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THE SUN, WEDNESDAY, AUGUST 16, 1916.
AND SEW YOtlK IHES8.
WEDNKSDAY, AUGUST 10, 1010.
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our friend i tcfui tat or ut icllh man
trrlvle naif lllMttrntlonn tor vubwatton irltn
lo knrt rejected article rrtnrncit they tovtt
in nil coirs srito ttnmpt lor that purpott.
Is VrlRhtrulnrts Played Out?
'rightfulness carried Its campaign
to the door of the White House. Then
tho hollowness of Itn pretences was
disclosed. No opportunity for heroics
could bo found. The oppressors of
labor had already wet the fuses of
tlio fireworks. There was no chance
for a lust stand, for spectacular gen
erosity, for grandiloquent magnanim
ity. The railroad manngcrs, adher
ing to the reasonable doctrines they
put forwnrd In the lieglnnlng of the
controversy, having uttered no bluffs,
had nothing to retract; the lenders
of the men reached the end of their
rope, and were brought up in a posi
tion from which they could extract
neither honor nor glory.
At no time have the railroads
through the representatives of their
owners declined to submit to the
decision of an Impartial tribunal all
the subjects under dispute between
them and the brotherhoods. The
brotherhoods have lieen tho refrac
tory element. And at last they came
back to the isilnt at which the man
Jeers had stood from the Inception
of the dispute.
Krlghtfulness took n long road
Where It might have taken n short
one; ami It came In the end to the
point of submission that Its advo
cates and practitioners should have
discerned at the start.
Dealing With rublle Utility Strikes.
The Public Service Commission of
this district has made to the Gov
ernor a reHrt on the recent street car
trlkc in this city. In which is ills
cussed generally the problem of deal
ing with strikes in public service en
terprises. The commission makes few
pcclllc recommendations, but Indi
cates that after further study It may
ask for laws to clothe It "with fullest
powers" In maintaining uninterrupted
operation of public utilities.
It Is pointed out that New York
city, ns owner of Its subways and
financially interested In their opera
tion, has 11 special concern In transit
affairs. It Is indirectly an employer.
But If the Public Service Commission,
State JVdy, Is to be the reosltory
of tho fullest iNiwers In transit af
fairs we are likely to have a curious
muddle of conflicting Stale and city
authority that will uitike matters
worse than they are at present. In
the event of a serious strike, should
ao hate the State stepping In and
running Hues owned by the city?
But Is n mass of additional legisla
tion and the conferring of additional
IKiwers upon anybody necessary? The
public interest Is so overshadowing In
public service strikes that, acting
through the existing authorities, it
practically coniM'ls arbitration. All
thnt Is essentia! is Unit the public be
quickly and accurately Informed upon
the facts and uism the contentions of
both sides. It will make itself felt
loon enough after that.
Public opinion, exerted to demand
uninterrupted transit at all costs,
ComiK'llcd tho settlement of the re
cent street car strike, and Its Impar
tial coercion Is still felt as tin; men
and the companies proceed to tho
peaceful adjustment of their differ
ences. Tin) surface car employees
huvo formulated twenty-six demands,
which will be taken up in conference.
Their lenders urn delighted at what
they consider a practical recognition
of the union In Mr. Siionts's state
ment as to why certain men were not
taken back. These loaders declare
that the question of reemployment of
.workers is one of the points to be
arbitrated, and they are careful to
distinguish this point from the mat
tor of the twenty-six ilcniiuiiK Thus
has the neutral pressure of the pub
lic Interest lirought sanity Into the
bundling of u threatening dispute.
The Kalaer' Question.
The German Emperor Is reiortel to
liave salt! to an "eminent neutral":
Why dn yon neutrals always talk
about Herman militarism and never
about Itusslan despotism, French craving
tor revengo und Kngllsh treachery?"
There was more talk about Herman
militarism before tho war began than
there has been since. It was talk not
unmixed witli admiration, or envy.
The lierman army, It was supposed,
was so Ytonilcrful that It could strike
nt the empire's foes without having
to go by way of territory which the
empire had pledged Itself to keep In-
violate. The discipline of the nrmy
was supposed to he so perfect thnt
It could Invade without commlttliiR
crimes so heinous that they will be
remembered after the last Hohen
zoi.i.ern is tlust with his fathers.
There has been talk about Itusslan
despotism, and It will continue until
Hussln understands herself and Is un
derstood. There has been talk about
' the French craving for revenge, but
It has been silenced In the spell of ad
I miration, If not astonishment, which
'the neutral world has for the most
! inaKiilflcent defence of the war.
By English treachery the speaker
may mean Groat Britain's refusal to
wink at the Invasion of Belgium. If
thnt was treachery, then England Is
the most glorious traitor among the
nations of Europe.
Mr. Lane's (Ml Landi roller.
Secretary Lane, who has been at
tacked by Mr. tiirronn Pinciiot, for
merly his admirer, for advocating the
Phelun mineral bill, undoubtedly be
longs to the conservation school that
believes In using ns well as guarding
our natural resources. In his last re
port Mr. Lank once more recom
mended "a general development bill
providing for a practicable method of
disposing of our oil, gas, coal, phos
phate and potash without danger of
mnnoiHily or abuse." The so-called
mineral bill Introduced by Senator
Piiklan of California, a Democrat,
authorizes "exploration for and ills
IHisltlon of coal, phosphate, oil, gas
(Mitasslum or sodium." It Is the meas
ure Mr. Pinciiot complains of.
As to oil and gas the Phelan hill
provides thnt the Secretary of the
Interior may, "under such rules and
regulations ns ho may prescribe,"
grant permits to prospectors on Gov
ernment (withdrawn) lands, who
shall have the right to drill for oil
or gas on territory subsequently
leased to them for terms of years,
paying to the Government one dollar
for each acre In nddltlon to a royalty
equal to "not less than one-tenth In
amount or value of the production."
It may lie observed that the conser
vation plank In the Itepubllcnn plat
form calls for "n careful husbandry
of nil the natural resources of the
nation n husbandry which means de
velopment without waste, use without
abuse." This Is also the policy of the
Democratic party In n general way.
It Is the alleged purpose of the Phe
lan bill to carry It out. Mr. Pinciiot
seems to think there Is "a nigger In
the woodpile," and he may be right.
Mr. Pinciiot, "with great reluctance."
he says, now charges Secretary Lank
with neglecting the public Interests
and playing Into the hands of the
enemies of conservation.
One of the great questions Involved
In the controversy Is wl.ether oil op
erators have any rights In mineral
lands which they had legun to de
velop when those lands were with
drawn by the Government. Secre
tary Lane maintained the affirmative
In his last report, In which he said:
I shall not assume to say what pol
icy should lie followed as to the naval
reserves, but ns to the other with
drawn lands I believe Congress
(which Is the one forum wherein re
lief can be sought) should so act as
to recognize the equitable rights of
those operators." The Phelan bill
in seeking to protect their Interests
nroued the suspicion of the champion
of conservation who has lost faith in
Mr. Pinciiot declares that "if this
legislation which Secretary Lank Is
trying to get passed Is enacted the oil
land reserves set nslde for the use of
the navy will be destroyed." That of
course could not be permitted. On tho
floor of the Senate on .luly 13 Mr. Phe
lan replied to this charge by suylng
thnt "the only matter In dispute be
tween the navy and the oil oterators
relutes to naval reserve No. 2 In Cali
fornia, consisting of 30,000 acres, 20.-
000 acres of which, two-thirds, ore
patented lands or lands clear listed
for patent." That Is to say, Senator
Phelan claimed title, "unassailable
title" was his expression, for the
oil operators in two-thirds of the
tract ; and ho added that "the oil Is
available for the navy Just as soon
as the navy Is ready to pay for It."
The matter Is now In litigation. Mr.
Phelan estimated thut the 3,000,000
acres of Government oil lnnd would
provide 17r.,000,t00 gallons of oil a
year, und he was sure thut the navy's
oil supply would be safe.
The controversy started by C.in-oRn
Pinciiot awakens memories of the
bitter tight made upon Secretary Hal
MNiiBB during the Tnft Administra
tion by Mr. Pinciiot und his friends.
In so far as the charges now pre
ferred against the Hon. Franklin
Lank affect the question of nnvnl
preparedness, the people will want
them satisfactorily answered. And the
whole Phelan bill comes under tire.
It must be shown to squure with the
demand of the Itepubllctm platform
thnt conservation means "develop,
ment without wnste, uso without
Our Arclucoloft-lcal Need.
Mr. Vavahuuk Eahi.k, an authority
on tho qualities of stone used in build
lug, has warned the renders of The
Sunday Sun that:
"To thu trained eye of the expert such
buildings bh the great Public Library,
Fifth avenue and Forty-second street,
erected within the past five or six years;
the magnificent Metropolitan Tower
that finest of all the churches on the
American continent, St. Patrick's Cathe
dral, and one of the handsomest bank
ing house In Wall street, erected about
two yeuir. ago, already display the dis
tinctive marks of Incipient decay."
He udls that these and other struc
tures, intended to bo monuments of
our time,' will' probably survive for
I future generations only In a weather
Tho haste of New Yorkers to re
place anything that Is even slightly
out of date makes It seem unlikely
thnt our descendants will be suffered
to enlnv these noble ruins In nonce.
We have :t passion for mending nnd
i repairing everything, and shudder nt
the thought of n suitable antiquity.
However shortsighted, this feeling
must be reckoned with.
Gracious knows, New York needs
a few good ruins ! There Is, properly
sKuklng. no Held here whatever for
archaeological research. Why should
It be nc-essnry for our young men
and women to go to Borne to see n
Colosseum but lied In moonlight or to
dig in thu Forum? Hitherto wn In
New York have signally failed In
take ndventnge of our opportunities
to develop satisfactory ruins. The
Federal Government set n vicious ex
nmple recently by repairing nnd nt
tempting to clean the Federal Build
ing Insteud of leaving It to sink Into
n decay partly redemptive of Its su
Of court e, n beautiful ruin Is to be
preferred to n repliant structure,
like the Criminal Courts Building,
the sight of which Induces the very
crimes that are dealt with Inside It;
but any ruin Is letter than none. So
long ns we have not u properly ruined
! building lit New York, so long shall
we have to send nhroad for urchnsi
logical luxuries that should be pro
duced at home In sufficient quantity
for domestic consumption.
An Ifnniel Quantity.
President Wilson discloses In his
campaign plans his customary tlxlty
of purpose. At one time he wns de
termined to let his record spenk for
him. At another he planned to sit
on the porch of Shadow Lawn and
write notes to friends nnd oponents.
Again he would cross the continent
on the trail of Mr. HuaiiKs. Now he
Is undecided ns to this scheme, owing.
It is alleged, to vexation arising from !
the premature disclosure of his de
cision; but he retains the privilege of
changing his programme.
In these revisions of unalterable
punoses, resolving themselves nt last
Into ou unyielding determination to
adhere to no resolution, Mr. Wilson
exhibits once more the curious lack
of stability that has so often baffled
nnd mystified his friends. He will
nnd he won't: In Mexico, In transac
tions with other foreign Powers, In
national defence, In problems from
trivial to grave, the project seriously
put forward to-day Is upset by the
Impulse of to-morrow.
A very frank, a very sincere na
ture Dr. Wilson would award to
himself; but he docs not stay put.
Mr. Garretton'i Comparison.
Tho spirit of levity In which some
of the leaders of the railroad em
ployees threatened to stnrve 100,000,
000 citizens of this country Is dis
played In the subjoined comparison
attributed to A. B. GAiutirrsoN, chair
man of the brotherhoods' committee:
"How about the rise In the price of
"That made the people suffer, but we
did not hear anything about It not
Leaving nut of consideration the
fact that the high ctwt of gasolene
was the Inciting cnuc of numerous
denunciations o' Its manufacturers,
and brought about an official Inquiry,
the "suffering" produced by It wax In
no way comparable with that which
Mr. GAnmrrsoN and his associates
would hrinn' on the country. It did
not menace the fond supply of any '
community. It reduced no industry
to Impotency. At no time did It,
threaten to disrupt the social and iu-1
dustrlal life of tho nation, or to de
stroy the essential agencies of Its or
If Mr. Gariietson believes the regu
lation of the price of gasolene to he
ou the same plane of public lmior-,
tance with the maintenance of traffic 1
on the steam railroads of the nation,'
Ids conception nf the functions of a
public carrier does not Inspire couth
deuce In his capacity for the hM his
fellows have conferred ou him.
Some Incidents of the Supremacy
of the Law In War.
In the war In Europe practices
that were well established half u cen
tury ago for example the exchange
of prisoners, protection of sick ami I
wounded and respect for iinn-comha-1
hints nre constantly sot at naught, 1
until the world wonders If It Is laps
ing Into barbarism. During our chil j
war General IIoiikkt K. Lie spoke the 1
sentiment of tho American public
when he ordered:
"Make war only upon armed men.
The Commanding Gtnrr.il earnestly e.
liorts tho troops to abstain with the ut
most care from nil unnecessary or wan
ton injury to prlvato property, and he
enjoins upon all officers' to arrest and
bring to summary punishment all who
shall In any way offend against the
orders oa this subject."
If any proclamation approximating
tills order lias been Issued during the
present war It has escaped attention.
On the contrary, every consideration
of humanity und Christian forbear
ance for uou-combntauts has boon ills,
legarded in the determined purpose,
announced by the premiers of some of
the contending nations, to annihilate
It Is therefore worthy of record
thut In two rooeut Instances nt least
the legal rights of tho soldiers have
Ikvu preserved. Tho Paris corrcston
dent of the Jmirnal of the American
Med leu! Association iviorts n decree
of the French Minister of War In
si met lug nrmy surgeon that a sol
dier bus the absolute right to refuse
any operation or treatment thnt In
volves risk to life. A more remark
able concession to the soldier's rights
Is evident In the upholding of his re
fusal of an anrcsthctlc when ordered
by the surgeon. Such action Is
directly opposed to the good of the
service. Aside from tho saving of
pain nnd thock nnd facilitating correct
diagnosis, both of which hasten re
covery nnd pniUihlc restoration to
duty, there Is Involved In the question
of using nnresthetlcs tho detection
of malingering, which Is often re
sorted lo by men whose patriotism Is
not sufficiently strong to resist the
call of self-preservntlon.
The matter ls?lng referred to the
Acndcmln tic Metleclne, Dr. Baynieb
proposed to maku the administration
of niifesthetlcs compulsory for diag
nosis because "It Is often Imitosslblc
to demonstrate the hysterical nature
of certain contractures, and one N
therefore obliged to discharge men
who might well 1k cured nnd who are
perfectly tit to take their place In the
ranks. In those conditions respect for
tho Individual will which rules In
civil life cannot he held compatible
with military discipline." Dr. Vail
i.Aiti), Insjiector-General, advised that
since It Is not legally Misslble, as Is
the case In vaccination for smallpox
and typhoid, to compel soldiers to go
under niwthosln, the matter be given
to a commission for division.
It Is a gratifying reflect inn that
nmld all the wreck and ruin of this
war there lingers still n living spark
of civilization the supremacy of the
law, which holds out the promise of
a bettor day for humanity.
Have primaries eliminated the wicked
bosses or are tho wicked bosses elim
inating the primaries?
Certain projected coronation cere
monies In tho Urlent hnvo been In
A letter from the Schwaben Vcrcln of
Los .Migclen, mailed on May 10, lias
...... ii ..li'ml a, C.ttw.rt tint'ltif- tw.,1
opened by the British ccmor. An en
closure of $255 was mlssliiR. Despatch
Probably the expense of translation.
Mount .-Etna Is again In eruption.
Ts the Gulf Stream responsible for this
t'nloss the Stlclow enso clears up
before it comes to him tho Hon.
Anoi.Pt! Boiiknrkck will be called .upon
to show all tho better qualities of
Solon and Solomon.
Of all men In tho country .Iosepiius
must know best when a target Is hit.
t'sar has 13.000,000 soldiers. Ncirt
A long way from his last moujlk.
The Democrats nro perfectly logical
In asserting that n doubtful State
would be naturally Wllsonlan.
I enforced the civil service law to the
letter. W. J. HrtaN.
To the "deserving Democrats" letter.
Those English newnpaers which sec
a Gorman plot In the rise of wheat
prices should have thlr attention
called to the devilish Gorman con
spiracy to shift tho Gulf Stream.
What are wp coins; to do with
woman? .Ur. AfQL'iTii.
Well, as she has lieen ilolni; her bit
In the war In truly heroic style you
will have to give her the ballot.
Itumanla is gradually getting tho
DOGS ON THE ROOF.
A Complaint That the Hoard of Health
Will Not Kn force uu Ordinanre.
To Tin: KniToa oi Tin: Scn Sir; In
Tin: Si N recently It was suggested that
"ii body of sanitary police iiTnlo up of
volunteers; authorized to Issue sum
monses to violators of the sanitary code,
would do much lo make New York u
healthier place to Ilxo In." Some new
way will hae to bo adopted, for tl.e
present method Is outrageous. Un July
13, IS and I wrote to the Hoard of
lliMlth anil ipioted the Siultary Code
that was Ix'inu' Poland In an npirtiucnt
lioue. Not ono word did I get until
August 11. when a policeman called to
direct me to go to tho niavlstrato'H court
and tell my story. I told him 1 would
not do so, as tho Sanitary Code re
quired the Hoard nf Health to takei
care of the matter I had complained
about. So nothing has been done.
As lonK K" ii" April I wrnto to the
Hoard of Health alsiut i1iii;h being taken
out on the roof, tin Apt It 20, I9lfi, I
iccelvi-d a printed card referrln me to
the Tenement House Department. Later
n policeman called and told me that my
complaint did mine under the Jurisdic
tion of the Hoard of Health, uml the
Hoard of Health only. When I showed
lit til the card I had received he said :
"That's tho way they do. Turn it over
to another ilep.iriinent, nnd then that
('.epartinent turns It over to us inul we
can do nothltik' but tell the people tie
law. Now joii can break our lease
If joii want to." I said .o did not
want to do thai, and still ihius use our
roof, What good Is the Hoard of
Health when U doesn't enforce the Sani
tary Code? A SUN Hkapkii.
New York, Almost 1.,.
Ned lliirrlgun's Song.
To run Editor oc Tub Sc.v Kir: I
note with Interest tho Inquiry of Mr.
Frank I,. Greene in your Issue of Au
gust . Tlio refrain of Ned llnrrlgan's
song has been brought down In memory
by some old timers whom I meet oc
casionally, and as rendered by them
runs as follows:
Hey lad, lie! Ill l)
lleite the Jiitfiii rouiiil.
When our monoy'i, irona
ll'i the Kant oli I .nng:
Del up, .lurk! Jnliu, Ml .Inwnl
It contains perlinps more truth than
poetry. Ah I remember, this particular
Jack was sailing from old Hni7.ll to
Hunker Hill. Perhaps some of uur
tendeiH can supply the other Incidents
of the voyugo as lecountcd In the tong.
J. M. At.l.KN.
New Yoiik, August 15.
Not ( arlilam.
To tiik HniTiin or Tin; Sis Sir: Mr,
,eivln lve Wilson's meaning nf "tin,
proud tu nM" in "Nnu dlinlrur." With
tmi of my family limt nil the, l.iirltanla
and niiclf rulne.l In Meilen, I think Wil
nii'a olieeodnu l, In plain IIjiuIMi, "Not
taruUm." hu,.i;t A. WlTMCiaas.
New Tusk, Auguit 15,
PUBLIC HEALTH OFFICERS.
A Wife of One Telli Some of the Work
They Are Called on to Do.
To th Editor or The Sun Sir: In
answer to Mr. K. a, Miller, who thinks
that the Public Health Service officers
spend their time In blowing their own
horns but doing little, may I as the
wife of one of these officers say a word
In their behalf?
It Is to these same health officers that
San Francisco acknowledges her debt
for being freed from the awful scourge
of bubonic plague and New Orleans has
loudly sung their praise for quelling
an epidemic of yellow fever.
These nrtlcern are alt picked men, as
tho entrance examinations are most
rigid. They are well Informed on all
matters of sanitation, having workeu
In camps, laboratories and hospitals.
They ore not seeking glory and there
ts no ono In New York to-day who has
much longer hours or harder work.
There Is a standing call for 5:45 A. M.
at the Great Northern Hotel for at least
ono of these officers, and his wife rarely
hns an opportunity to dine with him
before 9 o'clock.
It Is true that hundreds of Innocent
children have died In New York and
theso men have not been able to save
their lives. Hut no one can estimate
how many thousands of children have
been spared by their efforts.
Mr. Miller wonders how so many
men can be spared from their home
duties, thnt Is If they have such duties.
While the men In New York are work
ing overtime the officers at their sta
tions are doing double work so that
their brother officers may wage waf
WiNirnKo Hackviixi Stones.
Nrw York, August 15.
A CRISIS IN WASHINGTON,
When Tommy Scully DU or Did Not
Catch Nick Loagnorth's Fly.
To the EniTon or The Hun Sir: You
dll well to give expert and serious con
sideration to certain causes and effects
revealed by the score of the recent game
of haseba)! between tho Republican and
iJcmocratlc members of the House of
One point you overlooked : the loss
to the Democratic side caused by the
nbsence from Congress of the Hon.
Hugeno F. Klnkead of New Jersey and
the Hon. Thomas Itwrence Itelily nf
Connecticut Ah. the Joy of Democratic
anticipation when those giants of the
diamond buckled their armor on ; the
hysteria of delight when, victorious, they
! took their armor off!
Sheriff Gene was manager, boss. In
spiration, captain, pitcher, catcher and
second base of the Democratic team In
the Sixty-second Congress, playing some
other positions, but shining most in
those mentioned. He learned baseball
ut Seton Hall, and a man I know who
nlso played there tells me that dene
could make more noise, threaten urn
pins more belligerently than any other
Hetonlan who ever played.
Tom Itelily. In the early Innings of
tho game I'm speaking of, played sec
ond. Nick I-ongworth lifted a fly to
left for which Tommy Scully of New Jer
tey (Tom's ton Is playing good ball
for I'rlnceton now) ran nearly to the
entrance gate of Georgetown Field. Tom
got under the ball, fell with It and rolled
over half a doxen times before he was
on his feet holding the ball up for the
IKiicr ui jiijiui t'Clllui-rnia.
Nick had passed second by this time,
and Sid Anderson coached him on to
third, claiming that Scully had rolled
oer tho ball for the purpose of picking It
up unseen and Tom from Jersey :
Xtiti should have seen nellly and
Gone, shoulders hunched, beads poked
forward, chins extended, lips curled In
, sneers of f rightfulness, run to third with
the umpires (one Republican, one Pemo
j cratlo. for neutrality's sake) where Std
j was holding up the breathless Nick.
: Soon there was u roar going on around
third which was plainly heard over at
Sid declared that the runner, Nick,
would never leave the base until the
militia was called out lo proteit him:
Itelily was screaming that In all his life
he neer had seen such rough stuff at
tempted: Cene was roaring inarticu
lately, and Nick and Sid were trying to
make ns much noise as the umpires,
so n one noticed Tommy Scully stroll
In it'im deep rfi nt a secret signal
Sid found It necessary to gesticulate
with Imtli hands, ami let so of Nick,
who thereupon fell off the base. Tommy
Scully put the ball on him.
"1 learned something nt Seton Halt,
anyway," (lene remarked, trotting off to
plnv a new IHisltlon.
I I hope Tom nnd (lene nre returned :
Democrats should have a fair show for
Hy the way, that annual game In
placed for the benefit of the District
children's playground fund,
i i: v. t.
MoNTCi.Atn, N. J.. August 15.
Half of lat year' orange crop from the
Malaga dlntrlet, Spain, nent I" Lonlon.
Tli,. trio, amounted to 100.000 hoe.
HollvUn merchant" are Interested In
portable liouum, aehonl furniture. lnrb,l
jnlre, nlre moi"iilt') netting and eirelem
There l a tnarkat for het, suaar,
coal and mlphate of copper In the Mal
aga ilflrU't, Spain.
rinnlfli nipllallite are financing a new
line nf Meamihip to mke direct tatllnc
frmn l'lnnlh to South American porta.
It I" rumored that ilermany haa manu
factured l,.'.oo,nno,000 ixorih of upllri
elnce the beginning of the nar. and la only
nailing for the rlore of hmlllitlea to put
them upon the market.
The llureau of 1'lnlierle" ha discovered
n method for Inrreatlng the crop of min
uet nhelK The natural beiln In the Mli-
lanlppl alley have been badly depleted In
the In it few yera.
It Inn been discovered that Datura altia,
a plant growing In nhumlanee throughout
the Philippines, contains a large amount
nf ntroplnr, The plant Is not cultivated
nn the Islands, but American drug manu
facturers are ordering Urge quantities of
Copper ranked first In Alaska's shipments
to this country In '.lie neal ear mm,
reaching n total nf 117,000,000 pounds val
ued at i'0,.".o(i,ooo.
Argentina's rice crop for Ifilfl promlies
to be a record one, The Oovernment haa
prnldeil for Its milling.
(las plnnla In eeverat nf the smaller Ital
ian cities have been forced to shut down
liecausA of the shortage of coal,
Norwegian dealers finr American hard
war and Consul Charles formal! suggests
that American exporters establlih agen
cies In llergen or Chrlntlnnla.
(Ireece Is In the market for typewriter
While pine suitable for making butter
boxes Is needed n N(w Zealand, The
ilomesttn supply of while plna Is rapidly
' In Driest Missouri.
JVoui Iht I'mt Vountv I.taitr.'
A Cape lllrurdeau motorist saw a long
snake by the rondilde and flopped tu kill
It, After getting a club and belaboring It
right lgorously he made a dljcovery that
hat ha t""k for a snake was only, a aao
Hon of rubber buggy tire,'
M EH SIT AND LIE.
Drlaka, Boasts and a Cab Collision In
the Search for the Blonde.
To the Editor or The Sun Sir: Why
Is It that so many gentlemen whose
honor has never been assailed, whose
honesty aad toualMM Integrity have
never been questioned, and who rightly
place high valuo on and take, great
pride In their reputations as men of
probity and responsibility, will so often
sit together In their club or caf and tlo
to each other about trivial things or
frivolous, unimportant personal achieve
ments some of which exist only In their
Imagination with a barofaccdnes only
equalled by the futility of It all? And do
this, ton. In a state of Ice cold sobriety.
l'lsh stories probably predate Jonah,
and to-day there In no really ambitious
salt water bathing beach but has nt
least one man eating shark. After golf
came In the 1,000 yard put was heard
of almost simultaneously with the click
of the loo In tho glass of the tenth
Scotch and soda at tho clubhouse. Later
outos were run on high gear up hills
whose Inclined roads make the trail to
the top of Mount McKlnlcy look as flat
as tho Merrick road on t.ong Island.
Aeroplanes havo not yet become so com
mon that they nro a feature of this
Munchsusentlkn small talk, but their,
day will arrive. Think of some cheer
ful liar In n )ear soon to come telling
how he flew from Chicago to New York
In twenty minutes, when ns a matter of
fact It took lilm nearly an hour.
It was Just this sort of childishly
boastful conversation that Hill, a few
other friends and myself were enjoying
at a table, not so far from the bar that
the poor waiter who was serving ns
would bo overcome In bis many trips
this hot weather. Wo should always
be mindful of others. Then tho subject
of forced pedestrliinlsn: because of the
car strike came up. Hill raid that he
ued to think nothing of a wnlk of a
hundred blocks. Some one else said
that when ho lived In S'taten Island ho
used to walk around tho Island before
breakfast each morning. It really was
nothing. Another chap, who lives In
New Itochelle and whose office Is near
Howling Qreen, told how he used to walk
from his home to his ofllce every fair
morning and several times caught cold
because absentmlndedly ho had passed
his office and got his feet wet by walk
ing off the sea wall at tho Hattery. it
was up to me.
"Well, gentlemen." I snld. "all you
have told us Is most Interesting. Hut
I want you to know what happened to
me one Sunday morning. I started that
morning on foot from West llntli street
for the Imperial to get an eye opener.
My old friend Joe. (Jross there knows
Just what 1 want. As I walked I
thought. I do my best thinking when
"That's why ou don't suffer from
corns, isn't It?" put In Hill.
"However," I continued, paying no
attention to Hill, "I walked on and on.
The urban scenes dissolved Into the sub
urban, and these In turn changed to
the open country. Still I thought on."
"What? And forgot all about your
drink?" said Hill, amazed.
"Please shut up! I'm lying. I meajn
talking." I replied. "I walked on and
presently found myself In I'lillaaphla.
Oentlemen, It was frightful. You can't get
a drink In Philadelphia nn Sunday for
love or money. At least 1 couldn't.'
After having lied our Ilea we nil felt
better. It was then decided that Hill
ami I slicnild enter into a walking con
test, partly for the sport of the thing
and partly on foot In preparation to
continue the search for my lost blonde
sister-in-law. It was arranged that Bill
and I should walk down on the oppo
site sides of Hroadway to the Hattery.
We started. Hill nn the east side. I on
the west. In trying to keep my eye on
Hill's progress I bumped Into so many
ladles nnd others and had so many ex
pressions f hope for my HI future
heaped on my head, voiced profanely
and otherwise, that I gave up trying to
follow Hill nnd lost him In the crowd.
It Is hard to t-onfes oneself a quit
ter, but at Herald Square 1 had to g!e
, In. 1 looked for a tal. There wa but
one in ine nuuuie oi ine street. I rumen
Sto It nnd called to tho driver. "Tlio Hat
tery!" I opened the door and Jumped
tu. As I did some ono entered the cab
tastily from tho opposite side. Our
heai came together with a crash. It
was Hill. T. V.
New Yor.K, August is.
TOLL OF PANIC.
A Tale That May lle'rolllahly Studied
To tiik KniTon or Tin: Scn Sir: is
there not grave danger In the present
situation ns to Infantile paralysis of panic
adding to the ravages of disease?
Centuries ago, when tho Plague sought
admission nt the gates of a certain city,
the gatekeeper licked him: "How many
lllves will you take?"
The Plague answered: "Only a thou
sand," ami was admitted.
Some weeks later, as the Plague was
passing out, the gatekeeper called lilm to
task for having taken lO.OOo, where
upon the Plague said : "No, I took but
l.coo us agreed, I'nnlc took the other
Nr.w York. August IS.
Somewhat Mure Kffcctual Than That
of a Fly on Sticking Paper,
To Tin: KniTon or Tnr Scn sir: On
July 2! Mr. II. .1. Hutler nf Newaik
mill In a letter printed on the editorial
page of Tin: Sl'N that "the King or
Italy resembles a lly on sticking papir,
twittering his wings but making no
Perhaps now, with (iorlzla taken, the
gentleman will be so kind as to regret
bis remark nnd frame an apology to
Vlttorlo III. We never can tell.
Italy, with all her "selrishness." has
still collaborated witli the Kutcnto to
accomplish u great victory.
New YonK, August IS. Dovkhe.
It lies like a senr through the meadow,
So noiseless; no Inngei It lugs
Of delight in the atarduat, Iti inulc
Has vanlhed--a harp without strliiK".
Its rushes when stirred by the zephyrs
They whisper the rustling of wlnss,
No longer the cresses embroider
Its banks with their green lUlgrre;
II lies there bereft of Its ieitt -This
ghost "f the brook of the lea,
This sad llttl- brook that l thirsting
Tor rnlndrupj lo set Its heart free.
What, ho! when the morning awakens
It sliiK" wllh It" IU'ry delight
Ah! aweet mother Nature mi tender
IlaptUed It nnrw In tho night.
Ilinui l. S'l.Mlnl n Kl.l.l r.i.
High Cost of n Mage Career.
r'rtoii the ruprkit Ciiiifn,
Tank tlrterly llgurea that the labor, iare
and ntteiillmi necessary to the training of
a pig for sluge purpoirs would, If prop,
erly applied, produce u million pounds nf
baron, four hundred thousaml hams and
a proportionate amount of auuiuft and
THE THREATENED INVASION OF OUR
Under the Provisions of the Shipping Bill Foreign Ships Can Be Put Into
Trade Between American Ports.
from a (peers ty AVnafor Harding o Ohio.
The uncertainty of the extent to
which the Oovernment will proceed, the
effects of Its competition, which seem
to have no limitation In any direction In
foreign or domestic carrying all of
these meet nnd Important questions will
remain In abeyance until tho Govern
ment has showp Its hand. Pitiably small
an $S0,000,000 Is In this undertaking, It
makes a formidable competitor, nnd the
party which votes nfty millions may ote
live hundred millions, If kept In power.
Of rourso there Is a possibility that
sime corporation may be formed. If one
Is not already formed, whose relations
to the new Federal Shipping Hoard, when
that board Is npiolnted, will 1m closer
nnd more Intimate than the relations of
other corporations or firms or Individ
uals, und such a corporation, managed
by men astute. In the buying and sell
ing and the building and selling and
tho chartering and leasing of ships,
might be a very useful adjunct to the.
Fedoial Shipping Hoaid, n semi-official
company as It were, through which "the
people In the business," If alhe, would
quickly Und It to their advantage to
operate If they had any occasion at all
to do business with the Federal Shipping
Hoard. There nro unlimited onimrttinl -
tlc.H for ramification nnd connections,
more or less close, of thin kind, nnd
favoritism may become a new "pal" of
the party In power.
Had It been safe to do so and had
the purchase of the ships of belligerent
) nations been possible at reasonable
prices, there might have been some Jus-
tlflcatlon of Government financial aid
In their acquirement to meet urgent and
, ,, . i . . ,
nimedlate needs. Hut such purchase
has been forbidden, wisely. I think, in
order to make the bill even tolerable to
many members of the .eluctant majority
of this body. Moreover, the bill, as
amended, dots not tiermlt the purchase
rf ships now engaged III our trnde. And
of the ships which may be required, none
may fall li-dow a standard of , per
I 'cent, of Its original elUWency. Thus clr-
ctimscrlbed and hedged about, the Fed-
oral Shipping Hoard Is to go forth and
spenn lis 3..n.ouo.iMMi. goes on to e.iy. I quote:
Hut this Is the least of its weaknerser. ! lwMH ,,, B
or evils, since the fifty millions may soon ml, , Amtr,.Mll -,lrv ur ,toim,
1-c spent and soon be forgotten, the nfty , M Ikrnse under this a.-l. and tes-ls
millions and the ships It bus us well. I nwik'd, (bartend or leased by nny eorfor.1
Hut tlio bill Is so amended as U admit 1,1 "hleh the I'nlle.l Stales la .i sloek-
to our coastwhc carrying any foreign
built ship the (iovermnent may hulld.
buy, lease or charter. It may use Its
fifty millions, possibly, to buy nnd sell,
land to bay and sell over and over again,
enough ships to destroy the American
built ship" tthlvli. since the foundation
((f our (5oernmint, have been permitted
to do our coastwise carrying.
1 Tntll now, under n law enactid in
1 S 1 T. nn ship could engage in our coast-
ii-Ln n,r,i'ln llti uu ...it t.nllt I., tl.n
i i. . c. . i . V
. c. ..... - rosa..- ,o
our coastwise carr.ving our laws hue for
inmost a century required the building
a the ships In the I n ted states, and
even before that the discrimination by
law established against foreign ships
ciigaslhi: in our coastwise cnn.tiug
-t..iE so drastic as to keep them out of
il completely. Never have we allowed
foreign ships to do our coastwise carry
'Irg. and It Is an Amcrlcin policy to rc
Jo'.ce the American heart.
Have the provisions of this very re
markable bill been examined be Sena
X Democratic Platform t'hurge nf Kx
To tmi: KniTon or Tut: Scn sir: The
Democratic platform adopted by the con
vention at Saratoga last Friday r.(:
We Indh't the Whitman iidmlnlsiriiion
for aross waste of publl. funds It "t
named with the people to aeduee the lum
ber of ofljees ond lower the nf of
eruinent. This pledg It has wanton. y
Apparently Mr. Murph' convention
could not or would nut slop t look up
the f.ut In the case, but assumed that
because four years of Demm-rath words
and no Democratic deeds almost wricked
the State, the HepiiblKan administra
tion has done likewise. Had the dele,
gates stopped to ponder over the facts
before Inserting th.s plank they would
have found enlightenment.
The departments of Klllclency and
Kconomj' and State fire Marshal, which
were created under the Democratic ad
ministration and run at a cost of 1'-'S.-Ono
a jear, note abolished. Trte ofllce
of the Slate Suiietliitcndint of flec
tions, which cost 3Sn,iiOO In 1P1I, cost,;
but 1 1 r.n.ooo now. The Workmen's Com
pensatloti Commission, which was clumsy
and Ineffective, and the Department of
Labor, havo been combined, and whcie
,i the Workmen's Coiupc ns.itlou Com
mission cost tl'inViO'i lo run in the Hist
year of Its activity under cx-lluvernor
lilynn, both departments are now run at
a cost of $!3ti,i00.
Look at tho unnecessary olTlccs abol
ished. Frank M, Williams, upon assum
ing the duties of State fnglnecr and
Survejor on January 1, 1PIS. proceeded
to combine two bureaus which hud ex
isted under State f.nglncer John A. Hen
sel. with a consequent saving to the tax
paers of Jl.aSil a day. Till, of course,
greatly reduced the cost of running this
depaitment, and lo engineering ex
penses of 191S were more than KiOO.Oun
lower tliiin under llensel.
Compare any of tli?se savings they
are by no means all with the ope made
by former Secrct.n y of State William
,1. Ilryan, who appearing l"orc t lie
Committee ou Appropriations In the
House in J.iuuar, fall, and speaking
uf hi. own Department, said:
I was determined that there should be
one department (hat should be run for less
than It was before. If I eou:d bring II
about, and (he tost ! fl'.'n less thuu It
was last rar
The record of this not very miking
economy Is to be found In tho speech
made III the lloiisn nil September 1 ?,
131 1, hy ltepresentntlvo illllett, ranking
member of tho Coninut.ee of Appropria
tions, and It' certainly does not substan
tial tho Democratic claim of itcpub
llcau extravagance, which was so reck
lessly made in I HI'.', (in tlio other baud,
tho appropriation bill in the Senate took
away what llttln force them was In Mr.
Ill, van's statement, as it came hack to
the Iluiitc with two I.Suo clerkships
tors, nnd with the care that they merit?
1 wonder! Take section S, for example.
Note the very su-ecplng character of its
That the board, with the approval of
tho President, la authorized to havt con
structed and equipped In American ship,
yards and navy ards or elsewhere, giving
preference, other things being equal, to do.
Regarding this I shall have more to
Or tn purcliafC
It Is, right here that I desire to engage
the thoughtful uttentlon of Senators
l.ea! or charter, vessels suitable, as fa
ns the commercial requirements of th
marine trade nf the United States may
penult, for use as naval auxiliaries or army
tran-iiorte, or for other natal or military
Senators will notice, I am sure, that
It Is not even necessary that the Oov
ernment shall purchase the foreign bull'
vessel that It tuny desire: It need but
lease or charter thein frum their for
eign owneis. Murk you, tins foreign
ownership may continue, but the vessels
may come under the control of tee
t.'nlted States for ue only during the
period of their lease, or charter. And
let. what do uc flint? Ite.-til .ei-fl,.ti ?
, lllolc , for tnp clivcllfm.c ,lf ScIM.
I Tint the boir.l, upon terms ami romll-
Prescribed by It and appmved by lb.
4'rrnldent, may t harler. lease or el to
I nnjs person, h citizen of (he United Slates,
1 el purchased-
Agaln 1 beg the critical attention of
Constructed or transferred.
Does not this mean that a leased or
chartered foreign vessel may be released
or recburtered to an American citizen
hy tho Federal Shipping Hoard? It
seems so to inc. On that assumption,
what may bn done with the foreign r.-
scl that Is first leased or chartered by
our Federal Shipping llu.inl and by I'
flensed or rcvtiHrlcred to an American
1 citizen? Mind ou, tills Is still ii for-
. , , , . ,
i elan vessel, so far lib ownership Is con-
cerned. What may be done with her"
Section D sajs:
! That any esnl purchased
l Mark you, "any cssel"
Chartered or leased from the board nut
"""' r enrolled and lleensed. or
,tt,, , lh. i.m, ,, prlvllegea upper-
s( that theie shall be no doubt as to
i,a, tl,S(, privleg. arc, the section
"older, and voxels nl.i. leased or char
tered to any peron a citizen of the t'nlted
Stales, as prntlded In this aet, may engage
In the coastwise trade of the United States.
Doubtless our registry, our enrollment
.nut license regulations will have to be
ro amended Unit a leased or a chartered
forel.n ,s.-el may bo teglsterod or en
rolled and licensed ns n vessel of the
t'nlted States, and the deiiultloti of what
a veseel of the t'nlted ates Is. as here
tofore understood ai- provided, will have
,u " changed also, so that a vessel of
,,. jj,,,,,. ,h. ,lls provision
mat tie .1 fnrelso teasel nU'im.f Tit tn.
,, ,,,,,. u-fr
r l.lur,.r , ,mr ,.-eilrra, Japping
,.,, ., ,,v m.ev rel,MM.(, ur' rf.
chartered to an American citizen.
Have we come to that In our Inordi
nate zeal to alw foreign vessels to en-
. ,r UMr Cl,.t.c trad-.' A line iner
chant marine we shall have, with foreign
owned veses carr.ving documents Issued
I by the Fulled States designating them
I as registered or enrolled and licensed
. vessels of the fulled States!
and a l -.00 Assistant Secretary of
Perhaps .Mr. Murphy's convention l
inc.ip.thh of recognizing" a cut In te
pa.tro'.t of the State when It does exisr,
or iioth.ips the crafty Tammany chief
tain hopes to feed the people on more
Democratic words nnd let them look in
vain for deeds. The ways of Tammany,
like those of the Chinamen, are. Indeed
peculiar. U. X. IUT.
AI.IUNT, August 1.1.
A RELIC jOF BARBARISM.
The Third llegree Shoold lie Abolished
To Titr irntTon ok Tub Sun Sir: I
have been greatly Interested hi .tour
editorial articles dealing with the "wn
i lotion of Stlelovv by tho third decree
methods. Tlie staying of the death
IHMialty by a far seeing Judge should
bring iibout the abolition by law of that
dlsijiaceful relic of the Inquisition,
The Constitution surrounds the sn
poet with a suitable protection, which
Ic should at all times hate. A per
son apprehended or suspected of having
loiiuulttcd a crime stands before the
law its innocent until admissible proof
Is submitted to tho court at hit, trial
and tlm welgit of ovldnnee Is decided
Tlu law should protect him from being
brow beaten, coerced, Halved nnd fright
ened Into the admission of a crime
tluoiigh despair and little or no knowl
edge of r nr laws.
No suspect is icqiilrcd to give evi
dence of any naure befom his trial
that may bo used against lilm at Ins
trial. Tho evidence obtained through
the third degiee Is alwajs of doubtful
character, v, n. u,
Nkwauk, N. .1., August 13.
Mlicn the front Porch ( ainpalgn Is I Inall.i
To Tur. IliuroK oc Tiik Scn ir.' I
President VIInii : to foilow Mr. Until'
on Iliu stump.
Who Is trolllK to "kesp in f war'
while Wncidrow hits the lluthe- trai ?
A more pertinent tnquli) is, who
going to foot the bill'."'
Is ho to truvel on this po..tl al tour a
(he expense of the miliary "
A litn r llrsi'ra
llnmikKx, .V .1 , Aiikiii 1.1.
Xlr. lasrkwniHt Vlotes I'plown.
To i ii k Dm ii. r. in Tin: Si x ur I r
mil that theie was a Isiekuood, book
ii'tler and stationer, on llrtniitwa), ii
ill. no ilrais I'hurili, 1 think It was SI..
In the early 'sin,
l-nkuoJ sou, Itl hard It, was still Is
business 111 S'i'W York ubnut three tears
ao, but I do not lenieuiber In Just what
line be was enuair-d IloltritT 'llt'lirz.
Ni:w toi:it, Ausii't to.
(In Crusoe's Isle.
t'msoe saw the rootprMil
"I'h-re Is i, inre than icio a "te.ni ur s '
he luiiltered "That Is plainly a man u ii.g
In get home without waking lilt wife,'