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THE SUN, SUNDAY, JULY 2, 1916. '
SUNDAY, JULY 2, 1010.
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hattan. New York. President. Frank A.
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Brooklyn nlllce. 1011 Livingston street.
It our friend tcho favor in with mnou
hrrlfit and Ittuttralion or publication trith
to havr reeettd article returned thru mutt
in all ram ernef slump or that purpote.
The Wheat Crop of 116.
"Harvest lias bosun In several of tbo
frent Western wlient iiroUuclnp; States
and conditions srom much moro siit
Isfnctory than reports cnrllcr In the
eason Indicated. While the yield will
Hot equal Inst year's, tho Indications
urn that there will be n fnlrly success
Tho forelpi demnnd Is nn Impor
tant consideration In determining the
lvalue of the. crop. It Is dlfllcult so
far to make nn estimate upon Eu
ropean production. One report snys
that the harvest of Kussla promises
HtI1 and Is even up to last year's
high standard, neiwrts from Ger
many, Austria and ltumanln nil hull
'tate a good yield. Hut there has been
very evident Intention abroad to
frrevent speculation in wheat ; and .In
Qrcat Britain a desire to keep up n
ready Importation by requiring every
British vessel to bring homo brend
Muffs as part of Its cargo.
The Government report estimates
that the production of tho five im
portant wheat States, Michigan, Mis
souri, Ohio, Indiana and Illinois, will
fall considerably short of last year's
production. The wheat threshed In
Oklahoma and Nebraska Is reported
unusually good In quntlty. But In
these States as well as In Knnsns tho
yield will not eipinl that of lOlfi.
I.ust year's was one of tho "bumper
crop-" of the country. It wiih more
than enough to meet both foreign and
home ili'iaaud and thus a great excess
store wits carried over In the grnn
nrles and elevators. This added to
tlic crop of the year will make a sup
ply large enough, even In case of an
Increased foreign demand, to turn the
scale In the consumer's favor.
The British Offensive.
The llrltbh have luunched their
long expected offensive, and, accord
ing to reports, have occupied the front
lines of the Germnn defences north
Wt the Kommn.
The ndvanco carries out the plan of
grhlch the Russian offensive In Tnr
jtey, Gallda and Bakowlna and tho
Ktemplated Anglo-French drlvo Into
Balkans are a part
Jt marks the beginning of, perhaps,
A greatest military movement of the
par In Its second year, and promises
ft decision In the titanic struggle.
disease- MoroDaagerout Than Bul
lets. Comparison of the mortality among
fto troops engaged In the civil war
pnd the Cuban war with that of the
Japanese armies and of the German
VLsd allied armies In the present war
Is illuminating In Its demonstration
frf tio fact that disease menaces an
lumy far moro than bullets or shells.
(The Sdn has adverted to this fact
b Its comments upon the faulty Hay
bill, which did not follow the advice
tjf the Burgeon-General In Its pro
visions for medical service.
The fact that hundreds of physi
cians bavo lust their lives In the pres
ent European war In comparison with
the Infinitesimal mortality among med
ical officers In tho clvjl nnd other
less recent eonllicts hns shown
clearly the need of Increasing the
personnel of the medical corps far
beyond that of any Muff officers. The
Quartermaster or Commissary De
partment may be administered with
out great Increase of Its ntlicers; en
largement of the Milmnlliiatu un
trained employees sulllivs. The Med
leal Dcimrtuient, mi the oilier band,
demand personal service which can
not be delegated to unskilled subor
dinates. .Moreover, tlio sanitary pro
tection of the troops when not under
lire Is a modern branch of the Army
Medical Department that contributes
moro to the success of an army tlinn
courage In battle or even the slra
teglq ability of Its leaders.
Tim present Mexican campaign will
tost the capacity of the .Medical De
partment of the 1'iilted States army
In this most Important regard, The
country may congratulate Itself upon
tho fact that a man who lias won
hls.promotlon by marvellous achieve
ments In hygiene Is at the bend of the
Medical Department. The greatest
me nn re to our troops lies In the tropl.
cal, arid, Insed nnd filth ridden thea
tre of their activities. -Fortunately
our regulars have pnssed their novi
tiate In meeting these dangers, nnd
the militia now assembling will not
be exposed to them until they too
hove been drilled In sanitation as
thoroughly as In the manual of arms
Tho soldier must be taught to meet
emergencies Intelligently, to npprecl
nte the vital Importance of cleanli
ness as the only safety. To nttaln
these desiderata In a country where
filth nnd Ignorance reign supreme,
where Insect bites Inoculate with dis
ease, nnd where water Is so scarce
thnt mud holes may tempt the thirsty
soldier to his destruction, contnnt
education by precept and example Is
That Surgeon-General OonoAS will
Insure such Individual sanitary train
ing may be Inferred from the success
of similar methods Initiated by him
In his I'anamn one campaign. The
friends and relatives of our national
guardsmen may rest assured that
their dear ones will have more scien
tific care than Is possible at home,
it may content them also to know
that the horrid wound Infections of
which they have read will be absent
In Mexico because of the nrld nnd
unfertilized character of the soil.
Physicians nre now Inclined to trace
tetanus, gangrene and other fatnl
complications to the Intensively cul
tivated soils of tho trenches. In Mex
ico this condition Is not found. The
country may therefore be certnln that
Its soldiers will bo subjected to a min
imum of the gravest dangers of mod
It Is fortunate thnt the Medical
Department of the army, though
handicapped by legislators who have
been more deeply Interested In the
pork barrel than In mllltnry prepar
edness, has of Its own nccord accumu
lated supplies nnd developed ambu
lance corps to snfegunrd Its proteges.
Would thnt the mllltln bud followed
the same course I
New MIsiIob of the Automobile.
Tho gypsies have taken to nutomo
biles. A "king" of one of the clans
has crossed the continent In nn eight
cylinder touring car that wns "a pal
ace on wheels." llomany, he until,
had sold or given away Its nags nnd
pnrked Its red wagons, neggnrs on
horseback are no longer a marvel.
The gyp"' makes a singular depar
ture from nil his old customs. With
him tho horse has always been asso
ciated. In the enrllest stories nnd
drawing of his people the horse has
been the one benst that was the com
paulon of his wandering. Ie rode It
out of that unknown central Asiatic
land from which he cume, and It has
helped him In his worldwide roaming,
lie knew the charm that transformed
the Jaded nag Into a racehorse, the
dye that made a roan steed of n de
spised plebujld. As a trader he had
no equal, nnd In abandoning the horse
for the car he gives up hts chief
menns of livelihood.
No people of the world presented n
stranger problem: students of races
and languages could never understand
why the gypsies, without a common
creed of religion, history or tradition,
retained wherever they went the
pecullur characteristic that forces
them ever on their restless, endless
roaming. Nations that have not
driven them from their borders have
tried to tame them. In Austria,
where more lve than In any other
European country, the Government
has vainly tried to settle them down
nnd make them Into good citizens.
The automobile represents a phase
of citizenship; Its owner Is registered,
numbered, tagged. It cannot be run on
grass from the roadside or corn pil
fered from a farmer's granary ; It re
quires tho modern commodity of gas
olene. The old "king" looked admir
ingly at his possession, and said thnt
an automobile meant a home and Its
ownership would end bis people's
wanderings. If it does It scores high ;
for It accomplishes a task which every
other human agency, and every Gov
ernment In the world, long ago gavo
up as hopeless.
Of Writers and Readers.
When the short stories, or as they
might now be called novelettes of
Henby Cutleb Buxkeb were repub
lished, this spring, the friends of
American letters perused them with
a lively curiosity: How would the
stories of this genial, gifted Gotham
Ite, whose prime fell in the '80s, stand
the test of a literary resurrection?
In one word, they pass; and with
honor. Bunneb caught not simply
tho fashions, In living and In think
ing, of tho hour; but the essential
characteristic quality of his day and
generation, the everlasting human
stuff In one of Its temporary phases.
The stories made two volumes, and
might better have been edited down
to one; not by deleting passages but
by cnRtlng nsldo whole stories nnd
sketches. Skipping those more ephem
eral, Insubstantial writings against
whose Inclusion their author, could
he have been consulted, would have
protested, It Is a stronger, more en
during IliTNNER that Is left to us than,
before seeing the reprint, we should
have supposed could exist anywhere
but In tho affectionate lens-like mem
ory that records and retains only
merits, letting defects fade. Hut when
you re-rend "Zadoc Pino," "The
Midge," the "Story of a New York
Mouse" and the story of the old
Bishop at the enmp meeting, you see
that your first apologetic Impulse was
without Justification, and that when
you read IItnnkr thirty years ago
with so much enthusiasm you were
A big, sound man nnd mind was
H. C, Bijnnkh. The member of Ar
radia'n staff, the soul of Part:, the
Journalistic producer of skit and
sketch for the passing dny or week,
wrote nlso these stories of nn Interest
that survives the years. Ills adapta
tions of Dr. Maupassant showed how
little of literary value would have
lioen lost to the world had the French
writer possessed American health of
mind. And In tho stories we have
named, homogeneously American In
material and manner, Bunnkh like
j.IoiiN Hay In his recently republished
novel, "The Breadwinners" dealt
worthily with matters not superficial,
not evanescent: that story of the
bachelor doctor bringing up the little
orphaned girl Is superlatively "hu
man." But the best thing nbout
Bunnkh Is that ho knew how to
"grnde" his own work, neither over
rating nor undervaluing any hit of It.
His literary conscience would never
have permitted him to order as n
tiionuinent an omnium gatherum of
j his lien's product.
Thnt this Is not nn arbitrary as
sumption but Is borne out by palpable
facts we may prove by reference to
nn article In the Bookman, reprinted
from the August, 1806, number of
that sparkling literary Journal : a col
lection of the "uncollected" poems of
Bunnto. The article Is by Brandes
Matthews; mid Brandkb Matthews
Is the editor of the republished sto
ries. Evidently nothing "gets by"
Professor Matthews. Ills defence Is
an easy one, Heaven knows: Bunker
hns no right, having gained our suf
frages by hts major, self-npproved
works, to deprive us, by withholding
his minor compositions, of that ac
quaintance which admits to compnn
lonshlp In the hours of slippered ease
and light relaxation.
The first verses nre "To n Schooner,"
n sonnet that Professor Matthews
correctly calls "broadly comic." The
"purling foam1' caresses the vessel;
"across the Imr" she passes, with
"rich freight." Is n coarse thing dell
cately done to be made a memorial
more lasting than brnss? An ode to
Atlantic City has "a pleasant flavor
of the classics"; It leads to an apos
trophe to Coney Islnnd :
"Luxurious and splendid and urban, Klo-
rloua and tmsllt nnd gracious,
(Iftthtrlns from every land thy itay nnd
Krom the Greek who halls thee: 'Tha
lattat' to the rustic who mur
murs 'My dolly !'
.From the flowery youth who requests
his sweetheart to "look at them
To the Oaul whom thy lauRhlnic waves
almost persuade to Immersion:
O Coner Island, thou art the weam citi
A heaven to dine, not die In. Joyful and
restful and clamfut,
Iletter ono hour of thee than an are of
Atlantic City !"
Companion pieces are "Classic .lour
nnllsm." with Jokes on the .Wftcri
Courier, the South Sparlm Tribune,
the llocotinn Ilcrnld and the Eat
Acarnaninn Time, nnd rhymes made
by mispronouncing Greek names,
"Diogenes" with "means," "Themis
toci.es" with "locals"; "Shake, Mill
leary and Go-ethc" ; "Wed," "Tho De
serter" (scene In Bohcmln); "Inter
esting" "She dropped her eyes on
the ocean's blue. And said: 'Would
you mind If smoked too?'"; and
"In n Paris Restaurant," a takeoff
on the tourist "type." Life or Judge,
would print them to-dny or be sorry
It hadn't when, nfter rejecting them,
It saw how the other fellow hud
snapped them up. Any one of them
would be welcome In "Poems Worth
Beading," for Its unaffected, Infec
tious fun. But they take on a new
aspect, grouped as they are in the
restoration, In the light of this sen
tence In the Introduction:
"When'BUNNEn's first volume of Hhort
stories, In Partnership,' was ready for
the printer, ho became dlasatlsfled with
one of his mtorlee, and withdrew It,
writing In lt stead the vigorous and
pathetic tale called 'A Letter nnd a
Paragraph' a skilfully uneluhornted
bit of mighty 'gripping' tragedy."
So, having rend tho stories anil
these verses as well nn "Airs I'roiu
Arcady," which Bunner did "collect, '
we come to two conclusions: thut
Bunneb was right and set a good
example In refusing to make books
of his "fugitive pieces," and that The
People are right In Insisting upon
their privilege of Invading the shop
und the ndte books of an author they
choose to like.
The President as a Humorist.
Long before ho was elected Presi
dent Dr. Woodbow Wilson hod
gained an enviable reputation as a
humorist. His public utterances
since ho entered tho White House
have been necessarily devoid of any
thing avowedly Intended to be funny.
The dignity of his ofllce hud to be
preserved, and neither his position
nor the dark times In which ho has
represented the nation were condu
cive to that flow of bubbling Jollity
of which ho is capable.
Nevertheless, on Krfdny owning
ho mado a rpmark to the newspaper
men of this city thnt will take rank
us perhaps his highest achievement
as n thoroughgoing, nil around Amer
"It goes without saying," remarked
tho President, "that It Is tho duty of
the Administration to have constantly
In mind with the utmost sensitiveness
every point of national honor."
We do not clnlm, of course, thnt
there Is anything essentially funny
in tills sentence. It Is, In fnct, some
what platitudinous. Uttered by John
Smith or Thomas Jones it would not
attract any attention, or cause tho
slightest ripple cf laughter. The
humor of tho thing Is to be found
wholly In the fact thnt the words
above quoted were uttered by Woon
The sensitiveness of this Admin
istration to our nntlonnl honor has
become n Joke--or a tragedy be
cause It ought to exist and doesn't.
Our flag hns been repeatedly Insulted
upon the high sens during tho past
two years, and the fato that has
overtaken our country's honor In Mex-
Ico has brought to the cheeks of nil
thoroughly patriotic Americans a per-
... .. i . . s a. . i . i ,
MMIIIUIIl IPIIIll ML PI Minima HUH 11111111
the confines of our own country our
Hug has been repeatedly Insulted, and
only In a few Instances hnve the per
petrators of the outrages been pun
ished by law.
One of the most amazing fncts con
nected with tho President's remark
Is that he ventured to give voice to It
In a gathering of newspaper men.
The really Important question Is
whether Carranza is In a fighting
The Pennsylvania Judge who fined
a man $47 for catching a trout on
Sunday proves what every boy has
been admonished, that fishing on the
Sabbath Is unlucky. Dut the decision
must have disturbed tho rest of gentlo
old Izaak Walton, who believed
angling conducive to serious and relig
ious contemplation and "proper and
fit" for npy day of the week.
HitNRT Ford's white dovo of pence Is
a busy bird at present. It Is rumored
that Tait and Roosevelt aro preparing
to breuk bread together.
A recent railroad wreck at Oneida
wns caused by two "train riders"
turning a cock that set an emergency
brake. A freight wns derailed and
thrown across the track In front of an
approaching passenger train, llallroad
men have fought fur years for legis
lation against trespassing upon their
property, but have made little head
way. They say that thousands of
persons hnvo been killed or maimed.
The trespassers themselves have usu
ally been the sufferers: but when,
as In the case cited, the lives of trav
ellers and railroad employees are
placed In Jeopardy by the acts of men
stealing a rlilo It seems time for the
enforcement of a strict and elflclent
aw against trespassing.
Who Is the owner of the universe?
This Is a very Important question and
lets you right Into the light of universal
thought. The .VnuMliu.
True, no doubt: but since so many
claims have been disallowed we floun
der around hopeless, trying to get Into
There Is something splendid about
tho President's Indifference to the
verdict of Mexican bandits.
A hotel has been built for the "ac
commodation of oversea tourists and
other visitors to tho Victoria Kails."
Tho description of the new building Is
alluring and the scene that is pre
sented from Its windows Is "one of the
most wonderful in the world." Still It
will be a -good many yours nfter the
Cape to Cairo road is completed tiefore
It will attrnct bridal couples away
from our Nlnarn.
It Is a novel and Ingenious Idea thnt
war can bo avoided by letting the other
fellow do alt the lighting.
Tho Hull Moose is dead, but doesn't
seem to know It.
Growing Pains In Oklahoma.
To the Editor of The Sun Sir; A
Western correspondent writes m as
follows and I send It nlong to cheer up
those in ne-d of n haslnaa tonlo;
"Oklahoma farmers needed rain they
needed It very much and they got It ;
In fart, they got several rains.
"Yes-slr-ee and they rame In time
.to Insure a big harvest. They brought
Snllllolis of dollars to the Oklahoma
farmers, and they came. Just before th-
ti n ri'tl I nv if Vi a i f nut nn.1 . anon rl
cutting of alfalfa. It enhanced the value J Need of Legislation to Protect the
of thece crops millions of dollars. i Absent Soldier's Suffrage
"Corn why, you can ulmoat hear It
sro.in with growing pains! It Is ahoot- 'r the Editor or The Sun .vr; The
Ing straight up and making a ls-rfect . departure of the Seventh neclinent on
stand. Cotton yes. rnttoti ton. s nTiusd.iy and the impending departure
great ilwpe. The prediction Ik a million; In Squadron A of voutln-. my relatives
bales this year an Increase over last
year of approximately four hundred thou
sand bales. The market Is running
around 13 rents (t5 a bale). Oh. yes. It
will be just as high at picking and gin
ning time nnd the cotton farmer Is going
to have an abundant supply of money.
"Tho wheat and oat crops are now
being harvested. We are also Just fin-1
Ishlng the second cutting of alfalfa.
Mlllons of dollars, therefore, will soon
be rolling Into the farmers' pockets."
Hoston, July 1, Hbacon Hill.
Why Not Surveillance Instead of
To the EniTon or the Sun Sir: In
tho Interesting letter of Mr. Curtla's to
the.St'N printed on June 2 occurs this
statement . "Herause he wns so near
the scene of the crime, and for no other
reason, was suspected of murder and
locked up." Further on In his letter
Mr Curtis says of tho same Innocent
sufferer: "His arrest was undoubtedly
Justified, Suspects must be detained."
Must they? And If so. why? Would
not surveillance of a mm suspected for
no other reason than that here given suf
fice for all purposes of Justice, If not .f
law? Should hla subsequent actions, his
attempting to leave the city, for Instance,
or any other clrcumtnnce, give reason,
able- ground for believing In his guilt,
would It not be then time enough for his
arrest? "Shndowlng" a man may. for
all 1 know, bo more rosily than Impris
oning him, but It Is clearly lefs objec
tionable. A. M. O'NrtM., C S. C,
Notre Dame, Ind June 23.
Arms Have Gone to Mexlen
To the Kpitor or The Hun Sir: Un
derstanding so well what Oerinany has
done to America and civilization, I do
not sen nny need for going to war with
Mexlro at the present time. It would be
nothing short of murder to send our
preen ynun'-' men from otllces hiii! facto
ries Into that God forsaken country. If
we inn Kt-i n k Mini in.- urr m woriis, (
i. we have dono since August 1. 1914. I ,
should say that we enuld survive with-
out throwing the flower of American
youth Into the Mexican vortex.
In Wushlngtnn they have simply
tnlked, nbout the only real action .being
the sending of arum to Mexicans that
they might be used to kill American
soldiers. "Let n have peace,"
Hoston, June 30, Hkacon Hii.i
Foreign Flags In the Civil War.
To tub Kpitor ok Tub Sun Sir; 1
see that there Is objection to raising a
rxglment of Germans, or calling a regl
ment German. During the civil war I
belonged to the Fifty-fourth New York
Volunteers. It was called the Schwartzer
Jaeger. We carried the Gorman flag
and so did the Eighth New York. Of
course we also hnd our colors.
Whs there any objection In those
Tho Sixty-ninth neglment carried the
Irish flag. Amkricun.
Newark, N. J July 1,
The Meilran Meat.
Utah abnva tha din
Haar tha votara about I
"Wllaon get ua In ;
he will sat w aull"
C. B. B.
IN MARBLE AND CLAY.
John Yarrlngton was manifestly
struck by a little statue In marble
that occupied an Inconspicuous posi
tion In a corner of the sculptor's
studio. It was a figure of a rather
, short, bearded fellow. Curly hair
B",w.ed from bf1nealn. cap' . ,c
vianoiv. pjti if uiu lii'k 11 v. trvi
awkwardness of poso caused by a
J physical deformity: the loft leg was
shorter than the right. One bund
clutched a blacksmith's hammer, liut
the slightly defiant attitude, the stem
features, tho heavy brows and unsee
ing eyes all emphasized a possession
of that fierce pride which proceeds
wholly from a consciousness of de
fects seen by others nnd of excellences
seen only by the self.
"Who Is he?'' asked Mr. Yarrlngton.
"It's a statue of Hephaestus, the
Greek god of the forge, tho worker in
metals, whom the Tlomsns called Vul
can," the sculptor answered, looking
at his visitor with some curiosity.
"Do you like It?"
"How much do you want for it?"
was Yarrlngton's only response.
The artist named a sum that pro
duced nn ejaculation of "Humph!"
But a moment later Mr. Yarrlngton
said: "All right. I'll take It."
"Would you mind telling me why
you like It?" naked the maker.
"Eh? Why, the fellow seems to
know what others think about him
and not to care, because ho knows
some things nbout himself that they'll
never get on to," was Mr. Yarrlngton's
"Most people don't notice It." ob
served tho sculptor, looking at his
visitor with a certain perception.
'Tlut I hnve never dono a better piece
About a month Inter the village of
lllghvllle was struck nearly speech
less by Intimations that Its wealthiest
and least liked citizen was going to
furnish a statue to ornament the lawn
In front of the new library. The gift
wns accented sight unseen, and
eventually the little llep!intux made I
Its appearance on a small pedestal, j
ii receiven mucn uniavoraoie com
ment. Some of iMr. Yarrlngton's fellow
townsmen thought he should have got
a statue, twlco as large, others said
four times as large. Tho matter of
slzo was referred to tho donor's repu
tation for closefistedness. There was
not such sharp fault found with the
subject because the Ideas of most peo
ple on this point were vague. The
consensus seemed to be that a life
size woman's figure, "The Spirit of
lllghvllle," executed to order, would
have been n happy selection. None
failed to condemn tho diminutive nnd
unhandsome figure of a Inme pagnn
deity. It was like John Yarrlngton to
rhow Ineptitude In anything that
didn't Involve six per cent.
He had started In life as a barefoot
hoy who did farm work until he got
together enough money to buy n few
acres. Then he put every cent he
made Into the purchaso of land, and
later of mortgages. Hardly used he ;
had !een. and hardly he had used
others. As he never said much, the!
only Interpretation that could be put
on his remark about the statue was
one of wounded vanity. Some of the j
criticisms of the Hophnxtus having 1
been repeated to him, John Yarrlngton
merely glanced at the image and said
"Itelng a god, he may live long
enough to be appreciated."
The late John Yarrlngton left an
unaccountably small estate, but It
was not until the Hth of the presi
dent of the lllghvllle Rink a few
days ago thnt people In general
heard how when the bank's enshler
was found 'dead In the mill iionc In
1907 John Yarrlngton put up JT.'i.OOO
of his own and pulled the bank and
.'.00 little depositors through.
THE MILITIAMAN'S VOTE.
anil menus, irail tr
me to call your at
tentlon to a subject whtrh Is seriously
occupying th thoughts of the men
themselves nnd their families.
There appears to be neeil for emer
gency legislation which shall guard their
voting privileges, the rushing through
of an adequate hill which shall provide
for voting by mall, or by sworn proxies,
by absentees. Such provision has been
made In Dakota for the benefit of those
whose vocations cause them to travel
(actors, travelling salesmen, Ac 1 and
with no resulting inconveniences what
ever. Such protection of their suffrage
privileges should bo extended at once
to Ihe young militiamen nbo, enrolled
only to serve their States, have been
looking forward this year to the casting
of their first Presidential votes, but'
who now, at the call of the Federal
Government, are absent from these
States In the service of the nation.
Their civil rlRhts should be doubly pro
tected, legislation now can give this
protection. Apa Sti'rmno.
New York, July I.
We (Ihr It Pp.
To thz Kpitor or Tint Scn Sir.- Now
that the Thompson committee has ex
pired, may we ask you to tell us, from
your own or the official record, any
accomplishment, great or small, of this
wondrous committee thnt has resulted,
In the slightest degree, from the bully
ragging of eminent ami respected per
sons regardless of their positions or
their relations to the subject of the
Nkw York, July 1,
It Is Easy to Make Adages,
To thk EorroR or TitK Sun Sir; There
are always adages and adages, aa wit
ness: "Don't swap horinvi while crossing the
"Ratter eiiwiM a hlv rl.v k.m .
ga n death
enetter change to the gray mare than
drown In midstream."
LouisviM.i, Ky June 27, riCAnos.
Knthnalaam Aronaed by ArlUltlea of the
Tn Till Kditos or Tun Sim .Ir;
They putted Ma tall
Thay twlalsd 'la tall.
They've roued the Hrlllsh linn!
'K'a up and st 'am.
'Ow 'e'll bat 'em,
'Ow thnae Bochea will he (lyln't
Nzw York, June 30. X. n. M, L I.
Mother Yea, Johnny, the nrk brought
It 'iiawk more Ilka a parrot I
Flrat Flah What's tha matter T
Heeond Flah Somebody hat tied a atrlng
around ma tn remamber anmethln.
Bad Year for Heat Bnaatlnf.
Wa cannot kick about tha heat.
That Joy thla year wa may not knew,
Tha ether e.hapa will marely say
"It's hollar down In Maxlee."
Specimen Expressions from Sons of
the Southern Kepnbllc Resident Here.
To the Editor or The Sun Sir; There
Is a great mistake In the nssertlon that
"the war with Mexico would not last
long If the Cuban precedent wore fol
lowed." The "Mexican llefugee." who
told you so Is utterly Ignorant of the
sentiments of tho people of thnt coun
try, or maliciously gave yent to his
Were he a good Mexican, a good citi
zen, a lover of truth and harmony and
peace, ho should have told you that
Mexicans of all classes, from the Itlo
Clrando to the Itlo Suchlate, entertain,
from old, nn unabatod uneasiness as
to the ultimate purposes of this Union
In regard to the Integrity of thet-.territory
and the free, evolution of their
struggles for freedom and civilization.
He that uneasiness right or wrong
the fact Is such, and It precludes the
possibility of a real submission of Mexi
cans under the promises of a treatment
simitar to the one dealt on Cubans.
War, under any banner of assur
ances, would be regarded as the fulfil
ment ot that ominous tradition; and
consequently would be a call for tho
activities of all for the defence from a
real or assumed peril of what they hold
There are 8,000,000 Indians In Mexico.
They love their small patches of land.
Fathers receive them, and transmit them
to their sons as an Inheritance which
must be kept In the family as a me
mento of their forefathers. They never
sell them. The Indians who have no
land hnve been despoiled. They love
each other with a tribal affection.
When one is killed his relatives feel
It their duty to punish the offender.
Suppose, then, that these people ac
quire, In some manner, the notion that
Americans Intend to deprive them of
their land. They would rise In arms.
Rome of their number would get killed
and they would fight to tho bitter end
In defence of their land nnd In revenge
of their slain brothers.
The balance of the population Is the
cultivated one. It knows by heart the
Innermost Idea that Inspired the move
ment of American troops In 1S47, as re
venled by General Ulysses S. f!rant: It
sees with regret the old map In which
the first syllable of the word "Mexico"
Is printed far north of the waving line
of the Itlo Ornnde. Aa these Mexicans
know that Americans cling to certain
doctrines, the .Monroe Uoctrlno for In
stance; as they see fly about, without
being challenged, the most alarming en
couragements toward the use of force
against Mexico, they naturally are
nl.irmed ns to tho future of their stren
uous efforts to remodel the fatherland
In the cost of democracy, anil would
fight for the salvxtion of the structure
which cost them the blood nnd hard
ships the world knows of
1 do not of course entertain the no
Hon that I can show you the rlelit way,
but I must say thnt Mexicans nre dix-lle.
nppreclatlve of kind treatment, nnd
grateful toward their benefactors,
Ji.sfs It. Oltos,
New York, July 1
Helleres In No Korm of Inlenentlon.
To the Editor or The kl'n .sir: l
liae. rem! u to-days issue of THE SUN
h letter heaileil "A Mexican Opinion,",
written by a "Mexican llefugee." I am
liound In truth to state that I do tint'
share the views of the writer as to nny!
settlement of Mexico's affairs through .
any artlnn of the t'nlled Stntes Gov
ernment, as 1 do not believe that any
intervention, political or otherwise, can
do nny good to Mexico.
Furthermore, I wlh to state most
emphatically that I have never been In
any way connected with political mat
ters In Mexico, nor have I ever been
nor am 1 at present a leader or member
of any political party.
I beg thnt you will kindly Insert the
above Matement In your paper.
New YonK.June 3f, la-ls Et.nt.'ERO.
Wants Xo Political or Military Inter
ferenre. To thk Editor or The Sun sir; In
ferring to the letter published In to-i!ii'
Stw under the heading "A Mexican
opinion" and signed by "A Mexican
llefugee," I wish to state that I have
never been nor am 1 at present the leader
of any political organization whatsoever
In my country.
Inasmuch ns I am referring to this
letter I further wish to state that I am'
bitterly opposed to any Idea of inter
vention In 5lexlcn, be It through political
Influence or force of arms.
New York, July 1. Kmilio Hasasa.
Snys That I'nlted States Troops Should
To thk Fiutor or Thk .lev -Sir; At
this moment, when the differences be
tween the 1'nlted States and Mexico have
reached suih a critical point that war
may come between the two nations, pub
lic Interest Incites m to take sides with
thoe opposed to such a war.
I hold that In the event of such a
conflict the net social result, after the
strugcle, would only be the sacrificing of
Innocent blood, and that If the with
drawal of Fnlted Statn forces from
Mexican territory would avert the per
petration of this crime the Americans
There are three possible causes that
might precipitate this war. First, the
protection of Hie nnd property against
rcrlme.s perpotr'atrd by bandits. Sec
ondly, annexation of Mexican territory.
Thirdly, an attempt to Impose a political
preponderance of tho I'nlted Stales Gov
ernment In the Internal affairs nf Mex
lro ns a safeguard to the Monroe
Let us point nut the fallacy of the
first course. After the military war
has been fought not the real war and
with Mexico us the vanquished, what
then? Would that put an end to the
w". rk of the outlaws nnd desperadoes?
1 emphatically deny that such would be
tho case. Nay. It would make condl.
tlons worse, ns It would arouse the
sentiment of patriotism and creute the
enlisting nf peaceful Mexicans to mili
History tells us that a conflict of thl.s
kind would not be nnythlng new between
the United States and Mexico. Hut ha-s
the I'nlted States Government been able
to eradicate lawlessness In tho Mexican
territory that she annexed In the war
of 1846. and even then with the perma
nent rccupatlon of lbo-e places?
Moreover, is It not a fact that to-day,
while thn punitive expedition against
Villa has penetrated far Into the Mex
ican territory, the bandits are still at
largo raiding border towns ; and here
at home, after the subjugation of the
Southern States, has the Cnlted Kl iles
Government been able to do away lib
the lawlessness and practice of lynrlilng
111 Ilium States?
If these aro the facts, Is there any rea
son to expect that a war to-day with
Mexico will put an end tn lawlessness
In that republic and solve the Mexican
situation? Not It would only bj a car
nage, planting desolation III thousands of
homes nfter the fashion of bleeding Ku
rope, During a conflict of this kind the
bandits and outlaws, both In Mexico and
this country, who hnve enticed tho good
men of Mexico and the good men of the
United Slates to slaughter each other,
wvuld le In hiding, for a manly war Is
,not their war, nnd after the war they
would again come out to prey upon so
ciety with lawlessness and crlmo.
The second cuse, which pertains to
the annexation of Mexlnnn territory. Al
though such design has been emphati
cally denied hy the American Adminis
tration (and we should not doubt Its
sincerity) Mexico can hardly be blamed
for being suspicious f n military occu
pation of her territory by American
troops with the American Government
refusing to give time limit for tha with
drawal ot Its troops.
If the Americans are going to b In
Mexico until lawlessness Is subdued, then,
for tha reason above stated, tha present
occupation of Mexican territory cannot
spell anything else than annexation.
History repeats Itself. In tha last war
Mexico lost n rreat oart of her territory.
Moreover, the declarations of various
American Administrations tnrouirtout
the relations with Latin America are not
In keeping with their Acts.
This statement Is bnsed on the facts
of the Panama incident nnd the dismem
berment ot the Republic ot Colombia ; the
behavior of the United Stntes In Nicar
agua and Haytl; the unparalleled oonduot
toward Porto Rico In Its Indefinite state
of demoralization, and lastly, the out
rage committed upon uie liepumtc or
Therefore. In the fare of these lamen
table Incidents, Mexicans have amplo
reasons for being suspicious. A pro
longed occupation of their territory will
Inevitably result In war. And to avoid
a conflict of Irreparable losses and un
foreseen consequences the Americans
As to the third cause, or the Inter
ference of this country In the political
affairs of Mexico, It is most erroneous,
as It would mean nothing less than a
denial of absolute sovereignty of that
nation. History teaches us that such a
policy has always been disastrous to the
peaceful relations among the nations of
The growing distrust toward the
United States throughout the Latin
American countries Is a vivid expression
that the policy of tute' jo that the
United States has assumed In some of
those countries Is working tu atlvely to
the strengthening of thoso friendly rela
tions upon which only a concerted de
fence of this hemisphere must be built.
It Is rational to expect ti i the Monroe
Doctrine will have no value for Mexico
or any Latin American republic If it Is
to be Interpreted .m "America for the
If the only design of the United States
Is to extend a friendly hand to the Mex
ican nation, It seems to me that its ob
ject could be accomplished best by a
policy that would rout within the United
States the bad American Influences thnt,
In common with thoso of the bad ones
of Mexico, are shamefully and eternally
clotting against that country: that an
armed Intervention against a nation that i
could hardly be held lesponslble for the I
.. In . .1 a L. t.ll tJ .. m.m .
o?UcfvoJnU8l,f' bCf0r" hlR" C0UUl
or civilization. ,
Therefore to withdraw the American
forces from Mexican soli and establish a
more effective protection of tho border
not only would take care of the outlaws
and marauders but should serve to avett
a bloody conflict nnd be lu harmony
with the representations of the American
Government In behalf of civilization and
humanity. , K. A. Hojas.
New Yokk , July 1.
In I HI." New York Had a Theatre oa
To thk Kditor ok Tub Sun Sir; The
first cruising theatre In this town was
Instituted In 1M5 as a "nocl entertain
ment." The New York llns relates that
a steamboat lying at the foot of Spring
street was lelng converted Into a thea-
tre by sinking a pit through the main ,,Uar:ers) u sounding board of p,,,ie.
deck and raising a tier of boxes above mH(.lc was set up and tested In order t-
what is Known as he promenaiie ueca. kUo u11 of ,ho ,Oi00o attendants of tint
The stage was in the stern and wasi Wet;k.8 lllt.e,IKM H cllce lo ,car
forty feet wide. The auditorium so ,,. HVe:iien , re(,tlItrHU(m rrK)in
formed would accommodate about 800 lvcMy ,.lerK wpre regbterlng and
persons. The decorations had not yellbadglng the members of the aseocl.vlon
been commenced, but the manager ex-, , ,H arn, room ar Uned H
peeled to be uflo.it with a full roin-i )0, 0( a ,ePKmph office, a railway
pany In the short space of three weeks. mirt.au for N!4,,!atlnK tlcketlli an ,x'
The Intention was to "visit all the towns. ,,reiu, com,,any omcCi tt ,hcatre tnh,t b
v llages and cities on the banks of he Information bureau, a bu-eau
udson and af er waking up all tho 0f sKhtseelng trips and public telephw
Dutch girls and their sweethearts ' t" j bootlui '
?ZTi "h "".rVh".1 Vdr,.'r-T-y hB' I T1,c National Council of Education I, x I
S-h. "iMrrnr'nf Vnr.l - nf "e"ln meetings In the grand MI
The r.tenln.7 Mirror of April . "J ' room of the Hotel Astor yesterday afte
that year announced that the Temple of . . . . r. i;....,, ,
the Muses, better known as the Flo XNa tlonal K .1 lea ion AssKo I
Ti. '",r',..wo". M J,1!?. .'V''? r ' 1 r)Mi U..ncroft Johnson of the V
cents, nnd private boxes $3, floors
opened at o ciock ami tne curtain rose
promptly at 7, The programme as ad-
Ihe curtain rose
vertlsed consisted or an original ad-
dress, spoken In character by Mrs. Suth -
erlnud; a laughable vaudeville,
ipina .uniu , an uiiKiimi iiiunia, uui
Flag, or Nailed to the Mast." and a
farce. "A I..ulv and Gentleman In a
i.iim.. i..i.i.. I.-.H ,nn.
the term "vaudeville," now so much In
vogue, Is not a new designation for that
class nf entertainment.
The same newspaper on April 4 re
pcrted that the audlenco on the opening
night was of fair size and highly re
spectable. and stated that the drop cur
tain was well painted and represented
the landing of Columbus, that there
were four proscenium Ikixcs and the or
chestra was comosed uf nine musicians
who played effectively,
it commended the proprietors
their enterprise, stated thnt no expense
had been spiired and noted that the com
pany was more than respectable as tn
talent. Mrs. Sutherland was pronounced
a gem who was exceedingly pretty and
would astonish our "alongshore" friends
The saloon tn the forward part of the
boat was arranged tstefullc nnd was
apparently well supplied with "crenture
comforts." A visit was recommended
"merely for the curiosity of the thing,
for the originality of tho Idea was nn -
On April 7 It was nnnnunced that the
boat was then tied up to the pier foot
of Chambers street, with an entire change
of programme, and on April IS It had
removed to the foot of Delancey street,
ulu.i-A nrlrea ha.t been ri-aiiceil f.O tier'
............. ..... .
cent. Ot, May fi It Is found moored at
the foot of Hammond street, and no
further notice Is granted. .
We are left to wonder what the'
"alongshore" WKs re. illy dirt think of
the entourage I Ioiteii .striker Mott.
New York, June '.'!.
The High Destiny of a Hoston
To the Kditor or The Sun Sir;
That The SfN's rajs penetrate Into
the remotest corners of tho cosmos la
shown by the fact that the great moral
aphorism thnt everything pleasant Is
either expensive, Indigestible or wrong
which I sent to you last winter hns
reappeared here this summer In a eong
In a comic opern : Incidentally demon
strating the curvature of space nnd the
fact that the stage Is really laboring
for the uplift of the American people.
I quoted the ssylng the other day to
a beniitlful maiden to whom I thoughl
the know ledge would be of value. She
plunged nt once Into profound refiee'lon
and stayed there ns much as live seconds,
which Is a good deal for a modern
maiden Then she smiled sweetly and
said. "I'eanuts." I was dumb.
Hoston, June 30, a, O'D.
Sentiments of a Geographic Democrat.
To the Kpitor or The Sun sir; As
a recent convert to Hughe let me an
ticipate the glat of the President's com
ing address to Congress:
(Ikntlemss; I have eventually uc
reeded In getting thla country Into an
awful mea, hut I want you to taka the
blame for It now by a declaration of war
against Mexico, .
Many other "geogrnphlo" Democrats,
as they ate t-ometlines called, feel as I
do about It. DlxiK.
Nashville, Tenn., June Zt.
There are two aorta
To waya aheraby
Th crown may coma
To glory Uuni.
Thara It tha fool
Hy aazes huns
Thara It tha saga
By foola condemned.
If fool Judged foo
Or aa-a Judtad ,
No martyr's tala
Would slid tha pat'
Belief That, 00,000- TparhN
and 10,000 Friend Will
HUSH NOW TO KEOISTKR
A fair Idea of the Immensity nf jha
fifty-fourth annual convention of tli
Natlonl Education Association, which
began yesterday and Is to tontinn.
through this week, may be gath.rM
from the fact that the vrogramme n:i
nlnety-stx page, exclusive of ailvertlf.
ments, of a volume which also contain.
I2S page guide book of New Vr,,i.
in addition to the general session n
Madison Square Garden, beginning
2:30 o'clock to-morrow afternoon, then
nre to be hundreds of other meeting! In
hotels, halls, colleges and high sc'-ooN
of special departments of the
tlon and societies that are allied In un
way or another witn the "N. I;. A "
An attendance of 30,000 tencher
said yesterday to be a conservative for.
cast. At least 10,001) nre expected from
ouismc sew ioik state. Counting th
great number of relatives of the edit
cators who ate being brought along for
sightseeing and shopping and the out
sldcrs drawn hero by excursion rate or,
all railroads, ihe city's transient popula.
Hon Is probably being Incrensed by mora
than 100,000 persons with Miration
money In their pockets.
Will Make a o llrcord.
Th.,. ti nnn
I ; ' ? ' , ",.' , ' '".. " " ""V
rolled, but It was figured tli.it abitit
11,000 of them were merely taking aJ.
vantage of lha cheap transportation rat's
and did not attend the convention. Oi!l.
civs of the association said jesterday
that the present gathering of teaih.n
will make a new iccord. It will cer
tainly be larger than the biggest poIIikmI
convention, and la possibly the largeat
convention ever held, in this country at
least. It Is twice the size of the an
nual convention of the National Federa
tion of Women's Clubs, which Is alwaji
The Influx will be at Its height to
morrow afternoon und evening. It set hi
on Friday uud In all the railro.id st.
tlnus and hotels the tide was rising
terday. In Madison Square Garden itli
manngement Intends no reflection on Uie
teacners by making tlio rreaks' room
of circus day their registration bead.
throp Normal and Industrial foiie.
Hock Hill. S. C, was chairman. Am
the speakers were Dr. A. Duncan Yo i
. ,,- " r ,.
?' , hf " , , ' " ' " "
... Slrnu ,.f ,.hlt,..,. r,i',i....
i u V..;i.. ." L ..L ..
oe .uiiviitHii i?jtn:iv jur i nun.
!....-. ....II..., t..i ... .
, v--...i . , , , . . .
l i Hipi", j f-rui.-iib i me ItUIIMII .
' " "J""': iV,"'lur
"ntdent of Kducatlon James . Joyner
Straus, who tnlked about "Th
Greater Thrift." didn't think much of
miserly men or miserly nations. II
said the man who pays 130,000 fo-
work of ait Is neither thriftless nor ex
travagant, "for he i.s placing a sloroij.
premium on genius and brains. gl tut
Impetus to artistic progress, reflnemrt
and . Ivlllzatlnn,"
"The man ho Is penurious and tight
fisted Is a dead weight on civilization,"
said Mr. Straus. "The other day a mar
s.ild to me, 'I know a gentleman of grea'
weaiin wno orucs to nis nusmess every
day and home every night In an automo
bile that cost him lio.oon. Is that
thrift?' I said. 'If this man doe b.
duty to humanity. Is rorrevpondlnsb
charitable and still can afforu a Jlo.n-
automobile, he Is thrifty. The man win
' can afford a MO.00O automobile and use.
, ono is a valuable citizen because he '
Placing a premium on skilled workman
''hip and brains, which are necessary to
Premium nn l)rrelopmet.
"The man who dines from costly ch'ra
l a more useful citizen, If he can nffo-i
these things, than If ho uses cheap rro .
. " . . . ' '. .
development or tne nppiien arts i
who , '
lult ,uit or ,.
,,, t , , , ,
f f wh,ch ahe
' , , unskilled labor W
,,, .,,,!, .. ,h. ., t.,..
to skilled labor and a designer whoa
work Is art."
Mr. Straus said he believed that ih
time was near nt hand when "the grei-e-thrift"
would be taught in all our school"
and colleges and that It especially ntitfM
to be taught In normal schools so "
teachers would be equipped to lnsi-"-'
their pupils In personal economies II
Judgment was: "You cannot teach a br
to bo a money maker that Is a Una -Tlut
you cap teach him to live n sers'.b'a
life, to spend his earnings wlsel.
The gist of advice to teachers g ve
hy Dr. l'earse of Milwaukee was "'tv
Ing Is," more Important than to have tr"
minds of the American youth turned
toward tlio fact that in tho ord nan
course of eentti thoy are quite sure
be parents and that they should iim
mental and physical preparation to in.-e'
To-day there will be special er
In the Cathedral of St. John the l'- "
St. Patrick's Cathedral, Trinity I'hu
Temple Kinanii-Kl and many
churches and synagogues.
Dr. David Starr Jordan. vlc,-p-es t
of tho N. I.. A., will preside ov. r
first general session of the .
In Madison Square Garden bei'ici .
U 1'. M. to-morrow. Gov Wh in in 1
cation Commissioner Finb' v
Mltchel and other will glw .id '
of welcome. Another speaker .. '
teruoon will bo William llowi' l
Gon. Leonard Wood has been m i. '
speak to-morrow evening to pi
Senator Itobert I. Owen, wh" - K- '
Washington by the Mexican ntu.it 1
Thu National Council will rcsun
meeting at the Hotel Astnrat V 30 A M
to-morrow. To-morrow night the
ith of New York city will give n t r
tlon at thn lllltnioro wh.ch will
At the Alitor Inst night the nii'-' '
wero Prof. Ilobert M, Yoi'-is . '(
Mini, I C, Hart ford, super nlen i' '
Instruction of Colorado, .1 W. 1 i'
superlnttndiMil of schools, Hnionn. N
.' : M, ffates Stephens, sir., t i'ile n I't
"f Instructlm of M iryland . .lusepi.l' '"
I'reston, superintendent of ineiru
of Washington; .1. P, Shupp. -"'IP'
lendent of schools of Ch' .if" 1
Arthur Chamberlain, secretary c i'e
California Council of Kdin.ii .m
Mr. Chamberlain, referrii's ' 1 "
rrnvldence of the average ie,i r r
"The time may ronie whin
tisvo compulson taxings f i"