Newspaper Page Text
THE SUN, SUNDAY, JULY 80, 1916.
t REJUVENATING WAR CARS
NEAR THE FRENCH FRONT
ospital Behind the Lines Utilizes All Parts for Prac
tical Purposes and Sends Many War Worn
Cars Back Into Service Again.
Br W. F. BRADI.KY.
f "The Automobile."
"Thore must be a tremendous nmount
pTfcf automobile Junk rillliw tip behind the
!) Armies In France." Doubtless this l a
.''urmlse shared by mnny who liavo re-
I j; fleeted vaguely on the cleRtructlveticiPi of
Prar but have hnd no opportunity of
,'mmlntnsr the methods employed to re
1 tmlr the inevitable lews of equipment.
Tliln opportunity to examine the ineth
Bila ndcited In order to prevent the
astaRo of automobile material ntiil keep
the median lo j I tr.iii.iportatlon service- of
the army worMmt the most economi
cal lines came with (in Invitation of tlio
French War Department to vlrlt Its Iiuro
eentriillzed reimlr depot FlrBt aid In
automobile, breakdowns I Klven by tho
When Big Shells Demolish War Cars Expert Hands Promptly Rebuild Them and Send Them to the Front Again, j
la tfca aasws- left kaet nlatnre shown a car which traa "hit aanarclr In the bom." bit will boob hava another Motor ana b an II war In the aoper
risk hai- aletan) wa kava a la of fnlthfnt cripple, who wilt ha all right attain when the motor doctor are throat with them.
totaea avail ajtecriaiv ealasaaa that eTentnnllr will he sorted ont and pal In order,
famaaa ear that ooaldn't .arrive Ihr trrrtflt alorm of ahot and ahell.
The larce centre picture ahowa
Ilelow are ahnwn motor car framea the twitted and dlatorted akeletona nf oner
not an ounco of metal nor a plank of
wood shall pass Into civilian hands. This
rule has been strictly adhered to, and
will continue to bo adhered to, to the
disappointment of those bargain hunters
who are hoping to secure war worn ve
hide for an old souk nnd to the foiling
of tho mail who habitually preside over
tho Junk heap. Speculators can mane no
money out of this branch of the French
As each bitch of wrecked vehicle
comes In a group of expert officers ex
amines them and divides whether the ve
hicle shall undergo repairs or whether
It shall bo illrmetnhereil, In the former '
case It Is towed or carried away to the
repair shops to be dealt with In a man
ner which will bo described later. If
dismemberment Is the order, tho vehicle
travelling workshop attached to each Roes Into tho temporary cemetery and Is
Convoy or group. Sloro i-orious case
are dealt with by the nenvi ropuir shop
a few mlliu lithltiil tho tinea. The
flrst aid gan; can deal with only a lim
ited amount of work of a comparatively
Simple nature. Theoretically, the army
' workshop can tackle any kind of a Job,
fjut when thcao (-limis have to be etab
llrhed In b-irtis, under canvas covers on
; aonm market place; when they nre In
danger of being shelled by tho enemy,
ami when they aro obliged to maintain a
certain degree nf mobility, they are apt
to be submerged ami Incapiblo of carry-
' Ing out tho work, entrusted to them
ltner rnptill)' or economically.
Tims link of the nrmy workshops the
French War Drpaitnietil haw mlalillfhed
Its general clearing hospital. This
Unique cbtnbllshtnt nt receives tho whole
cf tho overflow from the repair shops
In tho tli Id Or End trucks which
liavo been battered by Hliell fire, vehicles
which can no lou:er be clllclently kept
In repair, ilil models for which rtmre
parts ale not easily obtainable, the whole
of the automobile wreckage of the bat
tlefields, flows into thlH central entab
llslnmnt. Tills organization may be
compaied to tho big hospitals which re-
dealt with In proper order. These French
officers have developed automobile dis
section Into a fine art : thero in not an
ounco of material on an automobile
which Is Incapable of being used In somo
efficient manner. First of all tho car
bureter and magneto If these two aux
iliaries ft 1 II renriln aro taken off and
sent to thn stores. A special gang strips
off the body, nnd while one man puts
having originally built the car, and It Is
the army which will provide tho re
placements to be used In that car. As
Kuropean factories are generally work
ing mi munition, tho factory stock of
spare parts Is often low, unit In many
oases It would be ncceary to make
I'urtfl specially but for this romplete sys
tem of classifying all parts, taken out of
condemned chassis. There nro numer
ous cases also of old models mill tit
i .. ; , .', '. I ous cases
iiwirfiiiiii iiiiti ji sunt iiiiHiiier t.ikts ' . ..... -
i.. t.i. .i i ., ., . L. i ner ijervirc, mil mr which ei'iiiea can-
he e otl or the lent) er. another rips off , .... ... ., ,.,, owi.lls , , lu fi,,.1)rv
me sneei meiai panels and still another ,,. , ,i, i i f ,i, .,.
i firm having illsaHieaied, or other causes.
In thetc InHanccs tho army stock al
i lows a good vehicle to lie rej'iilieil. A
ss under . i .. ............. i ..... ..i.e. -
and ho has a special 1 ,. ........ i M.,..t...i.,ii...
limineee- on all the woodwork. Tho man
who Is Interested In seat stuffings know
the dlffiTenco between horsehair nnd
that general term
Ynr 5, "I aptu.ed fmm the enemy or .lckM up
hAther'f omarn olift'toJiH,'" 1.".""! 1 ' -"' " ''Icc entirely owlni 'to
1 rlT, ??. r 'a I fact thnl spares. had been secured
runabou,. ,, fakes no longer to cWs.fy Z'VZVX
The same vst..n, ma.lle, ,n ,h... M"" . ''V 'e of ,hc Intelligent
sis. When the motor Is tnken out of
the frame It Is carried across to tho
cleaning shops. It may be found that
cello nil the human wrecUago of war- "'1" I" In perfect condition, In which
fare. The automobile hoM'ltiil. however, I 'l Is cleaned anil' sent to the stores.
Ooch not admit of a crematorium In tho i " "" '" that the wreckage l so oom-
Mci-.giound. tor miner tie won.i. run. y ""X"-''""""1 aiitomoblle Indu-try
cnicieni sysiein tioiveu uy inn rienc;i .-
tno ci.lc!e. nor nnv wreckage of a ve- ,"11' roJ R '"'o the stores. The
hlcle. can eier be consldenl valueless. gearbox, the rear ale. tho sleerlng
Along the French front thero may be " nanism, me uraxes. an pass tinner
mi' same r.aiiuiiaiinii, it a geaioox,
for Instance, Is unfit for further service,
it I. not thro'in into the Junk heap and
illnwed to He there. Its shafts are
taken out. Its ball bearing!! are separated. I
omo SO.ooi) automobiles of all kinds.
This flguro does not claim to be ac
curatc, but It Is sufficiently near the
truth to glvo an Impression of the vast
organ'z.i'Hm dealt with. Tho overflow
and tho hopelcsly Incurables from this gears If of It. N. I. or other high' , X m, a'''?trures erentact
vast army are brought in by rail to tin. KfMuV steel, are not thrown Into th.i , "lc 1 "at.er wltli It- -Its tires were Intact
.Antral repair depot at the rate of about heap with cheap mild steoN; the nlumi- nnd a bwly c..rrll on "
eeventy or eighty per week, and about num ca.iln Is not Hung In with the hi cl a c, .me o f har d . rer vice Hut when
CO per cent, of tiiese are capable of be- , cat Iron. the rear door was op-ned .. silent trng-
ing rrbuMt Into perfect automobiles fit The -or.1 Index system has been up- wa wilcd. for a shell had burst
for service in the Ib lil. P'led to this work In a very systeiuatlc '""hie and the blood nf brave iiien had
Whe.-. this organization wa decided on ' m inner. When a velihle comes. In t I drlid on the tlojr and seals of that once
the war hnd nln nlv been In progress .s given a number and clas-IMcd ac j "'fj1,"' lUnous.ne.
a considerable p-rad and th.re had "td'ng to Its make, mode: and oar. All the men connected with this depot
been act umuiat.-d s.veral thousand ba- Al the parts saved nut of this vehicle I arc beyond the fighting age. The only
tcrcd remains of motor veh'.ole- nf all and sent to Hie Mores for possible fn. ' one w 1h could lay claim to yotithfulness
makis. from all cuintrtc. of all agei ' turu ret vice are note I on the back of ' the mllcer w had evoh .1 the
having ..nly one feature In mumon, their tlm card. These jmrts vary crvnsliler- card InJex fjstem. I-or years bef. re the
Inabili'.i fo run. The law of the survival ably tiiev inav b a complete motor, a ,var he had been a ".il'im m In I'ar.s
of the" fittest decreed that these llrst t'lnplete transmisslnn. a complete lear and London autninoblle showrooms, and
wrecks rhould be Uie lat valuable of the !e. or only a crankshaft, a et nf con-1 had been sel.cted for this post on ac
automoblles of France. Thev comprised nectlns rod. or a couple of cylinders, count of his organizing ability and hl
eld models which had been doing useful Hut whatever they may be they an-' Intimate knowledge nf the feature- of
If not very efficient woi In various cor- recorded. i all makes of car. In the various di
ners of France when the net of the reiiil-1 As an example of how this system partments were to be found engineers,
Bltlon ngmt nvent them il!""1. thev were work", let u nipiHise the riiajr depot, foremen and festers from the leading
thrown pell mell Into the army, and the , receives a IVugem XZ model. 1 1 2 type,
anny a few months later threw out their I in good condition with the exception of
cracked nnd rus'y bones, i i big hop- In the cylinder watorjaoket.
I W I flP I I I I HP 1 a , i I i i ' Bta
If you want to five
your car "iegs,rlus
bricate it with
wherever you sec
the Socony Sign.
iitililUatioti of this system.
The big open air garage In which con
siderably more than 1,00ft war worn cars
are nwalllng treatment Is one of the
most picturesque slgnts In connection
with the war. There Is such a variety
that It needs a lifelong connection with
of two conti
nents to l.lentfy them without reference
to the maker's nameplate. Hvery pos.
slble cause has helped to bring them to
this common meeting place. Some nre
merely worn out from hard service!
there are cases of collision, fire, water,
high explosive shells, mm hlne gun nnd
rifle tire. A modern looking gray I'.m-
French automobile factories men w hose
age or constitution would not allow them
to undirtuke the rough work of the
Paired casings nre wrapped In the sam
way an new tires nnd labelled with
maker's name and sixu. These repaired
casings and tubes are given nut to the
army as required, the output utter nly
a few months working of this department
being several hundred n day.
A similar method has been adopted for
truck tires, Hydraulic presses ate main
tained with nil the armies nn the fl out.
and the staffs In charge of these prcssei
periodically return all the worn out bon
dages to the eentral repair depot Here
machinery has been erected for paring
all the rubber from the metal base, this
worn rubber bring sold frnn time t
time ns suflleletit stocks accumulate
fio eomplete and thornuUi Is Ibis s.vs
trm that Instead nf urrekave being piled
up the automobiles of Frilice nre being
rejuvenat.il and the cud nf th war will
find that country with u smaller propor
tion of edd timers than It jussesseil at
the outbreak nf hostilities. Mouth after
month the least valuable trucks and cars
are disassembled and their -mrls sent to
. thM tnlHtii- ...,t , 1 1 . 1 I.i.
ry ''. ' "' ' i in. n-.- . mi n
I Tlllffhl be i'rin.1 ntinonl, f,... I...1. I
vice over well paved city Kir. ets are. of
no use to the nrmy and conteeiuently nro
not allowed to exist, tiul.i thoroughly
sound automobiles are vf any value In
warfare. It s possible to state tint, so '
far ns France is concerned, the end of
the war will find the country with bet
ter and meire modern automobile fleet
than the beginning. Further, this change
will hale been made without loss tei the
I The mobile repair shops have been
found very valuable for quick repair
work of all kinds, one of their special
advantages being that they can tie
moved to nny new position within nn
hour after nn order hns len received to
the effei't that such a change l necessary, j
Each tool Is mounted on a special trailer
truck, and to or three of these trailers,
arc made up Into a train drawn by an
automobile or a motor truck, and tht
arrangemen' gives the shops a wide range
of action. While they have to be capa
ble of keeping pare with the leody of the
main army whenever an ailvatwe or re
treat Is under way, these shops do not
have to operate absolutely In the open.
In fact, they have lieen found most ef.
fectlie fnr all around work when oper
ated at an average distance of twenty
five miles from the front, and at this
range It Is generally possible to find
buildings of a type which ran be readily
converted for repair shop purposes.
Abandoned factories, street car stations,
barns or h farmhouse with a larra
work over normal conditions which art
found at the shops. Still, It Is nirprKIng
I w hard It Is to put a initor veiled
entirely out of rutin. ng n!er bv li'ilUt
and shell (Ire. The bo.ll. s nf tie ru.
liilnes are frequently win lie.) by fi,
but It requires a direct hit m verv
shiil'llre to render a ha-.slp unfit fo-fuj.
ttier service. It Is a simple muter t0
teplace Ihe body work, and even tr'icki
which have been under d'rect ti e to siifi
sn extent that they had to I.h ihtn
doneil have been towed to a rep,i r shop
and put Intei serviceable condli m nntt
The Rim King
bearing motorcycle wheel and a body lie sived from the wreckage, were almost been through the whole series of rjordon
Tli. ..m-s .. ni.,.,1 In nb.rr nf tho' Tlie nITIeee in ehnm,. of rernr.la lool.H 1 tre iichs. but who were callable of an'mide nut tif a truck's side nancls cost t: l...il for f.i Id kitchens. I em ett eve tit, were rioteel among them)
central reiialr depot, had to decide what up his dockets of l'eugeot X. 1!U2 honest day's labor. piaefleally nothing to produce and were With tli sistm In proper working Bin. the officers tiolntr.l nut tester rrom
The system or economy was spre.n to more satisfactory than tlie usual article order, a e-onsineranie amount 01 material tucn raciories as nr.isirr, i ainiin mu
the toots with which the men worked. 1 d.dlvered bv the stores. Thn rouch is iiicumulaied which cannot be iimiI . Delaunay-Ilolleville. After the road
Tubular chassis built by Itenault about ' sheds which erve ns ninces and will haw again in the rebuilding of automobiles. tests the rhassla pass to tlie body sheqis.
lleOO constituted excellent Moats for to be pulled down when the war is over This comprises stocks nf aluminum, cop- win re they are completed, given a final
moving material about the' vai.l when hud wmd ws taken from deiehct bote' ' per, brass, sheet steel, high grade steels, roid test and then returned to the re
stripped of all their organ" but the steer- omnibuses. Pha'n driven truck rear mild steel. &.;, all of which are sold to ' ceil ing yard, from which they are red, s-
Ing gear. Wheelbarrow with a ball- avles and eurlngs. of which scores could the foundries working exclusively for tributed to the army as required.
hould be done, with this Old World modeN nil 1 finds that ho has In the
wreckage and also with the more modern I storehouse a set of cylinders saved from
material w;h!ch come in from day to day ' a previous wreck. lie makea out an
with only' slightly vary.HT regularity. order for these to be delivered to the
It Is nn Invariable rulo In the French an- rtpa'r shri and reroi.N their departure
tomohllo service that no war worn cars ftoni the t res Krom time to lime re
ahall be thrown on the market, and that ' pairs will be given out to the factory
Anna Held Always Finds Her Packard Twin Six Ready.
R....,.v.,.,.,. ' " ' w in .'i ssisssasa
i&fivUfeKXslaTviLJaBnBn alxsxsxsxsxsxsxsxsxsxsaBBBal bbbbbbbbC
jjjjjaiiM taBBBBaaaaaaaBBBB HH ,
the War Department. The State monop
olizes nutals and eliminates private
In conjunction with the central re
ceiling and ditsei'tluB department Is a
central repair shop. When this work
.- begun the repair shop officer were
g.ven a wholcsile wine merchants
I store houses ami yard anil told to make
, v,ls ef them U Ithln a few months
those empty buildings and deserted
yards bad been transformed Into well
Cl'Uppe.l SllepS Illleit Willi all Kill. is UI
III II HI
This beomtlf ii llniniislne lin heen iidiiilreel li- ninny anil represents about all anybody coold alk for In luxury, comfort and otllltr
In the early t.!agrn ef the war tire
ee-onomy was onnsldereel a matter nf tio
Importance. liriiers of touring cars,
having neither time nor means nf repair,
left tl.eir punctured tnVs and casings by
the roadside and put In a claim f r new
ones, which claim was never refused.
Now all that la changed F.very worn
casing nnd every punctured tut must be
retunleel to the elep.n from which the
driver works. This di'pot sends its dam
aged tires to the central rapnlr depart
ment, and here, In a specially equipped
BbbbH Wt f bbbbbbbbbbbbbH '
l.eiiil II, I'erlluun.
aiiK'aio'iHes undergutng or waiting re- s;k,i, nines ami casings nre mane almost
i Te. tini. .illy this central repair Ins good as new. Repaired and testeel
department only differs from civilian re-I tube's are packed In boxes marked In big
pair shops by reason of Its size and the I figures with their dimension, and re
var'.e'y of work undertaken. Thus III I
adili ion to the usual divisions dealing
with motors, gearsets, rear axles, tie.
e.tih -f this" Is sulslivided ace-ordlng
to makes. Men who have had experi
ence of American motors, for Instance,
are koit on that class of work as
much as possible, while Knight motor
specialists are kept busy on sleeve value
engines. The range nf work covers
everything from a heavy flft horse-power
four wheel drive tractor to n lightweight
motorcycle, while the Individual repairs
may be the changing of a tteeilng gear
or tho complete reconstruction of chassis
and tmdy. Under such conditions a cast
Iron system Is not possible of applica
tion. et the general arrangement I
wonderfully orderly and economic,! 1. At
one end of the building the chassis are
dismounted and frame, sheet metal and
radiator repairs are carried out. The
various units are passed into the engine,
geailuix and rear axle, departments, nnd
assembly carried out on the usual fac
tory lines. Spares are obtainable from
the stock of dlsinetnbi red oars by an
order on the cential supply stores from
the home factory, or In exceptional cases
the parts may be made lu the shops.
The road test department Is similar
to that of the big factories, far every
chassis after assembly must go m tho
road to be passed by the tes'er. The
authorities have at their dlsp.iMl a re
niarkably good class of men for tfhls
work (several racing mechanics who had
A notable figure In the ut min''f
courtyard are found very convenient feir world to-day Is Louis I! IVrlinan wi
the establishment of repair depots. In recently established the validity nf
fact, "iich eixlrernes as a village school- demountable rim latent after a hard le
boie and a slaughter holse liall' been ve.ir lek-lll battle the ntltcnme nf q.
H'lected as places suitable for this sort decision has resulte.l In tho oiganlrn'..
or num. wnue m inciory witn electric eif tlie rerlinniritliu Corporation,
power Is looked upon as Ideal. i iM eittlceis nre W. ( Durant nf
The equipment of thn automobile re-1 Chevrolet Motor Car Company : Lou's
pair shops usually comprises lathes, Kaufman, president of the Chatham nr.u
uiiiung macnines, grinning macnines, a riiernlx National Hank, and Mr Ivr
case hardening plmt. and all the smaller, ninn. Two factories owned by t i I Vr
tools required for general re pair weirlt. i man Him Corporation are now Ir fqra
Electricity Is used for driving the ma- tlon. one at Jackson, Midi, arj -t
I'hlnery. a gasolene engine nnd dynamo other nt Ftlca. N. Y They are miUr
carrie.i on a trailer netng provide e for 4.oi"i sets of demountable rlms d o
tbls purpose. t tnl of-l.nOO.OftO seth a ear
There Is mole repair work to handle It Is Mr. IVrlman's Intention to bl
under war conditions ns found on the vote tho whole of his time to the r .vn'
frontier In the north of France than Is farttire of demountable rlms, .v-,l M
the case In the civil service. Hut nn efforts In this direction wl'.l he dlv'tM
some parts nf the front the percentage between the two factories and fio N's
of sj'rnpped automobiles nnd trucks s York otllces. The e"tiihtlshment . '
only slightly higher than In times of rim company Is the realization of Mr
po.ire. J he more uangerous conditions, I'erlnuin's great endeavor and cn-.r'n
however, and the fact that drivers can-1 sates him for his Vears of waplnr, h!
not be selected with as preat care In ( trails and s'rugtiles, d'nppoin'rr!"j
such circumstances, Ko u long way anil his lavish expenditures e.f t'tno 51
to wan i maning up tne increase in repair I money,
Meeting Motor Truck Needs
UNITED U4 to 6 TON TRUCKS
TRIANGLE MOTOR SALES CO.
1872 Broadway. Phone 4336 Columbus
"Unite with the United"
ONC ' ADJUSTED NEVi R CHANGED
JEFFREY 4 WHEfL DRIVE 2 TON QUAD
POERTNER MOTOR CAR CO.
1759 Broadway. Phone 1186 Circle
"Adopted by U. S. Army"
1 TO 5 TON
BURFORD CO., Ltd., 1874 Broadway
Phono 1191 Columbus. Service Station.
lAnaCftfita arniiml ln vAur ,..Le Vh i-..- i.... i i m is .... ......
I " - " w nv wibi tiw m fawiTMueHV lw apUHl HMxT)
72,000 MILES OF FABRIC.
"To irlve the public, an adequate Mea
of the vast scope of our business we
have reduced some of the facts con
cerning It to everyday terms," says J. N.
Gunn, president of the United Htates
"For example, It Is Interesting to know
that ir all the fabric used by the United
States Hubher Company In a year were
made Into a foot wide band that band
would b 72.000 miles long. Last year
our company produced 200,000,000
pounds of manufactured rubber good,
that would till a freight train 112 miles
JOSEI'U A, KVAN,
"Socony" flaaollne Only.
tlft.110 West ftlst Street.
1 door west of Il'wsy, Open day and night,
Wo save you money on Ftandurd makes
Tires and Tuli.se.
FIIILUr KI IIHKR WORKS,
New and used Tire. Tubes,
ttO West Slst Hi.
Tel. I0IS Circle.
FKIMKN TDIR CO.. INO
Tlrse snd Tubes.
Branch Store, 44 llroad 8U.
PortctMUr, N, T.
i'i5 mtxieis: cost 51,085 o. u. Detroit nbout year ngo,
careiuiiy useel dv Drom nent commcrcia nouses, nnd
condition, l.ooo to 1,500 lbs. capacity,
year ago. They have been
and nre in excellent operating
Specifications 4-cvliliiier. W'ncricr electric llnhtine and stnrtini? vtpm. full
floatiiiR rear axle, Timken bearincs, demount-itile rims, 3.1x4 tires, left-hand drive,
Studebaker panel and open express txidies, WILLARD STORAGE BATTERIES.
Only equalled in value by the NEW STUDEBAKER. REPAINTED ANY
COLOR YOU SELECT. TIME PAYMENTS ARRANGED.
STUDEBAKER CORPORATION OF AMERICA
BROADWAY, at S6TII BT
O. A. A CM HUMAN, Manager,
Used Car llept,. Set Klneir"
rkese C'lrcl. MUl,
1201 KKOFOHI) AVB.
i-iiene uecaiur ism.
I CHANDLER 1
H J () (yJy the Six -With the mwtelous motor H
1m the midst of extravagant claims for new theories
amd natried ideas, the Chaadler motor stamds free
from any hint of experimentation. From coast to coast
men know what this motor does, men know they can
depend on it, men know its service quality is enhanced
by the fact that it is a proven mechanism, perfected
through three years of conscientious refinement.
And Chandler bodies, the new big seven-passenger
touring car body and the new four-passenger roadster,
are the most beautiful motor car bodies of the year.
BRADY- MURRAY MOTORS CORPORATION
New York's Most Complete Motor Cur Institution
1884 Broadway, at 62nd Street Telephone, 9175 Columbus
FAPRELL AUTO CO. W. C. D. MOTOR CAR CO. C. T. HECKMAN SON
1384 Bedford Ave., Brooklyn 299 Contra! Are., Newark 2351 Boulevard, Jemey City
CHANDLER MOTOR CAR CO., CLEVELAND, OHIO
Iwi-.jjfctk , .