Newspaper Page Text
THE SUN, TUESDAY, AUGUST 17, 1915.
TI BSDAT. AUGUST 17. 1MB.
KnuiM i tli Pflit Offle ai New Tork aa
Second Clan Mall Matter.
Subscriptions br Mall, reetpeJ
IHH v. Per Month
DAIL.Y. Par Yaar
fclTSIUV IV- Month
SUNDAY (le Canada), Par Moath
BUNnAT, Par Year
DAILY AND SUNDAY. jar Yaar
DAILY ANDBUNDAY, Par u .nth
DAILY, Par Month
FL'NDAT. Par Month UUM'"
IAILY AND BUNDAY. Par Month ..
THE EVENING BUN. Par Month
THK gVKWVn sl'N, Par Yaajr. .... .
Til EVKN1NU liL'.NI foreign). FerMa.
All chrrke, money orders. An-, to ha
ma i- payable to Tbs Brn.
Puhllahad dally, Including Bunday, by the
Cue Printing and Publlahlng Aaaoolatlon at
110 Naaaau street, la tha Borouh o Man
hattan. New York. Praaldant and Treaa-
urar. William C. nalrk. 110 Naiaau atraat:
Vtaa-Praaldant. aelwer.l P MltcbaU.
Reaeau atraat. 8acratary, C. IV Luiloa. Ill
Reatlere of Tss Bra leaving tews for tha
summer montha can hava tha dally ana
ub'lay and evening edltlene delivered ta
tbam In any part ot ihta country -JjMV
rope en tha tarma atatad above. Aaareeeee
ehancad aa eftan aa daalrad. Order through
nawedaaler ar directly el Publication or
tca. telephone 1300 Beekman.
Danden ofBee. EfBngham Heuee. 1 Aron
el atraat. Strand . .
Parla office, t Xue de la Mlohodlere, aft
Rue du Quatre Septembre.
Washington office. Hlbha Building-.
Brooklyn office. 10 Livingston etrea.
If nr frini wAa Hvr i tad A ) -arris's
and iihutntion tor gsMlretioe via
la Ante reenterf article rMurnU (Aer mutt
in mil coaaj ttnd nmmpt tor lAel garaaae.
The Heed i of Treason and the Sowers
of the Heed a of Tresion.
Once more ire call attention to the
time limit prescribed by the OoTrett
tattoo for such ctlvltlea and utter
ncee on the part of '"German-American"
citizens of the United State ss
re illustrated In the document
which the World Is publishing for the
good of the country.
The World properly describes the
process of Intrigue and bribery In the
guise of subsidy as the "sowing broad
cast the seeds of treason throughout
the United States." That la what It
la; the seeds of treason, but not trea
son Just at present. It la Important to
distinguish clearly between the two
aspects of this business:
First, as to those American citizens
whose sympathy for the UernHin
cause takes the form of material as
sistance of one sort or another ren
dered la secret tvoperation with Ber
lin, or la the form of utterances de
noting a sense of allegiance to Ger
many superior to the claim of loy
alty to the United States. This gen
eral attitude is frequently denounced
aa "treasonable." The Constitution,
however, clearly defines the unpar
donable sin of treason :
'Treason ax. Inst tha United State
shall constat only In levyiYva war again,
them, or In adhering to their anemia,
giving them aid or comfort. a a
Tha Congress shall have tha power to
declare the punishment of treason."
The purrisUment of treason was first
declared by the Congress to lie death
by hanging. It is now death or lm
pritamment. Hut the definition admits
of no "const ructlve" treasons. Untii
the United Stales (Jovenunent is ac
tually at war. until certain of ttsdti-
isens are actually levying war against interferfab'e by advice and ooiansel
the republic, or until certain of its with the suffrages of American olti
cltlrens are actually adhering to a fr-izens in the very crisis of the Ureal -elgn
Government actually at war with dential election then near at band."
th United States, or giving aid and
comfort to a foreign (Government ac
tually an enemy of the United States
there can be no treason in the caae of: in the Ministerial family dwelling lu
uch citizens; and, of course, no! his legation; yet Sackville got hi
method of proceeding agulnst them :pii.norts and Sa( kmli.e went
for treasonable behavior. Their es-l
Mb: disloyalty may be patent, to all The End of Walsh's Federal Indus-
observers. There may even 1h? con
clusive evidence that this disloyally
Is purchased or Inapt pad, In one way
or another, by the agents of a foreign!
Government; but the crime of trea-
... . , ...
m cannot exist until actual rebellion
raises its armed band against the
Government, or actual war begins
with a foreign tiovernment. Then rhal nesi for even participation, lei alouJ
time limit is reachml. The sissls of leaderahlp, In what should havej
treason have germinated and all ut w" n ln
,, "iulry which Mr. Walsh so larlathly
once the gallows crime Is i here. ,, , ,, . .
.suppiiisi. lilies of cleavigt veer .!
nmm.ww.rn, w,u.- . ewuwruue I cotaOwSbi in ihe ranks of the com
habit during a recognized irlod of J Qutteatnau themaalvftl pointing plgiuly
immunity thst we Implore our fellow enouirh to a division Into gronp, eoch
citizens who ay m pa this sn-ongly and cancolllug the other down to I final
naturally with the German cau.se, ind T "s ,h KU1" ,x,,h1 ,f PUD,,C Proflt
i from a by n means inexpensive lu
who are not overparticular as to thoi vo,ni,,,lt
form In which their sympathies ex Tliai, It would apiar. Is Just about
press tbeuiHelves, to inder well the whit' Is likely to be t lie outcome,
sllghtuess of the tnmslUon by WaJchl After an exe iitlve sssjsjon lu Chicago
deetls and words now legally Immune1""1''''11 u r" ported as having stopKtl
,, , . .. , but little short of an explosion of
may suddenly become the deeds anil
words of a crime for which 'he pun
(ailment Is denfh.
The second nsvt of tiiis conaplriicy
or cooi lent t ion between the represent-
atives of the Kaiser's Coverument anil
hyphenated citizens owing their undi
tided political allegiance to the t'nltod
fttttel Is mucb simpler so far aa
the possibility Of repressive action is
concerned, We refer to the position
of inenibera of the German Fmbassy
who may be shown by the govern
mental lnvstlgatlou now lu progress
to hae used their praWBjoa and prlv-
tlefi-s t ii this country to dlssomlnutc
the msiIs of treason amoug certain of
Nearly a ejtr ago when we had
it bUuuglaul i coon, of Uie pern:
Hons activity ef certain Oerraen In
that region, apparently bent, on em
broiling the United States with Great
Britain, we ventured to remark:
"Tits Sum has no desire to advlae the
(lerman i Joverrwment, hut It feels Itself
constrained to admonish tn a friendly
way tha representatives: ef that Oov
emment her that any attempt to erata
discord between th United State and
Great ftrltoln will b rawitil.
We feel that ther ora soane Oerme-ns
nearer Washington than Shauurhal who
can profit by thle ad vie."
Since that warning proofs hare ac
cumulated of the systematic activity
of represents fives of the Imperial
(Government, official or quaad-OaHclal,
In the attempt to organise "German
American" sentiment for concerted
political acUoo to produce In this neu
tral country results favorable to the
cause of that belligerent and unfaver
able to the cause of tha A 1 Ilea, par
ticularly Great Britain. TMe evl
denra of organised endeavor, centring
at the German Embassy, has culmi
nated 1n the amazing correspondence
now brought to light by our neighbor
The chief endeavor of the foreign
sowers of the seed of treason la now
to Influence the vote of American clt
Isens snd members of the American
Congress against the declared policy
t the American Government with
regard to the export pf munitions of
war. This policy has been stated with
Incomparable clearness, and its basis
In International law and in national
right has been demonstrated with un
answerable force In Secretary Lah
mv.'s reply to the AuslroHtingnrlnn
protest The evidence of Cernian offi
cial participation 1n an organized at
tempt to Influence the American vote
for pro-German military advantage-Is
already a hundred times stronger
than that which Impelled President
Cleveland, In October of 1888, to In
struct Secretary Bayaeo to send to
Lord Sacxvimf, the British Minister
st Washington, the subjoined com
"Mr Loan: Th President of the
United 8tte has Instructed me to In
form you that for good and sufllclt it
causes, which are known to youraeif.
and have been duly brought to the
knowledge of your Government, he haa.
with great regret, become oonvtncad
that It would be Incompatible with th
best lntereats and detrimental to the
guod relatlona of both Oovemmenta
that you ahould any longer hold your
present official position In the United
States, and that ax-ordlngly the Gov
ernment of her Britannic Majesty will
without delay be Informed of thla de
termination, in order that another chan
nel may b established for the trans
mission of such communications aa may
b found dealrabl by th two tSovern
menta for the transaction of their busi
ness "Whanevw it I your pleaaur to de
part from th United Statea I am in
structed to furnish ynti with th uiual
facilities, and with that view I now
beg leave tn ancloae a passport In the
And Sackvh i.g-Wr.BT'8 "unpardon
able conduct," ns Jasxrlhsjd bf Presi
dent Cleveland In Ills messa go to Con
gress n couple of months later, was
No sower of the seeds of treason
was poor Lord Sai kville, nor wcr.
there sowers of the seeds of treason!
trial Commission, No Called.
Karly lu the sessions of the Fed
eral Industrial Commission, of which
Mr. 1'ka.nk P. Walsh is chairman.
tendencies wore manifest little cleu-
lated to encourage 1iok of ultimate
results of any substantial value,
AgkU ,,., ,m 11Ht,minllui exnl.
Mtlnna ,,f hla on-n .iuwaann.
if oi.ii i'uj icui violence, tne commit
tee has split Into three BMlnlUgly ir
reconcilable parties with a trllile
beaded report as the probable result
a report by Mr. Basil m. Manly;
i roiiort by Professor John It. Com-
monk, and finally one representing
"the employing faction" and drawn
by Mr. IIahkin Weinstock, for fly
the proprietor of a depart meut Btora
The Manly ro)h,rt Is Indorsed by
the Judicious WaLBH and is to tie
largely dVUtd to tlie ltinkefellcr
family and no doubt cbu raoteriaed by
that well weighed rentiaint of ex pros
Mlon ami absence of pi-ejiidgmitit
which dlsHnffulshad Mr. Waiaw'a al
titude at so many of the public henr-
lugs of the oomnieaiou,
I'he sixty seven of the Tom-
mnna rert, tacitly nsognlzing that
eveu a lttKketcllor bus soma ugue
rtgrshs an an American dttaen, wlfi
expend moat of Its ample rohtme In
"recom menda Hons. "
The wature of the "em ploying fac
tion's" report is not sa yet foresthad
rwed, hut aa It will probably he signed
by a railroetl prverldent and others of
sotual business experience on a barge
ecale It in under tlie anjticlpatavry ewe
plclon of being rankly tainted with
It Is rather a pity when President
Wilson In the then philosophic epoch
of his career wag making the search
ing exposition of Government com
mission defects which has lately lieen
exhibited by The Sum that he did
not have at hand so striking an illus
tration for his thesis ns the Federal
Industrial I Commission now seems
likely to offer.
The Annapolis Scandal.
Rear Admiral W. F. Klxlam. Su
perintendent of the Naral Academy,
properly recommended that seven
midshipmen be dismissed for having
m taajtr uusbbbhw mi meograpn copies given of the ease of the force thst
of examination sheets. The court re- they have assembled. With the con
duces the number do two, snd Imposes M of the Serbian railroad through
various lesser punishments ujatn the
other midshipmen; slso, sa it will ap
pear to civilian observers, lets all the
midshipmen involved In the scandal
down easy, while It finds extenuation
for the system of "dope" that had
been perverted to favoritism and lar
ceny of papers.
The evidence showed that nearly
800 cadets had received advance In
formation, in some form or other,
about the questions that would be
asked them In the examinations and
profited by the knowledge at the ex
I tense of those not In the secret Thla
wae outrageously unfair as well aa a
blot on the escutcheon of tha Naval
A: a demy.
The dttor to what may be esUed
examination "graft" bad been pushed
open wider and wider until meet of
the cadets seemed to he involved In
a conspiracy to "beat" the examiners,
and all were In the sains boat, so
that to them there seemed to be noth
ing heinous In the business. It 1s rec
ommended by the court of inquiry that
the door be now shut fast in the faces
of the youngsters. That part at least
of the report can be approved, but the
feeling will remain that the court
baa failed to deal vigorously with
the principals In the scandal and has
made custom do duty to palliate the
abuses that were the subject of this
exceedingly unpleasant Inquiry.
One Survivor Left.
JilmI one Attiorii-on merchant Mtenmer
is loose ton the Pacific Ocean with tbe ;
American flag flylug, the sole survivor
of the not very ktrge but still cred
itable enough transpacific fleet of
Americau ships sailing under the flag, onatratlon to drew off Turkish forces
of their country which the President ln u' uoaasaa. tt would be difflcuW to
doomed to destruction when he signed i matcn fatuousness of ths busl
that letter of marque against the, !" H ral".Ury nnJ"- The nrt,l!lh
Amerlcau merchant marine known as
the Im Toilette act.
One survivor is left, the Minnesota,
owned by the Great Northern Steam
ship Company of Seattle, but ah will
not survive long. The Administration
submarine baa her bearings, ami we I
msy as well he prepared to bear anvl
day that the Stars and NtTliea have
been hauled down to her deck.
"Our capitalists are not familiar1
with shipping enterprises.
the bronzed mariner of the Treasury
1 eartiueut from the lUpexlOT ed
estal of his own Mist mid varied nau
tlntl experience to such kindergarten
novices as. UMJ, Jamks J. Hill and
ItOHtar Itoi.ua. "They will not en
gage lu shlplng ventures on any large
scale, no matter what Inducement
gueer, but a fact. Not even uch
an indu cement as a (Government
treatetl certainty of h.nul over flt
bankruptcy to every financial backer!
of every American merchant marine
craft tiiuler the American flag on the
high seas can lure them to a life on I
the ocana war, They will have
naught to do with the wide and wan-
dering sea. By actual
they seem to be legging it for a mcr-1
cantil mariner a snug barbor, quite) I
unswept by is'ali hnvzes and as near
tt. the interoceanic centra f the eon-
"it Is la-cause they can make more!
Btoney in other lines of business," ex
plains Mr. Mi Anoo. (juite likely the
gnguclous salt Is right. Other lines
of business DO) all loading to Inevi
table Government guanurtaed ruin, ii
la not Improbable that capital, pro
verbialiv timid, nrav prefer some of r" BO effort made to cut out en' rely
them to sea ventures. ' , '"n "J "f fr" J"0? f""",B "f
stpiaiBlon at h Ion nave been parsed on
Meantime the Pacific Ocaan IB now I by our committee of possabXy Pemila
all swept clear for the toeWltUe ex-1 akhle t'aages, forma which It Is thought
curaHm lu Oovemmenl owned nnuU- 5? T1" ,"'x'.r wl" "' "2!
cal enterprise if which the Treasury
Department neem to be Admiralty
The Bombardment of Belgrade.
The meeting d the Grecian and
Serbian p.-iiliainonis and at the same
time the mtinahii of an Auatro-Ger-
mall army along the Serbian bonier I
for a drive across Hie llalkans bring!
- ' -" Bumpo
that Indicates a spaed; decision by
the ltalkan Slates Hint have so far
I i kern no ari in tlie war.
The bonvbard ment of Bel grade
eni titOed to have Its effect Upon
the doll bet tlofl of these national as
semblies ami to prevent the reforma
tion of the ltalkan Uague, which was
to lie one of the principal matters of
discussion, The meeting of the Gre
cian Parltauteul yeeterdey has imsu
taken to mean tho restoration of Vxm-
icuia to the Pranriereup, iMnoa bbeltton Camp
nisi ens lion lie lias given no intima
tion of his position umiii the two most
ltusirtaul queationa, intervention In
the war and the ivssloii of territory
for the tienciii of Bulgaria.
Premier I'ABHITCH will today lay
before the Serbian Assembly at Nlsh
tin- iiegoilatloim with the Bulgarians
Hoarding the relluijuitihiuout at a
part ef Macedonia. Ttie Allies frrnnd
the Serbians less willing than they
tmd expected to mnke this conceaslon
to aecure the sld of Bingaiia, but the
present crisis rosy result tn their
yielding. The importance of the ac
tum of these two assemblies becomes
opixtreiit when it ta considered that
granting Bulgarian demands would
reestablish the Balkan League and
throw its power to the Allies.
But apart from the action of the
two pur' lament now hi session there
must he considered the effect of the
'IVsironde effort to force a pnasage of
the Balkan, The Austrlnna In their
former eanvpslgn 1n Serbia compelled
the evacuntltm of Belgrade only after
four month of siege and then held
the town for onSy a weok. They ad
vanced into the heart of the country,
lust were forced to retire before the
Serbs a wtfh considerable loaa In
dead, wounded awl prisoners.
How much better equipped they are
to-dsy for the conuest of the country
is not known, as little Information 1
the Vanlar Valley and the Orient line
to Pi rot they would have an advan
tage of rjenrnoaa to rtomtantdTtople.
But from both roads nhey would be
forced to cross Bulgarian territory to
reach their goal. Bulgaria haa said
that aha will not grant this permis
sion; the Teutons have announced
that they will corn true refusal as "an
Btrmnnls ha alrendy been con
fronted with the mm problem and
has apparently corsttatetrtly rweverrtwd
the tTunaTpor Cation across her country
of supplies to th Turk. Both of
these nation thus see a peril tn the
present Oerman attitude and in the
effort to ftrrce a wny over the Ital
ian. The t hue has come for an earl y
dectalon ; the attack upon Belgrade Is
likely to accomplish what months of
negotiation has failed to do.
Dr. Bookbs T. Washington dtoplaya
moral courage when he urges that
th United States assume a protector
ate over Haytl. hut the dissemination
of such a view would not be popular
at Port au I'rlnce.
A prisoner's cloth Should b laun
dry marked, so as he can get back
his own snd not any ault which
eaema to fit him lactoeU'a lin,j
Th heights of prison reform will
never be reached till th prisoners
wear monogram ciiffa.
If Sir Obobob Buchanan, the Brit-
h Ambassador at Petrograd, la oor-
i-ciiy rrponra wnen no m made to
Kay that Great Britain and Frano
entered upon the Dardanelles expcdl-t-bwi
at Russia's request ns a dem-
"" urnve toot, more man fO.DM ortl-
cens and men, beaidea several battle
In the mntlm the Haytlana will
fcegln to experience th ble.ings of
peaea, nd when the United States
withdraw It may be dani:oroiis for any
leader to attempt t
try to start a
revolution. ITswMapto .fiircA
An uprising to prevent a revolution
would be a distinct and asm-cable
novcl,y '" Ww" Politics.
It is said in a despatch from Home
that QUAKIKI, an Italian enidneer,
has invented a device for driving tor
pedoes out of their course and that
the allied fleets will be supplied with
It. Why should not merchant ahips
have the use of it? Irotect Ion fr.m
attack that did not involve retalia
tion to kill or wotind the enemy could
not be retarded as warfare.
Tnoll(rn , rmnr nn .
tutored man. PatrcHO Viujk makes
better progress than Cabbanza In
learning his A H C"
.BsU 'vSwa!" "
To T Th
rre ,r gordidiyv material duties tma
dslayaa th punching of my typewriter
" umtl 1whHl 'ou- " u" thinb.
ing people, will admit, that you've got !
t tliinl u , lnB worthy fk-c
ratary of the Bditorlal improvement So
cicty, of which I am one of the gang.
Her contribution In th scn scti
forth some of our Ideas whl'-h I am
sure merit the support of eve-y one
who has at heart th preservation of
Kngllsh. pure and undented, bnt for the
benetlt of the not yet familiar with
our aima, take It from ma there Is to
of lowly and obscure parentage. There's
lota of perfectly good wot. la which had
dreadful slangy origins, but, taken up
by real "genteel" talkers and writers,
have been built Into our lanKuage, Just
1 Uc that ! And beil.le-. there
are times when one hasn't the time
lo stop and choose SfOrda I he, or she.
Just uaea th first nt hnnd.
Th Split Inftnit ve Committee will
n.,K IfflMMI the times when It lq Tier-
mlaafbl for guy to use old forms of
expression under the stress of Buddan
:z:?TrTZ 1 h,,ve
Th,r, . niM dy of o.hkoah,
Went tn Slnux City to play Miuash.
She allppnd on a stick,
Silt ilnwn pretty quick.
And all aha muia May wa, "Oh. OoSkl"
Ysr-Arm A DFN Pknkaws.
New Haven, Conn., August 14.
Belgian Prisoner Akt for Razor and
To the BMTOa or Tilt: Sr.v Sir: I
j shoiiui be very muoh obliged lo reoelvs
I from any quarter a razor. My ad
dreas Is lelgbin oldler of th artillery.
Battery i, Hall . HardsrwIJk Dtn-
I cannot nhtaln anything
from my wire and children, who remain
ln ajolglunti us it is Impoaslhle for ma
to roinimimcale with them.
t hie nol a nei.tr of twarts. inuu!. i 7
If you have old Illustrated papers nr
magazines please send tn me. I learn
Rngiiart and alao la it poaalhl for to
learn thla language.
With thanks for your many rouii
aies. Your most humhle servant.
HABDuwua, NeUwrUudj, July iL
THE AMERICAS RED CROSS.
Gs. itevot Defines the Seep ef Be
lief Work la the Bveat of War.
To ths Bditob or Tita Sow Sir.' The
American Red Cross Is In receipt of
Inquiries indicating that there la a
lack of understanding ln regard to rs
llnf work In time of war. There are
an International treaty, a very ex
plicit law, a Presidential proclamation
amd duty promulgated orders of the
War and Navy Departments relating
to ths furnishing of volunteer aid to
the sick and wounded of armies in
time of war. It apparently la not
fully realised that war relief work
must ha accomplished under definite
regu In t ions, that a precise plan of
action was long ago adopted, and that
a nationwide, officially recognized and
chartered relief organization, with de
partments designed to meet every
phase of war relief work, exists. Th
conduct of war Is regulated by certain
well established and recognized rules
that are usually designated as "th
laws of war" which oom prise th
rules, both written and unwritten, for
carrying on of war, both on land and
at sea. Should there ever com a
Urn when the T'nlted states would
he tnvolvad In war it would be im
perative to enforce with th utmost
stringency the law and ths execu
tive and departmental orders govern
ing the use of the Bed Cross envblem
and the functions of the Govern
ment's chartered, supervised and
systematized volunteer relief associa
tion. All volunteer aid must com under
ths direction of the American lied
Croes In such a contingency to carry
out the obligation of the United States
under the treaty of Ueneva, to ful
fil all requirements Imposed by Con
gress, to secure efficiency under cen
tralised authority and trained organi
zation In close affiliation with the
army and navy medical aervlce, and
finally to safeguard the American
public against fraud and abuse.
It should be understood that the
Surgeon- icnerals of tha United States
army and navy are appointed by the
President of th United State to rep
resent these, departments In relief
work. They are members of the
American Ked Cross executive com
mittee and chairman and vice-chairman,
respectively, of the war relief
All accounts of the American Red
Cross are required by law to be
audited by the War Department and
an annual report, also required by
law. detailing the activities of th
organisation, is mado to Congress by
the chairman of the central com
mittee. It may be seen from this
that tho American Red Cross ma
chinery would be aet In motion at
once and thut ita activities would be
definitely coordinated with the legis
lative and executive work of the Gov
ernment in time of war. Merely as
on example of its preparedness In one
branch of ita organization, there are
6,000 enrolled American Red Cross
graduate trained nurse who have
'been accepted by the War Depart
ment as the Army Nursing Reserve
The War Peiartment and the Navy
Department long ago formulated regu
lations governing completely the
dutlea and functions of the American
National Red Cross with reference to
rendering aid to the land and naval
forces ln time of actual or threatened
war. The sign of the Red Cross is
protected by law and the fraudulent
use thereof is punishable by fine or
Imprisonment or lioth.
ITesident Toft In 101 1. by procla
mation to the army, stated briefly the
relations that must exist between the
military departments of the Govern
ment and volunteer relief In the event
of war. General t irdera. No. 170.
War Department, till, publishes the
proclamation, stating In effect that the
American National Red Cr.sis In the
only volunteer society authorized by
this Government to render aid to its
land and naval forces In time of war:
and that any other society desiring
to render similar assistance can do
so only through the American Na
tional Ited Croes; that to comply with
the requirements of Article If) of the
International Red Cross Convention
of 190 (revision of the treaty of
Geneva! that port of the American
National Red CTOM tendering aid to
the land or naval forces will continue
a part of the sanitary service thereof
The law, approved January 5, 1106,
as amended, which chartered the
American National Red Croaa, stipu
lates as follows:
Section S. That the purposes of this
corporation are snd ahall be:
First; To furnish volunteer aid to
th 'ck and wounded of armies In
time of war. In accordance with the
spirit and conditions of th confer
ence of Geneva of October, Hi3. and
aJao of the treaty of the Red Cross
or tho treaty of Geneva of August 23.
ISfit, to which the United States of
America gave Its adhesion on March
1. 18S2. a
Fourthly: To act in matters of vol
untary relief and In accord with the
military and naval authorities as a
medium of communication between
the people of the Unltad States of
America nnd their army and navy,
and to act in such matters between
similar nation. il societies of other
Governments through tlm Cotnite
International de Secours. and the
Government snd tho people and the
army and navy of the United Slates
of America. C. A. Devol.
Hrle-Gen.. U. S. Army, Acting Chair
man. Washington, Auguat 14.
III- Candidate Is In Berlin,
To the BMTOa or The BUM Sir: I
don't know whether any Presidential
candidates have already been decided
upon. Hut what's the matter with Am -baaaador
Gerard .' He would, I believe,
make as fine and efficient a President
as thin country has ever had.
New YnitK, August It,
The Adornment nf Fifth Avenue.
T"tiie Uditob Of Tits Sun Sir: When
Is the Bureau of Kncuinbrancea going
to remove the stone pile, In the plaza
at Fifty -ninth street and the park''
It galna secessions and becomes owe
unslshtly dally. Something should be
ione. ClVU Nov: Kens:
New Vork. August It.
Cp la the M on. i Kara.
Knlcker ta Jnrtea up to bla ears in
tl .. Iter Woraa; It haa coma lo othe -penple'a
Stalls Why do they put belle on tha
Balls It gle warning ao you can rua
The standard of a Langaage Is Foraaea'
by the People Who Npeak It
To ths BniTos or Thi Don Sir: Tour
correspondent "O. H P." of Plttburg,
writing about the American language,
takes th view that Americans have no
language of their own and ar In the
undignified position of speaking a bor
rowed tongue. Inasmuch as th Ameri
can people a a whole never was sny
thlng but an English community both
ln blood and speech. It I hard to se
Just on what tha borrowed tongue Idea
Is based. The American In A natural
and proper way have Inherited English
tradition, fully developed to th tlm
of Milton and practically to Dr. John
son. What mor from th past hav
the British received " Nothing of course.
Then why talk about Americans peak
Ing a borrowed language, (unletting a
foreign rultur and ln general demon
strating a crud counterfeit of th In
The stsndsrd of langusg ts th peo
ple who apeak It. If the American ln
gug I uhtandard, then o ar th
Amarlcon paopl. which I usually what
th disparager of American apaech are
aiming at. If the American people ar
great, thalr Uneuag la. ipso facto, pur
and undeflled. A great nation doesn't
have to talk by rule; It Juat talks and
th rules get In line. English Itself Is
the beat proof of this, for English Is
really not a languag at all. It I a
vast cosmopolitan vocabulary looaaly
hung upon th rambling and disjointed
Btruorure of damaared Haxon. Thla lingo.
however, la the "Engllah language" sim
ply and only becauae It happen to b
th Idiom of th great Engllah natlona.
If th aam nation chanced to talk
Choctaw Indian the am would necea
aartly be a feature of a unlveralty edu
cation. All thla i tru also of the It...
mane languic, whloh are phllnlogt-
.illy third rata Latin. German la th
only living language of the Aryans
which combine great neM with struc
tural order. On the othr hand, a Ian-
guaa might hav atruotural perfections
tha would throw th Greek of Eurlp-
Ule and I'kuo Into th shade, ywt It
would not be giant languag If th
nation using It I not great. The Oreek
of a modern Athenian newspaper I less
ahangd from th Greek of Xenophon
than present day English Is from the
Kngliah of Shakespeare, yet how does
modern Oreek compare In greatness w ith
modern Engllah. which phllologtcally
never waa anything but a Jargon? When
therefor we apeak of a language being
pur, we do not mean philological purity,
etll. less a iranunaii.al tent with he
dialect of aoma far away, superior ordr
of belners. Kew of th modern Aryan
tongues have any such thing as the for
mer; and the mental ascendency armed
ai In the latter caa I nothing but an
Idea. What we do mean Is usage Pur
English Is English according to th
usage of the English speaking people.
An Interesting but totally Irrelevant
question Is. What If any precedence Is
due the mother country by virtue of her
literature : Obviously the whole of tht
literature from the Morte D'Artbur prac
tically to Pr. Johnson and Fannv Bur-
ney lies within the natural Brpecttv
of the American people and ta therefore
Just as much their own as th writings
of Poe. Irving or Hawthorne. Certainly
we have as much right to It a Wagner
naa to wolfram von Kachenhach and
Mans Sachs It t the Vtctorlana which
ar outside th American horlson. and
the Victorians It goea without savin
outclass their American contemporaries.
nut mat aoes not make the lansuaa-e of
Tennyson sny purer than the Idiom of
i.ongreiiow or Toe even If it were verv
different, which It Isn't.
Howasn M. Canoonb.
Pi.AisriSLi, N. J . August 12.
CRAVING FOR STIMULANTS.
With Alcohol Banished More Tea and
Coffee Will Be Used.
To ths EntToa or Ths Scn Sir: On
unexpected result of the worldwide move
ment to down Old King Alcohol and hla
prima minteter, opium and cocaln. U
tha increaaed demand for and roneump
tron of the mild narcaUo stimulant, tag,
coffee and tobacco.
Reasonable use of thee light stimu
lant Is never attended by phyalcal and
mentai degradation. Prlaona, Jails and
inano ylum are not rtUed with the
victims of the br.- i ofTee cup, the
i o'clock tea or the Havana.
Men and wo,c.. !.o shine, hard, work
hani and play hard haw a craving for
stimulants, which n.it every one feela
Ilka controlling by a cuure of prayer
and Christian Science r by reading
Mmersim'a essays or some other soporific
Nina grown men and women out of
every tea use stimulants, and as alka
loids are present In all living plants it
is uulte probable th.it their use la neces
sary for tha health of annuals, man In
. lude.l The common garden aptnl Wie
luaMMU etrawlierry. the Innocuoua bun
and the festive cltocolate cake all et
tain alkaloidal stimulants which ir sep
aiated and concentrated by the Infernal
dsvicea of modern chemistry might be-i-oine.
int gloating "doe" for frai; man
kind. Adaptive commercialism, releasing its
millions of eapltal from the manufacture
and distribution of the deadlier intoxi
cants, now going out of fashion, min
ium it Hltentlnti tO tta, coffee anil
tobacco exploitation; for let it be under
stood that civilised man will not he
content to live In accord with the logic
of th situation. If the deadlier rx
h.:arajits are to be denied turn con
sumption of the baser tlmul.in will
As a coffee and tobcco planter I m
rather pleased with the prohibluon Idea.
Jabed O. Smith.
HONOLUMfa August ,
Tho Vended Hrstduns.
To the'Epitob orTitK St-N- sir. Still
they conie. those lettera ftont readers
rtmit the "Ileaa an, " this time one from
" n American" in your issue .r August
It, How any one can see treachery to
us. on the part of Oerntsn, In the
fact thst those oor devils were sold hy
tlie.r petty rulers like rattle t.. Enit
lond to fight the lntter'a battles. Is ab
solutely beyond me. Its hard to
eliminate some forma of prtjudlo and
Ignorance, but bow do they arise'1 nas
superficial teaching In our schools some
thing to do with If.' And Is it nulla
right to print such letters Without edi
torial oorrsctlon? y. chambijiis.
NBW Yosk, AUgUat 18.
Haul I inn s Mild llsrd ( Oal.
To Tin: BPITOI OP Tata Son Nir. The
Interstate Comtmrc commission has in
its wisdom, mads a sweeping reduction
In the freight rale on hard coal. Th s
Action Is taken In order that the con
sumer may buy his hard ooal for less
money. Now. when the numbers of
thi committee find that the price a
ton to the consumer Is not reduced "ill
they m. ike any Investigation as to
where the money Is going that has been,
by ther action, taken from the rail
l.AKKWoon, N J, August G,
Thla A B " tne,lliitlon
May be all right for thoaa
Who levt to daw. Ill 1,1 1 y
Where the alow manan grows;
For as active, haaillnr ptople
On wjinm poatponemant waara,
lie XT, mediation
Thay want to have tn thalre
W. J. l im i,,,
'Tla tha lalt trunk nf iinmiir
Left hnataga alone;
All III ! companion
Hava pnd up sail gont.
FAULTS OF THE -MOVIES.''
One ef the Foolish Plots Kew Being
To ths Editob or Tub Bun Sir: How
touching) tru to IM I the moving
picture tale ! Listen to this one, now
being eshlMted on the screen.
Hard hearted factory owner, threat
ened by a strike. Tsnder touled daugh
ter pleads for a raise of wages.
Daughter' lover add hi pla- Old man
forbid lover to ever eee hi daughter
again. Sad yd Immigrant, with
pretty young wife nd fat baby, ar
rives. They are starving. Daughter of
hard hearted old man discovers their
plight and feeds them. Immigrant get
a Job In the fsotory of old man. Be
fuses to Join the ctrlkars, snd goes horn
to wlf and fat baby. Lovr write to
daughter, asking her to elop. Daugh
ter repliea, refualng becauae nf her duty
to old father (both tetters in me
hand), but asks lover to meet hr at
wretched tenement of starving Immi
grant wife and fat baby Striker drive
old man from his mill, and h falls In
Street with strok of paralyda. Starv
ing Immigrant finds him. carries him un
conscious to wretched tenement. Daugh
ter and lover nnd him there; old man
recover and Is taken horn In limousine.
Next day letter corn to atarvlng im
migrant (same writing as th other
two), but h osnnot read th Engllah
languag. o he tak It to Interpreter.
Letter reds thualy : "Dear Sir: I am
a changed man. Oratltud to you for
your klndnea to m In my hour of
need ha mad me a different being
from th man I via. This la to Inform
you that 1 have, thla gay. appointed you
general manager of my factory. Youri
Tableau : Old man a happy Invalid ;
lovar nd daughter unltad ; stsrvlng Im
migrant with wlf nd ft bby
dreeeed a la Waldorf-Astoria; all din
together. Franrsic W. Pahoobn.
Nbw Took, August It.
Are the Onion Hemming Perfnnr
To th s Editob or Ths Sow iIr: Haa
the censoring of motion picture b
I have just seen a plrture showing a
man and wife travelling on horseback
in th Wetrn mountain. Th road
bed crumbles under the woman here
and ahe ia precipitated down the moun
tain aid. Sh lands In hod shape, but
atlll living and capable of motion Her
husband Boon reaches her side, looka
her over, and without making any ef
fort to av her other then klaslng her.
blowa her brains out.
The assassin is the hero of the play
Later on he ia rewarded for his hand
some treatment of hla first wlf by the
acquisition of a second, more beautiful
than the ffrst, and with rlche
I m wholly oppoaed to censorship,
hellavlng th public amply able to do
Its own censoring. Thi vlw Is Justi
fied by the number of people that left
the theatre directly after th scene
mentioned was shown, duly noted by
the manager. However, In the few cases
where censor might he of service they
aeem to fall us. Why?
New Tobk, August It.
WOMAN'S DUTY TO SOCIETY.
A Kentacklan's Opinion of the Saf
frage Question In the East
To ths EotTog or Thi Scn ftr: No
woman, says Mrs Kate Morris, "csn
csre for so many children and do her
duty to society."
Laying )d th feminine Ingenuity In
persuading themselves that their duty
la whatever they want to do. and con
sldeiing iter only In her relation to so
ciety, what is a married woman' first
duty to society If It Is not to bear and
care for children? Why do women
marry? That some man may support
them while they enjoy themselves'.'
If the breadwinner devoted himself
to the kind of social duties he liked snd
naajisuaasj nis worn or provtillng for his
horn and family tn th sam propor
tion, how long would there be a home
from wtiose shelter these ffne women
could sally forth when they were seized
with an impulse to regulate other peo
Then cornea Mrs James Ieea I.aid
law: "No child ought t) be born Into
tha world until Its econon Ic futur ia as
far as possible assured."
How many children could be born
under such a silly scheme? No man
with a position he may lose, with a
bualness that may fail, or no man whoae
life may be lost by Illness or accident
should marry unlesa he has already
laid aside enough to rear a child
Considering only a woman's happiness,
which I th more envlanle. the woman
who la taken Into a well equipped, finan
cially endowed home or ihe coura
gexvua young woman who shares her
husband's early trials, whose encourage"
ment. counsel and thrift are contributing
causes of hla success, wtio is aa much
a home builder oa he la. and in whose
home are the loyalty and affection and
comforting eoanpaalonehlp that are found
where ths ties of necessity and Joint en
deavor bind the family close together?
Mo-t of tne wor'd u aeh avetnanta hnvj.
I been wrought by those whose economic
futures were not asfuted befor they
Had the women of Virginia demanded
I 'hat before routing Wen, Daniel Boone
would have lived in vain. Nancy Hanks
I married a harsh, ignorant Kentuckian
who could not care for his children
after they were horn, much less prepare
fcr their economic futures. Yt nat.on
that thanks iod for Abraham Lincoln
reveres tier memory.
Admirable women like Mrs. Laldlaw
should not make foolish speeches. The
men in the West gave women the vote
because their mothers and wives and
sisters wanted it The men knew them
and their good Bsns and capabilities,
But In the Mast the most frefpient de
mand for the vote is made ln a man
ner thst convinces moM men that those
demanding the vote need restraint and
not suffrage, that sens. tile women do not
want to vote. It is possible that these
spectacular viragoes m.k sensible
Women afraid to say they want the vote,
lest they tie classed with their undig
nified sisters. J. B. c.
Lot isvn in, Ky , August IS.
Heed the Cull of the Wild snd I nun
to Love Nature.
To tub Bpnoa or tub sr m$ir
Thae aia tunes when tho city man
should take a few days off, go out Into
the country and get to know nature.
Kven Sunda away w.ll helti If this Is
all that may lie had
II in becomes ao obaeased n ilh city
life that he actually believes the best
i things In existence are only to be found
I in town. He is not attuned to the
hills and mountains and nature, but
i they are indeed worth cultivating.
After a sojourn In real country.
away from pavement, trolleys, rrowdi
and nolae, among the birds, trees nnd
flowers, there win eonis b bigger and
broader view of life, it has in it th
essene of quiet and contentment You
com to realise thst the city with Its
man made Intrlcaelel Is but a trifling
incident, very ephemeral Indeed, us
compared with the grandeur an.l vist
nsBB of the country
You are tot getting the best out of
Tfe If you do not kee h, ,.i, s touch
with nature, wl ajgfjajjjlb' ' ' twenty
miles, tn lmoSfTlJa7W(lirCtlon, f'tiiti
New York. J A D.
Jkuskt City, N. J , August Id.
I thla ! the blrlh.tny ot e.t DSVt)
Who kept btl gun pellahld from nvUBBll
lover ef peaea until aoma ona wmiM
Hera a hoping aa gt HI hava gorni mlllleti
men nka him
C. X. c
WILSON GETS READY
TO PUSH SHIP BILL
Commerpft Board Ordered (c
Investigate Ocean Ratfa to
Aid thfi Measure.
MOVE BEGUN IX SOUTH
Wasiiiniitoh, Aug. If thi flr,,
move In the anticipated Bnmpatgn nf U
Wilson Administration to revive : m,.
Oh ant marine measure at the next ate.
slon of Congress was disclosed ItHll
when It wwa announced that, at Ptei.
dnt Wilson request, th Intartat
Commerce (jommislon haa deetdit ..
make an Investigation of Ifenipuilyh
facilities and rates between the I'mteu
States ami foreign countries
It la th hop of tti Administrator,
that the publicity attending the tnqujr,
wUI so awaken publlo seniinietu n
favor of shipping pwnetrtn gjH
th measure defeated at the last i
greea may b reintroduced, possibly iii
an amended form, with a more t.rvm
The decision to have th. commlsatnn
mak Inquiry Into the shining aSgg,
lion Is not th only meana h wljih
th Administration hopes to arouse t,UB.
He opinion to support tlie shipping vmv.
agenda, Already Secretary MeAOM
haa sent s long list of question! rebu
Ing to shipping facilities and Ocean rSISI
to each of the delegates to the n.
American financial aonfrno here ji
June. The question presented w.p,
designed to produce Information favr
able to the mov for a I kivernm. nt c
Text or Announcement.
Announcement that th oomm asmr.
will conduit n inquiry was n
this statement by the Treasury Dei ir
"The Investigation will eov r ;
phases of our ocean OomUMrO, witl ,
tlcular reference, to the trade with Sou-h
snd Central America and the p
onuntrlee of Liro,e. The c,,,,
will ascertain, through reliable andlsj
partial sources, wtiat kind of steam,
ship service exists between our lead.
Ing ports and the grading p, -
South and Central America and than
f Kunie, snd how- it co:.r iea
th service as It existed bet
Kuropean wur broke ...it . whal weri .
rates for passengera and cargo prki
to the outbreak of tho wa
ret what Is the efTc t of prssi
lrtng conditions on our for. gn esaa
Thi Investigation will he unAja.
taken at om-e so that th cotnti -o-may
be able to report to 'he p .. ....
lief ore the next session of Congreia. In
order that the commission may Kt
true persie-tive of the s tuat It -"
b extremely helpful snd will great);
expedite th Investigation if , - .
throughout the country will writ tha
commission Immediately, giving ths
fullest pooaibio lnfortnUon about agist.
Ing conditions and how tie r t-a.le haa
be.-n affected by the scarcity of f j.m
shlp tonnagw, the exUnt of th Ii crsut
In freight rates snd the effect o.' tl
rates ujion their business
"It Is most desirable that ti!p7eni
avtail themselves of this Opporl le
enlighten the commission u: ' t le.- -
nlng, so that the Inquiry may be pur
sued through all other chonn S
quickly as It le poeslble f., do BC ar.)
at the a.tm- time make the mvei . -cimplete
Alreatdy at M'ork.
"A en of the results of rv p,n.
American tlnan. Bil eonfern. e tht gas.
retary of the Treasury has alri Ml
In motion certain Bgnelea in Soul I '
Central America through B
hoped to obtain a large amount of il
luminating Infornxition relat n to -
problem of oeiean transi
tween those countries a;,.i I r -el
"He ha asked each country fir da.
tolled Information regarding ppert ft
cilttles and rst-s and the needl .' thi
ltntlon to build up trUdf between th
t'nlted States and tooth a- eric T
data will be furnlsh.-d to tl si
ion as soon hs reel-.ni
"'Ven facilities are of petti ir
pertonce to the huslnesg tn-'! itto pro
ducers of the I'tilf ' s-ite i it will
be ttv aim of the comm's-.o-. d
velop all the facta a- d cor I on of
the situation for the Inforn- it n of thi
1 'resident, of Congress .. :..i of th a .n
try. "The commission ts clothed w"s.
thorlty to conduct this Ii .- .-.."on
under se.-tion ;i of the act to regu t
oontmerce, erhleh reuuirea ami i k
other things to make a re;si-t of 11 h
Information and data 'as may le
sldered of value In th determlnal va
of questions connected with i - rei i
lation of commerce.1 In additioi thi
rsiKima Canal act has verv greatly
larg-l the js-ea-ers and duties of thi
commission s.th reep.-t t--, i iter 1 I
DANIELS'S REPORT IS
READY FOR WILSON
Four Battleship. Will Prob
ably Be Beeoinniendoil in
ASHINiiTOK, Aug II ThS '
the Secretary of the N'avv
the needs of the navy,
'resident Wilson Just before
iu rt ore for Co-ntsh soma
Will t forwarded tp the I
I lie tatter prt of ths B
Panlela Will Inform the Pre I
lively Just w-.iet gdtUtlena to
should be inithov-ne.i by Co
winter In order that a begin
made for such nav il prepari
will enable Hi ll Ited Mtnl - '
with any first olaai I'owcr
Admiral Hens,. li of the .
is working on the reja.rt It
sent the vn ws of the gsner I
other military edvkWB of '
mailt. Secretary DentSls HIA I
the bnerd'i building progi
views of tne poerd will u
the PridaUt a a part pf I
lu other years lioth Cot it'
Secretary have Invariably Igi
reconinindatlnng nf the gena il
List year, for svumplo,
recoinm, ndi'd t'.mr littttlrsl ipi i
Bualllsrlaa Beoretan Uanl'
mended twp Iwltlss ilp a
eutnorlaed by dtngreei
It is Considered lllglllv pi
view of the apparent detei
tha Adntinlsiration to recontti
naval programme that '
finally recommended four bati
least one battle cruiser, a on -
number of submarines, dt .
gunboats and .ot.titiot. il spl r
for thrt naval aerial srrvlo
panieis ts faverahle le 1 In
ing pro gramma than ts ut .
mltte-l to Congr.ss. but the Hi1 1
ill bu tin tui
away irout thetn.