Newspaper Page Text
THE SUN, MONDAY,' JULY 81, 1916. v ;
MILLION DOLLARS DAMAGE DONE TO SKYSCRAPERS IN LOWER MANHATTAN
by one of the two big concussions nnd whose clothes were torn from
The property loss is estimated nt $30,000,000. This is conjecture
.and can bo nothing else until the innumerable private and public investi
gntiint already begun arc completed.
Edmund L. Mackenzie, "resident of the National Docks nt.d Storage
Vurohouse Company, thirteen of whoso torchoti9es, including nil of one
brick building und more than half of another, were destroyed, says tlint
the buildings and plant were worth $7,000,000, covered by insurance.
Part of the property destroyed with the warehouses was 00,000 tons
of raw sugar, which melted into a thin brown stream under the touch of
fire and water and was pouring into the harbor and slong the railroad j
tracks on tho pier all day vestcrduy. It was vnli ed n $.1,410,000.
There were also 24,000 bales of tobacco and a mass of cotton, bornx
and other stuff, mostly imports, valued at about $U,000,000 nnd insured
by the merchant who owned it. Mr. Mackenzie said that the monufac-i
turcrs of the war munitions, most of which had been shipped by tho
Bethlehem Steel Company nnd the Du Pont powder companies no doubt
carried their own inHiirtir.cn The storage terminals were leased by the
' Lehigh Valley Railrond.
Severe Damage on Bedloe'a Island.
Jcr?cy City cstlnia'es her loss at $100,000. The damage on Kills
Island is figured at $60,000 and Bcdloe's Island at $100,000 to the
Government's buildings nnd $5,000 to the effects of officers and men of
thoConst Artillery who guard the Statue of Liberty. Liberty herself
was unscathed, although the lightnings played around her, and the quar
ters of the ar:ny post at her base were wrecked as to windows and ceilings.
There is no computing the money that will fall to the glaziers
largely out of hr pockets of glass insurance compnnies by reason of
the breakage of windows in Mnnhnttan by the assaults of the tormented
atmosphere. To thit must bo added a considerable sum for damage to
vails und foundations, the inspection of which was hardly started, yes
terday. Some rucstcs put Manhattan's loss as high as $1,000,000.
1 Already '.ho Jn.-j City authorities!
re tryliiK to tiliu e the lilnme for the
disinter. I 'rank Hague, Director of
Public Safety, Paul at tne City Hull last
night after u preliminary Investigation
that liu would charge with man
slaughter these three men: Albert M.
Plckman, agent at Dlaci; Tom of the
Lehigh road, whose tracks run from
nd to end of the iiler as -spurs of the
main line, Theodore 11. Johnson of the
Johnson Llghteraite nnd Towing Com
pany, and Alexander H. Davidson, su
perlnteiiaou' of the pier for the Na
tional Docks and Storage Company.
Mr. U-muo mild the complaints
Would he nmilo by James Connolly, In
spector of Combustibles for Jersey
City, that warrants would be Issued by
Judge Sullivan of tho Hudson County
Court of Common Pleas and served by
Lleuts. Collins, llreen and Nohle.
James Ityun, captain of the scow
Thomas A. Mcllenny, has a story of the
beginning ot the lr. He wan tying up
his boat just north of Tier 4, which Is a
subdivision of lllack Tom pier, which Is
built out from n peninsula, when ho saw
flames uff from u lighter on the oppo
site side of the pier. He swears this
lighter was not moored, but was bump
ing helplessly ic-nlnet the pier i.ot far
from a lon; line of fielpht cars and the
warehouse. The Are, says Capt. Ryan,
ato a wedge out of the pier, and soon
both tho pier mid tho lighter were. all
This acted as a torch to teuch off other
11,-ihteiH. but In a few minutes the crack
ling of flame was obliterated by the can
nonading of shrapnel aa cat and fuse
ware blown off.
Itrraovlnjr I.ondrd Cars.
Beveral engines of the T.ehl?h Valley
tnrtcd the perilous task of yunklnK
louded cars out of tho danger xone. It
was especially perilous because nobody
knew In the darkness which of tho cars
contained explosives and which were
harmless. Fascinated, forgetting their
own danger for the moment, Ilyan and
his mate watched the brave efforts of
the railroad men.
"But pretty soon," says Capt. Ryan,
"we looked the other way and saw tho
kipper of omi of the ammunition
barges. Ills thigh appeared to be blown
away, hut In scrambled up and down
the deck for a while and then worked
himself overboard. Hurt as he was, he
swam. He was making for E'.lls Island
the last we saw."
Ryan says tho fire was burning on
tho tighter where It started for more
than half an hour before the first great
explosion. Jersey City officials nay that
either tho barge people or tho ware
house and railroad crew tried for at
least half on hour to snuff tho'blazo
themselves before the still alarm
"It was hell," Ryan went on. "I
never thought anything could be so hor
rible I was blown Into tho bay and
nearly drowned, hut finally I caught
hold of a timber of some kind and
kicked mvFelf alone until I could get
onto tho pier close to land. 1 wonder
what became of those engineers nnd
firemen. As I remember, the freight
csrs that they were trying to save were
directly In front of tho burning ware
house when the biggest bang ot all
came. They must have been killed, for
nobody could live so close to It."
Other Versions of the Orlitln.
Rynn'H version of the start of tho fire
la about tho same as that of the Lehigh
Valley officials and of Capt. Charles
Cutler of the barge O'Hoyle Hros,
Cutler was a mile away, at Claremont
and Ocean avenues, Jersey City, driving
to his barge In an automobile when, look
Ins: down on Black Tom Piers, he saw tho
flro. He says he was In the Lehigh
yards Just two minutes from that time.
At the gates near the landward end of
the pier several railroad policemen were
sending In a still alarm.
Tarns In Box Alarm.
Cutler made for a firebox and turned
In' a regular alarm. Then, racing
down the pier, he found a group of brake
men trying to get freight cars out of the.
lire's clutch. Before the firemen arrived
at the pier, which Is a long way from the
nearest company, some of the .moving
freight cars began to burn. Cutler was
helping to separate the burning cars
from tho sound ones when the first of.tho
two big explosions came. Tho time was
2 .'os A. as attested hy many clocks
of food reputation. Including- tho lunch
room timepiece In the Jersey Central sta
tlon at Jersey City.
"When I came to," says Cutler, I was
burled In a box car under a load of
borax. My face, arms nnd neck were all
Ever powder marks. As I way "nwllng
out. who should I see but Ol le O'Don.
nail, a brakeman friend of mine. Ollle
"old me later that another man died In
that same car. I don't know who t was.
Olllo was all right and I was fairly so
considering what had happened, hut they
had me up to the German Hospital for
Sn hour. tryla to restore my beauty.
Now I'm looking- for my mate, but
haven't found him yet."
Shrapnel Braved by To as.
There were about fifteen lighters
moored about the pier. Home say that
five, of them caught fire, somo say many
more. Heveral tugboats steamed In close
at the risk of the lives of their crows
and pulled away a dozen scows and
banes, on ono of which lire had started.
Borne of these, although waiting at the
-i.r t romplete loading- to-morrow, had
.lots of ehrapncl aboard. Topping like
Chinese New Year's, these ungainly craft
drifted Into the stream, hundreds of little
carssrs playing about them as shrapnel
caps and bullets slziled Into the water.
'On barge, on which wss said to be
12;J,I) "f nitrocellulose, steered It
self for i:ilU Island. spoutlnc crren ami
bail smellliu; smnk folums. Tin- c um
of nitrocellulose kept going off for hours
until even newspaper rcortcr tlie-.I of
A three inasteil schooner, the (leorro I
1-2. Walcott. caught lire from the ller.
Lehigh Valley ami Jur.ey Central rail
roail tug-a got a line to her ami then
hnrt to net her adrift In Inldstream lie
cause of the heat. Till was itpp.wently
the schooner that came near communi
cating the names to Kills Island.
Second Kxploslon (irrntot. '
To many persons the second explosion,
which came twenty-live minutes after
the first, seemed not to noisy, but tiny
said It "hurt more." JuM before 'this
upheaval Chief Leydcn of the Lelili.ii
police was seen tulkliiK to several tire
men. No one remembers seel:: him
quit the pier. Yesterday morning the
Lehigh nnd warehouse officials said that
all of their men were safe, hut last night
sweral brnKeincn and )aidmcti. as well
as Leyden, weic reported missing. i
lletwcen the two expUmlons tuns of
tho Lehigh Valley, braving the hall of
shrapnel ami greater danger, the nature
of which wan wull known to their cup-'
tains, worked their way close to the I
burning pier and pulled away the tramp ,
liner TIJuco Itlo, from Lisbon, which
would have been doomed In another ten
minutes. As It was, she had a b.ul
list. It was said this vessel had no am
munition nboaid, although from llfty to
seventy-live case.- of gunpowder hid
been put on the lightens bolide her on
Those wiio saw the flro at Its height,'
between 2:30 and 4:20 A. !., went
away with a Jumble of Impressions, r.ir t
safer places could be Imagined than
mack Tom when the munition barges
lan.l fmlt-Vit ..m Ihnlp ftiulllnl..
0 n hm,ii ,.r in-.!-,. inn.i ..minnim.-
from ,lat.u Tom lH3mI. W(,0, ., ,u.
nucleus ot tho vor urueture. a group
of observers who had got oy a Mem
,, olce guari ,r.ived the bombirdment'
to get a good view. Only a man flesh
from tho trenches would have felt at
Rodilra Still Simula.
Centrepieces of the memorable picture
were the slowly drifting barges from
which cfarts of (lame weie jetting amid a
noise that sounded like II mttng ma
chine gun batteries-. Keryh dy on
shore wns wondering how tho St itue of
Liberty fared. With the nrst light of
dawn the surly black smoke that sought
to smother tho goddej-s sullenly admitted
its defeat and the ton h and then tne
whole figure of Liberty emerged.
The unolllclal observers had their ears
filled with the yarns of survivors and
unaccountable rscap.s. There was, for
Instance, l'eter Ilaceta of is West Sixty
fifth street, Manhattan, skipper of the
Moran lighter No. S. The tlrst ex
plosion tore o'en the door of his cabin.
Jounced him out of his bunk and the,
cabin, skidded him along the deck and
Into tho water, liu Insists that 1
started swimming and didn't stop until
Jje reached Hedloc's Island, nearly a
mile away, and that he was so dazed
that he straightway swam back toward
"When I got there," he says, "ex
plosions were going on eerywhrre. 1
don't know who pulled me out or what
became of my lighter."
Imprrssliin of thr nxplnslon.
He told his story In the City Hospital.
A blistered face made it hnrd for him to
talk. Somo one asked him how the ex
"It went 'Zzzzzzump' like a Zep
pelin," he said.
Then there' was William Stleffe, cap
tain of Lehigh Va'ley birgo f..'. Driven
from his craft and home by heat, he led
his wife und carried his two small boys
over the decks of two other barges to the
pier and left them under the eave of a
building he thought was safe. He had to
return to tho barge for .something ho
mlised. When ho got back to the spot
whore his family had been left the build
ing was in ruins. Stleffe nearly went
Insane before he found out that his wife
and his boy John were up In a hou-c on
Claremont nvetiue drinking hot coffee
nnd that the other Iwy, Harry, was In
the City Hospital, but not much hurt.
Another barge captain, John Puess of
the Lehigh's grain barge 112, was also
llsttned to. He was nsleep In his bunk
surrounded by barley and o.its when ex
plosion No. 1 convinced him that the
world was being destroyed for fclni.
Hodge Car of llynnnilte.
"The hat.ih was blown In on me," he
said. "Tho cabin fell flat as a pancakn.
I was away out at the end of tho pier. I
coul-1 only run ono wuy without getting
a ducking, and as I cant swim I de
cided to take a chance on the pier. I
started running. 1 heard somebody on
another barge yell, 'Not that way, jou
blanked fool," but I kept on. I bad
Just passed a freight oar full of Hjim
mltc when U blew up. J tumbled down
lay a while, got up and kept on runnln.'t
and here I am."
There wns a gash In Puen s forehead
where he slid a piece of shripnel mil
hit him. Ho had no clothes i-M-ept his
brown overalls, his lighter was gou.j gc
far as ho knew, but he was content.
Ho said the renin liable thltii: about his
race for life was that from mil to end
of the pier h didn't see a soul and
heard no voire, except the one on the
bargo which called him a fuol,
Cars on Oilier Pier Hum,
There were about ion frelulu rarH f
tho Lehigh road on tho Ill.u-U Torn piers,
un tho other slilo of a bri-ikwnter,
nearly a mllo to the noith, Is the next
pier, used by the Central Itillroad of
New Jersey. This road had twenty-six
cars tilled with explosives on a spur
ready to be moved yesterday morning.
These were safe. Nearer the end of the
pjer wcro tnree cars which wero ex.
v 'n mi&aP" A' t22jaBaaHsp z .
plodtd either by concussion or flames or
missiles from lllack Tom. They were
burned to nothing by sunrise. Two cars
still nearer the scene of the Black Tom
explosions were unharmed. They were
rushed past the burning cars before a
crowd gathered In the fields and swamps
teallzcd the momentary danger they
were In, for these cars were also freighted
with powder for Europe.
In the canal boat and barge colony
near the western end of Hlg Tom af
frighted navigators from tho Krie Canal
ami their families felt the full force of
the explosions. In many cases their
homes on the boats wtre wrecked and
the clothes that are forever on the line
were carried nway. but no loss of life or
Injury of Importance was reported among
the .'.00 dwellers In these craft.
(rent Urcdaes Wrecked.
Several g-eat dredses and steam shov
els owned by tho T.lor Ircdglng Com
pany moored In the shallow breakwater
between the two railroad piers were al
lnot totally demolished. Their great
del ricks and steel arms were distorted
and twisted like tissue paper.
A solid colliding from one of the
freight cars was blown ftiore than half u
mile and fell on a track, breaking both
the mils In two. l-'or the distance of
thri-e.itiarters of a mile hundreds of
sights eis who managed to slip past the
guatds wire busy picking up pieces of
shell and shrapnel bullets. There was
not a house or shanty within live miles
of thrf scene of the explosion that did
not have most of Its windows broken.
In the terminal station of the Central
Itallioad of New Jersey, the Lehigh Val
ley, Philadelphia and Heading and the
Haltlmorc and Ohio hundreds of thou
sinds of dollars worth of damage had
been wrought by the concussion. There
wasn't a car, cither Pullman or other
wise, that had a whole wlndowh-ft.
In the f'oinmiinlpaw rtockyarW". about
a mile and a half from tho scene of the
explosion. Just out of the Centrnl ter
minal In Jersey City, sheep waiting to
be loodcil In cattle cars were killed by
the concussion. Several pens of West
ern horses, all branded and watting for
shipment to tho Allies, had been kicked
to death. ,
John and Tony Welsh, bfeHhers, train
men on the Lehigh, were on the pier nt
the time of the first explosion. John
had his eardrum broken nnd Tony was
momentarily driven out of his hend by
the force of the concussion. They were
both taken to tho Herman Hospital In
Jersey City for treatment and then sent
Two nrakemea Are Mlsslnc
The police are looking for Thomas
Ilutler and John Delaney, brakemen, who
were supposed to have been working at
the time of the explosion. They have
not been seen since and were placed on
tho list ot the missing,
Robert Taylor, son of the yardmaster,
was in tho vicinity of the grain elevator
on Illaek Tom pier at trio time of the
first exs!ou. Ho was thrown violently
to the ground and so badly bruised that
ho had to bo taken to the hospital for
.1. W. Robertson of Newark was auto
moblllng with some friends In Jersey
City at the time of the explosion. He
drove to tho scone at once, trying to
glvo what assistance he could. When
t -o second explosion came he was
thrown on his face, nnd while getting
to safety stumbled over a sixteen-year-old
boy who was pinned beneath tho
wr-ekago of tho warehouse. Directing
the work of Uremia, Robertson said the
boy was removed to tho hospital with
bulh his legs crushed.
M Hilary Aid Proffered.
Acting under tho Inilruetlons of Major
Oeu. Wood, Col. Morton of Governors
Island, quartermaster of tho Dep.utmeut
-if the Wast, iii-coinpanled by Mojqr Hiut
nrin mid other olllcers, tool: (len. Wood's
launch at -I o'clock yesterday morning
from (Inventors Island nnd landed at
the foot of K-iehange place, Jersey City,
Col. llorton called Mayor l-'agari on the
telephone mid told him ho had been In
structcd by flen, Wood to offer tho ser
vice of his staff and tho forco at ao.
errors M-ind for any emergency, aa
well ns tlm use of the surgeons and tho
nurses stationed there. Tho Major
thanked Col. llorton and said that he
thought the police and fire departments
of Jorsey City would be a bio to handle
the situation, tout if It cot beyond their
JN the above picture No, 1 shows how exploding; sion. Xo. .1 shows tho National Stornpe Corn
shells wrecked the piers. No. 2 pictures build- I pany's plant after the flames had dono their
ings that collapsed around the scene of the cxplo- i work.
control he would be glad to call upon the
Joseph Moran of the Moran Towing
and Transpoi tatlon Comtianv mid Inst
night that three of his company's barges,
Nos. S, SO and 64, wfi!Cfi -tere loading
shrapnel at lllack Tom, had bfen de
strojed, with a loss of IfiO.oiin. The
harbor police notified the (Iovernment
that two barges with dynamite anil other
explosives aboaid had sunk near Kills
Island and vcre a menace to navigation.
Munition Bargee Adrift.
After the worst of the explosions had
passed the chicr danger was from tho
floating munition barges, which had cut
their moorings nt the explosive pier.
They wero a gravo menace to water
traffic and to the piers on both the
Jersey and New York shores, but no tug
boat dared to slay their progress, offi
cials and spectators on tho shore stood
with bated breath, obllvoun to the
danger from the falling missies, and
watched tho drifting masses of Jugged,
spurting flame. Tho tide averted seri
ous disaster In the case of several of
the boats. Two drifted against a spectre
like row of piles that rormed the
skeleton of an unused In oak water or
pier, Here they caught fast.
Out on the hook of tilled In land the
crowd of spectators llnally became con
vinced of heir peril from the flying
shrapnel. Three Inch shells catapulted
from the drifting bargeH skipped over
tho surface of the water In their direc
tion after the fashion of the flat pebbles
which small boys love to scale over the
water at the scashoie.
Itlrl (an Form a Barrlendr.
The crowd set about constructing a
barricade and for this purpose mado use
of a stfliig of dirt cars which had been
run out on tho single line of tracks ex
tending almost to the end of the hook,
wh're they were apparently being used
for lllllng In woik. The enrs can lie
tilted to cither side and In this position
formed 4i fairly good protection against
the rain of steel and debris.
Many of those who had viewed the
fire from the end of the hook carried
away with them us souvenirs three Inch
shell cases and fuse caps that had fallen
wltliln reach of them.
A corps of nurses from tho Bnynnne
Hospital anived on the scene when the
conflagration wan nt Its heUxiit. The
majority of them were young women, and
Fcveral wero hardly out of their teens.
Not a ono drew hack, however, when
they learned that there was a possibility
ot more explosions.
"It's dangerous down that way with'
the munition boats going oft like the)
are," warned a policeman.
llol) Klrsl With Nurses.
The head nurse looked Indifferently In
the direction Indicated by the ofllcei.
"We weie rent to help take cure of
the Injured, and we have some necesBary
hospital supplies." was her repl).
It was found, however, that there was
no med for their services In tho danger
Ncjir the explosive pier there were
several derricks In charge of n mitro
named Towns, who lived with his wire
and child In n whack near by. After the
explosion Towns ran out of tho freight
yard and Into the street shout In-.': "I
got my baby, all light I got my baby!"
In Hoboken the necond explosion
brought most of the residents from their
beds, and these gathered on street cor
ners and gazed at the lurid sky toward
ttle south. On Washington street there I lice reserves of the (Ireenwlch street sta
was a trail of broken glaFS from the , tlon wero tumbled out of their bunks in ck
shattered store wlndown from Newark and crop, when a dozen persons hi the
street to Fourteenth. Crowds besieged street were cut by falling glass, when
the cars of the Orove stteet line and the terrorized Italians of the Illeecker
any other line that would carry them
within walking distance of the lire. Jit
ney drivers took advanta-te of the im
portunity and took parties of sightseers
down to the lire. ( .
I'olleepien In Khaki.
Pkyscrapors ond lofts and every sort
of hulldlng In lower Manhattan stood
with shattered windows and frames,
like plants whose eyes had been
poked out. Through the streets went
300 policemen In khaki uniforms, as If
the city lay under martial law, and
thousands of curious persons who wanted
a view of the wreckage. They got It
from nearly every building they passed,
und nt South Ferry a patrolman picked
up a shrapnel shot the size of a cherry.
In other parts of lower Manhattan nlso
pieces of Khinptiel were picked up, lint
the damage done was almost wholly due
to the concussions caused by the two
Maiden lane, the Jewelry centre of
the country, where millions of dollars
woith of diamonds and Jewelry nre kept
In the shops, was surrounded by a cor
thn of police, while plain clothes detec
tives hovered around the hanking house
of J. P. Mors-an & Co., where two big
windows had been dashed to pieces, and
guarded other Institutions whero enor
mous amounts of money lay stored. So
quickly had tho police woikcd In meeting
the emergency of store fronts laid open
to the light fingered that only one com
plaint was made of theft und this was
a comparatively Insignificant men's ' f ur-
nl-dilng shop In Oreenwlch street across
from the police station.
Hut, to beg li with the shock 'of the
ex'liv.on as It struck the southern end
of the Island of Manhattan, Father (!io
gan of the little old Mission of our Lady
of the Rosary In State street has a sin
cere bit of description.
"There e.une a gieat rumbling, and
my bed began to shake," he ald, "Then,
after the llrst crashing tumult, dust and
hare floated in upon me. I thought the
celling was coming through, But It was
from the window- Instead. I looked out
j toward the bay. Against the back
ground of black imoki like a velvet cur
tain I saw the outline of a phantom
sh'p lit up by llrewnrks. Coming down
out of the darkness for (lie minutes
afterward were big sparks. 'They're
siarn coming down from heaven,' so one
of the Immigrants next door ciled, nnd
he thought It was the end of the world."
Those were the moments when tho po
I street section ran northwaid to Wash
Ington Square carrying their childien
with them and when hair the population
of the city scurried out of iIoiiih In hiibty
raiment to marvel at tho glare to the
roller Called From Camp.
Later when curiosity overcame fear, as
It always does, the throngs began mov
ing downtown to get closer to tho scene
of the disaster. At 5 A. M. the 300 po
licemen nt the training camp at Fort
V.'adsworth on Staten Island were called
out and landed by the police steamer
Patrol nt the Battery. There they
found the greatest crowds. The patrol,
men, who weie put down by pissersby
as militiamen on account of their mill-
tnry garb, reported to the Gieenwloh
I street and Old Slip stations, whence they
were assigned to canvass icrtaln streets
of the downtown section, to assist tho
regular details who had been on duty
fclnce the explosion took place, to tack
up bout its against the shattered store
fi onts of all shops where no owners
could be found, to guard others and to
keep the people -walking In tho middle of
the street and out of danger of falling
Police Commissioner Woods, Deputy
Commissioner Dunham and the Commis
sioner's secretary, Henry J. Case, tour
ing Manhattan In automobile, came to
the Greenwich street station at B A. M.
nnd superintended tho work of safe
guarding millions of dollars worth, of
valuables, food and clothing from
From Thirty-fourth street to the Bat
tery the police tried to compile a list of
buildings In which large plate glass win
dows had been shattered. As well try to
find out how many leaves there nrc on
the trees In Central Tark, for nlmost
every building south of the City Hall
had broken windows, some large, some
small, some on the ground floor and some
way up close to the chimney pots.
Big skyscrapers like the Whitehall
Building, at the Juncture of Battery place
nnd West street, had more than a hun
dred splintered windows, though the
Woolworth bore only a few bruises far
up Its glossy sides ; tho Custom Houso
had several windows on the north side
splintered and no less than forty on the
west side that caught the waves of the
explosion, while one of the startles In
fmnt, that woman representing Africa,
suffered a fractured leg, At least, there
seemed to be a crack In It. Tho south
side of the Custom House had Its quota
of broken windows, nnd there were many
buildings In that part of town with
broken windows on every side.
The big Equitable Building suffered,
and when crowds wero passing beneath
It later In the morning a belated fall
of glass came down upon the roof of a
passing surface car. Nobody was hurt,
Singer Clock Stops at Slftl.
Tho Bowling Orcon Building wns hard
hit; o were the Singer Building, the
clock of which had stopped at 2..T1 A.
M the time of the second big explosion;
tho Assay office, the Sub-Treasury, the
Standard Oil. the First National Bank,
the Stock Kxchange, the Stock Quota
tion Telegrnph, the Maritime Exchange,
Lord's Court, the Trinity the building,
not the church : the church wos un
touched the Lawyer's Title unit (luar
antee, the Corn iCxcharsze, the Hanover
National Bark, tho National City Bank,
the Mllln Building, the United States
Army Building, the Hudson Terminal,
tho Liberty tower, tho Hamburg-American,
the New York Produce Kxchange, a
Clillds restaurant In Heaver street with
tVe big windows on all four floors gone,
many wlirlows, frames, ntnl all In the
old Produce Kxchange Building ; Will
iam Barthman's Jewelry storo at 1
Maiden line, corner of Broadway; the
International Silver Company at S-ll-HI
Maiden lane, where a big display of cut
glass was smashed with the window, as
well as the wooden revolving entrance
door to the hulldlng. and hundred) of
others along that and neirby sticets.
t.. M..l.l.n i...... ... --. v..t. O....
... lUuuirn .utiv, ... .it., ,ii,t imn o.ir .
and Lock Company was -xpoed to any I
burglar by the blast, but at S3, the
hulMinw In which Is situated the New
Yotk Plate Class Insurance Company,
not a window was harmed, and It Is
twelve stories high. Surveyors were out
early from that company looking over
their risks aril endeavoring to estimate
"There Ii.im been nothing In our ex
perience like t'l.s," said Surveyor J. A.
Hume, as he hurried from building to
building carrying a packet of cards list
ing the company windows. "That s I
why It's so iinptsslole to tell yet bow'
much damage Is done. You take that ,
window there we put that In for $161'. i
That'll give you an Idea of what lb.' '
whole mess rr..-.ms. Several hundred
thousands of dollars In the nearest I can
reckon the damage In downtown Man- j
"And then It may b three weeks b-1
fose every hioken window Is repaircl. )
We'e got to look after the big ones j
flrtit There Isn't enor.;h plate glass on I
hand to meet this emergency, and be- j
sides that there Is the labor; we haven't
got enough glaziers to do a Job as big
In many loft fact rles bieakable stocks i
were ruined a Well as the w-ln-lows. In i
I some parts of Fourteenth street n.id
l I'nion Siunre there seemed to be evi
dences of a tornado's visit. Tlirou-.li the 1
sounaing canyons ot .Nassau and Pln
and all streets and the other deep ruts
between skyscraptrs the crisp, metull.r
viuvn.i: ,,i Kiass eciioeu un morning as i
the policemen and Street Cle.uiliiv l)e.
partment emploees and ther workers
knocked down the fragments of glass i
from windows or swept them up along '
Aqnnrlnm Loses but Tito Fish. I
There was one biilldint; at the Battery
and right In the northerly path of the
concussion that escaped with only a few
skylights broken. That was the Aqua
rium, which usually opens on Sunday at
?, but which was barm! to visitors yes.
terday unt.l no n. for there wns enough
debris of glass to keep the tmplojceti
busy cleaning It up for a couj le of hours.
"There were les fish dead this morn
ing than I've found In two months, ' s ild
one of the men. "Only two were dead,
so you see the explosion didn't hae any
effect on them."
At .nc point along the Battery wall,
where grfat crowds surge,) as if t
a holiday extraordinary and pedlers piled
a busv trade with r.n- l..nl,l.w
sweets, there was a man who had set up
la telescope and who also bad several
I held glasses through which anybody
could look for a nickel. Apparently
everybody wanted to. They peerelj.
iacni.s the water to where clouds of
smoke were still rising nt ve the lllack
Tom peninsula, and they pmhed -.mil
slimeii for a chance to buy a look. "First
come tlrst eened'" shouted the telescope
man, "I don't pick favorites. Oi ly one
to a glass now. Don't stand here fur
This was not far from the H.irh r A .
police station, from which the steamboat '
Patrol ami four launches o.ul luen sent '
skittering over the waters towaid the ,
llery centre of the great ul.ue Imme
diately after the tlrst explosion.
nie only theft reported downtown
was at O, Miller's shop, jf,; Greenwich
street, which by an Irony of f.ite now and
then met with In New- York lies directly
acros from the Greenwich street police
station, where the police activity cen
tred. Mr. Miller reported that IT worth
of boxing gloves, umbrellas and clothing
nan neen stolen rrom his store.
When the llrst blast shook Manhattan
the police teleph' ne system was put Into
Immediate operation In an effort to locate
the ixplpslou and ilie opcratnts were
kept busy answering Inquliles. .More
than 6,000 calls we-e received between
- and 3 A. M and false alarms of rtre
from all parts of the city wire sent In.
SAYS HUGHES IS FOR ALLIES.
t'omtrssp de (immbrnn Praises
II I in In Purls Paper.
Spteial Cable Detateh 16 The Six.
I'ahib, July 30. The Conitessn de
Chatuhrun, who wns Miss Clara I.ong
woith, the sister of Nicholas Lnngwoith,
has written a series of articles for l.t
Krviir on tho candidacy of Charles K.
1 1 u w lies for the Presidency, with the In
tentlon of rectifying the opinion which
has been spread by the French press
concerning llimhes's political tendencies.
She assures the public his sympathies
are with the Allies.
The Comtesse Is convinced his elec
tion I' certain and quotes figure to
prove her assertion.
President Tuft's careful study of
Hughes's quallttcntlons, published at the
tune of his appointment to the Supreme
Court, Is referred to by the Comte-.se
and contrasted with "the casunl manner
Wilson has Just shrwn In appointing
man whose reputation Is not unstained
Mrnteiinnt Foils From Chair.
Lieut. Collins, on duty at the West
Twentieth strict police station nt the
time of the explosion, wns knocked from
his chair by the forco of the concussion.
Tenement dwellers In the neighborhood
became greatly excited and one police,
man wmi detailed to eich block to calm
the crowds and protect property.
Three Departments May Act
to Fix Blamo for Black
Washington, July 30. A Federal In
vestigation of the munitions explosion
Ir. New Tork harbor was looked upon as
probable hero to-night. Various aspects
of the catastrophe aro already under ths
scrutiny of the Federal authorities, and
It Is more than probable that a thorough
and comprehensive Inquiry by one or
another of the Government agencies hav
li.g Jurisdiction will be undertaken.
Three departments of the Government
aro Invoked In regulation of the traffla
as a result of which the accident oc
curred. The Department of Justice prob
ably will conduct tin Investigation to
ascertain whether there has been any
violation of the neutrality laws.
A iiretliiilnury report has been re
ceived from New York by Brine Ble
luskU chief of the division of Investiga
tion of the Department of Justice, to
the effect that the circumstances indi
cate that the explosion was accidental
and not the result of u plot. A nioro
detailed liumlry of this phase of the nf
ralr will follow.
The Ttcastiry has Jurisdiction over
certain port activities and may call for
a report. The Interstate Commerce
Commission has gln much considera
tion to the transput tatlon of exploslxes
and Issued elnboiate regulations on the
Freight I'oimrntloii n Problem.
It was stated by an official of the com
mission to-night, however, tnat the cir
cumstances of the accident seem to In
dicate that there Is nothing to bring It
directly under Its Jurisdiction, tho ex
plosives not being notually Interstate
commerce t the time.
The commission Is now conducting an
Investigation upon complaint of the Stato
of New Jersey Into the congestion of
freight and It Is possible that tho acci
dent may be brought within the scope
of this Inquiry. An Independent Inquiry
by the commission may be ordered by
The War Department through tho
chief of engineers has Jurisdiction of
port activities, particularly the matter
of anchorages. A report on this sub
ject was made to Secretary Baker yis
terday. Significant declopmenis came to light
here to-d.iy Indicating that the Govern
ment had feared partli.iil.iriy for the
'afety of pow.le near sei mst.-. The
lewder factory of the I'mted stales
aimy now located at Picatlmn .irsinal.
near Dover, N. J, will l.e tinned to a
situ adjoining the nitrate plant to ho
erected by the Government with the J2I),
uoii.ooil appropriation for the purpose
recently mud.- by Congress.
Mlglil Kmtlly lie lllonn t'p.
In explanation of thi nction i -terday
It was stated that the i iwrh-r plant
was so near the sx.icoist tint (t might
e.iily I,.- destroyed ami that snfet ur
gently dictated that aiiothir site for It
Secretary Haker yesterday i.-ceived a
leport from the armv eiigimcrs suggest
ing a complete revision of .un home. s
at New Yoik harbor based on ;i iars
study ami desigm d to remedy unsatis
factory condition .
Complaints have been lecclved f r m
New York t mphaslzlng the danger to
citizens and property owneis from po
slble explosions of munitions in what Is
known as the "explosive anchoraces" In
The War 1 vpartment has been giving
special attention to providing additional
safety for the three sel.cted aiuhniages
whim munitions loaded on ships for the
Alllta are handled.
No! we won't try to dis
guise the fact that lots of
our men's suits now $20
and $25 were formerly
Fourth Plattsburg Camp
Better commence now to
break in your "West
pointer" shoes modelled
on the last approved for
the West Point Cadets.
All the Plattsburg equip
ROGERS PEET COMPANY
at 13th St.
nt 34th St.
at 41st St.
July Is Summer's Hottest Month
A Fresh "Straw" Costs 1 Ittlr
- ' ' C I. D
spins ot iviuans
95c, were $1.49
$1.25, were $1.90
gfa were $2.90
Panama Clearance, $2.90 & $j.5U
Cenulne South Americans, All
Styles. Worth $5.00 to $7.00
Outing Hats and Caps, 50c
Fait, Silk, Duck, Cloth, c.