1 1'rlco of Kentucky '
be Minister to Panama.
Tho 1'iosldeiU also nominated Thf i.
S, Maes of Kentucky to bo collector '
Internal tevenuo for the Fifth Dlsti'lo'
Kcntiiii.!., api 1'iedeiic A llnnnowal'
New York to be a constructor In
revenue cutter aorvlca.