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Debate on tbe Louisiana Question
in the House.
SPEECHES OF HALE AND GARFIELD.
Reviving the Polioy of Hate for
the Fall Oampaign.
EXTREME SILVER MEN IN TROUBLE.
Probable Adoption of the Senate Amend
ments by the House.
PRESENT POSITION OF* THE BILL.
Radical Financial Measures
rROM OUR SPECIAL CORRFSFONDENT.
Washing *. Feb. 19, 1878.
THE RETURNING BOAItD TRIALS IN THE HOUSE?
REPUBLICANS DEFENDING ANDERSON AND
WELLS AND OPPOSINQ THE 80CIHERN POLICT.
The Houso spent thoroughly unprofitable day In a
wrangle ovor the Louialauu Returning Board. Mr.
Bala made what wus generally thought to be a leeblo
speech Indirectly attacking the President. General
Gibson replied In good temper, and after several
other speeches General Garfield closed the day with
a speech In wbloh he declared the President an optimist,
who had "gono to the verge of the
constitution''?whatever that may mean?In bis
efforts to produce reconciliation. He declarod
bltnseir to be, next to the Preatdont, the most anxious
of republicans lor conciliation and an era of good
feeling, and apparently to prove tbis be immediately
went on to tell the Sontborn democrats tbat they
ought to be devoutly gratefnl to the republican party
that it did not hang them alL Mr. Garfield's notion
Is tbat the beat way to call out a man's friendly good
nature la to fiing a brickbat at blm. The notable purt
of bia epeacb, however, waa bis explanation of the
relative rights of Packard and the President to office,
and hero bo attackod the anti-Hayes republicans,
who hold with William U. Chandler that If
Packard Is not Governor then Mr. Hayos ought not
to bo President; tbat the President wee bound
to anpport Packard in self-defence and tbat whAi ha
failed to maintain Packard by force of arms ho, as
Goneral Butlsr said some lime ago, was like a man
who should tear up the marriage certificate of his
parents Garfield answered all this by saying that
?uo noiuruiag ouuru woro, uy mo 6OOBIUUII0II ADQ
laws ol Louisiana, tbe Dual Judges of who wore
chosen Presidential electors, and when tncy declared
the Hayes and Wheeler electors chosen that ended all
controversy on that question. But, said ho, the lie.
turning Board wore not, under the laws, the Una!
lodges of the returns for the Legislature, nor for those
ol Governor, which were canvassed and docided
under the law by tho Legislature, and
as that doolarod Governor Nlcholls to be elected their
decision was flual and must be aecepted as such, although
he added his own boliof that Packard was
really and latrly elected.
80 far his speech was not smlss, but be then broke
out Into a tirade against tbe South generally, calling
up the Hamburg and Ellen ton riots and various other
Southern troubles; declared It an outrage that Wells
and Anderson should be tried, and thought tbe President
most nave seen In the last lew weeks that it was
impossible lor him to continue hie policy
of conciliation. He did not explain what
bo thought the course of the President
ought to be hereafter, or whether be, too, wanted a
now army sent down to ocoupy the South, as some of
the other "visiting statesmen" have suggested. But
tho truth is the republicans do not expect the President
to ohauge bis Southern policy. They know that
it is too late. There Is nothing to change, and Mr.
Hayes sees no reason for change. What they are
now driving at Is the fall canvass, and these anilSouthern
apceobes are made In tbe hope that thoy
may once more excite the North against the South
end In the expectation that angry words from Ibe republicans
here will load to angry retorts In Southern
newspapers, which can next fall bo quoted in the
North us "Southern sentiment." Meantime the lact
that outrages havo entirely ceased since the President's
policy wont into effect Is conclusive testimony
to its success, and poopio see with amazement emlnont
republicans like Hate and Garfield lurlously defending
two men ol notoriously bod character?Wells and
Anderson?and wonder why this oxtreme rage, which
looks so much like foar.
TBE AMENDED SILVER BILL IN TBE BOCSE.
There Is troublo In tbe cump of the silver men
wblen, if their opponents wero Inclined to take advantage
of it, might very easily bring about the failuro of
tho bill. But if tbe determination of tbe principal
antl-ailver renublicans this evening Is carried out the
bill will undoubtedly be passed as It came from tbe
Senate and will also be passed over tbe veto. Tbe antlsllver
republicans have dotorminod to support Mr.
Stephens to-morrow or next day, when he
moves tbe adoption of IUe Senate amondmonta.
They do this, as some of thorn confess, to
get tho bill out of tbe way of tbe fall canvaas. They
bare not courago enough to prevent lie passage, because
they fear for tbolr own re-olectlons. If, there*
lore, the bill becomes a law Its republican opponents
ought to be held to a Just share of responsibility for tt.
Their timidity now gives the bill Its principal ouanoe
of life. It they vote against the Senate amendments
the chances are at' least good that these' will fall In
the House. A. considerable force of ,the silver men,
beaded by all tbo men ot brains in the movement,
Is opposed to these Senate amendments, and somo of
Ibem are undoubtedly Inclined to lot the bill fall rather
than see it pass In Its present form. These prevailed
last night In the sliver caucus, and ordered tho bill to
bo sent to tbeCommiliee on Hanking aud Currency,
frith the expectation that It would there be eo changed
as to deatroy tho Senate amendments. The silver
nen who are?wi^h Messrs. Kwlng, Hollar and
Ipringor?of this mind would probably veto
igatust concurring wbon tbo bill la called
ip by Mr. Stephens, and their lores, with
the antt-sllver republicans, would sufllco
to defeat tho amendments. But If tho republican opponents
ol the bill vote for the amondmenta these
srtll be adoptod and the bill will then pass. Tbero Is
ml little doubt that It will In that oase pas* over tbe
reto. Rut If, on tho contrary, tbe Senate amendncnte
are struck out or raildered aseleeo, as la proposed
bf other eh tinge s in the'House, then It le
tqually certain that the bill cannot paat over the
roio, and there will be a cbanee lor a more moderate
risiacTiT. utinnnitR to poT.T.otv tow "???
The paaiaga of the Stiver bill "cleara the away/' aa
a allver man remarked le-iiay. What he meant waa
that the donate would now take up the Houae bill repealing
tbo Keaumptlou act; that Mr. Bncknar expect!
toward the close of the wrote lo bring into tbe
House hta bill aubiinutlng troaaury notes lor national
bank notes, and that tbe lollailonlata have renewed
hopoa of being able to adopt some measure of general
paper money Inflation beforo the session la over.
Tbe Silver bill ia only an entering wedge. Were It
otberwiae the men who vote to make allver a legal
tender equally wltb gold, would not at the aame lime
propoae to repeal tbe Resumption act. Senator
Jones' project lor what he calla "abaoluto
money," irredeemable paper money to be legal
tender for all purposes, and to bo Itaued
lo tbe amonnt of twenty-Ave dollars per
bead ol tbo population looms up In the distance. Tbe
Senate Committee on Finance bavo agreed to vote on
tbe bill repealing the Resumption act next Tuesday.
Kour member*, Moure. Morrill and Dawes, repnbll
cans, and Bayard and Kernan, democrats, oppose repeal
Four republicans, Messrs. Kerry, Jonos, Allison
and Howe, and one democrat, Mr. Wallace, are for
FROM OUR REGULAR CORRESPONDENT.,
Wamhinuto.*, Keb. 19, 1878.
POSITION OP TH* SILVER BILL IN THE HOUSE.
Mr. Springer's opinion as to tbe coarse wblcU Is
likely to be taken to-morrow In tbe House with tbe
Silver bill Is tbal It will bare to wait upon tbe Acklm
case, wbieb will be disposed of probably under tbe
bead ol untlnlsbed business, and must come up before
tbe morning boar. Tben tbe morning boar will be
announced. Ibis will be consumed wltb
tbe ordinary reports of tbe committees.
At Its expiration, however, it will be
in order tor any member to tuovo to proceed to tbe
business on ibe Spoaker's table. II tbis motion can
be carried by a majority vote Ibe business will be
taken up In the order in wbleb It bas been placed on
Ibe Speaker's table. Each subject will be disposed oi
In tbe order In which It is reached. When tbe Silver
bill is tbus gotten at tbe Bpeake. will recoguize Mr.
Bland tbrongb courtesy to btm as tbe autlA>r of
the bill. Mr. Bltud will more that the
Houso non-concur In the Scn.ito amendments
and uak a committee of confcreDCti. Upon this motion
be will be entitled to one hour, which ho can eontrol,
and daring It be can prorent any eiber motion (rom
being submitted to tbo llouse. Beforo bis hour expires
be will move the previous question. If the mule
question Is ordered by a majority vote all amendments
nod further discussion will be cut off, and tho Houso
will bo brought to a direct vote upon the motion to
non-concur and ask a committee of conterenoe.
II the House votes down the previous question Mr.
Bland will lose the floor and all control of
the bill una amendments, tho Speaker will tbeu
recognize Mr. Stephens, of Georgia, who lias already
given notloe that bo will move that the llonse concur
In tbo Senate amendments. This motion will bo
made at this stage aa oj> amendment to Mr. Bland's
motion, and tne question will bo first upon Mr.
Stephens' amendment, and if It carries by a majority
vote the bill will bo passed as aiqooded by the Senate
and will go at onoe Irom tbe House to tbo President
lor hn approval. Mr. Stephens will be entitled to
an hour upon bit motion, but be cannot control
tbe House longer unless wltuin bis hour it orders
tbe main question to be put. If tbe discussion continues
beyond bis hour the control of tbo floor will be
with the Speaker absolutely, and debate will be continued
until tbo House sees lit to order tbo main
question to be. put. Mr. Springer says be does not
desire to odor factious opposttioo, but be is opposed
to some of tbe Senate amendments. II the Sonuto
bad placed silver bullion on tbe same footing that
tbe statutes place gold bullloa. allowing It to be
deposited In tbo Treasury and certlflcates to bo tssuod
therefor, many of tbe objections to tbe Senate amendments
would bo obviated. A voka of non-concurroaco
and a commltteo or conference might secure tnls con*
cession to tho Honso without endangering a iwo-ibirds
vole to ovorcome a veto in ollber house. The action
ol the silver ubI^d yesterday, rcsolvinc to reler tba
bill to the Committee on Banking and Currency, was
baaty and ill-advised, he thinks, and tbe coosequoncea
of such referonee will douktlosa be to
sustain Mr. Bland's motion tor a non-ooncnrronoe
in the Senate amendments. He also says there la a
great diversity of opinion among tbe silver men In tbo
House, and it depends altogether which motion Is put
Srst as to wbtch vote win earry. There la a groat
deal ol opposition to Mr. Stephens' motion, and General
Ewlng conspicuously will opposo it very strongly.
He, as well as Mr. Springer, will offer amendments.
GENERAL EWING ON THE SENATE AMENDMENTS.
General Swing, when askod"o-nlgbt what bis
course would be in opposing the Sliver bill as It noar
stands, said that he would most undoubtedly do all in
his power to defeat tbe Senalo amendments. Ho is
not, however, sanguine that he can Aooeed
In tbis diroction lor tbo reason mat the
republicans, as be understands, are united in
tboir resolve lor some purppses ol their own
to vote In tavor ol tbe Senate amendments. Speaktn
with emphasis, General Uwlng contended that to concede
tbe amemdaaems to gtvtag away the wbols thing.
What we want la a money metal, not a pretence of
It. Tne bill aa It stands dooa not glvo ua tbia. It
makes simply in elTeci a gold stnndurd and a monometallic
currency, which is ibe only Instance ot tbo
kind on record, not excluding consideration
ol lite Litln Union. Wheu France stopped tne
colnugo ol sliver sbo bud, uud bas now 300,000,000 ol
live Irauc pieces, while we have not over 41,000,000.
do tar sb the sliver circulation promised by tbe Senate
uuiendments la oouoerned It will emouul to notbing.
It la a mere hollow preieuoe. dliorroun
Is bound to use every dollar ot it, aud
will claim that ho ! bound to do so under
the Keeunu>lion law to prepare tor resumption
day. Consequently Ibere will be no relief to tbo
people us the bill now stands, it may be postlblo to
carry a kind or advantugo 11 we can get a conference
committee, but as tbo tbing now looks In tbe House
tbe republicans are bo well disciplined that It is not
Improbable II tboy vole lor it, in addition to tbe silver
men who are satisfied Willi it, tbey will curry It. Tno
republican side oi tbe House baa never buen better
drilled and disciplined tbau It is now, and wbaiever
may be tbeir motive In giving tbeir support to tbe
denote amendments tboy show Dial they are harmonious
una ununimous In socuriug soma ulterior
object. It Is allogetber doubtiul now wbut will bo
done in tbe Houso, but, one tblng i thin it, Is certain,
that tbe uineuutucms will be voted on separately, and
1 doubt very mucb whether tbe democrats will vote in
favor of tbat part of the amendments wliich givos
to Mr. Hayes the appointment of a foreign commission
on which be may put his own Iriends and do Just
as be likes. 1 snail odor amendments to tbo deuate
amendments, principally ono contemplating tbe
issaanco ot certificates for silvor bullion, it tbe bill
goes lo a conlcrenco committee 1 tbink it more than
likely we shall get altogether a stronger bill tban that
adopted oy the Senate.
THE CHINESE QUESTION?ARGUMENT OF Mil.
KENNEDY?SENATOR SARGENT IN AN AWKWARD
Tbe Chinese question was again under discussion today
belore tbe Senate Committee of Foreign Relations.
Mr. Kennedy, countblol the Six Companies, continued
his address In opposition to any legislation prohibitory
ol Cbinoao Immigration into tbe United
Stales. In tbe coarse ol bis remarks be mentioned
that doastor Sargent was Vice Frosldent of tbo AnilChinese
Union of dsn Francisco, citing tbo isct to
bow tbe bias of smite of onr law makers
In dealing jntb the question. Senator Sargent protested,
In reply, that be bad never beard of tbe
society. Wberoupon Mr. Kenoedy quoted from tbe
majority report to Congress, submitted by Senator
Sargent, ol tbe pecial Joint oommitteo sent to California
last year to investigate tbo quostion, and reau
from among tbe documents and papers printed st
length tbo constitution and bylaw ol tbe aocisty and
tbe names of Us olQcers, tbe lsttor tnoludiog dons,
tors Sargent and liouib. Congressmen I'ago, Lullrell
and Wlgginton and ex-Congretkmah Floor.
GENERAL WASHINGTON DESPATCHES.
Washington, Feb. 19, 1878.
nominations favorari.y lidnkiiifiini
Tbe Senaio Committee on Foreign Relations bare
agreed to report favorably the nominations ol Bayard
Taylor to bo Minister to Germany, and Colonel Goodloo
to bo Minister to Belgium.
rAVOBADLE REPORT ON THE HOWOATE BII.U
Ttio House Com ml I too on Naval AHaira la-day agreed
to report favorably apon tbe Mowgute bill in aid of
tbe proposed Arctic expedition.
PROCEEDINGS OF CONGRESS.
Washixutox, Feb. 18, 1878.
Tba Vioo President laid before tbe Senato a communication
from tbe Secretary of tbe Treasury in anawer
to tbe Senate reeolatlon of the Otli Inst, in regard to
tne present condition and eflloioncy of tbe life-saving
aervlce on tbe ooaat of North Carolina. Tbo Hocretary
stales that the reports of tbo officials In charge
of tbat service show that tbe statlous on tbat coast
are in oxoellent condition in roapeot to tbeir personnel
end equipment, but tbnt tbe efficiency of tbe
service Is aeriously obstructed by tbe great dlatauoo
tbat aeparatea tbe stations.
Ordered to be printed and referred to tbeCommlttee
Mr. Hpknokr, (rep.) of Ale., from Ibe Committee on
Mllitury Affairs, reportod, without araondmeut. Senate
bill lor tbe relief of William A. Hammond, late
Surgeon Oeneral of the army. Piuoed on the calendar.
It authorizes tbo President to revlow ibe proceedings
oi tbe general court martial la bis caso uud annul
and set aside the Onatngs ana sentence or snid court |
martial, I', alter auclt review, Ite atiail deem It right j
and proper to do ao; and, in case sentence shall be i
act aside, bo ahull place the name ol William A. lluin- j
niond ou the retired list ol the army as surgeon g'O- '
oral, provided that he shall nut, In virture ol such !
restoration 10 the army. be entitled to pu> or allowances
ol any kind whatsoever.
PUNS ION Laws.
Mr. Witukks. (dem.) o Vs., culled up tho Senate bill
amending tbe laws granting peusions to too eoldlura
and sailors ol the war ol lbl'J una their widows.
The committee reported un uuionduient to the soctiou
authorising the restoration to the peusiou rolls or
all persous now surviving, heretolorc pcusioued on
nccount of service In tho war ol 181:! or any ol the
Indian wars, whose autoes were stricken therefrom ou
account ol dlaloyaliy, so as to provido thai all such
persons should be restored whose disabilities had beou
removed or who hud mude application lor such removal.
Altar di-ouosiou It was agreed that the words o( the
atnetidAieDt wero not necessary to restore to the peusiou
rolls tho names ol those persous sirlcki u theretrotn
on aicouut of disloyalty, and Mr. Withers, in
charge of the bill, withdrew it.
Other amendments of the committee of a verbal
character wore agreed to, the qucsttuu being on the
third reading of the bill.
Mr. Oui.kbuy, (rep.) ol III., opposed the liftb section
of the hill, authorizing the restoration lo the pension
rolls of those persons whose unities were slnckcu
fheretrom on accouut ol disloyally, and moved to
strike it out.
Tne motion of Mr. Oglesby to strike out the tilth
section ot the bill was rejected?yens 7, nays 50. The
alUrmatlre votes were given by Messrs. Anthouy,
(Jumsron ot Wisconsin, tidtuuuds, McMiilsu, Merrill,
Oglesby and Teller.
1M? ..... ?<? IU<9U inaua IUITU IIU1U Ullll pnKncu ?
yuan 47, nays 8?Mr. Hamlin voiiug with thoao who
luvoreu Mr. uglosby's uuieudmcni agaiust lue passage
or the bill.
The heuato then, at half-past lour o'clock, adjourned
HOUSE OF UEPilKHKNTATIVKS.
Washington, Feb. 10, 1378.
Immediately after the rcudiug ol the journal Mr.
Harris, ol Virginia, chairman ol tlio Flection Commlttoe,
called up tbo election case of Ackliu vs. Durroll,
trom the Fourth I.ouislaua district, tho majority
repori^ieiog in tevor ot Aulclln, the contestant, and
tho minority being in luvor ot Darretl, tho sitting
Mr. Hale, (rep.) ot Me., desired to obtain tbo Door
to reply to the speech made a low duys ago by Mr.
Gibson, ol Louisiana, but withdrew his request, with
the undurstundiug that ho should bo allowod un hour
during tho dobuto on thoeiectiou oat a
T11K SILVER HILL.
Mr. Stephens, (dent.) ol ua.?To-morrow, or as soon
as the cuso Is disposed ol, 1 shall move to proceed to
tbo business on the Speaker's tablo with tne view ol
taking up the House bill which has come back lrotn
I he Senato with amendments. 1 state luribor that ray
objoct shall bo to inovo to concur in ihosu amendments.
(Applause on the republican side.)
Mr. Butler, (rep.) of Mass.?Kvery supporter ol the
bill will vote against that.
Mr. Bland, (dent.) of Mo., explained that he had Intended
to make the same lnolioo which tho gentleman
!rotu Georgia intimated he would make.
Mr. Bucknkr, (dem.)ot Mo., saia ho had intended
this morning to movo to relor the bill to tho Committee
on Banking and Currency, but ho was uot particular
how tho bill would be brought up.
tue louisiana cont'kstkd skat.
Mr. Harris, (dom.) ol Va., lu opening his sneech on
tho election caso aald that bo was not sorry the Silver
diii wouiu not como op to-day, us III Iricuds icom to
have no concert of action, and the aoccoss o( tho hill
would be promoted by iliu postponement.
araauu or xk. uai.k.
At tho end of Mr. llarrio' ripeech Mr. Hulk, of
Maine, obtained tbe floor, und referred to the remark
made Thursday by Mr. Gibson, 01 Louisiana, that lie
[ (Mr. Hale) bad taken occasion, In hcumod and out o(
season, to denounce tbe people 01 Louisiana. Ho denied
that ho bad eror denounced those people. On
tbe contrary, bo baa taken oocusion heretofore on the
floor of tbe Houflo to speak plainly upon tbo grievances
wbicb bad existed in thut Htato and wbioh he
bad earnestly regretted. lie bud beeu profoundly
moved wltb bis observation of tho course of events In
Louisiana for tbe pust year, aud especially for tbe last
six months. In the beginning be hud watched mo experiment
made tbore hopefully, believing that tlie
magnanimous uod conciliatory courao pursued by
tbo President toward tbat people would bo met by a
gouerous and beany return. Hut be ban sceu that
uouor und plighted support and pledged roturu lor
geuerosity Una- beeu forfeited, that resolutions of
Stale Legislatures went for nothing, uod that political
prosecutions were urged to-day lu Louisiana wlib a
spirit of violence which reminded him of older days,
lie tUerelore could keep ellonoe no longer, llo reviewed
tbo coarse of events in Louisiana from the
close of tbe Grant administration, bringing lorwurd
prominently the fact that the title ol tho Packard government
and Packard legislature Und been settled by
the Electoral Commission, it being based upon tbe
count of tbe Koiuming Hoard, the same board whose
firmed by itio Klectorul Commission, whose decision
bud been accepted by buto houses or Coheres*. lis
till* buu uIko since ueeft affirmed by tbo Senate in
the admission to a soat in that body ol Mr. Kollogg,
elected to ibe Senate by tbo Packard Legislature, llo
spoke ot the call of that Legislature uo tbo lederal
goverumanl lor protection against domestic violence,
lie did uot know, and nobody could tell, tbo rcllecuous
that passed through the mind oi tbo President on
tbat subject, but be could see that the President,
looking ou the subject with a desire lor peace, with
a disposition lor conciliation, witb a tendency lowurd
tenderness, determined to start out and commit bis
administration to a course, not ol repression or ol a
strung iron band upon thai people, but ol concession,
ol magnanimity, and to disregard ibe call ol tbo Legislature
Till LOUISIANA COMMISSION.
Ho went on to speak ol tbs soumiig of a commission
to Louisiana by Ibe President, the result ol whoso
visit was the disintegration ol ibe Puckurd government
and installation ol the Nichoils government, and
lie declared that no experiment iu that direction bad
ever been mudo so thoroughly as tbo President bad
mudu this one. The Legislature nud Ooveruor
Nichoils had protnlsod a purduu lor all polilicul olleucos.
)le asked tbo House to turu back its iLtnd,
and he asked President Hayes to turn buck his mind
six tuontbs to the 1st of May, 1877. Would anybody
have been fouud thou to predict that in less than
nxty days the men who foremost of all
bad made themselves offensive to Ibe Louisiaua
democracy, becuuso they bad carried out
the law ol that rituie una bad thereby become political
offenders against tbut party in Loultlaua and
throughout ibe country, would have been prosecuted ?
Would the President have uellovud It? Would anybody
havt bellcvod It? Mr. Halo weul ou to argue
tbst there was uo legal ground lor the prosecution of
Audersou, ol the Returning Hoard, wno bad been lor
twonty years elected to lbo Legislature from bis own
parish, who bad always stood high lu public uud private
estimullou, und who had never beiore been considered
ao outcast and a malelacior. In confirmation
ol bis statement that there was a compact tbut there
>uuuiu uo II u jmi 111 mi I |ii usl'UUliilllK IU X.UU IS1U UII 110
quoted from u loiter o| Mr. ?. V, Mmailey, in tbe New
Mr. Davis, Idem.) ofN. C., asked whether there waa
a compact that the crime* of forgery and perjury
should go uupuuished lu Louisiunu. If there wm,
every person conuccted with it or who assoulcd to it
should he In the peoitcutisry.
Mr. Ualk ridiculed the sensitivcoors of those who
were sa anxious to buvu ibe law vladieated, nod quoted
the ouso ot ibu murder ol Supervisor Woobor, m his
own love, In Feliciana parish, In broad daylight, for
which crtiuo no ofloris had leeii mado to bring anybody
Mr. Koukktsom, (dom.) of La., stated that tbero bad
bean u Coroner's inquest held in tbal case, and a rewurd
ol $5,0(10 lor tbo arrest und conviction ol lue
murderer had been ollored by Governor Nicholla.
Mr. Hals went on to say that adherents of the
democratic party in tbo ."South, who were now so
eager lor the upholding ol law and lor $he punish*
nicnl ol any inlraunou ol it, lurkod in aw amps, and
on Hie hillsides aud lu the ravines ol tbe Moutb to ambush
and shoot down the oHlours ol the revenue. It
was u party so sonsitivo to-day that It robbed its constituencies
ol their representatives on this floor, und
oust tbo decisive votes in tbo llouse ul the bunds ol mon
who bad no tuoro right to tbo aeats than Dick Turpio
had lo the booty which he had plundered on tho highway.
Mr. Atkixs, idem.) of Teuti., indignantly denied
tho Htniuiiicui ol Mr. Hale us to the umbushing and
murddr ol reveuue olhcers.
Mr. Ualk weut on 10 say that tbero was a profound
tmproiotnu that that proceeding lu I.ouisluna had Us
rout, its mainspring, Its source, sisowhtro; ibat tbero
were many who boliovud ih.U that whole pcriormauce
had been dictated and driven lorwurd by rustless men,
who did not moan over to uduiil that lho I'resPlculial
lulu had boou settled. l'ho President ol the
United Mutes was Isarnlug lo-dsy the Issson
ol misplaced confidence. It was tho old, old
story, lhere bed beew nothing wntch ins
President could do to make elllcacious Ins course
toward the Month which bu bed not doue.
I here had been no snoourngenienl which could hs
hold out to that acctlon showing ibo President s good
Uitb which the ('resident had not resorted to. He
had appointed Cabinet Ministers, foreign Ministers
and othur high o(Tlcine Irom that soci ion because he
bad been uuxlous that, II the cxpertuicut failed, nobody
should bu able to say that it had tailed front any
lack on his part. And how was iho return received
from Louisiuua? lu conclusion, bu intimated iliui It
might he the constitutional duty of the Prestdeut to
see to It that no lujustiuo was done to a citizen ol the
srsscu or mr. (iibsox.
MiyUinsos. (uein.)ol Lo., replied to Mr. Hale. He
denied ihut there had been any auch compact lor Immunity
lor crime as had been asserted by Mr. llulu.
As t > tbe osso ot tbo niur.er ol Webber in West Poliulana
parish, ol whieh Mr. Mule bad spoknn, be
(vir. tiibsou) hsd iniuresied himnell in having
tho guiliy party brought lo justioe, and iho
inloriuutlon which he received was that It was
the general Impression that Webber bad been niirdereu
by a man ul bis owu party, a personal enemy.
Mr. Uibsou portrayed the statu of aflnirs In Louisiana
during late years, when no guilty man hsd boou punished
.uid when no honest man bad lelt his life secure
irom lawlessness. Hut since ins Nicholla governineul
hud been inaugurated no man, wnether poor or
noli, woo committed s crime, bad escaped punishment.
He denied that the Hclurning Board was neIng
persecuted on political grouuus. Who bad auything
lo gulu by tbulf Certniuiy not tbe peoplo ol
Louisiana; cerlumnly not the national democratic
party: lor iiuu1 mie had beta passed upon by Con- .
FEBRUARY 20, 1878.-TR13
gross. The Koiurning uoira was being projeculed (or
That crime ol forgery was trivial iu so far as the
recent election wuscouccrued; but It was a crime o!
enormous proportions, ami lite inau who laisified
returns struck a blow at civil liberty and free government.
If this movement In I oulsiana?wbicli a;>pen
rod to be a very simple one?was to excite me
publis mlml, to excite animosities, which ue bad
noped were sleeping iu Northern communities, be
should deploro it more than any other uiau.
TIIK AI.I.XliKU COX PACT*
Reverting to tho charges 01 a compact between the
authorities ol l.ouisiunu and tho fedora' government,
ho denied It. Not only for the Nicho.U government,
not only lor his friends, but deuied It lor tbe President !
and his Cabinet, 1 hey could not be gutlly ol such a I
Mr. Ei.am, (dom.) o( Lis, wont Into the history of !
tbe returns from Vernon parish and tho hction ol tbe
Returning Hoard iu that case. In view ol what bad '
cccurred during the lust lilteeu years and in view of |
tbe attempt wbicli was now being made to reconcile
all portions ol the country, it was unlorluuute that
tbis is.-ue should come up It could produce uo practical
result. The President and his Cabinet hail uo
riglit, however, to interfere with tho Muio court, no
boiieved tUat ilte trial ol tiuuural Auuerson bud baou
lair and iionott, but II any law had boon violated an
appeal should be taken to tho Supremo Court.
Mr. Cahuslk, idem.) of Ky., quoted Iroui a speech
tnade by Prvsideut Hates to prove thai the troops
were withdrawn Irotn" tticir constitutional duty and
not as an net ol compilation.
Mr. Hai.ii, ol Maine, askod then t( the people ol the
South were placed uudor any ubltgut'ocs by it
Mr. tiltiso.M replied ibal Ihuy were pluced under tho
highest ouiiguiiotis that Amorican citizens could us*
sume?tlio ob.igullous ol Iroemen 10 11 lroe Suite in
ttie Ametlcsu 1,'iyoii to obey the laws ol the United
Siaiei aud in obey the laws ol tlial Slaje.
.Mr. CnyMku, pleai.) of Pa., said iliat every portion
ol the couturv outside of tho borders ol l.outsiaua, us
well us in it, was interested iu the proceedings now
taking place iu that Stale. In bouull ol the people
w bout he represented ho could say that they desired
that tho persons rnnnoctod wnti llie electoral Iraud as
principals suould be puuisbod, and Itiat all who were
t-bettors und aiders snouid ue puulsbed, because whilo
the country inigbl have to suoinii to the consequences
of the irnud. In tbo interest ut human liberty, all the
people everyw here should know how sud by whom
the grout crime had becu perpetrated. Tins i|ueation
miiiuiu nut uo cunsiuureu us .1 iucui can, uuu Ilia
Whole people should give encouragement to ihu
people ol Louisiana to go right lorwuru una discover
Who Were lilt) principals, tie denied that shy urguniuul
uiiplioil Irnm the resolutions udoptod by tuo
Louisiana Legit-lai uro or uuy expressions usi it by
Governor NicliOlU were binding uu lilin or anybody.
Tlio Keiuruiui! Hoard prosecutions could do no harm
lu the prcseui, and ibey might be ol immense vulue tu
Sir. liio.Mi'so.v, (rop.) ol Pa., a?kc<l Sir. Clymer what
remedy he would propose in case the authorities 01,
Louisiana should prove rucreuut to their duty and rolusu
to puuisn a criminal?
Mr. Ouymku?Givo us onilro uutborlty and wo will
seo that the laws uro oulorccd.
Sir. TuonrsoN?Who do you mean by "ua?"
Sir. Clvmkk-Tho dohiocialio parly. (Laughter.)
Mr. l'aTTKKsos. (rep.) ol New Yarn?I'hui is a nice
sol ol people 10 keep order. (Laughter.)
KK.MAKKS OK lilt. OAKklKLD.
Sir. Gakkiki.ii, (rep.) ol Ouio, next obtuiued tho
floor, and said that the geuiluuiau Irom l'ouusylvniiia
(Mr. Clymer) called upon the jiei.ple ol Louisiana to
help the democratic parly to gel at the great crime ol
the Presidential count. This lie (Sir. liartleld) characterized
us the entering point ol the wedgo tvuich
was to he driven home 10 what was culled tlio great
crime ol the.century, lie did not intend to make ail
Inflammatory speech. II there was u people uu the
earth that had a right to he weary at heart ol politics
uud partisanship 11 was ths American people, lie piclured
the throe stages which a country must undergo
lu a transition 1 rum u state ot war to u state ol pcuce.
First, tliuro was tlio military stugo, when, in nloody
ha it los suidlers met to decide by the power ol strength
the questions involved. Next came the stage mat
was seiui-clvil uud scmi-inlhlury. It was lu this stage
that Ccueral Grant had taken the reins ol government
and had endeavored to keep his administration within
tho provincos ol civil uud military power. When
ho had been succeeded by President llayos that genlletuun
thought it was possible to deciaro that tue
acwi-mttitary period had gono and that the period Uud
dome when only peace methods should be Inaugurated.
lu his Judgment President lloyes was an optimist,
who looked ooly on the bright side of human
uaturo uud disliked to looked ut us dark side, ilis
(President Hayes') lalih uud hope had beeu larger
than the laith uud bopo or most pcoplo.
Ho bad gone lorwnrd to the very vergo
Of tho constitution in offering both bauds
lu fellowship and in offering tlio olive branch ol
peace, lie had gone to tho limits ol his power in
order to bring about the era ol gooU feeling uud pucitlcation.
No mail had shared more heartily the aaplra
lions ol Uio President tbun bo (Mr. Uurlloid) bad. tlo
hud tried in every way to uid tbe President in bur
project, und in order to do tbat there wua u world of
things to be lorgouen and lorgiven on both aides. II
tbo strict loiter or tbe law bad been adhered to ut tbe
end ol tbo rebellion there would novo been no end to
(lie awlul spectacles ol prosecution und punishment
(under tbo law signed by (ioortto Washington) against
those wbo bud committed tb? crime ol trouaou.
Mr. liiuso.N, ol Louisiana, united It Sir. Garfield held
to the .hoory that every man iu tbe Coniodcraio
aervice had been guilty 01 treason. (Cries ol "Ycel"
Iroiu Hie republic,lU side.I
Mr Garmkld replied tbat be wua unwilling to go
bocit to thai question; be would only uuawer by usicing
the gentleman to look at tbo naked malum passed
by tbe first Congress and signed by Georgo Washington,
ana then lot bim as a lawyer auawor hla own
question, lie went on to say tbat the President hud
carried on nis purpose further than uuy other American
citizen bud ever curried u great purpose to accont'pllsh
Mr. House, (dotn.) ot Tonn.?lias ho had tbo support
ot tho republican purty in the North in bit efforts
at conciliation and restoring psaoo to tbe country*
Mr. Gaki'ield?lie has hud their support Ju?t as In
so lur as tliey had reason to beiicvo tbat a reciprocity
of feeling should follow bis efforts. (Applause ou lbs
republican side.) 'Ibcre was, however, a different
degree ol laitb among my brothron hero as 16 bow
tar tbut reciprocity would go.
Mr. Uot'SK asked if tho entire republ'cnn party, with
hero and ihore an excepitou, bad not opened u war
upon President Hay es lor tin attempt to conciliate the
country, and charged blm wltb deserting bis parly.
I \nnlriiu? .in ITia tlt'liirtrmlie uliln nfiil p.rinii ?if ??N?i
Kir !" on the republican Hide.)
Mr. Uakfirld replied tuui there boil always boon
here aud more Hume who distrusted the result ol that
policy, uuU he was grieved to see that tbat number had
been increasing week by wook, aud recently hour by
Mr. W adukll, (dom. I o( N. C., usked II the troops
bad not beou removed Irom the .South ok a'mutter of
constitutional duiy, aud II Hie republican parly did
not uiuke war on tbo l'restdcm lor thatf
Mr. CiAKKiKi.u replied that tlio withdrawal ol troops
Irom the Governor's room und ofllee in New Orleans
wus a constitutional duly. As a political aiudeui be
(Mr. Gurlleld) had never doubled and did not doubt
to-day that Packard bad been honestly and talrly
elected Governor of Lonlsiuna. (Appleusoon the republican
eidu.) Hoiorrtng to tbo ton.mission which
bad been sent down by President Hayes, bo declared
that II that commission bad undertaken to get the
members or one Legislature into another tbat w..K un
improper executive tnterlerenco witn local seli-governinenu
Mr. UUALMKKa, (detn.) of Mihh., asked If Mr. GarHeld
had not said, eomu days ago, tbut at the Wormley
Hotel conlureuce It bud bovn ugruod that troops
should be witbdruwii.
Mr. Uaiipiklu replied Ibal tbe gonlloinan was mistaken.
tie bad never heurd ol such an agreement.
He did not moan to say tbat it wus wrong lor tbe
Preu.dcnt to scud a commission to Louisiana in order
to obtain inloinialiou, but be nicuul tbat tbat ooiuiuIsbiou
bad no rigut to interiere lu (be lormation of
tne Stale Legislature.
Mr. Giiihon, ol Louisiana, stated that bo believed
that commission bad bud no suob instructions or no
purpose to uocompllsb eucb an end.
Mr. Garpikld? that is tbo gcDtlomao's opinion.
Let us hope it is true. He went ou to say that the ucliou
ol tbe President la rcmoviug the troops bad been
looked upou by tbo people of Louisiana as a generous
and magnanimous action, suu they bad gurluuoed tbo
man who poriorniot it with tbo richest pruiso. lu
Hint era ol rocuuclliatlon belli sides bad lorgottou
and torglven much. Them had bteu blooding hearts
In ibe laud si the recital ol tbe mum? acres ut
Hamburg and Kllenlou, but tnoso horrible sturles
w?re never heard of now. Whv Y Her.uuan there had
Uvea it silent dciurmiuutiou to lot nil lliui terriulo
chapter sleep. All the outrages wutcli had been commilled
in LouWumu during tUo leto election bud
ueou covered Willi the veil of ooliviuu.
AS OKI)Kit DON Voltrif.
Who had begun tins latter revival o! the chapter t
While ttiul mora of conciliation had Uoeu going lurwurd
there hud couiuieuccd at the Norm?he ulllrmed
it boldiy?the procvae of luyiug the keel lor another
i'rceidentiul cuuipuigu, and the order hud gone forth
to Louisiana to open upon the member* oi liio UelurDiog
Uourd, to disguise It uudor the lorm ol u Suuo
proceeding, but to enter bar wedge, und then the
democratic power, us the getiMviuau Iront I'eunaylvuuiu(Mr.
Clymer) has stulud. would .sutnuiuu all lis
streugtli to drive the wedge to It* bead and slump the
great irttud ol the election as it deserves.
Mr. STKMiKit, tdoni.) ol 1'a.? From where has that
Mr. Uakviki.o?The order, so lar aa delivered hero
in Ihu bait, was from our distinguished and kind
hearted Insud iruui Paansylvuala (Mr. G\yuier,?
(laughter)?end il this thing uo seen in the greeu true
wu.it stinli he aoea In tho dry? (Laughter.) Continuing,
be said that many week* ago tbe dutallaol all
that was now taking place In Louisiana had been foreshadowed
by many porsoua as a part ol tbe programme.
ibo Impression was abroad thai the prosecanon
of tbe Returning Hoard was tbe beginmuit ol a
purpoic to reopen me whole question. Oue by one
events were developing wlucu would mako it impossible
to tlud tlio brotherhood and pacillcitlion wuicn
was so earnestly desired. It would be Impossibio
ionoutiuuoiuatcoifr.se ol puclllcatiou und brotherhood
uuluss there was some reciprocity somowiiei v.
It bad been denied that Ihu proceedings ol the .Stale
court Imd beeu irregular. There was a letter lu lo-duy's
New Vork Timrt from J. Mailisou Wells. (Derisive
Isughterou the democratic sine, which called out the
retort ol Mr. Uarheltl"II you were Judges lu a court
would you haw haw at a witnessr 11 yen would,
laugh again.") lu that letter Mr. Wells staled that
livu successive grand juries had refused to hod a true
hill ol liidiciniuut against nun, and from uther statuluouls
lie (Mr. UaVtlold) unoorstoud that throe Juries
had rcluai-d lu Und u true bill against Anderson, lie
asked Ins Northern colleagues what would he thought
ol a district uliornsy wbo, linv.ug tried to got an indictment
against a citizen Mud Inlied, should lodge an
information and bare him tried. What protocoling
attorney lu the North nould stand in tne Isce ol au
outraged people snd do that?
Mr. Fislky, (dom.) ot Iowa?Has the genllemau any
other inlorination on that suojecl except I rum Madison
Wells? because I dosuo to *sy ilisl s eommities
appointed by the Forty.ibiru Congress certified that
Madison Wolls had commuted what was equivalent to
Mr. Uah?iii.d? II my colleague has board anything
I ex parte in bit lire lei oim examine II end lake that I
lor tin min He wonlon lo a y that Ilp-re wax
en ulterior purpote behind all line persecution. It i
was but x cloak unit cover for u raid, lo bo made lor i
polllica! purpose. m ibo name of n parly, upon tbo J
Uilr of the President ol tbo I'uiietl State*. |
It wn tu view ol llist lbat Ibo , eopio be
reprei-euied Irlt their i-iforta at pacification bad
been met not lu Hie spirit iu which t tie r
bad beuu oflered, and il tliia vort 01 proi coding
went forward ltie President would bo crippled
lu his conciliatory policy and every mail who .up- I
ponod bun would be crippled. II democrat* de-irrd
K> rob bun at wbalever support lie Uilberlu bad '
tliey were lakog the best courao lu do it. I In- hope j
ib it the section, ol tbn country were (landing band j
to band again iu an old fellowship was weakening day
by duy ami would disappear if dial line o! conduct !
were persisted in, and it was m tbo liybt ol lb it iarl |
that be bad attempted io .tile llic iplrlt lb wbicli all ,
ibnse proceeding* .oomed in exhibit tncmselve*.
Mr. Clymkk, of Peiiuaylvauiu, attempted to get the
do ir lo reply, but amotion io adjourn prevailed at
Ave o clock.
HKTLliKMKHT OF BANK NOTES.
MIX AUTHOUIZED TO BE KKl'UKTKD DT TIIE
1JANKINO AND CUftUKNCT COM MI I TI E OF THE
HOUSE OF T.KI UKHENTATIVES.
Washington, Feb 19, 1878.
Ibo House C'ommilleo on Banking iiud Curietiey
report tils bill to retiro tbo circulating note* I
ol li.mkK and lor olbnr purposes. Tim committee '
previously heard John Jay Knox, Comptroller of the !
Currency, iu argument against tbo bill, lie contended I
that Us uuuetment would be au Itilriugeiueoi ol vested
rights, ana that the governineni has no consUlutional
power lo tako this uctioo Iu regard to tbe national
batiks whilo tbelr churters continue id existence.
Tbe following is tbo lull lexl ol tbe bill, wbicb waa j
ugroed upon by a vote of 7 against 2:?
lie it enacted, Ae., Thai ns toon an may be practicable
utter tlln passage of tills act tlie Secretary of the Treasury
shall cause lo be prepared so issue of Treasury uoies equal
lu amount to the circulation ol the National Hanking As.
aoeiatlou nu the 1st day ul February, tnuo Dcntlnl,
1S7H, being the sum of $"JJ(l,it47,<WO, which shall be used in
the redemption and retirement. In the way hereinafter
provided, ol the clrculiitiiig(nntee of the national hanks,
which Treasury notes ahull be Iu the following foriu
"WaSHIXGTOX, U. C.. ?.
"The L'uited States of America are indebted to the bearer
lu the sum uf dollars."
And shall be signed bv the Treasurer of the United States
nod coiinlersi"nad by the Keylsterol the Treasury or their
siirnnturea shall be thereto eitersvetl aud shall curtttalis
such upvlces and superscriptions us tbe Secretary
of the Treasury shall direct, and tbe denominations ]
ol such notes and the general similitude thereol shall
couloi nt as lieurly us may he to those of the United States I
utiles, commonly known as loicul lender uotes They shall ,
be receivable In paymeut ot all taxes, customs. e\tdso?,
debts and demand-, ul every kind due to the United States, <
ami of all claims and demands against the United Stairs, ,
except for obligations made payable lu eo|n by ejecting
laws, nttd sbulbbe received by tbo Secretary of the'I reus- i
ttrv nt oar for the lour per centum bondsthe United
states, authorised to be issued by the set entitled, 'An
Act to Authorise the Ketundini; of the National Debt," approved
July 14, IH70.
immediately alter the Treasury notes provided for In the
preceding section shall he ready tor circulation the Secretary
ot the Treasury shall cause ilium to he lorwsrded to tlie assistant
treasurers ol the Unilod states at New York, Huston,
Philadelphia, Hnltlnioru, Cincinnati, Chicago, St.
Louis and New Orleans, in amounts proportioned lo tlio
receipts and disbursements ol their several nlflc a. with
regulations anil instructions to the following tenor, to
First?I hat the said a-slstaut treasurers shall immediately
after the receipt ol such 'I reasury uotes cease to pay
In disbursement ol the public funds, upon anv account
whatever, the circulating notes ol the national hanks then
In their several ottlces or thereafter received Into them,
but shall pay out in the place aud stead of such
national bank notes, ami In substitution therefor the
Treasury Loies herein uuihonicd until the whole circulating
notes of the national hanks ahull have relireu; and tin
Assistant Treasurers may at any time issue such Treasury
notes in exchange for Intnk note* upon the application of
tiny person or Intnk.
SrriMii?That the Assistant Treasurers, every thirty days,
alter the process or retiring the national bunk note* sUall
ham been begun at ttboro directed, or oftouer If the Secretary
ot the Treaenry shall ?o reijulrc, transmit to the freasurer
of the United State*, nt Vt sshlngton, all the national
bnnk not en rerelred-by tlient np to the data of inch transmission.
which mid note* tliall be received by the Trenturer
in liiiuidutlon ot tlie charges u:;aliint the tnvernl Assistant
Treasurers on uucoiint of Treuaury uotoa, na herein provided.
It all all be tlie duty of tbe Treasurer as rapidly as the
? notes of the national banks tiro received Into his office from
uie Assistant Treasurers, to cense them lo be counted and
assorted and the notes ol each association carolully ascertained,
and whenever those ol any association shall be ascertained
to the amount of $5,(IU<) or any multiple
ol fA.OUO. such association shall be nottUed
thereof and shall be entitled to receive tipou
dauiaud . and payment of a like sum In legal
tender notes or the Treasury notes authorised by this act,
or in dralts or eertillcates ol deposit of the Assistant Trrus.
urer. or ol such national hunks as may be designated by
the Secretary of the Treasury for that purpose. Its bonds
on deposit with iho Trenstirerjor security ol circulation to
tbe stnount of Its notes so ascertained and noiiQad, and lo
that extent shall be discharged Irom tax on its circulation ;
and II any national bunk shall fall or neglect tor a period
of sixty days after the notification above directed to inako
payment in redemption of Its bonds In accordance therewith,
then to that extent interest on Its bonds bearlug
Interest at highest rate shall he forfeited to the Unltna
Stales during the whole period such failure or neglect shall
continue, ana any banking association, desiring so to do,
may withdraw all Its bonds on payment Into the Treasury
of legal lender notes or notes authorised by this net, to the
amount ot its circulating uutoi outstanding nt the date of
The Secretary of the Treaeury la hereby repaired fruta
time to time an payment* are made by the national lianka
on the withdrawal of their bondn, or as Treasury notea may
be received In exchange for four por < ent thonda, a? authorlx.'d
tn the first section of thin act, to expend the aura
el uch receipts, either in Treasury notes or legal tender
notes, as may be moat expedient, iu tbe purchase of six per
cont bonds of the United .-lutes, redeemable at me
I loasure ol the government or in the purchase of gold or
silver colli with whloti to redeem end pay such bonds.
Any national bank desiring to exchange Ms six per cent
bonds for the I run miry notea authorised hy thin act, upon
application to tho Treasurer of the United otatce. ami upon
payment Into the Treasury, iu itcoordanre with such regulations
as the Secretary shall establish, ot legal tonder
notes or Tteasnry notes equal to Its outstanding circulation
at the date ot such application, shall be entitled tn
receive Troasnry notea to the lull market value ol Its six
per ceut omuls on deposit with the '1 reasurer lor security
ul circulation at the time, and In addition thereto the
amount ot its accrued interest and premium at tbe tnsraet
All hanking associations organised under existing laws
wilh power to Issue circulating notes redeemable In gold
coin shall make a monthly deposit tit the Treasury ol the
I'biteil States Iu gold coin or their own circulating notes
equal to live per cent ol their circulation outstanding st
the date of the passage of this act, and when an amount
equal to the outstanding circulation of auch gold hanks
shall have been deposited with the Treasurer III gold cola
or in their own circulating notes the bonds of the United
States held bv the treasurer to secure tbe circulating notes
of said gold banks sball be reassigned and delivered to said
banks, and thereafter tbe circulating notes of tbe said
banks shall be redeemed at ilie Treasury of the Unitod
No circulating notes shall ha Issned to any national banking
association alter the passage of this net, but nothing
herein contained shall be construed miner to authorise or
allow any contructto.i of the currency uy reason ot Its operstlou.
and should any national bank after lis passage
retire lis circulation In pursuauce of existing law, ibe Secretary
ol tbe Treasury Is hereby directed to Issue In the
purchase of six par cent hands of ilia United
Plates the Treasury notes authorised by this act
to the lull amount of the circulation retired
by such uss illation, and atl the national
bank notes redeemed under the several previsions ol thle
net shall be cancelled and destroyed under such rules and
rrculailoiis as the .Secretary ol the Treasury shall prescrlno,
and in the monthly statement of tbe condition ol the public
debt made by the secretary he shall Include nn exhibit
of the amount ol the Treasury notos herein provided tor
ontstending et the dete of such statement, together witb
the amount of national bank notea which, up to the same
dale, have Poeu redeemed aud destroyed or held for cancellation.
The third section ol the act entitled "An act tor fi sing
tbe auiouul of United Stales untes. providing lor a redistribution
of uatloual liank currency and lur inner purposes,"
Approved J line'i'l. IS74, requiring the national banks to
keep on deposit with the Treasuier of the United States, at
Washington, lawlul money oqual to live per emu of tnelr
circulation, to be lieid mid used for the redemption of such
Circulation, Is hereby repealed.
All acts and purls of ucts Inconsistent with the provisions
of this act are hereby repealed.
The cunimitlre vote upon tbe question of authorising
Mr lluckiier to report the foregoing bill lor passage was, In
detail, as follows:
Ykas?Messrs. Buckner of Missouri, Kwlng of Ohio.
Yi-atos of Nnnli Carolina, II art sell of Illinois, Hell of
lleorgia, Kort ol Illinois mid I'lnllips ol Kansas?7.
Nxra-Messrs. Ilerdenborgh of New Jersey aud Karnes of
Kboao Island?2. \
Mr. Hart of New York was absent und Mr. Chittenden, on
the finnl question, declined to vote, aithongh he had previously
manifested his opposition to tho bill.
UNITED STATES EXPORT TRADE.
MBETINO OF TUB NATIONAL CONVENTION?
FACTS REOARDINO OUR COMMERCIAL CONDI
TION?THE SUBSIDY QUESTION.
Waohixotox, Feb. 19, 1878
The National Convention of the Untied Staled Kxpon
Trade convened to day at Talimndge Hall. John
D. Hayes, ol Chicago, wax appointed temporary chalrmao,
and Jobu Varmote secretary. There was a large
attendance of delegates, boards of'trade, chambers
ot commerce, merchants' exchanged, city oounctls
and various manulaoturtng association* being represented
irem all seottena of Ibn Unttod state".
A CoBitnittoo en CredentlaU was appointod, ana
while this committee was in session lise temporary
chairman addressed tbe Convention. He auggostcd
that the namn of the Convention Implied that It
should deal with the commercial relation* of the
United Slates with tbe wbole world. Tho untiring
and scrupulous care ot Kngland in reference to her
commercial nud shipping interests, which has madoher
tbo mistraesof the sens, was pointed out and Improasod
by cxainpler. Our own resources aud opportunities,
which, II properly developed aud utilized, would
niaku this country her succoaaful rival, were than
described. The ealablihbmeni ol a Department of
.Commerce, cmbrucing *mao the Bureau of Agriculture,
with a Cabinet ofllcer at its heed, would anaiat
In placing our commercial interests ou a sound basis
and give us our proper position in irado among tbe
nations. of the world. Tho creation oi such a department
was strongly udvoc'utod.
At tbe elose ol tbu Chairman's re mar lea theConventtou
tonic a recess ol Ion minute*, uud ou reassembling
me lollowiug permanent officers were cboseuPresident?Hou.
Henry Mppett, ol Kliodo Island. Vice
i'resbieotk?General K. K. Urate,ol Cnlllornin; William
1 row, ol i'lllslrurg: Johu llogau, ol Missuuri;
Henry 1). Welsh, ol rhlladelphm; James
llucliunan, ol Now Jersey; H. 11. tniger, of
fnuib Carollun; T. Tupper. of l.outsiana ; Itiisaoll
Ulukoly, ol Minnesota; A Nortrosa, ol MsasaI
chuaoits; W. Ol Co id ley. of Fiorina: X. k Cherry, ol
ObioiS. P "mlib. of Vorin Caroln.x; J Ta'lorUauro,
oi Delaware,\V H. II Alien, 01 Nebraska; Alex in Jef
Iawii, of Micmg.ui. >eerelsriej? U'tiliam Vsnuole,
n( Pitl'burc; C. It. Flint, oi New York, and Will.am
Alter eotoo unimportant ma I lent had been ditcuised
Mr Kllioii C. Cowdiu, ol Now Yoru, uuUre-sed tUo
At ibe conclusion of bie aUUresi a vote of thank*
wa* e x tend oil to ilte speaker.
COXXITTkK OX ICKOOLt'riOXS
m# Cbair announced ihe lollow ing Committee on
Messrs 6 u Haves, District ol Michigan; Sella
Low, New York, U F. Hotter, Charleston. S. 0.;
Jacob Reese. I'usburg, Pi.', John t. Ueinernl,
PliilrUeip.ua, Pa.; Joseph IL Walker, Worcester,
Mac*, unU E F. Beale, Sin Diego. (Jul.
Tlik XCIISIDV vOtXTIo*.
Mr KIwird Marshall, ol New York, wie the next
epoaker. Be read u lengthy renew ol the present
t.tie oi tbn inur ue service aud tbe navigation law*
of tbe United State', lie diluted tbat trie backwardness
of America :u securing the desired privilege was
owing to its mobility to build irou sbips. Ue was
violently opposed to subsidy.
Mr. linuM', of Wilmington. Del., el the conclusion ol
Mr. Marshall's speecu asked to oe ellowoJ ten miuuiet
to-mortuw to reply, io prove tbat Amurica could build
stronger aud more unproved snips than soy country
Kuwurd Uluckeu. ol Detroit, Mich., opposed agroelug
upou anything ibal would give certain parties tbe
right to establish one or two steuinship lines nud to
receive subetdie . lor tliem. 1 he beat thing lor Amuricens
to Uu was to wait until sucn u thing woe urranged
so u* to pay everybody.
J. Prloe W11fieri11, of Philadelphia, next audreasnd
tbe Convention in lavor ol lair subsidies in order to
suable Ante1 loan Hues to compete Willi English lines,
which are aubstdixod. He reierrod to tbe repeal of
the Navigation lawe, aud uskea If tboy were repealed
m-uoy would any one go to Clyde lor toamshlpaf
Curiainly not, said he. when ee good, If not better,
sienmers can be built on the Delaware at a much lens
William liuyer, ol Nebraaka, deprecated tbn tdoa of
the abolition of I bo Navigation laws, because aucb a
course would roHuli in vessels of all countries, and
*uiling uuoor all tlagi, participating in the ooaatiug
traded lb la country.
Tbe C'ouvi'utioo ilien adjourned until tan o'clock 10*
Mf. LINDEM ANN, DIRECTOR OF THH PNITM
8TATKH MINTS, THINKS UK CAN COIN TBKII
Mil.I.ION SILVER DOLLARS PER MONTH XT
A Hi: halo reporter paid a nut to tha New York
iloiel yoHterduy afternoon, and mealing Mr. Ltndsmuiin,
tlie Dlroctor of llio United Sutes Mints, bat
[|mto an intorestina conversation in relation to th<
capabilities of ihe Untied Status mints to turn out
coin in sccordsnce with tbe demand tbat will b?
created by toe passage of tbo Silver bi 11. The following
Kkhoutkr? 1 am anxious to obtain some Inform*,
lion, Mr. Lindeinuun, as to tbo amount of ooln tbat can
bo turned out every month by tbo United States mints,
11 they should bo obliged to teat their capacity ?
Mr. I.isdkjiann?'l'nore la no trouble about tbs
minta, as they wero never in better oraor end It
called upon tliey will turu out all tbo nocosaary cotn.
UicroKTKK?II the Silver bill should become law can
they coiu $'j,bOO,OUO por month?
Mr. I.ikdkmaxji?1 certainly think tbey can and *
million mora if necessary.
Kki'oktkh? How much preparation would yon requlro
alter tbo pussugo ol tbo bill In order to enanls
you to meet tbe demand?
Mr. Lispkmax*?It would probably take ua about*
couple ot weeks to muouluoturo tbe dies, and the* wo
oosld set lour proasea to work In the Philadelphia
Mint. Tbs San Francisco and Carson City mints
wouia proonoiy nor ue auie 10 commence worK until
about tnirty days nftor the bill bad become Taw, ma
the dies would have to be manuraotureU and tbeu
shipped to tbe PaciOc elope.
Kki'oktkk?How aoou would you bo running at
your uimoai capacity?
Mr. Lisokmakn?Probably In about two month!
alter tbe passage ol the Silver bill.
PAVAOITIItK or THE MIST.
Rki-oktek?Wbat would you tbeu be able to cola par
Mr. Lindkmax.n?Wo could coin about a million and
a ball at tbe San Francisco mint and tbe name quantity
at the Philadelphia mint, making about throe
million ailver dollars id all.
Kkimktkr?What would you do thon In regard te
tbe gold and currency coinage?
Mr. IjIsiikmamm?We could coin tbree million silver
dollars per month nud save lour or live days,
wbtoti woulu be all lb it is necessary to coin tbo small fe
stiver end a requisite amount ot gold.
Kkpkktbr?About wbat quantity of gold and email
silver would you Uuvo to coin per month ?
Mr. Libdrmamii?About live millions in gold double
eagles ana (<tOu,UOO or $4<*>,UOO in small silver currency.
RnroRTsm?What silver dollars do yon ezpeot yon
Mr. Likdsmamx?i do not think that tbo bill provides
lor tbo numbor ol trado dollars that shall bo
coined, and that trill probably bo lelt to tbo discretion
ol the Secretary ol tbe Trouauiy.
Kb port ik?In year own estimation, bow many
trade dollars will you coin per month ?
lie- 1 tvnouiah I ohniil.l I ft I rt Ir ntn will ?.nKaUI.
.... ......If,-..,...? . " H1 >"?? /
bave i<> com about lire or six Hundred thousand ta
order to supply tbo deinund lor tlicCbtnn trod*.
KicruRTKH?How much com could lour presses torn
out II kopt cousuntly at worltf
Mr. I.indksis.nn?Tbey could probably sump moro
coiu tbnu we could got ready. Tuo niaohlnerjr is tbo
nutils la aa good uh can be obtained lor tie qutok
working of tbe metal, and as none but tbe beat modulates
are employed 1 do not think tbaro will be any
uifllculty lu keeping up ibe supply ol silver coin, provided
tbe bill becomes law.
KaroKTKB?VVbat do you think about tbe cbanceg of
tbo bill y
Mr. LixDKMAjrst?In my opinion It will pais tbo
House exactly in tbe same condition aa It left tne Sonale.
1 in ink tbe extremists on botb sides of tbe question
have not aufllcieut powor to carry their measures,
uud the vole will go with tbe bill as it stands
KaroKTKK?Then you tiling there la not much
doubt ubout It becoming law?
Mr. Livukua.vn?As to wbat tbe President may do I
have notning to say; taut Is bis businoss and not
mine, he will do what he considers rigbt.
Ksportkh?Than you are all prepared to go to work if
tbe bill becomes law t
Mr. l.ixnguAxx?Yea, sir, tbo maobluery to all
ready and we await orders. If tba bill is passed wo
will bave new sllvor dollars ready tor issue wltbin
fourteen days. It will taku us nearly that tlmoto
prepare tba diss.
THE AEION FESTIVAL.
Tbo Arlon ball atGiluiore's Garden, to-morrow night,
promlsoi to bo a brilliant festival. All tba arrangements
have been made with a liberal band, and It la
sale to prodlct that nolblug will be left undone to
make the reunion tbo most successful ever given under
tbo diroction of tbe society. Precisely at nine
o'clock the festival will bo appropriately opened with
a concert undfr tbe direction of Dr. L. Damroscb.
Tbero will -be tbo overtare from 'Klonsl.'i
and aeloetlona from "Uio Knlkunger," Lorhue"
and tne "llugeuols,'' altar wbtcb, at
a given signal, tbe several committees will
enter from tbo aide portal to tbo Moortsb
caailo at tbo rear of the garden, ready for business.
The floor Committee will be costumed as falevnlers|
tbe Lobby committee as Knights lo tbo Court oi
Cburles XII.; tbe KinauoeCommittee us lieutenants t?
King Lout-. XV.; the Kctepiion Committee as royal
butlora ol Charlos V., and tba Press Committee ei
scribes of tbo sixteenth century. Alter saluting tba
audience the committees will invite the musquersderi
to Join in the opeuing polouauu. About ten o'clock
the prince's arrival will tie signalized by IDS young
of tbe curtain ovor tbe centre ol the Moorish caaita.
The procesalou will appear in tba following order:?
Divition?Anon.?Heralds, staudard bearers and
maraiiuis; military oaua, rigur vuiuuiiiim, i*<
ho raids; Arion uu iho dolphin, surrounded by ihs
Olympian gods; Lobby Committee, llccepliou and Prom
Lhriuon?folly.?Drum corps, by member* of the
Turner c.ui*\a; Uoucral coinraundiug on (bubbyj
horseback; Uetiboveu surrounded by inu representslive*
ol hi* composition*, by luembor* of to*
floeiboyeo Ma.'tinorcbor; Polly's colors; Now
York commissioners (Police, Kxelse, Health
and 8lroeij, iiodoi*uuo bat; city types; trumpn;
"colored folk*;" gypsies, with lull camp equipment*,
by ladiu* and gentlemen ol the lleinsbund; snow
sivoa; "The heatben Cuinsn,1' ladies of laabioo,
driven by "Worth de Paris;" Williamsburg tailors on
a hiriko, by tho Arion of Wililntnshurg; Koman
gladiators, by mombsrs of the New York Turn Verein;
gold and silvor tight; tbo Ship of Polly, containing tho
sixteenth amendment, on a cruise.
Oiuiti'iH?i'rinct Carnival.-- lloralds, standard
beurera and masters of caromonles; the orchoetra of
f no meg by M'ghtcen boy inusicinos; mcroyahles,
'rince Carnival s body guard, amhaaeadors, bearers of
tbo royal lotlgnlsa, harlequins uud columbines, tho
royal ctmrlot, Prince Carnival, tbo Princess, pages,
JENNIE MOOKES I(J NERO*.
Ill Hellovllle, N. J., yesterday afternoon, tho f*
ncral took placo of tbo lute Jennie Moore, tbo unlortunato
young girl who srundorod In o fit ol delirium
from her borne last Christmas night, and whose docomposed
body was found floating In tbo Passaic ltivcr
lust Sunday. It was uti' tided by a large concourso of
people. Tne funeral service* look place In the Hellovillu
Reformed Church, ilev. Mr, strong oHIciatiu^
Tho Interment took place at the Franklin Cemetery.
A II Lit MIT'S DEATH.
An octogenarian named Hall bas lived tn seclusion
in s sbauty at Caven Point, N. J., for many yearn
past. lie bas beou missed lor soma days and n
neighbor determined to call and ascertain whether
tbo old inun was sick or the boueo deserted. To bin
astouiehineiit he louud the aged hermit deed. Toe
facte were reported to tho Ureeuyiilo polios otoltoo