Newspaper Page Text
THE SUN, SUNDAY, JULY 30, 1916.
TWO YEARS OF WAR
Wrrlfl Slinkon by Protracted
Wnr. hut Threatened With
Wnr for Trndc."
gAMUEL McROBERTS, eenlor
vice-president of Natlonitl
City Batik, home nfter arrnnginir.
$50,000,000 lonn to Russia.
?, ?".. v
CALLED EMPTY SOUNDS
Invokes .Thought of America
in Prospective Indus
Ilnit.iv, Jul)-" :? llevlewlng the potlt
lcal events nf lln i"'fin) yrnr of the wnr
the Herman Kptelmi Office lm il veil nut
a statement which says In niirl:
The world war wan mused by ttus
la's nggTc.lvi' policy, supported by
Frame's policy of revenge. Hut It wn
rendered possible solely hy tln fact that
England milrjiitln.'iti'il to hor economic
antagonism to tlermnny nil her other In
terest". "Whereas Oermnny's enemies regard It
eulte In order thnt they demand terri
torial aggrandisement at the cost of
ethers- -like Itussta. who wnnts ronstan
tlnoi'le and Onllcla ; like Krrtneo. who de.
lire" Alsace-Lorraine mid' the left hank
cf the lthlne. anil like ltnly, who seeks
Austrian territory - they grudge (Jer--many
even tlt.lt she strive to develop her
elf economically In peacenhle competi
tion, and they pronounce thin an unpnr
lonnhle sin ng.itnst the world's order of
"They are unwilling that Germany
ihnild become preat and strong because
the other Powers want to he the eco
nomic masters of the world. Territorial
a:,d economic aggrnndlxement linn united
Germany's foes In a war of destruction
Talk of Trade War.
"Chancellor xon ncthmiiiin-ltollwcg'ii
remarks made In the course of the year
outlined German nlms with sufficient
aleamcss. England therefore wants a
ar of destruction, a war to the knife,
which, according to the plans of our
enemies, shall continue even after the
cannon Is silenced; for their former talk
about the permanent peace that they
lhed to establish has been drowned un
der the shout that Oermany's enemies
re raising over the Pnrls Economic Con
ference. "It Is not enough that the world must
be shaken by a protracted, bloody war.
The world mut not even thereafter en
Jfy a settled pence. If the will of the En
tente Powers prevails, for the decisions
of the Economic Conference do not sig
nify an economic peace, but a permanent '
ermomlc warfare, which never will per-,
nut the world to come to rest upon the
bisls of peaceful competition. I
"This shows at the same time that the!
jre.it words of the Entente Powers about
flehtlriK for th rights of smaller nations
ami international order are empty
founds, for when Germany's enemies
seek to control neutral trade they simply
lmore the rights of other countries and
base not on the principle of right hut
uron pure, might precisely what they
allegedly want to abolish.
"Danagt to Americans.'
"The American clttsen knows what
famnge has been Inflicted on his trade
brought by the Illegal blockade, through
violation! of the postal convention and
ether measures of England like that of
Wsckllstlhg firms. In spite of his own
power he has borne hitherto many hu
miliations with 'surprising patience and
P'Maps In silent admiration for foreign
"Whether on the neutral side any
factors are to be thrown Into the scale
seilnst this, Germany Is continuing with
Una Ity the struggle which will also In
the lone run prove ndvantageous to the
r'utrnls, as shown hy their experience
wl'h Kngland : for the ultimate goal of
Germany's struggle Is the freedom nf the
fas. Germany's eea power, which nn
dvibtedly Is quite unpleasant to our
errmles, Is a counter weight to Kng
1md' arbitrary domination of the seas,
and it would he to the advantage of the
"Building upon what she already ha
achieved, Germany trends the threshold
of the third year of the war with tin
s', aknule confidence. But the goal has
rot yet been reached, for the enemy has
Hot et come to see the Impossibility of
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1 HatatHIIIIBELi '
i .I.IIHH HIHaHH
1 ft-' WP ' W"A- a.v- 'iffJi
Copyright Underwood A Underwood.
Samuel McRoherts, senior vice-president
of the National City Bank, re
turned yesterday on the Norwegian
American liner Bergensfjnrd after a
visit of two months in Petrograd. While
abroad he arranged for A loan of $50,.
000,000 to the lluaatan Government, to
be handled through his bank, lie also
completed plans for the establishment of
branches of the National City Bank In
Others among the 8J passengers were
Frederick Ilolhrook of the Amerlcnn In
ternational Corporation and Alfred Eng
strom, a Swedish artist. Officers on the
ship reported that at Kirkwall British
authorities took off 7S0 bags of mail.
DOUBTS IF PANAMA
CANAL IS DOOMED
Noted English Engineer
Awaits Further News With
Iisnow. July 29. Discussing the
enhablo fata of the Panama Canal In an
Interview In the llVWy Dispafcn, Col.
Norton Griffiths, M. P n well known en
"We await further developments with
sympathetic interest before accepting
ommoug reports that the present cnnal Is
doomed. If the sub-soil underlying aall
l'l Cut i ft gigantic bog, as some
aUimK M.itemr-ntK assert, then this par
tirulir route ecniu hopeless.
"No dredging In the works will relieve
tli ltu.itlon, for always, nB now, there
will be more earth to remove, nnd It will
I a case of dredging forever with no
l'"ltive result, I'ntll we know whether
the r)iti are true It would be prema
ture to pass Judgment."
BOMBS FOR' THE "MENACE."
Aatt-f athollo Nen.paper riant
rR!vomt.n, Io., July 29. Three
bomb exploded beneath the floor of the
nace publishing plant at Aurora, Mo.,
t 4 :H this morning, slightly damaged
th plant and set flro to a mass nf copies
of the Jfcrtnre, an nntl-Cathollo publi
cation. Just off the presa.
The, flames were soon extinguished.
Th! week's Issue, of the .Mcnnre, dated.
Arust 6, carrleil several election
sr'Kien. it n customary to start the
f '"es Haturday. but In an cfort to
fl-f'-at a candidate fur Governor In this
r't the Mlmourl publication hail been
Irlnted and mailed Friday.
Workmen expected to havo the presses
running In a few hours. The greatest
amage was done to the floor near the
Mar of the building,
TAZE BULOARS B7 SURPRISE.
una, After Heavy Cannonading
llepurt Small Iioaars.
Tasis, ,iuy Intermittent can-
r.'inaiiis- In reported alone the Mncedo-
rront whern the Serblank lire p-
fill M Hit I'M n
."patch from .v'aloiilca to tile IUviih
ThA S..rl,l ..... . I. ,,!..
llht, tli correspondent says, but the
J'llgarlani were taken hy surprise and
Jfar4 clnstdrrable losses, as was
pawn by the laig uumUr Of iH ltt
SENATE VOTES DOWN
PLEA FOR CASEMENT
Adopts Resolution Expressing
Hope for Clemeney for
Wastiin'oton', July S. By a vote of
46 to 19 the Senate to-day adopted a
resolution requesting Prealdent Wilson
to transmit to the British Government
nn expression of hope that It would ex
ercise clemency In the treatment of
Irish political prisoners.
ity Its action the Senate overturned
the report of a majority of Its For
eign Kelntions Committee, which rec
ommended a request for clemency for
linger Clement, and followed a course
outlined In a minority report made hy
Chairman Stone anil Senators O'Gorman
The resolution ndnpted was as fol
Urtotvctt. That the Senate expresses
the Jiope tint tli British Government
may exercle clemency In the. treat
ment of Irish prioner and that the
President be requested to transmit this
hope to the liiltlsh Government,
Three Democrats, Fletcher. Pornerene
end Williams, voted against the resolu
tion. Senators Lodge, liorah, McCiitn
her, Oliver and Brandegee, all Hepuhll
can members of the Foreign Relations
Committee, voted against It. Chairman
Stone and Senator I'lttmnn, Democratic
members of the committee, voted for It.
Ambassador Page at Iindon to-day
cabled th State Department that Great
Britain lii'lsrn upon excluding from Rmt
land and Ireland EiiRene Ilughen Kelly
of New York, treasurer of the Irish
Belief Fund; his assistant, Joseph Smith,
and .Mrs. Kelly. They win leave ling-
land Monday on the American lfner
Ambassador Page has been Informed
by the Foreign Office thnt the decision
to exclude the three Americans was Ir
revocable. No renson for exclusion
of the Irish relief workers was given by
Ambassador Page, who said that dur
Imr their detention at Liverpool the Brit
ish authorities had permitted them to
remain at a hotel without being actu
Desnltn tho nnnarently final decision
State Department officials to-day stilt
hoped the exclusion order might he
Additional representation In behalf
of the Americans were sent yenterday
hy the State Department and also by
the British Embassy.
TO BRITISH OWNERS
Anierlenn Fedornl Court Rules
Germans Hnvc No Further
Claim on Prize.
"Must He Treated as Aban
doned and Stranded Upon
POLITICS IN 'NOTES'
Attitude Stiffened on All
Questions at Issue With
U. S. Government.
VsntnTov, July S!. There are un
mistakable Indications that Great Brit
ain's 'attitude ha stiffened on all ques
tion st Issue with this Government be
cause of the belief In London that Presi
dent Wilson Is endeavoring to use the
International relations of the United
States as a means of furthering his po
I'tlcsl fortunes. The British attitude of
giving patient consideration to all
points raised by the Administration to
day gave way to flat, unqualified refusal
to secede to the President's latest re
quest. This had to do with tho cases of Mr.
and Mrs. Thomas H. Kelly of New York
and Joseph Smith of Lowell, Mass, rep.
resentitlves of tho Irish llollef Fund,
who were not permitted hy the British
Government to visit Ireland. Owing to
the circumstances of the case nnd the
interest which Sir Cecil Sprlng-Ulce,
British Ambasnador here, took In It, tho
British Foreign Office wns at first dis
posed to accede to the President's ro
qttert that these Americans he per
mitted to coutluuo their Journey. But
news reached tendon thnt the President
intended "vigorously to press this Issue
nnd write another note atMiut It."
Tho President did direct thnt nnnther
communication he sent to Ainhnsrndor
Page nbout tho case, urging him to make
"most earnest representations" that th"
Americans be permitted to remain. Hut
before Mr. Page could deliver this com
munication officially the British O-overn-mont
cabled to Sir Cecil Spring Bice to
Inform the American State Department
that the British doclslon was "Irrevoca
ble." This curt message was delivered by
the British Ambassador to Assistant
Secretary of State Phillips to-day. It
was explained tint this word Is final
nnd unqualified nnd designed to cut oft
nny further communication on the sub
ject. It was said at tho Stain Depart
ment thnt the Incident will lo dropped.
Sir Cecil also had another communi
cation to deliver to this Government. It
was a formal communication from the
British Foreign Olflco relative to the
blacklisting of American flrm. It inak.-s
It clear that Great Britain has already
agreed to narrow the rcope of tho black
list order so that it Includes only the
specllled firms merit! ncd nnd Is designed
to show that nny demands on this 'msIh
which this (internment may make in
Its note, which Is to be made public Mon
iHy, will simply he n'kln; for romethlng
Great Britain already hud promised to
COAST TO COAST IN
MOTOR IN 5 1-2 DAYS
Samuel P. Stevens Equals Ex
press Train Time in Dash
From New York.
Pan FriANCtsoo, July !fi. The rccitrd
for nn automobile trip across the coun
try tins lowered hy two days by Samuel
II. Stetcns of Borne, N. Y., chnlrman of
the Motor Itcscrve Division committee of
the Amerlcnn Defence Society, who ar
rived here at 4:10 o'clock this after
noon (Pacific coast time).
The trip, which was made ns part of
the preparedness movement, stnrted at
Columbus circle. New York
time It took to get from there totthafV
foot of Market street, San Francisco,
was ( days, 11 hours and 40 mlnutea, 1
He carried a message from Major-aen.
Wojd, commanding the Department of
the ITnet, to Major-Gen. Murray, com
manding the Department of the West
Nonrot.K, Vn July 29. Federal Judge
Wnddlll to-day decided the libel pro
ceedings for possession of tho captured
British steamship Appnm In favor of
the English owners and against the
German prize crew which htnught her
Here. Th court hold that the German t
Government lost nil legal claim to Hie '
Appam and her cargo as prlxe of war
when Lieut. Berg and his prize crew
on Inst Februnry 1 brought them Into
tlie neutral waters of Hampton Boads
with the Intention of "laying up" the
The court held further that the Prus
sian American treaty of 1790, renewed
In 182S, does not apply or control In
the rase so as to guarantee the prize
crew asylum In United States waters.
The action of the German nrlie court
In declaring the Appnm n prize while
the case was In litigation In the fnlted
States courts Is declared to have no ef.
feci on the Jurisdiction of the courts. The
Jurisdiction of the United Stntee courts
In the esse Is established bv a ling
line of precedents. Including several by
the Supreme Court, the decision adds.
"The ourl's conclusion, the decision
reads. "Is that the manner of bringing
the Appnm into the waters of the United
States, as welt as her presence In those
waters, constitutes a violation of the
neutrality of the United States: that
she came In without .bidding or permis
sion : that she Is here In violation of
the law: that she Is unable to leave for
lack of a crew, which she cannot pro
vide or augment without further viola
tion of neutrality; that In her present
condition she Is without a lawful right
to be in and remain In these waters:
that she as between her captors and
owners, to all practical Interests and
purposes, must be treated as abandoned
and stranded upon our shores, and thnt
her owners are entitled to restitution of
their property, which this court should
award, Irrespective of the prise court
proceedings of the court of the Im
perial Government of the German Em
pire, and It will be ao ordered."
Consul von Schilling, who was In
court with Lieut. Berg, said an appeal
doubtless would be taken.
The Appam may be reatorefl to her
former owners under bond pending nn
appeal, or held at Newport News In the
custody of a United States marshal, as
at present. The Appam la valued at
$1,000,000. Her cargo, much of which
was perishable, was dlspomd of for
$634,000 and the money placed In the
custody of the court. Gold, said to have
amounted to $750,000. was removed
from the vessel nt the time of her cap
ture, off the const of Spain, and carried
to Germany by the raider Moewe. The
monev recently was declared a prize
by a Oerman prize court and turned over
to the. Reichstag".
TREATY IS AT STAKE.
Geraaaa Rmbasay Will Devote Ita
Attention to Thlo Fatnre.
Hrr. N. T.. July 19. The Oerman
summer embassy here leirned of the
decision In the Appam case through press .
despatches transmitted to Prince von
Hnztreld:, an emo.is.sy counsellor, in ine
absence nf the text of the decision of
ficial comment wag withheld.
"Of course." said Prince von Hatz-
feldt, "the embassy Is Interested In the
case, the outcome of which is rather
unexpected. The decision appears to In
validate the Prussian treaty, the bind
ing power of which was to us cer-1
tain. The embassy will give more than
ordinary attention to this fenture of tho ,
Mr. Stevens covered some 8,11 mltsa
of roads In his Journey, and at an aver
age speed of 26.1 miles an hour. It
drove n six c Under Mormon stock ,T
toadnter, model 34. Mr. Stevens was
able to mnkn the trip In such time ba
r.iuse, he wan relieved by relay of ,
drivers, so that no delay for rest or
meals wns necessary.
Thn enr left tlic Maine monument
hero nt 1 :30 Monday morning. It ran
on n schedule like that of a railroad
ttnln. prepared In ndvancc by Fred Mas
kovlcs, sales manager of the Mnrmon
factory. The drivers, Fred Barbour,
Walter Belling nnd Bobert Crelghton,
took fiiHt express trains from relay point
to relay point. '
This In the first fine nn attempt has
been made, to ret a cross-conntrv rernrt
The nrtunl J going east to west.
FORMAL RELEASE NEXT.
This, However, May Re Delayed on
Daniel nacon. represent At Ive In New
York of Elder, HernpMer 4 Co., ownrrs
of the Appam. said that while he had
not been officially advleed, news of the
court's declalon was very pleasing. He
added that efforts would tie made to I
obtain formal release of the Appaiii, '
whereupon she would be restored to
trad as soon as possible.
It Is possible, however, Mr. Bacon
said, that the court proceedings mny
be continued by appeal.
HELD FOB GIVING WAR SECRETS
Plrnltacr, who Foretold Deutsche
land's Arrlvnl, A censes Clerk,
Emery Blanar, 20, of 414 West Fifty
seventh street, a clerk In the offices of
the Transatlantic Trust Company, 67
William street, was arrested last night
nn a charge of grand larceny by Detec
tives Mayer and Brown, who said that
he wns accused of divulging confidential
detnlls of the foreign exchange business
of his employers with rival firms.
According to the detectives he con
fessed. The oomplalnsnt was Julius
Plrnltxer. president of the company, who
recently foretold the arrival of the Oer
man submarine Deutsehland. In Bla
nar's pockets, tho detectives said, there
were found list of names nnd addresses
nnd a letter to the British Consul asking
If he would be permitted to return to
Hungary, his native country, by wn' of
17,600,000 NEW FILM COMPANY.
"Success" Corporation Reported
Formed br Hlsr Plttsbnrs Mas.
. nn-.., vi.4av , Vi t a. new
It won r . -
moving picture organisation to be known
aa tne wuccesa rums i.orpuriniwn
been Incorporated, with a capitalisation
Ol ll.plM'.Ul'U, AUO l.HIU ,o .IU
he hacked by several Pittsburg steel
men who hiivn never before engaged In
the amusi merit Held.
The concern plans to produce Its
pictures In i chain nf houses of Its
own In Urge cities throughout the coun
try, it was said, and already has se
cured options on theatres In New York,
Philadelphia and Pittsburg. Incorpo
rated In South Dakota, It was stated, th
offices will be In the Loniaora Building
here and studios taken ovar at Lm An
gelt and nsar NnrTOf,
INTERNMENT FOR CREW.
I.lkely to Re Ordered Krrn In
Event of an Appeal.
Washinoton, July $9. Internment of
the German prize crew of the steamship
Appam until the end of the Kuropean
war. State Department oftlclnls said In
formally to-night, probably will follow
the Federal Court's decision nt Norfolk
awarding the captured ship to her British
Some of the legal experts of the de
partment expressed belief that Intel n-
ment of the Germans would be ordered
even during the process of the expected
appeal to the Supreme Court.
TRIES TO BLOCK ARMY BILL.
Itep. Bnebanan. However, Is Per
suaded to Withdraw Objections.
Washinoton, July 29. When the
army bill was returned to the House
from the Benate to-day Representative
Buchanan opposed letting It go Imme
diately to conference for adjustment of
differences and Insisted on delay by
sending It back to committee In the same
way he blocked Immediate consideration
of the navy bill a few days ago. Other
Congressmen, however, persuaded him
to withdraw his objections and the bill
went to conference.
Representative Gardner denounced the
bill as Inadequate and charged the War
Department and the Hay reorganisation
law with responsibility. At the rate the
bill appropriated for artillery and am
munition, he said, It would take twelve
years to prepare the rountry for a few
months of war.
"In a single day on n single sector In
the battle of the Somtne," said he, "a
single one of the belligerents has used
up twice as much field artillery ammuni
tion as our whole national supply."
I . n i m l a . V
I MiK.rV-RAT9 6.MICr- i
Out tf torn work lelioihd
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