Newspaper Page Text
MONDAY, MARCH SO, 1914.
Mred at tha rost Office at New York at Second
Clans Mall Matter.
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THE CVL'NlNUSU.Ntrurelcm.PcrUoBtb. 1 03
All checks, money orders Ac, to be made pay
able to '1 iik SlN,
PublUlied dally, Including Sunday, by the Sun
1'rlnllnt and Publlahtnf AswIsUon at 170 Nanuu
atrrei. In the Borough of Manhattan, New York.
President and Treasurer. WllUam C. Itelclf . 170
.uu street! Vice-President, Kdwsrd P. Mitchell.
1,0 Nassau atreet; Secretary, 0. B. Luiton, 170
London office. Cffiafham Home, t Arundel
Paris office, 8 nue de la Mlcbodltrs. off line du
Waablnf ton office. ITlbb Bulldinf.
Brooklyn office. IM Lt1ntston street.
tf our trttnti teho fator u.i trA mmuertptt mi
UHutratumt for puotuaHoa trttn ( Am rcMd
trMcItt riturntt Vuy mutt In alt cat tend tiamni
tf flUf parpen.
Our Sewer Circled Town.
Dr. OoLKWATTi's decision to Issue no
remits (or bathhouses on the water-
Tftat of Manhattan, Queen and
Brooklyn from the Narrows to the city
m ww forced because the pollution
tt the North and East rivers has
reached a point which renders them
dangerous to the health of bathers.
n prohibition falls on city and prl
Tate establishments alike, and will un
questionably result In great discomfort
asaong thousands whoso habit hns been
to seek these baths for recreation In
the hot months.
The rivers offer to Now Yorkers the
wholesome and economical plens
that nature affords. New York
Itself and the other communities on
the banks of the streams have turned
them into sewers. It may be that loss
of the privilege of bathing will Impress
on the public as nothing el mo could the
necessity of developing a sewugo dis
posal xysleiu (11 for a cUIlIzcd people,
a thing that hns been entirely neglected
Governor Kidder's Crisis.
New Jersey weather prophets detect
n storm centre- hovering over the State
and due to Ih centrul nt Trenton when
the I-ejrlHlnture reconvenes to-night
The conditions nrc so cyclonic that the
Democratic party Is wild to be in dan
ger of being blown npnrt and Oovernor
riujitn's influence may meet with
The ostensible cause of the tribula
tion Is thtt bank tax bill which the
Governor has Ieen urging upon the As
wmhlyineti and Senators of his party
its Itnllix'iihalile to a Democratic vic
tory In November. Hut the real trouble
Ik the bitterness between the Wilson
faction and the "Essex" contingent,
which does homage to former United
States Senator James Smith, Jr. Thin
smouldering Ore hns seized upon the
bank question as material for a flareup,
and the Governor as standard bearer
of the Wllsonltes, and City Counsel
James It. Nuot.nt of Newark, spokes
man of the opposition, have been ac-
easing each other of treachery, doublet
dealing and other political virtues In
the New Jersey newspapers during the
Ia the last few days some modifica
tions have been made In the bill which
asmke It less onerous upon the banks.
The tax to be levied upon their
capital, surplus and undivided profits
ass been reduced from 1 to three
quarters of 1 per cent,: the value
of all real estate paying local
rates is further to be deducted from
the total upon which the State assess
ment la to be made. On the whole the
banks are satisfied with thin; they are
getting off about uh well as they ex
pected and they will make no active
tight against the measure when It
comes up this evening. NotwIthHtand
ing this Mr. rirxDr.s and bin lieuten
ant Assemblyman Doriiins, who Ik In
charge of the bill, express grave doubts
as to whether It will pasH. The Gov
ernor has nnnounced publicly that
all understanding with Assemblyman
QtnotxT, tho Essex leader in tho House,
Is off, and It Is possible that his faction
may do Its worst to discredit the Gov
ernor, new excuse for a factlonul tight
boluK found In n dispute, as to the
means by which the real estate exemp
tion shall 1)0 applied.
On Saturday unexpected aid came to
the Governor In n published statement
by EnwAMi C. KroKtH, who was his
rival candidate on the Itepubllcan ticket
InM November. Mr. Stokus rather
knocked tint wind out of Itepubllcan
opposition to the bank bill by giving
It a pretty Mrong Indorsement. Ho
Is a hanker himself In the southern
part of the Stnto and his Influence Is
Through this stroke of luck the Gov
ernor may have tho satisfaction of see
lag his bill go on tho statute book.
Hut If his victory be due to Itepubllcan
votes mid If It leavo him with a Iiom
leshly split ntid embittered party It
will be a dearly bought one. The Oov
ernor seems to be learning that It takes
a very strong hand to dominate H i,(.K.
Ulature, and Ihnt It Is n game not
very politician can win at.
T Why Nuffcr From Floods?
During tho severe floods of last yenr
tho fact was revealed that In many
communities responsibility for the over
waters was directly charce-
alU . . aw. . . ...
u,v i lbs mwu Duuacrs tncmselres,
who with full knowledgo of the high
stages reached annually by the it reams
had failed completely to provide courses
to accommodate the excess water. In
one middle Western city the danger
had actually been pointed out, but no
steps had been taken to correct tho con
ditions that Invited disaster.
Again this year spring has brought
the familiar tale of Inundated villages,
water covered streets In cities, disabled
transportation lines, property damage
reaching large figures, and loss of lives,
Iti some situations it Is possible that
the overflow Is unavoidable, but in
many cases reasonable foresight and
the expenditure of comparatively small
sums of money would unquestionably
keep the streams within bounds, thus
averting the discomforts and damages
that now regularly mark the end of
each winter season.
No section of tho country Is so poor
In engineering skill or In money that
the necessary defences against floods
cannot be attained. Is it not a serious
reflection on American business ncumen
that losses are tolerated where the In
telligent Investment of a few dollars
would prevent them?
Hard Times and tho Case of the
Next to agriculture the greatest in
dustry In the United States Is rati
roadlug. In tho country's transporta
tion system, with L'50,000 miles of trock
and an Investment of fully $18.tX)0,000,
000 of capital, Is most strikingly ex
pressed the American genius for eco
nomic expansion. Ha II road develop
ment has been the peculiar contribu
tion of the United States to the ma
terial progress of the race. Nowhere
else in the world have the science and
art of moving passengers and goods by
rail been carried to such a pitch of
Next also to agriculture railroad en
terprise hns been the greatest "Ingle
factor in American prosjtcrlty. Indeed
It is not too much to say that railroad
extension has transcended every other
Influence In Its stimulus to prosperous
activity. Yet to-day there Is an njv
palling public Indifference to the dan
ger which threatens the whole business
fabric of the United States as the re
sult of an overloaded political tend
ency to subject the rallroHtls to an oji
presslve degree of governmental regu
lation which practically constitutes de
nial of the right of private capital to a
Very recently there have been hope
ful signs of a public nwakcnlng to the
disaster which Impends If the railroad
factor In American prosperity Is elim
Inated ; but It Is a question If there Is
an ndeiuntc public appreciation of the
real crlsK Do American citizens under
stand what Is meant by the accounts
which are being published dally of re
duction of working forces on the rail
roads and curtailment of train service?
Statements of falling earnings may
seem only a matter of bookkeeping con
cern to stockholders, commonly thought
of ns rich persons who can afford a de
crease of Income. How about the 40,
000 employees who Imvo been laid off
on Uie New York Central and I'ennsyl
vanlu lines alone in the last fonr
months, with every certainty that In a
few weeks the number will be In
creased? How about the trains which
have lieen dropped from schedules?
Are not these facta which strike
home the truth that hard times have
come again In the United States and
that they have come to stay a long
while unless the railroad situation Is
relieved In tho manner nsked by the
Eastern carriers In their supplication
to the Interstate Commerce Commis
sion for iH'ruilsslon to make an average
advance of r per cent. In their freight
rates? Is thu lesson of hard times
going to to needed before It Is under
stood what Issues of economic life and
death are involved In this matter of
freight rate advances? Do the Ameri
can jteoplo court disaster, or do they
fall to comprehend the situation?
It has been shown to the Interstate
Commerce Commission that thirty-five
railroads, the principal petitioners In
the Eastern rate case, have since 11U0
added i:.9.000.000 to their property
Investment. East year after paying
operating expenses and taxes their net
earnings were $1),M 1,000 less than In
1010, although their gross earnings
were flMl.iTIi.nOfi greater. They not
only earned nothing on the new capi
tal sunk In the three year period, which
at a reasonable rate of return should
have yielded about $.l:.',50(j,t00 lust
year, but they obtained a diminished
return on their Investment as It was In
11(10. How long cau It be supposed
that private capital will go Into tho
railroads under such circumstances?
How long will It stay there?
Who wants to put money Into a los
ing venture? The railroads are to-day
a losing venture unless their future
contains more assurance of profit than
politics hns been willing to vouchsafe
In recent years. Where Is the money
to come from to build the UMI.OOO addi
tional miles of track which will bo
needed in the next generation? Not
only must there be more mileage, with
Its Incidental Increase of labor and
equipment, but the whole railroad sys
tem has to be rebuilt and replaced
every so often. Where Is the money
coming from to do It?
In the Eastern rnto case It has been
shown that railroad dividends of late
years have averaged a small frac
tion over .1 per cent. Heturns on
capital Invested In manufacturing en
terprise of corresponding Imiiortance
have Ih'ou more than twice that. Some
thing like $0,000,000,000 of Investment
Is represented In the Imnils, notes and
stock of the Eastern lines. This money
came from the public. How much morn
will come from the public If Investors
can see ahead of them only shrinking
returns and an Increasing certainty
that the railroads will not be permuted
to earn adequate wages on Invested
capital? Thero Is tremendous coiiiik?
tltlon all over tho world to-day for
capital, and tho railroads have to ob
tain their share In a more highly com
petitive market than the world las ever
It Is conceded that the railroads must
make money enough for all necessary
purposes. It has been demonstrated,
and only the fatuous deny It, that they
nre not making enough money, Vttiy
should there be hesitation in the cir
cumstances? No consideration of past
mistakes and abuses by the railroads
and no effort to redress them will mako
any difference In the consequences of
starving them now. The country Is
not confronted by n matter of history
but by a present fact, and so far as
history goes It can bo dismissed rrom
the reckoning anyway.
How little the public has to fear from
a repetition of the evils of the past Is
strikingly and even alarmingly Illus
trated by the state of terrorism which
exists In railroad circles. Railroad ex
ecutives will not say publicly what they
say privately about the desperate pros
pect which looms before the transpor
tation system if the courses of politics
are not speedily changed. This is one
of the special features of menace in the
present situation. It is akin to the
menace which offered a year ago when
fear spread through the whole banking
community on account of the dema
gogic uproar politically excited against
bankers. Railroad officers of the new
order have done their besto establish
friendly relation wiu uie people, but
experience with all political contact
has taught them that every mcasuro of
railroad management Is likely to be
misrepresented. The Eastern railroads
have been wildly accused of padding
their expense accounts In order to
strengthen their case, and nothing which
the railroads do seems to save them
from the unreasoning suspicions of po
litical campaigners who have been liv
ing for years off the capitalization of
hostility to the railroads, for which
there Is no longer a shadow of excuse.
Argument Is made that the railroad
conditions denoted by heavy declines
in earnings, reduced and passed divi
dends, defaulted Interest, diminished
employment for labor, curtailed train
service and the like are largely the re
sult of general business Impairment.
This is true; but how much of the
depression of general business has been
caused by compiling the railroads to
engage In a struggle for their very ox
There are 1,700.000 employees on
Amerlenn railroad payrolls, who with
their families represent altout 7i ier
cent, of the country's population. The
buying and consuming power which the
railroads create by their disbursements
throughout the land Is enormous, lit
rect purehiises of materials by the rail
roads themselves make a vast contribu
tion to the country's total volume of
business. Nor Is railroading a million
On the contrary, millionaire Interest
therein has ticcu steadily dwindling.
judging from the steady lengthening of
stockholders' lists and tbc steady low
ering of the average of shares held,
conclusive proof that large holdings
have been in process of liquidation. In
the Pennsylvania Itallrnad system alone
there are 100,000 stockholders. Never
have tbc railroads Iteen so popularly
owned as now. The reserves of life In
surance companies and tho funds of
savings banks nre heavily Invested In
them, and thereby millions of Individ
uals nre directly concerned with the
welfare of the railroads without realiz
ing It, because they own no railroad se
And what Is the railroad system
which has been brought to Its present
evil pass? It pays the highest wages
In the world nnd pays more taxes In
proportion to Invested capital than the
railroads of any other land. It not
only does moro work on Its capital but
It does this work uion less capital than
nny other railroad system. One of the
favorite charges of politicians against
the railroads Is that they are Inefficient.
How have they manifested this lnetti
clency? They have Increased enormously their
train schedules, enlarged terminals and
built commodious stations. They have
Increased tho hauling mwer of locomo
tives nnd the carrying capacity of cars.
They have steadily Increased trnlnlonds
nnd have relit Id tracks with ever heav
ier rails. They have steadily reduced
grades, straightened lines and built
stronger bridges. It Is n question If
there Is any Industry In nny land which
hns given such nn exhibition of progres
sive efficiency as the American railroad
system. The wonder Is that with all
their Improvement In methods nnd ser
vice nt a steadily decreasing cost to the
public and n steadily diminishing re
turn to themselves the railroads have
not already gone Into bankruptcy In
stead of being at the verge of It.
A great question has lieon asked In
the Eastern rate case. If a wrong an
swer Is given the signs of hard times in
tho United States to-day are only a
foretaste of what Is In store.
Tltc llrliifilnR l of Children.
"Sometimes I wish children could bo
Iwrn without piironts," snys Miss M.vry
Habiklmk, ii Judge of the ChlcnRo Cir
cuit "Court wliow duty It Is to henr
children's cases. Sho Is a visitor lit
New York nnd Him was nddros-liK the
I'iiinio tor l'ol Ilk-ul Kducntloti. Her
discourse In Rwiernl consisted In n repe
Itlon of all the stock observations nlioiit
bud pnrents, parents who bent, stnrie,
neglect, exploit, Indulge, coddle, spoil
their chlldreu, with lanieutnlloiiH over
tho dire consequences.
Of course there was nothing what
ever new; thero Is nothing tunv to ho
said on that side of the subject. No
body questions that there are some bud
parents or that tholr conduct mime
times has n wry Imd offec! on their
progeny. Nor did Miss ItAiiri.i.MK- have
nnythliiK very substantial to offer In
the way of remedy, chlelly, iktIihph,
because nature affords no ready nindn
remedy for such Innate weaknesses of
humanity. On tho whole, the present
ment Is to ho deprecated. It seems to
furnish new material for tba byaturt-il
THE SUN, MONDAY, MARCH
cal pessimism so prevalent to-day In
"reform" circles, and In so far as It does
this It Is harmful.
Unfortunately, whatever s woman
holding an authoritative position such
us that of Miss ItABTELME may say Is
apt to be taken by the public at large
as expert evidence. If she does not
know all about the condition of child
life to-day, who does? the average man
will ask. Quito the contrary is prob
ably true appears from her talk on
Saturday to be absolutely true. She
Is so near to the bndly brought up chtl
dren that she cannot see the others; the
wnlfs of misfortune block off her view
of the children of love and wisdom,
though their name la legion, though
these exceed the unfortunate class as
sands of the sea are greater than an
ant hill. So It happens that when she
touches the extreme of twentieth ccn
tury pessimism and wishes children
could be born without parents she Is
sieaktng out of the fulness of profes
sional Igitorance or oblivion of the
broad reality of life.
There Is not the slightest reason to
think that the gift of parenthood Is de
generating or that children In general
are being evilly brought up.' Thot
nre differences and degrees of aptitude
and success; there ore differences as
to precise aim nnd method; but the
common experience of nny one will
satisfy htm that throughout this coun
tryand other clvtllxcd communities
arc no different an enormous majority
of the young people attain maturity
clean and upright In their souls, com
petent In mind and body, enjoying mu
tuality of love as respects their parents
slid having a fair sense of duty toward
their neighbors. It would probably be
an extravagant exaggeration to say that
one youth In a thousand of either sex
dropped to a level of morals or efficiency
justly to be described as bad.
Whether children ore any better or
worse brought up' to-day than In the
'good -old times" will always be a sub
ject of dispute, but for those who will
study the literature of bygone genera
tions there 1h ample encouragement for
the liellef that we have not retro
Hotel men to tour Europe. tl'utlHnt,
Oh, sweet revenge'
Dutch rrlson unrsu-thed. WeodIis.
It Is not a bit lejM modern than some
of the penal Institutions actually In use,
Only i few citizens of New York reg
istered for the special election of April
7. Is tho Coasrltutlon to ha amended
Tk money out ef politics. Senator
A. J. l'ALMin, Vrogrtiihe.
Tako Mr. Pkkkins'b money out of
Now that Miss Mn.t.1 Brest: has mode
up Iter mind to fly across tho Atlantic
the thine Is as good as done. In this
ago everything yields before the will
of the new woman.
Weddings beggar the poor, say tho
l.'nlverslty of Chicago settlement probers.
What about the near rich?
THE ASSOCIATED MESS.
what's wrong With It?
rrom as erffcU bv W'lH Incln Ik Barmtr't
Tho country has been feeling recently
that there Is something wrong with tha
Associated Press, our great and doml-
nnnt bureau of general Information.
In the early years of the association
Mrtural newcomers attempted to break
In. hut the "power of Protest" birred
lrrTThc InelSabb, happened the Chi-
cago InUr Octua, denied a franchise, pre-
lured to tirosecute under tne ir Sml.
denly tho Associated Press, hitherto an I
Illinois corporation, dissolved und reor
ganized In New York with a new consti
tution drawn up by expert corporation
lawyers. AnJ they framed It wonder
fully to keep It ulthln the law. The
"right of protest" tmnlned. Hut It was
provided that nny innn denied a fran
chise by the right of protest could appeal
to the annual meeting of the ossoclutlnn.
If four-nfthn of the members voted for
his appllcntlun he could receive a fran
chise In spite of tho protest! Of course
this viiih merely n legal subterfuge. To
tho best of my knowledgo only two or
three new franchises have ever been
granted over the right of protest und
those lifter a terrible light. Few, Indeed,
have had the hardihood tu npply. When
surli an appllcatiun comes up In the
unnual nifetlng the members slutKu with
laughter as they shout out a unanimous
-.No'' Kor, owing to the exclusive terms
of the charter, an Associated Prtss fran
chise to a metropolitan newspaper U now
woith from JCO.OuO to 1200,000, Abolish
the exclusive feature, throw the associa
tion open to all, and you wipe out these
values. The publisher lire taking no
chances with n precedent ho dangerous.
When the association reorganized in
New Yorl: .State thu management took
advantage of tha law In another manner,
Their charter van Issued not under that
section of tho corporation law which
licenses business associations, but under
th section permitting "uiutu.il companies"
'literary, social und fish and game clubs.
A Jnku at tlrst, tills turned out to be a
serious matter. A stockholder In n busi
ness corporation chartered In the usual
form Is restrained only by the laws
against slander and libel from saying
anything lie may pleaso Hgolnst the cor
poration or Its management. Ills publicly
expressed opinions do not affect hlv legal
standing ns a inetiils'r of the corporation.
It Is different with a mutual association.
A memlier may be, expelled fur an act de
rogatory to the Interests of the organiza
tion. This completed the "cinch." From
that time forth tho old ring nt "forty-one
vote" papers In control might expel any
one who protested publicly against the
manner In which things were done. The
directors, I believe, have never exercised
this power, but tlu fear of It hangs like
a Hwui'd over the heads of ull potential
liiHiirgeulH on the Associated Press. Iet
them appeal to tho public nnd they may
lose their franchises. Two or three lib
eral publishers have expressed to me,
after mutual pledges of confidence, their
opinion of tho "A, I", cinch." And they
have all llnlshed by saying something
"Hut for heaven's sake don't quote me
In print, and don't tell any onn I've said
this! The tine for such nn offence runs
from 160,000 up '"
I do not deny that the Associated
Press now has rivals. Were It not for
onn of these rivals, the United Press,
wo never should have accomplished that
great political rbango of 1612, which
set our rearguard where ten yearn ago
our vnnguard stood. Hut far reasoim
which I have no room to consider hem
It Is stilt the dominant bureau. The
ngcuts of this dominant bureau, owing
to their point of view, select from the
events of the day such news as squares
with their conservative picture of our
world; und their organization hinders or
prevents tho rise of publishers who might
present the other side. And, Including
though It does a few newspapers of most
radical tendencies, the Associated Prese
ts In hulk a pqwarful force of reaction. '
oitoAmtBQ cm a ntrv.
Heme Independent Tnoagtits sa Card
To inn Editor or Tits Bun air; I
have been followlns with areat Interest
the efforts of Tits Hun to relieve the
hungry by the formation of a bread line
at zo El aiibeth street
What RTatlMcatlon the donor must have
felt when ha read of the Immediate relief
afforded the suffcrlncl
Immediate relief, that ta the keynote
or true charity. What tr row un
worthies partook of the benefit of the
donation? It nerved Its purpose and
reached the truly needy.
Then comns tho Charity Organization
Society with Its condemnation of this
gwod work I
Tur. Hun has the courtesy to term the
officials of this organisation "high sal
When a belns ts eurvlns they "tnvee
tlgiite" him, and In the meantime let htm
starve or put him to work on an empty
stomnch for a few hours In their laundry
or their kindling urood yard, where they
compel him to do 12 worth of work In
order to earn SO cents and then set him
adrift This they oeJI Ssharlty."
Why does not Tin Sun or some other
Influential New York paper start an In
vestigation of this society? It Is a mis
representation from beginning to end.
The charitably Inclined of Ntv York,
many of whom ore the wealthiest resi
dents here, donate annually to this ma
chine and, to promote the worthy cause
of providing work for the unemployed,
send them laundry and purchase kindling
wood from them In the firm belief that
both are hand done.
If n representative of Tits Bon were to
call at the Charity Organisation So
ciety's plant he would nnd that this so
called hand work is machine work. The
difference In cost of labor helps main
tain the.se objectors to bread lines and
Would that some of the supporters of
this misrepresented charity would placo
their donations where more bread lines
could be formed.
J. STANurr Walton.
ttr.tr Tosk, March 28.
The Cost of Organization.
To Tits nprroH or Tiib Son sin I
take the liberty to enclose herewith cony
of a letter that I wrote the ChArlty
Organization Society last January In
reply to Ms requests for contributions.
It is only fair to say that one of Its
officials colled on me In reply to
this letter and went Into more or less
detail about Its work, but there Is no
question that you and your contributors
are absolutely right that this society uses
a great deal of money for fixed and oer-
neau charges and that Its lnvesttca-
tlons are undoubtedly complicated, al
though 1 ashed this offlelal how long
It took to rive relief from the time an un-
pllcatlon whs made and the ngents were
satisfied to help sfter their Investiga
tions, nnd h told me about twelve hours,
while Mr (.illness reports a case where
It took tlin-f ilnys.
It Is undoubtedly moct difficult to nnd
s satisfactory and quick way of reaching
tnese urgent cases, nnd I am glad that
Tub Hvs Is taking a stop tn that direc
tion, ami It rites nie. pleasure to hdn vou
a little a per check enclosed for your
jkw York, March
To Tin CntirTT Ostiviiimis StnrTT
iltnttemrn; We hine your letter of January
M and In the past have looked throuzh
our annus! report.
Will you pardon us for being no frank as
to say that In our opinion and what we could
tr of tho matter you ar more nrgaHia
tlon by far than charity? 1 hav never
n to many different espenfs acount and
uch a dreadfully Urge proportion of fltvd
and administrative charges to do no little
X have tin doubt that from an economic
and Boclologtt-al point of view you ar doing
good work, hut what llttU mony my arm
and myself hav to epirn for th poor arid
needy. In my humble opinion, nhould go for
relief only, and direct. I have no doubt that
for the future you are doing good work,
and In the meantime I shall uio what little
I have to epare for charity and not for
It will therefor be unnecessary for you
to send m any further communications or
reports, as for th pruent I am out of syra
pathy with your large etpnr account and
sylm end library bureau detail.
Krora my point of view a starving man,
"T,L7 .',.!!? .n'? J"?" ,hi" ,
"J u t h ". vV'y cI"rk
h 1 11 " ,h bountr ,n,,t b'lon to the
pa"rotin'1'1"nn11 17 V"',"' ,h,"r
Ptronj ni '"P ' bark at thos. for
Verr truly yours,
Nw TC. January f.
Only Money Accepted.
To -rim EDtTon or Tut Hun Sir. The
letters of A. P Falrbalrn und M, Oulnera
u.iw: rm-uurtiKru me a relate to you rayi. ... 7 L V
experience with the Charity Orcanlzitlon remove tho mortifying ban under
From time to time thero !iav an.
peared In thn newspapers appeals from
or,. V ' i J A 1 "pHro " '
somn caso that particularly Interested
me, intse uonars wero duly acknowl
One appeal, however, that of a "little
nvuner, awoke my sympathy to such an
extent that I felt that I, personally, might
bo uble to do something fur her; nmn
sewing or perhaps a gift of clothes, and
with that Idea In mind I wrote to the
society for tho nddrs, enclosing u clip.
Ping of the appeal, but never rccclve.1 an
Evidently all they want Is ensh; (For
canines ( HTU.VO.
New York, March 2.
A PreUet From the Kentucky Menatala.
From tht Barkourville Aittoealt
rn people who go about over the
uraer cities anu towns atklng for eontrl
uuuons ror ins purpose of helping tha
1'i-opio m tne mountain ought to be
rrwrta ror oDtaining money under fains
pretences ana sent to the nenltentlarv.
nhere they belong, for the people (l the
mountains never receive one cent of such
toMrtbuttons. They do not i.rk for It.
mr an noi want It. We live In the
srsiinien psrt er trio stats, where every
man who anti a Jot, fets on, and where
there Is no such thing as people stnrvlng
for food or suffering for rlothlnir Why
don't they let the mountain people have
The Gallery's Verdict.
'rm Me Aniwfan Hrvrtm
In the ola days the proprietor of a mulo
hall lw. used to walk up and down tho
c.ntre gangway during the performances
and restrain the eiuhsranre of his patrons
One night, says the Ktprttt, a lady singer
began a dol.ful ballad In a still more dole,
ful voice, and at once received "the bird"
from the gallery, "That'll do, boy.," ,,t
the proprietor. "Order, please) )Ve th(,
artlte a chance." Hut when the perform
snce was nnlshed he took oft his hat.
bowed to the gallery and remarked, "I beg'
pardon, you wero qutle right."
The Cronlng of a Man mt FashloD.
To TM Kpitos or Tna Ht-s 8W; Many
years ago I had a rurlous experience In tjn.
ilon. A little dandy, "dreeeed to kill."
In a great stat of mind and wondering
how he could get acrmi the muddy street
without oiling his shoes. Alone cams .
big, good natured looking countryman, who
taking In ths situation, raught ud the limn
fellow under his arm. walked acrnn th.
tret lth his kicking and struggling bur
den and. setting htm down on tho other
side, left him with a friendly fist anil
There, there I" Ths Indignant nrotr.t.
the duds wars very amualng, vy tr
Nsw tos, March Jl.
The Haahaitaa riilloaoyher Aawwers.
To tsi Kditos or Tub Hns mm, r
M." asksi "What right have any two people
to foroa a miserable extaUnce on . .......
soul by caualng It to be bornt"
i repiy, tney nave n such right.
Niw Tots. March l. W II. J,
WHAT MR, WILSON MKANT.
Explanation ef the Crypt lo srstw4lea ef
Ills Panama Tails Address.
From m SuteUI Ccrrtpondtt of Tsa 8ns,
Washington, March Js. Elver since
President Wilson addressed tho Con
gress on March 5, pleading for tho rs
oeal of the Panama tolls exemption, the
concluding sentence of Ms speech has
boen the subject of controversy ana
speculation. It was
I ask this of you In support of the for
elan nolle of the Administration. I shall
not know how to deal with other matters
of even greater delicacy ana nearer con
sequence If you do not grant It to me In
The question. What did the President
meanT has boen answered In a dozen
different ways. Many persona have be
lieved that he had the Mexican situa
tion In mind when he spoke thus seri
ously. Others have held that our South
American relations Inspired his thought.
BUI I others suspected an undisclosed
dbroute with one erf the Powers of Eu
rope. All of these conjectures missed
the fact. The treatment of the Japa
nese problem Is what lay In tho back of
tho President's mind.
The principal diplomatic authorities
of the United States are more troubled
over the relations of this country with
Japan than over Its .dealings with any
other country. Japan to-day must be
considered oh a democracy, not as an
autocracy. Her people, afteir centuries
of submission to a divine rulcrahlp, have
asserted themsolves within the empire,
and their voice Is heard beyond the
boundaries of the Island kingdom.
The process of readjustment Inside of
Japan has been In ppogTtwi since the
Chinese war. It went forward with
giant strides In the Ruwlan war. An
Asiatic Power In that contest defeated
n, European Power, and at Its conclu
alon a yellow people found Itself for
the first time In modern history In alli-
nnce, offensive and defenslvo, with a
The aggrandizement of the Japanese
Government was accompanied by a com
plete change In tho political condition of
the Mikado's subjects. They emerged
from their previous status as subjects of
iv god and advanced to the consciousness
of citizenship Jn their own nation. The
Mikado ceoHcd to bo a higher and more
potential being, and was reduced to the
piano of a constitutional monarch ac
tually subordinate to the Constitution.
This change In the relations between
the Japanese and their Government re
ceived enormous encouragement from
the Chinese rebellion and tho establish
ment on the Astatic mainland of a re
public manned and managed by men
of jellow skins.
With the Internal revolution, a revo
lution not less complete because blood
less, the Jnpanese, sustained by their
military and diplomatic successes nnd
advances, took account of the manner
In which they were treated throughout
the world, and particularly In this coun
try. That their nationals were denied
admli-slon to the United States on terms
of eitiallty with l!u;5 of other countries
was ii pourco of constant and Increas
ing political humiliation and economic
loss to them. That tho discrimination
should bo wiped out became the fixed
ambition, not of the statesmen compos
ing tho ministry, but of the people
themselves, a people, no longer inartlcii
lato and easily silenced, but urn led with
real power for the direction of their
Heforo the change was wrought in the
Japanese people tho nialntenanco of nn
effective bar to their IrilWgratlon was n
thing easily accomplished, a gentlemen's
.greement sulllced. Tho ruling classes of
Japan wcro willing tho gato should bo
closed to common labor: tho Govern
ment of the United States wns aware
that It must be. Kvery Administration
at Washington which has had to deal
with this question hon recognized that
by uumo means, diplomatic, legislative or
executive, tho Asiatic Immigration must
Do kept down. Hut a gentlemen's agree
ment Is linposslblo with 62,000,000 per
sons, among whom are not lacking dem
ngoguc8, when Its terms are that they
ar Inferior to thu other party to the
understanding. Something moro tiingl-
i)Ki is necessury in such a situation.
That tho Jnpaneso should bo admitted
to this country us freely us tho Irish, the
Germans, the Kngllsh or tho French Is
the contention of the Japanese, eager
for tho profitable occupntloi of their
crowded population, and ambitious to
they now t-mart. That they ennnot be
i admitted on euual terms with thn ten,
I plo of Kurope Is realized by the Govern
. ""'"t nt Washington. The Admlnlstra
"" ulvocated this policy would
no doomed from tho moment of Its nn
nouncenient. lichlnd the demand for
equal rights Is a Japanese democracy,
young, Inflated with pride, contemptuous
of the world, behind the closed door Is n,
democracy on determined and not less
confident of Its power,
It has been said that were the Jnp
nnese to force their Government to war
wuii tno united Ktates over our tiolicv
of exclusion they must cross the Pacific
lo nssnil us. This Is not so. We should
ne compelled to cross tho Pacific to de
fend ourselves. Japan would strike at
our possessions In the Fur Kant, and her
blow would call for answer not on the
i-ncinu const of our mainland but at
tno uiKtant spot where It was delivered
That our affairs with Japan are not
in hatisractory condition Is no serrei
They cannot be until a final nnd con
clusive Hettlement of the matter of dhs.
crimination hits been nttalned. The ne.
cesslty for considering; tho subject may
atlso at any moment, Tho next crisis
win do more menacing than Its prede
cessor. I ho temper of the Japanese is
belnet uroused continually to u higher
pucn or resentment nnd anger and there
Is no sign that the nntl-lmmlirriitinn
forces of this country have relaxed or
will relax their demands. Thus the
problem Is ono of continuing danger for
notn Governments, each of which is tit
tho mercy of a democracy far less given
to counting the cost than to stubborn in.
iKtence on enforcing its will.
Meanwhile England Is tho white na
tion with which Junan ha un iilllnnr
offensive and defensive. Tho BlBnltlcance
oi mm raci must tie fully understood.
It mtiHt be read In conjunction with the
further fact thut England Is thH nnth.n
most deeply Interested in thn Panama
Canal tolls question, tho nation which
has protested moat vigorously against
the exemption of our coastwise shipping
from theso charges. Hhould Japanese
American relations become further
strained the advantage to ourselvea of
a cordial friendliness On the, nnrt f
Great Hrltnln need not be pointed out
Only with such a feeling existing could
me icriiiB oc mo Japanese troatv h
Theso matters are obvlmmtv nn .
be discussed PUbllclY bv reannnslhl. m
tlaJs. That silence Is maintained regard.
' ,,,c'" QOW not lessen their Impor
tance. Beside them such an mhii.
as the, Mexican disturbance sinks Into
insignificance, so far as Ita own propor
tions or domestic effects are mnmnd
And In them, with their accompanying
complications, is to be found tho key to
tho Presldcnfa cryptic peroration of
3,051 Beds for 40,000 Patient,
Here, Says Report of
Charity Society's Experts Tell
How Death Rate Was He
dnecd by Campaim.
The committee on prevention of tut,,..
culosls of the Chanty Oreanliatlot, So.
clety of the City of New York. Indulin.
many experts and laymen, has M.Jel ,
re iron 01 accompnanmenta in a thre.
years cnmpalgn alons constructive. i:t,
to combat "tho treat white plajrue."
The committee says that Its most t-s.
port ant and far reaching work has be.
the campaign to eecure addition! tubas
'Notwithstanding the fact tr.at Nasi
Tork city has mode more s onerous an.
Vision for Its consumptives than any o'Jwr
city In the United tUatea." the rernt
says. "It has yet only 3,051 hospital fcei
though the records of the Health Depart
ment show some 40,000 knotvn consume
Uvea, of whom tho greater malorttv iw
In tenement houses, where they have riot.
iner means nor Facilities ror prtir cars
Large numbers of theH are In Immwli.ia
need of hospital treatment."
The report points out the rreal Ssn.
of the consumptives of the vagrant rtaa
ofttlme chronic nlcohollcs. who live mainly
In cheap 1olgttiK houses and uie tho ho,
pltals i hlelly as winter quarters, goltf
and coming as they please, and erowdlnj
out the deserving poor. It urges the
need for a mora sharply defined po'.liy
In the classification of ratlents with
spect to the extent of their disease sM
also to their eoclal condition and reronJ
The committee says It ts a starttlne fact
that of the 11,000 patients treated In tht
city's tuberculosis hospitals each year
nearly 46 per cent, have to be kept waiv
Ing before they con gain admission, n
declares that the overcrowded corM'tlM
of the city's largest tuberculosis hwplta;
the Metropolitan. Is a disgrace to tht
city. The overcrowding. It s.iys. Is trus
In nearly nil the tuberculosis linspltili
As a result or the campaign 12.000,001
was appropriated by the city for the ereo.
tlon of additional hospitals, which wis
add 1,300 additional beds, on Incraut ei
nearly SO per cent.
Tha committee did much effective -ork
among school children. lcrh air ci.naej
have been started for nna'mle children.
und material Improvement has been re-
cured In the matter of better vtntllnt'.oe
In school rooms.
Other features of tho avanalcti h.n
been educational lectures aiuf nmtlon pio.
tiltrs In thn piiblln parks, tho tun in nuh.
lie schools of tho committee's m'.nlattir
exhibits nnd vpeclal tuberculosis primers,
the permanent travelling tubrruulofle in
hibition nnd an extensive educational cam
paign through tho wlila distribution of
hundreds of thousands of Instructive luf
lets and pamphlets.
Tho report says ;
"According to a Health Pemtrtu, r,t t .
letln the nntl-tulerculoMs c.itnn. g ,n
llreater New York ban Imcuo -ii lr
fruit. Tho death rato of (Jn . t N
York city from pulmonnry t-.un ,
has fullen from 2.25 In 1SSS to 1 ii t
H'12: the deaths from ulinmnr
cuhwls In ljr." wero s.S'jl, tonipnrel
.HAY SElili GREAT t.lHIIM'A
Meehawlcsj Society President tVanti
to Kxtcnd Trade School.
Lrfiwls W Harrington, -president
General Society of Mechanics and 'imj-i
men, said yesterday he had recotntr rid
that the society sell nil of Its library 0f
12D.000 volumes with the exception t n
reference books. Tho library iia.'H'"
some rare and old books, and Pruid -nt
Harrington's proposal. whll It hns tcn
favored by many r; embers, hs . so met
It Is Mr. Harrington's Men to
books and use th noney for exi M n
the facilities of the tradu school a' to to
24 West Forty-fourth street. 'h
New York Public Library eo n
thinks It Is absurd that the oect
possess so many books duplicate t n tv
The library of the society wa. ' tab
llshed In 1S20. thirty. five vears '-' V
organization of thn bocletv. ne
of the tlrst fre libraries, f . . rn
action has yet been takei -.a r c
recommendation to sell It.
cnvRcn ts 10 years mn
St. John's. Cllftnu, s.
Tho celebration of the, snvnn' e i.
nlvorsary of the consecration of S- ,l 3
Episcopal Church. Clifton, fliaten I-u-d,
was begun yvsterday and vil' con ids
A class of fourteen adults w.m c -i-nrmed
at tho It o'clock service ar3 'i
sermon was preached by the Hlfi' ',ev
Arthur Moyd. president of the Hos'i of,
Missions of tho Mplscopal Church
Itcv Udward Arthur Dodd, rector of
John's, delivered a sermon at th ev- n
Bishop Orcr win prrerMe t " w
slum in the parish house this eve
The tlrst Sr. John's Church. .1 v -i
building, was cousocratod on .Ma n.
ISH The building seated 200, lot ti-t
child baptised In tho church was -r .
Oornellus Vanderbllt, 'Phe it. "
married in tho church was Mr .
Torrance, daughter of Commod- - -1
Mrs. Vanderbllt, The tlrst r '.'
tho rtov. Kingston lioddard.
Tho present edifice, a stono r - 1 .-
coating 1130,000. was eonsccr.ttil
lumber 30, 1871, llvo ltlshopn ta
In the service.
TS KAYY OFFICERS A T ( OI I f II I I
Wasiiikhton, March '.'9 s
tho Navy Daniels is Dll-ilM d
greo of cooperation oxls'.-r .
Navy Department and the p .
department of Clunilia
eighteen young officers are i 1
courses 1n the graduate . no
lumblu and ore reported to i i
themselves creditably tbun f.u
Instruction In tho theories r
dynamic, machine design, elr-
raaio transmission hnvo beor .1"
practical application In the n.i .
The Navy Department, on thu 'l-
nas lent to column n a large
drawings and specincatlons of
chlncry and the nnvnl students -Instructed
In tho design and un s
machinery In order thnt they "
more Intelligently with contra
nlsblng equipment to warship
Sheep na (irata Cuttera,
From A Kngtmtrtij Rreti'C
I.uat summer the United Htatri I "
tlon Kervlca tried an experlmunt Ii
grass front Irrigation ditch bank'
Salt Itlver Valley by allowing a flo -'
shtep lo graze along ttvs miles of t '
Hat ad ditch. It la reported that vr
factory results were obtnlned In
eoat of mechanical clsanlng I 1
anile. In lit, with aheep and ons '
with scrapsrs and ahnveli, the 0" "
IIM.M, or dacraaa ef HI .5 a mil