THE SUN, FRIDAY, DECEMBER 5, 1913.
rniDAV, ii:ci:.Miii:it n. mm.
entered at the Post Office at New York as Second
Class Mull Matter.
Subscriptions by Mall, tPoMpald.
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All rlnrl, money orders, ftp., to he made pay
li, ilc to 'I UK Ki'.N.
I'utilMied dally. Including Sunday, tiy the Sun
t'rlri llnir nrxl t'utillMiliic Association ni 170 Nassau
Mreet, In the Iteminrh of Manhattan, New York,
President and 1 reasurrr, William t". llelrk. 171)
S'assausircrtjVli e-l'rcstilcnt. Ililward P. Mitchell,
IJd Nasai street; Secretary. C. I.', t.uxton, 170
tnmlnn oftloe, Kfftntham House, t Arundel
Paris office, (1 Hue de to Mlrhodlre, of! Hue du
Washington nftlce, Hlbhs IluIUIIng,
BrooMn office. loa Uvlngstnu street.
1 1 rit frlewti u tin furor lit tctth mnnustrlptt anil
ItliDlrnlimif .ir pulillratlnn trtth In Hntt rt)rttrtl
artitlfn rriurnnl ihrv must In all earn itnd Htmpt
tnr that purpmr.
t'lirreiiey Hill nnd
m . .I .
"' i l l '",:""' themselves guilty of manslaughter If
of the . proposed banking and currency u
nvt ,rw I f;,Ml ""'7, ''"''" dltllcnlty Is to devise an effective deler
money easy and by enab lug the pco-, ,., W)l , , fc , s , ,
pie o hutmw freely fro,,, be lu.nks are , w, ,,; or
likely to be sad y i sapiNi iitivl. Ity re- ..in . , .
. , ., ' 1 1 . , . . county Jail. A sentence to Imprison-
niicitig Hie reserves renii nil for the . . , .i ... ,. .,
,. .ii i ii. 1 nieni at Slim Slug or Panneniorn would
piling 01 iii'nsiioi nil oilllitn lilliioiiiu
edly may be eiiablnl to extend their
loans; but the power of banks to ex
tend their loans would not of Itself re
sult In lower Interest rates or In an
enlargement of bank credits. Tor this
purpose two tilings are necessary In ad-
.111 1.111 t.i lint tuiti'nl nf Ihn li.mbu f.i nv.
pa ml their loans, iiauiely: tlrst, Iiiciviim'
of cnlerprlse and business activity,
causing a demand for additional bank
loans; ami hvoimII.v, coiilMcncc uf the
linnks in the solvency of those who de
mand the addilloual bank loans.
A koiiuiI banking and currency law
undoubtedly may provide greater secur
ity of banking conditions and greater
stability of interest rates; but It is a
delusion to Imagine that Congress by
passing a banking and currency law can
create confidence in the stability nnd
profitableness of Investments, or can
create enterprise and activity in busi
ness, or can euible the ls-ople jionna
nently to obtain bank credits at a lower
rate than is warranted by international
The Immediate effect of reducing the
reicre requirements of the banks by
lnw Is likely to he exports of gold no
longer needed as bunk reserves. There
would also probably be some expansion
of loans in certain sections of the
country, especially In the South ami
ihc West, and by the less conservative
banks throughout the country. I'ltl
nialely gold would be exirtod and
bank credits In the aggregate would
be expanded until the reaurves held
by the banks and their credit iower
had been readjusted according to the
new conditions ami the lower reserve
idiulrenients under the law. The ease
.if ll,A Hi,., ,m' l.i I'l.'.lt 1Mwlll I 1,1 fl,l,l, 111,.'
" 11,1- tn.'i,, llllll in . , .-mi. I ,, !
le.luced reserve requirements would be
The principal function of the pro
posed I'ederal reserve banks should
not be to e.vpaud bank credits In
normal times or In periods of depres
sion, tint it should be to check over
expansion and to hold -part of the po
tential supply of bank credit In resene
for periods of extraordinary business
activity or of Hnancial stringency. At
the present day the excess of exports
(over ltiiHirls of the United States Is
Kreater than ever before, thnre Is very
little speculation In the I'nlted States
mid business generally Is In a state of
If money Is tight under these condi
tions, the cause is not due to banking
nnd currency conditions In the I'nlted
.States. The true cause Is the condi
tion of the International money market,
which does not warrant Imports of
cold nnd the consequent Increase of
Hie reserves and credit power of the
tianks iiohvltlisrandlng the high Interest
Hanking legislation resulting In ex
jwrts of gold or In nn expansion of
bank credits under these conditions
would weaken our whole structure of
bank credits and would diminish the
ability of the banks to grant additional
credits when business revives.
Completing New York's Gift to the
What Governor (ir.YN.N wants the
nation to do for the nation's commerce
on the Hudson Itlver Is simple. Ho asks
that n channel twenty-live feet deep be
dredged from the city of Hudson north
to Waterford. Such a channel would
provide a waterway capable of carry
ing ocean going ships from the Atlantic
to the entrance of the Ilrle Canal.
The project lies wholly within the
Meld of national activity. The I'nlted
States has complete control over navi
gable waters. This control carries
with It the obligation to develop the
streams In such manner as will best
serve the public Interest. On this prin
ciple great sinus havo been cheerfully
spent. That much of this money has
been wasted neither Indicts the prin
ciple nor Impairs the Irovernment's
obligation. It merely testifies to the
persistence nf logrolling, a practice as
undent as It Is detestable.
When Governor Ui.ynn declared that
lie ske In no narrow spirit In his ad
vocacy of this work ho said the truth.
The commerce borne on the Hudsou Is
nuUonul business. The cargoes trant
porfed on lis waters originate In every
corner of ibe country. Their speedy
and cheap distribution benefits men of
every State nnd of every calling. The
Improvement of (he walerwny would
better conditions nationally. More-'
over. It shotiM bp hcRim now, when this!
pity Ik starting; the orderly anil In
lelllgoiit roeniistritclloii of tlx water
ft'intt Mini nt it time when the approach-
till? finolllllf nf tlin I'lintitnii I iitm1 unrl'iig
I .... . .,..., , . , tirnnftrn
for the new situation It will rrente.
Prison for Murderous
Sonic of our court citizens seem to
think Hint It wns very funny for Mr.
TiiioiioRK II. I'i:i.l to elect to nerve one
day's Imprisonment In Jnll rnther than
piiy n line of si.' for v-lolntlng the lnw
ugnlust ilrlvlng n motor ear at an ex
cessive rate of steoil.
Instead of being funny nt nil It
merely manifests Mr. Pki.i.'s contempt
for the law nnil the plain Insiiltleleney
of the proserllietl penalty.
On the very day when Mr. Pm.i. wns
breaking the motor vehicle law In New
York nn iiiiioinolille swept through the
streets of Montclnlr In New Jersey nt
n rate of sixty miles nn hour, with the
result that n resident on his way home
from this city wns carried Into his
house dead, while the murder car sped
on lis way unrecognized.
Such things would not happen If
speeding was more seriously denounced
liy our statutes nnd punishments were
iulllctcd that could not he regarded ns
Jokes liy the lawbreakers.
xi.. in... M.. ti. . ...... III-.,,,. ,.. n.,.l
r.i.u ,mj mim-ij i,. inn.
carry will, It consequences that even
the most blase motorist might dread.
It would not Ik pleasant for Mr. I'm.!.
when he dropcd In at his club of an
evening to bear his humorous friends
speak of liiiu us one who had "served
time In State prison" or as "a Slate
prism, bird." And then families In the
suburbs might he saved from the exs
lleiice of seeing the mangled body of
Hie bread winner brought home In nn
nmhiilnncc from n street comer where
he had been done to death by an auto
mobile driven nt the ss-ed of the Um
pire Slide l'Npress.
I'roiH'rly used, the automobile Is a
Mailable blessing to the community,
fsed as It often Is, It Is an accursed
agency of sudden death. Those who
iersist In driving their motor cars reck
lessly ean only be regarded ns willing to
become murderers by negligence. Their
Indifference to the public safety cannot
lie overlooked any longer. Society must
protect ltelf against those who nppnr
enlly do not cure wliethor they commit
homicide or not. It would be better
that nil automobiles should be ban
ished than that we should suffer such
consiliences by reason of their pres
ence in the streets. Something must be
done about it, and soon.
We are Inclined to think flint the
Stale prison for murderous siccdlng Is
the thing, whether the reckless rate has
actually resulted In any one's death or
not. It ought to le enough that a hu
man life has needlessly been put In peril
hy a dying motor car to Insure greater
severity of punishment than now
Certainly there is a crying need of
reform of some kind which shall put nn
end to this deadly menace In our streets,
There ought to be members of the l.cg'
Mature at Albany who. If they put
their minds to It, could improve the
motor vehicle lnw In this resjsvt. Here
Is n grent opportunity for Governor
Glynn. The Secretary of State, Mr,
MiTcim.t. May, who has charge of Issu-
lug automobile licenses, would doubtless
be glad to lend his aid In devising a
suitable and effective, measure, nnd the
Governor might also well seek the ad
vice of the Progressive leader. Mr.
Wim.iam II. Hoiciikiss, ns a repre
sentative of the motoring Interest. Mr.
IIotciikiss. although an anient auto
mnblllst, fully recognizes the Justice of
(lie public demand for greater protec
tlon against deadly speeding In the
The Kni.'iiic Ipatlon of llu'lors,
According to ItrmUlreeV Instructive
compilation l.'JBt commercial concerns
were forced last month to give up the
struggle for solvency. This wns the
largest number of November failures
since l.'JIS were reported In 1R05. I,nst
month's failures Involved liabilities of
$22.4!Hl,lMS, u sum exceeded since No
vember, isn't, only by the $.'l2,n,"h1,'JS9
exhibited In lisif
For the tlrst cloven months of the
year following the last Presidential
campaign the total number of commer
cial Insolvencies was I'J.SSl, more than
one hundred alwive the corresNindlng
record of lOiW. nnd apparently without
precedent since the early (K)s. The
year's total of failures so far has repre
sented' liabilities aggregating LW-ViOO,-W7.
This sum compares with the $L'7i,
"iIJ.SIkI of liabilities In UMIS nnd the
$:i07,227,t: in 1007. hut for anything
else resembling them one has to go back
to the hard times nf twenty years ngo.
Thus does the emancipation of busi
ness from arbitrary and nrtlllclal re
straints proceed as the country marches
on Its way to the new freedom of unpro
tective tariff duties, flat money nnd
busted trusts, nlthough. rather curious
ly, the trusts do not figure largely In the
foregoing epitome of achieved liberty.
A Vicious Intrusion nn Administra
The vice of the proposed ordinance
to divide the men of the Fire Depart
ment Into two plutoons lies In lis In
trusion of a legislative regulation Into a
matter which ebould be left solely for
administrative) management. It would
hamper and obstruct the responsible
offleers of the department In the per
formance of their duties and hind their
hands In their dealings with the men
whose first duty Is to obey orders.
The firemen of this town are held In
affectionate regard by the public. This
Is merited by their record and their
generally admirable conduct. Nobody
wants to have Ihem endure abuse. Yet
the department In maintained at heavy
expense to the taxpayers to erform lliey wished to understand, respecting
certain definite functions, not primarily the tastes of each mind?
to furnish ensy Ix-rths for actual or w-' 1
tentlnl heroes. j If the doctrine of transmigration Is
It has been the unvarying testimony ' I!"1""' 1,10 "on. William q, mcAdoo was
of the men who are responsible for 0,0 ,irH knty("d'
their conduct that n two platoon ordl- Wc nMy bellcvfi howevePi lh country
nance or statute would Injure discipline would have been ureal In athletic nnd tn
nnd weaken the effectiveness of the or- everything else, even without baiebnll.
gnnlntlon. This testimony should be i.. M" . , ,
conclusive and should make lrE
1 ue enacimeni or nny ordinance mien
us Is proposed.
The Rally of n Shadow.
The thanks of millions of downtrod
den men will lie paid to William II,.
even If the saying attributed to him,
"A real man wears a mustache," was
Invented for hltn by some foe of smooth
fncpdness. It Is not given to all to be
as beautiful, for e.xnmple. ns the Hon.
.Insr.iMius Daniki.s or eighteenth cen
tury swells tn engravings nnd minia
tures. Constrained by fashion, how
many n clock stopping phlr. that needs
the discreet decoration of a mustache
aptNars harsh, Volschin, a buffet to
(esthetics, a pain to others nnd presum
ably lo Its owner.
We sienk In no reactionary sense, but
the new freedom from facial shadows
Is abused. Without regard lo real or
Ideal men, this American and Kngllsh
smoothness Is monotonous. Kven some
l,ntlus of lands where the coiffeur Is
king have strlpjied their lineaments.
It Is lint to lie exicctpil that the old
limes will return when a mustache was
the hoie of Ingenuous youth and love's
young dream: the cause may ls Inst In
spite of this brave German rally.
It Is darkly said by anthropologists
that as Triumphant Gynocrney goes Its
relentless way the plumes Hint used lo
flutter from the now sandpapered "mug"
of Mere Man must wave nnd wnggle
over lovelier lips, already opened wide
to pronounce his doom. II Is very like
that Heal Man must become ns obsolete
as centaurs or the Constitution.
At the Half Way lloii.e.
The renunciation of the Progressive
parly by so iiuorlaut a member ns
Comptroller William A. I'ar.Nnr.miAST
on the eve of the Republican confer
ence In this city will be acceplisl, and
pmiierly, as n most encouraging Inci
dent by the promoters of n united and
harmonious oposlHou tn the Demo
cratic party. Mr. 1hkniliiciAst Is not
an Impulsive statesman. He studies,
weighs nnd considers bis conduct and
Its probable effect In the future.
It will bo observed that In forsaking
the Progressives the Comptroller does
not abandon progressive principles. On
the contrary he hiqies to find those
principles effective and isitent In the
rcnrcnnlwd Hepubllcnn parly. Is It
necessary to remind nny student of re
cent public Incidents that William A.
Priniiirikst has displayed In the past
nn Interesting cnpaclty for correct diag
nosis of the political tendencies of the
CJreat Cry, Utile Wool.
Whnt of It. If In spite of free wool
American manufacturers have to pay
Just ns much for Imported low grade
wools ns in the wicked das of Kepiib
llciiuism when Schedule l was the sum
of all villainies? What If Hie custom
receipts suffer and only the foreign
wool markets are benefited?
The fruits of a great moral victory
nre not collectible In dollars and cents;
and the lambs and sheep In the quiet
interspaces of the open valleys and on
the free hillsides can now skip and
bleat Joyously, no longer chained to a
Dr. Maria Mosn.ssont. the distin
guished founder of the "Houses of
Childhood," has come to tell us of her
methods of teaching. Yesterday she
went to Washington to discuss her
work with President Wilson, but before
her departure she granted an Interview
from which we are able to garner some
To begin with, we lenrn that the true
or natural baby Is non-crying and noise
less, with no earthly need of a Maxim
silencer of any description :
"Babies should not cry. It Is un
necessary. If a child cries that means
It Is itufTorltig."
This Is very beautiful, but is It true?
Dr. MoNTr.ssoni says that crying means
they are hungry, or that their clothing
Is loo tight or too loose. What becomes,
then, of the antiquated notion that cry
ing Is their sole form of exercise and
nature's method of enlarging the lung
capacity? How Is it that Iambs bleat
and little chickens peep when neither
are "uncomfortable" because of "too
tight or too loose clothing"? We ask,'
these questions In all seriousness, fur we
appreciate that Dr. Montkssoiu Is a
lady with serious purposes In her theory
Another query that forces Itself upon
us Is as to whether or not Dr. Munich
kori'.s methods nre capable of any ex
tensive application because of the vast
amount of time mid space that we sur
mise they require In practice. We read
these words In The Sun's account:
"Dr. MoNTKSROM eald that In her
'Houses of Childhood' the, children are
permitted to move about freely In a
I nrge. room. They are not seated In stiff
rows. They are not forbidden to talk.
There Is no paralyilng system of silence
and forced study. She has gardens at
the schools In which tha children play
and gradually learn the names of flowers
and plants. And In this phase of the
work, us tn all others, the child Is left
to select for himself the particular flowers
or iilunts he wishes to understand, Tim
tastes of each mind are respected and
Here, Bgaln, the Idea Is beautiful
from a theoretical point of view, hut
how far would such Inculcation prove
practical In this city, for example?
Last year there wore registered B71.20S
puplla lu the public schools of Greater!
New York. How many gardens would I
have been necessary for them to select
'the pnrtlcnlnr flowers or plants which
, a Brent world nnwer hefor. th rt.v. nf
tmseball, Our private opinion has been
that the natural and normal evolution
of the baseball bat waa 'the Ulg Stick.
Is there nny historical evidence to the
There appears to be but one obstacle
remaining tn ths way of offlclal partici
pation In tbo Panama Exposition by
the Hr it lull and German Governments,
nnd that Hhould not be difficult to over
come. Great Hrltaln nnd Germany
somo months ago, when neither Gov
ernment found among merchant any
enthusiasm for the project, entered
Into an agreement to abstain from
participation. Now It Is understood
that the pressure of public opinion has
been so great that In both countries
the Government would welcome an op
portunity to change Its nttltudo; but
the agreement exists and neither party
llke's to be the first lo suggest Its
dissolution. If this be so and the only
dlfllculty Is a little exhibition of Inter
national coyness, It would seem that
the time Is ripe for the tactful Inter
vention of the State Department acting
In the rapacity of mutual friend.
Will Senor KriANcisoo la TIarra,
who has Just left Paris on a secret
mission to Japan by wny of Russia and
Siberia, get Imck In time tn report to
President IIi'krta? It seems to Jlc
largely with the ex-bnndlt Villa.
The place to test (Thyslcal endurance
Is In the prize ring, not In the fiennte.
Did the Senator wish to Imply that
this Is not the age of muscular wit?
The action of the Department of
Justice In ordering the release of Gen
eral Josf; Santos Zelata, former Presi
dent or N'lcaragua, will meet with
general approval. Deplorable as are
the methods commonly employed by
I South American dictator, since they
are ine approvea inotiimis in tnosp re
gions of revolution and anti-revolution,
any alleged crimes which they Involve
must be considered ns political. To
order the extradition of a former dic
tator on charges of murders committed
during his period of power would In
most cases merely he to nurrender hi in
10 the revenge of a' rival.
I have refrained during the yenr from
.my discussion of the Mexican sltuiitlon
11 ml I do not Intend to discuss It now.
Nevertheless, the minority le.-der
could not resist the temptation to draw
a sinister parallel between the appro
priation of J.'iO.oon.rfoo by CongresH on
the eve of Hie war with Spain and the
passage of the long pending Hay bill
to provide fur raising volunteer forces
in an emergency. The measure, or one
resembling It, should have been enacted
by the Sixty-second Congress when
there was no cloud on the horlron.
Mr. HAr seems to have pressed bis bill
at 11 psychological moment, ns was
proper under the circumstances. It
wns not necessary for Mr. Mann to
give himself up to dismal forebodings
tlmt will not look well In print In tbo
cdy of Mexico. As lo bis parallel, It
is not a credit to his acumen.
The caucus system Is n menace to the
Institutions of our country. Senator
Ccmuinh nf mm.
Will the Senator explain 'how It enn
And the walls of Jericho ptlll stand'
TravrW nf Old Cliurcli I'late.
Pro, it tht lontlnn Utolte.
A rmarkiiMe Mory I lold of the Ad
ventures of ntne rhureh pUle of the idn
leenth nn.l early seventeenth century. It
lHnnKP lo lh pnrlih of Senvtruetnn St
Mirluvft. hut nVout eeent- e.tr nin th
pai Ishlnhern deeldeil they unlet have new
plule, unit without the knoledire of their
rector. Ih tlev. It. A, Co, denpstcheij the
vttluaMe communion eervlce to London to
he melted down.
rorttmately, the rector learned of the
affair tn time and peronslly acquired the
article. Puhequently they psM-d from
hi Mow Into the hand of her nephew.
the liev Henry Hurnley. and a nhort time
iieo were purehaed nnd presented to the
parlh ty an anonvmnu donor. They have
now been solemnly rededlcated In the pres
ence nf a tars congregation.
The Nine Mile Slone.
To nns i:iirros or Tns Scn .sir- The 'nine
mile stone," which a cnrrenpondent In li-da'v
.M M locate on the lawn of Captain Sleer' renl
drncc, naiorlclnally tluated nn the Klnimhrldsi
mail, a little ay helow "Depot Ivne," heleen
the irntci of ino Madame I.evplnae .School and
the residence nf Isaac p. Martin. It stood on
the left hand side of the road and under an old
cedar tree. Captain Sieern l to he congratulated
on havlne rescued thl relic from ntillilnn, and
surely all old rrliunt of that chanced locality
mint thank him. J. M. 11.
New York, December S.
Plnttell, Port of Peoria.
If Mr. I'lndell tin ft poet, both Mr, Wll
eon'e and Colonel Jim Ham I.el' devo.
lion to Idm becomes Inielll Bible. Tile. Nrs.
In Darkest Muscovy, the home of the Cinr.
Where the knout and thn bomb nnd the
Where the drink Is nil vodka, the grub
The reunion a schism, the ladles too sal
Dostoievsky too filthy, Verestchngln too
'TIs to Hassla gfles Plndell, Pln-dell of
'Twub William and Woody held grnve con
sultation, I'or the good and uplifting of every world
"Now, Woody," says William, "I know
For PiiKeln.; with editors foreign posses-
And well do I know, by my own self
How holy nnd virtuous editors nre ! Put,
To establish In Ttussla a hllth moral tone.
And uplift to perfection the Romanoff
Oo out to Peory : take Plndell the poet,
lie's the man for the job, air, and well
do I know It.
He's not up in nusstan or languages
His speed) Is the English aa epoka tn
Let htm loose nn the Czar for a year with
And trust Plndell pro tern, to aet the
steppes on fire."
What tli Czar Nlchalaa said as trana.
llterated from tha holy Tlutslan:
Astrakhan I Stavrapol! Datalpaihlnikl I
Peoria? Kasan. NIJnl-Novg orod. Kfefakl,
Kliaterlnoslaf, Omellnskala, Ilamm!
Omsk I Tomsk! Aalherla Pimm I
o. a l.
AMENDING TttK MtBWHAN LAW.
Why It Hhould He Done If HtMlness la to
Met Iti Uearlncf.
To th Editor or Tun KvnHln The
sting of the Sherman act is In the first
thirty-two words. Section 1 reads:
Krery contraet, combination In I ha form
of trust or otherwise, or conspiracy. In re
straint of trade or commerce among the
several Slates, or with foreign nations. Is
hereby declared to be Illegal.
If by restraint of trade Is meant re
straint of competition or restraint of trad
ing, which is the usually accepted Inter
pretation of the language, this act makes
every holding company Illegal. It cannot
be considered as meaning nnythlng ex
cept that a combination by which one com
pany controls one or more other com
panies la In violation of the law. Every
holding company which has been brought
before the Supreme Court has been disin
tegrated, not always effectually. Corpo
rations which control others and become
holding companies are between the upper
and the nether millstone. Large corpora
tions aro an economic necessity In these
times, and a business that extends over
Into other States than the State of Incor
poration comes up against the laws of tho
other States, many of which declare that
no alien shall take title to real estate.
When a Now Jersey company desires lo
control Pennsylvania property It Is neces
sary to form n Pennsylvania corporation
nnd to hold the stock of that corporation,
us the parent company cannot take title to
real estate. The upper mlllstoiw Is the
Sherman net. which says the holding com
panies are Illegal : the nether millstone Is
the State law cited above.
For corporations to appeal to the llov
ernment to know what they should do
under the circumstances Is unwise, ns It
places arbitrary power In the hands of the
Government: and It Is Improper for any
(lovernmcnt official to exercise such
power. All endeavors should be bent to
repeal or modify the law so thnt existing
laws should be a guide to business men.
Nr.w York, December 4, A. W.
THE imOM OF MAX.
What Must Happen In an Industrial sio
elrty Hun by Women.
To Tll KtJITOR OF- TlIK SUN Sir: I
have mndc research In the comparative
sociology of the animal creation to deter
mine the final estate of male creatures
dominated by the female of their species.
1 have been to the ant, as commanded of
old. and to the bee.
When the female of a species deter
mines to manage the economic affairs of
her race and seises the reins of govern
ment the laws of nature gain so much
prestige through tho vindication of fetal
nine Intuition thnt they do to the main
things which exceed In gravity the most
dreadful of our forebodings. The awful
truth Is that a society of Industrial crea
tures can be administered and maintained
with entire success by females exclusively,
with the males reduced In numbers and
eonilltlon to a mere smattering of highly
domesticated Individuals relentlessly ptnp-j
Hgntc'd. hived and reared under h sMen
of subjugation more beautifully effectlv
than were the ablest effotts of our vigor
ous fathers of thn rhv period.
The first step In this downward revision
of the male Is the development from
among the superabundant females of a dis
tinct working class. This stage of the
procrss Is witnessed in active piogtess
to-day among our own kind Next, with
Increased participation by the females In
the economic and political activities nf
the race, there occurs In them a progres
sive atrophy of the organs and Instincts
of sex and In a. short Utile, some tens of
thousands of years It may be. the worker
or neuter type becomes completely estab
lished In overwhelming majority of num
bers. This ntruphy phase also seems to
tm well begun at the present time.
Finally the dominance of the neuter fe
male having become a fixed character of
the race, she, or to speak more precisely
It. crowns Its assumption of control of
every last function of life by acquiring
certain engaging little hublts much too
painful fur mere man to dwell upon nt
great length. It selects from among the
undeveloped Infantile population a few-
choice specimens of eugenic promise. In
carcerates them for practically tho nut
uittl term of their IIms In "cufe" little
nurseries which best may be described as
padded cells, provides them with nourish
ing fooit cunningly designed to bring them
to n maturity which shall lenllze the high
est Idenls of their race, and to ..ei feet this
splendid system of domestic devotion In
veigles nature Into endowing each moth
erly female with n dispassionately fern.
clous Instinct to slaughter every competi
tor In the housekeeping business whom she
may be able tn search out during the pe
1 led of Its Innocent and defenceless In
Much ns this system of government,
economics nnd eugenics may commend It
self to some of our sisters, a doubt may
! ventufed v hether such a solution of the
many nnd pressing problems of civlllra
tlnn will appeal to the majority of men
as entirely satlsfactoi y. Yet there s dis
cernible among the fi-mnbs of the human
species n stnrtllngly rapid development of
those well recognized eotller phases of
the transformation, and therefrom must
be Inferred a design on their part to
carry nut this programme to the bitter
end. FnEn Mktcait.
Pt-Atsrnan, N. J., December 4.
Curious Literary Parallelism lletnrrn
Charles laimli anil Walt Mhllmnn.
To Tilt: FniToit or Tun Sp.s' sir- lie.
tween no two authors perhaps dues less
of literary kinship suggest Itself than
between Cbnrles I.nmb nnd Walt Whit
man. Yet the other night 1 came acro-s
a quotation from I.amb that called to
mind u parallel passage to be found In
of all books In the Panblbllotheca '
"Leaves of lirnss," Here arc the lines
from Imth wi Iters, word for word as
they appear, save for the Indicated
ellipses ami the alignment of Lamb's
dlthyiumblc prose after the manner of
Whitman's antlmctrlr.il verse:
WAl.T WHITMAN ON NP.W TOItK.
Villi ".lilio'l&illM "
Numberless imwnru streets high growths
of Iron, elemter, trenr, light, plemlMly
uprising tunurd clear skies,
The countless masts, the vhlte shore-
steamers, the ferr boats, the black ssa-
itenmera well modeled.
The down-town streets, ths Jobbers' houses
of business. Ibe houses nf business of tits
ship merchants anil money brokers the
Immigrants arriving fifteen or twenty
thousand tn a week:
The carts hauling goods the manly racs ef
drivers nf horses the brown-facetl snl.
Trottolrs thrnngeil vehicles llroad way
the uomen the shops and shows.
The parades, processions, bugles playing,
flags Dying, drums beating!
tin city nf spires nnd masts. '
rllAUI.F.S I.AMB ON LONDON
Vrom 11 Utttr to Wiirdmtorth
The Untiled shops nf the Strand and Fleet
Street, the Innumerabl trades, trades
men and customers;
Coathes. wagons, playhouses; all the bustle
sad nlckeitnees round about rnveut Har
den ; the very women of the town:
Tlie wntchmen, drunken scenes, rattles
life nvvake, If )ou awake, at all hours
of the night:
The Impossibility of being dull In Fleet
Street; the crowds, the very dirt anil
mud ; the tun shining- upon houses and
The print shops. Ih otd book stalls, par
sons cheapening honks, ruffes bnuies,
steams of soup from kitchens;
Tha pantomimes lamdnn Itself a panto
mime and a masquerade;
tha wonder of these sights.
Until passages nre familiar enough to
book lovers, bu, so far as I know the
Whllinnnesque flavor of Lamb's pane
gyrle on London (take what I lime
printed as the antepenultimate IIMl
penultimate lines, for Instance) has
never been pointed out.
Fbank C Wki.i.s.
New Toss, December 4,
The Mew York Juvenile A)ltn anil the
To Tim KotTon or Tils Sun .'Ir: I
read with much Interest the articles on
"Prison Government and Conttol" In Tils
Sun ii at Sun and I am glad to know that
the Idea Is gaining strength that prisons
are not maintained entirely as places of
punishment. Please let me refer to a
kindred matter which, In my opinion, does
not have the attention It deserves.
In Its Juvenile Asylum New York has
a model Institution of Its kind, and the
Children's Village at Dobbs Kerry Is
something which thn public should know
more about and which should havo better
The New York Juvenile Asylum takes
boys whose surroundings are not right or
who may have been led by vicious com
panions Into some delinquency. Under
old conditions these boys would have been
sent to a "reformatory," from which they
would issue well developed nnd thoroughly
Now the boys live In their village In
the outskirts of Dobbs Ferry, having n
government that in many lespects Is their
own. They live in cottages. In each of
which not more than twenty boys aie
housed. They aro taught self-respect and
self-restraint. They lead clean and
wholesome lives. They do not know prison
Pais: neither do they know tlie walls or
a Jnll, In most respects they have full
freedom, t'pon them tho stamp of crimi
nality Is not placed.
Thousands upon thousands of boys have
passul through the New York Juvenile
Asilum and have come out Into the world
to make honored places for themselves.
The Children's Village at Dobbs Feny
Is supported In large nart by voluntary
contributions and by hciiucHts, nlthough
the city does make certain fair allow
ances. The Hebrews cam for their un
fortunates, and care for then, well. The
Homan Catholics also give much thought
to their unfoi tunnies. The Child, en's
Village of the New York Juvenile Asylum
Is a Protestant Institution. It Is too bad,
particularly at this season of the year,
that the Protestants of this city, and In
deed of this entire country, do not do
more to make It possible lor the boys at
Dobbs Ferry to get a fair start In the
There nre mors than snfi boys In the
village at the present time. The last two
cottages were erected by the boys with
their own bands, nnd they nro possibly the
best buildings In the village. It would
cost from 17,000 to $10,OOu to duplicate
them. More cottages are needed.
Jambs Ilr.NPEnsoN Sr rtt.eff.
Nrw YonK, December 4.
THE AXCIEXT Qt'A ;..
More Variations nn the fonvenllonal
Theme "stcotrh lrlh."
To the KniToa op Tun Scn Sir: "A
Scottish Amrlenn" writes Tin: Si'.v that
"Andrew ,lackon, John ('. tlhotm. .lames
K. Polk ami .many others were
of Scotch trlsh or l'lter Scot oilglu."
I s!"w' without easting any reflections on
American" or other Americans of Scot
tish blood. uIiomc sbrllnc iiuhIIIIck com
mand my admiration. I would remark that
the mere assertion that Andrew .Incksou
and others were diseended fiom the Scot
tish "undertakers" (appropriate design. i
tlon), of the "Plantation of I'Nter" elree
1100, does not carry much conviction.
There Is absolutely nothing to prove that
Andrew Jackson was nf Scotch blood: on
the contrary, we have bis own vvijtlen
statement that be was of Irish origin.
Mr. John D. rrluunln has In bis poe.
slon a b tter written by Andiew Jackson,
of which I quote a part:
IlermltiBe. July l;a,
Mv Ivr Sir: 1 have JuM recitviiT otirn
of tlie 3il tnt.int ini'l b.i-ten to .mwer It -I
regret tn lenrn the gre.it excitement tbat
lMtf been jiriMlurcil en th" pnnlnu of vvll
nn The nliurllt) that t should hnv par
.Inned Wilson .ecaue be iwih nn Am.'ilcan,
and perndtteil Porter to be hung, !"M-aue be
m.is Irishman Is too p triable I palpable
to ilpservo one slnirle i eminent from nie.
when it Is known my parents were trl!i
The objection has Imti raised that
Jackson N not an ltlsb name and that
consequently Andrew .Tin kson could not
! of Irish origin. Nothing Is moie ab
surd, lu the sixteenth and seventeenth
centltrles "every Irishman In Iiel.itnl
within tench of lhigllsh nuthont was gov
erned by the following law. 'An act that
Irishmen go appairled like
Imgllsbmeii ,imi take Kngllsh
slrnanies nl), u , nactcd thnt
be and his Issue shall use this name under
pain of forfe.vtlng of hi goods yculy,
&c"' It Is mule than probable that Jack
sou's ancestors wire oiigluallv MacSh:ims
and auglicUfil their name Jackson, M.tc
Shane m anlng "John or Jack's son'' , thus
the McCimuns bicanm Snntbson, "the
sou of the smith "
In legard to the Polk Polloiks, It
may be regarded as ixtienvly doubtful,
to say the least, that they were of Scot
tish extraction. Among the prnmlntnt
members of the Frb ndly Sons of St. Pat
rli k over ion 5 ears nge nre found the
names nf Oliver Pollock, born In Ireland
In 1737, Carlisle Pollock and ileorge Pol
lock, the hitter president of the society In
It Is a well known fact that at the out
break of the American Revolution the
Scotch were so overwhelmingly on the
Tory side that the II, st draft of the liecla
ratlon contained the following:
"At this time, too, they ru-e pet milling
their chief magistrate to send over not
only soldiers of our loinmou blood but
(Scotch nnd) foreign mcrccnatlcs to In
vade nnd destroy us."
Note. Pr. Wlthi't spoon, who was a
Scotchman by bitth. inov, d the striking
out of the word Scotch. I.osslng's "Field
Hook of thn Itevolutlon." Vol. II.. p. 74.
Nkw Yoni,-, December 4.
The New Freedom.
To -run KntTon op Tun St'N Sir. It
used to be said of Itussla that the rule
of her jurisprudence vvas that onlv thot
was permissible which wns cxprisMy au
thorized by law. In antithesis to the cus.
ton, of free lands, wbeie everything not
formally ptohlbltcd was supposed lo be
legal. Now, sliangrly enough, I see In
the dlscus-lon of law and business In this
our free land that men of ultnlrs have
to go tn nshlngtnn "to see what they
When, by what pioces and by what
authority has Amerlcnu lllie, ty been re
vcised lu this country and the Itusslau
rub adopted' Are our people fully nvvare
of the Inlqilltous extent ami the baleful
possibilities of this new soclollsm, this nt
tempt to stand the pyramid of Industry
upon Its apex Instead of Us base" Oddly
enough, the piociss tlnds greatest favor til
the Democracy, a party traditionally op
posed to socialism and to governmental
Interference in private right
1,1.11 l.tNl! Democrat.
PnooKl.T.v, Pcrrmher 4,
Tribulations of Henrietta,
To tub FtUTim or Tut SfN .'ii' I
met Henrietta, nge !i, isteiday, going
to school, sadly, "It's going to lie a veij
haul day," quoth she, "vvu have a geog
"Wbeie Is the Hudson Itlver?" I asked.
"Don't know," said she. "The Drhtvvate
Itlver?" "lib, 1 don't know, vmi haven't
had those yet; we're bav lug South Amei
Ica." So do even the M'tiug ladles' llnlshluc
schools follow the naudeimg Tluodore.
IIkmit llir.AM Hopkins.
PIIII.APEIJ'IIIA, Dcccmbir 4.
A Utile (itrl'a Humane LITnrt.
To Tim llnnim or Tun M n .sir: I am the
prrsbleiil of a limit of Mricy here In (ilen Ithlire
anil thuuulit that nu would, as a favor to u, put
souicvvhric lu jour paper a It It Ir- no, be fur ip. It
will nut take 111 ucli room and will help our work
I would like Die no lice tn rend loreruhat Ilka
this; "Tleas'e help the overworked delivery hnres
by doing our holiday slinpplne lis early ns pnv.
slide and corning villi, you nil small pnrkacrs "
,'lrsse try anil no nils so as tn lulp the poor
horses, IIhi.kn Wii.mts.
Hixm lUcas, N, J.. December .
GLYNN CHARGES U.S.
IS UNFAIR TO HUDSON
Governor Says Only $i5,ono.fiiiii
Wns Used on River in
PORT AT ALBANY ASKKH
Executive Snys Now York Hns
Spent $200,000,000 tn Ah
Rest of Country.
WasIILN'otoM, Deo. 4, Gov Man 1
Olynn delivered an address tooUy b-fo-,
the National lllvers and Harbors i',
gress, In which he directed nttentlon to lis
obligations resting on the Federal Cov
ernment to Improve the Hudson Itlver
Gov. Olynn sbowed how the stnt nf
New York had spent JSOO.OOO.OOU on (he
F.rle, tho Oswego and the Champlaln ears',
alone, and how these waterways hud 'en
the means of developing larg; areas in
Western States. He showed that the Fed
ernl Oovcrnmente In 100 years had nnl
expended Ifi.OuO.OOO on the Hudson Itlve
and that larger sums had been spent on
comparotlvely unknown streams, lie s.d.l
the prevent commerce of the Hudson Itlvei
warrants the expenditure of sqtlleletr
money to create a ship canal tvvcnt-flve
"We ask the Federal Ooverniaent tn
spend upon the Hudson Itlver only 1 or v
per cent, as much as we havo spent upoi
the waterways of our State for the dint
benefit or SU.dnn.OUO of our people and
the Indirect benefit of the commerce of
the whole country," said (lev. (llynn.
"All wo ask Is that the Federal Uov em
inent give us a twenty-live foot channel
from the city of Hudson to the rapltii
district of Albany and Troy. It Is only
thirty miles, and unless I nm mistaken
the Federal Government gave the Ml--jssippl
Itlver a channel for ocean ninc
vessels for a distance of many more miles
than that above New Orleans. The chat,
pel we ask Is but a simple thing eompare.i
with what can b found elsewhere."
Gov. Glynn said, in part: "Let in" re.
mind you that In tlie last loo years t'nrle
Sam has spent upon the Hudson Itlver the
.sum of tS.nno.OOO. This fact Is rather
painful to the advocates of the dcepe
Hudson when we teallze that I'licle Ssm
spint 7,uOM,non on the Hennepin I'anil
"I'or every ton of freight cairled threus.,
the lock of the Wabash Itlver at ipm,
Itaplds, 111., the Federal Government ' as
expended $.';, If this ratio had been ob
served In the tieatmeut of the llii'l"'r
lilver the I'nlted States Government
would have spent upon the Hudson $2il,
nnn.iinu Instead of $r.,onii,nofi.
"When we say that the Hudson Is the
most impoitnnt commercial river lu the
I'nlt'd States, we back up the stutenun
!v pte, tiling the fact that Its tonnage t
large and the value of freight per tin
gientl) exceeds that of any eartlcd in
livers of larger tonnage.
"The total amount of traflle handled
I ween tic Atlantic and Pacific pur
the I'nlted States hy the several w i
routes trapsferting ficlght at the M'i
muses of Panama and Tebuanleie. ,
lull was about 1,101, una tons. Tin 1
only one-llf,h of the eommeri e of the Hud
son Itlver. iiinl perh'ips this fact vv II in
vey what I mean when I say I pbad to
il;, v for no nn an rlv er.
"In a report recenth- submitted to i.t
gress the n t my euuineeis say thai I
Hudson Itlver will simitly carry ' 111
valuable (oinmelic Ulan an otliei
that 'the new barg" canal will bung '
the Hudson l,-i,onii.niio tuns ,,f freight
jeur'; Hint 'the tesnuiccs nf the teir I
It Unitary to the Hudson Itlver are fur f
fully developed,' nnd that 'a latge p id
fiom the Ninth nnd West Is diverted f
the New Yoik State canals and the Hi
son Itlver to the Canadian waterways
ruiiiidii Plans Improiomeiits,
"Canada Is going to spend Ifin.noii a
on tin Welland Canal and Is planning t
spend ;m,. nun, 1100 more on the t!eorr '
ll.ty ship canal. St. Johns Is spend '
jrt.uOP.nnii for n poit. .nnd the city '
Toronto alone Is spending $ H'.nOO.onu u,"
Its lake front to draw away from t' 's
ountiy the freight of the Great Las s
Wbv can't the I'nlted States Govemnieu'
spend a little on the Hudson Itlver clun
"The money thnt the Government wou'd
spend on a deeper Hudson channel would
be saved the people many times over 't
freight haul charges. If an wean poln
vessel could sail up to Albany or Trev
fiom tl to tl.fiO a ton could be saved on
freight originating at or destined to our
"Many engineers contend that with s
deeper channel In tho upper Hudson s
large peiceptage of the freight on tb
Canadian border could be diverted t
"The cost of Improv ing tlie tidal Hudson
to iiccouuuodate seagoing vessels Is
nominal one compared with the eriornn
resulting advantages of the country
Inige. If the Improvement Is to b man.
to acunin idate seagoing vessels the -iv
login fieight rates on local nnd Inland
mere" on freight handled and regulated i
a jejult of the linpinvement will, In on
Hiu, pay for the entire co-t of the pr.'Ji '
"The pre.int commerce reaching D"
Hudson Itlver thiough the Krle Can.,! '
.1,000,000 tons a year, at a valuation e'
fi:r.. 000,000. With our enlurgid !
ranal It will be three times tips
bring It to tho navigation head of '
Hudson Itlver, We ask I'nele Sam b
It out on the high "en. We n-k I n
Sam to send the ships to the cargo, r
not compel us tn send the cargo to '
"Through the Krb Canal New- York
State created a romtnetclal empire fur c '
tlguous territory. We brought the lit
Lakes to the Hudson lilver Help us br'in
tlie Atlantic Ocean to tho canals 1"
11. A, C. Smith. Commissi per of Do'
and Ferries .if the city of New York,
addi esslng the Cong! ess said, lu pa, I
"If the pisiple of the I'nlted Si.i'
could be made aware of tbo tact that b,
pint of New Yoik Is actually the gren'i -port
In tho world, It would not Iw so d e,
cult to serine Congressional nld for Us ,
petuatloii nnd the Improvement of wa'e
w.ts In and about the harlsir. A in '
country possessing a port like New Vo' 1
would have It emblazoned on the u'te
must tenches of the earth."
other speakers weie Secretary of W.'
Gamson, Senator Jores of Washlrgle
John llarrclt of thn Pan-American t'nl'
and Danfurth K. Ainsvvorth of Alh.m
sirs imros mexace cot xrit
Danger of "Deueneratlnt: lo Mnn
keiloiu," Phjalclnii Asserts.
I'HIl.APin.pill v. Dee. I. - The I'll i'
Slalis Is now second to China and a'"
ot evuy other country lu the world lu 1
,,s uf opium and the uarcotlca ib r
fion, It, said Dr It. C Kelstcr, a spc
1st of Itoanoke, before 11 meeting
scientists and hpiei.tllstH here.
There Is danger of our "degener.it1 n
buck to something worse than mon'i
1I0111." ho asscited
The danger from habit forming dp
was growing so great, ho said, thai
only logical course is to eliminate it
from the phnnuacnpielii entltely and 1
hlblt their manufacture,
In (' .1. Douglas of ttostoii ties
the ravage1, of heroin, a new drug w
he said. Is now making fiends by H "
dreds In bis own city The dlscov 1
this new pioduct of opium was so i.
that no existing State law may be inn I'
to apply against It, tha physician si,'"
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