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THE SUN, MONDAY, DECEMBER 8, 1913.
MONDAY, DKCKMBKK 8, lOia.
Entered t the Post Office at New York aa Second
Class Mall Matter.
ftahsrrlptloaa by Mall, PsitvaM.
11MI.V, l'er Month M BO
DAILY, Per Year 9 OO
SUNDAY, l'rr Year a BO
DAILY AND SUNDAY, Per Year II BO
DAILY AND SUNDAY, l'er Month IS
Till: KVC.NINO SUN, l'er Month SB
TIIL i:i:.NIN( SUN, Per Year - a BO
fvntncf in forelcn countries added.
All checks, money orders, Ac, to be made par
able to Tiik Sun.
Published dally, Including Sunday, by the Sun
l'i Inline Mid Publishing Association at 170 Nassau
strrrt, in the llorntmh of Manhattan, New York
President and Treasurer, William C. Hrtck. 170
Nassau strict: Vice-President, lid ward P. Mitchell,
1 Tn Nassau strict; Secretary, C. I'.. Luiton, 110
London office, F.fflncham Rouse, I Arundel
Paris nmre, (I tlue de la MlehodKre, off Rue du
Washington office, TUbba Building.
Uiookljn ufflce, loft Livingston street
It mir frtfnitt who farnr uj trtlh monutfrtpff and
lUuslratlnni for publication irlrh 19 hate tUtcita
atttrln returned thty must in all eaiti stnt itamps
for that purpose.
ITnppy Dollar mil.
nrotlier Brtaw had n (Trent week, In
pile of tho Insolence of n woman mtf
rapist and tlm notnlnntlon for Minister
to Ilelglum of the Hon. Brand Wiirr-
i.ocK of Toledo, whose heart bents too
warmly for the nil open town and the
wide open pin mill.
At the dinner of the Sons of Dela
ware the Son of Salem said:
"I am happy and I want you all to be
Have mo when I nay no to nee those things
o near to my heart being; done by another
happier than If I were In that place. I
m happy to sen a nation ot people chance
Ita point of view and adopt thoso things
which havn always been close to my
Dollar Bill had rather be happy than
President. You can hear the oil drip;
you can see It uhlne; and you nre re
minded of that verse of the Psalms) :
"The words of his mouth were smoother
than butter, but war was In his heart : his
words were softer than oil, yet were they
Dollar Hn.r, Is happy as he runs the
nlckersnoc Into his chief at Washing
ton. A Bryan Administration. Mr.
Wilson the nominal head. Happy Dol
lar Bill furnishes the capital of Ideas,
including Mat money. The Cocked Hat
l.i on the pole, and Hie Democracy bow
down mid worships.
At least Happy Dollar Bill is pleased
so to luiUKine.
The Xitv.il Year Off.
To-day the House of Representatives
H .pivttil to pass by a whoop
ing majority the resolution patting on
the luck the Right Hon. Winston
t'lifcrniLL's suggestion, treated so contumelious-
by the unfeeling Hermans,
of ;i universal year off In battleship
It Is beautiful to see the sages of
the Houm sustaining this sound and
practical clreiilc proposition. Will not
the House follow this triumph with a
worthier and a more momentous ono?
Rmnlvnl, That by international
agreement the laws of gravitation shall
be suspended for one calendar year after
the passage of this act.
Governor Glynn's Session.
Governor Hltn.v has prepared an
elaborate programme for tho chastened
nnd humble Legislature that meets
again to-night Direct primaries, work
lngmen's compensation and a constitu
tional convention In 1015 to provide for
a short ballot : these projects are suffi
ciently Involved nnd lntrlcato to require
careful consideration. An the Leglsla
ture hns but three weeks more of life
the amount of consideration they are
to receive Is obvious.
Not less plain la the fact that this
tall end of a historical (session la to be
Ooveruor (Ilynn's. Ills recommcudii
tlons are to lie followed and his sugges
tions emlrted Into law. His decision Is
that the State convention roust be abol
ished, lie bases his opposition to it on
a belief tlint tho public wants It to be
'Th people are entitled to have their
election and primary laws enacted In the
form in which they desire to have them
enacted. Thcieforo tho proposed primary
law absolutely abolishes State conven
tions." Where tht! demand arises, where Its
overwhelming force Is made manifest,
we are mil told. Certainly ll cannot
have Its origin In study of the Massa.
I'litiseits situation, which offers no argil
men! In favor of discarding the old
systsem. Perhaps like so many golden
reforms, this revolution takes Its bright
est hues from the abuses of the old
methods, abuses that spring from the
inelliclency, Inattention and careless.
ness of the voters, which are to disap
pear ns by magic wnen a revv moro
chapters have been added to the statute
Deposit Guaranty In Operation,
What demand Is there for the lm.ii!
slnn of deposit guaranty In the pending
currency bill? In Oklahoma, Kansas,
Nebraska and Texas, the only States
where deposit guaranty obtains, there
Is absolutely no evidence that Instltu
tlons lacking a statutory guaranty of
their deposits have been placed at ills
advantage in comparison with tho guar
anteed banks. Moreover, the operations
of the guaranty law in Oklahoma show
that (he present movement In the Sen
ate to provide Government insurance
of bank deposits 1b dangerous.
Senator Owen did not include deposit
guaranty in the amended form of the
House currency bill reported by his
Bjfi f the 'Innate Banking and Cur
reney Committee, of which he 1 chair
man. Senator Owe cornea from Okla
homa, which established deposit guar
anty almost simultaneously with Ita
achievement of Statehood, nnd it was
Oklahoma's experiment which forced
neighboring Stntes to n similar under
taking. Nevertheless Oklahoma's ex
perience with this device has been all
The current number of the Quarterly
Journal of ' Economic, published by
Harvard University, contains an article
entitled "Four Years Moro of Deposit
Guaranty," by Sir. Thornton Cookk of
Kansas City, Mo. What the author,
who is rather friendly to deposit guar
anty in theory, has to say about the
outcome of the experiment In Oklahoma
is especially interesting because of
Oklahoma's prominence at Washington
in currency legislation.
In the early Btages of the Oklahoma
guaranty law the national banks had
difficulty In holding their own. There
wns a Tush for State charters to pro
cure the popularity which went with
Insured deposits, but "for more thnn
three years the current has been the
other way. The remaining State banks
have been compelled to tnke matters as
far ns possible into their own hnnds."
The following tnblo in its exhibition
of the early swing to State charters
and subsequent reaction to nntlonnl
charters explains why It is that politics
has been comjtelled to recognize the
bankers In amending the guaranty law.
In the tnblo tho last three llgtires arc
omitted from the sums of money set
Strife- Frh. 2, Jan. 7, Auff. ,
flans;. 1908. 1911. 1913.
Number 470 695 6D
Capital H.233 $11,570 M.S67
.Surplus Ml) 1.3SR 1,12
Deposits ....1M32 84.756 40,181
Cash LOTS 4.625 2.614
.Voflonol Frh. 14, Jan. 31, Aug, 9,
Bank. 1908. 1910. 1913.
Number .... 312 219 121
Capital ....$12,215 19,9:7 114,330
Surplus .... 3.063 S.73S 3,933
Deposits ... 3$,298 43,11: 67,753
Cash 6,878 4.790 $,247
Incidentally the State guaranty fund
owed In June last about ?41l,000, with
only $;t.",000 on hand ! This was after
levying a tax averaging 1 per cent, a
year on the deposits of State banks
since guaranty was Instituted, a tax
which worked out at about 4 to 7 per
cent, on the average State bank capital.
One bank with $50,000 capital has paid
$15,000 in guaranty fund assessments
In the last four years. Another with
(.",0,000 capital has paid $20,000 in as
Oklahoma conditions have been pro
pitious for the experiment Many un
sound Territorial banks were carried
over into Statehood and economic de
velopments in Oklahoma have imposed
a good deal of strain on bank positions.
The crops of the last four years have
made a poor average and an inflated
real estate boom has collapsed. As de
posit guaranty Is sirjiposed to be devised
for dealing with adverse conditions and
not for prosperous times, It can be all
the better seen how it has operated In
the caso of Oklahoma.
It almost sufllces to say that "twenty-
seven banks with about $7,000,000 of
deposits have failed since the establish
ment of the guaranty system, or have
been liquidated with the aid of the
guaranty fund, and at least two others
have required assistance from the guar
anty fund. Only three national banks
have failed during the same aane." The
solvent State banks have paid out In
five years about $2,200,000 to make the
guaranty good, nnd at present the guar
anty fuud Is actually Insolvent. While It
would not bo fair to say that the fore
going record of falluro Is the conse
quence of deposit pmrnnty, the Okla
homa studies of Mr. Cooku cannot ab
solve the guarnnty law of a good deal
of responsibility for tho miserable show
ing that Is made.
About three dollars of every four ex
pended from the guaranty fund to pay
otT the depositors of failed banks have
been paid out In Oklahoma City alone,
the metropolis and present capital of
the State. Mr. Cookk cites this fact to
emphasize the point that un Inevitable
defect "of a State administered system
of deiKislt Insurance Is that the State
cannot limit the size of single risks.
Nor can It avoid 'the conflagration haz
ard' by llxlug a maximum of risk that
It will nssume In a single locality."
As amended and In operation to-day the
Oklahoma law sanctions artificial meth
ods "for holding up the paper of the
It Is revealed also that deposit guar
anty has In Oklahoma apparently pre
vented the growth of a strong public
seutlmeut lu favor of sound as well as
honest hanking. Nobody seems to care
If banks are wrecked, nnd Juries feel
that they can afford to De sympathetic
because bank failures have not involved
nny loss to Individual depositors.
"Peopio have left deposits in hanks
that tuey knew would fall," says Mr.
Cooki:, adding: "It is not good for a
community that under Its banking sys
tem the depositor takes no thought what
ever for the safety of his deposit." One
of Mr. Cookk's ultimate conclusions is
that the guaranty system "has not
turned houest bankers Into rogues,"
but It Is of far more consequence to
determine Its Influence over tho exer
cise ot bunking Judgment. Thero seems
to be no basis for believing that it
maintains In undiminished vigor the
qualities which nre the real banking
safeguards, honesty, Intelligence and
prudence In the conduct of banks.
It Is not possible within limits per
missible hero to extract nil tho sub
stance of Mr. Cookl'8 review. The work.
IngB of deposit guaranty In Kansas, Ne
braska and Texas may be passed over
for the lime, because tho sohemo has
been adopted lu much less extreme form
there than In Oklahoma and because
banking lu Kansas, Nebraska nnd Texas
has been favored by fair weather. 1M
posit guaranty Is meant to cope wh
terms. It undergoes no conclusive.
test except when banking positions are
Nevertheless, In these three States, as
In Oklahoma, deposit guaranty has de
celerated the normal tendency to start
more banks under State charier than
under national charter, and the result
nut tendency of legislation Is to limit
the freedom of hanking opportunity.
The Implication Is clear that deposit
guaranty conduces to weakness nnd un
soundness by stimulating a multiplica
tion of banking Institutions which the
guaranty equalizes in the public eye.
There was never a clearer exhibit
of tho psychology of tho Ignorant and
unthinking bank depositor than that nf
forded Inst Friday nnd Saturday nights
In Brooklyn. A private bank thero
keeps open until 0 o'clock for the con
venience and accommodation of Its de
positors, who nre mostly working-men.
At 8 o'clock on Friday n man, appar
ently wild, ran through the doors wav
ing his book and yelling that he wanted
his money quick. Before he could get
out tho place wns Jammed and tho
threats were loud. The police reserves
had to Is? called, and they used their
clubs to keep over n thousand hysterical
depositors In line. Some one had whis
pered, and the wild man had whispered,
nnd they nil had whispered upon the
whisperings, with the result that they
started n run In an unconscious effort
to wreck their bank.
The banker kept open late nnd paid
out $18,000 in sums from $," to $100.
They bad done their best to ruin him
nnd themselves, but had not been able
to succeed through no fault of their
The next night the police reserves
are said to have had more trouble In
maintaining order than uion the night
before. Why? Because the depositors
had heard a new set of whisperings
and that the first crop were unfounded
nnd started by a mnllclous person. But
this ulght the run wns toward tho
bnnk, not nway from It. Tho StS.OOo
wns returned, and more too, for the
reasou that the depositors wero "more
afraid Saturday night that they would
lose their own money than they were
tho night before that the bank would
lose It." In other words, the new set of
whisperings wns well founded. A host
of crooks had read of the run ami
forthwith appeared to take advantage
This condensed account of n phenom
enon that Is familiar in financial cir
cles ought to point a mor.il, but It does
not seem to do so. The sponters for the
"plain jKople" are ever ready with the
criticism that banks are cold, calculat
ing, selfish institutions, totally devoid of
feeling. But what of the rank nnd tile
of depositors? We never hear of their
fallings, nf their eager desire to stab
at the slightest provocation the very
place In which they have pretended to
have the most implicit trust.
We move that Hennesst adjourn
Mr. I'nENDEnoAST never was a red hot
Progressive. The Hun. llirrai l'l.scmrr.
Some cynics have felt that the Colonel
w.im never a red hot Progressive. Who
was. Is or can be save the l'lncbot
Brothers, tho Hmt of ldst Walpole and
the only original lit Johnson?
"Madam, tn all you have done I have no
doubt that you havo followed your Judg
ment and your conscience, as 1 know I
have dono myself." Tha lilol of Chautau
qua to a tutfraffist.
Whatever muy be thought of Mr.
Brtan'h Judgment, except of tho main
chnnce, his conscience Is an organ to be
proud of. This marvellous monitor
made him uri;o tho Sen.'ito Democrats
to ratify the treaty with Spain and the
retention of the Philippines, so that he
courd havo a "paramount" issuo In l'.'OO,
As the effects of tho Newark poisoned
needle caso inalto themselves manifest
the student of popular delusions will
watch with Interest the appearance of
Incidents of n. similar naturo In widely
separated parts of tho country. At
present theso alleged assaulLs are heard
of only In tho neighborhood of New
York, but they will not long be con
fined to one lucidity.
Indianapolis, December 6. Normal busi
ness conditions wero practically reached
here to-day and union and non-union
teamsters were nt work. A non-union
driver was struck In the stomach by a
brick hurled from a passing street car and
was badly Injured. A groctr who Uis
persed a crowd yesterday with a meat uxn
found two largo windows broken at bis
place of business to-day. An Iceman was
attacked and beaten. Other acts of vlo
lenco occurred. The ncu a of yeiterday.
What Indianapolis needs Is a doso
of abnormal conditions.
When questioned rcRardlnr; the rumors
that (lEoitGE W. Perkins contemplated
leavlnR bis party Mr. Pinciiot said such
statements were absurd. Dispatch rum
Of course they nro absurd. There
can be no political heaven without
nngcls. Not even Milton could con
ceive of such a place.
I believe tho toastmaster has the opin
ion of muny others that my hlKliest iimtil
tlon was to become President of tho United
States. That is not so. Prom my earliest
manhood I havo held a worthier anil
hlKher ambition. Hrvrrtary of State
Tinkle, tinkle, ring down the curtain.
As Tmackeiiav said at tho end of "Van
ity Fair," our play Is played out
Many leaders who counselled settlement
urged Governor Johnson as tho strongest
man to represent tho party nationally.
Despatch from Han Francisco.
The "many lenders" show that aa na
tive sons they alono know bow to In
terpret tho tendency of theso "modern
times" of which the Hon. Hiram W.
Johnson has moro than once proved
that 'ho Is the, chief exponent. His only
grent rival will ho "the big man from
Marlon," tho Hon. Ollik .Tajiks, The
Presidential election of joia Is to be
strictly a two sided affair. No others
Among other Items on ndvlce hn to
how to do "Siiinn (iood Farming" the
Augusta VlimiiU lc quotes Uis piece of
up to date wisdom:
"Help yourself If you expect lo make a
Help yourself to everything on tbn
sideboard, and when there Is nothing
left on (op, sen tf,there Isn't something
Insldt), Think of giving advice like
Hint tn tliH foiehanded "servants of
llin seasoni." Why not coiuis.i law
yera to be alirewd?
Tin: iiiaa.iii vest.
A Victim falls for Help ami Propones a
To tub KtUToa ok Tut: Sun Sir." Two
flfthi nf my letters are whining appeals
from all sorts ot causes. From one New
York Institution I received three such ap
peals In one week. I am reminded of
the splendid work I can do for a female
college in Spain, while a similar needy In
stitution Is located In Constantinople.
There Is no end ot tho dead broke
"homes," nnd annually or semi-annually
printed applications come to mo from
headquarters of each political party,
warning me that unless such particular
organization wins the country Is going
headlong to the devil.
Tim close of all such communications
Is notlco of tho one to whom my checks
shall bo mado payable. The cheekiest
ffuslon of this nature was from the oc
cupants of a big olllce building tn New
York who notified me that they were
making arrangements to pension their
"Janltrlx" and they know I should he
glad to help, nnd I had never heard of
any one of them.
Tha other day as I was passing out
of my home 1 was confronted by two
grinning colored girls who were begging
contributions for their church. I was
uked to punch with a pin, furnished by
one of them, a hole In a card also fur
nished me, fur each dlmo paid. This pre
sumably was to head oft all Indictments
for graft. I Invested two dimes and, still
glgsllmr, the ebon hued lassies shuffled
(,rr. Half an hour later In passing an
Ico cream saloon I recognized the same
dusky maidens shovelling the delicacy
Into their capacious mouths. Possibly
my suspicions were unkind.
Wo used to havo a frequent caller In
tho person of a husky looking fellow
In middle life, who when met at the front
door was leaning painfully upon a cano
lu each hand. Ho mournfully Informed
us that he was trying to live upon 23
cents a day and ho knew we should
be glad to aid him In his laudable am
bltliiii. Some d.'s later, when stTolling
In the count! y, I came upon the same
Individual, who was striding briskly for
watd with tho two canes under one arm.
This applicant when faced by the woman
of the hoU.i became Insolent and warned
her th.it If sho declined to help him
he would "crosn her off his books," a
mystel lints thteat whose meaning aho
still falls to grasp.
Once, at a seaside hotel, I helped a
dir.iii darkles who were on a singing
tour to raUo funds for the founding of a
college for persons of their race. I
learned nfter they had gono that they
had been sent out by somo white specu
lators to boom a tract of worthless land.
Theic Is no end to tho appeals. Th
vast majority of them are shameless
frauds. M tyor (I.iynor said that not one
tenth of tho money contributed to char
itable purposes reaches thoe whom It
was meant to help. Since I never see
any of tho reports of tho receipts nnd
expendlturis of the vatlous societies how
am 1 to Know what part of my contribu
tion goes to pay tho plump salailes of
tho president, treasurer, superintendent,
manager and the sleek, cigarette smok
Hod knows thre Is a woful lot of sor
row and suffering In this world, and It
would palu me beyond measure If any
word of mine should cause the withhold
ing of a penny from the deserving, but
1 am pt "testing against tho endless and
Increasing beggary from sources that
haven't the llrst honest claim to con
sideration. A wealthy English lady said
at the rlo.e of her life:
"I have given a hundred thousand
pounds in charity, and the sad part of It
Is my lonvlctlon that I havo done more
harm than good,"
Prom actions, thoughtless giving makes
vagrants and beggars and helps support
an army of distributers, who.se first care
Is to deduct their own salaries and, pro
vided a pittance remains, hand It over
to thoso for whom contributions ate
Tl,r,, H-tn t he two things which the
cb irit.ibly Inclined should do: Olve noth
ing to any cause which does not publish
an itemized account of Its receipts nnd
expenditures: refuse nil applicants nt the
door or on the street, and never In any
circumstances give without first Inform
ing yoii'silf of all the facts In the case.
I'erhips som one who h.-s suffered
from this Imposition may be ablo to add
a suggestion. A VicTiu.
Ato.NTCt.Aia, N. J., December 6.
To tub !:mtor or Tub Scn fir: If
Dr. Wltsiy, who according to TllR SON
"calls all criminals Insane," Intended to
satirize a strong tendency of tho times
his Irony does him crullt. His positive
statement Is no less praiseworthy, for he
plainly says: "l believe In punishing any
criminal who knows right from wrong
and ean In the mam control his acts."
Hvery criminal act Is of course Irra
tional In the sense that ho who commits
It Is so far unreasonable. Neither the
law of tho land nor tho moral law of
naturo rotitemplates punishment for the
man who was devoid of power to reason
when perpitrntlng u prohibited acL Such
a one Is adjudged to have been Insane
for tho moment. Inasmuch as he had not
then tho use of his reason. Insanity, In
Its natural tin well as In Its legal ac
ceptation, Indicated primarily a diseased
state of mind, though It Is also used In a
secondary sense by speakers and writers.
Contrasting silliness with good sense,
Cicero sn.vs: "S.tplentla aaultaa, tnslp
lentl.i nutem Ins.inltas quadam." The
Itoinans employed their word "Insanltas"
sometimes to uxpres madness, sometimes
to express want of health.
Why do not wo nlwnys use the good
Kngllslt word "madman" as a synonym
for "Insntie man"? If tho peryictrator of
tho died was mad ho was Irresponsible,
and consequently Is no criminal deserving
punishment. Tho law has provided a
graduated scale for application In the case
of evildoers with minds more or less ills
ordeied. J. A. M.
Chester, Pecember 6.
To Tnr. rntloB or Tnr. brN Vlr Mr. Law
rence Kinsman tells us Uiat "Uie world baa a
plve for racn bores." Pray let ua know svhtre
that may be and why they ronUne to be at lancet
Tor innny years women have fluttered from
men bore; "only the vivid Imarlnatton seoa
countless sano men," Women must "draw di
rect Impressions" of manllnd "from the ttironrs
on the strrru," particularly near saloons, and
from the "headlines ef newspapers." Women
are bored to death with (rafters nnd corrupt
We demand equal rlitita and equal patience
for women bores. Perhaps, poor ilearK, consld
erluir the fathers they have had, they ran't help
belt) it bores. Anna Hobs Wxbxs.
Wahuiwitom. 1). P.. December a
1(1, 1 IUII llreakagra tn a Taw.
frmit the Knaintertng AVwa.
According to the rail eonimlttea ef tha
American Hallway Flnrtneerlnij Association
thert '-r Si,is; rati brealui(ei for tha
year ended Ocloh-r 31. 1512.
The Mutinies covrr lK.OQO miles ef rail
way, with 1 4, 1 32.93 tnna of rail (10,IJO,35
beM'tner, 3,SI0,o:i epsn hearth, 396,02t
tora special steel or pelal aectlona),
Tha results of wear testa are quote In
the report, but they are conflicting and In
no case point to markad superiority of ent
typ of ateeL or Indsed of tha special ileal
over normal rail stsel. In this tha wear
tssta atjree with tha breakage records, al
though the latter nra far too few ta permit
a conclusion even aa deDrdta aa this.
Seek Well sptirrrlnktnna,
I follow tii vnur tender lay
On Splreiliiktum Just to say
Th.Tt any lexicon enmptrta
I'ehlulllH this wind If you'll hut s-sk.
The spelling may nut b the asm
In nil the, honk, let iiih cp!an,
Hill that's le,Mimn the hpUittr Ink
In net real black and plain, I think.
Tim spU.er Is a rudder rara,
Tliey tie on ships that sail the alr
Tim iliiMtim pan larked on behind
Is put there simply for a Mind.
An aeroplane without splizsr
Is like h Kill without m klirer,
You'll surrl misH her kisser, son,
Without a Splirrilnktuiu.
i.V A POTOMAC CAVE.
Palreollthle nail Writing Containing a
lllght Virtuous lllalngue.
To the KmTonorTiiKStfN Sir: Having
succeeded lately In deciphering a picture
wrltlng on the walls or a preglaclnl cave pnclty or the subway makes It important
Pear the Potomac, I send you a free trans- that such minute Improvements as nro
latlon of It. In addition to palirollthlc possible should be suggisteil nnd carried
Implements, the cave contained remains out. Passengers themselves can Institute
of tho mastodon, cavo bear, rave lion, one reform well wortlt while, which Is II
s.ibre toothed tiger and other specie of lustinted In the following Incident i I
the tally pleistocene or lain pliocene, nnd boarded n south bound subway train at
the Inscription may he presumed of tho 174th street and Hoston road on Kunday
same age. The reading is as follows: at 7 :30 P. M. to ride to U'Otb street. The
"Upon a bright morning of those ancient car became unpleasantly crowded after
days, Wwd-rgh-wll-sn, chief executive by passing two stations, llefore Jackson nve-
vlttuo of his scholastic wllo of the horde
of the Umh-tnrrh-kns, strode forth from
his cave, summoned before him Wll-ybm-brryh-yn,
chlefest of his adviseis by vir
tue of his soothing voice, and by divers
grunts, gtlmnces and gestures In lieu of
articulate speech (which has not yet been
attained) propounded to him In sub
stance this political conundrum: 'Know
thou, O Wccretary of tho Noble Ideal,
that It Is reported that the sinful horde
of the Wcxs-kns on our southerly border
do kill and eat one another loo freely,
and at times o'en do partake of our Umh-mrrh-kn
citizens who chatico to stray
negligently among them. Now 1 nm hu
manely displeased thereat: what then, O
Idol of thy Party, shall no do to pacify
and uplift thoso primeval anthropoids?
"Now Wil-yhm-brr.vh-yn, being an
antl-lmperlnllst both by original Infirmity
and subsequent self Incitement, unit being
moreover lately returtied from a Chk-tck-qw
circuit devotnl to the cultivation
nf his voice with a view to the Intimida
tion of a wolf which besets the mouth of
his cave, by sundry w.tlllngs and waiillngs
In lieu of articulate speech (which bus
not yet been attained), delivered himself f
his diplomatic lucubrations lu substance
to the following effect : 'O Thou Vicarial
Sceptre of Illghtcousucas, live long but
not over protractedly, remembering thy
platform pledge of but ono ti rm which I
devised for tho cross of thy conscience
and tho crown of my opportunity , know
thou that peace nnd the glories of a sin
less millennium nte the theme of my Chk-tck-qw
mouthing: wherefore let us shout
unto our sinfully degraded neighbors with
a loud and firm voice (the which Is my
preeminent virtue), thus informing them
that their ways are distressful to us: nnd
b,s.Mtse It 1j not seemly that the Wit test
of thy Doves should bo put to the shame
of devouring his own uplifting utterances
before his beloved t hk-tck-qwns, let us
thereafter await with peaceful resign-1
Hon until those lnful Mcxs-kns do weary
of their own sinfulness,' " p. I,. M.
I'i..'UNnKt.n, N. J., December 8.
Tot rixa rott nitooKi.vx.
lowrr the Cost of Living ny Ueportlng
Yourself Across i:ast lllver.
To TUB KniTon of TlIK SL'N .Sir.' There
Is one way to reduce tho present high
cost of living that might lo put Into
practice If some of tho. who are kick
ing so much about It would only bottle
UP their pride a little, and that way Is
about tho simplest ami easiest nf all:
Pay less nut. All we have to do to get
even with that grim spectre 1 llghcostof
Iiving Is to "lake It out of the landlord."
Tho main trouble with u lot of u,
even the "poor, downtrodden working
man," Is that we put en too much st.vlc
nowadays. Wo want too many luxuries
and comforts, and wo want them all
within reach or call, merely to bo had by
tho pressing of a button. Wo nro not
satisfied to 11 vo as our daddies used to
live before us. Klevntor apartments, with
bellboy attendant e, &,, are lousldvred
necessary by many who could easily exist
In a more modest place with just as much
So In these "times that try men's souls"
and pneketbooks wo shnull sit up and
take notice of how to cut down expenses.
Ono does not tuiessarlly have to dispense
with his auto nr any of tho other pleasures
of life to do so. One good way of cutting
Into the rent bill Is by moving to Ilniolt
lyn, where np.u Inntits as h rule are
cheaper nnd there are moro light and air
In them. Hut whether one lives In .Man
hattan or Hrookl.vu tin re are other ways
of bavlng In this respect. Some time ago
the writer exchanged the luxury of a
ground lloor for a fourth floor apartment,
and does not regret It We pay Iis, have
more light In nur risi:n. .mj perhaps
better health. In other wonts, we Hatter
ourselves that vvm have partly solved the
problem of the high cost of living, nnd
that, too. by living still higher, as It were.
So to the sluggaid let us say: "Ho thou
and do likewise.'' W. U D.
UnoOKLYN, Dei ember .
To TltR Kpitor or The PfN Sir: As I
understand It, the President wants to seo
the Mexican rebels overthrow the llucrt.i
(overnment. Also ho w-tnts a government
in .Mexico moro liku our own. I "suppose
ho has the right to say whit he would
like to Fee. In .Mexico, but It seerns to me
that tn want In? "Jio rebels .n win by orv
of arms he I? not promo'ln-- constitutional
nethods. If these rebels should win power
by raising a ruction, would It not bo en
couragement for others to try to do the
same thing? And where would It ever
stop? For tho life of ma I don't see where
we are helping tho cause of cons'Ituttonal
government by trying to overturn the only
Government thero Is In Mexico. If wo
really want to help would It not b tho
most direct and effective thing to cooper
ate with tho Government down there and
work with It In trylns: to apply our Ideas
aa far aa they "Can t applied In Mexico?
If we don't do that It looks like n, continu
ation of Just such conditions as exist In
Mexico to-day, whether they overthrow
the Jluep:.i Government or noi.
In other words, wo are getting rrnvhere,
unless the Idea is to let Mexico exhaust
herself and then go in tirA take and run
Olivkh UciinrnT Thomas.
ItlcilMONn IIili,, L. I, December 6.
The Ninth Milestone.
To Trts nniTOR op Tub Hun sfr." I have rev!
with Interest the letter of your correspondent
J. M. U." In reference to the ninth milestone.
He states tho stone "was ortzlnally sltuate.1 on
the Klnsbrldi:e road, a little way below- Depot
lane, between the rates of tho Mm. I-esplnasse
School and tho reldenceof Isaac I'. Mania."
Now, as a matter of fact, the .Mmo. Isplnaaso
School was tho very last house on tlw Depot lane,
overlooking the rtver, nnd directly opposite the
1'ort Washington railroad station. Tbo late
laaao P. Mamln's residence wa.s a little way up
the hill from this, and Just north of tho old west
End Hotel. Tho original Martin residence was
still further up the bill, Just south of tho present
residence of Mrs. J. Hood Wrlk'lii nnd weat ol
Tort Wanhlncloa avenue, ns It exists to-day, and
fully a quarter of a mile from tho Klngibrldge
road In a westerly direction and a limit en a line
wllh I'M street. You can sea from this ihm
your correspondent's description ns to tho original
location Is confusing, to say the least.
1'IUNS J, MltiONST.
Cndrr the Greenwood Tree,
To tbb Unrron or Tn hus Mr." I am sure
you will welcome to your Hall of l'ame Messrs.
Bowers diOakesof Grottoes, Va,
Nsw Yoiut, December 7. E,I..TrsrsM,
Rwrlllng the Anrll Chorus,
To ma IIPITon oi Titu Snswilr; Is Walter
Sprlngsteel, a blacksmith nt Ixinginnnt, Cel..
entitled ton place In your gallery ot celebrities;
New York, December 7. M. T. It.
Taies Klglily Tears Agn.
Ufrlce cprrt'vnmtem t St, l,nuts lltimtUe,
3, i llliiun nf Monica, .Mo, hns u collee.
tlou of In rueipts oiiiotur whb-h the most
uril'iiie. Is a receipt bo rei idled from his
father, All III HIlIKo, II pioneer of Keutll'ky,
It .i Issued la MontKoiutry county, Ken
tucky, In ls.it,
Tim tn te.elpt shows the greiit differ
ent in ttio tiixei, of Hint time um! thu pres
ent Mr, IIIiiko paid !'l rem on persona!
propel t) tlint tueluiliMl foul teen burses, a
buucli of i.ittlo and sheep unit nno negro
slave. Ilo mined 1 1"0 mres of land, on
ulilcli ho jvtlil tuxes to llio iininunt of 11.17,
Tho property wns mined nt I7il,
Mule linprrp hsd n I Iter sle rp snd didn't
Know where tn find them
'I rant undeistand limi- t ti In can lutppoi
pitU a, ( sraal UrlBVt gkt saouraat.
THE SUBWAY SERVICE.
near far Sometimes Kmpty VWirn the
Others Are t ncomfortahly Crowttnl.
To tub KntTon op Tub Hun Sir: The
strain which Is being put upon the ca-
mm was reached an almost "rush hour
crowd lilted the car. I noticed, however.
when I got oiY at 123th street that al
though the centra cars were crowded the
rear cars wero practically empty. I make
It a rule always to move toward the rear
or front rara of trains, both for my own
comfort nnd to make way for people who
will Insist upon riding In the middle cars.
With accustomed travellers such action
should be instinctive, but unfortunately It
Hrakemeii on trains should bo Instructed
to call out, "Vacant sents to front or rear,"
so ns to Induce persons standing In
crowded middle cars to distribute them
selves through the train. Platform men
at express stations might also be In
structed to cause passengers to distribute
themselves along tho various entrances to
trains, thus saving time In filling the cars.
Signs might bo placed nt stations which
would convey the same directions. If the
(ravelling nubile could bo trained along
thes lines It would help very greatly to
remove, temporarily at least, some or the
woist tirTUctlous of travel.
.Such action would seem to bo natural
for a company that was really trying to
promote the comfort of Its patrons. It
would be to tho Interest of the lnterbor
ough company Itself to do this. Tho Im
pression now mado on people travelling Is
that the company Is not running enough
trains to take rare of the traftlo oven dur
ing slack hours, whereas very frequently
an uilequute number of cars Is sent out,
but the passengers nro not distributed
properly through them. Of course, It Is
quite true that trains seem to bo with
drawn at night before U- homeward travel
has abated, and little effort seems to bo
made tn handle theatre crowds. Another
Injunction to passengers should bo "Don't
think becauso you are on tho train that
every one elso Is; don't block passage-
vv.i.vs John J. .Mi'itrin.
Nnvv York, December S.
THE WEAL STATE,
In nntch llterjlinily mil Live at the
Expense nr Mventioily i:tc.
To the Kditob or Tub .Sun Sir: As
ttual tho most conspicuous portion nf
Governor Glynn's bill for compensation nf
Injured employees la tho part devoted to
the number of men to bo appointed to the
commlsslim to bo cte.itcd under Its pto
Mslnns and tho amount to bo paid them
Plve moro Inefficient politicians, a secre
tary and nuini rous employees will forth
with bejrlti to draw pay out of the puhlto
treasury and incidentally still further In
cri aso the hutdeti of tho unfortunate tax
payer. It st oined that when tho Depart
ment ot Klltclcncy and Kconomy e.imo Into
being tho limit vt abuidlty had been
reached, but there seems to be no end tn
tho creation of useless commissions with
their expensive appendants.
After a time everybody will bo living at
the expense of everybody else, which
means tho Government ; thero will be no
more private enterprises conducted at a
prollt, there will be no private capltnl,
which alono pas wages and taxes, and
th vvholo community will be reduced to a
state of social and financial Insolvency.
This Is the Ideal state toward which
socialism would lead us. Tight money.
Inability to sell bonds, confiscation of real
estate through exce-slve taxation, a period
f hard times and non-employment of
wage earners, bid fair fn delay the final
dib.uie, but the socialistic Ideal has even
ii i'.v lifted Its head aUive .he far horizon,
and mi power .in arrest It, since civiliza
tion Itself Is fulcly an Irresistible tread
to socialism and degeneracy.
AumtT It. Gai.latjk.
New York, December 7.
same ii i t; Moron cabs.
What the tit) Government Has Done
to sVurti Them.
To the I;d:tok or The Scn Sir; ai.iyor
Kllnw and the Hoard of Aldermen nre
tho pioneers In leading the fight on e-peed-lns
autos. Through tho authority vested
in tliem by law they h.vvo reduced tho
rato of spec-l at which tho mall wagons
may travel through tho streets. The auto
mall wagons during tho short time they
ha"e been In uso probably havo caused
more deaths thun any other form of vehi
cle. The drivers lu somo Instances may
have been directly responsible for some
killings, but the fact that tho mall wagons
sv ere permitted to travel at a. higher rate of
speed than other vehicles was primarily
tho cause of most of the accident. In
defence of their recklessness tho drivers
asserted that they wero permitted only a
certain amount of time to make tho rail
road terminals. Who would not prefer to
have the malls late rather than have peo
ple killed by tho tpis-dlng mall nutos?
Power to stop killings by autos lies In
the hands of tho Magistrates. They should
Impose largo lines und thoso unable to pay
their lines should bo mado to serve one
day la Jail In place of every dollar. TlUa
punishment would bring the chauffeurs to
their senses. 8.
Nkw Yoiut, December t.
"Obscrxntlnn With Extensive View."
To the KntTon or Tub Bun Sir: I
rise to lemarit that tho present Adminis
tration has etrayod somewhat from Ita
original stand on diplomatic questions.
Was thero not nn emphatic repudiation of
"dollar diplomacy" when tho Democratic
Ship o' PMto first set sail 7 And some
thing to the effect that tho Latin Ameri
can States were to bo left severely atone
to work out their destinies? Now look ut
us I Somo progress, eh? If we havo cot
so far in ono year, where will wo too nt
tho end of our Woodrovv'a term? The
Wilson Doctrine of "observod" elections
will doubtless bo extended through all
tho Inhabited planets nnd most of the
Btars as well.
Wouldn't it bo awful If Fanto Domingo
rudely told ns to "go get a reputation"
for honest elections ourselves before try
ing to run other people's? Suppose we
did secure the election of nn lmmaculat
angel as I 'resident of Mexico. How long
before Mexico would bo meddling In our
affairs to the came end?
This brand of statesmanship la very
amusing, but In the Inst fifty years we
have succeeded In living down our reputa
tion for such proceedings and tho fnt's all
In tho fire again. M. It. W.
New Yomc, December T.
A Maine rntrtareh.
From rA Ltiritton Journal.
John Illnuham of akowhogan, who will
soon celebrnto his ninety-third birthday, has
never been alck, has alt of his natural teeth,
his hair Is free from gray and ha reads
From the St. Louts roit-ttpatc.
Tie sure your slno will Unit you out
At forty-live or thereabout,
The shiny luldness of your hosd
Will show what kind of life you'va led.
The raiolld lines nhnut sour eyes
Will ti ll no t li.irlulil.i lies
Vnur pudgy l.m will testify
To Idlenrss and living high.
A pallid rait, to boautys cost.
Will tell of dumber that you lost.
A not Infrequent llttla Una
Will say you looked upon the win a.
Approaching ago, tee swiftly mat.
Will tell us uiiiiitlilng ot your sat
A sen of trnulilfs front within
VV II b.ibblo of wliut might hava hsn.
The graying hair behind your ara
Wi:i Millie epltonilna tha eara.
Ha sura your sins will And yu out
POST OFTEN HIGHER
THAN EXPRESS RATES
Effect Kelt by Sliipiirrs to Liirjro
Cities Over (100 Miles
ADOS TO KAIMIOAI'S LOAD
New ClitirjreN to Doiihle Hulk
The new schedule for the parcel post
which goes Into effect on .Iiimiaiy I will
mean a heavy burden to the rallroids,
more competition for the express com
panies and much mote vvoik for post
oHlce employees throughout the cnimtr.v.
It Is estimated that the railroads will
have to carry aibout-twlce the bulk they
do at present without additional nun
pensatlon unless Congress wants to glie
It. This means twice the bulk lu the post
Tho change In poundage for tho fit sit and
second zones to a limit of llfty pounds In
stead of twenty as at present is expected
to bring a great Increase of business tn
the post olllces. These nuns Include local
transportation and all distances! up tn Ki
miles. This extr thltty pounds will let
In, for these zones, a great muss of mer
chandise that lias bltheito le-en b.ined.
S'o far as the cnt Is ciincerned there
Is not such a gieat .nlv.ml.ig' on the side,
of the parcel post, as iign.nst the express
rate, ns might be expected. Pur Instance,
a llfty pound package, the maximum In
tho first nnd second zones, can bo sent
to Albany. N. V.. H3 miles fmni New
York, for M cents by the post. Tho ex
press companies will 'fiend II there for
about 60 cents and will nlloiv a pound lee
way on either side. In somo of tho rones
tho parcel post rato Is considerably higher
than that ot express companies to the
There In no decrease In rato nt present
In tho llrst and second zones over tho
present rate of 5 cents a pound, with an
additional chargo of 1 cent a pound.
In zones 3. 4. 5, 6, 7 and S tho mini
mum poundage advances from eleven te
twenty pounds. Thero Is a decrease In
charges In the third, fourth, fifth and
sixth, but not In the sevemn ana cis;mi.
Tho cost of sending parcels to points in
theso zones from New York, follnwj:
&it t33i tssi
pounds. K ite. Kate. Itnte. llate.
is ... .e
tn the tlilt 1 zone the rato applicable
after January 1 is sl.x cents for tho llrst
nnund and one cent for each additional
pound, as against tho old rate of seven
cents for tbo llrst pound and one cent for
each additional. This zone Includes from
l.'.O to 300 miles and tho cnargo tw
twenty pound parcel sent anywhere within
the mileage la 4 cents. Compared with
this tho express companies win semi
twenty pounds to Hurllngton. v t . wnn ii
Is 303 miles from New York, for t'.o cents,
with tho usual pound iillowsmee either
lu tho fourth zone the new rate Is seven
cents Instead of eight for tho llrst pound
md four Instead of six cents In
crease for each additional pound.
The maximum twenty pound parcel could
he sent within the mileage for this zone,
300 to 600 miles, for 53 cents. Tho ex
press companies would send a twenty
pound package to Columbus, Ohio, which
Is a trifle moro than 600 miles, for S5
Tho mileage limit of the fifth rone ts
600 to 1,400. The new rate ts eight In
stead of ten cents for the llrst pound n.nl
eight Instead of nlno rents for each pound
additional. A twenty pound package by
parcel post to Chicago. P60 miles from
New York, would cost tl.2. An express
company would send the same package
The alxth zono Includes distances from
1,000 to 1,400 miles. Tho new rate Is
nine ceirta Instead of ten for tho first
pound ruid eight cents Instead of nine for
each additional pound. Uy pnrccl post
a twenty pound packnge to Omaha, about
1,400 miles away, would cost Jl.Bl. The
express companies would eend the earn
package for $1.30.
Tho seventh zone Includes distances
from 1,400 to 1,800 miles. Thero ts no
change tn tho rate, but nn advnnco In
tho poundage from eleven to twenty. A
twenty pound parcel by tho post to Den
ver, about 1,800 miles, would cost 12.01.
An ucpris company xvould send tho same
package for 13.
The eighth zone Includes distances over
M00 miles. An express comptny would
chargo $2.SC to send a twenty pound
package to 6an l'ranclsco, 3,133 miles
from New York. Uy parcel post the
name package would cost $2.40.
The express company rates hold (rood
only until February 1, whon, In compli
ance with an Interstate Commerce Com.
mleulon ruling, thero will lie n material re
duction, Tho express business will otoo
Js&ve zones like the parcel post.
President llalph Peters of tho Long
Tsland Railroad, who Is chairman of the
railway mall pay committee, said last
night thut unless Congress took tho action
Indicated In Postnmster-Oenernl Hurle
son'H statement of Saturday and In
creased the compensation for tho ronds
carrying; parcel pom theso roads would
suffer a severe loss.
"Thero will ba additional weight tn the
malls," ho said, "but no additional com
pensation. Tho Government gits In
crease! revenue, but takes away from the
railroads freight and express business.
I think, however, that Congress will be
fair and that provision will lie mado to
pay the railroads adequately.
"Wa trust Congress to 'do the right
thin. Carrying double the bulk In
pnekngea tho roads should lertnlnlv get
mom pay for so' doing. ir nil up to
Congress. The railroads will have to go
on carrying the parcel post im way "
Mr. Peters said that appln aiimi h:M
already been mado to n I'ntiuf, ssaui il
sub-committee for increased ionip, ns.itlnu,
but that no reply had been ,ireivul. lie
said that when the House and Semite
Committees on' l'ost Olllces made up tin ir
budgets they too would be asked tn in.
cteaso tho pay to tho railroads fur the
additional matter to bo carried nfter
January 1. Ho thought that the l'ost
Ofllco Department bad undertakdi un un
usual task In putting new- rates) Into edict
so soon unit that it would have been bet
ter to wait until It was ceUaln that there
wa a demand for the new rates and It
could bo shown that the post olllces could
handle the Increased tr.illle.
Easing the Captain's ltetlrenitsi.
from the Fonon Travtler,
Captain E. N. Thatcher, for forty.aaven
ytari master's muta of ravtnus tugs la
Soatoa harbor, has retired. Whan tha
rattraa was packing up to laava tha tug
v7lnnltlmmat's pilot bousa for the last Oroa.
hit ayeo wars wot Somebody among ens
tom's official, thinking to smooth tha cap
tain's path up Long wharf from tha barga
office, grasped his hund, saylngt
"Hut. Captain Thatcher, you kaaw II
wasn't going to ba a ateady Job wha yeu
taak It nearly fifty years ago."
Altar-that. th nanrlmaat ill n ti
. mmrrw s