Newspaper Page Text
2 THE SUN, SUNDAY,. JULY 30, 1916. ;
2000 THIRD AVE.
- MEN ON STRIKE i
CoHtlnunl frnm Flmt Pitfic.
resfly 'to lake tho cur to the barn lit
trArtlnf In thn nt'olil II i . l ttin tlftllrp hllil
received Information Hint the strike order 1
would be Issued, Deputy Poller Commls
..loner Dunham ' had mistimed charge of ;
the' policing arrangement:".
ftp wit'i on the ground nccompnnled
by 'Thief Inspector Schmlttberger, who
gave special Instructions to the police
rniHnltiH unci lieutenants In barge of
th. )llrn. When, hnwcer. the police re
ceived word of the t trtk older the
police reserves were ordered out to
pitjrnl nil of Thltd avenue nnd to lie
icady for trouble.
More than 2.00(1 men Jammed them
selves Inln Lyceum Halt, whither they
nniflieeii siiniiiiiinid by the (ccliernl In
vitation Issued by the "-Hike leaders.
The were In an excited, exuberant
DtUldc tho ball were gntbered scv-
ernljtumiand more persons, who out of; ,., b). (.hpf n,I)cctor Schmlttberger's
cnrlifity w.-ie awaiting the results rr , orUcrn In ntttlolpntlott of trouble.,
the Vote There was much cheerlm and ....
dlsojfl.-i Cam pas-lug the building' " lMckcU In.reneee.
weie nfeteil with shouts of "Scab'" and ; "As long as we gel proper police pro
mt '.occasional bilck. One car wax lection." said the grayheaded superln
stopped at l"lihty-slth street and the I tendf nt, "you'll see cars running on
mntdiAvin was s"o frightened that be , Third avenue. Don't worry about your
got tiff hi" car. The police, however, old uncle, son, Thoe pickets don't an
prrvliilnl upon lilm to run his car to the noy me In the least.
hnrrtU l2!Mh str.et. I """w f y "TVI',."'!'
TlUiieelh.K was railed to order by , '" because they are afraid, but If the
WIllAfh IV. litis, one of the organizer , Police .ire on tho Job 1 haw lots of men
of thy Ameiicin Federation of Lnl.r. ""." worked for us for years and
He Vpoke brictly mid then Inlioduced h,,''' not going to run any risk of los
ii.i. r-- I,,. ,.,..ir iii. Ig their Join now by Joining In this
urgeil the men to form a union. He
- ' ..' - i . and 1
..nA.-.- ... i,m , i. i,m..iher. 1
fori!)' union and make yourselves free
msn. Instead of slwcs "
Criticise I'. V. Wlillrldne.
"President Whltrldge uf the Third
Avennii did not tliluk It worth while to
rem.iln" here so th.it he rould come to an
amicable understniidlng with his men. He
tlmugM so little of the ni"n In bl em
ploy Hint he went away nnd le'- them In
Clujtlmiiti Collins. Introducing William
B. Fltzgtrnld, the real organlxer of the
present strike, said" "This strike started
In Yoitkers and we're koIiv; to carry It
to llie Battery" The remaik was
greeted with a wild cheer.
Fitzgerald told the men tb.it his dream
of fifteen years, namely, to see all the
utreet.fnllway men of New York organ
ized, was now coming true. He read
telegrams from union leaders In Doton
and UufT.tlo saying that they would give
freely In money and otherwise support
the ucV union In New York.
Wl"tiam I). Mahon. International pres
ident, told of conditions In New York as
compared with other cities. He said!
The, situation In this city Is the worst
In th-ountry. If no! In the world. You
me more pool I. v paid here and It costs
more to live here than In any other
city." jllc urged the men to obey the law
and to help pumah any doers of mis
chief In connection with the strike.
Strike llesolutlons Adopted.
Whan he was through speaking the
resolution were read and adopted by n
landing vote. They exprrsred the decision-of
the Third Avenue employees to
Join, the strikers of New Hocbelle.
Mount Vernon, Youkers and The llronx
nnd: to sui-peud work until they were
recognized as union men and had re
reive! a wage of 3ft cents an hour for
the rrt year anil ,1,1 cents an hour for
erjr J'ear afterwaid.
Serum I cars had been sent out of the
barn-Just befe the caimeii voted to
strike and they were moving slowly
nnrtKtriir.i .vi,.. ih., , hi, ...... ,i
The. trlkers. knowing the mechanism ofi""" ,er ,a ml,"'"r "f, me" ." . n,
the Nam. Immediately turned switches Ulv'- ut, ' le aM n,ot V""'' 1 ' tlle'
thaitut-ed short circuits or rendered hn: .'r.",,1'7, ,h' "rvI '" 'ci,.!".
the" Jit brakes useless. The police re
nerves Int-fored ud with their clulw
ilrore-the strikers back itnd then ordered
tho luotormer to take the cars to the
barnkjon tln northbound tracks.
Af Jills moment Deputy Toller Com
mlstfWf Dunham and Inspector Schml'.t-
uergrfvappenrrii iioiinu soutn. 1 liy got
In herieen tw of the cars moving south.
Duilbiiin saw some men piling colibj
stoij&x on lite Hacks and he ordered the
chauffeur, Wl.Jam Soberer, to stop while
he dlit'.'ted policemen to drive the strik
Then the motoinian of the car mov
ing behind saw the auli mobile anil
striker stepping up pulled 'a sw itch that 1 T'll':v '""I ,not "lol"1'"
madf-.th. a rbi.tke ineffective. It nasi. The pickets yesterday were working
siasieq to appiy ine imtites, but a
then'thut the car smashed Into the nu-1
tomouue. smashing the iear end and
almost hurling Dunham and Schmlttber
B'ritu the street. Scherer, however,
iulibly applied the power and drove his
utOincbllt! abt'ad out of the wav,
' Strikers In Mnn l'luhi.
A. KKht between strikers nnd police
men, iiccutieil on another stalled car.
J'utriCK nice, a striking mutorman. of
lC6Kast Ninety-third street, Jumped on
heUir nbitmrm ,n,i .H.i ... .11 ....
' t ' ' . , , ; .. . , ' ....
73 .7 r",,o m',n ,fll-
on' interfered and was knocked dow n
by a, low from Hlce's fist. Ulce stood
over him and was iibout to hit him
again, when Patrolman ltenselaer of
the J-list Sixty-seventh street station
strifClMtlc,. over the head with his club,
cutting his scalp open.
ri.Vi the car was run south on the
nnrtUlmuud track to Hast Sixty-seventh
mr.., where Kite was cariled to the
police station, received the attention of
a Hurgeon arm was iockcii up on
cnafge of felonious assault
Tlrcro were many fights between no-
llcrsnen and strikers. A number nf
strikers were anested before the pollce
mer(nnally got control of the situation
nniirkept the strikers on the move.
At', '7:30, mi to which time the cars
nerK.Tunnlng at Intervals of from ten
to jSfenty minutes, Assistant General
Marjiigcr Kdvvln A, Maher, Jr., ordered
nil he cars Into the bnrns. There they
remained until about !:30 P. M., when
with additional detectives nnd with
one 'Uniformed policeman, they started
out 'sigaln. They were trnvelllns, how
cvery on an nvcrnge of onn every fifteen
minutes. After tbu company learned of
the ptrlko order, the cars wero called In
agalzi'. Mr. Maher announced that the
hcrvfp't would be started again nt .1:30
o'clock this morning.
dock this mm
frrener 11 Failure,
THf mass meetln In the Lyceum,
whefa the strike leaders made their
flrstlblg move In the campnlgn to tin up
the frrunsit facilities of Manhattan, fol
lowed a scries of Impottant events.
First, a conference of labor leaders
andii'allwny officials, called by Borough
President Mnthewson of The Bronx tit
the Bronx Borough Hall, was a failure.
The .c'onfereen rould not agree on tlin first
point, raised, namely the recognition by
the (Third avenuo company of tho right
of the carmen to organize, .
Ulit hoforo tho meeting was railed
to order. Police Commissioner Woods
hadils'sued orders not only for the man
nlng'tif tho Bronx thoroughfares with
niotiollcn but had stationed reserves
Hjt nlso cancelled the vacations of
policemen, ordering them back to the
cltv,. and directed that the policemen
iiowjln tho soldiers' training camp ut
ForCWadsworth bo held In readiness to
rush to Manhattan In the ovent of
vtoleniu or any further cxteulon of the
How carefully and secretly the labor
generals woru developing the details of
thvir onmpnllfn hemme. evident yester
miy morning when about ino carmen
on the Third avenue lino failed to re
port; for duty.
Picketing squads of five, under a lieu
tenant, were ut work along Third nve
nue5ind had gained the sympathy of
thoso men on their way to work. They
duo rocto on earn, chatting with the con
diictor or the inotorman, as opportunity
afforded, ntul pointing out to them the
chances nf higher pay through organlx
atlon. Many of the men on duty prom
ised to Join the union at the end of the
Thus, as the day wore on, George
Murphy, superintendent of the Third
avenuo division, Including Third avenue
proper mid the 125th iitreet crosstown
line, found many men were quitting and
that others wero failing to report for
He succeeded, however, for a time In
keeping up his service, for under a work
Ing rule a car crew does not quit for
the day until the relief Is ready for
work. Accordingly, many crews were
asked to work overtime, and those men
who bad not yet made up their mind to
go on strike accepted the opportunity tt
make more money,
lly 2 I. M. Superintendent Murphy
was running cars about every ten min
utes Instead of every two. There was a
noticeable lack of cars on Third avenue
anil on the 125th street crosstown line,
Still Murphy, a veteran of many strikes,
smiled cheerfully and announced there
was no need yet of calling for strike
bieakers. He cast his eyes down and up
Third avenue, along which were
stretched policemen who had been de-
i "'"V . . ,
'"- Pi-" so numer
nu '"at. they formed an argument al
most us long as Third avenue. F iger
aid bad taken pains to detail htir reds
of tho llronx strikers to Manhattan to
carry on the prnp.igandn work. He felt I
they courd be more effective making ar
guments than Idling around In The
llronx and getting mixed up In smut
Talks by reporters w" conductor
along the avenue showed that their
Kt-ntlinentM were with the strikers md
that they Intended to Join.
"There's too much ammunition lying
along Third avenue for me," remarked
one conductor. He pointed to the heaps
of cobblestones that dotted the avenue
where construction work Is going on.
"I think the best place for me Is home.
Now's our chance to get higher money
and I'm going to grab It, you bet.
"It'll be the easiest thing In the world
to tie up this line. It Just takes one I
long spike Hipped Into the underground
trolley and the line Is tied Uf for hours. '
There are about 225 cars operating
on this division of the Third avenue
line and the line employs about S00 men.
All the earn In the Third avenue system
are red, contrasted with the blue cars
of the New York Hallways Company's
The other division of the Third avenue,
of which Owen McDonald, Jolly faced,
robust and merry eyed, Is the superin
tendent, operates 35 cars and employs
more than l.OUO men.
Mellonnlri Xmym .Men Are Loyal.
The lints under McDonald's super
vision comprise the lirand street, the
Fotty-second and Fifty-ninth street
crossnwii lines, the belt lines east and
v.'cst, the Avenue 11 cars, running from
the Federal llulldliig to Hast Thirty
fourth street, the Hroadway cars, run
ning fiom the Fort Lee ferry vl.i
Hroadway to the Hast Thirty-fourth
Mreet ferry, nnd the Amsterdam avenue
cais, running from the wwt Shore ferry
v,a "toadway and Amsterdam nvei;
,0'b-a "l'eeL, , , .
Tile strike leaders nsrted they I
My men urc loyal," said Sunt. Mc-
Donald. ' The strikers' scouts have been
after them, have handed them appeals.
i.ut too men have reported to me. I
have stood by my men through thick .
ami thin, and I believe they are going to
stick to me now."
Men llnve Hrnrflt I'uiut,
Kmplojee of the Third Avenue have a
benefit association to which they pay
dues of SO cents a month and Into which
the TMrd Awmie pays a like amount
for evry man.
The wage- which the men receive ar,i
he same as ll.e pay of the men on tho
other parts of the Third Avenue sj stem. '
Hall. 326 Hast Klehtv-
sixth street, a.s their headquarter
Thither all converts were hurried and
then- they paid $1 and became members
of the union. The headquarters were
mi charge of p. J. O'llrlen, fifth Inter
national president: Matthew Hlgglns of
Huston and Peter Hooney of Worcester,
They ald In the ourse of the afternoon
that tney had obtained the support of
more 'ban out -half of the men working
on Third avenue.
hlle .M.i or Mltchel admitted yes-
terd.iy the seriousness of the strike slt-
ua.ion. he believes It unnecessary at the
resent m(, to tak, an). other ,lepg
tnan ,now .U!;B,rd by IJoroush Pres-
idint Mathewon of The llronx.
"I am not sure," he said, "that steps on
my p.irt to bring about peace would be
welcome Jut no. Hut, of course. In this,
., all ()t,er rallei, wnerc such vital In-
teIests of the community arc affected, I
would be glad at any stage to take any
I teps calculated by both sides to bring
' about a settlement. Borough President
Mathcwfon has authority from me to
li-sue any Invitation for a conference
that In his Judgment may seem timely."
Pence Conference Arranged.
Mr. Mathewson. In answer to many
pleas from residents of The Bronx, com
municated In the morning with Kdwln A.
Maher. vice president and general man
ager of the Thltd Avenue Hallway, and
with Kdwln A. Maher, Jr., general man
tiger of the Union Hallway, and also
with William D. Mahon. International
president of the railway men's union :
William II. Fitzgerald and with Louis
Frlglder, attorney for the union men.
He asked them to meet him at his of-
Alt ihn m.n mrre.ri in rin n Mr MnJ
her. who Is bearing the brunt of the
strike difficulties owing to the absence
of Frederick W. Whltrldge, head of the
Third Avenue, In Kurope, said ho
saw no hope of an agreement because
he would not treat with Fitzgerald, who
was not an employee of the roud nnd
would not recognize the union.
All tho men arrived promptly and
went Into the conferenco. They were
together for more than an hour, nnd
j nt the end of that time the two Mahcrs
left first. As they went away they said
there had been no change In the situa
tion Right to I'nlonlse I Issne,
Mr. Frlglder, however, made a state.
I mt h. which he the raUw,y off.-
ilals declined to recognize the right of
the men to unionize, but had promised
to submit that proposition to the board
of director! If the men would stop
organizing now and return to work.
"Wo went Into the meeting." said Mr.
Frlglder, "prepared to make every pos
sible concession In order to arrange it
settlement. The one thing we would not
co. .cede was Hint we should not organize,
"When we wero together President
Mathewson explained that he had no
feelings a to right or wrong on the
question of the strike; that ho was neu
tral. Il asked u what our position
was. We explained that we had three
llrsl, the right to organize, higher wages
and an agreement as to working condi
tions. "Mr. Maher Immediately started In
with a history of hla connection with
the Third Avenue and accused our men
of having shown bad faith In the pres
"I Immediately took Issue with him
and made htm admit that when the Yon
kers strike In 1913 was settled there was
an agreement that all questions between
the men and the company should be sub
rr'tted to a committee.
"I made him admit that ten days ago
or more the men submitted a rfrlevanee,
but could get no reply from the com
pany. When the men threatened to
strike the Mayor tried to wr. the v.mm
pany to treat with them, and then the
business men of Yonkertr did the same.
Meantime Mr. Whltrldge had run away
Here Mr. Maher Interjected,
" 'Mr. Whltrldge's being In Rurone has
nothing to do with this strike. Mr.
Whltrldge had prepared to go to Eutopu
long before this trouble was mentioned.'
I replied that I did not say It had.
"Finally Mr. Mathewson suggested
that we union men go 'nto another n.um
and arrange our demands. Mr. Ma.ion,
Mr. Fltigerald and 1 did so. and when
we returned I mad this one proposi
" 'dlvj us the right to organize and
we will forego everything.'
aiurKrata Trace Until Anion US.
" 'Well,' said Mr. Maher, 'you have
the right to organize.'
"1 told him that aa a lawyer I knew
we had the legal right to organize, but
we wanted to be assured that If we
did organize hundreds of obstacles would
not be put In the way of the men."
"'Well.1 said Mr. Maher. "1 am will
ing to submit that question to the board
"1 asked when nnd he replied 'August
"'Nothing doing,' I replied. Then he
said he might get his board together
In n week or ten days. He added: 'I
will be glad to submit your proposition
to them provided you stop organizing
the men now.'
"We shook our heads emphatically to
that and the meeting broke up."
Mr. Mathewson also Issued a state
ment In which, speaking about the con
ditions demanded by the carmen, he
"The question of working conditions Is
rather an Indefinite matter. There Is a
tendency among the union members and
employees to arbitrate that question as
well as the one pertaining to wages, but
they are disinclined to arbitrate the
right to organize. They do noc mean that
the railroads must maintain a union
shop. They are wllllngto allow 'open
"The conference did not progress fur
ther than the question of the right to or
ganlse, at which time Mr. Maher of the
trolley company stated that he would
rely upon the statement which President
Whltrldge of the Third Avenue system
made at the end of the Yonkers trolley
strike In 1913.
He said. In substance, that If any dif
ferences arose between the employees
and the company and If they were con
sidered to be proper subjects for arbltra
tlon. they would be submitted to a com
mlttee from the board of directors of
that company. Hut that the men must
meanwhile, refrain from organization of
their forces Into a union.
"When this statement was made by
Mr Maher the union leaders refused to
accede to the condition and the confer
enee ended light there. We made no sub
When Fitzgerald left the peace parley,
he said laconically: "We are galng to
Ret the Third Avenue men out."
Korly nlneroati on the Cara.
With conditions In The Bronx quieter
than .vesterday. though the traffic was less
tuitlsfactory, and with the strike In Man
hattan threatening. Police Commissioner
Woods took more measures to Insure
tranquillity along the car lines. He said
he had given consideration to Mr.
Maher's assertion that with uniformed
men riding on the cirs more persons
would ride In them. He accordingly de
tailed forty men to ride on the cars.
that there was
was tried all day, but
source" It was learned
' commTss oner Frank Lord
.."Tn Thi". ?$LJZ
",,,,',. ,.,,., m. V.",
I there were squads of policemen at prac
." . .d. , nm. " "
tlcally every corner nnd either a bicycle
or it motorcycle policeman was detailed
to follow cars In which no uniformed
policeman was riding.
(iunmen Barred by Poller.
Mr. Lord also made It a point to see to
It that no gangsters, gunmen or other no
torious crooks were allowed to act as
Ml Ikebreakers, The result was that
there were fewer men to operate the
I ca: ,
I The service
was lamentably poor In
I the morning and became worse In the
, evening. The public did not seem to
'mind very much, for they had settled
down to the proposition of walking to
and from the hUbway or elevated sta
tions. The usual Saturday night throng
that visits the summer resorts at Cla
son's Point, however, was deprived of
the weekly fun, because no cars were
There was less violence during the
day. The strikers for the most part re
mained In the meeting halU or were
busy proselyting In Manhattan. They
seemed to feel that they were winning
the strike and that nil they needed to
do was to keep off the streets and wait.
They rejolce1 to learn that a number of
the starters an-J Inspectors on the llronx
lines had given up the fight and had
Joined the union.
Ttto Areldenta Ilnrlna Day,
The Innxperlence of motormen caus-ed
two accidents during the day. One re
sulted In the death of Pauline Cohen, 4
years old, of 443 St. Ann's avenue.
The little girl was playing on the car
tracks In front of her home, when a mo
torman, wha gave the name of James
Hums of 210 Tenth street, Jersey City,
came along In a trolley car. He saw the
child, became excited and could not stop
' Panlcstrlcken, he left his post nnd
leaping from his car, started on the run
A passenger In the car, observing the sit.
uatlon, Jumped to the controller, but was
unable to stop tho car until the first
truck had passed over the child's body.
Patrolman Freund, who also was rid
ing on the car and who had made a
Jump for the control box, Immediately
made a dash from the car and grabbed
i nvn a" " w?" "cn,e a"'"1
1 m'0 st, nry s Park. The conductor
also took It on the run and got away,
Mob Shouts "l.ynrh Hint"
Instantly hundioiU of pet sons gath
ered about Bums, while others tried to
lift the truck of the car and set the child
free. She was dead, however. The mob
hearing It became wild with anger.
They struggled about Hums, shouting
"Lynch him I" They threw stones at
him. At this Juncture Deputy Police
Commissioner Lord happened nlong In
his car and, taking In the situation, he
hurried to 140th street, where he picked
up a number of policemen. With them
he sped back and succeeded in rescuing
When Hums was taken to the Alexan
der avenue station he admitted he had
given a wrong name and finally said be
was James McAvny of 19Si Daly ave
hue, The Bronx, He was held In 2,H0O
bull on a charge of homicide,
McAvoy admitted to Coroner Hcaly
that he had been sent to tho Klmlrn
reformatory In 1906 for attempted grand
larceny and that In 1908 be had served
tight months on Blackwell's Island for
petit larceny. He said he hud worked
as a strike breaker In several strikes.
Yesterday was his first day as a motor
man here, and he became panic stricken
when his car struck the little girl. He
was hired by the Hrgoff agency.
Magistrate Cornell In the Morrlsunta
Court began yesterday to Impose work
house fines on nil men arrested for dis
orderly conduct In connection with the
strike. He sent men u tor are an tlx
FRANCE ASKS WORLD
AID FOR HER PEOPLE
Note to Neutral Powers Pro
tests Treatment by Teutons
in Invaded Districts.
OLD MEX MADE TO WORK
Cliarfjes Women Were Forced
to Difi: Trenches Under
Fire of French.
Paris, July 29. France sent an offi
cial note to the neutral Powers to-day
protesting against the action of the Ger
man authorities towards the population
In the French departments occupied by
Teuton forces. It read In part:
"Until a decision by arms has per
mitted the reconquering of these occu
pied regions, tho sole means of making
this effort Is by pressing an appeal to
the sentiments of Justice and humanity
of the neutral Powers and the public
opinion of all nations.
"I, therefore, ask you. In presenting
this note, to ask the Government to give
It the most serious attention, as It con
stitutes the protest of the French Gov
ernment against the conditions which It
brings to the attention of the civilized
world, supported by testimony from
Before Eyes of World,
After reciting the efforts made by the
Government through the 8panlsh Gov
ernment to stop the German practices
In Invaded regions, the document adds:
"To-day, all our protests having been
In vain, we place the evidence before
the eyes of neutral Powers assured of
the Judgment that universal conscience
will pass upon such conditions and that
It will be Incumbent on the German
Government, In case It undertakes to
question this evidence, to permit an Im
partial Inquiry. ,
"To this end the German Government
must authorize the neutral Powers to
conduct an Investigation, notably of the
events occurring at Lille, ltoubalx and
Turcolng and surrounding communes
from the 22d to the 29th of April. 1911.
If they refuse to authorize an Inquiry
it will be a recognition of the veracity
of the facts denounced."
Forced to Die Trenches.
The note cites cases of men 70 to
SO years of age made to work, of women
forced to labor under the fire of French
troops nnd others compelled to dig
trenches, it also makes a charge, based
on the testimony of a witness, that In
October, 1914, the Germans took from
the Department of Pas de Calais a
party of Inhabitants, that they used
them as hlelds against the fire of the
French and that forty were thus killed.
TRIED TO STOP FRYATT'8 DEATH
Protest by Ilrllaln and f. . Dis
regarded In Kxecntlon.
LONDON. Julv 29. According to a re
port from Maastricht the question of
Capt. Fryatt's execution by the Ger
mans was dl uiued at Imperial German
headqtia'ters In reply to a telegram
fiom the Duke of Wuerttemberg an
nounclng the .vrntence and asking for Its
confirmation. This was telegraphed Inv
nedla'ilv by the War Council, which ln
eluded Kmpcror William and Oen. von
Falkenhayn and other staff officers, all
of whom are said to have been in agree
ment on the Justice of the sentence
which condemned Capt. Fryatt to death
for attempting to ram a uerman sub'
The Foreign Office published to-day
the communication It sent to the Amer
ican Ambassador concerning the case of
Capt Kryntt. The communication,
which requests Ambassador Page to ob
tain full detilw from Merlin, sas:
"His Majesty's Government finds It
dlfflcit to believe that a master of a
merchant vei l, who, nfter German sub-
nitllr.es had adopted the practice of
slnkint, metchsnt vessels without warn-
lug and without renard for the lives of
the p.iienger or crew, took the step
which ap'iea"vd to afford the only chance
of savin not only his vessel but the
'.'ves of all ..ii board, can have been
shot deliberately In cold blood for this
Ambas.idor Gerard at Berlin reported
to Mr "are that he had brought the
cse of Frywtt to the atlenttAn of the
Imperla" Foiclgn Office, In writing, on
July 20 and 22. and requested an op-
porturltv to engage counsel. . vrrom
n.. 1..I.. 9C. utiatllii? til '
rrpi wr in. imc ....
trial had beet, Axed for July 27. Mr.
Getard asked for a postponement and
received a written reply stating It was
imposlb'e to grant a postponement as
Gernv.n submarine witnesses could not
be detained further.
ARMED BRITISH SHIP CAUGHT.
Rerman Auxiliary Cruiser Geta the
Ksklnio Off Mkaarerrak,
Bunas (by wlrelees to Payvllle), July
JO, a aerman auxiliary cruiser early on
the morning of July 27. after an en
gagetnent with the armed British steam
ship Ksklmo. captured the vessel and
brought her Into port, according to a
statement given out to-day by the Ger
The encounter took place fifteen miles
southeast of Arendal. a Norwegian sea
port on the Skagerrak.
FLEE ARTILLERY FIRE.
Fifteen Germane Reported as De
sert I nK Rather Than On Mad.
lx)NDON, July 29. Telegraphing from
The Hague, the correspondent of tho Kx
change Telegraph Company says he has
received the following message from
Maastricht, a Dutch town flfty-slx miles
east of Brussels :
"Fifteen German deserters, Including a
non-commlssloned officer, arrived here
(Maastricht) yesterday, They all came
from the Sommc region. They said It
was Impossible to live through the Anglo
Ftench artillery lire without going mad,
and they preferred desertion to Insanity."
WHITE PLAINS MEN IN UNION.
Organise Locnl, hot Do Mot Intend
Wmitk Plains, N. Y July 29. About
100 employees of the Westchester Street
Hallway to-day completed the orgaulza
Hon of a branch to local No, 4R1. Inter
national Assiiiatlon of Railway Men.
The Westchester men have no Inten
tlon of going on strike, declaring they
are satlstled with wages nnd other condi
tions. If n general strike occurs they
will, it was Intimated, go nut In sym
pathy. This would mean a tie up of
trolley service In White Plains, Mamaro
neck, Tarrytown and sections through
to Mount Vernon.
The Held occupied by No. 481 covers
the Stamford Hallway, which extends
from New Vck,
Huiuaiila-Tarkry .N'esrotlatlona OftT.
London, July 29. All negotiations
between Ilununilii tind Turkey with re
gard to the exchange nf supplies has
been broken off, says a despatch from
Bucharest, Rumania, to fUvitafa Tele
WAR MOVES TOLD IN
Artillery Fire Kept Up on
Sommc Front Teutons
Explode a Mine.
GERMAN BALLOON ON FIRE
Gen. Brusiloff Said to Have
Driven Enemy Back on
Whole Kovcl Front.
London, July 29. The British official
statement from headquarters in France
Issued to-night reads:
Kxcent for minor local actions and
some heavy artillery fire on both sides
nothing of Importance occurred on the
Somme front to-day.
On other parts of the British front
there was the Usual trench warfare
activity. One of our patrols entered
the enemy trenches at Pults (shaft
14) and kilted several Germans.
The enemy exploded a mine at Neu-vllle-ht.
Vaast and one at Hairpin
Craters without doing us damage or
causing any casualties.
Three enemy aeroplanes were de
stroyed yesterday, and a German kite
balloon was seen to fall In flames.
The text of the statement Issued this
afternoon follows :
Last night the enemy made two
more desperate efforts to recapture
Delville Wood, but he again was re
pulsed on each occasion, with heavy
A hand to hand struggle north and
northeast of Pozleres and In the
neighborhood of Hlghwood continues
without Intermission, and we have
made progress In all three places
despite violent opposition by the en
emy. Since yesterday the artillery fire
of both sides has Increased in inten
sity. There Is abundant evidence to show
that the losses Inflicted by us on the
enemy In the last few days have been
extremely severe, particularly In Del
ville Wood, where two or three regi
ments appear to have been annihi
lated. Paris. July 29. The official state
ment Issued by the War Office to-night
There Is nothing to report along
the whole front with the exception of
a fairly lively cannonade on the right
bank of the Meuse In the region of
the chapel of Sslntc Fine.
The official communication Issued b
the War Office this afternoon follows :
On the Somme front two strong en
emy detachments which attempted to
reach our lines west of Vermandovlt
lers were repulsed by rifle fire.
On the left bank of the Meuse (Ver
dun front) a German attack upon our
positions on Hill 304 broke down un
der our fire. On the right bank two
German attacks during the night
against a redoubt In the ravine south
of Fleury Involved serious losses to the
Our troops, continuing their minor
operations, carried portions of several
trenches north of Chapelle Salnte Fine
and In the region of the Thlaumont
work, where we captured one machine
UThe artillery duel Is still lively In
the sectors of the Fumln and Chenols
The night was calm on the rest of
Aviation: On the morning of July
27 a French aeroplane piloted by
Quartermaster de Terllne attacked a
German machine which was flying
over Chalons. The French pilot had
just opened fire when the machine gun
jammed. The enemy was In full
flight. Two of our machines saw De
Terllne swoop upon his adversary at
fu upeed, cra'h Into him and fall
with him to the ground. The French
pilot ond two German airmen Tell
within our lines. De Terllne had al
ready brought down two enemy ma
chines and bad Just received the mili
In the region of Amiens our pur
suing aeroplanes fought thlrty-fout
battles, In the course of which Ave
enemy machines were forced to land
In a damaged condition. A sixth Ger
man aeroplane was brought down be
tween Chalons and Hoye.
On the night of July 28 our bom
barding squadrons carried out a num
ber of operations. In all 207 shells
were dropped on bivouacs, depots
and railway stations on the enemy's
I.lnslngen "Handing Orotsnd.
Berlin. July 29. The text of the Ger
man official statement given out at army
htadquarters to-day says:
Western Front In the Somme dls
trlct there was lively artillery fight
ing. In the Pozleres sector strong
F.ngllsh attacks failed. North of the
river Sommc attempts made by the en
emy to attack were suppressed by our
In the Meuse district there was no
British fire directed on French
Comlnes caused losses among the civil
Ian population, and did material, but
no military, damage.
A hostile aeroplane was shot down
bv full hits from our anti-aircraft guns.
It fell near Hocllncourt, to the north of
Kastern Front Army group of Field
Marshal von Hlndenhurg: German
aeroplanes several times successfully
attacked a hostile transport train with
troop, and also bombarded railroad
Army group of Prince Iopold of
Bavaria : The engagements on the front
of Skrobova-Vygoda (to the east of
Oorodlsche), which yesterday morning
was still In progress, nave now been
decided crmpletely In favor of the Ger
Army group of Oen. von Llnslngen
The Husslatta extended their attacks
yesterday to points In the Stnflhod
sector and on the front to the north
west of Sokul. The attacks were re-
i.ulsed, The enemy's losses were very
heavy. Minor advances ut other places
on the stokltod front also railed.
Northwest of Lutsk the enemy, ufter
several abortive attacks, succeeded In
entering our lines near Trlstyn, which
caused us to give up the lines which
we occupied beyond the niver Stokhod
West of Lutsk a Kusslan attack wat
stopped by our counter attacks. Near
Xvinltcze, east of Gorochov, the en
emy waa flatly repulsed. A Husslan
aeroplane waa shot down south of
Feresta In an aerial engagement,
Army group or uen. count von
Bothmer. Hepeated Husslan attacks In
the district northeast and southeast of
Monasterzysku broke down with great
liaikan ineatre An enemy aero
plane on July 26 was brought down
In an air engagement over Lake
Rnsslana Cross Stokhod,
Pbtkookaii, July 29. The official stat
ment from general headquarters Issued
Our troops have constructed brldara
on the Stokhod. In the region of Uule-
vitcnt, and have crossed to the left
bank, where they are strengthening the
positions they have taken up.
In the KoveliHoJItche region our
troops continue to advance. The en
emy Is retreating behind the Stokhod.
A large numher of enemy aeroplanes
flew over our position In a direction to
the southwest of Lutsk, dropping
bombs on the way nnd firing upon our
troops with machine guns.
To the south of the Dniester the
enemy was pursued by our troops In
the direction of Htanlsluu and fled to
positions previously prepared by him.
Details regarding the booty cap
tured are still so Incomplete that It Is
only possible to give them In a very
approximate manner. It, however, has
been ascertained so far that the
troops under Gen. Brusiloff during
July 28 and 29 captured two Generals,
over 651 officers and 32,000 men, in
cluding a considerable number of Ger
mans. About 100 guns. Including 29
heavy howitzers, have been captured.
This Includes 21 guns taken by Oen,
Ietchltzky s troops. KIghty-ftve ma
chine guns were also taken by his
During the three days battle .ought
by Gen. Sakharoff's troops, 216 offi
cers, 13,569 men, nine guns, 40 ma-
bine guns and about ID, 000 rifles
were captured, but It Is Just poslble
that some of these were Included In
the number above given.
The total number of captures made
by Oen. Sakharoff's men from July 16
to 28 are 940 officers, 39,152 men, 49
guns, of which 17 are howitzers: 100
machine guns. 39 mine and bomb
throwers, 80 limbers and 76 cartridge
wagons; also 48 machine guns mounted
on wheels, and six urtlttery and. engi
Tnrka Minimise l.oaaea.
Constantinople. July 26. via Berlin
and London, July 29 (Delayed). An
official statement given out to-day by
the war Office reads:
Owing to Husslan attacks In the di
rection of Balburt and Mamakhatun
on our positions In the centre of the
southern bank of the Tchoruk Hlver,
our troops nre maintaining In succes
sive lines the execution of counter at
tacks, and are letirlng In an orderly
manner. Our troops on the left wing
north of the Tchoruk In the littoral
region also voluntarily retired on our
order, following the movement ngainst
Consequently the places of Balhurt.
Gumuskhaneh and Krzlngan fell Into
the enemy's hands. The advance,
which the Russians were able to ac
complish only with bloody losses, can
not change the general t-ltuallon on
The exaggerated Russian official
reports about our retreat are with
out foundation. The Ruslatis nre
representing our movement as u flluht,
but, except for two guns dumnged by
the enemy's fire, we left nothing. Wo
removed all of the artillery and other
material, which proves the order with
which the retreat was executed. Dur
ing this operation. In several counter
attacks In many sectors, we made a,
great number of prisoners.
Tne loss of Krzlngan Is regrettable.
but as It Is an open town It wilt not
Influence our general operations.
un the right wing of the sectors of
Mush and Illtlls the situation Is un
changed. Activity, developed from
time to time by the enemy, was stopped
by our counter movements. Russian
forces, which succeeded In reaching
the sector of Rlvandouza, were chased
back by us In several successful bat
tler. The left wing of the three armies
on the front from southern Persia to
the Black Sea was curved back a lit
tle. This Is mentioned by the Rus
sians as a big success, but our army
on the right wing continually ad
vances in southern Persia. The army
In the centre dominates completely
the sector of Azerbaijan and western
The next operations, which will take
place shortly, will prove how very
premature the Russians have been In
spreading this news of alleged great
successes and how much they have
deceived themselves In their reports.
Rome Claims Progress.
Rome. July 29. The text of tho state
ment Issued to-day by the War Office fol
In the Astlco Valley on the night of
July 27 the enemy agnln attempted to
surprise our po.-ltlons on Monte CI
mone. but was promvtly repulsed.
Yesterday the enemy's artillery was
nctlve against the villages In the Asia
go Basin and against the Sperastrlgiuio
and Sugatio Valley line, causing some
In the Trevlcuola Valley, notwith
standing the bad weather, we made
fresh progress on Monte Cotbrlccon, to
ward t'etaman Valley, and repulsed
two counter attacks,
On the leonzo front there were ar
tillery duels, the enemy shelling the
towns and villages to the west eg"
On the Car so one of our squadrons
bombarded the enemy's camps and
parks In the Oppacchlasella region.
Hostile aircraft which counterattacked
were driven off. One of them was
brought down Ui flames.
The enemy again Is reported to be
making extensive use of explosive rifle
Vienna, vl.i Iiondon, July 29. Aus
trian (ieneral Heudquarters Issued the
following official statement to-night:
Between the Turin and the Hovno
Kovel railway, after the repulse of
several Husslan storming attacks, the
defenders of the positions before the
Stokhod were withdrawn behind the
The Vienna War Office statement of
July 29 says:
nusslan front West of Berestechk
a Husslan night attack was repulsed.
Violent attacks ' the Russians be
tween Hadzlvlloff and the Styr broke
down. On 1. th sides of the Lesznlnw
road the Uusslans were repulsed. Rus
sians to the number of 1,000 were
North of the Prlslop ridge the Aus-tro-Hutigarians
began an advance,
crossed the Czarny and gained the op
poslte heights, where they repulsed
Husslan counter attacks.
Italian front Near Panvegglo sev
eral Italian attacks were repulsed.
Attacks Itepulsed, Sofia Report.
Sofia. July 29. The official state
ment Issued to-day by the War Office
On July 2? along the entire Mace
donian front there was weak canon
nadlng and some patrol engagements
which resulted favorably to the Bul
garians. On the STitli an enemy bat
talion provided with machine guns and
supported by a battery of mountain
artillery and a battery of howitzers
attacked our advanced detachments on
the Hnhovo-Hhon. o fivut. All the
attacks were repulsed with enemy
losses. Our troops subsequently car
ried out counter attacks and captured
Information end booklets given.
Poland Spring Hotels
Information litsn and Ihktli told to all
New Enfland Resorts
New York City
TEUTON LINE BACK
Continued from First Pnot.
Brody was taken without artillery prep
aration by an Irresistible rush of the
Infanl-y. The onslaught wan so sudden
and unexpected that the Austrlans had
no time to remove their enormous de
pots i f munitions and provisions, which
they endeavored to destroy, but a large
part of which fell Into Russian hands.
The latest compulation of prisoners
taken during the first half of the sum
mer campaign gives a total of 350,000,
according to Russian officers, who esti
mate also that the total Austro-Ger-man
tosses. Including killed and
wounded, are close to 800,000. On the
basis of these figures Col. Hhumsky,
mllltvy critic of the Bourse Gntettc,
argues that the Austro-German losses
since the beginning of the war have
been fully half the total of their availa
STILL FIGHT FOR WOOD.
Germans, Rrenforred, Battle to Re
London, July 29. The Importance at
tached by the Germans to the posses
sion of Delville wood Is shown by the
desperate character of their constant
counter attacks on this wood since It
was captured by the British. Theie
counter attackx. according to the British
Teports, have been repulsed on every oc
casion with heavy German losses.
In the neighborhood of Pozleres also
the British and Germans continue In the
closest grips, und the severest hand to
hand lighting Is going on Incessantly.
The British, however, maintain their ad
vance toward the remaining portion of
the rising ground between Pozleres and
llapaume, till In the hands of the Ger
mans. Many German Infantry units, with
drawn from the Meuse area, have been
recognized In the forces opposing the
progress of the British. This Is the
probable reason why the fighting around
Verdun, ns shown by the French re-
I pons, nas aeveiopeo into almost purely
I artillery engagements. Intermittent
minor Infantry attacks, however, have
occurred there. Initiated alternately by
either side. In whjch the French report
some success with a gain In ground.
GERMAN EYES ON BALKANS.
Preaa Sentiment Divided on Battle I , oon "V'lJ'1 ',i,e."1b!', ""
latter walked Into tho kingMirldgr po
of the Somme. Hee station. He had been accosted b'
.pm'a Cnhlf lfHt-A tuTur. Sis ' ,n'"' outside the hank, he nl.l, f,
A m st mo am . vU London. Jnlv !
The l.oknl Amrtyrr, a semi-official news
pnper, claims to have learned authorlt.i
lively that the British tloveinment takep,
a grave view of the battle of the Somme.
If It does not produce better results
within the next month or six weeks, this
newspaper says, the British have de-
cided to abandon their hope of piercing
ine i.erman tines.
The A'rru: Zflfiino. tho Conservative
organ, warns Its readers ag.tlnrt such
statements. It says It will refuse to be
lieve such assertions without the clear
est evidence. Some of the other German
newspapers write In the same tone us
the l.okal Amrlprr, predicting evil days
for the Allies. Incidentally they refer
to "highly probable developments In the
Balkan, which, they assert, will merely
postpone those evil days. It Is stated
here that Germany Is doing her utmost
to avert untoward developments In the
Balkans and has sent the Duke of Meck
lenburg to Kumanla with an autograph
letter from the Kaiser.
SAILS TO NURSE BROTHERS.
Johns lilrl Loses Kin In Battle
On the American liner St. Paul, which
sailed for Liverpool yesterday was
Miss Kite Herder of St. Johns, New
foundland, who went to nurse two
brothers. Arthur and Frank, seriously
wounded In the battle of the Somme.
Another brother, Hubert, was killed In
the same action.
The three men belonged to a regiment
recruited from the neighborhood of St.
Johns, and because of the bravery dis
played by this cemmand the French
Government, according lo Miss Herder,
renamed part of the battlefield St. Johns
SAXON EDITORS INTERNED.
German Authorities Also Seqnes
trate Fnnr Prussian Socialists.
Lonpon, July 29. A .message received
here to-day by the Wireless Press from
Berne, Switzerland, says:
"The Oerman military Juthorltles have
established a punitive camp for trouble,
some Germans, A decree promulgated
on Monday consigned to this camp the
entire editorial staff of the Leipzig
Volkt Xrttunp, a dally newspaper. These
Journalists are to be Interned until the
end of the war.
"Another decree Interns In the same
camp four prominent Socialists who were
arrested at Hlberfeld. Hhenlsh Prussia "
"An abrupt answer
turneth away tele
NEW YORK TELEPHONE CO.
GERMANY READY TO
HEAR PEACE TALK
Government About, to T.of
Down Burs Against l'lil-lic
Rerun, Via London, July 29. There
are Indications that more freedom In ti
discussion of the war nlinn ,
granted In the Immediate future. TV
"aerman National Committee" will ,0.
gin a great speaking campaign on Ttic.
day, with a list of speakers In lud -,s
some of the most prominent men in li.r
many. At the same time "The Inilepende.it
Committee for Obtaining an Ib.'ur.nv
Peace" will open Itr, activities. ,uu - l0
Committee on tho Guiding Prim ipl's for
the Way to a Lasting Peace" vvnl t0n.
vene In Munich.
The fyofcni Anteigfr says; "tlis. it
slon of the peace alms Is not jet per
mitted. We assume that following Hi.
proclamations of the German n.itinni'
committee the Government now ronsid
ers that the time has come to let do.
the bars on the censorship. We take it
to be a self understandable condition in t
the principal of 'equal rights for all' w
be applied hero and that wImI Is pr
mltted one will not be forbidden .
The t,okat Antrlgrr refeis to Its cam
paign for freedom In the discussion f
peace conditions and continues: "Uf .1,,
not know yet what the dlffeient mm
mlttees wilt bring Us and theref. re ,m .t
their action nml prograjiitnes Uf.ii
talking about them. But we know ire.
clsely that If the freedom of upeeeh n
permitted one association all the otlien
have the same right."
NEW PAPAI PEACE APPEAL.
Kncycllcal to Be Issued tngast t
Paris, July 29. The papal encly u.i!
to be Issued August 1 virtually l mm
pleted, according to a Borne despatch to
the Journnl ilen Pebata.
The encyclical will contain a new ap.
peal for peace and express regret tl.nt
the belligerent nations have refused to
listen to former appeals.
The United Press received yesterd.iv
from Cardinal Gnsparrl, Papal Secrct.ire
of State, the following message:
"I have presented your telegram lo the
Holy Father. His Holiness Is grateful
for your respect and confidence In the
"He prays that the Lord of Mercies,
moved by the prnvers of Innocent chil
dren Imploring peace on this set nnd anni
versary of the terrible rorthii t, eh 'I
deign to end speedily this awful carnage
POISON NEEDLE IN
"Victim" Later Helps Police
t'p "Stolen" V42.
Lawrence Jacobs, If, of 220 pulasi i
street, Brooklyn, had the police ex
cited over a poison needle story yept.
day afternoon, but last night he slept
In a cell, charged with grand larcetu
It Is alleged he took K'i2.1) he hid
been sent to deposit In the GermarM
Bank, Bowery Hnd Bond street, ty hs
employer, Joseph Samuel of lit l"nt
'" OI nceoie. nec.mie ii.izeti. w
thrown Into an automobile and nwol
In the woods of Van I'onlandt Park He
hud cuts that might have been needle
marks and nt tlrst the police believed
After much questioning, however
Jacobs took them lo a lonely spot In ''
park, took Ave paces from a tree he h.ii
marked and dug up the money Th
police say he admitted he planned to gi
buck later and get It.
NEW TRIAL FOR HEFFERNAN'.
Appellnte IHiUInn Arta In Mrs.
Kllert Attack Case.
Four of the five Justices of the
peltate Division of the Supreme fun"
In Brooklyn yptertay voted for a new
trial for James lleffernan, who was .
vlcted by a Jury before Supremo Cou"
Justice Scudder of attacking young M's
Clara Kllert In "Curly" Joe Civ-
clubhouse In Long Island City nn De .
bcr 13, 1913. Justice Jenks did not vtc
lleffernan and Harry A. Sc.iuUn e
Jointly Indicted for the alleged ff '
Former District Attorney Mi,,vn
Smith of Queens county was ex n.er.i'. i
of falling to act In the matter I' h
men were sentenced to three a s In
The Appellate Division revcrs-cl "
Judgment of the lower court i . 'h
ground that the trial Judge r. f .t-. i
allowed the defendants attorney t pro
duce evidence to show that a w .re
named Hasten had made man
lug statements regarding the aft.i'-
FINDS BRIDEGROOM A SUICIDE
Widow's Oft Drill ed Weddlna Nut
to Take Place nt All.
Mrs. Itoe Leonard of Walling e'r
Glemlale, Queens, was to have been i
rled yesterday to Anthony Kollfe Mr
wealthy builder who lived with
ter and hrotlier-ln-l.iw, Mr an l v
Kmll List. In 223 Shoe and I.ejt '
When Mrs. Leonard arrived
List home to meet her Intended hu:i 1
she found that he had hanged b n -. '
to a tree In the yard. The wedduc I
been postponed several times
Athens Smallpox Kplileiiili In
ATIir..'s, July 29. An ep de
smallpox at Athens and the P .
assuming large proportions
sory vaccination of all pihi'ii'
the oipltnl has been ordered T'.
i ity of vaccine Ih causing inid f
Jmtb ! n ij