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THE SUN, THURSDAY, MAY 27, 1915.
THI'IISIUY, MAY 27. 11)15.
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Published dally. Including .Sunday, by the
Bun Prtntlna and Publishing Association at
17ft Nassau street, In the Ilornufh of Man
hit-tan. New York President and Treas
urer, William C. ltelrk, 170 Nasiau street;
Vice-President. Kdward P. Mitchell, 170
Naosau street. Secretary, C E. I.uxton, 170
leindnn offlr. ntllngham llouee, 1 Arun
del street. Strand,
Parla once. Hue At la Mlohodlere, oil
Hue du quatre Feptembre.
Washington offlce, Hlbba nulMIng,
Brooklyn offlee, 10 Livingston etret.
owe frienitu icho favor ut irlth must
tcrlptt and tlluntrallont for publication wlih
to hale rtltctid artltltt relumed thev mult
In all catei ieni itampt tor that purpoM.
Whether the Injury to the Ameri
can freight steamer Nebrnsknn was
caused try a floating mine or a torpedo
remains to be determined : nnd until
the details nro fully reported Judp
Bient must be iUspenrJed. In view of
the fact that the boat wan outward
bound nnd In ballast, nnd of the Ger
man Oovornment's statement delivered
at the Stnto Department hy Count
ton IlrRNSTonrr on May 11 that It
bud no Intention of attacking from the
air or by submarine neutral ships of
commerce not pngngpil In hostile nets.
It Is fair to presume that the Nc
brnsknn was not torpedoed. It Is
true that the torpedoing of the Nor
wegian ship Mlnervn, from Knglnnil
to Chrlstlaiiln, seems Inconsistent
with the (Jerinnn declaration of In
tention, but until the contrary Is
known the United States must trust
In the good faith of the fierman Gov
ernment. Moreover, to torpedo the
Nebniskan. and especially nt this
time, would Indicate an unlntelllpence
or rocklessnes hard to believe.
The country, lit full control of Its
nerves, will await calmly the clear-
Ing up of this Incident or accident, ns
It await the German reply to 1'resl
tWiit Wilson's note.
Governor Whitman's Backbone.
Governor Ciiahi.kh S. Whitman In
coriKjrate In his anatomy a back
bone of admirable perpendicularity
and excellent resistant quality. Were
he not the possessor of such a spinal
column he would not have dismissed
the charges against the four Public
Service Commissioner of this district.
It required a highly commendable
courage and a stuhltornncss of will
not too frequently nsmelated with
public office and political ambition to
deny the demands of Itepubllcan hun
ger which clamored for these sustain
Mr. Whitman was urged by the
ituatlon of his party, the aspirations
of Its lenders, the animosities of In
fluential interests to extrude Mr. Mc
Call nnd his associates from their
Jobs. His authority In the premises
was unlimited. Had he found them
guilty of Incfllclency. neglect and mis
conduct In offlce, his decision would
not have been subject to review, nnd
he could have, counted on enthusias
tic approval of his course by the great
majority of his fellow partisans and
by a not negligible lody of men who
nurse a personal enmity against those
who would have teen his victims. The
temptation to deviate from a Judicial
attitude was strong; the Governor's
creditable resistance to It has earned
for him the right to commendation.
On the merits of the cne, It may
be said, the assailants of tho ac
cused commissioners were hopelessly
beaten. This Is true. A bitterly antago
nistic legislative committee was unable
to produce evidence sulliclent to Jus.
tify the charges made against the
four victims of Its Inquisitorial proc
esses. Their answers completely ex
onerated them of the wrongdoing nl
leged. In not a few specifications the
testimony recorded by the Investiga
tors denied the allegations, Hut the
dependence of the persecutors was on
the assumed political bias of the tri
bunal to which they appealed, and had
their Judgment of Governor Whit
man's ultimate disposition been accu
rate their scheme for revenge and
polls would, have been niuvessful
ft Is in order to .onjr.itiilji tf Mr.
McC.w.i.. Mr. Ciiajl- Mr. Williams
nnd Mr. Woon on the vindication
of their eflleleney, diligence and cor
reet conduct In olllce; and It Is
equally In accordance with the pro
prieties to felleltalo Governor Whit
man on his opjioslfion to the forces
that sought to utllUe his otriclal au
thority to appease political appetite
and gratify private nieor.
Trivnte Advlre to George MrAneny.
To the Acting Mayor of the city
of New York Tin: H.7N offers this un
solicited advice: 'flrepnro yourso'f
egnlnst the political- excursion to be
led next July acatnst this town by
the Hon. F.ion It. Khown, the nm
Jurily lender in 111.- Seimlo of tho
fltnto of New York.
It Is obvious that the principal oh
Ject of Interest In tills community to
uiiowH ana nis fellow statesmen
Is not tho Comptroller, Willmm A.
For entirely different but not less
otent reasons, It Is equally plain that
the fortunes of the Mayor. John 1'tm
hoy Mitoiikl, do not (usage the ear
neat thought of Mr. Urtow.f nnd his
associates, iilthoiigli any disfavor that
may be Incidentally achieved with re
spect of hlni will not be counted lost.
Hut In so fur as the President of
the Hoard of Aldermen, Griomin Mo
Ankny. Is concerned, there nre Ines
capable nnd easily comprehensible
facts and tendencies that accurately
mid exactly delimit and outline the
purpose of the Impending visitors.
We are sure that Mr. McAni.ny will
not regard lightly the solicitude of
one of his sincere admirers.
David Lloyd George's New Job.
Perhaps the most liii)rtniit post
In the new Hrltlsh Cabinet Is that
of Minister of Munitions, which Da
vid I.I.OTD Gkoror has accepted. To
put tho matter figuratively, he Is ex
pected to produce two shells where
one wns turned out before. Success
will depend upon his nbllity to mnke
the Hrltlsh artisan In the war muni
tion factories nnd shipyards work
full time nnd even overtime. It
seems like n labor of Sisvnn'.s for the
new Minister. While ho persuades
the men In one plant to work the
maximum numler of hours, the men
In another shop may be deaf to his
appeals. Tho reproach of tho Hrlt
lsh operative has been that In the se
curity of his gainful occupation and
his home he would not support the
soldier In the trenchos by -working
with a will the regulation number of
hours. In many crises be has thought
more of bis anion than of bis coun
try's extremity and baa aelflshly re
fused to curtnll his Amusement.
In the White Hook issued by the
Government recently it appeared that
In one great establishment submarine
engine fitters were losing 25 per enL
of their time; thnt In ynrds engaged
In constructing wnrshlps the riveters
worked only 05 per cent, of their
time, plnters 7.r per cent, caulkers
nnd drillers "8 per cent. It must be
ndmltted that the work Is hard, but
so Is lighting nnd living in the
trenches In the shadow of death. As
men In the Hoyal Dockyards are work
ing sixty hours and over n week there
can be no excuse for cutting tho
week's toll down to less thnn fifty
hours In prlvnte ynrds.
In one yard devoted to warship
repairing .'12 per cent, of the Iron
workers failed to report In the early
hours, also 33 per cent, of platers, 32
per cent, of riveters nnd holders-on,
f3 per cent, of drillers, and 24 per
cent, of carpenters. P.ven nfter the
day wns well advanced the absentees
included 1(1 per cent, of Iron workers,
21 per cent, of plnters. W per cent,
of riveters nnd holders-on, ,10 per
cent, of drillers and 13 per cent, of
carpenters. Anil It Is shown that
after an Increase of wages absentee
ism actually Increased. War or no
war. a large minority of the work
men milted themselves nbont their
hours of lalior. The explanation
given by the managing director of a
large shipbuilding plant was that
the delinquents made It a practice to
work only lone enouch every week to
earn a bare livelihood. This director
went so far ns to say that "the aver
age worklngmnn of to-day does not
wish to earn 7iiore money and put by
something for a rainy day, but Is
quite content to live from hand to
mouth so long ns he has as easy a time
as possible." The White nook Is full
of instances. In less than four days
a workman In the war munition shops
can earn 3, and If that Is all that
he needs' for subsistence he may drop
out the other two days to enjoy him
self. Admiral Sir John Jelmcok.
writing to the First Lord of the Ad
miralty recently, said :
"I am very uneasy about the. labor
sltuittlnn on the Clyde and Tyne.
To-day an offlrer In a reaponalhle, situa
tion arrived. His account of thlnns on
tha Clyde wa most disquieting. He
said that the men refused altofrerther
to work on Saturday afternoon, that
they took Wednesday afternoon oft every
week. If not the whole of Wednesday,
and worked nil of Sunday because they
Rot double pay for 1LM
The Minister of Munitions must
change all this if It is humanly
posslblo. Fortunately David I.Lnvn
Gronnr. Is not only one of tho ablest
business men In Great Hrltaln, de
spite his radicalism In politics, but a
tremendous worker and hustler with
the endurance of a roan hors-e. Ills
clear understanding of business prob
lems and his superabundant energy
are reenforced by n fluent nnd elo
quent tongue and a most nttractlvo
personality. Add his unaffected sym
pathy with the worklngman and a
democracy thnt stands every test, nnd
the comblnntlon should make an ef
fective Minister of Munitions, which
Is England's greatest need to-day
American bankers anil business men
have been seining every opportunity
offered by the war to find employment
for labor, capital and productive
equljrment. As n result, and because
the whole world has had to ajmly to
us for the satisfaction of belligerent
and neutral wants, wo have been re
covering rapidly from business and
lliutnclnl depression. Nothing seems
likely now so to alter our ixilltlcal
status In relation to the war as to lin
pair materially our prosect for per
sistent progress to a great expansion
of Industrial nnd llnnnclal nativity.
Nor should American effort on tho
business side bo dovoted to nnythlng
elho than the vigorous prosecution of
an expansive policy which will con
trlbultt to M-cnrlng for the Fnlted
States a position of great llimnciiil
anil oommorclnl power after the war.
Hy attending to buslnoss In tho strict
est sense the country bns heon put-
ting Itself In the way of rendering tho
most Important service within Its ca
pacity to render, both to Its own peo
ple and to tho people of other lands.
If the business to which the coun
try has been devoting Itself hns been
prolltnhlo, If It promises to be even
moro profitable, so much the better.
Hut It hns In nil npos taken the
hope of profit to provide Incentives
and momentum for the work on which
the structure of the social organiza
tion has been built and on which It
must be based In the future when the
reconstruction of the shattered struc
ture of the domestic nnd Internntlonnl
social organization of Kurope becomes
the order of the day.
Accordingly. It Is not taking n menn
advantage of Kurope when able rep
resentatives of the lMn American
republics meet with our bankers and
business men In Wnshlngton under
our Government auspices to plnn for
tho development of Pnn-Atnerlcati
trnde. We have never hnd nnythlng
like the commercial dealings with the
countries to the south of us thnt we
should have hnd; nnd It Is time we
begnn to change nil that. The Ku
ropenn wnr presents the opjiortunlty
because It also brings with It respon
sibility nnd n corresponding duty.
Our International financial ascen
dency resulting from the wnr Is no
longer questioned. From assuming
thnt the world money market would
bo transferred to tho I'nlted States
during the .war we nre proceeding
to the conviction that the end of the
wnr Is likely to find the world money
market permanently established hero.
The extreme llnnnclal collapse toward
which Etrropo Is being precipitated
by the war and the course of the
foreign exchanges so heavily In our
favor are evidence thnt It la the United
States to which the world must In all
probability rum In the years imme
diately ahead to have International
Not nil but a great bulk of Iarln
American foreign trade hns been the
outcome of a vast provision of Ku
ropean capital to the Latin American
countries, nnd Kurope bns finnnced
their trade.. The wnr hns been cut
ting off these nations from the Old
World finance on which they have leen
dependent. As the war goes on nnd
for n long time afterward it will Ik
Increasingly necessary for these coun
tries to look elsewhere for the Invest
ment from outsldo nnd for the exter
nal banking which will enable them
to exploit their Internal resources
ami mnlntnln their trade volumes.
Where shall they come but to the
t'nlted States? The answer Is given
In the conference which Is now being
held at Washington, and from tho
very necessities of the case the con
clusion Is Inevitable that the confer
ence will issue In understandings nnd
agreements which will not only give
all the Americas "dollar exchange"
as a vehicle of expanded commerce
between tho American countries, but
It will leail to an investment lnvnslon
of Latin America by the same dollnr
to carry on the beneficent operations
which the pound sterling, tho relchs
mark and the franc cannot now con
tinue. There will be money in It for
us, but there will be money In It for
all other countries too, and nobody
will be what Is commonly called a
A War May.
No moro appropriate way of dedi
cating the new stadium of the Col
lege of the City of New York eouM
be devised than the presentation of
r.rninnr.s's tragedy "The Trojan
Women." The audience In the Lewi
sohn Stadium on next Saturday
will Include many persons who have
seen other war plays during the past
season. Hut none of these was a
famous as this tragedy of KtmirinK.
which has borne Its fnmo for moro
than two thousand years.
It was thought by the translator
of the version which will be used
here that such horrors as this drama
depicts belonged to the benighted nu.l
distant past nnd could never bo re
located. Hut the women of the nn
tlons that nro nt war to-dny nre tho
Trojan women of our civilized and
Christian ern. The snmo sorrow nnd
suffering, the same destruction and
death are to be seen now on every
side In Kurojie. After all these cen
turies tho world has not changed In
Its heart's core.
So those who watch the actors In
the beautiful frnme which the
I.ewlsohn Stadium provides mny see
through the eyes of the great, poet of
the fifth century before Christ the
same drama which Homo poet of our
own day may Immortnllze for pos
terity Just as the Greek did when he
wrote "The Trojan Women."
Tliere certainly wilt t an Increnne tn
tbe United Ktnten army unless condi
tions chnntfe materially before the npt
OoiiKreHH. Nemilor Cm ampehlain, rJirifr
mini of the t'ommlflee on IHflfary
There should be an Increase in the
United States army whether tho wnr
'n Kurope ends bffore December or
not. Preparedncfs Is not for u day but
for the VrtKiie future so long as great
armaments nre kept up either In Ku
rope or tbe Far Want. Wo have 'hnd
warning enough not to go on living
In a fool'K paradise dependln upon
Idenllsm as n preventive of war.
Comptroller of the Treajrury Downkt
approved to-dny an Interior Department
plnn for the physical valuation of
Yoemtte National Park. Nus detpatoh,
To prove thnt the Park hajt not
The Germans In front of tho Hrltlsh
lines near Ypres ure using poisonous
gases with such miccees that until
Juno comes in with winds blowing
steadily from tbo wel nnd south
west no persistent Hrltlnii .i(T.-iihKh
seems to be possible,
The Republican representative In
the Michigan Legislature who Intro
duced e. resolution of sympathy with
tbe plaintiff In the Syracuse libel
mtirt be a novice In politics. The
Colonel ns a candidate for President
carried Mlchlgnn In 1912 hy n plural
ity of 62,340, Mr. TArr running second,
with Mr. Wit.soN closo up.
The dreamy. er life tn Hawnll In
tereeted me a lot moro than Europe's
troubles. ''Uncle" Job Cannon.
Mr. Cannon haa got to a time of Itfo
when he can be philosophical alxiut
other peoplen' troubles and his 'own
The Central of New Jersey has
wounded Its conductor? to the quick
by chunking their headgear to a cap
with n visor that conceals a small
nose nnd shows only the tip of n
proboscis. The effect Is to give tho
gentlest victims an unwonted martial
air, while the big men look ltko
swashbucklers with chips on their
The Cologne Qaxctte is hardly fair
to Italy when It says that "Italy will
help beeatrso sho thinks sho has taken
the side of the victors nnd victory Is
near." As a matter of fact Itnly en
tered the war In the rthndow of the
greatest disaster that Cho Teutonic al
lies had Inflicted upon Russia since
the war began.
The enlistment of "nombardler"
Wells in a Welsh regiment Is credl
tnblo to tho P. R., which has not al
ways been distinguished for sending
Its darlings to the Hrlng line. The
"Hotnb'ardlcr" bad better tnko a pair
of gloves with him. for ho will toavo
to contribute to the entertainment of
Tommy Atkins ns well as to the con
fusion of tho enemy.
Morally N'e.w Vork Is heile1 for a
big catastrophe. A vigilant censor.
It always has been.
Too Long or Short, Clumsy In Multi
plication and Division.
To th Editor or Th Sun Sir: I
note recently revival of the agitation
for the adoption of the meter as a unit
of lineal mensuration. Why the meter?
It has no ndvantago over the yard,
which we already have practically
abandoned. The lengths are approxi
mately the same nnd both nre mere
arbitrary' designations. It Is of no value
to nay that tho inetur was Intended to
be the ten-mllllonth part of the earth's
, circumferential quadrant, because It Is
1 not, nnd tho fact that It Is not makes
It a arbitrary ns the yard,
i As a matter of fact the meter Is
I cither too long or too hort. and nothing
can bo said In Its favor save the fact
I that It Is universally decimally divided.
Possibly Its adoption would free us of
! the use of the Inch, but even no It would
add a burden of duodecimal ure In multl.
Consider some common use of linear
dimension, say, for Instance, the length
or width of a building, the length or
i width of a city lot, the width of a etreet
or the letiKth of a block, anil to gain tin
Idea of the unit convert those distances
I Into meters nnd say what length of tniv
shall be convenient to measure them
with. A ten meur tape Is too short, a
.twenty meter tax approximates tho old
tfStmtir'H chain nnd would be abandoned
for the same reison it was ; n thirty
mder tap"! would be a very convenient
length If It were to n expresced as a
Klncle unit, readily convertible, hut It
1 Is not a unit, nor susceptible of helnx
i o considered, for It Is thirty units In
I length. The only possible length of
tape nt nil convenient for expression
would be the fifty meter (at the only
Intersection of the duodeelrml and the
. decimal system between 1 nnd 1) and
thnt length. 161.013 feet. Is too great
I for convenience. An Inspection of this
example forces the conclusion tint fly
ing to the meter for salvation In divi
sion would damn us to n torment of the
duoilorlin.il In multiplication.
If the meter Is unwteld) In multlpll
estlon. consider some concrete dimen
sions In division Four Inches approxi
mates 1 deelne-ter, thre. lichths of an
Inch approximates 1 centimeter, and one.
twenty-fifth of an ln-l approximates 1
millimeter, and ro K,t nn Intermediate
dimension nny one may lx divided deci
mally, that Is. any one of then- units
Is to be divided and never lose Ight
of the fact that while to the French
they may be merely n unit and Mime
decimal points, to the average American
they lll never be other than a lot of
different units merely related to eich
other (most likely by marriage In the
avenge mind). So tho adoption of the
m'ter would n!o menn the adoption In
effect of seven other evils with It. or eight
units In all. All of us studied this sys
tern In school, but Is there nny wonder
thnt no'iodv Is quite certain whether n
i i: centimeter gun Is tbo slzo of a wash
i tub or the subway bore?
I The font Is not n perfect unit hv any
means, but the perfect unit lies only In
tbe realm where the spiral curve may be
expressed without fraction either In
terms of nrtual or projected length, so
the foot should be retained, for the
present nt lenst, and every effort be
made to have a rrttlonal adoption of the
common sense method of decimal division
which every engineer nnd surveyor has
been using for many years.
It Isn't the unit which Is at fault : the
original fault lies with the man or
decapod who Indicated an nmnunt In
terms of the only number of units which
he had ready reference to Our
trouhles will only be solved when the
decimal system Is relegated to Umbo
with the duodfclmal and tho duodenary,
or some mythical ternary or quaternary
system fixed In the human equation
Oswroo, Mny !fi. M. I' Hi it.
To tiik Knimn or Thk Pun sir: I
wonder If the writer of tho editorial ar
ticle "Academic Freedom" realises that
he 1h a little bit ban! on professors
If he would but think Whst a dreary,
wearisome, monotonous life It Is trying
to educate others, the lowet form of
nrt, sorrow would (low from his pen In
stead of ridicule.
Most people are Itlnd to professors,
frellng that It Is a nnrrowlng life they
lead, generally stunting their develop
ment and denying to thorn the wisdom
thnt comes from the soul In beiutlful,
unfettered freedom inspiring the "hol.l
Ing high converse with the exalted few"
So people who expect the average pro.
fest-or, whether bedecked with a 1'h D
or not, to have any sense of propor
tion, unltefuddlcd thought or to under
stand life except through sociological
spectacles, hnvo only themselves to
blnme. Jamkh P. Pkwkll, Jr.
Nr.w Haven, Conn., Mny 26,
To tiih ICtMTon or Tltu St'N Sir: Mr.
Krnnk A. Kgnn In Tin: Ni'N of Mav 24
questions tho possibility of 2,oon,nnn
volunteers In Germany on the ground
that "nt all times every man oupubln
of bearing arms Is a soldier"
For Mr. F.gr.n's Information I will
say thnt Orrmnny calls lo the colors
each year only nlmut two-thirds of the
men available for military service As
suming that a man Is fit for military
ilnlv '.HtAt.e.i tl'.M h?.1s r.f 20. r.r..! 1" '
it will, 1 think, be con'ejed that in
twenty years the number of men not
called to tbe colors will make a consid
erable number, from whloh 2,000,000
sound men could doubtless without
much trouble be selected, A Reaper,
Roland Park, Md , May :s.
CENTRAL PARK WEST.
Knrly Summer Correction of Its De
To tiik KtUTon or Tub Sun Sir: It
Is clear to those who live on or near
Central Park West thnt something I
should be dono speedily regarding tho I
trnlllc conditions on that thoroughfare
between Columbus Circle nnd 110th
It Is a dangerous place for pedes
trians and vehicles, became two trolley
tracks, the north and south bound, are
on the eastern side of the thoroughfare,
and the roadway for vehicular tra.'lto,
moving In both directions, Is on the
western side. It Is a feat requiring the
agility of an athlete for man, woman
or child to cross the street and escape
This condition hns existed for many
years past. For Ave years the various
civic bodies which re Interested In that
locality, among them the Harlem Hoard
of Commerce, have endeavored to have
tho dangerous condition remedied. (Sev
eral plana likely to correct the evil con
dition have been suggested. The city
until recently cluns; to the one of' re
quiring the railway company to move
the eastern track to the west of the
present western track.
The question la: What la now In the
way of adopting the plan which to
many hna seemed to tie the feasible and
sensible one from the start? The side
walk on the eastern side Is twenty-seven
feet wide, plainly a needless width for
the use that Is made of It. To demon
strate this fact beyond a doubt the
eommlMeo for the Harlem Hoard of
Commerce caused a record to be taken
of tho pedestrians who use that side
walk, selecting a fair weather Haturday
nfteinoon, and determined thnt between
7 o'clock A. M. and 7 o'clock 1'. M.
1,4(11 persona used It. walking north
and south. The corrrmlttce'a plan there
Cut the twenty-seven foot sidewalk
seventeen feet, leaving It ten feet wide,
and permit the tracks to remain where
In the first place the railway company
has promised to subscribe 188.000 toward
the expense of making the changes
under thta plan. The western roadway
Is none too wide now, for the reason
that on this side are private residences
and apartment houaee. A constant string
of automobiles and other vehicles Is
constantly standing before them, thus
narrowing the roadway considerably for
vehicular traflks. If the roadway on
the western aide Is narrowed It will
necessitate the narrowing of the west
ern sidewalk ns wen, and will probably
compel the property owners to remove
nil sructures beyond the building line,
which Is six feet four Inches within the
stoop line. Troperty owners on Central
Park West, representing realty to the
value of 110,291,1100. have by petitions
made known their objection to this ,
The llonrd of Aldermen has gone on '
record ns favoring this plan, which
merely Involves narrowing a needless. y
wide sidewalk. At a recent meeting
that Isidy unanimously passed a reo'.u-
tlon favoring this solution, which Is so
clearly nnd obviously the right one that
few cin understand why It Is opposed
from nny quarter.
The point that remains to be made Is ,
the one of tho responsibility of the city
toward Its citizens In this matter. With
the summer before us we nre likely to
read of the usual accidents which have
happened nt that spot every year. Leav-1
Ing tbe consideration of monetary losses
occasioned by future lawsuits out of
the question, how can the city Justify
Its course of a'lowlng Its citizens to be
maimed nnd killed when a solution of
the problem nnd the cessation of these
accidents Is so clearly at hand? j
KnwxnD W. I-onsrsT
Nr.w TonK, May 26.
A Pry Fos,
To Tttr nntTon or The 8vv sir.- i:.
Governor Foss of Massachusetts lias
annoutKcd his candidacy for tie Ite.
publican nomination for (Sovemor on
the lsue of "national vrohlli'.tlon. a
victory for which, he e-tys. would be
",i model for the warring nations of
Kurope of that power of self-.-ontrol
which gives the greatest assurance of
Many good men entirely uneon-ne-ted
with the "liquor Interest.."
ordinarily and erroneously put forward
by the prohibitionists ns the sole op
ponents of the'r dogma, object to pro.
hlbltlon bemuse It takes away oppor
tunity for self-control and therefore
weakens man's capacity nnd the man
lly the way. In view of the fnm thnt
Massachusetts was subject to a pro
hibitory law for twenty years nnd
then discarded It forty years ago. can
not the Masichusetts Progressives
who wish to return to prohibitum be
suspected of n "reactionary" taint?
Rostov, May IC C. K. R
To the Knrron or The Stw Sir- In
Tltn St'N of Friday appeared a letter
signed "J K. F ," defending President
Wilson's grammar In his wording of the
(Jcrmm note. Can this he the same
"J I S " who n few months ago at
tacked the President for certain gram
matical errors? If It Is. then I 'im
forced to observe, with apologies to tbo
principals In the recent disturbance at
Syracuse, that he must he n Jekyll
Hyde Individual, the Hyde being much
In evidence In his righteous criticism
made on the former occasion, nnd the
Jekyll now In his "somewhat sophisti
cal defetKe," as THE St'N has so aptly
put It Or Is "J. V. 8 " one of thnt class
of persons who nlwnye range themselves
"on the other side." for the snke of
arguments I.lndley Murray, Swlnton,
(loold llrown and all the other gram
marians. Including myself, protest
against this "defence" of Mr Wilson's
"dlplnimtle syntax " Hat Ji'stitia.
Ni:w VoitK, May 28.
Tapping the Firmament.
To the KtUTon ok The Rl'N Sir: Some
nsins Hgo, during the do' spell, n Ito
mnnllclst advanced Into the empyrian
with a theory In explanation of the pre
wiring fair weather In brief, firing In
the war zone attracted all tho moisture
from the heavens nnd left the fortunate
In these parts high nnd dry under the
comforting ruys of a benignant sun. Tho
rainy season Is now nt hand. Why not
apply the Knuvintlc theory to present
conditions? Is not the preclpltntlon of
the past week due to tho blasting In
the subway excavation In Ixmg Aero
Nkw York, May li.
A Ilnd Nine.
To the ICpitor or The Run Sir: The
three curses of tho world are war, sin,
The three scourges of the world nre
the Inconsiderate, ruthtess, heartless
despot, tho fomrnter of discord, govern
The three pests of the world are the
fox, the hnvk, tbe parasite.
A Constant Heaper
New Haven, Conn., Mny 20.
To the Kiiitoh or The Hun K(r: Why
not accord our un-. ills- or ex-hyphen-aled
Tetitonlo brethren, and In so doing
concede them what lH,()erman to the In
'!!! of reol .-lM7f.il.!, Iji the illstlliellve
t.tln "i Jf rmei li an '"'
Now then, all together
What la a llcrmciliviu First for
peace! First for law First In tho
ranks of our bualnesa men!
New York, May 2(.
THE GIANTS' ALIBI.
A Circumstantial Recitation of the
Catiso of Present M'eakness,
To tiir Km-ron or Tub Sun Sir: I
hnvo read several letters In various
newspapers about tho downfall of
Matty. McOrnw and tho wholo Olntit
team In genenl! and I would like to
remind tho fans of the bard luck that
the (Hants have run Into this spring.
First: At Martin, Hill Hitter was
tnken III with typhoid fever.
.Second : Oeorge Ilurns Injured his
Third: The Olnnts were followed by
bad weather everywhere they went.
Klnre tho senson stnrted at the Polo
Orounds the Giants have run Into worse
First: Rven thottgh Ilurns took part
tn tbe opening game, he was not In con
dition to piny after being out of so
Second: Mnodgrnss out of the game
with nn Injured hnnd,
Third: Merkle out of the game with
a bad arm,
Fourth: At one rime, for almost a
week, nil the first string pitchers were
on the hospital list, Marquard 111 ! Per
rltt's nose broken i Tesrenu's thumb so
sore thnt he couldn't throw a ball:
Mntty In his usual spring slump, nlso
hnd n sore pitching hnnd : Doyle suf
fered for over n week from a bjd
Now do you wonder why the Olants
nre In the cellnr? I don't: but take It
from me, by the middle of July they wilt
be leading the National League.
They have. In my opinion, the
greatest third baseman nnd outfielders
In the league, nnd when Matty comes
around to his usual form the Olnnts,
with John McOrnw In back of every
play they make, will have their oppo
nents looking like n hunch of old
women. .Tosr.nt 11. Kiu.lkt.
OI.F.N Rims, N. J., May 2.
How the Present Cumbersome and
Expensive System Works.
To Tits Editor or Tns Sun fllr; My
attention bus been called recently. In a
striking and also somewhat "touching"
manner, to the subject of reform In pos
Two months ago I transferred my
residence from nnother city to New
York. It Is proper of course under such
conditions to give notice of change of
address to those likely to send mall mat
ter, but such notification to all con
cerned Is no easy affair, arxl especially
so to those likely to send circulars or
other mall having other than first class
txistnge. Now this Is what occurs:
letters with first class postage nre
forwarded without delay or additional i
demands for postage. As to nil other
nutter, the same Is held up while tbe I
olllce where received sends me a enrd I
demanding nddltlonnl stamps for for-
warding. To return the card with the '
required postage requires an envelope I
and a two cent stamp. For example, to I
obtain nn advertising circular milled i
with n one rent stamp costs me three j
'en's In postage, ns well ns some i
liother. Not worth It. to be sure, yet I
one prefers to receive his mall. The 1
exact nature of It cannot safely be i
Is such a system reillv fair to the
public, possibly aside from pircel post
matter, and does t pay? To me 1: Is I
only n petty annoyance ; to many It I
must be a decided grievance. As to the i
revenue. In considerable part not earned I
by any reil service tn the one taxed, 1 1
should venture to surmise In the ah- '
senre of contrary proof th it It does not j
meet the cot of the clerical time pent j
in collecting It T. W. T. i
Nr.w Yon. May 5
I THE TRADE OF POLITICS.
Mr, OTonnr's Prediction When tho j
Single IHMrlrt System Wns Adopted.
Tn tiik KntTni! or The St'N Sir: Stat '
taxation of the . Itv of New York Is Im
p. sed hv a I.eglela'nro chosen aivord'ng
t;u- s'nglo district system which the
State Oim''ttit!on of UK, originated
In the ('. nsti'utlonal f"onv ntlotl no
, mure than slv delegates voted airnlnst
approving the (ontlttitlon. Two of
thee, however, were de.ega'fH from the 1
i lt of New York, and the Constitution '
was rejected In the city by a large popn- ,
la r majority. The fonetltutlon was i
adopted despite the wishes of the me-
1 tmpulls. like so many subsequent mens-
I urs uffectlng the Interests of Its. Inhabt
I In l7T o-e of the two dissenting
delegates from the city df dared that I
th'n Constitution "gave life, vigor anil
permanency to tho trnde of p.illtics, with
all Its nttendant malpractice." Charles
lienor: Address beMre the New York
t ll.s'.or.'Vil S viety. New York. 1S77 1 I
fntll ISM.", the life thus said to have'
received vigor In lM'i has endured.
The State direct tax demonstrates that I
the v gor imputed In IS77 to the trade)
of pn' t. -s 'a yet unimpaired. May crl- '
i mis impairment of this i-icor be hi.ne.l 1
for. while the single legislative districts
remain, each of them a true laud of
; premise for the attainment of tho pur
poses of tho trading politician?
ClIAKl.Eri v. SI.OANI.
New York, May 2fi.
Disgraced Fnglnnd, Stupid Italy.
, To Tin-nntrnr. or Tnr SfN-J-ir- When
! there is a light I like It be a fair and
i honorable one, that Is, nn even up fight
t 'li both sidee-. but In the cn of .ihe
' Kuropcin war It U live or morn to one
Ilrgla-d so far has disgraced herself
tul people, even with nil her support
Why does not Jhe quit before sho fur
ther disgraces herself? Italy, poor,
tup'd Italy, F.ngland's last chance, has
ilbmed llngland through her new-spa-'
pers and pr. ss'jgents In Italy to Inveigle!
her li to the war This dishonorable act I
of Italy's will nlw,iH leave u stain upon
Italy's ch.it acter. Thank c,od. .the Prcsl-1
dent and sonm of tho people. In thin'
enimtrv are not so stupid ns to allow !
I llngland to Intluenco or Inveigle this
I countr Into the war I, Thiki.keii.
Tin: Hhonx, May 26,
Tn Ttir Jlr-iTo or Tits Sri Mr- Accord.
In tn it dclslan recently hen.led down
I m th Appellate Mlvtslon of the Supreme
ourt Urlvers of milk wagons may be ar
iet. for having unclean milk bottles In
their ojpsi.on In.tpa.l of taking them
to th fterlllzliu plnnt Wlill It Is
fuort thing for the community to have
the milk niton driver, amenable to the
law, It Is u fuc-t thRt most home keeper
that W. th rood ones, wssh ths empty
bottle before eennlniE thm out to the
mini who eolisi'ts them. Mn.cn
New Yoiik, Mny J
Shy and sweet ea n epotlejis eoul,
Snlft In 1U flight as spirits ti,
Thin Ion, fivlr bird who's far suurht roil
Is the moving deck whern It flies tn me
Over th world's iu rim It lli,
The ml'n blue of the surgtnK sea.
As the snKUll Vffsel sours unit Uljn
On the wave sunlit Imrubly
And all til skr Is an mure nam
lllniwi from th furs of a sspphlr sea,
As nut of th vat whfnc th flrt souli
IIHhr this bird nietri fr,
And Hf and denh su.1 limn and plae,
What nr they nil but vnnlty?
As over th ocenn of Indnlie space
From loim far Island my own aaeka mel
M r.. Bent la.
LINE NOW PROPOSED
But Ffnnnclcrs at Conference
Refuse to Invest Until U. H.
Chnnpcs Scnincn's Laws.
DISCUSS NEW BANK PLAN
Wahiiinoton, May 26. The session
of the Pan-American flnnnc.lnl confer
ence to-dny was given over to meetings
of tbo group committee which Secre
tary of the Trcnsury McAdoo han said
nre relied on to do the real work of the
conference. Few concrete suggestions
from elthor tho Intln American dele
gates or those from the United States
Another session of speechmnklng to
morrow will be followed by the round
of conferences on Friday, after which
reports of committees will be submitted.
At the end of tbo day the opinion was
freely expressed In authoritative quar
ters thnt tho benefits from the confer
ence will consist largely In the senti
mental effect upon relations between
the business men of the participating
countries nnd tho value of Information
given a to the opportunities held out
to American investors.
Emphasis was laid on the discus
sions of the need for better transporta
tion facilities between tbo United States
and South America. There have been
suggestions submitted for tbe formula
tion of a plan for tbe Joint participa
tion of tho American liovorntnents, In
cluding tbe United States. In support
of a merchant marine system.
Here Is a memorandum Issued from
the press bureau of the conference:
"One of the plans for an interna
tional steamship lino between South
Amerloa and Central America under the
control of the Pan-American Govern
ments, which In being considered and
discussed tn the Brazilian delegation, Is
for the Government of Hrnxll to form a
combination with steamshp companies
of tho United States which send their
ships to Ilrazlllnn porte In suoh ft man
ner as to subsidise the United States
steamship lines with Ilrazlllan money."
Cannot Commit Governments.
It was pointed out, however, thnt
neither the Ilrazlllan delegates nor
those from the Fnlted States have nu
'borlly to commit their Governments
to any Mich proposal. As far ns Amer
ican tapltal Is concerned It was em
phatically nsscrtcd by a number of the
leading Democratic financiers partici
pating In the conference that they will
not entertain proposals for taking part
in shipping concerns until the naviga
tion and seamen's laws of the United
States an- amended radically
The committee appointed by Se retnry
McAdoo on Monday to consider plans to
develop the merchant marine of tin
hemisphere met to-dny without formu
lating Its Ideas for submission to fie
conference. It was iht that a deflu.tc
recommendation would be presented to
morrow. line subject discussed wns the estab
lishment of a United States bank by na
tional banks In this country which
should net as the parent corporation for
i number of branch banks In South
America. This Idea was advanced somo
time ago by Vice-President John J
Arnold of the First Nntlonal Hank of
Chicago, and It has been represented In
ome quarters as a plan for contesting
the South American field with the Na
tional City IS.ink of New York, which
tltendy has established three branch
banks on tint continent.
There was a disposition In many quar
ters to discount tho Importance of this
suggestion, and for various reasons
Doubt was expressed ns to Its prnrt'-
abillty, and It was pointed out In addi
tion that tbe Federal reserve act would
have to be amended In several Important
provisions to legalize such a plan.
It wits le.irtud nuthnrltitlvi-ly that the
Federal Iteservc Hoard hns not given Its
approval t" Mr Arnold's suggestion It
may be eald, however, that the National
i'lty flank will not contest such a move,
nt-nt Hhould It find real support among
the bankers of this country. The Idea Is
supposed to have resulted from the reall
ziilon that the operation of brnnoh
banks Is ,i very unprofitable and rlskv
Arbitration In Uilslness.
President V.tnderllp of the National
City Ilink. President Fnhey of the
Chamber of Commerce of the United
Stites and Itlchard C. Aldo of the Ar
gentlne delegation were appointed to-day
a special committee to formulate the
plan for establishing a commercial arbi
tration code to settle business disputes
between the two countries This plan h is
tieen Indorsed In principle by the execu
tle committee of the Chambwvr of Com
merce. Tho Uruguayan conference conrmlrte.(
p.rfccted a plnn for Moating the tndobt
ednes of that republic through a bond
Issue In the United States.
It was said that A Harron Hepburn
of New York has proposed to the Para
guayan confeience that the United
States and the east coast countTlea of
South America guarantee nn Issue of
bonds for tin- dei-lopment of a steam
ship nrlo. He Hsured the delegates
that such a bond lsuo could he financed
In tho United States at a low rate of
The Argentine committee will reocm
mend that United States manufacturers
establihh ndeiuato show rooms or Job
blng houses In Argintlna
Vnmlerllii on llrnnrh Itniiks,
The following Interview with Presl.
dent V.indirllp regarding th plans ol
tho National City Hank for developing
its branch hunks In South America, rtas.
given nut lo-niglil .
"Wo ar making n beginning In the
countries to the south of us through out
foreign department, which already has
live branch olllcei In opeiat'on. We
maintain our own 'consular corps,' the
personnel of which Is scatteie.l thio-uth-out
the. principal cotmtrlcH in I wl.loh
report coinmctcliil condition thoroughly
"This organisation is coinmmtlv being
added to, but wo urn hamllcipped to a
great extent by lack of the proper kind
of soung men to take up this work. Wo
have found that It Is illltleult to got the
i ittnt type ot young American men who
are willing to practically expatriate
themselves and go to the Latin Ameri
can i-otintiles for Indefinite periods, and
of course to render the service this is
wh it must be done.
"In our olllrcs In New York wo are
teaching a number of such young men to
speak Spanish, giving thorn n lath-i
thorough com o In International bank
lug, foiclgu exchange. Ac. Members of
this particular olnss nre required to ii"e
nothing but Spanish for thnlr ordinary
conversation. Sixteen nio In this d.iss
at present, and they will soon be nvill
able to make a real beginning In our
South Atnerlctn brmch oil) vs "
"Too much opportunity at bom,' Is
the iciivm given by Mr Vnndcrllp for
the Inability to get enough young men
for tbesn pl'icos.
"Kurope nt countries nre different,"
said Mr. Vanderllp. "Their young men
have to look outside for opportunity, an I
' Is . ne or tne re'isoim for l-.m-nlit. i n
siqii i-'iiiu In the iist In t.ntln A iiio,ci 1
"o,oui o'tii' men of the iibllltv ne -'
ess.tiy for these places ire greatly In
demand nt home and they nre nble to
nchleve success without leaving tlielr
homes, fnmlly nnd friends nnd establish
ing themselves In n far away country "
Says Governor Covered l'p j,
"Pork Hnrrel" Mills by Ml,.-,
NO NKED OK 1)1 1 ITT TAX
Al.nANV, May 2fi. Ux-Gov G!v- . ,
the people will not necept (Im- U t.
man's explanation of why a direct .x
J1!,r,on,non s necessary
"Gov Whltmnn's roptitn'lon as 1
student of Stnto finances. ' n
made by bis famous JlS.ftnn.POn run. ,
message, hns not been In th ' it
changed or Improved by his e t
fltmnctnl stntemen.1,; says the i.
"There are two very nolirenWs
features of this statement. First, tk
Inability of the Governor to write any
thing but n partlsnn campaign idea wha
any appreciation of the dignity of hli
of lice would hnve compelled him to writ
n businesslike, official statement, second,
thnt his arguments and eophlstry sho
that he hna recently been very muoh In
contact with the minds of the two SUt
employees who mado a reputation for
financial acumen by that great blundfr
which created nn excess In tbe sinking
funds of more thnn $20.nnfi.OOO with IU
unnecessiry taxation. One familiar with
the mentnl operations of these two ex
perts would be almost convinced tint
they prepared the Governor's statement
tsned Pork tlnrrel JII1U.
Tutting aside that part of A Oov
ernoria statement whtrti mrbetltut.
rhetorlo for facts nnd partisan lnvect'.vt
for argument an examination ef th
defence of his flnnnclnl policy dlsolotti
some Interesting facts. Th Goverr.or
says: Thnt the appropriations whloh I
have approved represent necessities that
nre nctual,' and on the same day h
makes this statement he slgr fourteen
porlt bnrrel' bills conferring speclnl
benefits on localities.
"It Is In defence of the more Im
portant appropriation Items that th
Governor shows the desperation cf h!
situation nnd that he lias beer d-h-en to
evasions and excuses w.i'. 'i w i offend
the Intelligence of the in ist orl'narv
mind. The Governor si. in re'it'.oi to
Ills refusal lo ve'o Hems In the CO"
struetlon bill, that 'the l-evl'.ib e cnis.
qtletices of such spurious ecnnon v wou'1
be to Increase, to nn Inhum in degiee th
already jmtIoiis conditio of over. -ow-1
.ng In such Institutions .f -he Sale n 1
ti force out on parole tn i y hw 1rl
of ,i-i-i;e- on tir.soi - '
"The Governor avoids entirely ths
merit of the appropn ithm of ST. 14 OflO
for the construction of the bare ransl
attempts to confuse th fsu In a ,1's
cusslon of the way to tinati - u and
absolutely Igrores the fact thit ti whers
In recent discussion his spp-ared sny
pn-of of the necessity of th:s appropria
tion. I'nlroiiniri' In lllulin n s,
"He wisely, from hi standpoint o-nttn
nny reference to the lrcrea of Jl '.on..
Ono In tho nppropri itloi for uthwn- r
pairs an appropriation m id p ire f r
patronige purp scs because he knows
that every or.e Is aware that t'w-re 'i
no defence for this Increase
"lln enumerates 'o-i o of t '--Items
of aproprl.itl -rs for new n.t'v'.t'M
nnd to meet deficiencies,' wi'rg
create the Impression that ' s, -t-,
amounting to over S13.000.rn-i ,1r
deficiencies, when his own tshe sve
that only S857.000 Is for actual derl'-ten-cles.
"He attempts to show that th Urn
Increase In the appropr'.TIons for re
pairs of the old ranal Is il'ie to th ei
Cfeslve cost of the mairtemr - ant
operation of the bnrg cam' not vt
opened He w uld hae d" r,tt
If ho had admitted that th's '-i- uiel
oppropi l-.itlon wns to provt i gre rer ,
ronnge nnd thnt In d'Ing so pre--Legislature
was no worse thin !' pred
"The Governor very rnrefully ke;
away from any dlsctifs' n o '
ono appropriated for Hg w,y . i nr
In order that eome farel P
might build a new p n ' It -ri
no referenr-e to the lni-r...ise of
S.ir.O.noo tn salaries In -b 'n' - -
tal. which hts own par-y dec-' is
year, but which receives rs
now thnt the control of th commission
"lie makes no refrenee to th
crease In the cost of prisoners 'ue
the abandonment of the policy of invtrx
the prisoners so far ns pos" t-js-'aln
Inerpni In Snlnrles,
"He makes no men'lnn of the U'O
Increase tn salaries nr I 1 bs ' "
departments nnd inr',- u fi' -Vs
and absolutely refuses to l'vjs ar
proprlatlon of more th-ir 4 11 ma
for the ber.etlt of loot 't'-i si I C In
cldent partisan advantage
"The Ntatetnent ns a '' 1 was rrol'
ably the best the i, '
In the way of concealing te r.- 'e
and we believe that the ;;' h
more Interested In the - -,'
ment ns a test of h's ' 'o-i-i "
to make black appear wh t- f in -
merits of th conclusions
"Gov. 'Whltni.in hnd an opr-of unity
to prevent the Stnto ..' g '
MO.nOOfinO of Untie, ess 1 ' i fu -i, .'Ti-'R
tlons He fslled to tnkn i 1-i' .
his opportunity Th r-.r " w"
sal'y know that h fV 1 . '
s not the pl'gl test do-.s- t it '
leap the rewird -if his full-ire.'
BRAKES APPLIED TO
CITY'S BOND ISSUES
Hmor-p Shows Mow M!t'n'l
Hns Cut Down nnn - "f
To show, ns h said
are the wild a'-se-t
licit and other ltl 'i - -tho
cltv Is drlv'r.g h- i
rup'oy." Clianibcrl.i n 1
Ing Mayor McAnenv i
alvsis of nil tho corpo
tho cltv has Ihsijeil sli
He repoits that the
Istrat'on has applied t'e i
orouslv that It auth-" i
fill I. I7n of new bonis 'i -yearly
averages of 17 I
(laynnr ndmlivistr ition ,u I
tn the second McClellai a '
llo nddH that more th , ,
debt Incut red In the pi-'
was for mbways, duck- , . 1
plv. and gors on to
"The cltv has tdmi il nm
erous authorization of -I- '
expenditures TIch do - -Immediate
I'M I. as agnlnst ! I ' -1 "
.-1 r. 3 2.1 1 in : i
w ere n -tuillv nl'o' , I
Improvements, pi i 'h v
were authorized In pre
this mim S41.lSt.irft wo loi