Newspaper Page Text
THE SUN, THURSDAY, AUGUST 24, 1916-
ctared tliat the main question in con
troversy Ik not arbitrable, unci has pub
licly gone to the country on the Issue,
ami linn told the railroad manager that
the responsibility for n strike on this
question will rest not upon him, but upon
"No men ever weie subjected to
greater strain, They aie not seeking to
Change the present status. . have
not Initiated any controversy. It Is In
itiated by the best p.ild of rallroud opera
tors, who are In no way suffering. The
time of an election has been chosen.
They lire threntenlng to enforce their
flaliu by general paralysis, ami yet uimti
this state of facts and the premise that
society hatt placed the iiuesyoii of an
I eight hour day with u ten hour com
petition beyond arbitration these men
aie freed from responsibility for a strike
on tills Issue and the railroad managers
are put really In the attitude of aggres-
"Now fhat the question of society and
the eight hour day Is so conspicuously
raised, nnd by such high authority, the
people of this country, before this Issue Is
decided on this premise, will want ta
know how far reaching It Is. Has Society
ilellnitely confined It to certain favored
classes or -Is It based on a principle
vhlch If accepted will extend It over the
entire field Of labor? Will It apply to all
,) employees of railroads and other public
utilities? If so the cost must be consld
V trei Shall It apply to all manufacturing
' operatives? If so. how will It affect our
foreign competition, especially after this
war Is over? Doe.s It apply to domestic
servants and farmhands? If not, then
upon what principle Is the differentia
"The President's declaration chal
lenges the Immediate thought of the
, country. Its soundness must be tested.
If true, the people should not shrink
from the result. If not true, then It
houtd not be accepted as a basis for de
termining this great controversy, so
pregnant with consequences."
Med Threaten IlrWolt.
Railroad presidents also condemned
Mr. Wilson's stand. The following state
ment wus Issued to-night by Hale
Holden, president of the Chicago, Bur
llngton and Qulncy :
"The railway executives who have met
here at the request of President Wilson
'are proceeding a rapidly as practicable
with their work, It must be understood,
howeVer, that the problem with which
these men are wrestling Is the most Im
j portant and gigantic ever presented to
ny body of men In the Industrial Jils
tory of the country. They cannot there
fore, consistently with their duty to their
tockholders, their employees or the pub
lic, reach a final conclusion regarding
what action they should take without
much discussion, study and thought.
'If our deliberation seem to proceed
lowly It la due to the facts mentioned.
Par ua to act hastily would be a betrayal
'of the great responsibility we owe to all
the parties concerned and most of all to
The npparent failure of the executives
' to arrive at a solution or tne problem
was not received with equanimity by the
COO brotherhood delegates, who are grow
ing Impatient over the delay. At a meet
ing to-day some of the more radical
numbers proposed that the delegates go
home ami leave the heads of the four
..brotherhood to arrange a strike.
- Thomas Donovan, the Boston and Albany
chairman, led the revolt. In the uproar
that followed the meeting was adjourned
by the cooler heads before a formal mo
.. t.'on to precipitate a strike could be
A statement made by President Rip
ley of the Santa Ke In effect charged
that the employees were hoodwinking
t the President when they demanded an
dual eight hour day. "If that Is what
they want," Mr. Rrpfey aald, "I will take
off my cot and put In my best licks for
rr-v Heaentsnent Apparent,
Although the executives are trying to
.devise a plan for putting an eight hour
day Into effect they do not conceal their
iltter resentment over what they regard
as the betrayal of the principle of arm
tratlon by the President. This continue
to bo the most conspicuous aspect of the
controversy. So far as can be learned
President Wilson did not. at least, de
vote much time to an effort to Induce
the employees to submit their case to
n Impartial tribunal, but conceded the
eight hour day demand as having tho
sanction of society, putting himself In
the place of arbitrator. Thle is the view
generally lield among the railroad on!
There Is further evidence that the pub
lie Is declaring Its adherence to the prin
clple of arbitration, and in tills respect
Is sustaining the position taken by the
railroad officials, letters and telegrams
from all parts of the country are com
Ing to the executives, urging them to
hold out for this principle. Many of
these are from shippers, who foresee In
the granting of the eight hour day an
other increase In freight rates. The
United States Chamber of Commerce,
.through Its president, It. (ioodwyn
Rhett, to-day Joined those who arc ap
pealing to the President ror arbitration.
"It 1 Inconceivable," says the Chamber
of Commerce message to the White
House, that they (the employees) should
refuse to grant a request or demand
from the head of the Oovernment to sub
mit their differences to the investigation
and subsequent Judgment of a competent
and properly constituted commission or
The conference committee of railway
managers, which was eliminated from the
iT controversy by the Presidents summons
J of the executives, has again come to oc
day's pay this controversy could be set
tled In twenty minutes.
"What the brotherhood leaders have
said to tne public Is not In tune with tho
demands they made.lof the managers'
committee. They tried to give the pub
lic to understand that they were endeax
orlng to establish an eight hour work
day. Of the managers' committee they
demanded pay for eight hours for work
done In less than that time sevn, six,
five, nnd os short a period as three hours
-with time and a half for service per
formed after elgh. hours.
"The 'brass tacks' of the situation Is
this: Let the men declare for an eight
Imtir day of eight hours work and t will
IhIo off my coat and put In my best
licks for their cause."
.Mr. Kruttschnltt trkes much the same
view as President tllpley and asserts
th.it the employees do not demand an uc
tual eight hour day but an Increase of
wages calculated on a basic eight hour
day. According to the eight hour plan of
the employees, he nsserte, no one would
woik more than eight hours for a day's
wage, while thousand would work less.
tlenulne pay," he adds, "for a
Kllsha Lee, chairman of the commit
tee of managers, Issued a statement to
day denying that the railway officials
have modified their estimates of the
cost of the eight hour day. The orig
inal demands or tho employees, he said,
called ror an .Increase or $100,000,000
year in wages. The concession pro
posed by President Wilson calls for
IflO.ooo.OOO a year, because only a part
of the employees' demands are to be
granted Immediately, while considera
tion of the remainder la to be past-
polled until after Investigation.
Mmigea to F.ircatlves.
Some of the messages received by the
railroad executives to-day follow:
John M. (Ilenn of Chicago, necietary
of the Illinois Manufacturers Associa
tion, wired a copy of the following tel
egram, which was sent o all members
of the association:
'A surrender on the part of the rail
road presidents to the demands of the
President would mean an Increase In
freight rates estimated at more than
one hundred million dollars annually.
The argument is being used at Wash
ington that the shippers will have to
pay the bill. Please wire Mr. Hale
Holden. chairman of the conference or
railroad presidents, to stand for arbi
tration. Recession means disaster as
well as defeat.
"Why should the shipper, whose men
work nine nnd ten hours a day, pay an
Increase of over one hundred million dol
lars a year In freight rates to satisfy Is
per cent, of the railway employees of the
united States, who will get the benefit
of the shorter hours? Seventy-two per
cent, of the railway employee are not
unionised and are not taken into con
sideration In the present controversy.
Why should the four brotherhoods be
given an Increase when their members
now are the best paid men In the world?
What class of employees will step in
next and aek for an Increase? Will
freight rates be Increased on each suc
cessive demand? The public must be
brought to the realization of the fact
that In the end It will pay the bill."
The Wisconsin Traffic Association,
composed of thirty-nine corporations op
erating pulp and paper mill in Wiscon
sin and moving 100,000 carloads of
freight annually, has wired Present
Wilson that "It Is v...a'..u4sV Opposed
to sacrifice M T1,"'P,! i' arbitra
tion and re.peiitutly Insists that arbi
tration be employed In the present em ,t
gency without rgeard to the denger of
financial disaster to Its members."
OF WAR ACTIVITIES
licit ish Tnkc 200 Vnrds of (lii
in h n Trenches French
Onin on Mouse.
200 TEITOXS fAHTHKl)
Austrian., mi Stokhoil. Re
pulse Foe: "ThotiNiinils
Lost" to Russians.
NEW BAIT CASE CONFESSION.
Participant Reveals Xasara of
Those Who Procured Harder.
The Identity of some of the men who
procured the murder of Borne: Raff has
been revealed by Giuseppe zararone, ac
cording to Assistant District Attorney
O'Malley. In General Sessions yester
day Zafarone pleaded guilty to at
tempt .d murder. Judge Kosalsky sent
him back to the Tombs, where he Is ex
pected to complete his story or the plot
that lay behind the killing of the poultry
dealer so far as he knew It.
The Zararone brothers, Giuseppe and
Antonio, were among the first arrested
and charged with having helped to put
the West Washington Market merchan
out of the way on November 24, 1914.
frank Kerrara, who drove the automo
bile that look the hired murderers rroin
Harlem's "Mttle Italy" to the scene of
the shooting, and Giuseppe Arlchlello,
the "cream puff gunman." who tired the
shots that killed Raff, are In Sing Sing
under sentence of death.
cupy a dominant position. The railroad
executives, who are attempting to find a
practicable working basis for putting the
j eight hour day Into effect, find It neces
aary to refer their suggestions finally to
) the managers, who aro the active operat-
I ing heads of the railroads. It is for the
J managers to decide whether the scheme
, proposed Is feasible. So far none of the
1 many suggestions made by Individual
t presidents or executives has met their I
1 approval. I
Time Needed for Task.
The prospect Is that a final plnn will I
pot be formulated for several days. The
conditions which must be met on rail
roads In different sections of the country
SPIES BUSY IN NAVY WAR GAME
All Coal Piers at Norfolk Theoreti
Washington-. Aug. 23. The "enemy"
fleet of batttlcshlps under command of
Admiral Mayo, which Is theoretically at
tacking the Atlantic coast and endeavor
ing to land an Invading army at some
hidden point, has not been located by
the defending fleet, according to latest
report received by the Navy Depart
ment. A highly Important development In the
war game was onnounced by Rear Ad
miral Benson, chief of naval operations,
who said that splra working for the In
vaders had set fire to all the coal piers
This means that theoretically this Im
portant base of supplies was left un
guarded and could havn been destroyed.
The navy yards are all part of the
great war game, and the first blow
against the protection of the coast oc
curred at Norfolk. Word Immediately
went forward to arrange to coaling the
ships or the defending fleet In the vicin
ity of Norfolk by other emergency
means. How this will be done has not
I yet been reported.
TO KE0PEN WAR ON PEARY.
Crocker Land Claim to Br Card
saalnst Discoverer of Pole.
Washington. Aug. 23. The return of
Knslgn Kitzhugli Ureen of the Crocker
Land Arctic expedition without proof of
vary to such an extent that It la a huge 1 the existence of Crorktr Land, which
task to meet the views or all tne r.mronu Robert k. Peary thought lie discovered In
beads. A plan which might meet with June. 1900, Is expected to be used In an; " Russian T alien I. i7 I
lh. ni,rnv:.l nf Western executives. ,.i..,,,..t i,. ,ler.-lve i.nrv nf l!.e lit!, of I ""'' .attempts tn lecnpttllo
London, Aug. 2.1, The British ottlelal
statenidit Issued to-night eas-
South of Thlepval we gullied a fur
ther ZOO yards of u Uerman trench,
which has strengthened our line nnd
Improved our position.
The enemy's artillery, which had
been showing much activity, was si
lenced In three different areas by the
counter battery wort: of our heavy
guns, which appeared to be very effec
tive. When the weather (let red yesterday
evening enemy alrcrart, which hml dis
played unwonted enterprise, were en
gaged tn large numbers with most
satisfactory results. The fighting was
continuous until dusk. At least four
hostile machines were destroyed and
many others were driven down dam
aged and apparently out of control,
Other were pursued to their aero
drome. We suffered no casualties.
Despite the continual lighting a
reconnaissance was completed success
fully and bombing raids were carried
out against sundry pqlnts of Impor
tance. Gained Footlasn Dlaladaed.
The afternoon's announcement follows :
The enemy made two determined
counter attacks last night on our new
-trenches outh of Thlepval. By the
first attack he gained a temporary
footing In our trenches, but was driven
out Immediately. The second uttnek
was repulsed completely. The enemy's
losses In these two attempts were
Last night there was rather more
hostile artillery fire, especially In the
regions of High Wood and Baientln-le-Petlt.
Opposite Lens we carried out a small
raid successfully. On the other parts
of the Rrltlsh front there was the
usuat trench warfare.
French A trance Along Meo.e.
Paris, Aug. 28. The communlnuG la-
sued by the War Office this evening
North and south of the Somme artil
lery fighting continued all day, being
particularly severe in tile sector or
Belloy and Estrees.
On tho right bank or the Meuse an
attack, brilliantly conducted by our
troops against German positions be
tween Fleury and the Thlaumont
Work, resulted in an appreciable ad
vance for us. We also took 200 pris
oners. Adjt. Dorme brought down his
sixth aeroplane, which fell In the
neighborhood of Marchelepot, north
west of Chaulnes. Another enemy
aeroplane was felled near Roye.
Admit HBht liermas finln.
The afternoon commonlque follows:
North of the Somme the enemy dur
ing the night bombarded our first lines
and our lines of communication to the
north and south of Maiuvpas. Our ar
tillery replied energetically. The en
emy did not follow up his bombard
merit with Infantry action.
South or the Somme, nrter Intense
artillery preparation, the Germans
toward the end or the day made an at
tack south or Kstrees, nnd west or
Soyecourt, on the trenches whlrh we
captured on August 21. He gained a
rooting at some points. There was n
ralrly active artillery duel In thV sre
tors or Rellrny, Assevlllers and l.lhons.
In the Vosges we repulsed by means
or grenades u surprise nttack against
one of our trenches south of Hart
The night was relatively calm on the
remainder of the front.
On the Somme front Warrant Officer
Dorme brought down his fifth German
aeroplane, which fell In the direction of
Molslalns, northeast of Peronne. Tour
other enemy aeroplanes, flrcd on by
machine guns from our aeroplanes,
came down within their own lines, e
Germans Take Trench.
Berlin (via London). Aug. 23. The
German of.lclal statement Issued to-day
Is as follows :
Between Thlepvtl and Poileres Brit
ish attacks wer vainly repeated,
North of Ovlllers fighting continued at
close quarters throughout the night.
Kast of Foureaux Wood and near
Maurepa enemy hand grenade at
The enemy artillery on both sides
continues to display great activity.
South or tin Somme, near Kstrees,
small portions or a trench in which
the French had maintained themselves
since Monday have been cleared and
three officers and 143 men fell into our
On the right bank of the Meuse
(Verdun rront) we repulsed enemy
hand grenade attacks In the Kleury
sector. Minor Inrantry attacks In the
hilly wooded region went In our favor.
Eastern Front From the sea tn the
Carpathians no events or especial Im
portance havo occurred. In the moun
tains we extended our possession or
Starawlpczyna by storming new enemy
positions. We mnde 200 prisoners, In
cluding the staff of one battalion, and
captured two machine guns, afterward
repulsing counter attacks.
On both sides or the Charny-Clieic.
hod. They were everywhere complete
ly repulsed, their losses running Into i
the thousands. In addition we cap- I
tured two olllcers, 270 men nnd four
machine guns. In the lighting taken
part in by the Bavarian cavalry the
Kmpcror Francis Dragoons again
proved themselves worthy of their
Italian nnd Southeastern War The
atres The situation Is unchanged.
The PetMBMd Iteporl.
Pktiiwimii, Aug, 22. The ntriclal com
niunlc.illon Issued by the War Ofllce this
There has been no change on the
weslHti (Russian) and Caucasian
An earlier statement said:
III the legion south or Krevo (south
east of Vllna) the enemy on Tues
day night launched :i gas attack which
was repelled with heavy losses.
More tlrm 100 bombs were dropped
by enemy aeroplanes on the railway
station .it .Mattevlhl.
In the legion of Hie Sei.-tlt, smith
o( llrody, till.' chetll). lesuinid tin- of
fensive at sonic point. Ills attacks
we I is icpulsed rveryvvhclt l our tin1.
Near the sunlit of t'if River Piuth,
southwest of Aldjutez, we cavtured
two heights north and south of Ko-
ct l;i .Mountain, on the Huugail.iu
1'hiicuiu f 1 out T The Tuiks. who
lenuiiitd the ofTilisI,! on tin line of
the towns of r.llctl', .Slkliohadl mid
Maden, situated on lilt' co.isl, were
driven back to their position with the
cooperation of our fleet,
West of Lake Win ("outhern Tuik
lh Aimcnl.i) our offensive Is suc
cessfully devclo-jilUK. Thiee olllceis
ttnd 1"1 Akails wen taken prisoner
In pursuing the rcltt-nllug enemy our
ciivali.. columns sahtcd a l.uge num
ber of Tuik.
Italian Clnlni Proarraa.
Home, Aug. 23. The otllcial
Inquiry Shows Three Executed
Irishmen Were Denied Time
Even to Prny.
DrnMN. Aug. 23. An Inquiry Into the
shooting without trial or three men dur
ing the rebellion In Ireland last spring
was opened to-day In the Four Courts.
The case are those of F, Sheehy Sltef
tiiigton, Fred Mclntyro alid Thomas
Dickson, The men were put to death nt
the ortler of Capt, Bowt-n-Coltliurst,
who was couit-martlnled and found
guilty, but Insane,
WESTFALEN HIT, BUT
SAVED, SAYS BERLIN
liritish Still Claim Big Brittle
ship Was Sunk in
London, Aug. 23. The Herman bat
tleship Westfalen was lilt and slightly
damaged on Saturday by n Rrltlsh tor
pedo, It was admitted In a semi-official
telegram fiom Berlin to-day, according
to lleutvt's Amsterdam correspondent.
The Wi-stfalcn, It is declnred, continued
capable or manoeuvring and will shortly
BERLIN SUMS UP NAVY I0SSE8.
Says British-French Have Lost 7U
Hire Khlpsi Orrmana an.
Berlin, via London, Aug. 23. The
German Admiralty to-day Issued a
aUtaiuent asserting that the losses of
the British nnd French navies In line of
battle ships und eminent tu August 1
comprised seventy-two vessels, with n
total displacement or 49i,l)5U tons.
The (lerninn bsses In the same classes
during the same period were twenty-five
warships, with a total displacement of
(12,667 tons. It was stated that Nthc
list or Rrltlsh and French warship In
cluded only those losses which had been
BOSTON MAN RED CROSS HEAD.
Kllot Wndsvtorth to Conduct
American Work at Washington.
Montreal. Aug. 23. Kllot Wads
worth, a llostju law.er, was elected
vice-chairman and executive head It
A HM.tn.i tr,rii,l tu iitw-ti,l sfslttst i Washltiattiii. I). C. of the American Red
rtergi. Aim i.iise, wtto was present ar,,,,. Westfulen missed the battleship, the P" " ' . .
ic shoeing, testified that the prlmineia, ,, , I ei,"'ve committee -here to-day.
the sluutlng, testified that the prls
were not blindfolded or pinioned. They
were given tin time to say their prayers, , ,na, ,ne rlt.
I Mi wen not left at such a disadvantage
In the leieut naval fighting as appeared
message sajs . j. WBH announced t lint, he would move
This admission has gratified the Brit-
nnd to his knowledge they did not know
they were going to their death,
Tim Attorney-rleneral for Ireland, '
im , 1 1 v .-Alii.liorii. it, pi. ICO 1
the material Tart, nbout which theie Is)
no controversy, before the commission.".
related Incident of the wee'; or the
revolution and or the arrest or Sketllng
ton. After his arrest Skellllngton, the
Attorney-Ceneral slid, asserted l,t was
not a Sinn Felner, but was In symiuthv
with tho organization. Later that night
!"'.. ',M,i:!"nr.,"f.ti.!!C I''6 f!U",ri1 r,"T, f,y her first otllcial account of the Jutland
(.apt, Bowen-Colthurst, who handed hint i ,
over to Lieut. Wilson In the street, tell-
'ing him that if any othei hntdler were
to Washington In order to clve his en
tile time to the work after September 1.
The position carries no compinsatlon.
Tin; first account of the clash debited
('real Britain with the, loss of the two
light ctulser. Falmouth and Notting
ham, as iiguinst the destruction of one
Herman submarine nnd the damaging of
another. The fact that tlermany with
held the news of some of her losses In
GERMANS ROUTED IN
2 SOMME ATTACKS
nouncement Is as follows:
In the Astlco Valley on the night
of August 22, the enemy shelled our
positions at the bottom of the valley
with great intensity, but did not de
velop any Infantry attack. Un the
same night an attempt of the enemy
tn advance between Casein, Ingei
ella nnd Casern Zeblo Paslorlle, on the
Attlago Plateau, was checked by our
In the Tofana area yesterday, aHer
effective artillery iireparatlon, detach
ment or our Alpine troops anil Inran
try cirtlt'd sttoug enemy jo.tlons on
the western slopes or Tofana 111. nnd
In Ihe Trnvi'tiHiizes Valley. The enemy
suffered heavy loss mill left about
forty prisoners In our liandB,
In the Corlu area nrtlllcry fighting
Is In prugretss. An enemy detachment
which attempted to appioach Wttol
blzza stream ,esttiday afternoon was
repulsed by our tiro and left tiumeious
dead on the ground.
GREECE CALLS MEN
TO FIGHT BULGARS
fired upon by the rebels Lieut. Wilson
wo'ili shoot him.
The i.cxt morning, continued the wit
ness, skeffliigton and his companions
were taken from the guard room by
Tattle Is used by the newspapers heie
ns an argument to discount the state
ments of Berlin.
British. After Stubborn Fiffltt
insr. Tnkc 200 Yard Trench
West of Thicpvnl.
Ilunr fhr loanra MtunU.
'IM. n.iniiul mil arutt.lu n ts fl n 1 1 r Ail nn
Capt. Bowen-Colthurst, who said- "I ' . ,, ,, , ,, v...i-
urn taking t.ut these men to shoot them.. ,' 'rll9'i lu. ox" of th Noln
as It MCcms to me It Is the best thing ham and Falmouth, whose crews, how
1 d" lever, were neatly all saved, against the
low,hd". '''"Atle'aradi " f U
that the men were entitled to a ralr battleship damaged and possibly sunk,
trial, which they did not get, they being according to the bellsr or the commander
Innocent persona who took no part In the1 of the attacking submarine, and one sub
lelxlion. marn Unk and another damaged.
Lieut. Morris testified he arrested iinvim- im oftldHl statement from
.Keninrion, wno was followed py an
excited crowd, as a precautionary meas
ure. Lieut. Leslie Wilson, who was n
charge of one of the barracks near
Portobella bridge, said that when Skef.
fltgtou was brought out of the barracks
on the night before the execution his w,,, os!, has already been otHclally an
......... iWtll ,,m no.ncrl
that Ca-it. Bowen-Colthurst fired several " The (rman 0Ma tatemeiit tele
Con flit lint from Frt Piif.
trenching along the Struma would seem
to Indicate that they have abandoned
any Intention they may have had or at
tacking the allied right flank before the
allied offensive got going well The line
here Is through these villages, roughly
the line of the Struma River: Vetilkeul,
Kulkuluk. Kllsaii, Nevoljeu, Chavdar,
On the allied left the western extrem
ity or the line, where the Serbian army
Is Intrenched and the Russians arc tn go
shortly, the Teutonic allies report some
success In the otllcial announcement tele
graphed here from Berlin. They asset t
that they have cleared the S"rl irom
heights west or Ostrov.i Lake and re
pulsed Serb attacks In the Muglt nltsa re
gion, The British War Olllee statement
says that the Serbian line Is near Lake
Ostrovo and Pour.
(rent lluttle lniieiiiltnK.
Apparently within a few days a great
battle of nations t to start Tuikey has
sent recuforci'inents to the Iliilgnrs, and
otic division l on Its way to tin .Mace
donian front The llussian ain. Italian
reenfon enieuts should l In posit ion In
the allied lino within a few tl,is when
all tho Allies save Portugal nnd Japan
will be repiesented on tin lighting line.
Another Turkish division will be sent
to the Rumanian border. It Is said, to
make a deinoustiatlon there tu warn the
ICmiii.iiii.iiim not to make their entry Into
the war or to permit Russian trocjv tn
cross for an luvaxloii of ItuUai la and
Si r liia from the noitli.
Newspapers here, tliscilssln; the Bal
knn eltu.itlou, say that the ftu--i.ni of
fensive In the t.Tu ji.ithlaiiH. which must
Influence Rumania, Is "a very brilliant !
success." .Mole Russian rucvesfset. Ill the I
pawn are reported to-night. The (nilj !
Vrira says cdltoii.il! :
"The situation In (5 recce, where Hreek 1
troops already arf acttiallv tn-:iiged In
hard lighting with their traditional cue
mles, the Bulgars, is rich In po.hltltle, I
As to the Intentions of Itiimaiila, the
Ueiniaii prewt is authority for the state-1
ment that Uiiinanla h:u tletlultelv Joined (
hands with the Kntente Allien and Is pre. ,
paring to give ltiiMan troc.-is passage I
throiiKh her territory. It Is dlfllcult to i
conceive wlnt motive the (lerniiniH could j
have for circulating such a statement i
other than the better that it is true
shots Into the air.
The same witness testified that a boy
named Corde had been shot bv Capt.
noweii-..u.vjr.st. TSe boy. who was
suspected of "sneaking around the bar
racks," gave the Captain an Insolent
answer and then ran away. Capt.
Rowon-Colthurst raised bis rifle. Intentl-
fnt , hit I.a t.,... lh , I. t .,.. i
..... ... .... ...... ..... , trt .tuuru ml I ..f
witness, hut the shot was nncciirnti- .ind evening. ;i suu.iiaiinc
the boy was struck In the abdomen.
I.OMHIS'. Aur. 2.1. After the most '
I stubborn kind of fighting all day the I
British made piogiess m the task of
cleaning out the strong CSermair posi
tions west or Thlepval, close to the
town, at the northern end or the Somme
battle line. The British last evening
gained 200 yatds or a (lei man trench
Dining the day the Hermans made
two desperate attempts to take Ihe posl
tlons from which the British made their
charge later. These positions the Brit
Ish have held tor only a short time. The
"There Is not a particle or truth In this first Cennan wave reached the encjny
trench and a tew Germans got In nnd
tried lo hold it, The British came upon
them down the trench from both sides,
however, and drove them out. The se
Berlin lelteratlng that a British battle
ship was struck by a torpedo In the re
cent lighting the Admiralty Issued the
following statement :
fantastic story. No ship was struck e-
cept the Nottingham und the Falmouth,
graphed Here via Amsterdam ss. on,, Mack ,,,,,.,, ,y withering
"Regarding the British denial of the, "
(lerninn ofllclal report that n British Rrltlsh fire before the t.cimans tot near
battleship was damaged by one of out-1 the treiicn.
lubtnarlnes tho following details aro M t ot1(.r extremity of the Somme
now published, liaseil on suumarine re
"On August 19. In the course of the
Boys' Clean-up Day!
Wash suits and odds and
goo boys' wash suits.
Sizes 2 to 8; Sailors
Russians, Vestees and Ju,
Were $1.75 to $4.50.
214 boys' wool suits, with
a few velvet novelties.
Sizes 2l2 to 10.
Were $7.50 and more.
270 boys' low shoes.
Sizes 9 to 13; 1 to si,
Majority were $4.00.
693 boys' blouses and
Were $1.00 and $1.50.
Boys' $1.00 and S1.25
underwear at 35c smal!
boys' $2.50 straws at 35c
$3.00 swimming suits at
95c are other items at
ROOERS PEET COMPANY
HOW WAR HIT BUSINESS.
(ircatcst II no m since April In I
lllator), (Ifflrlal Report.
WisittNUTos, Aug. 23 How the war
has affected the world's business Is (to
talled In a statement compiled by the
Iieparttnent of Commerce for Chairman
front, south or Kstrees nnd nett of Broadway
Soye ourt, which the French captured at 13th St.
on Tuesday, the Ocrman cointc- attack'
. British fleet composed lot battleship, '- - - - Broadway
and battle cruisers, surrour 'f b' . eral points, and captured three otllcers at Warren
greater number or sma cr ' ,, ,3 ,,, ....rdluB to the otllcial
esirojt.-if. on statement telesrniihed here from lieillii
These suiceeses wen gained after 'he
Germans had kept the whole French - - -
rront on the Somme under a steady fire
all day to prepare the way for their In
fantry. All the nirUval statements mept'on
great n :ivlty of the ullleii nttlller.v
along praetli ally the en ire Somme
at 34th S
al 41st S:
tiring a shot nt the battleship. The sub
ma'nne when tiring was half submerged
and three officers were standing In the
WHALES ENTER N. Y. HARBOR
Torpedo get Ship A lire.
After the torpedo hit a column of
about twentv metres wide and forty
Simmons of the Senate Finance Coin- llu,trc.s high arose from the aft funnel front, and it Is nelietcd mure forward
nuuee. i un ...in...!!. Kri.er.ii conciu- of the battleship In vvhlclt the funnel was
slons arc given . lecogn liable In n white hot condition.
in every country. Including the I nltr-d Tlu ,,,, of ,lre Wil, visible for nbout
States, their was a decided decline In ,n,ute i
business activity after July. tHH. The i ..Klm,1it!,M.n,1,iv ,i,.r0 a a .trnnr 1
l-orlod of business depression lasted from .,.,..,. of ,,. froln . hoi,r. Aft,r
four tn six months ill most or the neutral
"There was a slight depression In busi
ness activity In the I'nlted States In th"
latter part of 1913 ami early In 1PH. but
In the spring and summer of 1914 the.-.s
wire signs or recovery. The outbreak )f
the war, however, caused a decided de
cline. "The Cnltcd States at the close of the
period, April. !!!!, had entered tipjn a
period nf business nctlvity which h I'
ll id no parallel In the history of the
the fire disappear d only the body of
the vessel, without funnels or masts,
was visible, while the full silhouette of
the neighboring vessels was distinguish
able. 'The commander of the submarine
had the Impression that apart from
heavy damage to the hollers the torpedo
had caused a great conflagration of oil
moves are plnuneil for to-morrow
The French made .'mother brilliant
dash into Herman tienches In tho Ver
dun region, where now they are the as
tt Hants, and took 20n prisoners. The
attack was made upon Herman positions,
between Fleury and the Thlaumont
woik, where the French have dilvcn
back the Oermans recently. It resulted
tier inn n lilp nnd Ore raptured.
stniuly llnok All Hxcltril. lllMnklii
Thrm fur submarines.
The siilnn.il. in Bremen nilgli
been icpoi ii-d a- cnli'i ing the harh"t
tail. i.v It the sea lover mistaken f
' at Sandy Hook hadn't proved lo '
whale. When the observers at th II
' had their eyes properly trained f
the whale was seen tn be ronv,.ie,
another leviathan. Tic) were if
I liiimpiiHciicd variety mil tuny a " im,
In an appreciable advance for the
i f.ct long, the obscrvets bald- hut .
may havo been excited.
The whale and his rrlend were "
Stockholm, Aug. 23 The capture of noticed Invading the harbor up tne m
the Herman steamer iKsterrt. or -'.."l.t, ihannel within a riuarter iu.lt f
Thise appearances were observed by all tons gross, with n cargi of iron ore, o(T shore, spouting gc.vsers that iccf-','
of the ottlcers, so mat tne t;ngllsli nat- liernosanil, Mvouen, on tne .uir or liotn- periscopes. When they reached thso.
tlcshlp was at least heavily damaged nla. Is oltlclally annoiinied. she was of the Hook they turned and put nu
by the, attnek of the i!erman submarine." taken Into Ititumo, Finland. ,-ea.
RUMANIA STILL WAITS.
the approval or Western executives, attempt to deprive l'ary of the title or
where the distances are great and the Bear Admiral und to cancel his $6,000
tinfflc proportionately light, will not be pension. Itcpreeutative llelgesin or
acceptable to the Kjistt-in executives. North Dakota has signified his Intention
where the haul Is relatively short and the of carrying the fight even to Peary's
tonnage great. To reconcile these dlf- cl ilms to discovery or the north pole.
Terences Is the almost Insurmountable I r O. H. Tlltmann, president of the
obstacle to the adoption of a plan tliat Na'lonal Ut-ugraptito Snclnty, takes Issue
will be senerallv satlsfactoi v. with ItepresentutlVfl llelgesen. lie slid
Three of the Important Western execu- 'hat because Crocker Laud und I'eary !
tlves made statements to-day moio or Channel, two of I'eury'a "discoveries," 1
less defiant in tone. These were Ixiuls nave nen round not to exist l no reason
W. 11111 or the Oreat Northern, 11. I'. Hip-' tor tiie3tinuing reary n assertion or nav
HiK it'atntti ine pute,
Morse llniiU Affairs VYoand lip,
decree signed by Judge Augustus
lost ground met with no success vvtint-
Balkans The clearing of the high
lands west of Ostrovo Lake (cast or
Fiorina In northern ilree?e, ;ns undo
Repeated Serbian attacks. In ihe
Moglena legion have been rrpulRed.
luatrlana Iteporl (inlns.
Htiu.lN, by wiroless to Kayvllle, Aug.
The Austrian uilkial statement ot
August 22 follows:
Fiont of Archduke Clintlrs Francis
Near Knhln (southwest nr Kolo'iic. i
on the Bystrltza nnd In the district or
ley or the Santa Ft and Julius IC.nit-
echnltt, chairman or tho Southern Pa
; MrHlll said there are now fi.Ourt Idle
c cars on the Ore.it Northern, nnd 'hat
' conditions will be worse because nf a
partial crop failure.
"Such an extra buiden of exjien-e -is Is
cnutemp ited by this eight hou. He- hose failure led to tho conviction of tured 100 prisoners nnd two machine
t mand," he said, "would not only c.i off t'hnrles V. Morse. In his decree Judge 1 guns.
t n,, ..-,,,,,,,, .,, i., , ..v, ,,,,,, rei.-M- iiaim couiiriiieu i ne report or the intent
ulnnu lint ivntiM thrriu h rmmh,,e ttf Hi. I . .... ..i 1 ..... ... ..
Western railroads Into receiverships -,n.l .,, ' ..,,1' uX nViV'V.":. . hurg-ln the sector .if Terepelnlkc
i-iuipie men- u-ciuim rn 11 un- i.-i j hoi ,v 1 tint) By previous order or the coutt
they serve. Tills Is :i hindrance to the 1 ,,, .emalnlng assets of the bank were
sold tn the North American Liquidation
N. Hand In the fnlted States District 1 Tartax Pars several IliiHalau attacks
Court yesterday wound up the long 1 were repulsed. Southwest of Zlclona
standing Insolvency proceedings ngnlnet (In the Carpathians west of Pelntyn)
tint National Bank of N rth America,' during successful engagements wc cap-
twill May Nelllrnl t'ntll Certain
nf Decisive Turn In Wnr."
Bit! i.v, by wireless to Sayville, Aug,
S3.--Ittiniima him not decided whether
she will enter tho war. In the opinion of
11 pel son ch.i-acterl7.ed by the Overseas 1
.News Agency as "a distinguished dlp'o.
niailst who It especially tonveisam with
t Hum ml 111 iilfalis.' on being asked l
I tin news ag"iicy ns to the present tdtua-
1 Ion, he said :, '
"Itumani i's attitude Is due to her aco
I graphical situ iiloii.liie country Is virtu
tally sill rounded b lelllgeients, Un-
iiiaiii.in itatismcn, ihfii'forc, me guided
tliu ilM m to mhio their country
lh .tijii . v.iilc'.i would In unavoidable
!f It wjre ti lieciuiiti n thenttc of wnr.
"Since tho beginning of the present
ontlisi.it on the entente Powers, pat
tlculirlv Itildin, have been extremely
ictlvi In Ituiintiiln, The country s
flooded with llus.sl'in agents nnd spies of
a'l descriptions, llu Ihiteutc uses money
I "ix slily to In Hits politicians and Influence
Im 0'.s This agitation renched Its
l.e'.'iht at the beginning of the last Itus
"At 1'ie s.iiiii time Ihe Kntcic an
nnunced that an olTenRlvc ciimpalgn
a mild Im Inaugurated 011 the .Macedonian
( 11:11, ,1 iiiovn purely for political imr.
pose1. .No.v the sudden nnd successful
devilopmpnt of the country which ought
not even to lie seriously considered an a
" President lUpley said' "There would
be no trouble nbout granting Urn train
seivlic einployies .111 eight hour d'ty nf
tigli hiaiis until, A good many poop.c
hav fiven supiioit to the lirnthrrho.id
I ideri' 111 the belief that the latin 111
figliilni; c c 'l.ilillsh Hi; iirlminle of the
' cgu iiniir 1 1 a v Speaking for niyndf
1 1 1 1 X I do not he Ituto to sav I Iml If the
Jj oiln'rhuods would inillcale (hat they
v unrig to woik eight hours for a
Pleulakl the enemy resumed his at
tucks against Hen. von Boehm-Kt-molll's
urmy. Aside from u small
trench, over which un encar-ionetit In
I cllll In pi ogres", all the ssltlons arc
I firmly In nut' hands despite the Bus.
, slim sacrifices,
fin the 1 11 II mm! rriim liii I,.
prnpilatloii hill, with rnvised urllcles of!. Kamv and near Smolary 1011 the Slo!.
war appioveil by th War Depailinent, hod northeast or Kovel) the enemy
wus passed tu-duy by the Senate, and lost advanced trenches and wo rap
now goes back to the House, where Hie tf.ri two machine Kui.
He vised Army lllll Passes Kcualr
U'ABIttNGTo:!, ug "2. The arm, ap
nniinrtiiicnt Is expected to be accepted.
The bill. was vetoed because II rave ex
emptions tu retired olllcers, phjch was
1 lluliitil' advance has hroiiiOit a oulclc1
croni or cieiu .viarsnai von ninilen- nangi 111 1110 stiuation, and thn llussian
nlTeiislvi nlo iippaienll) In slackening,
"At Mcseht Itllliiaiila Is still undecided.
She prolmbly will not give up her admit 1
pulley or neiiiiiiiity, w nlch up to the
Vit'sint time his given her an enormous
gain III power, unless sin In Hcvch thai
the tcally dccMvi 1 111 1 1 In the war has
been icaelii'd, .Meanwhile, trade rtla
t.lotis lietwii'ii I til m.i 11 l.t and Hie Central
l'nwer.t continue to be imiitnil and a .,
"Itiiiiiajtln has been a sphinx and is'
htil s'lioti'ltil III u .mysterious veil be-1
hind which political passion mid nulla-1
lion, llCl i.;,ty of the llUUielitali, but
of the Kntente agent.-, reach theivhigh-1
Do you realize the odds that are agayist the Presidents of the railroad compa
nies of the United States now in Washington, in protecting your investments?
Do you realize that to grant the demands made by the labor organizations
will very greatly reduce the surplus earnings of railroads in which you are interested,
possibly to a point where you may not be able to get proper returns on the money you
have invested, unless the authorities in Washington will grant an increase on the
freight and passenger rates?
This Company has invested nearly five million dollars in stocks and bonds of
railroad companies of the United States and it is protesting against additional bur
dens being put upon the railroads in which it is financially interested unless the
authorities at Washington give additional compensation to the railroads with which
to meet this new situation. We are not opposed to higher wages for the men quite
the contrary, we are in favor of proper wages, but in the end the railroads must have
sufficient income with which to carry this additional burden, and we urge every
stockholder and every bondholder of all railroads in the United States to demand
by' telegraph immediately from his Senator and Congressman that proper protection
by arbitration or otherwise, be given to the railroad interests, without impairing any
protection properly due the employees who are demanding more pay.
It is time for investors in the United States to realize that they should organize
and co-operate for their own protection. It is the only important element in our
commercial life in America to-day that has no organization to combat attacks directed
against American enterprises.
Near Itudku-Chcrvlsche (3ii mllci
northeast cf Kavcl) the Ku.-lunn
stain used their utmost efforts to gain
ground on the went bank of the Utok-
115 BROADWAY. N. Y.
By WM. B. JOYCE, President