Newspaper Page Text
THE SUN, WEDNESDAY, APRIL 1, 1914.
CONTEST OVER TOLLS
Continued from Writ I'apr,
end arduous hours of four days of legls
At tlio conclusion of his speech Mr.
Adamson moved the engrossment and
third reading of the bill. This under ordi
nary circumstances In more or less of a
formality, but Republican Leader .Mann,
realizing that a demand for u record
vote would prove mi excellent tent of the
alrcngth of tho Administration forces.
Mid knowing that It would be followed by
the motion to recommit with Instructions
as to fundamental changes In the phrase
ology nnd Intent of the bill, on which there
would bo undoubtedly defections from the.
.Administration's strength, demanded tho
yeas and nays,
Hence of Suspense.
Upon this demand the Homo nrosn en
masso to demand tho roll call and with an
extraordinary silence the roll proceeded.
Not onco In the thirty-live minute re
quired to call nnil tabulate the roll did tho
Speaker have to ask for order.
The Houso was us silent nt a tomb ex
cept for the penetrating tones of the read
Ing clerk, calling the names In his slug
song voice and the staccato "ayes" and
"noes" from the members.
Even the crowded galleries, which had
been aflutter and abuzz all day, observed
the neccssty for sllriice. This loll call
resulted In on Administration victory by
n vote, of 24" to ICO, n net majority of
eighty-seven for the motion.
Everybody was expecting a Wilson vic
tory, but the announcement of the voto by
tho S'aker wos greeted with prolonged
cheering from tho Prmocratlc sldo of the
House and scattering npplauso from the
Immediately after order was restored
representative O'Hliaunessy of Rhode
Island, a Democrat ami a member of the
Commltteo on Interstate and Foreign
Commerce, presented a motion to recom
mit, which wns as follows:
"I move to recommit the bill II, R. V.
4383 to tho Committor on Interstate and
1'Vrclgn Commerce, with directions to the
commltteo to report said back to Uio
House forthwith, with tho following
"Htrlko out all of Section I nnd
Insert In lieu thereof the following,
" 'Section 2 And Congress hereby
declares that lit Its Judgment the
United States, which at enormous
cost has built and fortified nnd owns
the cannl, without any expectation of
pecuniary profit to Itself from Us
ownership, nnd which has tho duty
nd expense of protecting the canal
with Its troops and warships, and
by proper sanitation may, as tho
owner and defender of the canal and
by virtue of Its rights of sovereignity,
rightfully provldo preferential tolls
or no tolls for Its own wur vessels nnd
for vessels of commerce belonging to
It or Its rltltens flying Its tlag,
ao long as the conditions and charges
of trallle established by It for vessels
of foreign nations nro Just and equit
able, nnd may rightfully. In time of
wnr ns well ns In time of pence,
maintain tho onny nnd navy In tho
Canal Zone, Including all necessary'
warlike materials, both for defenco
and offence; and may rightfully pro
vide preferential tolls or no tolls for
the vessels of the ltcpubllo of Pan.
. ama, from which republic tho right
to construct tho canal was obtained,
and ns nuthorlied In the act of Juno
18, 1902, providing for tho construc
tion of tho canal.' "
Representative I.ufforty of Oregon, who
had been conducting the Progressive end
of the contest, tried to get consideration i
for a strictly Progressive motion to re-
commit, the phraseology of which he w-jm J
not permitted to present, as the previous i
question had been ordered on the
O'Shauneesy motion, and the roll call '
The roll call had proceeded through less ,
than a hundred names when It became
evident that the motion to recommit
would lie lost. Nevertheless thorn were
about fifteen shifts ncross the original ,
lines of demarcation, nnd when the re
ult had been tabulated It was announced
that the motion to recommit h.u! been
lost by n vote of 232 to 17. The ma
jority ngalnxt recommittal was only Ml.
This brought squarely before the Houso
the opportunity to vote upon the Sims re
peal bill Itself. There was no delay and '
the roll call nt once proceeded, i
Tho reading clerk rushed through me
roll nt express train speed. On this voto
the ayes wero 2$. the noes Hi:, and the
Administration bill hnd won Its way
through the Houre of Representatives by
a majorltv of 8fi.
Thero was perfunctory applause on the
part of tho Administration members In
which tho galleries participated but n
few seconds. Then the exodus began.
After n few minutes of routine business
Representative Underwood announced to
tho House tho Intelligence of the death
eif Representative William Richardson of
Alabama, who had been an Invalid for
many months and who died at Atlantic
City to-day. The House then adjourned
out of respect to tho memory of Its late
On the passage of the bill the following
Democrats voted "So' and ugulnst the
Aiken, H. C.
Brown, W. Vu.
Bruckner, X. V.
farrw, X. Y.
fonry, X, Y.
.Hale. X. Y.
Dnnllitg, X. V.
Tlrlsroll, X. Y.
I'.ttoplnal, I. a.
Jlnley, N. C.
JiUgrralil, X. Y.
(lohlfoBlr. X. Y.
(loulilen, X, Y,
flrlflln, X. Y.
against the bill, 3:
.1 1)114 s. Vu.
Kllcliln, .V. C.
I ,n ii i' ru ii n. ('onii.
.Milium, ( nun.
-Mulirr, N. V.
Merlr. . V.
O'I.eury, '. V.
(I'Minuness), It. I.
Patten, X. V.
Itngsdute, H. C.
Itlnrilan, X. V.
Speaker Clark, .Mo.
of Democrats voting
Ilcptihllciilt for Repent.
Tlitsso were the Republicans who voted
for the bill
linnftirth, X. Y.
Das Ik. Minn,
(loud, I uiui
Ilaugrn, In ii.
II u lit II to ll. Mlrh.
llrltrcsen, X, l)u.
I, rarest. Wis.
Mu. Men, III,
Met ens, .Minn.
Total Republicans voting fur the bill, 2T
Tho folluwlng I'logrcsalvei voted for
Copley, Illinois; Thomson, Illinois,
Total I'rogiesslves voting for the bill. 2
Not within ti,e memory of any member
&f tne lirejler t Hnune him the eKeilemt nt
mil ruutnltiiK the doings of that body been 1
! keen us 1 1 1 it t tn-d iy. I
lie fine ' o'clock In the morning, threo
hums liifiire tho House was assembled,,
men and women were clamoring for ml-;
j'Jiion to the galleries. At 11 n'clnek .
r.vl a V u ml seat remained, and at each
gai'e v i(ii.iay groups or a dozen or I
io e p,. .. KnoU lit tiptoe, striving for
gii , of tins Ins i, ,,r tl ii e lumber (
"'"J" m i ate i a i. or i of lh( dilute
lie lie fluent the Mull. llll'l III II .10
i"i ' Wi si v mine I i.tn :iui) mem
' s w ii ' it-lr it ' nid tin s,jM. ,( it
1 ' ' .ill "I ' I run tli riugli
1 l I is nr t le mi, el lies W I'll
e ill i Jliidm-f, bui tun fculleile. icnmluejil ,
Jammed to the rails,, while hundreds
struggled outside for admission.
Sir. Matin's Speech,
Representative Mann, the Republican
loader, told the Home, that threo questions
were Involved In the repeal of tho Pan
ama Canal tolls exemption treaty rights.
I moral rlghtei apart from treaty construc
tion nnei the economic policy,
Mr. Mann waved aside the latter two
subjects nnd el scussed nt length the situ
ation In regard to our treaty relations.
Ho maintained that no construction of
tho Hay-Pnnncefoto trenty compelled the
united Htatos to charge the same tolls
on Its own ships nnd those of the Pun
amnn republic us were levied on those of
other maritime nations..
"A reading of tho rules to be observed
by nations to receive equal treatment."
said Mr. Mnnn, "plainly discloses that
they nro not applicable to tho United
States or J 'a nam a. Great Rrltaln's at
tempt to securo her construction of the
treaty Is not for Us present effect. It Is
for tho long distant future.
"If we construe the treaty according to
English claims II Is sure to rise and em
barrass us whenever we hare wnr with
other rnnntrlfs. War Is not desirable,
nut II Is inetltimie. We cannot always
"I want to treat England fairly, but I
believe that under tho construction of tho
treaty wo havo tho right to do as we please
in tins mntter nnn that it is nn nnrrienaiy
act of Knglnnd now at this late date to
Insist upon nny other construction. '
Mr. Mann wns followed by several
other speakers and the debate drifted on
until the event for which everybody was
waiting accurred. Champ Clark lumbered
out Into tho well of the House, manu-
so Ipt In hand. In n Jiffy nit the oppo
nents of the legislation were on their feet
cheering like mid.
The demonstration continued until nearly
every delegate was up. It was u personal
tribute to tho Speaker, regardless of his
Mu ml on the tolls question, and Indicated
that many Democrats who would voto
against him admired and applauded his
Independence nnd e-otirage.
The Speaker was followed with the
closest mention nnd thero wore repented
demonstrations In his favor. Mr. Clark's
sp.ech will bo found In another column.
Letter From Richard Oluey.
The most ronvluclng argument pre
sent eel to the House for tho repeal of tho
tolls clause was In tho form of u letter
from Rlcharel Olney, (trover Cleveland's
Secretary of State, to Repri-sontatlve Pe
ters. It was the Administration's trump card
nnd was played Just beforo tho vote.
Mr, Olney has contended that tho free
tolls elld not violate any treaty right and
had been quoted by the President's op
ponents. Heio Is his letter In part:
"The situation Is peculiar. Here Is n
treaty unquestionably obscure and sus.
ceptllde of two opposite Interpretations
as conclusively shown by the conflicting
vlcwn of two Presidents of the United
States and by the Irrcconclllnble differ
ence of opinion among eminent lawyers
without regard to their political affilia
"Recognizing this situation and though
he might have proposed arbitration the
President In effect declares that the merits
of the Issue arc Immaterial and that the
repeal of the act which raises tho Issue Is ,
absolutely essential to our good standing
with the great Powers of the world and
to the proper conduct of our foreign rela
tions. "lie makes this declaration as Presi
dent nnd its that branch of the national
(Jnvf rninent especially rhargeel with our
foreign relations, nnd takes the respon
sibility of assuring Congress nnd tho
country that, as compared with the re
sults to be galneel by repeal, all other
matters Involved arc of Blight account.
.Mast Accept the Urularatlaa.
"Now, this declaration of the President
must be accepted tin made In good faith,
with absolute sincerity and with Intimate
knowledge of foreign relations that Con
gres cannot pretend to.
"What elfe therefore Is there to do but
follow the President's lend upon a matter
upon which he Is entitled to lead both by
reason of superior acquaintance with the
tubject and beciuso our form uf govern
mint irqiilrcs him to lend?
"It must be borne In mind that for
Congtrss not to support such ait urgent
appeal as the President has made In this
Instance Is not merely to defeat a. meas
ure which may bo nnd which he deems
to bo required both, by tho honor and the
well being of the nation.
"It Is to discredit him for the future;
It Is to weaken and prejudice him In his
subsequent Intercourse with foreign na
tions; It Is to give them notice thnt ho Is
rather n figurehead than a real factor In
the national government, and their deal
ings with him nre hardly to be regarded
as very serious affairs."
SENATORS VOTE TO END
FREE TOLL TELEGRAMS
Then Find No Quorum Present
After Three Honrs of
Washington', March 31, After tho.Ven
nto hnd veiled to-day, 3T to 6, to take
away from Senators the privilege of send
ing messages by wire nt elovernment ex
pense tho fact that n iiuorum was lack
ing started a wrangle which ended In
a motion to adjourn being put and
The Senate devoted three hours and
a half to considering a resolution re
ported by Honatnr John Sharp Williams
from the Committed on Audit and Control
of (.'ontliiKi nt Expenses limiting Senators
to $00 a year In the use of the telrKraph
wire's for Government business. It was
plain that many Senators were Impatient
with the attempt to curtail their privileges
and Senator Ilorah, Senator Urtindetteo
and eitheis -dated that if Senators could
not bo ti usted to use the privileges with
out nbUHliiR It it would bo butter to
nbollsli It entirely
It una In this spirit that Senator Ken
yon liitiodueed his resolution cuttlni; off
the privilege entirely. All nut six Sen
ators present voted for it. Those voting
iiKalust It were Kern, MeCmubcr, Pitman,
Shlvely, Tlllmnn and Warren,
Senator llrnndi'Kco complained that the
Semite had wasted tlirmi hours discussing
"this trivial. illscustliiK subject." He re.
ferreil to it as "a miserable thins" and
avowed hlnibelf wIIHiir to forcjto the
"People, poor people not poor In
wealth, but poor In Intullect," said ho,
"nro comliiK to think that Senators nre
always snempliiK around to pick up little
morsels of cheese, little petty Kraft, and
It Is such dlseui-nliiiiH us the one we have
had to-day that help to cullvate that Idea
In tho popular mind,"
.Stimtnr llnr.'ih made nn Ironical speech,
siikui-hIIiik the npiilntnient of "a censor
for the morals of Individual ScnutoiH"
and H.iyliu: that "It oiitht to bo uscer
tulnul di'lliiltely whores Senutois eo In the
evenlnuH, and with whom they associate,"
"It Is limit," Im said, "In pass legisla
tion Involving expenditures of millions of
dollars fur Impinvlni! u pond or a rivulet
that i duck couldn't swim In or tn build
ti bridge, ii ineinoiial bridge across u
iiivlne belwen Imre and Virginia, hut this
iiiuttir of telegraph tolls I an Important
thing It Is said there Is no virtue where
then Is nn temptation. Hut that doesn't
apply to the Sum to. We must lemuve
tho temptation "
CLARK CALLS THE TOLLS BILL BASE SURRENDER,
BUT DECLARES WILSON IS ACTING HONORABLY
Speaker Declares He Has No Personal Quarrel With Presi
dent, Denies Any Party Split and Says He Is Not
a Candidate for the Presidency
Wasiii.voton, March 31. Speaker Clark
began his speech with the statement that
he had no personal quarrel with, President
Wilson; that he admired tho President
(realty and that he hoped for the auc
cess of tho Administration.
"There Is no personal Issue between
the Preatdent of tho United States and
myiolf," said the Speaker. "There has
not been at nny time. I trust there never
will be. I havo nt no time uttered ono
word of criticism of the President At
no time, so far an I am InformeU or be
Hove, has tho President said one Jingle
word of criticism of me,
'In tho naturo of things n man who Is
worthy to hold a high public, post In the
service of his country' must believe that
other public servant are actuated by the
same high, courageous ami patrlotlo mo
tlves by which he believes himself to be
Xerer Donbteil Wilson's Motives.
"I havo never for one moment r.tr-
talned the opinion that President Wilson
Is actuated by other than the highest
patriotic motive. I do not bellow that
President Wilson has ever entertained
nny other opinion o to the conduct of
thoe of us who fInTI It necessary to ellf
fcr with him on this measure.
"President Wilson does not desire a
breach In the Itemorratle parly. I do not
desire breach In the Demorratle party.
and there Is no breach In tne Demorratle
I would scorn to bolleve that Presi
dent Wilson countenances for one mo
ment the. efforts of Fome of the Jackal
press to represent that we are seeklnc
to disrupt the Democratic party"
The Democrats In the House had been
waiting Intently to seo whether or not
the Speaker would throw down the
gauire to tho President, and they ap
plauded loudly nt these opening con
ciliatory statements. Their Joy, how
ever, wns ehort lived.
Mr. Clark made a vitriolic attack on
the New York World. He said :
"It (the World) along with nverv editor
In- America who hopes to be Ambawsa
slor. MInliter Plenipotentiary. Consul
General, or to hold some other fat and
Juicy Job, has been endeavoring to place
mo in nntngoniimi to the President ever
since the flection.
Xot si Presidential Candidate.
"These papers declare thnt I nm op
posing thus surrender to Great Itrltain
ns on opening gun In my campaign for
President In 1916
"It may surprise these ohsequloas
eonrtlers to know that I never feinted to
nny hntnnn being that I wnnld be a
Presidential candidate In 19io and that
I nm not a candidate. Consequently
their slander has been a gratuitous
"It will surprise these limber backed
tneenne swingers to know whnt I have
uniformly told those who have suggest
ed my candldaoy In 1D18. nnd It Is this;
If President Wilson makes a suree s of 1
his administration he will be renominat
ed and reelected In 101(1, but If he
make a failure, which Ood forbid, the
nomination will not be worth baring.
IVeisra President ,o HI Will.
"I never entertained tho slightest 111 1
will toward the President about the Hall
tlmore convention. I wish him well. I
did nil I could to elect him. far more
than some of those who so vociferously
nnd fulsomely praise him now nnd for
whom deep down in his heart he must en
tertain supremo contempt.
"I have steadfastly supported him until
wo were called upon to bolt tho platform.
I absolutely refuse to do nny suoh thing"
This first thrust nt tho President
brought a roar of npproval from the op
ponents of repeal. Continuing, the Speak
"I do not believe that the fact that I
led on twenty-nine ballots tit ISalt iiiun v
receiving a clear majority on nine, and
that I got a majority of over 300,000 over
the President at the primary elections
where he nnd I competed, precludes me
from discharging my duty or exerclsjng
my rights ns n Itepresentntlve In Con
gress nnd ns Hpenker of the House to
stand up for America nralnst (Jreat
"Finally the New York World says that
I nm to be defeated for Speaker as punish
ment for 'bolting tho President.' So bo It.
Mr. Clnrk Itefrrs tn "The San."
"Tub Nr.w York Str.v practically
nominates the gontleman from Ken
tucky (Mr, Shcrlcy) for Speaker.
Here Is Its exact language: 'Re
ports have It that already tho "little
leaders " '
"Now I resent for my distinguished
friends the title of 'little leaders';
they nro bin bore lenders, but Tiik
" 'IteportH hnvo It that nlrendy the
"little lenders" havo elerdeil that
Itepresentntlve Carter Glass of Vir
ginia would be n good man for
door leader and that Itepresentntlve
Swnger Sherloy of Kentucky would
make mi Ideal Speaker'
"The strange part of thnt para
graph Is that It makes nn mention of
my Toluble, vehement ami sorlferniis
frlrnd from Texns (Henry! for the
Speakership, for The Hun must know
that he has hnd his eugle eye nn the
Speakership for lo these many jenrs,
It seems tn me thnt The Sun has
dealt him the most unklnilest cut of
nil by omitting him from the lists,"
.Mr Henry looked uncomfortable at this
direct roferenco to his nmbltlon nnd the
Hnusis rocked with laughter.
.Mr. nark said that If he was rotlreM
to private life as a re-nilt of the tolls
tight he would still bo hnppy.
Can Dp llnnny Out at m Job.
"I con be happy without being Presi
dent." said the Speaker. "I can be happy
without tho Speakership, if my constitu
ents who hnvo stood by me with unshaken
fidelity ehould retire me to private Ufa
I onn still be hnppy In the lovo nnd af
fetton of mv wife and hUrt mn In t.
society of my books iind In cultivating
IIUSMTIS twin iresn.
Mr. Onrlc said he hnri m mm,.,! miii.
thoso who differed with him on the tolls
"I have no criticism to make on the
Democrats who nre going to voto for re
pcnl. 1 hnvo cooperated with them so
long, wo hnvo lost and won together so
often, that It Ih with genuine sorrow that
l cannot nee ns they see.
"I entertain n genuine affection for the
members of this House, Somo of them
havo said things ubout mo which they will
regret when their fever cools down, but
I piisb them by.
"The gentleman from Texas (Mr.
Henry) nnd the gentleman from ICen
tueky (Mr. Sherley) became extremely
heated bee-iiuso I exercised the right which
they reserve to thrmsolves; that In, of
voting as It seemed lo me waa right,
"Ho fur us the gentleman from (Jeorela
(Mr, Hnrtlwiek) Is concerned, I say 'Hhoo,
lly, don't bodder me. Shoo, tly, don't
bodder me.' "
This sally provoked roars of laughter.
Mr. Hardwlck la about C feet tall and
a perfect fury when he takes the floor
Continuing, Mr. Clark said:
"If we must differ, let us differ In kind
ness, and It will be better, much better.
for the pnrty, and therefore better for tho
Mr. Clark declared he hnd given great
thought and study to the tolls ipjestlon,
"I looked ut It from every conceivable
angle to seo If there wns any Juttltlca.
lion for not keepng our platform pledge,
for I desired to stnnd with tho Presdent,
knowing full well thnt my motive would
be misconstrued by every office eeker In
the land," sad the Speaker. "But to save
my life, I could conjure no excuso for
bolting the platform. That Is why I was
so slow In utinouncine my conclusion In
"Having hnd so much trouble In coming
to a determination myself, I never asked
a single member to vote as I did. I am
certain that the entire membership of tho
House will bear me out In this state
ment." The Cloture Rale.
Mr. Clark referred In this way to the
success of the Administration In forcing
tho adoption In the Housu last week of
the rule limiting debute on the repcul
"Thero h.us been much felicitation
among the supporters of this bill about
their tremendous victory on the udoptlon
of the rule.
'When It Is remembered that the ma
jority was only 2 on thn rule, nnd that a
change of 1.1 votes would have defeated
It In n Houso with 144 Democratic ma
jority the grounds for their solf-concratu-
latlcn nre hnrd to discover.
"When I-yrrhus. King of Halrus. was
walking over n battlefield whereon he had
won a hard fought victory and observed
tho number of dead and wounded amona
his own soldiers, he mournfully exclaimed .
Anomcr sucn victory and wis nre undone.'
"To whom does the Panama Canal bo-
long. anyway? To the United States of
America We built It nt the enormous
cost of 1100.000.000, We built It op Amer
ican soli. We have fortllleil It. We will
control It. In order to get a chance to
build It we created a republic
"lor whoso benetlt did wo build It?
Primarily for our own. secondarily for
the world's benefit
Why did we build It? In order to se
cure cheap water freight rates.
'Who fought the building of the canal
for fifteen long wearlsomo years? The
" ho would be the chief beneficiaries
of this repeal bill? The same transconti
nental railroads tho Canadian Parlfle
and tho Tehuantepeo National Hallway
heading the list. It would bo many mill
ions or aonnrti in lucir capacious nocketi
'To elo n thing to enable them to hold
tip their old rates Is altruistic generosity
run mad and an outrage on the American
people. I refuse to Indorse any such pro
gramme. 'Ono Of the wisest things the fathers
did wns to distribute the powers of gov
ernment among three departments leels-1
inuce. juuicini nnd executive and they
endeavored to so arrange things that no I
one department should encroach upon tho ,
prerogatives of the others. I
"Under this system of checks nnd bal-1
ances certain duties are devolved upon the 1
i-resiiteni,. wnicn ne is sworn to dis
charge, and, truth to tell, President Wil
son shows no reluctance In discharging
his duties and exercising his powers to
"When he was elected Coverr.nr nf
New Jersey he declnred that he had been
elected lender of the people of that State.
When he was elected President he de.
clnred that he had become Ipso facto
leader of the people of the Unlteel States.
In both declarations he was rorre'Ct, but
even lead"-rshlp has Its limitations.
A Wlllliiu I'ollosver.
"I nm willing to follow where he leads :
as long as he Is In tho White House and
su long as ne noes not asK us to repudiate
a plain platform declaration,
"Under our system a national conven
tion Is the grand Inquest of u political
party, the highest authority for the decl.i.
ration of party principles, h'gher than
President or Congressional mucuses. : In
deed higher than President and Congres
sional caucuses combined.
"The fathers devolved upon Congress
certnln duties which we nre sworn to dls
charge faithfully nnd well, duties whloh
we cannot shirk or fall tn discharge with
out self-stultltlcntlon and the condemna
tion of the people and of our own con
sciences. "Tho President discharges his elutles.
The question Is. have we the wisdom, the
coinage and the patriotism to dlschargo
ours If not, we should make way for
men Imbued with the spirit of '70. to the
end that we may transmit our priceless
heritage of liberty to our children and our
"The declaration In favor of free tolls
for our coastwise trade was writ large
In the Haltlmore plntform, The propo-
... us iui.1 ssiwi tur more i
zeal than discretion nsserted that that '
pinng wns inserted m the nlatform sur
reptitiously nnd without k. y consldeia
tlon. "Hut that would have blasted to manv
reputations that the men who were on
the platform committee particularly the
eleven men on the sub. committee, which
reported the tolls plank tn tins full com
mittee, refused to rest under that falne
and foolish charge and told the truth
about It In self-defence: nnd the truth Is,
the tolls plank wos Introduced In the usual
way nnd wns fully discussed not only
dlscufcted. but amended and agreed to in
Its amended form, by the full committee
nnd then by tho whole convention.
Support of the People,
"We went to the people on that pint
form containing the 'free tolls' plunk;
hended by President Wilson himself, we
all Indorsed It; standing on It, we np.
pealed to thn voters of the land for their
support, and they, responding to our
Macedonian cry for help, enabled us to
sweep the land from sea to sea by amaz
ing majorities In tho Electoral College.
"And now It Is proposed that we re
ward their faith In us and their support
of us by repudiating ono of the plnnks of
that platform on which we achieved that
"I refuse absolutely to be a party to
nny such performance. Tell It not In
(lath, proclnlm It not In tho streets nf
Ascalon, that tho Democratic party will
not keep faith with a confiding puhllo."
Mr. Clark wus Interrupted by wild up
plauso ns he declared that the United
States wanted peace with the world, but
that It would never buy peue-e.
"Wo most earnestly eleslro peace with
nil nations: wu will buy peace from none."
ho said. "When we wero a feeble folk
with only five or six millions of people
nnd with very little weultli. tho high
souled Jefferson scornfully refused to pay
tribute to the pirates of the liar bury
coast and though a lifelong lover of pence
sent American mon-o'-war to shell them
out of their holes.
"Now being the rlchttt and most power.
ful nation on the globe with a population
of 100,000,000 souls the very flower of
the human race we are asked to grant
to Great Britain, whom we defied und
defeated In our Infancy, and whom wo
defied again und defeated again In our
early youth In the war of 1912 properly
called 'our second war of Independence'
concessions grounded In Injustice und
humiliating In character claims for
which concessions had been abandoned by
Great JJrltnln until Senator Kllhu Hoot
made n speech upholding the contentions
of that foreign Power contentions
which hud been flatly rejected by a Presi
dent of tho United States nnd his Secre
tary of State.
"We want war with no nation, bnt
rather thus surrender onr rltrht lo oar
complete sovereignty over every sqnare
fool of our globe encircling domain we
will cheerfully and rotirugrously fare u
world In arms."
This also was greeted with wild ap-
President's "Amaslnir Request."
'The nmaring requent of the President
for the repeal, llko tho peace of God. pasei
eth nil understanding." added tho SpeaJt
er a moment Inter. "If he has any reasons
which are not utterly untenable nnd
which Impelled him to make the request
he has not vemchsafod them to us nu n
body, or, so fjr ns I am Informed, to any
member of the House."
At thus point Mr Clnrlt departed from
the manuscript of his speii and. step
ping out In the centre aisle, said.
"I believe that I us the ripruker nf this
House, had a right to know the reasons."
Thlis was greeted with shouts of ap
proval which inndo It apparent thnt even
the Proldent'n supporters were ilusntls-
flid with the course which Mr. Wilson has
pursued In forcing them to notion with
out taking them Into his confldene-e.
In his message," continued the Sneak
er, "one reason nxslgnod by tho President
was In these words:
Thnt exemption constitutes i a mis.
taken economic policy from every tsolnr
"If It Is 'n mistaken economic policy
now, wns It not a mistaken economic pol
icy" during the campaign of 1512, when
we nil. under the lead of the President
himself, indorsed It ns pnrt of the Demo
cratlo creed, on which we appealed for
votes? If u ! so. why did the President
Indorse It then? It ennnot be that n
proposition which was good before tho
election can be awfully bad after the elec
tion. "A second reason for the repeal as
signed by President Wilson Is that the
exemption of our coastwise trado from the
payment of tolls Is in plain contraven
tion of the treaty with (Trent Hrimln con
lVl'soi ',le CU"',', conc'tult',1 on November
Custodians of Honor.
"Of course tho President believed that
or he would not havo said It. but he wns
tnlstuken. If I believed that I would vote
with him, for I nm ns tender nnd Jealous
of my country's honor as he Is or as nny
other living man Is, even as tender and
Jealous as tho gentleman from Texas
Mr. Henry, the gentleman from Ken
tucky Mr. Sherley, nd the gentleman
from Pennsylvania Mr. Palmer, are.
notwithstnmllntr thev nrn Mlf.nn-,i...i
custoeiluns nf the honor of the American
republic nnd the conscience keepers of the
"It Is painful, perhaps presumptuous.
io itisagrco wun mese tnree great Inter
national Jurists, but It must be done. Tho
Supremo Court of the United States Is
supposed to know somo law,
"In tho rase of Olsen vs. Smith, re
ported In the 196th United States, volume
32, at page 344, n e-itsis involving the very
tlOint tnvnll'.'fl ttt 4tin r nmnlU,,
of the Panama tolls law, tho court had i
the f.merlf. tn ruin pnniM-i, in s. I
-.- ' "IIUHIJ tlf ,nu uiui-
lon of my threo learned friends nforesald,
"The court held that there could bo no
discrimination where there wns no com
petition, and that ns by tho law of the
United States only American vessels can
engage In the coastwiso trade. It was no
violation of the treaty If the regulations
applied to all vessels In the foreign trade.
The reasoning of that decision applies
equally well to the present situation.
Doubts If 'Wilson llvtr Itrntl It.
"Certainly the President has never
read the Olsen vs. Smith decision by oar
court of Inst resort or he never would
have concluded that the exemption of tolls
on our coastwiso trade was In plain con
travention of our treaty with (Trent
"His Majesty's Government Is quite cer
tnln now that exemption ot tolls on our
coastwiso traffic violates tho Hay-Paunco-fote
treaty, but It was very far from cer
tain when lis accredited representative
wrote to our Hecretory of State as late
as July. 1912, that 'If the trade thould
be so regulated as to mako It certain that
only bona fide coastwise traffic which Is
reserved for United States vessels would
be benefited by this exemption It mny
bo that no objection could be taken.'
"So far its our bent Judges are con
cerned It Is. 1 believe, quite ssfo to say
that with the cwptlon of tho learned
senior Senntor from New York nnd our
former highly rcspeoti-d Ambassador. Mr.
Choate, tho weight of recognized legal
opinion of tho highest merit, from Mr Ol
ney, .Mr, Tuft. Mr. Knox and to my mind,
though I would make no Invidious dis
tinctions, most Important by far of all.
from the present Chief Justice of the
United States, In a precisely similar case,
Is practically unanimous to the effect that
neither le-gully in a hrontl sense nor tech
nically In a narrow application does this
treaty forbid uh to regulate the transpor
tation of our own goods In our own ships
through our own e-anal between our own
The President's Honor.
The President differs from the Judg
ment of there and many other men of
llko understanding. Ho Is convinced that
the stntute as It now stands does contra
venes our olemn obligation and should
therefore tie repealed. So believed, he
does the only thing that nn honorable nnd
conscientious head of tho nntlon could
do ho asks us lo reconsider our action
In view of his conviction that we have
violated n pledge.
"Whatever may hs the differences of
opinion respecting the merits nf the rnse,
I do President Wllsnn honor for his act."
In conclusion Speaker Clark said:
"In Addition to the Supreme Court de
cision, ns pointed out by Mr. Mann, the
same view Is held by two Presidents, by
two SescrotnrlcM of State and by the House
Itself on threo sopnrate occasions.
"The repeul means the practical aban
donment of Ihe Monroe Doctrine, which
was forced Into the code of the Interna
tional luw und which Ihe Amerlcuu pro.
pie will mulntatn nt all hazards.
"Now may the God of our fathers who
nerved 3,000,000 backwoods Americans to
ttlng their gngo of battle Into the fuce of
Ihe mightiest monarch In tho world who
guided the hand of Jefferson In writing
the charter of liberty, who sustained
Washington nnd his ragged and utnrvlng
army nmld the awful horrorH of Valley
Forgo and who gavo them complete vic
tory on the bloodstained heights of York,
town, may He lead members to voto so
us to prevent this stupendous folly this
degradation of tho American people and
bll1""1' 8 huro",,ulon ro-
TOLLS BATTLE IN SENATE
ALARMS WILSON'S SIDE
Wabhinotos', March 31. The tolls re
peal bill Is now up to the Senate. The
bill will reach tho Sonato to-morrow and
will be referred at once to the Commltteo
on tnterocconlo Canals.
Tb Administration leaders admit they
are deeply conteraed over Ihe situation la
the Senate. The flalra put forward bf
the President's friends Is that they nnvs
n rertala majority of 2. This l ad
mittedly "too clots for comfort
The key to the situation Is held by a
small coterie of regular Republicans. The
Wilson supporters also are doubtful about
one or two Progressive Republicans, par
ticularly Senator Oronna of North Dakota,
who had been supposed to bo In favor of
repeal, but who within a few days has
uppeared to waver.
Senator Oronna Is a very close friend
of Senator La Pollotte and the Wisconsin
Senator is apparently opposed to tho re
peal. Senator Oliver of Pennsylvania who
voted against exempting coastwise vessels
when the bill first passed the Senate, was
reportid this urternoon to oo wavering.
Thero was a suggestion In the Adminis
tration circles that some of tho Republi
can Senators will try to play politics with
tne issue on mo ineory nisi hid ueicm i
repeal In the Senate would greatly em
burrass tho Administration and lead to a
schism In the Democratic party.
On tho Democratic side the leading op
ponents of repeal nro Senators O'Gormnn,
Chamberlain. Walsh, Thomas, Ashurst,
ltunsdell, Vardaman and Marline.
There are many wavering Senators who
will pre.bably line up with the President.
Senators lltmin and Newlntids aro In this
They nre nearer the Pacific coast and
subject to the Ittlluencrs that control tho
tepresontutlves from that locality, but
both .ire expected te ilr.es up Until I ' with
The Progressiva Republicans almost to
a man nro opiosed to the lepoaJ. Senator
!rnh and Senator Pulndrxler will light
The Administration will hove strong
WAflltt.vaTox, March 31. republican
lenders bellevo they have found nu Issue
that will provldo them with ammunition
to make warfare on the Democratic party.
They aro of the opinion that the Ad
ministration proposal for the ropeal of
tho tolls exumptlon provision of tho
canal act will proe unpopular with tho
country, and that tho cry of "mirrcnder
to Great Urltuln" nnd to the "railroads"
may be Umxl with effect In tho campaign
this full und In tho nullomU cumpalsn two
Thoy inslst thnt as time proirespes tho
Administration bill will lose In fltrength
and that It fetnnds u: least a chance of
defeat In tho Sonata
Krpublltuu leaders are so ronrlnced
that the lolls question will become po
llllea! Issue of liirge proportions that they
are muklng their plans accordingly.
Addressed mado In denunciation of the
Administration bill, notably that of
Ohtimp Clark of Missouri, Speaker of the
Houso, will be sent out us Republican
The Republicans' Purpose.
In their attacks upon the Wilson Ad
ministration the Republicans will exhibit
Speaker Clark us their principal wltntss
In support of tho contention thut Presi
dent Wilson, by his support of the tolls
repeal bill, has not tspouseel an "un-"
Amirlcan policy," but i u violation of
tho platform on which ho was ilectinl.
It was noted In the llouso to-Uny that
the ivortlon.1 of Mr Clarke speeches In
which lie denied that there was trouble
In the majority party wero enthusiasti
cally applauded by the Democrats. ,
Ilemnfmlft ti.ilit mi tntn, r
utl, ll,,v , J ..II,
Clark's arguments, but they wire atousul
1,1 I-rMflt ..tit hliuiu um lis. .In
- - rtllulflllllS llltll
despite difference of opinion on tho tolls
question nil Democrats weie united for the
good of the party,
Hvery Democrat present felt In 'his
bones that whatever the outcome of the
tight over tolls, factionalism had crept Into
the organization ns u result of the attack
of the Speaker on the Administration
bill, but It made them feel better to
hear ono of the principals In tho contro
versy say that the party goose was hang
The Republicans are fully advised that
Administration spokesmen in the House
are excee'dlngly bitter toward the Speaker
and that his attack on such lenders as
Mr. Henry of Texas. Mr. Hardwlck of
Georgia, Mr. Palmer of Pennsylvania and
Mr. Sherley Is bound to lead to trouble
whatever councils ror pence may be ad
vanced by the President and his advisers.
It ts known that Jealousies have al
ready been aroused nmong tho anti-Clark
contingent s to who should suocs-eel the
Speaker In the event of his overthrow
Representative Henry, the rules chair
man, who fought Mr. Clark ut the begin
nlng or this Congress, regards himself as
the residuary legatee,
On the other hand, a campaign of pub
licity has been begun looking to the elo
Mitiuu of -Mr. Sherley to the chair of tho
preuldlng officer. Within this group of
"socond tier" lender troublo Is browing
thut may project Itself Into the next
House If the next House happens to bo
Democratic, as now n-onies assured,
Trustee for Personal Trusts
FIFTH AVENUE C& 36TH STREET, NEW YORK
support from Senators Roeit, I. . g,
McCumber, Iltirton and llrandegee.
Any poll made of tho Senate ut it
tlmo would not bo reliable. A c' ai i,.
of four or five votes would swim;
result, acd It Is admitted rvin b- .
friends of the Aitmlnlht'.ttlnri thai t , ,
than that number of Senators uro wttun
the doubtful lone,
Vote Will He Delayed.
One thing Is certain., tho rjtiest'or
not be brought to a voto In tin
ns early as tho President an J his ir -,
Some of tho more enthusiast' - ,
optlmlstlo of the President's siq i
have predicted that tint bill win i
require more than ten ilnya In tit'
ate. Hut older und more cxper ,
legislators any thnt nt least a motif ! i.
be consumed In debate und oppnr
of the repeal bill predict that the rtrue;. .
will be drawn out for six weeks tit lest
The fact that the President's support ra
will hnvo so narrow a margin l no;;,
on makes It reasonably certain thnt i ipj
will not attempt to drives tho Sen .t,
nn early conclusion of tho Issue nu
the will of that body,
Tho President's supporter concede th--
delay will weaken their catue.
weaker In Congress.
II Is evident every day that the (lent
progresses Ihe cause of repeal cnns.
HOW NEW YORK VOTED.
Democrats Spill lit rn Only
Republican for Itrprnt.
Wariiinhton, March 31. The follow
Ing Is the veil of tho Sew York di-ieg
tlmi mi the tolls exemption repeal In ,
Ayes Hrown, O'llrleti, Ioft, I.e 1 . e ,.
tor. George, Oglesby, Taylor, MrCle , ,
Tan IJyvk, Tulcolt, Clancv, Under)
Dnnforth. Glttlns. Smith. Total. K.
Nius--(l'I,eary, Dale, Maher, ('a r
Kltxuer.-ild, Grlflln. Metz, Itlordan, r,
rnglr, Conry, Dueling, Curcw, Palt,
Chuiidler, ltruekner, Goulilen, Pl.it t. par
ker, Wiillhi. Mott, I'alrchlld, Pay no, lu i
Drlscoll. Hamilton. Total. SS,
Absent Wllion. Merrltt. Total. 2
Democrats' Ayoe, 15; noea, 15
Republicans Ayes, 1 ; tiexy, J,
Progressives Ajts, 0; noes, 1
I Some Democrats are Inclined to the tie
lief that the (iurk speech will Injure lh-
iuuo ui me Administration In the Sen
ate. Further, they fear thut It muj
arouse hoslllr sentiment throughout tht
Somo of the Wilson leudern are elated
( over the crushing defeat ndmlnl.-teretl to
the Speaker, but ninny of the bos in
...v iuhk.i woo are (.wu-.ng retiomliitti jn
nro apprehensive over Uio cftcot on tl.tjir
own politlt-nl fortunis.
Hull Moose mill Itepuluic&ns h ivt
fought like Kilkenny uts on all out
questions so fur this seiilon. hut on t'i
tolls question an u politli.il issue tMey
The Progressives Intend t make nn is
sue of the repeal bill. Wi'tt two exe.
Hons the third party con'-tigrnt In Pie
Houso voted us u unit on tho repeal lit..
They organized against It, spoko against
It and voted against It
Such leaders nu Victor Murdock n'
Kansas nro firmly of the op.nlon th .
President Wilson nnd his nelvlsr rs. m
n great polltlcnl blunder when tr
pressed the repeul bill on Cotigrei). mt ,i
The belief In Washington Is thnt tns
revolt ngnlnst the Wilson Admlnlstrnf
Is Just beginning nnd that It will rUr
anew under tho slightest provocation
SIX CHINA SUITS DROPPED
France's Pica for Importer ll., (
iii siriTcnce io me tT.it
French Government male t
h.lKa.iitn lll,..,,nn.l ... ,v
I ih uiu suns, However, will be
i ns the Goiernment chatges the defend
in these with making false statem. nt
their Invoices as to the amounts p, j
The suits to he i!lscnm!nn.i n- ,
against A. I
fur in i '
T. I). Downing & Co., $21 sir.
Moment. Sies ,,r.c. ts p ...
.. ... ii, iK iv: , ii,, 51,;,
Moment, J121.1SR; Ilnwo & Dolt
siM.:. Hwlaln G, l.i. v, Jf, -,. ,. k ,
Nllllnm Guerln & Co., tr.U7.534.
Attorney-Genernl Melteynoldv ,-,ir-with
the representations nf n, r
(.ovvrnment that the prices na-t i-.l t
Invoices complained of had In.
upon between the Treasury I), , ert
und the Chamber of Comer'ce e.r I
and therefore the defendants c. i: ! o'
Imo been guilty nf underv.ilu.it!-p
BARNES HAILS NEW PARTY
Chrrrfully Welnimrs Proi I ,1,
ral Roosevelt Orjir.nl, net,,,,.
"The more the merrier," ea'd It. r
can State Chairman William llirn.
tcrday when he read e.-Sinat. r r "
Davenport's Intimation thnt n new -pnrty
Is forming around Col. r m v
"The Republican partv. ' M' P.
continued, "seems to be doing qv.
aiid will glio a good account o'
this fall, The moie Its ittlv0iiar!e ,i
the more easily It will win
"Invitations from m.-nibers nf on.
to members nf another party would
to be Impert'nent It must b,. ....
that people beon M parties be.-au
want to. I am n.rry Mr. Duvtr.i.
Kick nlrendy of the party he so r
Joined and wants a new one."
Always at Par:
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them at issue plus accrued
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