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THE SUN, FRIDAY, JUNE 25, 1915.
Fill DAY, JUNK U5. 1H15.
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M All I
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TUB EVHNINU SUN, Per ear.
THE I1VKN1N11 aUN(Korfln),PcrMo. I 03
All checkn. money ordera. fte., to be
made paablt to TUB Hts,
Publlahed dally, Including Sunday, by the
Bu.l Printing and Publlahlng Association at
170 Naau atreet. In the H.trmigh of Man
hattan. Ne- York President and Treaa
lirer, William C. Itelck, 110 Naiaa.il sireoli
Vlce-Prealdent, Kdward P. Mitchell, 170
Naaaau atreet; Secretary, U II. lajitum 170
Readera of Tub 8m leaving town for the
tumnxr montha can have the dally and
Hunday and evening edltloni delivered to
them In any part of tbla country or Eu
rasa on the terms atuted above. Addreatee
ebmnied aa often a daalred. Order tnrouih
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If our frlttdt uho at or ui uit matin.
crista and itluttrutiom far publication ull
fa Ame rfjtcted arlicltt returned fAeif nml
In tit caeee eend ilampt lor that purpoie.
8Ai to the Liquor Interests! Hie
Crime of 1015 and of "The Sun."
We seem to remember personally,
and never can we cease to revereuce,
the potent, gruve and reverend sei
gnior and Hay State Senator, an orna
ment of Puddle Dock and the pilot of
the unnumbered fathoms of ltllllngtou
Sea, whose name Is subscribed to this
letter which his Indignation mukM
"To thb Eui-roa or Tim Sun Sir: I
have been an appreciative reader of
Tub Sun for many years. Noting an
editorial on the prohibition question
some weeks ago tn which you asked, in
substance, what was to become of the
vut amount of capital engaged In the
liquor business and of those It employed,
Aa. If prohibition prevailed I sent the
paper to my friend Dr. J. H. Crooker
of Boston, a scholarly student of this
bis; aubject, believing he could and would
answer your Inquiry and thus arouse a
discussion of this point which would be
of general Interest and value. A letter
Just received from him tells me he did
so at once In a dignified and courteous
way, but no attention waa paid to his
communication. This Is so unlike Tub
Sun that I marvel at It, for Dr. Crookib
Is a man of high standing, an author of
note, whose communications any news
paper In Boston would welcome, and
who therefore deserves better treatment,
doubly so since your edltorl.il Invlte'l
tho answer he respectfully sent you.
"It Is difficult for me to associate The
Sun with moral cowardice, and so I do
not want to share his belief that you
are muzzled by your ndvertlHers, but
there) seems no explanation or excuse
for not returning his communication,
when stamps were enclosed for that pur
pose In a tecond letter, If you declined
to give it place In your columns. I en
close the letter he sent me, and I am
writing to express surprise at your treat
men of Dr. Crooked und your evident
disregard of courtesy and fairness. Re
spectfully. William S. Kill
"Plymouth, Mass., June 24."
If It were so, It were a grievous
fault ; and grievously The Sun should
answer It. Hut first let us share with
our readers the happlnet of this ad
monition and reproof from ono of the
moat original and Inventive of tlm
Yankee dry statisticians:
"Dbar Senator Kile: "At onco on
receiving The Sun clipping (which you
kindly sent me and for which 1 glvo
you warmest thanks), I wrote and sent
to the editor, as you suggested, a short,
clear, courteous letter, pointing out
some of the fallacies of the editorial. I
enclosed a MHmped addressed envelope)
with 10 cents In stamp for tho lfsun of
The Sun In which my letter might bo
"After ten days I wrote him again
requesting that he return my letter If
he could no use it, enclosing as before
stumped addressed envelope. No word
In reply, and none likely to come now,
"This Incident Is llko many others In
my experience for over ten ears along
thla line. The secular papers are muz
zled by the advertisements accepted
from the liquor trade on condition that
temperance matter be excluded. This
editors hnvo confessed to ma and my
friends. Public pressure ought to be
brought to bear upon the press to put
an end to this Iniquity, Trie people will
some day demand In no uncertain terms
and tones that ' the abject slavery to
drink shall ceuse. All good wishes.
"J. 11. Crooker.
"Rosmnpai.e, Mats., June 22."
We Hud that the Hon. Jiisi.ph II.
Crook nt'H communication which tho
liquor trade kept out of Tin: Srs
wits published In that Mcillng sheet
-forever may It Una l! of .luiie 7,
under the title "A Dry's I'lcurex A
Somewhat Sweeping IMIlniilo of
lirink HUN mm I trunks." Possibly
this heading wns ti'iuli'iicloiis, hut the
article wns mil or iiinller of great
pith and moment. 'nr 'Instance
"(4) I .a st je.ir In lioston Ko.ano
drunks were anestud, prnbiiblj leas than
one In live of tlioso nully IntoMcateil
were arrested, making 3(i0,(i00 ruses of
drunkenness for Hie eliv. i.r tome Mi..
000.000 .it Hie MiitiiH i.tli: fur Hi. null .n
Loss In wages awl .ot of H
than s;o,000,000, which wmiiil be mmo
than enough to K1V -the. .'lO.fHiii ,,
f""" wnom yuu mention an IohIiid
poiltlom by prohibition a alary of
$1,000 a year apiece.
"(5) It has been shown that SO par
cent, of accidents are due to drink. The
financial losses to caused by fire, by
wrecks on ships and railroads and In
mines and mills, by material destroyed,
by Injuries and diseases so caused 'and
by lives sacrificed, counting each at
$5,000, these would total hundreds of
millions of dollars."
If falsely and maliciously and not
having the four of Mr, Crooker be
fore our eyes, we have mlsajiproprl
ntpil ton or more cents In postngu
stump by him enclosed, here humbly
we put on the sheet and mount the
stool of reiHMitnncc. Hut, really, be
fore the uliiime and rule of Tut Sun
was "t'otixuinmated," the Hon. Mr.
Kym; we don't say Mr. Crooker, who
Is busy in drying statistics might
have read our eMeeuied contemporary
ItiNtend of "tlomlng gladly to the baser
end." The Hon. ICvu: may he too busy
with iilTalrce of Stiito to improvo his
mind by reading a Journal of "moral
cowardice," but there must be I'lyni
ntitlitaim wlio never' omit the pleas
ure, tiiiulrc IIoiiart or Artiiuh Iibd
or Tony Atwooo or any prop of gene
u lofxy at the Old Colony Club could
have told Mr. Kyi.k. and the Hcholarly
.Mr. Curxmn that one of the best ways
of finding out whether a newspaper
print your letter or not Is to rend
the newspaper. Hut certain estimable
citizens snap wildly at n certain class
of fable; guzzle, muzzle; mien Is tho
road of ruin und prohibition.
Mr. Lansing's, Promotion.
The country will Und tho appoint
ment of the Hon. Koiikrt Lanhi.no hs
Secretary of State satisfactory for
more reasons than one. It is promo
tion on merit and for work indus
triously, efficiently and falLbfully
done. Secretary Hryan's Inexperi
ence was the opportunity of the suc
cessor of John Hassett Moobb to
make himself useful and indispensa
ble. Mr. Imnsino was perhaps no:
as learned In the theory of Interna
tional law as Hie retiring Counsellor
to the State Department, but Mr.
I.ANS1NO was a practical Jurist, hav
ing often been retained by the Gov
ernment In claims, boundary ami ar
bitration cases. Ho was the adviser
and nsslstant that Mr. Hrtan sorely
It may now lie recalled that when
the Lansing appointment was before
the Senate Committee on Foreign He
lations Secretary Hbtak appeared in
person and asked for a favorable re
port upon It. In his more than twelve
montha of service aa Counsellor Mr.
La n si no took upon his shoulders, 'with
Secretary Bryan' complacent and
grateful approval, many of the bur
dens of the head of the Department,
often meeting the President for con
sultation and discussing with him tho
wording of Important Stare papers.
Mr. Lansing did a good deal of the
work of t,he Department which Mr.
Hryan was temperamentally unfitted
to attend to.
The Washington correspondents got
into the habit of calling Kobert Lan
hino tho de facto Secretary of State,
and it was nn apt description of him.
No man was ever worthier of promo
tion. In making possible the eleva
tion of his able assistant Mr. Hbtan,
It should be ndmltted, rendered the
country a great nervice. It knows
that the business of the State Depart
ment is now in competent hands, and
credit will be given to Mr. Wilson for
renistlng tho temptation to strengthen
himself politically by making a strictly
party appointment. From our point
of view Mr. Wilson has strengthened
himself politically by this appoint
ment for merit and fltnoss alone.
The tarkawsnna Coal Decision.
Not often does judlciul interpreta
tion make the law look bo much like
common sense ns in the case which
the Supreme Court decided tho other
day against the Iickawanna Hull road
and the Lackawanna coal companies.
In holding that the contract between
these companies violated tho so-called
commodities clause of the Hepburn
act of HKKl ameudlng tho interstate
eoiumereo luw, the court said in judi
cial language, m that there could be
mi misunderstanding, that the uct of
ISiOH meant exactly -what it said in
Its eiTort to prohibit a common car
rier from engaging In competition
with the shippers or commodities over
It has taken eight years to got a Ju
dicial restatement of the commodities)
clause which apparently removes tho
last veetlgn of doubt as to its Inten
tion. That there should he any de
siru'tlM consequences of the decision
lit the Lackawanna case, either for
the principal Interests In the anthra
cite Industry or for coal consumers, Is
preposterous. No matter with what
apprehension tbo outcome of litiga
tion Involving projierty rights has
occasionally been intended In the
Supreme Court, It has always been
found that the court's rulings have
had n constructive result. That It
will be so In regard to the anthracite
trade there Is no reason to doubt.
Nature has conferred a monopoly
of nuthraclte on the little Pennsyl
vania valley In which what Ih com
mercially known as anthracite Is
1 found. For years past It has been
, charged against half a dozen railroads
1 which tnp the anthracite Held that
i Ihe.v have practically "cornered" tills
natural monopoly through a concen
I (rated control of the mining, trans
portation ami sale of the coal, How
, the Iicl;ivaini;i decision will affect
I the Heading, the I.ehlgh Valley and
'other iiuihniclte railroad Interests Is
conjectural. As between all the an
thrnclle railroads there are differ
I ences of organization, different char
j ler conditions and the like, but (lie Im
plication of the Ltii'knwauna decision
wou'd -s'lii to be that there cannot,
in Hie case of any of these railroads,
remain any mdlled control of die
three principal processes of produc-
tlon, transportation and sale of an
thracite. Whether there baa been any monop
oly value in tlm no-called nuthraclte
trust would probably bo dlfllctilt to
prove. Such things ri-c usually ex
aggerated by iwllticrtl agitators, but
if there has been any monopoly vulue
It is presumably on Its way to elimi
nation. For the rest It Is not open
to question that every real property
value which has been acquired in thu
development of tho anthracite indus
try will be preserved. Meanwhile the
(hidings In the Lackawanna case
should go far to accomplish one de
sirable good. They will heal the sore
spot on tho body politic which hits
been denoted by years of demagogic
uproar over the anthracite monopoly.
Lloyd George to the Front.
The night Hon. David Lloyo
Ukohok Is tho man of the hour In
Kuglnud. Karl Kitchen kh has pro
duced 3,000,000 men, put them In
uniform and drilled them; his work
Is done. The Minister of Munitions
must supply these volunteers with
the death dealing tools of war that
are most effective, or the cause of
the Allies is lost. In his groat speech
In tho House of Commons on
Wednesday Mr. Lloyd Oeoroic con
cealed nothing of the necessity of
England. Ho threw bis curds on the
table for tho whole world, including
the enemy, to .see. Knowing the ugly
truth, England must bend all hor en
ergies to meet the emergency or be
beaten In the game of war. And no
time Is to be lost, not a day, not an
hour; no helpful Industry, no guild,
no able bodied nrtLsan can hold back
If success la to be assured.
"The Allies," Bald Mr. Lloyd (Seoboic.
"have superiority in men, both in
numbers and quality." Hut unless
they can match the enemy In artil
lery and explosives the disparity is
heavily against the Allies and has
been from the first ability In the
high commands and the common sol
diers' valor will avail little. The
munitions bill provides for the mobil
ization of all tho inen In England
who can contribute to the making of
war materials If the labor unions
cannot furnish tho men in seven
days, and makes Interference with
the work by employers or artisans
Impossible. In effect Government
will become the employer and It will
tolerate neither strikes nor lockouts.
It will assume the responsibility of
seeing that the men are well paid
and well treated. The system is not
British, but ths caao la one of life
or a living death for the empire. If
Ilritona never will bo slaves now is
the time to prove they mean it. even
If labor hns to submit to conscrip
tion. Hotter Lloyd O to roe an task
master Implacable than the heel of
Wo have said fltat tlm Minister of
Munitions Is the roan of the hour In
England and must finish tho work
that Kitcueneb began. Mr. Lloyd
Geobqe has stepped Into the breach
and assumed personal responsibility
for the supply of all the wnr material
needed. He admits no partnership
with Kitchener In tho business and
announces his independence of the
War Office. Mr. Lloyd Oeoboe hns
probably more influence with the
worklngmen of England than any
other man in public life, and no one
In public life stands higher In their
esteem. Ho can get more out of
them than a hundred Kitcheners. A
Minister of Munitions wns desperately
needed to supplement tire military
work of tho War Office, and the little
Welsh radical, n veritable ltvo wire
of transmissible energy, was the Ideal
man for the place. So for the pres
ent and until the yawning void of
deficiency is filled Lloyd Oeoboe will
ho a bigger man than Kitchener, In
point of fact the industrial dictator
The Kids in the Plain.
. Shows of a hundred nations,
marches of our motley "cosmopoli
tans," devils and dragons of Cathay,
sights lovely and curious, lessons in
geography, Innumerable maps on legs
has The Sun "beheld and nlmost
Joined in from theso venerable win
dows, soon to bo gazetl through no
more by this source of light. The
more decorous and sweet, therefore,
to this prlmoval I em pi o of Tammnny
saints won It to see yesterday's exer
cises at tho City Hall. With no dis
respect to tho Hag of the free heart's
ImiKi ami home, there Is a distinction
and n Harblzoulan charm to the en-
sign of all Air. KuohkVKI.TH ancestors
Who were not snocltleall.V Irish, tier-
man, Scandinavian, Polish, Hunga
rian. Finnish, Turcoman, Celtic, Medi
terranean, I'rovejn.-al, Midi, Mldlnette,
old Ilronx and middle South Hrooklyn.
The evolutions of those Immortal
kids Yesterday, their wigwagging nnd'nnd de.ent citizens that are compelled
interplay of Lags, their marching and I ",". fflM SH
music and delight of color, wherein and their kind glvo n wldo berth to
wo must be pardoned for remembering
the green of the aecurHod Irish, as
Father I'boht-Mahony would put It,
he these things and symbols remem
bered gratefully and not too Idioti
Tho "inuekerlsm" In college compet
itive Hports of which Mr. Takt Justly
complained at an alumni dinner in
New Haven Is not so offensive as It
was, but there Is still room for Im
provement In tho stadium manners
of the underKraduatiig and some of
Time was, und not ho long ago, when
the mosquito legions that tormented
Ma n hummers wero supposed to 11 y
over from Jersey, Science demon
utruted that the mosquito was not ho
strong of wing us the bird migrants,
btit the myth persisted no loyal den
izens of Manhattan would listen. Hut
vv fancy they will glvn oar now
wiit'il Inhabitants of Kings and Queens
protest that they ought not to ho
solely assessed for the draining uf
their swamps hecausii the mosquitoes
to he exterminated bother the Manhnt
taners aa much aa themselves. To
tho rcsauo of Manhattan comes Dr.
1Iakn ICmkiihon, Deputy Commissioner
of Health, and says that the mos
quitoes that harass the peoplo of
Manhattan are bred In local pools and i
standing water. So says everybody
who wants to resist taxation for tho
drainage work ucross the river.
"Unless, then, nil signs fall," says
our alert and clover contemporary
the Hon. Edwin K. Slosson, In the
Independent, "the time has come for
a Herman Melville revival." All
signs usually fall, don't they? Why '
should there be a Herman Mclvllio'
"revival" now? There has been one
for some time, we tnke It; and tho
loiirf unnlluWa liintfl of inula fohiulla !
writers, Clark Kt; skull, for example, I
and the Caledonian poseur Stevenson,
needs no rescue now from oblivion.
We seem to remember him In the dark
backward and abysm of time as an
employee of the Custom House In this
town, unknown, unheard of, Reputa
tions must be shaken for at tho bar
of higher gods than those of Justice.
Possibly It was a gleam of Herman
Melville's later days that ho was the
son-in-law of one of the greatest and
most stiff necked of American Judges, I
Chief Justice Lemuel Shaw of Mas
Mi:i.villk died substantially obscure,
n sufficient tribute to his merit.
"Typee," "Omoo"; who that had the
happiness to read those black old vol
umes In the late '70s, say, when Mel
viLLM with all his perfections on his
back must have been visible and
probably shabby In a town where
Timotht Titcomb wns famous, can
forgot tholr charm? All good Ameri
cans wanted to go to tho South Seas.
They can do It for 36 cents In Mr.
Kveryman's library now.
Mr. KIjosson swears by "Moby Dick"
and seems to have read It. We never
could get out of Nantucket In It. lay
ers of Hermanlty, we can't dcVy
without reference to "Moby Dick"
that Herman wroto also some of the
dreariest works that clog the libra
ries. Is It fanciful to glvo Mrs. John L.
Sullivan credit for the ex-champlon'a
engagement with tho Anti-Saloon
league to do battlo with the Demon
Hum from a publlo platform?
Oovernor Carranza has Informed the
United Statas Government that he
will never make terms with Villa,
preferring to deal with htm on the
firing line. For nn old gentleman who
has never sot a squadron In tho field
or smelled powder, Venl'stiano Car
ranza Is singularly bloodthirsty and
In honor of the taking of Lembcrs
a holiday was given to the school chil
dren of Ormnny and Austria. It Is
'not a pleasant thought that If tho
war lasts two or three years more,
thousands of these Innocents will be
come food for powder.
Diagrammatic Exposition of Ills Po
To the Editor or The StTN Sir: Here.
Is a diagnosis of Mr. Hryan's resigna
tion which I have not yet seen In print,
but which I think Is worth putting there.
He figures that the Itepubllcan party
will remain split Into
that ha can split tha Democratic party
and attract to his side
(1) Prohibition )
(I) rro-aarman !
(1) Woman suffrage f
(4) Pacifist J
therefor ha now steps Into the lime
light In order to be groomed ns the
likely candidate of this union of forces.
His fondest hope Is peace and the
Presidency. Alex. Goi.dschmidt.
New York, June 23.
Why We Celebrate the Fourth.
To the Kditor or The Sun Sir; This
morning's letter from Clare WooUon
Henedlct indicates n misapprehension of
fact far too common tn this country.
Thoughtful people do not celebrate
the Fourth of July ns the anniversary
of an Indictment against Oreat lirltuln,
but becnuse on that day certain prin
ciples were proposed as the foundation
of government. In connection with our
celebration of the national birthday
hatred of England went out of stylo
with the perfervld oratory that Macau
lay found so amusing.
"If one stops to think of It," Amer
ican opinion of England has changed
solely because the Ideals of Asqulth and
Lloyd George offer a striking contrast
to those of Lord North and Lord Suf
folk. The more cordially we sympa
thize with the England of to-day, tha
moro Joyously must we enter Into cele
brarlon of the Fourth of July.
SCRANTON, Pa., June 23.
To the Editor or The Hun Sir: Your
correspondent who suggests that we
should abolish our Fourth of July holl.
day Is In error In thinking tho largo
majority of Americans feel and think
exactly the reverse about England of
what they thought on July 4, 17'ti,
If they think anil feel about t lip ques
tion nt nil they do so now as they did
tin n. The matter of good taste is not
concerned. It Is our national holiday
and the Idea of giving It up li one of the
most original that I have seen expressed
In your columns. An American.
Heapinu, l'a June 23.
The Whipping Tout for Car Homlles.
To the Editor or The Sun Nlr;
Thrnnph the ltitlueneo of vnllr vnltie.t
J journal could not a whipping lOBt bo
, established hi this State embodied lii tlio
Constitution about to be revised fur tbo
special use and punishment of the car
rowdy thugs? t
I nm certain the "cat" would tako
nil tho fun of rulllanlsm nut of theso
young cutthroats, and give, n feeling of
safety to the hejplesH women, children
i elijware. whero the cat and post are
A few days confinement or a nom
inal fine seems to have llttlo determent
for these dastardly scoundrels' acts. The
smart of the "cat" would put an end to
tbo outrages 0110 has to encounter on
the street curs. A Sun Header.
Hadylon, L. I., Jqne 24,
How to Stick a fitamp,
Ona of the young man who alt M-.
Hurleaon In the conduct of the United
Htutea piotal aerviea has explained to
Tna Srs that the gum on pontage tiunp.
the nppnrnnt tlckleaanaaa of which hu-i
rauaeil much Irritation, und, regrettably
enough, nn little prnfanlly, la In fact nt
excellent quality, uttlclent tn quantity and
of a nuperlor adhrMveneaa.
Thla authority daclaree that the diffi
culty of which numaruua emnplalnta art
niidn arliea frmu the fact that atlckera of
atampa net tho gum too much, He recom
mend mmlaratlnn In the uae of Ills inntit
enlng fliibi, and amerta that tho whs
merely dampen the glue will find It
lurtly and tenarloui In tha accompli. !i
luent of Ita purpo", title Ihnie who
flood It will dliiolva from Ita reverae 1.1j
tha iiiui'IUkIiiimii cokiIiik which Mr. Hurle.
aon applies tn hta aUmpa
In the Intereit of good temper snd fair
languusa Mr nurleaon'a ynung aaltnnt
urgea all patrona of the pnit to correct
thalr haVln, and conform to the enllght
aaad auffeitlona thus unofllc4au aat forth.
NAPOLEON AND WILHELM.
An Assertion That There Is No Par
allel Ilclneen Their Alms,
To the Editor ok Tit h Sun -Sir: When
I was n hoy n farmer undo of mine had
stored away In his garret a tot of bound
volumes of ifururr's Slonthlv, contain
ing' Abbott's "History of Napoleon Ho
napartc." These constituted my first
"heavy reading. From these volumes
I early became Imbued with tho Idea
that Napoleon with his citizen armies
shook the thiones of Europe, destroyed
the superstition of divine right as ap
plied to kingship, and not merely by
his own career but through the Marshals
knocked into a cucked hat tha similar
idea that only the noble born were fit to
tin loaders of men
I have been much disappointed, not
to say amazed, at the Inadequacy of
treatment of the Napoleonic wars and
the Krench devolution In recent articles
and editorial articles discussing the an
niversary of the battle of Waterloo.
From the outbreak of the European
conflict parallels have been drawn of
France's attempt at universal domina
tion under Najwleon and Germany's
present attempt at world supremacy
under Kaiser Wllhclm.
There Is no such parallel. The Na
poleonic wara were between the mon
itrchs of Europe and the people of
France; between the monarchical, the
aristocratic theory of government, and
the democratic theory of the right of a
people to choose Its own form of gov
ernment. With the possible exception of
the r reach Emperors Invasion of ltus
sla, the monarch were always the ag
gressors. The violators of treaties were
the various kings of Europe, mainly In
stigated and financed by England. Na
poleon constantly sought peace, but
peace waa as constantly denied him.
England Is on the right side, tn my
opinion, In the present conflict, but was
on tho wrong side when seeking to de
stroy Napoleon, because she was seek
ing to restore the liourbons to uie
throne of France against the wishes of
tho French nation as a whole.
Gcorok Harrison McAdam.
Niw York, June 23.
"PRINCE OF DENMARK."
A Lost Lyric That Haunts n N'nt
meglan Ancient Forgettcrjr.
To the Editor orTiii Sun Sir: From
out the reminiscent depths stirred up
by the Interesting flshball discussion
there, come to the surface soma other
lyric fragments long lost In tho surge
of time which It might rejoice members
of tho Ancient and Honorable Order of
Fogies to have once mora pieced to
gether. One of these Is the pathetic
ballad about one Hamlet, Prince of
Denmark. Here la tha beginning of the
ditty aa I recall It:
A haro'a fate I atng.
Hta atory ahall my pan mark.
Yet ha waa not a king,
Hut Hamlet, Prlnca of Denmark,
And then follow some stirring stanzas
about the Prince's mother. She became
nmbltlous and "the crown she had set
eyes on" with all the painful particu
lars of how she conspired agalnst'hls
Majesty, her august husband, culminat
ing her conspiracy by "stuffing ht earn
Perhaps eome other fogy by overhaul
ing tha lumber In tha attics of hta do
tage may ba able to resurrect some of
the remaining fragments of this dismem
bered friend of old time college days.
It would rejoice me and no doubt others
to see the dear old boy once moro put
together with all his full allowance of
stanzas. And then Just how old Is he?
When and where waa ha bom? Who
waa his father? S. C. H.
Harttorp, Conn., Juna II.
A Bouquet of Pleasant Words and
To the Editor or Tub Hun Sir: Your
wonderfully clever editorial articles,
clever even for TUB Sun, and not omit
ting Tils Evenino Sun. moved me al
most to write you a lotter yesterday.
The delicious Irony In the one calling
Mr. Wilson to account for the unseason
able weather, the biting sarcasm In
"Vindicated" and the very funny "Pro.
sit" this morning! My SVN, If sinners
sometimes entice thee, you are forgiven.
Hut you need no Indorsement from me.
I only wanted you to know of my en
joyment. Oh ! mora than thts, I have an Im
portant news Item. A use has been
found for tha Washington Market, un
dergoing repairs since my memory falls
tne, but some tlm before they com
menced In build the Equitable Huildlng,
The windows are being used by the
local recruiting offices of tha t'nlted
states army for Its good looking posters.
Hut more Important than all this, pub
lic announcement Is made by several
display cards that the employees of the
President's office, Borough of Manhat
tan, will soon hold a midsummer nlghrs
festival, to be a dream of course. 3a
you see "this market when completed
( ?) Is to be largest and most sanitary
In tha world." Serves some purpose.
Nrw York, June 23.
Autonomy of tha Singers flnb.
To the Editor or The Hun Air; In
Tub Son recently a Greenwich cor
respondent. In describing an entertain
ment given by Commodore Henedlct to
the Mendelssohn Glea L'lub and thu
Singers Club, stated that thu two
clubs had been marged Into one under
the name of the Mendelssohn Glco Club,
As this statement was an Iniidvertenco
on the part 'of your correspondent and
has mused some confusion I shall b
grateful If you will kindly correct it,
The Singers Club, of which I have tho
honor to be president. Is an entirely
separate and distinct organization, with
G. Waring Slohblns conductor and with
Commodore Henedlct iib an honorary
member of both clubs. The relation be
tween the two clubs has always been of
the most friendly character, and on the
occnslun In question the two clubs were
entertained by Coinmodoro Henedlct on
hW yacht and at Indian Harlsir and
sang together. This probably gave rise
to the rumor of conholldatlon, which I
desire to correct.
Fkank H. Hastinos,
President Singers Club.
New York, June 24.
Speed at Charging Uon.
From ISf London Ob$rrfr.
In your review of Colonel Hooaevelt'a
hook, la our l.u of tu-day, I think them
must be prlnter'a frrnr. Yuu says "When
It la borne In mind tbst a charging Hon
cm cuter a hundred yarda In three sec
niida." Thla mutt ba a ml.prlnt tor alz
The world's horaa record la l minute 35
econda for tlm mile -Juat under at arrondi
fur lha hundred yarda. Now, It tukra ,i
gut, well bred buntar lu gallop a mile
In tuo mlnutaa (I have aeen thla tried
for u bell, which l Juat under aeven
aernnda fur a hundred yurila Tha African
ponlea are very much alower, and from
all account they can get nnay from a
lion unleiH taken by aurprlne before they
ran get Into their atrlde,
Of rourao I know a hundred yarda can
ba galloped much fatter than the inms
animal can do tha full lulls. Hut a hun
dred yarda In three aeconda la, roughly,
aeventy mllea an hour, aa roiupured tu the
worhl'a galloping horaa record of forty
mllea an hour That la to nay If a race
horaa and a lion hud a race of un hour's
duration (of tnuraa an. inning ihey cool, I
keep up their hundred yarda speed during
lh nbolo hour) tha lion would nln by
Nothing on four lgi rnn go at aeventy
miles an hour H tskea a bird in do that.
Ciasipoa'a HnTZt, Hrook alreet, W , .May
n, i e i c
We agf with our correspondent as to
the Improbability of the ligures, but thev
are quoted III Colonel KooauvcU'a book,
Editor Obttrwr. V,
THE VARIOUS VIEWS OF
A (leorglu Woman Who Thinks There
Is More Than One Side to It.
To tub Editor or Tub Bun Sir; I
protest Hgalnst the perfectly characteris
tic nntl-German letter signed "Balti
more" in The sun of June 15.
Exactly why the accusation of being
"a rich German woman." "probably born
In America," should place one beyond
the pale and discredit one's efforts to
hold our beloved country to an honor
able neutrality In this tragic era Is on
of the mjstvrlei of pro-Ally mental proc
esses which fall to take Into account
man) pionalo facts such us the status
us citizens of persons born In this iouii
try NolCtir tin my simp!:, pro Amer
ican, fact dependent mind grasp the In
iquity of sympathizing with the lloeis
when they Mete making their desper
ately heroic but rough and unfannlon
Americans were guilty of whatever In-: law prosecution of the New Haven He
Iqulty there was In shouting for that fendants expect to prove at the trial
uncouth young republic whllo It was ; tnill j;,wnr() jj, Bobbins, former general
ss". k aod- w.B.': , fvhe -d r,nt::
will not turn back to that chapter at
a moment when England Is so beauti
fully engaged In defence uf the little
I do not know who this rich German
woman probably born In America Is, nor
tare, but 1 do care about American neu
trality and everything connected with
the happiness and honor of my country,
and for that reason upon receiving a
circular from the Woman's Organiza
tion for Strict Neutrality I eagerly seized
tho opportunity to assist In exercising
ins cuiiaiiiuiiuiiai ngiil 01 peuuuii, aim
it has given me much more pleasure thin
iiaiiij,. kun,i i.,ia A .(iia
here to this petition. They are still
... .. ....
coming In, bearing very few fashion-
ablo names, but Just as few German
ones. Two weeks ago when I received
the first Information I had of such nn
organization I was alarmed at the eltu.i-
. while the. Plain people seemed to
iiik, wniie uie plain people seenieo 10
understand nothing of 'it.' Perhaps they
understood more than I supposed ; any-
way to-day I do not believe they can be
tricked Into this wnr for tho perpetua-.
tlon of English tyranny on the high,
nevolutlin 'unshod' V 7h. coB,empt
or tne rashlonables of that day are be
ginning to make themselves heard now
against Joining this war for the exter
initiation of England's competitor on the
sens, and for the preservation of out
worn privileges of every sort upon which
the governing classes of England fatten
while the proletariat sturves.
I should like to ask "Baltimore"
whether It Is more "anti-American" to
petition for strict neutrality than to
urirA tnm rminfrv in 'n a rnrnivn li f in
urge the country Into a foreign war In
which w have nothing tn gain and
much to sacrlllce, I should like to ask
him whether American citizens have not
at least as muvh right to petition their
President and Congress for an embargo
on arms as has the "Ilrltlsh American
War llellef" to exhibit a "Gibson girl"
n the niched attire of Columbia, as part
of their advertisement In the American
press for contributions to ilrltlsh army
supplies to help keep tn the Held the
forces of the world's rlohest empire
against a country with which we are on
terms of professed neutrality.
Anticipating the usual Anglomantsc
dental of American lineage to all and company, which was created to take
sundry expressing other than pro-Eng- over the stock of the Hotdon and Maine
llah opinions. I beg to say that 1 have I for a brief period, during which the New
such claim to American descont ns my I Haven thought it advisable to be noml
membershlp In the Georgia Society of nallv rid of the control of thnt road.
the Colonial Dames of America can
guarantee, and I may add that I know
of no disqualifying (7) Teuton blood
In my veins. M. C. I D.
AunvsTA, da., Juna 17.
BLUE, WHITE AND ORANGE.
How Forty-second Street Anticipated
the City Flag.
To tub Editor or The Sun air: On
October 31, 1914, I designed a trading
flag for our works, colors, a field of
blue, showing letters of white, framing
of orange. This flag was hung on a
staff tipped with a glided dove. On
December 3 the buildings were photo
graphed, with the Hag as a part or the
On June 10. 1915, I ordered a new
flag for the Klag Day celebration of
June 14. Our tl.igm.ikcr reported tlm
price of the necessary colors moro than
doubled and stated that there was an
actual objection made to his purchase of
thla particular combination because
these colors belonged to the olty of New
Aware that there was to ba an aitop.
Hon of the now olllclal city Hag on
June 24, I have consulted the authorized
book Issued on June 19 and recording
tho preliminary proceedings. In it I
find that the report of the art commis
sion associates, recommending the color
combination, wan made undur tho date
of January 9, 1915: that tho urt com
mission accepted and indorsed the rc
mrr on February S , that tho special
committee appointed by tho art com
mission associates appeared before n
committee of the Hoard of Aldermen on
March 22 to explain the repoit uf the
committee; that on tho following day
the Commit ten on Hules reported favor
ably to the Hoard of Aldermen, with the
result that the ordinance adopting the
Hag wns attlrmed. That on April 27 an
amendment to the original ordinance
was reportel by tho Committee on Hules
and that the ordinance aa amended was
adopted by the Hoard of Aldermen,
That on May 1 the Mayor approved tho
This statement Is made to obviate tho
possibility of a suggestion that I may
Imvo been led to umkn up my color
scheme by reason of tho action of those
whne eaprewed laMe fn happily und
distinctly verltlOH my own Idea,
Johkpii IV Mclfuaii.
Nkw York, June 21,
MASTERS OF TO-DAY.
An Imitation for tho Exposure of tlm
Too Highly Kitwined Ilcud.
To tiik Editoii or The ,Sr. Kir. We
have often Heard critics despair of the
modem sensational, movie typo of nov.
els. It Is seldom that the novelist c.f
to.day has ,ho gall to praise his .wn
Mr. Gouverneur Morris nresuines tn
sneer ut Washington Irving and say
wmi nip v an vt inkle would Have been
much better dono now.ulos lly all
means lei us nuvo iiiCKeiiN, Hawthorne,
Scott and Thackeray criticised In turn
by Mr. Morris. It will uffoul most ex
cellent leading. J. 8, Wood.
New Yokk, June 23.
.Turk Hurkiivtuy In Chicago,
To the EntToit ok The Hvn Kir.- A
few days ago una of your cnrrepnndonts
regietted that thu "Jack Ilaikawa)" sto-
ries were no longer obtainable to ner uaugnier. iiinuo look, "in view-
When l wns u boy 1 read these heroic of her conduct toward me, which has
tnles In tint heavenly publication tho led me to this decision " She gavo $1.
llayx' ami Girls' HVeJtv. I ono each to live Hebrew Institutions nnd
III after years with their glamour still ?Ml" each to the I'ullce and Klremeu's
uim me and the necessity of providing llellef funds, She divided the remain
good wholesomn reading matter for four dir of the estate among her daughters,
growing sons, I combed the various pub. Nettle and Sitah OUvo Frank, Carrie
llshlng houses to llml If this spring of F Vleth and Mlllor F. Muvcr
eternal delight were still pouring foith , Corti.am.t Iiivinh. a lawyer, who died
is stream or perpetual youth, To my
Joy 1 found that "Jack Harkaway," rloiii
covers, could bo purchased from' Messrs,
M. A Donohtin & Co., 407-12!) Dearborn
street, Chicago, III.
1 do not know If tins ilrm Is still In
existence, but It ought to bi If 7oV
olbpf tenant, ttn.ti ,,nl,l lut, I,. .. ,,t..i.
Harkaway." I trust that Tin: Stw will
'' "miiis, ,,net
not look upon this mention of tlm
Messrs, Donoliuo & Co, n.s u free, ml.
vertlsemeut, but rather ns a piece of ,llH "ntlre estate. Including a cash bo
news or general and absorbing Interest 'l11"1' of oO.OOo mid Hiu Fioliiiiigham
as pointing out to tho thirsty soul where
It may mm living wateis
1 mill read "Jack Harkaway" and con
seitiently enjoy perpetual youth,
Jack's Fhiknd Dick lUnvir,
Betiiluiiem, Tu., June 22,
U. S. GIVES POLICY
IN NEW HAVEN CASE
Expects to Show Pcrsonnl
Profit In Denis, Snys As
E. I). ROHBINS SEEKS LKllfT
In the course of an argument before
Judge Hunfln the United States District
Couit yesterday It developed that the
auuaiiiiary iuiuriui uiiuiib, . n -
deal more money than was represented
by his salary.
This was the first definite Indication
of the policy which the Government wilt
pursue at the trial with regard V Its
efforts to prove the culpability of the
Individuals mentioned as parties to the
alleged conspiracy through which tha
New Haven system waa built up Into
what the Indictments characterize as a
i . i rh. ai onma out
I ""road monopoly. The fact came out
t h rous? h thA dlsoumion of a Dill or par
' ...t.L.t. (. altr.hlKBl A tt tTi!t 111 Uti
UVUIUIB Wallas! AMI iwuiHi"
In order that he might know the spcclflo
charges against him.
Addison S. Pratt, attorney for Mr.
Bobbins, asked that his client be In
structed as to whether the acts com
I , W,V' naX
i : , . ,, ,, ,, ." ,. 0nnltv
. "He" bj- Mr Hobbln. In his capacity
,,,; ',,"', L" . ,,,., ,h.
' yc,tttCh,?i?. Tp7l"l Asslsfan!
?Seki,con?pta'SS of may
ft? Mm " l0bby
Mr. Bobbins seeks also for more light
on the charge In the Indictment that
"the defendants Intended to grasp for
the snld New Haven road and for them
selves tho benefits arising from the com
bination." "The Government expects to show,"
said Mr. lUtts. "that this defendant per
sonally profited by the transactions
d ' f ',.. nd not n BUMect for par
charged, but that Is u matter 01 evr
I ... .. . .... k-
tlcumrization. e uon i snow wnai m
Intended to do with the money he made
whethor he expected to keep It for
i.i....l ra.iim it tn rhm rnmnanv.
, Wc wtn BiBO no. tn!lt in BOme of the
, traru,actlons he expended sums of money
1 Whlch may or may not have belonged to
Although Mr. Hatts did not specify
the methods by which he charges the
former counsel with making his extra
pronts. It is well known that one of Mr.
Kobblns's particular fields of usefulness
to the New Haven lay In his ability
to Inconvorate subsidiary companies. He
drew up the charter or tho liiuarq
, John U Hlllard, president of the
Hlllard Company, is reputed to have
mads $2,000,000 by soiling the stock
back at an advance. Stockholders of
the New Haven road who believe that In
this and other similar transactions lies
the explanation of the disappearance
of a considerable part of tha New Ha
ven's assets have instituted a suit In
Hoston to recover $3,000,000 from the
Hlllard Company and several individ
uals, among whom la Edward D, Rob
bins. At the end of yesterday's argument
Judge Hunt decided Mr. Bobbins was
entitled to the frame treatment as to
particulars that had been accorded to
other defendants by the court. This,
however, does not Include all of the
IKilnta raised by Mr. Robblna yester
day. G0ETHAIS OFF FOR PANAMA.
I'rolinlily Ills Last Trip na CoTcr
nor nf the Zone,
Major-Gen. George W Goethals sailed
from New York for Colon. Panama, on
the Panama Hallroad Company erteam
ehlp Alllanca at 3 o'clock yesterday
uttornoon, probably for tho loot time
as Governor of tho Canal Zone,
Ho came to this country early Inst
month to testify In the commissary
grafting cases here, und will probably
be retired from the work over which
he has been director for eight years
In the fall. He was accompanied by
IiIm younger son, who la In the Harvard
WILLS AND APPRAISALS.
I.aniipon Gkeb, who died on June 20
at 301 Iexlngton nvemm, left an estate
of moro than $75,000 to his wife,
Dorothy Qulncy Hoosevelt Gcer, but tiald
he expected that she would devoto so
much of the Incomn us might be neces
sary for the education and maintenance
of any children that might be born
Henjamin Stkinii ardt, the lawyer,
who was for years a member of Howe
k Hummel, left no slate when ho died
June 17, 1907, according to a transfer
lux report llleil yesterday Ills wife.
Ml Annie Stolirtiardt of 22.1 West End
avenue, said that ho had a claim for
S5O.O0O against Peter l Kicy for
It gal seivlce, but that the suit wan
dismissed after un action for $J,500
against tho late The Allen had been
decided1 ngulnet hlm,
William Howkli, Tatuui, who died
May 11. l'.Ml, left $I10.09 to Ms
1 ' ,,aUK "T' ,,'u",u,," i , i ( l1,!
i J?!!ie Loulso Enos. and their dill
L.Y'"'1" "JST;, "'"l dlw' ' fl"
21 '' f' $u.,183 to two ilaughti
daughters, Elizabeth M. T Gllmour and
Sakaii E. Hoosa, who died August 9
last, left her entire e-tate of $13.5f.
to friends, of which the bulk went to
' Mary H. Heazlcton of Washington, I), C
James Kaoan, a manufacturer of
packing boxes, who died May 27, 1913,
left $5.1,1111 to his. widow, two nous und
Gideon D I.ohsou, who died Jan
uary 27 last, left $18,450, of which $30.
000 went to his brother Muhcm and the
remainder to his mother nml four sisters
Saiiaii Khask,, who dud M.iv 15,
i ,9, left J 173.MSO. but gavo only $1
August S, 11)13, left I10S.S20. of which
$102.0 7 3 went to his wife, Theresa H
Irving, and tho lemalnder to his sister-in-law,
Josephine K Irving. Ills col
lection of watliltigton Irving manu
"lx V0,U,nM- W "'""""'
I Ut $.,.UU.
FitoTlll.NiillAM, who died
' Ium b' ,llB wl yesterday In
' "", Surrogate's olllce, Hrooklyn, leaves
iii.ii, slon, ,u 42 Grace cuutt, to his
wife, Kathurlne K At her death tha
estate passes In a sister of the deceased,
Mary Low. Tho executors re Mrs,
Frotlilngham. Joslah O Low, a nephew,
and the Hrooklyn Trust Company.
MIDDY TO CONFESS,
lloafflo, Who IImiI ski-In,,,,
Key, Worliinjr on Miiem. mi
TWO KXStGXS III. M 1.1 r.
ANNArot.is, Md.. .Inn" 2i r
Iso of n "ron.'e'slon ' in v -Charles
M. Hr-tigli. C-e o" i
milted to visits to iitmo-- -ment
of tho ii".idr m hi .
devices und who Ind'i-it. ,.
markable knowledge f me .-n,1 k
examination papers, mused ni,i M
tercst In the session of the r."i". of
qulry this afternoon. Hengle n n ro
returned to the stand, however He
nt work on his additional testimony
with the help of un urslstant of the
Judge advocate and a stenographer, and
hs wilt probably testify to-morrow
Midshipman Karl Keller, who testified
to-day, afterward said that ltoacle told
him, "I am going to confess everything
I know," Ileagle has been Isolated
eince ycaterday morning, except for a
relay of young officers forming hie
guard and the Judge ndvocato and hii
assistants. Heaglo left the stand after
having given the Impression thst he
might tell a good deal more, hlnce
then It hns been brought out that h
had a large part of tha Engllsh.ex&m.
Inatlon In advance.
Telt. of Coaching by .Nelson.
Several fourth class men were on tha
stand to-day und told of the coaching
In modern languages given them by Mid
shipman Italph McK. Nelson Just before
the examination. They Included C. E.
Denny, V. J. Moore, if. 11. Sobel. E. it.
Klncatd, J. C. Williams and J. 11. lirady.
All said that Nelson had helped them
the night before tho examination by
reading certain sentences, with trar.a
latlona, and giving thum dictation, lit
had told them, all said, that thiy would
probably not receive this matter on ex
amination but that It would help them.
The Government holds that Nelson used
the advance copy of the examination
paper In coaching the midshipmen. Tha
examination was changed, however.
With the exception of Denny, the m'd
hlpmen said that there was no eecrecy
about Nclson'e) actions. Denny said that
Nelson told him not to show the copy
he mado to any one.
An Interesting exhibit during th d.ij
waa the key which Heaglo used In enter
ing nearly every department. I- as
given to tho Judge advocate by M.dsh p
man W. D. Jones, who recolved It frm
Heagle, Midshipman W. it. HopX'n,
Jr., Introduced the term "Gow Gouge '
into the evidence. It means a s-t o(
solutions of problems taken from i,oms
Mechanisms, a text book.
Hopkins sakl that he had one of tv,
nnd It developed that they are h,- i d
down from cluss to clabs at thu o ,
He also asaerted that he had um- i i h
prints which Heagle hail taken f r on t:,
marine engineering building.
Two HnatKiia Are Cleared.
Midshipman James E. Waddel! re
turned to the stand this afternoon I
gave testimony which cleared En n
Overesch and Harnett from any r, .
tlon which might halo lesulted tr e
testimony of Ensign Graham us to U .
dell's statement, und Incidentally -. . j
Midshipman Nelson to soma exKn
Wuddeli said that Ensign Grahim . -mistaken
in stating thnt ho had 1
that Nelson had given ''turbine si n s
to Overesch and Harnett. Wadded ad
mitted that ho had taken a slice' ' n.
eelt and had given It to Midah'pnun
(now Eiudgn) King for Midshipman
(now Cmdgii) Chadwlck, who nee,ld
Similar testimony waa given by Mid
shipman Walter E. Horden. who den el
that ho had ever said that Prof, c .
Cusuulut had given advance Informa' on
to Midshipman Wesaoll as had ben re
Just before the court closed for tM
day a squad of about a dozen m.os
men. additional witnesses, marched n n
the building, and hope of an early si.iri
of the practice, lleet for tho San r .
Cisco Exposition were dashed. T-f
witnesses were called by the Judse
vocate and there has not been u star
the defendants' list. They are from -
Seventh company, to which Hoaeo-.
Click, Wnddell and other witnesses w
have, opened u new line of testimony ei.
terrfay and to-day belong.
TEACHERS' VITALITY TESTED
ItiTcattKntlon Condnctrd tn Irani
If They Are) OrrrsrorUeri.
Dr. C. Ward Cramptnn, dlre-v- '
physical training In tho Hoard of
cation, hns taken up for the t I i
scientific tnve.stliratlon of thn n
tntcd question whether the te .
overworked. He Is nppliing
tests to about 200 teachers n. , r
mcntnry and high iw-houls of : ..
chosen nt random and at the
the summer vacation w ill ,ipr! . s
again and tudu whether tn , -between
tho vitality reglstr.itt ,
as to Indicii'o that thu wnrkitg
been a scvete strii'ti.
The test ho ! itppKmg :s ' -I
blood pressure Nutnalh t. I
pressure Increases when a p- - --1
from a recumbent to a statin k - '
I'll t In the cases of thoso who
vously worn out It deci eases, ! b
evidence of the person's cond.i
NEW RESEARCH LABORATORY
Will Be nutlt on Gr id-
Plans are being prepared fo '
structlon of n hove,, u,r... ,
laboratory on the slto of i ..
I power hiiuso on tbo ki-.mmi i
1 Rockefeller Institule for l,
i search nt Slxty-rourtli stre. t i
nun A. The building w .11 b, i
feet nud will be eiiii'p.-i
known device for rce.i'-.-li wo
I Adjoining the laboiator i
i keeping animals for vims, ,-i S
nervation purp . w ill i. i .
cost of the tnbni-.i'orv his
mated at about M.lo, s . .
tan . conllilge of tins',, i ,ii,
23.727 TO BE ORADUATJIIi
Inerenae itt '.'.llllll In Numb,.
I'uplls rlnl.lilnu Tlniul
Thn tlementnry public s o
York oil will giudu.'c t' .s
727 pupils out nf ,u, enrol i,i '
graduating classes of 25,2''. I. .
to tlgures Issued j esterdai bi
, of Supet llitenilents Til s Is ,u
I of almost 2,000 over the mimm
I uated last year
I As was true Ust year. Hrook''
, In the number of graduates w "
an tncreasti ot nor tni". ami
follows with S,r,7 Tho
3,3!. Queens. 2,1:1, and I
ftOii All the borough sh w t
both lu numbers icgni.cred a