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made injal.lo to Tint SIS.
FuUlthe.l dally. Including Sunday, l.y the
Sun Printing and 1'iibllfhlng As.oeiattiin al
1.V) NaiMii itreet. In the llnrnngr, i of 'V
Italian. New York, President. Krank A.
Mun.ej. inn Num.iii street. Vice-President,
Krirln Wardmin. I.Mi Nis.au street: sec
Mtnry. R II. Tltherliigton. 1.M1 Nassau
atreet; Treasurer, Win. T. llewart. lot) Nai
T.on.lnn naVe. 4nt.l Kleet street
I'arU utile., II Hue ile I Mlchudlere, oil
Rue iln (juiiire S.piembre.
Wahlnittnii office. Illlin. llulldlng.
Ilrnnklvn nttlc.. Itnom 'MJ. battle Hull J-
Ing, :io:i wnahingtun street.
If our fnnuh l.o tiler M irilh Mrtnii.
in nil n. .rn-i Mi ir iA.it purpo".
The Last Four Democrats.
The vote In the Senate on the Cow
nrtlly Surrender bill was clear cut.
All the so-culled Deinocruts but two
r,oiim-iit the t m 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 -' tiiner Into the
nlotigh. All the Ki'publlttins but I .a ' Millions for defence, In the day of
Foi.u.rrr. who Is not popularly asso-1 Wisiiikow Wilson, menus millions ex
claletl with Ufaibllc.tnlsin. refused to I tnicled tllrectly from the railroads
vleld to the tremulous music of rro-lunil
M . a.. at... ..Ll..1u .if till I .
lessor n.so. or i r ..
lilghwayiuc. The Itcpubllcan Sen-
1UO--V T-rii'iii, iih-iiii". . iniltu nils iiiiiiiii-, m iiuii:Kiiitiii
party In the Hoii-p who fell victim to . WIW s,fr necked fellow who. In the
the panic of the hour. i council of war nt Charleston, voted
It Is noteworthy that the two Iiem-..f(,r no roj(,0tm, 0f nil terms of cn
ocrntlc Seinitors who retiilned their p t ti Iti 1 1 in nnd for continuing hostll-8olf-resKct
ore from the South ' itlcx io the lust xt it-mtty." IfPiNCK
thnt one of them. .Iamks V. Ci.akkk. of N Y ,un, nou. vo it mK,t ,o the
Arkansas. Is President pro tempore f
the Senate. His Is a long record of po-
lltlotl honor nnd It Is not surprising
thnt he declined to disgrace hN State,
his parly or hlm-clf. Thomas Will
iam HAnnwiti; of (lisirgln Is the only
othpr Democrntle Senator who thought
more of his oath than of threats or
White Hotie favor.
Ci.Ar.ut: and Haiuiwkk In the Sen
nte: Hi AfK and Sri.Kt.t: In the Hoiie:
the slim roMer of the vanishing Ie
mocraty. How Cniurwooh must envy
them their spines:
TtM Supposed Acceptance of Pro
Rata Pay for Oiertlme.
The eight hour bill which Prpsl
rtcnt Wilron forcetl upon a cowardly
tJongress has been misunderstood or
misrepresented In some quarters. It
has been misrepresented its a compro
mise by which the brotherhood lend
pra obtain tho tpmpornry and tPntn
tire support of lnw for thplr demnntl
for ten hours wnges for eight hours
work, nnd In return yleltl or recede
from the second proosnl on which
the strike vote was taken, namely, the
demand for time and one-half pay
for overtime In nil but the passenger
A recession from the brotherhoods'
original demands to the extent of nc-
ccptlng pro rata pay Instead of time
and one-hnlf pay for overtime Is the
aupposed contribution of the railway
unions to the "compromise" nrrunged
hy Mr. Wilson.
There Is no such contribution, no
troch concession, no such compromise
on tho part of the brotherhoods. The
Adnmon net does not provide that
the rallwny employees must accept
pro rntn pny for overtime. Whnt the
act says Is this:
"For all necessary time In excess of
eight hours such employees shall be pnld
at a rate not Jn than a pro rata rate
for such standard eight hour work
This flxps n minimum for the prn
ployers to pay, but no maximum for
the lpgal ilPinands of the empln.vees.
Not less than pro ratn does not
mpnn not more than pro rntn.
The WIlson-Adnmson net contains
nothing which would prevent the four
brotherhoods from proceeding to-morrow
or next week or next month to
demand time nml one-hnlf pny for
OTertlme under the snmc threat of
throttling the nation which was suc
cessfully employed, with President
Wilson's; powerful aid, In extorting
ten hours pay for eight hours labor,
Jayan for Japan, and America for
We truat there may never be armprl
conflict between the United States nnd
.Tapun, nnd we suppose that even
If popular misunderstandings racial
prejudices, tinrcpilated commercial
rivalries, or foolish or unscrupulous
tatcsmansblp may bo fated to lead to
such a conflict between the Powers
that confront paeh other across the
Pacific n good mnny years must puss
before tho unpleasant possibility be
comes a hateful reality.
But It Is certain that In the peo
aomlc struggle that will follow elose
upon tho cessation of tinned hostilities
In EuroH) thpro will be Imperii live
need of formulation or reformulation
of American relations with tho
Mikado's people. Wo must have a
policy, ami hew to Its line, We must
tnko the blinders off our diplomacy
and must regulate our trust In IIhmr
' with whom we deal to conform to the
fact thnt human conduct In nations
a In Individuals rests upon the funda
mental rule thai II ley will get who
hare tho tower, nnd they will koep
Japan has planned and Is prciKiriiig
to execute her policy of trade develop
tnont. It "111 not be ha.y In concep
tion, nor lax In eeeiulou. It will ne
not Idealistic or theoretic, hapliaard
or Intermittent, but well reasoned nml
tocuralely hx'JjI11 puictiuilt (.siralf
tent and productive. It will neces-'otir
snrlly compote with our policy nml wo
can niwt It only with n policy ctptnlly j
clear In imtllnc nud substantlnl
tent, equally firm nnd (It.
The .liiimnc.HO Government Ih not rn-
K.i pod In the service of Ilumnnlty.
.lrtMiii Ik for Japan. And tlmt In one j
more reason why. nftcr the next fourth
of Mnrch, America should he nnd will
he for America.
A Vottr of Another Age.
This appeal to Tin: St'N. nrrlvlng
by telegraph, breathes an anxiety,
which ought to be tiponsed nt once:
"Will you please publish the Immortal
words of n great patriot, 'Millions for
defence hut not one cent for tribute,
with your comments on what these
words mean to-dny?
"An Ammicax or IUvolctiunaby An-
Millions for defence. In the period
Of ClIARIKS OlTKSWtlBTM PlNlKNKY,
wonhl hae come from the purse of a ,
Miinll republic not yet recovereti rrom
war. I'incrnkv-h i.wn ticket would
have Miffere.1. eu-ii as his miiiI nntl
body hntl suffered during two years',., llllf , ........i..- llf n,......
" Mr,,lHh Vli""n- "" "l.,Pr,1 ,hK
iiioied phrase at it time when eace
with n foreign country could have
I.n.l U t.'nu ll.lltll.lf.Ml 111 till.
" ' "".111011111 of summer.
payment of money. He preferred that I
the r.ilted States should he lni.yer-
Ished. jKMlinps defeated, rather than
that It shotibl buy peace. I
Indirectly from the American lieo
I . 1 I a . 1...H... IlllllUWt .....a.
pie mm um-u to ....tie -..-..-n
no, , m WI.WW . the coming ;
itlon - stirc of Mr. Wilson to show him
how ,rvnl was the case of him nml
M nm.,,t ,1SM)clutes. Hy ylehllng
lo blackmail they stood to Insure only
their lives, comfort nnd fortunes,
while Wilson yields In nn attempt to
sum; his olllce. The professor would
,mV( tt:ir1 ,(. M,nvnclnR I'inck-
nkv that n man who yields to black
mail, or acts its a collector of li,
does not sncrltlce n good deal, for It
wns of Pinpkm'.y that Cham.fs
Cmavncky said that "his lovo of honor
was grpnter than his love of power,
and deeK'r than his lovo of self."
Poor old Pi.ncknk.y! Twice he wns
a candidate for President, hut he had
not the enterprise to betray his coun
try or bis party In an effort lo nit
Does Humanity Include Our Regu
lars? In the peroration to his speech of
acceptance PresldPiit Wilson spoke
of u time in I he Indefinite future
when the world at large would look
iilsm this nation as "a enplp who,
though keen to succeed, sepk always
to bo nt once generous and Just, and
to whom humanity is dearer than
profit or selfish power." At the very
moment when Mr. Wilson" wns giv
ing voice to these lofty sentiments.
that part of humanity represented by
our regulars ut Kl Valle, Mexico, the
most southern outpost of the Admin-
1 1st rut Inn's "punitive expedition," was
on the alert to defend Itself against
bandits, recently trlumphnnt over cer
tain Carraii7.lstns, whose renewed up
grcs.slon has lieeu made possible,
through President Wilson's shifty
policy regarding the admission of
arms nnd ammunition Into Mexico
from this country.
"Hpporls from the south to-night,"
says nn Kl Pnso, Tex., despatch tinted
Saturday evening, "dpclnred thnt
Villa mid his band were about sixty
miles west of 'Chihuahua city, be
lieved to be bended north In the di
rection of the American forces at Kl
Valle, after first looming ammunition
caches prepared mnny months ago in
the mountains mid replenishing their
supplies of cartridges and rifles." On
which sitle of the border these cart
ridges nntl rifles were manufactured
is not matter for conjecture.
On cpnsorcd postnl card recently
sent from El Vnlle by n prlvntp, who
enllstpd some time npo In n cnvnlry
regiment of thp Unitpd Stntps nrmy.
to his pnrpnts In this city, tho writer
remnrks thnt while he Joined the
regulars because ho wns willing, if
the necessity nrose, to give his life for
his country, hp nhjpcts to bplng klllPd
by n wpnnon that his slnypr could
not hnvp obtained without tho con
sent of the United States (imprumput.
As he knows, tho rpgulars who were
slain recently nt Cnrrizal, MpxIco,
and Columbu. New Mexico, fell from
bullets that had been moulded on this
sidp of the bordpr.
President Wilson has appointed mi
army board, which Is now tnklng tes
timony, to discover who Is rpponshh
for rpwnling to the American public
the fact thnt Oenernl Ftwsro.N and
other military experts bellpvp that
(leneral Pk.rhiuno'h little army below
the bonier Is occupying Its ierllous
po-lilon for Insufficient reasons rea
sons, apparently, not unconnected
with the political fortunes of Human
ity's best friend. Would not the with-
drawal of our punitive expedition al
once deprive the Administration of
Its chief point of vantage at the coin
ing conference ultli Caiiranza'h rep
reseiltlltlvps? Hut In this sordid and despicable
game of politics Hie Administration
Is playing wllh lire: tiro that may
coiicelMibly Hare up nnd consume the
political ambitions of an Kxecutlve
during uhoc blond stained term of
ofliee piore American soldiers nml ma
rines have been slaughtered by bos
LUv Uulluu thus vera allied Uuiiuu
Hpnnlsh wnr. Dlsnster to nny
pnrt of fipiiprnl l'r.nsiiiNo'H forces,
rendered possible only through the
Incon-.iissessiii by Mexican bimdlts of
American muilc weapons, might serve
to open the eyes oC those of our conn
trymen who nre still blind to the Ad
ministration's fntnl shortcomings to
the hideous mennce to our iintlouul
i,onor ,nnl wifely that lurks In the
substitution of tolllirul scheming for
truly humane administration.
Thnt pal riot Ic count ryiuun tit Kl
Vullo who Is willing to tile for his
'country, but who nsks for n square
ideal from the White House, .should
get n hearing from every voter In the
Karl) Opening of the Theatres.
Various cntiM-H i-omhlnctl to con
vince the theatre managers thnt It
would be the part of wisdom to open
Iheir theatres earlier than usual. Au
gust occasionally brought In some of
the tlrninullc novelties, but the greater
nllIn)1r f ,u.n,,.,w s(l f begin their
wnfl,mH or , ,,,,,. )l1Vi Thero
hl), h,(11 k1,h m, nI(), ()f AuKt
f , srnr.vlv ti night which
Thin was the result of the belief of
.. e mnnnwr, ,ht H, crpntet nro.
. lwlU , 0 ,ast
Tu, irPM,mt, of nn llnllMll)ty largo
uln(r f vl((((rs ,(, , c, wa(j
prlnt.pnl rot(liml for tlls sanguine
feeling on the part of the entrepre
neurs. The lack of opportunity for
Kiiropenn travel has kept In New
York tunny who would not ordinarily
be here. Making their hnlldnys In tho
m,.tl.1M)1Si t WMS Hmwei (hey
wo)1,( ((, p pr f((r mmm of
nlnp of the ilrnmutlc sensnn wns the
result of this reasoning.
So far there have not been put be
fore the public more than two plays
which -ecni to possess vltnllty enough
to last after Thanksgiving. As to the
Kss)ty that nny of the present
performances may be witnessed nfter
Christmas there cannot be the slight
est hope In the mind of the most op
timistic impresario. Already four of
the productions arranged for the Ail-
i gust nudlences have been removed
from the gaze of the public.
The visitors have Indeed given evi
dence of possessing an Independence
of Judgment which Is not to be Influ
enced by the managers, .lust because
the theatres had prepared new plnys
for their entertuinment the MrnugPH
did not in the least feel thnt It wns
their duty to go to them. Indeed,
they showed grenler perverseness In
the mntter of selecting their amuse
ments nnd went to see the pieces they
had hoard well of.
in consequence the two summer
miisk-ul siectncles and one pluy which
has proved Its popularity by n long
run nre attracting much more pntron
ngp than nny of tho npw pieces. The
public tloes not hnvp to lie of New
York necessarily to find out what It
wnnts to see nnd what Is worth see
ing. Future dramatic seasons should
profit hy this manlfpstntlon of Indo-
pendPnt Judgment, nnd mnnngers will
probably reuse to think that the vis
itors will go Into any playhouse just
because It hnpiens to be opened for
their benefit. The visitors are Just as
cnpable as the nntlves of finding their
way about thp nuiuprous playhouses
which seek to nttract their patronage.
"Pitiful Women and Children."
Consider by itself a sentence from
Mr. Wilson's j.peoch of ncceptnnce:
"I am more Interested In the fortunes
of oppressed men and pitiful women
and children than In any property right.
The phrase "pitiful women nnd chil
dren" Is reminiscent, suggestive of
calamity. Hoes It refer to the mnr-1
dered Innocents of the I.usltanla? X"!
lor unit iragetiy appears to nave neon
forgotten by the finger huker. Poes
It refer to the poor wretches on the
American side of the Klo tlrande who
IH'rlslied while Wilson was philander
ing with Cahranza? No; for the
acceptor nt Shadow I.awn conveni
ently forgot the outrage (S'rpetrated
by his friend Carkanba's forces.1
It refers, the contoxt revenls, to
the women nnd children of Mexico.
Mr. Wilson has no such solicitude for
the svomen nnd children of Aroerlcn
who died because all he could do was
to write, end write, nnd svrltP.
Does Mr. Wilson fancy that hp Is
running for Prpsldent of Mexico? Ills
words would Indicate that euch Is his
Character Study by Josephui.
The Hon. .TosKruus Daniels of
Hiilelgh has a theory of tho gcupsi
of his chieftain's jiolltlcnl grentnpss
which Is ns sound ns It Is Interpstlng.
Wp quntP from Joskphl's's .Vcics nf
"Colonel IlAatrv, able and brilliant
man that he Is, did not comprehend Just
the type nf man Wooprow Wilson was
when he allied (as It must be admitted
he did) In getting Mr. Wilson before
No, Haru.v didn't qiilto conipip
bend the type; he found It out later.
Thai lias been the experience of scl
eral other benefactors nnd promoters
of Intelligence without Character.
President Wilson on Haturdiy re
ferred to "the essential rights of man."
ltlghts that are forfeited, of course,
when a traveller passes from his own
country to another.
It seems easier to capture tlinxti
towns In southeastern Murope thnn to
pronounce their names.
Kir Kiinust Hiiacki.kton's exploit In
lescuiiiK his men from Hlephant Island
Is a liner thing than the discovery of
a useless continent.
When told that the eight hour law
wiut (Mtly fur his signature I'rcaldcut
'lHiil BlnN, iulMAx,
Wilson Joyously exclaimed: "It li the
climax of a very happy day." He U
evidently convinced that his salary Is
large enough to cover the approaching
higher cost of living that Is about to
worry and depress millions of his coun
trymen. The President suys that he Is above
nil things else "an American citizen."
Fortunately for him. nothing bus taken
him to llurope or Mexico during the
past few years.
The Administration1 theory was
that the country couldn't go hungry If
It swallowed Its pride.
Congress points with pride to thej
fact that OAtmKTHON has dried his tears. ,
Kvery day It grows more. aiparent
that (!ARRNzi Is even less do facto
than he used to be.
The President's punitive expedition
Is menaced by bandits and typhus, ami
Villa is not only alive but has his
headquarters In the saddle and an
army under Ids corn-mind. The only
trumpet that Mr. Wilson ever seems
to he.tr Is his own.
If peace hath its victories no less
renowned than war, it Is evident thnt
It also hath Its list of killed and
wounded and missing.
How can the New Kngland con
science be reconciled to the fact that
$500 of the campaign fund of Senator
.Ioiinhon of Maine was from the pocket
of TOM TAOORT? I
Dr. William Alimionso Muhmill, o
specialist in mycology, has written a
bitok explaining the difference lietween
the edlblo and the poisonous mush
room. This is a contribution to tho
safety first movement. Tho old fash
ioned way of "telling" the difference
was to sample a cooked dish with n
sliver fork. If the mushrooms were
poisonous the fork turned black, so It
was believed. A disadvantage of tnis
method was that the silver fork would
not turn black. Tho believer did.
Whv does n chicken cross a street
Is not so bewildering as why In tho
event of the shadow of a possible food
shortage tloes the price of chicken rise
first, fastest and farthest?
The first class In political (or Is it
domestic?) economy will rlso and ex
plain why the two cities In tho world
whero the trade in diamonds, pearls
and rubles lias most Increased since
1914 are New York and Herlln.
The President Is unquestionably ver-
satlle. Having acted last week like
.1 A M es PfcitANAN, he begins this week
by sounding the praises of Abraham
Japan has made four new demands
upon China, strictly In the Interests,
of course, of Humanity.
Sam Gomters Invitea 'Mnbor gener
ally" lo support tho Administration.
Why shouldn't he? When a thing Is
bought and paid for a show of deliv
ery should he made, even If the thing
Politics and the movies differ radi
cally. In the latter virtue always tri
umphs. Even yet King Constantinb doesn't
seem sure that his right hand knows
what his left hand Is doing.
The Exchange Finds the Subject In
tereatlng But Not n.
To Tit Kpitor ok Tiir Sun Sir: An
article aprearlng In Titr. Srs of August
51 atnl samples from A, W. llrabham.
nlar, S. C. sent by you to the Cotton
Kxrh.insc. were turned over to tills de
partment of said excliance.
Wo have to report that the subject
is not at all new. Our letter riles con
tain a copy of a letter written January.
1314, to a party In Alabama on exactly
the same subject. This was an lllustra
tlon of some of thu green colored cotton
such as the one now shown.
We copy part of that letter.
We have examined the ampl and can
, , "7M""h k";
. nrlom tlmem In fact, the season tirfor
lt, had several halea of It here,
don't know what naa nnall)-
We ran 'ee no advantage In producing
I thi. kind, it would not pais on contract
J,, ,n ,.ltp,oi. ami if it bad ..ny
advanlaitn In producing good! of that
rotor, If the color wai desired, we don't
know It It would bold.
The raniple o. end ha to much
white mixed with It. It would prii.liics ery
Samples showing colored cotton are
undoubtedly very' Interesting, Inasmuch
as the cultivation nf these colored cottons
Is In Its Infancy and morn or less experi
mental, wo think it Is a subject for the
R. P. I. of lT. S. Agricultural Department
to take up.
Ci.AssiricATioN Committee, Niw York
Nkw York, September I,
What la Ift of Jefferson and ilftrkaoii?
To tub KeiToa or Tn Scn .ir.' la there
any of the good otd Democratic prlnclplei
to which Prealdtnt Wllaon hai held firm
except "to the (Democratic victors belong
the apolls"? I. 1). T.
I'lTTsrir.t P. Ma , S.pt.mW 4.
The Shade" at Shadow I-awn.
The Shade of Hoitgcnvllle, Ky ' '
The Shade of Caldwell, N, .1. I know;
I felt the ami ta when ha waa In my
Social and Industrial Note from Kanaaa,
'rem fas ITIaellettfr Stat.
Three carloada nf the ll.rnhagm family
ef lairnworlli vltlttd Sunday at v. H
He Pared the Contrast!
He dared the eoiitrat There where I.ln
Into world that crates the great
Where lot Ing handi Imcrlh. a il'alhle.s
In golden letters upon lllory'a n'roll,
He nike of hlni whoa, brnodlng, aomhre
A tlnl.m saw that other" could not see,
U'lin.e iIimmIi were doughty h. hit words
Who ul.red ilralh that captlven might
lie 11 1 seil hl hand lo .nil the cli..ing
Who aw h. portrait he had limned In
Of on. who held no parley with the wrong,
Win. m. .oul wan pure ai li the aong nf
He dar-d the conlia.t. h. tha faint nf
IIU liaml iipllfleil thai had li'M the pen
That cal Ills name from Lincoln', far
Uuil works Uin will with frtat and
Kvwaau . v4 xiLa,
bHiri'liiMit ft, 1916.
THK COWARDLY SURRENDER.
Indignation Increase as People Begin
to Understand What It Means,
To tji KniTon or Tub StiN .Sir; A
correspondent writing frtun I'utnam,
('(inn., suggests that the Congress should
enact n law punishing the railroad broth
erhoods by Inflicting a heavy line upon
them should they strike. All wrong,
deiul wrong. The Oongrerv has nlreadj'
tedded to line the railways. How stu
pid of your correspondent.
Mount Veiinon, September 4.
A Defenslte Labor League Proposed.
To T'ik KniTon or Tub Scn sir: I
have followed your editorial articles on
the railroad strike question from tlay
to day and have appreciated them very
There Is one point that I have hoped
you would treat editorially and' trust
you will pardon me for toiKgestliiK II.
I refer to the fart that the American
rcderatloa of I.hIhh- pretends to repre
sent labor In general, and unlonlxed
Inhnr In particular, and yet Samuel
(lonipers has approved this railroad
strike, which If It had gone Into effect
ould have brought unlotd suffering and
wretchedness not only lo the whole toun
try but to nve times as many union men
In other Industries as the number It Is
supposed to help.
The helplessness of the public gener
ally has been set forth very clearly and
1 have been wondering whether or not
a remedy could be found In the organl
Mtlon of B ew. ,,ody cnrd th(1 ..,,,,,.
l.e-ii-iie." or other aonroorlnte name.
which organliatlon would be of broade
scope thnn the labor union nnd take In
all wage earners.
Such an organization would have a
higher standard of Intelligence than the
ordinary labor union, because Its mem
bership would Inrludo men of IiIkIi In-
.rnmence. empioyca in numerous sua .
An oritanltatlon of this kind wou'd
In time be able to exert an even Kreatc.'
Influence with our weak kneed politicians
than the labor unions do at present.
I make these suggestions from purly
patriotic motives, as I believe the coun
try Is facing a very serious crisis, and
that our republican form of govern
ment Is placed In Jeopardy because of
our Inability to place able statesmen In
office Instead of weak politicians.
'Nkw York, September 4. I.awtkr.
Kfffft of the Situation on Holders of
To Tiir Kditor of The Hcn Sir: I
wish to cnriKratulftte you on the rdi
torlsl articles published In yntir pajier
recently, particularly those dcnlln? with
the proposed railroad strike. There is
one point I would supsest that you brlns
out mor clearly than you already hate
done, and that is this
Kvery holder of a life Insurance policy
Is affected vitally by th condition now
confronting the railroads of this coun
try. The insurance companies are hold
ers of rallrond bond", and as such am
affected by their earnings.
If a very small percentage of the citi
zens of the -United States are to be
allowed to put In Jeopardy the welfare
or our wives and families tilings hve(i., r..,fni ii,w.MlL-;itlon has shown
got to an astour.dlnK atAU In tola Imil )nt t)l(I mlljor,j. f persons thus "need seemed acute for n wider scheme
1 'r"- . 'killed and Injuicd are cltlr.ens living In' of defence. How narrow was the
You have already suggested one Hnjt() vi,.,,,. of ,,0 Hrcident nnd that public apprelienslmi nt the time that
of action which la admirable, namely. , m atf wom. UIlJ children. From the squabble ts'twion Smir.er In the
me luniiaimn in a prmmiia iwwiion
among the security holders of the couie
try. It Is time such an onranlcatlnn
was started; then we will have an ar
gument that will receive attention In
our leglslatlte councils.
As to this Administration, words fall ;
It Is absolutely unspeakable.
John M. McRripi.
Easton, Pa., September 4.
Reason, or Military Force?
To the KniTon or Tiir Scn Sir: It
Is prohably true that whnt one nun
I may lawfullv do ten men may.
lnes not follow from this, It seems to
this one of your readers, that the ten
men may or should lawfully be nuthnr-
Ized or permitted to do this thing slniul -
tanisuisly by prearranged agreement or
conspiracy. Still lesa doea It follow that
an outside party may or should lawfully
bo permitted to make It bis occupation
to foment and arrange such ennspira-
cies. He should be considered a scnun-
drel and be prosecuted as a criminal
whenever the Intended effect of his mad
conspiracy Is against the peace an.;
dignity nf the commonwealth.
The Ame.lcan public s Itself ,o blame
'"' ',r T nnowen ,a,.,.
ness and seldshness to smother ts sense
of right, when I, a s.,n,e other man
wno was nit ny a strike, until the evil
lias grown to the existing mammoth and
all Mibvcrslte proportions. Allowing tho
heart to run away with the head, espe-
dally among women who have no ii"o-
till employment, has been another con
tributing c.iuso of the present huce illiri
culty, which, as has been said, threatens
The day for compromise based mi
misplaced sympatbles Incense must soon
tome, or is now here. Heuon, or else
military force, must assume command.
Nkw Yon k, September 4.
The Pnllman Porter's Claim.
To the Kpitor or Thi; Scn Sir.' flaw !
for .Mr. Wilson. Haw! Ttaw ! l'a inst
a "nlKKer." but a happy one? Porter ' for ,hflr mv" ITc-.oct l..n and to save
on a Pullman car between New York!1"1"'"" ,hV!'' "n"1'1 "cally '""n this
and St. Louis that makes the run in lamentable waste of human material,
a little over thlrtv-slx hours. Ua-u': lh" Interests of economy and for
Mr. Wilson Just made a law saving that ,," v" ot humanity this ought to be
all pubsnns employed In nny rapacity
in operating cars on any railroad earn - ;
Ing paosengeis in the t'nlted Stales shall
be paid a day's pa fur every elglc
hours while sn employed? Can't I the.i
demand and collect four and a half dH.ts
pay for every trip? If not why not?!
Alnt I a pussou and an operator'.' Itatt
for Mr. Wilson' He's the beat frlenj
tli "eiillinl puason" has had since the
day of Massa l.tnkum. Itaw for .Mr,
Wilson! A Pullman Porteh,
Urooki.tn, September 4.
Could llryan Hate Keen Worse?
To THK Khitor or Tim Sun Sir; Sen
ator Cummins said It right: "It Is he
brassiest gold brick that waa eter of
feied lo the American people," nud diall
by the greatest political bunco steerer
of nil time, Could llryan have been
A few weeks ago al Wheeling, W. Va.,
I saw 11 political banner suspended across
Market street bearing this Inscription,
"Hod hless Woodrow Wilson, commander
In chief of the army and navy," Tills
pinmpted me to offer a blessing for my
country and fellow countrymen, but wlnit
was said will hardly bear repeating,
Kast OntNOK, N. J September 4.
Nn Safely Till Equality Before the
Law Is Itestored.
Tn THK KniTnn of TllK Si'.s fir: A
long pel I, )i of Judicial nnd leglslatitn
favoritism has culminated in the present
Tbers can b no unurance
of government by the people until there
Is a complete reinstatement of the prin
ciple of tile equality liefote the law of
all men, laborer nnd capitalist alike.
No sound economic reason has ever
been offered why the wave earner should
enjoy a prlvllego of combination for pur
poses such as would not be tolerated for
a moment In a roup of capitalists, why
both should not be subject to the same
restraint nanielv. that combinations
should be tolerated whlclt exist as com-1
hinatlons for all purposes
evolve slrlctlv In obedience to tonsld-
eratlons of economic expedience, while
thnso which exist merely for purposes
of nrtlftcl.il control of the market, and
hence swell to dimensions that defy
considerations of economic expedience,
should be condemned.
..... I ...... .1.1 1
A recognition oi ... '"'
nijiiii- no in i -
Without It no pros-pect exists save of
successlxe nml Inrreaslns humiliations.
C. tl. WAtm.
Kf-RINoriKl.li. Mass., September 4.
Mr. (larretson Is Neither President Nor
Vice-President, but Conductor In Chief,
To tup ViMTon or Tub Scn Kir: As
an occasional reader of Tllie SUN I write
to ask o" 10 decide a bet
Han be says that ttompers Is Tresl-
dent of thi! Cnlted Slates and tlnrtrt
soii Is Vice-Prcslilcnt, nnd I say that
(iarretson Is the President and tlompers
Is the Vice-President.
To decide the bet we both say we
leave It to you to say which. H. S. A.
Nr.w Yon, September 4.
OA TMEAL 'AND MILK.
Does Kiiltur llelleie Them Fit Only
for Horse and Cat?
To Tim I:itoii oc Tilt: SUN Sir: Tho
Ilerr rroiessor enieirn win ii-.m .......
Ma usual courteous greeting. Rently "I''ture he could not U unaware that the
. m.. erlm-nteil tiernmn cat from her chnlr I ... ... . .. ...
my educated tiernmn cn iron. ... r .......
- : , t-i.
and sealed himself In her lUe. lien 1
he Kar.cd with disfavor at my customary i
morning ration of oatmeal ami miiK.
When I last was In l.ermany, sal. ;
the iterr t'rof.'SOr, 'I received WOrU
from a dear friend that ho was about
to entertain for some nays n i-arn-
American. 1 telettraphed bill! to I
cow fur Ills RUest.
Your present scr
Your present scribe does not r,ull" Bet
the nural of the talc
IIUl II ... iu-i
. . ill ...I . .I....,l..pfl
somewhat like, hi, : Amerl an
s due .. eating horse fodrte ltd drln I -
ln cat beverages '"; ' " ''":
elency Is due to the stro mt lc" '
suUi real food as s.uerkrnut. sne!r.o ana
lieer. ltlCltARIi I'. ItKVO.
Nkw York, September 4.
Should Federal Law Prohibit thp Tres
passing Thnt Causes Them?
To tiir KniTon of Tiir SCN Sir: In
twenty years ended In lap.' there weiv
ti.;33 trespassers klll.d and IM.MS In-
IJurod on the r.tilwajs of the United
.... i n i o iher.. w ern nnnroxim.iK 1 V
111!. IltirM- i.iiu uui .v... i fi.rr... ,,f .Ilifii... u'lti. Iii.i.ii.i III mtirnli tl.n i.uu,.uu .... nn.l I .... I ...
to know 'vvarimi' at once replied that tir,,ui.h ,,m , Qm.r,.,aro. wtu.ro (lf both halves of the western cnntl
rZ , ',,,,n,! "ni'""" from Austria , nent. And that eastern Island s , .,,
so be should "f M untimely end. line Is the natural strategic defe....
on the. safe she; and that l ey drink ,t t,u ,nl,,rvl(.w. W(, pp , n( for every sovereign Power on th,a
milk by the liter, so be should ,ot . ..... no fear of nw-u-ressloii on l,..mlsnher... VV,. cnnni think ..r .
lS.nnn children under II years of age serveu to oeteat tne purchase or tne rorce III readiness with which to en
killed and lujuteil whll trespassing on IMnish West Indies for the trifling counter the international burglar, for
railroads In tli L'nlled Stales, enough to sum of ..o00.v0n has been painfully he knovs no law but thnt nf force,
make a mile post fur etery mile half wav revealed of late hy the reluctance of Surely we should win the good oplr
around the world. There were so.omi Penmark to part with them fnr thn Ion and friendly consideration of e .-eri
between the urcs of 14 nnd '.'1 year.- -uin of $ir..noa,flno in gold, l.et us not people in every Innd, but we must al
killed during that same period, making deceive ourselves. No astute enemy prepare for the burglar nnd the
.".3,nno minors who were ilctinis nf tliit ' would begin to ilispuie the Monroe maniac, whether person.il or Intetra
evil. Muring ten years ended In l'.'IO ' 1 loctrlne imvly by a descent iimn our tiotinl. No man may foietell when h
thue w.'te 103.1.12 trcpiisers killed and mainland coasts. The twin American shall appear. Hut In the light of h.
nijured In the t'nlted State", while for continents were cnmpieieil by pene- lory his recurrence at unexpected in
the same period In (treat liiil.iln and tratlon through the waters which part ments cannot lie denied. The w.ttr
Irel.ind tlieie were hut f-.TSI tiespassers Sniith America Ironi N'nrtli America. tt:an on the wall may see In 111" fr
killed nr.d hijuied, I'f coulee tho mile- and there ,ij:aln will be the theatre distance the ilu-t of bis npproacb.hu'
luce of American railroads Is much
. greater, but it Is iieterthi li'ss true that
,h,- llilt.sh tailways travetse a more
1 deney populated ant congested terri-
,nry thnn most of our American rail-
ways, in lltiripean countries laws for-
j,,' trefjiaising nu iallw.ts,
To the uninformed It wi.l probably be
, Ui prising infoi malum to know that
more than half thu persons killed on
I .m rlc.in railroads are trepassers and
that ordinarily there are on our radroada
I tlue.- tinv i'i in py trc-jusi-ers' kilted
i e.u-li year ns there nro rallrond em -
plo)cp; klU,d, This annual needless Kill.
Mnc f ,nro u,all ;,(nnn American clllrens
in,i ,. mluiliig serlouslv of an equal
" Z 1 " , , J. J, neJ , ,L ,u lv
be pretciited by the cooperation .if thu
public and public nlllcials. Laws bavo
been made intended to deal with almost
.lent !in.1 n it mt lui'ii Miiiinsir itiittn4.ui. 1
or Imaginary cause of iieel-
ble to get piss.,1 or enforced i.v, , 'ended lo conllrm Aza.iel's good npin
which will illectiiely piohihlt railroad l"lt of himself, and lie decided that, as
trespassing and the great economic less . a man, bnrn for authority. M.ouer or
in Hie ii.itlno Intuited In the killing and later tile shrievalty must be Ills.
i maminK ,,f ,i.Se persi ms. as well ns tho
, M,eferli tn Inmmnltv caused therein-.
A law prohibiting tiespassliig would "ysit-r ocus at t inpei nig i-nnu, of hun,.,,i nature, etcn politl.al i . ' a
not In Itself alone pieient trepnssng In l1". when he again went after Uin ' natuie, to keep faitli. We w"l r
or tiCspass accidents, but a Kederal nomination for Sheriff, be had to give member that when he nh f,niern'
law. or at least uniform laws in all up tills Job. lie was not nominated, of .New York Charles K Hughe, t.tn. I
Slate, ptohibltlng treapasslng, suppie- nud then lie had his choice nf return- a tw, cent fare bill nnd an eo.ui'
memed by a persistent campaign of . ing to work as an ordinary oyster . for teachers bill, and wrote a nc-ts
nubile education for the lmniose of teach-. man or seeking some other occupation, against the resolution tn rattf. t'-.r In
I Ing h II persons that such law was framed
Marci's A. Po
Nkw York, September 4.
Are We to tin On In the Old American
Way or He Hilled by "Labor"?
To Tilt: llnnor, or Tiir. Scn sir: Con
gicss lias power tn icgiiMie commerce
between the States. The regulation of
railroad comment' between the Stales
it has delegated to the Interstate Com.
Does this power Include or denote
the power lo regnlale the rale or wages
paid to employees of inllroail couiiii-
nies engaged ill lulcretalc commerce?
Pills Is the question raised by tho
Adainsiiii act, which
has Just Isen
pascd by Congress,
Hut the question is not only a legal
and constitutional question, Its deter
mination will be influenced by the po-
litli'o-ci'onoinlc and sociological views
of the Judges to whom the question
is pieseiited, The state of mind of Hie
community will .dsn have a subtle In
tlueiii'c, The form and manner in which the
question Is presented to the courts will
have large Importance.
New Vouk, September I
slll lie fiimplnln..
Fltml (c fctilfrfiA l.l I'irit.
I'olanrl lliyiin ( oiMpl-iln. that he .1
gienly inUundrtiivail man .Set nj , he
MEXICO AS A FACTOR IN THE D.
FENCE OF THE AMERICAS.
A Proposal to Make the Clulf and
There os recently published nn In
terview with a Canadian gentleman
rhlCl! ,,Uce ",e l'irM ,,U,f Cn.r"
"man. oerore tne American i.uouc ..
an nttltilde of statesmanship more In
harmony wun tne impression ne
created by his addresses to tho people
of 'Parral and Santa Harbnrn, State
of Chihuahua, Just after tho First
Chief and his victhrlous Constitution-
..,M8 ,, )or campnlK for a
greater force to proceed southward
lo hunt nut Huerta from his lair In
In those addresses, which were so
effective In rousing the yeomen of tho
twiftl. If. 11m Inul ,,r flm Ifinif IllllltlirV
mnrcll , th1 m)llth, Cnrrnnwi showed
up .well as a leader and a statesman.
He Is a thoroughly well read man, it ,
student In many directions, with
ample Inform, Ulon as to political, so-
flat and military conditions in tho
United Stales, and quite alive to the
open door condition of his country to
assault from the United States or from
on oversea enemy.
Respecting Intervention of nn ag'
gresiive nature on the part or tno
United States, It Is my conviction that
be has never had any serious appro-
beiislon. He has felt that he could
bluff the Interventionists and keep
them nt arm's length, nnd he has. He
has had no doubt whatever of the hti-
I tn.'inlt.'irlnn 1mritilaM of thn Amerlenn
.,... Y , i.ptpril,, Mtudent.ih nn nf il,..lr .,itrru t ,i,,.' '.
. , .,,. ,,.., . nnl.l.l .nl.
eaieii-in-e in in:, i-i.iiuu .v no inui--
pendent sovereign Power for tho last'
f f ty jcars bus been duo to thn togh!
,)f .. iIonro i)oct,... which. Im-
,,x,m.0 f cmln,ry nH Iin Inde -
,,. Ilt,,ly ,.x,,.n,i..( over Mexico ut the
-,lflB. tr olX-ll Will-. Hllfllcoal tn alrlvo
,., ,., ,lf ,,,, .., ,,
i'.f(.o '"ii." ii
i,..!.... ,..,. .M.ivlc,,. le.,v-
. .. !miii.... , ,. (1..rr,.n,.. ... i,P
' - ------ - -
tin. Hurt .if thi. Ani.irliv.il ll'iflim m
I . ,,..,.r,i ..loser relations of
li , I ,..,1 ,
I "" ' .' I"! n.-iu-'ll, I'lll. l.l- 'H. c-l
recognition on HI- par, of the
vuIm.nil,mt. f ,.st ,, w,.st
coasts to penetration by an enem
I with the spirit and Intent of the eon-
. , . I1P..iriv' rur i,nm
nan. We m'o a far rencbliiK spirit of
ncv'oniinodatlnn to the people of the
I'nltod Stall's for a common purpose,
namely, the mutual defence of the
continental coast lln-s against any po-
tciitlal aggressor from oversea to the
c.i.-t or to tin- west.
Heretofore our critics nf public affairs
limited largely their consideration or
defence to the const lines nf the t'nlted
Mates, tmiy teceiit'.y. since the com-
pletion of the Panama f inal, has the
.-elinte and Ur.illl .11 the W I to InilHe
of the first attack, whatever other
dc nimihtratlniis may for strategic rea-
suns be made against our cast or
west continental coasts. X,, defence
programme would defend that does
not make the (iulf of .Mexico tiuil the
. t'.irl'dieau Sea Impregnable lo an
ftieiny. a mare claiistim, by Interna-
tlonal agreement of the nations Imr-
tiering thine waters. A billion dollars
might be spent mounting Mi inch guns
on costly fortifications extending from
! jar AllTHnPITV
( Azaitlel Hovd (Jould tried to get the
,, - ,
I ""Publican nomlnalion for Sheriff of
: "la ,n"ni in liis. lie went all tile
way to New Voik tn talk to Ttn-coe
Cmkling about it, and t'onkllng said
Vet other things tll.lt he said
Ar-mlel was married to Annelle 1 lallock
'and be had a good Job a foreman of
; ,1" watted a year without Working,
I ti.iKln.i. dm, ,h.i linn' UhrlCC .v
I "V .'"'
make him his deputy, and then Fix
months trying to get a clerkship in
the Sheriff's ollke Annelle went nut
in do housework for other families
She could not complnln that Aaiisiel
was a dnmkaid or that be abused her,
and she then isdleved, with him. that
a conspiracy of events prevented him
from ii-sumiug his pioper place In the
world. He did a little gairii ning every
spring and summer, but he was careful
to explain to the politicians that this
was for his health,
livery two years lie trltd to get the
nomination for Sheriff. Kieiy year
the rain bent through holes In the roof
, of the little cottage he rented, In him
the passion for political authority
burned on with iindlinhiMicd llame.
'-a1 wr, tl"' Health Pepartment of
Azazlel's town could not lind enough
n,p" ""'' al the crossroads and
' bold up motorists to see whether they
, ! cnildieil conceaien anout incm, Mi.
ine iioniuoo oavnm- ii.cn iieeii upon
lilm." Aza.iel went on the Job at 12 a
'.da v. There lie stood in the dust and
lie.. . ,e i..,i,.t .1.1 ohm ... .o..,
a yellow Uind on his hat. a nickel
badge on Ills Ik'sI black coal.
When lie halted cars In the nanie of
the law and peeied Into Hie tolineaus
foe lililitnii babies It seemed to bun
but In mile of Itoseon Conkllo's
treatnieni. his life ambition had not
been In vain,
Annelle stood in the door and
watched hlni. II u. is a great day for
lier, too, although she did not know li.
lor she 1 oinpressed into two wolds,
scarcely more than whimpered, all the
unspoken hope ami ilc-palr, all the
sadness and pity, perhaps all Ihescnin.
forty yea is
the Caribbean Mare Clauoum.
Key West around the Qulf of Mexico
past Yucatan to the Panama Canaj
and thence along the north coast
South America to the Lesser Antillaj,
None of the countries bordering then,
Central American waters except th
United States would be financially abla
to Install such defensive works, anil
of what avail would be a line of such
fortifications extending from Key Wen
to the mouth of the Illo Grande wets
the coasts of Mexico and tho thou,in4
miles of International frontier between
tho United States and Mexico left open
to nn enemy?
It is as unthinkable to fortify th
Mexican frontier as It has long hears
to fortify tho Canadian frontier, it
Is much more, Infinitely more, rea.
sonable to reach nn accord with Met.
Ico for the mutual work of renderlnn
me entire continental
coast lines of the two countries, ami
then successively effect treaties for
.the continuation of the work on both
shores to tho Isthmus of Panama.
The work on the eastern toait
would be greatly modified by extend-
Ing tho territorial waters of the twin
continents from a point on the rat
coast of Florida around all the
Greater and Lesser Antilles to , point
three miles from the South American
. continent beyond the last Islam!
the Lesser Antilles. It seems iuit
within reason that all the Pnweis mr.
tiering tut such almost closed mldn.1
bnu uVinnM lmfn tlia tmvter ,.. i .
I .,.,,, , l .,.,.,.,,,...,.,. I i........
, close' them to thn entry of tiot'ttitiu. :
, . . ' """.
1 actual enemies.
The peoples of North Atncr cn and
South America can never be ..if,
ih.-hIi.hi nirerpsslvi. Inv,.sl..n uin, ,h
ureal Interior const linn in.,1. f...in.i
raaa.l tlaa. amiatunal .lr. lla.. I. ..1 ..
liiivci nail' i i-sjium aiuuf it I ti 1 I
lln.Krllii.it luilwiintl til.. 111. 'riii.k.. ..- ..
,...,.in,t ,....ru k.mi.Hi ,i,..'i... .
- ,i. " J in
.. ... Itl, l.n.rln...l ... .....1
..or fill nr.. blnlnrv. fnr tlmt . l,l ,. ,1
, ... ., ... .. ..
Mini, in.j ,llll..llll-ll III .'IKIll IllllUlin.
nf our Cana.ll.tt. friends, who are
h, , wnn
treaties sacred beyond or power- of
expression. Nor cat. we eon;em,.te
.. i.i,..r.. ..i. ...... '
for whom we have a special .iffettinn
ns the mother nf the American ""
stllutlon add perforce of those of a
the other American republics. i:pi.il'
abhorrent Is the thought of war will,
the Mexican people, so long non
almost wholly without Interest In the
lands nf their own cnimtrv.
Yet we are only one hundred mil'.
Inns, nne-Ilfleenth of the population of
the world, with a labyriirh of mis-
terlous notciitlalitli-s In the Iiimoim n
tho future; nnd It would bo cra'f
stupidity to give a sole and abolu'
confidence to our own goodnoa., and
probity of Intention as securltv
ii till list aggression. V innat hat.
1he Incredulous multitude, will ,ilw,n
scoff ns they did at Noah, as they d o
n Kngland before August, 1!'14. an.1
ns they lime on countless ntlier n-.
mions recorded by Impartial 1. -tin
and the net rc.-ult to the carele mull
tildes Is that the storm breaks (r-
cxpecletlly" upon a people tlui- fo-e.
doomed to destruction because t et
believed "It wasn't going; to be mui
of n shuwer anyway."
(5i:oi:i;V: W nmir.trw.r
1 UTTnwrv'Q rorrD-r
He VetiM'd Measures That Hud the
"Sanction of Sue let)."
To the Koitor ok Tin: Sfs .ie T
solid Itcpubllran opposition In the S''n"
for I'ollette is not to be ilaK.l
a Itiiuibliean, and the vote of ,w . M'""
cialie Seiiat'ils and tun I ien nii.it. I.
sides thirty-odd Mepilbliian m.-uber. '
the lloue nre the eonmlihg fcitiitr.
nn liiildeiit that without then. " ii
tempt us aim. st to dcpaii
No, wo win pot despair N i c
we lose our trust in the eapi.-l'i
rm tax amcnilment. Kor ea li e! tiir"
I.t ... . ...
tnings ne could imvo found, it h- S"
marched for It. the sanction of so, '.'v.
iiohlud each of them were gather.-.
KrXii many n1 h ,nKYt m,
have believed that he had s poht'.-sl fi-
lurw hch ,v(lI(1 , MvN(l,,v sff, i
, ,. nut )ie whu ...
' , ,,.,. h..,,
.,,, courage. ' Verily, he shall re -"v "',
MoNrcLAlR, N J.
Woodrow Wilson Contradicts ('hsrl"
To Tiir: KniTon or The Scn
Hughes's statement at l'rt ' ''
"weakness breeds insult. insa' b-"!'
war; honest, llrm, c,iunieni
mined defence of known rier ''
usiies peace and respect thrnucl",'i
world" does not need the evid-i ,f
history to pinve it true, but ihere " '
Hlgnineant par.u-rnph In t'harl. Di -
eps's "Child's History nf llngl md.' t'
1rn nboiit u:,0, lererrlns to Ameil't
,n,r w...lilngloi,, and !efl n
,.,.,, ,-!,.,, Bn.
sn-.il.-t nations of thn .aril. In '
, unci. In nhb h I rite It la hnee
, teuiHrk.il.la for protecting II. ii"i."
whereier lll.t may Irnte'. wllh "r'
anil a deteriiilnallnii will h !
' for MiiKlaml
I Who could say the same tbo c te dT
, Thn paragraph quoted fioin 1
shows the respect In which llo
, nelll 1
1 was held, young as II was, for
1 n Ined defence of known right
, Hughes iuts It, but II is bard
, thai any nation would r-i'o t.i .!
1 Olir-e In-day lowaid lirnlee ing
.ens as 11 model 1 1 Lit Hl'HT '
"ww ouw, sjivtcniticr t