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THE SUN, TUESDAY, SEPTEMBER 12, 1916.
AND NEW YORK PP.ESS
TUESDAY, SKPTEMBEH 12, 1910,
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Published dally, Including Sunday, by the
Bnu Printing: and Publishing Association at
J to Nassau street. In the Horough of Man.
attan. New York. President. Frank A.
Munsey. 150 Nauau street; Vice-President,
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retary. IL II. Tllherlngton, 150 Nassau
Ireets Traaaurer, Wm. T. Dawart. 150
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Washington office. Hlbbs Building.
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oar fritnis teho faror with ma""
trriplt and iUuttraUom lor publication urfM
fa favt rtlttttd article$ retuntd then m
tm all cam tend ttampt lor that pur pott.
Malae Answers Queitloa. ?
' Tho returns Indicate thnt the Re
rwnllcnns nnd former Progressives of
Mnlne enme together In n wove that
closed over the Democratic hopes of
r "September victory." A Republican
In elected Governor by about 12,000
plurality ; two llepuhllcnns are elected
to the United States Senate; three,
possibly four, Republicans go to the
Bouse of Representatives.
It was nn .election In which local
Issues had little part and which was
waited eagerly by those who see lit
Maine's decision a forecast of Novem
ber. The Democratic Governor nnd
the one Democratic Senator were
candidates for reelection nnd both
arc avowed nnd accepted disciples of
.Wilson. Both are beaten.
' Such analysts of the vote as could
to made last night shows that the
Republican, party of Maine, split so
badly fn 1012 that Taft ran third,
Was reunited yesterday smoothly and
solidly. The Indicated plurality of
Cam, E. Miixikcn over Governor
Cubtis approximates the plurality of
the combined Roosevelt and Taft vote
over Wilson's vote. Compared with
the vote for Governor in 1014, when
Cubtis was elected, the figures again
prove that In Maine at least the
Progressive has gone back home.
It was Maine's first election of
United States Senators by direct vote
and she had two seats to till. Fbxd
Bale, Republican, hns defeated the
present Democratic Senator, Chables
V. Johnson and Best M. Fernam
In victor over Dean Sills for the place
made vacant by Edwin C. Burleigh's
death. Jon n son was supposed to be
type 'of atl that is Wllsonlan, al
though he did not vote on the rail
road surrender bill. Whether the
Democratic Representative, McGilli
CT7DDY, has been beaten wns not cer
tain last night. If he hns been beaten
in spite of his evident popularity It
will be indeed discouraging to Mr.
The Democrats have been asking
What the Progressives were going io
do. The answer has come.
Too Appalling for Belief.
The most appalling assertion that
lias been made since the war began
is the statement of the Fund for
Starving Children that 14,000,000 In
nocent Poles have perished from star
vation, disease and neglect It adds
that "the latest authentic reports from
Poland are thnt all children under
seven years of age have ceased to
exist." As nn Instance, It Is related
that In the district of Gorllce, In On
Ilcla, a million nnd a half of the
civilian population starved to death
in the months when battles raged
Desperate as Poland's plight has
been, caught .between the millstones,
it seems Incredible that the tragedy
can have done away with 14,000,000
persons. If that were true the leg
ends of the days of Genghis Khan
.and Tameblane would be outdone,
with hunger and disease taking the
place of the sword. Only the record
of the plague's sweep through Europe
In the fourteenth century could be
Cited as a larger horror.
When the Children Go Back to
As the paralysis plague nears the
end of Its 1016 career, of frlghtful
ness and the rigors of quarantine be
gin to relax, with health boards ie
covering from the hysteria that has
wade so much discomfort and con
trlbuted In no smalt measure to the
public distress of this memorable sea
son, there Is need of special alertness
gainst the dangers of too swift re
action on the part of citizens who
have been panic stricken. Cooler
weather, even If It may not control
the mysterious contagion, will lit
crease iwwers of resistance, while
with the close of the vacation period
nd the resumption of routine the
agencies of germ dissemination nre
The school authorities nre arrang
ing for every reasonable precaution:
and parents must do their part first
by exercising u certain courage, then
by endeavoring to score 100 .In the
liome care of their offspring. In few
even of the best regulated families Is
ven crcdltnble approximation to per
fection in child nurture attained: the
combination In correct proportion of
study and piny, confinement nnd free
dom, right feeding, regular and early
hours, cleanliness and clothing prop
erly adapted to the infantile need.
Where some children get too little 1
care others may get too much, for the
domestic as well as other virtues can
be carried to excess. There Is tills
fall exceptional opportunity and ex
ceptional Incentive for persons bear
ing the responsibilities and anxieties
of parenthood not only to lenrn that
there Is n happy medium but to
Let courage and caution go hnnd
In hand, and the promptings of four
be regulnted by reason. Let the chil
dren be neither exposed unnecessarily
nor deprived of their normal health
making activities. Let Jack and his
sister Jill go early to bed nnd rise
with the sun, avoid crowded amuse
ment places, eat the simplest foods
carefully prepared, with special at
tention to the condition of milk nnd
of fruits safe when cooked keep off
the cars and In the open nlr, 'play
hnrd, sleep long and bnthc frequently.
They are safer In the schoolroom than
In the street or penned In the house.
If the defensive programme were
more difficult It might be more effec
Are the President and "The Hud"
la Agreement egardlng the
Mr. William I.eavitt, Stoddard,
writing In one of the magazines, makes
himself personally responsible for
this statement about Mr. Wilson's
opinion of the Clnyton act :
"Without going Into the details of tho
provision In question It may be enough
to say that the President himself has
declared that the clause which on Its
face exempts labor from prosecution un
der the Sherman trust law does' not
really exempt. I do not know If Mr.
Wilson has stated this opinion public!!-,
but I heard him state It to a group of
newspaper men, and I believe that there
la a stenographic report of what was
Uttered on that occasion."
It such Is the President's view, his
opinion of the Clayton law coincides
nearly with that which The Sun hns
expressed. The act which became n
law by President Wilson's signature
Is very generally assumed to license
labor organizations and the Individual
members thereof to conspire In the
name of labor to any extent In re
straint of trade. We do not believe
that It has any such effect.
We do not believe thnt the Su
preme Court would hold that a stat
ute which exempts labor unions nnd
their members from the pennltles for
combining or conspiring In restrnlnt
of trade while "lawfully carrying out
the legitimate objects thereof con
stitutes a warrant for throttling the
commerce of a nation or threatening
the lives of thousands of their fellow
We do not believe that the Supreme
Court would under any circumstances
hold thnt these wholesale conspiracies
of frlghtfulness are lawful enter
prises for labor unions to undertake,
or that such conspiracies nre Included
among the legitimate objects of these
According to Mr. Stoddard's very
Interesting statement Mr. Wilson
agrees with The' Sun In the belief
that the Clayton act Is no barrier to
the Federal prosecution, under the
Sherman law, of conspiracies of labor
In restraint of trnde; In other words,
that he knew he wns giving n gold
brick to organized labor when he
signed the Clayton act.
If Mr. Wilson entertains the view
of the Clayton act's supposed exemjc
tlon which Mr. Stoddard snys he has
expressed to at least one group of
newspaper men, this question will
naturally be asked by those who do
not quite understand the mental and
moral makeup of the President:
"Why, then, did ho not proceed to
test the Clayton act by instituting
through the Department of Justice a
prosecution of the labor conspirators
Instead of surrendering with hnnds
up to their Impudent and threatening
demands and persuading a cowardly
Congress to do the same thing?"
This, we sny, will be a nuturnl
question on the part of those who do
not really understand the President.
Those who do understand his moral
texture will waste no time in asking
A most serious charge against the
American drama of to-day Is made
by William A. Bbady. He sadly as
serts that It Is suffering from Infantile
paralysis. This pessimistic, accusal
tlon Is the outcome of Mr. Brady's
professional connection with count
less plays that are unworthy of pro-
rlltetlnn nnrl n faw tlinf ranoh ttm
boards. They nre the work, both
those which nre rejected nnd those
which are played, of young men or
women whose experience of life Is
slender, or of elderly writers who
have never grown up mentally.
If Mr. Bbady's contention Is well
founded there seems to bo a short
cut to the solution of the difficulty, j nml i,wPfiS of thp JoprH ; mocklng
Whenever nny young person comes i laughter of tho sidewalk mob.
under suspicion of being engaged upon we could not help thinking of the
the writing of a play let the law step time, now blessedly near at hand,
In at once. The culprit should be when out of the political museum In
held for observation, nnd If seriously Washington shall be bundled the wax
afflicted with the plnywrltlng germ figures whose gestures have been
should be placed under treatment, manipulated by the Democratic Show
Compulsory attendance nt a really man,' the while their mechanlcnlly
good school for teaching the elements moving' lips gave forth tho fluent
of tho dramatic art might bo wise in words and familiar tones of the Great
certain selected cases,
Possibly there Is no line of human
endeavor that demands such thorough
acquaintance with the peculiarities of
human nnturc, Its heights und depths,
Its Ins nnd outs, ns tho task essayeM
bv the nlnvwrlcht. It slmtihi not ho
nttempted by those who nre unfit for
It mentally, physically, morally or
through lack of experience of life. ' """ "' "'" """"
But Infantile paralysis, of tho kind Tho maKt orlBlWiI achevcment of
referred to by Mr. Bbady, Is a dlftlyhe Administration is the application
cult thing to check. The Greek and
Roman writers referred to It two
thousand years ago and It hns raged
with more or less severity In nil the
highly civilized epochs of tho world.
If the lawyers or tho doctors, or both
combined, could find' some way lo
minimize Its horrors tho future of
the race would bo brighter.
The stage Is u powerful and some
times elevating institution, but Its in
fluence utwn tho community would be
much more beneficial If playwrights
suffering from first or second child
hood could be suppressed.
The Important Deliberations of
Mr. Samuel (tampers.
To oven a lender of tho confidence
and daring of Gompers the proposal
to paralyze New York must give
qualms of uneasiness nnd quivers ot
hesitation. No one realizes better
than he does that the traction strike
Is the child of Woodrow Wilson's
folly, conceived at the Instnnt of the
cowardly surrender and born In the
hours of the Jubilation of the broth
erhoods. So far the traction strike
hns failed, except on most of the sur
face lines, and the president of the
American Federation of Ijilmr N
called upon to revive It by a massing
of nil his forces. It mut be nn un-
plcnsant summons for him. Wilson
nnd his Congress were so pliant, the
victory nt Washington camo so easily,
that this new war which he Is nsked
to make must seem crude nnd costly.
Gompers knows what the public
thinks of the brotherhood grab; he
knows that It Is outraged and venge
ful and that a general strike of the
trade unions here" would add to the
Jinnies of wrath. Wilson would suf
fer nt the polls and the very notion
of the national Inlsor organization
might supplant n coward with u
brave mnn. The wedge driven by the
brotherhoods would be removed.
Aside from the gratitude due to Wil
son from Gompkrs, it Is a bad look
ing business proposition. Under these
circumstances Mr. Gompkrs may lo
glnd that the rules of the federation
call for nt least a few days of delay.
In these few days he and his chiefs
may consider also n further and more
appalling possibility: Supiwse that to
general strike were railed and that
It slgnnlly failed? The attempt to
cripple tho Interborough lines failed
for the prime reason thnt the em
ployees did not want to strike. That
Is n reason which Mr. Gomi-khs surely
does not excuse und perhaps does not
understand, but It Is a compelling ren-,
son. After General Fitzgerald has
lost his battle, he calls upon Field
Mnrshal Gompers to risk his whole
nrniy of the Knsr, nnd all to save
nothing but his own fuce. It is ask
ing n great deal of Gompers. Wilson
was so easy, Congresy was so easy!
But New York does not look easy.
Violence began yesterday with
strikers stoning curs and carrying off
the crews. This too must nunoy
President Gompers. Ho' knows thnt
violence will only add to the nutng
onlsm of a public which hns no sym
pathy for the small strike and would
be disgusted with the big strike thnt
It would be well for tho deliberat
ing Gompers to remember that the
0,000,000 people of New York are not
candidates for otlice.
A Cartload of the Decayed Great.
Out of a basement door across the
street they came. Into n cart they
were bundled, nnd nway they were
driven. Black Maria never carried n
stranger or more helpless crew;. Di
lapidated dignity was their common
murk. Their waxen features were
battered, streaked nnd worn, their
clothes not such as make the man
admired, but they kept their eyetj to
the front nnd bends unbowed. It
was as though Mrs. Jabley's Wax
Workn, "the delight of the nobility
nnd gentry nnd the peculiar pet of
the Royal Family," had been resur
rected nnd transplanted. Or they
might have been ghosts of elllgles
from Barnum's of old, or a hundred
other Impossible possibilities, running
back to the .Terror aud the tumbril
and the democratic guillotine. In
dusty dignity but with uubllnklng
preparedness for any fate that might
befall they rode nway.
Viewed from the editorial window,
nt an unfavorable angle, they were
not. enslly Icntlllnble, though word
came thnt they were counterfeit pre
sentments of American statesmen,
relics of the glories of a museum late
of great esteem among visitors from
Brooklyn and other outlying lairts,
brought from temporary retirement to
final disposition nnd a last resting
place. Particularly admirable was
''tlff backboned jxisture of n sturdy
Colonial who stood beside the driver.
and the unflinching pose and io1ko of
a gentleman of Inter date hitched with
rudu rope to a post In the corner of
the truck, and stolidly disdaining the
premonitory pressure of tho halter
not yet stretched to fatal tension.
Gentlemen riding to their Inst fall.
May the exodus of March 3, 1017,
',p Accomplished with ns much of dig-
""V- composure snd despatch ns thnt
W'W we have Just witnessed. May
,lln Penning out of tho Chamber of
Errors he thorough, from tho most
P"l','(' lllminy " tho Capital to tho
cm,t cl,,of IIorror to ,0"R
of the initiative and recall to military
There Is still plenty of money In
KnRland, A newspaper Red Cross and
Order of St. John fund has attracted
contributions ot more than $20,000,000,
nnd the Kitchener National Memorial
Fund already exceeds $1,000,000.
Scots call It a "rub o' tho green"
when something undesigned rma a
golfer of the toward of a well played
shot, giving his opponent an unearned
advantage'. Bo It has como to be a
common belief that If a name had to
bo invented for it tltoro must bo tnoro
than n little luck In golf? Very little
luck' when two players on the Merlon
links last week, picked by every critic
of tho gnmo as llnallsts, performed
exactly to theoretical form; worked
their way through n hundred and fifty
contenders to drive off together In tho
deciding match. What clement of luck
there may bo In golf persists In favor
ing the best players.
If every lighting country Is as strong
ns It claims to be the war will outlast
every man now living.
If tho British rule the air ns well ns
the sea the overseas possessions will
have had a good deal to do with It.
The tkfalny Peninsula has presented
the, British army with forty-flve aero
planes, and the Sultan of Johore has
given fourteen battleplanes.
Wames Wilson for situation In China.
Republican Nutlonnl Committee says
clewing of door Is result of demagogy.
Dollar diplomacy was better than
thirty cent diplomacy.
PUna have been filed for Brooklyn's
new $5,000,000 library. Tho -architect's
sketch shows un edifice massive but
graceful, at ouco grand ana in the
pleasanter senso homely, forceful but
flowing In its lines. No structure of
stone could more perfectly embody the
human qualities of the community for
which It Is designed and built.
The suffragists nre still endeavoring
vainly to discover Just what Wooprow
Wilson means by his Atlantic City
Mr. Edison could not find a flower
or tree that John Ht-imocoiis could not
name. Wo trust the Wizard of Menlo
1'uik was not hoaxed by the Sage of
Slahsldes. if It Is possible to Imagine
the naturalist's memory lapsing mo
mentarily In the nomenclature of the
wayside weeds and the forest flowers,
of which there are more varieties than
Democratic statesmanship has phases,
It Is also possible to Imagine Mr. licit-
nonius dodging cmb.irnismcnt In the
mazes of botanical Uatlnlty where tho
great Inventor could not hopo to check
A Sfontclalr man defends the use of
the sidewalks for roller skntlnk' on the
ground that it Helps children's morals.
Uut what of the morals, ears, nerves
.nul ankles of grownups. Are adults
If there Isn't quite enough g'.r.grr in
the Republican campaign it's more
effective than the other fellow's mo
Film shows Manhattan mora rxrltlng
than Wild West. .Veicsjifipt r irmlKnc
The bucking bronc Is a plug In com
parison with the mounts of urban Joy
riders. All the red paint in the world
is daubed on this town. And some of
our citizens are quicker rjn tho draw
than any bat mart of the old days In
Texas. The Wild West is nowhere.
Couldn't Villa get a bit of that pork
by coming In, dead or alive?
The hugest athlete In New York falls
eighteen Inches and suffers Injuries
that nro serious, perhaps mortal. An
Infant falls from a second story win
dow und breaks not si bono. Some
times It seems that Providence must
whlsprr orders to gravity.
The more nearly tho election ap
proaches the more dearly this Admin
istration loves everybody.
FORT GEORGE PEBBLES.
Perhaps the Remains of a Formation
To the Editor or The Sun Sir: For
several years I have found at tho west
erly foot of Fort Oeoruo hill many
otlllttc pebbles. These belong in what
geologists call tho drift. Not haviur
been ahlo to learn the fource of these
pebbles, I would like to le.trn whether
any geolostst can tell the place of their
origin. They, were brought frum tho
north by the Ice sheet that overspread
the Western Hemisphere and er ile
posltcd where I found them. They are
aot of ollllllc Clinton formation. So far
as 1 can learn that Is the only oUHtlc
formation north of Manhattan that has
been discovered. It may be these pebble
are all that remain of an ottlltlc forma
tion up Ntnte that has disappeared. In
the same locality where these tiebbles
occur I have found many corals, crln
olils, tentuculltcs and bhell fossils. Most
of them are so small that a good nviK
nlller Is necessary to see them. In fact,
an ordinary hand glass falls to disclose
most of them.
The oUlltlc specimens number prob
ably a hundred, and vary Krently In
size, shapa and color. Their transpor
tation to the region of Fort Georso was
doubtless contemporaneous with that .if
the fossils mentioned. 1 found several
oUlltlc pebbles ns far south as 17tth
street, near Fort Washington avenue,
Fumuno H. Unbar.
ew York, September 9.
tllnks at Home.
Jinks l being qui-stlnnul by tha voters of
his tvn. '
"It's rtrrntlful how they pestrr ma as 1
go up nnd down!
I've alius loved my neighbors In a Presi
But they dan't seem well disposed to me.
They're really actln' queer.
"Tha I.usltanla'n on their minds, the Sue.
ex and the rent!
I can't explain these things to them though
I should try my best:
What Woodrow done In Mexico and with
the railroad muss
la causln' some I love tha best to make
on awful fuss,
"They dare to say he plays for votes who
ever may get hit,
And wlist they say behind my bark ain't
nice a little bit:
They hold me part responsible fer every
thing he's done
In try In' to get old Villa with a small un
"And now they say our enemies wherever
they may be,
In foreign lands just anywhere or on tha
Are plannln' to get millions when the pork
Is goln' round
I sometimes fear that Woodrow Is not alius
safe and sound."
JfcTJ?. WILSON AND THE NEW
The finrresder at Washington and the
To tub Editor or the sun Sir: The
most amailng thing about the situation
precipitated by Mr. Wilson's abject sur
render to one sot ot strikers, nd now
forced VJpon the city ot New York by
another set, is, It seems to me, that no
one seems to know how to meet It.
Presumably the machinery of our gov
ernment Is sufficient to protect the pub
lic in the enjoyment of the absolute
necessities of life. Yet now we Bee the
Mayor of our city holding conferences
with the legal representatives of the
conspirators who avow their purpose of
crippling the public service.
No one denies the right of any man
to quit his Job If ho does not like It.
But unless I am wofully deficient In un
derstanding there Is here a widespread
'OMimplracy In restraint of trade" openly
organlztd by professional "labor agita
tors" claiming to act on behalf of the
workers, and undoubtedly acting by the
authorization ot some of them.
What are our laws for. If not to pre
vent this? There are plenty of them,
and why do not the authorities enforce
them? Why wait for a breach of the
peace for which some poor devil will be
lined or shut up for a few das? Why
not put some of the head conspirators
on trial In the criminal courts ftistead
of arguing with them?
Hava our local olflcials no more back
bone than the present Incumbent of the
highest office In our government?
If I am wrong, please tell me what
the word "conspiracy" means. U.
New York, September 10.
A Plain Citizen Writes Plain Com
To the Editor or The Sun Sir.- Will
you permit me through your columns
to express to the loyal employees of the
various transportation lines of New York
my sincere thanks for remaining at their
pts of duty at this tlme7 It would
have Injured many others like myself,
who nre working for a salary, far mure
than It would have injured or Incon
venienced the transportation companies
had these men deserted.
I nm a firm believer In Individual
effort, individual responsibility, Individ
ual freedom of action and liberty to work
ns an Individual, depending alone on my
own capabilities and loyal service to my
employers to exact from them, without
compulsion or arbitrary coercion of my-
frlf Individually or with others In com
bination, a Just und equitable return for
I hold us my Imllenable rlsht as an
American citizen the privilege to work,
If need be, at any calling In which by
nature nnd accomplishments I am fitted
to discharge the duties I am called upon
to perform, without dictation from any
man or combination of men as to how
or when I thall work or what my com
pensation shall be. Any curtailment of
these privileges or any dictation what
ever apart from my relations with my
employer I would combat us a violation
of my constitutional rights.
If combinations of capital are a men
ace to tho nation at large. Just how
shall we characterize the combinations
of organized labor?
Whjjn the man of average nblllty dis
covers to what extent he handicaps him
self when he allies himself with thoi-e
of Inferior talents, mentality or honor
und realizes the Injustice he Is doing to
himself and his family, to say nothing
whatever of creating an nlr of comba
tive aggression toward bis employers,
then he will get rid of the millstone of
combination with which liu has so griev
ously burdened himself.
All honor to the men whose consid
eration for the welfare of their families
has mndo It possible for those of us
who aro dependent upon an uninter
rupted passenger traffic to provide tho
necessities of life for our families.
Should there ever arise the necessity
of appealing; to the fair and unbiassed
public for Justice, there ure tens of thou
sands In this great city of ours who will
rally to their standard, assuring them
of not only sympathy but financial help
should It be required.
I am not an employee of any of the
street, subway or elevated lines of this
or nny other city, owe them no obliga
tion, neither ask nor receive favors
from them, either as corporations or
Individual olllcers, and my only deal
ing with them Is paying my fare nnd
riding on their cars, so I havo no "axe
to grind," but firmly believe tho time
has now arrived when men who Insist
upon my entering Into a copartnership
ttlth them shall be restrained from In
terfering with my personal rights nnd
privileges and that I give voice to my
sentiments and declare to my public
servants In Washington I will not tol
erate their dictation as to what my earn
ing capacity or period of labor shall be,
aud remind them they are not Ip the
Capitol to represent combinations of
labor alone, but that tho Interests of
millions unattached und who will ever
remain so must be safeguarded as Jeal
ously as those to whom at the present
time they seem to assume they only owo
their election nnd service, even though
they may have the assurance that the
labor vote of tho entire country Is sol
idly at their .backs.
Ix-t those of us who have opinions
contrary to those held by tho alien dis
turbers at present In our midst not he
afraid to express them when occasion
demands, ami let us do all In our power
to uld our loynl friends by putting up
with such Inconveniences as may be
necessary to end tho dictation of out
siders ns to whether business agreements
Individually made shall bo wantonly
broken, and that their threats that they
ttlll strunglo nil rommnrco In tho great
est city of thu world shall !e forever
silenced. What say you, fellow citi
zens? Fair I'i.ay.
New Yonic, September 11.
Mainly tho Author of His Own
To the Editor or The Sun Sir; It
Is very plain that Mr. Wilson taken no
pains to discount the future. A far
seeing statesman In tho executive chair
during tho Inst two years would not
have been burdened with "the greatest
problems since Lincoln's time."
Those problems would not havo been,
and most of our International difficulties
would havo been averted,
Wilson at best bus tho unhappy fac
ulty of doing day after to-morrow what
he should have done day before yester
day, I knew, nnd I am sure the President
knew also, that the flrotherhood men
were going to mako exorbitant demands
nn tho railroads for more pay and
shorter hours, I knew that In January,
1016. When did the President know It?
When did dompers tell him?
Perhaps tho railroad heads told him
long ago that they would stand firm for
Many thousands of people knew many
months ago that there was a possibility
of a great railroad strike. Every news
paper reader knew It in May. Then
was the las', minute to discount the
future as far as the railroad situation
was concerned. An honorable law avert
ing the threatened strike by way of ar
bitration chould have been advocated
then. The business men of the country
would have applauded such action.
A business man must discount the fu
ture. Successful statesmen do. Only
grand atand players watt until the last
Inning to score the only run. All be
lievers In' true preparedness realize that
a successful to-morrow Is tho result of
a busy to-day. Ferdinand Henke.
St. touts. Mo., September !). ,
The Beward of Cowardice.
To the Editor or The Sun sir: If
anything Is needed to clinch Mr. Hughes's
election let him Jdst hammer away at
tho "cowardly bid for votes."
When tho American people understand
that little service to "society," Hughes
Do not other readers of The Sl-n
find as I do, that even the most loyal
Wilson supporters now begin their argu
ments with an apology? U 1). P.
Chattanooga, Tenn., September 9.
The Foar White Feathers.
To the Editor ok The Sun Sir: Why
were not four quills, each showing the
white feather, used?
Charles n. Ellis.
Alliance, Ohio, September 8.
SOMEWHERE IN FRANCE.
A Utile Story Told by an American
To tiis Editor or The Hun Sir: I
send you for publication an Interesting
letter Just received by me from
Philip O. Mills of this city. Mr. Mills
Is now serving In France ns a volunteer
with the American Volunteer Motor Am
bulance Corps, which my brother Illch
ard commands. The writer of the let
ter Is a son of General Samuel I,. Mills
of the United States army, now de
ceased, and is very welt known In New
Yoik. Eliot Norton.
New York, September 9.
The other day 1 had a sad experience
that has had u most depressing effect
upon me. It is not often that we havo
tlie time to give much personal notice
to the wounded wc carry, as our Job is
to keep going, und go back again and
then again to the poste d secours for
morg wounded to bring to the hospitals.
At some distance from one of our
advance stations there lies a splendid
battery of bU French guns, cleverly con
cealed In the woods ns only the French
can conceal guns. This battery has been
Inflicting heavy damage on the boscheii
for weeks, and they have searched and
searched for It, spraying the whole wood.i
with shells and sending aeroplanes over
to spy. The aeroplanes tho Frcncfi al
ways promptly chase home on the run.
Well, after weeks of elTort, finally, by
chance, the Germans dropped a shell
near enough to the battery to do a little
damage. We brought to the hospital
two wounded artillerymen, and as th
brancardlers 'tenderly lifted one of the
blir fellnwH out nf the nmltulsnrn he
stretched out his hand to shake mine
and thank me for the ride, though his
face was gray with pain.
The medlcln major. fine, skilful
surgeon, had hl coat off as we came
Into tho hosfiltal, nnd everything was
waiting. Directly to the operating tabl?
the wounded man unit, and was stripped
and every wsund washed and properly
dressed. The lest New York hospital
could not have done It In a quicker i.r
more efficient manner. As he was being
moved to give place to the next this bl.:,
fine fellow, who hadn't etn groanel
during It all, asked for his little card
case that had the photograph of his
little chlldien In It. and when It was
laid on the rtretrher beside him he
smiled nt every one about him. Thn
wc took him on to the main hospital.
T)ie next day I had a call at the main
hospital to take three wounded nearly
recovered to the train, and I asked after
my friend. The orderly said In his
simple way: "Too bad, he has alreadv
gon away, but the other ono will re
cover." Of the three convalescent men 1 took
to the train one was n bosche, and he
was treated Just the same as the French.
The hospital orderly shook hands anJ
called good luck to each one.
No sooner were we well on the road
than all were laughing and calling out
of the sldo windows. One fellow u.i
sitting up enjoying the ride, and the
other lad, whose head was ono roll of
bandages, had rolled over on his belly
and had his head half out of tho front
window. Singing and laughing they
greeted the hospital train watting on a
side track to take its loud to Pnrls.
. A Suffrage query.
To the Editor or Tub Sun Sr.- in
an account ot tho suffragu convention
at Atlantic City Mrs. Catt Is reported
as saying: "The nlno states the suf
fragists have pained would bo supple
mcnted by five otheia If the returns had
not been falsely counted, The exam
ples we have seen of tho way election
laws aro treated mako us loso tho ln-t
estlge of respect, my sisters, for the
makers of laws."
Will Mrs. Catt name definitely the
States the refers to and how she got
her Information ns to fraud?
The rest of us have only the follow
ing figures to go by as to tho most
recent suffrage defeats: Adverse major
ity In South Dakota, 11.9H; In New
Jersey, 51,108; In New York, 191, S ;
In Pennsylvania, G5.6S6; In Massachu
Does Mrs. Catt mean that these States
won against suffrage by fraud? If so,
It Is time we all knew the dctnlls.
, C. ft. R. Putnam.
St. Huberts, Sepiembcr 11.
To the Editor ok The Bun Mr; As to
whether those who can claim a May
flower ancestor do so becauso of their
religious charactor I am not qulto sure,
aa many members, I havo heard, of tho
Ancient and Honorable Artillery Com
pany of Hoston claim connection with
I However this mny be, any one who In
1 1 1 mutes that these Immigrants were arls
I tocrats Is as guilty of slander ns If he
said that the descendants ot these Immi
grants are not aristocrats.
James D. Dewell, Jr.
New Haven, Conn., September 11.
He Took Something lllg.
From lae Clnclnnall t'oismfrc(il.rrfftUfie,
Charged with stealing the lighting sys.
tern of the village of Rochester, C. V. I.eroy
was arretted In Fostorla,
Imp Year Nolo From Ohio.
From tho Vniiaaffoirn Telegram.
Trobale Judge Clyde Wilcox was kissed
by Mrs, Minerva Hochsttln,
"I can't help loving that man," tho
woman exclaimed, throning her arms
around the Judge, "Where do wa gel
a marriage UcenaaT"
HOW IS THE COWARDLY SURRENDER
TO BE UNDONE?
Steps Necessary to Escape From the Humiliation aud UaiiRcr lni
Which America Has lleen Betrayed.
It seems to me we should not waste too
much time and energy In criticism of
Mr. Wilson! We should consider what
steps should bo taken to prevent a re
currence of the humiliating and danger
ous action perpetrated at Washington
during tho past ten days. The people
should bear In mind that their Con
gress as well as their President partici
pated in the abject surrender. The ques
tion presented to tho nation Is, "What
Is to be done about It?" He would be a
vain and presumptuous man who held
himself competent to solve offhand so
Intricate and far reaching a problem,
but It would appear that In seeking a
remedy a reversion to and a thorough
comprehension of tho elementary prin
ciples and functions of government nro
necessary in order to proceed upon cor
Without going Into on elaborate dis
quisition upon the purposes of govern
ment, we all know It Is Instituted pri
marily to secure the collective and Indi
vidual safety and happiness of tho citi
zens and to guarantee unto them politi
cal liberty nnd Justice, that liberty and
Justice which assures to every man the
right to net as he pleases and to re
ceive what ts his due, so long as he
does not Impinge upon tho corresponding
right of his fellow countryman or coun
trymen. That Is the difference between
political or civil liberty and naturul
liberty. Political liberty compels a man
to act with due regard for the rights
of others. Natural liberty permits a
man to act regardless of the rights of
others. t'ndcr natural llbeity might
makes right and chaos reigns, while all
the progress the human races liave
achieved has been under nnd by reason
of the mild and Just restraints of politi
cal libel ty.
In all governments It is a fundamental
and essential precept that tho Interest of
tho Individual, or of u class of Individ
uals, Is subordinated to the welfare of
tho public. Whenever the good of the
citizen conflicts with that of the public
the Individual must yield. Salus pnpull
suprcrna est lex. It is all right for
both capital and labor to organize, but
such organizations must treat the coun
try fairly If they expect the country to
treat them fairly. Neither men nor
managers of a public service corporation
should bo ullowed to Interfere with the
commerce of the country through the
Instrumentality of lockouts or stilkes.
The courts would not permit the mana
gers of a railroad to Suspend Its opera
tions. A receiver would be appointed to
run the road. A necessary corollary to
this rule li thnt neither should train
men be permitted, by concerted action,
to block tho movements of trains. Now
If this Is true, In what uspect should wi
re gard a strike by the emplojers of a
public service corporation?
A sttlke of the employees nf a rail
road on a scalo large enough lo pie-rent
or hinder the operation of trains is, in
Its essence, :i criminal conspiracy. 11
may not be so by btatute, but It works
such un Injury aud Inflicts so much
damage upon the business and commerce
of a country that It has all the Ingied
tents of a crime, aud should be so de
nounced by the national and State
legislature. When the men of a public
service corporation refuse to arbitrate
before striking, or when managers re
fuse arbitration and declare a lockout,
they take the law Into their own hands.
Wo hear It said that the Cln eminent
cannot compel a man to work against
his will. Thero are two answers to
this proposition :
1. The Individual's right to stop work
ing Is not affected and was not Involved
In the recent dispute. Except In Ihe
Instanco of an IndMdual's services being
Indispensable. If such u case can be
imagined, no man should or would be
BROOKLYN'S WATER SUPPLY.'
Citizen' t'onrerned About the State
of the Cutaklll Storage Da-dn.
To the Editoii ok The Sun Sir: t
saw In The Sun a picture of the great
dam of the ltlo Grande. It was good,
but excited little Interest compared with
what a picture of the great dam of our
new Catsklll New York and llrooklyn
water supply would create,
Wc In Hrooklyn aie drinking poor
water, with weak supply, hardly reach
ing second stories. Many hundred thou
sand users nro beginning to fear thli
expensive affair up the State Is some
what of a failure.
We should appreciate a picture of th
present cunilltlon, showing the quantity
of water In storage up there.
E. J. Rn.r.T.
MtrtooKl.TN, September 11.
Germans In North Dakota.
To the Editoii or The Sun Sir: The
Germans In tho United Jjtatcs do not
seem to have had many pleasant things
said of them In recent years because Tf
the unwarranted nsvumption that there
Is a taint of disloyalty In their hyphe
nated associations. Hut be that as It
may, 1 ask ou to reprint the quotation
below from the Quarterly Journut, Uni
versity of North Dakota, giving an ac
count of two recent anniversaries if
German settlements In North Pakota, by
Professor William G, lick of the State's
John Franklin Chowei.i,.
East Oranoe, N. J September 11.
Hebron celebrated IN tuenty-llftri anni
versary In a most plenstng manner, pre.
entlnif In n lmtl pitKeiint the atiiu
phaaei of Its early development Its Liter
success will nlso be shown, how tn tirtck
and tl! manufacturing li utlllrlng Die val
imhlo i-t.isj of the State, nml hnw illver-l-lled
farming In being practised and all
sorts nf fruits nnd garden veaetahles nnl
ordinarily raised In tilts State are thero
Now Salem's Impressive celehrotlnn of
the thirtieth anniversary of her settlement
will be given, also how her llnlsteln Dreed.
ir Association Is teaching North D.iknta
farmers the unfailing Importance of dalrj
In It all and through It all there will
appear how Ihe purpose of these ptnus and
at the same time buslnee like founders has
been splendidly accomplished, how a thrifty
and Ood fearing people hae wrested frori
the wlldernesj places where now wealth
and good will nbound nnd where benevo
lent deeds are done.
When this panorama la seen In full the
conclusion Is forred upnn us thnt here on
the prairies uf North Dakota there haw
been erected two more monuments to Her
man Integrity, perseverance nnd Idealism.
The I'nslgned rroelamallnn.
Uelshozzar saw the writing un the wall,
"It Isn't even signed by ono pen," ho
Not the Producer's Fault.
"Milk la up a cent," we proteited.
"I'on't blame me," replied the cow, "I
always let It down."
compelled to work for a pub! enlf
corporation when ho In good faith l.
sired to change his occupatluu and Wl,
not confederating or eonspbm u
other employees to cripple t ... ,c V(,
of tho corporation. Ilut Mr. Wil.. ,n an.
Congress were not confronted with ,1n
such question. When the ti , ,,,,
threatened to strike It was not hn.ixi
they wanted to stop working r .r t'
railroads. On tho rontiury Uw un
wanted to retain their posllint t, ,
thought that through the Inr.ii, iii,,t,t.
loss and suffering u tlcup of
railroad systems of the roimirj houI
Inflict UK)ii tho public they c ml. I frot
from the companies, regardless of t
merits of the demand, hluhci p.iv f
2. It is not true that the iuveinme
cannot compel a man to work In a p,,t
tlcular capacity if the public inters
demands It. On what theory h.ii th,
Government the right and power to
exnet from every member of mm-ui ,
time of wnr, his propel t). Ids ser,r.
and even his life? Manifestly l.rdu..
tho public weal Is superior to Hut of
the citizen and tho exigencies of the
country require It.
The law of Keif-preservation glte u
that right. Organized government mJ.t
fa preserved at alt hazards, i.e f,
Itnlted. States would soon bo In the !
ploruble condition Melco Is tn-Lij
Now, whether the ability of the ij0v
cnimcnt to perforin lis function ,
threatened from an external or Intern i
force can make but little dlffeienet To
hold that the national flovernm- u h
powerless to prevent 400,000 tui-wr,
paralyzing and ruining tin- domc.tf
nnd foreign commerce of tin k ( ,
country, la to admit that our Mstm nf
government is u failure. CnnseiUenty
when tho trainmen through t'eir rep
resentatlves refused to submit then
claims to arbitration before tktermln
lllg to strike they defied alike ths
powers of the Government and th
rights of the public. Now what shoul'
be done" I believe Congress Mwti'd
pass a law denouncing a stilke b.i e-n
ployees of a public service rnrporatint
us a criminal conspiracy, and a su
punishable us u felony. It should
the same tlmo create a tribunal nn
par In ability and dignity with 'h'
Supreme Court of thn I'nlted State t
hear und determine all controer b
between public service inrporatlntii an
their employees and compel htii k i
to abide by the award. Kuppoe t1
Mr. Wilson when the labor le.ide-s rr
fused to arbitrate hail sent a -p. - ,
message to Congress uiglng fie ripe
of so much of the ('la.ton liw a,
exempts labor organizations r 'f (
operation of the Sherman anti-tn' '
and the enacting of a statute ,- ,
mentioned, would there ha e i e, n
strike" I for ono do not be) m i
would. 1 realize fully tint n.isMr
constitutions and wm- und ju-
do not of themselves secure to a p.
the hleslngs ofclll liberty. Stir
stllutlons will an iiofhlng If s:fl
and spineless men aro i-loctcl to ei
fone those laws, and if t' e pi op,,
going to shut their t.je" to wh,.
g.inlzeil society and citizenship ie
what duties they owe In soilet a
lis what rights and protection
owes them, public law and pu i
tlce will continue to be flouted ,n I
integration ot our Institutions nf g. m
ment will surely ensue. History shnn
that mankind will only loam thr ut
loss and sufTerln?. nnd It may be thi
It will require a railroad strike n .
scale sulllclent to deprive of -i-n'or'
and Inflict tho pinch of hmu-er and tr
nnguNh of loss befor the puhtl. w
awake to a realization of Its right a
of Its inherent power lo exn t -r.
rights. n. n. L. l.Kwt-
WHEN EUROPE SINGS TO US
An Arllat Envies Pugilism II- Kin
To the Editor or The Sun Sir Wh. i
a European artist comei over t ts
United States one of the first th-iiga I
notices Is the scarcity of sp.ee ,-r I T
smallness of print bestowed on i. -i
all musical events In the dallj t r,
the same time ho cannot fill i o -erv
tho disproportionate lmpoian i ' i
sport news. The moio denim r .
color of a paper the more mp
the sport page, with liuu-i
baseball nnd boxing stars wii'i u- ' nl
Now that the press, throiuh tin '
ough wor!; of thlrt nr fni' ve '
popularized the idea of sport lo i
tent that the United States I- iv f
leaders among nations In .uhli- - ''
time ought to bo considered ir .t . '
the newpaMrs to mum! out t ,
rational work and t den i r
the Interest for tine art-" and ' '
Your musical periodicals am si' ,
to by people whose miisle.il I
already awakened, .mil the i .
the people do not te.iJ them.
Purthermnie, the mil-! ri '
dally paess- does merely p- rf
work, and Is often happy If In
his day's woik by Just nn-nt n i
name of the tecltalist, ml
Ing his programme.
fn New York one const u.tlj
undertone of fatlsue and il- .- i ' '
whole proposition In the ,ri 1
notices of the miMc ei '
fcsslon Is or ouul-.t to be m e
and responsibility, The
critic ought o be ,i n:;n "
knowledge, keen judgme .
contiol, with line for h.s
must consequently i,. f i p -i
a hustling rcpniler
It Is a mistake nf the !m i '
critic to dwell tun unicti ie
acter nnd composition nt t'ie
of the artist. This, although i
cssary In repot ting comi i s '
renowned mastets, tn ikes li i
Impersonal and not i nousii r
cause the general music l'i
tho non-professional, Is m,. ,
about tho quality and si. in '
woik of Ihe ut'tlst as such i '
things the music critic smvn w i
pains to consider. If his work w.i
organized and more honmed,
music columns were given mine
tlous place In tho dally papei -
Democratize music! CI is-l. mu -the
masses, inuslc of the ti ,i "
every American home, no lniis-
as the hobby for society, no l pc
time as the natlon.il kllltlme. '
motto of tho day. Pwiuv Mich
New York, September 11
Itclallie Coat of 1'urMillv
Stella It tins cost ono bun ire I
to pursue Villa,
Delia And yet a girl I- M"
capture a man without a i-at