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title: 'The sun. (New York [N.Y.]) 1833-1916, March 03, 1915, Page 8, Image 8',
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THE SUN, WEDNESDAY, MARCH 3, 1915.
WBDNTOSDAT, MAItCII 3. 1016.
t the Pont Offlo at New Tork
Geoond Close Hall Matter
Snbsrrfptlftns by Mall, FVistpnld.
DAILT, Tr Month.......... fu
DAILY, rr Year n ml
RUNnAY, Par Month S
HOKDAY (to Canada), Per torrth.... 40
SUNDAY, Per Year J 60
DAILY AND SUNDAY, Per Tear ... ill
DAILY AND SUNDAY, Per Month.... 7S
DAILY, Par Month . 1 5.1
fsUJTDAY, Per Month M
DAILY AND 6UNDAY, Per Month... I 00
TUB BVKNINO PUN, Pot Month IJ
THE BVBNINO PUN Per Year J SO
not JRYXNIKO SUN (Poreirn), Per Mo, 1 0J
oBaeka, monar order,
parable to Tna Beit.
rWUel dally, tnohidlnf Sandat, by the
0M Printing and Publlahlns AmxHUon at
17 Nassau street. In the Horoufh of Man
hattan. Now York. President and Treas
urer, 'William C. Itolek. 170 Nw.nu etren,
Vleae-PresldeM, EAwnrd I', Mitchell, 170
NMm alreet; fleoretarr, C. E. Luiton, 170
InaAoa offloe, Efflnrham Home, 1 Aran
&& afreet. Strand.
Ml offloe. I Hue de la Mlehodlere. eft
M da Qoatr fleptembre
Washington offlce, Htbbs Tlutldlnc.
Brooklyn offloa. 10 Livingston etreet.
ff twr Mitt uho favor tr((A manv
WKtot tmi illwfraMosj for (o.Mlealloe. tetth
M top refected article rrsurnti thtv mutt
Im mtl cut tend tiampt for that Burton.
Ifte Daty of the United Slates Ut
United States would lose its
Mlfrpect and confess feebleness as
a nation If It did not protest vigor
ously against the hybrid doctrine
mUlch Great Britain nnd France pro
claim, that their right to frame re
taliatory measures against Germany
JtMtlflea them In preventing "commod
ities of any kind" from reaching or
loafing that country without formally
declaring n blockade. What the Al
lies propose Is not a blockade, al
though It In their nlm to secure the
advantages of one. It has been well
aaM that "while the object of the
right of a belligerent to Intercept
contraband in transitu Is to cut off
i , ...., id i-ium mill uic ismce saieii
imports into an enemy s onuntrv. the ! . , ;.
object of the belligerent right of rom a series of tragejl es
blockade is to cut off both imports 11 ' not " "'' t"1,0""01"
and exports." So to gain their oh- such experiences will drive
Ject and to relieve themselves fronva11 " anarchist; and other reform-
the rigors and erils of a blockade
the Allies niaki' all commodities sub
ject to seizure, something that no
nation In the history of warfare hasj
ever done lefore. The United States.
in fact all the neutral nations, are '
expected lo acquiesce in thl revoln- I
tlonary procedure of the Allies. The !
neutral nations ought to have known
complacency was expected of them.
In the British note of February 10
Sir EDWAnD Gbky said :
"If hla Majesty's Ciovrrnment sliould
hereafter feel constrained to iltvlare
foodstuffs absolute contraband, or to
take, other measures for Interfering
with German trade by way ot reprlaala,
. . , ' '
wilt not be ohallensi'il on the pirt of
neutral States by appeal to Hwr and
usages of war whofo valldltv rests on
their forming an Integral part f that
Bjatem of International doctrine which,
aa a whole, their enemy frankly boasts
the lrbfjrty and Intention to disregard,
eo lona aa such neutral States cannot
compel the (ternian Government to
abandon methods of warfaie w li . b li.ne
not In recent hltry len rcKanliil as
haying th simction of either law or
The argument was that as neutrals,
who are Innocent bystanders, had
failed to persuade Germany to aban
don "submarine warfare" on British
commerce they must assent to any
reprisals adopted by Groat Britain,
although internatlonnl law governing
the rights of neutrals was to be thrown "M ln n,,i -"nrry. ine asso
Into the discard so that the Allies 'll,,'1 ,,rp,',, Ul "" wv
could continue their game of war un- lne '":,'m"-v tnil1 ,V0,!S t0 cl''l'',n
hampered. Was n cooler, more auda- , iMt ''lrome and unrivalled, that
clous jiroposa! ever made by a Brit- ""v," ,n Prattle competition and
lsh statesman? Two davs before sir lll!,t "nileavors to enforce the will of
Edwabd Obey brought It to the at- "s members on the Journalism of the
tentlon of the United States he ob-
serred that "the rules under which we
are at present eonductlng our belliger
ent operations give us no power In
the absence of n blockade to seize or
Interfere with cotton when on its way
to a belligerent country In neutral
Ships" The transfer of cotton to
the omnibus list now enncnlH any
obligation the United States was ex
pected to feel on account of the len
ity of Oreat Britain; nnd the disap
pearance of the cotton trade with
Germany would be a serious matter.
A quotation from Whmho.n is appo
"We have an ocuii between in and
the gremt armed camps of the Old
World: uid, while there are lnnumr
nbla questions as to which one. Ihiro
pean State may come Into collision
with another, the only points as to which I
we would bo likely to come into co.
llflon with a. Kiirojuan State hid thusp
rarmmed tn the, maintenance of neu-
trai nm. u was , maintain sucn
rlrtita that we went lo w.ir ln 1412:1
and, wept during the abnormal and
ereentionai emmm of rn late Hvi w.ir.
our natlonnl life has hcrelofoia been J 'his city nnd the State which Is prom
the life of a neutral and a vindicator Ned for this week, the way will be
of neutral rights. it is im- cleared for future contracts for pule
possible tn overcome the foding that thlc works, hut the existing agreements
ea, like the air, should b free, ,uid ;is tn subway construction must all be
that no Tower, no matter how great Us 1 overhauled to conform to the new con.
MexJurcea, should t permitted to dotnl
nU tt, to as to enable, It, ln cane of
Mr, to rnnnack all ships which m ty
bS met for fhfc discovery of an enomy's
mint in whnt Orent Britain and
lier partner In war propose to do, un
less headed off, ransack all ueiiir.ii
lihlps to Ktop the enemy's goods, in
practice oiocuuuo ine .iuunic ucoan. i M crippling Inlliieiice of special nrlvl
jymf becomes of the freedom of the Ik-go gradually extends Itself, The
on to netitrnls? The notice that vtn
$ols or cargoes will not be eonflscntotl
"unless they would otherwise ho sub
ject to conllsciitloti" Is aii niltnlsslon
that a regular blockade will not be
nltempleil, niid, while It If (lllllciilt to
grasp the exact meaning, a sop to
neutrals Is Intended. The Allies
Mould bettor hnvo doi.-larod n block
ado. No form of tn'lltnr.v opernllons Is
betler iimlcrstooit or more patiently
submitted to. Hut this now depart-
lire, this Illegitimate coiniMislte of
contraband nnd blockade, which not
only would ruin trade but Insult the
I intelligence and ehnllenge the Inde
pendent spirit of neutral nation. Is
a gross offence as well as a palpable
wrong If It Is to be acted upon by
Great Hrltaln. formerly the sturdy
champion of neutral rights, nnd our
old ally France. In the murk we
see one welcome ray of light. Mr.
Asquitii In his speech In the House of
Commons stated that there had been
no rejection of the proposals of the
United States relative to arrange
ment with both Orent Britain nnd
Germany to do away with the "war
zone" declared by the latter In Brit
ish waters. It Is conceivable that
this nnmltig Anglo-French project
to shut the door on Germany Is In
the nature of duress to force that
country to suspend h.er "war on"
proclamation. A tenuous hope, yet
Hut no considerations, no specula
tions whatsoever must stay an early
and emphatic protest by the United
State against the hitherto unheard
of design of Groat nrltntn and France
to close the free seas to neutral com
merce with Germany.
For the Tollre, Sincere Thanks.
No incident In the record of the
Police Department reflects on its ad
ministration and Its personnel higher
credit than the arrest yesterday of
two bomb throwers In the act of
committing their crime, nnd the pre
vention of the outrage they nttempted.
The vermin are assured of the pun
ishment they merit, their Imitators
and accomplices receive a rude warn
ing as to the nature of the wntch that
is kept on them, and the public is
comforted by the knowledge that its
protection has enlisted the intelligent
energy of a capable force. How wide
spread the conspiracy was, and how
tllltlcult the tusk of the police. Is not
yet fully disclosed, but enough Is
...... 1 1
the city, or that the police will be
able to bead off all the maniacs who
want to blow society to pieces. But
the arrest of the men who sought to
do murder In St. Patrick's Cathedral
and to destroy that edifice reveal" a
close and effevtive guardianship over
New York that the town has not
! The Immediate trial and stern pun
j ishment of the creatures concerned
I In yesterday's happily thwarted out
rage are next on the programme. Lot
the day of their departure for Sing
Sine be hastened: and let the Police
I rv,)artI11Pnt iiml forco from romn,s.
I . , , , ,. . .,,
i sloner VAoons to the newest proba-
tloner. accept the thanks of a gratl
tled community for this uniidvortltd
improvement in conditions obtaining
In New York.
Whore llir News Monopoly Stores.
It requires no deep Investigation to
discern the source of the "strong rep
resentations from sul)MTllors to a
press association" that are being
it - 1 to smother the anti-monopoly bill
passed by the Indiana Senate which
would make the gathering, distribution
and sale of news a business subject to
ihe same regulations that are now
enforced agaiiwt practically every
The Associated Press Is the one and
Ulnulr monopolistic organization In
I To every proposal to open the
precincts of its activities to all re
sponsible men, to give a fr Held and
no favor to ventures in the service
In which Its influence Is so great, the
Associated Press Is found hostile,
working through the selfishness of Its
henetlclarles, carefully evading as an
organization direct responsibility, but
always sustaining the blockade of
progress and thwarting the enterprise
Its power, exerted In a hundrol se
cret and unacknowledged ways, works
in kill a hill in Indiana. Shall we
aiinbiite to It In one or more of Its
iituneriiiis manifestations the neglect,
now displayed for a year, of the Hon.
Tiiomh Watt Grhiokt to net upon
the general and specific nllogatlonsoon-
'allied in Tiik Si-N's petition for an
Investigation Into this monopoly of
Information and knowledge?
, (1, ,,, ,,,,,, R)l ,, VrnirfM
VVm'n tnp LeKls'i""ro repeals the
anil alien Inhor law, a liberation of
dltloiut. In every case section 11 of
the labor law Is Incorporated In these
cotiiraciH, and the estimates on which
they wero based deserve the closest
scrutiny in order Unit the contractors
shall not, through the situation cre
niis by voiding the statute, make an
uiii iriicil and limine prolli
Hie history of the law showh how
preference provision as found In the
I-aws of 1807 was amplified In 1P02
at the behest of labor agitators, and
was tnkon over In ltKH) Into the Con
solidated Laws. Three Itepubllcan
legislatures passed on this discrimi
native measure, nnd three Itopuhllean
Governors, Black, Odm.l nnd Iluoitcs,
approved It. Its present form Is to
be credited to the Board of Statutory
Consolidation, which consisted of
Anoint .1. Honr.NnrcK, William B.
HoitMit.owER. John G. .ManuRN and
Aiiklbkrt Moot. This bonrd had no
power to "change In substance" the
enactments with which it dealt, lta
duty being merely one of arrange
ment. An emergency now promises relief
from the prohibition, and n Hepubll
can Legislature nnd Governor are to
undo the work of their predecessors.
This Is excellent; but the public must
be guarded lest It fall through haste,
oversight or the cunning of Individuals
to reap the full benefit of a sane and
The Chicago Opera Company was
in a measure nn offshoot of the Met
ropolitan Opera House In one of Its
moods of operatic expansion. Some
of the public eplrlted New Yorkers
who give tune and money In the effort
to secure the best operatic perform
ances for this city were concerned In
the formation of the troupe. This
year the performances were discon
tinued on account of the war. One
result of the company's bankruptcy
will be to escape the payment of lnrge
sums due singers who had already
begun suit or had made known their
Intention to attempt to recover the
money due them.
Nothing In all the career of the
Chicago Opera Company Is so sur
prising as the published list of sala
ries of certain artists. The amounts
they were to receive are out of all pro
portion to their reputations, hero or
abroad. Whether they were engaged
by Ignorant amateurs or designing
officials It Is Impossible to say. But
It Is true that the preposterous fat
salaries paid to certain singers must
have brought to bankruptcy any or
ganization. And all this happened at
a time when singers were eager to
come to this country and did not have
to he persuaded to accept five or six
times the salaries paid to them
So in such disasters as the failure
of the Chicago Opera Company there
is no blow to our national musical
taste. If our opera companies nre to
exist merely for the sake of provid
ing fabulous salaries for unknown or
little known singers, large compensa
tion nnd incidentals to conductors. Im
presarios, secretaries nnd the rest of
the crew that comes here to fatten on
the generosity of Americans, then a
company conducted on such a basis Is
to be admired. It Is one thing, how
ever, to Ih generous. It Is another to
lte so little discriminating ns to defer
to any such marvel of flnnnclnl Impo
sition as the salary list of the Chicago
Opera Company represented.
Is it the temporary absence of the
Hon. JosKi'ilt's Da.vici.s from the helm
of bis IlaJelgh Xcw.i and Observer, or
is it Imitation of his genius for
muddling, that throws at his pious,
scandalized Tar Heel readers this ex
(Phllippt.inJ!. I.. 20)
"I ln not rev all a statesman on the
lloufn side of Congrcsa who could beat
Your error till? with grief us, Jo-
sF.riifs, O, JosEriivs!
The "cruising ihnnsoms" on Fifth
avenue have long been a greater
danger to pedestrians than the
swiftest automobile. Their drivers
skirt the sidewalks leisurely, often ob
scuring approaching motor cara nnd
making It difficult for follts on loot
to kei-p out of the way of the slowly
moving hansom and other vehicles
that travel at mioh a different rate.
The abolition of this old fashioned
nuisance ought to do mucin to Improve
the dltllcult traffic conditions on Fifth
A Back Bay physician In Boston
urges men with hair at halt mast,
or with rlo hair at all, to Interest
themselves In music, because an "ex
pert statistician, after months of
labor, announces that only one of
every hundred devotees of music Is
hairless, while in every other profes
sion eleven In every' 1 are bald."
This must surely be. a mistake. An
inspection of any large, orchestra lb
ths city of New Tork will show a
greater proportion of bald men than
one ln a hundred. Everybody knows
Impressive rooking musicians who
have no more hair than a kettle
drum. The advice of the Boston phy
sician may be supplemented by the
hint to embrace muslo while youth
and hair linger: If Home people wait
a few years It will bo too late.
The latest alarm about the condi
tion of Emperor Francis Joseph
proved to hnvo had no more basis
than the fact that 'he fell asleep after
un hour'a consultation with Count
Tisza. At the Emperor's age keep
ing awake all day would be abnor
mal. Even Mr. EnisoN when he be
ci tiles a,n octogenarian will take cat
naps In spite of Ills scorn for any
ono who sleeps more than four hours
in the twenty-four.
When President McAnsnt first de
clared that the Board of Aldermen had
been transformed Into a useful part
of the city government most folks
thought he was too optimistic, but
now that the Board has declined to
discard the good, slgnlllcnnt and his
toric street namo of Varlok, be stands
vindicated In the opinion of his fel
lows. There Is ihope for the preserva
ton of Featherbed I,ane,
Senator Burton continues to keep
his eye on the river nnd harbor hill,
which accounts for the rage of a num
ber of eminent purveyors of pork In
Lnui, Maas., w the latest column
nlty to be told by n high school teacher
tli.it Its school children are guilty or
"clgarotto mnoklng, Immorality anil
Immodesty." If hlRih school prlncl-
pals wers not obliged to devote so
much time to the deportment nnd
moral? of their pupils, they might be
under the Ignoble necessity of mind
ing their own business.
Why Senator Bhown opposed Speaker
Swkkt'h plan for adjourning the Legis
lature on April 2 Is now mado clear.
He wants the lawmakers to remain in
session so that they may have ample
opportunity to prescribe bow much,
when anil whore their constituents
. . ,.u ..... . . ... i. . i. .
now Kopuniican "Slogan.
Fptown Illumlnatl May See Them
Stream, Crawl and Nestle.
To the Kditor or Tiik Sun Sir: No:
ven lower New York with Its sky
scrapers and towere Illuminated can
aurpaes upper New York whan that part
of the city la 11 1 up at night.
Oo to Washington Heights. From
171st street and Amsterdam avenue walk
down Edgecombe roud, the thorough
fare west of the Harlem Hlver. From
this point a panoramic view of Uio
Bronx Valley can be obtained.
To the north Is Waahlnaton Bridge.
Th bridge Itself In well Illuminated and
at Intervals long streamers of yellow
lights will be eeen crawling across the
bridge In opposite directions. They are
the trolley cars crossing the structure,
Further south two mrcamers of light
span the murky river, much lower In
aettlng than the lights on Washington
Bridge and much dimmer. They are the
lights on little old fashioned High
Bridge. Between the two bridges on the
Bronx aide of the rtver are thousands
of other lights gleaming from the win
dows of realdeiirvR.
Below High Bridge the stairs leading
from the promenade to the street are
marked off by rows of lights. Further
outh two green lamps nestling near the
river break the monotony of the yellow
lights. The green llhts mark the en
trance to the poljre station on Sedgwick
The High Bridge station on the New
York Central Is brilliantly Illuminated.
.Vow and then a long streamer of light
makes lis appearance and halts at the
station. The faint blast of a whistle
dlacloaea the fact that the streamer of
light Is an electric train hurrying toward
the city. When that has gone a more
powerful light flashes Into view, the
headlight of a locomotive.
When the epectntor reaches 155th
atrest he has .in extended view of ter
ritory for miles around. On looking
east he sees a well lighted trolley car
ascending a stiff grade, the railroad
yard with hundreds of Illuminated cars
lies In the hollow, while at the Junction
of the alevuted railroad and the via
duo, at Kilith ureet and Eighth avenue
the town Is uglow.
To the Kouthcjet are thousands of
lights of every description, big advertis
ing signs on the tops of buildings In
125th street, some colored, others Inter
mittent, making a very bciutlful effect ;
lights ln residences, boats, trolley care,
railroad cars, bridges anil railroad ter
minals. It Is the (Inert night spectacle
In the city. L'i.timatiii ulan.
Washington Heights, March 2.
IN THE INVERTED BOWL.
Heaven's Magnlllcent Panorama for
All to Study.
To nir Kiiitos ok The Si-n- .s'lr That
ast nlndow of our earth, wide open
abov us. through which we catch a
glimpse of ebon darkness, dimly lighted
I. -1 . .1 .. I n ...j.Vlln-
III rillUa I1IIU IlljllUUa w, r ,r. .......
suns, Is too seldom contemplated by many
Yet. looklne through that vast, open
window of our tsirth, leholt tha
ery ocean of e'her amid which our
little planet ship Is swiftly sailing. We
behold also Jupiter and Saturn, the two
largest members of our own solar sys
tem, respectively In the wast at sunset
and above the south at a later hour.
We look beyond Jupiter and Saturn, be
holding the myriads of sparkling suns,
I In the. direction of some one of which,
; possibly bdow the horlion, imr aim,
moon, Jupiter. Saturn, our earth and
I the rest of this solar system, are In mo
tion. Amid this Incalculable, Incom
' prehenslble gulf of space there revolve
and rotate thousands and tens of thou
Hjtid, m'lllone. of suns and solar ey
' tcm, hounded by the most distant stars
In the stupendous whe-1 of tha Milky
Some of these millions of stars np
lar to us from our terrestrial surface
I more brilliant and conspicuous than the
other stars. Incomparable Slrlus In the
south, Queen Capella hlsher up, and
ruddy Aldeb.tran, flickering Bete!;eu,
I bright Hluel and military lYocyon be
j te.een Capella and S.rlus, as we',1 a
1 K-gillus at the bottom of the Sickle and
1 giant Arcturus Just rising out of the
I easl, are some of theee more brilliant
and conspicuous sture. Then, many of
I the suns seem to be grouped Into figures
I Cilled constellations, the most prominent
, of which are, at this present time,
I Orion, the Dipper, Leo, Taurus, Auriga
AIkjvb us In th dark, unfathomable
i dome of night, there sparkle and acln
! tlllate the fiery suns of night, like
twinkling eyes or brilliant beacons. We
who stand at midnight under this star
lighted canopy, when streets are silent
and houses are 1n darkness, ahould In
deed feel that we are In the presence,
of the Omnipotent, All alone are we
with the stars, with th sleepless evolu
tion of ages. Overhead time ceases to
exist and progress Is measured by the
centuries of eternity. Alve us there
Is mystery upon mj-etery, dimly seen
I and more dimly understood. Amid It
all, amid th's eo-called universe, we,
i our earth and Its solar system, float
about like a veritable speck of dust In
an ocean of ether.
Charles Kevirs Holus.
Dover, N. H March 2.
A Grateful Government.
To the Editor ok The flu Sir; In
a recent Issue ot The Sun was noted
an article concerning the gift ot ser
vice medals to the employees of arma
ment factories by tho British Govern
ment. I trust they will not be dis
tributed after the method adopted by
Thirteen yenrn after "the rifth Army
Corps returned from the brief cam
paign In the Province of Santiago the
I'nitcd States fiovcrnment annuunced
the award of sen Ice medals to partici
pants, with the tUalltlc,H(nn that the
soldier first forw.ud t' cents, postage
stamps not acceptable, a rather stiff
price for two cents worth of Junk,
Cimcoi'KR, Mass, March 2.
'i'o tiik IhUTou or Tun St'N Air.' The
editorial article this morning, "Two
t'nwntten Letters" of Wilson nnd
Bryan Is a most opportune suggestion
nnd enprecses the wish of the majority
of people, It Is a most regrettahln cir
cumstance that Senator Hoot Is not now
Ill this lesponslhle post
Could you not iiImi sugnest something
whi'ieby I'rcsld. nt Wilson could resign
In favor of nx-l'resident Tuff Taft and
Knot would be a most splendid pa.r lo
handle not only the. dltllcult foreign
position, but tnuld no doubt pilot us
out of the domestic troubles the other
two have got us In A Dk.mociiat.
Najiaiiktii, Ph., March 1,
What True Tors Say.
To the ICniTon or The Sun Sir. Your
correspondent Is right when ho says
that true mariners say "no'lbweat" and
not "nor'wesl " My expeilencn with
Long I Hlit ml mid Maine marlncrx lead
mn to believe thai every true tar always
Hays "no'lb." Only amateurs and fresh
water sailors use "nor'."
Lkwis C, Gnovr.a.
nitooKLTN, March I,
DER FRIEDENS TIF TER. 'I PENNSYLVANIA ORATOR.
Hermann Otto von Solxhaoher Can Be , The Late W. F. llensel Was a Cam
Consulted From 2 to palgner of ItcmarkuMo HKIs.
To tiik Eoitor op Tiik Hun sir: tt ! To Titr Eiutor or Tnr Spn .sir, The
Is at mt plain to be seen by everybody, I death of Wlll'atn t; Hvnsol of Lan
even by Americans, that Germany muatjtaeter. Pa., at Savannah on Saturday
come out on top. while on his way south for his health.
It would have been hotter If the Amor- removes one of the most Illustrious law
lean press had acknowledged Oils from I yers the State bus ever produced, 'He
the first and not befuddled the poople, as was one of the survivors of that old
many of them havo been trying lo do fashioned school of Jcffersonlan Demo
with scare heads nnd ami-German prop- crallc lawyers of a generation or more
agaiida. 1 ago In Pennsylvania, rugged, masilvo,
But there has already been too much lndom. table, such as Jeremiah H, Black,
spoken and written about the disagree- i Charles It. Buckalcw, Samuel J, Bitmlall,
able: let us turn aalde from It for a I William A. Wallace, Chaunccy F Black
while And itake. a look ln ttVUt.r'q I and Colonel Levi S. M.iHli
j Dictionary, where we find the two most
beautiful words In the whole English
language. I refer to the two words
"universal peace." Look them up, my
inenn, tney win oo your eyesight good,
We all forfet thuni at tlmea; avau Our
mans forget tnem.
Every German, as well as every Amer-
lean who can think, not only has wanted
peace from the first, but Germany has Itohert E. Pattlson, Naturally Mr.
never and never will want anything but llensel took the stump In behalf of
peace, first, last and all the time, yes, the Democratic nominee. During the
but the right kind of peace. ' course of the campaign I heard him
Let us then look forward In our Im- i speak onr night in the vourt house nt
aginations, for so far we surely can York I nevtr saw an audience so spcll
tmaglne, to that grand day when the j bound Jinder the Influence of human ora
representatives of all the natrons, with lory. The court room was packed with
Uncle flam as umpire, shall all come humanity. Not only was every avail
together tn that glorious hall In The able seat occupied but people stood In
Hague where I once had the pleasure the aisles and alonic the walls and were
of spending one of the most delightful j
afternoons of my life ln thn company
of Mr Andrew Carnegie, with Germany ' was a halmy night in the early autumn,
satisfied and everything forgotten. Eng- and many who could not gain admlt
land and Belgium, at present r dlssat- tance linked In at the windows,
lsfled and blind to the great new world Mr llensel spoke for about an hour
era, and England so egotistical that she j and a half. He had very effects e cam-
thinks Tletiritim thlnkji evervt him- 1nt I tinlin, mntertnl nml iim fh lenrilnf rtrn.
aa she would have, her think It hotr, I
of them wer there, satisfied and with
their eyes opened. '
They will then pee the gratltlld" thev
owe to Germany, so large that It can
never tie, paid ; but nevor mind.
They will then eee that It was all for
the best, like thn patient objecting to
his medicine and afterward thanking
the doctor, as they long ago saw that It 1
was for the best In 1870, when she es-
tabllsbed herself and the great Vn
Ilismarrk made the remark that, "Now
or never was the heglnnlng when two
great nations, Germany and the United '
States of North America, should rule i
And from that first Hague meeting. '
and ii'it before, when these two make
their great world alliance, will date
HcnMANN Otto vow Sei.ziucurr.
University of Chicago, every day from
P. M. to 4 r. M.
Ciiicaoo, February 21.
LEADING THE LEGION.
The Suspicion of Polities Will Injure , rne 'n h's place simply in th- midst lu.-ti is .jinetlme? res.. Med to by shal
Its t'tefnlnex of H l'-lfK'r' deliate. probably on Mine , ! philosophers who imagine ihai we
(1,t ,n f Rr,,v, ,-n.. national law, i,,k down on nl-r merely because, wo
To TIIK Horror, or The Scn Sir The and 1 tcxerheir.l except In th. ciseofldi nlc pa(n truth about It, I wish 'o
ohject of the American Legion Is won-
derful. but I aa an ex-sallor fear It will
havo a very serious disaster In this way
From a conversation I haxe Just had'
with various Individuals who are ex
smlnrH anil nl,ller. th m.i l.int i cav
Ihev would not care to Join it because '
they fear that, puttlns a polltd Ian -t '.H'l' use f. even on the spur of the
Ui. head of It. It would be subsidized moment, durlnc the course of his re
and become a part and parcel of some marks. In the Gubernatorial cam-
I In an organisation of this kind we
i do not want a politician at tho head,
but a good retired General or Admlr il.
lone wno Knows now nnd when tn On
thins at tho proper moment 'h
body should be an outfit of men gov
erned by men who have red corpus les
and force, not by Individuals who are
chasing phantoms and are addicted o
ilitooKt.TN, March 2.
I The Legion's Two Hranrhes.
I To tiik EniTon or The Sun Nir. The
1 American I.cglon consists of two prac
' tlcally dlsttnut branches. First, the
line, composed of men who formerly
served with our army and navy and of ,
other men with somewhat similar train-
Ing who can at least handle a modem
bleb power rltle and take care of them-
selves. roiiKhlng It ln the open, Second,
ti.t.l tM la tho iriri'V. fh.-.t art f ,r h.i..
y : , : V. .
nui urni niuuc piuiu iu win j,uunu, wnui
Is called the special service.
For this special service branch of the
Legion no mllltnry training whatever
is necessary and Its members need never
li.iv ,.n a hli-h nnwnr rttle 1 Is to
: , , : ,
be composed of civilians, and the only
training asked of them la that already
lecelved In any one of the thirty or :
forty occupations that become In case
of war as rttally r.ecessar)' to the
country's defence as Is regular military
training. I mean such trades and pro-
festilons as those of doctor, railroad
mm, aviator, chauffeur, radio operator,
I Our appeal Is made direct to the cltl
! zens of the whole country. That tt will 1
I be received ln the eame spirit It Is made
' Is already evidenced by the torrent of
, mall, telegrams and .telephone mess.ices j
' w ith which we are flooded a few hours .
after the publication of that appeal. I
ARTitva S. HorrMAN, I
fttciiMONn Hill, L. I., Mnrch 2.
ana in-many i.iiicu. ..-irryini; uown . what he has earned, I believe In democ
THP PARENTS' LEAGUE ,witM " lo "LI1? ,.p'" ?f n!lllon :racy; yet I contend that no majority at
ine. rnrinn ucnuue. The preat historian Fruncls Porkman ,he ballot box can alter a fact or change
Was It Wise In Itecommendlnr "An
drorles and the Lion"?
To tiik EniTon or Tiik Sun Sir; One
need not take very high ground nor give
occasion for offence if lie vrntuies t..
I deplore the. actions of tho "Parents'
League In recommending Shaws An
. drocies and the I.lon" as an entertain
the vounV irseems another
.. ' nrolectTnc uoon voutb thi ,
i:ivn with the
I Christian It Is hard
.-iin th, veM
', I . ,
ties of religion, and as life ko' on ami
spiritual promptings become fainter. It
Is conceivable that what once stirred
and animated the soul can, without re
pulsion or protest, b made material for
ridicule and laughter. Hut why drny
the younir their Ideals and enthusiasms?
Why. above all,, deprive them of the
chance, though one In a hundred, that
their Ideals may survive longer than
ours have survived?
The patriot. In our own annals, can be
transformed Into a farcical figure as
well aH the early Christian martyr Shall
we hold Washington up to ridicule for
the entertainment of the young and
feed their patriotism upon ihe spectacle
of tho miseries of the "prison ship mar
tyrs" eleverlv turned to minister food
for mirth and mockery? lt Is to be
hoped the "Parents' League" w'll tecon
slder its action. Alfukd Younu.
Nkw Voiik, March S,
See Almost Any Primer.
To tub EniTon or Tiik spn sir. Al
most any primer on grammar Is plain
and concise, giving the rules of syntax
In language that costs no effort to un
derstand, Why can't some of your cor.
respondents, while Imbibing knowledge
from this i-ouive, copy the style of com
position ns well? If they would do this,
your renders would he saved the horrors
nf having to reduce to elemental su -h
phrases as "cnsmlcal verities," "esoierlc
power." "counot.itlve Intent" and other
bombastic twisters of the night school.
T. 11. W.
Gl.KN Hiduk, N. J., March 2.
John and William,
was looking over an old copy of "Jack 1
the Giant Killer" last evening and erne I
aoross these words, uttered by the giant'
To tiik Kpitoh or Tub Spn-
when he sensed Jack In his vldnlly:
Ke. tl, fo, fum,
I smell the blood of nn Rnxllshman.
He he alive or be he dead,
I'll srlnd ht bonee to make my hread
I could nut tlnd out whether the
giant's name was William or otherw Inc.
but jou will remember Jack was not ;
ground up. D, H. Tcnnkt,
Nkw 'ouk, Marclt :,
W. U, Henael was one of the most
magnetic stump speakers 1 hnve ever
beard. In the campaign of 1 800. when
1 Senator Quay forced the nomination for
liovernor ot poor George Wallace Uela-
mater, who some fears afterward com -
milled suicide In Pittsburg, the Demo
cratlo party believed it could repeat Its
, success of 1882, and araln It nominated
Jimmed within the enclosure of the bar
and even sat upon the window sills. It
tor of his party In the Mate he knew
how tn blare the way. The lsues were
shirplv denned Senator Quav did not
seem to line prneieil liv the ilefe.il ofjlogH M day long
bis m uhl-ie In 1HS2. nnd bad nominated
Delam.ile:- against the protests of the
very element ln his pirty which had
made the elctlon of Rittteon possible
eight years before The corruption of
Ihe yn:iy machine, with nil Its scandals,
naturally provided a very effective
wenpon for sU'-h an orator as W. V
llensel I tint night at lork It seemed
ns If during the time he spoke not a
man In that vast audience had the
courage to move, or else lie was so
transfixed by the eloquence of the
speaker that he was totally oblivious to
anything but the migt- drawing power
and personallt" of thai wonderful
speiker. tn .ne,im and Invective and
In toe magnificent llow of ponderous.
well round'-d sentence- v. U Henel
reminded me of Senator Ingalls when
be was In the Senate from Kansis.
Many a time when I was n newspaper
reporter In Washington back ln 1S0O I
sit in the Senate gnllery under the spell
of Senator Ingnlls's oratory when he
Jir nenei toicn ponoerous, voluminous
and Immaculate sentences roll so
rapidly from human tips.
W V Henel differed, however, from
M-nuor lagans as nn or.nxor in uns re-
"I.e. t. that he had a very d. ep and de
i ghtful sene of humor, which he often
P1gn of In Pennsylvania the late
William M. Rlngerly, who was then
elltor of the Philadelphia Rrronl. was
h" Democratic nominee. Gmenl
I'aniei n n-i-uups was ms opponent.
iener.il llisilnc had never seen any
.o t, .e m1 itan service, '"it be derived
hl mllit iry H'le from t'i fact that a
few years before as Adjutant-General
ot ine Mate ne mn irone to joansiowu
with trops Immediately after the areat
flood ar.d restored order. I accom
pan'ed Mr Slngrrly In his campaign
ever the State One nlcht after a re-
reinion at ine uuqu.-Mi" i rao in i'ni.
burg we Wrded our spe -il train for
Hellefonte. General llastlnirs's borne.
whre we Intended to "heard the lion
In his den. We arrived nt Hellefonte
at X o'clock ln the mornlnq and pro
in the mornlnq and pro.
reeded directly to the court houe to.,,, lh. u,j., ,iii-,ui. ,,r nr.a
hold a meetlnc Wore breakfast After ,
Mr Flng'rly bad spokm the local chn.r-
man aroe to his feet and sild : "I.adls ,
nt.,1 p,,,Uma,i If r,ftli fflvn. m e-rent
, " . '. ' I
pinmjre to ijiirtmijce 10 jrou I
U. Henscl" Mr. llensel got up with
just the auirirestlon of a smile In hlsj,e. the 'man t d,B.',5e .)ls .nie
eyes, and sold, without the slightest , dreamer the stuffed prophet the fool
l esir itlon : "Ladles and gentlemen, your , philosopher, who Imagines some crazy
rliMrmin I. omnu'hm In error I am
, , ,' ' ' L lopia in wnicn inuor is to be a roente
rnt entitled to any military appellation. .oy kln1 of PC11C forcxermore Will-
I neither founht nt Gettysburg nor at'Um Mo , d ,.j , .Markha.m for.
Johnstown.'' It Is unnecessary to eay,kootn,
here the audience woe convuled These nii.a t.irrir, iin." e
The death of W. l Hensel will be Mnrkh"a mar- not onls falVe ae the ve?v
rlr.cerelv mourned by the people of the f',-,? thev a re , . n. ,,,i a lL)?Z
whole State, but more especially by the
bar, whlh he mi greatly honored and
Van Ham an.
N'vw Ycnic, March :
An Fiisurressful Trial In the Cana
dian Colony nf Lonls XIV.
To the EniTon ok Tiik Sun Fir; Pa
ternal, s a In North America Is not a
pew rxptr'mem It has been well tried
has recorded the experiment and Its
utter failure ln bis series of American
h stories, commented upon by John
ris'se In his Introduction thereto as
In f'mvla the prnteetlve. paternal, so
li mil.- vr n.itur illtle theor of govern-
num. H l the same old cloven hoof under
hteer specious nam" you Introduce it.
,uny Carrl"1 ln, flr-ratlon
'hMl "' any n,h'r ""'"""""O' """"' to,
hl.tor fucepa anetent ITtu. No room .
1 rrt"' A" '""""Inse were iiatMn.HU.d.
i!'i,'wr"m'"1 looked after every man's In-
tereete In this world end In the next.
,,,,,, f,0lpj , me-m,,, hlm
and paid the bride's dowry, rave him a
bounty with every child that was born
to htm, stocked his cupboard with gar
den eeeds and compelled him to plant
then, prescribed the elze of his houee
nd the number of horees nnd cattle he
mlsht keep, and th eiact jiercentnire of
profit he inlrht be allowed to make, and
how hla rhtmnevs should be swept nnd I
how many eervante he mltht employ, and I
what theological doctrine he mlsht be I
lleve, sn.l what sort of breid the bakers
tntsht bslie. end where (-nods mlirht b" 1
bnucht and how much iiilpht be paid for
thm. and If In n society si well cared
for It wer pnsslhle to And Indlitent per j
eeti, su h pauper were dulv relieved j
rrani a fund established by tlovernment .
unmitigated benevolence win th- theory
of Louie XIV's t'nnatttan Colony, nnd
henrt'e political eionomy had no place
We all know the result. Internal
falluie and a dlicful smash when this
aitillclal strii' lure collided violently
against Hrlllsh and Yankee ,ndl ldti.il
Ism. Some of our own meddlers and
coddle rt should read Parkman.
ALKnrn II. CllUIKSII NK.
Nkw Youk, March 2.
Tn tup EtiiToit or Tun Sun- -sir- sin
Lee. wb" wrltiti to Tub Sun lauding
and doi.n.linu Hilh Siinduy, concludes
Ills 1-lter w h III, i eeiueii. e "Give hlm
a hand oi t-hut up" llv'dentlv Sun-
dn'e highly riiesiertleldiuii manner and
speech ne Homrwhat eontavtous mixing
IiIh followers Some of iih think that If I
i i man . ii. in. iik i-i ray in u is reiuv
" ' r" '"j", ' "l1""' v,"'' 1 '
'M "L J, I r'"'rr."'"ll'H 'f'"1
1 l,plr""' l",l,a., that the speaker
Is not unite sure of his subject.
Nuw Youk, March 2. T, P.
The Plalnllelil fjnle.
Ti iiii:'"' t n or 'I'm St .sir Vic
tor li kpii) lie of NeaaK. N .1 icfois
to polliiuiie as iihMic 'o anls what's
the matter with jou, Wetor don t you
read the papers'' John K. PeVoiik
Pi.AiNnitLP, N, J March 3.
It Never Can Be Lightened by Senti
To Tin: Editor ok Tiik sun Sir. I
have profound rcepect for a genuine
laborer, no matter what kind or work
ho doos. With so many millions ot u
on this pluiiet, and all of us dally In
need of bread and raiment and nheltor,
there Is endless work tn be done: nnd
most of It Is sure to bring weariness.
As a boy and young man I wan taught
motlly In Ihe school of bard work on a
farm In western Now York. My father
used to raise eoveral acres of potatoes,
and he depended on mo and my brothers
to tako most of the oaro of them, Fre
quently we planted them In newly
turned "green od," which had never
been under the plough. It was trying
labor for young hands to find earth
enough to cover the wed, H was hot.
1 nam labor In the month of June no
drive a horse between the rows with a
shovel plough j It was back breaking
toll to bend over a row ot potatoes all
day long and pound sods among the
stalks with the hoe.
When tho hoclhg was done we began
haying. It was a weariness to the
bones for n young man of in or 1G to
drag a scythe through lodgod clover ln
stony, stumiy Ileitis "from morn to
On dayn for hauling in the hay I
have helped to handle ten big loads
from "dew off" to sunset, and 1 used
to grow to tired with the effort that
i my bod seems weary yet, though It
l a quarter of a century since 1 left
the farm, There, were other kinds of
bard labor on a farm ln Allegan)
county thirty years ago. Father and
my brothers and I cleared up and put
In shape to till about fifty acres of
woodbind In ten years, tt la no fun
' for a growing boy to awing an axe or
' to pull a crosscut saw or to pile up
1 therctoi e know- what It Is to earn
my bread with the sweat of my brow.
And though I havo been supporting
mjself foi nearly twenty-live years
with a kind of employment far less
physically fatiguing than the work t
have been desir.hlng, I feel that when
men are oeeklnc a solution for the per-
i piexlng probiin of labor I have soma
right to be heard
In THE SUN of February 14 Benjamin
Macmahon preachus what aeoms to ma
ii foolish and dungcrous doctrine. Its
fundamental error, taken from quack
, reformen, like William Morris and Ed
win Markham, seems to lw that when
th. world progresses far enough man-
, ual .abor will cease, to be Irktome. If
, Mr Macmahon has ever done an honest
da'i manual labor he ought to know
that he la helping to create, a fool's
paradise and to augment tho discontent
whUh Is threatening to overturn civi
But to head off oi sort of reply
explain Mhat m attitude 1a toward tht
worklnginan. My father has been a
worklnirman all his days, and so have
most of my relatives. Theee things be- !
Ine so, and having earned m bread in
the sweat of my hrow. I contend that ,
my feeiinic inr the laborer is a feeling
of strong Interest and deep smpath,
though I have lewMvcd a college educa
tion and have been a teacher In a public
high school for man) years. Hut I do
not see the laborer through the murky
atmosphere of Edwin Markham's "Tho
Man With the Hoe-' the worst Insult
cei offered to the poor and the lowly
fin. e man was condemned to earn h,s
bread with hlx bands.
1 look upon the laborer an a man and
a brother; 1 see In him what I might
have been If my loving parents had not
made sacrifices that I mlKht have an
occupation not ro hard and bitter as
their own. No, th man 1 look down
upon Is not the poor fel.ow condemned
,n .m ii. u .i, ,. . .. .h-,nu.
,,0.t.lH,rr of AK,S lu. painted ni:,
a kln1 of ..nutl.. or MM wi.,n the light
hilown out In .!. l.raln llohert Hume.
H.h ,n, ho. pu,. ,., bft th
nf ,....-.. ... .,. t-ain.,1
Hrltaln Abraham Lincoln another man
wln thn no to b(' th uerr of
., . .
me man i scorn is ine semtmen
ftlway. b-.n, as lt Ik a u haIl evpr
t.. I '. . . . ""'"" "" ,
,,ic i",i,, . . .,...,, ....;
pulson In this ace of social unrest. No
wonder this aencratlon breeds fools like
the McNamarns, who Imanlno you .an I
change man'a destiny with dynamite '
Tso wonder that socialistic loafers, who
havo ceased to labor theroelves. talk
murderouely when you mention t, ! cesb
ful men like Carneirle and Itockefellcr.
I believe ln union labor. 1 b-lle
In reasonable legislation for the work
Ingmkn. I believe In reasonable hours.
I believe In Just wages nrd III all leplt
male nlcans to procure f..r the lower
the heart of man. I believe lu progretts.
yet I contend that no forward move
ment can ever aweetnn the bitterness
flack on the farm from which I came
they do manv things by machinery now,
but when I go there year by year I eee
that tbe-e who han taken my phi e,
though they are young, are rutted nnd
mark.vl with the primeval curre of
manual labor. They ore still up from
sun to sun. and when night comes thev
house as wearily as we did thirty years
apo P wn In tho mines men work only
eight hours now, but they are Just un I
dlsatislleil na they were when they
worked fourteen. Nay, they are more
discontented. If they worked only four
hours they would be more discontented
still Michael C. Donova.
Watkiwuiit, Conn., March 2,
THE POLISH NUNS' SONG.
Project of Printing nnd Selling It to
Help War Sufferers.
To nir. EpiTon or Tun Sun Mr: Where
i an I iiet a copv of the "Song of the
N'uns at the Consecration of the Hanner
of Pulaski'"' It Im a song worth know.
Ing and If It was well nold why could
not money be mad that way to uld the
Poles? The pong commences.
Whn the dylnx flame of day
Throned the ehnneel ehot lta ray
I'ar the glimmering taper shel
Paint llsht on th" ron led h' ad
PaNvii.Ln, March 2.
Tho Senson nt Wallaek's,
To tiik EniTon or Tiik 8t'N .Sir: May
one surmise that the letter from Mr.
Hlchard Fletcher In Tin: Suh of IVbru
ar :? referred to me and to Ihe eeason
for which my wife and I are reeponsl
ble at Wallacli's' May I point out to
hlm .ind to those who inny huve read
In: le'tei a ettor Into which he has
fall, n 1 i-avs .
U Is self e'leni thi.l most of the e(,t
have been ,,c. i p ie, t,v suberlber ,
There Is no subs.'i Ipilun nt Wallach's i
Seats are a bo obtained at the box
olllce In the usual way, and the succih I
of our wotk has depended and will con- i
llnue to depend simply nnd solely upon i
the number of ordinary playgoer who
take them II. Giianvillk IHitKim I
Nkw Youk, March 2 '
To Tin, El t in OK 'I hi: si n .Mr at
Is huc'i'jim anywa " Is l gettfng what
we want tn large quantities? ii, T
Danbuiit, Conn., March 1,
NO MONEY LEFT FOR
School TiPiHlorfl Discuss Hill lo
Cut Ppnnntipiil Fund in
SPLIT ON SMALL BOA Ml
Ar.BANT, March 2.Wllllam G, wl
cox rrf the New York city Board of Ertj.
cation at a hearing before tb Assomb!
CJltles Committee to-lay asserted that
the teachers' pension fund of the olty Is
bankrupt. He said that this condition
whs the reason for the Introduction of a
bill permitting the city authorities to
use )300,000 of the permanent fund n
$800,000 for paying pensions to teachers,
thus reducing the permanent fund tn
Committeemen questioned Mr. WU.
cox, and he said that next year as well
ns this year the city would require
about $1,100,000 for pensions, and proh
ably would be $.100,000 short ; If thai
amount again Is taken from the per
aniinent fund there will remain but
$200,000, and that the year after that
Ihe permanent pension fund would be
wiped out and there would be nothing
for the teachers now contributing 1 p
cent of their salaries to the rctlrem. v
As a remedy for this situation M'
OrueeO Stracban, president of the Inter
borough Teachers Association, has had
prepared a bill Increasing the contribu
tions by the teachers, turning baok to
the city treasury the money In the per
minent retirement fund nnd Mrlklng
out of the law Ihe provision that f, per
cent, of the excise lax moneys received
by tho city shall go to the retirement
fund. Under tho proposed law the
Hoard of Estimate would have to make
up deficiencies for pension payments In
the regular city budget.
Teachers nt Odds on tllll.
The teachers offered dlverglnc Views
on the Ellenbonen bill leduclng the fer
manenf fund from $S00,O0O to 1500.000
Miss Strnchan favored It. She said she
knew of une teacher who had been thirty,
eight years In the schools who could not
be retired because of the lack of funds,
Frederick 7.. Lewis, chairman of th
central pension committee, opposed the
bill, declaring that It meant the end of
the pension fund. He a.-'serted that th
Hoard of Education had spent for other
purposes about $i,000,n07 of funds
which should now bo In thu pension
Frederick C. Marr reported 6,600
Urooklyn teachers niralnst the bill.
Miss Isabelle I'nnls opposed the bit,, de
claring that President Emeritus Thomas
Hunter of the New York Normal Si hool
had received about H0, 000 In pensions
Hlthouch he had contributed $110 to the
fund and she wanted tho teachers who
pay most Into the fund to recetve th
The Hrennan bill cutting down tht
number of the New Yoik city Hoard of
IMtiCHtlon fiom forty-six to nine mem
beis showed that the boiril Itself Is spilt
on Ihe proposition. Thoo opposed to
the big board declared that the "minds
of forty-six men never will meet on a
problem" : that the board Is too un
wieldy , that the board rrreetlngi are too
stormy nnd that there Is no coordination
In the work of the present board.
tVllr for Sininlt Monrrt.
Pr Jnmes H. Wile of the board de
clared that half of tho members favored
the reduction to nine members, saying
that two or three men practically control
the board now.
Othors who favored the change were
Pr Leonard P Aytes of the Sage
Foundation. William G. Wllleox of the
Honrd of Education, Charles I Howard,
president of the Public Education Asso
clatton of Now York, nnd Howard
Nudd, director of the Public Education
Those who sp"l(e in opposition were
President Churchill. Gen G. W. V!n
uat", Edward Mand'l of the Men I'r
clpnls Association. Graco C Stra hm.
Magnus Gross of tho New Vor'-.
Teachers Association, Isabelle Iin'.s of
the Clnss Teachers Association, and
Ernest It. Crandall of tho livening High
School Teachers Association.
President Churchill cautioned the
committee to remember that de.l g
with 'ho fducLtlon.il system of the v
they weie dealing with a sacred th.'
"If you vote to throw out of
forty-six trnlned men, to bo replace 1 hy
nine to h picked by accident by vji
Mayor, who Is no clairvoyant, you sre
a pretty ruthless bunch," said Mr
Mr Mandell drew applause when i.e
urged a larger board inetrud of a
smaller one, declaring
"Wo don't want men like Seth Low or
Samuel Warburg or women like Mu-s
LUItan C Wald, or others from the Mur
ray Hill district to run our school sys
tern. What we do want are men t carer
Hell's Kitchen, men nearer tho Ea1
Side, and men who know what the peo
ple need, what the aspwatlons of the
pour are "
The committee will consider t' e b.l's
I PULITZER EXECUTOR UPHELD
Jodson llnd nitlit lo Deiunnit Com.
mlailons, SnrroKnte I'linls.
Surrogate Cohalan denied yesterdav
tho application by Arthur C. Train, as
guardian nd litem nnd friend of the tw
children of Italph Pulltrer. Jr , for the
removal of Frederick N. Judson, the Ht
Louis attorney, nn an executor and
trustee under the win of Joseph PullUe'.
on the ground that Judson was Incom
petent to net because ho has refused to
accept the L'.o 000 ltgae provided n
the will in lieu of commissions re
amounting to $uoooo.
The Hurrogate finds thnt under 'he
inw Mr Jil li.ni had a right to e'e
whether he r v ' I accept the bequee'
take 'i s regui ir commissions and '
there, is .dearly no ground for h's
inovil The Surrogate nccordlngh .'
misses the proceeding
ALTJIAN COjanSSIONS FIXED.
Executor nnd Trnsteca tn HeeeMe
The commission! of Michael Pried' i a
Pr Hernnrd Sachs, George lt rte id
Edwin .1 Stelner as executors ft'.,,
trustees under LVe will of Henjam n u
man were flxef by Surrojato 1'owle
yesterday at J.lil.n22 each
Tho Surrogate denied claims of Ms"
C Sullivan and Man' Iteiily, tw.
man employees to hcqucMs of 5 '
nnd $1,000 nopivt'vi lv under tbr
on the ground that they hail not i ,
employed a lUfTu'.-et b-igili of fine
Vlera Fa I'roicnnj's Prrslilenl
MdNTKMPKO. Mnrch 2 -The conn'
the tltUKU.iv election shows tlnii t
1'ellclano Vlera has been elected Pre--dent
of I'ruguiiy. Pedro Coslo will .
main In the Cabinet as Mmlslei of
ii, i tao and l)r Mian Carlo Itl.wi o w'
be Minister ot Public oil; ai,.l 1 .
tlel Otero Mil l--ter ,if 1orcign fi ,
iil niliir's I' i ecu 1 1 1 su,,,.,, ,,
Sis ,ui ii ii ,l . i ,
leu liv. an i iju
loch I 'iu de t aio ,
Salx idor, i h i 'cd .ii I, , .
Inducted Into office ye.-ttida