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THE SUN AND NEW YORK ffERALD, MONDAY; 'APRIL 26, 1920,-
perfectly clear. My view In that Qer
many should not bo provcntedtrtm re
taring order In Germany. The mim
thlnir hpcncd In Franco In 1871 when
Germany proposed to put down the Com.
tnune. M. Thiers, objected becaiwe the
lntervantlon of foreigners would tend to
jnali the Communo popular. No on
hnu tho right to say wo are , no I pro
pared to uo military force to enforce
j For Ibwd Sum of Indemnity.
' It la underetood from quite another
ourco than Lloyd doorco that ono ex
tremely Important point In tho ngreo
ment between the British and French
l'rcmlers define It to bo In the Interest
of France to fix, at a meeting to be held
early In May In a Belgian city, whero
representatives of the Allies will meet
representatives of Germany, ii global
sum Germany must psy tho Allies im.
mediately. , . ,
It Is even said that tho Allies have
tentatively fixed nn annual payment of
three billion marks, pre-war exchange,
for thirty years, as a sultablo payment,
but that tho German Government will
be asked In the meantlmo to mako the
tirnnnsal of a luini) sum.
One report had It that France would
JI..U..V .nv Intention to OCCUpV tllO
nuhr region of Germany or to prolong
,tho occupation of rranKion uoyum. in
....i,i f -hu nrinmi withdrawal of tlio
-n in ihn snnn In excess of the
Im.iv allntilnf InnR. -
Robort Underwood Johnson. American
Ambassador to Italy, was tho first to
fnrrlvo at tho Villa Devachan for this
mornlne'fl meetlnB of the Supremo
rninrii Mr. .Tnhnaon took tho seaf at
tho horseshoe shaped table which was
Mm vMienlav when he was In-
t.AA tn nil ihn members of tho
council wd tho session was suspended.
Tho Premiers ureeted Mr. Johnson
Tnriilnllv vesterday. and ho returned
tho compliment Uils mornlnc.
The offlclal statement given out after
tlto sosslon read:
Council met this morn
in nt tho Villa Devachan. l'rcmlers
niiii Miilnrnml and Lloyd George, Am
hnosnrlnr Johnson. Slunor Solalola, M.
Uerthiilot and Karl Curzon wero pria
eut and illscusncd the question of man
itni.a mtr Palcitlne. Syria and Mesopo
lAmla. They settled the question of the
tinw Htato of Armenia. Finally they
rltiuMi.tHPil the Question of a resumption
of commercial relations with ltussla as
far as they concerned the negotiations
enterod upon by Oio Husslan commer
cial mission, which Is actually in i.opcn.
Pamb, April 25. The San Remo con
ference will close Monday night, accord
Ing to a llaviis despatch. Premier Mil
lernnd and Marshal Foch and the Jnpa
neso and Greek delegations will leave for
Paris by special train Tucuay morning.
The Italian Premier. Slgnor Nlttl, will
leave for Home Wednesday by sea.
SAN REMO RESULTS
PROP TO COALITION
poor position to carry out an economic
policy toward Oormany If Uio United
.States Is not bound up In the settlements
nnd left frco to devote Its energies to
pushing trade In the late enemy coun
tries Irrcapcctlvo of agreements,
Victory for Lloya George.
London believes Lloyd Gcorgo did a
treat Job at Son Ilemo. lie effectually
killed all talk of an Allied split, brought
from tho French a public repudiation of,
reported Imperialists ambitions on tho
left bank of tho Rhine, nnd while con
ceding tho French necessity of enforcing
tho military terms ho apparently ex
tracted a concession eottlnir definitely
PREMIER tho amount of reparations. Supporters
oi ins coalition uovernmeni nre openiy
prepared to welcome tho Prlmo Minister
triumphantly upon his return Wednes
day. The added prestige will be sorely
needed, for the Coalition faces a hard
tight In Parliament on tho budget, In
volving tho question of a voto of confi
dence. The vast bulk of coalition supporters
In Uio IIouso of Commons arc, or rcprc-
c .i i f.it. t rv ivn 'tw 'im, succcsaiui uusiness enterprises max
Sp:.c'l fil"? ''?JL!J L . n been hard hit by tho continuance
End of Aiifflo-Fronch Differ
ences Ro?nr(lc(l With Great
Satisfaction in london.
Supporters Sco Needed Aid in
Budget Fight Involving
Voto of Confidence.
,e results of the San Remo Conference
with tho greatest satisfaction. It sees
i. i, ,i.i..min.nn rrnrhr.i h nmna " Pointed out that the Government will
n, 1 ,Sn "V, t 5 iwEScS ! French Chamber, of Deputies to the need.
nnsnatches from San Remo on Frl
day last, announcing tho decision of the
(Supremo Council to make Armenia an
IndeDondent state, said that the bound
aries of the new republic had not yet
been defined. The new republic, the
despatches added, would probably be
contracted, owing to tho bellof that tho
nmnllrr the country the moro easily It
could protect Itself and the fear that
If too many Turks were left wunin Ar.
menla they mlsht overthrown the Gov.
PRICE OF WIVES NOW
8 COWS INSTEAD OF 4
Lord Dewar Tells of Rising
Market in Africa.
Special to Tnc Scn ani Niw Vonc Qziild
London, April 25. Lord Dewar, head
Of tho well known Scotch whiskey Arm,
who has Just returned from Central
Africa, In giving an account of his
travels there said the Increased cost of
living In the district he visited was re
fleeted In the higher price for wives paid
by the natives.
Whereas a fine sixteen hands high
wife cost four spearheads Jn pre-war
days, she now costs eight spearheads.
Lord Dewar said, and In the cattle dis
tricts the prlco of a wife at present Is
eight cows Instead of four.
7 V.-v.'. ;.. ' ,ana '"crcaso of the excess profits tax,
London, April 35. London
Tho budget has shaken their allegiance
to their leaders as could nothing else,
not even tho Irish bill. 1
llut added to the prestige of San Itcmo,
inferences of ODlnlon but differences
xlstlng between two groat Hriusii
nchoolH of thought.
Somo of tho most Important British
tankers earnettly believed that only a
adlcal rewriting of tho peace treaty,
MKhil!y IU economic terms. Cuuld foi-
,vanl the reconstruction of Kurope. Tlicy
ro not sympathetic toward Germany,
but they realised that Germany was an
Important Integral part of Europe a
economic structure, more rather than
less Important on account of the In
They openly asserted that unless Ger
many wero put upon her feet economi
cally she could not pay these Indemni
ties that wero Important to Uio Allies
and would remain a festering spot In the
convalescent economic body of Europe.
These bankers pressed Uictr arguments
upon the Government.
But tho Government was reluctant to
accept them, fearing a cry of repudia
tion of pre-war pledges, which charge
s even now beginning to be heard In
bitter attacks from the Coalition Gov
ernment's domestic enemies. Lloyd
dcorgc was fearful of tho French move
across the armlstlco line when Frank
fort was occupied.
Justify Premier's Tactics.
In tho Interval between the Prime
Minister's return from his holiday In
Wales and his departure for Pan Remo
he decided that tho only method of
cheeking the French policy, which ho re
garded as diingcrotiB, was a friendly
rap through tho press. This rap, even
though friendly, was administered by
Philip Kerr, the Prlmo Minister's cs-
ueclal Intimato on Peace Conference affairs.
The Prlmo Minister's supporters now
claim that his tactics were Justified by
having forced consideration of a set
tlement of tho most Important question
of all the continued allied attitude to
Germany and attaining Its settlement
In tho most satisfactory manner. The
British delegates went to tho conference
with the details of a new plan of allied
cooperation to force disarmament of
Calling1 the responsible heads- of the
German Republic Into conference with
the allied lenders Is one detail of the
British plan, while others Involve bet
ter organization of the allied commis
sions In Berlin, nnd better liaison be
tween them and the War Office as well
as tho forces on tho Rhine.
There Is no doubt of tho British In
tention to placo the burden of the eco
nomic clauses ultimately upon the shoul
ders of the Leairue of Nations If they
are etrongcnoijKh to sustain, them. This
Is ono reason for Mr. Lloyd George's
reiterated anxiety to brine in the
United States. He realizes that despite
high talk about tho economic Indepen
dence of Kurip", the lengue would be In
of vigorous fiscal measures. In tho face
or proposed rigorous French taxes the);
will argue that It Is Impossible for Great
Britain to show weakness, and every In
dlcatlon Is that Lloyd George's star alone
la undlmmed of all thote that shone at
tho Qual d'Orsay more than a year ago.
EUROPE NEEDS SMILES
PREMIER NITTI SAYS
Asserts Treaty Must Be Ap
plied With Charity.
minv nucht I may say. mustmake
Bood to the. extent of her means for the
Injuries stio lias uono.
"As for,, tho swo or tne army sno.
should hau, one way of approacninf
the question Is for coon of the Allies
.to nsk herself how many troops aro
nocensary to prciervo imornai oracr in
her country. I shpild say that If a
certain number Is essential In our coun
try for Inter or purposes an equany
largo number might bo considered noces
sary In Qormany.
"I liavo never proposed revision or mo
peace treaty, Germany, who lost the
war, who was responsible for the war,
must rospect tho treaty, but tho Allien
ought to apply It not only In a spirit of
Justlco but In n spirit of charity. Ger
many can bo asked sacrifices that she
can afford, but she should not oe hbkco
that which would provont her from re
turning again to normal economic life,
and thus brlnic despair nnd revolution.
The destiny of. every country, whothor
victor or vanquished, Is Interrelated nnd
tho fall nf ono to ruin will bring down
body., in the covenant of tho League rJaSne'v.ctor0;
'o doT the sltuit n .-'clmnglne In X004 brought the nus.lan Constitution
ith such velocity that to treat it with and tho revolution In UOb
Ind fference Is dangerous. Laborers who ..0l the Jnpaheso Socialists In MM-
year- ogo'had the greatest respect for cn io mo9t cmpmtlcally Pm M'"?
LthWity now court Its anger. , Tho tho mai3) blla nna tho most outrageous
East has ceased to bo placid and paB- condct of Japan In Siberia that has
slve, even to Eastornors. Tho restore. culminated In military occupation of
tlon of tho sovereign power of Me ji Vladivostok.
brought about tho great politlcri I ttwok w fc that tn0 pr(.Mnt outrage In
enlnt ot the nation. Tho irrea t war I , provoke tho nus-
whlcl? brought riches to Japan and de- workers nnd peasants, and that he
vclopcd he greed of our W1" Japanese will have to pay highly for the
and which brought llltowlso the Treaty f aro not rcsponsl-
Of Versailles and tho recocnltlon or tim that JopAn o( tho
WORKERS IN JAPAN
SEEKING WHIP HAND
Continued from FU-at Page.
IV tlit AttoHaltd Prttt.
San Bbmo, April 25. Francisco Nlttl,
the Italian Premier, had a long conver
sation with tho American and English
newspaper correspondents last night af
ter the work of tho Council was over
for the day. It covered a broad, rango
Slgnor Nlttl declared, ns Premier
Lloyd George hoe already said, that as
the Allies have nover been at war with
Russia each ally Is frco to deal with
her as It thinks nrnDcr.
Some of ' tho things, the Italian Pre
mier said were, in substanco:
"What Europe needs Is a smile. Peace
and war are not only two material
facts, they are states of mind. If. two
men look nt each other with murder In
their hearts they mny try to kill each
other ; but If one looks toward the other
with a cortaln diffidence and smiles
they may be friends. All the nations
Europe have three or four difficult
years ahead. They must smile ut one
another and work together.
"The members of this Council are
meeting to see If our countries can take
measures to assist In restoring order in
threo greatly disturbed areas the un
easy, restless Mohammedan world. Cen
tral,, Europe and ltussla. Wo aro Just
finishing the Turkish treaty."
Speaking of Germany, Slgnor Nlttl
said. In effect:
'So far as the Italians arc concerned
the war Is over. Italy has reduced hor
military Bcrvlce to eight months and tho
number of her army corps from twelve
to ten. Tho Allies for two reasons must
be fair and Just toward Germany. Tho
first Is that It is only by doing so we
can expect her to cultivate that mental
attitude of peace that, will fashion her
futur relations with tho rest of the
world. The second Is that It tho Allies
do not treat Germany reasonably they
will fall out among themselves. Ger-
0, course he isn't a grouch
avxl cm prove it!
i FIFTH AV (9) OOR.-47WST
scntmcn tot tho masses ngalnst tho
chisies Is growing unmistakably and ono
ilsy will renrh a pilch whero nn erup
tion will occur.
"Then will come blood and tears for
the laborers, while, becauso of the
'ashlon In which our sbclal structuro Is
reared, llko a pyramid on which Japan's
home, family and national' life aro built,
f.nc supporting tho other, It will crumblo
to pieces with a speed and velocity that
wilt leave only national ruins. This col
lapse will be accelerated because of the
very manner in which our social system
s organized. Iiat we regard aa our
strongest national link, the family tie
that links family to relatives and class
to masters until tho chain reaches to
tho throne, will bo our very bane and
"Already In Japan somo Industries aro
nationalized, for example, tho railways
nnd tho tobacco Industry, but no material
benefit for labor has como from these,
as their nationalization has been merely
to Increase tho national revenue, without
regard for tho moral, mental and physi
cal welfare of the worriers. Such na
tionalization as Japan has seen so far
has been merely a cloak for national
capitalism, worso by far than private
"What has caused tho present labor
situation In Japan may be considered In
two ways. JOno Is to consider the condi
tions under which tho laborers of Japan
aro forced to live, conditions that ore
ringing a discontent thut is fast incrcas.
Ing, shown In the strikes that come on
slight provocation all over tho country.
If takes desperation to drive Japan's
laborers Into strikes, as this Is a weapon
dangerous to tho users, any direct action
furnishing tho police with tho excuse
they desire to throw the strikers Into
prison. Dcsplto this tho strikes go on,
tho men Inviting Jail sentences apparent
ly and giving an Insight Into tho mental
ity of tho workers and a hint that much
further procrastination In the honest
search for a solution of tho troubles bo
tween capital nnd" labor will recoil to the
disadvantage of the country, to say the
"Tho other manner of regarding tho
situation Is to consider what Is happen
ing elsewhero In the world of labor,
knowledge of which no longer can be
hidden from tho Japanese. Until a very
few years ago people here never even
dreamed that Japaneso labor would as
sert Itself In any way. But the awaken
ing has como In Japan as elsewhere,
given Its greatest Impetus by tho em-
rights of labor, will bo written down
In our history ns tho causo of the
awakening of the mma of Japanese la
bor, ami the great middle class, now
sufterlmt from the cost of living, which
Is relatively higher in japan man in mir
other part of tho world, Is awakcnlnff
also and Its weight fs commencing to
bo felt behind the labor demands. Tho
capitalist class and tho autocrats aro
being isolated. , ,
"Oligarchy ana uospousm. poum-m
and capitalistic, If not Killed must be
scotched. Tho Government must per
mit tho organization of real labor
unions and it must enact tho manhood
suffrage act. When our Parliament bo
comes truly representative our laborers
will bo again respectful of authority, of
which they, will be a part. This will bo
a long step towara recreating comum
mcnt nnd will ao away largely with tho
daily Increasing friction, thus affording
n l.rniitiiinrr nneii iiurinu wmtii um
larger question of the nationalization of j
industry can do caimiy cunniuci
"It Is cither that or nn eruption."
SOVIET REPUBLIC IN
Manifesto Circulated in U. S.
Japaneso Socialists In America ore
circulating a general manifesto to tho
effect that a rovolutlon will soon take
place In Japan which will establish a
.ovist Janancse republic. The 'manifesto
says In part;
"A little while only may thn con
iimnMl nnnv of JaDan hold Vladivostok.
Our peoplo will not support tho wrongs
that will mane mo jiuBPians um "
The Hod army of Soviet Russia will soon
trush the Japanese Imperialists.
"The victory of tho ittu army oi hub-
rnnrllnnnrv mtllttiriflts win not ulti
mately be a match for tho ned army of
tho awakoned Russian workers and peas
"The Japanese workcts who have been
conducting successfully mo BiriKcn, "
botago and riots against tho capitalists
and even tho reactionary govcrmnriiv i
thn police, gendarmes and troops will not
submit to the army and will not fight for
the nrmy In the future; as In the past.
"We, tho Socialists, aro profoundly
nahnmed of tho bandit net of our army In
vi.niivndtok. This 'reitret and lndlgna'
tlon of ours surely will express tho feel
ins and Indignation of our comrades at
hnmp. ho have no freedom of express
ing their Socialistic thoughts and feol-.
"We, however, condemn this act as a
great crime against our neighbor, and
our Indication nnd condemnation of
tho' Imperialists of Japan win never
cease until we destroy Imperialism. Wo
feel profoundly sorry and deeply regret
that wc cannot do moro than express
ourEdves In words. But thin feellnt; will
soon bo taken up by the Japanese work
ers, who aro steadily making progress
along tho samo road as tho Russian
"Wc send our hearty greetings to the
comrades In Vladivostok, Siberia, Rus
sia and all over tho world." .
Tiffany & Co.
Fifth Avenue &37I5Street
Paris,25 Rue de laPmx london,22I Regent street
Pearls Diamonds Jewelry
YOU ARE invited to'
an Exhibition of Rare
Books at Dutton's, 681
This unusual collection
is being shown under
the auspices of Mr.
.Charley J. Sawyer of
THE coldest water is
not always to be' found
at the bottom of the deepest
well. There's a well 2,775
feet deep.in Ohio. The water
at the hottom is 90". In a
Vermont Well, 14 feet deep,
ice forms the year round.
The Knickerbocker Ice you
use in your home doesn't
form in well or on lake or
river. It's made from four
times filtered water.
For "ht colieit wUcr"use Knidterbtdctr let
xttlyit's tltdn pure lift.
Franklin Simon Boys Shops
Just to prove that
need not be expensive
we are featuring
(poj) (to 6)
They are modeled on a safe and
sane last, in black or cocoa brown
leather, and tipped and soled
with the indestructibility of Korry
Krome. Best of all they are low
in price, marked closely.
A limited number of
Boys' Blucher Shoes
now being closed out at
DT and 0
Fifth Av.rmf. nnA IQtU Cto
y' and Children's Haircutting Shop-Fifth Floor
The Store is closed at 5 P. M. daily
S. Alimat! & (En.
MADISON AVENUE-FIFTH AVENUE, NEW YORK
For today (Moiraday)
A,. Special Offering of
m $52.00 . '.
Smart up-to-date models, beautifully tailored throughout,
the coats richly lined with silk. The materials are
tricotine, Poiret twill, men's wear serge, hair-line' stripe
effects and Englisfa tweeds.
Sizes: 34 to 46, inclusive.
(Women's Ready-to-wear Suits, Third Floor)
A Nminnilber of
Womee's Trlcolette Dresses
todate styles will be on sale at
attractive prices in
The Special Costuimes Departmemit
on the Third Floor
Cousin Tom and Others
THE Columbia Trust Company recently asked
several men why they hes'itated to have a Trust
v Company settle their estates.
Perhaps you may find your own "hesitation"
among the following reasons given.
S ' ' '
1. "Cousin Tom can do it all right"
He probably can, if the estate is very small. But if an
' estate is sizeable or at all complicated, we are thankful that
we baro on our staff many men of highly specialized experienco
in Executorship duties. The Cousin Toms aro handicapped by
lack of personal experience in settling estates. They may not
know how. They may die and then the Court will appoint their
successors who may or may not be the person one would
. 2. "Trust Companies aren't human"
Speaking for ourselves we can simply say this: The settling
of estates usually puts us in contact with men and women at a
time when they need .everything wo hare of kindliness and
consideration and sympathetic understanding. Never for one
moment can we forget it.
3. fThey lack elasticity"
We hare seen estates settled by well-intentioned but
"elastic" minded men. With such men there is alvayo the temp
tation to "let things slide." In long experience wojiave handled
no estate that could be settled without a firm grasp of every
detail and few, that did not call for definite "yes and no"
4. "They are hopelessly conservative"
This we cheerfully admit. Without preaching, we earnestly
bejieve that the handling of other people's, money iar almost a
sacred matter. Nor would wo be long in business if we took
chances with the funds men leave their wives and children '
A Trust Company has every incentive to settle each estate
as quickly as the law allows for the following reason ; We do
not receive our commissions until our duties, are completed
and the Surrogate; put? his O. K. upon our work. - '
6. "A Trust Company is expensive"
This is a mistaken impression which we havo often pointed
out. The fees for settling'' estates are the same whether, you
name a Trust Company or an individual as executor. Naturally
we cannot publicly cite, specific economics to heirs which
have been effected by our Trust Department. But we do say
that the settlement of an estate by an experienced Trust
Company is generally far more economical than when the matter
is left in the hands of well-meaning but inexperienced friends.
If you would like to sit down with, us and talk personally
about' the settling o your estate, please ask for a Vice
President or Manager in charge at any one of our" offices.
' Member of Federal Reserve Systenv