Newspaper Page Text
THE SUN, WEDNESDAY, JANUARY 14. 1914.
Sill Unit Communication Is
) Proposed Through
TO DEEPEN THE KILLS
Pleads With Congressmen
for $500,000 to lie
CITY AFTER WATEHKROXT
.Temiinnl Projects Will Cost
Millions and Will Briiijr
More Commerce Here.
Washington, Jan. 13, Mayor Mitchcl
of New York appeared before the Com
mittee on Rivers and llurlHUH of the
House to-day to nre the appropriation
by Congress of $500.1)00 for tho removal
of Cocntles reef from the Kut River.
Tie Mayor raid that under his adminis
tration the New York city government
would adopt some form of an ugi cement
with the New York Central railroad for
th development of ll." rail facilities which
will result In the establishment of marine
terminals on the west side of .Manhattan
Island from the Uattery north.
In addition, he said, a plan ultimately
will be adopted for the acquisition by the
rlty of the whole waterfront under pro
visions which will make 'this terminal
ytem sctf-supportlng. He described an
other project for connecting by tunnels
under the Hudson Itlver the terminals of
the projected New York Central extension
with lines running to the Jersey meadows.
"The new subway running from White
hall street to Montague "trect In Hrooklyn
under the Kust Itlver will pa dliectly
under Co"tule reef," alel Major Mltchel.
"The excavation of the reef will bo car
tied down to the tulrlj-live foot level.
"That can bo done In the future only at
such Imminent ilk to the subway to be
constructeel under the reef as to b a tre
mendous hnr.nrd to life Mien the tubes
ure In operation or at the heat to tho en
tire property. New York city and private
capital combined are spending 1000,000,
000 on our new subways.
"The city's contribution to that sum is
large. These tubes nru an Integral and
necessary part of this general plan itr.d
will rest right under Coentles reef nt a
given depth. The rock roofs ofthcse
tubes would bo reduced In tearing out this
"in doing that the drilled holes would
KO down over that rocky roof to a dt pth
bringing them within eight or ten feet of
the actual roof of tho tube. A bla-t of
dynamite set oIT at that point over the
tubes, the engineers think, would expend
Its force downward and de.-troy the rocky
roof of the subway tube.
llrady to Ask for flld.
"We are about ready," the .Mayor e,oti
tinued, "to advertise for contract for the
construction of these tubes. 'I hey are to
be, completed In Hire-1 and nne-half years.
If this Coentles Ileef removal Is allow e.d
to wait another year the construction of
the uuway will probably hae reached u
point where excavation would be a great
menace tu the. tubes.
"The IJOO.OOu vc now n-k will protect
the tubeu iiml also thlps iigalnst the moat
menacing conditions on Diamond Reef."
Mayor Mltchel bald that .Nov York had
not received a fair share of river and
harlior appropriations In the past, llo
jnade the following statement In support
of this assertion .
"Comparing Impoits ami exports for
3913 wo nnd they were $l,27S,0ui),uuo for
tho nation. For the Atlantic ports they
wero :,42l,Oon,oOO and for New York
ity they were l,9fiC,000,00. New York's
Imports nnd exports wero Hi per cent, of
those of the nation and 77 per runt, of
thosa for tho Atlantic H-uporls.
"Appropriations for rivers and harbors
Amounted to $6:7.000,000 up to 1911. of
wtilch New York Plate' shurn was ill,
921,000, Therefore New York Stutii got
only 6 2-3 pep cent, of th total appropri
ation for the imtlon. That forty-om
millions Include tho Ambrose Channel
work and the New York lake ports. Tor
New York city ulone tho total river nnd
harbor Improvements aggregated about '.'
per cent, nf tho total,
"New Yotk has not received her Just
share because she enjoyed greater natural
advantages than otticr ports. We have
now comu to the time when we cannot
longer rely upon such natural advantages
I8d when It Is iieciMiry to take steps to
develop the port to meet the needs of
Telia nf Waterfront Work.
"We are constructing long docks from
Forty-fourth street northward to accom
modate the transatlantic liners," continued
the Mayor, "The necessities of that situa
tion and Its relation to the requests of the
city for the temporary extension of thu
Chelsea piers are apparent. That project
la coating the city Jl,000,0ou.
"The development of the West Hide of
New York city In Its rail fiiiilltlc will
PTt ua In direct rail touch with the entire
territory of the United States over the
rails of thn New York Central.
"In addition tho city will actively con
elder the probability of bringing rail tun.
nels under the Hudson Hlver from thn
Jersey meadows to connect with tho rail
terminals which the city will ultimately
construct on the west wide of Manhattan
Island In order to bring the Jersey rail
road! and all the territory of the United
States over these railroads into direct rail
touch with the west fide of Manhattan
Island and tho marine termlnalH to be
"The project of the New York Cefitrnl
Hailroad ns now planned win imedve an
expenditure of about $40,000,000, and to
thut project tho city will contrlbuto a cer
"Tho city has Initiated nlsn u great ter
minal Improvement in South Hrooklyn,
whern It Is proposed that the city shall ulti
mately acquire all rail facilities along the
waterfront from Sixty-third streot to the
Hrooklyn Urldge. It Is proposed that tho
city construct there walls and docks to bo
municipally owned and operated. A part
of tflat plan Involves the acquit ttlon of
the whole waterfront under a plan that
will make It Helf-sustnlnlng nnd not In
crease the municipal debt.
"All these things mean more ship In
tho harbor and lire being done hecnurt
wo expect more commerce, In the harbor.
All of them, are directly related to this
Improvement, which wo ask the flovern
merit to make In tho Hunt Hlver,
"I only cite them to show that New
York city I alive to Its' own interests
and expects, und proposes to upend vust
rums in developing Its terminals and the
port. This South Brooklyn development
will cost tho city upward of $10,000,000,
The long docks about Forty-fourth street,
wll,e-ot from $4,000,000 to Id, 000,001).
JMebody can estimate to-day the. cost of
the Went Hide Improvement!, Tho New
York Central plan will Invoho an ex
penditure by the rlty arid tho company of
Chairman HparKman asked whether or
not New Yoi rltjr Intended to take over
fcbtolutc control of the docks so in to
prevent private companies obtaining a
monopoly of them.
"Yes, sir," replied Mnyor'.MIlchel, with
out the slightest hesitation. "Uroadly
speaking, It la the city's policy to acquire
Its walerftont, to own and conttol It, and
either operate It llxelf or secure its opera
tion under such strict tnimleipal control
o to Insure itgiilnst monopoly or dis
crimination In rates or services."
"That," interjected Chairman Spark
num. "is ii n Impottunt point with this
committee', so as to make sure that when
the Uuvoimuctit dneiops a harbor private)
companies cannot obtain u monopoly In
the matter of charges,"
In answer to a question, Mayor Mitchcl
said: "New York city now owns or con
trols moiu than CO per cent, of Its water
front." Representative Small asked him
to state his attitude toward leasing water
front facilities to private) persons.
Protect low the- Oily.
"We are protecting the city nt every
point," tho Munr rcplle'd, "against losing
control of Its wuterfrout facilities and
we ale putting in restrictions that give
the Dock Commissioner and Sinking Fund
Commissioner strict control. All the leases
made within tho last four yearn have con
tained a clau-e giving such control. The
old leases made somu years ago did not
give such e'ontrol
"To-day the policy Is to acquire tho
e'ontrol of thesp facilities ns rapidly as
possible. Some of these unrestricted
lcaes have twenty or thirty years to run."
"Meanwhile." Inquired Mr. Small, "you
aie without power to take thein ocr?"
"Kxccpt by condemnation of the lease
hold," untwere'd the Maor.
"Is that contemplated?" nsked Sir. Small.
"It Is not contemplated Immediately,"
said the Mayor, "because it would lnnlvo
a capital expenditure that the city Is not
ready to make nt this time."
Mr. Mltchel referred to the proposal
to open the Harlem kills to a depth 1f
eight) en feet, which Is part of tho project
of Col. Ulack.
"That." said the Mayor, "would gle
dlieet connection between the Hast Itlver
and tho entire llronx waterfront and with
the North Hlver by way of the Harlem
Hlver and the ship canal."
"With the opening of tho Hrlo Canal
there will be an enormous Increase In
barge traffic, an a result of which It will
be absolutely necessary to havo that con
nection from tho Hudton to tho Hast
Hlver to provide a safo and abort con
nection. "All these barges will have to go nil
the way down the Hudson River and
around the llattery through waters now
already tremendously congesteel with
traffic, or else they will have to go
down through the Harlem River Into tho
very vortex of Hell (late.
"The danger ami menace of that route
Is so great that It Is practically Impos
sible1, ami the tugboat or bargo captain
would prefer to go around by the ll.u
tery if this improvement Is not made.
It is propot-ed to deepen the Harlem kills
eighteen feet mill also to straighten the
channel of the Ship Canal very close to
Its mouth at tin Hudson Itlver und thus
provide n straight and simple pnssagc
from the Hudson to the Kant River.
"That would mean nn enormous com
mercial saving. That shorter passage
would mian the opening of the water
front of The Hronx to tho I'rln h.iige
canal truffle. The city has appropriated
$1.10,000 toward thut Improvement.'
Major Mltchel was n guest of President
Wilson at luncheon at tho White Hdui.
It was .Mr. Mltehel's e.eond visit to the
White House since his election, he having
attended the tlrel Cabinet dinner in De
cember. It Is undertood that the political situa
tion in New York was discussed and that
the outlook for the election of a Demo
cat as Coventor of New York was gone
TO SETTLE VAN NESS
SUIT OUT OF COURT
Stepdaughter and Nieces to (Set
$25,000 Kach. Itest
Goes to Widow.
The contest over the eatute of Cornelius
II. Van Ness, nw valued at lHCi,000,
which threatened to tie one of the most
bitterly contested suits In ree-ent years,
with I'nltcd Stntes Senator evc.orm'an at
t.ie head of nn nrray of legal talent for
the defence, will be s.'ttl.d without a trial
If an agreeme.nt submitted to Supremo
Court Justice tlreenbaum when the trial
was resume-d y.sterday Is appioved by the
The plan ef compromise was explained
by Wallace MarKurlune. formerly I.'nlted
States Attorney, who Is trial counsel for
the plaintiffs, Mrs. Marie II. II. Pierce and
Mrs. Harriet I. Morse. He said tli.it
Mrs, Alice Van Ness !'aronK, who was
cut off In the will set nslde by Surtogatu
Fowler, would, receive JJ6.00P, the sum
named in thn original will, her attornev
would gel JS.000 and that the plaintiffs
had agreed to accept IL'.'.uOu each, while
their attorney would get a fee of Jlu.oOa.
Mis. Van Nes will bo left in posietslem
)f the rest of the estate, which. Including
the uift made by Van Neis to her and
her li lends, amounts to over 4000,000.
Mr MacKiirlnnn said that the purtlcti
to tho litigation realized that unless- some
agreement was reached the suit would
be pending for years before .1 decision
would be reuched. nnd In the meantime
he property would be tied up In the hands
jf a receiver.
Justice Orcenbaum said he would ap
prove the terms If he foun" that alt the
parties had been fairly treated In the
Cornelius II. Van Ness wan married
three times. His niAt wife waa Mra. De
borah Van Nens, who divorced him. She
recently sued tils estate for 126,400 back
alimony, but lost, Van Ness's second wlfo
vas Mrs. Kinnia llurr Van Ness. Hho
dle'd, leaving an estate of more than
$1,000,000. Tho eMate was left to her
husband for life, with tho understanding
thut the property was to go to her nieces,
.Mrs. Mors) and Mrs. I'lerce. Later Van
Nes married Miss Alice Wool, 2 years
old, who fell from u bicycle In front of hli
When Van Ness died It was found thut
he had given part of his property to his
wife nnd her friends and relatives before
Ills death, und that his will left her the
entire estate. He bad revoked a codicil
to tho will which gave (25,000 to Mrs.
Alice Vnn Ness I'ursous, daughter of Van
Nest's first wife. Mra. I'arsons nied a
content In the Hurrogato'a Court. Burro
gate Fowler set aside the will. The widow
dirt not testify In the contest.
The two nieces, .Mrs. Morse und Mra
Pierce, then brought tho Supreme Court
action to set aside the transfers of prop
erty to Mrs, Van Ness, anil If they hud
succeeded the widow would have been left
'EXAMS' CHANGE ARMOUR'S PLAN
Vnle- I'resUmnn Cnt ITnrel! Grand-
father's Portrait In ChlcRKo.
Ciiii'ago, Jan. 13. 1'hlllp D. Armour
2d, u student at Yule, will not unveil the
portrait of his grandfather in the
Farmers Hull of Fame at Illinois Uni
versity on January 28, av had been
Tho fact that he la a freshman ut
Yule in the reason Thu dean of that In
stitution compared tho duto of tho un
veiling and tho date of tho freshman's
"exams," and when ho found they would
confl let he vetoed tho plan.
Miss I.ollta Armour, a cousin of Philip
D, 8d, und n daughter of J. Ogden
Armour, will do the unveiling.
Lynched After I'raycr suiel llui,
Tampa, FIb Jan. 13 Louis I'eck and
Within Jones, negroes, were lynched hero
early to-day for un attuck on Cass Tomp
Itln. ii white, plnnter. They were per- I
i.ilttv"! to prny and King a hymn. I
AIDED IN THE HOUSE
Proponed Lefrislntlon In In
ferred to Committee Favor
able to Conservation.
VOTK' STANDS 188 TO 119
Hearing Will lie Held on Qncs
tlon of Federal Control
of the Output.
. Washington, Jan. 1$, Conservation
by the Government of radium bearing ore
In the United States received Ita first vlc-
! tory In Congress to-day.
I Hy n vote of lis to 119 the House de
cided that tho legislation proposed for
the withdrawal of all "radium mines"
from public lands should be considered
by tho Committee on Mines und not by
I tho I'ubllo Lands Committee.
I Two radium bills wero Introduced yeo-
I terday, one by Representative Foster of
1 Illinois, chairman of the Mines Commit
tee, und thei' other by Chairman Scott
Ferris of the I'ubltc Ijends Committee.
It in known by, tho members of the House,
that the Mines Committee favors the with
drawal of all lands containing radium
bearing mineral, whllo thu other commit
tee will fight for prlvute exploitation.
Radium conservation hearings will be
conducted next week by the Committee on
Mines. Dr. Howard A. Kelly of Haiti
more nnd Dr. Robert Abbe of New York,
two of the country's leading cancer ex
perts; Secretary eif Interior Iine, who
tlrst advocated radium conservation : the
entire Colorado Congressional delegation
and other persona will appear to testify.
There Is n decided sentiment in Con
gress In favor of withdrawing all of Col
orado fields which contain radium de
posit. The action of the Hours to-day Is con
sidered as Indicative of the future attitude
of Congress on this subject.
DENIES RADIUM CURES
Dr. Ilussell Deplore ' False Hope
Dr. Worthlngteiti Sr.iton Kusse-ll, e-xpvrt
In the Held of cancer treatment and re
search and chief of tho X-ray department
of the New York Skin and Cancer Hospi
tal, writes in the current Issuo ef the
Sclrntlfle .ImeTican that lie h:ui seen
nothing after repented visits to all tho
Kuropeun centres where radium Is used
to prove that radium Is a specific remedy
Ho make tho statement after u most
thorough Investigation nnd backs It by
quotations from cancer experts In l'.n&
hind and Franc.
Mr. ltuell deplore tho publicity re
emtly (l(ii to statements of doctors say
ing that radium has cured cancer growths
which resisted all other treatment. He
suys that while radium may be helpful
In superlleial eveseee. tho opinion of the
greatest experts Is that the knife, at the
earllest possible stage, is the only ure
cure for cancer and that radium may be
of value Hfter an operation.
The expert Is emphatic In his state
ments because he believes that much
harm has linen done by the announce-.
menu of cures through radium. Ho says'
that It Influence lctlmt of cancer who t
should submit to thu knlfo to defer
01-eratlon until loo late.
Farneat Kflorte Defeated.
"Just as the earnest effort of thoso
Interested 111 n popular campaign against
cancer are beginning to bear fruit," he
writes, "and our patient uru realizing
the necessity of operation, conic the
positive statement, heralded oor the
country, that the dread disease can l
cured by radium. The statement I all
the more harmful because It purport to
come from eminent surgeons und further
because there Is an element of truth In
what has been reported."
Mr. ltu-.ell tecltts many trairlc In
cidents of cancer victim who delayed
operations through hope of some eune
other than the knife. 'There I no more
damnable scheme." he says, "than that
which works upon the credulity of the
Incurable sick with a promise of cure.
"Noweomes the cancer' cure by radium,"
ho continues. "Thut rndluni has It field
of usefulness In the treatment of certain
conditions, particularly of benign growths,
I not to be dented, but the slaU-mvllt uf
enthusiastic udvoe'utes thut the radio
active material will cute cancer Is to be
challenged. A proper decree of enthusi
asm Is laudable, but only when It Is tem
pered with scientific- t-ecptlclsm.
"Those, who have had the most experi
ence with radium uro not prepaied to
state Just what thb effe.-et 1b upon cancer.
Tho crucial point Is Jut what may be
considered a cure in cancer? Wi have
seen many cases come to the hospital In
which the primary growth had disap
peared under radium irradiation, but with
Immenfco nicliuluMR appearing ,-ome
"Is it Justifiable to record and report
Midh cases as cures? Decidedly no. A
case eunnot be suld to be cured of cancer
until live years have elapsed without u
recurretie'e. We are testing many meth
od a of treatment at the Skin und Cancer
Hospital, but whllo w are getting Inter
esting and encouraging results from oine,
wo would not be dealing honestly with
our patient nor with tho.se who look to
us tor our opinions if we made more Hsl
tlvc statements for somet timn to come.
"The effect of radium cannot be cor
rectly Judged unices comparatively large
amounts of high radioactivity ure em
ployed nnd unless tho proper technique
Is used.- The employment of n radium
salt with u low activity, although the bulk
may be lurge, will not produce) results.
It la said that one surgeon who was using
u considerable quantity of a radium prepar
ation without result had It tested by it re
liable expert, und was told thore was no
truce of radium whatever In tho ma
terial." Dr. Hussell tells of reportB made by
Dre. Wirhham nnd Degrals of the Paris
Laboratory' to the effect that radium haa
only a local and palliative effect, although
in certain casei of cancer u state of ap
parent cure has remained for several yearn.
Those doctors udvocato radium bee usexl
after operation for cunoer. Dr. Hussell
says there Is no warrant for saying
radium Is a cure for malUrnant tumors.
WIFE GONE; SUES FOR $50,000.
Ilroker Accnsee Rmlly Man nt t,mr
ItiK Away Young Wife,
lllchard Darling, preeldont of W. A.
Darling & Son. whose uncle, Itemsen Dar
ling, Is u well known mortgage broker,
was used In the .Supreme Court usterday
for 550,000 damages for alienating tho
affections of Mrs. Kuthcrlfio Lyul' Shaw
by Hubert M. Hhaw, bunker and broker
at 20 ltroad street.
Hhaw alleges that he was married on
March IS last to Kathcrlno I.yall, 18
years old, and that ho lived happily
with her until December t, when Dar
ling acquired an Influence over her and b
deceitful ways gained her affections, :ta
the rewult of which she left her homo in
The broker says that on December 31,
In reirponse to u message from Darllnr,
hl wife came hero lo meet Purling. The
two, ho says, went to White I'lnlns and
stayed at a madhouse tliri'e days, Khaw
uays hi wife telephoned:
"I love you, but I lovt Darling better.
I am with him yet" '
THI OLDEST AND THE,
TUc int policy written in Utlt
comatry gturanteeiaj tfec pay
ment of mortfavjc wm Utued
by Uda company In 1S92.
Since Uut time we ha? e gaar
anteed $500,000,000 of lnt mort
gagee, of which 1265,000,000 have
been paid off and 1335,000,000 are
till oatetandlng. On all thU
rati amount no Inverter haaerer
waited for hla Inter eat or tost a
dollar of hla principal.
We hare the Guaranteed lint
Mortgage tecurlty In rach form
that yea can lnvett'any amonnt
from S200 up. Interest Vt.
fVo Invtttor has evtr lott m dollar
Capital S Surplus, 19,000.000
t?aawrf,N.T. ITS Rcatea BL. Btura.
uorultoa tu Jamaica.
RIGHT TO STAY HERE
Court Holds Tt Xo More Serious
to Attaek (Seorjrc V. Thnii
MYMl'S NOW TX CANADA
Oeriaion of U. S. Court of Ap
peals May Cause Return
to This Country.
To libel tho King of England is no more
heinous a crime than to libel a London
strcctsweeper or a field Inborer of Devon
In the eyes of an Amcrlcun e-ourt.
Thin was the burden of a decision
handed elowti by the United States Circuit
Court of Appeals yestrrelay confirming
the action of Judge Noyes in admitting
Kdwurd F. Myllus to this country on u
writ of hubens corpus over the protests of
thee Imm'grntlon authorities, the Secretary
of Cotmnerco und Labor and the I'nltel
States District Attorney here.
Myllu was convlcti-d In Hngland of
libelling King 'ei'orgo In an ortlcln In
Kdwurd Holtou Jaines'i Furls paper, the
Mt.e-rnfor, In which the King was pirtured
as hnvlng contracted a morganatic mar
riage with the daughter of Admiral Sir
Michael Culme-Seymour Myllu served
twele month in prison and then came to
this country, but was held up by the Im
migration authorities on the ground of
l'rnbnblr Will t Appeal,
Assistant Unified States District At
torney Jeihu N. Boyle ays that he will
probably make no nppea.1 to the United
States .Supreno Court from the decision.
Tho Circuit Court of Appeals In tho de
cision, which was written by Judge) Co.ie,
holds that libel cannot lie considered a
crime Involving moral turftltude.
"'We elo .not lose .alula of tho brutality
of this, libel. Involving a It doe.t not emly
the King but tlie Queen, her. children
and the daughter of Admiral Seymour."
say the de-cislon, "but In construing tno
law we should proceexl on broad, genera!
lines, considering all pe rson iui equal l.
fore the. law. A ibvlslon which make
the Infamy of the llbei dependent upon
the lank of tho lxi.-s.jn libelled cannot
be defended either In law or ethics.
"If It would not lneilvo moral turpi
tude to publish this libel agatnxt a Held
laborer In Uevem or a street sweepr in
London It would not Involve moral turpi
tude to publish It rea-ardlng Lh lird
Chanee-Hor or even th King."
.Mllu .n In t'minelie.
Leonard D, AbtVitt, president e,f the
Free Speech League, who was active in
the campaign to have .Myllus admitted
to the country, said last night that the
l'ngllsh new spinier man fl till city for
Toronto, Canada, hint wevk to visit so
cialistic friends theiru and pcrhup make
u t.pech or two.
"I believe It was his ultimate plan to
return to Kurope to engage In socialistic
work In eilther. Indon or I'arls." said
Mr, Abbott. "Hut thu favorable action
of the e-ourt may bring him buck here."
Whllo In thl eity Mllus whs eno of
tho edltoref of the SocUttlat lo ll'nr, an
I W, W. (taper wiileii eiplred shortly
befoie ho letft for Canada.
CALAMITY STALKS WITH
PROSPERITY IN HOUSE
Ili,nl,ll D.ill tf ir,,,..l Ti..,,.
II eil ie nil II r? 111.11 III lllllll I lull n
and rnderwood Pictures
(lood Ones Coming.
WasimniVPOn, Jan. 13. Prosperity and
calamity c.Ia'hi'd this afternoon in the
House of HeprcHtntatlves.
ltepubllcuus under the leadership of
Hcprementatlve Humphrey of Washington
churge'd that the nation is In tho grip
of business paralysis. Majority leader
Underwood e-amo to tho defence of his
party and for more than forty-five min
utes attempted to ri'futo tin, urray of
statistics presented by Mr. Humphrey.
"We uro on the verge of national
calamity," suid Mr. Humphrey. "The
steel mil fa urn closing, the tariff haa
struck lumleor uml shipping like an earth
qunke In tho night. The Increase In Idlo
freight cars I tremendous,
"In thn United States there are more
than 1,100,000 men out of work, thrown
out by you Democrats. In the auto
mobile Industry alone there have been
recently discharged because of lack of
business rin.OOO men, S.OOn In Cleveland,
3G.00O In Detroit nnd 12,000 In and near
"The steel Industry is already partially
paralyzed. Wage earners uro losing
$63,000,000 a month, nn annual sum of
"I have heard tho birds of 111 omen
croaking for many mpnths, but I knew
tho reply wus coming from the American
people," replied Mr. Underwood. "There
will be such a revival uf business pros
perity next year oh will put these
croakers to shunie. Wo came Into power
ut a disturbed time, brought on by tho
mismanagement of previous political
afTalrs. It Is perfectly natural that busl
nets should halt to see what the Demo
crats would do. We have mado more
legislation than ever was made by a new
pnrty ,before. Republicans pledgnd them
selves to do this, but their promises were
only redeemed In n polltle.ul bankruptcy
"The Industrial rlrpresmlou from whlrii
we are emerging to-day Ik not u matter
that was born within the administration
of Wemdrow Wilson, The Industrial de
pression from which we havo bum mirror
ing haa existed for mute thun u year,"
TEACHERS HAVE BOY
ARRESTED IN SCHOOL
Stuyvesaiit High School Pupil
Said to Havo Punohed
STUDENTS MAY STRIKE
Say Comrade Got 'Third Degree'
for Smoking in Front
The door of VIce-Prlnclpal Walter E.
Foster'! office on the second floor of the
Stuyvesant High School. Fifteenth street
and Irving place, was burst open about
'i'.'JO o'clock yesterday afternoon and out
came George Harder, the seventeen-year-old
son of Julius F. Hurdcr, well known
architect of Huyslde, U I, Close behind
him ran Mr. Foster and Harry T. Knox,
a teacher of drawlrg. Pupils who saw
the trio said that the two men had hands
to their Jaws. Young Harder went to tho
room whern ho hud his desk.
A little later u policeman from tho Kust
Twenty-second street station arrived ut
tho school and on complaint of Dr. Foster
arrested Harder on n charge of disorderly
conduct. He at unco notified his father,
who went to tho Fssc Market court In
time to ask for an adjournment of the
yiso until Thursduy afternoon. Magis
trate Harris paroled the prisoner in the
cilMody of his father.
None of the prlnclpu's In the case would
talk about It last nlht, but friends of
young Harder suld that lie got Into
trouble be'eauee he smoked n cigarette In
front of the school In violation of a rule
laid down lust May. At that tlmo the
pupils struck becau.'e they considered the
food In the school lunoh room poor and
nlso becnuse they were not allowed to go
out at the luncheon period, l'uplls say
that Mr. Knox ordered Harder to tbrovv
uway tlio cigarette or move on. He 1
moved on and, his friends say, Mr. Knox
followed him and repeated tho order.
This time he threw away the cigarette.
This was on Monday, Yesterday
Harder was summoned before Dr. Foster
em complaint of Mr. Knox and put
through what the pupils term tho "third
degree." It la said that he demanded to
be allowed to go and that when ho was
refucd he used his ftsU nnd fought his
way eiut of the room.
An a result nf this trouble another
strike of the pupils Is likely If the charge
against H erder Ii pressed. Members of
school focletles to which he belong said
that tf he wan't reinstate.! and restored
to full privileges they would organize a
strike and refuse to attend the soslons
until Ii was.
Mr. Hnnler cald li will enga a law
yer to appear for his son on Thursday.
Dr. Foster refuseel tei make any state
ment. BANK GUARANTEE BILL
PROBABLY WILL PASS
Majority in Congress Favors It
nnd Democrats Will With
Washington. Jan. 13. Th Senate
Committee on Ilanklng and Currency
will soon report a bill providing a plan
for guaranteeing deposits held In banks
In the new Federal reervo system. Like
action will be take-n by the corresponding
eommittee In the llouxe.
Indication are that a bank deposit
ruxrnnteo law will be enacte-d at this
soslon.. A majority In the Senate, in
c tiding Nelson of Minnesota, a Itepubll
can, favor th' plan.
The guarantee- plan In the (il.ist-uwcn
bill w.i eliminated In conference. It
provided th.it after tho lVder.il reserve'
banks had paid ! per e'ent. on their
Mock and created u surplus, a fund
should bo cr'Hted guaranteeing de
pot.ltor. A inodllleatlon nf this plan will
be projeosed In tho bill soon to le re
porteel. It lu'ije been leprce-ented that In State.
win re law guarantee depelt In State
.nMitutlons, tin result Is disadvantageous
to national bank. For this reason then1
is sciitlmi'nt among many :ua.l national
banks favorable to Federal guarantee.
William J. llrran made guaranteeing
dreposlts a leading Issue III ills cam-Pili-'n
ugaliut Wllllum II. Taft In H'OS.
Conservative Influence among the
Democrat" In Congrt hao trloil to
smother the) bank guaranti'o plnn, but
they tlnd that the majority fuor It und
will not place further ohst.it le in Hi1
way of the measure.
RAILROAD LOSES FARE CASE.
Inn'l Ceillre! If Trice1 of Tlekrl l
'('no -iiiull, Court Holds.
Tho tlrst ileellon In this State Involv
ing the right of the purchaser of u rail
road ticket who Is sued by tho railroad
company em the ground that the agent
en'.hvted a price Icih than thei legal rate
of fare und the purcluucr I asked to pay
thn ellfferiiiico was hundi'l down yester
day by Municipal Court Justice F.
D. Witt Well In the Ninth District in an
action brought by tho New York
Central rallroud company against u.
p.tKenger, The court holds that a
passenger Is not oompelled by law to
eay tho difference. The decision uffects
mnn claim made by railroad romiuinles
agaluM passengers, who usually pay tho
amount demanded rather than tho cot of
defending u Milt
"Tho Incidental pleasures of American
travol nnd tho absurdltle of the Un lit
somo of It workings are thown in this
action for $D," says Justice Well. "The
defendant purchased from the agent nf
the New York Central railroad nt
Iteiehester a round trip ticket lo Cali
fornia. llrltHh Columbia and back to.
New tork through the great lakes, for
whl.'h ho paid lOIMS.
"When ho returned the agent wrote
him that In giving th price for tho ticket
he mailt a mistake and should have
charged IMS more. The defendant, pre
sumably feeling that the agent would
loso this sum from his own pocket, sent
him J5.13, it gentlemanly proceeding.
"The agent also wrote that he had made
a mistake of 9 for berth und meals on
the lake steamer of the Canadian Faclllc
Hailroad. Thl the defendant refused to
(vay, and to receiver this $3 this action Is
brought, The Now York Central by Its
attorneys e; intend that under the Inter
state commerce net it I entitled to
recover thl Tho court la somewhat
at a lots to understand how the Inter
state commerce act can fix the price of
meals on Canadian ntumrH."
The court said that Thomua (1. Hresna
ban, counsel for the defendant, "has
spont n great deal of time In prejkirlrig
briefs and In the trial of this action, for
which the defendant muat already have
incurred expense, so It would probably
have been cheaper to have paid the 0 In
tho first place."
Telephone Co, to Report Jan. 33.
Ai.nANT, Jan. 13, Tho up-State Publlo
Service Commission to-day ex tendril from
.lunuaiy IB to January the time In
which tho New York Telephone Company
miiAt fib) II uu.'iwer to the order asking
for Information telntlvo to the value of Its
properties to ho used In the pending New
Turk city telephone rate case, ;
Made by Henry HeathLondon's most exclu
sive coat maker especially for Knox. The stuff
in them is in keeping with zero weather and iey
Warmth-without-ivcight coats that will help
to re-discover the joys of motoring in midwinter
days Tweed and Fleeces. lialmacaans of
Coats exceedingly desirable and exclusive.
- Four LflBied Coats
Coats lined with Mink, blended Muskral and
Alaska Seal. Collars of natural Otter, vnpluckcd
Beaver or Persian Lamb.
Coats of Labrador Reaver with quilted satin
(KNOX Young Men's Hats)
ASKS $25,000 FROM PERSIA.
Fifth Ae. Merchant Tbrnvrn Into
51 ud Dangciin far Xlght.
John C. Uhrlaub. rug merchant at 114
Fifth avenue, has filed a claim for $20.
000 damages against I'ersla because of
hi arrest and 111 treatment at the little
town of Kahrlzak a month ngo. The
State Detiurtmont has called for h report
on the affair from Charles W. Russell,
Minister to Persia.
Mr. Uhrlaub told about his experience
at his office yesterday.
"When I entered Kahrlzak I had with
me only my superintendent in Persia,
F. W. Chaeaud, a Ilrltlsh cltlien. Sud
elenly from the roadlee caniu a band of
thirty men, fifteen of them with rifles.
At first wo thought we wero held up by
bandits, but the dress of somo of them
was too good for that.
"They forced uu to dismount and
searched u. HecauKe we were nearly
through our trip we had hardly nny
money, only letters of credit, which they
could not use. They took u $300 scarfptn
I wore and searched us to the (olnt of
personal Indignity They said they were
looking for weapons. I hnd a revolver,
but It wus In my belongings.
'The leuelers warned us not to attempt
to cscnpu er we would be.- shot eleael. The
speech was nil In 1'ersluu ami Turkish.
I efeak Turkish ami hail no difficulty to
"Mr, Chasnaud and myself were
thrust Into a mud ungewn with n wet
floor. It Is mountain country and we
were kept there all night without any
thing to eat or een u drink of water In
bitter cold and darknes. In the morn
trig Mr. Charsenud bribed one of tho men
to let him telephono the Ilrltlsh Ambassa
dor In Teheran. Oh, yes, then are a
few telephones In Persia, un Installation
of tho Russians.
"The Ilrltlsh Ambassador Immediately
sent one of his men with a force and
secured our release. All of our captor
were caught. I am told, and I heard that
they wero informed that they would each
receive u hundred lahe ns a prelimi
"We tried to find out what was back
of our i-elzure. Some salil that we were
taken to be Armenian murderers against
whom a warning had been sent out We
never did discover the e'uuse."
When Mr. Uhrlaub and ills superin
tendent were leleanil they wen nlnmst
In physical collapse. Lack of food and
water, the cold ami wet mud of the Per
sian dungeon proved too severe a climax
to week of anluoii tr.ieel The mer
chant .s that he lot many pounds nnd
is only now getting hi health baek.
TWO CARS HIT DETECTIVE,
One Throe, Him In either Track
1 niler Whirl aif ei'oiiil.
tiro Session, a iletertUe, t0 years old,
of r.T2 Fiftieth street, lhooklyii. was hit
by a northoliund cur on lower lireuilway 1
niar Ite'ade street early Inn night was
thrown to the southbound track nnd run
mer by u South Ferry ear. He was'
taken lo th llotisu of Relief suffering 1
from n I'nictiireel t-houhlerhlneU. broken
rlli and dislocation of the lift arm. Ho
w III recover. 1
WILSON ON HIS RETURN
OUTLINES HIS MESSAGE
Will Reassure Business Besides
W.itiJliMTTON, Jan. IS, President Wil
son re-turned to the Wliltn Hon., this
morning after n vacation of three weeks
lit Pas Christian. Mis. He reached the
Union Station ut 7 :30 o'clock and rode
to tio Executive Mansion for breakfast.
At 11 ecloi; he. met his Cabinet and
shook hand warmly with each me-mber
Unch expressed tho opinion that Mr.' Wil
son nppe-ared to in In better health than
nt any other time since hla Inauguration.
Tho President illMlosed ut tho Cabinet
meeting the jri'iieral character of hi anti
trust meugi, to be dilireil to Con
gress next week He will not eloe his
mind upon rill tln question to be em
bodied In It for scw-r.el dayh, for he In
tend to go over thn document In detail
with Attorney-General Mclteynoldv, nnd
also to discuss the anti-trust situation
with Representative Clayton, chairman,
und members of the Ilous Jndlclarv
Commllttee, who will ijill upon him to
morrow, Mr. Wilson's iomlng address probuld)
will devote as much attention to reassur
Ing th business world and expressing
his approval of thn prulm worthy attitude
which he considers has bef-n mentfested
hy recent developments u to the needs
which he sees for anll-trut legislation
It I ttuid that thn President will make
specifi,-! mention of the voluntnry agree
ments reached by the New- Haven rn.nl
and the Hell telephone system for their
It is practlevillv rertntn that the Presi
dent will ak CnnEret-s to enact three
specific measures one to prohibit Inter
locking directorate ; another to nuipllfv
the provisions of the Hhermun law matt
ing ofllclaU of corporations, personally re
Hiionslble for establishing combinations
In restraint of trad und to provide for
the criminal punishment of ofTUial so
convicted; anil the third, to dellno a
nninoioly in terms clearer than that em-ioel-d
In the present law, ho us to re.
move the "reasonable" urea of doubt,
which wns recognl.i in the Supreme
Courts derision dissolving the tobacco
452 Fifth Ave.
PETITION IS DENIED
Judge Hough Decides That llr
cciver Might Hurt Clinnc.'
SKCKKT ASSETS AhLKt.hH
District Attorney, Creditor, nnd
Keceivers Awiiit Iteport
Judge Charles M. Hough ol the I
States District Court yesterday
tiled the application for u reiv
In bankruptcy for Henry Slr:..i
Co., bunkers, and Henry Sle
ami Frank U. Vogel Indie idu
The Judge intimated that further
plication In the nffalrs of the twe
and of their e-opurtnershlp lu likely .
jure the chances of llielr bank depes
so much that the depositor will
eclve u penny.
"The petition for appointment
eelver will lemnln on lib." (alii tin
In Ills opinion. "The. petition
ruptcy I'Ontaln no nth .ratloiit- i -,
act of bankruptcy except upon .'
tloil and belief. Tile pctltlone -no
reason for thn appolntim nt
desire on the part of the o'tor n
(e-ntlng tin petition to cx.imlie !
Slegel and Vogel under section .la e
"An examination of these (l-e
will lie had under the equity prone I
under dlretion of the court The .
punitive ndeuntage'S of e-qulty .end I
ruptcy werei e-oiifidercel nt gica' n e
before nny receivers In cquit? were
"From tho facts then presented '
(and more recent IevUeptnent has
.firmed tho belief) tho opinion w.i i-
that unless the mercantile! buine.
fe-i te d by the e quity proci-edlngs cotilr
kept together and aluu put n i
stock tile loss espe-clally to lie po e
In thn so-i-alled bunk would be It
total. A tensonable time mu-t be uiio
for efforts ut rehabilitation, liurnu
tlmo all the ullled und de-pendcui t
ncsse should be kept together ur 1"
control. Tho appointment of banVni'
receUers (no mutter who they ure)
do no good and inuy do harm. '
Tho action of the court did not ei it
efforts to throw the two bank parte
Into Involuntary bankruptcy Abn'
f I ruber, who brought one of the t
Monday, Immediately It-sued i-ubp'i in
Mefcirs. Slegel und Vogel nnd unnmr
that ho would proceed with his case 'i
would 1m examinations, and then If t
of facts Justltying It uhould uppi-ai
application will be renewed
Jamcw 11. Rosenberg, httorney tor
receivers, and John S. Sheppanl, Jr
of tho reA'elvers, were In tho IVo
Hiilldiug yesterday nftcrnoon on mine
slon whle-h they decllneel to reveal
mado no formal motion, but i'
thought that Mr. Hheppard, who hat
returntil from Hoston, might have
report to make on the conditio!
Henry Slegel Company, the llosto.
Senator Pollock'H Committee' on H.
will meet at City Hull this morntr.t.
i , r
ChniilTeur Dies In Aiitu
Frank H. Hary, I" yearn old.
feur for Mrs, Hllrn Haton. a w u
Detroit, ded of heart tllsiuse (n a '
Mno nt Fifty-sixth street ntnl See
tine jestcrday ns lie was on t .. .
theatre ti. get PI employe-, M
is usitlig friend at il'l W '
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