Newspaper Page Text
. ,THE NEW YORK HERALD.
NEW TORK, SUNDAY, FED. 15. 1020.
' XIIB 8UN-IIERAI.D CORPORATION,
Publishers, !M Broadway.
Frank A. Munsey. President.
Ervln Wardman. Vlce-preeldenti Wm. T.
ewart, Vice-president end Treasurer! It
1!. Tltherlngton, Secretary.
Dally, two rente it copy in new ior
city and suburb and thro cent else
wberei Kundey, Ore cental rlaewhere, ten
MAIL SUBSCRIPTION HATES.
East of Mississippi
iif nm ft I r on
By Mail, Postpaid. Yf. Mentha, Month.
DAILY SUNDAY. .111.00 6.00 $1.00
DAILY only 9.00 4.50 .85
BIINHAV nnl. 4 00 2.25 .40
BUNDAY only. Canada B OO 3.23 .55
For all point! west of the MlllPPl
River add $1 a year tor dally or dally and
DAILY t SUNDAY.. S2.0O $13.30 $2.40
DAILY only IA.00 0.00 1.50
SUNDAY only 0.75 3.12 .
All checks, money orders, Ac, to be
made payable to The Bun-Herald,
TublUhed In Parla every day In the year.
Price In Parla 23 centimes, dally and
. PARIS OFFICE. 40 AVENUE DE
Information concerning advertising rates
for the European Edition may be obtained
from the main New York office.
The Associated Press. I exclusively en
titled ito the use for republication of all
news despatches credited to It or not
otherwise credited In this paper and alio
the local nene published herein.
All lithta of republication of special
despatchea herein are alio reierved.
If our frlenda who favor ua with manu
script and Illustration for publication wish
10 have rejected artlclea returned, they mutt
In all caiea aend atamps for that purpose.
MAIN BUSINESS AND EDITORIAL OF
FICER. 280 BROADWAY. TELEPHONE,
Mr. Wilson's Astounding Stand In
Dlsmlsslni? Secretary I.anslntc.
Over the drnmntle ami, In Its Inst
analysis, tragic Lansing nffalr Mr.
Wilson will llml tlio nation diun
founded. Not because the President
,has parted with his Secretary of
State. It Is bis undoubted privilege
to cbanw nny Cabinet olllcer tit will.
It Is the President alone who Is re
sponsible to the American ivople for
his administration In part as In
whole. Nobody clce can answer for
him. It Is for him, therefore, find
only for him to decide whe.ber any
Cabinet olllcer represents and follows
lilni ns he wishes to be represented
end fpllowed. If the President, for his
own particular reason's, wished to
change nt one stroke his whole Cabi
net, If he wished to change It n dozen
tiroes over, the American people might
become tired of the performance, but
nobody could question his right to do
what he was doing.
But what shocks the nation' and
what will cause H deep concern dur
ing the rest of Mr. Wilson's admin
istration Is his attitude so unmistaka
bly expressed and so strongly empha
sized in his letters to the dismissed
Secretary of State that, even under
the circumstances of the President's
utter and prolonged Incapacity to per
form his public duties, the public In
terest counts for nothing.
Mr. Wilson was Incapacitated for
weeks; yet when the administrative
government had to continue to oper
ate somehow its a coordinate, har
monious whole he challenges the au
thority of anybody but himself to
keep (t so going. He denies the duty,
not to mention the right, of any Cabi
net officer to assemble the others,
even to ask the views of nny one of the
heads of the executive departments.
He charges the Secretary of State
nnd, Ipso facto, the other Cabinet offi
cers who cooperated with him In try
ing to keep the Government going
with a usurpation of power nnd sort
of personal treason to him.
Mr. Wilson might have been Inca
pacitated for years Instead of months.
Mr. Wilson might have lain Indefi
nitely In n helpless and hopeless stu
' por while the most crucial Interests
of the nation were at stake. The Gov
ernment might have been threatened
with bankruptcy or revolution or an
archy. The country might have been
Invaded by n conquering enemy. The
Yery foundations of the Republic might
have been sinking under It. Yet, while
the President lny Impotent and per
haps unconscious, no Cabinet officer,
In the mind of Mr. Wilson, could call
a meeting of his official family. No
Cabinet officer, by Inference, without
an Illegal and unrighteous assumption
of Presidential authority nnd power
could attend such u meeting, to serve
or to save this nation.
The nation, we say, must be as
tounded that nowhere in the Presi
dent's letters to Mr. Lansino is there
the slightest reference to the interest,
welfare and safety of the public No
' where in these documents is there
the vaguest intimation that the Inter
ests and rights and safety of the
public are of the least consideration.
Never mind the country. Never mind
the necessities, emergencies and crls
of the nation. In the estimation of
Mr. Wilson they are nothing, they
could be nothing, as compared with
the sacred rights and solemn privi
leges of the man lying sick and silent
In the Wnlto House, though he might
bo of no more service to the nation.
In however desperate straits it should
be, than If ho no longer breathed the
breath of life.
Yet, reflecting how consistent this
sheer disregard of the public Interest
Is with Mr. Wilson's whole policy nnd
programme since the day ho first set
sail for Europe, the people of the
United States may recover from their
first staggering astonishment over the
President's letters to Mr. Lanslno.
Tney are so llko him, they are so
much the essence of everything ho
has said and done in trying to bend
this nation to his will, in trying to
sacrifice the , Independence and tho
sovereignty of these American people
V to his own International purposo and
. programme, that thy are boand to see
nt first glance, as figures of familiar
faco and spirit.
But as long as Mr. Wrtso .re
mains in the Chief Magistracy tho
American people never can feel that
this country of theirs Is the first and
tho highest thlnfejn the view of the
President of tho United States. They
never again can bo confident that the
nation is secure.
Three Lonely Soldiers.
Tlireo years ago, on March 13, 1017,
n Belgian soldier, Felicien Lecxebcq,
wroto a letter to The Heeald in
which he said :
"How often In all this rough win
ter times, when we are In the trenches
of this Myatlc Flemish plain, we feel
how much onevs heart wants motherly
affection, and how much we look out
for warm hearts?"
And he wondered If In tho biggest
town of the world there was a mar
ralno de guerre to send mental com
fort to threo poor soldiers. The.lcttcr
was signed by Leclebcq and bis two
friends, Emir. Sciioelens and Stl
vebe Vande Walle, and the Censure
Mllltnlre started It on its way.
Time passed. Great events hap
pened. The United States got Into
tho war. Germany was smashed.
President Wilson went to Paris. Tho
Senate did not Tatlfy the treaty. The
Herald nnd The Sun were amalga
mated. New York was snowbound.
A wonderful three years. And three
days ago the letter was delivered.
Where has it been all this time?
There Is nothing to show. In fairness
one should not shout ''Burleson I"
War also can upset the best regulated
post office department But we hope
Messrs. Leclebq, Sciioelens and
Vande Walle have come through the
war unscathed, that they are no longer
lonely or poor in any sense of the
word, and that they are sharing the
prosperity which Is again coming to
Belgium as the reward of courage,
devotion and patriotism.
A Vicious Sport, Imported.
One more hunting system has ndded
its evidence of the need of a further
fcffort, a really systematic educative
campaign, to teach every one of our
male citizens, native and foreign born,
the reasons why this country will not
have Its songbirds slaughtered. The
Audubon Society has to Its credit any
amount of valuable work In the
cause, nnd so has the State Conserva
tion Commission, which makes Itself
largely responsible for the enforce
ment of the law nnd the punishment
of law breakers. It does not reflect
cpon either body to say that their
activities might be supplemented.
As many of the reasons for songbird
protection are coldly practical as ore
sentimental. Educative campaigners
ought to have at their disposal some
one's genuine understanding of the
bird slaughterer's nature. They could
then decide whether to base their
"literature" mainly on the appeal of
the beauties of bird life to the cele
brated poetic sensibility of the hunt
ers or on the brutal logic that fewer
Insectivorous and graminivorous birds
means more bugs and weeds, more
bugs nnd weeds means poorer crops,
and poorer crops dearer food.
This "literature" ought to be so
displayed that no gun- bearing .citizen
Kble to rend his mother tongue could
possibly miss seeing it. A dwelling
to dwelling canvass, laid out according
to a census, would be Impractica
ble. Yet something approaching that
standard In thoroughness ought to be
done. It will not suffice to inform
the hunter that if be docs kill pro
tected birds nnd Is caught he will get
In serious trouble. He may be pre
sumed, as a rule, to know that al
ready. Plenty of examples have been
made year after year. It Is reported n
quite common practice tf the offender
Is to hunt in couples; one man goes
ahead with the gun. the other follows
at a wholesome distance, picking up
the pitiful game.
And no concelvnble provision of po
licing would be a true preventive.
To make It so every grove and hedge
row within easy holiday reach would
have to have an inspector on fixed
post. Tho thing Is to stop nt the
source the impulse to go hunting song
birds, not the gunner afield or his
charge of shot.
In October last more than $1,800
was paid In this State by fifty-seven
persons for killing or having in posses
sion birds of kinds which it is lawful
at no season to kill or have. The
highest single fine paid was $100. It
may or may not have been n grave
lesson to tbe culprit Assume that It
was. Even then, no feneiblo severity
In fining or In equivalent Jail sen
tences should, or appears to, operate
as a general deterrent.
The preliminary question' Is, of
course, what does tho hunter shoot
bh birds for? Here a confusion li
likely to arise "Oh, well, these ore
hard times, nnd tho poor dovlls kill
'm for food." An amiable attitude,
kit a complete mistake. Tho poor
devils who may or may not be ab
jectly poor with wages where they
are kill tho birds for sport.
To kill them for food Is not, in this
year of grace, profitable business. In.
deed, It is so far the reverse that the
most brutish stupidity would never
"ream of spending money for car
tridges for poaching, Instead of spend
lag it over tho butcher's counter, if
hunger were the motive. The cheapest
cartridge with which a small bird can
be killed by a tyro marksman without
smashing the body to rags is tho .23
tallbro shot cartridge. They come to
more than half a cent apiece. The
meat on a bird of sparrow size
amounts to two small maathfuls. And
then the -ZJls not the fowling piece
weapon of tbe hasten He eoKBo&ly
THE SUN AND NEW YORK HERALD, SUNDAY, FEBRUARY 15,. 1920..
Its ammunition comes to a nickel a
shot at tho lowest
In order to get good value for his
eickel tho gunner for the pot would
have to wait chances at compact flocks
such as one sometimes sees of red
winged blackbirds in tbe fall, or
chances at huddles of birds on the
ground, or bird laden treetops or
wires. And ho doosn't. His bags
show It. Ho often has n largo per
centage of birds which aro always, or
nearly always, solitaries in habit. He
likes robins nnd birds of that slzo be
causo they aro nobler game than chick
adees, but he shoots at nny feathered
thing bo sees. One gunnysack opened
by an officer last autumn contained a
kinglet the second smallest bird we
hare, with a body no bigger than tbe
tip of a woman's finger 1
That Is not killing for food, now
ever, tbo next point to bo made In es
tablishing tho hunter's motlvo puts
bis nature in a somewhat better light.
Shooting ltttlo birds. In some parts
of Europe, was quite tho thing for a
man of spirit to do; tnero was. noth
ing unlawful or wicked nbout It in
the estimation of his fellow citizens.
Americans who know northern Italy
know the esteem in which thrushes
aro held there as sportsmen's trophies
and delicacies to servo on toast. Dr.
William J. Lono has told how he
once took pity on tho clumsy failures
of a sportsman he ran across in the
Campania. Dr. Lono "squeaked"
some shy little birds into range nnd
then discovered that "the wretch was
shooting skylarks." The Italian coun
tryside Is, or was not long since, pro
verbial among travelled ornithologists
for Its impoverishment of bird life.
This Is the reason.
It Is easy to imagine the mental proc
esses of the Immigrant thus trained.
Being poor, he never did have enough
of the gentleman's sport of shooting
nt borne. Is not America the land of
freedom, nnd a lately settled wilder
ness teeming with game? It Is teem
ing with what he regards as game.
His first Sunday afternoon's outing
shows hlra that What If his neigh
bor docs seriously warn him that we
have nn unreasonable way of sup
pressing the natural sporting instinct?
He probably adds that If you hunt In
such and such places you aren't likely
to be caught. Possibly the risk adds
a certain spice agreeable to the palate
of his temperament
The moral : Catch your man anxious
to be hunter early and make him see
the point; sensibly worded "litera
ture," rather explanatory than either
minatory or wheedling In tenor,
should accomplish a good deal.
We should like to see the educative
experiment well tried. ,
The Centenary of a Useful Woman.
In noting the fact that Susn B.
Anthony was born a hundred years
ago to-day It Is Interesting nlso to re
member that every considerable re
fprm of which she was nn advocate
has come to pass.
She fought for the abolition of slav
ery, for total abstinence and for equal
suffrage. Slavery disappeared when
she was still In her most active years.
When she died", In 1000, many of the
States had agreed with her views on
prohibition nnd votes for women.
Miss Anthony would have deserved
the gratitude of the women of this
State If she had given them nothing
more than what she got the Legisla
ture to grant in 1SC0: tho right of
married women to tho possession of
their earnings and the guardianship
of their children.
British Navy's War Artists.
One of the greatest complaints the
American artists who went to France
to picture the war for the Corps of
Engineers have to make Is that "the
war was too short" By this they do
not mean to Imply they wanted more
blood shed and more lives lost but
merely register a comparison between
their opportunities for observation
and those of their British and French
colleague who had four years to
work In as against their six months.
Of what greater opportunities British
war artists' had we now have a record
In the report made by Rear Admiral
Sir Douglas Bkowneico of the Brit
ish Navy, to whom in 1017 was given
the task of finding the right artists to
preserve for the Admiralty a pictorial
record of tbe naval and mercantile
activities of the war. According to
Admiral Bbownbjoo there were twelve
of these artists, some very well known
to American art lovers through their
work. They were Sir John Lavebt,
Gltn Philpot, Captain Philip Con
nabd, Ambbose McEvoy, Ciiables
Peabs, Nelson Dawson, Lieutenant
G. S. Aubee, Muibhead Bone, Fban
ns Dodd, -W. Ranees, Bebnabd Gbib
dle and Lieutenant Abnold Fobsteb.
Much diplomacy was required at
times to get these men where the Ad
miralty wanted them to bo to obtain
pictorial records. Such was the case
when it was desired that Sir John
Lavebt should record the arrival on
Sir David Beattt'8 flagship of tho
German Admiral Von Meubkr when
he made arrangements to surrender
the German fleet. Lavebt was sta
tioned behind a group of electric
lights on the deck of tho Queen Eliza
beth when Von Meubeb came aboard
and was thus hidden from observa
tion. When Beattt and Von Meubib
were conducting negotiations in the
cabin. Lavebt, attired in the uniform
of a navy post Captain, sot at a table
with his sketching kit hidden behind
a plio of books where he was supposed
to bo taking notes of tho conference
Eve,ry artist was obliged to bend
time and circumstanco to opportunity.
On the day of the actual surrender of
the German fleet MuraHKin Bone ap
peared to hare coapleteljr'jisapfeared
frc the Qeeea JEHMkeUb, Jfe tme
ho did not turn up until 7 P, M., hav
ing been in tho forctop sketching since
7 o'clock in tbo morning. Admiral
Bbownbigo comments, in most unmlll
tary language, "What an enthusiast
and what an artist 1"
Lieutenant Fobsteb spent his leave
in tho summer of 1018 up in a blimp
patrolling between Scotland and Ire
land, ono of his paintings having nn
Interest for us, since it shows tho con
voy with tho largest number of Amer
ican troops that over crossed tho At
Strong Words Spoken by Strong
When tho "lost" battalion which
never was. lost, and had not even
strayed from Its course, was called on
to surrender by n German officer who
had not yet completed his education
in tho school set up by General Peb
suing, Colonel Whittlesey answered
promptly "Go to hell!"
After hostilities ceased certain Ger
mans with whom IIemebt Hooveb had
come In contact in Belgium whllothat
land wns suffering the misery of In
vasion mado tentative social ad
vances to him. Mr. Hoover sunt word
to them that so far as ho was con
cerned they "could go to hell."
Now General Henby H. Bandholtz,
who has served as the American mem
ber of the commission to Hungary,
has returned to Paris, and a reporter
who was on tho spot reveals tho fact
that, the Rumanians having an
nounced their fixed determination to
Incorporate Hungary In their country,
General Bandholtz summed up tho
refusal of the commission to bo fright
ened or fooled by telling tho nlarmcd
Archduke JosErn to say to the Ru
manians they "could go to hell."
Tho words of power reverberate
along the battle line, echo from the
chamber of tho philanthropist, and
season the well weighed counsel of
tho diplomatist. They are not to be
mis'nterpreted. They carry finality
witn them. They put an end to argu
ment. They defy the hair splitter.
"Hell" Is a strong word, a locution
of might. Its violence excludes It as
an expletive from the ordinary con
versation of polite persons. There Is
the quality of a curse In It used as
Whittlesey and Hoover nnd Band
holtz used It. But tho phrase In
which they embodied It appears to
possess a universality of nppllcntlon
and a quality of comprehensiblllty
which endow It with undeniable use
fulness. Nobody misunderstood for a
moment what Whittlesey and Hoo
ver and Bandholtz meant when they
were moved to employ it
We reprehend profanity and violent
talk. Dinconal oaths are strong
enough for life's emergencies. The
common swearer by his stereotyped
and unoriginal oaths merely confesses
his lack of wit. the paucity of his
vocabulary. But there are crises when
rough talk seduces even tho judicious
and we have observed that, unclias
tcned and unrebuked, Whittlesey and
Hoover speak from some of our most
approved pulpits. It will not be dif
ferent with Bandholtz.
It was announced that members of
the American Legion who volunteered
to help in the work of removing: tho
snow would get 50 cents an hour if
they wished to make it Is It possible
that the Mayor thought he was pay.ng
tho former soldiers a compliment in
giving them a chanco to work for
Now- that by official proclamation
grip has ceased to be epidemic the
ordinary citizen Is free to sneeze when
and where he feels llko it without
feeling ho is a criminal caught In
"Girls to-day are a sad lot," la
ments a "Victorian woman" writing
In the London Dailu Tfcws. Just as
wrong as sho can be! Girls to-day
are a joyful lot It Is their critic who
!s sad, and she Is sad because post
Victorian girls are, not sad.
If for any reason one is substitut
ing for the member of the family who
customarily does the marketing, one
should refrain from so foolish a thing
as blithesomely ordering a dozen eggs.
First read the market reports and de
termine which of the nineteen grades
or kinds, or whatever may be the dif
ferentiating term for eggs, you are
prepared to buy. These nineteen kinds
or degrees sold at wholesale on the
day when a study was made of tho
puzzlo at from 30 cents to 70 cents a
dozen. It is a puzzle in many respects,
and in none a greater puzzle than in the
fact that the highest priced originate
nearest and furthest from tho break
fast table. "Nearby New York, New
Jersey and Pennsylvania white ex
tras, 70 cents." That sounds reason
able, but oddly enough the only other
70 cent grade, degree .or kind Is listed
"Paciflc coast express, white extras."
What's the matter with Kansas?
Professor Algernon Passin of Co
lumbia says that feminism will lead
the world to chaos. .This is really
nothing but tho - woman - that - thou-gavest-mo
argument first used by
Great-grandfather Adah in tho Gar
den of Edon. , (
What about the other Cabinet mem
bers who by consenting were acces
sories to Mr. Lansing's terrible con
splracy? Off with their heads I
Spala la organising a Forclsn .Leg ton (or
arvlca In Spain and Spanlah poaacaalons.
Tho Belgian Government would put at
the dltpoaal of France all the coal poe
Until 1919 cigar tobacco brought a higher
price at the farm than an other type, but
laat rear cigarette, chewing, anuS and ex
port typea tobacco went to 41 centa a
pound agalntt 21 for cigar tobacco.
The Canadian Government has placed
ordera (or (ortr-nlne etee cargo ateamahlpa
with approximate! 280,000 long tone dead
weight, of which fifteen are already In
aervlee and one about to be delivered.
PcelSe coast tggx. Introduced In the At
lantic eoaat Market two years ago, now
esaBasd a yieailum of tnm oese t two
est la Ik Kev York atrfcat VaaM tt
POEMS WOUTU READING.
The Old Chair.
Empty It bldea bealde the waning Or.
And, a the emberi slowly curl to imoke,
It dream of all the aad and happy folk
tta day hare known t a maid In gay attire
Waiting Impatient for aome gallant squire;
A mother, grieving that her boy la grown
Too much a man to be Quite all her owni
A lad who hums a aong of love's desire.
It dreama that once again tho children
Into Iti coaey depths and gravely read
Quaint fairy talea ot "once upon a time"
And aa It wakes to mourn o'er vanlehed
Two glad young lover ateal across the Boor,
And, nestling close. It ancient Joy reitore.
Like a Leaf.
Underneath thla greenery Ilea
One unaulted to the aklea.
Like an earth sprite the waa aeen
Nor aun nor shadow but between.
Shlmm'rlng through the leavea that spread
An umbrella overhead,
Dipping, darting aa blrda do.
Like them singing blithely too.
What had death to do with her
Shining brightly without blurT
An Illumination brief . . .
She ha vanished like 'he leaf I
Willis Ann L.
"Alas." cried the poet, "alas and alack,
How haplessly troubled am II
For though I possess a poetical knack
Which no one can truly deny.
And though I'm In love with a beautiful
Who cauaea my pulses to thump
And aeta all my aensea and brain In a
Her name 1 "Euphemla GumpI'
"What uae la my lyrical talent to me
Although all my heart la aflame,
What kind of a poem, I ask, would It be
Which chanted that aort of a nameT
To me It's her name and Ita cadence le
But wouldn't I look like a chump
Should I scribble verses 'dealgned to repeat
The name ot Euphemla Gump?
" 'Euphemla' Isn't ao hopeless, and yet
There's only ono rhyme that I know
To which that dear title could ever be set.
And that, la 'Anaemia'! Oh,
I love and am loved, but my muse must
And I but a dull leaden lump.
For who could Imagine a aong to the lute
That carolled 'Euphemla Gump!'?
"Perhaps you Imagine that when we are
And her name Is altered to mine.
My troubles and woe of thla aort will be
And I can write many a line
Of verae to the name ot my beautiful wife;
Alas, your kind thought meeta rebuke,
I never can write her a rhyme In my life.
For my name'a Belial McOluke'."
Axe of Glory.
The sceptre of King Solomon
A wealth of jewels bore.
And Alexander's naked sword
Ruled all the world of yore;
Immortal on the walla of Time,
Bealde these two Is hung
The plain old fashioned woodsman's axe
That Abraham Lincoln swung.
From wilderness to Washington
He chopprd Ms way along,
And laid Ita ateel against the root
Of slavery's ancient wrong.
The symbol ot eSdency,
And honest labor, too.
Oh! let ua keep tta edgea sharp,
ita handla sound and true.
from the Canadian MaaaMru.
The drummer sounds the summon to our
The light encircled playground soon Ilea
And desolate, except where buildings loom
Limning their shadows on the vacant
A gramophone grind out a raucoua aong
And boisterous laugha resound along the
Now comes the muffling alienee; slowly
Tho muttltude of stars where darknesa
Inside the room stentorian breathings
Or preparatlona made for nightly rest.
Without the windows, silence sleeps pro
Now cornea the moon above the far hill's
Aaleep the bulldlnga seem In pallia light:
Adream. we prisoners pass the peaceful
Axmcx S. Bocukot.
From A Dttrott Fret Prett.
His breath Is sweet
As lilac's bloom.
He tried to drink
" His wife's perfume.
From the Eileon StontMtf.
Laat night I waa In Fairyland, In really,
And Fairyland waa decked en fete oh,
never eight o rarel
And underneath the people walked on
merely ordinary land.
Without a thought that fairlea romped
above them In the air.
The light were bright In Fairyland, for
It waa night In Fairyland,
And Fairyland waa glittering In a brave
and gorgeous show.
A lovely, lightsome airy land, an alto
gether merry land.
Bedecked with hosts of elfln gem that
only fairlea know.
Oh, would you see my Fairyland, and fare
with me In Fairyland?
Then go down town 'most any night and
kind o' caat your eye
Above the crowds and trolley rart, and aee
that bright and airy land
In myrlada of electric algnt ngalnst the
E. F. Nobis.
A man there waa named Henry Hive
Whose one obsession was to drive.
When he waa quit a tiny boy
Ha drove big nails for pure loy.
Still later a a college tad
Ha drove hi father almost road.
He drove a ear at breakneck speed.
Which drove hi pocketbook.ts aead.
At golf they thought he waa a dub
He always used a wooden club.
But when there cam the recent war
He found what he'd been drlvlns for.
There waa not any aort of drive
That didn't enlist Henry Hive
(Except, of course, you understand.
Plain drlvea troops made through no man'
Drive to raise thla and lower that
He waa In all first at the bat.
And when the war was done. Instead
Ot quitting he drove etralght ahead.
The martyred Reds, ao much oppreased.
Weighed heavily on Henry's chest.
Statesmen and cop became forlorn
Beneath tbe lash of Henry acorn.
But, a with passions too profound.
Poor HIt drove hi Into the ground.
In other word, for lack of Areata,
He almply drv himself to leath.
Th doctor caat aad hook hi head.
Tw t-4 tw wwrtteWt work," fc saM.
A HAPPY CITY.
Jnd tktrt vat treat loy tit thtt city.
Act, Vlll., s.
The city to which reference is hero
made waa Samaria; once tho capital
of Israel, but now given over to Idol
atry, with a mixed and selfish popu
lation that thought only of a sensuous
and matcrlallstio plensure. But so
Joyous was this samo pcoplo at this
tlmo that special note is made or it.
Ana the Joy was occasioned, not aa
one would be led to think from its
character by,a chariot race, a heathen
festival, a, 'triumphal procession to
celebrate a victory of soldiers on the
battlefield or a royal marriage, Philip,
a disciple ot Jesus, was the causo of
It: ho preached Christ unto them:
he healed the sick, and because of his
preaching and healing there was great
Joy in that city.
The greatest Joy wo have la in giv
ing Joy to others. The solflsh heart
Is a Joyless heart Samaria had Joy
because some one gave it Joy, and tho
happiest man In that town was Philip
hlmsolf. He had helped others, and
this made them Joyous, and they in
turn gave the Joy to others until the
whole city thrilled with the new UTe
which this humblo man had passed on
to lt If we in turn aro touched with
tho compassion, that moved Philip we
can render such service as will make
of this city a Joyous place.
This means sacrifice, nnd no Joy Is
had without It Philip was telling of
a life given for others, the sublime
story of the Cross. Ills own life in
going to Samaria was a sacrifice, for
he left a life of ease and comfort that
he might tell to others tho wonderful
panacea for trouble, care, selfishness
and eordldness. Ho held not his llfo
dear unto himself; he was willing to
givo it In that wicked city If thereby
tho people could rejoice in the power
that would give It lasting Joy and true
A self-centred llfo Is a Joyless life.
It may have ita amusements, its pleas
ures, Its nights of gayety, but that Is
not real Joy. True Joy springs from
the transformed heart, from the beau
tified life, from a life lived as was
Philip's life for the people of Sa
maria and for the people of New York.
It Is this loss of self, this nonpleaslng
of ourselves, that Is the surest way to
success In life. Ho lives longest In
the hearts nnd lives of others who has
forgotten himself nnd tried to bear
tho burdens of others, not for seitish
popularity, but because ho loved tho
weak and sought to make life's Joys
grow in barren places and life's flow
ers perfume Its stagnant pools. Those
whose names fill In the niches of his
tory's great ones that have brought
tho greatest Joy to the world are the
men and women who hav'e not thought
of themselves, but have died that
others might live. '
It Is not so much what we say but
what we do that wins men to better
things; net That we preach but how
we act that saves souls and puts the
red lifeblood into an anaemic world.
After all, the world Is qulckesttouched
not by the great building but by the
great heart; not by the cold word on
printed page but by the warm word
as It comes from living lips; not so
much by the house of mercy as by
the merciful hand laid on the fevered
brow; not so much by tho house that
shelters tho wanderer as the beautiful
face which enshrines motherhood at
whose knees lonely children gather.
Never were there greater opportuni
ties of giving Joy than here and now.
This world Is Samaria over again; this
city Is Samaria. Hungering for bread,
shall we glvo It a stone? Thirsting
for the water of life, shall wo give It
to drink, from a stream polluted by
sin? The city Is waiting for tho warm,
loving words and healing of Philip,
and wherever he goes the sick will
become well, the lame will walk and
homes will be mado happy.
Harlan G. Mendenhall,
Moderator of the Presbytery of New
MRS. BREESE'S SNOW PLAN.
Working Details of a Method of Clear
ing the Streets Quickly.
To The Son and New York Herald:
I have read Mrs. Beatrice Breese's let
ter on clearing only one-half the side
walks of snow and your editorial article
commending It The suggestion Is a
good one, but will meet with objections
from drivers of vehicles and their oc
cupants unless elaborated, which, with
your permission, I will attempt categor
ically as follows;
1. Before an Inch of snow haa fallen
tho Street Cleaning Department must
man the gutters with, aay, two shov
ellers to every two blocks, to remain
at this work exclualvely In relay, clear
ing the anow from the guttera to tho
centre of the' roadway during the anow
(all a well aa afterward, when the
anow will be pushed back Into the
gutter by parsing vehicles.
2. Each householder must at the begin
ning of the enow fall and until It atop
clear a pathway two feet wide across
tho sidewalk from hla front steps, and
a similar pathway from his basement
step, depositing the snow thus cleared
in the roadway over the gutter, not in
I. The householder must next clear,
ay, three feet wide on hi entire outer
or roadway aide of the aldewalk a far
as the curb, depositing that snow also
over the gutter, not In It,
If this plan Is strictly enforced by
the Street Cleaning and Police Depart
ments the streets, when the snow stops
and the work Is completed, will be found
1. A clear walk for pedestrians about
three feet wide along tho entire route.
2. A clear gutter ready to remove one
half the snowfall by the action ot the
elements and at no cost. '
I. A clear walk for passengers alight
ing from vehlclea in the roadway to
the stoop and basement entrance.
Clearing the outside of the sidewalk
as against the clearing of the inside for
deposit over the gutter Into the road
way Is suggested In order to save the
long carry which would be necessary In
clearing the Inside half and also in
order to avoid tho double tier of snow
to be left at completion ot the job, and In
either event the clearing of the path
ways to stoop and basement across the
sidewalk would balance even.
The plan as a whole would be a tre
mendous economy over the present
method of clearing the whole sidewalk
and choking up and piling snow In the
gutter, the worst feature of the whole
scheme. After the lapse of a few days
ot sunshine It will be found a compara
tively easy Job on the part of the Street
Cleaning Department and the house
holder to remove such snow as was pre
viously undisturbed. E. B.
New York, February 14.
What Hladers Production.
Tttm (Aa WcMhVte Star.
Jnd Tunklns say en thing that Madera
prodocUsa to the temptation to keep walk,
tag Mttsl le tk a that ana sjsta
imn wm m Vm tm.- ...
FOR A BURGLAR'S EARS.
Howard Offered by a Citizen Who Has
Been Bobbed Once.
To Tnu Sun and New York Herald:
You may or may not know there are
i....... f nhhrU taking place In
iNew York every day In apartments ana
dwellings. The reports oi ineso ..v.
get in the papers. You may or may
not know that our pollco force seems
absolutely unabto to do anything to
check this state of affairs.
I enclose ft copy of a letter to the
chief of police of New York city In
which I call attention to the fact that
there havo been nine recent attempts
to rob tho 'apartment house I live In.
three of which have been successful. I
have posted a notice In tho hall of my
apartment house and will clrculato It
elsewhere, as follows:
NOTICE OF BEWABD.
I hereby beg to offer the following
reward to any one who will produce
me satlafactory evidence of a burglari
ous attempt to enter my apartment at
710 Lexington avenue. I will give
for each of the eara of the burglar.
I will givo 150 for hi no. I will rive
1100 If he I blinded. I will give IHO
In coe he. receive Injurle that reault
In total disability preventing him from
continuing hla burglarlou profession.
At present Ihe policemen take no
trouble to apprehend burglars, and no
personal emolument follows the efforts
of amateur police work: therefore the
perpetrators -of these outrages havo an
almost suro prospect of going free.
A cooperative society offering rewards
ns above would appeal to many of the
Ml iinrmnlnvpd and with a prospect
of mutilation In view the burglaries
would cease. Evans H. uick.
New York, February 14.
Tho Effect of Their Ileraldle DotIccs
on Long Island Names.
To The Sun and New York Hekalo :
In regard to the letter of "B. C. B." In
your paper of February 1 about the
Smiths of Long Island, permit me to
offer a better explanation of the terma
"nock" Smith and "Bull" Smith than the
old traditionary tales that are on a par
with the legend of Washington and the
The distinctions of the rock and the
bull were most probably heraldic In
their origin, the Smith families of prom
inence In the settlement of this country
being nrmlgerous and of very ancient
lineage. Among the Yorkshlte ( Eng
land) branches, some of whom removed
to the north of Ireland during the po
litical and religious troubles of Puritan
times, the bull figured In their coat of
arms, both on shield and crest some
times the entire animal, sometimes deml,
sometimes only the head. Another
branch of this wide Smith family bore
on shield and sometimes as crest a
great rock, always In connection with
some bird or animal. The descendants
of these various branches, the best of
the stock, were thick In New England
and New York In Colonial times, and In
the forgctfuldess of heraldic matters the
reasons of the old terms of distinction
were soon forgotten and replaced with
cock and bull stories. "Walt" Smith
was so called because that was hla
name; the Walts and Smiths Intermar
ried. I have never heard before of the
"Bluo" Smith to whom your correspond
ent refers. One of the Tribe.
New York, February 14.
A MISINFORMED MARINE.
Constantinople Hears a False Report
Abont Two Deported Anarchists.
To The Sun and New York Herald :
My advtc In handling all radicals, I.
W. W.. Reds, Bolshevists and other
such dtlzena of the U. S. A. Is to fol
low the example ot the White Ouards'
actions with reference to Berkman and
And It you have any trouble securing
a volunteer firing squad of course you
won't why Just call on the marines that
are stationed here.
You can't handle the Turks with white
gloves, so don't expect to handle such
people with white gloves.
, A U. S. Marine.
Constantinople, January 21.
Our friend of the Djsvil Dogs has
heard a false report The White
Guards did not execute the deported
anarchists. We are thankful to say,
too, that the civil authorities handle
disturbers of the peace here without
calling on the military, though it is
agreeable and comforting to learn that
marines are unimpaired as to vigor
SOME ROBINS STAY NORTH.
Maybe Ono of These Ball Colored
Birds Was Seen at Scarsdale.
To Tub Sun and New York Herald:
The dull colored robin observed by
James Owen at Scarsdale Is not a har
binger ot spring. Occasionally a few
of these birds remain north throughout
the year. The plumage ot these non
migratory specimens Is always much
duller than the bright prenuptlal dress
of the birds that return from the South
In the normal spring flight
During the very severs winter of 1918
one of these dull colored robins remained
In my orchard throughout the cold sea
son and could be seen many January
and February mornings when the tem
perature was below zero feeding on
frozen russet apples which still clung
to the trees. G. D. Tillet.
Darien, Conn., February 13.
WARNING TO SIR OLIVER.
A Deport on tho Wickedness and In
tellect of Fallen Angels.
To Tub Son and New York Herald:
Sir Oliver Lodge Is In contact with those
minions mentioned In IL Peter, IL, 4.
The word hell therein Is mlsrendered
from the Greek root "tartarus," end re
fers to the space outside earth's atmos
phere, where the fallen angels now per
sonate the dead and work their coun
terfeits. All Uardom Is back of these 6,000-year-old
sin mongers. Let us beware
these spiritual bandits, aa we are no
Intellectual match for them.
Sioux Cm, la., February 11.
A rieaaant Oxark Evening.
From (As Kantat City Star,
"Enjoy yourself at the dance laat night J"
asked an acquaintance.
"Tep: tollable!" replied a prominent
young society blado of Bumpua Ridge, Ark
"I (Icked the nddier."
From th4 Atlanta Contttftton.
It's a mighty good thing that you ain't
treat tnoaj)h to set the river on firs, for Iq
that case, what la the world weaia the
tsawaasa 1 get arvNa ta to (a. 4.u
THE NEW YORK HERALD.
THE BUN was founded 6 Ben Day
(li 183 J; TUB NEW YOltK HERALD
wot founded by James Gordon flrnneli
In 1835. TUB BUN patted into the co.
trol of Charles A. Dana in 186S, It
became- the property of Frank A. ituntty
in 1916. TUB HBW YORK BERAlu
remained the tote property of its fovnitt
until Alt death in 1872, tchen hit son, alto
James Gordon Dennett, succeeded to the
ownership of the paper, which continued
in his hands until his death in 1918,
Till? HERALD became the property o
Frank A. Slunsey in 1920.
DCHINK8S ANT) EDFTOniAL OFF1CKS.
MAIN BUSINESS AND EDITORIAL
OFFICES. 280 BROADWAY. TELE
PHONE, WORTH 10,000.
BBANCI! OFFICES (or receipt of adver
tisements and sale of papera:
PRINCIPAL UPTOWN OKFICE-HeraU
Building, Herald Square. Tel, Uree'.ei
HARLEM OFFICE 205 WEST 1S5TW
ST., NEAR SEVENTH AVE. Tel. 7M
Mornlnirslde: Open until 10 V. M.
WASHINGTON HEIQHTH OFFICE-MJ
WEST lSIST ST. Tel. 0008 Wadsworlh.
Open until 10 P. Jl.
DOWNTOWN. OFFICE 100 BROAD.
WAY. Open day and night.
BROOKLYN OFFICES EAOLE BUILD.
INO. 303 WASHINGTON ST. Tel. 11M
Main. 2 COURT ST. Tel. C43S Main.
Open until 10 P. M.
BRONX OFFICE SIS WILLIS AVE,
AT 148TH ST. Tel. 0860 Melrose. Open
until 10 P. M.
Principal Forrirn and American Bnreaui.
WASHINGTON Th Munsey Bulldlnr,
CHICAGO 20S L Salle St.
LONDON e0-3 Fleet St.
PARIS 10 Avenue de I'Opera, 3? Rut
There are about 050 advertisement re
ceiving atatlona located throughout New
York city and vicinity where The 8un aM
New York Hrald advertlaements will h
received at office rates and forwarded tor H
, For Eastern New York Rain and
snow to-day. To-morrow cloudy and
colder i freslt, possibly strong, northwest
For New Jeraey Rain In early mornlnr,
followed by fair and much colder In after
noon. To-morrow fair and continued cold;
fresh northwest winds.
For Northern New England Rain on tta
coast, snow In the Interior to-day. much
colder by night. To-morrow cloudy and
colder; atrong south, shifting to weit,
For Southern New England Rain In
early morning, probably turning to tnov
to-day; much colder. To-morrow (air and
continued cold: strong northeast, shlftlnr.
to northwest, winds.
For Western New York Snow and colder
to-day. To-morrow cloudy, with insw
flurries; continued cold.
WASHINGTON, Feb. H. DIaturbanti
has developed In the laat twelve hours over
southern Virginia, and the lake region
dlaturbance haa moved to the St. Law
rence Valley. To the westward high pres.
aure extend from the Dakotaa to Tem
Snow haa fallen In the lake region, the
Ohio Valley and alo In the Appalachian
region from West Virginia to the Caro
lines. It la decidedly colder In the middle
Mllselppl Valley, the Ohio Valley, Ten
nessee and the north portion of the eit
Gulf States. There will bo anow Sundur
In New England and the north portion
the middle Atlantto States, and thenw
westward to the great lakea. . In other
portions of the Washington forecast dis
trict the weather will be fair. The tem
perature will (all decidedly In the mldil
and south Atlantic Statea Sundav and the
cpld weather will extend Into Florida br
Monday. Lower temperature will continue
In Atlantic coast districts (or several dara
Observations at United States Weather H"
rean stations taken at S P. U. yesterday, icr
enty.fKth meridian time:
Lart 21 hrs. Bar- List 2t
20 J0.M .. Hear
41 14 23 04 . .nl
40 3S 2S.M ... CloU'1!
. -20 30.SS ,. riear
tO 3 29.70 .. Clou
44 20 29.M 03 Clear
36 34 29.72 ,34 Snow
14 34 30.01 .OS fnncr
64 43 .S6 .. PtCI.l
10 10 20.10 .. CW
34 34 2S.S6 .03 Sno
40 10 30 24 .. Clear
, 34 31 29.S6 .11 Snow
. 60 i 10.18 .. Cleir
31 14 30.39 .. Cloudr
64 54 25.M .. Clou
24 14 30.32 .. Ciear
72 CO 30.14 Clear
S S 30.01 ,02 Cloud;
66 M 30.23 .. PtCldy
40 22 30.34 .. Clear
to 34 2!i.80 .. Cloudy
45 31 29.32 .10 Snow
40 30 30.04
66 34 30.26 .. Or
r 60 26 30.26 .. Clear
60 30.32 .. PtCHf
60 4t 30.16 .. Clear
60 4.4 30.20 .. Clear
24 20 30.21 .. Clear
4 .. 30.23 .. Clear
61 23 29.70 .. Cloud?
LOCAL WEATHER RECORDS.
8 A. M. S P. It
Barometer 30.10 11.11
Humidity s 41
Wind direction S ' SE
Wind velocity 12 l
Weather i Clear Cleu
Precipitation 00 Ot
The temperature In this city yesterdtr.
as recorded by the official thermometer, It
ehown In the annexed table:
A. M. P. II. P. M
1 32 1 42 6 1'
9 34 3 44 7
10 40 3 43 S )
11 41 4 41
12 42 5 40 10.,
120. 111. !0. 111'.
9 A. M 31 40 IP.M IS
12 M 42 42 9 P. M 3S IJ
IP.M 43 46 12 Mid 3T
Highest temperature,l44 at 2 P. M.
Lowest temperature, 30 at 7 P. M.
Average temperature, 37.
Sinking ot the Maine In Havana Harbor
commemorated by Veterans of ForelP
Wars, parade, Twelfth Regiment Armorr
to coiumous wircie. Addresses or u
Parade through Wltloughby street ajl
exercises at Borough Hall. Brooklyn. 2 P j
Concert, ancient Florentine music, bfj"'
Italian war orphans, resident- ot t
Fabbrl. 7 East Nlnety-flfth atreet. 3:H
'"What Constitutes Taste In Our Homea"
lecture by Mr. F. U Ackerman. Metro-
nAtll.n t,aA,,m nt Irt A 1 f
Major Arthur Bles. "The Myth of Air
man Intellectual Superiority." TnPj;
Emanu-El. Fifth avenue and Forty-thM
street, 8:15 P. M.
ran, "Four Long Steps Toward
Democracy," Brooklyn Civic Forum. Fu";
School 84, Glenmore and Stone avenu"
Brooklyn. 8 P. M. ,
"Evil Eflecta o( Stock Swindling and IK
to Prevent It," Robert a Sharp; !nri
Public School 101. Lexlnctoa avenue an
111th street. 8:15 p. M.
Organ recital, W. J. Kraft. Washington
Irving nigh scnool. Irving place ana
teenth street. 2:SO P. M, ....
Kw VArV nrim, Tjr.ii. .-ThA Artllt.
lecture by Sheldon Cheney, Garrlck IS
atre. 2:30 P. M.
"Ireland'a Part In America's StraT
gle far Liberty." M. J. O'Brien. Irish FT1
gressiv League, Z3 Lexington aven-
"The New Force In the Labor Moit
Man, ... , . - T . - ( Imin I
can Economic and Literary Society, Brr"'
nan, main avenue, near rony-".
atreet, 3 P.M.
Jane Manner, drama reading, V"1"
Eyolf." Btuyveaant Neighborhood Hon
Btuyveaant and Ninth streets. 8:15 P. J
Guild. Gesrge M. Cohan's Theatrr- "5
Tne intellectual Achievements oi . i
Russia." lecture by Mrs. Caro L. S!rh'"
.nooern rnourm Fnrum. ibj lenox .- i
n.,n . r I
'illustrated lecture. 'The City's W!",'!
&WK.KDKtt.5h'Sl..2l?1,,r:,,.eS ' W
Christ. 142 Weet Elghty-flrst street. 8 P. ; I
"Robert E. Lee and Abraham I
address by Dr. Henry Neumann. Broosu I
Acanemv oi music. II A. M. ....
Jacduemalr. Belsaco Theatre. West Fortf-
...... , n ,
Henry Morganthau. "Polish CondltWK
a I Saw Them." Synagogue House. -1
west sixty-eignin street. s:ia v ...rt
"The Oreat Heart and Mora! Cou.J
of Theodore Roosevelt." by Mrs. J'Sr
TtotilnjiAn 1 P. t mni fflrum, 3 t . I
West Side T. M. a A.. 51S West TW
Dnleli Ttnltr nn TTlllnir KX-Kall''
Tub HAOtn, Feb, 1J (delayed) -Hf; Ml'
land probably would not be unwl!lln ' H,
acceae to a polite request irom i
iiea 10 pui rormer impcrw ji
further from the German frontier
he la at present. It has been !'. j
here, but would undoubtedly reseat" I
tHetiuas ajt tA tMMinr nun to "r
taUad te $aa xwrtkolar ttaoe