Newspaper Page Text
PERSONALITIES IN PICTURE.
.fSSS JNEW PICTORIAL SUP.
PLLMENT devotes much space to per
sons In the public eye. The President's
latest photograph, In next Sunday's
THE WEATHER FORECAST.
Rain to-day; strong northeast winds;
' fair to-morrow.
Highest temperature yesterday, 73; lowest, 59.
Detailed weather, mall anil marine reports on page 1 1
eu wort" tramtng.
VOL. LXXXII. NO. 338.
NEW YORK, WEDNESDAY, AUGUST 4, 1915. Copyright, 1010. by the Aim PrtiiHtiri mi-l I'ubltshtno Association.
PRICE TWO CENTS.
BY WILSON FOR
Jladcro Finance 31iiiistei
AVill Also Be Bucked by
CAIMIAXZA TO YIELD
OH BE DRIVEN OUT
U. S. Will Withhold His
AVsir Supplies if He Re
31AY BE NECESSARY
New President to Give Way
to a Man Satisfactory
to All Interests.
Washington', A us. 3. At a confer
Mice to be held ut the State. Depart
ment on Thursday In which six coun
trie of Latin America will be rcpre-
Knt.il the United States will take tho
initial step In a new effort to restore
order in Mexico.
The United States will present a plan
that contemplates the establishment of a
cOBStltatlon.il government In Mexico by
Mexicans with the support of this coun
try and the republics of Argentina,
Chile. Brazil, llollvla, Uruguay and
As a preliminary President Wilson,
supported by the Latin American coun
tries, will again call upon tho warring
military chieftains lu Mexico to com
pote their differences and Miter Into a
conference or conentlon to decide upon
Unr.s of peace.
The plan of action formulated by
President Wilson and his advisers Is
toed on the belief that Carranza Is
likely to be persistent In his refusal to
Mediate with the forces that aro op
polr.r him In Mexico. Carrania'a re
fusal to Join with other Mexican lead
ers in netting up u government In the
republic by peaceful means will bo fol
lowed by steps that will have the active
lupscrt of the Lulled States and pos
:bly of the six republics of South and
Cvatral America that are to bo leprc
ur.ttd at Thursday's conference.
T.io plan to paciry .Mexico through the
Ltu.uiu of Internal Influences, assisted
ty the seven republic under the leader
i.i!p of the United States, contemplates
the restoration of tho Madero Uovcrn
iLcnt, which paused out of existence
upon the assassination of Francisco
Madero in 1!13. This Government al
luu) is assured that practically all of
tU potential ii.ulers of Mexico with tho
ej.njn.oii of Carranzu ale prepared to
urai ,ik u group that will nestaDllsh
til. liiAeimiieut that was ill 1 veil from
puvtci two )i.us ago by Iluerta.
Villa's Alii Expected.
Tii.s group will have at Its back the
r.. ,u,y foices coiuni.tiiiUd by Villa, and
e i.iidciice U expressed by Washington
UIU...1U that within u comiiar.itlvely
u(rt t nn tlio L'.ur.iuz.i movement will
.oliapsc by leasou uf Its lalluru to get
war supplies Irom tho United States,
tarrunza'u lefusal to enter Into peace
l-rhys with thoso uhu are willing to
voo . rate in establishing a government
mil ui fulloweil by an embargo on arms
'! .i w ill oc applied to him alone.
Tliui the polky of "watchful waltlus"
U to be tnrown Into tlie, discard and a
programme of atllrmatlve action substi
tuted, leaders of the Administration
ucn-.t t int It thu new isallcy docs not
br'-ig riUiut order In Mexico tho only
othe. . .tentative, is armed Intervention.
Tl.i ,n lji.it also that the concert of the
sen- itpi'bllcs may lead to Intervention
or at lest to tho occupation of a part
of Mt...-o by an American urmy pend
i.k 'he establishment of a stable gov
ernment 1' Is realized by the authorities that
Car-nz,s lefusal to discuss peace with
tho uriii r Mexican leaders would be fol
lowed fur a time by great disorder lu
ilex i, ,ty and elsewhere In the re
pub'., in this event tho United States
ma i,c obliged to send a relief column
to Mcm i city. If American soldiers
iumIii enter Mexico they un
lo'p vii. will remain there until all
Proi hijy of an Immediate recurrence
of ui ' on has disappeared.
I . s, s,.,.u Sn Territory.
1 .it'll States will niiiiounce at
1 b dug of Its endeavors to restore
Mexico that It has no thought
' 'i ial comitiest, It already lias
i i u-surniices to Hid six Latin
i toptibllos that It Ii.ih Invited to
tlio enterprises as regards
f the military loaders now
" in Mexican alfalrs will have
to attain the Presidency of
"lie under the plan of paclllca
peifrd ),y president YVIt.on
''iin or Slate Lansing. Car-
il.i. Zapata ,'iml nil the others
"i- eliminated and a gioitp to be
' n wim nre to hn entrusted
' task of setting up, If possible, n
' "M ill Hint thn United Stales and
i 'iu rs may In conscience recog-
' .i constitutional sovereignty.
' ' "i liming thn how Mexican io.
' ' Hleiit Wilson has sought for a
"o -h will perm.t Mexicans them-
light iifrulrs In Mexico, the
i stun, infiely t stand by and
"tore Is no Itilcrfeioncn with the
z.uion OUIrlals here n.iy the
"is thought nut befoio the Presl-
' l s prni l.ini.it ion nn .turn 2
- tin. fin lions to eomposo their
. fading in which the United
- mid act. VIII. i and Znpata at
ib d a willingness to dlncuss
l.iM' D with Pan an z.i, but Car
e iiotlce that he would not
negotiations with his enemies.
' UO the Secretary uf State, by
of Hie I'n'Hlilcnt. soiinileil Ar
' U'.iis'l, Chill, llollvla, Uruguay
emala to determlnn whether
aid Join with the, United States
CoiilOniciI on Fourth I'uge,
MISS MARIO WE BREAKS DOWN.
Will Never Appear nn Stage
Annln, llnshnnd J)B.
ItAftTFonti. Conn., Aug. 3.-Julla Mar
lowe will never act again, according to
a statement made this afternoon by her
husband, Edward It. Sothcrn. at Litch
field, Conn., where they are summering.
"My wife has absolutely retired," said
the actor. "Her Illness has made It im
possible for her to play and It will be
tho first time she has not been with me.
1 myself nm beginning to feel that the
strain on my vitality Is much greater
Asked If Mls Marlowe had Riven up
all Idea of acting again, Mr. Sothern
emphasized the fact tnat she was com
pletely broken 'down, nddlng: "It Is
too great nn effort for her to try again.
The price Is too high. It Isn't worth It."
PACIFIC MAIL TO QUIT NOV. 2.
.Tnpnneac Will Tnkr lltialnrss
Klllrd lijr l.n Kiillettv .ar.
Sam Khancisco, Aug. 3, The first
definite announcement of actual discon
tinuance of trans-Paclllc service was
made by the Pacific Mall Steamship
Company to-day. The company will
withdraw Its five liners from the Pacific
on November 2 next. Its last vessel
to leave San Francisco for the Orient
will tie the Mongolia, sailing on that
date. The reason given for this Is that
the La Follcttc seamen's law goes Into
effect on November 4, making it Itn-
IKisstoie financially lor the ships
I This gives the Japanese lines a mo-'
noi oly of trans-Pacific- business out of I
$2,000 RING STOLEN
IN OSTEND RECOVERED
,. . T- i. it
JII'S. Helen . bllgCl l.eaniS
i Through Belgian Police of
, Mrs. Helen V. Engel. 545 West 111th
street, wife of Louta Kngcl. a cigar
manufacturer, was notified yesterday
through the New York police that a
diamond ring valued at (2,000, which
was stolen from her a year ago lu
Ostend, llelglum, had been recovered.
The notltleatlon came from Ernest
Goddefroy, Commissioner of Police of
Ostend, who has been driven by the
German occupation of Belgium to con
duct his operations from the compara
tive safety of Hull. England. He wrote
Commissioner Woods that the ring,
stolen by a oung German from the
i hotel In Ostend, where Mrs. Kngel left
It while bathing, had been recovered
and the thief arrested.
The llelgian police official did not
know Mrs. Kngel's address, so Lieut.
Grant Williams of the missing persons
bureau began a search of the city. After
calling up several Mrs. Engels, the
owner of the ring was found, and she
described It satisfactorily as a goiil
ring set with three large diamonds. Mrs. t was feated some of the older struc
Kngcl wrote the Commissioner at llulllture8 would be undermined and would
yesterday, saying her offer of a J200 re- collapse.
ward still held good. it has rained for three days in this
"He says I can get my ring by writ-1 section of the State. The downpour has
ing or going to ttuu. sue saiu. "in
rntner write man time a cnance wun
the submarines, I've had enough war.
I wns In ostend on July 18. when the
ring was lost, and went to Carlsbad on
July 22, after leaving my name with
the Ostend police. Then the war caught
me and I had to ride In cattle trains
nnd troop trains to get to Paris, and
fiom there to Havre. There I stayed
aboard the liner France In port for ten
day before she sailed, and even then I
had to go steerage. I am sure from
the drawing the Commissioner encloses
that it Is my ring, but 1 don't want it
enough to go over there again.''
CAMERA GIVES ALARM.
ItliiK Hell nnd Aliened Thief
Soon I'ndrr ,rre4.
The next time I.oonard White, 24 years
old, a waiter, of 303 West Fifty-fifth
street, wants to take something that
doesn't belong to him he'll look around
Leonard Isn't strong on electricity, so
when he wundered Into the drug storo
of Frank Schwartz at 515 Amsterdam
avenue last night and saw some cameras
In the window while the druggist was In
the back room it looked pretty safe to
him. He picked up one, Schwartz
chnrges, but before ho could get to the
door the druggist dashed out of the back
room after him.
Half a block away White ran Into
the arms of Patrolman Kmmlch, who
brought him hack to the drug store.
There the druggist showed tho 'panting
prisoner how the cameras tested on
buttons so that when tnej were lifted
nn electric current rang a bell In the
back room. White was taken to the
West Sixty-eighth street police station,
where a charge of petty larceny was
uiailo against him.
NEW YORK GIRL ELOPES.
MUs Mlllnn Colili l Mnrrlod In
lliiltlmnrr Hrucr nnlrd.
IUM-imoisb. Aug. 3. Miss Lillian E.
Cobb 21 years old. daughter of Archi
bald Cobb of New York, and Hruce
H.ilrd. 22 years old, a number of the
law llrm of Hruce & Hastlan of Wash
ington, came here to-day and were mar
ried by tho Itev. Jesse Ulcknell, god
lather of the bridegroom.
MIm Cobb left the home of her grand
mother. Mrs. K. M. Hulse. whom sho
had been visiting In Washington, say
ing that she would pass the day with a
friend. She met Card !. Sohuermann of
Washington, a friend of Mr. H.ilrd, who
accompanied her to Haltlmore by auto
mobile. HIGH COST OF CONQUEST.
!f.-.no,OOfMMM Pit 1,000 Siinnrr
Miles Is Cost to (ierniauy.
Special Cable Detpalrl. to Tim Sr..
IwiNnoN, Aug, 4 (Wednesday), The
Unity Mail publishes a nrip and n dia
gram showing that every thousand
c'lii.ir miles occupied on the western
battle taint cost Germany $500,000,000
and evefy thousand squnre miles nn the
eastern front cost her 1165,000,000,
ERIE STORM KILLS
25; MILLIONS LOSS
Cloudburst Floods City .and
Washes Awny Dozens of
CITY LEFT IX DA It KX ESS
Communication Is Crippled
Many Itcscued From Their
Homes in Boats.
ICR ik, Pa., Aug. 3. Twenty-five per
sons, Including Assistant Fire Chief
Michael Duerner, are dead In the worst
flood In the history of Urle that started
with a cloudburst about H o'clock to.
It Is Impossible to give an estimate
of the damage that is done, but It wil
reach millions. The city Is In dark
ness nnd the telephone service Is
knocked out. A few telegraph wlrei are
working and furnish Krle's only com
munication with the outside world All
trains aro held up.
The only liody recovered as yet Is tint
of John lliggins, who was swept away
with his home. Scoies of people .ire en
trapped In their homes und with the
rain still pouring down and the water
rising rapidly there Is but little chance
to save them. Mayor Stem Is heading
the rescue work with Theodore F.lch
...... , .
horn a(l tTiinh 1 elow" "'1' "t Llt
Council, und Police Chief Delzel. An un
verified rumor has come In that Chief
Delzel has met his death, but this is
not given much credit.
The storm broke about 4 o'clock this
afternoon and nt C o'clock there was a
cloudburst. An hour afterward dams to
1 the south gave way and the water tore
Idown Mill Creek, a stream on the eastern
side of the city. It Is linpos-.lble to get
through the flooded district, ami what
I lays to the east can only be guessed at.
i Five hundred flood sufferers nre being
cared for at the National Guard armory.
As many more are in the City Mis
sion, and every hospital Is tilled. With
the flood still raging and no way of tell
ing how great the damage will be, a
move has been made to raise money for
the aid of the sufferers,
Iteseueil li Itnn limit.
Police and firemen In row boats res
cued many persons who lived along the
banks of the creek as their homes were
swept from their foundations. Many
persons are missing and It is believed
that fully twenty have been drowned.
Among the victims -U Assistant Fire
Chief Iluemer. who met his death while
trying to rescue a family from the rcc
ond story of their home.
At the beginning of the cloudbur: the
lighting nnd traction plants wire put out
of commission. The entire city was
plunged Into darknem. This added to
the difficulty the firemen and police ex
perienced lu rescuing victims.
Mte to-night the rain still was falling
and It was feared that more damage
uom he rinno to downtown nr.im.rtv.
been sti-ady and n great volume of writer
has passed through Mill Creek. At 6
o'clock to-night all traffic was stopped
and pedestrians were driven froni the
streets when the clouds opened up and
emptied themselves lu one grand deluge.
It w-is Impossible to walk streets lu
the he.n downpour. This continued
for fully llfteen minutes and then the
steady rain of the previous tin cc days
Then Mill Creek rose rapidly. Police
nnd firemen were sent out to warn the
families occupying the houses along Its
banks lu the residence section, but tho
work was slow.jr.il not all were warned.
This necessitated the commandeering of
boats and the rescue of the marooned
Ah the avalHble boats have been
taken over by tho police and firemen. A
supply of carbide lamps and oil torches
has been obtained and the rescuers are
making a systematic search through the
flooded districts. Only the residence sec
tions on the outsklits of the city which
nio on high ground were not damaged
by the rush of witer. Many of the
homeless people arc being given shelter
lu these homes.
CYCLONE'S EFFECT FELT.
Shnrp Winds Here Unr to IIIMurl)-nnei-
In l.nkr llrulon.
The unusual drop In teniperatui o here
yesterday was due to the passing of a
cyclone to the west and northwest of
New York, dragging In from the sea a
rain permeated, brisk easteity wind.
The mercury fell from a maximum of
81 degrees on Monday afternoon to r!
nt 11 o'clock last night anil It seemed
probable then to the local weather ob
server that It might go several degrees
further down the tube before daylight,
There have been cooler days In August,
but only a few.
A disturbance that was central over
Itlchiuoud last night also contributed to
j the coolness nnd wetness. The highest
temperature of the day was at 12 A. M
The e clone was central over the lake
region Inst night and will continue to
affect this neighborhood to-day. when,
the forecasters nay,New York will have
more rain, with strong easterly winds.
To-morrow It may be fair.
ENGLAND BANS COAL EXPORTS.
Shipments F.xrepl to Ilrlt-
Special Cable Petpatci to Tnr. Sex.
IoNiiii,v, Aug. 3, An order In council
whs gazetted to-day forbidding thn ex
portation of coal and coke, beginning to
morrow, except to Ilrltlsh possessions
WAR SERVICE IN LONDON.
Ministers In Attend Anniversary
Mccllnn In SI. Paul's.
Special Cable Despatch to Tin: Sis.
London, Aug, 3. Thn Cabinet has
been summoned for to-moriow after
noon, when most of the Ministers will
attend tho special service at SI, Paul's
Cathedral In rnmmemoiatlon of the first
anniversary of tho war.
CHECKTEUT0NDRIVE5?rliV5mi INSISTS THAT NEUTRAL
IN WARSAW REGION ports MUST NOT BE USED TO SUPPL Y
Hussions Stop Onslaught and
Take. Thousands of Prison
ers, Petroprad Hears.
GERMANS SHOUT OF MEX
Czar's Ex-Wnr Minister May Ho
Prosecuted for Munitions
Special CnMe lletrtrh In Tnr. Set
LnstHiN, Aug. 3. The Petrograd cor
respondent of the Hutlu Mntl, In a des
patch received to-night, declaros that
' the ltn.il.iti fight to cover n general re-
treat with rear guard actions has at
j most succeeded nnd that the German
I offensive l being cheeked In ceral
fronts. He says :
' "The news received from the battle
jfiont to-day Indicates that the rear
Igiiinl actions which the Ituslans have
I been lighting to rover thi- general te
j treat have almost achieved their pur-
"The furious Herman efforts to secure
, a crushing victory havo failed. The
enemy has not managed to crush any
lead guard, and Indeed In several en
gagements the llusslan troops hive been
gallantly holding their own and captur
ing thousands of prisoners.
"The German iirmlis almost all seem
In need of teenforcements and com
manders arc asking each other for lis.
slstancp. (Jen. von Woyrsch. on the
Vistula, was expected to strengthen tlio
Nnrew front, hut has Jim been pushed
back himself ami desires every rmnpniiy
of his forces In prevent any further
Vm Miirlt-ntti CliecLril.
"Gen. on Mnckenseii Is merely fol
lowing the Itusslim troops In their le
tlmneut toward ih north. His army nt
this momtnt appeals Incapable of any
"Heavy fighting Is expected by the
Wlcpiz and the Hug rlicrs. Here tile
Hermans pioh.ibl" will make une more
effort to draw the llussians Into a gen
eral fngiiKcmcnt. trom which they hope
tt eiivrge lctoiloiis and then be lu a
position to transfer a large number of
guns from the west.
"The Duma has pas-ed a resolution
demanding that legal proceedings be
taken against all resion"lhle for the
shortago of shells and other needs of
the army. Irrespective or rank or of
ficial position. Out of 3iiu members
present 34". voted In favor of the icso
lutlou. "It wa clear when the Duma met on
Sunday that n demand would be undo
that the late Minister of War, M. Souk
omllnoff. would t o prosecuted. Thl un
doubtedly represents the indignant de
she of the nation. The Deputies mo
grimly determined to make the punish
ment of the guilty their first business,
Uveryliody feels tint iinltss this Is done
the nation cannot be sure that the
blunders will not he repeated.
CZAR'S ARMY IX PERIL.
Iteports of tinliis It) Geriiuins Ite-
eeltcd In London,
Snecial Cable Rematch to The Si v.
I.omion, Aug. 3. A growing fear Is
felt by military obseivers here that the
Hermans are succeeding In the'r at
tempt to trap a Itirge force of ltusslans
In the Waraw district.
i The latest unotllclal despatches from
Warsaw Indicate that lien, ven Gall
ultz with his .111(1,01111 men are practl-
1 c.illy across the Narew-llug triangle.
'within ten miles of the Warsaw-Petro-grad
railway, A large force of Hus
slans Is now engaged with a German
advance south and west of Warsaw on
the Illonic line The forces of (Jen. von
, Mackensen are advancing up the lhr;
toward lltest-I.ltovsk and are within
I fifty miles of that city, according to all
I accounts, but In the stretch between the
I Hug nnd the Vistula strong Russian
forces continue to oppose the Aumrlan
advance In the half dozen or more en
gagements or battles now going on from
Suvvalkl to south of Lublin, Including
, the Warsaw bulge.
llusslan forces are now operating to
the west of the Austro-Oerman drives,
seeking to cut off all railway communi
cation with the Interior. The Germans
report that they captured 11,100 prlso.
ueis, a gieat many field guns, trench mor
tars and machine guns Sunday ami yes-
tetday. (if cour-e It Is not luougnt pon
I slide that the bulk of the six llusslan
aimles will be taken, but It Is estimated
to-night that seveinl hundred thousand
llusslan trcops are In Jenp.inly.
No report ts made of the operations
of (ien von lluelow suuth of Kovuo
toward Wllini, not- of the operations
from Suwalkl east and south tnwanl
Grodr.o. through which tho Petrograd
railway num. It Is reported that the
drive from Lomza Is making progress
and taking prisoner.
Interest centres lu tho operations of
Gen. von (Jallwltz, who lias been ono of
" the chief aids to Held Marshal von
1 Hindi iiburg lu this district, Splendidly
equipped, his foi i-.' mule up entlicly of
' veterans of a year's campaign, he has
struck iicinss thu Naiew between Itozan
i mid Pultusk to m i l run the llusslan
forces sent to meet him on the slxtoen
nine inangic oeiwccn mo iwo rivers,
which flow together nt Serock. Ills
rotusn seems to be along the single line
railway which comes south from Ostio
lenka and crosses the Hug at Wuszkow.
This Is hardly morn than thlriv miles
fiom Warsaw Itself.
Hardly more than ten miles from tho
tlver nt this point runs the railway, tho
loss of which will vastly reduce the
(.hances of large bodies of troops In
getting put of Waisaw. That is tho
While them are no olllclnl reports to
say that the formal abandonment of
Waisaw Is taking plact, still them will
be time for many to slip by before the
vital centies, the Petrogiad railway and
Hrest-Litovsk, ale reached. However,
forc(s amounting to between l.r.fln.ono
and 2,nno,iiti(i am an iiTruMiso number to
move with heavy fortress guns, muni,
tloim and general supplies,
TEUTONS CAPTURE J 1,100.
Ilerllii Iteports (inlns on All Fronts
Specht Cable Despatch to Tnr. Svs.
IIeumn (via Amsterdam), Aug, 3.
The following oltlclul statement was
Co a If nurd on Second Page.
ENGLAND'S CHIEF DEFENCE OF HER BLOCKADE
This is Great Itrltain's replj lo the.
f'liflnl Ntatcs note of March 31, In
uhtth the Puffed states ilrclartil its
objections to ccrttiln interferences
tettk neutral trailc vpnarrntty cow
templatrit by (treat Hritaln umlcr the
outers In council. This note ronsfl
(Kfis Orenf Itrltain's chief tlcfencc of
the innctlics nyalnst which the 1'rAtr.it
Ambassador W. It. Page to the Sec
retary of Stale.
Los'lsis', July 21, 10 1.,
Following note, dated July 23, re
ceived fYoin Sir Edward Grey this
"On the 2d of April your Excel
lency handed to me a copy of a com
munication containing the criticisms
of tlm United States Government
on the measures we havo been
constrained to take on ncioiitit
of tho menace to peaceful lointnerre
resulting from thn German submarine
policy. This communication ha re
ceived tlm most careful consideration
of his Mnjesty's Government
"2. 1 fully appreciate the friendly
spirit ami the candor which are shown
in thccommuiilcatloii, and. tepl.vlng in
the same spirit, I trust that 1 may bo
able to convince your Excellency ami
also the Administration at Washing
ton that the measures we have un
nouni ed ari- not only reasonable ami
necessary In themselves, but consti
tute no more than an adaptation of
the old plintiplcs of blockade to the
peculiar clriunistunies wltli whlili wo
.Musi Tnkr llrr Mri.
",l 1 need scarcely dwell on the
obligation Incumbent upon the Allies
to take every ttep lu their power to
oveiconie their common enemy In view
of tho shocking violation of the recog
nized rules and principles of civilized
warfare of which he lias been guilty
during the present struggle Your
Excellent') ' attention has illicitly
been drawn to some of these proceed
ing in the iiicmni.iudum which I
handed to )ou on the Pith Febru
ary Sline thai time Lord Ilryce's
report, based on evidence carefully
sifted by legal experts, describing the
ntiocltlcs committed in llelglum, the
poisoning of wells in German South
west Africa, the use of poisonous
gases against the troops III Flanders
ami finally the sinking of the Lust
taula without any opportunity to pas
sengers and iioii-i ninhatnlits to save
their lives, has shown how indispen
sable It is that we should leave unused
no Jtistlilable method of defending our
selves. 4. Your Excellent') will remember
that In my nottii of the 13th nnd 13th
of Match I explained that the allied
Governments Intended to meet the
Gel man attempt to stop all supplies of
every kind from having o. entering
Ilrltlsh or Kronen pons u mem
selves Intercepting goods going to or
ftom Germany. I ie.ul tnc communi
cation from )our Excellency's Gov
ernment not as iiuestioning the in-ces-sit)
for out taking all the steps open
to us to cripple the enemy's trade, but
as dlireted solely to the iiiistion of
the legitimacy of the partlculat
(tilesllito of ItlocUlttle.
"." In the various notes widen 1 have
received from out Excelleiicv the
tight ' i hclllgeient to est ibllsh a
blockade of the enemy ports is ad
mitted, a right which has t bviously
no value save In so far as It gives
power to a bell.gerent to cut off the
sea borne exports nnd Imports of tile
enemy The contention which I
uiiiletrtanil the Pulled State.s Govern
ment now puts fin ward Is that If a
belligerent is so circumstanced that
Ills commerce can pass through ad
jacent neutral ports as easily as
thiough ports lu Ills own territory,
his opponent has no right to Interfere
and must restrict bis measures of
blockade In such a manner as to leave
such avenues of commerce still open
to his adversary
"This is a contention which bis
Majesty's Government feel unable to
accept and which seems to them un
sustainable either lu point of law or
upon principles of International eipilty.
They are unable to admit that a bel
ligerent violates any fundamental
principle of International law by ap
plying a blockade In such a way as to
cut out the enemy's commerce with
foreign countries through neutral
portB If the circumstances rentier such
an application of the principles of
blockade the only means of making It
"The Government of the Pnlted
States Indeed Intimates Its readiness
to take Into account 'the great
changes which have occurred In the
conditions ami means of naval war
fare sincu the rules hitherto govern
ing legal blockade were formulated'
ami tecognlzes that 'the foim of close
blockade with Its cordon of ships In
the immediate ofllng of the blockaded
ports Is no longer practicable In tlio
face of nn enemy possessing the
means and opportunity to nviko an
effective defence by the use of sub
marines, mines anil aircraft.'
ConforiuliiK lo the Spirit,
"(i. The only iUestlon then which
can arise In regard to tho measures
resorted to for the purpose, of car
rying out a bloikiule upon these ex
tended lines Is whether, lo use your
Excellency's words, they 'conform to
the spirit anil principles of the es
sence of the rules of war' ; ami wn
shall bo content to apply this test to
tlio acllon which wn have taken in
LEGION MISSES 5 AMERICANS.
FnlP of Kell, l.iivvriiiiT, Scnnlon,
Smith nnd M'eeUs In Doubt.
medal iat,ie netpnirn nt iiir nt,v.
I'Alils, Aug. 3. The heaibtiarters of!
the core gn i.egion at i.yous, wneio nil
r-Jntntlnn fiom the oil' uilzjtlnu Is
reiioited. is still without news of the
Americans .iveny, i.awrenre, rscnnion,
Smith and Weeks, who have not been
heard from for some time, officials are
inclined to believe the men are prisoners.
The Culonel's orderly, who was inptut'cd
on June lii. has been ullowed to return
to France after having had a leg am -
putatetl. Ho reports tnat somo other '
prisoners were tnken ut the satno time,
hut he could not learn their mines.
Duke of Norfolk In fin I oiler Knife
Special Cable teialci to Tnr. St x.
IsiNhon, Aug, 3. The Duke of Nor
folk Is to undergo a serious opepitlon
and will he confined to the hoapltal for
GERMANY; REJECTS U. S
io far as It has necessitated Interfer-
ence with tieiitr.il conimeice.
it may be noted In this con
nection that nt thlt time of the civil
war the I'nltcd States found them
selves under the neiesslty of declar
ing a hliH'Kadc of some 3,000 miles
of const line, a military operation for
which the number of vessels available
wns at first very small. It was vital
to the cause of the Pulled States in
that great struggle that they should
be able to cut off the tiade of thn
Southern States. The Confederate ar
mies were dependent on supplies from
overseas, and those supplies could not
be obtained without exporting the cot
ton wherewith to pay for them.
"To cut off tbls trade the Pulled
States could only rely upon a block
ade. The dlllultles confronting the
Federal ( ioveriimeiit went in putt due
to the fart that neighboring neutral
terillory nffntded convenient centres
from which cnutraband could be In
tlodiiced into the territory of their
enemies and from which blockade run
ning (Olllil be facilitated.
Old llni-lrliir Applied.
"Your Excellency will no doubt te
member how, In order to meet this
new dllllculty, the old principles re
lating to contraband and blockade
wetn developed and the doctrine of
continuous voyage was applied nnd
enforced, under which goods destined
for thn enemy territory vveie Intel
cepted before I hey reached the neutral
polls from whli h they were to be re
exported. ".X. The dllllcultles which Imposed
upon tlio Pulled States the necessity
oi renaping some ui tnc oiu rules urn
soineuh.it akin to those with which
the Allies are now- faced lu dealing
with the trnde of their enemy. Adja
cent to Germany .ue various neutral
rountiiis which alford her convenient
nppm tunitles for carrying on her tr.ido
w.th foteign countries. Hei own ter
lituties are covered by a network of
railw,i.vs and watetways, which enable
her commerce to pass as conveniently
thlough potts in such neuti.il couu
trlis .is through her own. A blockade
limited to enemy ports would leave
opi, routes by which ever) kind of
German commerce cutild pass utmost
is easily as through the poits In htr
-ii ttintory liottenlani Is Indeetl
the nearest olttlit for some of the in
dustrial districts of Geimauy.
'!' As a counterpoise to the friedom
w th which one belligerent may send
h.s commerce across a neutral country
without compiomlsing Its neutrality,
the oilier belligerent may fairly claim
to ltite:tcpt such commerce he fort- It
has reached, or after it has left, the
neut.al State, provided of course that
he can establish that the commerce
with which he Interferes Is the com
merce of his enemy and not commerce
which Is bona fide destined for or
prorerrt'ng from the neutral Stute
I'xft-tiftlon Is. Defensible.
"It stems, nrcoidlngly. that If It be
recognized that blockade is In certain
cases the appropriate method of Inter
cepting file trade of an enemy country,
ind If the blockade ,an only become
effective by extending it to cnem
commerce passing through neutial
polls, such an extension is defensihle
atid in accordance with principles
vvh'oh have met with general accept
ance. "in. To the contention that such
action Is not tlitcctly supported by
written author!!), it may be replied
tli.it it Is the business of writers on
Intel national law to formulate existing
rules rather than to offer suggestions
for their adaptation to altered circum
stances, ami )oiir Excellency will re
number the unmeasured terms in
which a group of prominent interna
tional lawyers of alt nations con
demned tlio doctrine whlih hail been
laid down by the Supremo Court of
the Fulled States In the case of the
Springbok, a doctrine upheld by the
claims committee at Washington lu
"Hut tho Pnltetl States and the Hrlt
Ish Governments took a broader view
and looked below the surface at the
underlying principles, und the Gov
ernment of this country, whose na
tionals were tho sufferers by the ex
tension anil development of tho old
methods of blockade made by the
Pnltetl States during the civil war,
abstained from all protest against the
decisions by which the ships ami their
t'.ilgocs were cniiilemuetl.
"II What Is really important In
the general Interest Is that adaptation
of the old rules should not be made
unless they aro consistent with the
general principles upon which an ad
mitted belligerent right Is based, It
Is also essential that all unnecessary
injury to neutrals should be avoided.
With these conditions, it may be safely
atllnned that the steps we urn taking
to intercept commodities on their way
to ami from Germany fully comply.
Pin) lour tin (innie I'nlrly,
"We are Interfering with no goods
with which wo should not be entitled
to Intel fere by blockade if the geo
graphical position ami the conditions
of Germany at present wore such that
her cinnineice passed through her own
ports. Wo are tailing tho utmost pos-
slbln care not to Intorfcio with com
merce genuinely destined for or pro
ceeding fiom neutral countries. Fur
thermore, we have tempered the se
verity with which our measures might
press upon neutrals by not applying
the rule which was Invariable in the
ohl fin ru of blockade, that ships and
goods on their way to or from tho
blockaded are liable to condemna
tion. "12. The communication made by
Hie United States Embassy on the
2d of April describes as a novel ami
I C. W. GRENFELL KILLED.
! ,r, Desliorollgh's Second
Loses Life nl Front.
Uncial Cable lenucl to Tilt: Si x
LoNIion, Aug. 3. I'. W. Grenfell,
, , . ,
p,l'OM'' "f '0,'', lesboinuh. noted
Oxfoid scholar nnd athlete, has been
. Killed In action, It wns learned to-dny
NAVAL BATTLE IN BALTIC.
Eiiat of Island,
Special Cable Despatch to Tnr. Siv
Lonpon, Aug. 3. The .Vtiriifii 'oif's
correspondent at Stockholm telegraphs
that the Gothlanders henrd a violent
cannonading to the eastward yesterday
and It is supposed that a battle was In
progress In the llultlc.
nulto unprecedented feature of thn
blockade that It embraies many
neutial ports and coasts and has the
effect of barring access lo litem. It
does not appear that our measures
can bo properly so described. If we
are successful In the efforts we aro
making to distinguish between I lie
commerce of neutial and enemy coun
tries, there wilt be no substantial In
terfereticn with the trade of neutral
ports except In so far as they con
stitute ports of access to anil exit from
the enemy territory. There ate at this
moment many neutral ports which tt
Would lie Iliero lltfoctlltllill to leganl
as ottering facilities only for the com
merce of the neutial country In which
they nie situated, and the only com
merce with which we propose to in
terfere Is that of the enemy who
seeks to make use of such pons for
the purpose of transit to or from Ins
"13 One of the earlier passages lu
your Excellency's meinoianilum wan
to the erfect that thn Miwictgnti of
neutral nations in time uf war suffets
no diminution except In so far as the
practice and consent of civilied
nations has limited It 'by tlio tet'ngul
tlon of certain now cleat ly determined
lights which It Is considered may
be exercised by nations at war; and
these It defines as the right of cap
Hue and condemnation for iiniieutral
servlic, for the cairlage of t otitrahaml
and for bleach of blockade. 1 may,
however, bn permitted In olnt out
tli.it tlio ,ir.i'tlce of nations on each
of the three subjects mentioned has
not at any tinio been uniform or
cleaily determined, nor has the prac
tice of all) maritime nation always
been consist! ut.
Mel boils Mnve lirietl.
"I I Thoie ale various particulars in
which the exact method of carrying
a blockade into effect has fiom time
lo time varied The need of a public
notification, the ietiisie stand, ml of
ellcctivellcss, the locality of the libel.
ailing squadrons, the rigid of tlio In
dividual ship to a preliminary wain
lug that the blockade Is in forto and
the penalty to lie illllictetl on a cap
tured blockade runner are all subjects
on which different views have pre
vailed in different countries ami lu
which the practice of particular coun
tries has been altered from time to time.
Tho one principle which Is funda
mental ami has obtained universal
lecogultiou is that by moans of block
.tile a belllsernit Is entitled to cut off
by effective meins th. sea borne com
merce of his enemy.
"1.1. It Is tho same with contraband.
The underlying principle Is well estab
lished, but as to the details there has
bien n wide variety of views. A for
unneutral servlic, the very term Is
of such recent Introduction that mmy
writers of repute on International law
do not even mention It. It Is Impos
sible lu the view of Ills Majesty's
Government In these olietimsUnccs to
maintain that the right of a belligerent
to liitercc-ut the commerce of his enemy
Is limited lu the way suggested In
our Excellency's c nitimunie itlon
"IS, There nre certain subsidiary
matters dealt with lu your Excel
lency's communication to which I
think it well to tefer. Among thee
may be mentioned jour citation of the
Declaration of P.trK duo no doubt to
the wot ds which occur in the memo
minium sent t erne by ymir Excellency
on the 1st of March, wherein It was
stated that the allied Governments
would hold themselves frep to detain
and take into pott ships carrying
goods of ir-umeil enemy destination,
ow net ship or origin, and to our an
liounoemeut that vessels might be re
tUlred to discharge goods of enemy
ownership as well as those of enemy
origin or destination.
Might llo Worse.
"IT It Is not necessary to discuss
the extent In which tho second rule
of the Declaration of Paris Is nffrcted
by these measures or whether It could
bo behl to apply at all as between
Great Hritaln and the Pulled States.
In actual practice, however, we nro
not detaining goods on the sole ground
that they are the property of an
enemy. The purpose of the measures"
we are taking Is to Intercept enmmetee
on Its way from nint to tho enemy
country. There aro many cases, lii
which proof that tho goods were
enemy property would afford strong
evidence that they were of enemy ori
gin or enemy destination, ami It Is
only in such cases that wo aro de
taining them. Where proof of enemy
ownership affords no evidence of such
origin or destination we are not lu
practice detaining the goods.
"IS, His Majesty's Government have
been gratllleil to observe that tho
measures which they am cnfoielng
havo hail no detrimental effect on tho
commerce of tho Pnltetl States. Fig
ures of recent months show that the in
creasetl opportunities afforded by tho
war for American commerce have
morn than compensated for the loss
of the German ami Austrian mar
kets. Try to MaUe II Ibi)-,
in. I trust that In the light of the
above explanations It will be realized
that tho measures to which wo havo
resortetl have been not only Justified
by tho exigencies of tho case, but can
be defended as in liccorilanco with
general principles which have com
mended themselves to the Govern
ments of both countries, I am glad
to be able to assure your Excellency
that we shall continue to apply these
measures with every tleslio to occa
slop tho least possible amount of In
convenience to persons engaged In
(Signed) "E. ("Suet."
GERMANS EXPLAIN DEFEAT.
Smith Vfrtcan Force Cut Off llefnrt
Surrender lo Ilollin,
Special Cable Detwtch to Tnr. Sex-.
lonpon, .vug. 3 nie iierlln cor-
; respondent of the (Vi.lriil ,Yie, reports
i llJa,',l" "rl"r s,!1,rr "' 'V,'U out an
.ffl. .I ll r.hn.l frntll I,a lincrn... ,.f
............. . ...... ,,..,.,,,,,,,.,,.,.
man Southwest Africa nnd thn Com -
maniler of the German troops there The
I report, which was sent to the Kaiser
through the American Ambassador,
I rends :
"We were compelled to stiriender our
! troops, numbering 3,400, to General
noma near ixorui, neiwecn iitavi ami
Tsumot, every chance of successful m-
slstancn being excluded. After ot.ivi,
I Gant, Grootfontoln, Tsumn anil Hamo
loul had been taken b) thn enemy wo
were cut otT front our uase. Any at
tempt to break through wns impossible,
as our horses hail not eaten nny oats
for months and were completely exhausted."
Ill Tlm-e Xotps Kiio'land
-MaiiitiiinsSlic Is Witliin
CITKS PKKCKDKXT OF
r. s. ix nviii wau
(ci iiiim.v's CoiHliu't roiii(il
To in .1 list ifical inn of
AIM'KAL KOI UIXIKXCY
Americans .May Appeal
Kroin Prize Conii.Sir Kl
wnnl (Ire.v Contends.
W.isiit.vciToN, Aug. In threo
notes mailt public at the State l)e
p.irtmcnt to-night Gnat llritiilu at
tempts to Justify her Interferences
with American trade In connection
with tin sn-c.illcil blockade of 'nor
mally. This,, three communications, to
gether with tvv ' notes from the I'nited
States on the saint subject, consti
tute u fresh chapter in tho Hrltlsh
Atnericau trade controversy arising
i iit of the European vvur.
Tin ilocunii nts tn.ido rtublle tu-tilght
' for fin first time clearly tlolltio tho
I I'KUes between tho I'nltotl States litul
Great Hritaln. They show each of the
j Governments ptiiftssiiig and Insisting
jnti tin stri' tost adherence to the saini)
, principles of lntriTutliin.il law, while
Ishatply disagreeing 'ti tin itit-tion
i whether certain nunsiires an In con
formity with those principles.
The l' idled States Insist upon the
international Invalidity" of the prac
tice of detaining goods shipped ftom a
neutral pott tn the I'lilted States on
the ground that they ate of German
origin and tlnuamN that uou-cotitra-hand
go ds from this country be per
mitted to pass fit oly tn Germany when
consigned to the port of a neutral
(rent llt-ltnlii's View.
Great Hlitaln attempts to show that
such Intcrfctcneos with gnotls both to
ami from neutral ports nro legiti
mately derived from tin pilnciplo of
the right - f blockade Sho asserts
that she Is tloing only what the I'lilted
Slates did in the civil war, that is,
adapting the ''ohl principles of blnck
atlo" to tho peculiar clrcutnst.inoos of
I tho present war.
! It Is ntlmittttl here that the lhitlsh
'arguments nre for the most part able
nnd Ingenious, particularly In their ap
plication of I'lilted States proccdlltti
In the civil war and Aniiiican prize
ciiiitt decisions In tho civil war cusos
tn tlio defence of practices against
which the I'nltotl States is now com-
Tlio communlcitlons fiom the Loudon
Foreign office given out to-night are
maikcdly different from tho Hrlt!'.
notes of last wlnhr on tin same and
minted subjo. ts, In thai they are al
most wholly legal arguments -i net con
tain little of the extraneous matter of
fol liter notes
It Is believed hole th.nt the Ilrltlsh
I authoi Itics have at least enmc to tin
(deistantl something of tin American
I point of view anil to recognize tho lie
i cesslty of met ting tho American pro
tests, which are based on this Cuvcin
, mint's mailing of tin law. with a do
, fence which will commend itself to a
legal view of the situation.
i Seen lis Excuse.,.
' Officials in Washington leganl the
i Iltltlslt st'itcmi'tits as weakened, how
ever, by certain leforeiiees to Geimmy's
conduct mentioned by Great Hrlt un .s
Justification of her policies It Is felt
i that Gieat lliitaiu has to an extent low.
; emd her case toward the level of the
: position of Geimany, In so fir as slit
I cites German violations of the law as
excuse for her own not-
! Pnllko tlie Gentian Government, how
ever, tin Itritish ale tamftil not to go
so tar as to admit that their him kudu
lis n tepris.ll and therefore without basis
'In law. on the contrary, thev contend
that It Is a legally "Justltlable" measure
for meeting (ieiin inv's Illegal acts.
I in the other hand the) go so far is
to Intimate that as long as neutrals tol
erate the German suliiii.itino w.trf.n,
GrtM' lliitilli ought not to bo pmyttl
i to abandon a measure undertaken lit
oonsoiiicnee of the subni.ti Ino'eatupalgn
1 Such appeals the I'nited States Gov
ernment has ,iliinly sharply repudiated
'in conosioinlonco with Germany mi the
i subm.ulno Issue Then is no doubt
l lh.it the same tmatmctit will be afforded
'" j a -
, r,r(.:ll n,uln
the use of a similar j . I , i on the putt oC
The Hritlsli contend that as the Issue
I . ... .. . "'.
t ml i mien ,-iaies is one of law
i th,. I'nited Slates should , content to
await Judicial interpretation of Ilrltlsh
I acts by the prize courts now sitting
I it t, argued that own if Hie courts'
decisions am unsatisfactory to Aineil-
raiih' intensts tiny may appeal to the
"ry Council, ami that if the decision
I f tins coin t Is still unsatisfactory Hie)
may Invoke the aid of their Government
tnwanl effecting an at r.ingement by
which the cases In dispute may bo n
ferietl to an International tribunal for
review, as was done by tlio Pnltetl State.s
anil Gnat Hritaln In the civil war cases.
It is declared that at any tlmo any
American claimant may challenge before
thu prizu court the cxlstlni; orders in