SUNDAY, NOVEMBER 10, 1014.
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Published Unity. Including Sunday, br the
fun l'rlntlng ami Publishing Amorlatlon at
t70 Naau Mreet, In the Ilnrough o( Man
hattan, New York, l'reeldent and Treasurer.
William l Helck, III) Naieau itreeti Vice
I'reeldent, HJwanl I'. Mitchell, 1J1 Najeau
treet; Secretary, c E. Lmton, 10 Naiiau
London once, Effingham Ilouie, t Arundel
Parle oHIce, C Hue de la Mlchodlere, off
flu du Quatre Heptembre.
Waahlngton oltlce, lllbhi ttultdtng.
Brooklyn umee, 10 Llvlngeton atreet.
our friend) tcAo itor til u-lf A manutcrifli
and llluitrntliym for publication uhS to Aate
rtlrctti artlelet returned thevmutt In altcaiei
ttni it&mpi for that jurinf.
General Leonard Wood's Warning
to the Nation.
Tlx peaceful nnl neutralized little
republic of Switzerland, with n total
population nbout eiunl to that of this
town of New York, can put In the field
on abort notlco an army of half a mill
ion trained fighting men.
With a population twenty-five time
greater than that of Switzerland, the
United Stnte.i could command In an
emergency n mobile forco of less than
ninety thousnud regulars and militia
men, assuming tho utmost possible at
to the availability of tho mllltlit.
In case of foreign Invasion by a first
class Tower the minimum force re
quired for tho support of our permanent
coast defences would be three hundred
thousand men. Our nviillablo force of
regulars amounts to only six per cent,
of tho nrmy required for the early
stages of a defensive war. In respect
of regulars our military preparedness
Is ns (J is to 1(. Adding to the six
jmrcent. of regulars a possible nineteen
per cent, of militiamen, our available
strength at the outset of such it wnr
would be to tho necessary force ns 2,"
Is to 1i0. That W to say we are one
This Impressive warning does not
come from any njarmtst, any Irrespon
sible agitator, any Interested promoter
of military expansion. The foregoing
comparison forms part of the very dis
passionate t-tatcmcnt of General Leon
ard Wooii which will Iks found In an
other part of The Hun this morning.
We commend the remarks of this wise
and experienced soldier to the atte'i
tion of all patriotic citizens. We com
mend them particularly to our neigh
bor the World, which has expressed a
desire to have Ueneral Wood's opinion
on tho subject of the needs of national
defenco In preference to the opinion
of Colonel Hoonkvki.t.
"Modern wars," says General LroN
ard Wood, "come like the avnlnnche
nnd not like the glacier."
The Evacuation of Vera Crur..
It may be supposed that there Is a
mental reservation In the announce
ment that "It Is the purpose of tlm
Administration to withdraw tho troops
(from Vera Cruz) on .Monday, Novem
ber 251." A good many things may hap
pen in Mexico In eight days. The par
tisans of CarrN2a and Villa may even
now bo at war, and beforo tint 2,'ld
instant the wisdom of withdrawing
American troops from Vera Cruz may
be in question. To which side Is the
transfer with customs receipts of
$2,000,000 to he Hindu' Tho United
States has not recognized Governor
Cahranza as provisional President. If
the Vllllstns were to !m in coutrol of
the territory outside Vera Cruz on No
temlKT 2.1, would the city b turned
over to them? Mr. Hryan says that
our troops are to be withdrawn because
"both General Oauranza anil the con
vention at Aguascallentcs" have given
"the assurances and guarantees wo re
quested." Then, Is It to bo Inferred
that tho Administration has no choice
of rulers of Vera Cruz and would be ns
ready on November 23 to accept Gen
eral Giniiiuu:z, tlm provisional Presi
dent appointed by Villa's convention,
as Governor Cahha.nza? .
Can tlie current report In Washing
ton be true that "the withdrawal of
the American soldiers and marines
from Vera Cruz Is intended as a meas
ure to place tho Tutted States Govern
ment In a position where It would le
removed from tho danger of bccomlnn
Involved In tho Mexican Imbroglio
through a possible attack by the forces
of one or the other of tho factions to
retnkw Vera Cruz"? The United States
Government was In such n iwisltlon nil
through the relielllon ngalnst the
lluerta dictatorship, and It was always
a comfort to know that If the. city of
Mexico wero given over to anarchy anil
pollution there would bo an American
army nt the Gulf terminus of the rail
mad running to the capital to call on In
an emergency that would admit of no
lty what logic can It be maintained
that to withdraw our troops In tlm
present ominous situation In Mexico
will Insure the Tnlted States from "be
coming Involved In the Mexican I in
brogllo"? Exactly how either faction
can rationally object to continuance of
tho occupation until n responsible Gov
ernment Is organized and established
nt Mexico city and Vera Cruz It Is
difficult to understand. As the Wash
ington Administration would be assum
ing tho risk of having to send tho
troops back to Vera Cruz if the evacu
ation wore carried out ou November 2ft
with no concern for the stato of the
country lnvohed In a civil war, Mr.
Hiiyan'h announcement nui'f be subject
to qualification and change.
Ilrrnard Hlinw on the Knil of tho
In the midst of a good deal of un
timely gluing, Mr. Oeoroe Hlrnard
Shaw, us reported In tx Iondon des
patch to Tiik SUN of yesterday, says
one or two very wlso and appropriate
things about the end of the war and
the times to como after It. Ills warn
ings nro a useful check to the current
looso talk of tho tiro eaters and preach
ers of the gosjiel of vengeance.
"Wo nud Trance have to live with
Germany after tho war," .Mr. Shaw
IKiluts out. Even to embarrass her
financially would be a blow to Eng
land herself, Germany being one of'
England':) best customers and one of
her most frequently visited neighbors.
The truth of this is unanswerable. Tho
great object must be to effect a pence
with as llttlo rancor as possible.
Mr. Siuw does not say It, but there
nro going to be overwhelming political
reasons why the pride of Germany and
Austria and still more why their mili
tary power shall not bo too much Im
paired In case of their defwat.
Perhaps In tho tlnal settlement tho
western allies may be found to have
more In common with llorlln than with
St. Petersburg, Germany has pointed
this out with much force.
Mr. Shaw's position Is not admirable
when he chooses tholr days of tribulation
for sticking pins into his own ieopte,
even though some of tho things he says
may be unpleasantly true. Hut It can
not be denied that ho has some sanu
views on the situation. The pity Is
that he must always Impair thu force of
the useful things he hatr to say by llli
panclcs. Impertinences and out of place
glrdtngs nt those whose courage he
should help to maintain, lie reminds
one of a man who Insists on wrangling
over tho mistaken construction of n
chimney whllo the house Is burning
Two Good Army Selections,
The senior IJrlgndler-Genernl, Fred
erick Fuxston, Is to be promoted when
Major-General Wotherhpoon retires for
ago on November ill. Secretary Garri
son makes the announcement, no doubt
with satisfaction, for he Is a fair
minded man. The presumption Is that
Funhton was scut to Vera Cruz with
his brigade not only because he could
speak Spanish ami knew the Spanish
character but to add to his reputation,
so that when General Wothkrsi'oon
retired there would be none of the old
objections to tho senior Krlgadier's ad
vancement. General Tunston has had
no fighting to do at Vent Cruz, but his
conduct of affairs has been marked by
sound Judgment, discretion nnd tact In
a position of considerable dltllculty.
That was to be expected, for Funhton
proved himself an able administrator
as well ns a soldier when he brought
order out of chaos at San Francisco
after the earthquake and Arc. He de
served promotion long ago, both on his
merits and ns senior In his grade.
General Iluoit L. Scott will auto
matically become Chief of Staff with
tho retirement of General Wotiiersi'oon
from that post, although nn appoint
ment will be made In due form. It
was the Intention when Genera! Sovrr
was transferred from his command on
the Texas lordor to tho Wnr Depart
ment last spring that ho should servo
as Chief of Stuff for the full term of
four years. The army will npplnud tlm
choice. Without exaggeration It may
be termed the best appointment that
could be made. General ScoTr Is not
only nn experienced but an educated
soldier. A master of routine and the
ory, he Is yet In full sympathy with the
rank nnd flic of the service: very hu
man as well us very practical Is Iluaii
U Scott. Ho understands tho army.
It respects nnd esteems him. He will
mako an excellent Chief of Staff.
Sir William Hoiurtson Nicoll, tho
amiable North Itrlton who found or
founded what was known In the 'POs
an the kaleyard school of literature, nays
that tho llrltlsh nonconformists "look
to America for approval and sympa
thy." They neither deserve nor will
they get approval and sympathy from
their American "dissenting" brethren
so long ns theso charges remain truo
of nonconformist and "middle class"
aversion to the supremo duty of patri
otic men, charges of virtual self-con
fessed laches, cowardice or unmanly
shifting of danger upon tho shoulders
of braver Ilrltons:
"I think there la some Justine In he
(tatement that the upper classes nnd the
loner classes have been doing their duty
In the proeent crisis, and that a certain
element of the middle classes baa not.
This Is partly the outgrowth of the tra
dition that the llrltlsh army should he
officered by the upper classes and re
cruited In the ranki from the lower
classes which leaves the middle classps
rather out of It Then, too, the middle
clauses, especially the nonconformist mid
dle Classen, live In an atmosphere ao for
eign to war that It takes time tor thn
military situation to bo fully understood."
Tho llrltlsh aristocracy, whoso ser
vices to the Stato and whose relations
to other "classes" havo been on thu
whole or often great and honorable
and usoful for several hundred years, Is
doing more thau Its part In leading and
In dying In this war. If tho strugglo
Is prolonged, tho aristocracy may even
suffer tho fate of the older nobility In
tho Wars of tho Itoses. As for 'Tommy
this and Tommy that," ho lights man
fully everywhere and for little wages,
Then, according to our North Hrltlsh
witness, "n cprtnliv element of tho
mlddlo class" Is content to take no
hand In the conflict wherelD Great
Ilrltnln baa the most to lose, . Peaco
ful, prosperous, black coated "mlddlo
class," that hus profited so long by the
work of soldiers; that used to bo so
loud nud virtuous at Exeter Hall, so
eager to Inject Itself Into tho affairs of
foreign nations, so profuse of advice.
And Its nonconformists have, as wc a'.t
know, a specially dellcato "consclenco"
of their own.
Doubtless It Is this scrupulous organ
that keeps theso tender nonconformists
In a safe pine.
The American nonconformists were
never that sort of people. They took
their guns to meeting. They ploughed
nnd sowed and reaped under nrnrs.
LoulRburg and Lexington, King l'mi.ii'
nnd I'ontiac, the Dark nnd Uloody
Ground, Oeorck Hooerh Clark East
and West American history In Its
most stirring generations Is largely n
record of men neither aristocrats nor
prolotnrlnns, Just bluff, pious or pro
fane "nonconformists," who "dead
ened" forests, nnd likewise redskins,
Trench, English, with divers catamounts
nnd wolves on the side. How many
n western nonconformist living In ,n
log house with "puncheon" floor was
handy with his firelock, nllwlt lie may
have sung nud shouted at camp meet
ing nnd even have groaned and
writhed In the sinners' "pen."
The man who "can fight as he prays"
is the ideal of the American noncon
formists. They like folks who can ex
press n dissent with n gun. A Pres
byterian of the name of Thomas Jona
than ,1ack8on Is n fine exnmple, for
It wouldn't do to recommend the Eng
lish Dissenter to a militant Episco
palian lllshop like I.roNiius Polk.
llut have these llrltlsh nonconform
ists, who "live In an atmosphere so
foreign to wnr," forgotten Oliver nnd
his Ironsides and all the fervent and
ferocious Independents nnd Presbyte
rians of the seventeenth century?
Tho Ilomb In. tho Tomtis Court.
New York was probably saved from
a horrible tragedy yesterday by the
sharp eyes and cool alertness of Po
liceman Gcoiuir. W. O'Connor, who dis
covered a bomb with n lighted fuse In
the Tombs ollce. court. He promptly
extinguished the fuse nnd prevented
nn explosion which must have done se
There were n number of people In the
court room ami It could hardly be hoivsl
that all would have escaped If the
plotted crime had come to n head. It
Is a fact Indicative of tho Inhumnn
recklessness behind such outrages that
the infernal machine was so located
that the sufferers must have been prin
cipally visitors to the court.
In the absence of evidence the guess
that venegance was directed against
Maglstrato CAMrnnx, who heard the
I. W. W. cases last spring and sent
Boitk WniTK. to Hlackwell's Island, Is
as good os nny other. The motlvo or
the Individual aimed at matters very
little. Such outrages will never deter
good citizens from doing their duty.
The Important point Is tho crime Itself,
the assault on law and order, the of
fence against the whole community.
This calls for the swiftest prosecution
nnd severest punishment possible. This
Is the third recent outrage of this de
scription, nnd the police remain under a
certain reproach until the iwrpctrators
are detected nnd arrested,
The New City College Head.
The selection of Dr. Sidney EnwAun
Mezih as president of the College of
tho City of New York Is an event of Im
portance to the city.
So far as can be Inferred from his
past record Mr. Mrzrs is an excellent
man for the place. He Is both scholarly
and practical, a combination In accord
with the Ideals and traditions of tho
City College. He has experlenco al
ready as president of n great school
supported by the public, the University
of Texas, and there Is plenty of evi
dence of his efficiency and popularity
In that post. In many resKcts the
problem of the City College Is similar
to that of n State university. The
development of the opportunity for
young men whoso natural opportuni
ties nro limited to raise themselves In
tellectually to higher planes while nt
the same time Improving their capaci
ties In active life this Is the task, and
It Is one which the new president seems
well equipped to perforin.
Though the cnlleco has been In ex
istence slnco 18-18. when It was founded
as the Tree Academy, Dr. Mezeh will
be only Its fourth president. Tho first
was Dr. HoitAcr, Weiistfr, who held the
place to ISO!). He was succeeded by
General Alexander S. Wi iui, who was
president until 1!0.'l. After n few
months Interregnum Dr. John II. Tin
ley of Princeton took the headship of
tho college, and his resignation last
year to become State Commissioner of
Education crcuted tho vacancy.
Dr. Mezes will come to his new work
with cordial wishes for his success dur
ing many years.
The Limit of Commission Jlulr.
Addressing the American Hankers
Association nt tho third annual con
vention, Just concluded, Mr. Thomas T.
Wooiilock, who has made n stieclal
study of railroad nffalrs, said:
"Nobody known better than you what la
Involved In tho provision of capital for
thcee railroads. It Is not the Supreme
Court of tho United States that ay
what Is ii fair return on Investment
capital. It Is you and your cllonts."
Never has tho point of tho railroad
problem been stated moro tersely. Never
have tho limitations of commission gov
ernment been better defined.
In all ijs decisions tlm Interstate
Cominerco Commission has ihsjlared It
to be tho public policy to maintain a
trausportatlon service by railroads un
der prlvnto ownership. What the com
mission has always failed to do has
been to glvo practical effect to this
recognition by conceding such transpor
tation rates iih would yield earnings
sulllclent to Induco the continued sup
port of railroad enterprise by n steady
supply of prlvnto capital.
As long as money to meet railroad
capital needs has to bo obtained In coin-
petition with the demands tor capital
from other flcldi of enterprise not sub
ject, or less subject, to political Inter
ference with profits, the ultlranto regu
lator of railroad rates will be tho man
who puts up tho money for railroad
maintenance nnd expansion.
Tho sinking oMhe auperdre.idnought
Audacious by a mine or torpedo off tho
north coast of Ireland Is n, loss that tho
Hrltlsh rrnvy can 111 afford. Tho dread
nought margin Is not so greatly In
favor of England that a single ship
could bo spared In n, fleet action with
the aormins; and It must always bo
considered that there mlsht bo a failure
to confront tho Kaiser's battle fleet If
It Issued from Kiel with the full
strength of tho British lino of battle.
In case of disparity of force every
llrltlsh dreadnought would count might
ily. Tho destruction of several second
and third class cruisers by German sub
marine has not counted for much, but
this cannot bould of the elimination of
the Audacious. That Is very serious
business for England, and however It
came about it Is a grcit triumph for
None would gv TArr a. lift. UeatlUne.
Probably tho ex-President took tho
breakdown of his motor car so good
humoredly, as ho takes other troubles,
that tho drivers who passed him on tho
road Judged from his smile that ho was
walking for health and pleasure.
It Is Intensely nleastnc to illnrnvpr
that New York has advanced so far In
virtue that the anxious guardians of
her morals huve hm lilsurn f !ni (
discover tho turkey raffle and fulminate
against it. it has long liecn suspected
that this form of gambling was ruining
men nnd wrecking homes. Pcsldes, It
was always a postponed peril to tur
keys that had survived alt the normal
hazards of Thanksgiving and Christmas,
The costly blunder of erecting at a
cost of e80,000 n nre alarm building in
which fire alarm apparatus won't work
would havo been avoided If the mania
for invading Central Park whenever a
site Is wanted by tho city had not been
Indulged, It Is tho effort to hide the
disfiguring structure that has made it
unfit for Its purpose.
Sir HtnnERT necRBOHM Tree's defence
of thn English actors who are now nt
tho front Is altogether comprehensible,
nut even his loyalty to his profession
makes It difficult to understand how
tho numerous young Enllsh actors now
In this country can be thought to be
doing their patriotic duty In view of
England's demand for soldiers. Sir Her
near mURt have been misinformed. Thero
has been no criticism of the English
actors In service. It Is the emigration
of so many of them to Uroadway nnd
their evident Intention of remaining
there that has caused distrust of their
Thero is at least one Incidental good
In the passenger rate increases an
nounced by the Pennsylvania Hallroad.
They will force the financial problem of
the railroads on tho attention of large
groups of citizens who live generally
under tho delusion that It Is none of
their concern so long as they can rldo
smoothly, snugly and cheaply.
It la unkind of Matthew T. Horoan to
resign ihls $5,000 Job In tho State Bank
ing Department. It would have given
Mr. Whitman far more thun jo.000
worth of satisfaction to pontificate nt
Passport rules made stricter. Headline;
A cursory reading of the rules sug
gests that the passports are mado Im
possible. It was General Scott who placed In
Villa's hands works on the rules of
modern warfare and convinced Villa
that the American public regarded his
early methods In Mexico as little short
of barbarous. Washington despatch.
It Is true that General Scorr sent
Pancho Villa the Informing document,
but It Is also truo that tho rebel leader,
who shared General Fohrest'h dictum
that "war means fighting nnd fighting
means killing," was vastly amused that
thero should be any rules for the game.
Itcccnt happenings In the European
Held of conflict may have confirmed
General Villa In his eavage view of
warfare It Is to be satd for him that
thu educational plan of IIunii Scott was
not entirely futllos Villa stopped shoot
ing his prisoners In batches and at last
doomed only ofllcers who he declared
should havo known better than to tight
for Hueiita when the Constitutionalists
wero dedicated to reform of tho land
laws and social bottcrmcnt.
A man who set up the claim to be
Talma's dresser has Just died In Paris
at the age of 107. As tho great actor of
the Napoleonic period died In 1826, tho
chronology seems a trlflo weak. It is
often a feature of extreme old age that
early relationships ore exaggerated In
.a spirit of ucnllo boastfulness. Per
haps Chamel Itor may have been a
call boy In some theatre where Talma
played and Imagined tho rest.
Tho "tango" thief who robbed women
was dragged off to Sing Sing asseverat
ing that h couldn't dance a step. Per
haps this la why ho got only two years
for his unspeakably contemptlblo career
as a bird of prey,
Tlilof, not bishop, gets cake. Headline.
IVThaps a case In which virtue Is Us
It has always been Buspected that the
Hrltlsh censorship considered It knew
moro about tho war than tho generals
commanding In tho field or tho members
of tho allied governments. The delimit
tone of Sir Stanley JlucgMASTEn, head
of tho suppA'sslonlsts, toward the House
of Commons confirms this belief. Per
haps, however, Sir Stanley has at last
mado his mistake. The House has a
way of thinking that the country's busi
ness Is its business, even in wur tlmo,
and as tho stupidity of the censorship
Impedes recruiting and breaks down
tho courage of thu country, a partial
reform, nt least, may bo Imposed on tho
overcautious martinets who are re
sponsible for It.
Mayor Howss of Nashvlllo sal'd to tho
delegates of tho National American Suf
"I believe every one who lives under
the proteotlon of tho Stars and Stripes
should be free. I sny Oodspued to the
vomun euflrugo movement."
Evidently Mayor Howsb believes that
thn ballot Is tho condition precedent at
freedom In tho United States, Now,
notoriously, most negro men In most
of the Southern States nro not per
mitted to vote and consequently are not
freo. Mr, Hol'sk should havo wished
tho "CJodspeed" to the white women of
tho woman suffrage movement
Testimony as to the Htrnrst Desire for
t'ordlal nelatlnjulWtliThli Country.
To tub Editor or The Sun Sir: The
Ilev. C. J, I.. Hates, dean of tho Kwansel
Oakuln In Kobe, Japan, a school of about
800 young men students, and having a
faculty of both American and Japanese
teachers, writos under recent date'.
"Wo alt can do much, I believe, to
establish more friendly relations between
Japan and America. I am eorry to see
that there are lnlluences at work steadily
and stealthily seeking to disturb thoso
relations. It behooves those who lovo
peace and good will to do all In their
power to counteract such lnlluences. Peo
ple in Japan desire cordial relations with
America most fervently.
uur Japanese president of the school,
Dr. Voshloka, returned lately from Eu
rope, after having passed through some
moat thrilling experiences for a man of
his age nnd dlsponltlon. Ho was In llerlln
when war was declared against Itussla,
esoajKid to London by tho last through
truln, a thirty-six hour trip, and was
there when war was declared against Ger
many. From t.nnilnn ho frnvnlt.,1 tn
Japan by a Nippon Yusen Kalaha boat,
"Minnie mo gantlet of Herman cruisers
and travelling third class. There was In
fact a quite distinguished company of
Japanese professors In the steerage, glad
toget homo In any way.
"What a mad attempt to solve her
age old problems Europe Is making now.
May God teach us more wisdom 1"
... Eiuth A. Sawter.
, blleslkt, Mass., November 14,
III! Views on the Opinion nr a Neglected
Taetor In a L'setess Controversy.
,J,t"e Editor or The Sun Sir: "An
Old l ashfoned Woman" Is tired of the
teachtr-motlier question. To settle the
problem once for alt she advises women
who wish to b.-ar children to resign and
advises their husbands to support them.
Helng the husband of a teacller-mother
oig leave to answer her and others who,
directly or Indirectly, ask me whether I
cannot or wilt not support my wife.
The Ignorant man and the parasitic
womun Imagine that the only question
Involved Is that of aupporL
Under the old regime when a husband
la wealthy, and especially when the
woman marries him for his wealth, tho
woman la satiated with every bodily lux
ury, she becomes a narrow minded
woman, petty, Intolerant to her sex, a
sycophant to her husband. Dresses, din
ners, theatre parties, am her main Inter
ests fn life, "eioclety," as she understands
It, Is anything but of real social value.
Children are a burden to her; mother
hood a our jo.
When there Is poverty we havo the
woman In the sweatshop, the woman who
takes In washing, the woman abandoned
with her child, and tho woman of the
atreet. This Is not the place to discuss
poverty, but the grim results of poverty
are known to alt hut the Ignorant nnd
self-satisfied. Is motherhood a blessing
The professional woman, whether
teacher, artist, journalist or physician,
having devoted years to preparing herself
for her life work, becomes hlglily Intelll
genu In practising her profession the
becomes economically Independent. 8he
does not marry for support: she does not
choose a man to rescue her from her
It would be an .Tnsult to her to ask her
tn abandon her profession. No man would
dare to propose mnrrlage- to her with that
stipulation, Whnt would be the uttitudo
of, say, a male author whose wife be
cause of her wealth demanded that he
The mating of a-professlnn.il woman Is
not conditioned by econotrtle circum
stances. Her Intelligence, nnd economic
freedom give her a wider range to choose.
When a woman of this type becomes
a mother society has no right to force
her to nbnndon her social activities and
reterate her tn the background by as
signing her thn single duty of "taking care
of baby," Psually the woman who has
her hands full taklnir enre of baby Is so
Incapable that tho baby Is not taken care
of at all.
Hut the Intelligent and refined mother
can very well take care of baby without
abandoning her previous Ideals and activ
ities. In any case a woman of that type
can better decide for herself than havo a
lot of nonentities, decide for her.
M. M. Hreslow.
New TonK, November 13.
.Should Tearhcr-I'ather Attn Have Offl
clot Consideration 7
To Tiir. Editor or This Sun Fir: Wo
have heard a lot lately nbout the "teacher
mother," but what about the teacher
father? Why should not every te.icher
father petition the Hoard of Education
for a three months leave of abeuncw tn
tnke care of his wife when she has a child?
Poor rule that doesn't work both ways.
New York, November U. J. StcN.
O These firrman-"Americana" and Anglo
"Americans"! To the Editor or The Sun Sir: How
long are you going to continue this In
famous and nauseating campaign of lies
against Oermany? I havo been a con
stant render of your paper during the
past twenty-live years, but nothing so
sickening and disgusting has ever ap
peared In It before. If your
papor continues toadying to England you
shall hear from me again. A true Amer
ican, U. D. Anderson.
Davis, W, Vs., November 11.
To the Editor or The Sun Kir; I
beg to advise you that your pro-lerman
attitude will alienate many American read
ers. American public opinion Is entirely
with the Allies. Tho exceptions nre the
in.000,000 Germans whose demeanor slnco
tho outbreak of the war has been a distinct
menace, dictating to tho newspapers nnd
to thn President himself, forming Juntas
or societies for Influencing public opinion,
and surfeiting us generally with their
windy talk which Influences not one sin
gle American worthy of the name. An
American since 171 4, , C. 11. Eliot,
New York, November 11.
The Pronunciation of foreign Xtitucc,
To the Editor or Tiik Sun Sir: Un
questionably you are right In advocating
tho anglicizing of well known place
names such ns Paris, Iterlln, Orleans,
JlelmB, though In this laid thero should
be no "h"i but In a much, larger number
tho so-called English form Is a mern
blunder, nud tho vernacular Is both
simpler and easier to pronounce, as (lent,
Schelde, Yper, Prag, Pest, Hern, tinsel,
It Is luexpllcable why an "s" should be
added to Hrusscl, Ryon, Marseille. The
Flemish Hruitge is no more dltllcult to
pronounce than the Trench Unices, but
why not reintroduce the old English form
Whllu on this subject you might also
propose the naturalising of your own city of
St. Iouls, the (.oundlng of which name as
If Trench Is surely pedantic. Hut while
allowing thnt this Is matter of taste,
the same cannot be paid for the elision of
tho tlnal consonant In Han Luis Obispo,
which Is not only utteily senseless but
casts a rlur on tho beautiful phonetic
spelling ot tun Hpanisu language, as dues
also the nbsurd hut almost universal
fcpolllng In thn United States of bronco as
broncho, which would of course bo
sounded brontsho. And yet Sancho Is ap
parently often called Sancol
EVAC'UBTKS A. PlIll'HON,
Wikckklska, England, November 1,
No Place for a Idr.
Venus rote haatlly from the sea.
"It Is no fit place for a lady with all thou
mines." announced the foam born.
"GIVE ME BRITAIN Oil OlVE ME
An Ironist's Amazing Appeal to Ameri
To tub Editor or Tub Sun Sir: At
last the American people are coming to
their senses, are beginning to see on whlen
side of the war their Interests and honor
He. It was natural thnt tfwy should be
a llttlo slow In responding to tho lofty
appeals of tho Hon. Winston Churchill.
II. O. Wells, Arnold Dennett, Conan Doyle,
Harold Hegblo, Gilbert Chesterton, James
Hryce and other Hrltlsh advocates of the
Hrltlsh cause, but who can read unmoved
and unconvinced tho exhortations of C.
W. Eliot, C. W. Halnsford, John J. Chap
man and other distinguished Americans,
that we rango ourselves on the side of
our fond motherland, who lsflghtlng our
battles and those of civilization and de
mocracy? If any one Is so sunk In vulgar
prejudice, so perverted In his reasoning
as to question Great Hrltnln's devotion to
these noble causes, let him deny If he cam
1. That she holds more territory ac
quired by conquest and spoliation thau
any other country,
2. That elm keeps more people In un
willing subjection than any other country,
3. That she. has denounced the Monroe
Doctrine and opposed American Interests
more than any other country.
4. That she has violated more treaties
contracted with the United States than
any other country.
0. That In general she has done more
wrong and Injury to the United Statos
and visited more Indignity upon her than
ary other country, perhaps than all other
Where should we be without the stuff
which we owe to the chastening adminis
tered to us by Great Hrltaln7 With every
mall bringing us a louder clash of con
tending arms and a more Insistent claim
to our aupporL we are declaring our
nelves more and mora forcibly for one
side or the other. 1 know not what course
others may take, but as for me, give me
Ilrltnln or give me death. Hekrt.
New YonK, November 14,
Sl'miAOE AT ItlXflllAMTOW
Vote Taken Fairly and Slight Hate Ilrrn
Horse, .Sa jlr. llodgr.
To th Editor or Th Sun Sir: Will
you kindly allow me to correct Imme
diately an Impression given in The Sun
of Friday that we who opposed suffrage
In the convention of the Federation of
Clube at Hlnnhamton were treated with
any discourtesy? Your correspondent
stated what might have happenod, but
wlrlch was entirely contrary to what
did happen. The president of the New
York State Federation of Clubs con
ducted the meeting during the discus
sion of the suffrage resolution with
the greatest fairness. She announced
that there would be a full discussion
of both sldoa of the question, and If
It took until mldnlKht every one should
be heard. After the official announce
ment of the vote she requested that the
applause cease after a proper time had
It Is not true that there was any dis
order whatever cither before or during
the discuss! n, nor wns there any "violent
uproar." There wns no suspicion of nny
hissing and the applause was given to the
speeches from both sides. 1 wish to re
pent that the greatest courtesy and fair
ness were shown during the whole dis
cussion. The vote of the New York State Fed
eration to Indorse the same resolution
that was presented at the General Fed
eration In Chlrauo was anticipated, as Is
preved by tho preparation of a minority
report which I presented after the vote
was announced and which was placed on
record. Tho suffrage clement In the fed
eration has been quietly Increased for the
past few years, slnco the time when a
pronounced suffrago lender was elected
president of the federation, until suffra
gists have practically taken possession
of It. Suffrage clubs from all over tho
State have Joined, even with membership
ns low ns fourteen. In almost every case
otllcers elected to the State .Federation
havo been declnred suffragists, many of
whom have worked and spoken for suf
It was announced from the platform
that there nre 470 clubs belonging to the
New York State Federation, of which 1'iB
wero represented nt this convention-. Ac-
cordlnir to the yenr book of 1014 there
nro thlrty-slx suffrage clubs members of
the federation nnd twice that number of
clubs are organized for suffrage and offi
cered by active suffrage workers. Every
unraglst In the Slnte knew that a mir
frngo resolution would be presented nt
this federation meeting nnd a full num
ber of delegates was probably present.
Tho only surprising thing Is that the
vote was a little over three to one. In
stead of ten to one, as our opponents con
fidently expected It would be. About
twenty-five delegates did not vote on the
question;. Mrs. Arthur M. Dodge,
Chairman Anti-Suffrage Committee, Con
vention ot 1314.
New York, November 13.
"Ilrltamda. Utile the Waesl" '
To tub Editor or The Sun Sir: 1
havo noticed some recent letters In The
Sun discussing the phrasu "Hrltannla
Itules tor "Utile" the Waves." In "The
Song Hook" by John Hullnh, Macmlllnn
nnd Company, London, 1SCC, page 72, the
words show merely "Hrltannla, nule the
Waves." 1 bope It may como true that
Urltnnntn "rules," Ac.
Tho words aro by Thomson ; tho tune Is
by Arne. Se0 aUo "Grove's Dictionary
of Music," volume IV., pkb 192, the Mac
mtllan Company, 1911. Joseph Wildt.
Cincinnati, Ohio, November 11.
The Inescapable llrsultant.
To the Editor or Tim Sun Sir;
Apropos of the great war. There Is a
geological, atmospheric, ethnological, cli
matic, racial, sociological, nnrestral, si
dereal, stellar, morphological, histological,
historical, prenatal eternity which
weights, motives, Inflates and directs the
smallest act of every living being on the
planet Earth. And yet there nre those
who mouth "free will" and "blame"!
Benjamin De Casseris.
New York, November 14.
Our 1'rlrelee 1'uMlo SertanU.
Tn Till! VIoiTna nr Tin Bus Sir: Hrufre
thlnke Adimrnn worth a quarter ot a mil
lion to the city. Hut he does not think
Adaminn worth as much as Ilruere. How
much Ii Ilruere worth to the city In hie
I -fear that we are running deeply Into
debt to theie gentlemen. Minns Mc.Miz.
Nrw Ynnic, November 14
The Kmplre Managers.
To the Editor nr The kcn sin I should
think that with' Klpllnc and Shaw the Hrlt
lull Umpire would have no trouble In nr
rjncInK Its Interna tlonul dimcultlee and In
auauratlnf the millennium. F, M.
New York, November U.
Thrift In the Temple.
To Tn Eihtoii or The Brs Sir: Can J.
J, Paver, a Ureenpolnt pawnbroker, be regis
tered among the Immortals T
Nrw Yoag, November 13, Pvxn llaoaa,
I did not feel like smiling, for
The worm eeemea an awry.
u only thing ror me to do,
I IhmiKht. u-rm (tut tn rrv
The sun had gone behind a cloud,
And rsln began to' fall.
The one I loved with my whole heart
Seemed not tn rare at all.
I did not (eel like amlllng, but
I did not feel like smiling, hut
My smile grew on apace;
And then like magic, this old world
Swung back In proper place.
The rsln cloud dark soon fled away;
The sun began to ahln.
The one I loved eared more, I found,
Than worde ran e'er Aeflne,
I felt ao much like milling then
JiUKCua UurissTM Wit) a.
SUPT. MAXWELL WINS
Mnny Tcnchcrs Will T?n TTp.
dticcd ns Hcsull of Tlrei
filon on Promotions.
500 VACANCIES AITIX"! Kit
City Superintendent William It, Jl.n
well was greatly plcaaed yesterday run
ha received the decision of the H'ite
ComnrUslonor of Education, Dr. Join II
Flnley, sustaining 1dm In his con'roc?
with tho Iftjard of Eduoatlon over
holders of teachers' licenses Nos, lata
The doolslon altecU about BOO .ii.r. i
In the school.
The fight between the City H .yeun
tendent and tho School Hoard In Udi ran,
began on Juno II, 1912. whn the tuuif
adopted a resolution dlrootlw the .Super
intendent to place the namee J
teachers holding licenses Nos. I mi l V
which had been Iseued previous to HOil,
on tho eligible list for promotion.
This meant that such llcenss ful den
might teach graduating classes .r d re
celvo an Incrcaso of M20 a year The
City Superintendent protested. alrB Hue
rho amended city charter required com.
petltlvo examination to teach the h!nr
classes In the elementary schools,
(lor Thrnnich Courts.
Thomus W. Churchill, now president ef
tho board, and HciT.un Mets led In the
light against the Superintendent. Abraham
Stern supported Ule Viowa oi uio nuimrir,
tendent. The dispute was iaa Dcioro tn
Corporation Counsel, who decided 'that tu
board was right.
The board again ornerea me ouperin-
tendent to carry out the resolution
already adopted, and Hhawed the Corpora
tion Counsel's oplidon.
Dr. Maxwell appealed to the fitati
Commissioner of Education, the late Dr
Draper. The board tried to nullify tMi
appeal by going to the flupreme Court for
a writ of prohibition. Justice Hudd
denied the application, holding that the
Stato Commissioner or laucaiion rum
jurisdiction 1n the matter. On an appeal
to the Appellate .Division jusuce uu-ju
The school board took the case to the
Court of Appeals and that court sustained
the decision of the lower courts last April.
The State Commissioner of Education then
took the controversy under ndvlsoment.
Supt. Maxwell said yesterday that a
number of teachers holding license No. 1
have been engaged In tho grnduatlng
classes, but at lower class pay. They had
waUed tho Increase In the hope that the
decision flnallly would be In their favor
Theso teachers wilt now have to get out
of the higher grado teaching. The eligi
ble Hat of thoso who have passed tne com
petitive examinations will supply their
GLYNN SETS DAY FOR THANKS.
Governor Ilealiciintea November 2(1
In tlir I'rnclmiiu t lull.
Albany Nov. 14. Gov. Glynn to-day it
sued his Tbnnksglvlng proclamation as
"For tho manifold blessings that A.
mighty God hus showered upon the peopl
of New York during the past year fc
prosperous Industries and fertile fleldi
for contented homes and peaceful marts
for the crowinx recoRiiltlon that whatev
Is of solid benefit to a single division of
our people must In tlmo be benefit In
the people as a whole : for tnn rxicnslon i'
education und tho fostering of the atn
and sciences ; for our prenervutlon from
flood and famine, plugue und drought , fi
these tokens of the bcnlgimut unil benetl
cent care uf watchful Providence It Is b.
coming that tho piople of New loik
should gather to offer thanks to Almighty
"While In sorrow nnd compassion we
view tho misery and devastation which a
world war has brought to our tellow be
Ings ncrot's tho ocean ; while we look
aghast at unharvested fields dyed with the
blood of bravo men und wet with the team
of women and little children; at homo
destroyed ; nt commerce palsied ; at prouj
cities levelled to tho dust and progrrn
giving wny to desolation, our minds miut
turn In gratitude to Htm who has ki-.
our nation whole and unharmed.
"Now, therefore, I, Martin H. Glynn.
Governor of tho State of New York, I'
virtue of the authority vested tn m l
law, nnd In nccordajico with the honorr 1
custom of my oltlce, do hereby designate
Thursday, tho 20th day of November, lr
tho year of 'our Lord one thousand nlr.e
hundred and fourteen as a day of gtnera
thanksgiving and prayer, and call upon
the peoplo of this State to cease from their
wonted occupations on that day that they
may repair to their homes and places cf
worship and offer thanks to Almighty
"Done at the Capitol In the city of Al
bany this IStb day of November In the
year of our Lord 1914.
"Martin 1L Gltkn,
"Ky the Governor:
"Frank A. Tiiristt,
"Secretary to the Governor."
CONDEMNS 'FIUEDMANN FIASCO.'
Health Drimrtmnnt Sy Tlnal
Cluiptf-r of "Care" I Wrltlrn.
Tflo Health Department, In a statement
Issued yesterday, expressed Its final con
dcmnatlon of the "Krledmann fiasco." '
the department called It, following a
port last week of a year's Invebtlgatl""
by the United States I'ublla Health Ser
Vice In tho alleged cure for tubertulnle
exploited by Dr. Frledrlch V Friedman
of Berlin and a group of American pr
moters. Tho sanitary officials here be
llevo that tho Federal Teport marked "the
final chapter In this unscrupulous ple.'e of
"Wherene the claims made by Vrit i
mann," Health Commissioner Oolnv..te
sald, "aro based on cases which ala s
seem to get well, or nt least slir-w p1
nomennl Improvement after one - r
Injections, th,'o cjmes obsorved by th- P
slclans of tho Untied States I'ubt.o lUa '
Service which reacted In this i a'"
were conspicuously few. The ilovi- 'i 1
repor Is, therefore In line with ot c
ports coming from setentlllc rourci
and abroad, and refutes Krledmann
to the discovery of a specific nr
tuberculosis. Tho report also d
that the Inoculation of persons a
mals with bis organism Is without
Tho Hoard of Health here w is
the llrst bodies last year to dlsapp" w
uso of Krledmann'a serum,
WILL GET TRUNKS BACK
American Co nail I nt llerlln lti-ndy I"
Washinciton, Nov, 14. Tho Amei n
Consulate-General ut Uerlln Is arraiiK '
for tho return to tho United ht.it. "'
trunks and other baggnge left behit-
Americans caught In Europe nt the H
break of the war. It was unnoun
tho Stato Department to-day that if 1
gngo receipts or direct authorization !
tho .owners are transmitted to the Con l
General at Hcrlln ho will endeavor to hive
such baggago shipped out ot Autrl.i linn
pury nnd Germany to the United State
When trunks aro found without keys
Identification they will bo opened and ex
amined, but will be closed, noalxd nnd
wired before being shipped. No responsl
blllty will bo tuken for trunks forwar led
by others to the United States without
receipt or the written consent of th
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