Newspaper Page Text
Fair to-day and to-
Detailed wculhcr, mall
found on page 15
VOL. LXXXII. NO. 75.
NEW YORK, SATURDAY, NOVEMBER 14, 1914. Copyright. IH, by the, Bun Printing and Publishing Association.
PRICE TWO CENTS.
and maYTntr raft
U.S. TROOPS AT
VERA CRUZ TO
LEAVE NOV. 23
Announcement of Evacua
tion Issued hy Bryan and
MEANS MEXICO MI'ST
SKTTLK OAVX TKOUHLES
Wt-titNirrox, Nov. 13. The United
Pts'rs troops will evacuate Vera. Cruz
on Monday. November 23.
This announcement was made by Sec
retary of State ltrynn nt 11 o'clock to
night. It enme an a complete surprise,
to nearly everybody In Washington and
was interpreted In only one way. Tho
withdrawn! of tho American troops
means that President Wllxon him de
rided to let the Mexican fuctlons stew
In tnoir own troubles ami tight out
thr.r controversies among themselves.
It means, too, that there was a very
real fear on the part of the Admlnts
trn'i'in lh.it unices It embraced this
opportunity to withdraw from Mexico
the I nited States would be dragged Into
Intervention on a general scale.
Tci-iiight's announcement came as a
surprise chletly because It Is acknowl
edged on all sides here that conditions
In Mexico to-day are more chaotic and
verging closer on nnnrvhy than those
which existed when tho United States
rnt Its troops! into the Mexican port.
Thus, after seven months of occupa
tion by the United States army, this
Government Is calling buck Its .men
with nothing tangible accomplished as
far as can be seen beyond the over
throw of 1 Inertii.
When the troops were ordered to
Vera Cruz. Itucrta was admittedly the
ttrong man In Mexico, and with the
recognition of the United States could
have, built up u government which
many behove would have established
law and order. The United States I
soldiers are being withdrawn now with
the President and Secretary ltrynn un
certain even as to who Is actually in
control of the Ciovernment of Mexico.
I: w.u pointed out here to-night also
that the United States, when the Amer
ican troops are withdrawn, will not have
accomplished even the Immediate purpose
for which they lauded at Vera Cruz, the
compelling of Iluerta to lire a salute, to
tlie American flag In repnrntlon for In
tuit to It and uniforms worn by Amer
ican naval oftlecrs.
Tlie announcement of the Administra
tion i decision to jetlre from Mexico was
made In this statement by Secretary
Koth Gen. l.'ariunza and the con
Vintlon at Asuasoallentcs having
Ktvrti the assurances and guarantees
tw required, it Is the puipoc of '
Administration to withdraw the troops
of the United States from Vera Cruz
Monday, November All tho
pertons therefore whose pen-Dirt!
fafet) this Government had made It
felf it-Hpuuslble for have left the city.
Tli- priests and nuns who hud taken
refuse there and for whoso safety
t aru were entertained aro now on
tnt-lr way to this country.
The guarantees tlie United States de
manded of Carianza and the Aguascall
entea romtntion were that the tax re
celpts that had been given by United
States itllclals for the collection of moneys
at Vera I'-iiz should be rcroguizto u
vail I. also that protection should bn af
fix led to alt .Mexicans ivhu had aided Hie
United States In tlie ndmlnlstintlon at
Vim i'iiiz and to religious refugees.
Carranza refused to give these guaran
tees until a few days ago.
Only a few adherents of Villa are sup-
rori.mr Hen. Gutierrez as Present of
Mexico, according to a despatch from
lien. Carranza to-night. Tlie First Chief
avert all the leading generals, headed
hy Obiegon and Gonzales, are with him
n the light and against the convention
Kim tu selection for President.
I'em.il of uports that the National
Ha-ik In M-xh-o li.nl been sacked Is con
ta iled in Hie telegram sent by Carranza
from Cordoba, wheic lie is at piesent, to
Jwtel .ubiran, Carranz.i s agent here.
VILLA TO TAKE TAMPICO.
six n re -.no l.nU I'otosl. t'nllliiK
Oir the Nortlit-iisl.
!"i. Paso, Tex., Nov. 13. Hy one bold
t'oke to-day lien. Villa, commander In
- ii. - f of forces under the government of
provisional President liiitlcrrez, cut olf
the northeastern Carranza garrisons from
'.iimuni-atlon with Carranza's main
fei es, seized the capital of n State and
pu-hed ins troops toward Tamplco, the
aport next In importance to Vera Cruz
lias ordered an attack on
T'lui i Capturing It, ho will control
'i' uil supply of Mexico, hav a perma
nent base of supplies nnd leave Carranza
only ono port of entry on tho eastern
C'M-t. Puerto Mexico,
V.l.a's army appeared In San I.uls
l'"i 'si, capital of the Stato of the same
name, early this morning. Ten troop
' ns steamed In anil tho small Carranza
K-riikon immediately evacuated after a
if natteilng sliols. San I.uls I'otosl Is
tighty mites from Agiiaicallentes.
'.-n Henavldes commanded tho army
"I oiMipatlon. Hy seizing San I.uls I'otosl
Ha mt on the Important Carranza gar
r. iih at Monterey. Saltlllo, Neuvo
I..uedo and Pledrait Negras, leaving them
Isolated on tho northeastern part of tho
VILLA DECLARED REBEL.
('iriniirii tails on UN Army tn
I'lubt .Northern Kit IkIoii.
ilespatch from .Mexico city to the
.Mcxuaii Consulato-lleneral at 17 llattery
Pla-H last night announced a declara
' -a of war by lieu, Carranza on flen.
dbi and a call to arms of nil tho Con
Cen Villa Is declared an outlaw and a
rebel. 'Die provisional Government headed
hv Hen. Mulallo Gutierrez and the actions
or the AgunHcallentles convention are
ii'.Hidlaled. Tho telegram said:
"Having exhausted every means of
br iigiiig Gen. Villa to order In a peaceful
w,u cincf ICccullvu Carranza, supported
bv ileus Obiegnn, Gonzales, Vlllaroal,
l'l.mco. Hay. Pablo de la Garza, Haucedo,
Muriel, Mcnchaza, Campos and a majority
of tho oilier chiefs, has decided to brine
to pterins the rebel Villa.
"All tho divisions or the Constitu
tionalist army will right against and sub
duo the northern division. The First Chief
"i . ,.c,ol"'lullonallst army has do
elarod Ilia a rebel. Tho provisional
Government of twenty days, named bv '.lie
military convention of Aguasenllcntes, un
der the influence of Villa's bayonets, is
also declared a rebellion.
., "Th'.cll,Ff '-tecutlve has Issued orders
that all military and civil authorities are
o respect orders coming from those named
oy the nbin if flu,. .11, ..i.. i
- - ..H..ii..iu(iv .nunc, iiuw.;r
wiilch plan tne people were vlctorloui
against the usurper,"
A private telegram to the Mexican bu
reau Of nfnl-mnllnn v.t,,l .. . ..
, . i ,, : - . "nr . ... h i m.uti
. it . a B(,1,rnI movement thnugh-
...r.xuo nas oeen started by Mexican
members of tho Masonic fraternity to com
lint tho Catholic propaganda and tho
Catholic party In tho whole country.
Ir In llnrrn Itmtitnu.
Paris, Nov. 13. Franoltco Do la Ilarra
has resigned as Mexican Minister to
t rance. He was appointed to the post
by rormer provisional President Iluerta.
NONE WOULD GIVE TAFT LIFT.
Hikes I'lvp Mites When Am,, Quit,
TIiuukIi .Mnny I'm.s Htm. ,
l'lrrsKiFLn, Mass., Nov. 13. Prof. '
William Howard Taft, tourlmg back to
Now Haven from Wllllamstown, where i
he kuvo the Itok leoture Thursday night, '
walked live miles from a stalled autono
mic on Monument Mountain to Great
Harrington this afternoon to obtain as
sistance to bring the automobile to a re
A tire blew out and the ex-rresldent,
with his brother, Horace W. Taft, started
on foot for help. A wore of automobiles
passed the distinguished walkrr and none
offered him a ride. The tramp took con
siderably muro than an hour, Mr. Taft
said he felt lino at Its end.
GRACE POLHEMUS DIES:
CAT VICTIM'S END OUIETi
Hrooklyn Sclioolsrirl's .Suffer-'
iujr Troiii Ifydroplioltin Lasts
for a Week.
flrace Polhemu. the thirteen-year-old I
schoolgirl who was bitten by a cat a
year ago. died at S oVJook last night!
after sufferlngla week from hydrophobia
j In her homo at 372 Monroe street, Hrook
lyn. iter ilealli was preceded by paraly
sis, which set in nt tlie feot.
Lost Saturday she complained of diz
ziness and nausea. On Monday her con
dition was worse. She had a high fever
and found It difficult to swnlhyt'. Then
the Incident of the stray cat the girl IkuI
fondled was recalled and Mrs. l'olhemus
summoned Dr. Theodore Vosselcr, who
Immediately diagnosed the erase a one
of hydrophobia. He called In Dr. Fred-
erlck Tllney or the College of fnyrtclans
and Surgeons, Or. Frank Fielder ot the
Department of Health and Dr. Albert
Thuulg, a pathologist of St. John's Hos
pital. Treatment was given In the form of
an Injection of a prepiratlon of quinine,
and urea Into the slnal column nnd I ha
veins of the arms anil legs.
The girl steadily became woise. Thurs
day she was In state of coma and the
doctors gave up all hope of saving her
life. The treatment she received Is nald
to be a new one. Dr. Vosseler wouldn't
say last night whether the girl's tranquil
.nd was due to the new treatment.
Ready to Die,
Lody's Last Word
Letter Penned by (ieriimn Spy
Just. Before Death Wenches
Omaha, Neb., Nov. 13. Several days
before he was executed as a German spy.
Carl Hans I-ody, who was executed No
vember 6 In the Tower of !.ondon. wrote
a letter to friends In Omaha. It was re
ceived hero yesterday.
The letter was to a friend he had mane
while living In Omaha nd was dated at
"The Tower. London." A full nheet of tho
manuscript was missing, apparently taken
out by the cenor. The next sheet begins
In tho middle of a sentence and says:
"She Is still dear to ti.e." This Is supposed
to lefer to his divorced wife, Ml Uiul.se
Htorz, a wealthy Omaha girl. The letter
Is written In German and a free transla
"My feelings run riot when I can per
mit myself to review the dramatic events
ot the last three years and what Is to
he the probable climax of It all. I am
prepared to make a clean breast of all
this trouble, hut I must protect my friends
In the Fatherland and avoid, as much as
possible, humiliation for those who have
been near and dear to me.
"I am In the Towers. Hourly, while I
am confined here, an unfriendly guard
paces the corridor. My counsellor Is an
attorney of standing, but I ofttlmes feel
that he is trying o '
country ranwr mn -
Next weeK I snail kiiov iai.,
there can be hardly a doubt as to what It
Is The keeper called on me once and
taunted me, but 'where Ignorance Is
bliss,' &c. . , .
"When my friends hear of me again,
doubtless my body shall have been placed
In concrete beneath this old tower, or my
l.nnes hall have made a pyre. Hut I shall
have served my country, .tiayue domu
i.iutnrlnn will record me among the de
spised class of war victims."
A wnole. . sneei lit iihoi-iiik n-nu i
manuscript at this point In the letter ap
parently removed by tho censor. The
communication concludes, starting In tho
middle, of a sentence:
"and she Is nt III dear lo me.
Itoubtless my demise shall bo heralded as
that of a spy, but I have tplrltual conso
i...tA.i on-nrH hnve nuffered and I must
acrep'f'tho reward of fate. I am still your
affectionate friend, l.-aiu. jianb.
INDICTED FOR BANK FHAUDS.
PiTTHntmn. I'u.. Nov. 13. Oscar I.. Tell
lug, former president of the First-Second
National Hank, and Francis H. Itlchards,
former cashlor of tho same Institution,
were Indicted hy the Fcncrai uranu jury
ii.-re this afternoon on cliarges of embez
zlement, misapplication of funds and malt
Inir false entries In the books of tlie bank
and in the reports lo the Comptroller of
A bench warrant was Issued for Rich
nrds's arrest and be was taken Into cus
tody to-nlghl. No win rant was Issued for
Telling, as ho Is a fugitive nom Justice.
Ho Is believed to bo In Europe,
SETS OF BOOKS
IN SIEGEL BANK
Cashier Explains How Depos
itors' Money AVas Dis
tributed to Stores.
MHMOKAXDA OF LOANS
"OX SLIPS OF YAVVAV
Okneseo, Nov. 13. The testimony de-! Wahiiiniiton, Nov. 18. Tim Sl'.v Is
pende.l upon most by the prosecution toIll(1 , ,,vp n. oU(me f the plan
convict Henry Slescl of grand larceny
was pm ...-lore mo larmcr jurors n-re (.al ,,, , coollpral,m with
this afternoon through Frank !.. Cham- , . . .
Plon. cashier of Henry Slegel & Co. bank-1"'"" " "r l'" hnv ' '"
ers. mo.e popularly known as Slegel's "0!''l ' Treasury In the
Koiirteenth Street Store bank. Champion "wttor of the Indebtedness of the United
appeared to be a reluctant wltutss and States to Orent llrltnin.
at times his Information practically hail ' If this plan Is accepted American
lo bo dragged from him, particularly on j officials nro certain that foreign ex
vltal points. change will be again on practically n
Champion told how money deposited In normi ,asls and that trade between
the Slegel bank was taken In bags to the ,
olllce of the Fourteenth Street sfore nnd
the Slmpson-Ciawfonl Company, two of
l.n 1.. ur..n..t' nt, ,ln ,.f .l.nrl.
... , . ,, ,, ,
sent to one or another of the concerns
and then- split Into smaller checks so
the money was divided among the enter-
The witness related how notes for loans
were kept In tho olllce of,Slegel nnd Frank
K. Vogel. the dead partner of the de-)
femlant. and not In the hank, lie dis
closed the fact that two sets of books
were kepi. In one of thcc loans were
credited merely to numbers, tlie names
of tlie stores not appearing. In a private
book kept by himself. Champion as
serted, the names of the stores were en
tered and the disposition of the money
Through having the witness Identify the
documents as those he had prep.net! for
the approval of Sltgel and Vogel, and had
' , T ,
sent out under their Instructions. As-
slstant District Attorney Train was
aided to retd to the Jury the conti nts
of a circular bidding for the pennies of
small wage earners thiough tho little
dime savings banks, ami instructions to
newspapers how to use advertisements of
the bank so as to avoid violating the bank
laws relating to savings banks.
From Champion the prosecution elicited
tho manner in which the bank was
. .. i.. . .1... .......til.,. r tlm miMlf. .tiiiciicito ouiciiiin nviiete in - pre-
brought to the attention of the public r()M of $)00000 000 M)ll (he
In a manner which attorneys for the Pr(.l!(ed exportatlons alone will have .lis
State contend might have misled many j t-hurged the balance analnat tho United
Into bcllevliu the bank was an authorized States by January 1. hut the proposal In
.... l, .nt . I regard to tho credit arrangement. It Is
sanit,s oaiii.. arguel, will remove any uneasiness which
I'.xplnliift ((pernilmis In lietnll. may be felt either in thl country or In
... Knglnnd as to the lnimedla,te future.
In detailing the manner In which llnan-j ,f ,,, ,lrologl,H mPet ,i, ,,proVH of
clal operations weie coislucted In the i the llrltlsh authorities some satisfactory
Fourteenth Sticet Store bank Champion
told the Jury:
"I would be iii"tructed by Mr. Vogel or
Mr. I'rtill, Slcgel's cimlblentlal man, that
the Slmp-on-Cr-awfuid Ctunpauy, the
. u .h.. lun.v
l-ourt..nth ht lest More or the lleno
Slegel Company of Itoston was to tiavi
certain amount of money, usually
around .'.,n00, 110,00a, JUi.Ono or
nnn ...! I u.mlil ill iw checks for odd
000, and I would ataw uieLiis tor o.i i
amounts aggregating the total with
which that particular stole was to be
charged, The check registers show cor
rectly tho payee of those checks, tho
dates on which they were drawn ami
the amounts thereof.
"I would send the-fl checks to Mr. Vo
gel's ofllco and I would have no menus of
knowing at that tlmo for whom tho funds
I took my Instructions and posted
them Into the ledgor as directed, for ex
ample : Mr. I'rall or Mr. Vogel might In
struct me that they wanted 2r.,000 and
to tlraw tlm checks aggicgatlug Hint
amount: tometlmes they told uio against
whom to charge these checks. Sometimes
they told me they would let nx Know
later and they would do so In a djy or
"I was told on July 11, 1912. to draw
two checks to the order of Henry Slegel
& Co.. bankers, ono for tlL',e'J0.42 and
tho other for $7,370. r.8. Taken together
these two cheeks aggregated 120,000. .1
whk tohl to Indorse, them oor to the
Simpson-Crawford Comiwny. The other
Indorsements on mo iracs or inese ciiccks
showed tho ono ror I .- - was o-.
posited by the Simpson-Crawford Com
pany In the Hank of tho Metropolis and
tile Otlier Was liei-OMlt-ll III III-" .-ninmni
Park Hank. These two chock Illustrate.
an ordinary 'split' which enabled the
Slmp'on-Crawloril company io oeposu
each check In n different bank, the bank
or tho Metropolis and the National Park
Hank Isith being cngngea in lending
money to the allied stores,
Tunned ritet-Us for $1 .10,000.
"On or about January 13, 1913, I was
Instructed to Issue cheeks aggregating
SISn.OOO, which wete Indorsed to the va
rious stores, which in turn Issued their
own checks to each other or to the Slegel.
Cooper Company ot Chicago, so that even
tuallv the J 160,000 got to Chicago.
"I was Instructed to carry these cheeks
as cash Hems nnd not to charge them to
any account, but to hold a memorandum
In my cash drav.u charging the amount
or the checks to tlie Indorser. Later on
I received Instructions to charge them lo
the Slegel-Cooper Company or Chicago. We
had no account with the Slegel-Cooper
Company, so 1 had to carry them uierelj
as cash Items."
As an Illustration of the method pur
sued In tlie alleged concealment of loans
Assistant Dlstilct Attorney Train drew
rrom Champion the following testimony:
"I was Instructed on October IB, 1911,
to draw two checks; ono check was to the
nider of Huiry Slegel & Co., bankers, for
$14,D74.21, Indorsed to the Simpson-Crawford
Company and deposited In the Hank
or tho Metropolis. Another check was to
tlie older of Henry Hlegcl & Co., bankers,
for $10,452,79, Indorsed over to the Four
teenth Sttiet Store and deposited In the
Union Ilxchange National Hank.
"On the samo day tho Fourteenth Street
Stole diew two cheeks, ono for $6,236.64.
to tho order of the Slinp"on-Crawford
Company, which was deposited In the
Hank or tho Metropolis, and a cheek or
tlie Fourteenth Ktict-t Store to tho Simpson-Crawford
Company for $5,210.25, de
posited by It In tho Hank of the Metrop
olis. "These last two checks aggregated $10,-
452.79, which is the precise amount of the
chock sent by tho Hlegoi nanit to tne foair
Coitlfnucd on i-'(li rage,
TO PAY DEBTS
Proposal Is to Draw Against
$100,000,000 In Dank
A FT EH SIX MONTHS
whlc, ftporctnry McAdoo and the l-"ed- j
,h, ttnUeU stau.s lind (jat urtuln will
again How freely through Its accus
tomed channels and with Increasing
, Tl,! Proposal made by the American j
, off Iclals Is that Hit- Hank of Kngland,
supported by the British Treasury, shall ,
.create a credit In London of $100,000,000
n fnvor of certain large banking In- '
stltutlons, chlclly If not entirely in New
yrk cily Tlls crpi)u ,,p U(lp(1
in the operation of foreign exchange
between tho two countries.
To llrntr Acnlnol the t'redtl.
The banks In whose favor the credit
Is plr.ced will draw bills of exchange
against this credit nnd these bills may
be utilized by American debtors In set
tling their balances with English credi
tors. The plan provides that these bills
I " " .. n....
Hire concerned, shall not be redeemable
for sx m(nth I
'N ,hp CM,pctaUtm nf thp American j
, aullt,rltk.H tlml tlroiigh this foreign
PXI.,ngc arrangement, supplementing 1
pr(.gPnt 1100,000,000 gold pool and I
, the Increased How of exports, any un-
! certainty that may hang over the In-'
' ternatioual trade situation between ,
I Ureal llrllnln nnd the United States
j owing to the present Indebtedness of .
this country will be removed. I
..t .... ... ,. .. .
urraugemi nt will of course have to be
made b'-tween the Hank of I'ngland and
the banks In this country for the guar
anteeing of the credit created in their
favor in !ondon.
The argument advanced here is that
' at me i-iMi oi ino wix iiiiiuins mw oaiance
. (f m,ph,ei,nM1B Mn the United Slates
and Kiiglatid will have turned and Great
llrltnin will find herself confronted with a
debit to tho United States.
"' ' 1 Hl""
( hm (f PX(.lmnKe (lrlwM (h,
too.OOii.OOO credit In eaneellatlon of her
j Indebtedness. If the expectations of the
Washington authorities fall of realization
and the United States at the end of six
months stlil finds itself Indebted to Great
Hrltaln the question of a settlement can
be taken up,
Vlevrril ns n Credit llxtriislnn.
As viewed hero the American proposal
amounts to an ex-tenslon of International
credit for six months, with the Important
advantage of a restoration of normal
foreign exrhange condltlotut and the con
servation of the gold supply In tho United
Tlie advantage which Great llrltnin Is
supposed to derive from tho arrangement
will consist chiefly In tlie restoration of
more satisfactory and freer trado with
the United Stntes.
No word has renin from Hie Hrltish
Treasury olllclals as to their attitude to
ward tlittte proposals, but it Is understood
that Sir George Palsh, who Is represent
ing the llrltlsh Treasury In tho confer,
ences with American Treasury olllclals,
Ikih not opposed tlie plan.
A committee or bankers, consisting of
Henjamln Strong, Jr., Albert H, Wlggin
and James Hrown, have cooperated with
the Federal Itcservo Hoard In considering
the rorelgn exchange problem and the In
debtedness or tho United States to Great
PROPOSAL IS CRITICISED.
Ilankt-rn Here Mny It Will WniLrn
This Country In Future.
International banking authorities and
foreign exchange experts criticised as an
unnecessary measure last night the pro
posals tor n six niontns extension or
$100,000,000 credit to this country guar
anteed by the Hank or Ungland.
Not only Is the measure unnecessary
nt this time. It was said, hut It will result
In weakening this country s ability lo
draw gold rrom Kngland In the future,
when the balanco of trado has swung, as
experts declare It Is bound to do, In
favor of this country,
Instead therefore, of being In a position
to demand cash and gold payments In the
future for our merchandise from Great
Hrltaln and a return or some or the $138,
000,000 gold which this country has ex
ported to Kurope this year tho United
Statrs through acceptance or the $100,
000,000 credit from Oreat Hrltaln now,
It Is asserted, will have to be content
with a book credit payment then. Tho
samo would wotk with other Kuropean
Many bankers in Wnll Street who have
watched the proceedings at Washington
and the course of the sterling exchange
market In the last week have been Inclined
to view the willingness of England to
grant an extension of credit at this time
as more for her own advantage when the
trade trend and financial claims of this
country will be against her.
International bankers said last night
that the reason for the violent and al
most unprecedented break In sterling ex
change on Thursday, when the rate
dropped 1 W centB in the pound from the
day befnie nnd 3 cents from the tlrst of
tho week, Is now perfectly clear In view
of the $loo,ooo,uoo creuii proposal.
qilll I'lll.AMI WAT KB Arrnted
ttecognUid u tha leader for Its Purity and
Uenieinai rroptniM in rrirj prt a. wuriu
G. B. Shaw Says Britain
Is Not Guiltless in War
Discusses the "Responsibility,
Dlaming Militarism of
PUTS HEAVIEST ONUS
ON TEUTONIC ALLIES
.S)rrlat Cable tlmtxitch lo Tub St v
IiNliO.s', Nov. 13. George Hernnrd
Shaw hns an nrtlcle thirty-two pnsea
In length In the A'cm Statesman bear
ing the title, "Common Sense Alioitt the
The playwright discusses the posi
tion of Kurope which led to the war,
the position of Kurope at present nnd
the position which the democrats
should strive lo brltur about.
While Hinting a powerful case for
war, he begins tho nrtlcle characteristi
cally by brushing aside the case lor war
as stated by everybody else. While at
tacking the Prussians, ho contends that
they are not the only people of Kurope
who were guilty of warlike passions In
tlie years preceding the war,
"When tho German lire eaters drank
to 'The Day' they were drinking to the
day of which the Navy l.eaguo fire
eaters llrst said, 'It's bound lo come.'
Therefore let us have no more nonsense
nbout the Pruss'mn wolf and the Hrltt'h
lamb, tho Prussian .Machlavellt and the
Kngllsh evangelist. We cannot shout
for years that we are boys of the bull
dog breed nnd then suddenly poso ns
gazelles. No, when Kurope nnd America
come to settle n treaty that will end
this business for America Is concern-id
In It ns much ns we nre they will not
deal with us ns lovable, Innocent vic
tims of a treacherous tyrant and savage
soldiery. They will have to consider
how these two Incorrigibly pugnacious
nnd Inveterately snobbish peoples, who
have snarled nt one another for forty
years with bristling hair and grinning
rungs and who are now rolling over
with their teeth In one another's
throats, are to he tamed Into trusty
watchdogs of the pence of the world.
"I am sorry to spoil the saintly Image
with halo which the Hrltish Jingo
Journalist sees Just now when ho looks
In the glass, but It must bs done If we
are to behave reasonably in the immi
nent day of reckoning."
None the less, Mr. Shaw throws tho
immediate responsibility for tho war
chletly on Austria and Gernrany.
"Tlie ultimatum to Servla," ho sajs.
"was the etcapade of a dotard nnd a
worse crime than the a-rsassln-atlon that
provoked It. Peace 'was really on the
oirds. Tlie sane gam? was to play for
It. Instead Germany flew at France's
throat and by Incidentally Invading Bel
gium gave us the excuse that our mili
tarists wanted to at tuck Iter with tho
full sympathy of the nation."
"What then wan Ungl-Jiid to do?'' Mr.
Now comes tho question In what no
tation did tills result of a mad theory
and a hopelessly Incompetent applica
tion or It on tho part of Potsdam pl.un
our own Government? It left us quite
clearly In tho position of a responsible
lleeman of tho west. Thera was no
body else in Huropo strong enough to
elk in tho mad dog,"
It was evidently, say Mr. Shaw, Kng-
Russians to Leave
No German in Rear
Move On!" Will Ho Order to
All (o Prevent
Spy in jr.
Sperlnl Cahlt Tepatcli lo Tar. Sex,
Ixnpox, Nov. 14, A despatch from
a point In Ilelglum to the .tforalnj; Post
"It Is stated on reliable authority that
the Husslan cominandrrs, taught hy the
harsh experience or the Allies with Ger
man spies, have come to tho conclusion
that In their advance Into German terri
tory none or the German civilian popu
lation shall be allowed to remain In tlie
conquered area. All must go rorward
with tho advnnce of the HuiTslan army.
"The decision Is a stern one and will
entail great suffering, hut from all tho
circumstances It seems to lie Inevitable.
Tho German method of conducting esplon
age In warfare makes It Impossible for an
army to leave a German population In Its
rear with any safety."
TO SEARCH ALL PASSENGERS.
llrllUb Adopt Strlnicrnt Itiilri for
All Who Cross Chnttnrl.
Specat Cahlt Pcipatch to Tan Six,
London, Nov. 13. Beginning to-morrow
every man, woman nnd child without ex
ception who leaves I-omlon for cross Chan
nel ports will bo searched, and. If neces
sary required to undress. All baggage
of such persons will be scrutinized.
After this search the passengers will be
taken by oftlcers into a train nnd under no
clrcumstandefl will they be allowed to com
municate with nny ono at the port, and
no outsldo communication will be allowed.
Passengers Joining a boat at a port will
be subjected to the same search. Passen
gers must b at a depot from one to one
and a half hours before their departure
and tho heavy baggage must be there from
two to threo and a half hours.
FRENCH GOVERNMENT TO MOVE.
Special Cable Despatch to Tne Sts,
I'AntH, Nov. 13. Tho Journal says
Premier Vlvlanl regards the return f
the Government to Paris by the end of
November oh certain. Parliament haa
Iteen convoked ror December 15.
Premier Vlvlanl announced to-day that
tho Government Is ready to tx-rmlt the
atres ind muslo halts to open. The
closing hour or lestannants has been
changed rrom R to 10 P. M. The sub
ways and street cam will run until
10 o'clock, but tho closing hour or cafes
S o'clock has not Is-en changed.
TURKISH FLEET OFF DULTNE.
Special Cable tietpatch lo Tils Svi,
PBtnooRAP, Nov, 13. An official an
nouncement was made" to-night that
Turkish torpedo boats have been aen
off Dullne, In the Hlack Sea,
1 w..ts. iWriMMMMMm
From a Painting.
George Bernard Shaw.
land or nobody, there was no alternative.
Like II. G. Wells he regards tho prevent
war ns a war on war. He says:
"We are supporting It, Why? As a
war on war, on military coercion, on
domineering nnd bullying, on brute force,
on mllltnry law, on caM Insolence, on
what Mrs. Fawcett called 'Insensate
deviltry,' only to find the papers explain
ing apologetically that file as a lody
had of course been alluding to war made
by foreigners and not by England. Soino
of us. remembering the things that wo
ourselves have said and done, miy doubt
whether Satin can cast out Satan, but
as the Job Is not exactly one tor an un
rallen angel we may as well let him havo
A Hegemony of Pence.
As ror settlement, the war must lead
to a hegemony or peace, In the view or
"In the west," he ays, "1 see no In
superable obstacle to a treaty or paco 111
the largest seme. This war has smoothed
the way to it. We onmiot smash or dis
able Germany, however completely we
may rteteat her. because we cm do that
only by killing hor women, and it Is
trifling to pretend that we aro capable
of any such villainy.
"liven to embarrass her flimiclally by
looting would rexll upon ourselves, as
she Is one of our commercial customers
and e-ne of our mot frequently visited
neighbors. We and Franco have to live
with Germany after tlie war. The sooner
we make up our mind to do It generously
the better. The word after the tight
must ho 'Kins rancune,' for without peace
between France, Oernwny nnd England
there can be no peace In the world."'
One of the most characteristically
Shnvlun passages In tho article Is that
In which the Kaiser Is pictured as Mie
theatrical llcrurehcad of Prussian mili
tarism. "It Is frlghttul," the writer hays,"to
think of the powers which Europe In her
own snobbery has left In tile hands of
Peter Pan, and appalling as the Jesuit
or that criminal levity has been, yet being
by no means free from his romantic
follies myself, 1 do nut fed harshly
toward Peter, who after all kept the
pence for over twenty-six years. In the
end his talk, his games of soldiers In
preparation for a toy conquest of the
world, frightened his nelghors Into a
league against lilin, and tli.it league has
now caught him In Just such a trap as
Iris strategists were laying for his neigh
bors." Dreadnought Hit
a Mine, Is Rumor
Aiidiii'ioiis ISojiclied nnd Crew
Snved by Liner Olympic,
Special Cable Ttespulch to Tnr Six.
London, Nov. H. Humors have been
current In London for t-omo days that the
Hrltish superdreadnought Audacious, com
pleted In October of last year, had struck
a mtue off the north coast of Ireland and
had been beached.
According to the rumor, the White Star
Line steamship Olympic, about whose
stopping at Iough Swllly- much mystery
was made, came up In tlmo to take off
tho survivors or tho disaster and to tow
the battleship Into a harbor, where she
was run on the bottom.
The Admiralty has mado no announce
ment or the disaster to the Audacious and
the censor has permitted no word of the
report to bo sent out,
The reports say that the Audacious
first learned of tha presence of tho mines
through sighting of a steamer Hying
the Swedish Hag which was laying mines
olf the north Irish coast. Tho battle
ship at once sent a wireless ilespatch
to the Olympic, warning tho White Star
ship or the danger,
A moment later tho Audacious struck
one or tho mines and, according lo the
report, her boilers were blown up by
the exploslng, scalding 147 men. Three
of these are reported to havo been fatally
hurt. Then the Olympic emtio up and
towed the Audacious Into a small harbor
and tho battleship wits beached.
According to tho reports, the Audaciuos
will be raised at once and repaired.
EIGHT AER0S IN BATTLE.
I'nrla Hears of FIkIiI In Air nnd
n (irrmnn Detent,
Special Cable Ilespatch to Tnr St-.v.
Paris, Nov, 13. A war correspondent
of the Liberie describes what was almost
a general engagement between aeroplanes
recently. Four Taubcs appeared near
Ypres, whereupon two English and two
French neroplancs ascended to meet them.
The eight aeroplanes manieuvied for ad
vantageous positions. They rose and
fell and described large circles, all the
time tiring mitrailleuses.
After about ten minutes the Germans
seemed tn dominate tho Ituatlon, although
no neroplano had apparently been
Suddenly, ns If obeying a preconcerted
signal, the four neroplanes of the Allies
flew off as If they were abandoning the
Btruggle. The Tnubes followed and were
soon drawn over a French battery. The
Allies machines flew In circles and finally
landed safely, while the Taubes, which
wcro within range of the artillery, were
brought down In live minutes.
French Official JJeport In
dicates Weakening of the
V ALLIED ARMIES
Kaiser's .Supreme Effort to
lireak Through Line So
Far a Failure.
ADVANCES A TIE MADE
X0KT1I OF THE AISXE
Berlin Announces Capture of
1,800 Prisoners Near
Sperlal Cable Vetpatch to Tnr. Sr
Paiiib, Nov. 13. Tho German nttacl:
In Helglum, ns fnr ns can be learned,
has failed to open tho road to tne
French coast. At the moment when the
Kaiser's troops gattliered tremendous
momentum nnd seemed about to buret
through the nlllrd line nt the Ulvcr
Yser the French and llrltlsh stiffened
their defence, met onslaught with
counter onslaught, wore down tho Ger
man offensive, and regaining the Initia
tive to-dny surged forward and recap
tured positions lost in the savage battles
of the past week.
This summarizes the mllcial news of
the lighting of yesterday and to-day.
The unolllclal reports nre even more In
dicative of a severe reverse to the Ger
man troops In Flanders. There Is
report that the Allies have retaken Dlx
mude at the point of the bayonet; that
the French marines have hnmmerer1. the
Germans from the left hank of the
Yser and that an iillled force hn.t
marched up the coast under the pro
tection of the guns of the llrltlsh and
French warships nnd recaptured Ostend.
The outstanding feature of tho com
muniques of the afternoon nnd night is
that the most violent effort yet made
by the German armies In the north was
ns fruitless as their many lesser attacks
In the past four weeks. If they hold
Dlxmude the town is of no profit to
them, for nn unbroken line of the Allies
holds the left hank of the Vsrr anl
bars the way to Dunkirk and Culals ns
stanchly as the west Hank and centre
I block the roads to Paris. There Is no
real belief here that the Germans aro
ready to admit defeat by a retreat to
central Helgium, but tho question Is
nuked. How lonn can thev endure with-
lout nny prollt such terrlblo losses as
they have recently suffered? The finest
of German troops, tho Prussian Guard,
have been thrown back three days In
succession by the Hrltish and French
defending Ypres, which seems to be held
imprcgnably by the Allies.
Allies llraainr Offensive nn llclulitit
Special Cable Ilespatch to Tnr. Scn.
Paris, Nov. 13. The Government re
port to-night dullcated that tho Gor
man attack In Helglum hns lost fotco
nnd that the Allies have resumed tho
offensive, moving forward south ot
Illxschoote nnd east of Ypres. A further
repulse of the Prussian Guard south of
Ypres points to the stiffness of te
allied defence of that key position, an
well ns to the futility of the tremen
dous efforts of the Germans. Thrro was
nft Important action reported front tho
battlefields of Frnnce. The text of tho
report mado public nt 10M0 P. M. was
From the sea to tho Hlver Lys
tho German attacks havo been less
vigorous and on certain parts of Hie
front wo have even resumed tho
offensive. We have advanced south
of Illxschoote. Kast of Ypres wo
have by a counter attack' relaken
a hamlet which had been lost,
South nf Ypres we have t-pulsed
an attack by the Prussian Guard.
On the rest of the front there is
nothing to report except cannonad
ing. The report of the afternoon was the
first Intimation that the German at
tack In Ilelglum hail lost momentum
and that the rortunes or the conflict
were swinging again to the Allies. The
Germans could not cross tho Yser nor
could they muke any Impression on tlie
line defending Ypres. Along tho west
flank the Allies, with little lighting, ad
vanced their lines and gullied grou.id,
notably In the old centre. The Ger
mans were defeated In actions near
Verdun and to the southeast. Tho text
of tho report, which was Issued at 3
P. M., was us follows:
From the sea to the Ulvcr Lys
tho conlliet Is less violent than on
the preceding days. Several nt
totnpts mude by tho Germans to
cross tho Yser Canal by a. sortie
west of Dlxmude unil at other
points higher up the stream have
In a general way our positions
have been maintained without
To tlie northeast nnd southeast
of Ypres the enemy's attacks had
been repulsed nt tho end of the
day. At many points along our
Hue and that of the Hrltish army
from the region cast of Armen-