Newspaper Page Text
THE SUN, SUNDAY, NOVEMBER 29, 1914.
Indian cavalrymen are recruited from the cream of Eastern soldiery. A considerable force of these troops arc now in France.
Copyright American l'r; As.-j
LOVE OF BATTLE BORN
HIH, the regiment Is my
father ami mother, but In
this matter my honor Is con
cerned, ami If I do not set
the leave I ask I will desert, the night
will llml me there." said the K.i.-t Indian
RoUlier pointing into the distance when
his otlleer c.pres-ed unwillingness to
Brant the desired furlough. The
troii i- was a l'ath.in whos -erv.ee
record was a splendid one, and at last
the leave he craved was reluctantly
The otlleer had consented rather than
force the Indian Into Insubordination.
True to his promise, the soldier re
turned to the post on the very hour.
Then It was that his commander ques
tioned him about the reason for the
leave whuh had Ivcn asked for well
nigh with a threat. The reply was:
"Well, Sahib, the matter was thus:
My brother was killed by one of another
clan, and on me, as his nearest of kin,
the feud devolved. Had I failed in my
duty shame would have been on me, but
by the pleasure of Allah this Is not so.
Our enemy's village now mourn one of
its best and bravest."
Such ar- the P.ithans. wh'- nt .
tute a very considerable element of
England's native troops In India, al
though the general public has heard
less of tin m than of some of the other
contingen's The Pa-.hans are pr.i. .
pally recruited from tribes that dwell
along tlu bud r Ktwe.n the Punjab
and Afghanistan. Hy nature they are
proud, ilerce, turbulent and fanatically
revengeful, and ot brave and eapiM
of being turned Into tine soldiers by
careful management and a wealth of
patlmt ! ri v i.m .-.
Once intere-ted in his soldier work
under British leadership the l'athan is
Intensely ',n.i!, a fighting man th.r i .n
be counted upon to battle with all h.
strength and to the !a-t drop of h. 1 '.
In the cause of his adoption. Indeed
he loves the Intoxication of strife, and
he Is a foe to be reckoned with until
either dead or physically unable to deal
th- ir servn e that whole he.irtedness pe
cu.iar to a liking bred of a sen-o of
fellowship in t.-e grim work of the man
of war. The Sikhs are princ pally on-
isted from around Amrltsar. the.r holy
ity and the birthplace of their religi n.
This mat'er of re', gion, by the way,
plays an important part in the problem
of adminls-ortng the nat ve army.
Al-'o from .miotic the up country
t lies Is the .Tat, who Is recruited from
the region around IVlhi. The .lats are
of a farming peasant stock, physically
a robust lot and capable of being
wrought In: excellent soldiers. The
Pogras are likew so from the Punjab
and are mostly to io found In the coun
try In touch w..h the lower ranees of
the U.mal.ias. It i aid that the
I Mara are of mixed descent, and while
wanting in the characteristic d.i-h of
the Sikh are nevirtheltss brave, docile
The Indian cavalry, of which a very
considerable force .s now In Prance, is
one of the nio-t notable branches of
(irea: ltr.t.t.n's lndi.iu army. These
troopers are recru.ied from the very
cream of the Ka-torn sold ery, nre
splendidly drilled and diciplined audi
have no superiors in any other service.'
Tireless Native Warriors, Once Great Britain's Most
Troublesome Foes, Are Proving Their Loyalty
and Value on European Battlefield
body. An HugH-limai" who spent some
years in Ind.a ha thus descr.bed the
impicsslon made upon h.tu by nat ve
c.ivali y ollii ers-.
"It is customary on lertain ft stiva s
for the nathe otlleer to visit Pn pi an
mllcers for the purpose of tender. ng
their repvts. and It was on the o. ..
sion of one of these visits to the ollicor
with whom 1 was residing that I made
my llr.-t aciiuaintance with the native
cavalryman. A each one of the stal
wart, b (irded, soldierly lo .king group
entered the veranda he tendered to his
host the hilt of his sword in courteous
slgnllkatlon that it and its owner weie
at his serv.c-. Not an atom of sejvility
was noticeable,' but rather a marked
manllt.es?. and courtesy in bearing and
conversation that stamped each man in
the crowd as unmistakably a soldier and
a gentleman. The impression cf their
f mnd it 1 1 -t n t 1 m.x- these antico
11. s- c ra i or 1 l.g.oiis se t. and the e
f 're tht re .1! . . .11 -. .tiled '.iss reg.
Hunts m wl.h tin- t.n.ks are p. railed
from Ind.ans of one if e or one rtog.oti.
Ag.i.n i; is iiii il t'i form ta !i of the
various spia.ir .11- of a c iv.ilry r- cnit nt
of a s.ng' cl.is-. and th.s nukes, for
peace atnoi g people to whom the ques
tion of caste is in some instances of
iculiy vital concern.
While the Sikhs and the Dogras and
the Pathans gie a strikingly unia
nuntnt charactir to thu Indian army
beiau-e of their rather showy dte.s and
parade of loh.r. Tommy Atkins will till
t ou if you ask him that his preference
Is for tlie Irt'e tlhoorka.-. those grim
but J.um irais sold. ers of the Crown
, who have won many laurel- in their
nat.ve land In the la-it eighty-odd yeir.
, Somehow the smile comes more natu-
ra'ly to the Oh. orka than the frown,
but don't mistak- !...- 1 hi rfulne-- for
a s gn of miI-i v.wuy r lack of cour
age. The linoorka i- ne iur. us. ever
ready leiml.e v.f aggre-ivctii ss. I: would
be hard to imagine more fighting spirit
to the ounce than has b en crowilt.l
into the muscular -bodies of the-.- horn
They are a brood shoul.leietl, sturdy
hardened by hill cliini-.ng 111 the
land of their bltth. Nepaul. the moun
tain kingdom n sling on the south- rn
slope of the Ilunalajas a: the norlh'-a-t
c .r:.er of Ind.a. Hy some cr.ties the
;:. .ork c have 1 . n described as the
n. ..ft loyal n.itive sol.l.it.- .-e:lng under
the P.ng..h Hug. Th-y are fortiinati ly
no' hampered by caste- prej.idicea and
will it down in i.imp with white troop
and eat and drink with thtin without
able 1.1 mike them q i.ckiv fit for th
In the end these ban; ng . luldren of
the soij were beatc-i and cornered, and
after that they became lasting frienls
and allies of the l.'iul.-'i. It Is a..l
that since then, now n.r.ety. eight yeais.
"no battle or expedition of importance
has u en wit...iut its bat:al.nn ( ar-en-ii.i
ted l.ttle ntb-ni'-n with t: e.r ib-adh-kukris
111 the.r belts. These they u-e
f .r .-tabbing the enemy when they get
in among them."
T e fr.i'ernlz.ng spirit of -he Oho j l.-.i
hi- m.ub him a Wi-lome c-.tiipan.on t-liri:l-h
home troojis upon many occa
.tn wln n battling in India, while h s
Mildn-r y aiacuy ha- Ju-tly w..n for
h.ni tin- h.gh ieg,rd In which he l
un.fortnly held. Imr.ng tr.e llunza
.Vagar campaign of 1-!1 a mere hand
j ful .f these tireless lighters held out
ag.11n.-t an overwhelm.ng miss of ho'-
tile native at Manipur. When their
, llnt.sh oiilci were murdered th- -e
g.iil.uit fu.d.er formed ab ai. the wnl .w
of ..!..' of thttu and cari.ed h-r r.g' t
1 tl.r-iug . the i !i. nix'" ( oir.ti.x to safety
' h .Iding i-rT :!: .r f . n .1 antagonia s
1 Weil n.gh eveiy 111. le -jf t e way.
oinm.-sary st ! ind le .-..
iiuiiimen peculiar to th- u 1 -winch
the formall'ies of caste ari
observed This prov.s.jii w.
them to l.ve very mu h as i
for that reason will .r.'r.t. r.
m S&Z .-::
y.- ' la i
Indian heavy artillery.
c n 1 i..ty is
of a. h .-. .
w--n a po,.
1 1 r 1.1
Indian soldiers signalling with heliographs in the mountains
Pomehow In stiries of India the
writer of tlction like.- to bring in the
pIcturiMiue Sikh, and for this r ison
foreigners have been led to the conclu
sion that the Indian native at my is
composed mo-tly of this race. That
is not really the cum, but it 1 a fact
that the Sikh Is a lighting man of
proved quality, and upon more than
one battletield In- has w.. 1 renown
and shown amazing daiiutle-siiess In
the face of desperate mid-.
lieforc Urltlsh anneMiuoii the Sikhs
held and ruled the Punjil.. and ts-itig
born sold. ers tbev presented a very
diffloult problem to their alien masters
unlit their ndmirat. n was won by the
battling superior.t of the Krit.eh. and
then they were ready to ca-t thtsr lot
with their quondam foes and to put 1110
As a wtver familiar with tlu so men has
sad "Tht y :ii o gr.md in qiiabt by
111 means small in quantity, for they
i.umber rough i.oine .'."t.i'oo otlleer and
men and are dlv ded IMti forty regi
meiits." Among these arc the llengal
Cavalry, the Madras Cavalry, the Hum
bly Cavaln. the Punjab Cavalry, the
Central ludii llore and a number of
iher units that hae to their ctttllt
an unpoMtig aira of untie honors,
Apart from a certain proportion of
llllg.ish itlicei- the (loop leaders and
commanders 111 e native bom. and these
men represent racial tradil.oiis that
mark them soldier in evei tlbre of
the.r getup and In every consf oils lu
tein. T!. rift- 1 , iheii poiiions by
reason of merit, and merit only, anil
the are the very pick of a splendid
worth then made has only been con
tinued b sub-eitelit y.ars of inter
course both in peace and war"
As has be- n said, the question of re
llgion plah a mote or h-.- troublesome
or dlllicult part .11 the adnilnl-tnitliin of
the Indian at my. Tin- cavar legiinent
.ue composed of contingents from va
1 Ions races, and It 1.- certainly credit
able to llritlsh leadership that it has
been able to work Into stalwart defend
ers of the emplte peopl that were not
only bitter enemies to the white man
but equally hostile toward one another.
Th- Sikh 1111,1 the l'athan heartily dls
l.ke each other The ,l.n s unpopular
w.th the Sikh, mid in lorn I.- despls. d
by the .M1111umme1t.it wh m he abom
inates with correspond ng gor
la a few cases the authorlti- s have
Sergeant of the Bengal cavalry.
U Is -aid that n. t t.
(ih...iki' 1110-t 1 h.n.i. t. r.-'
h.s . .mil - 1 eailv t! p' .1
ment b. cause oin h. ha
tlun ag.i.nst the foe .t U w
pos.-lbl. to dislo.lg.. l.im. 1.
mu-t tight until hi i knocketi
Tht re are lots of soiU In the Pnt
ish ann about the-e Jovial but gr.m
flghv g men At the siege of Hhurt
pore th Ohoofkas raced with the
K "" v-r.l nth P.eg.iiieiit of Hrltl-li li
I ir .p to the breach that had been mil
by the attacking ciins. Afterward, whir,
coinp. tneiitetl for their dash, tiny
n.ii 1 anweied
T' . Pnglish ale as brave a- I. on,
and er nearly equal to u-."
Again at the Untie of K.indalur. the
N tie'y-.-econd H.glllatlders Weie ur
del'ed t I charge ionic of tlie enemy's
g n.s wli.cli wen costing the llritish
for f dearly. A Ohoorka Joined m the
ih.lt ge with the doughty Scotchmen and
w is tme of the tlr-t to te.u-h and to cap
ture a gun. It was apparently a per
sonal matter with that husky little hill-
I man. because, thrusting his cup into tlie
'.-till 'smoking muzzle of the piece, he
cried eu!lantl .
"This gun belongs m piy legiment
Sei oud Cihoorkas. Prince f Wales'"
' Tin re w is the tune when the ilhoot-.
kas wer. Ciieat l!r ' 1111 Ineiiost mil
mo-t troubli some foe. A hundred years
ago tin- t;ugii-ii 11.nl the iiiiooiha war
on their hands, and for two e,ir.- the
military authontle-. had a troiible-onv-problem
to deal with. The conlllct grew
out of encroachments on llritlsh tern
lory by these agsre-islvo hlllliien,
In the early stages of the war the
(ihoorkas not only held the llnghsh
troops In check but defeated them de-ci-vely
upon a number of oicasions.
l-'olluwinu one of these light.- several of
'lie (ihoorkas wandered Imo the llrin-h
camp without guns and asked to have
their wounds dressed, saying that they
thought the English doctors would be
Th- plated m Important part In tht
I'h.H i' eXped.t.ot, of 1 !;, .ld. ag.l.tl. Ill
1- Ml tin T.t.ih espeil.tion the
i)i... rk,is In,) nun h to (o with the
Sll . e-sflll out. ol. As .111 l'.nglish!
wr.-. r has sa.d: At the celebrated I
s-orui.ng of l'arg.u t!u weie the tlr-t,
! alteinp: to charge Up the slope and'
U.t suiTertd sever-ly in con-equeuce. '
It Wus the (ihotirkas who Were ut.l.zcd
t'i turn the tab',.. on the sn.per and
well did they do it that sniping be
came a vety dai-geiou- pa-tini.- for tht
wily Afrldl." As a ma'ter of record,
many of the Ohoork.i- bot-t the proud
pos-essioii of the Urder of .Merit, given
only for coii-p.cuoii g.il!antr in act. on
The native soldier uiakts ..n .vceiient 1
marksman, and am ug tin- Indlin con. ,
tlngt-nt there are a great many Mist '
cla.-s sharpshooters. Ih-p.te s.ege guns i
and heavy artill. r the keen ey d rule-I
man I- quite as much at a premium to.
d. as in the pa-t. and these marksmen i
irom tlie l..i.-t ate proving the.t value
Hut long range lighting is not quae t..
the.r liking; they love the into... -..1.011
of a hand to band -truggle. and their
work with the bayonet and the knife i
enough t.i ch.ll the blood of u hut
the mo-t courageous of ani.igot ists.
The bulk of the n.mv Indian nitaiiii
are natural born athletes, and like most
men bled in the hill- etieuiel ailise
mid woiiderfull qui. k upon the.r f,., t
A bayonet ii, their hand- becomes a
dotlhh dangerous weapon, .ltd in close
lighting they excel,
A question has aiis.-n of en of late
as to the physical iline-s of the Indian
troops upon a lluropean battletleld. In
spired, m doubt, by the id. a that oil
matlc conditions were ag.i!n-t these m. n
from the Kast. The fact is th.it a large
percentage of the troops which Kngl.ntd
ha. bi ought from India arc men from
the uplands or h II countr The aie
us--d t wide r.mg. s of teinpei aune
and will probabl tight better as the
colder season iipproa- hes. Some of the
regiment- h.ie brought their mmve
Three Prehistoric Races
IN an ancient Nebraska valb v wh,
nature tl.l.'d up a th .-i-i- I
and mole ago archie .log.-- ff.
Pe.iloilv .Museiitn. Harvard In
h.iVf Jut disc eteii the ruins . f .
prt-h.storic v.liagis of three !.- :
pt ..pie- T -e valley is twent -tU
below- i imaha. n-ar the .Missouri I: -.
In recent years a small stream
cut its way through the d.-p s.
hundreds of ears and e.p. - !
itm.un.s of the villages far be!..w
present surface of the valley.
Heiding the hltory of the y
from the steep s.des of th. ijv.i,,
set ntit3 see that ages ag.. the p',
was thickly populated. Time jms.-
me valley was ileserit-d and the
of centuries fiom the siirroutidin,
patlially tilled the depression.
Again a prehistoric people. ,v
ran- settled ln the vallev an 1
until they, m turn, passed
Ar.othir age followed and ig,.t
fiit of earth washed down fr
hi. Is. sill further tilling up th. i
anu in t.me a tb.rd people --.fl
only t disapptar before th..
of the Pawnees who had f i .
Itwd In the Pla ie p,.vcr V
Cor-.nudo. the Span.ard. c.im-
i!ie legends of the th.r!
ml-.abti the alley had !...:
centuries ago. There ha- n. ..
tradition of the sec.nd ri .
f.r the tlrst people who .. f
rtnia.ns in the rav.ne t. II
.- .enlists w.'.l n-'t evm v. n :i- .
about them Hut the rem.i t.-tir.-t
people ate far m -re n'liti-
those of tl.e.r slicce-sors.
Prof. Pred-nck II. S:.re '
who !i- a U th.- expediti . w -through
the ravine when b ,
e-.n of a--. i s in the -,..
low down by the little s'r-
ir.sp.-i'.ott howtd that he : 1
,r.-s .--. ..on of an anclt-n- ! -v
!. i tlr.-p'.n e .n the . . t.:r-1-
r.ts of , in. mills and p t
pr .tru 1 tig fi ,ui th u,; , y
.ils . ..k- u er . itur lh.--
a.e and otiier t ude ,mp.. in.
Further search disc! w.
of n. n.- ..th. r h m-e
! ' l..i. r. l-y ! rii.. w
pecting augtr, it was f.- ir.
i.nm- had i-ni fanly d -houi-
of this people.
Then one of the mi-m'-. is
discovered a house -,te f,--ule
of the ravine. The i.n
tery ami implements h.'w-
fetviit race altogether '
this s,te A few das
limis. s w. re discovered
below the present lex el .f
and In tlu-e were the i-ti
another people. 1mm. d'
lowe-t stratum of ho-as- -bed
eight feet thick, Jill '
this fai t that ,-o nnirv r-
d.l.'.N life of hl- t.i .- w
'Mie of the lis! acu . f ' .
of one of the ancient I. .1- -
dulgA tu a urent feas- A- ' -
piob.ni'.y had no alphab. : -
they left behind them a no
can ea.-lly he read by t' t ar '
A feast such as thoKe o! I ;
dulged in would cost a for- .:.
day-. All of this h jnd r- !
tein.iins f iiiul on the top
lii ap far b. in- nh the n .
There nr.- the long bor.i '
Ultles of Ii ilf a ihuell ir..
the wi-hlmile of .1 Wild go
bone of a deer, the plev a
tb. Jaw of a wolf, b liefer-
nt sp. . ,es of bit ds. t1 -turtle
.1 gallon or two of .
and in. i. in tin- of n l .ft
charred -qti.i-h - d. pi'
peat show that these peop..-
ricultiiri-ts lii of ,ii .1
tb. hilp tin le Wel e tw -in
Indicating that eseu In t'i , .
the aUKgiuis were u-.f- c;
IV P.. V Oildcr, Held ar 1
of the l'niersit of Nbta-'-i '
made ,i spic.al stud of pith '
it r sa- that the pots m.i I-tu-'
jieople in th s a'U .ir-
dol-lelo .11 di--stt a .d lb- 1
that hi has i 1 1 e i.
l-e.,ecs tb,- matters e.Wnl
ot cars .10.