Newspaper Page Text
THE SUN, WEDNESDAY, FEBRUARY 3, 1915.
WKiiM.ii.w. ri:iiiti Aitv :t, ituc.
Entered n' th f'-t Dflli e t New York
-, tii a Mali Matter.
sl,,iiilliin lij Mull, Postpaid.
fMII.V P'" M.in'h 0 fto
PAII.l V-ir 11 "
nrM,VV I'ei Monill S
M Slid ii' cMiu.Mi. Per Mnnlh. . . . 411
St't. I'T Vi ir Ml
-j Alio M st'NHAY. Per Vfir S All
MAIM AMI sl'NU.VY. l'r .Month. .. . IS
HAII.V I'm .Mmi'i I SS
MMW I'ei Monlh M
DVIIA AMI !"l'MMI' Per Month. . . 1 IM1
KV I.MVI HltN. Per Mnnth !.
i III: i: i:m.nh iitfS, Per Year 2 .VI
Till. i:v KMN'H Hl'NO-'orelKnl.l'rr Mo. I 04
Ai' Ii" K money orders, Ac, to b
IIU I. .all t TM Ses.
Pusi-he-l daii. ini-liidlnir. Wunday, by the
h.in rr.mn.g sd Publishing AstUtlon it
Na m 'rei. In (h Hotmifh of Alan
h.itMn. N York. President a nil Treat
uret. Wl nun i' Melek, 10 Nassau street,
vice Piei-idei t. Kln aril V Mltrbell, 170
Nau e'rr.-t, Secretary, C K, l.uxton, 170
linilnn eftl' . Kfllnxham Home, 1 Arun
drl strert. s-raml.
Pari old'. llde de I Mlchodlere, rt
Hue uu vputre rleptembre
Wh'IU'I'ih olllre. HIHhs Ilulldlnt.
Ilrook n nffl--, 1M tJUnitston street.
our Irirmli who aror hi uilU tnaau
Hrlpli ant illHilrnllon lor publication icmA
(0 ho t rnr.ieit nricn rtlurnnl thru must
in all fitfi tend ttamps lor that purpote.
The .Main Objections to the Ship
I'tinhase lllll Kcmaiii.
President Wiison was rompclleil
yesterday to modify somewhat tin
severity of the attitude In which he
has been insisting on the passage of
his abominable un-American ship
purchase hill. The compelling cir
cumstances are notorious. They are
found in the conditions confronting
the President In the ranks of his own
party in the Senate.
We do not yet know how far the
declaration of an Intention to buy no
ships that u mild Inuilre ciuitroerslM
wlih luroii'.in Mligorcnis will occa
sion Joy in the cuiitigiioux section ot
.Mr. W ii son's nilii-ial and personal
family. If we did know this we dioul.l
also know how far the Secretary of
the Treanry is responsible for thy
The fin-i of Importance Is that this
particular inodlil.-,itlon or concession,
enforcisl l an indignant or alarme-.l
public b. speeches like Kt.lllU
lioor's. ami IIiimIU by the lliilepeudellt
action of the evcn 1 (einoeratle Sena
tors, Ic.ues unlnurhcil In potency the
prliii pal "liJi'.Tlon to the uicistire.
Tin- ii .mi reason for defeating the
AiIiiiiiiisi i .iiion's bill was not that It
promised i" liiMiUu the country in
eoiupih ai i ins with one or more of thj
ticlllgereiiis. but that It directly 111
olcd tin1 iioirmiient in mercantile
trade, in competition with private en
terprises, which the (iovernment h.is
no business In common sense and no
warrant m sound precedent for un
dertaking with any ships, however ac
quired. This ro.tMm remains In all Its
strength and the ship piii-cluiM' bill
should be defeated.
In what crucible of folly or calcu
lated interest and by what alchemy
of mischief was brought into ejlst
ence this iin-Deinocratlc, un-ltcpubll-can.
un-American, purely socialistic
conception of a iovernment merchant
One Way to Kclieve I'ncniplo.viiient.
There Is one vv.iy in which house
holders and Indeed renters of otllces
and shopkeepers can help In reducing
uuemplojmetii and at the same time
lienellt themselves. Tor all Ihe thou
sand and one Jobs of lifting and
carrying, of patching nnd repairing,
cleaning and clearing, painting and
puttying, scrubbing and imlislilug the
Municipal Ihiiployinent Bureau Is In
a position to furnish all sorts of
physical strength and expert nnd
semi expert skill.
Nalurall.v. it is mil a mutter of In
terfering with big work In ihe regu
lar trades. The opportunity of get
ting evcelleni help anil of conferring
a boon at the same lime on some
i .ipable worker III hard luck applies
n parie-ui.tr to the endless small
Jobs ih.u can be and generally are
peir -i uie.1 hy handy men and women
' i imv in the day or hour and under
'lie oei son. il illrrvihm of till) em
I ' I. nle, m hi hiimli'eiK of peo-
'- -i,.,i f,,- many Hues of work.
1 - h.irdi.v any odd Job fur
v h ii ,i cannot provide n suitable
o r w. 11111111. n iK mil only willing
"" '' io a iiiiuodatc any appll-
'i f"f iie'p. CiiUens milling casual
' "l I permanent assistance can
on, .h- lienor than address hy loiter,
( 'eiilmiie to I'ratiklln itliHi. or call
nei.Mii. l v the public Kmployment
Bue in. "i l.iif.iyetin slrcet.
Tliiealeiilni; President Wilson.
urihcr examination of the pur
poses r 1 1. Notional (iermaii-Aiiierl
an le.g'ie, which was organized In
Wiishiii.i..ii last week for the pur
pose..f urging or provoking ihe Cult-I
Mutes nn. support of the (ionium
arms, is s.m i reveal Hie fact thu
the tli-si v lei im ,.f lis campaign of
cocr. ion . t M. Mr, Wn son.
II s declare,! i hiit Mr. Wnsu.v,
Assumed de-ore to si,.,.ped himself la
1017 is io lie Hie point of , if lack, nnd
that notice Is to be served on him
that unless he departs from his pres- scholars wore not Injured, the passion
nil attitude, anil Interpret)) neutral-'for great deeds remains it little cold
I ity to nienn service In n tlurinim iint-jnnd unsatisfied.
! form, he enn pxieot no votes from Why do the Knlsor's lightnings dully
(Seniian-Aiiiorlcan electors. i nt these Trench shirts? Why do they
At present the prospects of Mr. condescend to strike save ut Kin.
Wii.hon or nny other Democrat oocu-1 InndV And even In Knglnnd, why
p.vlng the While Mouse lifter Miireti j forget the arts practised so nolily by
I. 11(17, nro not encouraging, lint ( the hind artillery? Westminster Ah
they may Improve; iind there Is no j hey still lifts Its shameless henuly to
i'iiiirelnhle circumstance Unit would the skies. Hnve the heroes of loti
belter them more iiulckly or more ef. vnln nnd llhelms taught no lesson to
feet holy than it (iermiinAmerlciin their brother warriors of the ether?
en imi;i li;ii against him predicated on! To nmlm a child of the middle ages:
Hie military necessities of (he (lermiiu
nation, oondui'lcil In (he Interest of
the Kaiser's army, and designed to
uphold the hands of the (Jcrnmn
Wo cniilrlhule this unhyphenated In
formation with resxvt of unhyphen
ated American politics to the restless
lierinan-Americans among us In com
plete disinterestedness, for at the mo
ment It seems lo us It would bo much
Mler for the I'nlted States to havo 'erbnrdened. In present conditions
Wooimow WH.HOM licked In mid ont"f I'Uslncss It can bear no further
his merits than to have him Muecesful
on their presumptuous stupidity and
., , , , , out disguise Imjiosts on the real
The nnrcboro HrldKe. prmc lntPrpst.s. xhpv nTc. An .
A glance at the map of .Maine and eanusl Increment tax, n hahllntlivi
a cursory lnsoctlon of the railway tax and an occupancy tax. Hy what
time tables will shed light on the , process of reasoning can such levies
cha racier of the unsuccessful attempt be regarded as a relief?
jesterday to block truffle on the t'.t- Whatever might bo thought of the
naillan Pacific by blowing up the unearned Increment tax on general
bridge at Vanccboro. principles, it Is in practice an addl-
If any sane and elllclent Cerman, tional demand on the property own-(ionium-American
or (ierman-Cana- ,.r's resources. If It Is to be made
dlan were starling out with the serl- ',, incident of transfer of laud, it Is
oils purpose of starving the hated nP- handicap to real estate deal
Itritlsh hy preventing shipments of c Ir u )g t0 Iovpil nri,itrnrlly
foisl from the Canadian northwest, or from ,,m, to time as Increases of
of embarrassing Ilrltlsh military oier (Vnlm, lin, h..kkWj( t will be of ad
minus by hindering the passage of . vantage chlctly to the lawyers. The
Canadian volunteers to Ixird Knelt ,.rt!( ro nkpv tn ,0 SWnmped with
kni-b-h recruiting camps, he could suits resisting the city's demands. Ite
scarcely have chosen a less favorable noss of all other considerations
place for the explosion of his Ten- ! , ,,,1P,ton whether there Is any
Ionic dynamite. 'ronl Justlllcntlnu for such a tax, se.-
To a very superficial observer or to I Illc tllll, fronl vpar , VPilr ,,. owncr
an uncommonly lnelilelent student cf ( 0f rising proorty Is subjeclnl to In
military topogrnphy. Vanccboro bridge ereasisl assessment and pays larger
across tne m. i roix migni seem a
strategic ixiint In the transcontinental f
and international system of transpor
tation. It Is not really so at all.
From Ilrownvllle Junction in Maine
the trains of the Canadian Pacllic can
reach Its own lines In New Brunswick
In either of two ways. One route U
by the Malue Central from Matta-
wamkeag to (he Vanccboro bridge
and to McAdam Junction In New
llruiiswlck; the distance being alsuif
Kl miles. The alternative route is
from Ilrownvllle Junction by way of
thc ltangor nnd Arootook to Houlton.
to neiiec .lunction nun tnon down to
McAdam Junction: this way. the ills
tance is between M0 and 1.VI miles.
Thus It will be seen that if til"
bridge had been entirely demolished
by flic person or persons attempting
its destruction, the practical result
would have lieen the addition of per-1
haps from an hour and a half to two
hours and a half to the running time
of the Canadian Pacific trains carry-
lug provision! and recruits lo the
Certainly, ,lt does not look as if
Ihis "act of war" wis planned by the
highly Intelligent If somewhat tin-
scrupulous Oeneral Stuff of the (ier
ii-m ,1 ui , ri i, i I hew people think they have been
Will the Street Cleaners Kepeal the ... ,. , . ,
.. ,., , ... ,, , ' out of work, unemployment Is a
Near Mtle Stop KtileV stIltP of dd.
When New York had a near side ear i j-p ,lt tllp cimrch of the Heavenly
stop ordinance several years ago the pt n ,))p n,iiclous rain of Monday
Street Cleaning Iicpartinent killed It M)II)P v, mpn HkUiet laborers. In
by not providing clear spaces for pas- tol llxsr-n t artisans, waited hopefully
sencers. Apparently the same process for tjP nportunlty. a triumph to
Is to be repeated, for we learn from tllpr benighted minds, to earn 50
the r.vrntny I'oit that yesterday: cents and a square meal. They
'Among many little things that com- ' thought they were hungry. Such Is
lilm-l to Irritate persons who were the weakness of the too subjective
obliged to tramp through the slush was temperament and the mind untrained
:he operation of the 'near side stop n (U0 Hrence of the mind. Hunger,
ordinance, which requires street cars to starvation, cold, wnnt. suffering are a
stop on the near side of cross streets. slate of mind.
"It generally happened that the rear , shoes, rubbers, clothing, bread, cof-
plaform of a car was brought up .11-
redly opposite a fool deep pile of slush
and sleet, through which the would-bu
I asst-ngurs were obliged lo wade'
Sound as the near side stop Is in benetlt of moneyless and workless
theory. It Inlllcts a great hardship on multitudes, mny be excused from the
the citizens of a town the streets of humanitarian nnd eleemosynary tsiltit
which are tilled with snow and slush. 0f view, but must be condemned by
The reduction In Ihe number of accl- the sole fact and Judge of facts, psy
dents achieved through Its operation ehology.
will not offset the Illness resulting! The watchful waiter on the tower
from wet feet and clothing cauvd by , of psychology looks down Willi in
ihe iiiipn'paredne.ss of tip? city to pro- j emotion of sympathy on these lllu
vide dry and clean passage for the ' slons nnd this great llluded country,
street car patrons. Tut: Srx has said He knows that business Is good and
efore that Ihe pernianenf enforcement fat: that labor Is In ferocious do
of Ihe ordinance rested with Ihe 1 inand : that everything Is for ihe ls?st
street cleaners, whose Inability to under the best of Administrations,
keep pace with the snow will repeal ( Congress, his Itecordlng Angel, has
ll more offivtholy than could any done pretty much everything that the
Aldorinanlo action. Higher Psychology asked of It. There-
, fl)V0 js business prosperous, the un
Warriors of the Air.
The nullum ami effective flights of
Zeppelins are as striking lis ever in
realilv. but what was romantic
achievement at first Is become com.
nioiiplace. The admiring world cher-
Ishes reverently the dally record of
these Heroic warriors of the an, and
yet It sghs for new exploits. For In
stance, It would have seemed a little
while ago (hat nothing could be more
glorious morally or mllltarllv more, The testimony of Mr. J- P- Moiioan
. before the United States Commission
fruitful than yesterday s hutlelln: ! nn,01rmlllHtrllU iwatlnni is refreshing
"One non-ioinbatant was killed near rending, however much it may have
I'ont-a-Mousson, a little boy was disappointed or disgusted ibat collec
malmed at Nancy, where an explosive tlon of tnllkerii of Irrelevancy and
lolHsiln was diopped In a schoolyard, gobeniouches of siirmbe. That a
.md a mnteriutv hospital at Itemlre- business man can mind his own bust
.n.int. sixteen miles southeast or Kplnal, , """H In a country drunk with sciolism
was sbght.v uamaged " i " ' Fn''H' ylsm ,11(t ,u.
I diould refuse lo give his opinion ns tn
But Bax.mui ami Sir Philip Sipm.v , matters of which he has nut made a
are loo good for human natiire'Mlally special study, that he should decllno
food: and i here may even be a slight
disappointment Hint the atinck on a
loililled position sin h as a maternity
ho-piial should have been s,i couipiira
lively harmless. There Is noililng
novel In uialmllig little boys; It U
good strong, bin not seiisaiioiial. work
A schoolyard is a beautiful Held for
bomb practice, hut If most of the
there Is the laurelled opportunity.
.More llunlrns on Real Kstulr.
The prellmlnnrj' hunt for new
sources of Income for the New York
city government has had rather dis
couraging results. The purpose In
view Is to avoid Increasing the taxes
on real estate. It Is a fact beyond
dispute that this form of property Is
Yet three out of the four tenlntlvij
projiosals put forward by .Mayor
MiTCiti.t,'.s Tax Commission are with-
habitation nnd occupancy
taxes are hardly distinguishable In
effect from the ordinary tax on val
ues. They are to be laid, ns the
project Is framed, according to rental
or value, dust so; they are different
from the taxes now collect ihlc only
In the condition that, tiresiimalilv.
tm.v ,vollll ot ss,.ssi,i,. ,m a-
,..,,. mm.,ni. ,. n,is.sl prosrtv.
ThN u ,,1,,- fs,or bmm, hardlv
., wortliy pro(lll(.t )lf Iol)l,.-it1nn bv !i
mmi,.pal commission. We have al-
rp.t()v K)ntP(, , . I110,stroiH ah-
M1,,,y of tlp supKP,u.( S!1lir- ,v.
Plainly the Mayor's searchers have
not yet struck a lead in which prae
Ileal common sense and fair nliiv are
A Stnte of Mind.
Mayor Mitciih.'h Committee on
rnemploynient Is flawless of inten-
lion, hut Professor Wilson would
"Hunk" It In psychology. The com-
mlltee has been opening shops wher
men ignorant of psychology are said
lo be glad to work for "." cents a
day, minus three cents for luncheon:
and shops where women deficient In
psycholog are happy to get 1.1 cents
an hour for sewing.
fp0 ,,. ,,p,M.ue.s wncl,
M(f, ,---,. collecting
and distributing In New York and
all over the country for the supposed
employed are nt wip-k and n delldt is
but the philosophical tianie of n sur
plus. All the man who thinks he
N t n,,,,; ioney or thinks he Is
ml of work needs is the Illuminating
grace of psychology.
Why are so many poor devils wor-
rvlng 'about the state of their bodies?
The mind Is the only stale and Mr.
Wilson Is Its horn ruler.
u ""' ",r m es u.ning
of pretentious Ignorance and disclose
In luilf no hour or so hlu vlnvvu or
everything In tin universe: this mii-t
be a wonder to the grand army of the
On f ie resi of us Mr. Ioihivn leaves
a pleasant Impression of modesty. He
shows a veiled but evident sense of
humor. Ho doesn't teck tn he an encr.
clopwdla of uplift. If his reserve and
discretion were to become general, to
what a little brook the mighty froth
ocean of sociology would shrink!
Germany Is like a mnn throttled with
a heavy gag.- Winston Cmmoillt.l..
Would that the First Hcold of the
Admiralty were that man!
An unusually extensive revival of
belief in witchcraft In now troubling
the people of Kast New York, which
may explain some of the political de
velopments of the recent past.
From the purely neutral point of
vantage occupied hy a man up a tree
It would seem at least tndlsrrem for
(iTiwin sympathizers, whatever their
nationality may be, to makn the
I'nlted Htatcs the base of dynamite
campaigns against Canadian nill
ro.ids; and llerr I,Iai,mn, among
(lifters whose loynlty to the Kaiser la
unquestioned, would, we venture to
suggest, share this opinion.
Some persons ore almost convinced I
that what has been railed a melting i
pot for the peoples of all the nations i
of the world Is u mero plating bath. I
An Intercepted message addressed
"OitofNimoo, Kngland," is ns follows:
"Itcgret International slttr.itlon makes
performance of official duty by you tills
year lmtollile. hut for the sake of the '
fumll) stick to your burrow. I
(Signed) "Orounoiioh, America."
The message. It Is understood, was
not passed by tho censor.
Governor Walsh of Massachusetts
uiiv-u tlnil "ivn nt-n nilllllirr hivi, Inl.i
governmrnt." nnd It Is evident to all '
that precious little bead is being put
Into It nowadays.
The advocates of votes for women ,
sinnoiince that there arc 15t.0t!S "en
rolled suffragists" In New York city. (
There are about S.SOO.OUO people in the
cil (altogether, rather more llion less.
Tne number of women who have '
reached the age of discretion Is at
least '.'.000.000. probably more. It
therefore appears thai the number of
women Hinded for the vote Is about 3
out of 40. The figures are Impressive.
War hurts Monte Carlo. UcmlHnr.
once more demonstrating that there
is no snch thing tis an unmixed evil
In this best of hII poMsihlo worlds.
What Is the use of talking about
stopping the sale of gun silencers
when tho sale of the guns can't even
be checked? Anil what about t'lo
carving knife or tho penknife with nn
Inch and a half blade, such as did its
deadly work In a Hroadway ofllce
building two or three days ((go?
Sad Is the plight of Mr. Okokob W.
Pkukins. He has ventured Into the
women's field and they hnve risen In
their wrath and smitten him. What,
a mere man presume to tell house
wives bow t run their kitchen affairs!
Convicted of all sorts of high crimes
and blunders he Is Ignoinlnlously
"hustled hack to bis stocks and lionds,
political schemes nnd plans to reiunko
the universe, trivialities of the mascu
line mind. When It comes to sucn
concerns as buying vinegar, outmeal
i,nd toasted ohrese In hulk let him
li-.ive them to the minds that really
rule the world.
The nrmy men whoso Interference
may result In the defeat of Secretary
(Iaiiriso.n's plans for a useful beginning
In the reorganization of file annv are
getting a rough practical lesson as to
the folly of aiming at perfection and
disdaining to count arrows planted In
the outer rings of the Large! of suc
cess. The partial measures advocated
by the Secretary by no means In
volved abandonment or even post
isinement of the scheme for a broad
and thorough reform. On tho con
trary they were the first flops to It.
Now It Is to bo feared that all Is lojt
for the time being rhrough unwil'lng
ness to accept and utilize anything
less than too per cent, of the Ideal.
A Critic Who Departs From a Strict
To tub KniTon or The Sun Hlr: The
following sentence occurs In this morn
ings report of ,i speech of President
Wilson at Washington:
"I am brought moro original Idens per
diem. I dare say, than any other person
in the country."
Is Mr. Wllnon brought? Of course
what he meant io say, and what he
should have said, Is, "moro original
Ideas per diem, I dare say, are brought
to me than to any other person."
I would not have trouldcd you svlth
thl criticism If the speaker was merely
the President f the United States, hut
as an ex-presldcnt of a famous college
lie should not bo guilty of such a glaring
grammatical error. J. K. S.
ItuuoKi.TN, January 30.
Serious Charge h) n Philosophic (Hi-
To tub Kpitoii oe The Sun Mr: In t
almost every lost, lin e where I have met
an Individual of 'piogiesslve" or "up
lifting" Ii nili neloM I have found, If the
aequaintaiii e lasted Ioiik enough to en
able mc to form an op.nloii, that he or I
she was more selfish than Ihe average.
Was this mere coincidence or another
Illustration of cause and effect?
Nkvv Voiik. February 2. CimiouB.
A (Jneslliin for the President.
To rue Ciutoii r Tin: Si n -.Sir;
President Wilson Is reported to be going
to make an Important speech before thu
Washington Chamber of Comineiee on
Widnisdav nlgnt. lie is said lo lie In
tending lo discuss the Ship Purchase
bill. Will he In that speech answer one
The quest'oii is asked h.v a man who
was a delegate lo the lliiltlmoie con
vention, and who there supported Mr.
Wilson's candidal-, for the nomination
and who has believed nnd said that In
the llrst ten months of his administra
tion he accomplished much. Ills success
In Hecuiiug tlie passage of the Panama
Canal tolls repeal hill, the ciniencj
hill and Ihe ta i iff hill appealed to Jus
tify the Judgment of those who had ad
vocated his nomination. And In Ihe
support and passage of these bills Presi
dent Wilson seemed In show economic
knowledge and wisdom.
Wh then did hn make a speech at
ImllanapnllH advocating Ills Ship Pur
chase bill, In which he Indicated that he
wanted It for Ihe relief of tho poor
farmer who had lo pay the cost of
ocean transportation of Ids grain'.' Did
he not know that the or farmer to
day sells his grain at Chicago at the
highest price he has ever got for It, and
that the purchaser pas for the trans
portation to Kurnpe? And If he did
know It, why Is ho now Insisting upon
the passage of the Ship Purchase hill?
He knows, or ought tn know that the re
suit of the passing of this bill mav Im
peril our relations with flu allied
Wo surely have troubles enough with
out this. I.AWItBNCI OoUKIN,
New Tong, rcbruary 1.
SOME CRUCIAL QUESTIONS.'
Mr. llowells Points Ont the Messing
of Unllslment tn the German Cause, j
To tub EntTOR or Tub Hun Hlr .' Will
you allow me to express n mild stir-1
prise, and some pain, at the part you '
havo taken against our possible en
tente with Germany In a certain j
You seem to think "that If wo get!
Into troubte with Franco and Kngland,
not to mention Uussla and Japan, by
our resistance of the Allies' right 'to
search our Oermon-Atnerlcan ships,
we shall certainly be beaten unless we
lango ourselves definitely on the side
of the Kaiser. You seem to seo neither
honor nor prollt for our democratic
commonwealth In the friendship of a
cultivated despotism. You do not or
will not look forward to the triumph
when we shall be conformed to tho
Herman Ideal In our civic life; yet It
ought to he clear to you that this1
blessing Is what we may conllrtently
hope for. The system which combines
the functions of the schoolmaster and
tho drill sergeant Is surely something
to be desired hy every patriotic Amer
ican; and hnve you no longing for1
leso majeste, for universal conscrlp-1
tlon and an Iron aided military staff?
Can jou see no advantage for Ameri
can youth In the teaching of such
Ocrman professors its have taken It
for granted that we could not know
our minds, or had none to know, on
questions of International morality or
of mere humanity? Can not you fore
cast a distinct gain for our posterity
by our renouncing, now nnd forever,
under the tutelagu of these gentlemen
the notions of our political nonage?
.Shull we not unquestionably enrich
ourselves hy exchanging our Anglo
American literature for the German,
and having that language taught in
our schools, as It Is In those of Ahmtia
nnd Poland, Instead of the native
sikmvJi? Do not you know the su
periority of the romantic sculpture of
the Kleges-Allee over the liberality of
the French art which we have hitherto
studied? Would not you yourselves
much rather print Tub Ht'N In rjothlo
type than the barbaric Human charac
ters which you now use?
In a word, can you Imagine nothing
noble In a voluntary Helguim?
The questions crowd upon me. hut I
will ask only one more: Suppose the
Allies should triumph In the battle
which they believe they are fighting
for free men and free minds, for Jus
tice nnd honor among the nations, for
peace and good will on earth, will not
It Is- a good thing for us to remember
that we once did our worst to embar
rass them, since nothing could dis
courage them? W. J). HowKLLs.
New Yoiik, February 1.
Advice to Oerman-Amerlcnns.
from thr. World o) Yrstenlay.
nepresentatlve Itartholdt and bis as
sociates are doing flermany no good, and
they are doing themselves much harm,
by their pernicious pro-Uerman propa
ganda. When they threaten to rarry rter
many's case to the polls and make the
German enuse an Issue in Amorlcan
politics, they are playing with dna
mlte. The American people will not
tolerate such a campaign of alienism,
mid the chief sufferers will be the so
called Oerman-Americans who plot It.
Germany Is the only country engaged
In this war which has officially under
taken to manipulate American opinion.
It Is the only belligerent which main
tains a lobby In the United States tn
Incite public sentiment against other
belligerents with which we are friendly.
The only foreign element In this country
which Is assailing the President of the
United States and seeking to bulldoze
the Government of the United States Is
the German element, and that sort of
thing can be easily overdone.
When the representatives of German
American societies publicly pledge them
selves In effect to oppose all candidates
for office who will not sacrlflee American
Interests to German Interests, they are
straining American patience to tho
Long after this war Is over Mr. ftar
tholdt and his associates will have to
live In this country. Kew of them will
voluntarily return to Germany to help
pay tlie cost of the conflict. Their real
Interests am all In the United States, and
tho sooner they reconcile thcmsilvea to
being Americans the better.
This country once had an alien law
on Its statute books. It might be very
reluctant to enact a similar statute, but
every day such German-Americana as
Hlch.it d Itartholdt ara breaking down
A Ueputatlon In Peril.
from flic llvrnlnp Post.
If tho shipping bill Itself was a mis
take, some of the methods chosen by
the President to urge It on the way to
ennclnient havo been still greater mis
takes. To make of this measure, hatched
111 secrecy and never alluded to In a
party platform, n test of party alle
giance Is most unwise. To alllrm that
those who are opposing It are "deflng
the nation" Is rash In the extreme. By
such a course the President Is both
Imperilling his reputation for sound
Judgment and needlessly hazarding his
deservedly great prestige.
Mine. Alllhla's Silence.
To tub KniTon or The Sun -Sir; In
Tin: Sirs of Saturday you hud an nr.
count of tbe fire at the Academy, while
I w.im working on Ihii stage. Vou said
that I didn't announce It.
1 knew H all the lime, and mv as
sistant notified the manaser thiough an
u-hi of the file. We did this quietly,
hecaii' had I announced il from the
st'ige it would have caused a panic.
When the lights went out we still kept
on working, my assistant using a pocket
electric light until the manager came
bark io announce the trouble. We
worked for twenty minutes In the dark,
and my assistant and the manager stood
on the stage till every one hod left the
house. Mill:. At.tTlllA.
Nkvv York, February 1.
Vlore CenlralUattnn Wanted.
To nir Uditor nr Tan Sis Sir: Would
It he nf.ilnM Rood miinli'lpil government
and Ihe welfare of our wet dt to appen.'
to Ihe federal Government In appoint nur
Hlreei riexnlnK CemnilMloner km the offi
cial weaiher nun? fsow.
Sr.it V"KK. February I
,tn Xnelent and Persistent Test,
Tn thu KeiTiin or Tiik Sin Sir: c-sn
elttirr sou or any nf the mil 1 1 1 1 ml e of In
termini renders prescribe a 111 ami suit
shle punishment for th "Insect" who per
M In u htNllliig a eopp,-iHe, nine on trnl
lej anil steam ar '
Please irlve hope thu" the sporles ina
b anon exterminated Oini-sns Cava.
Al.inM. January 3D,
A,. Acute Observer's Apportionment of
To tiik t:niroR or Tin: hps Mr; The
letter from "A HelMU-spectlng Woman'
In TltK fivn Is a hard blow, but whom
does It strike" Not the newspapers, 1
should say, so inurh as the gentle reader.
(in the page following this letter, and
tho graciously "ducking" editorial arti
cle, Tub Hun prints the following cap
tions. "Society at Albany," "Society
at Aiken," "In Washington Society." Un
less I am mistaken, the word "society"
In these headings means precisely the
samo ss "society" In the expression "so
clety women," "society chlldron."
Now, In the editorial article Tub Stii
says: "Hereafter wo hope they (these
terms will disappear from at least one
Isn't this n bit rash?
Of course the name news that now ap
pears under the title "Society at Aiken.
S. C." will continue to appear, and will
continue to bo read, even by self-respecting
women, If Tim Hum should revise
the beading Juit quotwl to re.nl "People
at Aiken" the column would be read,
and read by Just as many. If not by
more. Also, onl such Is human nature,
the new word "people" used constantly
would come to have exartly the meaning,
whatever that may be, of the word "so
ciety." There's the rub! It would not
be confuted In the least with Its eem
blance In tho much overworked expan
sion. "The common people."
Tub Sun. Indicted h.v the lefer In
question, could play a very humorous
little game. It culd set aside, for the
fun of the thing, uhout one week for pur
poses of experiment. During that wick
the society news would recount the do
ings of eminently respectable "people"
who aie not "prominent." not "wealthy."
v hose names are nevr seen In society
news 'I u tn ne. Thee names, of course,
should be fictitious: It would be too
ru. I tn print actual names A few
places, such us Aiken and Palm Beach,
would serve nn gins and springs for
the unwan. hut other names might In
i M hii1 the fun. I suggest "So-So, Mis
sissippi," "fsri-l'an, Missouri," "New
Albanv, lii-hana." hastening to swear
that these are rial places.
Self-respeetlng women who object to
reading about iinnltlclnl aristocracy,
about women and rlilldj-en who aie
"prominent" or ' cilthj." will then flood
the ofllce of Tub Si'N with complaints.
They will "nil's drendfiillv" the news
they were In the habit of "poring" over.
I have ,lw,is supposed that Tin:
Hvs knows what lis readers like to read,
nnd that i: does not forget the women
Annapolis, Md , February 1.
Some what Oft the Track.
To Till: nniTim of TUB SUN -.Sc; As
fo the. photograph In Tiik Hi v of the
"socletj children" assembling l,.if;i"ltc
kits for soldiers, neither with "A Self
Respecting Woman" nor with Tub Sun
editorial, so meek, so rrpentant, so ut
terly un-Si-N-llke. can 1 agree.
Why the lady grows excited, why
Tub Sun apologetic, I cannot under
stand. All I saw In the plettirt. was
several verv beautiful chlfdn-n. Intently
engaged In wrapping up woollen socks
for soldiers. I tound It plnusaiit to think
they were helping to keep the soldiers
warm wnd well and strong, so that If
they escape death In other forms they
nviy dodge pneumon a also and return
to their children children very like
those who for them were huirlly pack
ing warm underclothes.
They were occupied tn what seemed a
most innocent and klndl;. se-vlce They
were doing something that In later yearn
with pleasure they will recall When
their elders, anxious to keep the talk to
themselves, protest, "But vou are too
young to remnmber the gieat war!" each
can answer, '! packed clothes for
French soldiers It. the trenches."
That pome one labelled them "society"
children mattert. not at all. of the chil
dren I have tho honor to know two. The
father of one, at th age of 19, led an
exploring expedition Into Central Africa,
further than at that time had Any other
white man. the f.itner ot anotner m
known as the most brilliant and genial
philosopher and wit slnco Sheridin or
limh. If these gentlemen are in society
I am not In a position to know, but
even If they are, why visit the sins of
the fathers on the children?
They are a fine, frosh looking group
of Amorlcan bo and girls. Their
great-grandfathers, when they were In
trouble, were glad to wi'coine French
ships, French soldiers, I'tench generals.
To-day the children .ire trying to pay a
de.hr that cannot bo paid In money, but
only bv serx-lce and generous effort.
Why call them mimes" Why, when
their thoughts are only of helping others,
start thorn to thinking about themselves?
Hicham) IlanniNU Davis.
Mount Kibco, January 30.
A Gentleman's Congratulations.
To tiik KniTon oe Tiik Sun .Sir;
Thank Heaven! Not only for a real
lady's arraignment of current newspa
per snobbery, but for our prompt and
generous acceptance of her reproof as
havng been well merited
Thus a man. and a gentleman, should
act when he realizes tnat he has been In
the wrong and thus a leading newH
paper should act If edited hy gentlemen.
I confess I too have long despaired,
but now I shall take nope.
Uist winter the Xi vv York "Blank"
devoted virtually all its fiont pago to
fulsome eulogies of a most luelgnlllcant
male "society leader" and meretricious
and much advertised "philanthropist"
who had Just ixu-sed away at one of
New York's ultra-fashionable hotels
Uu the other hand, this same paper
granted to Captain Muhan, a man of In
ternational reputation, just a few para
graphs. llow can our great d itinerary learn
properly to .(ppieelale tine values of
cliunu'ter. achievement, .mil of well
earned place, when our press constantly
in slcads It In this shallow fashion?
(INK Who Fun Wori.ii Bhsckct tub
I.anp or His BiRrit
Sni'Nii lln.vcii, Conn.. February I.
To tub IIoitoii or Tub Si: n .Sir; The
letter and article in Tub Scn on "so
cleti children" mark a departure fiom
the conventional in Journalism f.u
greater than anv dropping of tho words
"society," "wealthy' and prominent"
from their pirsent poilllon.
Willi the pioposed n form I am in
sMiipathv, its the words so far as thej
havo letalned nil) meaning give the m
piesslon that the person to whom they
are applied Is probably i Isn ptltable.
But that anv mwspaper should say "I
have sinned" Is as startling as it Is en
dearing. It makes one feel sure thai Ihe edltois
of one newspapir can divorce, themselves
from the senseless and conventional In
more than one vvay Whv, when we
are all lonscloiis that editors are human
beings In thrli private lir . they should
for unnumbered years have maintained
nn altitude of infallibility in their pro
fessional oapn' ty passes understanding.
You hnve p ayed the gentleman, and
If sour other readers weie .is giatllled
as I, sou have given nine pleasure.
Tub Si'N has again lined up against
IlAHTrono, Conn., Febrnars 2.
Can This He True?
To tub I-Jpitob or Tub Si n -.Sir; On
the occasion of ex-Piesb .1 Hoosevelfs
return from his trip ainuml the world
he was Invited by the Kaiser In witness
some military mtinoMivres, mid they rode
to the Meld together. The next il.'O the
Kaiser sent Mr. Itoosevelt a small pho
tograph taken on tho spot, on which
was inscilbeil in the KmIh.'i h.indw.ll
Ing Ihe follow ug ' What wo'ihl that old
peace horn Carnegie think oi this""
Nbw Tohk, February 2.
j BELGIUM'S CHOICE.
Her King Took Ihe Path That J.ed to
I To tub KniTon or The Sln fdr; Tho
question whether King Albert of Belgium
was Justified In Involving his country In
vvar can have but one answer where old
I fashioned Ideals of honor prevail.
I The letter slaned by II, Heppe ex-
presses perfectly the modern materialis
tic point of view, the view taken by the
statesmen who look upon trcat'les as
scraps of paper. When Mr. Deppo says
"Nor should we ro to far ns to let
women and children suffer, the men bo
killed hi battle, and all the fruit ot
years of hard labor bo destroyed Just for
the sake of national honor, which might
after all have been bitter preserved If
Belgium had consented to Herman de
mands," lie Is speaking a phllonophv
which carried Into practice would came
a nation -to die of dry rof, which would
make firemen and policemen refuse to
do their duty In time of danger be
cause they could not afford to risk
their lives and the comfort of their
families, which would make young men
nnd .v otitic women ask "Will It pay?"
'before embarking upon drods of high
'emprise and make business men refuse to
meet their obligations whenever It be
icame inconvenient so to do.
It would even make allegiance to
I one's friends a matter of comfort and
I To icallio how far this modern spirit
of looking out for number one falls
ishort of the ancient Ideals one has but
i to remember the heroes of Thermopylae,
.or the Christian martyrs whose la-ader
1 taught them to do right and leso the
1 rest to the Buler of the untversV.
The signers of the Declaration of In
dependence consciously Jeoparded their
own lives and the welfare of their faint
.les when they signed the "charter of
our liberties," but one cannot imagine
th'lr wives reminding them or that raci
and endeavoring to dissuade them, nor
his an one found Ihe Belgians be
moaning their fate. Ciesar cnlled them
"a very brave people," and so they have
, r- maltied unto this day.
I Thank God there are still many thou
sands In all nations who prefer death to
dishonor! That sentiment lifts human
ity above the brute.
King Albert and bis people have been
i trained In the old school, and tho whole
I world Is uplifted by Belgium's heroism.
1 All bmnanltv shares In her glory. She
will arise from apparent ruin a stronger
and richer nation because or what sne
has endured. Such Is tho history of
ever people which has suffered much
for an Ideal. 12- B. M.
MofNT Vbrnon. February -
THE AGE OF THE JACKASS.
i A Despondent Note on Contempora-
nrons llomestle Affairs.
n, .. 1 .... -T- . . .. (.. C' A n tl
IIITIICI.IHUIIIIII int.,-1.' " . ..--
I Balaam, could you not make more uso
ot 1 nomas asi s jacaiiss ai won inon
Is not this the Age of the Jackass In
Anna lean politics? Are :vc not passing
through the sign of the Jackass In our
political rodlac' With all respect for
their characters In private life, have not
most of us become convinced that Mr.
Wilson and his Cabinet are well mean
ing, Incompetent headstrong, ludicrous
political Jackasses to be at the head of
Perhaps we should want to except the
Secretary of the Treasurj, his perform
ing being suggestive of another animal.
And what of the party In Congress
Do not wild asses' colts come readily to
mind In thinking of theso "deserving
Democrats," feeding at the public crib
after many hungry years, and lashing
their flanks In rage at the thought ot
an body's being more successful In busl
nefs than themselves; that Is to say,
having more than twelve thousand a
vear besides tho Income from one hun
dred and seventy thousand saved? And
the pork Parrel' Greatest blessing to
"deserving Democrats" next to Bryan.
Could you not go Nast one better with
a grant of arnw to these worthies, hav
ing a pork barrel argent (free at six
teen tn one) with n Jackajis rampant?
KllKDEMCK Van Wtck.
Nst; Ycr.::. Kebryry ?
! GRIEF IN A COLLEGE TOWN.
I Spottiness I'pon "The Snn" and Dot-
I tlness Upon tho "I."
' To the BniTor. or Tub Sun Sir; Bad
i days have come upon me. 1 have seen
I a capital "I" dotted In Tub Spn.
1 Accustomed from early boyhood to re
i vero Tiik Si n and Cfirfnlliin Advocate'
I us the two best exponents of the English
language. It tills mo wltn griei to see
the capital "1 ' dotted.
Next thing you will say "monarohlul"
and you will "bring" the paper over to
the post ollice. having "leapt" over ob
structions en route. Next tho "Cuhlans"
will be i ef erred to.
1 expect to see such things In the el
low sheets, and have seen many capital
"IV dotted In the riiaca, but In Tins
Sun, my, my! It Is all I can do to re
new my subscription.
This Is not written for publication,
but In case sou do publish ll please do
not atllx my name.
1 was guilty of having a signed para
graph appear in Tub Scn some years
ago and thu neat Sunday my house was
struck by lightning. P.
New Haven, Conn.. February 2
j RIDING IN BUSES.
1 Highly Hespectable Persons Kin ploy
J This Means of Transportation.
1 To tub ICpitoii or Tub Sun .Sir;
' Please give me a seat In the bus, along
i side of "Inquirer' of Montclnlr and
I "Jehu" of Gotham, while 1 Inform them
that bus, singular, and buses, plural,
1 ate the forms prefrrred by the new
Concise Oxford Dictionary.
Should my two i-onipanlnns In the bus
not think Oxford strong enough author
' Ity to sull their critical fasten, I will
add that tho "Authors' and Printers
I Dictionary." a London publication 's
i sued b Henry Fiowde, edited by F.
1 Howanl Collins, author of "An l2pllome
nf the Synthetic Philosophy of Herbert
' Spencer," "with the assistance of many
, authors, editors, primers and correclois
of the press," the recognized pi Inters'
'authority In Ihe llrltlli Isles, Is In
hearty accord with the Oxford scholars.
John F. McCabb.
BROOM.TN, Febrtiar.v 1.
AMERIKA UEBER ALLES.
I Word of Hojolrlng From an American'
' American. I
i To tub Lpitoii or Tor Si v- .so-
Thank the lend that amid all ihesc days
'of hyphenated happenings Tub Srv still
t shines for American Americans, one of
whom Is. Fiiank A. I2uan.
I Xbw York, February 2.
Is Neutrality Hypocritical?
To Tim KniTon or Tub Sun Sir; I
have been reading TltK Si-.n since 1S78
and never rend an editorial virtlcle that
disgusted me until I read "Shall the
Cnltid States Knltst for Germany?" U
Is so unfair. It shows how hypocritical
you are In pretending to be neutral.
I may add I sm American born and
this Is the llrst lime I ever wrote a
letter to a newspaper y jt,
Nbwaiik. N. J. February 2.
The Kind of Patriotism True Nen
To tub Minion or Tub Sun .Nfr;
Please allow me to congratulate Tin:
Si-n on ihe article "Shall the ITnitdl
Slnles Knllut for Germans?" It !s
We I'fcd patriotism with a backbone,
and Tub Scn shows thnt kind
Nbw York, February I.
AS WAGES GO DOWN
MoHhHI.v Is Vcr.v Hili When
flic Kndicr Manis Less
Tliiiii 810 n W'i'ok.
KKPOWT ON T. S. IXQl'lHY
Wabiiinciton, Feb. 2. -In Its'lllst re
port on Infant mortality the children's
bureau of the Department of Labor
says It found that deaths of babies in.
vestlgated were In Inverse proportion
lo the earnings of llielr fathers; that
babies whose fathcis earned less than
M0 a week died at the rate of 2 fit; n r
thousand and those whose fathers
earned 23 or more week died at the
rate of 84 per thousand.
The report by the bureau Is the first
In an extensive Inquiry Into Ibis sub
ject. The bureau finds that the death
rate of babies varied in different parts
of the same rlty. In the poorer section,
wlrere sanitary conditions were worst,
the rate was 271 per thousand babies,
or more than live times that of the
choice residential section ot the city.
The report also shows that artificially
fed babies die at a much moio rapid
rate than naturally nourished babies.
1 1 says;
"In the earliest months of the bsby's
life exclusive breast feeding appears to
be the only safe method. Only 4.5
babies per thousand died under one year
of age when breast fed for nt least three
months, as against 165.S per thousand
when fed on artificial food up to the
age of three months.
'Where mothers were employed a
large part of the time In heavy work
babies died at a much morn rapid
rate. In one group of nineteen moth
ers whose babies alt died, flfteon had
been keeping lodgers, an arduous oc
cupation among tho foreign women,
where the wife without extra charge
often washes and Irons for tbe lodgers
and buys and prepares their food,
"The city bears Its share of the re
sponsibility for infant deiths. A high
rate of Infant deaths was found In coin
cidence with neglected streets and un
sanitary housing. In houses where
water had to be rarried In from out
doors the Infant death rate was IDS
per thousand, as against IIS per thou
sand where water was piped Into the
The findings are based on a report as
to Infant mortality conditions In John"
town. Pa. Other cities now being stud
led are Manchester, X 11.; Brockton.
Mass., and Saginaw, Mich. Johnstown
was chosen as the first city to be studied
because of Its Intel est as a type of town
In which there nro no large Industries
employing women, and because Its site
and good birth registration permitted a
study with the limited staff which the
bureau could at first assign to the work.
.Miss I, nl Prop's Letter.
In her letter submitting the leport to
the Secretary of Labor Miss Julln C.
U-ithrop. chief of the children's bureau,
says that the subject of Infant mortality
vvas chosen for the first field Inquiry be
cause of Its Importance.
According to an estimate or tbe
United States Census Bureau nt leat
3U0.000 bablin die annually In this coun
try, which means one luibj nut of eight
under one year old Miss Lathiop s
that leading sniiitai laps deel.in that I''
proper methods of h.vgler,e and ritalln-'"
tlon were observed this mimbci could
be Indefinitely reduced.
l-2very mothei of a Jotim-tow n baby
horn In 1011 was visited by women
agents of the children's bureau and In
formation obtained about the famils (ui
roundlngs of the bah. how the father
eurns the money neci-isary for his care
and how much be earns and whether the
mother works outside the home.
The reisirt vvas written by Miss Fmmi
Duke, one of the women luvesttgalois of .
the bureau. II shows that for 13.', miles
of streets and alleys only til per cent,
of the streets wero paved and but 11
per cent, of tho alleys.
MORTALITY RATE LOWER.
Dentils In City fur Week 1,1(111,
Kill list 1,11'JK l.ovl Vrnr.
A Health Department bulletin issued
yesterday says. "The mortality during
tbe past week was remarkable for the
low rate recorded." Thuro were 1. 4 SO
deaths, as ngalnst t.fiSS In the corre
sponding week In 11M4. Kvery pionil
pent cause of death showed a deciciiBed
The death rate fot the llrst four week"
of the ear was I I.Od per l.ono of the
lsipulntloii, as against a rale of H 75
for the similar Interval of 1!MI.
NEW AERO PUBLICATION.
Henry Wooillionse iinoiiiiees
I'lnns for WeeUly Xliiunrliie.
Henry Woodhutise, editor of Flump.
tbe official organ of tho Aeio Club of
An erica, announced last nluht tho pur
chase of the subscription list of .trio
otnf lltidio, an aviation vveekl of Chi-
I cago, which will cease publication. Mr.
Woodhouso and bis a.ssoclates will es-
i tahllsh a new weekly m.ig.ulne. the
.tcrlnl ,lc. with publication offices at
i 603 Fifth avenue. He will also continue
h'hiinp as a monthly.
1 H. Chadwlck Hunter of Washington,
I D. C will become editor of the Acrinl
I Aar; Walter 11. Phlpps, associate edi
tor; Boberi Pluym. foielgn news edi
tor; Henry Wuodhnuse, contributing
editor, and Gouge B. Wagner, huslness
. manager. Henry Woodhouse Is presi
dent of the company and F Illinium
Higglns, son of formei Uoveriioi' Hig
I gins. Is viei-preslileni
The new weeklv will publish the pens
of aviation and n tutors and will also
have a deMrtmeit devoted lo technical
"SUN" ALUMNI DINNER FEB. 10.
Ill-union nl lite XlHrtlnliiiit- to lie
Sieeelilei, Vn he.
The eleventh aiinil.il leuiuon and dm
ner of Tub Sun Alumni Associate n
will lake place at Ihe Hotel Muitlnlque
on Wednesday evening. IVbruni) 10, at
7 o'clock. l will be a speechless dinner
In that their w.ll be no f. rmal post
prandial programme. if the members
want any oratois thej will have to sup
ply It theninlves, either vohintarllv or
under compulsion trnni their fellows.
Dr Talcott Williams, dean or the Pulit
zer School of Journalism of Columbia
pulveihi'.s, is pr. sldent of the .iBMirla
tien, anil tne otiur oinceis arc lira
G. Mniltli and George II. Million
presidents, Collin Ariiptrong. chairman
ot tne executive committee, John P.
Kenny, secretary, and Blvhard S. Loid,
00 Broadway, treasurer.
There are nearly 200 former Sun men
enrolled in the association, and II Is
expected that conslder.ihls more than
half of them will attend this reunion.
' Vioerlenn Win, -he ;oc o IIok.Im,
Los-fins'. lMi llenrv Dunstei-
Baker, formei Anieili-.in Consul al Boni-
iiay, in uero on li s wa lo PclioRrail to
assumo the post ,,r cntniuercl.il attach
lo the American ICmbassy.
0. , m itsstMMW Mpi-ilVir"