Newspaper Page Text
THE SUN, SUNDAY, NOVEMBER 29, 1514.
9fbe KSS& J&un,
BL'NDAV, NOVHMltKIt 2l, 1014.
Vnttrod nt the l'ot omre at New York m
Hccond limi Mall Matter.
Huli.rrlptlnn. ti Mull, I'lmlpBlil.
DAILY. Tcr Month 0 .10
11AI1.Y. Per Vcar 1 no
tfUNIMY. Per Month 2
HUNDAY M 0tnnla Month 40
KliN'tlAY. Per Yf-ir 3 30
DAILY AND Ht'NIi.VV, Per Year S 30
DAILY AND SUNDAY, lr Mii.itli 73
DAILY l'r Monti I 53
HUNDAY, Per Month M
DAILY AND HUNDAY. t'tr Mouth.... 1 0
TIIK KVr.NINU STN. I'r Month i-
Till: IIVKNINU Sl'N. I'er Year 4 80
TUB KVKNINil Sl'N I Foreign). I'f r Slu. I 03
All .liiMk- money r.riler, .tit., to lie mails
payable to 'lli KIN.
IMhlliht.il duly, lnclii'lln H.in.Uy. ly the
fiun trni;lni: .nnl i'ulill.nliiB An.iKl.iUon at
170 Naiiiii meet. In the llorouith of Mnn
liattan. New York. President anil Tresmirer,
Wllllnia ('. Ilelok. IT" Nm .treet. Vice-1-re.ldent,
IMwurd 1'. Mllcltell. 170 XiMU
trreti Secretary C 11. I.'Jxtnn, lift Nnfiiu
Iin.lon iMIIre, i:mnith.iiii Iinu..-. t Arunill
I'arlv nrllce. Hue de la Mlchmllf re, art
Hue du (Jvjjtte Kepteiiihte.
Washington Attlce, llllilia ltullillne.
lJrooklyn olllce, 104 Livingston etreet
our Irimdt tcho uxor in e-ifA inantirtlil$
and illu'lrtUloni lor oiMcilfiO'i ttllh to flill't
rtltctrd ixrlidf rtlurnrd Ihty mutt in nil aim
tend utittnp for Ihdl purpose.
Admiral llltie tin the Fiipropnrcil
nr of tlnr Xitvy.
Congress will reassemble early In De
cember. We hope that ltepresontatlve
OaipxilR of Massachusetts will low no
time In pressing his resolution fur a
commission to Inquire "Into the ques
tion of the preparedness of the United
States for war, defensive or offensive."
So far as the condition of the navy Is
concerned the annual report of Hear
Admiral Vicion Hut, Chief of the Hu
rts u of Navigation, published on Frl
day, confirms and reenforces the state
ments about tho deficiencies of the ser
vice which Mr. (JAim.NWt made In his
speech near the close of the last session
of Congress on October Hi.
The presentation of the case by Ad
miral lli.i'i: cannot be waved nslde as
n "mental exercise." When ho says
that IS.lXM more sailors are needitl to
man the vessels of the navy now In
commission or available, although the
full strength of the enlistment allowed
by law has Ixvn reached, the neces
sity of prompt legislation to till the
complement Is not debatable. Further
more, "during the coining year and a
half." to quote from bis reort, "It Is
exjuvted that eight destroyers, ten sub
marines, two dreadnoughts and several
auxiliaries will be toady for commis
sion." Are these ships to lie Idle at
the naval stations for want of crews?
The an-wer Is that for au Indefinite
time there Is nothing else to be done,
unless enough men are drafted from
other ships to make a show of equip
ping the new ones, with the result that
nil of them will be short handed. It
takes three years to train the enlisted
man and maUe him a sailor fit to go
Into net Ion, and we are falling behind
In material and tho finished product
year by year.
If the navy needs men It also need
exjHTleiieed olllcers of the higher
grades. What a staggering revelation
Admiral Iti.ri: makes: A deadlock in
promotion virtually exist, in the navy.
Of 1.8H olllcers of the lino Tl'I! nre
above the rank of Junior grade lieuten
ant, and 1.0S.N are of that rank or
lower. To Illustrate:
"The Junior Kii'Ikiih of th clam of ID I."
cannot expert to be promoted! tn I.leiiten-snt-Coinnnndcrs.
under nidi' conditions,
under forty cars, or at a time when they
will haw ttMrlud the statutory retire
ment age of Mxty-twu. In other words,
all tho olllcers In tin- service (It foi duty
would bo Junior 1-leiitfn.inta and Kn
lKn." All the olllcers or the lleet above tho
Junior Lieutenants would be about to
retire. What a state of things when
we consider that most of the Captains
In the HrltlTh navy are comparatively
young men, In the very prime of their
mental and physical powers; Admiral
Sir John .Iri.i.icor, now In command of
the battle Hoot In tho North Sea, Is
less than Admiral Haviii ItK.viiY.
commander of the Hying squadron In
the North Sea, l i:t. An American
naval otlieer has almost reached the
retiring age of t;-j when our Chinese
system makes him a Hear Admiral.
The youngest Adiulr.il on the list lit
the Army and Navy lieglsler of liii;t
was oil. and hium of the twenty-live
Hear Admirals were (id or over, .Some
even of our Captains were as old as the
older Admirals, mil a great many of
the Captains were born before Sir John
Ji.m.ic'ok. Now this archaic plan of pro
motion will have to be banished If the
congestion emphasized by the Chief of
the Hur.-au of Navigation is not to con.
tlnue to the Increasing detriment of the
One of the most alarming things
brought out In Mils riqiort is the ilo.
flclency in torpedo experts, duo to the
demands of the seagoing ships for
orncers. Representative (Jmiiimh has
drawn attention to (lie fact that we
have, far from cumuli lorimloes rr
active services, hut It Is euen mre
disquieting to know that we hnve not
enouKu torpedo olllcers for war If It
should crmie nnd It would be n wnr In
which the torpedo would piny n large,
pcrhnps the tiinjor, part. A school to
train ullleors. when they enn I with
drawn from fleet duties, hits been estab
lished on (ho Montana, hut . Admiral
Iti.t'K Intimates t tin t the demand for
torpedo ohieers In still much greater
'ihiin the siirply. At present In this
branch of flic nitviil service we ore
The conclusion from tills Illuminat
ing report must ho that tho Inadequacy
of the mi vy extends to personnel, train
ing nnd complement its well iih to ships.
Congress ciinnot turn a denf ear to
tho demonstration. The lessons of the
I great coiitUd lii Kurope are written too
I largo to he disregarded. This time
Congress must not. The 'people must
see that It does net
Mr. Tafl on Watchful Waltltiff.
After Mr. Takt'h retirement from the
Presidency at least one member of hi a
Cabinet Intimated that Mr. Taft. If he
had been reelected, would have refused
to recognize flenernl lltTRTA as pro
visional President of Mexico. The plain
implication was that Mr. Taft ap
proved of his successor's policy of
This must have boon n misconception
of Mr. Tait'n lsilnt of view, unless In
the Intervening period he has changed
his mind, for In tut address nt Mont
clalr on Friday evening the ex-Presl-dent,
who dealt with the subject pub
licly for the first time, did not hesitate
to lake ground against Mr. Wu.snx'a
policy. What could ls more explicit
than this Judgment:
"It Is dimcult to deny the falrnees of
tho conclusion that tn announcing to tho
world that we never would recognize
Huf.iita either as provisional President or
an permanent President, In lifting the
embnnro on the Importation of arms to
enable the forces of Cakuakza and Villa
to arm themselves, and In the seizure and
occupation of his chief revenuu produc
Iiik port of Vera Cruz, we deliberately
drove Ui'ekta ou' of Mexico, ami with
eiual deliberation brought In CvntiANZA
and Villa In tho expectation that they
would oomtK)! the troubles of unfortu
Mr. Taft's conclusion that we have
neither watched nor waited, and that;
the "present anarchy" Is a logical coit'
sequence of Ihe much heralded policy.
Indicates that It never enjoyed his In
Is the Public Indifferent to (iood
Writing lu the .Urinific Monthly on
"Tim Heading of Hooks Nowadays" Mr.
(eoriik P. llRrrr. the head lu this coun
try of a famous publishing house, con
cludes from various facts, from his
own observations andfrom the unsuc-
cess of cheap islitlons of certain vol
i times on serious themes, with the
query which he modestly makes per
! sonal to himself but which has c
icurrcd to many others, "as to whether
I Isxiks In these days have not lost the
j preeminence they formerly eujoyod as
. the principal, and for many people tho
I only, means of whllliig away pleasantly
lor Instructively rhe unoccupied hours
I of life," lie looks back to his youth In
F.nglnnd and here In the late Wis and
early '70s, days before the devil wagon,
when croquet and archery prevailed;
when "baseball was a real game, not a
business"; when the tarantella had not
' stung the feet of the whole universal
After he went Into business rbe young
J folks his companions "were reading
such loks as Haiiwin's 'Origin of Spe
Uies,' Pitonoii's 'Other Worlds Than
Ours, (iiuia's 'Short History of the
Ih.gllsl. People.' and ninny others of
n similar character." They 1s.-umiI
'them, bought llieni even. The forma-1 "the amputations without Iiniialrmeut
I (Ion of libralles was encouraged by of vitality" cotitemplatisl by this com-
, parents and was the fashion among mltlee (.Imply because Alderman Cra-
, Mr. Harm's friends. He thinks thatjiiAN had his Joke on the school su-
(they were not different lu their tastes IH-rlnfenileut. who Included this appro,
I from other young people and from j prlatlon for bathlui: the children with
j In the '."lis there was a robuster
, than the modern hahlt :
I "H ginning nbout the middle of the last
centur.v wv tind works on pupu:ar scl. nee,
such as Ilfim Mu.t.Eit's 'Foolprlnls of tho
1 Creator' and The Testimony of tho
uotiis, in greai iieiiiano. ine.e, were to
ne iiiuiiu 111 every nouseiioiu, as was ali-o ,
.Maktin Tui'i'Kii'H 'Proverbial Philosophy,'.
...I.I.O. I.... I ... . II O ......
t.lll.O III, it UO CAll.ililllllltl II WIIIQ Hllll1,
1 i.e. f.nil full. ...... 1. o I. ...I.... 1.1 I..
Mho nu,;,. :rv 0,,iip""; - .
Ilosophy and religion were nlso In vogue. , "m-v ,H' timnA ""' '"Hilnlttee In
l,,,.,oi, '(-i.i.ti,...!... .1,.. i .ithe trailSJICtloils for l!li:i of (he man.
" I .."Ri.. ui
Creation.' by Husky J.vmks the father, ''lation. rrom vvnicn we evtract the fob 1 ,,'' ,'.,, V,'' V ivi,, V . o
I lowing ..ssages occurring In hitters ,
We had suppos.il that the Ideas of ' rr'"" sollo)1 prlnrlpa!' iitnl building !n-. Fnlv. rsity of KoenlgsNTg. Haeh conn
the elder Hi.niiv .I.v.mi.s. perhaps the ; sIH(-'lorH : trv has Its own way of honoring Its
most brilliant and original of a famous i ""r h;i1"" ''ave become a valuable "oldlers.
family, never found inuch iHiimlnr no-,
ceptance. The Tilps'rlaii craze can
hardly be said to liullcate any sense
of literature among the devot.i's. letter
the ec.ilent Ur. IIoi.lanp'.s muse eu
raptunsl a large and virtuous audience.
Kveryhody to his taste, but If our young
e.'rtiiieniers, our futurists, blasters,
j Pounders and vortlclsts don't llml and
I probably don't want a crowded audi
ence, is not tlie standard of poetical
last.' much higher and more exacting
than It was lifly or even twenty-live
(iiin.N'K "History" In Its first form
Is much more "Interesting" ami "exdl
ng" than most novels, The date ( 1 M7-I I
brings us near that of the Introduction
of linvn tenuis into Ainerii-n, the period (
of Intercollegiate fontbill and lltllletlcs 1
genera. iy. me passion for exercise and 1
outdoor life and the god of the cal',
who is Mippnsct vvilh other causes to
have weaned so many well to do Ameri
cans from honks, lij the way. one of
the cleverest of thinkers and writers,
the late Samtm, Hi rn.it, pretends to
admire Ihe Hrltlsli patricians because
they never read.
Mr. Hani deplores, as so many llbri-
nuns no, nu iiceiirrailon or so much I
of the reading hahlt or 'tmucimlll of (lie
community on lUilnit. Hill even liei-e
has 1 here not been a gain? Among Mr.
Hum's fellow students al the College
of tho City of New York there must
hnve been some whose tender minds,
unless they were different from thmt-
sands of other boys of Ihe '00s, were
fed on the publications of Mr. Mdaih.f.
nnd Mr. Munho and "story impers."
The ilamlioyant rhetoric of Acouhia .T.
F.vanh was dear to hundreds of thou
sands In the '"(is. No doubt each gen
eration has Its admired stuffed Idols
and sawdust divinities. In 1114 there
Is more good fiction, most of IIariiv
and Mt.RHUTH, nil of Nm'KNso.N. for
Instance, than the 1870 reader had; and
If there Is no superemlneut genius,
there Is ti much higher average. And
are not novels much helled? At least,
they widen the Imagination and may
enlarge the exerlonee and Improve the
manners; they are tho travel, the his
tory, the lwetry of most of us. Why
should we not read them? Not nlwayn
does Aidi.1,0 stretch his bow; and the
mail of tired mind and body. If he Is to
read, reads something easy. The mon
strous load of hookH grows inimitably.
Comparatively few In any time pore over
the greatest ones, not even perhaps the
grent and goml persons who recommend
them to others. Tho Iwoks of our own
lime nre the ones that we can best tin
dcrstaud; the only ones we can fully
understand. If oople tall; about Car
dinal Nkvvman more than they read him
(and he Is hard to read), those of us
who affect to he holiest with ourselves
and not set up an example to others
will gratefully remember thai the riv
petition of that subtle Intellect was
found In the novels of goisl old An
As to the great former demand re
called by Mr. Hnrrr for the works of
Dmiwin, SerNcnt. Ilrxi.KY. Tyndam.,
"The Origin of Species" was an ejoch
making work, creating slowly a sensa
tion nnd curiosity whose edge time Ins
abated. A hundred liooks dealing with
modifications aud criticism or Dabwi.n'h
rheorles nre at hnnd. Out of the vast
Spi:nci:b much stuffing has been knocked
by the unfeeling years. Huxi.ky'h clear
style, controversial talents ami running
amuck against the theologians gave him
a vogue that has faded.
Mr. Hni.-rr himself publishes many
"serious" books on sociology, govern
ment. Inlsir. taxation, trusts and vvh.it
not. such as the generation be regrets
did not know. Il(. publishes, or ,u
least his house on the other side pub
lishes, Fii.vznt's "iiohlon Hough," a mar
vellous learned and au expensive lssk
Its third edition In many volumes was
lately reviewed In Tnr St v. Of Mr, II.
Fiki.iu.mi-Hai.i.'s eliarmlng "Soul of a
People." he says that "the sale has
been limited to a few. a very few hun
dred copies." If that Is the ease the
editions must have biVn very small, for
we have never seen the first.
Hut Mr. HniTr's competence to speak
In the matter Is of course much creator
than any observer not a publisher can
pretend to. U-t him sjk-.iI; then, and
"Must we then blame the public for Its
I apparent complete Indifference to the best
, thoucht of the time In literature and In
science? Is my pubhuhlhR friend rltiht
i In attribution this Indifference to a too
Kreat enjoyment of t"ie material oppor
tunities fur pastime of this an of ma
chnnlr.it wonder and advancement? Or
havo the scaro heodllnes of modern Jour
nalism nnd th short, scrappy, but Inter
esting methods of the cheap m.igazlnes
so enhanced tho 'butterfly' habit of mind
that we are no lornrer capable of con
tinued concentration, and have lost the
power of nulling liooks requiring ferl
In spite of the sins of "modem Jour
nalism," "movies" and the motor car.
may nil AdvfM-ute of the Printer's Devil
doubt that "complete Indifference'"'
, .... .
The .School ILilbs Approprl.it Ion.
..,.... , ' ,,
It will Indeed bo unfortunate for tills
city If thu Ahlermaulc Commit tei oil
Flliants' places the appropriation ..f
.2Mnmi nsk.nl by Ur. Maxwmi. for the
maintenance of the school baths among
pay ror learners. Tlie inquiry which
the committee has undertaken will, It
Is to 1h hoped, reveal the fact, pointed
. . . 1
out by the American Association for
Hygiene and Public Haths over a year
ago, that there has been criminal neg
lect of the school baths by reason of
qhseiice or appropriation for their main
Thin ii')i3 onrtlt roitin.ll.,.1 ..n..
' Hin.n u ,11-1 IIMI
through the energetic Intercession of
l,"nn!' of charaoier building and sochi
lliil'lifl enieiu umnng llie pupils.
In many casts the go id Influene. l.n.
readied Into the homes." I
"Whenever the baths have been closed '
down fur lack of funds the pupils have
missed them sorely."
"The mnjt niatkid Improvement was in
the ungraded classes."
Tlie children go back to their clnes
rooms mote refreshed and alert for work
than they would 1m nfter half an hour'r
exercise In the gymnasium."
Mrs. Wcntwoutii has reported that;
"It was very refteshlng to meet those
who were awake to the vital liopnrtanc-
Of tile b.ltllH .1R :i Iiii.jiih of ,.
bulldlnR among children. The
condition of the children was found pitiful, 1
their underclothing foiled and tattered,
their llltie b.)dle micle.m. Hut ere long
there was marked Improvement,
principal, attendants and children all en-
Jojlng the good work. In Public School
17, a beautiful fireproof building, twelve
showers have never been used, although
the children come from the tenement ills-
trlctn. In another school the 1
ruble did ont l.no. .1,,.. .i.r .1...
baths In (he school building, in Piddle
rcltooi no tnio are firteeu showers, which
are used only b the Janitor."
These conditions may have been reme
died since tho pinisuro of this nU
gardly policy. If ever there was "lm.
palruient of vlliillty" that demands Jin-
J mediate remedy It la the neglect for
flunnclnl reasons of the school baths,
of which Ilr. Maxwm.l himself once
said In a public address: "The useful
ness from a moral and hygienic point
of view of the library Is small compared
with tho advantages that would flow
from tho benevolence of him who shall
Increase the school baths."
Indeed, It were far more wise to "am
putate'' some of the educational fads
now In vogue, even tho teaching uf
swimming that may save n life occa
sionally, than to sacrifice the enormous
benefits arising from teaching the young,
and by example the old also, Hint
"cleanliness Is next to godliness," nnd
to lose the economic value of this phys
ical betterment of the tollers.
Relief In Kvlctlon Cases.
Mr. Ihaac N. SmciMAft, whose gen
erosity nnd willingness to aid cveiy
good cause are beyond question, Is en
tirely right lu deprecating the creation
of a new machine to meet a single
phase of distress, the one which comes
upiierinost lu tho district courts when
cases of eviction for non-payment of
rent are heard. These cases are likely
to lie more numerous this year than
usual on account of prevailing poverty.
They have a specially pitiful aspect
and undoubtedly In n grent number of
cases deserve sympathy and practical
help from the charitable.
Hut the help should In nil cases be
procured through the existing organisa
tions, which nre equipped to extend It
on the best terms, wisely nnd economi
cally. They have the equipment; If they
lack the funds those who would be
willing to subscribe to a new organiza
tion can much more economically give
them rhe money. Hesldes. as Judge
Hoikman of the Municipal Court
pointed out nt a recent meeting, the
plan which elicits Mr. Sf.i.ioman'h Id
ler has grave objections on the score
of entangling the administration of
Justice with outside sentiment. The
Incorporation of the Judges who deal
with the eviction cases Into an eviction
relief body Is objectionable on obvious
grounds, nnd. as It Is unnecessary. It
would be wi-s to abandon It.
The Colonel shown his usual discretion
In absenting himself from the Progres
sive gathering at Chlcairo on Wednes
day. It Is almost Impossible to havo a
bully time at a coroner's Inquest.
Mayor MtTCHKL would "like to see nil
of these professional thugs driven off
the ends of the piers Into the river,"
which Is Impracticable: but 10,000 po
licemen nnd a criminal code full of lawn
ought to be able to do somethlns: to re
lieve the community.
Tf the fears expressed by members of
the poultry trade are well founded.
Flanders is not much more dangerous
to life nnd limb than West Washington
Confidence m the usefulness of the
First Uird of the Admiralty In IOngUnd
may have W-en impaired by n succes-
sion of disasters to tho navy, nnd n'.s
flambo.vant optimism may gr.tte on the
nerves of an anxious people; but It
nnruiy seems credible that the Hlg'it
lion. Winston Ciirneiitu. is In danger
of losing '. s olllclnl head and following
Prince Lofts of Hattenberg. the First
Sea Lord, Into retirement. After nil,
It Is the work of the First Sea Lord
that counts In the direction of the nnvy
In time of war. and there Is not an abler
man in Kngland for the post than Sir
In a way the position of First Lord
corresponds to that of Secretary of the
Navy In this country. The First Lord
if generally a civilian ami seldom a
navai expert. .Mr. CHi'liciiiij. was a
! subaltern In the army before he won
I fn,r"' n" an adventurous war corre-
spondent, nnd he was President of the
Hoard of Trade and Home Secretory
' lH.for,. Mr A.QI.ITI. . hlm ., ... , ,,,
I , . . , , made him the bead
of the Admiralty. I! must be obvious
I that if any other man had been First
j ''or" ,iormnn submar.ne activity would
! hn'v l'" 1' essfui. Mnk ng
,, ...le'ine,! ,., ooia'
J mattets; in fn.-t. swapping h.uses at
die .stream jnlght he the poorest kind
of wisdom In the present state of the
j The announcement that .Mayor
Mitciiki, has trouble in ilmling a man
for the post or rnicf Mag.strite in
I'-moklyn will c.ium' general surprise If
' ""' neredullty. There must be at least
. 10.1100 Iilltrlots In tho lwirmiL-li ivlio
10.000 patriots In the lvoriiiigh who
would be willing to sacrltb e large and
hn ratlve practices to serve the itv.
The .Mayor should r it abandon hope.
President 1'oini vi.fi on behalf of
Frince has presented the ntldnlllc
militaire. a high distinction whleh Oen
etais iinu piivates m u, , reticii army
covet nime. to i.ener.u .lorno: as a ,inr,ir. noetrlne reservation was specid
mark of the nation's gratitude to Its lMily n.imed. In our rat. Mention of c.n
comiiiander in chief. Dispatches of , ventlon I. of the series of llfteen. ns a
even date tell of the bestowal upon Cen- .iv.il fa mr In American Pulley, 't was
1..,., I ...... ll...,A.v,n,., r ,1,,. .1 ,
No transatlantic vovage Is worth the
money nowadays without a 'hot chase
"' ' oerman cruiser. I lie Inles that
will be told by live day voyagers five
years from now will put .M.vimr.vr.
Ci.vitK Hrssnu. and Fkmmoiik
0111 "f business.
I The desk of Sir W.vi.tkh .sJcoTT and the
c'liair of the poet Soitiikv ate -to be sold
at miction in New York- haunted
'pieces of furniture, It might be Imiig-
Ined, which It were almost ,i desecrntlon
i to use. Hut as- a source of Inspiration
, the lioiiril on which Hiciiahp of the Lion
Heart, Salmon, Queen Ki.izinirrn and !
Honnle Prince' cTivnu,: vvlti, ail the,r
I train. Montkiuiis's. Hon llnv nn.1 Hit-rot?
Hinmont, 1 Uvna Vkiinon and .Ikanik and
Kmc Dcans grew Into .1 life more vivid
n.i.1 limltnir (liim inii...li ...nlli I..1.. i..
worth m smnll price to the authors of
some of our very best sellers, while the
nhnlr In which, perhaps, Old ICvsimii
meditated on the glory of wnr might
,uiP out the must! of n Jaded magazine
Sons far llylnic Autumn,
T'pon the pool, the le. l mirror thin,
T1"' b-adem lirunehei .ee Ihelr Imsire thure;
Th" frted ti.irberrle. gleam like rulilfw In
Tn'" autumnal air.
Only Die mnr and the llehen ihlne
With mime fulnt runilnl.crm-e pf the June;
Duly the wind lthln thu hlllinp pin.
llre.vtlii' Ita nernal rune
Soon, like s llent wraith, will come a day
I'uherftlile.l ti uu 01 ulnuiiiK strenni.,
When the forgetful earth Mill drift an.iy
Down the whits tide or dptnm.
cii.ios in mi: nvi.ns of war.
reat Interest in the ((uestlon of Our He
poiiHllillitlc and llutlrs ns a Party
to the Conventions if Tlie Hague.
To tub KniTon or Tub Hun Sir: Never
.... , . a ...
w.i light employe for a better purpose
than that which you turned orr tho dark-
nefle Involving ,tho present wnr. as evl-
deuced In your splendid article "Chaos
In tho littles of War."
It seemed Inconceivable that me.n of tho
eminence of German statesmen could havo
solemnly bound themselves to certain ob
ligations and then itteatcd and referred to
thorn openly as "scrups of paper." And
yt, until your presentation of the facts,
such seemed to be the case. Many, no
doubt, like myself, felt additionally thank
ful yesterday for what you did to set us
straight. You deserve 'tho thanks of the
I havo been a reader of The SUN for
over forty yturs and never knew It to fail
when truth and Justlco were Involved.
Nitw York, Novcmlier 27. K. S.
DUsrntlnic Views From Philadelphia.
To tub Kditok op The Hun .Sir: I
rcicrot that I had not read the editorial
article In Tub Hun of NovemlKT 25 liefuro
sending vou my loiter of that date, as 1
could have combined my answer to the
two articles lu the one letter.
It is a pity that so much siiace should
have been wasted In your effoil to Justify
the United States in her neKlcct to .'.ike
action ou tho violation of tho Hague
treaty by flcrnuiny. While theie is nniiii
truth In what you have written under the
hcullng of "Chaos In tho Hules of Wnr"
It docs not apply to the matter under
controversy, that Is, the position taken by
Judge Holt In the iiifepcmient as to tne
duty of tho United States In the mattir
of (Jcrmany's violation of neutrality.
On Aiicunt 1 tierinnny ilci lured war
airulnt llul.i On Anemt 5 vleriiiany al
ilreMnl on ultlmulur.i In Ilr. mum iivini;
the uihiM be m litnl lie un enemy un eni
he onented to the violation of her terii
tnrv On August t the llrlttiih Government
inlilreMoit an ultlmttum to (lernntny saying
l tint un'ein hy mliltilitht she guve a salte
fsctory rply to the n,u talon nukeil mi July
11 hl MaJeMy's (tovernnient koiiM feel
boil nil to likn all Mepa In their poner tu
uphold the neutrality of IltlKlum unit the
rttierv.inte of u treaty to whleh Germany
li A much a party a ouraelveH,
On August 3, about 1 :20 P. M., the
Department of State at Washington was
Informed through the American Mlniw.vr
at llruseels and the Consul-CJeneral at
Antwerp that the Herman forces had In
vaded llelglum. Note that 1 :2i P. M. In
Washing .n would ! approximately n
A. M. Ill llelglum, from wheiu the des
patches wete sent There can le no doubt
but what Cermany actually Invaded
Luxemburg not later than August 2 and
probably llelglum on tho evening of tho
Therefore, dealing with the uuistlon In
chronological order as stated above, you
will not" that neither England nor rnince
had declared war nor had war Ix'en ile-
dared against either of them at the time
of Cerman s violation of tho neutrality
nf llelglum, and therefore, tm the only
belligerents at tlie time or tne violation
nf nloitnilltv wtie Cermanv and Hussl i.
Anicie .n in itie i-iiin euioniuun cm-
r.jt in orouiriu uu tne uiHuusiuii ui iiic
The provlflon. of the pre.ent convention
do not apuly exc.pt betueen the t'ontrsi t
Ing l'oer. and then only If nil the bel
IlKerefits are parties to tho convention
The fact that at a mb-enuetit period
Hngland and France iwc.nnc belligerents
dues not disqualify nor bir fr m thilr
legal status the articles contain! d In the
Fifth Convention, reading as follows:
Th territory of neutral Power. Is In-
viol.ible lie .iKerenta nre torblJtlen to neoe
I troop, or camion uf either munltlini. nf w.ir
or nupylle. arrova the territory of a neuira.
The fa. t of ,i neutnl power re-lilt.K.
even b (or c. attempt, to violate I: neu
trality cannot tie regarded a. u hnhtUe act.
In violation of the neutrality of Luxem
burg and llelglum as above btated Cer
many did violate her treaty with the
t'nlted Statts as mado under the Hdguo
convention of l'.o7.
To uc the words In your editorial
article of November 21:
In other wort, if Ju.lK9 Holt were rlftht.
It would l.ecome our aut tu inske war un
Oennar.y for pre. lie. y th name reurton
which vireat llritiln hi. .leolare.l h her
cu ef war There cm tie nu do itt o(
i th. c.inti ict re.pon.lMU'v for lieicium'i
neutrality oiu t.ei.iS n,lmitt.il on o-ir p.i-t.
,h'r" " '" n'IM" c.mree between Hi. cow.
'r,r,J' "'""!' '""n "'' ""'"' ",,11J"',n "''
I performance, no m itler .it what con
, of ,hlt, lllt .,,.,, ,,,,,., ,, ,, ,vt.
i,,,, un.Prtakrn an one of the re.pon.tble
underwriter, of lieiRium-a neutrality
I have Just read the various comments
in me nrei two cinionai cuiuiiiu. oi i lt
St'N of to-da on the foregoing questions,
' and I tni't in view of ilte widespread
puoiK'ity given to me erroiu-ous state
uietrs in jour articles of November 2t
and 2., you will have the kindness to pub
lish my utter of November 25 and this
rL1" -" " iinu 1
you have the other corresi,dence relat-(
Itiir to this matter, as Mill uro well ilwnie'
how dtlllcult It Is to give the same pul-
lidty to the coirectlon of a st iteinent as
Is obtained In uu original publication In
Itelylng upon the spirit of falnuliided
ness and Ititigrny of Tub Scn In the past,
I am. F. U. Uiii.vNT.
I'lilLAon niiA, November 27.
We legret tti.it this second letter of
Mr. Uur.iut's .lid not reach us lu time
to be published along with h s Hist
communication. The point of his llrst
' jert ter seems to be that although the
not formally mentioned la tlie raullca
Hon of the other conventions of the
s.ries. (Mir reply Is that tlie single an
nouncement of the principle of non-interference
in matters of Kuropean poli
tics was largely sullielont. The doctrine
nnd Intention declared at the plenary
M-ssion of the conference at The Hague,
op October Id, It'll", could not apply to
any one convention of ihe series with
out applying to all lu this cone-
spondent's second letter
he endeavors by means of a chror.ologi
c.i I technicality to raise the o mptioii
by maintain ng that when (Sermany In
vaded neutral territory of Luxemburg
and Helglum France and Kngland bad
not yet entered the war. and that the
prohibition aga.nst the violation of
neutral territory was therefore sti'.l
binding. It Is unnecessary to scruti
nize the face of the clock to test the
'j t? ThZrrll !"
the time nf the Herman Invasion Ser-
via was already a belligerent; and Ser
vla was not a parly tn Convention V.
The Harder t.iiHrniilee of llelglnn Xeu.
To Till! Kditok ny Thk St'.s- sir: I
havo rend with much Interest your edi
torial articles ou tlie "Chaos In the Hules
of War" and on the ma'ttrs relating to
the climax of Idiocy now raging m Kit
rope and would ask you tn nuke dear one
matter to me and to others who are at
sea. The Hague agreements or nnn
agreements being nu ,ul,t ol.l In cause
all pirlles failed to ratify thuni, was
ihere no Heaty, no pledge, entered
Into between (lermany, France, Kngland
and others, by which the neutrality of
llelglum and llolliiml w.m to be re
spected? It seems lo me that 1 have lead
or heard of some .such agicement made
after Hie Napoleonic wars. Am 1 right
HllOOKl.TN, Novrmber 2S, Jiai,ui
Tim Hpn'h remarks havn no reference
to nny exlstlnfr special treaty guaran-
torlmr nelglum's neutrality or to Orr
many's alleged violation of the same,
Wo aro now discussing only tho ques
Hon of treaty responsibility ns It con
cerns tho general provisions In Conven
tion V. of the series adopted at The
Hague, nnd of the relation thereto of
i iiiiKiir. iiim ui uiu ii-inuvii ,..-. tn
I th() Ufltcd gutM (ownmenti our
,,url)OM0 )f) llot to exonerate Oermany
j from n)y lmit ,1)ay at((K.ii to her
Government for the violation of trttttJc
wltli which the United States had noth
ing to do. That U another question.
(iermnuy's ltespiiiillilll( for Previous
To -run KniTon of Tub Sun .Sir: Are
your readers to understand, with Mr.
OeorKe H. (iudebrod, that your article
on "Chaos In tho Hules of War" was In
tended to convey the Inipiesslon that Kng
land's falluio to ratify the article In the
Hague convention protecting the rights
of neutral States vltlatm her contention
that (leriimnv's Invasion or llelirium con
stltutrd a violation of treaty obligations?
1 for one did not understand you to mean
or to Imply that Cermany was released
from previous compacts by Kngland's ic
fusal to ratify said article. T. U.
Nr.vv Yoiik, November 28.
Hy no means. See our reply to tho
letter preceding this. Wo nre not at
present undertaking to shed light on.the
TIIK COfllTS AXIt t'llAltlTY.
Ilvlctton Cases Hot Dealt VHlh li i:M
lug Heller tlrganlHtlniK.
To TitK KniTon vy Tub Hvn Sir: I
fully appreciate the honor paid to me by
Justice Hartman and the other Justices In
requesting me to net as treasurer of thi;
proposed Kast Hide Protective Associa
tion. I fully realize the crying necessity
of some action which will prevent the
large number of dispossess cases. In view
of the present depressed Industtlal sltua.
on It is probable that more cases of evlc-
nun auiuiiK eu'" ii "
ter than h-r.-ofore. and It Is to the credit
of Ju.tlee Hartman and the other Munlel-
pal Justices that they uie nllve to the
present crisis and are endeavoring to " ' - " " wl '. ... ,
prove helpful tn the community. In bring- ,"K ' ,,i l n,.? '.. , , . . '
ng to the attention of the public these " "J" be ,hln"J!'"' Tl "
sad conditions the Justices arc. T feel , " ' Tn,T, 'VmTe s,
..,.i.,,..,i ..,,,.,,.1 i... i. ,.nia..., ... . -ome American nianufaeluier ,i e flr
convinced, actuated b the noblest " ,K ,,mloUly , oMrtlni,1B SollMl Am ,
My Judgment and experience, however. ! 11 ,,e becnu.c of combination, f
lead tne to the conviction that the best ! 1'1'7"" ""' ' 7
Interests of the pour families aud the best '""i"- ri.e . ni. nufa. , d
Intcr.fts of the city would be subserved ' ,hftt 1,p 1 rntl 1,1 ',' 1
by the Justices bringing promptly such f"0'"0 American trade arc I uc ,.,
cases of eviction, before their trial, to the j to warrant the expense of e.e li c t .,m
attention of the organized charities of sliding to hjtitli America a - , d
this city, such ns the I'nlled Hebrew representative who s e.ii!pp.d w ,
Charities, tho Chitlty Organlratlon So- 1 :low ledge of M anlsh . r in the . , of
clet and the Association fur Improving ''"J"' l knowledge of l'..r igu...
the Condition of the I'. or. all of which !,tid who I- of th- high class tpo mil
have adequate machinery to cepe piomptly necessary to get r :il reults.
nnd In-.elllgcntb with the pr.hent cri-'s. i oine of these maiiufactui rs. P' . I i . .
The task Imposed on the Justices to in-'and exporters desire to sic tie. X--nun
vcstlgate such case, of eviction would. iac' " amended that It will b . -In
my opinion, prove to.i burdensome nnd f'" manufacturer an.l p . i,, ,r.
too complicated, and could not. In the end, I ln single lines to J un logo lu r an I e n
prove satlsfact.ii v, ploy one or several s.ilismen
I would suggest to thoe interested in
the proposed protective committee and to!
those who are Impressed with the serious
conditions that lonfiont our conununltv
-hat ihev emitrllmtt- getiermisly to the
I t'nited Charities ur to the other two or-1
I u-iiiiizaimii.'.. ueu;naiinK u ine m-Mre ui.u
I their contributions be used to relieve the
i ........ .......... . ;
Nr.vv York, November IS.
tutAxn oit.iia nr.iti: axu i:i.si:
H7:,.. Slgn.ir Cleofonle Oimpaiilnl Maud. I.
To tiik FntTon or Tm: Scn
ferrlng to the various tetwirts w'llch have
I appiencil In the New York papers re-
ceiitly relatlvo to the iirob.iblllty of my
giving a s'-.is n of grind opera In New
York during this season. 1 beg to dmy
most eiiphntli illy tint 1 hive any stnii
inb ntloti. Tie ..titernei.ts nttrlbutisl to
tne that I believe the Ch.cigo ttrjiid
Opera Comimny could i.ave carried out its
il.ins this year aiv without Inundation.
There has never been any friction be-
tween :h board of directors of the Chi-
cag liiainl cip, ra Company and myself,
and I am now In Chicago preparing the
plans ror the season of l?lo-l. !
As lauci as I like the city of New
York and the operagoing public, who have
always manifested a kicii interest In my
woik, I cannot forgo: the unusual sym-
pithy and encouragement I have received
f'om the Chicago public during the last
four jt.irs. who have alw.is stood for
and dam.iml.sl thu highest and bct In art .
1 might add that my relations wl h the
lo.ird of directors have alw-.iys been most
pleasant, and there hn. never been anv
question as t. the fuinitner,.! or v.illrtltv
of my contract. I shall conUnue to serve,
ns general director of the comiun.v in ihe i
llliure. CLEOPONTB CAMPAMS'l.
Oercrnl Dnector Clucaso tlrand opera
Citnuuo. November 2C.
.lines .niiii nun 1 :iron.
To Tin: KpiToa or Tub Si 'n Mr: The
Other eV'llllng at a iltrttirr nWfl 1.1 V ...
n a man 01 auairs lio'eil f r his sound
Judgment and fieedoni from prejudice ex-
nre-a liln.k..1e .. -.otn.. -
nr. , .. u or.
Lngland Is more responsible for tlie
war than Is generally stippostd. I'or
months or years she had listened to the
wild, intolerant talk of Sit- ICdwarl Car-
so,,, allowed him . ven to def the con. tl-
tilted iiovernment of the coimtiy and n-.
voK,. the spis-.re of civil wnr. N.iturallv
i.ermany a vigorous country, concluded
that Lngland had gionn degenera .. or at
any rate t ..it sno Would not dare move
abroad In view .rf the situation nt home.
And so the grand coup, winch had been,
so long contemplated, was struck. You
.1 1 L '-"Kiinns responsibility,
.,.10 foe oe.ui who 1 arMon as ne should
have lHdi dealt w th I believe there would
have been no w " Veiiit.vs.
New Yoiik, November 27.
Hoes llvcijlioil) Cut hut I'atlier'.
To Tin: FniTen or Tun Srs- Sir- Sonic
of the Thank-glving c-ollectnrn fo the
V luntiers of Am.'iica In this town eat
rled standards calling for suhcrtpions
for "Hiinets for Poor .Mothem ami iiill
lren.' Am we (o Infer fiom this that
ever.vbody c.vs but father, or that the
voracity of fathem leads ,,em , ,,.
suitie tlu. entire family provender leaving
nothing for tin thers and chlldienv
C. F s
Hoston, .Mass., November 27. "
len' I.U in Nmi,,..
To Tun I'.niToii r Tnr Sis ,
liir.l.Mli,.. I 1
"" a yiiinig wiim.in sav:
"I consider IliiM.t ,i. moHt i- ,,,
tiiun. nam. thcr. . In the world. Dun't
A";' r''1",'', a' "'at. I n- not pre.
pirel, offhand, to .iv j lnlnk 1)JUJ
gui'l nime, imi nl.othfr It I. Hie ,,,
l.i iullful of all men's name. 1 . not qulle
""sure Mine hipi..n to he Jomtiun
Sen r .in rAPV. Nmeinlier it.. '
llie V, in.,. Tnqi nnd the Unit.
To tub lli iion or Tin. si n s,r Si.-akluc
mnn.ftrapl.ally, w.ir.iw I. ih. i.eet ni..,?,
of chee-e In hl.iory. jMv Km. i.i.m
Ni:w Yoiik. Nnv ember sv.
The I ii Siiluie,
Coal men working un n nelglihorlng ,h,i
jy (hey saw ., of the Mil,.,. ,,, : !
lul,irk din k r..le th.ir h.in, to ihV r
hcii.l. .111,1 Mini in .Hum 1,1 ihe in..,,, ..
hut elapsed before tluv llnrn sw.lll, b'i
by (he water. -Cil.lr rfe.Mif,, "ineven
What did .vou naliite. sailor,
Minintlnr. Ihe swollen tide,
Walking iicm. the water.
Seeking to Kiln jur mite?
VV.i. It a vl.lnn nf greitnes,
lilury nf duty well a, me,
III" ul d of lioli'.p ,mi It. ,,t
lln.le.l hi 11 har,( y lirgun '
1 H w 1. it Heal'., v ,.11 a , llt(. j
Tln-re on the noppery ir i'
Di aili thi l!ent c oinniindi i .
C'upiiila of buttle und w rei ki
11 H llAKKINS,
WOULD FORM TRUSTS
FOR FOREIGN TRADE
I'liilcd Siitfos riiainlicr nf f'om.
iiid'ec Wtints flic Slii'iiium
TO I'KillT CAHTKL sVs;m
known in Wash ngtmi to-l i
ttlist committee of the CIi.im 1
incroe of the I'nlled Slutc
begin a series of m olltigx m N
- ..... ,..,!, i, . ,i,...i.i...i ...
ront!t.e!tM 'ip.siatloii suppl. n
HlolmilM ,IW ,,ut ,voli,l .. i
eoopciatlon W tie eo.iil i ;
dustral and commerieal . .
titles for tho ptotectlim e! :
trade of the Pulled St itis t
mlttitl m.dvr the Sherman lii
Tile leKlslati in Is eoiiseli :i a r ;
liecessa-jiy In view' of the w r ,
and conditions -in general. M i
local chambers have piisscil
on the proirtxed legislation T .
her 1 f Cuiniiieriv of tie' I'n, i
reeomnv tub d to Cuimrcss w , .
hinds bill was Up for cie-i,,
tho Feileinl Trade Coiilinihen.ti I .
zed to look Into the matter
i mbin.ttluns vvh.tli wen te
coin- with firms In this eouni.
export trade of til- t'nited ! . -legislation
proposed Is aimed "
man "cartel" and like o'j.ih.e
fix prle-s and control the t -i'l'
It may be that the C'hanilii r '
merce will try to enlist the mi r.
. , , , , ,
I ,,,., , lllfl' me.H(1B0 to l nUK
l'ml-.r the, "cirtel" svstem ill i
1 n,',r ' l; " - e 1 1 ' ,
1 ft'":,.8" ,o "of J ,
" 0 ."' 1 " "."l, '
PERKINS MUM ON MOOSE FATE
u..i.... .... ... .
' u ' ' IH, r
' (;,.,irg,. W. Perk us Hid at dlnnni t m
last ing'it li-
wns too l.ungry to t.i v
. aiiuilt tee jii;.ptc
in of some of the Pi-
greesiVc le.iilns th.it he intends to hnv
i the pitty chloroformed at a meeting c'
the National Kxtcutlve Committee :r 1
other nilvisi rs In Chicago on Wrdncse
"This ineetllu-." hn hoOI. "will urn it i.
1 fr"'" "th't, ''.'.'.."t1'1- ,Whe" '.
i nxvvsp.ipers. That's all there Is t. ,
- ,As for rumor, about what I am ' t
or not doing. I'm nut irstionsible for
and can't discuss them"
Ihe fear, howevi r ungrounded, t'
attiinpt will b- nudr- in Clncig.. t .
the l'iocicslve.s back into 1 1 1 );
Ucmi oir.il has caused the .s- it
mlttec of New Jersey to send ti...-
gatis to the liuelllig vv.th li stt i
to say the partv cannot be driv e
I direction. In New York O. 1! r
fornur State vice-chalimaii, .i..l
I Although of course ev.
known to the politician will b.
vv cineilay, there Is no dmil
nnetlng Is for the purpose of e .
Philip, was disturb d I...
the call for tho meeting t'
are risjuistid tn let Moll ! 1
I'tit them up nt clubs i i".. r ,
betels, while so .Mr Phil1 p i
some report, r mignt hai.;.,
nsk them what tiny vv r- up i
The New York Cn'i: r
Committee will meet to-i:,.;i ,
MAL0NE DISCOVERS WITSOV
iU"ul,x' -uiguv-t-ita V iLSU.-
firei.te.t smt,. ,,,, ,,.,.
Ion, Snj' Collei'tor of
Dudley Field Mnlone. C ., .
,1'ort. lectured on "Ainu . in I
Port - v
( Oeroie the League f.e l'..i
turn at the HihImiu Tlu i'
Mtie.ll.lnr- of Or... .In.,, ll- t.
- I'residcnt In th. i
' couiiti v has ev.r in the
ieji loiiii lull v.. . j .. . .
effective poise ard dig-in.
bin dens, i-(spons.bi.n ., ,1
rows that have maiked t! .
Woodiow W ilson. Vn.- ,
hope to the continue,! s, . ..
Idem, whom h.ston w.'l
bra ulest man and the j-. ,
who has presided ov.i t
this country since the .1 1
Washington breathed out
Mount Vet 11011."
.Mr. .Malone said that .!.
deflated because the ...
this St..t had given
satisfactory government a- l
wanied .1 change.
Speaking of reforms be . 1 1
"Theodore lloosevi li .k 1
rather by slie'eie pi of.
He saw Iinu the peop'i w
the refornis whu h IP 1 1
r.u V had advoi ued r,.,- 1 ,
and it was fiom a m v
lather than fmni .1 K, 1 ,
incisures that Mr I; ... .
In came mure pi ogi e.v.v e "
BRUCE MAY SUCCEED WHITMAN'
sillll estenloi He llmlii'l ILnril
It II una r Thill V 11. ill 1 In Mi
A I llliloi- pasu'd a' 111 1
steida.v In thi nhs. t,. , . . 1
Whitman wa t l-.i w , ,
b.uiy he will appoii.t M 1
MICccHeor ie Hintrict -'., .
leslaned the 1, 11 ul. n. ,
l'.Olti to serve .1 !, ir .is -Justice
by uppoiiitnu n li
"1 have not been i-V. 1
Alt ruey and tie re 1- .
rumor. In fict, this i-
heard of It. 1 h,m. .,,
After Stale (hair-n ,11 ,
Whitman that be c mid -i
oracu.'e 1,1 he, m, ,
pisiM cutoi- i- veral nii-inli. 1
111 ill's si-ifr were shim . 1
1 oti-" ler 1II011 Hi'i-i ii-'n 1
In il (' in Is Hulld'.ng 1 .- '
Ilia the post s to g to
RR00KLYNELErTI0.N Kl V V.SS
Olllclnl t'liiim si,,,,,, (,,n pi 11 1I1"
The Hoard of ('anv !- 1 . .
has completed the 1
th. se ale dm olllclnl tic .
(Hvnii, Pent., liio.iiji,
lr..as ; Sulaer. A. I', ll.ii-1 -s.2s.ri;
Iiiviipi"i I 1 1
for illv -in, '.,:is
illyiin i-i 1 1 li, I 7". ' rr , t
cratic i-MiiiVin ,md ' '
till III. I. pi lideii. e 1 eo
ciatlc vie f 11 r,, ., :.
til It of ih p 1 1 1 , ,. .,
Whitman is ,iln nt i.'o,,o di '