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THE SUN, SATURDAY, NOVEMBER 28, 1914.
SATl'HDAY, NOTMIU'lt 28, 11114.
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hatlan. New York. President and Treasurer.
wiuiam c. itei.k. i: SaiMii street; vie-
President. Kdward P. Mitchell. ISO Nassau
treet; Secretary, C. IS, Luxton, ISO Noon
London oitire. KRtnsUam Hon.-. 1 Arundel j
plri. offl.e line .le t. Michodi-re. orf i
l:ue du u.i.lre sep.embr..
wa,hlni!tn ..me. Illt.b. llulldlntf.
Brook.n on.Jio uunfrt-n ...!. :
our fritnii u.o tai or vtuitl. mntufripti
ni iiivtmtio. lor publico!! (A t
r,lud ontc r. ttturi tk., ,n oil ca.r,
F.O lPI or ...... ,.,.,..r.
The Conventions of The Hague-1
lln the I'resldent Already
Our neighbors the H'orW and .'ir-
n,a ,, have ..com, res-o-islb o for .
the positive s.a.e.ne.it from Washington
that our Government has already Inter-1
posed Its protest "ngnlnsl attiiclts on '
cities occupied by iioii-coinbntiints by
,.f i,..n,i.,ir.,..,l fmn. aircraft.'
The protest was made early In October
Inst. It was nu.de. without olllclal cor-,
resiK.ndcnce. at ecret conferences with
the diplomatic representatives of tho
belligerent Towers It wa made by
President Wit son personally: his re-
moiiMtranie agalnt aerial lionitmrdment
was l;aed upon our partlrlpntlon In tb
convention., adopted t The Hague, but
he. the I're-Ident. was en refill not io
tieclfy jKirtlcuIar Instances of offence
nr In li.i mn lb,. illl,.'ml iin,.nilers HCII Hit I
the prohibitions ro..l.,l.ii..l In the con- .T .1 , "m.
1 . esary steps must be taken to spare, ns , The Wlislilngton Tof nventlv r?-
ventloiH. Such, at least, is the -toiy , far gg polb)fi Uunrtlnw, dedicated to IKrte.l. we do not know on whose nu
as told by the U'-irld and repent.'.l religion, art hclenca or charitable pur- ihorlly. that the State Department con
with slight variations last night by P"-- historic, monuments, hospitals and KPnt( m t, ,, unfortunate chnnso
the ;r.v,,i. 'of. In describing Mr. '''C"" "hw W "nd m at I'arls only In comtillance with a n-
wT, v'l li .rH. - , 1,1, the renresent '""f W"' , 'T"1!'1 'f " "l N n,t uest from Ambassador Hrnn.cK to Se
ll.so.Nsln.en leu s l,h the I MUese,t-,USed at the time for military purposes.' Mow mirw,V(,
atives of the belllgcent nations the, Mnnlfitly these provisions as to nil , , Mlln(. mo W11,,nilt,cily
Wiirlif Wiishliigtoai orresponilent snys: of i,ombardment would apply tojtlmt this Is not the case. Mr. Hi-rrick
"The President laid hefou- each of them' ti,(. dropping of explosives from air- has neer asked to be rotloted, feeling
the srtlcle In the ltaKtic convention . i.in.ti,,,. tltrt.., nn tin. that a public srvnnt has no right to
which provides for notice of twenty-four
hours of niirioe to attack a zone !n-'
habited by non-effecilves, to enable such i
perjiis within that time t.. remove them-
.cues from the danger .one."
If this Is true it Is perhaps the most i
important news enncerniug .iueru-ii
relation to tin war In Europe that has
appeared since the beelllllllig of August, j
Its surpassing luiportatiee I due to the
fact that If true it would Indicate tile
Administration's a. quiescence In the
urgent demand of ,l,o;,ds of well - "" 8'""-" " " '
meaning persons tlironchtml the conn-1 tn f ouventlon l. ..eriiini j Is n ptr.v.
try that this Goter.i.nent. s o,. of AtiMrlii Is. Great Britain Is Ilnli, is.
the signers of the .-..iiventloiis of The',1'"! l'ran.e never ratllled It. Tlieref.v.e
Hague, shall "do Us dutv" with resal 1 l 11 became Inoperative all around when ,
to Infraction of th" rnl. of warfare
,uppocl to he onlulned In con- ft,,..-. Is a party, hut It cannot pro- j '"' j"-
. . t.iui 'in.iln.t iietH nnd inellioiU evemnteil nn lliailei uale, the t IlilllC.'llor of the
trillions. The practice of aerial bom-, ' " " 1 ' " Kxolr's explanation .,f Itrltlsh rts
bnrilment N ontraL-eotu In tl... view , fnmi th- prohlhlilon bj the icrms of. ,'., , ,lU
of common humanity, the prohlliltlon In
the rules supposfsl lo have been adopted j
t The Hague Is so clear ami espll.'lt. i
nd thc compnet bv which Ihe millons!
In conference at The IIiiL-ue nureisl lo I
obev the,c rules N apparently so sol-1
lilnillng. .ha. weilonot won-
der nt the attitude of many of our fol
low citizens. The excellent Canon if
St. John the Irivlne, who Is likewise a
member of tho World's Alliance for the
Promotion of International l-'rleiiilshlp.
gave nu Illustration the other day of
thc force of this sentiment when ho de
clared that "It Is our duty, when the
terms of the llaguo convention aro
disregarded, to remonstrate and hold
tip to ceiisino the offending parly or
parties Any other course will brand
us u cownnR"
Vet wo cannol believe that the state
ment telegraphed y "sierdny from Wash
ington to the Winlil Is true. We cannot
believe that the ITesiilcut has already
remonstratisl against the practice of
dropping lmiiibs from aircraft on non
combatants, busing his protest on thu
contract eiiL'.igeineiils of the belligerent-'
in tho conventions of The Hague. We
cannot believe thai the President would
take n step ni momentous merely on Ihe
strength of a popular iiilscoiK-eptlou as
to Ihe contents of these convent Inns,
and wllhnut fully informing himself
ns to what the conventions really re;
rjulre und what they do or do not pro
hibit. Lastly, we do mil believe that
Mr. Wilson could consult ihe Depart
ment of State oven he Department of
Stale In the time of Secretary Hkvan
without ascertaining l lie central fact
which Tin: Scv for several day, now
has been endeavoring In Impress upon
tbo minds of clamoinuts for nn olllclul
protest; namely, that In the present
clrcumbtauccs of the war there Is abo.
lutcly no basis In tho com out hum :f
tThe Hague for Intervention on our part
fill one of tho signatories.
For nny demand from Washlngtiri
that (Juruniny or rruuco or Austria, or
rtiissln or England shall live up to th.
terms of n supivosed iiRrccment of 1007
with us mid the rest of tho Powers ro
. abstain from dropping bombs on non-
eeinhatiiuts. or to Rive projwr wnrolu,
of the purpose to bomhnrd, nniHt rest
upon cither Convention XIV. or Con-
ventlou IV. of the merles. Convention
XIV. 1st mentioned first hecnuse It I
"loltlc. It Is it "declaration prohibit-
inj; the discharge of projectiles 1111(1 ex-
Plosives from balloons." It declares:
v) "The. Contracting Powers agree to p.o
'.j ! hlblt, fnr it period extending to tin close
I of the Third Peace Conference, the dls-
j nj charge, of projectiles unit explosive from
Jj. ; balloons or by other now methods of a
1 do I similar nature."
This, of course, would cover such
bombardments as the alleged attacks
, n (jerniun towns y the flylnK urtlllery
'of the Allies, or the dropping of bombs
I ... , ., ,. , ,
' m 1,1 rls nna 0lIlpr lowiis. trench and
Holt-Inn, by the Herman Ze)ellns or
Tniibcs. 1 he United Slates both signed
I)mj rutlllcd this agreement. Great
., , i. ,...
llrltnln signed nnd ratified It. l rance.
3,.rmanv nnd Hussla neither Signed
. ,,., i..
'nor rut II ed It: and the declaration
t(if Unilts Its binding force In the fol-
lOU lllg tn.'lUllcr :
, 1 , , ....
' Tl" l'"""1 ncUrtlon Is only bind-
ln on the Contractlnir Powers In case of
ar beiueen two or nmr.
"It shall cease to be lilnulnR from th
llme wnpn (n n war j,etwetn t1( con -
tracn .;,w,r,, one of the belligerents
TluMleilarntlon. therefore, could pox
slhly njiply only to n war tvetween
the t'nlteil States nud England among
the great Powers; nnd even In such
case It would cease to be binding even
. . . . .
on o rc,v
Ure.it Britain as an nlly. T the pres-
cut contest In Europe the declaration
does not In nny manner npply. i
The other possible ground for protest i
must he found in tne general reguin-.
.1 . 1 ,.. .,...1.... T' ll,l.
' n"'"",',s oI wnrfnre on
We Had among these rules:
"The attack or luimbardinent, by what-
vor ,,,,, of ,owns, vlllngrs. dwellings
or buildings which are undefended Is pro-
ti nr aiineh. ,
lnK for(N. mu,t, iifore i-ommenclng a twin-J
bardniont. except In cases of assault, do ,
all In his iowrr to warn the authorities
.... , . . , . ...... ,, . . .
srui ueiiiKeii.'mn vi.iiihi .ui.riti 11 jusi
e.iuie of protest on our part on proof of
volntOUi jllt M,0 Convention
1mH ton fo,IW8
rtcle jj .
"The provisions contained In the an-
I nrxe.ll restitutions. a welt as ln the ores-
,.nt convention, do not apply except be-
twi-m Contrnctlnc Powers, and tht-n only
If the b-lllgerents are parties to the
... ., , ... .. .i . .
1'rance enteral rhe war. The United ,
,lu' convention Itself.
I''''""' l,r reasons for our tllsl.,..
1,,,f 1,1 tllp M'"'''''' rcS)rt that I'resi-
'lent Wilson has already based a ,
protest B.Unt aerial Isv.uh throwing
lm the provisions of the conventions j
TIh- Hague. Wc cannot believe, moro-
over, that he will ever base such a
protest on the fact of the participation
of the United Stales In the conferences
and agreements uforesald.
Shielding Criminals Through Fear,
The murder of It.vn'. the poultry
dealer, which at first threatened to
present great illfiicullles to the police
through the fears of all who might
throw light upon It, has taken a moro
promising turn, The dead mnn's son
and others have furnished a theory of
the case which, however startling.
seems to tit Ihe facts. Various, hints
which. If not evidence, are at least
guides to Investigation have come In
from various dlns'tlons, and It now
looks as If tho crime might be proi'ly
In all such cases the most serious
obstruction to the police Is the foolish
terror which prevents the friends of
the victim- in .ion-fatal cases, the vic
tims themselves -from telling every
thing they know. This Is true of the
blackmail bomb cases, the child stealing
cases, murders for vengeance, horse
poisoning and many arson cases In
which the Detective Iliireiin never gets
even a fair start, although the Identity
of the criminals N known us a moral
certainty lo scores of people.
Nothing can he more foolish or
wicked than this form of pandering to
crime, flood citizenship requires that
all possible aid be given to the authorl
lies even at H'rsoiuil risk. Hut as a
mutter of fact the moro complete the
help given the police the less Is the
danger, lllaekmnll and assassination
thrive on terror and secrecy, and the
moment their agents are deiled nnd ex
posed llielr power end. If all the pen.
pie In New York to-day who are living
In dread of what arc popularly called
"Illack Hand" mil rages would frankly
Ml al lleiidquarlers nil they know or
can surmise there would he an Install-
tfineoti! roundup of the miscreants who
conduct tho cnmpnli-n, find dynamiting
would be nt low ebb In Its accustomed
quarters nt least for omo yearn.
The friends of IlArr nrc of n differ
cnt class from the usual victims of such
crimes. They nrc business men, ninny
of them of somo substance, und they
hnve it rock! understanding of American
life. They should sec the supreme Im
portance of putting themselves fully In
lino with the Htuto and Its oltlclnlH for
the lliullng and prosecution of the mur
derers. All the more Is this obligatory
because onie of them hnve received
threats of n similar death. The protec
tion of the assassins In the present case
Is the surest wny to brliiR about the
realization of the threats. Impunity Is
encouragement. Presently pot shots at
unpopular traders will be n feature of
The sure way to prevent this Is for all
Interested to combine against the crim
inals. If the Intter nro speedily started
toward the death chnlr there will be no
more murders In this particular cir
cle of the community.
Atithitssntlor llerrlrk's llrtiirn
Mr. Hi.nHirK returns to this country
(from France nt the moment when his
Iltnoss for the post of Ambassador Is
. ,, , ,
generally recognlwHl, nnd at n
tme .,, (h(, exKeMe0), of 011r own
fore,Rn rpntong nli ,ne 0l,lR1,tons we
I hnre towiml otcr Vmtm
",lnSt "Ojently counsel the retention of
! informed and capable representatives
In the diplomatic serviee.
J, .11,11.,..,. ...1.1,1,
1 none but a man who has overcome them
can understand. Mr. IU.rbick has
nehlevisl since the wnr began nn ex
trnordlnnry triumph. He has won from
those with whom ho came In contact
ItiralHe in n ilerfre not Iiwk i?r;itlfvliii- fn
nt h7, ban I m wt ha Ve W" o
llIi4 HSofu, an(, succeK,f, Rorvcc ),,,
niust quit the work he has done so well
and relinquish to another, certainly not
"em-. .s,.n,. . uisk i.e 01 mi men
Is best ipinUflcd to erforni.
Mr. Hkrbick has proved himself highly
efficient, and In the face of that dem
onstration under circumstances that
' greatly aggravated the burdens nnd per
1 plexltles of tho otllce. he Is turned out.
he has been recalled, and Is superseded
1 by an unknown quantity whose dlspoxl-
. tlnn la lirrthnhtv ...iiv! lint itlw,bo fiiltii.i.
, ' . I . .. ..
tlon must begin where Mr. UtRntcK's
JW ln nni1 asMnnes In nn
emergency the direction of complicated
affairs and the maintenance of delicate
relations of which his knowledge must
.. ........ i . .. .... An.n,, . i ..n,H , 1 1 . i. .
nbnndon n post of danger or usefulness
. . . .
in i won' iiki; nils.
We can well understand how such n
ninn ns the Ambassador has shown him
self to be might regard the statement of
the Washington newspaper as an Insult
to his patriotism.
American Debtors and ItrltMi
British war llmuicc has been charac-
leilz.sl bv inline aiiilneliius etn.rliiieiits
f problema.lc outcome, but highly mi.
A,norl,.ans , ,lov (!m(u,,.;s px.
j.,,ltIoll f it in thc nuse of Commons
j.-meribty Is bis references to the
,11Usp mnilpr As u paraile of Itrltlsh
It.m,ur0(,s :i 0.ciisU for the tinan-
,. eoinlnct of the war his version of
American In.lebleilness to Croat Itrltaln
may sorve for home consumption. It
'! not ho , 'lv ':!:n:
(.rlin1 ,Xt.llI1IlJI0 In N(.u. York'pri.c-
tically at the normal.
1indon Is the world's central money
market. When the war broke out It
was paralyzed because all tlnanclal
communications were broken down and
hugo sums of money owing to Loudon
could not be collected. So far as the
United States was concerued conditions
changed quickly, but never .it any time
did wo owe to (ircat llrltnln anything
like the H km s h,i w i nt which l.i.ovn
(iniKi.r. Is said to have placed the
amount of our indebtedness.
That mammoth figure could onlv ho
I Intended to cover Itrltlsh Investments
i tl American securities. Whether or not
u overstates these Investment holdings
it represents no debt In any sense of the
word which would entitle n creditor to
press for payment. I'xcept In the case
of bonds and notes maturing ut an early
dale the vnt mass of American so
curllles owned In (Ircat Itiilalu Is not
and never was a demand obligation
convertible Into cash at tin option of
Itrltlsh Investments In American so
entitles were nceiiiuiilnte.l through .
long series of years, und their purchase
was thinners! with credit Instrument
through the foreign exchange market
and not hy th" shipment of gold, Only
In the course of time and through tho
operations of foreign exchange could
the return of all or any large part of
these securities to ihe Unllisl Slates
paid for. This Is a fumli.uieiital fact
recognhted In all Intelligent, considera
tions dealing wllh the International
llnnniial dllliciltles which the wnr hns
created for this and other Millions.
Perhaps Li.ovn (iinitui: meant to say
or did say that the United Slates owcil
(ircat Uiiti.lu nhoiu .5.'shi,.iisi,ihhi -h
Ihe outbreak of the war. This s
iiiu.il nearer the triilh nnd denoos
the debit balance on current account
which gave American and Itrltlsh
finance a good many nininus moments
In August and Scptemhcr, but cease,) to
le n matter of concern long before the
end of October. i uauvi: cuxywuvx.
So swiftly lld American debtors pro- u u 0llr ,IIty , ntrpVrnc liy Act or
teed to maintain their credit In London Protest?
by paying their obligations nt any cost, To tub Koitoh op Tun uvssir: Ho
und so ample was the assured provision ferrlng to tho editorial nrtlclo In Tim
of cold for the wttlnnient of our netunl SuN ot November 24, "Has tho United
or gout ror tne settlement or our actual Mattn ouaranteod th0 Neutrality ot Uel
tlebl balance abroad, that two months Kinmr:
lifter the war had broken out London if the United state dovemment hy eol-
bankers were crying quits on the pay- tmn, ""rt ""'" oll'er 1h'''
. , ... . . made Iteelf reeponnlble for tho innlntetwin'e
nient of American debts and assuring 0f neiKium'e neutrality it would io our
C0rreS)01l(leiltS hero that tllCV WOllbl
rather have their names on bills of ex-
Change thai! their funds. They were
asilsttnl to this conclusion by the signs
..e l. . . . . , , , l ..
Of 1 110 crrei I et hurt trn.lo u-llleh fills
" " " - nan injured. in oiner worus, ft J"'.).''
Country Was rapidly developing IIS the Holt were right, It would become our duly
principal source of supply for nil cotiti- '"ma'l' ,v"r """"T". t?LX?'' T
. , . ., . . . eanip reason which Clrent llrllalti has .It-
tries during the war, and by the In- ciered a. her raue of war
dlcntlons that no long time would It will bo the soure r, of ureal satlsfae
elapse before the American debit bal-ltlon il lnrte majority of the eitlzons of
fl,W,A ,..,,1,1 1.. , ... . , . , , ,
ante would he nlped out and n credit
oauince suii&tltuteil wnlcli would give
us coiiinmnd of the foreign exchutiges
against Great llrltnln.
Addition of these few paragraphs of
Interpretation to Lloyd (Ieoiwf.'h state
ment of British wnr finance, so fnr as
It concerns the United States, seems
The trouble Is John IUaLErconN won't
stay dead. Ills Is the llfo of the spirit.
Tlmo out of mind the night watch
woman bus been an ornament of the
home ns well as a benefactor to the
professional humorist. In the true mod
ern spirit she has nt last broken out
from her old restrictions and stands j
rnniic n iiFHi. . .. 1. 1 i . I
'itn iiu.viiiiuK iuivr wuui
wio nour of her nusninrt fl roturn iron. 1
. the club. She seems to 1k il hlirhlv
elhVIont person. Khe differs front a mn
I Jorlty of her mainline rivals In that
sho can sprint after mnrauders nnd
catch them. When her merits become
better recognized and she takes posses
sion of the entire night In our city
streets, or ail of It that the police do
not require for their livelihood. It will be
a bad time for the crooks. Her X-ray
vision will detect burglars' tools In their
pockets, booty In their bundles nnd evil
In their hearts. Her tailor made rig
will give her the advantage In the chase
and her winning ways will overcome all
resistance. Welcome tho night watch
woman! Hohert IOrraine Is one of the English
actors who have honored their profes
sion by proving that they can piny
heroic parts in real llfo ns well as on the
stage. His return to London wounded
after servlco nt the front in the nvln
tlon corps fhotild prove an Inspiration
to a few superfluous haunters of tho
New York "Hialto."
General Kcnstos-, commander of tho
Vera Crux expeditionary force, to-day re
quested Secretary of War Gakmson for
two months leave of absence effective
December 1. U'athlnoton despatch.
General Fcnstov will doubtless elect
to npend his vacation In some part of
the country where he can renew his
acquaintance with Jack Frost nnd ex
perience a mature snowstorm.
Washington reports that u new Presi
; dent, unnamed. Is about to occupy the
I palace at Tort nu lrlnce. We assume
that the unlucky man Is Senator Dwit.
i ma it TiltiotOKK, who at last accounts was
tnsurgiw; tnwnrd the rapltnl; but ln
the quick mutatlor.e of public life In
' Huytl TitEoiioiiB may be already down
' and out.
The right end of the Mount L'nion
(Ohio) College football team, who has
kicked thirty-seven goals In games dur-
ing the season. Is being educated In the
jwronc part of the country, in the opin
I Ion of football coaches in the East
I The presumption Is that the sailors
I of Annapolis and the (.oUIIers of West
j rulnt wltl flicht all the harder In their
i annual Kiime to-day because they hnve
' been Heating all the season about the
place of the football b.Htle. It Is riulte
.fljilllk. Illflf ill., al.n.,.,1 l,n..A
fallen upon the City of lirotlierly mc.
I should the eeent lie on the 1'lrsl or the
( final S) Haider
To tub KeiTon of Tin: SfN .Sir. In
1701 .tohn Walker, the lexicographer,
ilnn attent'oi, to the m'spronuncitlon of
the nnrd "ally." to which your correspon
dent "I.. M. N." directs attention, ln
I W.ilkrr's day tin re was a tendency among
' pirsops of quality nnd nffectatlon to plac.i
j the accent of "ally." noun, on the first
I syllable. At the time he tald .
1 A few- enr gn there uaj an urfectatlon
I of pronounclnj thn or.l, when noun, with
I the ac cnt n.i the flrt yll.ib'.e, and thl
j hftl n appearan-e cf pre. l.lnn from the
cem-rsl custom of or. rutin n.iuns In this
manner, when the same nurd, ns u verb,
ha. I the mcent on the ut, but a .-ioir In
ipertloa Int. i Ihe an.-.l.icles nf me UnisiniRe
hoCil this promitu I itbm lo be l-iipro;.. r
a It Intcrfere.l wllh an universal rule, which
w.i to pronounce Ihe 'v' lik. e' In .1 fln.il
unaccented l,able llut. wluuner w.is tao
reason of tliU novelty. It now seeme m have
lubsUed. una thl Mnr.l U now eencnPv
pronounceil ulth the accent 01, the serntet
syllable, as It la uniform'' niarlie.l by a.l
the orthoeplsts In our laiiKUtiKC
That one may find people who ought to
know better, even Columbia prof. smi s.
putting the accent on the llrst syllable
should not be permitted to disturb "U
M. N.'s" equanimity, for our modem dic
tionaries inaku no distinction between
noun and verb. The .New- Standard and
Webster give but one pionunclatlon
a-lal'--al as 111 "aisle." Thn Centurj Is
the only dictionary that glvs al'iil, and
to Mils It gives secondary place. Such a
pronunciation is on a par with pbo'to
graph"r or trUe-grnplrer, and Is op
posed to the genius of thn language.
There Is ye. nnothi r pronunciation
given to this word that Is calculated to
"Jar" one, al'Py Da. St.vtax.
Nkvv York, November 25.
The Unprepared l.'nimlr.v.
1" Tun KniTon ok Tiik Sun .Sir; As
to the letter of "M. S," on the forced
pearefulncss of tho t'nltej Htatrs, It Is
true, sad to relate.
We, send f.,000 men to Vera Cnus to sc.
cum a reprisal nf nn Insult to our Mag,
anyway to secure n salute. Last .Monday
the men were withdrawn though they bail
not accomplished this. However, they
cleaned tbo streets nicely. If wo had an
army and navy equal In equipment and
cflleiency, If not In slic, of that of the
fitrmnns, would Mexico dare to "cut up"
as sho has been and Mill Is doing It Is
only In ciium all of the European nations
have been preparing, watching and wall
ing for cut I) other's throats that they
have not anappeil their lingers nt that ah
Hiinl bit of paper the Monroe Poctrlno
nnd been on South America like a pack
of wolves! What a pitiful, ridiculous
spectacle wo would have been,
New Vonic, November 27,
Utile lie Asks.
To Tiir. MeiToii or Tit.: KvttNir; Mow
much Income dor a man ne.il to enable,
him lo live comfortably.' We were talk
ing about this the other day, I wild I
would not ask for more than SlO.noo
yeart In fact, if I had un assured Incnnm
of M.onn I thought I could I... yen
comfortable on that. Colon. u .Ioni'.s.
Nw York, November IT.
Tilt: UMTI'.lt HT ATI'S AXD THE
P'"'" duty to participate In the physical
ft" - !n;7or'hi:runla;
ngKrelon. of rollectltiK from him by forco
r nrn" penalty of hn onenco ami tn
fl.'iaiium juniiy uue to ine iiin...-.ni 'cw "L f
I.IK. C.I m.H.'H I.I I1U l.U.fc ( rt
i)IlVnK the standing of Tiik Sun should
finally a.lmlt the responsibility Iriciirrt-.l
by tho t'nlled States In Its slptilng of the
Hague trestle., That you admit this re
sponsibility Is shown by tho above quota
tion frnm vnllr ..lllnrlnl nrtlfle. Thn fart
that you umlertalto to eel nnldo our ob-
ligations In this treaty further on In the
nrtlclo by maklnif an erroneous statement
cannot niter thn morn Important one
quoted nloee. You say:
Kvery one of theee micremlve convention"
wn (Ixned by the American deleuatee and
mulled by the Senate of the United States
under re.frvatlon of the declaration origi
nally preentel to the conference on July
2K, 19, nnd reiterated In almot Identical
words In the plenary slnn of the eonfer-enci-
of October 16. 1 907. n follo:
"Nothlnit contained In this convention
hall b so construed i to require the
l"nlt"d States of America to depart from
,,iitinai policy of n..t Intrudlne upon.
. . . . .. ..... .
intfriffinr or ninnixiinir viz in me
i.omt, fiurtlonv or wly or Internal i-
ministration of nny foreign Htale. nor shall
Ull V.l.liK I .III.M.I.Ptl .11 W.e P " , Ulivriuiuil
b- construed to Imply .1 relliiqulshmcnt by
the t'nlled Slutes of Its traditional attltu'ue
toward purely American questions."
The reservation above referred to wns
only ail.lcd to the ratification of the first
convention, which was designated "Con
vention for the Pacific Settlement of In
K.ir the edification of yourself and
your renders I nppend herewith the exact
wording of each ratification of the, thir
teen conventions and ono declaration and
the Final Act of the Hngue convention of
Quoting from the Final Act we find the
Theiie conventions and declarations shall
form o many separate acts.
Convention I. :
Resolution of Ilatincatlon by the Henato
of the Convention for the Hettlement of In
ternational Disputes, signed nt The Ilnrue,
April !, J90S.
lleiolved (tio-thlrds of the Senators pres
ent conrurrlni therelnl.That the Senate ad
ilse and consent to the ratification nf a
convention sfitned by the delegates of the
I'nlted States to Hie Second International
Peace Conference, held at The Hague frnm
June sixteenth to October elrhteenth. nine
teen hundred and seven, for the piclnv set
tlement of International disputes, subject to
the declaration made by the delegates nf the
United States before sIkiiIuk said conven
Nothing contained In this convention shall
be o construed ns to require the I'nlted
States of America to depsrt from Its tra
ditional policy of not Intruding upon. Inter
fering with, or entangling itself in the po
lities! questions of paltry or Internal nd
ministration of any foreign State, nor shall
anything contained In the sa.i j convention be
construed to Imply n relinquishment hy the,
United State, of Its traditional attitude
toward purely American .iifstlr,ns
mm"-., n- i-. "- v
. rtdteil . p
, l, . the tmr't-ind-
he n.rmin.nt eo
din'rence, An V, h,,i
ti. . u. . . . .
proves this convention
Ing that recou--e to
for the sett'e-nent of
onlj by r,ST.emMH tiitrto inrmicM Kfr.frti
or "pfrial treaties of arbltatlon hrrctofor
nr hreaftrr eoncluJed betwn pHrtI
ln illpp'Jte; and tb tlnlttM St.it now x
ercp" the option ront.nlneil In nrtir fifty
thrrf nf rhIJ fiinxfntlnn. to xrti!l the for
mulatlon of th "compromU" hv thr per
niAtifnt court, and herMiv tMrlu1f from the
comptrnc of ihc ptrinannt rourt th
power to fram th "rotnprornls riulre I
by Bnr.il or up. in trifl of arVit",itlt t
fonc'ii-lti or heeaftr to pom linl! hv j
th rn(ti StativM, an 1 further rxproli
JfIarei thiit th "romproml" ruluM nv
any fr.itv of arbitration to wl'kh th
1 V"'""1 n",v b" '?r.,v 'hal!.'" "-
i'' ' ' -
espresely pro Id. o,hcrw... ,
Convention II . ,
ne.n'utlon of lt.itin.-ailon l.v th Senate nr.
,i c-nnvennon rrtpeenni ine i.nmi uion nr tlll, forfeit of lauds In eastern Oregon.!
he r.mp'nvinent of l-vr. e tor the llernv.rv jwortli ' "a.OflO.OO", for breach of the con- "Minle In I. S. A." C.iiuin.ttre IV III
of Contract Debts. ,lr,n-l at The IMsue. (tiii. In the linvernmrnt grant. ! .n fr s,i mrrl.-ntis.
I!",T The railroad holds the lands as the!
ltsoivel (tw n-tbir.ls f ihe senators pre... pue.'eseor of the two companies to which I "hen the temporary commifee on
-nt con. iirrtim iherelni Thai the P'r i' ' srant wrre mule unilrr urn (i( Ciiiirp'm "Made in the U S. A." meets at C
a.lv!- .m'l .-Mient to tb... -itlrtrailnn nf a ,,n(.M.j t,e v,us and '70s Tne "a!1 "fcxt Thursdny afternoon at 3 t
cnnvenilon slsne.l by the .lelerntes of the p,,,,,, tn,Pt (1f Justice claims a breach in ntembers will discuss the neress '
Uniie.l Stnf lo ih- Seron.l Internatloml 1 ,1P fit,m-iMK condlllnn In the grant I adopting a progrniume f..r the r e- -peace
confrr.n-e hei.l ,v The ifsue frnm, ln. e..ngicss lfi? In the nature '. of hueii frnm South and Centra! A - -
June u, to rvtober li. 1507. r. porting llieiofiiii.wmljii.rvii.-t. lea who will v.slt New York the r,-'
limitation of the employment of force for, ...,. , ,.,. Br.im,, bv m H ' part of the ear.
the refov.rve,ffontriet debt.. aforesaid (July 2J, tsur,) shaU'be eold to i These buyers to tho number of "
' "".V"1 '"r!"; n',.n"V . 1 ,r' ofi actual settlers only. In quuntltl. s not ""' ' "e habit of going .
r mention. That he 1'nlte,. states apprnv- s , . 1 n"1' ' 1 ' , !.,,, ,lorn ,.ar(i an(1 nlhl. ,
mis cnnveniinn im.ii in- ..n.ier.iaimi nK um
recourse to the perinnnent curl f ,r tbe et
tlemellt of illrf-renres rferre.l tn III sill
convention c in be lia-l ..ii!v bv aKreemriit
tliereto thr f stri Itrneril or ?., Ill trei'l-s
Of nrbltr.itlon heretofore or hereafter con-clii.le-l
betwern tbe ,nrt!-s in .llspule
In Conventions III. IV. V.. VIII,
X. Nl. and XIII. ihe following form was
used, with the difference of dates, the
wording h. Ing the same :
Concluded October IV noj; ratlflr.itlin
a.Hise.l by the Senate Mnr.li 10, 190V, ri:l
f! ! by the Presi lent IVbriury is. llinii
r.itltli ntlnn ilepiwltc.l Mth the N'etberlvnil
(lovernment November 27. 1909; proclaimed
rebrunry :, 1910.
Conventions VI., VII. and Nil. were not
ln a letter of mine, published In the
Philadelphia t.ulgrr of October 20, at
tention was called, I believe, for the tlrst
time to (iermany's violation of the Hague i
treaties. Since th-n there h ive nppeirod i
111 various newspapers articles liv statis-
up u and scholars bearing upon th. same,
subject, all ngr.elng that tJortnany had
dltbonorably violated her treaty with Ihe'
United Slates. At the same time there
have been man.v articles appearing, llks I
the one In The Stn. endeavoring to (ftve j
various leasons nnd excuses as to why I
the President of fhe United States should i
nn. have sent a protest to itirmany.
Now that your attention him been called
tn this matter, you will undoubtedly ver-
iry my statements ami ir found (o be ror-l-ect
'lilt: Sl'N will stand bj its statement
as quoted In tbe tllst part of this letter.
I'- C IIPIIANT.
I'llil.Ap.arill.v, November 5,1.
Now that' our correspondent's atten
tion ha been called to the existence of
the articles In the several conventions
rendering the general provisions In
operative unless all the belligerents are
parties thereto, he will probably see
that the questions raised In Ids com
munication are of remote Interest,
A Curiosity of Alliance,
'dim thr M .illls l'nt lhpxtr, .
Some notion of the harmony with which
t.cn.r.ils .Inffro and Trench work together
tuny be gained from tho foll-iwlns ills.-oiriy
by ".! W. It.":
That l, they work tPsether. eliber of
fcnslvelj or ilefeiislvel),
fir-.' T.I. Ii I'm going In for t!r .Inmeatle
llfei I'll lcl; to tho man who walk,, the
Sfcond T.icV Me for th. fast Ufa; m
-.llvl. to (be automobile tire
CLARIFYING OF HAGUE
RULES PLEASES U.S.!
Officials CI lad "Tin; Sun" Jft
pliiincd Tlicir Luck of Force
in This Wnr.
fJLOO.M AHOIT TUb Mj LI. Iin
Washington, Nov. 27. The clarifica
tion by Tun SUN of tho facts recanting
the relation of tho HaKun conventions
anil rules of warfare to tho present con
fll t Is heartily, thounh privately and un
officially, welcomed by those olflclnls of
I w..,v.,..,p ,
' the State department who nrc thor
1 0uhly Informed on the subject.
Thot the seneral nubile has not under
stood that the. rules have been virtually
nullltled liocauee the belligerents liao ni
. agreed to nil of them has of course been
all along familiar to tho ueparimini m
For obvious reasons tho Department
has r,' t deemed It w Iso to moke any nn
nnunccmcnt in the way of correcting th"!
many misapprehensions which havo been
voiced by imbllc men, but It lias pri
vately and Informally set rlRht those, who
Inw had occasion to mako spcclllc in
quiry on theso questions.
Tr.e fact that tho conventions nia bo
....i.....i miMhipv for nil the belligerents
by the entranco of ono belligerent who
has not ratified this or that rule has for
In I of it? tlnin been
reCORlllzeu ny iiiupo
- , , ," tJ" if.. vim r(tiiferncc! as one
, ti,o work of thee
It has been admitted that the struc
ture built up t the ronfererecs for the
purine of confining war operations wltn
In ..rtalti llmlta wns weak in this par
ticular. What was accepted, however, was re
garded as so much better than nothing
at nil that considerable satisfaction ha
been taken In the partial approval as at
least a stop In the right direction. Not
tho least of these causes for satisfaction
over the Haicue rules wns the belief that
they would do much toward moulding
world opinion on the subject of the rules
of war and the practice the conventions
sought to prohibit nr.d thus prepare the
waj for the strengthenlns of the rules
themselves at the next conference.
Anothor wenkness if tho Hague con
ventions., according to opinion ner.-, was
lh.i total absence of any supreme power
charged wltl, oo out
cimc.,,..,..B. . .-. snivere.i in tlie nipping breeze,
proachltig such a power .Is MPltuou I , Tho most rlIl.trul fl,ui.,. of h ,.
Its absence from the f"U;,' ' turn journey o,.,-,ed at Northampton
that this omission was due to he fait , In u., i
that It was rer-ognlz.d as impossible even ,,. , s,t) rvilego After their
to attempt such a piovlslon. . ' Th.mk-giv ing holiday sang a song en
Tit drlegat-s to the conferences. It I" .,,.,, ..p,,.,,,!,,,. Vluon wns lm
dennred. recognlred these .Ufects at the i p,..v!,M iJXU; S. h """
time, but found themselves whollj unable ,, (h ,,,.-,, of th . . .
to go any further than they did P and fc , . J 1 " service fo
were compelled to Insert n each conven- ,n, prUnt, frantlcnllv ,h,v Titles at
tlon the cWU-.e that It should I e of m, ; Nlc bl uihe
force In a war If one or more of the bel- j
"ThelactXu RECORD 1,000,000 TONS.
failed to get a unanlm us r.Ulttc.iuon is
rtgarde.l aH conclusive proof f the In -
ability of the conference to nttempt any-i
thing further at that time. Even the,
I'nlted States fulled to s.gn all the con-
, ....,!.,. .,..i-K1,. !, .,n f,,rhlihllriL' tile I
nf 'dumjurn r ,.Npl,ive or other
ujj (R c.ilculat.-d to Inlllct iuperlluous In-
Jr ; J Ju'" h.ls oonse.
' L. i.! ,nv..i i n. fnr f
"...,,, . ,-.....,.., ,
public appeal, -. th- (Government ,
Proust to this or that belligerent because
!of his violation of certain piovlsmns of
'-he Hague o nvent.ons.
Ti.w e is m .-h pe-stmism he,e regarding
, III). 111.' 4lll"-. !-. .rj.rt.i ii- u.
the Hague onventl ns in the light of
their virtually complete breakdown as a
restraining force In the present wnr.
Those who Kid been the tlimest believers
In the ittlCH.-y of the rules are among
the most depressed as u the outlook
for the future.
NEW MOVE IN LAND SUIT.
Miiirrinc Court AsUeil to rl'nli
futlre Oremtn HeiHird.
,,! ' Davis filed "a brief in thu United
..e n ...... .
(f p ,
Mllt (,f tt,r (;0crnmcnt against the Ore-;
.,,1, HM, c,,!f,nlu itn.lto.id Company, for
,,r ., ,
".. ,', . (,,- it.,, ri , .-.ling
2.10 p. r acre"
The company o!.l ,il, mt MC.no.i ncr.'s,
of which the (loveninieiit contends 2uiL.
Ono acres wen- sold In conformity with
tbe condition, but that the other 520,000
weic som in violation. There remains
about 2,320.000 yet to be disposed of,
which Is the subject of tho present lltl-
, . - ii'iiim mat tney um ,(
consider the conditions Imposed by the
Rovernmeut as "applicable" In 1003 the
company w lth.lt ew from mle all nf tb..
unsold lands and thereafter refused
sen any. rnor to i:x; more than -t.OiiO
pere.'iis applnd to purchasa lands under I
the conditions spwin , by the tlovern -
, " . l. 1"'un" "ouliJ-
... r-...v,r ,,.,- ...ni in in uuy unucr the
ciiii.lltlons nnd have been turned away bv
tin railroad compan.v,
.nmicrn nn n-nr. .
ALtUbtU 01 bTEALING "NEWS."
TeleBmiilier .ir.-.eil on 4 i in l is I ti
... .,, .,., ... .....
"cIiiIpiI I'rrs, -l u n .
, '''n'".v ' I.lndrr, n telegraph operator
r!,r "'" u'1 '"o i.its In the ollicc of tho
",lM "nestul and held In IS.oiiii
vclcrdny on complaint of Kent
(oopci, train,- nitn.'iger of tho Associated
whos,. allliiavlt chiugts I.lndcr with
iPU'eringa d.ioy "news" message frui thn
Assocl nod I'ress wire in the (,ii!.c olllc
...hi r-i-uuig inr news.
The crime with which I, in, lor, who Is
II yea.s old and ,., a, 2lrt .-,.,inl(Iln
street. Illoomfluld. N J , H chaig.-d ie
vnallng the com. Ills or a Ulegript, "d,...
patch. Is a felony and upon conviction N
puulslialile by two ycats In Jail or ,1.000
fine nr Imtl,, l.lnder wns aent lo thn Tombs
for r i riitmttii.il Tuesday morning.
Y'Merday morning at 0:26 o'clock nc
cording to tho coinplalnant, Telegrapher
John C. Hates si-nt over tho wire from the
Associated Prtss otllrcs , f.l Clumbers
sheet the following news despatch pur.
sely "faked' to T. legrapber (leorge
Itouthhy in the ;i- ollU-o:
lilllio.iii.vn. Nov. 27. -The Ittiisinu
ilrenilmuight lillu un Associated
1'iess o.de word, funneiiv the Inna'l
striking a mln In the (Julf nf pn.
I ilid, Is.ii cmipleto loss with tKO lives.
llxactly ten minutes later, ut 0 -.ic
A M., this "news," It Is cnmnlaiiu-d
sent out by tlie .Yw York News Hurcau'i,
ticker sci vice.
T.IK I'lVKMMI Si's and other iia.i...
p'lpus In New Yiu-k and ltio,ikln look
ine H-po't in good faltb and printed It In
e.tiiv en. nous vi nen eritlcatlnn wa- imt
forthc miiis Hie ie, i-i wns dropped from
the news columns.
No i barge Ik made thai any one con
nected with the Glube was Implicated In
WILSON WORKS HARD
ON RETURN JOURNEY
Jlis Private Car Xcnrly SmnsTicI
Into Greenfield Station nl
COLLKOi: GTRLS SIXO TO IUH
Sl'lUSOi'iELr), Mass., Nov, 27 -I'resi lent
Wilson left Wllllamstown lato this nfie-.
noon after a two days rest In the lbrk.
Ills daughter Jcsslo nnd her hush-ivi,
Francis H. Sayre, whose first wed ling
anniversary tho President Joined In ce .
uniting on Wednesday night, both urrel
tho President to stny over Sundav, but
Sir. Wilson felt his olllclal duties too ur
gent to prolong his visit.
It Is Intimated that the Kay res may iit
Washington for tho Christmas Imhd ijs.
when an Interesting arrival In the .Vire
family Is expected.
The President's determination to grt
down tn work was evident from the p..,.
incut his train left Wltllnmstowu h ,
stenographer, who hnd enjoyul a i . rr
complete rest during the stay In thn II. tli
shlres, found his ability taxed to tlie it
most. The studeri-" of Williams College pr..,-fd
down to the station to see tho Prisidi-it
off nnd fully 100 cameras clicked n Mr
Wilson waved good-by. Incidental!
President was almost catapulted off :,:
seat when the through train for Ho.-Oon
which took ,hls piivate car Ativan m
far as Greenfield, backed to take m, th.
car. The coupler failed to woik an I i-e
Advance received a vigorous push. 1 V
Picslileiit's car was fnved from sni.is' u
Into the station by a idiarp npplie it:oti
of the brakes.
President Gut Meld of Williams Co'', t,
with .Mr. S.iyre accompanied the Pr-s ,i, nt
lo thu station, but Mrs. Sayre bit. h
father good-by at her home.
An enthusiastic crowd greeted the
President nt North Adams, wheie the rn'v
original Wilson man of the trip, Waltf
Klunaman. appeared wearing a huge Wll
son und Mars-hall badge. K'lnnaman c
plained his Democracy by baying that be
was oilglnnlly from Helaware.
At first the crowd bung back, coi ten'
Ing itself with cheers, but tlnullv a bi ,
fellow with a sombrero exclaimed : (., f.
take n chance!" A rtccptlon dov'...e I
while the electric motor was li-lng at
tached to haul tho train through the
lou see It will be a cold d.iv when I
leave you." smiled the P,e.d,t. us h.
. Must of 'I'm file mi Knnr Itoiitrs tie
selmipii lv c,.nt
" .vllt.vr.ToN, Nov. 2,. More, f ,
l.Onfl.dOO tOtl -f CJI BO llAVP bren t- ,nv
l"red through the Panama Canal In t',
first three month's of its opetat'oti .
cording to an ..niclal report receive.! 1., ,
to-day. At the present rate the cm
will carry from six to seven lime-
mmn .1 year as the P.inmn.i till!..
much i yPar a, thc r.lnjlln., ,,,,
did before the waterway wa.s opened, 'lb
. nal tnillle already lias amount. I
cent of all -he r.ulr.i uf., ,r,.n
durlmt th- I ist two years It ii exp. ..
. " . '
,hnt 'oniiag.- w..l show
: nastbound traffic has amounted .
C.21.08U tons and westward 457,ti.l
I making n totnl of 1,09,01 tons T ie
I was carried in 212 vessels, of wit. !, no
I were westbound and 102 eautbound.
More than !'" per rent, of tills trntlc
, was on the four great route wh.
1 developed soon after the canal was -n c a
the United States coastwis. tr.vle he
i truffle between the I'.kIIIc -o.is' ihe
1 United Stnt.-s and llurope t i- t r i i
the west cn.is: .if South A'lie- ii -the
Atlantic sealsi.ird of the Un'tr I St s
i and wiih lluropc. mi t rathe tr.. -.
Atlantic cast ot tho United St.'. -
I the Far Kant.
TO PREPARE FOR BUYERS.
' neon ,.ll..u In tl,., Ir. n...i.,. . . .
- - .'- ....-
stocks. Commissioner ll.irtigan.
' man of the temporary committee
' he has been Informul the- ii- ' . -
I abroad amounted in tho aggngne
1 1 300.000.0on a year. As .i result , '
I war It Is believed comparativ, h t.- . i'
the South and Cenlial Atmrii.in ' e
1 will be able to do their having i-i ! i
' this winter and it Is expected m . . '
ir.eir leguinr puyers will ee.-U en
the United State's und particular:
It Is understood some of the
nrc of the opinion that mer. h i
nianiifactuiers here should make
crs known to the New York Pa
I should also cntihlder the w.s l
i ending credits to South and t'. nti ,.l
BATTLESHIP MICHIGAN FREED
I'lvi- Ves.rls I'liint Iter fler
Hours In I licsiijtcitl.i ,i.
Nnnnn.K, Nov 2" -Aided l, .
lldf ami an eaateiiy Wind, t. !
MluhlRun, which went agioimd ,t i .
Wednesday morning .ear Hit t. '
Horseshoe, Il few' l,,ls IllSl.le til- V -
capes, was Heated at f. o . lock t'-'-noon.
Thc vcsh -1 Is said to be n- I
but will probably be do kc.l .it .
Norfolk or I'hllaiUlphla for ivr-,
by a uiival board of stirve.
Tilt tugs Patuxent, Pal 'ip o. "
and Ur.eas and tlie supplv -li
pulled n the stranded craft f," -
hours this morning, but coul I i .
her. Kiforts to flmt the battl.-' -.
abatvloned until this atleruooii. w'
tugs .iK.iin pulled on the sti.in. I
and af.i i two liuur.-i of hur l i .
her in deep walei.
Tin Michigan apuit ex.i, t: thir'v
hours on the bottom of Cu ,p , .,
A oo.iid of inqul'y wilt tnv.st.i .t
WANTED: CHIEF MAOISTS ATr
."tiior .Mltcbel .In. line .l.ili I lnn Is
SeeUIng; the Mini.
Major Mltchcl may have ... .. .v
for a Ch ef Magistraie of Hie po,..
of the Second nivlsloti If s.nie I ,
acceptablB lo him docs ti,.t soon a
tho post. Meier Stclubni.k and M
I'lliel have bull, Uc lined it tic.u..
ire too busy Ii, private pie t- , "
Mnvor said esterdav
"I have not found u
ninl u ho w III nc
pi Hi 'ipp
1 hope lo soon."
The Mayor will pi .ib,i!,l appo .
members of the Hoard of rMu-
Monday. They must be num. : '
day, Occem'jcr J.