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title: 'The sun. (New York [N.Y.]) 1833-1916, March 22, 1916, Page 6, Image 6',
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THE SUN, WEDNESDAY, MARCH 22, 1916.
WEDNESDAY. MAJtCH '--'. 10l.
SaUred t th Po"l OfBee at N'" To'
Kccond Class Mall Mai-r
Suhwrlptlonfi by Mall, rolpW.
DAILY. Per .Month
PAJLY. Per Year
8UNPAY, Per Mnn'.h
PUVDAY (t Canada). Per Month.. .
SUNDAY. f'r Vir, .
DAILY AND SUNDAY, Per Year ...
DAILY AiND SUNDAY. Per Month
XtAILT. Per Jlonth
SUNDAY. Per Month . ..........
DAILY AND SUNDAY, rr Month. .
TUT: EVENINO SUN, Per Month ... M
THE EVIJNING SUN. Per Year . a M
TBE EVENING 3UNM'oreln). I'erMo. I OS
All chackn, moneif erdart, Ae . to ta
Mde pabie to thi Scs
fubluhed dally, tncludtni hun.Jay. by the
ua Printing and rubllihlnf Afclatnn at
1M S'uiau ttreet. In the Icrmjrti of Man
hattan. New York Prenl lent nnd Trta--vrtr.
William C Itelek. 1M Ni-tai weft.
VJoa.preildtnt. LMward P Jilt lie'.. JM
Kaaeau treet Pecretary, C. K Luvton. lso
London oHie. Kfflntham Hojic. 1 Aruu
41 atrect. utrani
Farlt 6c. M Kue 1e ' MlohtsUer. off
Km du Quatre Septembre
Waahlmton oO. Hlbba BulMtne
Brooklyn office, 106 Livlngiton itrcet.
tt one triendt trnn otnr ui inA nuiau
tcrtfU and lllwtraixnnt for palliation: vih
to Mir rtltcted arttrt't returned thru mint
m U cast tend Mnij of A.u p'l'pote.
Tlrplti'a Tender Heart.
The tuk of rehabilitating Almlrtil
tor Tirpitj! In tlic wor.tlS esteem
haa already been undertaken. We hp
in receipt of clrcum'tuntlnt etorle-, of
the progress of remorse uml sorrow
IB his heitrt : of tear!- shed over hrnvc
young officers lot In the mysterlnu
trap set for them by the P.rltKh: ot
grave 'Impairment of his mental lite'
physical power. beginning with thv
triumph of undersea war the mnriler
of the I.uiltnnlu's women ati'l chil
dren; nnd we are asked to send forth
oar sympathy to a gentle old mm
cruelly misjudged, condemned abroad
and praised nt home for jollcles ami
act) that tilled him with loathing an
stirred him to penitence.
We can well l-elleve that Von Tf
rm fouml the re-iKtu-IMI'ty that fel
on him oppressive. The burden ot
frightful nes l a crushing load to
bear. The authorship of the pro
gramme that swept aside every tU
fence erected for innocent men and
women nnr! infants who mut travel
on the deep waters, and condemned
them to death from a hidden f
wearing the uniform of friendship,
nay have proved too mnMsn for hu
man f-trencth. Even the iron AI
Blral may have brol;en tinder the
train of their ueluln,
Tet there whs a lmple and tie
tlltlous menn of relief at hand. ISy
the revision of an order, hi the elim
ination of a purpoe. h mere observ
ance of the reropnlzed customs ot
humanity, the operations of the siii.
marines could have iH-n raled from
the dreadful level on which they uvre
put to the honornhle jilane of elvillr.od
warfare. This ua not done; not
after the Lusltnnla, nor after the
Arabic, nor after the I'er!a, Instead,
the field of their lrlctitfulti" u
extended, and their onler to-da are
broader In intent, If not Ineffeet. than
Of these thincs men mtit think
when the distress of Admiral os
TiaPTTZ is described to them.
"Only pharlsees talk ot war," ay
Socialist Dens. In a Johndonkeylsli
"statement" he rails at the phrase
"peace with honor."
Mr. Dtn.s's utterance is .uch as may
be expected from u socialist i'stier
of statements. It attracts attention
only by contrast with the tirades id'
lt author's successor In the Pre.-i-rientinl
Where the former candidate con
lines himself to a view, howeier my
opic and distorted, of broad princi
ples, the present candldnte Indulge in
personalities in which partisan inter
ests, are wrved at the expense of ri-k
fo the national safety. .Mr. Hi.n-on
plves n had Imitation of Herr !"ktor
LtEBKNlCIIT of the Iteichstiif.
Measured merely by the contrast
In these two unloiely nutulvlnus, the
Socialist rarty has distinctly taken
a Btep down from a low level in mak
tnc Mr. Ai.i.an I.. ltt.Nsov of Yonker
lt Fly Cntcher In Chief.
Why This Pretence of Aatonlah tuent?
As' Governor Whitman told Dr.
John H. Fini.kv on liecember 0. when
the eMlmntes of tint Department of
Education were under consideration,
that there would be a direct State ta
of $6,000.1100 next year. It is not nee
ewary to take at their face value the
expressions of astonishment emanat
ing from Albany now when the time
hnn come to lmpoe It. Tin- finv
ernor then meditated a consolidation
of appropriation measures, a cam
paign of economy, the savlim of mil
lion", of dollars. The IKislature lias
thrown his appropriation scheme
through the window, the economies
have vanished before the needs of
politics, and the serious lup-lucss of
nupportlns the organization requires
It Is true that Comptroller Tkavis
flreamwl for n few moments of a
jear without a direct tax. Hut the
irenmstances hae chiumcd since
that vision occupied his mind, Then
Governor Whitman was to be trans,
lated to Washington, by way of the
Republican national convention, and
a grateful people was to designate
Mr. Tbavin as Its candidate fur Oov
ernor. The familiar cry "reduce the
erpeanee" waa appropriately raised;
but what profit U to be found In sus
taining It now that the harsh reali
ties of politic hate Interfered with
the peeuUtiou of the ambitious? It
Jx proper that the denintid of a hun
J:r.i follotvlni; lie considered.
We shall he a dlnct State tax,
nicely aijtited to tin pod nature
ilnd lirnoratio' of the electorate, 70
xt cent, of It -ollcctiil in this city,
tn be s-nt where the Itepnhlican vote
U heailt-t. lis product will Ik di
vided b, a l.eysattire whoe ma
jority repiesefit. ii minority of the
opulutloii. It- disbursement will" lie
regulated b -tatnte. desluneil to ex
tract the last possible penny from
tliU town for the stiptiort of the rural
ec(lonsj and Its collection will be
enllened bj the utterance of those
reproachful phrases that so well be
come our rulers ns they enenpe In
the fruitful process f strlpplnc our
poclsrts for their lienetlt.
Whwi niocVn the Railway Mne?
Thrw residents of one New Eng
land rlty, fearlni: a miners' strike,
loiicht 2s;, nirs 0f mal, which the
riillrorjds delhercd to them. Thee
forespited ceiiilemen. reassured by
their pvis.es.sloii of an ample supply
of fuel, have been unlondlnc he cars
t t the rate of three n day. cheerfully
pnlnc demurrace In the meantime
on tho-e remalnlnc on the tracks.
Thus they lmu- made an effective
coiitrlbitUon to the freight cotieeMlon
Uint ineiiaw. the whole country and
I partlciilnrly nctite In the East.
Here Is n fair sample of the prac
tices that hanier the movement of
frelpht generally, block the sltllnct
and kep cars out of service. The
ml I Ire: stock used in this way ceases
to count. It passes froln the rail
road's )suliluent and should be liste
ns part of the con s truce's storase fa
cilities. J,. r, t,ot only the rail
road but eiery other business man
by withholding the cars from per
formance of their function. The rail
loads. If not helpless, are serlouy
l'andlcaps.(l in dealing with him. and
his ons can be adequately treated
only by i (Miration of the roads,
the puldic ultii-ers having regiilatury
power oer them and the commercial
association to which they belong.
The Interstate Commerce Commis
sion ha already acted to relieve the
situation; the .State commissions ran
do something: hut more than any
of these agencies can accomplish lies
within the Miur of the business! com
munity Itself. Without Its cordial and
ectlve assistant the situation pro-dtii-ed
in part by abnormal elreuni
statHTs and In part bj private greed
cannot be remedied, atid detiuiiciu
tion of tie- (.-arriets will bring no re
lief so long as It Is not associated
with intelligent efforts to ast them
In the solution of dillicnltles for
whos,. creation tlav nro h no means
Another Varlcl) f Paper .Monr.
i urrciiei reform is not working
eactlj alum; tin- of .t ctt.
Judging from the statement of the
Tre.ij.iiry Iejiartuieat and the weekly
reports of the Federal Iteserve bank",
"lie of the aioiied ,ilijis-. of the leg.
isk'iti f ll'i:: v .is to get rid of bond
wunil hank note circulation in the
Collre of time. Its ,iict.' o lie !nki
by Federal Keervo notes with a gold
over and secured b.v discounted com
mercial p.ifer. Certain features of
the I'eileral Iteserve act have seemed
ot-tnictin. of this proves, anil some
curlou.s thing, are l.iti.-iilng.
'I he Treasury statement of money
in circulation as of March 1 showed
f?'.MHfJ,lt7ii ot Federal Kesvrve hank
note.. The statement for February 1
showed 1.hook of -uoh note.,
which. ,i. distinguished from the
ordlnarj Federal licervc notes, are
put out on the st.-urity of leivern
ineiit bonds. Not until the Ft.iler.il
llesene bank statement of March Jo
was published wa the actual clrcul.i
lion of file lieu note, discviscd. At
that time it ap.e.ired th.it during the
previous week tile reserve bank ot
Kansas City put out IK.isi of bank
note., and hi.t week's statement
show ed an increase of reserve bank'
time l.-in-s to a total of ?r.sl,(H. The
dlscrepanev between these and the
Treuur.v tigtires for .March 1 may ,e
accr.iint(.'d for b the Mi.-ist,,n thai
the Federal Ite.erve bank, had taken
out about .s.",,HMi'" of circulating
notes bj I lie beginning o'' the lllollth,
ot which In thetir.t three weeks only
a little more than oue-tii'ih was
ICecentl.v the Federal Ite.erve banks
solicited often, of liovei'lilllelit bonds
from national hinks and bought more
than So.! nun i ,,f bond.. cit week.
From .laiiuary I to the end of last
week the reserve banks h.id bought
In all about s',j:;.."hi.iki of lioteru
nient bonds bearing the lirculailng
privilege .Now while the Fiileral
Iteserve hank holding, of Hoveniment
bonds are far lu excess of the amount
I of Hole Issues which the reserve bauljs
have pin oiil, or even in ken out, on
I a tioverilllieiit bond basis, the que.
I tlon arise., wii.v they are circulating
I bund secured note, at all. It looks
j like a mighty poor beginning of real
I currency reform.
I Only a lew weeks ago the Federal
k Iteserve Hoard recommended leglsla-
tlon which would penult the Treasury
I to coin less of the gold held against
gold certltloates, so great linn lieeii the
liviping up of the metal in the last
j ear or so, with the re.ult that since
March 1, IDl.'. gold cert I Heat,... In clr
I dilation have Increased ntore than
, .!isii,oii,LMK). Interest rales remain
I phenoinoiially easy and all the rinan-
clal Incentives of the moment should
conduce to a contract Ion of papvr
A ttuduuey to contraction in Implied
la tbe national bank retirement of
circulating Usues. coincident with tbe
sme of Government bonds to the
Federal Tleserve hank. Why then
are tbo reserve bunks working to keep
bond seen red currency outstanding?
They are not primarily money earn
ing Institutions. They pay no Interest
on deposits, nnd the Interest return
on their Onvernment bond holdings
should lie a sufficient eomnonntlon
without a resort to the slight Incre
ment of Income obtainable through
the employment of the circulating
The Federal Heserve act allows the
reserve bunks to put out circulating
notes on the deposit of Government
lionds with the Comptroller of the
Currency. This seems to he an un
checked power, unless in the general
terms of the authority given to the
Federal Iteservt- Hoard there Is, au
thority to regulate bond secured note
Issues. Yet In any case the Issuance
of circulating notes against Govern
ment bonds could f sanctioned only
In a great emergency -irch as neither
exists nor Inqiends.
The Litest addition to our aln-ady
manifold varieties of paper money
carries us further away than ever
from tho currency reformation for
which tho Federal Reserve act was
ostensibly Intended to prepare
Mr. nay's Preparedness.
In closing the debate upon the
Knhn amendment to the army bill in
the House of Itepresentatlve. on
Monday Chairman Hay exclaimed;
"I am for preparedness!" Iteally
Mr. Hay is for nothing of the sort.
If the bill that bear his name pro
vides for Increasing the regular army
by small Instalment- of lo.nno men
a vear until It reaches a strength of
lto.fHSj H . not with the Hon. .Ivmks
Hay's approval hi. hand has bivti
forced". Political considerations re
quire that something shall be done
about the armv; besides. President
Wilson's, programme calls for a cer
tain amount of prepnrcdnc-; so
Chairman Hay is a good IVtnocrat.
Let Us see what the chairman of the
Commlttoo on Military Affair ald
on the subject when It was under dis
cussion on January -I. UMo. nearly
six months after the outbreak of war
"1 am utterly ot'pc-is.i tn iciding a
sine! mnn to the nt.indlne rtny js it
now extts. I xm not In sympathy with
those who want to add i'S.'VOO tnt-n and
1.000 oftWcrs to tho r.'ul.ir army now.
What would that cot? It would ro'
IJT.OOO.OOO alone, Jiu-t that, and would
add to our military expenditures JI",
onO.flO" a year."
At that time, fourteen month- ago,
Mr. Hay, a now, ridiculed the appre
hension that preparedness was neces
sary. The I'nlted State, was safer
from attack than It had ever been in
lis history. "Why. Mr. Chairman."
said he, "the Fnlted Stales has a
latent power greater than that of any
other lotintr.v. or of anv other three
countries, in the civilized world."
Mr. ll.vv talks in the same strain
now. "There is not a country on
earth to-day," he said In the House.
on Monday, "that has any Idea of
making war on the I'liltcd State..."
To a domestic statesman that is un
answerable logic. You must discover
that some country i meditating war
iiHn tls lefore ou prepare to defend
the country usainst possible invasion.
It will be time enough then to tap the
latent resource, of the nation, which
Mr. H.v. asserts are greater than
tho.e of "any other three countries
in the civ i cd world." This , the
old st.vle of preparedness. And, to
quote from the gentleman's seech
on .lantiar.v 21, UMo. any other kind
oi preparedness l maintained "at the
exjK-iise of our harbor. of our pub
lb.' buildings, of our roads, and of all
the other activities which ought to
engage our attention."
It Is not difficult to read the mlnd
of Mr. Hay and his friends who pro
fes to be for preparedness but actu
ally are not. They are gambling
ujion the chances of the war. If the
Allies should lie victorious prepared
ness would be a dead lsite. Mr. Hay
assumes the Allies are going to win.
Hut. on the other hand. If the Teu
tonic Powers should prevail Ger
man., would he too exhausted to
tamper with American policies. There
fore, why any preparedness? it
would be expensive, and the Memo
crats would be held responsible for
Increasing the tax burden.
As for the proposal to federalize
the National Guard, in spite of ihe
protests of the best mllltury authori
ties, s it not good polities from the
riemocratic point of view? The ot
gnnized militia would be paid out of
the Federal Treasury, and would
want more and more money as the
joars rolled round. There are no
votes in the volunteer army plan
which the Senate army bill provides
for. "I am for preparedness !" ev
claliiis Mr. Hvv. For Just a little,
the Increase of the regular army by
small annual Instalments, which he
accepted reluctantly. Tho rest Is poll,
tics, we fear.
j Dnreey of the Star Haute.
I Horn In Vermont In lSt'j Stbimh.n
' W. Horsey served through the war in
the Union army, nnd climbed from
the ranks to a colonelcy. Settling in;
Arkansas, lie represented that Slate'
In the United Slates Senale from lhT.'l,
, to lh"0. This election, being effected
by a combination of Itepuhllcaii and
I'emocratlc votes, was the tlrst re-
' copied manifestation of the dorslveu-
trnllty of Dons.-. ,
This versatility led Its possessor to'
nmny a fall, and never failed to bring
l,lm up again. He made a fortune In
ArknnaaH tn reconstruction rinvc unrl
invested, they said at tho time, the
bulk of It In promoting his Senatorial
candidacy. The Stur Itoute ring of
mail carrylag contractors engaged his
attention and enterprise, and when
the scandal swept over the country,
In the earliest '80s, the subsidence of
the excitement left htm broken In
heal Ih and fortune. His defence in
those trials Is .aid. rather vaguely
niitl perhas ion modestly In the esti
mate, to have )t him hundreds of
thousands of dollars. As a cultte
klug he made millions, which lie sent
like a king who Is crazy. In IW7 la!
went to England, tieduilng a copper
stock that had behind it not less of
sharp wits than of crude ore.
Senator IVutsEY's native New Eng
land shrewdness fed fat on the oppor
tunities of Arkansas lu Heconstruc
tlon. I.Ike other migrant Northern
ers of the time and circumstances,
he played the game of politics) antl
business with n little sentiment as
there I- In a wooden Indian, and a
neer falling flow of the spirit of the
nervous, adventurer, Hkckv Sharc
t.vpn of worldllliess, was ethereally
other worldly In contrast to these
high illnrs or the wild days of the
borderlands, forty-live years ago.
At Fort Potielson. Slilloh. Corinth.
Chattanooga. Chlckamaugn, the Wil
derness. Cold Harbor, and In a long
list of other hardly contested fields
of battle, the restless nature of Stk-r-HE
W. ivortsi.v found a mop- credit
able, outlet for Its energies than In
the railroad development of Arkansas.
In the councils of a political party,
or In romantically conceived enter
prise, of business for which the name
of "get rich quick" had not yet lioon
In striking a balance for lonsrv.
lei It not be forgotten that a chair
man of the Senate commit tee nn the
Idstrlci of Columbia his energy and
fertility of idea ouuted heavily lu
the making over, and making habit
able and presentable, of the nation's
if Mr. Inui-n ha. left the written
chapter, of hi. life for publishers to
deal witli, It will be a rousing contri
bution to the itotitlco'htogrnphical lit
erature of the day. Hue good chapter
would be the story of Mr. G.vr.nr.t.ti's
campaign, which Phuskv managed.
Our )a)llghl Machine Gun.
From the War liepartmenl come
the subjoined enlightening explana
tion of the Jammed machine gun. that
proved u.ele.. when Villa's, raiders
attacked the New Mexican town of
"Tlii reason for the Jamming of the
machine rur ins tint the failure of the
tni-cHanl-in to function properly, hut was
Ju; to the f tot th.it tho rilctit was dark
and :t was dlttlcult to load the guns
"In loading the f-fd etrlp has tu be
Inserted in a narr iw slot or guide.
"If the strip Is t.ot Inserted property
In this su.de the mill wbl fire ahout nve
M,ot sad will tti- n Jatr.
"This ,..tPie.,ed t two nf the gunc
tie It vim so dark tint It waj- alnivnt tin-I-i-elhl"
to 't the strips In th,1 slots."
To the non-military mind the
thought may occur that dark nights
an not wholly unknown In time of
ptace. nor yet in time of war; that
the difficulty of loading the glllls e.
cept in broad day light and under the
mo.t favorable conditions . an Inci
dent that should have been foreseen;
and that the mechanism for the In
sertion of the cartridge strip dc.-ered
as much attention betore the gun was
adopted as did that for the expulsion
i f the exploded shell". What the re
xrt seem to Indicate Is that the type
of machine gun In use in (he army
vill answer the demands made on It
between sunup and sundown, but that
it is not to be ilendcil on alter twl
light sets in.
lu view of the demonstrated weak
ness of the machine gun. we might
prooso to V 1 1 1 x . If be survives the
present exwdltlon, that hereafter he
restrict hi raids upon American
town- to tin daylight hour-.
The .-talrvv.-ivs at the MunK-ip.il
ltuildlng subway station are too In rite
lor the platform, and the pillars sup
porting the building aru too near the
tracks. The station must have been
designed by the gen, in who dcv';eil
the curved platforms in the old nuh.
An Ensl'sh sociologist editor fore
st cf the fall of democracy as a rc-ult
of the war. A good nan.v other per
son, biivt been heralding Its rise. And.
demoirat and kings, the old world
Other States h tie .ome fhlne- better
than Kan. is ether .-states have more
enlightened vi-'nn about many thlngrt
th. ill Kansas. Jwt an Kallsns his her
superiorities and excellencies. There l
no best S' ,to In the Union. .'inporla
If the lfindon ami lVrlln reports of
the skirmish between Hrltish and Gor
man destroyers off the ltelgi.'tn coast
ate compared, it will be seep that both
lltitiilas MMiirlit safely In lllu-lit, and
that each was wilMng to continue the
oniratiemont. "The German destroy
ers," says the London bulletin, "at
unco tinned and ran for Zeebriigge,
chased hi our own destroyers." Ac
cording to the lietilll version, "the
enemy broke olT the engagement alter
he had received several direct hits,
and lie tteatned out of stent at full
peed." This was a palpable triumph
for the Germans If, as they assert,
they had only threu destroyers to tho
enemy the. The lirltlsh Admiralty
confesses to four
Whatever the facts were, the action
must be a disappointment to the
prophets who were talking of an tin
pending fleet battle In the North Sea
or German loean.
There is reabon to believe that tho
allied forces If called upon to name the
commander dearest to their hearts
would deckle unantniou&ly in favor of
the German Crown Prince.
No" wed It l bard to atk for brtad
SDd (it a atona.
Ura. Ntwwtd -It la worM tt auk for a
alon and set taata.
GOSSIP OK THE WIRE.
Are Long Drama Out CoBTfmnlloru
Acalnt PnMIc Interest'.'
Tho Public Service Commission of
the Htcond (up state) district has
Ix-en "listening In," by request of busi
ness offices tired of hearing Central's
"wire busy," on rural telephone talk
ers, Htislness men complained that
their preteiidedly necessary conversa
tions werv Interrupted by the chatter
of thoso who visit by telephone, and
tho commission deemed It its duty to
Intervene. Heaven help the Commis
sioners! Aniirocl.'itliii? tbe difficulties
'of the situation, they have wisely llm-
Jted their activities to a recommenda
tion mote tolerable than u flatly for
HuslnossV A dull matter of prices
and credits, of percentages, mort
gnnes, prollt and toss, making what'H
ycura mine and preventing what's
mine from becoming yours. An Idol
with feet of clay before which we
Americans too oa.dly bow In a some
what Insincere, therefore the more
Telephone gossip? I tero Is the stuff of
life Has Mrs. Jones heard the latest
ul tit Mrs. Smith? Mrs. Hoblnson.
who has It savory hot, will enlighten
thw I'ttiorancu of her neighbor threw
tonus away. Sim Tinker has painted
his turn; that's worfi rorty-tlve min
utes especially when it lu recalled, as
recalled it must be, th i' Mrs. Tinker
has ttceti without u now liiit at Kaster
since 1 ? 1 3 ; wasn't that the year young
! S. !e Veer Tinker went to the UriT
1 Tier Polytechnic Institute? And, by the
way. my girl Sally, who's at Miss So
nnd So's Seminary for Young Ladles
down lu IK'l.iwnre, she tells me that
young iJe Veer Tinker Is spending n
week more butter than the cream of
his father's herd of Holbelus Is good
for lu a mouth. Ivt Party J ring, and
The bell.- Jlncle Joy. fun or funerals.
I or buzz business t!u-lness, real busi
ness, Is .i recipe for chilli sauce; a new
i b iby at th, Moom.ms', perhaps a baby
with 'tn interest superior to mere enu
meration lu tho birth statistics; the
triumph In the spelling bonk of a
son or daughter, destined to Iteoomu n
village blacksmith or tire Intlater or
u dressmaker known to the furthest
hounds of the county ; the thickness of
ice on Throckmorton's mill pond, or
the running of 'taters to tops; the
hang of a skirt, the new minister's
first sermon and brown eyes, or Ara-
; mlnta's tlrst tooth or little Si's tlm
, "longcrs." That's business.
"Idle gossip" Not a-tali: That's
tbe stuff of l.fe Who rlnirs up Party
1 It'.' Men oi women'.' We guess the
men can gossip. Odd Fellers to-night
be tliar. Jonas? Little game after
ward, ov-r to Pete's, antl you know'
( st.bii.int soand ,.f a s p.) Tr'al of
Tod Hones this afternoon; see you at
, th court hftsc? Plougldn' go hang!
I Ground's too uot right now anyway
liesidtf. old Judge U'h.ttshisnatue litis
sal I he's goln' to put a stop to this
all rlpht. down to Myers store nt ":0
sharp! Aral while tbe wires buzz with
these matters of pr.me. import let that
; life insurance nun In SUnm-ateles
wait, let that teller tlaown to Syracuse
fo hang and old Squire Bryant over
tn th" ue.xt c.tounty can Jest take all
the time he wants.
New York can fu.s about its Four
1 Hundred, or thousand or million; Hlll-
' tuun's Corners has got tn high so
ciety, and if ll.xin' up that affair at
Stth Ftcetnun's, ccttbiatiu' his datigli-
; ter Flor.tbelle's engagement to that
' street car mag-net from the nietrop-
; oils conflicts with Hulne?s, why. Busi
ness can go to any place where it
1 ain't igvdn' to Interfere with Affairs.
And as to regulatln calls to five min
utes, In the public Interest, just huow
be yo agoin' to dew It wh-n It's the
public tl.ct's talkln' anyhow?
AFTER THE WAR.
A Philosopher's Npernlitlons Ahotit
the World's Future-
To Titt; Fp'tois or" Titr Scs Sir- As
to the world's poPtL-.il fu'uie after the
I resent world crisis Is settled and over,
one of tw out' litres I. certain: elthr
there will ho the Is-g.nnlng of the 1orR
reiun of i,-rpitu.t! tea e, or el.-e son-.,
pel .I'd of transient i'.ire, foll uietl by a
,-t 11 longer period of Internat'on.tl con
flict .m.l war. If at the oloi- of the
Furo tii war the new rnllirluennunt
1. real enlightenment enlightenment
not onlv within the leaders but s.-n-lhly
within the whole mass as well the hope
and faith ltt the time of universa'
peace Is laplilly at'P'o oiling will be
well founded, ami some form "f world
ilenioenioy or world republic will be t. an
al haul. The. forms of world govern
ment will, however, bo rubject to the
stme laws of change us tbee i.iine
fornu of t'overi'inent; now operating
within -.tuile nan i. ir.d states.
If, on Ihe ol la r band, at the clou
ef the Ktirope.fi eoiitlli t the world
'how. 'tself quite unprepared for such
worldwide union and real federation,
inciter war.- and 1 r.gc: w trs must still
:. fought, until the nations shall have
fu.ly learned the great lesson of war
Assuming fututc w,". the outlook of
the world s political f'ltilie. obedient tn
unchanging and l ifall.hV laws, will bo
this: Th it nation win h Is stroncett
will In due course make ilernanil" upon
that nation width is second In tiensth,
and that nation which is second In
power and strersth will opi-n-c and re
sit . furtiieiinorc, tliat nation which Is
third In power and strength will unite
and cooperate with the tlrst.
Forecasting th" world's political fu
ture, the supreme and ptrani'Mint uui's
tinn for all nitlo'is Is this Whit one
failor ai til"' Lfe of t nation Is the one
racial uml ultimate test of that na
tion's l'ower ami strt iigtb? Herein is
the supreme key to present and nil fu
ture declarations and sovereign acts of
each 'mil ad Stab
IlKisnrr.r L. Wu.nen.
l'.tviaismK, roan March 21
Ilhl the Illiterate Vender of Coollnc
Draught. Compose the Word?
ToTltr KwToti or TiinSi's Mr- Your
correspondent who asks about the etv
mo.ogi of "sundae" Implies .ll the
tltspt user of the artliio might be ex
peeled to know it 111 a I'lerary way.
I'ao tne uier.me uns-cr protioijnco "oleo
maigarl ie." or Ihe toot expert under
stand tht woitl "chiropody" '.'
S'Viie .vears lico the eoriespotiilents of
a lb ston pub'lc.'itlnu had a "Mimllte"
symposium and the consensus; was that
ihe won! came either from, "Sunday" or
"sundry." An Illiterate drugelst. who
unole spei'a1t of colbce ices and
called then "simd.ivs" btvaus of the
gie.it demand for them on the day of
reel, may have origin ilod the iu.i,ut
Kreouently I have noticed tho wind
conspicuously displayed whetu sntets
were Hold as "hunday and "sundry.
Local option about the orthography
seems to prevail, eviry druggist his own
autliorltv Hut writing about words,
I should lik to know ine 8cn's au
thority for the tiae of "aptronyml'-s."
Rrookltn, March SI. T F.
The Way of It.
Knlcker Tha pot ansa fieavrn Ilea
about ua In our Infancy.
Uoekar Wall, avtry an la llaa about
IS GERMANY DEMOCRATIC?
A Herman Compare Imperial and
To tub Cpitoii or Tun St'.v f lr: Let
tetn In The SI'S' have dealt with the
German Constitution, especially with the
activity and Importance of the lieioh.
tug and lt relation to the Hundesrat.
The letter of "(I, V K." of February 2
contained sn nmny mistakes that I beg
you to allow- n,e to eortect them Tae
text of the German Constitution Is given
In lhullrii translation In "The German
Umpire" by B. K. Ilowaid.
Tbo llundcsr.U Is an Institution pe
culiar to the constitutional system of
tho German Umpire, ft Is t ot an "upper
chamber," as Price ('oilier, by n ) means
an authority on German constitutional
law. likes to call It. It Is ,'t body that
stands for the federal Idea of the em
pire , an organ by means of whh h th"
individual states may assert theni'ilves
nnd where the Interplay of Mate Inter
ests Is adjusted. No close nnaloey to It
can be found In any other governmental
organization. An Idea can be obtained
by Imagining a body formed by dele
gates of the riovernors of tho Individual
SMtes of the Fnlted States, the number
if these dele?ittes being based upon
hlntoilc.il development and brought Into
aivot dance with the population and the
commercial import inoe of the St ites.
In IJ03 out of population of fiOeine.
000 for the whole empire Prufida con
tributed r.T.OIO.OOO. It cannot lj ion
tended, therefore, that a proportion of
seventeen Pru5lan tblegates to lift
eight delegate for the wholo cniplro Is
unjust or surprising.
The general rule In taking a vote In
, the Ilundesrat Is that the simple ma
Jnrlty decide There are only two ex
ception to thl rule. "(t. v. men-
1 Slons one of t-em. but ntistke It for
the general rule, contending that "Prus
sia U armed in tho lliindcfr.it with a
From it own membership th Hun
ilesr.it choose certain committees,
twelve In number, in each of these
committee nt b-ast four states beside
Prussli must be repre-ented, hut li"
state may have more than one vote In
any eoinn.lttee. lu tin. fom'nl'.tro of
; Foreign Affairs Pru'a it not rep-e-
' -i,ted at all, the commute eons sfn
of delegates of Havana, Saxony and
Win members?, with two additional
The principle u.uletlylng the consti
tution and organization of the Itclchstair
j t radically d.fferent from that upon
I whleli the IStmdrt lu based. While
In the Itundesrit state lines are sharply
iirawn and th fedttal element domi
nates. n the I'.elchstig state lines nre
'Ignored and thu unitary ilttiunt 1 em
1 ihu!zd. For In the Kechi ig It Is not
. the I'lople of th Individual state that
i are represented, even by the members
, ile.'tetl within the territory of that state
and fricn the mldt of Its population.
I l-ach debgate repre-ents the toop!e of
1 the whole empire. So It Is of no sin
! tilth anca that S3" members nre from
I'russu, a fact which sem to discern
I fort "C. V K."
i There Is no three class system of vot
' In? for election to the Itele'i.ag, as "t',.
' I" K." see.T. to believe. Kierv clt.zen
of t'.e empire who ha" completed hi
ttvent- -Slft'n yea- , entitled to vote for
j member- of the Ke.tlist.i-: In whatever
i iaie ii ni.i nave ins rcsiururr. .mi
vottt. are equal nnd the members are
ehnen bv tllreet and secret hallo; at a j
general election. ,
1 The chief function of the Iteiclistac Is,
tlelgnated In Art'-de V of th Con-ti- ,
tut'on, which read n follows: "Th
legislative power shall b exercised by
th Kundesrat and the Reichstag. Th1
cor.se.".: of a majority of both bodies (
shall be t'ccessa.-y and sufficient for the
passac of an impert.il law."
The ltejehta!; !s an essential facto
In Imperial !clat!on. No bill become,
a law without It consent. Ktttps 1
Ian cannot he chansed, retr law can-
not he entcted. th Constitution cannot
b amended airalust t"ie will of th hndv
which represents the Herman people
It Is a mistake to say that no law can
originate In the ltelehlag. an the latter
has the right of initiative, that l, the
I rlgbt to propoe laws' and to transmit
' to the 15underat or the Imperial Chan-
' cellor petition addres!.! to t.
It Is true that th" Hole) stag mar b
dissolved, but a new election mut b
I tlxi.l by the Kmperor and ttie newly,
1 elected Itel.-h'tag must b summoned to
meet within ninetv days from the dat
of dissolution There exists no law
which forbids the reelection of t'i ame
rie.Ieirate for t':e new Itecbtag ; If. (
however, another election usually pro
vides a more amenable body, a "it. 1
K." sts. It slmph Itid.cates that tne
people were not at'sied with th I
sltlon th tonner members took.
A most powerful weapon has hen
given to the Bejchstus by A-'.kie I.N1N.
of th Constitution, which avs: "All
(rtceipts anil expenditures "f the empire
shall be Included In the Im-
i perial budcet. The latter sha!' 'a tle.l (
I by law before the beginning "f each
I lU-al ear."
As the oor.sert of the Itchs'.ag l
' net e.s-.ir: for the paag of H law, the,
U'tcrotag. In ciso of dis-ent pi vrvl
ouest'on with the Ilundesrat or the
! Chancellor, 'nav rfu 'o pas this law,,
stoppi: g th whol ni.tch of st..tc
In stich a cise the (J.'Vornment mi"
tl.ssolvo the lleiohstae. but It will on! j
tin o if it Is oonvlt.ted that th elec-l
tlors will bring forth a mote favorable,
body : otherwise it will haw to gm-
I -way, wVoh 'neaps t'i it th Ch ttc'ellor ,
wtr have to l'ii. Thete have been dl-.o. ,
I Itlt'ons of tho Be'clis'itB, hut so hi. the
a'ternativ happened, as when Prince
von Bin low had to resign on atcirt of I
I bis d.s.tgreement with the Hclt iist.ti.. '
i The asrtlon that the Koic'-.sla ; Is
less )erf,i! 'b in. for exaMiple. th ,
l,.ii.- if Common., ulikh .eli.-t. and'
, withdraws the King'j, Mlniste.-.., and j
. thtt Ihitiatid, l'l'.ni- of tins, h.is a
'. . .... I ......... ll...P,l ,-..., .....I..., .t. ...
f ....... ....... 1 .p-,.i,.,.i ci... 1 1 1 1 1 i . I
Cab. ml i
Committee of the tilling !
patty m too llnuse of Commons and Is
responsible only to the 1. titer, not tu the
King. Whenever th Cabinet does ,lny
thng that rlIpleaos it.- pattLsa'ns In
the I'o'iimoii. these ti.il'tis.tns cm over-
i throw- the I'.ihlnet bv a vote of want ot
I contldenee, but In thtt ci-e they over-
throw the'i own power. S thev aie
i .. ... .. .. ... .. t.i..i .t.i ...
M'll ..tlctlH ll ,L l. ' l l' l .t . ,- llilie-ice
Irom the C.ihinet without the most ur
ent reason, which the Ministers on their
part a:e by no litems S'd'cltou. to pro
vide The result Is that a British Min
ister Is neither Htiswerahle to the King
nor m danger of hi Pie held tesponnble
to i. Parliament tint ! controlled by
b. p.iit s.ins, Ht is more tato-r itle
than a Cerinan Mln strr. Tho latter le
dep. ndept on his monarch, who appoints
and dismisses him, a.t well as on the
national representative m the Belch
tag, who may refuse him Ihe means tor
his policy Itee hsitag majoiitv does
not dethrone Itself by rejecting ,t lull;
the Belchstag can ciltbise and lni"each
far more openly and witli much les.
tlallgel t Itself than rati the House of
Commune. Pr. C. P. MtTMt:i..
Ni.w VeiiK, March SI.
In Host 'rhraka Town.
from thf lld'ittiigi U'erAJy Tribune
!.' Anderson lis. about pui Hitlr iliek
ena. a, id -rvr.il hsim sfltlnit at thl writ,
A rrcrnt additmn t" . I ltrt -nu r be
vim" frfinl'y are tin pair of twins
Mr Wilier Si-hiiin.il hr tp-nt Snndi
' slth hl npii'r In Lincoln .Net,
Conrad PfrMr snei ou, fr i.,
I r.lsch'N U't Turnlay iilio shelled corn for
Ml 1". Usheth Mailer, was lii,irr:"l to
Mr. I'raiili lt.illsin Monday morning ui
t o'clnrk at St. Itelen'a Church, by Itrv.
Kather Beaky, alter which brmkftM h
anverrd at the brblaa partnla, .Mr, and Mrs.
Joisph Mull'r living tn tha rat part at
Win. OIxa went to Harvard, Neb.
Whara he takaa tha a-ond trick opanttnr
for the Hurling!.
SOCK MENDING WIVES.
An Old f'nnlldenre (Junie Ionic In
for Deserted Iteprobatlon.
To tiii: CniTon of Tin: Scs Mr: Sub-
tnergod in the amusing editorial article
"Tea, lung a Wife Iter Place" is i
trenchant line which expands the phi-,
he-ophy of the married life and atlum- 1
br.ites a mechanic for the t lire of ninth
of Its III. .lew. is should llPjmlniit" tills
excel pi ami 'ilod Save Our Home" b ,
replaced by It.
Tb pfereine i. I t a letter written hi 1
a husband deserted be-iiis of heaped
I, dignities and cruelties Itcagllig ll
wife iu return In what at tlrsl blush '
anpear an abject and pitiful strain:
protestations of continued nnectlon, af
Urination of the old wheeze "I am your
busbtnd," little Intlmite touches upon;
"socks" ami his need of he cosnoscent
touches thereat, und the like. Hut TUB
Si-.v's point, and thl I the contribution.
I- that It's not a pitiful b'ttcr at all:
"Its coinpo.It. in was careful, hot lm- I
I'lluiii.e" i:aotlv this far slirhtod '
liusltaiiil, near sighting divorce, net to
viork with cold and craft presclemv In,
put toKether all ttie deadly drawing
tibtle iiiilucements he cou'.d think of
to ftsil hit wife, n ! c'tl iloilbtless done
linrv times before, into subsiding again
Upnil h. sardotilc ehest.
Thai the method 'I'd not woik In thl.-
rase doe.s not vltlste the ilnt In ex-(s-rletice
It tloi-j work, It Is pretsclctlt ;
and many a continuously wrecked mar
riage tetltles to tb.it fact. If mor",
women 1'ke thht one, hn, however, is'
really a case in point because she had
repeatedly fed his rapacity for otitraaes
by forgiving them, vould "buck" th
fat" and outworn concept. on of mar
riage hlch :nn Ilk this trad en and1
to which many women yield, ni'irrlna1
would enjoy a freh advertisement ofj
But this of eoure be the question.'
The point i tint tbe wife Is uually
deluded these cheap paraphernalia of
the shattered sock and torn co-it lining,
this sucge-ted pltur rf an utterly dis
mantled husband, this Implied bnnei
going on ii roek unit" -hi co-n
hack, reave br heart fioin her bosom
..ml back forsooth she goes. The pre.J:-
a'e of the vii"i surprise which one feels '
t'at thl liufhhd must have e.xi
rlenceil wbn hi litter failed tn tenia-,
terlallre Ids wife Is luininou of the wide
sprtatl of til's cir.tlden-e gam.
S. K. WlLPo:f.
SWAr.TiiMop.n. Pi , March SI.
". Y. C." STANDS TO HIS GUNS
The Suburb". He Say. Oct n T.ot More
Snow Than the Town.
T.i Tttu BntTott of Tits StN Sir: The
i:niilitiiees "f attnik on error by TUB
Sfv's m'tiiits men was a tin rxbih'
Hon of prt parcilne.,, Some ml'p'.aeed
tlgur made a ptrt "f mv calculations
Irrelevant, a they tee-red to deal with
th subject of snow- bull. In relation to
Ih whole depth of snowfall. tt was
not intended so to ue the-n. but rlnf
plv to enla-ge upon th body of water
vxhli h a twelve lnh precipitation repre
sented, and fs volume as a matter of
general Intertst My co-correspondent
hav acreetl with tn n. to th bis.s of
calculation . that is. the cubic fool, as
we appro,matily tig.tr It. eontaln
, j gallons, l nlted Mates, measure, and
(3 ."tin sU tre fet In in iter multi
plied bv gives us ,n a twelve .nch
pp. Ipltation of water SJ0.700 gallor.
Apply 1112 the figure- to th vet-.- ex
tensive are i couipo-mg our watershed
In W,"i:ohe-ter county and tdjacent ter
ritory, omltt'ng t!i Ciukill Held, the
re.saltlr.g body of water Is lnteretlncly
large, .ind a twelve Inch depth of th'.s
needful element represents almot one.
fourth nf our annual preolp tatlon of
T Is brines T.e to the snow t-e. a
silppi-ry subl," at !-.. I deire to
s'at arnl-i that the spuwfalt thl win
ter. 1-gienlng sub"! iM'allv with the pt.
Itati'.n of the fourteen ;nth fall of lie-
enibr IS. hi been carefully meas
ured from time to tlm by me. and be
yond quest inn it has r.ow eeedd sev
Tim characterlsti- of snow vary with
the tondltion of the atmosphere as to
temperature. I have, tested thi.s fre
que'itly in the n atter ' dels ti and
of'en routid a tlllfertnc in rdu,ini; it
of tl jier -e;it. ti the y', nf ?ater
T'i only prad cal at'e-up at stand
ardlitHtion must b hi"e, upon careful
ol,se-v ttior, and avt-ases. Le -p call
.tttci.t on to t.ie ste t. nf M irci IT,,
whep snow- ft 1. ' -.tuichnut Host of the
day . .reaching a - tie of moisture as It
c.tnie to tin gr ir. I in the city streets
w Mi h eoulil not be measured I had no
c.ts. on to attend a -reel 'ng at the Mu
seum of N.itutal IIIetor at ft o'clock,
who on imvii.g at the building I
found th a-siund evervwhort' covered
with three In-'n - of ,-,ow, which, ceasing
,n the e,ilv i :h! hid touched a depth
bit tcjtl I the rcthern boundary of
th city of !iv Ir hcs.
The city, evept f,i- the convenience
of reaeh'nu shlpmg and Its allied In
terist for the dls-r'leitt.in of Infornia
tlon tualnl' 'ler ved from other sources,
a poor id. ice for n weather bureau.
The copdit i's a-e r.tt normal, the sltua
ten In rekillui I i the surroutidlne wa
ter .ind its iiiiliie'nes rentier much of
the data 'ue.-enpl, te.
This' very Item ef st.mvfll! by Mr.
Krv I. a ea In io!nt Tim and'nraln
1 with others hive com Into th rlty
from tiolnts s-'aret-iy more than thirty
miles a-.vtv ,n a dvelv stiowatnrm, to
find the lit.- bare of all e Idence of
I cvn supple f need he ev.deno. of
snnwftll exieetllng that ..f ti v reco-.l.
some elshty inv he. In all, w liluh Is in
contest, blc and representing an aver
age of at bast h-iif a doren carrtullv
m.iint.iirtHl i, nurds j. y. '
Nnv Yolik, March SI.
A Kinder Calrnlator lie. rues the Me
tropolis I' mm Browning.
T Tin- r.niron of TllK Sc Sir.
Wie c is f i it s i s r.. o' t ie snov.
f il, going to fi ",1 V c .'" bv coiint-
Ine 'eet 'or n i.-e, .md bv allow It, e
eighti a tllons to t'i" r ihio ffsjt, liiste.itl
oi .even and ),.,' iM, abeitdy teach. d
il tetiMtkalile it -ill'
"V .tli.J I1R '
sM-twn pounds tn the irallon. makes I
the result, as he himself ,.,ns, -uM j '
about one thousand times. ,t much as I
It should be" ".si S II tei'eis to ",1
Y. C. s" "tS.BIt.Miiit gallons ,,n .tore. ' i
and then multiplies tVsc gaioiis h th, ,
nun f "f pound-- In a ,-util,- foot ot
." bv allowing
water. to thoy want to drown us"
Nl'W Yoiil,, March it. o K. U.
Ml o wl'a 1 1 .valliein,illt ..
To rue Burroti ne Tin: Sev-.Sir- I '
should Ilk to , oi i liberate -II S. Harris)
in his coin, t: m of ",l v, C'e' tlituies.
The ert-o- t'.'h'ilile Hill obM'lll-. j
tiaiui ly nnilt.p':. feet by In '., j
Iteillli-c tiie'le I'iCllei to one foot and
then multipli mr 1 l .:". n sipiirc feet by i
1. WO h.l'e I It..' 10 , ubi, f, n ,,r ;(,- - (t I
I'nlted Stales u illon. Tr.tut .coi., .t,...
nearly seici, and a halt gullon. u,
cube too' S I, it,
l.irilirifi.n. Conn, Match St
To Till BniTiii! of Till: Se--.,sir- 15.
fen ilig to ',-. s h,.'h ' letter of March
U Hi i r.t.cism of "J V C s' cal.'iil.i '
tlon, I agree that "we do not all calcip '
late hIT.o " According to ',.'. S B.'e" '
ligilies I'J.ISI.H'i'l g.id.c.s an acre eit, i
J it 13 IS ,' Mm pounds lie has. in el'cr.
used a multiplier of O'J 1.3 (pounds) as
the equivalent of a gallon, when the ,
correct factur Is S 1-3 (very nearly). I
This makes the total weight of water'
on 0110 aero, based on ".I. Y. C s ' orll
mil miscalculation, "ol.fino.ihio pounds,',
or a net equivalent pressure of s.ntfi) I
pounatt tu tne aquurr foot.
M. S litmus.
Hat-r uii.i.M.r. N J .vi.ikii '.'I
HYGIENE TAUGHT BY
U, S. IN PHILIPPINES
I'ui'p Wiifpr IMniliful V,,h
Itl'Mfl' Sllllildtitill Ijeiluies
ISIiAXUKKS AI'T V
M.VNI1..1, p. i .Up . r ,
pilgn for 11 supply of p ire , (
been one of the mo' . , ,
tures of the Amerlcm i -.
firov the sanitary cor.il,'
Th P.ilpinos have W" , ,
prechite American interi-.-SHiiltatlon
with e!ithui.i.iii and ar. .k.
on all k'nd of work .1,. .-.
the numerous eot,'op. ,
long niwiaieil life hen 1
bts'ii prompt to "iijijiori 1
of legislation vv'tiiin t c
and to make ImlividUal ci
In the lmi.ort.ittt matter . 1 v
suppl: a 'remendouH adiai ,
mailt- This ban been d
artesian w!ls It was 1 ,f . '
the Filipinos tlm import. ii 1 , .
pure water, especially f"i m K
Iiores. Then when a reef. I ..,-'' ',
for obtaining amplu suppl ,
water t.e y io.k it up ,. , , .
1 nt icy.
Tin IhMilai Coin tint, i.
In opening artesian well ai 1 .-,
priatli.g fuiitl for the pm , , u.
neeessary appintus i" . ,
wa iiacd at th dlspo-.l .y
vinrl.il governments ard ir. 1 n
the work of driving ir:.-, . ,. .
going on all ovir the sluel
Ha,h year more inmiey I s m .
by He lii.uUr tJovtrtmis'i '.
Intr wells nnd In the pur .
tion.il machinery. There ,r
large number of rig f it- ,. , r . .
well. ow:d by th iii-uli' ,.
and others owned hv nroi
mtnts, as well as ii hirer t
rigs for op-rung smaller w- :
Miin'clpsMies and lnd,i l 1., ,T,
followed Hid le.nl of the lb- -
provincial governments ore , ,
now mote than a thousand . - .
welts scattered about lie ,.
There Is no Important pla. w
uppb of pure water. No 1 t c
ro.nl you travel over you w 1, ,1 .
wells at frequent intfrials, - . t
Ie never necissarv to bo .11 y it-.- . ef
time without freh jsire uatu
Pure Water I'letttirnl Vn,
Many of the larger well- rs ra'wr,
flowing, and pumps are tt, ta '-i -
non-ilowlng only There 1 , .
barrio along any of the roads v v -i
you do not ee largf or s.,,,, ,..
marking the presence r' 1 .
souses nf pure water To -a
till- is about the most s'r ', c -l .re
that ha' occurred in the I'l, ''- s
th last sixteen yeara.
It Is not merely that t!,..
this unc.iIng supply of ai-cd .i t- f
Is more than that. Per t'i I- r "
lante, to ts the pun w - r,'.'
to drink, but for other purpc 1 "
nre even using tt for laundry w
the traveller to-day tb,,-. . . - ,
tllthy stream lined w tli w,u.e
Nor doe.s the dweller if
suffer the penalty of hav tg '
washed In foul water, a. t e w -1
American fun did thai Hi -' y-tr
occupation, before they lean,..,, m... 1
Kach year sees from fifty n r-v''-flve
niW tleeti w,Ilj aided to -and
many more nf the jm.tii r
It Is easy to get t-;,i nt w t--r .'
too gte.it depths appatentlv evert w-.f
in the Islands. No attempt lu '
mud to u-c such well3 fir Irr r -purpose.
Th men endeavoring to si" - -of
the question of s-tnltati -
the heatl of the list of bu- As, -' -ber.
They have bad to t' i
binatlou of cltcumslfcnce.'- a-, i '
such us mo.t of the pe pi- t
In the btviltby. wholesomo t ' ! s
never dreanud of
If we have a little epid' in '
pox at home there in w' - 1
t xi.temeiit and acllv'ty. B'-t
po.x was not only always n-
w.is so lonunon that tire-, i.- t
cal olllcers wire th 01 I" t : "
wer paying any real a' e'
Other people were too lm. i ,v
work to care about sm tllp-
There wa liubonb til.tgi. ' r'
sistetit post, the nitre t.m.
which 1. enough to have 1
fnlted States by the tar n
tlon oltlcers here have l..t
this plagu on different " a
the poSslln.lt of 1, recur ret c, '
constant nitiwic. Tliev et r.
There is cholera, which ti"! " '
efforts to subdue it ha. '
Island, several t.tnes In rc, t
hist summer was more or l-
lu ihe Moro country Pi 1! " -official
ri ports Five tho ni.il " '
deaths throughout the ar- 1 '
bteak as .'.nl.
The bureau ot bealih ' '
tlntllng casott of cbnie'.i , - -througli
the linbppine- v '
break is now on In in
antt all the inedicil let.
trict are molnluliic to nt '
There it plenty uiuio .
to turiiisli ts.vupation p' '
experts here. Thetu Is tl 1 '
of mosqu.to eet. with t .e '
malatlK lu Us gteit vat "
There is tile long list of , '
orders, And there is the' w
all, tubcrt ulosia.
Dentil lisle llclnci'l
In the face of all l'i-o il
'tolk of tn Ameri'.tn a-
lle.tt'l lilte. t Urtal.C'l 1 e
ne.. anil :n ice tne I'h api
onite btitlt,. I'.ati t, . u.
tilally has u v 1 11 ibf a
conip,itcs : iioi.t'ily vtltli t
P.i'- ,! this work f -.
hi en a campaign of e i : '
tsMii'.c in the .iiiii.nt.ti 1 1 '
'ounditik's a., mil :ix i '
h.tiiiis. Tin., i.iaipai-n
uiiirketlly l.iverublo rcau' '
T.'e 1 i,t, slant effort.- .
health to I'uprove the '
p, oplc tn th cat ami '
is In ginning to show , (!
the hep lufore terribly r. '
'ant mort tiny.
The vvurk of the bure i ,
lu'ougnt tnct'Ui.tging , es .
111 th death rati, i-.c
condition., of lite and
witter supply, but bey 01 "
I'stlll llil'cll.gelil 'ltp '
ib'ti tioni lla: Pdip'tios t'
simple ltsv.oii taughl t' "
t.ie public schools ha
moul henclicial cttts-t e .
atteuU'iii of the older 1
and 111 opening their nv
tacts iln rotoforc bt vet d "
It Is not fair to ertt
for slowness In co'iip'
pnvi mug t)l.se cftm
I'to A lllel K .III- Tut-
slow 1 h t'ompal t d w 'I t
iiave been n -cusio nc.l 1"
the new thlius of 4ht '' f
an op ii 11 Iml
Cnmp.li ed w Oh o- -,f 1 '
111 their own stage
r.'d it.o.- h.iv 1 hecii n. 11 1
nppreclale Ibv work, to
linpoitaiice a d In gilt r
Thy have p-oved t-.e1-tt
by tl'ir appropri.it. 1
In the insular lcUl..t"i
vlnclal bi.it ils It is
around the Islands tn.it '
for which th Vihnit'cs ,
to ii't'.is. a, 1 ; ei