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TH. SUN, THUKbDAY, AUGUST 24, 19.ti, '
AND NKW YOHK ritE8B.
Tllt'ltSDAV, AtJUUST 24. 1016.
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oar Irieni tcfco laior ".y'1 mo?u;
ilp( and WurtmHon. lor publloatlon uii
to Live tfltclrd artlelet returned they mull
In all eaten Mend stamps lor that purpose.
The Meilean Commission.
President Wimios has apparently
rnade a good choice of Mexican com
missioners. The ability of Fkankun
K. Lane Is now generally known; It
Is coupled with nn Imaginative gift
Ihnt nmy be of value In the negotla
Hons to be begun. Jutlso Geobob
fJnAT Is highly nuallned by his ser
vices at the making of peace with
Spain In 1808, on the anthracite bonrtl
In 1002 antl as a member of the
peace court at The IlngtiN. John R.
Matt Is a tireless worker who has
the respect of all who know him.
But whut are these men to do?
Every one knows now rho.t we shnll
have to withdraw our troops from
Mexli;o very soon. Can we withdraw
" thermfrom the border entirely? It Is
not likely that to' do so will bo safe
for n long time yet.
Are we to lend money to Cak
iiama? Probably, since he can get It
nowhere else. He may guarantee the
protection of American lives and prop
erty, but tlio guarantee Is plainly
It Is not apparent that the confer-
v ence can accomplish anything except
-' lhe withdrawal of our soldiers and
the negotiation of a small loan. It
will drag along until after eleotlon.
while our guardsmen remain at the
border and Mr. Wilson tries to tlraw
attention to something north, east or
west, or In the sky.
The atlwari Bargain.
If' the railways are reluctant to
make with Woodbow Wilson the po
litical bargain that he wishes they
have wod reasons for hesitation.
What can the President promise
them that 1 worth a straw?
Can he compel the Interstate Com
merce Couimlsilun to grant the neces
sary Increases In freight rates?
Can he compel Congress to pass a
compulsory arbitration law?
Just how much would a compulsory
arbitration law be worth If enacted?
Would the Supreme Court of the
United suites compel men to work
against their will?
It Is not the purpose of Xhs Sun to
question the propriety of a sensible
quarantine, applied In the strict sense
of the word: that Is, Isolation of In
fected persons nnd persons who have
been exposed to Infection. Our aim In
criticising the methods adopted by
certain municipalities In the present
epidemic of infantile paralysis Is to
protect the public's peace of mind
against that undesirable and discom
forting germ, fear. It has been proved
In epidemics of cholera, of yellow
fever and of other destructive diseases
that unreasoning fear reduces the re
flating capacity of tbo human organ
ism and contributes gravely to fatal
results. Contempt of danger 1a at all
times and under all conditions fool
hardy; this Is the antithesis of the
panic that subverts reason.
A responsible correspondent In
forms us that one hotel proprietor ad
mitted guests to hlrs house 'while
health officers were consulting on a
case of supposed Infantile paralysis 1n
the building. The Incident Illustrates
the greed of the landlord and the
negligence of the health ofllcers, who,
having frightened guests by declaring
them to be In quarantine, eventually
permitted them to pass out with the
absurd promise that they would have
their noses disinfected I
A gentleman, prompted by reading
the article on "Quarantine Hysteria,"
called at The Spn ofllce to tell ns
that on returning wl(h two sons,
eleven and thirteen, from a two
weeks vacation, his house was pla
carded, despite the fact that he
offered to have his children examined
and to bring a certificate showing
that he did not come from an Infi-cied
locality, lielng it lawyer ho lost nn
tlenco with I ho ruling of the Health
Hoard that "any ono who moved to
the town with children must be quar
antined," as lio was a resident of
tho town and simply returned after
aa absence of two weeks. A suit has
neen begun to determine whether the
Health Hoard hns exceeded Its nil-
flmrlty In llil ense. One contention
will pnilmlily lie lluit I lie tnniMills-l
1 billty rrnin liutiiitlis to Iiiiiiiiiii1- of 111'
faiillle paral.vli I- not irord, n point
'I hi; K.n Iun M't forth to bring nliout
t. more sensible guurdluiMilp of the
public than the hysterical quarantine
measures now In force provide.
It h gratifying thnt the recent con
ference of health ofllcers nt Wash
ington disapproved municipal and In
terstate quarantines, and agreed with
The Sun In its reeommendutlotthnt
"eertlHcntes of private lihyslclans will
not nlone bo sulllclent basis for the
Issuance of permits to travel. Per
mits for Interstate travel will be
based on mcillcal Instmctlon,"
t.'nless the outbreak npets the ob
servations of all formor epidemics,
the traiiNmlsslhlllty of the disease
from humnns to humans must remain
doubtful, and all quarantine regula
tions based uion this' theory will be
unwarranted by facts.
Three Tests of Mr. Wilson.
The first tct of Mr.NWiLso's ill
ness for the ofllce he holds camo In
Mexico. As Mr. Hfoilrs says, our
only concern with Hukrta was his
ability to protect American liver, and
property. This single requirement
which should have determined our
recognition of Hpkhta was Ignored by
The price In American lives of Mf
Wilson's blunder Is still being paid.
Then came the Ismiic of submarine
warfare. After assuming the cor
rect position of "strict accountability"
Mr. Wilson wavered, When the
I.usltanla was sunk the1 President of
the United States was reduced to the
state of being "too proud to tight."
He wrote note after note to Germany,
but as yet he has achieved no satis
The third ordeal Is In progress.
Tour hundred thousand men threaten
to strike and cripple the country. They
will not hear of arbitration, although
the other side asks only that. Mr.
Wilson knifes the principle of arbi
tration, adopts a course likely to cap
ture tho trainmen's votes, and find
ing thut he cannot readily force his
programme upon fjie railways, offers
them political bargains.
The railways naturally do the best
they can In a hopeless situation.
Mr. Wilson has been tested once,
Small Matters. Indeed.
The Thomas amendment In the ship
bill authorizing th Treasury De
partment to refuse clearance papers
t4fvesels declining to carry Amerlcau
cargo for any other renson than
lack of space may be In violation of
our treaty obligations wlth foreign
Powers, but that fact Is not likely to
obstruct Its passage or to Influence
the President In his action on It.
It Is true that the necessity of ne
gotiating new trentles will afford op
portunities for the Interested Powers
to revise the existing agreements In
ways favorable to themselves, nnd cal
culated to Improve their situation In
tile period of commercial competi
tion that will follow the conclusion
of peace. It Is likewise true that the
abrogation of the treaties will have u
most disturbing effect on nur rela
tions with n number of Powers with
which It Is desirable we should be
In harmonious Intercourse, and with
which the United States at present
Is discussing questions of grave lin
Iiort. Undeniably, the United States
should avoid unnecessary friction un
der the existing circumstances.
nut these considerations will avail
little In Washington. The seamen's
law contalTicd provisions In violation
of our treaty obligations, a fact that
was Ignored In Its enactment; the
external and Internal effects of that
measure were regarded as of no con
sequence In comparison with the
source of the demand for Its pas
sage. In the case of tho seamen's
hill, this was the superior maritime
Intelligence of the Hon. JIoiiebt Ma
rion Lf Follktte, the Wisconsin
Pompadour; nnd shall It ever be said
that he exercised a greater Influence
than the Hon. William Gums Mr
Anoo, Secretnry of the" Treasury?
The Crocker Land Espedltlon.
The dog days account for a good
many derangements of the human In
tellect, but for a long time nothing
more absurd has emanated from
Washington than the story that be
cause Knslgn Fitzhuuh Green of the
navy has arrived tit Copenhagen
without saying anything about tho
existence of Crocker Lnntl nn at
tempt will be mado In Congress to
deprive Hobebt Peary of the rank of
Admiral and cancel his pension.
It has been known for more than
n year that Crocker Land was a
mirage which on Juno 24, 1000,
Peary saw from Cape Thomas Hub
bard. To attain nnd explore this un
known land Donald It. MacMillan,
an old lieutenant of Peary, bended
an expedition la 1013 under the
auspices of tho American Museum of
Natural History. Ensign Fitzhuuh
Green accompanied MacMillan as a
representative of the United States
Government. MacMili n and Green
with two K-l;lnios made a "dash"
from the northern end of Axel Hel-
berg Land In April, 1011. They
reached "the supposed site of Crocker
Land," to quote MacMillan, on April
2.1, and were confounded when only
it wilderness of frozen sea nnd' Ice
ridges met their gnze. There was no
hind, no new continent. They, like
Pemiy, had been deceived; for, to
quote MacMillan again; "To us,
standing on the heights of Capo
Thomas Hubbard, and for several
days on the polar sen, there was
every apiienrance of an Immense
tract of land extending along J20 de
grees of the horizon, .hills, vnllej-s
and snow capped peaks." 5Jac.Mii.lan
mid Giir.hN went forward with high
hopes, only to meet with dishearten
Hut these two Intrepid explorers
soon rnlllt'tl from their depression.
After reaching Klah, Greenland, on
the return trip plans were made for
polar explorations hy groups of Mac
Millan'h party, as relief could not
bo expect etl for a yenr or lnore. The
American Museum of Natural His
tory despatched the schooner George
H. Cluett from. Jyew York In June,
Itll'i. In charge of Dr. Khmumi O.
Hovky, to bring back the explorers.
She got no further than NorHt Star
Hay. being stopiied by severe Ice con
ditions, and wintered In Parker Snow
Hay, 1."0 miles south of Ktnh. About
the last word of MacMillan himself
came from Dr. Hoey hy way of the
Faroe Islands. It was received In
New York on May 21. 10W. With
the use of Kniid Hahaiusskn's power
boat Dr. Hovky found nt Ktnh Kn
slgn Orken, Maurice Tanqua!t, Je
rome Lee Allen and W. E. Kki.aw
of the original expedition. "Other
members, Donai.o It. MacMillan, Jon
athan C. Small and Dr. Harrison
T. Hpnt," he. wrote, "absent hunting
for food." Thnt was the day of Dr.
Hovky's arrival, apparently, for' fur
ther on in the snme despntch ho says;
"MacMillan has started out on an
other tx;iedlllon to Plnlay Land
(King Christian Island)." Dr. Hovey
ended by asking for a second relief
vessel, and tho Greenland Mining
Company's steamer Danmnrk was
How many of the members of Mac
Millan's Crocker Land expedition
are still at Ktnh or "somewhere" In
the Arctic Is still to be learned. Tan
qpary, Allen nnd Green hnve re
turned to civilization at Copenhagen.
With Dr. Hovky they started from
Ktnh In January. 1010, to cross Mel
ville Hay on sledges, their objective
being one of the southern Danish set
tlements of Greenland. Dr. Hovey,
a man of M years, was overcome by
the cold and returned to winter quar
ters at North Star Hay. The others
kept on and gained Kgedesmlntlo.
A question to-be answered In con
nection with tho Crocker Land enter
prise Is 'why and how the original
party split up, some of the members
leaving Donald MacMillan to return
home themselves nnd others staying
with him to continue the explorations
he had planned. We should have the
whole story when the Dunmark Is
heard from. At present the mystery
Is Impenetrable. TJie fate of Mac
Millan and his selected companions
In the expedition to Klnlny Land re
mains In doubt. At the Ktnh base
all should be well. MacMillan was
eonpdent. however, thnt he could
"live as the natives do" and take care
Nil"" Intelligent person can have an
Interest In the effect upon Admiral
PKARY'Sjforlunes of MaoMillan's dis
covery (not Green's) that Crocker
Land has no place on the map. That
demonstration may be the jiecullar
concern of Dr. Cook's friends in Con
gress, who have never been convinced
by Admiral Peary's diaries or his
general reputation that he attained
the north pole.
Sarins the Game Birds.
In Its decision not to recommend
an oiK-n spring season for wild duck
In lIliuoK Iowa, Missouri, Nebraska
and Kansas the advisory committee
of the Department of Agriculture has
followed the counsel of A-ecognlzcd au
thorities on the habits of migratory
birds. Originally It was proposed to
allow shooting In these live States
In the fall and spring, while only fall
seasons were established for the other
States. Hut the weight of Informed
opinion Is against the spring shooting,
and the gain In efficiency from the
abolition of spoclnl privileges In any
State Is obvious.
The development of bird conserva
tion under Federal regulation must
necessarily be slow, nut the whole
plan may bq upset by the decision
as to the Government's power In the
premises M the case now before the
Supreme Court. In the four years
that have passed since the statute
under which the present action was
taken was put nu the books It has
been shown that better results may
be obtained from the exercise of a
central authority than from Inde
pendent action by the States. It Is
doubtful, Indeed, whether the preser
vation of game could be accomplished
hy State laws, while It Is safe to
say that under the protection of the
United States wild creatures not only
can be saved from extinction but re
stored to the numbers they attained
before pot hunters hegnn their process
The trenty under which Canada
and the United States are to cooperate
to this end will soon be put before
the Senate, and If It Is accepted It
will strengthen materially tho game
conservation movement. -
"He Kept Ua Out of War."
It Is affirmed that Woodkow Wh.
son has eurned for himself a place
In hNtory beside Gkoroe Washing
ton and Aiiruiam Lincoln because,
unlike those heroes of the nast. "he
has kept us out of war."
Granting, for the moment, that the
non-pnrtlclpatlon of the United States
In the present war Is to Its credit
anil to its spiritual advantage, and
that to Mr. Wir.so.v, and not to Em
perors, Kings, Czars, Sultnns and
statesmen of lesser titles belongs the
credit for our relief from the ma
terial burdens Imposed by It; grant
ing, again only for the moment, that
the mero maintenance of peace must
reflect undying glory on tho Indi
vidual who accomplishes It, how con
temptible, bow petty, how mean np
pears the record Mr, Wilson has com
piled If measured by thnt of Constaw
tink I King of tho Hellenes!
This ruler, beset by difficulties such
as tho President of tho United States
has not known, subject to perils men-
aclng his dynasty, torn by domestic
and political alliances of the most In
timate nature, his country Invaded
by hereditary enemies and hereditary"
friends, his authority set at naught,
his life and the future of his people
endnngered from every side, has kept
his country out of war, under con
ditions of a kind thnt Mr. Wilson
should thank heaven have not been
forced upon lilin.
If what Mr. Wilson has done en
titles him to the exalted honors It Is
asserted are his, v. 1th what -words
shall the glorious triumphs, of Cos
htantine he Inscribed on the pages
Congress has been naked to Investi
gate Piart'b discovery of the north
pole; and a number of Representa
tives and Senators would undoubtedly
rejoice to forsake torrid Washington
immediately for a personal Inspection
of tho frozen north.
If Secretary Danisls Is willing "to
have It out with Mr. Gardner at any
time or place In any form of dobate
which would best suit the Massachu
setts Representative," tho country may
now have tho truth about the gun
nery practice of the navy. Or will
Joseph us Daniels still withhold the
full scores and explanatory details be
cause to publish them would give
other sea Powers information that
could be turned to tho disadvantage
of the United States? There was
never a more stupid evasion.
Perusal of naval bulletins from Ber
lin and London convey the Impression
that the iwarshlps of both Britain and
Germany Invariably run away after
exchanging nil tho shots In self-defence
they dare to fire.
When Major Baird, representing the
Aerial Hoard, tells the House of Com
mons that the Entente Allies have
accounted for thirty-live Zeppelins
since the war began, what does the
man mean? Would it not be difficult
for him to prove that the Germans
have had as many Zeppelins In com
mission? If tho Entente Allies huve
destroyed thirty-five of these great
air cruisers, the story would make In
teresting reading. .
'Long live our King, long live
Italy," was the greeting to Vicron
Kmmani ki. when he rode Into Gorlzla,
not on a prancmg charger, but in nn
automobile. It is said that the King
crossed the Gorlzla bridge while Aus
trian shells were falling upon It. The
other Entente Allies take lictter care
of royalty. Kings arc not likely to
live long if they defy shrapnel.
FIVE TO ONE.
A Holder of a Railroad Serurltj Ex
presses His Objections.
To the Editor or Tub Run .sir; As
one of the High Court of Public Opinion
I wish to register my vt Rjslnt the
unions In the rallro.nl case now before
the public. .
The bond and stock holders of rail
road securities number about I.OOO.ono,
against 400,000 men of the unions.
I own a bond of tho Krle. I nm a
Psmocrat, but If President Wilson com
pels the railroads to yield to his wishes
and thereby imporlls my security, my
vote will be cast against Mm.
White Plains. August 21
What Is to Happen to the Hun Whose
Earnings Are In the Dulanre?'
To th t Editor or The .sun Sir: Thanks
for your editorials on the railroad strike
altuatlon. You speak of three parties
Interested In the result.
There Is a fourth,, the small Investor,
ot whom you have said nothing, the per
son who after years of work hus put his
savings In railroad securities, expecting
from them an Income for the remainder
of his days. Are we to Tie, considered of
no account? Small Investors,
PLAiNriEi.p, N. J August 21.
From a Believer In Arbitration.
To the Editor or The Sun sir:
Thank God for your editorial article "Mr.
Wilson's Programme." You are abso
lutely right. Header.
i Boston, August 23.
Those Montreal Melon.
To the Editor or The Hun Sir: Mr.
Richard I. Read's appreciation of the
Montreal melon Is exquisite, but bis
knowledge of Its value Imperfect.
Like the choicest of Havana tobscco,
going only to plutocrats merely begin
ning to burn It up and to princes not
yet on their uppers, the Montreal melon,
in Its transcendent degree of quality,
with Its perfume ot I'erbla and sweet
ness,of paradise, Is raised by only two
or three humble farmers, who, like the
lords of labor In the railroad business,
tlx their own remuneration.
Not In a Montreal hotel, but In a shop
of St. Catherine tr,it. Ust August I
coveted one such which beparaled me
from un even five dollars. In a hotel
the slices of that melon might have
'"served up," all told, to the tune of f.50
and, as T know melons, worth It to
anybody with tho price. E. W.
New Tore, August S3.
Ruakln and Munition Makera.
To TBI Eoitps or TBS Sun Sir.' In re
gard to the letter of Alfred Muller en
titled "John Ruakln to the Munition Mak
er"" Mr. Muller ipeclllee "the munition
makera of tills country."
How about the munition makers of Ger
many? I would reipeotfully ark Mr.
Muller to tend coplea ot John Ilu-ktn to
Berlin and Eiaan. A. D,
Nswhk, N. J Aufint 23,
Whea tho Maids Are Pnlonlied.
To ths Epitos or Tus Sun Sir If the
Servant Glrli Union really aaiumes the
gigantic proportions which It la poiilbla for
It to ream, will the union parlor maid
and union cook refute to work for any
except thoee who are members of other
unions, audi aa plumbers, carpenters, ma
anna and machlnlata? Jjttle nnsiscn.
New YoiE, August 2.1.
Mr, Itedfleld'e Head aad the Bun Saw,
To ths Bditoi or Tna Sun Sir: That
party from New London, Mr. ,"A. H. c,"
la nil-taken when he lay that If Mr.
nedfleld'a head cornea In contact with the
buta saw the reaultlng product will be
sawdust. Mr. "A, n. R," la off hli n. A.
S. E. The product la bona meal, some
thing we uae In Flatbuah on our lawna to
make the gran grow, w. A. R. B.
FI.ATBDSII, Auguat 32.
Sucker state Accuracy,
From Ikt Itvit star.
Mrs. Lawrence Webb directs ua to cor
rect our Item that aha vlilted Fremont
Onsaett In Monmouth ajid aay that aha
vMted Mr. anil Mr. Fremont Doaaett In
A Mtaaful arrival
We shortly may Itlll
Tht R boat la canting
Willi ptarli lo Its shell.
THE ACADEMIC Q9TR1CH.
He Feeds as Best He May on Mora
To the Editor or The Son Sir: I
take it that most of us are humanita
rian enough to care what the rest or us
have to eat and what we ourselves havo
to eat. A Correspondent of The Bum
complained recently about the food
served on Park How. lie can be sure
that Park Row sufferer are not ths
Mr. Simeon Strunaky In an article on
"Academic Heights" In Hnrper't for
July presented nn attractive picture of
conditions up on Morntngslde Heights:
"The eating shops are small, but they
strive for and attain artistic effects, cosey
corners, soft lights, quaint furnishings,
an actual spinning wheel In the window."
He added that this Indicated something
better than tho tastes that are satisfied
at the cheaper restaurants. It Is to be
noted that nothing whatever Is said
about food. Now either Mr. Strunsky
never had to satisfy his "Innards"
three times a day on a Mornlngslds
restaurant diet or else It in so long ago
that he has forgotten. So far as
have discovered, In an experience of
several years, there are only three ex
amples of the artistic type of place he
describes. They are well enough In
their way, though one of them happens
to be an expensive tea room. For my
part I would Just as soonflo without
the "quaint furnishings" nnd would
even forego the spinning -wheel. Whole
some, clean, well cooked food, a rea
sonably varied menu nnd generous serv
tngs constitute all anybody ought to
need for ordinary sustenance.
I don't say that this combination
can't be had In the Mornlngslde Heights
district : hut one has to hunt for It. Out
of scores of boarding house tnbles.
"dining rooms" (almost every apart
ment house has one), a few pan out
well. But our concern Is with res
taurants or lunch rooms.
Mr. Htrunsky scorns the tastes that
are satisfied at the standardized places,
but one of the kind Is-crowded dally.
It Is In striking contrast to certain
other places a stone's throw from the
Columbia campus that could not stand
up under municipal Inspection. Hy the
ny, when Is that crusade going to resell
Mornlngslde, or will It peter out. before
It Rets there? Hundreds of students a
day eat food that may lie technically
clean (nnd may nor, served In a way
to disgust. The assumption seems to be
that students wilt swallow anything.
To be sure, more than half a mile
down Iiroadw.iy Is a good restaurant,
and more than halt a mile down Colum
bus avenue another of tho rathskeller
variety. As for the Polumbla Univer
sity commons, I have found people who
had been on the Heights most of a
summer session and had never heard of
It. It has never been the centre of
college community life that It might be
made, It some aspiring candidate for
the I'll. D. make n survey of eating
conditions up In his neighborhood In
stead of starving while he studies how
to help the masses.
'Starving"' exaggerates It of course.
for the academic ostrich Is not an un
familiar bird ; may he soon go the way
of the academic goat of Harlem that
Mr. Strunsky tells about. There are n
few of us on the Heights who are not
particularly academic, and who would
rather not be the ostrich or the goat.
Why ts It, anyway, that In tho matter
of eating placesof high quality and
medium price New York has to lag some
generations behind Uoston? W. U. C.
New York. August 23.
THE FETTERS OF SEX.
Can Suffragl-ts "ever Be Regarded
as Other Than Lovely Women?
To the EniTor or The Sun Sir: The
moat puissant enemy of woman suffrage
It. not the polemic but the patronage of
man. That large, gently Ironic surprise
of the male flank of society when
women score, that pat the sweet little
prodigy on the head attitude, particu
larly that half amused tolerance which
buses on sex nnd Its insinuations, wreak
more damage to the cause than all the
caustic ever mined.
Some time ago there was a big demon
strative parade for suffrage In New
York, It was a very serious effort, Hut
the frivolous reporter who wrote It up
for The Sun, brandishing Mh steel with
blissful unconsciousness, dealt this blow :
'Miss X5J was down on the programme
as a herald. Hlie was nntmng or ins
kind. Miss NZ wns n pench."
Ah, pathetic deletion of moral dignity,
deadly penetrntlon of a haughty and
sober cause! Men who read thnt would
lose the Issue In the eex, and the women
alio would be diverted through the
poli-on of an acute even If desultory
Chesterfield would never havs been
bothered by this Issue.
Stani.et K, Wilson.
Swarthmore, Pa., August 22.
A Peculiar Coincidence In Wllsonlan
To tiik Editor or The Sun Sir: May
1 ask If any observant citizen's curi
osity has In any degree been whetted
by the remarkable and suggestive stmul
tnnrouaness of the assumption by our
army of the unprecedented status of
being second lleutenantless and the dis
continuance of the danger of Invasion
from across the Rio Grande?
Highland Kaixs, August 28.
Itaelpe for a Model Newapaper.
To the" Kditor or The 8bs Sir! When
I went back with the empty the man was
Hill talking and I sat down on the can to
"If, however," he was saying, "newa
papers must cater to every possible buyer,
they ahould ba printed In aactlona of (our
pages. The flrat to conalet ot Important
news, teplct of Interest to educated folka
at refined taatea, and the editorial page
"Other sectlona would be made up ot
matter an' dictionary for all the mean
ings of the word 'matter,' particularly one
certain meaning graded down section by
section to the laat, which would naturally
contain aoclety froth, pet dog depiction,
divorce atuff, scandal, prlienihter dope
jnd miscellaneous alop of like nature.
l hub utit, i-uuiu uiuii ma v iin Dsfc
suited to his Intellectual deficiencies and
uncultivated requirements. We would take
only the nrat section of course, and "
"Air ye tvver comln' to breakfaat the
rantelloopea Is ataamln'T" aome en
screamed; an I moved on. Qua.
PiciTtis, III., Auguat 21,
Everybody la Hurrying Thea Days.
ntttman corraipnsienre itros, Haifa.
Four wagontoads of gypalea paiaed
through town last week, stopping only long
enough to tell a few fyrtunea and pick up
a few artlclea not belonging to thenv
In Harper"!! Uaiatine for September W, M.
Thompson coasts along the Connecticut shore,
R. W. Weaver climbs Fujiyama, H. N. Wsrdla
tells of the early Tennessee Indians, Preal
dent W, T, Foster pleads, for atudy In th
collages, GaHlard Runt describes the Stat
Department and Mr, and -Mrs. Walter Hal
continue thatr motor trip In Virginia. Mark
Twain's a rial la continued and ttwr are
alfbt atioa Mtrun aad fear cmbis.
MR. WILSON'S WARS.
The Absurdity of His Posing as a
Man of Peace Pointed Out.
To tub Editor or The sun Sir: "He
has kept us out of war." How? what
war? Would a determined policy with
Germany and the severing of diplomatic
relations with that empire have pro
duced war? .Certainly not. Germany
has been, and Is now, too busy to make
war on the United States.
As to Mexico I Walt not the capture
of Vera Crux war? American marines j
and sailors were killed and many Meal I
cans. If It was not war, what was It?
The subsequent Invasion of Mexico by
General Pershing resulted In the killing
of more American soldiers and of still
more Mexicans. General Pershing is
still on Mexican soil. If all this Isn't
war, what would be war? And yet
some self-styled Republicans announce
their Intention of voting for Wilson
"because he has kept .us out of war."
The honor of the United States has
been dragged In tho dust ngalrT nnd
again Iby Mr. Wilson, who Is "too rc-ud
to fight," until every self-respecting
Ifjamerlcan cltlsen must hang his head In
shame at the humiliating spectacle.
"Kept us out of war I" What . hum
bug! M. T. R.
New York, August 23.
EXEMPTING A CLASS.
Was Dr. Mcholas Murray Butler Pro
phetic In His Utterance?
To the Editor or The Sun Sir: At
the Grant birthday dinner before the
Middlesex Club In 1913, Dr. Nicholas
Murray Duller, In the course ot an ad
dress, and referring to certnlti notable
political tendencies at that tlmo, said :
(rent le'ues, going to the very founda
tion of free government, hare been ralaed.
The right of the Individual to the purault
of Ihoae actlvltlca and to the poaaeselon
of thoee Juat gains which are signified
b) the terms "civil llbert)" and "private
prnpert)" Is challenged. Open attempts
are making to free certain claaes and
certain occupations because of their num
ber and their supposed Influence from
the Juat operation of the taws, even of the
criminal laws. Class legislation, rls-s In
terests, clas? privilege are being exalted
on eery hand, provided only th class Is
large enough and the privileged persona
numerous enough Jo mak It politically
Is there anything going on ni the
White House Just now to recall the list
sentence of the above? Header.
Grernbburq, Pa., August 22.
CARRY YOUR OWN BAG!
The Lesson Taught by Railroad and
To the Editor or The Sun Sir: I
bought n return ticket at llrlck ChutVh.
.N. .1., on Monday last at 10 o clock
A. M. and expressed my baggage, a
dress suit case and a small straw case
for toilet articles, to t'lsher'n Island In
the Sound. I, was told at the Grand
Central Station that my return ticket
would take me to the Island nlthout
I made this trip as scheduled, arriv
ing at my destination on Fisher's Island,
having to pay 75 cents for the trip to
the Island, at 11 o'clock I'. M
Finding no suitable boarding place.
t latt for New York city nt 12 o'clock
noon. My baggage was somew here to be
found. 1 arrived on time at the Grand
Central Station and began a search for
my clothing. A very accommodating
clerk telephoned to the Hrle Railroad
Company, Twenty-third street and the
The answer came that my goods ncie
there and that I must pay for having
left them for a week, t then paid IM15,
which was a gross Injustice.
I am stllV without my clothing nt 10
o'clock P. M. Of course another day or
two, perhaps n neck, will pass, fori
which 1 shall be robbed of more money.
I sincerely hope you will air this In
justice so that others who have no means
to meet such demands may carry their
suit case, as I eeo so many doing.
Doubtless they ton have had expe
riences, K, l
New York, August 23,
To the Kditor or The Sirs-
Incline to give credit to the sheer power
of editorial mind, rather than to co-
You will find enclosed page 29 of
the Boot nnd Shoe Hecarder for August
19. Obsarve the picture of u pair of
gold banded sabots, stained a mahogany
rolor, recently made and worn In Hol
land. How splendidly they polish!
The Sf.v said "mahogany shoes"
nnd straightway, real mahogany shoes
appeared I I never i-aw them la-fore.
None the less, wooden shoes are
deucedly uncomfortable things to wear,
For any but the cheapest labor they
are so Inefficient as equipment thnt they
are unprofitable to use.
Walter C Tailor.
Boston, August 2.1
Mobility nf the Herman High Seas
To the Editor or The Sun Sir: I
see that tho German High Seas Fleet
has been out again, but Its ability to
keep coming out would almost seem to
Indicate that It keeps going In ngnln.
Perhaps one day It will etay out, but I
think not, for it can go as fust as any
when it comes to n race. H. .1. S.
New York, AugUBt 23.
Scotch Pmbjtertan Device for Catching
To ma Kpitor or The St'N Sir: In the
Unt two months our home h become
a summer resort for mice. From week tn
week we have Invested In different kinds
of mouse traps that the sellers eabt would
surely catch 'em. Thea traps haves been
baited with mouse entlcers nightly, but
nary a mous got caught.
Following the mice came a peat of flies,
let tn by a washerwoman with an antip
athy for strained air. We got some nf
that sticky fly paper to catch th flies. Our
cook, who has Ideas of her own nn how
to catch flies, put the fly paper nn the
kitchen floor. We didn't catch many fllea
In that way, but w are gradually extermi
nating the mice.
Some mornings w and one mouse, some
mornings two mice fast In the tolls nf
th fly paper. This Is not a tale evolved
by the Imagination, but a statement of
fact en th word of a Clod feurlng Scotch
Presbyterian. O. A. W.
1'irr.s Montclaib, N. J., Auguat S3,
Number One of tbo Idaho Southern,
Idaho Southern Following condemna
tion of Ita only locomotive, comaany no
tified Idaho Public Utilities Ciimlaslon
of Its purpose to quit business.
With one laat chug and on laat choo, ,
Alas, "Number One," you now are through,
O'er mountains high e-ml from fields afar,
Brave stead of steel with your lonesome
Into th scrap heap you must go,
Oood-by, Southern ot'Idahe.
Knlcker Hiv you read about th car
Vfr. Knlcker No I I always thought th
wat ao bttttr than ah ought te b.
LITTLE JOURNEYS IN AND AROUND
THE GREAT CITY.
A Sentimental nnd Philosophic Excursion Down. Oltl Flallnisli Way.
Granted thut Urooklyn Is the bod-v
room of New York. Granted that It Is
the City of Cemeteries aa well as
Churches. Grunted that Its Intel
lectual aura Is rather phlllstlne and
provincial; yet you can't deny that It
is. a city of rrmgnltlcont distances.
Manhattan doesn't boast of anything
so grandl?)ke as the I'laza entrance to
frospect Park, with Its Soldiers and
Sailors Memorial Arch, atop of which
Is tho MacMonnles Quadriga, with two
Itallanate Water Tower, tho Urooklyn
Institute of Arts and' ScIcnccsA-truly
a monumental pile and the vast sweep
ot tho Eastern Parkway. To match all
this ono must go to London, Paris or
Vienna. But we are holding no par
ticular brief for Urooklyn. It Is down
old Flatbush way that wo wander and
dawdlo In these misty hot "dog days.
Flatbush, which several centuries ago
seemed to the homesick eyes of tho
Dutch HctUcrs a veritable Little Hol
land. No wonder. Take ahy trolley
from tho bridges! nnd in less than nn
hour you arc in tho Klatlands. A
casual windmill strengthens the illu
sion. There you no longer marvel over
such names ns New Utrecht, Canar
sey old spelling Twlllara Flats, New
Amsterdam, Ketiter Hook, Mldwout
Mldwood Amersfort (tbero Is nn
Amersfoort In Holland, not far from
Utrecht), Corlcra; or the good old
Dutch, rytmeH such ns Cornelius Van
dcrvrer, John llennem, Johannes J.
I.ott, Peter 8 tryker, John Vnnderbllt,
Hendrlck H. Stiyilum, Adrian Mar
tense, nnd how many others. Their
descendants atlll live In Flatbush or
Mldwout, ns it. wns culled and
various st'reets .-uid avenues commem.
oruto tho names of the hardy Dutch I l-trpc"t- ""'land. There, are fe !UI
,,ct,lcr, nues eo Impressive in siimmertim,
In a" quaint little, book which wei,Fop,.a "fejch tio Kast(rn l'ar!,.
nicked un at a second hand book stall
we learned much about old Flatbush.
It is entitled "The History of the Town
Of Flatbush In Kings County, Long ,
Island. Uy Thomas M. Strong, D. I)..
Pastor of the Reformed Dutch Church
of Flatbush." It bears the lmpiint of
Thomas II. Merceln. Jr., Printer, LM0
IVarl Street, cor. liurliffg Slip, nnd the 1
date is 1812. Therein we learn tho
origin of the noma Coney Island. The
Indians killed In ICOll ono of Hcmlrik
Hudson's men, Coltnun, who was
l.ltrle1 nn' llin (.ilnnil tinmen no finnv I
n corruption of Oilman Island, which
may or may not be the truth. Hut
the Dutch did settle l'liitbush and In
Ida I the project for building thc He
formed Ptotestant Dutch Church wns
ii,i.n iiiiteii o.-
This church still stands
at the corner of Flatbush and Church
avenues nnd a visit to Its venerated
graveyard my dampen your aspira
tions toward vain worldly glory.
Therein the dead quietly sleep, undis
turbed by the bolteroiis nnd bubbling
youth across the way In the castel
lated lsrasmus linn nigh school on
. limn fcnooi on
.-tl,llsl, nveioie Th., ..nrlv Plolel,
-.,r.. n fn-ennflv .,ll, en.n n.,,1 .Iw.v
left their "Houwerles," or farms, of a
Sulibnth morning, from Om.irsey,
Oostwotnl, or as far aa Urooklyn, to
worship In their favorite church. It
is beguiling If not convincing theory
I that If only these same solid Dutch
burghers had grldlroned all out land,
;i mil uiini mi uur mou.
then the codfish balls of Plymouth
Hock would no) have mode such a
hissing in the puritanical frying pans
of tho American cuisine, t Vrtnlnly
there would he less hypocrisy, politl-
cal and religious. In our national char-
acter, "flic Dutch strain always
makes for manliness and is composed
of sincere stuff.
However, living, not dead, Issues
Interest us, and Flatbush Is a. vital
city. If accent Albany legislation
counts for anything, then this siilmrb
I nf Urooklyn will be spareil"the fate
, l ' he Hronx and other sections of
; ureaier .New i ori. Already the llat-
I house Is rearing Its ugly head In the
j midst of delightful gardens. Already
the anonymous horde of vandals Is
ruining these pretty reservations with
their hideous noise, dirt, disorder and
squalor. Flatbush welcomes all, for
Flatbush is democratic to the core;
,,' ,J e" " " i -'-""
"twin iruui mi niiisioerauons or race
or crccn. w ny, iisk tne dwellers in tho
comfortable and picturesque cottages
n m anynmwK mat urn a .-mints ,,
why must they be swept out of exist
ence merely to put money In the
pockets of unsentimental landowners,
and turn this part of the city Into tin
other Fast Side',' It is poor munici
pal policy. lUioauso New York in her
greediness Is dtstroylng her once su
perb residential quarter, that is no
reason why Flatbush should bo butch
ered to make n real ewiite dealers'
holiday. Keep within your own baili
wick, cries public opinion, and sparo
our country homes from becoming a
replica of tho uusalubrious, crowded
streets of thc metropolis.
When you stroll through the choicer
part of Flatbush you will more read
ily understand the Indignation of its
residents on this question of an un
welcome Invasion. This doesn't mean
aristocratic or moneyed snobbery. On
tho contrary, it Is a question of clean
liness and decency. There are poor
people scattered through tho place,
also many of mediocre Incomes. The
wealthy class usually live U Ocean
nvenua, or In Prospect Park South.
There nre fow towns where you can
get so much for so little cash. Hunga
lows abound. Instead of paying rent,
you buy your homo on monthly In
stalments, it Is Just a half hour from
Park Row to Heverly road, the divid
ing lino of the region. The water Is
pure, the nlr fresher than Manhat
tan's, and there Is nn noise except
the screech of tho lawn mower and the
diurnal beating of rugs, Above nil, a
human being can march about In all
directions nnd not rub elbows with a
mob of overheated creatures, semi
delirious with tho Idea of making n,
few dollars. Oh, hlessed peace! Oh,
Flatbush by the C Cemeteries), And
then the mosquitoes. Ah we uro not
personally Interested In the real estate
development of Urooklyn, let us bo
frank concerning tho mosquitoes,
Yes, there aro billions of them be
tween Oravesend Hay and the Holy
Cross Cemetery we keep within a
narrow territory. They are vigorous,
able bodied, friendly. Like the nu
merous mortgages down there, they
are so tamo as to eat from your hand,
If you permit them this dangerous
privilege. They hang idiont
Various stations and woe to thc wf.
from Manhattan If tlic trnm is ia't,.'
It is a Ht. llartholoniew'K iiiiN.VKt'
Otherwise, screens relr.iln thrlr (,.
nivorous offensive. Tlio rntn .iiiiiiicj
to tho flics and other fnun.i of th.
Tho Hrlghfon Uencli railroad r
big a nuisance as the nmsriiltoe, "r
summer It caters to the Coney l-V.-'
million and runs too few In, ,ils,"'n
winter It cotcnt to no one nml r'm
too few expresses or limit. Wh,i
this enterprising coipofntion, I't ratit
one without bowels of nu-icv w lii ,j,
when the new subway nt iv,,.,
Park station Is finished, no I'laitm,,
daro prophesy. Probahlj n Mma,,
will be operated during the fa I ,1n
winter seasons between S) , p,),',,,
Hay nnd Prospect Park. As r,,r t,
cars, ill built, freezing In winter, ur.
focntlng In summer, never i-h m, a'!
ways packed because of icoiinni,
never on tlmo. vibrating nn.s of .'
clent Iron that keeps the negHlt
hood uwukc-r-what hasn't l,n
derision of and disgust ,r t
wretched service from the bridge t
tho beach? Evidently not enough i
tlr Into beneficent action the mnjj',
headed management. Itul .it Wti
theMraclis of this III kept ,ut. r tm
shackle railroad were so u, rosai, t
that unfortunate pashenners ueri'a,
tually arrested for the crime i fsne,..
lug on them!
And now, bavlntr 1icli ir-trtl .
petty vials of wrath, lot it ot,m.
our little pilgrimage, liuvi von eU,
been on ocean avenue? No uv
ride down Its broad, leafy then ,g
fare, or, better still, walk from th
Woodruff avenue station iim r )r ,,,
Farragut road. Von will Mar i (,
Its equal in Manhattan In .i i Tl,
Ocean Ilotiluvard baa no p.r n n
tho boroughs. To d'upllcnt- its tr
Jcstlc progress from tho Ore b u, ib,
ocean you must no to the Pr.itir v;.
mini, mo i raini, .uaiinu, me t" ,ne,
I h'yaeea, Pnrla, or the Malbbaan.
" UM mu "rownsvi in s p,
enes only too soon, and tl it
out glory. Hut if you ore r
wide streets, the light illmmi cl l e .m
trees, there are tbo more f un 1 reir
cosier corners such ns Albem.it e io..
Marlborough road. Heverly tool U'cf
minster road a string of road ,
bearing old fashioned llnul.s i tutu
pleasing to the ear nnd evottltu' nief
orlct of sweet little hamlets In Hani,
shire, Shropshire nnd other j rs (,
Indeed, ns you slowly wa 1; d r.
these Mltl and green ombowi ii I m
yon could fancy yourself In tert Ir
inrnl districts, such ns P.rna In iv c
Dulwlch, England. Tho arc i.ti t ir
la usually simple, seldom preietri j.
"V. "'a" 1 ,l,i,KUS V1"'"'
iiii-.4i .-.un Mjioo, o i . rr i,
grandparents' n.tlvo taste. Tia, a-
being replaced by two ,vi t tl
storied brick or Hone houe
which the owner seek to linj-irf ve
note personal, ocean avenis 1 k c
from Newklrk Is noiltlvely r n
In Its architect ore. the massive t
- , . ,, , .
'a. .lues Happily lilting
StrCCtSCnpo. Oil Illlcklncllani
there Is a show place, n .1
house which KnittVM nn evil,
a delightful one, In the ni te
symphony of the surrounding i
tecture. Across the road . i ,i
architecturally speaking. Ml
teservatlon, Prospect Pitk
.i,,,.,, . . , , ...
"S"'K ''"" '""""' a-
, L ' V "C . . "CU'r" ' '
. r,,w 1"',!,"!" "I"'
I ""'' T " "I l"" rlo,- "rnnni.-.
' f l 1 ",,r1l at Ocean a-
''"U r';v "Ml1' wl" "'", "
, -....., in,- nun,. iiinueM i it v f
tins less admirably kept WV-o-n r
Court to natni; two are al rire
The plain, bleak live storv a inm -
iiom., is in tne major tv ami i i
, the landscape. In and nronr 1 . -
avenue, or further north in '!'. n!
Ouirt, are favorite spots for t u
of harmonious surround. ng-
Trees, trees, trees! Trees a
dren constitute the most i
products of Flatbush. And,
nerals and cemeteries. The r
daytime. Funerals going , t
Green-Wood oito tho Holy C-
ctery. They become inniiotoe
l.,..trill .n 1,. 1 mi
, heats,, a half ,lo.en
irfurtaine J going but fii't ,,r , '
iTjiu nn ti, ..,,. . , ,.,
pl)0 , ., , "
, W(1)lI(.n bnx mtiT ; r; ,
otlln. Our own view from
dows l.s a comprehenslM on
the dense foliage of I'ro-ii. . '
with tho water tower, an e. e i.
elnmatinn point agiltivt the '
I sky. The hugo bulk of t'n
iiiilidinc bars the middle l -t ,
the north Is Frnsnius school
gas tank lllo; pot bel'b'il p
these gas tanks are nlwas
and on tlio west Is firecn-Wi
tery. truly a beautiful Mew. .
in winter time. For tho i.
'cmetcrics nro not nttrael vr
mature they recall old menu
gibbering, squeakii), glio-i, '
souvenirs! ami for the nrin
with a potent thirst the firm
eterlcs suggest better l-er i
York's. Thin l.s not a Juki
taMe, hut a cold fact Tin ri
crnl Urooklyn bvews whirl
Plres say be no lit by tlie.r
to tho graveyard.' so huh
they nro nicknamed "cori
sinister sounding appellattot'
Hut what lmth Fl.iMni'
auntere dwellers to do n
fill Vautnnlngs' No "gi"V!
ween within Its pious piei
nlwnys carry mystic crips.!'
Sundays the churcbin ore
Tho film theatre is the mi v
that and self-plaii lug b
wluezy records of Hal an
poor CaniMi, Setubi ich. latr,
nnd FremsUil' How their
tortured, travestied, rarlcii'
strangled by those strident
vocal rolls! Hut i'lathusb
otherwise! Fl.ttluisli, wheie u
twang recalls New Ihtulaud
Middle West; Flatluish, '
heating Is si sucrcd cult, thev
their unhappy rugs and cari
and night, .Sundays Included
nlngs motor cars lilt by la '
young folk cheerfully Miuir "i:
after thry whiz nut of t-lgln f' "'
and chunks of their words n '
drop from the air and llo.it
sonorous ejaculations You r- '
frozen music nf the, iugenuou
Munchausen, or the Island of I '"
In Ilnbeluls. (Habclals In Fit 1
James IU " ll'