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THE NEW YORK HERALD.
MTW T',RK. SATURDAY. A ctCHl.!'.
"nemmtand iuices. j
it tpy Mr rw ,
ill, sad nwrin
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MAIL SUBSCRIPTION RATES.
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MAIN n'-SIVFJS AVD EDITOP.IAI. OP-1
r'-ES A BROADWAT. TELEPHOSE. j
Speaker Seet Kw)1nt to Ee a
r.eoett event at AItsnf mate that ;
nrrtherly burph wem verj' much like,
.mother Washington, District o Co
lumbia. There U a con.'Iderable dlitance in
peosraphleal mllw ltn the tH-o;lo a,jmjt bat our mUIcm "xusxle'l
placfc!. but political rtMmbUnce
draws them near together. There Is
a considerable difference of dlmen-'
dlons between two undismayed auto-
crats and M-if-dcterminers, but the
pv chfllos'c principle, after all. Is
abo';t the iamc.
"Volo, I will It: Is the common
Turn for a moment from the larger
to the smaller manifestation of self
propulsive energy cad self-made po
la the matter of the manner of
dealing with alleged un-American sen
timent la the cae of regularly elected
members of the Assembly Speaker
rs of the Assembly Speaker
wld what should be and what
should not tie. and a
was plenty of Republican protest
4hra u, r,r. r.r!!on of his MV SO.
In the matter of the demand of the
thlrty-nve ex-service legislators for
the enactment or a bill legalizing the
sale of beer and light vdnc, undo the
cfnstitutional amendment's gra of
concurrent power to the States to dc-1
termlnc vvbat Manor Is Intoxicating,
Speaker Sweet Insists that there shall
be no legl'latlon at this session.
In Hie matter of the activities at
the State Capitol of tho remarkable
William H. A.fctESO. State Super-,
Jntendent of the Anti-Saloon League,
who has turned his attention from the
now defunct saloon to the Infinites!
mal percentages of permitted alcohol.
Speaker Swect now assumes an at
titude of neutrality which counts
really for Amjeeso.Vs truculent ex
tremism nnd against the xerdse of
the State's powers under the amend
ment It has ratified.
"I am not for the light wine and
beer legislation," is the Speaker's pro
nunclamcnto, uttered In advance of
the action of his party or of the
We are referring here to a case of
perwmar attitude, not to the merits
of the questions Involved. 'Tolo, I
will It!" from the White House In
thunderous bass. "Volo, I will it!"
In feebler falsetto from Capitol Hill
In bis little way the Hon. Thao
mx8 C. Swrrr of Phoenix appears
to bo trying to be whnt the Hon.
Woodbow Wrtsos has been and is.
Bat sometimes what people can stand
In a brilliant If arrogant dictator be
comes Intolerable In the scven-by-nlne
KxecutlTe Sob Stuff.
Our colleague Tnc Evcuso Svrr
published a despatch from Washing
ton reporting In part a statement Is
sued by the Republican Publldty As
sociation. This Is n somesvbat mys
terious agency of publldty which the
Republican National Committee In
hesitant caution has refrained from
adorning with a distinguished service
or any other medal which might Im
ply recognition of an ofDdal parly
status. We have heard that the asso
datlon Is conducted by one Joatha5
Bockre, Jr., a former Senator from
Washington, now a thoughtfully ob
servant resident of the District of
Columbia. Tho statement, unless we
greatly mlstako tho origin of Its lively
Invective, was written by Mr. Boubxe.
It treats of Mr. Wasor'8.rccent lev
ter to Senator Hitchcock wherein
the critic finds material which by im
plication he classifies as "sob stuff";
paragraphs wet with "crocodile tears
over the woes of humanity In gen
eral," as be observes,
Tbo author quotes from President
Wtisos's letter, "I feel that I could
not look tho soldiers of our gallant
armies In the face again if I did not
fo everything In my power to remove
every obstado that lies In the way
the adoptlorf of this particular ar
ticle Number X.l of the covenant."
nnd theu proceeds thus to dry out
some of the damp spots which offend
fclm In tho Wilson composition:
4 "No mora monstrous libel was vtr
fitaced pt our oUt tn the treat
war than to sjsccvt that they offered
Bp tialr Htm to order to stable Mr.
Wnw to rrdraw a map of Esrop
that the United Elites ahouM r-r-r.tM
for all tin. to come. Neither
did our aoWUrs CiM to laxura t
political lodepeadeac of th ptcpt
if bom Mr Wmo.f and tn other
embers of the Big Four artJ
trarfly divided ti to thttr apportion
lag of European territory. Thli U
tot the first time that the Prealdeet
hxx attempted to ascribe motives to
oar loldUrs l"ttfT.td to fit Into hti
aeheavs of the morcest"
We bare bo means of knowing to
what extent President Wilson Is In
. . . . . ...
might biva an Improving effect upon
bIs 0WD "to tone ,f be tyta-
pathetic becl to the author's bonest
;(feJlre to replace wbJ with romaoa
Imim: In future White HoumsjIsu.
mcnt of motlTifl ln?ilrlns oor solalers
In Kraixe. It would foster Itotc to
r It'.vcrMW irY rMrl ftip.
'tber In the critic comments; mis in
Ther tow eoldltrJ In mncej
have Un rWasJy p!cturt4 as
f.nitsline to free the world tro.-n
atitocracies. to trairantee to people
erywh,t Independent determina
tion of their political fortstea, to ei
Ublih a Uayne of Nations. aal to
guarantee nallooal boundaries and'
forms of government the character
of Vrbith nobody could foresee while
the ftchttaff wk.t on. America west
to war for the vindication of Ameri
cas right that had been trampled
upon by Germany. Hardly once has
Ma Wiuw.i acVaowled?d that fact,
but he fcaa pItt4 In dUtortin- the
truth to tult hit own purposes."
The tdain Ffieaklns author refu
tray tbelr countrr Into tbc han
0f any foreign nation-or group of
nations.' With one final rub of bis
roerrxl towel ho mops up the last
.Wiasc of Executive tears by ttoutly
"Rather did they fisht to preserve
the United States from the machlna
Vozit of Europe and the reot of the
norld. Assumptions to the contrary
are equally outragtour. whether corn
tig from a fore:ya diplomat or from
a temporary occupant of our own
White House." ,
Mr. Bol-bxe, If. as we gues.. he Is
the author, may be sailing without
proper clearance papers; ho may lie
a very pirase oi imiie puuutu n.i.i
a noDZOOim to ingnien geauean-u i
. . T. .111 V'.ttnn.l mmtllA
"C JHryuuucau """u"'"
"at prevalent political criticism will
not lack racing f he Is not over-
to alk the pjank
tato the watery of silence.
Tho Physicians of New York.
annuai Medical Directory, pre-
parc1 un(Jcr lne aIJtpiCC3 0f the Medl-
al society of the State of New York
and due t0 aprit.ar jn November, 1919,
has jugt bKa publlslied. Its contents,
piaHy whcn compared with the
-atlstlc of former years, suggest
interesting conduslons concern
Ing the practice of medldne, medical
education and public health.
In 1919 there were 8,100 medical
practitioners In Greater New York,
divided among the several boroughs
as follows: 5.M7 In the boroughs of
i Manhattan and The Bronx, 2.17C In
Brooklyn, 278 In Queens and 79 In
Richmond, that is, Statcn Island.
These figures give us one doctor of
medicine for every 618 persons in
Manhattan and The Bronx, 'ine doc
tor for 763 persons In Brooklyn, one
for 1,461 persons in Queens and one
for 1.304 In Richmond.
Out of the 2,176 medical practition
ers in Brooklyn only 145 belong to
the homa-opathlc school of medicine,
being only 6.66 per cent, while but
31, being 1.-13 per cent, are dasscd as
eclectic physicians. These percen
ages, compared with those of previous
years, Indicate a steady decrease In
the appeal of homteopatby nnd eclec
ticism to Intending students. Doubt
less the adherents of homoeopathy
would explain the diminution in the
number of homoeopathic practitioners
by saying that the distinctive doc
trines of their school have come to
be so widely accepted by tho medical
profession generally that they have
"leavened the whole lump" and a sep
arate classification Is no longer neces
sary or desirable.
The young men who intend to tako
up the practice of medldne In New
York evidently for tho most part pre
fer to obtain their professional edu
cation In this State. Thus of the
2,170 practitioners In Brooklyn 718
were educated at the Medical School
of the Long Island College Hospital,
999 at other medical schools In Great
er New York and 61 at medical
schools In this State outside the
greater dty, making 1,778 who re
ceived their medical training at New
York Institutions. Beforo they could be
graduated and become entitled to the
degree of M. D. they had to satisfy
the authorities of the institutions
where they studied that they were
competent to practice medicine. Their
Instructors were empowered by the
State to ascertain their fitness by
appropriate examinations. Why, then,
was it made a condition precedent
to their entering upon practieo that
they should pass another separate
and distinct examination by a State
Room of Medical Lxamlners, nnd
why Is this system still maintained;
Dor It not Impose a wholly need
le ten upon hundreds of young
men eery year? Surely If the
State en trust Us various medical
schools to educate Its physldans and
surgeons It might wisely trust them
Iflmlly to. determine whether their
THE 3UN AND UEW YORK HERALD, SATURDAY, MARCH lr, I.
stauents were fit to bo llceniftj to
! practise ; and one examination cover
In? tba wbo! field of Instruction
'onsst to bo eoougb.
j Care should be observed In drawlnc
Inferences from the fact that there
(are more doctors In proportion to the
j population In Manhattan and The
j Bronx than In neens and KUchroond.
It does not follow that the latter bor
loufila are healthier. In .Manhattan
ilhc transient pormlatloa Is greater
i than In the other boroochs by many
i thousands every day. belns largely
j made up of periods srbo come to the
dur every rooming ana leave u ai
Inltbt In thrs transient population
there must be Innumerable cases of
illness and accident mjulrln; medical
attention, and correspondlns need for
'more pbysSdans and sarzeon.
Under the name of each doctor in
' the il!!i Directory the rear of his
(graduation In medicine Is flvea. It
thus appears that Dr. Srmin-v Surin
V. the Nestor of tbo physicians of
I Greater New York. He received his
' depee as doctor of medicine from
' the New Tort Colletre of Pa'yjlelana
jand STgeons Uie medical depart
ment of ColuniMa UnlversHy in ibou,
and Is suffldently vigorous now, at
the are of 07, to undertake the rail
road Journey to California. He re
cently dedared that he never enjoyed
really first rate health until he was
50 years oM, and elderly physldans
who remember him as a torturer will
recall his apparently delicate phy
sique In those days.
In Brooklyn Dr. James R. Bim.
who recelveJ his II. D. from the New
York College of Physicians and Sur
geons In 1S5?. appears to he the senior
In date of graduation. Of the 8,100
medical practitioners of Greater New
York only eighty-four were graduated
in medldne as early as the year 1ST0
of whom forty-eight practiFe la
Manhattan, thirty in Brooklyn, five
in the borough of Queens and one on
Staten Island. A large majority of
those who are practising medicine in
New York to-day received their medl-
jcal degree within twenty-five years.
A Week Then, Slonth Now!
it Is worth while to recall that In
the case of New York's biggest re
corded storm, the Great Blizzard of
thirty-two years ago, the dty was
well on Its way to normal conditions
tat the end of a week. This was
j brought about through a combination
'of favorable weather and energetic
I action on the part of the authorities
nnd private citizens.
If, however, the relative impor
tmce of storm?. like "ther thing. Is
to be Judged by re-wlts. tho visitation
of this year should easily take the
first place, with every chance of keep
lag It More than a month has passed
slnrc the town was caught In the
toils, and cast and west the streets
present an appearance of squalid neg
lect which would have surprised and
shocked even the oldest inhabitants
of remote generations. On this occa
sion there lias been plenty of mild
weather. Householders and bu.Incs.
people have done their best There
Aniv nnn fithnr minrtpr In which to
, iJ wm vv - , - - -
look for aa explanation, namely, tne
Colonel Wakiso's remark, "It Is my
duty not to clean dirty streets but to
keep clean streets dean," Is not wjth
out application even to snowstorms.
Where a "Back to Work" Crusade
Is Not Needed.
In the opinion of the London and
CAmo Telegraph, recognized as an
authority on the affairs of the coun
try with which It particularly deals,
the outside world has got a distorted
and Incorrect view of China from the
prominence given by the press of other
corfntrles to the political chaos pre
vailing In the Flowery Republic. Those
persons at a distance h read cabled
reports from I'ckln, Shanghai or Can
ton in wfekte the North and 1 he ,Soutb
are treated as political entities, ar
rayed one against the other In bitter
conflict, obtain the Idea of a country
spilt Into two great divisions piuch as
was the United States during the civil
war period, with the 3sme blUeraess
on the two -sides of the dividing line
and with chaos everywhere.
The situation, however. Is very dif
ferent from that conjured up by these
cabled reports. The Government at
Pekln lacks authority over many of
the provinces, It Is true, and civil au
thority In the provinces Is too often
subservient to local military author
ity ; but such differences among those
who govern make little impression
upon the people. As the London and
China Telegraph, puts It:
"The truth 1 that the masses of
the population are unaffected by the
political turmoil. They do not enter
into it, and, indeed, are only con
scious of it when It canifests Itself
In any way In their dally lives. The
nation aa a whole continues to labor
with freak, Industry, unmoved by the
clash of parties and the changes of
government A monarchy or a re
public la all the same to them an
lonff as they are not unreasonably
taxed and there Is a sufllclency of
rice. Buch fundamental facte as
theie mutt be taken Into considera
tion if we are rightly to understand
the eltuation in China to-day."
In the eyes of the Chinese masses
government Is as much a thing apart
from the people to-day under a repub
lic as It was yesterday under the em
pire. The nation as a whole labors
with great Industry, as has been Its
habit through tho centuries, unmoved
by and unmindful of plots of politi
cians or fulmlnatlons of the press.
The result Is that China as a whole
has come through 1U ordeal of Inter
nal disorder with a vitality that In
most essentials seems unimpaired.
' r.Ml advance has been cafle along the
path ot Mtemi proses, am ""'.At Sixty One Has Only Iteathed the'
&tT5S! TouthofOUAge. . ,
'report fccrenstngly gl S?T.
Industry senerally ahows saaoy ana,oarf)) x qtltMlloa c tiyHoer. coo-
healthy development. ' dltlon of the body, it U Trry apt to be
( In short, despite the pessimism ot,In the concrete queatlon of pi)chol-
persons who are unabld to see below I
th mrf.w of nautical irlfr thlnrs
go well with China. In one respect
that country differs materially from
. almost every other on this earth. In
China there Is no call for a "back to
I work" crusade. The Chinese never
bave 1UU work.
in appointing tnwain j. aicuold- , ttfa thlrty.flre wt u Utt all wandering money in Toiand; of
Iter to the Supreme Court bench to tife's noontide, and when or.e reaches large rums being paid for tpera seats
take the place made vacant by Jus- fifty it u altogether natural that one . and restaurant covers on rala nights In
tico Duczo's death Governor Surrn 1 "hould think onewlf somewhat old. Why ! Vienna. Why cannot there people take
has rewarded a servant of this dty ! h'ver. nye a. much emphasis j care of their own poor? They won't as
. .... , . ,n . v'.fto yie words of Eccleslankus. -The ' loss as America will do It.
who hasr tolled many years In a not! ft9 of nn ti mM BIsla:a 8,uttrf wlth fore!sn faoi
and dusty legislative vineyard. Mr.'m 4 hundred years"! If a man ex- and money and there b more fooJ and
McGolixick, as an Assistant Corpo- pects to lire a hundred years and there 1 fat there ta-day than there is in Er.g
ration Counsel, has been the city's Is no sound biological reason hy he , land.
watchman, an honorable kind of lob- 0B' BOt-;a fifl'' ta ?nw"3r the, Tl pa.BErtM1th'.fe pt!T? . in,
i , . .w o. . r-.i.-i i.i- hlh noon of life, and seventy or lev- Look at the situation at home lob
byist, at the State .apltol during . eaty.s only njdafterr.ocn. 'ertr bonds at tl per cent discount, call
.tour dty naminisirauoas, seeping an. distinguished English physician money at from :5 to 15 per cent. Fed
jeye oa this town's Interest In what- Sir James Crlchton-Browne fays that era! taxes, normal taxes, aurtaxes. ex
lever legislation came to the surface. "every roan is entitled to his century." cess and war proflts taxes. State taxes,
Hi. .i rwvtillar 1nh what with'Tour 1'ork surgeon. Dr. 6tephen municipal taxes, ail drawing the very
i Jlit.fcJS. In! 'Smith, tells us that "biology teach, us, vitals out of the people; profiteering
searching the piles of bills for such Jml numJia lg , pric for food, clothing, rents and
(as might affect New York and warn- IlTe a hundred years." and history as 1 everything els: soldiers' bonuses, Ac.
. Ing the city officers against thoe'welI aa present day experience proves .Isn't It about time we began to mend
which were evil or foolish. It muni that centenarlaolrca. or th actual llv- J our own fences to ke"ep the wolves out?
'have been a hard place too. for New J tar a hundred years, la neither a i It I. in very poor taste for Julius
, . , .,.. (fantastic dream nor even a phenomenal Barnes to buy cheap notoriety and the
,lork has been trie target or many , n..v,. .,k. . ti f h. wiin adminixtra.
ttnalldoas or Ignorant legislators, not ; nihtA a itx year? a!r( In American
jail of them from up the State. The'Vooarise showed, for instance, that
Supreme Court gains a patient and Bulgaria had one centenar.an for every
.Industrious Judge and one who has it inhabitants
a i. , , "If fifty be the old age of youth," says
j When Losing a Ship Is Justified.
! Domnorati who hacked un the Dan-
lels theory on the subject of awards.
as against the Sims criticism, seemed
to forget the old theory of our navy i
that the one Justification for losing a j
thlp xvas that thereby greater actual
damage was uoce to ine encray.yii,
was even considered permissible for
a commander to risk beaching his own
vessel if he had good reason to
.... . . , , ,
Here that he could drive ashore
opponent of larger tonnage or
ment. But he would not have been
Justified In taking such a chance In
, the case of an inferior opponent
, . . , , .
j To reward a commander simply be-j
caufe his ship was sunk under him Is
contrary to every tradition of the sea.
cnpu-.ins in me navy ns in me mcr-
chant service go down with their ve.-
, , . , , . .
sels when everybody else has been
got off, not through bravado but be-
cau.re the rule Is analogous to thp ct-
hortatlon of the Spartan mother to
her son : "Come
shield, or on it!"
back with your;
I salary law no tea-.'her can receive an
Increase of Hilary ijnl9 his work for
the preced.iv term has been determined
ment for conspiracy it begins'to look j to be satisfactory by the superintend
as if the ultimate consumer was not ents. This nrans that If a teacher does
as helpless as ho haa been represented not piea?e the principal In every re
'o I spect, even In personal matters, the prln-
;dpal has only to say that the teach
Cnlted States Navy Department fooled , -fs -airk la unsatisfactory, without clv-
by German propaganda, fays Admiral
Sims. .Yeiripoper headline.
Alas. Josepiics! How lonely you
were in your gullibility!
The term "gun nn" was once
used in this town as synonymous with
gangsters, but It may soon be trans
ferred to the numerous qulck-on-the-trigger
gentlemen Uncle Sam has
commissioned among us.
Mr. Llotd George has nucceedeJ In
drawing an Irish bill that displeases
everybody. This may turn out to be
tho solution of the puzzle.
The owner of the overcoat, said that
he had the coat made on November 10,
1910, and paid H0 for tha garment
JToIe of the Stolen Overcoat.
An overcoat mado to your measure
for l0! Those were the days!
The difference between Hooves and
Mahomet Is that Mahomet asked only
one mountain to come to him.
Production has been reduced In
many Un of bhsiiieth. tut- tie gocd
men who illustrate tho seed cata
logues draw the tomatoes as large as
The Arai has learned to fold the
ballot as well as the tent
The last of tbe Snow.
What Is mow?
Wouldit thou know?
What your eyes
Show you thr,
What yonr ft
Aj ron to
To and frx
It ! black;
Thara i lack
Of On whlU
That cam dowa
Oa the (own,
r-jro and dry.
From the iky.
It la chanced,
And It smelts
With tho dirt
l!ai of dsst
That has Hack
Oa tha mock.
r.'.c aa worms.
Grow and breed
I.Ik a wd.
In your nose.
On your clothes.
They will leap.
Thay will eraep.
They will brlnf
That can make
U ycu tzttzt,
Xske you wheeia,
Mafcs yoa Quake,
Make you shska.
Mike you hot;
Like as not.
Pit you itei
On your bfd,
If they can.
That Is snow.
Wow yon V n 'j w
Aid It's If.
I THE NOONTIDE OF LIFE. J
egr, a state of mind. In practice the
dlea.I axiom "A roan ta aa old aa hli
white than the aphoritm of the man
In the etreet "A man la as oJd an he
In reading the letters upon this anb -
" contrihuted recenuy to your coi -
. . .
I .,., i. in An th tl.mnr tf
the raaualit. "The days of our years In
tlwm are threescore and te-n years." If
one erixcts to live enlr seventy years,
a wlrdom gifted octogenarian of Pitts-
burg. "thn sixty must be the youth of
j old age." and. as a young sexagenarian.
1 thoroughly agTee with him.
C. S. C.
Norts Damc, Ini. March 10.
WHY TEACHERS RESIGN.
. The Present System of Supervision a
To Tut sex xxd New Tosjc Hixald
In looking for the reason for the prea-
be-!"1' s,hortaBe of ,t"chra var cllr
.schools we must look beyond the mere
;qwtiw 5IaBy, ,eachers
nrma-iW0U,i pn.fer t0 nraiin (n the system
i at a salary considerably less than they
wild earn in other lines of work on
81e,xu, f th' hort hour'- ,onc va,u
tlous and assured pensions,
ne rjptrvlaion t0 whW) the teaeh.
tTn ut subjected by their superiors Is
petty and annoying: the eupenlsion by
",c tannit.iutuu m
mdocted for the purpose of helping the
teachers, but primarily for the purpese
of obtainlns nUw m wUch t0 baM
jn.-rafs of sa.5arlei and promotions.
These rating?, which mean to much
,0 ,h teacher, are sHcn with such care-
!ewne?s and often recklessness that a
feeling of Injustice Is prevalent among
, ..... reasons. and the feather lives
on J!59 less for the foilowlng year. So
far this year more than 600
hare thus been deprived of the Increase
of salary that was voted thera by the
State law. In other words, the salaries
of teachers are regulated by the prln-
liVVU iJ'Jt UJ U1U a3MtC l- ft aiui 1-
It can be s?n readily that under such
a pvstcTn inc leacucra arc iiciu iu ru-
passive submlssiveness that all initia
tive and tndewndence of thought and
action are stifled: thtv yoon lose Inter
est nnd pride In their work and take
the first favorable opportunity to gtt out
of the teaching profession.
Tha wav to overcome this deplorable
state of affairs Is not merely to Increase
the salaries ' but to enact legislation
that will put the teacher in a more dig
nified relation to his work. This can b
done by, first making salary Increments
automatic, eo tbat the principals cannot
by the stroke of a pen determine a
teacher's salary ; second, abolish all rat
ings; third. Rive the teachers more rep
resentation In the management of the
schools. James H. Shiplet,
New Toait. March i:. Teacher.
LANDLORDS TOO PAY MORE.
Bents Follow Beil Estate Expenses
In Their Upward Course.
To The Sex and New Tor.K Herald:
For several years -e heard much re
garding the amortization of mortgagee
and the benefits to accrue therefrom.
The plan was put into effect and every
mortgagor Is affected more or less by
tha very heavy annual payments re
quired. Every mortiasce has Increased tho
Interest rate. The taxes of the dty,
State and Federal Goverament are oner
ous. Each laborer who enters a tene
ment or more dignified apartment house
to do any type of work has more than
doubled his pre-war charges.
Each piece of property must bear tt
own share of the burden. How can a
landlord meet these demands except by
Increasing the rents? Each property
must produce the payment on account of
principal, the Increased tax. the Increased
interest and all the other burdensome
carrying charges. What the Insurance
companies and banks started In order
to help themselves haa only reacted to
the detriment of the tenants.
How about the day when the tenant
demanded a month's free rent and other
privileges? Did the landlord go to the
Legislature and the Mayor and Insist
that the tenant profiteer desist from
requiring so many concessions?
Cut down the mortgage requirements,
the ever increasing city tax and the cost
of labor, and rents will automatically
stabilize themselvr-s. M. A. K.
New Tobjc, March 12.
A Kind Way to Look at It
To Tub Bow and New Toss: Herald :
Wa all bllv our next President will
be a Republican, and yet there are crit
ics of Mr. Wilson who aver that he haa
done nothing of real benefit to Amer-
i id. Ws res Ed.
i New Tork, March 1J.
Will He! I
To The St-N and New yon, IIbuu,:,
A headline In a
"Wilson Stands Pat" The query Is, I
Will Pat Stand Wilson?
Alsant. March IS. C. It Ski.hneb-
A VOICE FOR AMERICA.
Comments on the rian to Send $3o
United huus Grain CorporaUon to fend
fJ9.000.0 worth of wheat flour, bought
with the taxpayers' money, to the pec-
pie of Europe? How much longer 13
.vmerlca to be made the goat In all
caaes of prortsloning and financing Cese
poor HtUe children of the rlcn7
Haven't we Just about done oor ehare
rOf paring up to Europe for war relief T
'lan't It about Ue that charity be ex-
....... . . a e . & a a.
.ercuea a mue at nome, ana i
out their own nlvatlon?
We are told of the lavish display of
wealth, midnight suppers, handsomely
gowned women and well dressed men.
tion with the taxpayers' money by
threatening Congress that he will act
without their authority and send this
flour abroad. Congress should Instruct
Mr. Barnes to sell It In this country
direct to the people for tnr reasonable
price, and then wind up his corporation
and let u get back to normal. ,
The Administration henchmen appear
to be obs"ssd with the desire to help
Europe at the expense of the Ameri
can people. Are they In league with
the profiteers they pretend to be flsht
lng? H. A. G. T.
NtwAitK. N. J., March 12.
THE GIBBS DRUG BILL.
It Is Called an Invasion of Physicians'
and Patients' Rights.
To The Si-s asd New Tobk Hesaid :
I wish to call attention to the bill relat
ing to narcoUc drug control introduced
In the Senate by Mr. Gibbs.
This measure I have no hesitation In
pronouncing, with some experience In
drug legislation, as the most far reach;
Ing and radical Invasion of the rights
of the physician and the patient yet at
tempted. Under this act the commis
sioner of narcotic drug control would
have the power to Inspect or examine
any plac where he had reason to be
lieve narcotic drugs were kept, or any
place where persons were treated for
drusr addiction. This power he could
delegate to any of his deputies or In
spectors. Under a ruling of the same commis
sioner a dru addict la defined In this
State as any one to whom morphine has
to be administered for a period of thirty
days, whether this is administered for
an acute, chronic or an Incurable dis
ease. Under this ruling this class of
patients are liable to the mme super
vision as thoe designated as criminal
users of dru?s by the authorities. This
form of search and entry would not be
permitted under the statutes In the case
of a professional criminal not under ln-
j dlctment John P. Davis, M. D.
New Tork, March 12.
FRIEND 0F THE DONKEY.
e Vs).J by the Democratic Burden
Is Piled on the Patient Beast.
To Tuc Sfs- and New Yok Herald :
I ha-. asked every Republican In the
range of my acquaintance who ousht
to know as I do not to tell me why
and whf-n the elephant was adopted as
the symbol of the Republican party and
, the patient 'and Intelllcent Jackasa or
i donkey aa the symbol of the great party
now In power.
Is It true that the late resourceful
Thomas Nast the Inimitable cartoonist
of another generation. Invented these
symbols and assigned them to these par
ties? Why was the donkey made the
symbol of the Democratic party? What
has It done to deserve such a fate?
E. J. BsCCX
New Tw.k, March. I.
i Question That Perhaps Has an An
,swer. To The Sr.- and New Tors: Herald:
I have Just nnlshed reading the text of
the President's letter to Senator Hitch
cock and I am prompted to ask you
If a statement annexed to Article ?C.
to the effect that the United States re
serves the sole power In Its Congress
to declare war Is "a work of superero
gation," how could such a reservation
"amount to a virtual nullification'' of
The words quoted are from two para
graphs In the President's letter, one of
which immediately follows the other.
Dana I Spiiino.
SCT7AL0, March 10.
To Thb Sum and New Tork Herald:
The peace treaty, with the Lodge or
any other reservations, would be un
constitutional. It creates a sovereignty of which we
would be a part
It gives foreign nations an interest
In our Congress and' elections.
It throws the door wide open to for
It absolutely destroys our national in
tegrity and Independence.
No such power was ever contemplated
or given to the President and Senate.
God save the Republic!
Ex-Private, U. S. A.
New To, March 12.
For Somnolent Smokers.
To Thb Son and New Toax Herald:
A dgar held between the second and
third fingers, above the second Joints,
will not drop from the smo'ner'8 hand
If he falls asleep. A ntt -Cigarette.
New York, Marca 12.
A NIekel In the Slot Machine.
rrom At Jo .firccaf?.
What do you know about any one nvlnr
In uffalo L
i . ii ebtii until sne nao
T0O worth and then boutht a ne-r Tord
ear. That ear U sure enough a "Jitney,"
paid for with nickels.
90 DAYS BY DANIELS
Sims Accnuea Secretary of Ob-
stmctlnff Protection of
Ships From U-Boats.
HAP, .TELLIC0E WORRIED
Admiral Gives Secret 3Iessagcs
and Cites Tirpiti on Snb
jM f. Tat sw asp jr. Jot H..iu.
w..fHmK. Mardi Secrttao
Danlel. was charged to-day by
dmlral W. S. Sims with responsibility
for delay of three months In adopting
the convey aystem to protect merchant
shipping from attacks of German sub
marines during the early stage of
American psrtldpatton W tho European
war. in a further hearing before the
subcommittee of the Senate Naval Com
mittee. . . .
Basing his charge on offlciar records
from the Navy Department.
Sims said that oa May 1. 17.
Commended to Secretary Danle . th.
adoption of the convoy system. In ac
cordanc with a vnsnmvM h to
the approval of the BrltWi Admiralty,
but that it was not until August 1 that
these recommendations were accepted by
lit Navy Department
Admiral Sims said further that Secre
tary .Daniels Ignored the recommenda
tion entirely June M. ndlr.g no ac
knowledgment of Its receipt and that
when he did reply, he sent the following
In regard to convoy I consider that
American vessels having armed
guards are safer when sailing Inde
pendently. . .
Admiral Sims on his own motion had
urged the convoy system, he said, in
April. 1917. and that later his Ideas
were approved by French as well as
British Admiralty officers, who. It was
asserted, had the conviction that the
arming of merchant vessels absolutely
failed to hold the submarine menace in
Extracts from the book of Admiral
von Tirpltx were submitted to the com
mittee, which asserted that the adop
tion of the convoy system "scaled the
doom of the U-boat campaign." and that
the arming of merchant vessels was
During the delay In adopting the con
voy system Admiral Sims said that Sec
retary Daniels was 'experimenting with
various Independent schemes."
''.Some of these proposals." commented
Admiral Sims, "were so impracticable
that I could only conclude that they
were devised by some one who never
had been to sea."
A communication from Admiral Jelll
cce to Admiral Sims regarding the ne
cessity for prompt action on the convoy
proposal was made public for the first
time by Admiral Sims, It was dated
July 11, 1917, over two months after
the American and British naval com
manders had decided on the convoy
Convoys Dlstorb Jcllieoc.
"I am very much disturbed about the
convoy question," said the Jelllcoe. com
munication. "As vou know, we arc
making great efforts to get it going, but
it Is quite Impossible to organize tho sys
tem unless we know absolutely what
vessels are available as c-cor through
the submarine zone, nnd we cannot
know this unless the whole system of
sailings from ports abroad to English
and French waters Is organized seme
way ahead. And by some way ahead I
' mean that we should know at least a
! fortnight before ships requiring etcort
leave ports on the other side, the rcaron
being that convoys have to be arranged
about three weeks ahead.
"At present we have arranged four
distinct convoys, two from Hampton
Roads every eight days, one from Cana
dian waters every eight days and one
from New York every eight days. The
t first three are escorted through the
i submarine zone by British sloops or de
1 stroycrs, but we are absolutely depend
ent upon the United States destroyers
. for the convoy coming from New York.
Therefore we must be certain of having
eleven United States destroyers for this
sole duty. Do you think you can guar
i antee these nnd can you Inform your
Government that' you have given the
"The next step that will be necessary
will be to make It perfectly clear to
the United 6tates Navy Board that they
must give a fortnight's notice before It
Is proposed to sail ships requiring escort
In anything but the smallest numbers.
We have, for Instance, been Informed
within the last few days of troops being
sent over in two White Star liners, of
a hospital unit coml-ig In another vessel
and of four ships with valuable cargoes,
all requiring escurls, end wo received the
notice as the ships were sailing.
"As It happens we also iava trsop
convoys arriving at about the same time,
and there will be the greatest difficulty,
I am sure. In providing adequate escorts
for all these vessels: whereas. If a
little notice were given we could suggest
the possibility of deferring the sailing of
somo of the ships perhaps for a few
days so that escorts would be available
when thy arrived.
"I think the matter Is so important
that I would suggest to you tho deslr-'
ability of wiring at once to say that It is
essential that you be given notice Imme
diately of any proposed sailings within
.the next fortnight Otherwise I fenr we
may be faced with great airncuities."
Sample Warning: Sent by 81ms.
Here Is a copy of a warning cabled
by Admiral Sims May 1, 1 J1S
Highly secret Admiralty informs
me that Information from reliable
agents states that a submarine of
Doutschland type left Germany about
13th April to attack either American
troop -transports or ships carrying
material from the States. So far as
known the Germans formed conclu
1. Troop transports sail from New
Tork via Nantucket Shoals and Sable
Island direct to Europe.
2. MatertaJ transports go from
Newport News to a point south of
Bermuda and then to Azores and
thence to destination (conclusions
which Sims said were Incorrect).
It Is thought that the submarine
Is taking a northern route across
Atlantic; average speed, five knots.
Non of new class of cruising sub
marines ready for service.
Admiralty experience with the
Deutschland class establishes follow
They generally operate a long dis
tance from shore and seldom In lesa
than 100 fathoms. Their single hulls
are very vulnerable to depth charge
attack. They rarely attssck sub
merged. Ther la but one known
Instance of attack against convoy and
but two of torpedo attack against
single vessels, one being unsuccessful.
They attack by gunfire almost exclu
sively. The most effective type to
oddo.vi them Is the submarine. They
shift their operating area when dis
covered. Admiralty requests Admiral
Grant (commander of British patrol
In western Atlantic) be given copy of
Admiral Suns also furnished records
of other warnings that proved correct
THE NEW YORK HERALD.
TltS Half Wi Joundtd &y ntn pr j
(n ISJJ: THB NBW YORK IJEIlA'n
ua$ founded by Jomtt Oorden Btn
In 18)9. TUB BVU pat$td into tU '
(rol 0 Charles A. Dana In Mi. H
.v,fn Iht rrrnmrtu at Prank X. Afunsey
j(n 1J1. THE SEW YORK UERA.lt
remained the oU proptrtv of Ub fount "
until Mi death in 1S7J, when Mi"i,"i
'James Gordon Bennett, euexeeded to l"
owntrthlp of the paper, uhteh continvt
'In ( Aonf ! ftlt deal in 1
'TK HERALD became the property of
Frank A. iluntey 'm 1JI0.
iusi.vr.8S and rniToniAL orncES.
MAIN BUSINESS AND EDITORIAL
OFFICES. 20 BROADWAY. TELE
PHONE, WORTH 10,000.
I MUNCH ornCES for receipt of dr.
tut mints ana saie or paptrss
I'Kf.VCIl'At UPTOWN omCB ITaraM
flullo-lnr. Herald square, til urftur
HAnLTH OmCE-JOJ WEST 12SJU
frr., NEAR SEVENTH AVE. Tat 7
Moralnpldt. Open until 10 1. If. ...
WASHINGTON HKIiJUTS OFKI-
WW8T 1S1ST ST. Tat Wii Wadsworta.
0;n until 10 P. M.
DOWNTOWN OrriCE 209 BROAD
WAY. Opan day and nlcht
BROOKLTN OFFjrKS KAQLE BCILD
1NO. :Ctt WASHINGTON ST. Tl HOT
Main. H COURT ST. Tel. HIS Main.
OpuntJI 10 P, If.
BRONX OFFICE SIS VfHXIS AVE,
AT 145TH HT. TlL 0C MtlrOM. Opl
until 10 P. M.
PrlaWpal rerelra and American Bnreani.
WASHINGTON Tba Vlostey BuIIdlr..
CHIPAOO I0S ta Sail 8L
LONDON 40-43 Fleet St
PARIS IJ Avenue da I'Opera. H Ru
There ar about SMO advertJi'ment r,
fairing alatleca located throurhMt New
Tork city and'vlclnlty where Bu-.-HrM
adrtrtlMtnenls win be received at oE:i
rati and forward for publication.
Eastern New York, cloudy and' colder
to-day ; strong northwest winds ; tf
No Jersey, desrinr and eoMrr UwIjj.
.rnuca colder st miai; freah to itrosr windi
Ion ihr rout: fair to-morrow
' Northern New Kef land, local rxina e-
Jinows and colder to-day: fair to-morro
I freah- to rtront wetrly windt.
Southern New Ecrlant cloudy ard ojloe-
(to-day with itroar weit and Dorthwet
Iwlodt: fair to-eaorrow.
Western New York, partly cioutfr a"
colder to-day; probably lcyal inor: !ai
io-raarrow, vvcer in western pel. an
WAeHrSGTON. March It-Sir last rttM
tl Western t.-ri haa cored from centra.
IDihois to the lower St. Lawrewe vatler
with a farther Inereaw in intercity tr
reneral depreisfoa extending to-nfdit Mail
westward into fieorrla. where t V . a rao
e rate wcotviary depreiaSon. Westward tfcroui'.
the Mitaiasipp! Taller preseur hat r.aen cor
iBdersbty, whi!; farther went It baa falle
brtnr ioweit oTtr Canada. There were ze
eral raina from the Mlatisalppl valley ear
ward, except In Florida, with mae im .
ths oppt lake rrion and the uoper Mlar--uppi
valley, while in the Welt, except tn tb
north Palfl; Eutet. the weather wn fair
It is much colder in tb upper lake ' '
welern loer lake rerion. the central va'
and the wnt Gulf States, and renrrarr
thonrh aHrhtly, warmer over the wete i
half of tbe country. In the Atlantic Starr
hUh temperatcra continue. With the rxce.
lion of local rains or aoowi to-morrow
northern New Enrland. Urht snows H l
lerior New York arxl rains in the morn'i r
In the south Atlantic Statea the weatbe
will be recerallr fair to-morrow and Sunda
eait of tbe Mi'dutppi TUter. It wlir" h
colder to-morrow arxl Saturday ciiat In ts
Atlantic States and tbe upper Ohio fa!
and warmer Sunday in the lake rerion. th'
Ohio valley, Temxrye and the east Gu
Observations at United Sti' Weather B
raa stations taken at t P. it yesterday, sf-ecty-atth
lattifhra. Tlaro- lastrt
Ststlonj. HJrS.Xow. ptr. hrs. Veatr.
.74 flood t
. . Clear
Atlantic Clty.r., Vt
, Chicato J!
' CleTelacJ H
I Detroit M
JacXtonTille .... ;
Kasaaa City.... 41
L Anrelet M
Milwaukee .... 30
riM 1.9 Snow
N"w Orleans.... 74
3.4 l.W Clwrfy
Salt tale City.
.W Ft Clay
San Dlero 74
San lYanciKO... ?
St. Lorn? M
Wasiinstrn ... . ft
LOCAL WEATHER RECORD?
t A. M. f P M.
Barometer 3.7 3.44
Humidity 41 47
Wlnd-dlreotloa S. W. S. Tf.
Wind relocuy at :t
Weather Rain Clnndy
The temperature in this dty yterday. at
recorded by the official thermometer. i
shown la the annexed table:
IA.M 51 IP. M K
A. M 5J i P. M l
ID A. M U S P. M M
7 P. M.
S P. M.
S P. M
14 P M
II A. Jl 55 4 P.M.
11 J it i p. j:.
: r. y. ji
4J P. M li
1 i: K:i .... 71
nifhet lemperatcre. 7. at t p. M.
Lowest temperature. 4. at 5 A. M.
Arcraxe tcmrerature. K.
The Lotos Clnb, fiftieth anniversary din
ntr, at tn ciubhouie. ill West Fifty-KTeath
street. 7 P. M
Vermont Society, bincjuet Hotel renntyl
vania, 6 "95 P M.
Erjr.-Gen. Georte R. Dyer will retiew lh
Sixty-ninth Infantry, New Tork Guard, at
the armory. 4S Lexinrton avenue. S:40 P. M
Iarm Board of Commerce, dinner. Hole!
Commodore. 7 P. M.
David Jayna Hill and Charles Edward Ru.
ell will speak 00 "Back to th Republic and
Representative Government." at the Saturday
luncheon of the National Rerublican Club. 14
Weit Fortieth street. 1:14 P. M.
Hudson Guild, twenty-fifth annlTerary din
ner. Metropolitan Life Insurance Buildinr,
T: P. M.
Irrint T. Bush la announced to speak at
the Brooklyn Chamber of Commrrr lunch
eon. Court and Remsen streets. I P. M.
"France and America la tho Future." lect
ure by Abbe Ernest Dimnet Carsexls Hall,
11 A. M.
Gertrude Ofden Tubby will lecture on "The
Field of Psychical Research" at Aeolian
Rail. 11 A. M.
Bnr -Gen. James Rebb will review th
Fourteenth Infantry. New York Gnard. st
the armory. Eirhth avenue at Fifteenth
street. Brooklyn, this eTtninr.
Columbia University chapter of Slfma Al
pha Epilon fraternity, dance, Plaaa Hotel,
"The Plneaptile and It relatives." lectnr
by Dr. W. A. Murrtll. Central Display Green
house. Bronx Park. J:1S P. M.
Paul S. Relnsch, former Ambassador tn
China, will speak on "The Awakenlnr of
China" at a luncheon of the Leacue of Free
Nations Association. Hotel Commodore. lZ.ii
Harlem Post 111. American Lesion, enter
tainment and dance. Hotel Majestic. th.
OompUmentary dinner to City Hlstrt
JfcAdoo and Maxittraie Lawrence C Flh,
Hotel RoMert Brooklyn, this eveninr.
New York University, senior bop, Waldorf
Astoria. S P. M.
"Medlsrvsl Mu1-J Instrument. lecture
by Frances Morns, letropolltan Musesm of
Art, S P. M.
Wet Tolnt Alumnt tinner. Hotel Astor
7: P. M.
Camp Fire Club of America, dinner, Hotel
Pennsylvania, 7 P. M.
PUBLIC LECTURES TO-NIGHT.
"The Smile of Beauty" (Greek Art), br
Arthur J. Wetermayr,- Amerii-an Musenr-Seetity-Mveiitli
atreet and Central rsr
"Tr1e Union Pollcle." hy Prof Jarrei
Walter Cok. rnnrr ln.tltnte r.lrhth strre
and Fourth avenue.
"Current Hi'tory." by prof. NeIon "
Mevl. Naw York Librarj. West 1 1
"Guatemala." by Dr. Thomas B. Pottertw.
Y. H. C. A.. S West USth etreet nhutratei.
"The Merchant of Venice." by Richard A
Pnrdy. Naw York Library, W East mi
street, Bronx. Illustrated.