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un Printing uni Publishing Ass ictatlon at
110 Naesaii street. In the Borough of Man
he'. New York President and Treaa-u-er
William C. Helck. 150 Naoau street;
vi. e i Edward P. Mitchell, 160
Raaaau street Secretary, C. E. Luaton, ISO
. . ., I T . . .. 1 achievements If they have been be-
Hen.len of Tm Si n leavins town for tha
summer monihs ( an have the dally and : furo the profession for a considerable
Sunday and evening editions iteltveredto . . . . , - - - - - naMa
them in any pait f the country or e.i- 1 period, but the lay reader or news
rope on tha terma etate.l above. Addreaaea .,,. e en ... nuau flioi-i aver In
..- often si desired. Order through paper Is apt to pass uiem over in
nawde er . r .iir.rtiy of Publication of-1 ,,., reh of more sensational news than
See, telephone 2200 Beektnaa. .
!y0ntre'e't " 1-amimn,hm ,l0U"' 1
Parie nfiw. Hue da la Mirhodiara. off t
se,e- on weiecre i-eptemnre
Washington ofh. e. llll.he Building
Brooklyn off), e, ion Livingston treet.
ear trkwU teko tn or at laM mo I
trripn and illUMtrntutim fur publication "A I
a.Aoie eeerfe. trttelt rrlaraed fe mvt
" " '" ""J """" 'r Ma parpaaa.
The Jewish Question In the "Term !
of Peare." I
, ..... ..
We doubt If there are many
pasnectlng Jews who wv.uld not re
Card with mingled indignation ami
(Ungual nil ji .ieiiJi'i oil uie inart .
any of the belligerent Powers tw use!
their race as a stool pigeon for dip-1
lomnuc auvaiiDnge in uie wi"""K
over terniR of set! lenient.
Aue prtrposais puousueu as oouin.g, inu re gei.er nuns urn. '-
antnorltatlvely but not oftVially-and - It nossihie f, r then, to live an!
wtlch ivorhaps really do come tenta-l pr0Jlf"' wUl tb " ".'J' ' 1 i
ins It has served Morton? Is It the,
tlvedy-from Cerinaiiy u.emiou anug, mnl m surviving In maa that ;
Other things alleged to be desired by prompt, him to exalt the destroyer?
. . , , I ' . ', . . .. , ,. . , ,
that Government the guarantee of It is high rime for the public to begin
!. . . ...
equal rights and liberties for Jews DJr
11 powers signing a iie.n o.
tt would be an Insult to the Intelll
fence of the Jewish iieople to lie used
With such oiivious hypocrisy by a Gov
ernment which has so long tllscrinil
OSted again them.
The Sooner tbe Better.
More than six weeks have passed
(since President WlLBOM wrote to Sec
tary Garrison and Secret. try DaKIUJ
on the subject of the national defence
and aald that he won Id like to dis
cus with each of tie m his pro
gramme "at as eurly a time us It can
he made ready." We should say Unit
tho publication of the letters, appar
ently for tbe parpoaa of disclosing
that Mr. Wilson was not committed
to heavy axpatldMarot, would have the
effect of brltiing together the Presi
dent aud the Secretaries iu consulta
tion without more delay.
It Is true that Congress will not
Beet fur three months, but the coun
try would like to have plans and
pecltlciitlons from tbe "professional
aeaoclntes" of the two Secretaries,
also their own conclusions. How are
meniliers of Congress In their dis
trict to be Instructed unless the
voters have a programme liefore
them? "The Important thing now,"
aa Mr. Wilson says. "Is to know and
know fully what we need." He adds
that "Congress will certainly we!
come such advice and follow It to the
limit of rts Opportunity." Thla ial
eomewhat vague an-1 it Is not reus-1
anting, for everybody knows that Con-:
gresa has usually rejected the pro
grammes of the army and navy ex
pert and made Its own estimates and i
IpproprlationS. That of course Is the. There Is no doubt that the subnm
province of Congress. j fine compulgn has disappointed Ger-
All the more reason, then, thnt rheiUian naval and military men. Among
President aud Mr. Gabrison and Mr.
Daniels should get together and give
the result of their delUieratlOM to
the country ftir Its Information nnd 1
consideration. Congress should hear
from the country.
A Serious Loss to Sclenre.
The announcement that rr. Pact
Bhrlich, a benefactor of humanity,
has died, brings to the well wisher of
Ills kind a juing of sorrow har.lly less
poignant thnn If one of his own flesh
and blood had been taken away,
His was a genius of the first order,
ear truly that excellent representa
tive of medical men the Journal of
the American Medical Association
was his fertile mind that evolved a
theory, and demonstrate! it practi
cally, that the animal body Is capable
of producing "anti-bodies," If searched
for and sclent Iflcally utilized, that
protect It ntrahist the most fatal andr,rltlsh Pnrt"
loathsome disease, EhBLIOH even
found it tiecossnrv in mte n,l fr
diffusing a knowledge of bis precious
discoveries. He also fulfilled the pre-:
dlcth'n of nixi.KY that there WOUldl
come a time when li would tKc-imei
!5i!i!e to Introduce Into the human
body something that should find its
way, like s cunningly contrived tor
pedo, to some particular group of liv
ing malign elements in the bisly nnd
explode them. The Journal hns well
aald of him :
"Paol BKBLIOBJ will live In the his
tory of Civilisation as one of the great
Investigate! a. aerial, creative, ferills,
excelling In 'that bnldneaa of the scien
tific use of iim imagination which alon
can aXtend l.eond t!i ntnioua fact and
reveal tli unknown,' one of tha great
gsnefacl .rs of mankind."
To the lay reader the discovery of i
"dull" is tha most familiar of his.
clllevementa a mnmntHf to hi iu-
dustry and penrifttent pnmult of an
Idea that required so large a number
of separate Investigations.
The aanie nunil)er of the Journal
records the death of another pioneer
whtme persistent purRtilt of un bleu
runde possible the most MlipHMOM
engineering work of all time and has
led to the practical opening of tbc
hitherto unfriendly tropica to the
white races. Carlos John Fini.ay
discovered In 1K80 that yellow fever
Is proqmgated by Ihe mosquito and
tiuit Its exclusion by screening would
prevent the aooutige. Unlike the In
merited Khilich, who died In the
prime of life and usefulness to man
kind. Dr. Finlat departed In the ful
ness of years and renown.
Whenever epoch uiaklnp men like
these unoMentiitlivus Investigator die
the thought obtrudes Itself thnt the
lay public seriously lacks In recogni
tion of the services to suffering hu
manity by physicians. An Intelligent
medical reader may estimate these
tile tie.iTIl or rues- uienonrm mm
renin In Ignorant of the fact that they
have made life possible for them Ull
der formerly I. niH.sslble conditions or j
li..ve aaaid fhelr Uvea uniier afflio
tlon that were hitherto Incurable.
- ,it,i .a
If HlNDF.NRI Rfl or JorrBr. died he.ld-
1npg wolli,j herald the news ami co-
pious editorial and other comment
would continue for days an ! months
with regard to their achievements In
killing men and wnstlng sulstance.
, fh f tcalH.tj KT, who worke.li
OIIt the pHthologv of npiK-ndlcltls. from
. , , a, ,
aaai waa araif au
Mt h'1" 'vel thousand of use
L, ,',T" . ,
er Ui (issiij panTiaeiiaataai mm 11
. 1f K,IRM,. . t, baa done of it
..... ... - - -
Conemls: will CuhH joint out to
' exait nno muiu njwuuiuawiai iif iue
conserve!- of life, and thereby fur
ther emulation In the benetlcent di
rection of service to huiimiilty.
Southward the Course of Kmplre I
Takes Its Way.
The Hon. JoHD J. Fitxokrai.d has
iiccn "dealgnated'1 by the Hetmn'rats.
of Kings COanty as one of their Can-1
dtdatea for Supreme court Justice.
If Mr. FrrBBXaaLD 1s elected to that
office he will le succeeded In the Sixty
fourth (Vngress as chairman of the
House Appropriations Committee by
BWAOkt Shlbi.ky. Representative fr-m
the fifth Kentucky district.
In that event the last chairman of
any Important committee Of the House
representing a Northern district will
The eits'tion of Oscar UHoeuwooo
to the Senate would have made Fran-
cis Piston Harrison of New York
Chairman Of the Ways and Means
Committee of the House had not Mr.
Harrison been appointed Governor
General of the Philippines.
Mr. UXMnwoOD will be sueeeeled
as chairman of the Ways and Means
Committee by CLAUD! IClTCRI5, Rep
resentative from the Second North
WhetlK-r Grand Admiral von Tir
I'lTZ resigns his isist or takes nn In
definite vacation, his effacemetit will
be associated with the failure of the i
a m m . a .
"nDmanne wanare ior wmcn ne was i
res,smsit.le. It has not produced the
results he counted on, and It has al
most caused n rupture of friendly re
latlons between Germuny and the
exerts Count von ItrvKMiow I
has W fftl,h 1,1 lt he contln-
UO to rave about the submarine as
destroyer of the Allies' raerchntit
shipping and will not admit thnt th'jl
Grand Admiral's plan of starving '
Kuglaud Is Impracticable. Captain I
PeSBKDS, an abler ssx iallst who al
ways keeps his emotions under con-
I trol, has no Illusions about the mat-
I ter. In an article contributed to tin
1 Btrlintr TogtbMt he draws ntten
I tlon to the fact that In The weel
ended Augua) 4 six itritisb mercban
ships and nine trawlers were sunk by
F boats, but that In the same time
from 1,000 to 1,488 merchant ships
' a.,11.1 fn,, PlhUI. ruv.u
i line r.nLtiwi omcuu lomi was 1,4 Jo).
He goo on to say :
"No small number of submarines la
reijulred to attack the l.r.oo ships, more
or whlc" ln a week ,I4V
According to Vauficua,
: ,n May' "f' w Possessed twenty
i lht completed aubmartiiea. There Is
accept the figures if
this bonk, which are derived from official
sources. Now many people assume tt nt
submarines being so small can be pro
duced in a very short time
em high seas U boat, hoivever, la by
no means small. It displaces up to a
thousand and more tons, and Is there
fore considerably larger than a torpedo
boat. It presents a combination of the
most minute and complicated parapher
nalia; everything; on board has to be
set up with the utmost precision In the
smallest IPSO, and It la therefore clear
that the period for the const ruction of
a U boat cannot be unite so short a
one would wlah."
Fun bertnore, a captain Pgaasva
polntsout. the task of commanding and
operating submarinea Is not quickly
learned. As for the British naval
men who were to be so easily out"
wilted and overwhelmed, be says that
they know how to defend themselves
and have "devised many kinds of pro
tective measures." Finally Captain
PnilOt acknowledges that "almost
fabulous skill Is retpilretl to avoid
all the pitfalls, Ac, not away from
torptdo destroyers and ninke a sue
CWtrol allack." Iletvvcoii Hie lliit.-i
one may read nn apprehension (por
ha this specialist may have access
to naval secrets) that the Admiralty
Is losing submarines faster than It
can build and commission them.
Probably the (Jrand Admiral did
not mean to he taken literally when
he said thnt "we can tOfpfjrJo almost
every Hrltlsh or allied ship that ap
proaches English or Scottish ports
and thereby cut off the greater part
of (ireat Bfltaill'l Imports of food
stuffs,'' but he expected to play havoc
with IlrltLsh shipping and throw the,
(tovernnient Into a panic. The truth
Is that "submarine wnrfare" has Hot I
even greatly embarrassed the Britten I
Our Drinking Water.
The State of New York Intends to
dump Into Mohan ale Lake the sewnge
from the training eohisd for laiys at
Yofk tOWn Heights and the State Hos
tilt.'il at Vorktown Tho wnters of
Mliansr , ,lko fl(W. ,, rro.n Iinl(v
and thence are condu.led to this
town, where millions of persons of
11 ages and conditions drink them
dally. This city hns irrotestod agnlnsit
the contanilnntlon of Its potable wntoi
supply, and the Attorney-tieneral has
Informed the Slate Health liepart
The city of New York enM( enjoin!
a thr",""J nuisance the ronstruc-
tlon of sewngr dlsjoal plants for State
institution on thm Croton watershed
after the State Department of HealtV
has approved I tic plana therefor.
Until their operation demonstrate
... " . . .
i ne p.nius to uc nuisancea irie vt.uri i
without Jurisdiction to Intervene
,t ,c n, ,u lm)rol),lt,iP that Mr .
Wftmm.t ,,,w rpmalnM
rlierefor,. oulv to suin.e as to th '
, , ' , i
nuoll"'r "f 1Um'ss a",! ,,U"
nnmWT " d"1tn, to Mem-
onstr.ite the pants to be nuisances.',
. , . . . . .
Do these numhon run Into the tens.
or Into the hundreds, or Into tho
thousands? Would the prevlc us phys
ical condition and environment of
the victims le taken into c-oiisldern-
I Ion In .l..),.riii'nlt)t Ilia v! .let. t i :i 1
val)( f th,r ,nnewM tnd )U.atll, ln
uy laqnttlttoa thnt might be under-
if the experiment of diluting oar
drinking water with sewage Is to lie
conducted under state luaplcea, it
Would only ts- fair to let us know In
advance exactly how much potion w
mttg( swallow before we shall be en-
titled to relief.
The Judiciary Ticket.
None of the candidates for judicial
office agreed on in the preprlmarles
In this district falls In roseotabllity
or attainment to meet the standard
set up for the bench. They are, as
n body, eminently satisfactory; and
while ail of then have not betrayed
the superior talents easily discerni
ble in one of their number, each Is
honest, learned anil uiismirched by
a hint of personal corruption. They
comprise a ticket every elector can
vote without muurtvlng.
It has been reported thnt the mer
ger of political Interests which has
produced this eminently satisfactory
result was not attained without the
interested Intervention of practical
politician. As to this Titr Si n con-
It Ignorance, without denying
,ts suspicions. One important and
eBuiAM eaea t Maa rtft t i MM I in 1 (
- " "
wowa oobwitou w n
of Its renders, however; a fact In
comforting contradiction to conditions
that have prevailed In the not re
mote past. It Is:
There has not been nnd Is not now
in any corner of the First Judicial
district a hint of speculation as to
the sum of money that A, or , or
C. or the kinsmen or friend -f any
of tm'm- tipended or promised to ex-j
lend. directly or indirectly. 1n order;
" mnl!0 ,,,rP 01 wwniuarion art ai
P1'1 011 tnP s"Preme Iwnch.
Perhaps the . runniest ining in
the So-Called " Proposal."
"Belgium to lie restored nnd her
sovereignty nnd future neutrality
By another scrap of papert
The Department of State should lose
I no time In revoking the passport Is
sued to Captain JAMBI FSANOII .Teweu.
Archibald of New York ami Washing
ton If It proves true that tills Am"r-
lean citizen has mleuaed iiis creden-
,,,llg tl, C0TM transmission of doeu-
!, ,-,,a frm ..ea. ini e.r,e.
j gPntatlveg of o,.rrrnny or Austria In
this couptry to their Governments.
We have condemned the Germans for
fabricating our passports for the con
venience of their secret agent or mes
sengers, and we should be prompt and
severe In dealing with any American
j who lends himself and his Certificate
' of citizenship for ttie sume purpose.
No peace is possible before England
has bn definitely defeated anel the
Upremacy of the seas wrested from
her - -Itrilin degpofCS.
i ih ia declaration suggests two thlngei
the first, that Germany cannot expec t
to defeat l-inulau.l dcUnitelv imh .aa lb,.
Kaiser'.s II goa out to give battle
, t the British Meet and is the victor-
and the other reflection Is that, in
spite of Bnglsnd'a "supremacy" of the
seas. Gentian trade showed a wonder
fill development In the twenty yettrs
before Ihe war.
Sir KnwARn Oiibt Is leaving tbe For
eign Office to tuke a vacation. Some-
body one wrote of this statesman:
"It la significant that the only book
he has written la on the art of fly
fishing." One of his favorite books Is
"The Compleat Angler," and his best
loved author lg Gilbert White. Sir
Kdward Grey has a country house at
Falloden In Northumberland on tho
bank of a river "not flowing too fast
nor, at the same time, too slow," as
be has said. It la no strain on the
Imagination to consider how 8lr Ed
ward will spend his vacation.
Tho Speaker of the national House
of Representatives by eloquent appeal
saving the life of a negro whom a
Howling Oreen mob was about to lynch
makes a dramatic figure. It ts sub
mitted that a stick of type is all too
small for the exploit. The Hon.
r'HAMP Clark should have a whole
page Illustrated with snapshot.
A well known heavyweight prlso
flghter has retired from the ring to
run a popular line of automobiles In
Hoboken. From gate money to Jit
neys, O what a falling off was there!
There seems to be a "not" missing
from the finding of the Cobb County
Grand Jury In the Frank lynching
case: "We have done our beat under
oath, and we regret to atata that we
have been unable to And enough evi
dence to Indict any one for thla crime."
Coney Island's last shark caught.
If tills be true, the playground by
the sea Is a community thrice blessed
above all other towns, villages and
cities, wherever situate.
The people should be non-partisan In
matters of thla kind. fisnofor Sher
man of Illinoi in aupport of PrtiUtent
W I I.HON.
N,,n-partuan and unhyphenated.
Since the healnnlng of the Euro
pean war nothing more touching has
developed than the present solicitude
of certain ICngllsh commentators lest
the adjustment of the controversy be
tween the United States and Ger
many should not he exactly and aen
erously satisfactory to President Wil
son and Secretary Lassino.
Colonel Roosevelt Is now convinced
that In one respect, at least, the mili
tary defences of this country are not
The Glens Falls woman who at 107
expects to vote before she die will at
bast b spared the pain of havinB
canclidntes relate to her their alleged
adventures with her parents and
lTince Hatum may be a Turk by
birth, but philologlcally he Is cer
tainly a German.
Vlce-rreaident of China resigns
.Vri'-a from th Orient.
Where is Tom Marshall nor-?
The reports from Plattsburg, which
show the amateur soldiers as consist
ently victorious over the regulars, in
dicate that the best way to prepsre a
man for a military career la to train
him in clerical work.
A vigorous primary campaign waue.i
by William H Howards and Charles
F. MfRPHT against the Tammany
slate ought not to he utterly hopelesa.
SherifT Fettit's activities st Helmont
Park Will at least discredit those rest
dents of Nassau county who have
contended that he would not recognize
a Kamhler if he saw one.
The I'ctrorrad correspondent of the
for40 I'oat aaya that Russian high
command deems tt advisable to draw re
Germans at least 101 mllea further Into
the Interior of Ruaala. Despatch from
To positions prepared in advance?
"Invisible government lg a catch
penny phrase," Senator PaHSOSB com
ments. Possibly, Senator, it may be.
when used by some. Hut when used
by Senator Hoot?
THE BUSINESS GIRL.
"It Isn't Homely Women That Aren't
Wanted; It's Soar Ones."
To the Kr.iTOR or The gVM Sir: I
am so glad 1 aw "M.'a" letter which
appeared yeterdy. Maybe 1 can en
courage her when I tell her t know of
many women of Just her calibre who are
holding mie positions in the business
world. Possibly "M." has not directed
iier efforts ,n the right c hannels, as not
Infrequently happens with tle.se unfa
miliar with the business world.
A woman of "Ms" education and
refinement I must add character also,
for it requires character to face with
such good grace her curious predica
ment) will surely find something In the
business world. It isn't homely women
that aren t wanted ; it's sour ones. In
cidentally "M." who so frunkly admits
her lack of looks, la without doubt tie
peer of many who lay claim to that
I am a business girl and t know
Whereof 1 si.e.ik when 1 say character
and brains count for considerable In
tbe business world. It may be thnt
youth and looks will procure a girl a
position, but it does nut follow thnt
these qualifications alone will keep her
Take, for example, a girl friend of mine.
pretty, charmingly mannered and gllh
ton'-tued. When being Interviewed she
gives the prospective employer the lm-
prsislon that ibe is a gem. He engage
hen but when her subsequent work .lyes
not hear out the gem estimate he dis
charges her without compunction. We
hear u lot sbOUl peetty girls obtaining
employment, I ,it not so much of their
dismissals, yet we business girls down
town know' that such do take place.
"M." must not loae courage. The
world is a good one after all, and when
"M " meets It with such optimism and
fairness it Is suro to use her kindly
It might help "M." to remember t lie
quotation, "Tho tilings whloh sr
your shall come to you. behind whose
Eforda lies a world of meaning. 1 be
lieve tlimly In this quotation, and If by
believing l have attained those things
Which I have desired, surely "M." striv
ing so earnestly will attain also.
Nrw YoBKi September 3
The Thing Impossible.
To the RpiTOg ok Tim Hun .Sir: Let
the tlear thins, vote if they want lo.
Hut don't let them undertake to tell you
that they are going to "purify politics."
It can't be did. One or 'Km.
Jhhset I 'itt , N. J , September S.
Itouidlni tbe Trouble.
Stella Dei yeiu favor a long or a short
Hells -Onoeltieae. 1 have enough trouble
dicicllng the length of aklrt.
THE DIVISION OF MONEY.
Shoald the Earnings of the Intelli
gent Be Given to the Ignorant?
To the Editor or Tub Bfis Sir.- tn
Tin Si n of August 26 appeared the
report of Basil at, Manly, director of re
search and Investigation of the Cnltod
states Commission cm Industrial Rela
tions. Tho report suggests a prepon
derance of the labor element, and Is
Tbe Rockefeller and Carnegie founda
tions, whose methods It attacks, have
funds amounting to $2110,000,000. These
beneficent men, neither of whose ac
quaintance I possess or ever expect to
possess, are attacked because they do not
turn over tho reward of their high men
tal achievements and efficiency to he
dominated by the masses. If the coun
try wishes to beneMt the masses let it
provide the wherewithal with which to
Mr. Rockefeller and Mr. farnegle
bring conservatism and experience and
high Intelligence to the management of
the funds acquired by their mental ca
pability and devoted to the oause of
humanity ; benefiting mankind, not In
the way the masses wish Ignnrantly to
be benefited, but In tha manner this
high experience, Judgment, foresight,
wisdom and experience, gathered In the
study of the rise and fall of nations,
On the one side, we hesr the m.ises
crying: "Away wltr. history. We will
have no book of the past! What do
we want with experience.' All we want
la your hardly earned money to do
what we please with." And each man
who cries thus I call Just aa great a
hlghwny robber as the man who covets
you with a platol and demands ..ur
If I give my little dollar It is given
to be used for such a purpose; and In
a certain manner. And each man of
small means Insists upon his right In
this respect. Yet when he comes to
the grasping of the privileges conferred
upon him by the munificent gifls of
vast wealth tile, grab eoetna so colossal
to him that he los. s all his moral sense
and wishes to receive the benents of
the princely donation without conform
ing to the responsibility his receiving
theee privileges entails. A man must
not expect to receive anything unless
h gives something In return. High
moral living la not a system of grab
what you can and where you can Man
should not forever be an object for
The man these fmndat!o:.s affects re
ceives his education under a conditions!
acceptance. He Is a free agent and Can
lake the gift or leve It, as he chooses
He has surely a mind logical en. .ugh to
concede that the donor can present the
gift or withhold it, as he plessoa. But.
once having accepted the donors g.ft.
be la ln honor bound to conform to the
conditions the donor imposes and not
to seek to change them ; even as a man
must pay the price a merc hant aB for
a pair of socks or walk out of his shop
All this Is logical and the outcome
sure. Our moneyed men will give no
more benefactions to the country that
attributes bae motives to their kind
ness (after taxing and trying to limit
their Incomes of Mith efficiency).
These charity benefaction:, loeffl to
pauperise the country of high moral
sense, ns well as pecuniarily. Kew now
are willing to work to attain ti e reward
of merit . they crave Ihe recompense f..t
which others have done the w-rk. Ig
norance, inefflc lency, low star. lards, are
to have the money high worth has at
tain. .1 showered upon them Knowledge,
experience, wisdom, efficiency, high
st cudards. are to have the reward of
their high attainments plucked from
Shall muscular labor, that has to be
directed? and 'hat destroys infinite ly and
damages rnllnitely In producing whl it
does, and which has no moral though!
of repairirg it damages, rr of paying
for the Ignorant, or careless, ur wilful
destruction of the employer's property
or rights (for the student is employed
by tfie munificent benefactor, his em
ployer, to ierfect himself In manual
labor, or In high mental constructive
efficiency) shall this muscular or as
yet unformed mental being dictate that
millions be spent to provide him a
means of carry'ng out h e- Ignorant Idea
of what he wants while he is passing
his unforme d student clays '
If the parent allowed the child to
do as he pleased, would that child gr..w
up to be BP efllelenl and moral cltlsan
And yet the labor (which is (he men
tally ignorant) part of the comtnlsa.on
wishes these students to constitute them
selves highway robbcra end grab the
money attained by high etllciency that
they may enjoy themselves doing what
they please. In the manner they please,
after the fashion of children, while con
Bldr!ng themselves aa being cdu ated
Not until a man or woman is com
pelled to pay for his education by the
sweat of hie brow Is he entitled to it.
Irft our rich men keep their money
aud no longer b maligned by labor
leaders and by students whom they have
so kindly dtlrd to benefit, btll whom
they are really pauperising In spirit.
Anti-Tax rOB BfTtCIBNOT.
Arpmork, Pa.. August s.
WHERE GERMANY GAINS.
Results Appraised In a Somewhat Orig
To THB ROITOB or The Sin- sir.
While all good eitixens should rejoice
at the diplomatic triumph S'-oreJ by
the President whereby (iermany cam
to terms op essentials regarding sub
marining, tt should ii.it he forgotten that
Germany has by the very fact of hand
! tng and conceding dealt the United
St etes two very palpable blows
Kirst. a tremendous shoes' has been
given to preparedness and the hands of
; the pacifists have len much sirenKth-
ened. Already the tive hundred minions
talked of as a basis are being looked
i upon as asceselv; Irrespective ..f the
I fad that aa regard battleships it would
he I ill 1 two yean tier.. re they could be
completed. The money voted now could
pot have had any complete intluence In
an immediate war with i iermany ; and
(Iermany In two year win be glad not
to see ten American uperdreadnoughta
ready for elcllveiy.
The second blow dealt by Oertnanv
la that by leaving our horlmn dear in
her direction we can deal with Bnaland
and assert our rights. Had we gon to
war with (terinany, we .should ln.ee tia.l
to submit for an indefinite period to
Kngland I wishes to the detriment ,.f
We need a very laree navy, Alaska
Is separated from us by foreign terri
tory; so ia the Panama Canal, the
Philtpplnei by the pn.iiir Ocean, A
large navy has no atfioltltl size it
should be as large as the enemy, real or
possible, makes uh have It. B. H. P
Nbw yosKi September I.
The Ten Hollar Ihltleelllv
To Tits RniTOI UB Tils Si s -.v.i T i
find yourself i-i .1 dlStSBt an I Strange
tielglil.c.rh.....l evltll the .Incite t.i li.le home
ward on a Sirsl Pgr Bad B money of
smelter dsnomlnatloB in youi p.n-aei tna-i
a ten Seller bill i tint liersoine
I saw a lady lolve this difficult r the
aShcv eiav in b Biennsr worthy ..f nut.
11 uus in ji Oolumbui avsnus pharmacy.
The la.ly enter.. I an. I asked Hie egelUtr
to change lei n leu cl.kllar bill so that
she . ...I. I get IK, rente far a letephont
Thla transacting) aoc.unptUOisd. he
tripped up to tha telephone, an.t picking
up t lies telephone directory, s'uiiiesi its
poatsat for a moment or two. Then swii.t
he: "Oh, 1 in so sorry : She haun t any
phone. Thnnk on verv nio.it "
Slt then reii-e. In g
moment inter I e.iw tier heard a etreel
car. Neat, w lea I -
New You. September
J. 0. w
017 MERCHANT MARINE.
Tbe R Hid and Zaphlro Make Their
To the Editor of Tiir. Sun Sir. Your
editorial article In The Sun about th
ship purchase bill and the havoc
wrought by the policy of this Adminis
tration reminds me of a letter I re
cently received from an officer on one
of the Pacific Mall ships, In which ho
says: "This la our last trip, as we shall
close the business ln the Kast and bring
home the agents "
The passing; of this the last of th
famous American steamship lines has
ottracted much attention and overshael
owed a little tragedy In Chinese waters
and the fate of two ships flying the
Stars and Stripes
See n after the occupation of the Phil
ippines by us the Rubl and Zaphlro
were put Into service b.twsen Hongkong
and Manila to connect In a way with
the Pacific Mull. They ara able boats
of 2,600 tons, and. while small, were
jsjpular with the public. With increas
ing trade the regular transpaolllc lines,
first the Pacific Mall, followed by the
Toyo Risen Kalsha and Canadian Ia
c lllc Railroad, changed their route so as
to run from .Nagasaki to Manila direct,
thence to Hongkong, returning via
Shaghal. It was then that the Rubl nnd
aWphlro began to feel the competition of
the larger ships and business began to
wane, Soon It waa necessary to with
draw them from the Manila run and
they went' Into the Indo-l'hlna trade
from Hongkong to Saigon utakT charter
to Clilnesn merchants
Then came the war. their agents be
come Involved, and the ships were sold
md down will come the Stars and
Stripes from two more ships.
The skipper of the Zaphlro was a
passenger with me homeward bound In
June His chances of another com
mand will probably be enhanced If he
will change his own reaister to meet
the ..millions forced by this stupid
With one hand tho President signs the
call for Oovernment own d ships and
with the other signs the bill that drives
the last American triitispacttlc ship
from the mightiest ocean of the earth.
That the one remaining ship, the Minne
sota, will lee lost Is as sure as those of
the Pacific Mail. Surely this Is a record
to be proud of and It was as unneces
sary as It was foolish.
Already with the PaClflO Moll ships
In the Service the Philippine were feel
ing the pinch for tonnage, so that the
Hon Henderson Martin of Kansas, vice-
OOVSrnor of the Islands, was following
the lead of his lllualrloua nominator and
proposing "a lire of Oovernment owned,
swift steamers from Manila to San
Francisco direct, and thus be free from
Die machinations of a trust owned flet"
Just what his sensations ate now that
the threat of tbe PSclflC Mail is made
g.e.el has not reached the Occidental
shore. Anyhow, the Pacific Mall ships
are not to have tbe flag lowered and tha
rVctflc'e lose la the Atlantic' gain.
Pact n oo.
Weeps!'. .kt, September 3
SOME PRESIDENTIAL PREF
ERENCES. Wants It. ."t or Hughe, hut Is Willing
to Take ItiMisevclt.
To tub EntToa or the Bob? fir.' In
TUB St'N under the caption "Praise
In Albany" you make this astonishing
stat. le nt: "Hoot's Speech Sa:.l to Make
Him Conspicuous for ltus Campaign."
In the name of heaven did It require
this last effort on the part of Kiihu
tool to make him a conspicuous fltu-e
for any office whatsoever In this coun
try'' I cannot Imagine anything more
desirable for tris country than its hav
ing such a man as Mr. Root for Presi
dent That the exigencies of politic
Will ever allow sin h good fortune is
unite another matter.
Il.-r.- is a man who has never piei
to the galleries, has never applied to
any funel for assistance and certainly
has not ticen accused by anv former
President of the United states of lack
ing moral courage It is a safe it
that since both boys and men are known
by the company they keep, at least the
offl i of Secretary ol state would not
b oce'upied by any buffoon whomsoever
Just for the payment of a P"llilcal e.till
g.etion, and the country would at least
Is I pa red the humU.atton of having such
emissaries as the j.rne light manager of
Jack Rose appointed ai Its represent i
tlve because of his being a deserving
Isn't It a fact that any American
who stin. Is f.r election and gams office
is the servant of the people, and are any
such elected servants above criticism,
and if so, why? Isn't it a fact, as a
bully good ex-President of this country
nud. there are things worse than war"
Is there a man In th United St ite
foolish enough to believe In this year
nineteen hundred and fifteen that an
American travelling In any foreign coun
try on the face of the globe ll looked
upon with the same respect shown
Americans feir at least two dec.ieles
minus the p.st three years?
Now. tO get back tn a basis of genuine
elf-rBped and dignity, let the Amerl
. an people select Mr Hoot, and falling
this they have .fustics Hughes. Myron
T Herrlek and Theodore Roocevelt to
fall back upon
I would surely place the Colonel at
the head of the list, hut lie has had two
terms and It does aeem to me that the
country needs BUCh man as either Mr
Hoot or Justice Hughes, and falling to
secure either, that a clever, well trained
business man like Mr. Ilerrlck would be
a godsend to this country If elected
Pres. dent snd If none of the other
three can succeed, by all means let us
! ave the man who threw red tape out
of tin. window and built the Panama
Canal and whose splendid courage and
direct methods are still keeping him
mighty close to the hearts of the men
who are at least willing to fight and do
for this country A. O.
new yohk, September s
The Accidents at the Munitions Fac
tories. To th KntTon or the Si'x -gtr: T -day
there are summarized Big or seven
"auspicious acroleins' In munition fac
tories within the last two weeks. Now,
seeing thai the liilted Slates sc. ret
service is apparently unable to seme or
deiect any one of the hundreds of iler
m 111 spies planted lit thla country,
might It not be well for the Washing-
ton Qovsrnmsnt to eniut the services
if none of the day laborers at Oary,
Itnl . whC were not only able to discern
the real nature of the Itev. Mr Kayser s
transaction with the Herman Km
bassy to Washington but who also
managad tn hand the treasonable rlerle
Whal was coming to him? C K. N.
NBW York, September S
Ihe list Was a Panama
To THB IBDtTOB OB THB HUN Sir Your
BBcellent cartoon of September 1 lacks
nnly one thing. The hat which die ad
venturous Ti R. baa dropped should he
c Panama. Both the cartoonist and tho
. artooned seem to have forgotten It.
Nahant, Mass, September 2.
Ilnllng O11I In One
I would not he a tsenator;
a nHilthntlllonalrs ia not
ihe EUfUloit of my visions, nor
For railroad klllgl cure 1 a jot.
So. what 1 ween! ts none of Hteee;
No high paslttea In the aun,
Nor strenuous life, nor Slip Pared ease
I want to hole out cu.-e In one!
I'VB Bone arounsl tn ninety-four
(My ban. IP hp la seventeen).
Ami won the prlBS for loweit score,
Ah.l eve. 11 in In blta altnnit too Been
nut now i higher height I'd ate
Ami nil the rolling tireHhrejv stun
1 ill BOUtcl 1 hear tinea heavenly hall
"Iter ...... a man holed mil In ..tie'
NAVY BOARD RANKS
Niilunftrinea Not Pnrninount, Is
Exports' Advice to Sopit
STRATEGIC PLANS READY
Wasiiinc.tov. Sept. 8 Secretory Dan
iels will discuss with President Wilson
next wck the question of a naval pro
gramme to be recommended to Congress
The See-retary returned to-day from a
trip along the New England coast and
authorised the statement that he would
report to the President next week on the
subjec t of naval policy.
Mr. Daniel has receive d from the Hen-
i era! Hoard of the Navy what may he
termed the general statement of what
that body considers neoessary to make
I the navy adequate to meet the task It
i would confront If the nation should be
I iMMihtfl Cm e wee wtth A flr-lt class
This report doos not constitute the
board's annual recommendations aa to
building progrsmme, but Is quite simi
lar to Its yarly report. It Is utider-
stood that It discusses In detail the
consideration of policy and the phases
of the situation upon which It bHses
I its recommendation! for increases In
I tb navy Just as large a the public
revenues will permit.
The document Mr. Daniels will present
I to the President, as It represents the
' best qualified expe rt advice called for
! in the President s letter to the Secretary.
I It Is presumed that the President will
I Ihe rtet ni.,1 use It In hlB dis
cussions with members of Congress with
regard to the legislative problem of na
For More nMleshls.
II Is known thnt tbe experts of the
General Hoard and tbe experienced offi
cers of tho naval service generally, do
tint agree with tlie more or Ivsh popular
belief that submarines ara paramount
and that batiici-hips ar virtually obao
lete. On the contrary. It Is understood
that th board, while rC gn'.iitig the
peculiar value of submarine as an
auxiliary for.e. lays special stiess In In
report on the prune necessity of build
ing more heavily armored and armed
ships of t ties first line.
This has been th policy of the b.ianl
for years, and the officers now com
posing that body have not yet seen
c.ntf In tl.A war in Kurone to con
vince them that the command "f the
sea will not si ill be won and retained
by the Power having the largest num
ber of the most powerful fighting ships,
other things being equal.
It Is a fact, however, that though
Secretary Daniels has laid great em
phasis on the popularity of submarines
and their usefulness, the (iencral Hoard
recommended and Congress provided
more submarinea last year than Mr.
1 lanlels as'.ced for.
A growing sentiment has developed
among nasal officers, however, in favor
of the t'nited States adding to its con
struction fast ships capable of deliver
ing heavy blows. The Pnlted States
navy has never been in favor of tin
battle cruiser and the vessel now sug
gested is not exactly of that type
It Is purposed to build a vessel whli h
shall bav.- the speed ol a scut cruiser
or battle cruiser, and a certain numbei
of the 14 Inch guns, such as are car
ried on dreadnoughts Th require
ments of course make It esse ntial that
s i, h a vessel shall carry fewer guns
and lighter armor to obtain the high
Details of this suggestion hive not
et been worked ut. and it Is pr h it. e
that not until next November, when tree
Oenarsl Hoard will make Its final re
port Will It be decided whether th
construct Ion of "lie or more vessels of
such a tp. shall be recommended.
Snlimnrlnc Har at New l.nndnn.
Mr Dai lela is maintaining bis deep
Interest In submarine- He announced
to-day that ll was Ivs Intention to pro
ceed with the plan of mak ng (he naval
statk ti at New London, Conn., a base
f..r submarines operating In Northern
It is r.'t Intended to supplant the
submarine bases In South, rn waters, but
only 10 relieve the northern navy yards
of the task of caring for submarines
as Well as for the big ship.
Thete is berth space f"r ISO sub
marines at New tOndon, In the oplril n
of Capt (Dart, chief of the submarine
division of the bureau of operation,
Who I" working out the details of the
rew plan The navy will have large
additions to Its submarine flotilla within
the next eighteen months, anel oneerea
son f"r the creation of a base at New
London is th necessity of making some
provision for the new vessels.
New London Is regarded as a highly
desirable location, as It is within a few
hour of New York. Is well sheltered ai d
conveniently located with regard to the
summer drill grounds ft Narraganeetl
It Is the Intention of the IVp.irtiu.ii:
tn build no docks at New Uondon.
The submarine will still be sent to the
big navy yards for important ronelra,
but Will not have to go lo the yards
for renewal of supplies on. I the mak.nc;
of minor repairs
MORE FIRE HORSES TO GO.
liftee-ii MHiihnttnii lliitiallon hi. 1.
Oct Red i)rii Wages a,
Fifteen battalion ehlefs got little red
automobiles yeeterday and as a result
thirty more lire horses will he sold.
Beginning today Dr Wllllsm F.
Doyle, the Fire Department's veteri
narian, win visit the heedquartera of the
forty-seven battalion chiefs and look over
tbe two iievrses allotted to fBch Thirty
will be sold. The fifteen runabouts will
be used hy the chiefs in Manhattan
below Fifty-ninth street The rrt of
the battalion chiefs, thirty-two In num
ber, also will soon get automobiles and
part witn tii.ir noraes.
POLICEMEN GOING TO CAMP.
I hlef Inaprctor and id other itm
oere (iet Leave,
Chief Inspector Max !'. gchmlttbergei
and sixteen other police .fibers were
given permission by Police L'ominlS
Bloner Woods yesterday to attend the
second mllltla Instruction camp at
Plattsburg The Commissioner returned
from tha first camp several days ago
Those, who win go to the camp on
September N to stay for a month are
inspector Oi Y. Cahalane, (.louts John
,1 Hughe, iticiinr.i Enrlght, Walter
House, Maurice Haunon, John A Park
anil .la mes .1 Skeliatt 1 Sergts tieorg
ll. tjriffeti. John j Hlues, Jeremiah a.
Crowley, Jamea J Lynch, Joseph it
Murray, Patrick J, tlannon, John j
Noonan, William k Kodlhan and Will
iam J. M Plynn Inspector btchmltt
berger will go to Ih camp on Septem
ber 1 and remain ten clays Those
t ill at Plattsburg in. lude Inapeotor
James Hoiau ami Capis Hughes anil
The Commissioner aald thai almost
every man In the dopnrtmenl has mad
application to go lo the camp.
NIGHT BATTLE AT
Hod n ml IMiif Fnfcos C;
1,000 IX XEW WAR 0AMK
li.ATTsntiu, N. T., Sept J. i ,. fjt4
manctuvrse of the Vlrst Brigade, i ret
Division of the regular army, tl I tha
provisional regiment of buBlnesl l j
professional men, which have
progress along the Canadian borde
tng the paet eight days, Will us bi ig
Uj a close with a night a'.;.,
searchlight battle alsiul six mile ftasi
of Plattsburg to-morrow nlgiu iLt
antlie command of over 1,01 II
participate, The aulumou... aearchligM
cur Is to be hi ought Into play, and regie
lar army Officer say that it w ll e I
most spec uvular feuature, Bttlni do!
to the man (suv res
In tu-day's problem the Idds. con.
slating of the entiro Second i'..ir
and tho armored OSX aqUBd, w ere ... , .
command of Capt. Andrews of the: it
ait). The Hlue army, made up .
two regttnenta of infantry, th artl Itrj
the engineers and provisional re
were commanded by Col. Hoot ol tha
Bine Army Itrtreala.
In the problem if Thursday tl e Bluet
were supposed to have OUOcei dd in get
ting the ammunition Wagon tf e, t.
AltOOna and to have loaded It upon a
t:aln, Which was moved to the 0Utk
Following this problem, that of to-day
was the sup; sed retreat of tha Bltn
army Southward, the Rede e:. ring
ti) bio. k tho movement. ('.! I. t
placed (he Thirtieth nlfantry under
Major Bandholta as a rearguard ., ej
sent the provleion.il regiment ant tha
Third Infantry to enveb p tho right Bad
left wings of tho Heel tofce I
visional icgunent made a forced It
of four mllea within an ROUT lo I , .
the crest of Rl Hill, only to fl i II
Occupied by the Heel cavalry. T..e c -airy
was taken by surpiiee and an en
tile troop was theoretic ally cut to piece
befoie they succeeded in checking I t
SdVanC . t the enemy.
In the effort to envelop the rtM
Wing of tlie Red forces Company A of
tue provlalonel regiment, of w!,. .. John
Purroy Mltohel, Major of (tew Vo
second lieutenant, .u entirely
out, and one-half of Company B, of
whi.-h Theodore Rooeevelt, Jr. is the
mid lieutenant, met with th amt
The fighting was it times very worn.
The armored car from the North n
Military and Naval Training B g.,
i. ike cienova, Wieconeln, took up a
position at tlie stdu of the highway,
and mere the squad ln charge I a
car covered me machine w,tn bushti so
that it would not be noticed by the
enemy As a large force of li,. i
crossed a rteld some dletanc to '. . - ial
they opentd fire from the ambus! c . ,r.
and it was here that Companies A ai ii
of the provisional regiment Wert badly
handled At another time four of I c
machine guns were dismounted flora
their cars and carried to a sto:..- tvall,
from behind which they opened fire
upon the lllues The rattle of lilotl
aHakened the entire neighborhood It
another stace ..r t,. right a trooi f
cavalry dismounted and took s'...er
behind B Pile Of W I, Where thee y
changed several volleye with a r
of Bluee hidden back of a stone f. -st
the eelge of cornfield. The ! - t
ing continued until 11:30, when "
umpires declared the battle closed 1 t
victory was with the Rede, as
clearly defeated the attempt of ' t
Pities to envelop their flanks c n
tinue their retreat to the south.
Congreaemen Thomae w. m i .f
Delaware was promoted t" the H f
corporal for aervlee on the n ' in t
day's action, and afte r the comma 1 1
gOfle Into camp for the nlhf
Insoii waa the recipient of many
fnril-y Mnionc Improve
Dudley Field Malone. Collectoi
Port of New York, since the
Wednesday s engagement, has s
at the home of Herbert T
prominent resident of Rouse's p
was threatened with pneumon s,
so far recovered that he pi
bis company In the provlslousl
to-morrow i.ef..re the day's mai
begin and will continue with th
mand until they match Into I .
in the movement of the was
to-day many of the bridges on tl
try romis were broken down( -.lit
as news of the broken bridge I
the commandant of the . -
from the engineering corps weru -(..
Enrollments for the new can
tinue to pour In and the Indlcai
that there will be close to a II
member win n the camp
Wednesday next. Prominent . il
Brooklyn continue to appeal
Wood for the establishment i '
of military Instruction at Pod
ton, a number of telegrams re .
on this matter to-day.
200.000 MEMBERS SOUGHT
National security Leaser
The National leourlty Itnat
launched a mcmhet-slnp oamis .
throughout the month of s
With Die slogan ., Meml
tember," every member of i
I and every patrlotli Anno cui
i being urged to em- ii and ., I
1 work of the league by
K Woodward Dal e, gecret.tr;
memberahlp committee, wti i Is
of the oampnlgn, sayfl thai
; gain. ill. cis have I--, r e
' rUOBt Of the large cities f I 11
land a gie.it many of (he I!
, and thai the efforts of the
) now lie centred noon Increai
numerical strength of th
The oampatgn still be can
leach branch of the league
the united states, and '
thai the enrolment will reach tl
mark by October, Ohieago I
a manrbershlp of B0, 000, .
I'hliadelphla, Minneapolis si I
large cities expe-M to el
atet) as well.
TO END TREASURY RFi1
Vlelcloo lioluls ( on
Wabhinuton, Mepi :i
the Treasury Mi Adoo t ; i
a uommlMee or Treasury nili
veellgate the Treasur sen
view to working oui in .. iu
reorgsntaatlon Thi cimimitte.
Inatruvted to make it piai - i
she ami tn pruvidu fur Hie
f ail tiseie-ss red tape, . i 1
n ssarv to reromm ud s, e
t ion to i 'ongreas
The Investigation has is-eii
the liBlldi .'f ssi-! tnl Si- re '
Trcaeiit'v MlllbUrn, B'liu is
with i 'omtitroller if tl s Tre
wick. i'Ii . ' t'lei I. W ilue Ih i
stead, . 'tier . f ih customs i
ll s liuyde chief of h