Newspaper Page Text
THE WEATHER FO.RECAST:
Fair to-day; unsettled to-morrow;
probably rain and colder. .
Detailed weather,' mall and marine reports will be'
found on page 11.
VOL. LXXXII. NO. 88.
YORK, FRIDAY, NOVEMBER
PRICE TWO CENTS.
Copyright, 1D14, by the Bnn rHnUng and PublUhing Attociation.
RADIO RUN BOAT
A WAR MARVEL,
SAY ARMY MEN
Jlaniinoml's Torpedo Inven
tion Declared to He a
Zimmerman's Faith pi XM TMATTTDV
in Duke Shattered lliyUlIU
BRITISH BATTLESHIP BLOWN UP IN THAMES;
80t MEN LOST IN MYSTERIOUS EXPLOSION;
GERMAN ARMY IN POLAND IN FULL ROUT
INTO STATE OF
'Go to Front mid Don't Get, Shot
in Hack," Father-in-law
USKFl'L KOI? OFKKXCK
AS WKLh AS DEFENCE
Wasiiinutos, Nov. Jfi. That John
H)s Hammond, Jr., has developed a new
offensive weapon of great value, both to
co.-ut fortifications and the navy, Is the
mnvlctloii of army olllccrs familiar with
the performance of his radio controlled
Thin became known heie to-day with the
lettirn of a special commission of army
dlicers edit to Cloucester. Mass., to ob
lerve the operation of Hammond's boat,
the Natalia This commission consisted of
Col. It. !' Dans, dipt. Francis J. Hehr
Lieut S. M, Dicker.
tap- Hehr tqieiit several months work
ins Willi Mr. n.nnmond at th latter'.
Ui, at U.ouceslcr will Join ... j
nuking a repoit to the 1'nlted States
Hoard of Ordnance and Foi tlflcatlons re
garding the Hammond boat.
Tnere is rvery rmson to believe that
this report will contain a hearty and un
qualified Indorsement of tho boat us a de
vice affording the basis for substantial
and aliiablu additions to the offensive
powers of tho coast defencis of the United
Olllceis who have had years of cxpe-
runce with Inventors and have becoifie (
cautious with regard to inventions are en-
lh....H.l.n til.. llfllllMt.ltl.l I'P.lff Thov
.r. .MMc,l that a radio controlled tor-
pedo with a hitting power very much
greater than any torpedo now known may
! regarded as being developed to a high
lfgree of utility.
Furthermore, while tho purpose of the
Investigation uf the Huminond Invention
has bien primarily to detcrminu whether
li.i device could be used In conjunction j
n, li the harbor defences of the United
&utt It has also developed that there Is'
;eod ri.ison for looking forward to tlie
iti...ful application of this device to the!
lond.tloiis of conllict betwten oi.poslng
lletU at tea. I
MrllnHlit ('nrpfull, 4'oiiernleil,
Mr. Hammond has advanced far ahead
ol any inventor In lCuropo at work on the
lame problem. 11 Is hald, so that the
United States is assured of the exclusive
ue of this weapon for an imlollnlte period.
The methods by which Mr. Hammond at
tained Ins success have been all care
fully guarded, It Is stated, mo that there
is little danger of their becoming known
to inventors of other nationalities.
The eommlHslon of army officers. Just
returned from liloucester. saw Mr. Ham-
mond put Mm boat through all Its paces,
without a slngln failure to respond to,
rad;o control being recorded. Sitting lit
h.s laboratory on shore Mr. Hammond'
put the Natalia on her course and held
her there until the moment ho wished to i
divert her. when the craft bore off at I
rreri-ei me aimies iienireii u) inu eun-.
troilcr It li declared that Mr. Hammond
i .is able to tilt t-ct the movements of the
..iial,.i alolulely a; will.
The range of vlslun for observing small
i. ait on the ocean surface is about eight
miles and Mr. Hammond demonstrated
ihat he had tho Natalia under perfect
.1.. .Win . ...UI..1. I- .1-
vviiLiu, n iuiiii mm lull,., wniti, in .
srea a- Is necessary. The boat could be I
ontrollcd at much greater distances,
limited only by the power of tho radio'
nation sending out the controlling waves. I
Mr. Hammond uses only a live kilowatt
titlon, whereas the modern battleship
c.rr.ea a wireless apparatus of from I
JO to 30 kilowatts. j
Prevention nt I nterfrrenre. ,
, . ... . i i
An Important Impn.vement has been
J-i(le, to the Hammond apparatus In the
form of a device for prevent!, g luterfer- i
rim iv, in n.s control. ny mis ine-ns
"he person operating the boat or torpedo
i asauteil that no enemy with u radio
apparatus of higher power than that used
to (I . . t the movements of the craft can
uppi(.s the waves controlling It.
Th" Hammond Invention has been bc-fo.-r
)! War Department for more than
a r,ir and has been closely studied by
ofti ers of the I'.Mst Artillery Corps, The
.Moil..,. iiit-ii niuuivj,, humv.ci, :
'4, .,,,1,. .. ...I ,,. n,,....t..rtA ,AH, ,kr, '
r - ,-., ,1, ,u,Vt' VI1 1,-11, VII. V
' ie voting inventor has evolved something
worth while, (ten. I, M. Weaver, chief
f'f the Coast Artillery Coips, makes the
following statement leRardlng tho Ham
n omi iventio:i
"Mr H.imnionil h.i-. in the opinion of ,
'he chief of Coast Aitlllcry. at the pres
t t lie worked out the details of radio'
coi'tr i -o ii t maki) It possible to apply
t in t'i- form of a spar torpedo to a
motorlsat His further exiierlmenls iolnt
to a h.it.sfartiiry solution of the pioblem
applying his equipment to a submerged
":p..io uinler radio contiol from shore,
p, " . . , , : , , i
ine 'Istun e to which this contiol 0.111 ,
lAHi.Ned is limited only by the ills-
. "r.x'r""1 l)' telesropw.
' loud be pointed out that this ,
im tpe , 1' wiMpmi does pot dlsplac" th
-i'' mi le nine defence. The radio con
ro i d turpi do is an offensive weapon
ml , ke the p vijertlles of guns and mor
' rs seeks its own target and seeks It
irrl" . ohst.iiiih controlled dirnnlou.
"!' -hi h a means of attack were added
" thoi-e we now have we would then
'e ,bli. in attack an enemy's ships by
' ' Hie falling vertically on the decks
f ' " ships, bv giinllre against the side,
iii'l birbette aiinor and by sub-inini-s
and radio controlled torpedo
Water The controllable, mobile
,.' t..ri,.,l has been alw.fvs co,,.:fl'n the Weparim-n m .ne win- mm.
" ! ili sli ibli. as 1 fe iline of roitst I
f. aniMnient ' but pme iU To. '
;;. ""'- h-"'f- i
1 ,il ollleers ,e keenle interested In '
" 'I iin ieiiiil radio controlled bout and 1
' v 'nig the ii-port of tho ommlssloii I
olllioiH to be silbinltted to the
'I of iinlnance and Kortidoatlons.
r isoii is yet seen "vhy the device
' be sun essfully used In tho navy
d'- a niosl formidable nddltlon to
yi-wiii offensive power of the lleet
CIDIAN GETS VICTORIA CROSS,
Kllleil It (ieriniiiis mill lleeelveil ,
VV1111 11 iln lleteiiillnu Treneli.
vnrrn falilr Vr'i-Mrh lit Tim Si'v,
.No ir Tnc Ilrst Victoria
' " 'ie hwihiIimI Iii the piesent war
' ie has la'ii hestnweil on non-
' Inned r Ulcer. Ho was wounded
' ' ics In defending a trench n nil killed
t evn of the enemy.
Toledo. Ohio. Nov. 26. Col. Kugenr.
Zimmerman of Cincinnati has had his
faith shaken In the thinnclnl capacity of
"Is your son-in-law' the Duke of Man- J
ciicsicr in me war." he was asked heie
"I don't know, but I hone so. He Is a
rank failure as a llnuncler, so I sent word
to hhn to try the war tramp," s.ild the
"He sailed for England a few days ago,
leaving lots of dlsappi'nted creditors here.
He has another bunch of creditors waiting
for him In Rngland." he added smilingly.
"I sent word to him that t as n former
United States navy man advised him to
Join the army Immediately. And t told
him to go not only to the front hut to
get out In front. I uit word to him that
there would never be any less dukes any
way, and that If ho got shot not to get
shot In the back.
"You know I am an Ann i lean citizen.
1 haven't any use for title? anyway.
Those 1 know aie broke anil thor I have
come contact with don't know how to""""'1 OI """" m"e ' " "".'i "
handle money. meeting at the Hotel Helmont at 5 o clock
"Yon nmlMl.lv .h. n,. nu. ! In the aftornoou of December I. It Is
. I, e months here. W.ll. he .,
concclvrd tho Idea of making a lot of
money In the moving picture business.
He started a company to make pictures
for churches and schools.
"The. thing blew up. and I guess things
got pretty warm. Anyway he gate out
an Interview In Now York that he had
offrrcd nls services to the King. Am soon
as I heard of It I sent word to him to be
Hue to his country and accept service at
S. S. McCLURE ARRESTED.
,'"T llrlen.,-,1 After III. pole
llifr Tnilruli II lit.
San Krancisco. Nov. 26. S. S. McClurs.
the New York publisher, was arresteil
at a local depot this aftemou because of
a taxicab bill which he declined to pay '
on the ground that It was excessive and 1
that he did not employ the machine any- j
way. but was the guest of exposition!
The driver and McClure were taken to '
liciilquurttTs and an otllclal of the tuxl-
b t.omll,n.. W-M ununon,-tl to 'at
' "1 ? ? ""m0,n d , " aM
-.uicn nii-uK.tiiun, iiimup several
telephone calls to ascertain who had hired "". Puo.icisu-. ,
the auto and then without further ex- members of realty companies and capl
plaiiatlon to the police, apologized to Mr. i taJIsts. '
McClure and took him to the depot In his llMlt-vr Time Opportune,
own machine. I r..r.
I Mr. Menken, who ended a vacation
WOMAN SUES W. W. ASTOR. 1
U for S5,II), MHylnii llr l'nllr,l
to l'n 1'rnrly Ineoiiir,
inr uoneari'd to-Tl.iv hrfnr ili lli.n ti... 1
tlce Itowlatt in the High Court as de-
femlant In , ,ult for 125,000 brouglit '
by Mrs. Alice Alexandra Klack of liievnl
Cottage. Klnoton. Warwickshire.
In her complaint ah says that In con-1
slderatlon of her not pressing her request
that Mr. Astor register as 111,- father of '
the child he agreed to pay her 110,000 a ,
,-,-,ti. un m ""nun k iii.-iiia
allege.! to 1h- .lu since dctotH-r. iy 11.
Slnco her estrangement from Mr. Astor
hhe has married. She appeared In couit
Mr. Astor denied In his au-vyer that h
had agreed to pay money to Mrs. 1- laeke I
His coui.sM. h r I-dward t arson, , asked ,
- ,, , .., i ..
" "' "'
M . , .
J. B. HARRIMAN NO BETTER.
In Condition Hopeless and Death
Wasiiixutok, Nov. 26. At a late hour
to-night it was said at tho Ilarrlinan
residence that J. Horden Ilarrlinan was
still In a critical condition.
Mr IIarrmllI)-s condition Is regarded as
nomU.S!, alld hH aertt, ls cx,)ecte.l at any
Munitions of War
Tclcnipll ApplO'lltUS 1' 10111 (it'l'-
many for Turkey Was in
Charge of a "Clown.''
.iifrial Cable Httpatch to Tim Sis,
1'akis, Nov 26. a consignment of mili
tary telegraph apparatus sent from tlef
many to Turkey ha been discovered con
cealed In llfty-two cases at the Itumanlau
frontier railroad station of I'redeal.
Thu cases were laU-lled "circus scenery"
iinrf were in charge of a so-called circus
director anil a clown. Tho latter tried to
turt-eior ,inu ii- i-n,-u. ,i-i i.h"-i v.,,. v
lllln.ltKn thP customs superintendent by
col,)0 perrormances that the contents of
, cal(,,H ,voriJ intpn,i f0r the amuse-
t uf chlldten In the audience at the
i-livus. . , , .
The customs officials, however, held tho
ui. set as well as the director and tho
STATESMEN PRAISE HERRICK.
I'reni'h Deputies Join In Trlbnle to
Sptaal Cultlf lmiialci lo TUB Stx
I'aiiih, Nov. 2ii. A group of Deputies
R I . . . . 1
-"ent n letter to Ainoiswioor nerrica 111
which they quote .;re.;lden, U-n aP-
T',- "m'St!" tfT&SZ
Identltled therewith, The letter Is signed
by MM. Den)H Cochin, l.roussler and
IRISH TEACHER DENOUNCED.
Prof, Mnc.Nclll Mil Id to lie llnuiiier
Special rattle Hetpnteh lo Tus Sis.
I.ONPOV, Nov. 2tl. Augustine Itlriell,
Clilef Secietary for Ireland, announced In
the House of Commons to-day that he had
called to the attention of the authorities
nf t'nlverslty College, Dublin, I'rof, John '
MacNelU's connecllon with the newspiperi
Iri'h roliiiifeer. which Is urging Irish-
men not t enlist and taking other steps
to hamper recruiting In Ireland.
Holiday filfls Art Calendars. e, and
"Htandard" deika. Chal.E.Mattht , II E. 31.
AiV. ... .
Well Known Men Hack of
Movement to Learn True
,rr t iMwin f'lH'f'I'I.Xy
" 1 iUIil U.U 1 l.o
TO INVESTIGATE FULLY
Nearly three score well known men of
New York city. believing the exact con
dition of tho army and navy and national
defences should be revealed to the people
of the. Pulled State, have taken the
first steps toward the launching of a
movement to urgo a thorough Pongro--slonnl
Investigation Into the subject with
a view to the. adoption of an adequate
Disclaiming any Intention or Idea of
n pro-inllltary or pio.naval propaganda,
M o orm a comm.
will undertake the work In a systematic,
buslmissllke way, either Indorsing the
pioposals of Congressman Gardner of
Massachusetts or some other statesman, i
It Is hoped a nationwide organization '
of business in' n will grow out of th
first meeting and that even the most j
rabid believer In the theory that the i
United States can "lick all creation with
a pitchfork" will recognize the responsi
bility of the men who will ask that Con
gress do something adequate.
The character of the men who signed
I the call for the meeting Indicates tho
standing of the backers of the niosemem.
They are S. Stanwood .Menken, lawyer.
32 William street; Herbnrt Harr, law
yer. 39 Wall street; tleorge Haven Put-,()ly 1 I' (if Cl't'W (if AllOUt ill"
nam. publisher, Lawrence !. Abbott, an
editor it Outlook and certainly not a
militarist; ox-State Senator J. Ma hew
Walnwrlght : Charles H. l.eydecker, law
er, 2 Hector street, anil I'Vanklln q.
Itrown. banker, 33 Tine street.
Hack of theni are about llfty other law.
yers, bankers, presidents of large Indus-
concerns, ollleers of big Insurance
roiniMiile-. merchants. mamifaeturors.
abroad thU summer by devoting weeks
of unremitting labor in lainooi io woia
with the Amntican committee that facili
tated the homegolng of stranded Ameri
cans, became Interested in the Idea i.ev-
1 ral weeks ago and talked It over with
his friends. He said yesterday lh great
I'uropeati war had serveil as a lesson
' ........j states Men who for vt.irs
10 ' nueu ni.u -. ,.,' ,im
had advocated peace or ha ueuare i tim
United States could get all the soldiers
nm equipment of war It needed or
nlKht ,ad learned something new. They
,v,-re iwimlerlllg tile worus oi i uiiKreir,-
(jaidlier and were rereading the
, uf ui,Uers such as Cell. I.eonaid
xv'ml nn1 Oeii. Wollierspoon. Tle-y
looking about them, and though none
n.uverted to the idea of militarism
' p,.rlnanent military establish.
r ' , wt'ri. t.linunced something must
Mr. Menken disclaims any Idea of bring
a thforM or of having any pet plan of
his own Ills ft lends are slmllaily situ
ated. They decided to advocate a Con
gressional commission which should hear
the frank statements of military experts,
not only as to conditions but on what
might be done.
As Mr. Menken said: ".Sow, while
peace pievalls, Is an opportune time to
find out what the exact conditions are.
and, with full knowledge of the facts, a
policy may be adopted to meet popular ap
proval. "Many of the men Interested In the
movement have been members of peaie
organizations, and the forming of the com
mlttce will not mean a pro-naval or pio
mllltaiy propaganda. It Is simply a re
HeX of the Idea that the people have a
right to know the conditions affecting
our defences and that ill it democrat y
there Is no Jiistllicatlon for mystciv, es
pecially about matins which may bear
a direct relation to the preservation of
our national entity and Ideals."
V en lie III ml Vlnvr nieiil.
Among the other men who have ex
piessed themselves! ns heartily III favor of
the movement are :
W. Hedmond Cross, banker: .1. Seaver
l'age, capitalist and maniifartiir r ; Hubert
C. Morris, ex-chalrman Itepubllcan county
committee, J, Claience Pavles. real es
tate , Andrew I'reeilman, capitalist:
Cieorge T. M01 timer, president 1'nlted
Statet llealty Company, Horace H. Dem
Ing, capitalist, Sidney C. Horg, blinker ;
C.renvllle Clark, lawyer: lldwaid It. Stet
tlnlus, president Plainond Match Com
pany, Herman .V Metz. meichaut; Seth
Sprague Terry, lavvver. .I0I111 I). Crlm
inlns, capitalist, J. C White, engineering
contiactor. I'eicy It 1'jini I'd. banker;
Itoger Foster, lawyer, James K, llraliam,
lawyer; Alfred I'. Sellgsbeig. lawyer.
Krederlck rotter, capitalist, W Morgan
Sinister, publicist , Lorenzo Semple, law
yer; Samuel W. Kalrchlld, piesldent I'nlou
Leagurj Club, John R o'ltouike. coutrae
tor; Herbert I'arsons, lawyer, C A. (Jrls
coin, prehldent (irlscom-ltnssell Company,
I'rederlc It. Coiidert, lawyer. Max I'am,
lawyer; Herbert 1.. Satteilee, lawyer;
Claience .1 Shenin, lawyer, Jesse Oi
ton; Charles It, Hint : Messmnie Kendall,
lawyer. (Jeoige Wilson, vice-president
lSqultahle Life Assurance Society; Lind
say lliissell, lawyer: II. de F. llaldwln,
lawyer; John l!, Agar, lawyer, Camlirldge
Livingston, lawyer; Frcdcilc lliown , Le
Kohns; (Jeoige II. Fryer and Charles 10,
ROBERT L0RAINE WAR VICTIM.
ctor-A Intor's Nnnie Dunn's 011
llrlllali Wounileil I.UI.
Sprrial Cable Heipateh to Tnr Si's.
LoNPon, Nov, 2ri,--A casualty list Issued
to-night plves the names of Hubert tir
nine, the netot, a member of the Flying
Corps, and the Hon. F.dward Algernon
Fltzroy, t'nlonlst member of I'arllnment
for South Noilhainptonshlie, amoig tli
wounded. The latter was formerly a
Lleiitrnant In the Life Oinirds, which he
rcenteren wnen tne preent war nioue out.
ORKI1N S T It I I K KCOTOH
IN NON-llKPILLAIILK HOTTLUS.
AND It 15 W UailKU A CO,, Edinburgh. Aiv,
3 (- "ten r - ' ,v-- ' s
The British battleship Bulwark,
Battleship Bulwark Sunk at
Anchorage Only 35 Miles
Men Survive Latest
ireiil raMe leaisiteA fo Tine ts.
I-oniio.v, Nov. The Krltlsh nnev
suffered the loss tn-ilay of a battleship
and nt least "3d office! s and men In a
manner which tnystltles uml alarms tint
The pre-drcadtimiKlit Hiilwiirk, of 13. -000
tons and built nt a cost of CI.OUU.OO'i
(I3.O00.UO0). blew up at her moorlmts
off Sheerness In the estuary of the
Thames and barely thltty-llvc miles
The known facts ale that a ticmn'i
dons 1'XploHlon occurred at 7 33 A. M.
while oftlcers and clew were about their
ordinary duties- It is reported that the
bit tut was playing anil In three min
utes the shattered hulk nf the ship had
dls.ippeaied beneath the surface.
Of a ship's company 01 SI.", all
except fourteen were killed by tne
explosion or drowned after a few min
utes struggle in the water. The rsti
mate of the loss was furnished to the
House of Commons by Winston Church
Ill, First Lord of the Admiralty. M ,'.
Churchill attempted no explanation of
the cause of the disaster anil merely
uttered the opinion that the destruction
of the Hiilwiirk is not a seilolis loss lo
Unirland's naval power.
The puiilamentiiry writer lor the
Kttimlnttt snvt that -Mr. Churchill's un
nnuncenieiu sent n wave of melancholy
over the House, anil that the thoorj that
found the most acceptance was that an
net of treachery waw responsible for the
It Is permitted to say that tlovern
ment and public are most shocked over
the further loss of so many trained olfi
cers nnd seamen. A battleship o nb-
soleto type can be spared, but naval !
officers do not pretend to conceal their
concern over the destruction of so many
men. I'p to to-day the . Hrltlsh nnvy
has hist S,142 officers and men, If tho
estimate that S01 perished to-day Is
accurate. An official report issued yeit
terilay placed the losses at 7,311, officers
The Admiralty Issued a statement to
night saying that there ant fourteen
survivors of the disaster to the Hiil
wiirk. Admiral Lord Chailes Heresforil, who
formerly made the Bulwark, his llagshlp,
said In an interview to-day:
"I'eople naturally will think of tier
limit spies as an explanation of the dis
aster. I piefer to say nothing about
that. It is certain that the magu.l'io
must have exploded, but I cannot im
agine how It happened, flood cordilo
does not explode without a detonator,
and Inferior cordite Is excluded by fre
"There was a lire a while ago vvlthiil
the magazine of the battleship Heveino.
Sailors quenched t and the magazine,
did not explode.
"The magazine of ihe lliilwnik was In
a very safe position and was protecled
by every modern device. I'ossibly a
shell or fuse was dropped, hut even thl."
ought not to have exploded the mag
azine." The amazing sudileiiuesH of the deti no
tion and illHippc.traiicc of the Hiilwiirk
makes it Impossible to add much of con
sequence to the statement of Mr. Chutvhlll,
The ship was anchored In the muilnly,
tidal waters of tile Meilway. Suddenly
the whole neighborhood locked with a
terrible detonation, I'eople about the har
bor saw a great pillar of lire thrown sky
ward, follow il by dense sinoKe which hid
overythlng. Three minutes later the
smoke cleaieq and revealed nolliliig when,
the hlp lind lain Inn swirling waters
whitened with foam and speckled with
Hark patches .ivhrtre pieces of vvieckage,
torn clothing, aallors' kltbagti and other
destroyed by an explosion while
-t MMnv or thi: w u m:ws.
Knglnnd h:i been shocked by the un
explained explosion which destroyed
the pre-ilreadniiitglit Ilutwark yester
day In the Thames, thlrty-tive mil''.
from London, nnd caused the death 'f
probably sol officers and men. tHrlt-
sh tin vat otricets deny the likelihood 1
of a Herman submarine attack, but I
tlciiuan spies are suspected,
lird Kitchener tells the House of Com
mons that the Kusslnt.s have de
feated the (lermans with the heaviest
losses .vet suffered, I'etrogr.id learns,
seiiil-olTtcially. that Itiwsla has won
In I'olaud the greatest victory of mod
ern times. Correspondents telegraph
to London newspaper.', that Germany
found her Sedan on the plains of Po
is no repuit ftom the Husalan j
ieiieral Stalf. but the Cermnn War
1 nfice daily contradicts the unofficial
Itusfian reports Htrlln says that
(' , von Mackerisen defeal.-d the Itus
slaus at Lodz and I.owiscz. took 40,
000 prisoners' and .1 vast quantity of
war material and repulsed all Rus
sian attacks yesterday In spite of
heavy Kusiin reenforcements.
The siege operations m lSelglum anil
northern France drag on without nn
important advance by either Oermanj
The Turks in the Caucasus regions
are being driven tovvanl Krzerum, ac
cording to an official Itusslnn an
nouncement. Anti-l'lirlstlun agitation
is spreading In Palestine anil tle
Italian Consul at Jerusalem has ap
pealed fur warship".
A I'etrognul newspaper asserts that
il. Mll,.l.. ..r 1, h 1 n .. ..r.
... ,. . 1 ' , 1 the llur.vark would be .ompelleii to ex-
of tho Kaiser In make peace i' Japan , llrl. ,,orsl , TUr suggestion that
would light against Russia, and that , n,,. nugazim- of the vessel was ma
the .Mikado handed the correspon- , iieiously evpUsled by an alien among the
deuce to (he Hrltlsh Minister. j crew will probably nevrr be proved or
lllilgnria untitles the Allies that she will J disproved, as everything and everylxuly In
remain neutral, and the llulganan
Premier asks the Allies to ilellne the
limits of Hulgarian expectations in
delirls tloattl ai-ound the battleship's
The inajoilty of the ciew apparently
were below, breakfasting, at the time of
the explosion. Co.il men working on a
nelKliboi Ing ship say they saw some of
tlie sailors on the deck raise their hands
to their heads and stand In salute In the
moment that elapsed before they vvue
swallowed by the waters.
Instantly the whole haibor was In
commotion. Olllceis and crews of other
ships lushed to the decks on which It Is
stati ii their comrades had been thrown
down and half stunned by the explosion,
and boats of all types raced from every
dlr.etion to help. Their errand was al
most frinlb ss. One section of the crew
1 scap,il through having had shore leave
the night before They were Hearing the
Hulwark to rejoin the ship when tlie ex
plosion occuiixl. 'Inelr boat landed the
Miivlvois at Sheerness. whence they later
wen. taken to the naval hospital at Chat
ham. According t a local coi respondent, the
ship lies 111 three huge, ragged sections
which are Visible at low water The musts
Hid funnels have completely disappeared.
One screw Is visible. Tlie ciirreisndi'n.t
asset is that a chest of drawers from the
Hulwark has been found hurled Into the
inarches half a mile d.stant.
Tlie consensus of opinion Is that the aft
magazine explodul but the cause In merely
a matte,- of speculation. The manner and
results of the, explOM'nn convince experts
thai Ii Is not nossible that it .i ,.niv,,i
by a mine or torpedo, but the affair
promises to be lt mystery iqual to that
of Ihe destiiii'tloii of the American battle.
ship .Maine in tlie, harbor ur Havana
Tim only way tlie Isuly nr one of the
ollliiiis of the Hulwark could be Identi
fied was by the gold braiding on Ills 01m
It Is staled locally that the llulwark'ti
complement was Si3 men, of whom 100
were icservlMtH, Thole weie only a row
men ashore on liberty al the time. Tlie
majority of I lie crew belonged to
Portsmouth, but several weio from
Houses in Sheerness were sunken ns If
by a light earthquake. Mom distant
places felt the shock of the explosion and
It was heard fourteen miles awuy.
Residents of Sheerness, who are nr
ciistoiueil in tlie tiring of big guns, say
they Ilium nothing appioachtng a noise.
Ship Wiis ( lenreil fur Mellon,
Tlie Hulwark. which had been cleared
for action, affoideil practically nothing
for man to cling to, There was llttl"
woodwork left aboard and the ship had
been stripped tn a mass of steel.
An eyewitness of the explosion described
at anchor in the Thames
Mints of Submarine Attack:
Parliament Suspects Act
p beginning aft
and swe, plug along
of (Iron orks. At the
the ship like a serle
time of tae explosion some men were drill
ing on the deck and the band playing
Later 'nqulrles i-eem to disprove the
rumors of damage to other ships or to
buildings ashore. Much small wreckags
was blown inland.
A coal man aboard a collier said lie was
011 deck when suddenly he he-trd a tre
mendous explosion and at the same time
saw a sheet of nil tlam "hoot up until
It wemed as though it touched the low
clouds. Then ,1 dense volume of smoke
Issiieil from the ship. When that cleared
away theie w n.s Mtnp.y nothing liut a gap
""rrubb;',.o,m; zr:T ,,, m,,.
tlnunl, "and wondeieil for n moment
whethei theie hid really been a ship
there o- not It must have been all over
In .1 minute.
Other e ('Witnesses -ay the half Inch
I inn tholes In the neighboring ships were 1 iletihnrg's troops lo their fate, Monti
, -hatteieil and all the crockery aboard .,, . ,t,,lim ..!, .. In r.imt
Speculative gossip naturally centre. on 1 1'rtissia was never delayed ;in hour nml
tie- possibility of the dediuctlon of the s repnried t()-lllglt to be uearllli: ln-vess.-i
having hern an enemy's work. terburg.
Tb suggestion that a bomb was droppoJ 1 ,, , ' , , ,
fmni an aeroplane s. em.d to be ex- j I he Illloflielnl news Is (hill ( n-slcks
cltiil.d by the fact that the accident hup. sire driving Austrian rear guards Into
1 pened in the daylight. The destruction I ("meow nnd that Itiisshm guns are
of tile Bulwark b a submarine seems 1 . ,, , . . ,
!to Im- equallv Impossible, in view of the j sln-llllIK tile city from the noi tlieast
defences of the Medway and the fact I and I lie southeast.
' of the dirtiness of the water, which .
' would prevent such an operation bv a ,,,r,, ... .
I submerged ws-ei GKRMAXS CAUGHT IN TIIAP
ny submarine that attempted t attack 1
1 u-iKiioornnon 01 nn- ui.is.itine musi
None of the otIU'ers wuj saved The I'KTRixiliAn. Nov ! -There is an tin
survlvots are a sergeant and private of dercurrent of rejoicing here this snowv
marines, nine seaniin and three stokers j(lay w,,lch ,H j.Pttlnp everybody on th
some Killed li shock.
Two boatmen In the Medway had ai
remirkable . xperlelice They were pro
tecled from the dliect effects of the con-
cissloii by the bank, but their boat was
Slfteil out of the water and dropped back
safely. Tiny rowed to the scene and '
found a man w-lio had been wounded
... .1... I..V...1 . 1...- I,,,, v... ..,, a..
mlng strongly and said he iv.ij unhurt. , 'r"1Bli the city.
He to'd the boitimn to sive his ship- The policy of the Russian headquar
mates, as he could Mvlm until they re-1 ,,r(( stll,T ,1!lfl j.Pn aw;iy!1 , mili(,r.
turned. ,, ,
The boatmen took the swimmer aboaid state successes until they are able to
and he is apparently the only surviv ir . announce them complete. Hut to-dty
who has as yet related his experience. He,,,,,, mlI,.ftt .statement that "we hav
had little to tell, however I Ie said he was
sitting on a grating when the explosion ; It' ' number of prisoners is read
thiew hhn high In tlie air. He turned j In tlie light of a new departute. What
-omersault after .omeis.mlt before he hit ,,,, j,,,,,,,,.,,,..! ts that the Russian Con
tlie water 1 , , , , , , ,
Altlllclal respnatlon was tried on ,ral 's",rf outgeneraled Hie lu'luiinc,
seveial uiiwoiinded bodies, but without
success, Among tne latest tlieotles is one
that the accident was caused by spon
taneous combustion of cordite nr lyddite,
due in uverheatlng This Is nf the raiest
occurieru e. but nf coil"-,. It Is p. sslble If
there was an accidental lire In the neigh
borhood of the magazine.
I II V et lull I Inn tn lie Vlilllr,
The Admiralty will hold an Inquiry to
moriow foi tlie purpose of tlxlng the
cause for tlie annihilation of a warship
which lav within a short distance of Lou
don and was as safe, piesumably. as any
1 ship could be from even the extraordlnaiy
! hazanls of war. The only opinion put
1 forward by naval olllceis who made a pre-
llminary luv estlgnllon is that tune was
an accidental explosion of ammunition
which was belngi loaded into tile maga
zine of tlie Hulwark anil that the maga
zine blew up.
Tills Is tlie ronjectuie of .1 Vice-Ailmir.il
and a Rear Admiral who were at Sheerness
when the detonation rocked buildings tor
seven miles around, i ney declare that , Umi from Plnek lo Lenzycsa .1 ml from
there was no upheaval of watei such as 1 t, ,,,tter stretched south nnd west
invariably follows the explosion of a mine , , ,re,Uening Lodz.
or a torpedo launched fio.n a submanue. , U; h.iMHK sllonglj ,n-
They llnd from what evidence here I" trenched themselv.s along the River
that the explosion was primarily Internal. ..,.,. ,. ,,,.;. t advance, and again
Pending an investigation and detailed
report by the Admiralty there Is urn
questionably fear in the minds of many
that the Hulwark was another victim of
the daring under sea strategy of the i!ei
mans. Tim conjictuie may be utterly
unwarranted, possibly is. since tlie
Thames is so completely mined al the
moulh that H would hi- dllllcult for a
mackerel to slip t In illicit without knowl
edge of the safe passages Hut tlie notion
persists and will he held until the linv
Continued on Second Paso,
LED IN TRAP,
Pctrojirad Considers Victory
the Greatest of Modern
KAISERS MEN" THOI'GHT
I Forces Divided and Czar's
Army Advanced Between,
FAST PJMJSSIAX DKIVE
Defeat of German Southern
Wiujr Hecalls Sedan. Says
"pmal Cable Hespatch to Tnr Ms
I'HRotiUUi, Nov. 'Jll. - UlTlelnls who
Iiiivo the oar of llii: Ministry of War
Inn i boon told prlititely Unit the litis
sinus limn vum the grriitfst victory of
modern times helvveo!, tho Wnrtlit' ami
the Vistula and nliniit sixty nillos west
The Infonnntlon Is spiiil-oll'lcial nnd
Is hcllt'visl to niitlclinito by 11 few limns
official eonilrmiitloii by the Ceiieral
StiHT. Tim report Is thai tho (irnnl
iJtike Nicholas's armies lime utterly
crushed n Inrsis part of (ion. von Illn
tU'iiburR's army, lmvp -iit tired " nr tin
strnyerl mure tliiin (Ki.Oikj men nml lmve
cut off the relient uf the surviving
, v,r",i,n "-
Lleut.-t .en. loll .Mlli kenson, wns linlte.l
iiImiu; tvvent v-tlve mlle e,it nf 'zenlo.
,.,,. ,,,, ,,riV(,n 1);,k V( Mll).kp.
for,'(,l I" ananilon Von li p.
llumtnns I'oree Wny llptvTeen llnlves
nf Knlser's I'nree,
n ham nrti.N I'vn:,
tpecml Cotrenpoiiitetit o the London "Itoilf
f,-,.f Cyif.f ll.--..Ml. , TV.. C.'.-
I tiptoe or expectation. The great new?
teiegrapned from here yesterday ms
not yet been made public, but this morn-
1 Ing's official despatch was so worded
as to arouse high hopes. News from
1 trustworthy sources which was known
the embassies has been spreading
1 lured them into a tiap and then closed
jit upon them with an iron grip which
cannot be resisted.
I The Kaiser's telegrams, alternately
1 Imploring and commanding the (iineralti
j to save the country from invasion by
hurling back the Russian iiimles. ap-
pear to have ilusiered and worried them
I sn that they did not .-lop l' form 1
plan, but advanced iiumiiy and put tlie.r
heads In the noose whnii the Russians
were waiting to pull tight.
It lias already been explained how,
In the hope of relieving the pressure in
I Hast Prussia, the (lermans ileudcil
strike must heavily noithwcst of IV,
Prussia, the (lermans ilcutled to
saw. They shifted a large number if
! troops tn that tegiun from further
I south. These troops advanced along
the valley of the Vistula. At the same,
'time others converged inward the le
gion between the Vistula and the
Wiirthe. lly Novembei 13 thr Ii old a
way w.im.(1 ,,... Tl. Russians
fought mil small, rear guard actions-and
I seemed as t'lougii me Hermans nan only
lo ptess foi ward quickly In older 'o re
take Lodz and perhaps cut tlie Russian
! forces In two Aecoidlngly, about half
their 111 my, reckoned at 2.1(1.1100, went
I southward by rapid stages They still met
scarcely mis resistance and sanguine be
lief began to tiiko shape iq their mltidi
'hat the strength of Russia for the mo
mint had been exhausted,
Still they pushed on until, in the diffi
cult country, which hud already been,