Newspaper Page Text
THE SUN, WEDNESDAY, NOVEMBER 12, 1913.
WKDNESDAY, NOVBMBBIl 12, 1013.
I:nterrd lit the I'mt Office itl New York M Reeood
Class Mill Matter,
Kutmrlpllonj by Mall. Polpld.
All.V. Per .Month SO (10
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AII.Y AM) Nl'.N'DAY. Per Vest H SO
AII.Y AND .SUNDAY, lYr Month IB
Jli: rVCNI.NO St'.V, lYr Month as
.Hi: i:Vi:.MNU SUN, Per Year 9 BO
l'ntce to foreign rountrlea added.
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1'iiMMieil dally, Including Sunday, by the Stm
1 rln tine nml Publishing Afsoclallon at 170 Nssmii
trrct. In the llnrnitgli of Manhattan, New York.
1 r'.iri)t mid 'I rcmurcr. Wlllkim ('. Itrlrk, 170
lisjiu street; Vlrc-Prcaldetit, Lduard P. Mitchell,
TO Nassau Mrret; Secretary, ('. I".. I.uilou, 19
London offlre, Efflnttrmm Hon, 1 Arundel
i'nri (iDlir. A Hue de la Mlcliodlfre. olt Hue du
Wimtrc Si iirnihrc.
Washington office, lllhln Ihilldlnr.
UrookDn office, 101 Livingston treet
It mir fnrntli Wio furor u rripi mtwuifripii and
lUintratbm) or publication irirh to ftnre rrjteint
arutlrs rnurntJ Itiru must in all caitt stni jlamrn
ttr Hint puruur
l.lv ami l.rl Live.
On iiivouiit of the swollen rout of
living Hie wages tf railroad employees
must Im Increased.
Very good. How iiIkiM the Increased
coi nf II viiiir of the railroads? Tho
employees make them pity first. The
public encourages tho process. Will
tho public help pity? Will It adroit that
higher wages menu higher rates?
Why rotiltln't Mr. Vanderllp Hpeak
Directly to the President ?
Mr. I-'bam; A. Vanofiilii the presl
ileiit of the largest hunk In the United
States mill one of the foremost of
American llnniielers. at the Kconotule
Club illnner began his remarks on cur
rency legislation with this remarknhle
"Could 1 speak directly to the President
of the I'tiitcil State. I would fee,' thnt It
xv.is one of tin- must solemn nnd Impor
tant opportunities I linil ever faced. I
would say to lilni," &e.
Why dues Mr. a.npirui have to use
the subjunctive of the verh? Why
couliln't he !x'ak illrectly to President
Wilson on the currency lsilley of the
Administration' Why cannot he?
What Is the harrier between the ear of
die Administration and such authori
tative Information and expert counsel
as Mr. Vaniuiilip could give: such In
formation and advice 11s wits nought
anil welcomed, for example, by the
Senate Committee on Finance?
Why could not Mr. Vandkrmp,
charged though he Is with tho offence
of being president of the largest bank
in the 1'nlted Stntes, seal; directly
to the President of the I'nlted Stntes,
Instead of having to address him thus
across two hundred miles of distance?
Governor J I vim's Programme.
Having watched with considerable
'merest the workings of a number of
uirect primary laws, we are not able to
iump up any particular enthusiasm
for these vehicles of virtue. Nor have
we discovered that overwhelming popu
lar demand for an enactment of this
sort In New York State which has so
deeply Impressed three of the five men
who since l'.KMi have been (Inventors
of the Stale. Therefore we shall ob
serve the progress of (inventor (Ji.ynn's
appeal to a chastened legislature with
entire patience, convinced that whether
successful or not It will fall to elimi
nate politics from politics, and solaced
by the thought that If the State eon
vntlon Is to go the preprlmary will
If this part of the Governor's pro
gramme leaves our pulse normal, we
confess to a healthful quickening of
Its rale as we contemplate those proj
eels by which he holies to reduce, the
e!enses of the State. These have a
whirtesoiui! basis. He believes thnt
economy consists in Having money, and
Is not to bo attained by Increasing ex
penditures. He actually proposes the
repeal of laws Involving the outlay of
about $1,000.(100, mid he has served
notice on all who have to do with the
preparation of estimates that when the
next appropriations tire made their
total nmt be brought within the limits
of the income of the State.
In this (iovernnr Glynn shows a
practical and most encouraging recog
nition of the real iieed of New York,
The State's sillflcal system needs no
particular regulation; Its morals, pub
lic and private, aro not illwournglngly
bad; but It has been riotously extrava
gant, and It requires nn efficient dose
of plain economy for t"he correction of
Its Involved affairs.
Dominion of the Men and Air.
The Ulght Hon. Winston Chdkchhx
as proposer nf a "naval holiday" one
mouth tigo and anon advocate of a
greater navy and dominion of the nlr,
must Weill crafty and Inconsistent to
the peace lovers. Kilt Mr. CiiURcmu,
always plays the game hard and thor
oughly enjoys It. He probably exected
Admiral von Tiiutiz to reject the pro
posal of a year's truce lu naval con
"miction, The father of Hie modern
German navy has always regarded such
overtures as sentimental and Imprac
Why, then, did Mr, Chi hchii.i. re
turn lo ibe siiiijis't again? As he Is an
iici'ouilisieii politician, II may he sur-iiil-ed
ilini his 'naval holiday" was a
sop lo Hie leaee soclelles; also, that he
believed a lejeeiimi of the plan would
Justify lilni in asking for u considerable
wWltloii 10 iIh normal naval approprla-
as a lighting Klrst Lord of the
A'lnilrail.v. Mr C1111111111 1. Is always
ready lo go the Ccriumis one belter. II
will he unlet. Hint in his remarks a)
U ttuUdhull banquet be put the rt-
ponslblllty for Itrltlsh naval expan
sion upon Germany, which will cause
cynical comment In that country.
Coming from Mr. Ciu bciiii.i.. the
programme of 1111 aerial fleet stronger
than any other nation possesses Is not
to be whistled down the wind. Bnglaml
has the money and tho Inventors, from
whom no secret of Xeppellti design can
he hidden long; mid all that Is needed
In the stern chase of Germany Is In
spiration, which Mr. Ciit'iicini.t. stands
ready to supply,
England has never had 11 more ener
getic mid adventurous Admiralty Lord,
He Is constantly In the air himself,
setting mi example lo both services:
one day he Is driving through the air
In a biplane and the next he Is cruising
about In a dirigible. One reads such
Items as this In the BnglMi papers:
"Mr. ('tit'RciitLi. spent the whole of
yesterday at 1'arnboroiigh aviation cen
tre, and In the afternoon made flights
In the airships lletn and Delta," When
such a man declares that Great Ilrltalu
Is determined to win the aerial su
premacy of the world, at least It means
that while he Is lu ofllce there Is going
to he a boom In military aeronautics.
The Chaiitauitian Hcgliuc.
There Is more or less cumulative
evidence lo the effect thai all has not
been plain sailing under (he Chaulau
itian regime In diplomacy. Washing
ton despatches Indicate that several
cogs have slipped In spite of copious
lubrication with grape Juice. Aside
from the actions of that arch tempter
the Hon. .Iim Ham I.kwis. who tool;
I'lMiiM. of l'corla up on the mountain
and showed him the bargain counter.
It has come to light that there was
also some slight confusion as to the
A despatch stated that the trilling,
error had been made In sending tele
irrams apparently on the same day to
both Professor Dkoppkiis of Wllllanw
College and the Hon. Grniuit: I'm it
Wn.t.iAMH of ledhatn. asking each If
he would take the ihisI at Athens. As
there was a dual kingship at ancient
Sparta doubtless It was argtnM that
with such a precedent there could cer
tainly be two American Ministers to
Greece. And If the Itryan-l'lndell one-year-only
Instalment plan was to be
similarly applied to Greis-e that would
have meant eight Ministers lu four
years, running capacity of two Minis
ters per year simultaneously. I'erhap
tlie idea was that the day and night
shift should be Introduced Into diplo
macy. Who knows?
Hut the dilemma In regard to Atheu
seeins to be mild compared with the
vexatious predicament wherein Colonel
Thomas H. Kirch of Hurllngton. N. .1.,
appears to have found himself. Let us
append one detail of his unfortunate
quandary. We quote from a Wash
ington despatch :
"Colonel Thomas It rtircii of Hur
llngton, N, J., who whs nominated and
confirmed as United States Minister to
l'ortuirnt more than .1 month ago nnd
has not yet started fur Ills post, appar
ently only learned this week that the
diplonmtlc honor he has achieved Is not
of ambassadorial rank, but that he is
only n Minister, lie has ordered richly
cmbosaed stationery with the letterhead
'American Kmb.-issy, Lisbon. Portincal.'
Ignoring the fart that l.Mxm tins an
American legation and not nn embassy."
Will not the Hon. .Tim Ham I.r.wis
be gnisl enough to suggest to the per
turbed New Jersey Colonel that he
lay aside that stationery de luxe as
a memento for his children's children?
Ky the third generation we may have
an embassy In Lisbon and the little
ones mlelit never gues their grand
Must the Slate Convention tin?
Kef ore anything Is done or attempted
about direct nominations, by this Legis
lature or Its successor, wouldn't it be
useful to Hud what public opinion oil
the subject Is?
The bosses. It Is argued, are against
dlreet nominations, therefore the public
must be and Is lu favor of dinvt uouit
nations. Ut the argument go for what
It Is worth. Try dln-ct nominations.
All right. Kill do the M-ople waul
the State convention abolished? And
what are the damning defect of the
The Mexican IIchiIIocU.
There Is no mystery about General
Hi'kkta'h attitude. He Is playing for
time to "pacify" the country, taking
every jiosslhle advantage of Mr. Wit.
bon'h repugnance to Intervention. As
tietween them It Is much like a game
of chess, each taking a good deal of
time for the next move; hut all diplo
macy Is of that character. The coutro
versy Is obviously still in the stage of
diplomacy. General Hi'krta knows thnt
the United States does not conleinpliite
or desire war with Mexico, and he
known just ns well that the polltlral
Interests which he represents would
have nothing to gain by war. General
Htir.RTA Is lu n precarious position from
which he cannot retreat with the con
sent of his hackers In Mexico or with
tho approval of those lu Kurope.
Therefore a deadlock exists. As In
the case of nil deadlocks the conditions
do not seem to permit of an en re
solution. General Hphita Is waiting
for victories by his troops In the north,
mid planning to rnlsn money to push
the campaign. President Wilson Is
walling for the Constitutionalists to
take cities and begin a triumphant
march upon the capital. Meanwhile
the air Is full of unsubstantial rumors,
and It Is a time when extremists nnd
sensation mongers can get a hearing for
any distortion of Hie truth, for reckless
exaggerations of the treatment of
Americans In Mexico, for Irresponsible
mendacity about the Insurrection, for
gross misrepresentation of President
Wilson's purpose, and for wild alarms
about linHniling war. The Presldenl.
being human, Is showing signs of
Impatience with Hie methods of hl:
1 ....111. .j .!..(,. m
Mr. Wilson may be furry lug ou
negotiations that will turn out to
be futile, but he Is not pushing the
country Into a war. Ills critics
ami assailants would find It hard
to explain what dsn the President
could do now, unless he were to order
the army across the border. It does
not seem to have occurred lo them
thai when negotiation linn been ex
hausted Mr. Wilson will refer the
whole vexed question to Congress,
which gave President Tait the author
ity lo proclaim mi embargo upon arms
;i ml ammunition, and which alone has
the power to declare war. Interven
tion lu Mexico would be war, as every
Intelligent person knows. Ky the way,
bine the President's baiters forgotten
that Congress Is In session?
On Time at the Theatre.
The commendable efforts of a firm of
theatre managers to make the first
night audience arrive on time met with
some success; sufficient success. Indeed,
lo lead to the hope that after a while the
attendants at the first performances of
plays may he persuaded to come to
the theatre somewhat earlier than half
an hour after the time annotinciil.
The tendency to enter the theatre late
has been stronger than ever during
the past two years. Bven those who
nrrlM approximately on time are often
unwilling to take their seats until the
auditorium Is sufficiently well filled to
Insure a certain number of spectators
for their entrance.
Of course, there Is the feeling that a
play Is not a sacrament hut a 'diver
sion, and thnt the man who has paid
for his seat has a right to linger ns
long as he pleases tit dinner. The
dinner hour Is late In New York.
Vii-roRii.N X Minor, who arranged his
metlnxls to nivomnuslate this tendency
In Paris, has Imd no Imitators here
So the first performances of most play
lime recently been too late In begin
ning and have been Interrupted In
their opening scenes by the late ar
rivals, to the annoyance of those with
equal rights lu Hie playhouse.
The effort Is lu the right direction.
People who attend the tlrst perform
ances of plays, or Indeed any ierform
nnce at the theatre, will be glad to
hate some promptness restored to those
occasions. The courageous measures
adopted by the management are In the
Interest of the public.
A .Minneapolis Congress.
The convention somewhat pompously
railed the International Purity Con-
'gross, now lu session at Minneapolis to
the envy of St, l'atil. Is oomxised of
earnest souls: but Hie professional puri
fier seems to 1h greatly In excess of or
more vocal than the amateur, and some
of his theories are whimsical enough.
Thus Mr. ,1. F. Ciiasi:, secretary of the
New Luglnnd Watch and Ward Society,
N reHirled as saying In behalf of the
vice committee thnt the problem novel
"Is the chief cause of immorality In the
United Stales." There Is n large genius
of simplification In this assertion,
emitted as If It were as Incontestable
as the sum of two plus two. Millions
of us. most of us. would that It were
1 rue. To strike one fatal blow at two
evils, to slay immorality and the prob
lem novel, who would not cheerfully
order his ascension robe, modestly feel-
I lug himself too coarse for this milieu-
! ula I world?
I The general cause or cnuses of Im
morality may be left to the purity Inter
nationalists In the Gopher city as
! semhled : but ns to the "problem novel"
Isn't brother Ciiasi: too rash nnd sud
den? Poos he urge that It creates an
1 Inevitable ennui thai must drive to
I drink? The Idea Is plausible, but Is It
, sound? lo vessels capable of drink
ever saturate themselves In problem
novel? Tlnvre are strong, good, self-sac-
rillcng folks who read them as a stern
I duly. Who rends them for pleasure?
'They make the good lienor, but can the
bad be Inducts) to subscribe?
We could understand how the read
ing of problem novels might stir lu
rebellious hearts a desire for the heart's
blood of the author. A pardonable
bile of the old Aduui. No; Krother
Ciiasi: must find some other causing
cause of vice, cigarettes or too scanty
use of whole wheat bread.
Then our old Washington friend the
Itev. Wiliick Uihk Crafts, author of
"The Prohibition Text Hook" and thou
sands of other useful works, tells the
.Minneapolis congress that he was
shocked by the fact that "New York
displayed men and women drinking In
all Its big restaurnnts." He Is eon
vlnccd that this drinking of men nnd
women together in public places Is "one
of I he most fruitful sources of Immo
rality." Why does Dr. Ckafth neglect
the small plncvs In this town? He
may see not only men and women but
children drinking together. Ho has
seen It times enough abroad. Does he
think that the temperate family beer
or wine Is "one of the most fruitful
sources of Immorality" In Germany,
A long course of professional re
form seems to create a certain kind
of mind, not always obvious to facts
or averse to exaggerations.
Thai A.mihi.w Dickson Wiiitk. Is a
gentleman of education, experience, ri
pened wisdom and enduring patriotism
will not he denied by anybody.
Ills opinions on mutters of State are
l'osispontly unlikely to affect In any
manner the Chnutnuquii circuit.
A pretty sure way for a pure minded
person to loso his Innocence Is hy at
tending a purity emigres.
The failure of tho greater college
football teams like lluivard, Princeton
anil Yale lo make much use nf the
forward pass has puzzled a good many
admirers of the open game. One of
them, noting the resort to this play
with a fair measure of success by cnl-
I lege teams ruled us inferior, says:
The huge collegis have mil begun to
Mild it,, foiwaid puss tn theli football
I iquipnitsiit, nd unburn thay dg w ate fu-
Ing to have more results In tho next fetv
yenrs like the Colgate defeat of Yale.
Under thu new rules a good repertoire of
forward ms plays would pi ninthly menu
victory for u team lu other respects sruno
what Inferior to an opponent lacking a
good forward pnss niulpmcrit, A succes
sion of forward passes, even though some
of them prove, failures, affords n. splendid
opportunity for a mixture of tactics Im-
xiKsiuie wnen mo rorwarn pass is resoncu
to only occasionally and ns a sort of des
This critic overstates his casewhen
he says that "the largo colleges linvo
nut begun to add the forward pass t
their football equipment": but It Is tru
that they are cautious In their use of
the forward pass. When long headed
coaches like llAt'oiiToN, Hart anil .Pinks,
who know every mnnvuvrn of football,
give tho forward pass n minor place In
their stock of plays, the reason appears
to l that they regard the risk of los
ing the bull as too great to bo taken
except In some contingencies In 11 big
game. Possession of the hall by 11 well
drilled and alert squad of players Is
obviously a great advantage. Seldom
are tho conditions for a forward pass
favorable, and even when u player Is
In position to take the ball there Is al
ways a risk that It will full Into the
hands of tho enemy with direful tvsults.
The lessnr teams In games with Har
vard or Yale or Princeton are naturally
ready to try their luck with the forward
pass. It offers them about their only
chance to score.
Lord Lttton, lecturing about his
grandfather. Hrt.wnit Lttton, In Lon
don the other night, told this story of
the author's childhood:
"At the age of P this precocious reader
of hook Mat lied bis mother by raying .
'Pray, mamma, ate you not sometimes
overcome with the sense nf your own
detitlty?' His mother replied: 'It Is high
time ou went to school, Tkmit.' "
A true story, perhaps; but It will not
be long before the traditional little Hos
ton boy In spectacles will be tu.id the
butt of it.
Put It Is more likely to proe .1 tem
porary change, to be followed b the
pleasant spells of wenther which usually
occur In November and often continue
till Christmas.- The llrraltl.
Is this meant to be a solace for the
commuter, or a direct tip lo furnnee
operators not to worrv about the co.il
bill until It is received?
We believe the Government ..in do
much, and we Intend to 111. ike il .1 most
potent Instrument 111 working for tin- up
lifting of mankind C.1I.011I IttKKi.vuir
111 Hurnoa A iri n.
It mut tie prHtifylnt: to lr Aiihott
to learn that "enthnsl.iMii for human
ity" Is now soaring over the Andes
Secretary Cxkimson has dlsenvered the
agricultural eolltges i-xfibl.slied under the
.Morrill act of sVJ h.iM- n.l been llvirn!
up to the law. vvhi.li ie.lllre llwm to
Include nilllt.it y tra'tuns In the.r eur
rlculums In return for aid from the pub.
lie treasury lrmniiipfon ilesjmfrfc.
The pillars of society should at once
Mtltlnn their llepresentiitlves that a
bill he passed doing away with tnlll-tut-v
irnlnlntr ns all an bale o.istiiiii.
nnd that as a sensible substitution the
training of rnnuffeurs be requireii in
Cyclone Pavts nf faded fame .Ifnroa
The glory of the tallest 1'opulM In
the world or Texas cannot fade Cy
clone Davis has seen his ideas ptlggi-d
by newer men. He was preaching (he
Initiative nnd referendum when some
of the mighty spouters of to-day were
wearing bibs. Honor to the pioneer!
Kuy of the maker!
UnwiN Porn has ncnin been srntrtieed
to he hanged, this being the nfth time
The Alabama Huerta?
The price of pi mints started this venr
at Jl fih. and has stiMdilv deeieasid. the
people declaring that the trust Is repon
slble for running the price down to Jl 1:,,
and that It proposes to rnrry U much
lower. Httlriyh .Wira unit Odwrrrr.
"The people" means the people who
produce, not the people who piy and
eat. peanuts. The downtrodden pea
nut farmer foams at a trust which
won't allow him to fix- prices.
Do not get the Idea that farmers within
easy r acii of I'oitland are holding hack
any eggs from this nnrket. The hens
lire, the guilty parties Portland Ore
10 ri In 11,
Where Is that sheet anchor of our
liberties the Sherman act lu this anx
ious and eggless hour'.' Are tame vll
latle fowl above the laxv?
A despatch from Amherst s.ivs tint
"the Itev. WlLt.tVM Spohnkk Smith, '4.
Worcester, is the oldest graduate of
Amherst College In years, although the
Kev. Ahtemas Dban, ML', of Mount t'ur
inel, I'a., graduated s yeans before
him." Not thus are the difficult laurels
of the "oldest llvln' gradooate" to be
filched from him. He holds -Ms Inde
feasible title by the date of his class.
Otherwise any healthy humorist might
go to college at 30 or so, and live tn
luillle one of the purest and noblest of
Surely we are right In attributing
to Colonel (ionzalks, not lost, not un
true to the Muse In bis Cuban pulnce,
the nppeanvnee of the editorial columns
of his Columbia Kfnte In rhymed verse:
"Iteyond the realms of mere cognition
nnd into the area of volition the ttansl
tlon takes the subject unaware""
Now thnt the Hon. l-'t.Avtrs .losKPiira
Daniri'h Tar Heel sheet lias dosed Its
poets' choir out of nn excess of delicacy
us to the dignity nf Cabinets, doubly
denr are these sighing of Hie I'alnietlo
In h few days n refrigerated (unit ear
will start west enttvlng J, 500 lobsters. -tVnashipfon
Is there room and welcome for this
frivolous epicurean In the States of Ht
Johnson and Jonathan Hoitrnk?
A prominent Mlssoiirlan. I'arttnnd
We demnnd it bill of particulars. All
Mlssnurlans are prominent and not even
tho Oznrks have an undue prominence.
Perhavs rocs' eggs would be, cheaper.
Under tho heading; "One More Hack
Sent for Penrose Party," our esteemed
comic contemporary tho Levvlsion ,oir
nnl perpends thus as to thn Inillanap-
1 nils municipal election.
"The Democrats catrled the entire city
j ticket und have now so mismanaged as
111 mane 11 nrressnry m pm uniuinapou.'i
! under maillal law to protect property
from the mob."
I The esteemed comic one seems In be
hove thai li'e ftplnelt ss mountebank
Mayor of Indianapolis, the Hon. Lkw
1 Shank, l a Demouat. duia uvula,
tiik vnnim.i. iivi.l maze.
evv ipiesl Ioih of Uncertain!) nnd t'nn
fusion In the Income Tax lvt.
To tub KniTon or Tub Hu.v Sir." I
linvo at Inst got around to the Federal
income tax nnd write this letter In the
hope that some of my fellow readers 01
The Sr.N can enlighten me on IL
Take tho case of a retired business
man, with n confidence, whoso funds have
been Invested In bonds nnd stocks.
Assume that such a person Is not a
"trndcr" In the sense that he actively buys
and sells securities, but that If his Judg
ment tells him to make 11 change In In
vestments he does so. Now such a per
son, under subdivision 2 II, would appar
ently be chargeable with the "gain" made
by him In tho "sale" of securities by
reason of the expression "or sales or
dealings In property whether real or per
sonal," Ac, which Innguago you will no
tice Is separated from the words "busi
nesses, trade, commerce" hy tho disjunc
On the other hand, It seems that he
would not be nllowed for losses sustained
by leasou of such sales, because the only
allowance for losses Is for "losses sctll
ally sustained during tho year Incurred
lu other words, he Is chargeable under
n so-called "Income" tax law for mere
accretion to capital where lit Is not In
"trade," but ho. Is not allowed for losses
under the same circumstances.
How are such "gains" to bo computed:
on the basis of tho cost pi Ice or tho fair
ipnrkit value at the beginning of the fiscal
year? for Instance, suppose this person
has on his ledger an account showing tho
purchase of n certain railway stock over
n series of years nt varying prices. Now
when he sells some of thise shares, what
Is the price on which be llgures whether
or not he made a profit? Does be follow
inch certificate to find this out or will It
be innssary for such n person on the
flrn of each January to make up an In
ventory and appraisement of stocks nnd
The "sale" of land Is In exactly the
same stale. Under former laws a time
limit was set on land sales nf either one
or two vcars, but the pnsent law places
If lands or securities are now In the
bands of a person who Inherited them
sonic years ago nnd such person mnkes
"salts" of the same, how does ho com
pute Ills profits? It would be a compara
tively easy matter from a person's Income
account less taxes to find nut the basis
of his tax, but If in addition ho must show
not the profit nnd loss, but the profit only,
on the sabs of property, the only practi
cable way would seem to be to have nn
Inventory taken on January 1 and keep
a special nccotmt for sale profits only
Itn' It may be that the law- would allow
the computation on the basis of cost price
onlv . and there nte so many dille-iiltles In
tie way of this as t make It Imprnctl
It might be In iter for ueh an unfortu
nate to convey nnd assign nil his propirty
to a mrpoiatlon and Pt the corporation
pav on us t In -ome "
Tills net was p.i's,.i tn October. 191.1,
and 11 rtqiuns partners or sole traders
to disclose tlnlr Individual profits from
Mnrih 1. I"l to .lanuarv I. Utl How
an p. rsons ngnged In the put chase nnd
sale of nieii-l.'.'iillse compute their profits
for that perb d tin!fss they have an In
vebtoiv ns of March 1. 191."
W VI Ti ll II. Ttl-CK.
Mai.timoiik, Nov tuber 11.
The Tax nt no Incentive (it Matrlmon).
To Til K KniTon of Tit Si-n Fir.' 1
am an utniiarrUd woman posiessed of
propnty which vlilds Income enough to
make me liable for .in Income tax-.
1 am engaged to be married to one who
has nn :111s and also receives as salary
more than J I, oca a year.
As tiiituarrUd persons we each nre en
titlnl to claim exemption from (ax up to
juiien. Upon our marriage this exemp
tion will Immediately and nutomatlcnlly
cease and as man and wife we will Jointly
In intltlid to on'v Jl.oim exemption
II, cniisc we assume the duties and re
sponibilitb s of m.itilmony we shall be
peiinlUi'l to the extent of 1 per cent n
i.ir on f 2.000 : we shall be obligated to
pav $2ii a year because we marry.
Iticause my husband's Income, subject
to tax. will excred SI "''0. my Income will
be taxed without e, tnptlnn.
Under the laws of tills State a married
woman has conti over her own prop
el iv . she mnv sell oi otherwise dlpose
of It without the eons,nt of h,r husband,
vet the Income tax lull compels a wife to
ii-nibt to her husband an Inventory of
b,r Ir.eome that be may make the neces
sary n turn
Wbv thi discrimination against the
woman of Independent means
New York, November It
t;ovi:nx.vEXr it.ui. ito.i ns.
u Ironical sitiCKcstlnn from llellever
111 llllllV lltllilllMtt.
To tiik rniTOR of Tin: Sr.v Sir.- Con
tinned heckling bv politicians and exten-
ion of Hi vernuient civ trol with to flnin
cial iepotilblllly to their owners may
veiitually wreck the credit of the rail
roads This done tin- Uovernme.it could
buv tin-in In for lis-i than their bonded
I Ibis the veiled Intention bark of th
deliy In h tiling tin- demand for slightly
.idva-.id rates on the part of railroads
up. i.itlng lu the Knstern territory" Tin
lallro.uls will have to mett t (OO.OOO.Odl
short time notes during tin- next year, and
liendv Washington Is proposing exten
sli n control by the Interstate Commerce
Commission aid Is agitating for legisla
tion designed with a view to still further
i-rlppl'rg them In fulfilling their respon
sibilities to their stockholders and the pub.
la- t'oi tunabdv the politician ncd never
cniicein himself with questions s to the
lio-icsty or expediency ' of n course of
lot op so long a" it gains votes for lilm
silf nnd solidifies the tsiwer of his party.
I therefore suggest that the Government
buy control of one of the greru ttunk
lines nnd then reduce rates to a point
which will bankrupt Its privately owned
competitors. This done the Government
can buy the rest of the lallronds at Its
own ptlce. This scheme Is much more
direct than (he present method which D
being pursued nnd has the added advan
tage of historical precedent.
Ai.nr.iiT 11. Gallatin.
Nnw York, November 11,
PlnliiK In (he street.
To tiik UniToit of Tiik Scn Sir Home
time ago there was an article In Tiik Scn
lu tegard to the "no street ptay rule" for
children. This rule tho police have been
Instructed to enforce only as far ns thn
main streets are concerned, permitting the
chlldicn to piny in side streets.
It seems to me that eCeti the ue of side
streets is dangerous, because most side
streets are used more or Irss by trades
people as will as by autonioblllst In call
ing, Sc. I have been an advocate of keep
ing the playgrounds open until night
and using vacant lots lu most parts of
the cities which can be Improvised Into
playgrounds, (hereby giving the little
chlldien their rights. It Is natural for a
child to play, but too many have been
killed while playing on the- striets,
I hope the new city administration will
see to It that the vacant places In ail
pints of the city be used as playgrounds,
ami mi fit 1 1 il UP with the consent of (Ipi
owncis, A large expense need not bo
gone Into, but a reasonable amount ex
peinled would make many desirable play
grounds and save many little lives,
W, .1, Morgan,
Dktiioit, Mich., November 9.
The pttelvei Irss persimmon Is nnw prom-li-d
by fruit grnwet" - .7ic ilrm.
The experts pednKostcnl
In pui'kerlers persimmons
A pomelo lc frruk.
Ilul limy Ihelr research nil there,
Nor threslell In Invsile
With puckerletH predilection
The lips ef man and maid,
n. s. n.
SWATTIXa TttE WEST.
inversion of a lteettonary Jersey Epl
To thjc EntTon or Tim HvNStr: Now !
that Progrcsslvlsm lies In the throes of i
tlnnl dissolution, It seems nttlng that we
should take thought concerning an ap- .
proprlate epitaph tn be Inscribed upon the
lombstono of a party so eminent and so
beloved of the people.
Tho memorial following Is suggested
by n reverent, If humble, admirer of pure
The Greatest Political Hoax
That Ever Came Out of the Wild nnd
Here Is a party which, by the repetition
and clamor of Its assertion of a mere
name, has managed to convince n goodly
proportion of the cltliens of our en
lightened Innd that black Is white! and
has beguiled the remainder of our people
into n supine acceptance of the word
"progressive" as synonymous with the
most utterly reactionary programme of
so-called reforms that the adolescent
Western mind yet has conceived.
Aboriginal mnn knew no checks upon
direct and Immediate government by tho
majority or plurality In power; and "Pro
gresslvlsm" wants none. The man of (ho
cave period who was of the minority was
hopelessly without defence against any
nnd every Injustice nnd oppression which
the majority or plurality In Its strength
might choose to put upon him ; nnd "Pro
gresslvlsm" piopoes the removal of our
hard won constitutional safeguards
ngnlnst such n state of nffnlrs. Ilenc
t lonary Is an overdellcate characterization
of such n philosophy of reversion to the
governmental type of savagery : tho truth
of the Hinder Is that we have wllncssed
the primeval methods of barbarism pa
raded as the futurist Ideals of the tieo
Democracy. That so laige n body of our voters
should have accepted these Ideals of the
now moribund party ns In fact progres
sive casts a most lurid light on the pre
vailing state of education with respect 10
the history and true tendencies of gov
ernmental advance: nnd that so feeble a
protest should have been made against
the besmirching of n worthy word proves
a willingness on the pm. of the more
Intelligent remainder of our people to
enrry linguistic tolerance to the point of
absurdity. Any way you look nt It, It's
a lingo Joke now- thnt we're snfely over
Thn fundamental Incompetence of the
Western political mind seems to He In the
fuct thnt Its lofty Idealism, reared upon
a profound Ignornnce of the historic and
prehistoric struggle of mankind In es
caping the clutch of original brutehood,
forbids n doubt that the musses of men
of modest estate lately have becomo
angels, nnd conceiving a mythical millen
nium to be actually upon us, the painful
restrictions by meat s nf n;htch the race
retains such degree of clvlllznllon as has
been achieved appear lo II quite super
fluous and wholly Irksome.
Several of our far Western States have
claimed the possession of the best educa
tional systems In the world , nnd those
very Stntes have been the hotbed and
forcing giound of every aborted political
mtHitoom of the Inst half century The
question ntlsf" persistently In the minds
of most thoughtful citizens of tho effete
East What. In the snered name of prnc
tlcnl common sense, do they understand
education to mum west of (he Missouri
River" Ukvp MtrrcAl.r.
rt.Aivrtrt.P. N. J , November It.
CAM a u: OX KM Jf.
The Xllliges or Diliiiilriulge anil (lie To
listen PIh- rilled Willi llrlmstone.
To tiik EtnTon rr Tin: Son Sir.- It
would sei m that the present Is a good
time for us to get down our "Sartor"
and reud over anew that cote piercing
description of war
"What, speaking In quite uno'Ilclnl
language. Is the net purport and upshot
of war" To my own knowledge, for
example, there dwill and toll, In
the Hrltih village of Dumdiudgv. usually
some tlx hundred souls. l-rom these,
by certain -Natural Etiemiis' of the
l-'rench, there me successively selected,
during the Kieneh war, say thirty nble
bodied men: Dumdrudge. nt her own ex
pense, has suckled and nursed them;
she lm, no: without dltllriilty and sorrow,
fed trum up to manhood, and even
trained them to crafts, so that one can
weave, another build, another hammer,
and the weakest can stand under thirty
Nevertheless, amid much weeping nnd
swearing, they are flecttd, nil dressed
In red: and shipped away at the public
charges, some two thousand tulles, or say
only tn the south of Spain and fed there
till wanted. And now to that samo spot
in the south of Spain are thirty similar
Trench artisans, from a French Dum
drudge, pi like manner wending, till at
Imgth, after infinite effort, the two par
ties come Into actual Juxtaposition ; nnd
Thirty stnmls fronting Thirty, each with
a gun In his baud. Straightway the
woid M'lre" Is given- and they blow
tin souls out of one another , and m place
of sixty brisk, useful craftsmen the world
has sixty dead carcasses, which It must
bury, and anew shid tears for. Had
these men nny quarrel llusy us the
Devil Is, not the smallest! They lived
far enough apart; were the entlrest
s(rangers. nay, In so wide a t'nlverse,
there vvns even unconsclouslv. by Coin
merre, some mutual helpfulness between
"How then Simpleton' their ilovern
ors bad fallen out: and Instead of shoot
ing one another, had the cunning to make
these poor blockheads shoot. Alas, so Is
It In Deutschland, and hlther(o lu nil
olher lands . still, as of old, 'what devilry
soever Kings do, the Hreeks must pay
(he piper" In lha( fiction of the Kng
It'll Smollett, It Is true, the final C-sa.
(Ion of War Is perhaps prophetically
shadowed forth; where the two Natural
Enemies, lu person, take each a Tobacco
pipe, tilled with llrlmstone-. light the
same, nnd smoke In one annthei's faces
till the weaker gives In ; but from such
pri-dletid Peine Era, what blood filled
trinches, and contentious centuries, may
still divide us II. ( K.
Wlt.MlNdTON, Del., November 10.
Tenant for a llulgarlan Palace.
To tub EoiTon op Tiir St'N Sir: Please
Inquire from llulgarlans abou( (lie 'etit
Ing of Czar IVtdlnand's pnlace, which
I read In Tiik St'N Is to let. As I am
thinking of residing In llulgnrla and
would like a desirable plnce such as the
palace to live lu, 1 will occupy the place
provided the rent Is reasonable.
A ItllFFK P. It.
Newark, N. J., November II.
The Heaven Horn, Heaven High Old Pro.
To Til Epitor or Tiik Scn Sir- In
lailff reduction are we not making a
present nf much nf our prospeilty or
wealth to tb manufacturing nations of
Europe? Political Economist.
Nr.w York, November 11
Kiibker tines llrynn ndvocale dollar di
plomacy? llncker No. flat money iltptnmnr
The heven Ceiil I'.tt.
Itniisrked (he hen:
"l'lrnt placi. 1 lifg.
All other clnlma
t'nme (Inwn ll peg
Kxeept (or nit
Thrre'd lie nn egg"
Keninrkeii the egg!
"VVIlilt nerve, b'sre'
I sin tlie ilrnt,
As nil nni.t :
That hen inuM come
From one like met '
"Von Imth nre denie.
Ten cnn'l cl(
rimi must he rntied
I Inn een cents'
UuI.axpbi nun niuoit,
WOMEN AS HEADS OF
GIRLS' HIGH SCHOOLS
Tcaclicr nf Lonfr Kxpcfioncp
Snys They Should Hp
(MVKS SPECIAL HKA.S0.NS
Subject Broiifrlit to Front In
Acton of Federation of
The nnnouncement thnt (ho New Vnrk
City Federation of Women's Clubs tind
taken up the recent appointment nf turn
principals in the llviituli r t'hllds and .lull.i
Itlcbmnml High School for Clrls h.n
created much interest among womtti
te.-irhcrs. Additional Interest Is Imparted
to the situation by a piospectlvo vacancy
In Wadlt'lgh High School, whose prln
clpnl, Dr. Itovvc. has been named ns the
logical candidate for a vacancy In the
New York Training School,
"Other things being equal, wo feel that
the preference should bo given to a
woman," said Mlsa Myrtle Thompson of
tho Wndlelgh history department, wm
tins taught thero and In other New York
high schools for twenty years "A mnn
principal In a girl's high school baa tn
delegnti! to some woman teacher the most
important problem of discipline In studv
and behavior. With girls at (he ngn of
nilokscenco (hero Is n reaction on th
mind nnd feelings constituting n problem
wltli which the grammar schools never
have, to deal.
eil for Woman's roiinel.
"Kor Inisdince, a girl gi ts her report
card and nt once begins to cry over her
marks. Slio ought of course to be sent
to (ho principal, but a man does not feel
thnt bo can deal with tho situation, nnd
so the girl Ib sent (o (he woman teacher
In chnrffn of tho studies committee, who
hai this work to do In oddltlon to her
regular clnssroom duties without any
V. .....1. I I- i..y. .....
extra pay. . in insiv in ,i,-i nm., 4.", .
r ..-....!....! I .. . V, la a-nl
lOrilieil I Ulini I'-Iiouunij no, n,m
back comforted or convinced -but It it
all added burden which tho women tench
ers ought not to lie nsked to bear when
tho principal is employed nnd paid for
Just such duties kb this.
"I believe III having men teachers In
girls' high schools because the girls hav
to meet men In life. Hut tho principal
who controls the activities, Ideals nnd ml
ministration of a girls' high school should
be a woman.
"K Is worth noting thnt parents who
send their girls to private schools n'l
recognl.o this fact. The principals nf
all New York's most ni'cessliil hoarding
schools aro women. Why hhould duiic'
ters of parents who nte not able tn send
them to such schools not have equal art
"Then, women nre more practical than
men when It loims to the needs of girls
Wndlelgh High School bus Just put In a
'home craft' course. One of the studies
In this course Is 'mathematical nppre irf
Hon.' In which the girls sit and vviiti'
the teacher at the board make out pr ib
bins In algebra nnd geometry, because t
principal considers mathematics too hard
tor girls' of course they ought to do thn
problems themselves, or something pr.ir
Ileal ought to be substituted A cmims
In applied arithmetic, fur Instance, the
keeping of household accounts nnd the ip
porthinmetit of nn Income or simple book
keeping which would be of some prac
Ilislienr leiiliiK to Teiu-liers.
"This Inability to have anything to siy
about the policy of tho girls' high echon.i
is the real reason lor me women venc
discontent with the sltuntlon. but the :'
termination of the Hoard of ICducatlc. I
the superintendents to put men It m
best paying positions Is hardly .ess ms
heartening "At least half of the pupils m hluli
schitols are girls, more than half of tt-e 1
high school tenehers are women lav thci
Is not one woman high n'oo! pre , .1
(inly 19 out of 237 tlrst nss st.ii ts o'
departments are women. Not hiiikIi- as
sociate superintendent is a woman nnd
only " out of (T district Miperintcn ! 's
an- wonnn. There ate only vv
among the 4S members ot the He it.
Education. And t every one knows "
It is Individuality and not s x thnt g
to the making of a successful (ember
"Women teachers thtoiiL-hoiit the - '
feel n great deal of blttitness ,11 -1
ttust towanl the Ho.11 it or IM e allot. '1 I
(lie supci liiU'inb-nts be ause nf tin le '
coopi ration anil s.vmpnthv vv.tb (he efis
of the women teachers for promotion
"The high school prlii'-lpiils arc
pointed by the Hoard of Education ''r
being recommended b the high si 1 ol
.superintendents The latter ask 1. '
dates for the vncnin-v to nnw to a ill' t
lug. but we know- that appo ntnu -U"
frequently made before tins meeting t . - 1
place, because the sin -essful cai a -e
has been untitled befon hand of lus iq.
Hue Who Xii" .( Ailt n need.
"Men weie appointed to the pi
ships of both Hie Evandcr 1 hlM- .
.I11II11 Itiihmond hl-'h schools, t
Miss Etna llano of Wndlelgh was t' - -cal
candidate for a principals!! 1 '
scholar' hip and service quahtl.
were both s.itt.xfnc.orv , nnd sbe I
gaiiir.nl and directid the Wadhlgt. '
School Students Association, wl'
ready lias a tncnibetshlp of I.frfl" '
(nils the clubs, athletics and nv
monts of the hi honl It probablv vv
to her 11 edit with the board that s '
organized the liiterhnmugh Tea tiers v
soclntlon Into mailing districts over 1.
after the lnlerborougli llliialure u. s
out of tile sehouls, ot that she did
Ibe legal work 111 lontn-ctlon vv t '
isiual pay law, but It shows her nl
"The Interest that the W.idb -gl- 1.
look in It vvas a Icalnre of .Yl.f- ii s
campaign, Most of (he girls vv
(brougb high si hold evpecl lo be ti "
and are keenly interested In the 1
tunlllen for women Th-'V an- ilnj
teresled ill MilTt.'ge and women's t.M
In general, A l.at.11 tuu-hor told n ' '
she bad gone over the passage ' '
Duninorlx presents bis slsteis, hi -'"
and Ills aunts 10 the Helvetian 1 "
w ithout oonnni nt until the oil r
when one 01 the girls said. ' ' it r J
did be have to give those women
Didn t llicv have anything to a '
"11 Is a great Injustice to the t- !'
to shut the door lo their advitttcen. 1 '
takes nil tho ambition foe Improvi
when they realize that thi'.v is ' t-
ahead Equal pay is not enow,'' "
want equal opportunities for sen '
m inn. 1: ro 111: iti'.ruti " ""
II end or Murine Corps Hits Had Xcnr
I) III! 1 ears s-erv li-Ci
W.vsillNilTON, Nov 11. -Theappl
for retirement of Major 1ie11er.1l
mauilaut William P. Piddle, I'lilted -Mai
Inn Corps, submitted to the I 1 -nnd
Secretary of tho Navy, vv I t
favorable iietluu soon.
m.. i,.,.. 1 !.. in. 1. 11. 1 in LIh letter t
Seiieiury explain! il thai be a'i' '
Imd nearly Hill t -nine yeais i'
service and bad lea lied the line
c is in ill health.
Already fiioudti cf various olt'
.. ,Mittlr .if IiiIiiiii1 buv,, M.-Ilt III 1 l
minis for nppointcniiit to the Ma.li
crnlshlp. The two Colonels of th
the corps who seemingly have '
chalice are Col. Waller nn l Col 1
both of whom have good win 11
have In en earnestlv Indoiscd.