Newspaper Page Text
THE SUN, SUNDAY, JANUARY 2, 1916.
1915 IN HISTORY--A YEAR OF WAR AND DISASTER-LONG LIST OF FAMOUS DEAD-GREAT GIFTS
Staggering Events Form
Record of Real Horror
Swift Sequence of Disasters Overshadowing One
Another, When Summarized, Appals by the Toll of
Death, Every Walk in Life Suffering.
IMPRESSIVE CHRONICLE OF CHARITY OFFSET
It la Impossible to tools over the year
115 without 11 sense of dismay, cvrn
of horror. Since time began there has
never been such u chronicle, of misery
and misfortune, such ti staggering pro
rrmlnn nf dreadful occurrences. There
own country escaped the nmro
manlftbtatlon of the year v.ar.
...... .. .. .. ... n .....l H. !.
Wim 113 IOII Ol IUIII1I.II I. II- "
1ng of national rcmurccs and because
of Its great good fortune lecclved no
rmall part of the prosperity that war
Is not a er,on anywhere In the world .i ioH ToSrJ .."K Imny 'medi. cVV, " J T Hh ta.e l-.nd s"nr: Iriih
surely, who will not feel thankful thai f c-ulptor. Now York; April 16, N. W. ker. rnlon anny ; Meut.-Oen. Frlejerr 1 1-01 'ron of diphtheria antitoxin nnd of . '". Jl & 3 '"it 189 of these $j,23o,O00 , June, Oeorge D. Barnard, be
the twelve months of evil have tone li - Aldrl.-h. ex-Senator. Ithodc Island : April 1 von Omptrda. Oermanv. salvarsan, Germany : Prof. John II. Van ' 2"J,nA," 14- )y" , qucathed to Barnard College. $2,000,000 :
ll k .ml 1, will not bo stirred Alexander M. Scrlabln, pianist and' Among those whose names death I A'nrlnge, dean .f Columbia University. " J? 'J' .nTJr.;,umbcr of '"I August. Oordon McKay, bequeathed to
revocabl). and who will not surrc i mmvoyeri Jue , ',,;,,, w AI. struck from the navy rolls of various jew York: Anthony Comst.K-k. New r," ."V, nii 1" l?15,."" "'npnreil MaMuchusctts Polytechnic Institute. $3,
by the hope that the new jear will zander. Hrtlst and ex-presldent of the countries were Bear Admiral Henry 1.. lork: Prof. Charles W. Wing, Boston : i n , 111 Lulled States . SQO.OOu , Octolicr, Kate L. Dunwoody be
bring In ItB train peace, prosperity and National Acadomy of Design. New York : Howlson. V. 8. N.. retired: Bear Ad- Henri Fabre. eittoniologtst. Paris! Dr. 1 '"""'"B cre , hilled: Lincoln 1 queathed In Dunwooily Institute, $ 1,500,
a saner better ordering of human af-June 23. Itafnol Joseffy, pianist, New "!' W. .B. S. Mackenzie. U K. N.. ' Thomas Hunter, educator. New York; ',. "' r-,.:'1.", Francisco; Frank Stlte. 000 , November. Amos F. Kno bequeathed
a saner, ucuir uiu. imi. . .. n ,..,' .,..,.. rellnxl - vi... Arlmlrnl i,,nfr nii,ni. 'Andrew Viwranl oi, .,!. ii. LllUernal City. Cal.: Cecil M. Pix-ll. I'nt. 1 1.. ..i.i. ii.....n.. .....i h.rlt..
from the warring countries BU - Amhoy CoMock. l ' Aimirii Jamr. ,mVcu,,
survey of happenings In the , of , Suppression i Korsythe. V. H. N.. retired: Bear Ad-
StatcH. the enormous total of of vl.c Ncw y.Qr'k . Setcmhey . D ' mlral John McCowen. U. S. N retired:
ind disasters Hnd exhibitions of AUitM punt, alienist New York'-'enl ' ,lcr Admiral Alexander McCormlck. V.
frailty merely support the gen- trmlll,r Jnlll., iCir i,,.,,.,. v'.JumI. S. N.. retlnd: Vlce-Admlral von Spec.
umIoii that 1915 was a dismal i :. ' . Oermanv! Vlre.Admlral Sir c'lirlxtnnlier
period, one that the fates can scarcely i Kalire, entomologist. Paris; October 23 t'rudilook. Kualand: Prince Wlamlen
have the hardihood to duplicate. Constantlne Maknvsky artist Petrru ' Hussln ; Boar Admiral Henry Lati-
l.lfe Is so fomnlcv In a nation of 100,-I .., , v.-..,i... n A J, '.',,.'. , I nev. I. S. N. retired: liear Ailmlral
UVViUUUi r.vilin v.'tli.- ..".... ......
confusingly that probably most person
never realize until the very end of the
year and ul the summing up time what
blows death has struck ; what destruc
tion of life and proiwrty has been caused
by the uncertainties of travel : how In
cessantly uctlve the lire demon has been :
what notable advancex have been made
In the arts, the Inventions and In busl
nesa and commercial life. Pay by day
'theae things appeared In the news, but
one by one they were blotted ont and
expunged by the Interest of fresher hap
penings. Tits Slw attenjpts this morning to
present to Us leaders a nummary of the
Important happenings of the year.
While, as has been said, the ntmosphere
of the whole Is gloomy, there occur In
the Impressive chronicle many matters
of cheerful Import, many records of
AAA nnn A.-., .u . u,. uuriitiv lint. Nil
jbumau devotion nnd nltiul-m
rath Toll nf 'I'liiiusanil.
One of the most ImprcsMve of all
the tables and statistical digests con
cerns the great disasters of 1IM3 at
liome and abroxl. In this country 7.S36
perhonH were drowned, 1,041 died be
cauie of fires, t.3t lost their lives In
mine accidents, 1.2M were the victims
of cyclones and storm. II"! were killed
by explosions, 212 died In accidents
having to do with electricity. 172 were
killed by lightning. 226 were aphyxl
atad and S9 were killed by elevator
Tlie number of ner,ons severely In
jured by automobiles throughout the
country up to DecemV.sr 11, when the
nummary was prepared, was 10,032, or'
nearly double the number that were hurt!
near VViHif -barre. I'a K: tire at Murn
Jtlld. ore., a: mine exnlimlpn, illntnn vv
March Usiolen eidosnn, Ne York. 5.
lumber of iiersons killed by automo.of the British laibor Party; Sir Ll- Borne; Bishop Hewaweeny. head of the ,, y, "L"?. sv York Ceorce K J,,1' 'M maAe Particularly terrible j!" I'vlous year. The farm value of The Carpathians proved, however.
ilies was LYJ.'t, as rompareu w-iin i.ms ' "'. lormery uruisii .Minister ' fynau inurcn in -ew- vora; tne ingni H ,,. , r, ..... fnlnme. trtime uitiinV I "5 '-asimni tragedy In the Ch cago V. V"i'- " . "rr loo much Tor the Jluscovite fore
.. 1911. The nnir.. f,.r aever.il veara to Mexico: Frank W. Unlilns a.i:av. I Ilev. Mcr JiiMcnh T o. Mri'onnell. New 0 ' P"'"".' Arthur Bilking, i.i.., ... , ,.,SIm vents; spring wheat, S6.1 cents: all a ,v,e t,,...i,. -.ii..i., ..... r.
rhow a steaBlly gaining total of deaths ernor of New HajMshlre: Sir Charles , York ; Cardinal Agllari. Rome; Mgr " ",,,?. .0J , vitlonal Pre A..eU T"'" nFT" ma," 'ater In August. ,9" cr.nt",' 'nrn.r...B cents, oats, celvlng enermous reenforrements from
nd Injuries by automobiles. rirrrper. Canadian statesman; Baron von ' Dlzler. HHhop of Amiens. France. Mgr Vl,r C elnirne Tex n u ,vhloh ," trikttrtr; of the steamship i ll 1 ..a-a 51 ' r"' "9 ' the Germans, began the task of driving
The list of the principal accidents and Wngenhelm, German Amhamador to i D. J. Mc.Mahon. New York; Bishop .. back the Czar's armies. The Russians
In this country Is headed by. Turkey; S. A. Wlthert-poon. a member i Charles II, Colton. Buffalo; Bishop . '''.' V-, ' IV V ...'..."' Mexico was the worst. In September the 'l.am !. ,raclnK "op, for ,l" began their retreat from the Donajec
e holler explosion on the cruiser San or Longrms from Mississippi, and Jean I Henry M. Turner of th" African Amert-1 "' ,;. " '' '1' i Itallnt: battleship Benedetto Brln blew i-...'..v'Ji ",e siupcnnous total or River nnd at other points in Gallcla on
, which occurred on January 27 Marie Suffren. ex-Premltr of Frai-e. fan M. E. Church. Atlanta. Ga.: Arch-, ' , ' ! i "f "d killed 474. Octoher the " I v - , .""'Perl with ft,. May j,.. Muy u a ,, pa 1
coat the lives of nine men. On Janu- in'- or former members of Congress' bishop .inmee 1-.. uuiKley. Lhlcago ; car. '"'"'.r':: steamer Mlllan Carasco went down off .'... ' . ' Pvious t.upi ,v the Invaders were again In 1
ry 30 a storm killed .even nt Chlc.igo 1 vvas as follows: I dlnal Seratlnn Vannutelll. dean of the ; .V.S...'.,:Vi " th" Spanish coast and drowned 1 1 nee ' ... . " " V ""rfs the hand!, of the Teutons. On June 3
I on January 30 also a starm killed Duncan E. McKlnley. California: W. Sacred College, Rome; Cardinal Vnz.'"'"' " '"""'' r.agie. ,,, , November the steamer intx i i e . uw "lrre a TnxM Peremysl was retaken by the Austrian
an at Gran. Ranlds. Other loss of B. Kills. Oregon: John 7. ItlixoLer tl zar.v. primate of Hungary: Cardinal Among the artists who died In 1915 .-i, jn ThJ , r. ..fo. lriTr TJ1" ''ls for the present prosperity which . Z ? L?, r ". " 5 " AUS,rlH"
In dimeters Is recorded follows :' "nols : W, F. Engelbrlght. California : i I-ovenzelll. Italy; the Rev. Dr. Thomas ""r'r.rf"r ."" W. , Ing D. and the steamer Charles A r.uch l"":"..!" "!? Ln".S!a.," nml that Meanwhile another German offensive
Pehruan- Kiro at Ku.,e. i.. io. ,toe I William M. Kavaiiagh. cx-P. S. s-en.itor. S. Barter, secretary of American Bap- ...iniier. . ow inrK; uoss !,.,. ln 1nl, K,,eHr. drownlmr -n in ... ' " ...".'J'T"' com" ,n in. north -.,. maUn- i,..,iw... t, .
Mater. i;ar Isle. W Va.. "!: mine exnlosinn . -vraansHS : rnomaa II. Brtrd. rv.C S. "st ioreign missions ; iiisnop itoncri i "rl "'m i i. aiier i lexeniber the steamer si. u-iido ...... Ia. . .'."' V k-.i... v
April row-tier rxiiKifi', .viion, in.. ; ; j.ii-tjmjii. -iaryiana ; rs. vv , Aldrlch
mine exploslnii, tlrrrnville. II!.. 11; rjclone Rhode Island; John M. Fiilson N'ortli
nr Blrmlngliani. Al, IS: Hood Hti.l ' (-.rollna Chirle. l" 1 ,,LVZ .?
filene It, Tr. 40; ilrownlin accident In , , ' narIes I'lttlefleld, Maine;
(.Han Krancli-co lla 9. ioll.ipse of iIjjii. ct, i Jonn V. King. Oeorgln : O. A. Bsgley,
Johns, Ariz., S, dynamite explosion, Kennlc, New York; Harvey B. Ferguson New
MaylTornarto In Loul.l.n.. 41 1 ,1ron- i rhnm2i """ur W"
Ini arclilrnt, Clevrlaml. 6; ilyminilte x- jneimaa .1 Jarvls, North Carolina;
l plosion. Myraruae. 7. mine eaplminn. john- i"orge I). McCreeiry. Pennsylvania ; John
I in"...- in .vniaiiuiiiii, o;
otorm In Kansas and MUsourl. lu.
June Storm nenr Churlton. S.
cyclone In Wlsionsln. IS: mine illaaster.
iDPiin. -no.. ; Hivrm in KanfidK ana
reourl. 17; ilronnlng aicldrnt nt Atlantic
I City. J; earthiiuake. Imperial Villev, fal
i : dron nliy in cident. Junction City, Kan.. 5.
July Cyclone In Oklahoma, , cjrlone
i In, the middle Weil, ;,; nre In Chelieii.
'Mass., : Ohio Itlvrr rtood. It; iHiklne or
.'the sleiinier Kaalland at Chicago, mi; mine
tploalon at t'hrletopher. III., 8; mine ei
ploaion at Klllabetli, I'a , .
-luiiiil-flnmlliurat, Ktle, !' 35; pow
der mill explonlon. Bmiiorluin. Pa., J;
I hurrlcant n the Texan roast, 3;j; atomi
tat Pt. ltnut. 50; tloo.i In .Vrkannan. V.
Septeintier Mine explosion, Boawell, rs, ,
19: fire at Han PrancUco. S; nuliway rol
lapse, New York. 7; (aiolene explo-lon,
Ardmore, Okla., 4T; hurricane In Loulalaxia,
Octaher Tenement houne Ore, New York.
I; mine explosion, llutte. Mon.. IS; factory
fire. I'ltUbiira". IS; Si John school fire.
Peabody, Mui . 71.
November Tenement house (Ire, Brook
lyn. If. factory fire. Williamsburg, IS; cy.
rlona, Oreat nend. Kun.. 17; atorm on the
great lakea, 13; explosion at the ilu J'ont
powder mills. Wilmington, Pel., :0; mine
explosion, Boomer, W. Va i,
Many Ilaaatrra Abrnnd.
Abroad there were disasters quite
apart, from the great war which exacted
a frightful toll of life. The most terrible
of all was the earthquake in Italy,
I which on January 13 killed 24,200 per-
sons. On January IK, Son were killed
In a railroad accident at Cnllme, Mexico,
In April a mine explosion at Shimo-
' nosekl, 'Japan, destroyed 141, A few
, tlaya later BOO were drowned by floods
In Hungary. A railroad accident at
Carlisle; Kngland, on May 22 killed 14
persona. A pier collapsed at Kazan,
' nussui, June 25, and 100 perenua died.
Another railroad accident In Mexico
killed 300 on July 1.
I On. July 12 the seinnil greatet.1 disin
ter of. the year, floods In China, de-
tdroyed 17,500. On September the
Italian battleship Benedetto Brln blew
up and 474 men met violent death. A
railroad accident at Zeebrugge, Belgium.
.killed 228 on October 2, A typhoon
In the Philippines made the death count
. 170 on October 24. Ammunition at
.'Halle. Prussia, exploded (in December 6
and destroyed 300, nnd the explosion of
an ammunition plant at Havre on De.
cember 12 killed 110,
An extraordinary number of widely
known persons died In the year just
ended. The list Is almost Inrredlhly
long All of the professions, art, In
durlry and commerce were deprived of
Among the persons nf worldwide repu
tation who died last year wero Karl
noiamark, composer. Vienna, January
4 ; Jeanne Oervllle-Beaehe, prima donna,
New York, January 10; Marshall P.
Wilder, author and humorist, HI Paul,
January 17: January 53, Oeorge Froth
Ingham, opera basso. BoKtnn, Mass. ,
February 7. Mary K. Braddon. novelist,
Kngland: February , Chevalier Krnest
le Manrk, cellist. Umdon; February 19,
Kinlr CTharlea Waldteuffel, composer,
I arm; .iiari'll 14, t OUIIl MCrglUS JolO-
vlch Wltte, Busslau statesman; March
14, Lincoln Heachoy, avlntor, San Fran
Cisco. Cal.; March 14. Walter Crane,
painter. Illustrator anil author. England :
March 31, Nathaniel Meyer Itothschlld.
llimnclcr. England; April , F. ltnpkln.
hou Smith, author, nrtlHt and engineer,
New Vort;: April 9. I'rof. Thomas Louns-
nury. Ktigiisn. scholar,
of Mevicii! AntniMt i I
i i-oorlen Schwartz (Mnarten Maar
noxellst. Holland; August 6. Oen.
. ! jamin k. Tracy
jamin f . I'racv. ex.Kprretiirv rf llin
Hli.l U v."...... ... ".I. ...V.
,,lirpH. pui.niir, 'k,.w yOTk' AuKU,t
. ;o, Helnrlch W. Mesdaa-. Hrt'lKt. Hot.
land: August 28, John D. Long, ex-
. ... . .. --
actor. England; November It Booker
T Washington, principal of Tuskegce
Institute: November 17. Theodore Les-
chetltsky. pianist nnd teacher. Vienna -
December 1, Austin Hegner cellist New
York: December 10. Slender. ih'ii'iin.
York; December 10. Stephen Phillips,
lonnrriy Premier of Bussla, chief of
Itussla'a peace plenipotentiaries at Ports
mouth and perhaps the Ilusslan best
known to Americans: Horace White, ex
Oovernor of New York : CurtLs C.ulld. n.
, frovernor of Massachusetts and ex-Am-!
bassdor to Itussla; .1. A. Oolllilen. mem.
. 0'Von,t"w from -New York city;,
.tuMin i. naroer, e-iioveruor or wyn
mliig: John O. McCullough, ex-CKivernor
of Vermont: tlullermo Brilikhurst, es-Prei-ldent
of Peru; Jeremiah O'Donnvnn
(O'Donnvan llos.sa), the Irish agitator;
Vllbrun OullUume. Prttildcnt nf llaytl;
Oen. Ilenjatnln F. Tracv. ,'i.Sf , r,i'nr i-
eu me .avy anil a leader of the New
!orU bar; Kolomar von Sznell
rremier or Ilungnry; Oen. John r.
Black, former commander In chief of
the O. A. It.; John I. Long, ex-Secretary
nf the Navy; Marquis Inouve,
Japanese statesman : William Spragiie.
ex-i.nvernor of P.hode Island ; Sir Claude
.viciion.uu. British doplomat; Ixuls
Huysman, Belgian Minister of state;
Andrew A. Harrison, ex-Oovernor
henator. -allfornla ; Thomas K. Scroccv. .
Ohio: James O'Doimell. Ml..iiiur. win
y J- J.vns, Arkansas; William II.
w. jiimi'K. lllll.ri a: 'ITiniii'i H P. ... ..
ueorgia; Henmn Wood
Long, Maasachusetta .Insenh v
vvasmngton. Tennessee; C. C. Malsnn,
Indiana; William Sprague, Rhode
Inland: Oeorge Spalding, Michigan;
John It, Baker. Indiana ; John W. Stew
urt. Vernvont ; Frank B. Poney. Indiana ;
Julius Caesar Burroughs. Michigan;
Francis M. Cockrell, Missouri.
Msinr Anion Nobility.
Among royalty and ijohlllty were the
Marquis of Iaondonderry, lajrd William
Seymour. Iord Oaragh. Count Joseph
do Beaufort. France; DJemll Sultane. n
ulster of the Sultan of Turkey: Harl
Cadogan. Prince Burhan ICddln of
Turkey, the Archduke and Archduchess
Ferdinand of Austria, Count Serglus
Wltte, Bussla; Prince Krncat dMren
berg, I ranee; the Duke de Montmo-l-eney.
France; Iird Itothschlld, Baron
Herbert tie Beuter, England; the
Countess of Cardigan, the Karl of Jer
sey, Count Bene Dlvonne, France;
Baron Krnest von Saalfeld, Oermany;
Prince Camllle Bosplglloso, Italy; the
Orand Duke Constantln Constantino
vltch, Bussla ; Count Jean de Bncham
beau, FrUtice; Count Bela Katerhaxy,
Hungary; (Vmnt Sier.henyl, Hungary:
the Karl of Kllmey, Ird Hlantolne,
Prince Frederic of Thurn nnd Taxis, the
Krl of Krne, the Earl of Annesley, Lord
Hawarilen, Lord 1ongford, I)rd Wors
Icy, leird Wcllesley, I,ord Cavendish,
Lord Hamilton, Prince Henry of Pollg
imp. Lord Petre, Ixird Crlchton-Stcwart,
Count Fritz von Konlgsntirk, Germany;
Archduke Ludwlg Salvator. Austria;
Prince Krnest of Llppe, Prince Wllhelm
of Schonalch-Carolatt. Prince KrledrMi
Wllhelm of Llppe, prince Wolrnd Fried.
rich of Waldek and Pyrmont, Prince Otto
of Schoivherg Wallenburg. Prince Frled
rlPh of Saxe-Melnlngen, Prince Henry
NLVI. of Beuss. Prliwe Krnest of Saxe.
ililiilngeti, Ieinl Kastener. lird Crlch
inn, ilamn Vernon. Baron ArmlsteUd. the
Karl of Sea Field and the Karl of Glas
The list of army officers of wide repu
latlon Is especially Imposing, partly due
of course to the heavy casualties of tho
great wlir, Anwug the names familiar
vi Americana are :
Lieut. -Oen, Nareakl-Aresakl, Japan;
Oen. Aiiatole M. Stroessel, the defender
of Von Arlhur; Lleut.-Oen. Sir Oeorge
B. Mlltman, Kngland; Oen, Jesus Car
niuzu, Mexico; Ird Congdon, Kngland;
Gen. laird W. J. Seymour, Kngland ; Gen.
L. W. C'(s)ke. 11, H, A., retired; Oen. O.
A. 'Goodale, IT S. A., retired : Oen. Lcy
zedande, France: Lieut. .Oen. va
Wrochen. Oermany: LloutMien. von Bes-seinvltz-Sevelxar,
Gtorge S. Anderson. U. S. A., retired-Mii'iir-Oen.
mii Dlttwurlh. Oermanv;
Oen. Slovers. Bussla; tlen. A. J. Hehi
rue, France; Major-Oen. John I. Story,
II. S A., retired; Brlg.-4en. .1. K. Ooiigh
Kcgland; Brlg.-Oen. Charles flhaler, U.
S. A., retired ; Gen. Haclovln Hercra,
dnsJHutlonalUt. Mexico; Field Marshil
Oakar von LlndviuJt, Otrroany; Oen.
Many In Political World. Augustus C. Brown. New York: Fed-"... "eminary. ixmnon ; i.eorge ! man yariln or while stealing rides or . return 01 general nusinesn neither aide has effected any
. eral Judge Smith McPherson. Deal. umonst. renrla. III.. Richard while trespaising. Among the graver 'Prosperity was Hastened and mills in nil change In the 300 mile line from
in tne mortuary list of the political Moines ; Federal Judge James L. Mar-1 V. "" l'"mlon Jo W Har-, railway accidents of the year were the , h started. Railroads benefited Belgian dunes to the Swiss frontier:
word occur the names of n number of tin. Vermont : Justice Sir W. 11. Ken-1 IV1 l"'1'h'hcr. Biddt-furd Pool. Me. ;, freight train and trolley lolllslon at De. . !m"""'oI' '' tremendous market- .opening of Germany's now method
V".0!"'- An,onf th"" were neov. London: John K. Parsons, Sfv-lrxV.r J,'rrrey- 1"" and journalist, trolt on April 13, 13 killed. 24 Injured'1 1 mf" "r r'"" an" ,I,fr cro,'!'' ''"'nlnKS i war by the sinking of the Lutltni
David 1. Ooodcll. exlovernor of New york . chief Justice Conrad Hollenhech. i "ronklj, u . Prof. Alexander Van Mill- a derailment at Lake Cltv Mini.. ' "''vnnced as the result not only of the ,e awBcnns of Kngland to a real
lampKmre : or. tieorge W. Brown, plo- Nebraska : Joseph L. Barbour. Hartford. ln"r '',c J"n B. Putnam, nuthor June . S killed. 20 Injured a collision ,'. "I"V0I,,C domestic crops hit on of lh(. facl thal ner ,mpre la
l eer alwlltlonls ; Frank Fuller, war Conn, : Judge Thomas r. Clarke. Chi- i"'1 I'Uhllshi-r. New York; Paul Hervieu.lat Orient. O.. on August 12. 6 killed "iT. '" !'.uw ,)f ,1" cnnrmou- shipment BtaKe.
Governor of I'tah : Count Serirlna Wltie. . i.-,.i i 1...1 n o. . dramatic author. P.iris Mfred r,i.,.. n,i 1.1 1 . '.. of Canadian wheat and oats to the East-
t linrlcs Louis Tremeau, formerly com
mander of the French army ; MaJor.Oen.
von Sydewltz, OermUny ; Brlg.-Oen.
Julian Hasler. England; Brig-Gen. Bld
dell. Kngland; Gen. 11. H. de Horsoy,
England; Oen. Hugo von Soldewltx, Oer
many; (len. Thomas II. Hubbard, Union
army : Oen. WoW Pasha, Turkish army :
Oen. William T. Bridges, Australia:
Brlg.-Oen. Lowrlc-Cole, Knglltnd : Col.
C. K. Woodruff. U. S. A,, n distinguished
author on medical affairs; Lleut-Gcn.
Illldebrand. Germany; Lieut. -Gen. von
I'aiel, Germany! Squadron Commander
Arlhur II. I j. Homme, aviation com
mander, England : Brlg.-Oen. Wlllfam K.
Dougherty, IT. H. A., retired: Brlg.-Oen.
It. O. Wood. U. S. A., retired ; Lleut.-Oen.
Ar.tonlo Cnntone. Italy; Lleut.-Oen. von
Dor. Oermany; Major-Gen. von Buelow,
0rmany; Oen. Benjamin F, Tracy,
l.'nlon army ; llrlg.-Oen. Jousselln,
France: Oen. on Kleglrr. Austria; Oen.
Sir Thompson Capper, Kngland: Oen. C.
H. Thescglo, Kngland : MUJor-Oen. Fred
erick i. y. wing. England; Brlg.-Oen.
' v " "'. i-iiHIn'i , it ik.-mch.
N T. Nlckatl. Kngland: Oen. l'lckler.
Austria; Oen. Tombl. Italy: Oen. Will -
lam L. Alexander. V. S. A., retired;
Brlg.-Oen. Henry II. Mlzner. V. S. A.,
Argentina: near Admiral v ctnr A.
.Montague, i.ngiand : .Major-lien. Cliarlc
llaywooil. I. s. M. C retired: Hear
. vuinir.u .ti. i
Brennan. t S. N., re-
' fired f..nt. CHI Vn We.l.ll.en n.,e.
linany: Bear Admiral IuIh du Foucret,
France; Admiral Aubert. France: Bear
Admiral Stephen Hand, 1'. S. N.. retired:
iTl""na!, ' 1'helps. V. S. N.. retired ; Ad-
'",ral J,"1,1 .-,l"n? ?.Mn"2 u.avK :
I UtHr Admiral McoII Ludlow, t . S. N..
Widely Known Lawyers lite.
Of those extremely well known In the
law the following died last year:
Hionn. .ew l orK ; innricj r , .Matthew-
run, .ir., ...in, uuhn nmir; ll. i.i-i
krr. Boston: John Franc's Mnrlarty.
Loid Justice of Appeals. Ireland; Cn
Thomas H. Hubbard. New York: James
It. Kly. New York : Chief Justice Thi
ecclesiastics of rank was very long,
It occurs tnc!-e names: j
The Bev B, W. Benson, founder of
llie Cnnlpv P.itherM. Knirlfliid. llfuhrtn T '
n". Maine ; Bishop navld II Moore,
Among me wen Known nocmrs ann.
surgeons who iaM.ed away In 1S15 were;
Dr. James S, Shaw", Boston : Dr. Isaac
I.co!Kld, Philadelphia; Dr. Walter M.
James, Philadelphia; Dr. James H. Bay
mond. Brooklyn: Dr. William 11. Handle,
yellow fever expert, Philadelphia, Dr.
Julius M, Bleyer, New York; Sir John
Irfnalne. Ireland; Dr. John Parsons.
New York ; Sir Thomas S. Clouton, au
thority on mental diseases, Kdlnburgh ;
Dr. M. Allen Wood. Philadelphia; Dr.
William Tonnell. New York ; Dr. J. Guy
MeCandless. Pittsburg; Dr. Samuel 1)
Ward. Albany ; Dr. Charles W. Prentiss,
New York: Dr. John II. McCollutn, Har
vard Medical School ; Dr. F, D. Weiss,
New York : Dr. Francis Delafleld, New
York : Dr. Charles F. Becker, New York ;
Dr. William Noyes. Boston : Dr. John
H. Huddleston, New York: Dr. Kdward
L. Trudeau, expert In tuberculosis, Sar
anac I-ake, N. Y.
Commercial Field Hard lilt.
Many men well known In the com
mercial 'world died In the jear Just
closed. Familiar names in the list are
Kdwln Morton, first president of the
American Can Company, Sidney B. Ia?g
gltt, secretary of the Pennsylvania Ball
road lines. Pittsburg; It, A. Campbell,
financier, Providence; u v. llarkness,
third vice-president of the Standard Oil
Company; Henry Sellgman, retired
banker, New York : Henry liberty, silk
manufacturer, Paterson. N. .1. ; Norman
B. Beam, financier. New York ; James
C. Fargo, ex-presldent of the American
Express Company, Ncw York ; William
II. Baker, chocolate manufacturer, Syra
cuse, N. Y. : Ca.pt. Albert Polls, vlce.dl.
rector of the Hamburg-Amerlcan Line.
New York ; Charles P. Hinds, vlcc-pres--
ment or tne Hprecucis liros. Company,
San Diego. Cal. ; William D. Slonne,
merchant, New York : Ixrd Itothschlld,
financier, Iiondnn ; John Kuglls, ship
builder. New York ; William P. Foter,
banker, Boston; Samuel H. Klssam, Now
York: John Cudahy, packer: Chicago;
William J. Wright, dry goods, New York;
Edward L. Ronton, phonograph manufac
turer. Areola, N. J. i David M. Parry,
ex-presldent of tho National Association
of Manufacturers, Indianapolis; Seiju
niour II, Knox, vice-president of tho
Woolworth Company, New York : De
Witt Clinton Blair, banker, New York ;
Felix McWhlrter, banker, Indianapolis ,
Charles A, Conant, banker, New York;
Daniel La Boy Dresser, financier, New
York; John B. Herreshoff, yacht builder,
Bristol. Conn,; Jordan L. Molt, Ironmas
ter, New York: Christian Dnrlllnger,
pioneer In the out ghuw Industry, Hones
dale. Pa. ; James M, Boyd, president of
the Planters National Bank, Richmond,
Va. : James W. Alexander, ex-presldent
of the Equitable Life Assurance Society,
New York ; John W, Bookwaller, finan
cier, Springfield, Ohio; A, G. Spalding,
qiorllng goods manufacturer, San Diego,
Cal. ; Sir William Van lloriir, ex-pics-Ident
of the Canadian Pacific Itallroad:
Sereno S. Pratt, secretary of the New
York Clmmlier of Commerce : noberi B.
warn, capitalist aim Mean or a baking
Industry, New York; Isaac L. Rice, sub
marine boat manufacturer, New- York:
Kdward n. Bncon, find vice-president of
th Baltimore and Ohio Railroad; An
drew Frcedman. capitalist, New York.
Among the identlsU and educators
whose lives came to an end In 1115 were:
Neils Johnson, astronomer, Manistee.
Mich.; George T, Bryan, prealdent of
retirei : Ilr g.-Ocn. A. S. Hurt. lT. S. A.. . uiiiyotid ; r.unaru iim, iu-i Aviators Victim.
Chicago; William A.Shortt. New York : ' f c'" -M'.nieiny . Kdmund Bonnal. mill-( Kan., 011 October lfi. Hi killed, DO In-' ro"-iro 01 tne unuea Htates.
i ...... . ... ,., ,, .v,..-...,, fc v.tivnuaiiu. usm..
niiHiii .x. .leinier. ew i orit : , inrenee I .. .-. ... ,i. , ...ii. .iipiiiil-ii I'liiniiie. inren r. ,.n . nn n. r-i.ini...u. . .1 . . i
.1. Itrnu ne. Texim .Inlm n McPill nileli I Ilnslnn rrilll.srrlnf Kuimiel II... 1.. al. I r-l-. -ll.i ... . ... . ; "e iiiuiurj aji n n nuie wan lavnreu as
V'? M: :?rr"2-: '..:,f..'"r..Sir'",pM Cl. .er,. In January ,he steaSp Angei ! "? !f" dl
neiii 111 uie rtiiirrn-Mii nar Association, iiiiiiin .i.iy, vice-presment or tne New I Pa mm was lost at sea and 27 tiermns .1 V .1 1 . L
New- York. William B. Hoyt. Buffalo. York HirnM company; Henry King of ' perished In Febroarx- the -rxtiat 1 wheat, the tola w Inter nnd M-ring wheat
ex-Judge John C Oray. New York, the St !u!s nLr.trmocrl, ? V 1 was that of S
.'hlef Justice John McCIure. Arkansas. Donnelly. Brooklyn .sf,nr,f Pulo,,; Naughton. lit It . JSh 80 Pperson 1 which hd es Vr.'led '"V? ''"J" "M
Justice John Delany. New York: Will- William R. Nelson, owner of the Kntas 1 In March the I'nited " Ates mibm?r ln 1 i established a new high record,
lam M. Iv.ns. New Yo.k Benjamin J. , City NMr.- John .4. Hchrlver. "tamS ' 4 ."nk anil ilistroyerl 2S 1 ve"" " ! Si' ? Z MMlftMM
Shlpman. law textbook au hor. Seattle; A mrriran ; Donald Nicholson, formerly April the largest loss wu that of the buslils as n,nJrl J' -x'nnono
Justice John P. K kins, Pennsylvania ; I managliig idltor of the New York stennuihiii lrin Mu.,eii. -er , x-! 1 , '. ..I "'"I"4"" to ..8,3,000,000
Judge John II. Baker. Indiana- Frank 7fc e C arince 1 leek Brooklv-n g 1..L. c ist 4 live, tn x. 'r-, '";''-ls in 101 4. All previous records In
B Posev Indiana- Paul Fuller New . u , ii v 'i v i 'u i. , "' In My he 'oats production were shattered, the out. i
i. .... . 'V. . ' . ':..' -',rrn .'''" : "?." B Neeilhim. New York Meamshlji Maxltnlnlano Errazurls went nut l.eln... l.sin nnnnon in,i. ,ka.
' Th.: , of 'well k;;;;,; ci;: and - VL t HZ" ""J"?" .."l C0I 0,0?0.00 bushelsrnore than ws ri
the University Society, New York ; Dr.
Benjamin Sharp, zoologist, Boston: Lu
elen Carr, I'eabody Museum, Harvard:
I'rof. Cyrus I. Brackett, I'rlnceton : the
Ilev. Dr. Oeorge Waahburne, ex-presl-dent
of Itoberts College, Constantinople ;
Atonzo Abernathy, ex-presldent of Chi
cago University; Theodore M, Davis,
Kgyptologlst, New York: John Chlpman
Oray, Harvard law school : Prof. James
Oelke, zoologist, Edinburgh: Prof. Frank
A. Sherman, Dartmouth College : J. Fos
ter Crowed, consulting engineer, New
Yor; Sir John Cameron Ivmb, scien
tist, London: F. Hopklnson Smith,
engineer, author and artist: I'rof.
i Thomas B. Ixmnsbury, Yale : Oeorge
T. Small, Inventor of the duplex and
quadruplex telegraph. New York: Frank
lin Oulterman, metallurgist. New York;
Sir Arthur Hubert Church, metallurgist,
Ixndon ; Dr. Theodore F. Wolfe, ethnolo
gist and historian, Succusunna, N. J.
M i.i 1 1 I'M I .n mit rn n n . via v-- trim m m r sin rr
, - i'-'j - ...,.-x, nam-
bur,. Germany : Richard p. Mohun. Afr -
, M a,nU... I" , . .. t ,
, Vi?u !. 1. 1 Ti"
1 "J i,"' 'rl ,Co,tlt v? 1
J, , , ,1. "tt'l"i B.:
J' i'.rc',,,cr,lcl W P"'mani oolorlt.
' onn. : Mir Arthur W Itueker. selen.
list, i-nntion ; Prof. Ki list Ludwlg. chem-
' 1st, Vienna: Booker T Washington.
.r,, ........... inmti , iisimiKUin.
negro educator and president of Tuske-
gee Institute; Sir Allen W. Young, Arctic
explorer. London; rirvllle A. Derliv
geologist. Bio de Janeiro, Prof, Hans
Oro, criminologist, Vienna.
Death Toll In l.llrrature.
Fioiii literature death took the fol.
ui i . ,,., . ,
t glviiiind llkmvekl, I Ltorlan. Po.
l.ind. Mir Llizalieth llrail.lon, novelist.
l.iiBland; lanny Crosby, li n.-n writer.
Bridgeport. Conn . Jiuiks decimal!, war
; ir"i', Bifiitann. publlMier. UMtige. N.
! , ,,l,lle;, "oHst. K.r.don:
I h.irlcs I ran .s Adani". publicist and
null nor. Washington, I . (' Morgan
. libertsn, writer of .e:i talcs. New
York; olive Harper, autlior. Phlladel -
,i ni i, mm ,
I" - "iii.-i , .-f-;v i.iirp, ,-ew
York; Olive Harper, autlior. Phllaitel -
pnia . l-.llicrt Ilulibard, author. Sir James i and Injured 70,5111, but these llgures do jan" prosiierous conditions were main
A. H. Murray, historian and editor of not lncluil,. tho.e kliu.d mc (hurt ! rull.
Italneii tlirou-hout the asrlcultural dls-
Ills S1V. 1 I
... j--.. i i.o..r.u uisui
removed many wrll known persons. Home
"f vxl-om werer
1 James A. S'perry. formerly publisher
St. Clulr. .Midi.; Thomas K. Hill, founder
of the Aususta, Me.. HrriiM; L. K.
Stover, Western news editor of the Awo-
cl.ucd rress; St. Clair McKelwny, edl
iwiinrr n.i usirainr. London ;
v . r.uivi'ir.
- 'r" uta. m-nr in iwim .Miirccaux,
' i.tiiii-i in in i i.iiii.rn i 'mm?, iminier. 1
Now York: Charles A, Flske, painter, y
Greenwich Conn - tohn AT Alev-md.r
'. ." IU.' . Viexanner.
painter. New York: Eliot Oregon'
painter. New York ; William R. Ware,
architect. Ronton; Stephen G, Ferris",
portrait painter, Philadelphia- Joseph
Brandt, historical painter, Poland ; Her
man C. Wall, painter. New York ;
Charles K. Hszeltlne, art critic, Phlla
delvhla: Henry P. Klrhy. architect. New
York ; Caspar von Zumbertsch. sculptor.
Vienna ; St. John Iewls, jialnter. New
Y'ork ; Waldo Story, sculptor, New York ;
Constantln Makovsky, painter, Russia.
Jloalc World gntTera.
In the realm of music death was ac
tive. Probably the best known artist
whose life camo to an end last year was
Karl Goldmark, the composer, who died !
,,.,- ... ... ... , wuiiiareu wan in 1314. Ul these fi .. .
........ . Of Hie IhnnL' i.n Tl.... . XX'
t - - v.... ..w.'.iD.ici , .-w,,r iu lvaiii. ju uune me acnooner in i i I.
at Vienna. Hung, New York's Chinatown: Charles
Among others were Jeanne Oervllle. 1 Becker, New Tork ; Joseph Hllletrom,
Heaehe. prima donna. New York; Clip. I Salt Lake City.
valler Krnest de Munck, 'cellist. London ; I The record of financial dishonesty In
Charles Wiildteufel, comiioaer. Paris; j 101.1 runs very close to that of 1914
Nell Forsyth, Boyal Opera manager, J13. 426, 203 for the former. 113,051, 230
London, Serglus Tanejeff, composer, for the latter year. Th distribution
Moscow; Francesco Fanolulll, leader ! "f these thefts or embezzlements was
Pulled Slates Marino Band, Ncw York; 1 Banks, lost 16,600,489 ; public officials,
Christine Nclleen. concert singer, Ixn-1 li".984 ; forgeries. 11,070,059 ; mlscel
don; Prof. Karl A, Imnglotx. composer, 1 hmeous, 2,992,288.
Trenton, .N. J, : Ernest Goerlltz. opera
director. Now York.
In 1915 many well known actors and
actresses made their last appearance.
The list contains the names of George
Kvans, minstrel. Baltimore; Guy U B.
de Maurler, dramatist, Iondon; George
Harris, manager. New York; Ebon
Plympton, actor. New- York: John
Bunny, film comedian, New Tork;
Charles Frohmnn, manager, New York;
Justus Miles Formnn. dramatist. Now
York: Krnest 1-ambe.rt, nctor, Now York;
John 4.1, Hlce, comedian, Philadelphia;
Charles Cnrtwrlght, actor, Ixmdon;
Sarah C, I Moyne, actress, New Y'ork;
Paul Armstrong, playwright, New York;
William H. West, minstrel. New York;
Oeorge Kdwardcs, manager, Ixindnn ;
Blanche Walsh, actress, Cleveland, Ohio;
Zelma liaison, actress. New York; 7aw!s
Waller, actor and manager, Ixindon;
K. S, Wlllard, actor. Ixmdon; Augustus
Pllou, nclnr and manatxer. Now York,
The wave of self-murder rose very
high Indeed, tlm number who killed
themselves In 1915 being 14,180, ns com
pared with 13.965 In 1914 nnd 13,103 In
1913. The proportion an between men
and women was Rlsout the name as for
inerly, 9,825 men and 4,3,15 women. De
npuhdtincy was mentioned na the. cause
In 8.102 rases. III health In 1,190, In
sanity In 582, disappointed love In 536,
liquor In 220 and business losses In 65,
A revolver was used In upward of 6,000
cases, poison In nearly 4,000, asphyxia
tion In 2,600 and drowning In about S00,
Among the prominent iiersoiiH were
Daniel L Roy Dresser of New York
lor Trust Company, New York.
The number of deaths by crsonal v1o
lence of all kinds In 191,1, as reported by
telegraph nnd by newspnperH In every
State of the union, was 9,230, aa com
pared with 8,251 ,n .1911, 8,902 In 1913,
0,152 In 1913 and ,57 in 1911, It tnuit
Krnest Goerlltz, the opera director; , ' , ' """ f 1 li"" nioney to otlior
Lieut. -Col. C. D. Bromwell, U. H, A.; Ed- , , f organization, brought the grand
ward U Prelorlus. nmvapaper publisher. 'Br ot", "'V,!!!; -0"0?0 for
uii "i iM'smii imiih-iick, treasurer Ass
be taken Into account that this record l
not made from official reports of homi
cides resulting In arrest and conviction.
As a matter of fact, there are no official
records whlrh are complete. This record
Includes deaths from every form of vio
lence, and perhaps It would be more
exact to characterize It as a record of
deaths by violence. In the absenoe of
official records It Is Impossible to make
a correct classification, hence the large
number which are set against "quarrels"
and "unnamed," It being Impossible to
subdivide them under appropriate head
ings. The various causes, generally
classified, were as follows:
Quarrels t.KOIReslitlnc rrest... 1IJ
Unnamed causes . J..:.' Insanity 102
y hlchwarmrn., UBSirlUes M
Jealousy ;Rlo 11
Infanticide lsscrlmlnal outrace. 10
Thirty-five perrons were killed by
Black Handers and nineteen bv the
l l l l . l . I s .
4iirsnuinucm nna ton eft. Thro were
, also twenty-two oases of doufde "
, . . ui uuui'lf Illur-
flsh of .,r,,lf' nve quadruple,
"f lulntuple and one case In which
six were murdered at one time.
' " i.nsign
r rraericK iioua,
i , Vt - . w .......
' -.rge ll- Heiishcj', Qulncy,
"eure - -ewi.erry, Troy,
Viu""" "llllam D. Lly, gulucy, Mass ;
I V, i 'vnox. Fort Sill, okla ; Lieut,
, ' 's"tt". Fort 8111, ukla.; Lawrence
Lyons, Conesus Lake, N. Y.: Donald
i wagon, Krle, Pa.; Helen (trace, Stanton,
I Mkh ; Oeorge Williams, Fort Wayne.
. lllll.! nnilttlina nn..l.l..t tl ... .
Ind.. i . .a.,., t,.... ' , .
terson, lim-a; Kdward Wheeler. Jot:c-
, vllle. Va. ; LJeut. W K. Taliaferro San
I Diego, ijal. Total, 20. The number of
) Injured was 33.
In Oermanv the number or acoldentnl
ueaiiis wan ;s : In I.nc and. 1.1
Prance. 1 2 ; In Holland, 1 7 In Italy ' '7
In Switzerland. 7 : In Japan. 7 '. In Se-
den. 4; In the Argentine. Mexico and
Chile, 2 each ; In Spain and Yucatan. 1
! Itallroad accident killed cm: ,.erA...
' Itallroad accidents killed C.707 nersons
w:our in. 7 killed, 20 hurt, a collision 1
ill .UIU!II1I1, lid., on OVemDer I" i
' killed. 4u Injured
. The loss of life bv muHn. dl.,...r.
1915 not due to the war was 7'i fit :"aAma "' " "f sections ut In no State
1 1 ,.. . . z: .- --
Washaklo was lo at sea with 12 ner-
ff ,h ,..,. of vewf0Untliand -i i,.r
There were nearlc
.r of ,cl,ng., ln'
. ' ''
HllWfVer. the record of Jlldire l.rn,-l,'i I
nl..llAU In 11.. ... "...
,,, ,r irw jram is mara- 1
eiiy iesi man was true some fifteen I
some fifteen I
years ago. Of the persons lynched 52 ,
were negroeB, 17 whllea and 27 Mexl-'
cans caught raiding 011 Texas soil. Fifty. '
nine were accused of murder, 1 1 of theft. 1
' of rape, 7 of murderous assault, 4 of (
There were more executions In UUi
than In 1914, Last year 11.1 persons
paid for their crimes with their lives,
In 1914 only 74 suffered capital punlih-
mem. ,-xe orK mate killed more
criminals than any other, the record of
execuuuiis enow-ing m, faiirornla !
the penalty. Among the most notorious
cases were those nf Ie Dock and Km
, , ..... ...mi.... in vicoikiu in ii:iiti ,
Fire Loaaee Decrease,
Fire losses decreased notably, tailing
from J200.000.000 In I14 to 116.1,000,.
000 In 1915 for this country nnd Canada.
Among the losses of 1100,000 or more
were a 1.100,000 lire In Philadelphia, the
11.000,000 Roehllng lire In Trenton and
a 1700,000 fire In Camden, January; the
Texas compress plant at Balllnger, 1300,.
000. February; the State Normal School
at Warrentnn, Mo.. 1500.000. March i
2!'"Jni iK, r.',Ul' Mlnn'' OO.OOO, April,
r-iiniii in i-K iiiiiii, ..iiuneapiuis, 1930,000, 1
.May; itartnn Winery. Fresno, r'ul
J.100,000, June; Diamond Match Lumber
Ynrds, Oswego, N. Y' $800,000, July,
fires In Buffalo, 1400,000, August ; Pu.
mous Players' Film Plant, Jl, 500,000;
Chesapeake and Ohio elevator, Newport
News. $2,000,000; Pnion warehouse, Los
Angeles, $1,000,000, September; fires In
Marshall, Tex., $500,000, and In Seattle
$.100,000, October; Bethlehem Steel mii
chlno shop, $1,000,000; Roehllng wire
ropo mills, $1,500,000 ; Pino Bluff Com
pany. Pine Bluff. Ark.. i1.2K0.nnn v.,.
veinber; Hopewell, Va $1,000,000, De-1
Thete was a considerable falling off
as compared with 1914. In the donations
and liequests made lu this country.
This was due probably to the enormous
amounts that were contributed by
wealthy persona to the various foreign
relief funds. Outside of war charities
Die total of contributions for 191.1 was
$138,5,13,762, an compared with $218.
599,482 In 1914. Contributions In the
Red Cross In money and contributions
be had, and the amount that was given
privately Added, the sum would be
nearer lanu.uiiii.uup. Girts accounted for
$70,761,850 and bequests for $67,791,91",
To charities of various klnita was
given $72,239,071 : tn educational Instl
tut Ions, $8.1.354,338 : to religious nrgaul.
atlons, $17,211,862 ; to art, c, $12,.
I ...i... nriNiiru. -ri. liViiu.v V if. o iu iiuuilim. lnr CP r I fin n 11 Vi emu .. l..e II..... -
832,491, and to libraries, $916,000. The
practical withdrawal of Mr. Carnegie
from library beneficence seems to have
been Infectious. The three regularly
largest contributors Mr. Rockefeller,
Mr. Carnegie and Mrs. Sage were not
as conspicuous ns usual, their home
benevolence having been straitened, per
haps, by war demands. The figures for
the year, so far as recorded, are! Mr.
Rockefeller, 11,070,000; Mr. Carnegie,
13.330,000 : Mrs. Sage, $341,000.
The women of the country gave $26.
304.839. For the relief of Belgium $80.
000,000 was raised, and another $80,000,
000 In cash, food, clothing and supplies
was raised by other rellof organizations.
The war has cost the fnlted Stales
about $173,000,000 so far In the form
Many Rifts to Charity.
Among the large gifts of the year the
following stand out : January, Charles
M. Hull bequeathed to Oberlln College
$3,000,000 : Mrs. W. A. McMillan, to
, S J.il U v,UUO J .Mrs. VV . rt. .XlC.lllllilll. lu
charity. $2,000,000: February. Drs. Will-
'lain and Charles Mayo, gift for medical
' resrarrh. $1.000.000 : April Mrs. John D,
Itonkelelle- bequeathed t charity. $1.-
. OuO.OOO ; Andrew Carnegie, gift to Car-
rstlimilt-il, $7,300,000: Robert B. Ward
oequeained to cnarlty I I.uvo.nuu : .Mrs.
..... in.vi i't i ... n;ir
1 queathed to colleges and museums $8,-
Van Antwerp Dc Witt .lefup be-
Stln.oao; Dccetuher. Andrew I'reedman
bequeathed to charity, $2.500.C0n.
Turning frm the maslve columns of
' figures vhlch offer statistics of death
land violence nnd of philanthropy for u
1 survey of n field of tremendous Impor-
I'm,. I. llt.d nl..lt.,M nnm
I .i.... i. .i' .V.l i' .... .. ,ii..a
' the value to the fanners of the prod-
harvested. In the extraordinary
"eather conditions that have prevailed
I ami In the abnormal developments In
1 llu; 'Xl'ort trade Induced by the war
"lost rcmarknblc In the history o:
The total yield of the principal
effaced all previous records and
lvalue exceeded $5,000,000,000. Foi
demands produced relatively high vi
ii.uue eAceeorii o,iiuii,uuh,mi'u, rureixn
demands produced relatively high values
ern seaboard of the United States,
"' rop Knlliire.
There were few sections of the coun -
... .. . ... . .
lr ,,,a not oeneni i.y iiumper
, c.r01"'- 1''"'"I weather did much
it cunuiieie cron lai ore recorneu.
Other new records were established In
the production of hay. barley, rye and
nee, nnd the production of tobacco was,
The farm vntn.s ..f n, n..i..Ai..i
i.ut....- ,u ,..,i ru)i;iiien iuq nu
- . exist.
double the mini- cropi for 1915 on December 1 com- ''' ,,llanl and as far north as the Baltic -Kgean. which would make 11 realm
1915 than In the njrnl with those nf itn c.n.....' .coast After momentary checks the nf tin Austrian dream of "Dcnn- mi,-i.
Corn tl.T.Vlikiir.w in i,,ui
Winter wheat . . nil
. wh,at -ii irti ivi -Vii a'a i
n.i. r.,..,... 7A--,"
iv, (iVom I
Among the notable movements of the
3 car wn me application 01 niyersiiieil ,
farming principles In the Southern
UllllAl a li.r.r a..... A. . 1 -
the expense of cotton. This made the
South more Independent of the grain
irrow lnr aeoiiona nna nrntii-tit av..ii..i
"harp Ills- In Prlree.
Incessant rains dcla liarvestlng of .
winter wheat and caused great delay In
marketing. There was a sensational rise
il VJ, T ''V S'',,'mbe.r' 1 h: ,d'm'l
for spring wheat was the most Insistent I
ever known. Foreign Government! or-1
Suhlv ndr SZr "' , I.
speculation were discouraged
many steamships were sunk
by submarines and mines, so many
Htenmshlps were withdrawn by the Al
lies for transport service, and the loss
of Germany's mercantile marine vvas so
heavily felt, that a tremendous demand
resulted for ocean carriers. Rateis went
up to the highest figure ever known
Owners of freight ships made fortunes
over lilgllt Recently It has cost 50
cents a bushel to carry wheat from this
country to the west coast of Kurope,
and much more lo Mediterranean ports;
carrying charges from Australia and
the Argentine became almost prohibi
tive. The English and French Gov
ernments have taken nteps to alleviate
conditions by providing more tonnage
at less met, and a stivady call for our
surplus products should exist In 1916,
with the American grain growers hold-
lug a favored position.
Tlie export of wheat and flour up to ,
h of ,ne ''"'P ypHr June 3
' win III. I irsp.l eve. ir.,,wt. ......41....
.. . . ...u .... .... ,,,,..,,, nmiiiiins
at ,i;is,s94,uiMi nusiieis, or corn, 47,957
000 bushela -were exported: of oats.
9S.556.00O bushels. From July to the
middle of December the exports were;
Wheat and Hour, 108,494.000 bushels,
iirn, 7,351,000 bushels; oata, 39,289, 00'J
bushels, Tho high price for May wheat
was reached In February, $1,67. From
that tlmo on there was a diminishing
volume of speculation and an Irregular
lowering of prices. Trade In corn ,wa
not of a spectacular nature. The high
point In the jear for May cnni was
reathrd In February, S3, cents. Small
grains were greatly In demand. Irs
provisions there was heavy outside bull
ing and prices recovered from the slump
of earlv In the year.
Prospects fur 1916 In the grain trade
are promising, with a piedlctlon for
inuoli better than ordinary prices. Con
tinned prosperity for Ihe grain trade and
the farmers of the country appeals to be
the situation by commandeering large . " 'J ...i on Aiia-'uat r
Zt'TrthrFo';; r...amVa,rS "'I od fa,e W
A ?orn!?rkaablc Zen ' of the " !" tl.rma..- i r 'My mller east
year was the great rise In ocean freight "f aw', K?110 f J . ' .A?!UX 17
Year 1915 Saw Disasters
for the Entente Powers
Serbia Crushed, Her Allies Being Too Late Russia's
Victories Followed by Defeat and Invasion
Britain Failed at the Dardanelles.
SUBMARINE ISSUE INVOLVED PEACE OF U. S.
Jan. 1. 1915 II. M. S. Formidable
sunk by a Oerman submarine In the
Dec. 31, 1915 H. M. 8. Natal irunlc
In port by an explosion.
Between those two dates, marked thin
by vital blows at the most formidable
ca power the world has ever seen, there
has been recorded a nerles of 'event
whose portentous effects will scarcely
be realized for deciides to come. Two
more nations have been brought Into the
Klgnnllc upheaval of the Old World;
Oieat Britain has been forced to admit
failure of two great enterprises; hun
dreds of thousands of liven have been
lost nnd untold treasure sptnt; war haa
Invaded the duptlm of Africa and pro
voked "sympathetic reactions" In far off
Yur.inn; the United Statea has been
drawn Into almost open conflict with two
great Kuropenn nations.
StatrJIntr out prominently as una
i .,, ,.1.- f.,e n,. ,,.,.r hlnrlu,, of this
the second calendar year of the great
, war, are Oermany's drive through Poland
1 and lulu Bussla up to the last formidable
I line of Muscovite defences; England's
withdrawal from hard won positions
of Belgium; the swing of the war centre
to the Balkans nnd the menace to Egypt,
the Suez Canal and all thefoutpords on
the way to Britain's Oriental empire;
the los to Oermnny of her African col
onies ; the stubborn trench warfare In
France, where after a year of effort
Wm ijjr, opened the leglona of the
1 Clar were dealln? mashlng blows nt
Ihe -.....,. I.. Ill.n,l ,.A In
"' "''w'"'" . , ;hl ilrA.
v' Ins : rais Prussia .at the same time
JDr V 10 " . w ""L .
, vir-" ..invii sua m num mr mpi,
water mark of Russia's effort. On Janu
w. e it.. (1.. ..).... .. 1 . , at.. . 1 -
uij v uiu iiuiqiisiis rrsi lieu 111c iivniier
between Bukowlua and Hungary and In
the first brush with the AusJtrlana cap
tured 1,000 of them. On January 29 the
Russian forces In East Prussia advanced
on the Memel almost to Tilsit. After two
months of fierce fighting In Poland Bus.
Ma won a big success at Przasnysz. cap
turing 10,000 Germnns, on March 2. The
Oallclan fortress of Peremysl, besieged
since November 11 by the Russians, fell
Into their hands on March 22. The prle-
loners taken there numbered 126,000 men.
' Fnllnwlrie tin thi vlctnrx the Tltutalana
. cajHured Lupkow Pass and becan a
gigantic eerles of operations ngalnst the
other Carpathian misses, the oblect being
hlfled several .hundred thousand
n the French front and launched
a mighty army ngalnst the Russian lints
virrniuiii" uiinr me uuesiaun Meailiiv
Wl forclnip Ihem In alundAi, l,e tine
... .... .,.. ..... .. . ... . .
11 lnr "nirsirr, wnur me Austriaiis rc-
captured lmberg on June 22. ami the
Germans occupied Hallcz, hurling tin
Russians eastward o the Gnlla Llpa line
rt' . 1 rt 1 n 1 .
Victory after vlrtor.v followed for the
icuions nnn tne uussinn armies were
forced tn nbondon the Onlla Llns. and
by July 6 were lighting m the Hawka.
Przasnysz was reoccupled by tlie Ger
luly 14 and a new German
In the region of Riga was
begun. On July 17 Vnn Hlndenburg
forced the Russians back toward the line
of fortresses on the Narew, while Von
Mackensen broke through the Lublin
i Chnlin line nt Krnsnostaw. On July
t . c . i, n... ....... i,.e... li....... e.ti
tMl,k from tlle Bzurnn Rawka front to
Klonle line and the Oerman guns
Wglin 10 immnler the fortress of Novo
Georglevsk. On July 28 the Germans
,, ,, ..pA.sina- nt the Vistula I.e.
tweeii Warsaw and Ivangorod nnd the
'"'.""?' reparations to evacuate
the old Polish capital.
Disaster after disaster
wlec on August 22, Brest Lltovsk, the
key tn Russia's second line of defence
on the Bug, on August 25, Grodno on
Czar Nicholas assumed supreme com
mand of his armies on September .1,
Grand Duke Nicholas being transferred
lo the Caucasus. On September 9 Von
Mackensen pushed his way Into Dubno,
Vllna fell Into the power of the Germans
oh September 18, and the Germans dug
In to hold their new Hue far Into the
he-irt "f Russia.
Two great drives against the German
barrier nf tneti and Iron stretrlilng across
northeastern France were the sole
events which differentiated the opera
tions on the western front from the
slow and tedious "war of attrition"
which has developed since the Teuton
Invadcra established themselves there
after their retreat from the Marne. The
French forces In the sector east of
iincims. acting in concert wmi a nro.
Jected British attack on the lines south
of La Bassee canal, delivered a series
of tierce artillery and Infantry assaults
on the German positions along the rail,
way running cast and west and serving
the Crown Prlnce'a army In the Argnnnr.
The French broke through the line In
several places on September 25, and
when Ihe four days fighting wan at an
end had made a gain or two and a
half miles along a front of flfleon miles
The British penetrated the German
lines a distance of 4,000 yards and cap.
luicd the outskirts of the village of
Bulloch, while the French on their right
to the Houth. drove the Germans froni
the formidable "Labyrinth" and won a
footing In Souehez.
Hitter FlKkt for Voesee Peak.
In the Vtvages the year was marked
by bitterly contested battle for a doml
i Ming peak. lUrtmennirwelllerVonr
ul.i... nllA,a.,l In ottlelr iiiniiilnn Cn
I .11, lriiisi.."s aiish.-i I .-. lynrii
which th. rrench it flr o
4. Tbla eintr,Mert j... ,. .
th. ..,11... "u 'ICS
.1 ' ' iiur, the gatewav
'eVen i' A to Chlge ,Vf
Jronch Infantry won the peak mi March
.lav? of lT, I 'at ,M,e l,nt" th0 '"'
,9. O""-1"'' French kept
p intennlttent artillery and Infant.
attacks n efforts to win or hold the
Pi?? ,the last wcel: of Decornbrr
V? ,rf"ch "bliounred that they had
driven the Germans out of tho lat re
inalnlng trenches near tho summit an..
that lrartmnnnswelllerkopf wis securel
One of the most fiercely content I
V'Vi 1 of th" WMtcr" trim was that
rollmvlng th German drive nt the llril
tsh llnei northeaM of Vpres which was
bepun on April 22. Here for the fi- t
time nsphj .Mating guses wore used by
the Teutons ns n preparation for tho
attack. The Canadians, who bore tho
brunt of the assault, as well ns th?
I rench supporting them on the right
were forced from their posit Una by th
cloud of noxious vapor and the Her
mans advanced close to Vpies. Trts
furious fighting here continued for sev
eral daM. until on Ap:ll 2J the Oer
mans were definitely halted.
A new f.wtor entered Into tho Kuro
penn struggle toward the end nf May,
when Italy nfier mitlis of frultlem
negotiations with Tb.slrl.-i regarding
"territorial coumennatlonV called for
by the terms of the Triple Alliance
treaty after Austria's advance Into
Serbia broke with her ally, denounce I
the historic treaty which had exlued
tor more than thirty years and de
clared war on the Dual Monarchy. Hits
tllltles were opened on May 23.
On account of the mountainous nature
of the Italo-Autrlan frontier and the
enormous natural obstacles favoring the
defenders the advance of the Italians
Into Austrian territory has been elow
and made nt a very hem-y cost,
In this region, by nature nnd mlllta-v
rt an almost Impassable barrier
agalnn nn Invader, the troops of King
Victor Knur.inuel have maintained for
seven months a tenacious struggle
against great odds, which has won th
admiration of the French and British
commanders who have visited that front
The objective Is the stronghold of Oorltz.
the key to the Carso plate-au. over whlrh
the Italians hope to match toward
Trieste, their ultimate goal. The losses
on both sides have been enormous
Farther north, nt the headwaters of
the Isoiizo, a large Italian army Is at
tacking Tnlmlnn, defended by two forts,
Monte Santa Lucia and Munte Santa
Maria, wMIe still- further mirth the his
toric fortress nf Malborghetto Is beinr
battered Into ruins by the big cuns nf
the Invaders In an effort to open the
road to the railroad rcrvlng Tnlmlnn
and Goritz and lending Into the heiut
of Austria. With the reduction of tin so
defences the Italians would be In a posi
tion even to threaten Vienna.
As the great war Marled in the Hal
kans the clash between Austria h -ul
Serbia wa the epark that et off it,.,
charged magaz-lne It was n.nur.il tii.i
,the little Kingdoms formluc that tinlni.
'"" lent portion of muthern Kurnp should
in- c.iiien upon to play one nf the chief
rolei- In tho terrible drama. Here Ten
ton and allied diplomacy came Into con
flict nnd the 'Petit ms won
Bulgaria had been looked upon from
the start as the danger point for th
Quadruple Enteric After the second
Balkan war, win, li was brought nn bv
herself. Bulgaria had soon her spoils
taken from Turkey fall Into the hand
of her quondam allies, Oreeco and Ser
bin, while Rumania had seized the 115.
nnrtunitv tn r.-iMi the vulii.ilile iniTitn-,.
J of the Dob -udja Oerman diplomacy
saw Its .-liance ltrsolvcd 011 humlilliiV
. Set Ida nnd openln- uii 11 road to n,e
"-11.11, 111- ii-iunii nines nrotlgllt tlis
Teuton ruler of the Hill....... l.-i.... i.-..
.1 , .. .1... .. 1 . .
niinuni. m men- miic. 1 ne i.nnilnn nil I
fans nipimnnis tried
in vain tn get
Greece and Serbia tn Katlsfv the Bul
garian territorial ilalins and months
weie lost in futile negotiaions.
Serbia ( riiabrd.
The Invasion nf Setbla was begun on
October r. As the Ati'tin-Gcniian
forces entered by ciosslng the Danube,
the northern frontier of Serbia, the P.ul-
I garlnns broke through the inoiiiitalns ,ui
the cart, Belgrade. fell on Of.
tolier 9 and the "steam roller'
di aiice of the Austrlans and Germans
' from the Danube to the froutnr of
Greece was on. Tho eastern forties-es
fell Into the hands of the Bulgars within
a few days, ami Nlsh. the war capital nf
the kingdom, was occupied by a c-nmblneil
German nnd Bulgar force nn November
5. Tho scattered Serb nrmy was sir tr
over the historic Kossnvo Plain n.t.i the
mountains of Albania nnd Mon em gr..
With the Invasion nf seihm cams
Oreat Britain's first teal falluie of the
war. An allied force of British nnd
French was landed nt Halonica. n Greek
port, and was hurried up the Vanlar
to Join the Serbs befoie they were driven
from their country. Greece had re.
fused to catry out the terms of ber
treaty with Sorbin, and the Entente
Powers were forced to tako the matter
Into their own hands, They were too
late. The troops landed nt S.ilonica
were hopelessly Insufficient to cope with
the Bulgars. nnd after n dash up the
railroad and some more or less severe
engagements, the entire ixisltlon whs
abandoned and the troops were taken
back to entrench tit Salnulca.
It was In connection with thin failu e
of Entente diplomacy and this new t
umph for the Teutons that Etigl.r ,1
was forced to the humiliating adm.i-M..
that the Dardanelles enterprise, wis a
blunder. The task of forcing the D.r
danelles and thus opening a ,n o
end supplies tn Russia wn undcrt iken
tsarly ln the year
lialllpoll rnllnrr xiluilttcil.
In the fighting on the peninsula frntr
May to tho latter part nf Novcinlicr t'i
British losses were ulllclally Mated t
be mine than 100,000 men. Promt,,-!
Asqulth announced in the House nf Coin
minis on December 20 that the Rut ml,
troops at Suvhi Bay and Atuae had
been withdrawn. It vvas Impossible t .
force the Turkish positions. It is be
lleved that events lu Serbia hastened, (f
they did not cause, this abandonment of
the costly enterprise.
With the swing of the war centre to
the Near East there arose another ques
lion of serioiiH Import for Kncland, The
Turk, hnd tried In the beginning of th
year to emus the Suez Canal mid Invade
Egypt. The attempt vvas a failure. owing
to the Insufllclriicy of the Ottoman nt inv
alid the enornioua dlrilculties of trans
porting men and suppllea aornas n,e
Syrian ileseit. Ah the ytxjir ujs nas
waning, however, tellable reports were
In the effect that many of these dUltcut.
ties had been surmounted and that i.
combined army of Ottomans and Ten.
ions m reaamese to make a froth daeh