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THE SUN, MONDAY, SEPTEMBER 18, 1916.
AND NKW YOItK pnHSS.
MONDAY, SKITKMHKK 18, 1010.
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Heaond Clou Mall Matter.
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' " i
Dollar Diplomacy Again.
The relntlou of the United States to
Nicaragua Is now similar to that
maintained with Hnytl ami Sauto
Domingo, but of course It is not the
same, ns American marines nre not j
at the present time being used to
enforce tinier In Nicaragua. Hut the
form of our relation to Nlcarngua is
that of n protectorate. Hy a treaty
' tho United States Senate rut I tied In
Februury xve obtained canal rights
and the use of 1'onseca Hay for naval
purposes, the consideration being
$3,000,000, xvhlcll xvns to be upplled
by Nicaragua to her Indebtedness or tii
other public puroscs approvetl of by
the United States. Technically Nic
aragua xvns to retain her sovereignty
unimpaired, but It was the under
atandlng thnt her isdltlehins should
behnve themselves and hold fair
The American murine was a peace
maker In Nicaragua In 101-. anil four
members of the corps were killed In
the battle of Masnya. where It In
tervened to capture ZfXKisiN. a rebel
against the rccogni.cd government.
The (loverninent of President lM.xz
was kept In power by American bayo
nets. He was the tdtlet and mot
promising lltlliin In N'lcnriiguu
from our point of view. Hl term' of
office expires on leceiuber ill. Hi HI.
Our confidence In him has not been
abused. Ills administration has been
liberal anil progressive, lie has un
derstood and appreciated "liollar Hi
plomncy." Hut for bis Intluciice there
would htive been no treaty. Hill clouds
nre now appearing on the horizon. The
American marine may have more po
lice work to do.
The HiUtlcnl conditions In the coun
try are violently In eruption because
(here are four candidates for the
Presidency. Cahi.on (Yamix. hacked by
fl. ... .....I t.M... ...I. ....... ! .....1 1
'11. .11111 1111 IT Oil 11-1 s . , il n,- I . .1. I.. . 1 1.1 1
.... ... ,, i laoti inutile In hnulaliil it hud conn1
mouro, the .Minister at Washington.!... , ,
ill Nicaragua; .Titian Iiiias of
me o... ,.c.oyn niciiou, aim iioskmu. f(1. ,;lll:Nlmmni All(, ,v,t
U,vtz of the Progresslxv parly. The ,N .,. to ,,,, w, .,,,
election occurs In October. There h.lv,. M.eved that P.rltMi nuamaud
have been some collisions, and the,,.,.s WlllM cheerlully subordinate
United Stales may have to Intervene ) tbeniselves to French f.cnernls ami
In the Interest of a fair election. Hill. ! exei ule the order alven with nbso-
worse yet. Costa Hlca. Honduras and
Salvador are protesting against the
treaty xvlth Nicaragua, contending
that they should have been consulted
.about Fonseca Hay and the cession
of rights In San Juan Hlver. nnd Ihey
have obtnlned a decision In their
favor from the Central Court of Jus
tice at Cnrtago. Their relations with
Nicaragua are already strained. Uvl
dently they must behave themselves,
or the American marine may have to
deal with their politicians, ns he did
In the case of Zklkihi.v.
Intervention In these Central Amer
ican countries would he awkward for
tho Wilson Administration, hut what
we arc to see Is nu extension of tin
policy of "Dollar Diplomacy" which
Is n Kcptibllcan as well as it Demo
In the Border Camps.
We like the tone of nn article about
border conditions which the Srmiili
Regiment Gazette publishes. Here Is
no whining nhout privations suffered,
no deep resentment against the (lov
ernment for ordering the Guard south,
no tremulous appeals for sympathy.
The climate Is "alwnilnablc," even
"worse thnn the Philippines in the
hot nnd rainy season," hut the regi
ment Is "making the best nf It."
Probably this estimate of the cli
mate came from u Philippine veteran,
nnd It doesn't astonish us. McAlleu,
Texas, Is sub-tropical, not in a much
higher latitude than Havana, and Jot:
Wiieeu-.r preferred the Philippines to
Cuba for a temporary sojourn. Sol
' dlers can rarely choose their climate.
Guardsmen xvho rail nt the Hln Grnnde
variety In summer should read what
tho Hrltish soldiers had to endure In
the. Me.sositamlnn campaign. It Is
quite restful nnd soothing to murk
The Seventh found the rut Ions plen
tiful, good nml palatable. Smao of
the complainants have described them
as Inadequate and execrable. The
men of the Seventh ought to know
when food Is lit to eat. As for the
hardships endured there is no com
plaint froii) this organization. It re
flects that things would have been
much worse In-'Mexleo, which Is true.
The colored troops of the Tenth
Cavalry xvho fought at Currlzitl and
Dodd'h men who hunted Villa to the
canyons of Chihuahua know what a
campaign la the Mexican desert Is,
but they have not whined about tho
It xvns not neeessinry for the
Seventh to give lis testimony nhout
snnltnllnn: tho sick llt told the story.
They order things differently In 1010.
There nre no such enmp horrors ns
disgraced the conduct of the Spanish
xvii r. One mistake hits heen confessed
nnd corrected. The Otiitrdsmen nre
no longer "hardened" by hikes In n
t J" trnplciil sun, In the lient of the day,
m eleven o'clock to four, men not on duty
14 ; stay under tent cover. Hut that mis
I t.x'lake, horn of exnggernteil nl, was
t persisted In for more thnn u week
I-'or the hospital service the (lasettc
wonN ((f t.,.tcMln( .,,,.,, ,)rovcM
the (rood faith of the article It pub
lishes. When a man collapses from
Illness and need skilful medlcnl nt
tent Ion and careful nursing, the sys
tem Is not to be commended. Here
complaints are In some measure Justi
fied, There Is much room for Im
provement In the regular ns well us
In the tnlllt lit service. Still It Is to
lie borne In mind that the sick list
Is light. Men break down even at
home and must receive treatment nt
a hospital. As for their dally duty,
rough nnd sometimes disagreeable, as
soldiers' work generally Is. the men
of the Seventh lmve bent their backs
i It and said nothing. The condi
tions are not much worse than those
at I'lattsburg. where the .tune xventher
whs like that of a Texas rainy sen
son anil the hent of .Inly tropical In
Intensity. Itut -who has heard the
Itseeins to us that when National
(unriNmcn get a cowled opportunity
to prove that they have the stulT of
first line troops In them the prlvn
(Ions of camp life should be endured
gamely, they should make tight of
service tribulations and go through
the routine of the enmp xvlth the
philosophy of the regulnr. I luring
the process they nre soldiers In the
making. That Is the man's point of
The Unity of the French and the
There Is an nsi'ct of the Franco
Hrltish otTensive that one hears noth
ing about, and that Is the complete
harmony of the armies of the Allies
111 tlielr lield operations. Never be
fore In bNtory, we believe, hue two
nations fought side by side In a great
war without friction, coiifii-iou, cross
pui-sises nii'1 heartburnings. There
baxe been inNtakes nnd badly tlinnl
movements In the gleat campaign III
l-'riliice. tmt nothing ta said about
them except by erltles at the letr.
who were more concerned about claim
ing credit for France or for Ihiglaud.
as the casi might be. than In doing
Jn-tli-e to the I'ommauderN and to the
spirit of ihelr men.
Ten years ago who would have be
Hexed that French anil ltrltMt sol
diers would fight side by side like
brothers and frankly admire Indlxld
mil prowevs without considering the
uniform? They do not understand
each other's speech, ihelr ieiaHra
metiis are dlssliallar. and long the
trailliloii H'i'ssteii among the mm-
. mi'h ii ii.'iii bull. "ii i i noil i .nil i'
ions lli'liU tlmt a Frenchman xvns no
line loyally. iiKiiiiereui to reiutatioti
and fame, or at least conceal their
illsapiolutiaeut that the lion's share
of the glory of achievement would go
to men whose forefathers were de
feated at Waterloo
It xvas naluailiy l lie hope, and in
deed, the expectation of the (iermali
(ieneral Stan thai the Pranco-Hvltish
war machine would nor function
smoothly; that us the war proceeded
the Hrltish commanders, who hi least
had distinguished lhcmsccs In Utile
wars, would not gel on xvlth fleiiernl
.lnm:i:. who bad no prestige us a
commander of large bodies of troops,
and that the private soldiers of the
two armies would not fi .'itemize ami
light unselfishly and xvlth eiiial gal
lantry for the common cause.
There was never it greater miscon
ception. I In x-e men nf one race ever
gnne iulo battle wlili more singleness
of purpose nnd higher courage than
the soldiers of France ami of the
Hrltish KnipireV It has been nn In
spiring siiectacle. and surely (lie world
would never have beheld ll If the tra
ditional -enemies lli! not believe their
cause was Just ami that the conse
quence of failure xvmild he disaster
Do Free Libraries Spread Disease?
A remarkably elaborate work, sta
tistical, sanitary ami medical, on the
hooks or puiuie iiiiraries us a me
dium of spreading germs has lately
appeared In (he Italian Journal
Aiiiiali Dltitnir Nnrrimentatc. The
Investigation xvns suggested by M.
Pixi.ktikr. head of the Purls library,
and Is fully described by Professor
Fmui.xNiN!. the well known Italian ex
pert In public hygiene. If only Pro
fessor FKnitxMM's Judgment were
oqtinl to his learning his essay would
be pronounced a consummate work.
As It s we can only say that about
half of the statistics, though of the
utmost value to students of figures,
do not hear any close relation to the
main theme, the contamination of
hooks by human hands. It Is a
truism that there Is no necessary re
lntlou between statistics and fact.
Figures are plain mid prosaic, but
they are ever at the service of Hie
Imagination. This being osccially nn
age of statistics, It Is also the age
when their meaning Is especially dlth
cult In discover. Thus, when Profes
sor Fkibanini publishes paces of fig
ures andxtabics to show us the birth
rate and death rate of the children
of employees of public libraries xve
may be pardoned for wishing that he
hud presented the essential facts xvldi
less scientific elaboration.
It is n matter of common knowl
edge thnt books and papers which are
much rend In public libraries become
In many Instances excessively dirty.
The question xvhether the germs of
disease compose this layer of dirt Is
n vital one. It seems certnln thnt
many germs, those of tuberculosis
esH'clally, do live nntl thrive on
books, and thnt they nre ronveypil to
the pages by the saliva of readers by
coughing upon the leaves and through
the habit which possesses some people
of wetting their fingers In order to
turn over the pages more quickly.
M. 1'em.ktigr Illuminates this view
In ninny xvnys. He relntes the his
tory of n consumptive In the great
library of Paris. This man worked In
it small room nt making catalogues
and card Indexes, and ultimately died
of tuberculosis. A bacterlologlcnl ex
amination of the books nnd catalogues
shoxved enormous numbers of the
bacilli of the disease. In mnny
cases, he believes, the renders of these
books were affected, for two men xvho
subsequently xvorked In this room be
came eonsumptl-e nnd died. Simi
larly, he asserts, the public, which
carries every species of germ, brings
thnn to the library on the books.
Professor Fkrhxmni goes over the
whole ground In the most careful
manner. He dwells on the greut num
ber of libraries In the United States,
the multitude of renders, the benefits
of vacuum cleaning nml of ventila
tion. Italy Is backward In these re
spects, nntl his Indictment Is drawn
chlelly against the libraries of his
own country. Those who have visited
Italian libraries xvlll quite agree. It
Is satisfactory to find (hat our li
braries are healthier. They are
cleaner nnd better supplied with light
nnd air. He recommends the disin
fection nnd dusting of hooks us prac
tised In the library nt Herlln. It
would be Interesting to know xvbnt he
would think of our Public Library In
New York, certnlnly u tine cxnmplc
of modem methods of ventilation and
cleanliness, In spite of the crowds
that visit It. Conditions of hygiene
In America are sound nnd they are
Nevertheless (here Is a real dan
ger of spreading disease by btsiks.
and any work which assesses this
danger with even u rough approach
to nccuracy Is welcome. The danger
Is probably slight or it would have
attracted the attention of our healih
authorities. r estimating the h'II
It Is xvell to remember that many of
the most dangerous germs do not Ike
In fresh air; dirt and dust, which
protect them from the oxygen of the
atmosphere, are their natural habitat.
It Is doubtless a practical piece of
advice to warn the public against the
objectionable .habit nf licking books
and handling them with dirty fingers.
Though the gernls of epidemics are
seldom spread In this way. diseases
like consumption, pneumonia, lutlii-
fuz-d ami anthrax may be thus rote
vexed. Professor Firkamni adduces
plenty of evidence to prove this mode
of Infection. On the other hand, ven
tilation, ilislnfecilou ami cleanliness
minimize these dangers. It Is a great
deal gained If public opinion is con-
vim ed that no book should be pol
luted. If bonks are u danger to health
It Is because their readers refuse to
take the trouble to make themselves
as clean as ihey should be.
Drama's Market Value.
The unanimity with which theatre
malingers have accepted the cut rut"
iickel during the present season is n
striking admission on their part that
what they have to offer le the publl.1
Is worth less than their scheduled
price. In other words, the w illingness
of theatre managers to accept the
tariff of the scalpers rather than that
which they establish for themselves
Indicates ihelr concurrence In the pub
lic estimate of theatrical values.
That Is Indeed the final lest of the
price of the theatre ticket. In Its
last analysis the question to be an
swered Is always the same. Is there
enough of beauty, entertainment, edu
cation, excitement or :iny other qual
ity which the theatre can offer In
this performance or that to make It
worth -V-'V The purchasing power of
that sum Is well known to nil xvho
nre not nble to be Indifferent to money.
It Is not to be lightly considered.
The piny xvhlch proves on examina
tion to he beneath the standard will
never again be supported by the thea
tregoer who thinks he was led Iulo
a bud Investment, Persons of suill
cieut menus to paironlze any piny
produced, who feel thnt they have re
ceived the worth of their money xvhen
nu cxenlng Is killed, do not belong to
this group. The exact reward In their
case Is not so important. Hut the
number of theatregoers who seriously
consider the return for their Invest
ment Is larger than of those, xvho nre
ulilo carelessly to buy the best sent,
Indifferent to the exnetness of their
return. This Is shown by the retire
ment of the purchasers of the cheap
seats first. Those who nre least nhlu
to spend their money without ade
quate reward generally fenr to risk
The cheaper ticket hos unsxvered
the question xvhlch must occur to
every sjiectutor when a new play Is
revealed to the audience. Where tint
there In this clly enough persons to
come xv(lh their money to the bo;;
ofllce to-morrow night and buy the
tickets Indispensable to the success
of fills drama? Thnt there nre very
few plnys xvhlch can depend nn this
support to-day Is shown by the cut
rate ticket It has lowered the tbea-
tre price, whatever may be sold to
It Is not In the least necessary thnt
there shibuld be elaborate spectacles
or expensive actors to mnke u drama
xvprth Its iwkliiK price. Unpreten
tious plnys with small companies have
proved so enjoyable to spectntors that
there xvns never the least complaint.
But It Is not to be denied that there
must he something to satisfy the
npectntor who Is compelled to pay
he regulnr rate; else he will remain
away from the theatre or buy his
ticket from the cut rate ofllce.
Britain's Loit Penny.
One of the financial tusks of Oreat
Hrltitln nftcr the xvnr will U the Hud -
Ing of the Iist Penny. Its pursuit
it nresent bus been uhitnilonml bo-1
cause of the need of men and money
;or ine more imme.naieiy vnai xvoi-k
of fighting, but there Is no danger
that the itenny will be forgotten.
The l.nst Penny went nstray som;'
time .,, the yeur ,.,, ended February
28, 1015. It belonged In the account.
oi me I'liymnsier-tienerni. nici omp-.
trollcr nnd the Auditor-General sought I
It vulnty. They xvcre forced to re-
iwrt that from a balance of 2.J.tt.
700 13s. 3d. tho Penny, or, as they
xvrote It, Id., xvus missing. Nothing
much was snld at the time, no stis- (
plclon was cast on the Paymaster- -General,
nnd It xx-ns exeeted that the
Penny xvouhl he found presently.
Hut xvhen the report of February
'20, 1010, came the Penny xvns still
missing and bookkeeping Hrltaln be
gan to frown. To what was the em
pire coming? In the Conservative
clulis the absent eopcr, or rather Us
absence, xvas laid at the door of The law which establishes the prln
I.I.OYH (iKOKi.K. I.lineliotise: Tltis'clple of a man Istng paid ten hours
would not have lmpmed under Lord 1
Sai.isui:uy. After a summer's work of
bunting the four Meeting fiirthln.'s
the (lovernment has dropped the ef
fort, not as It did the Dardanelles
campaign, but for the time being. It
was costing hundreds of pounds of
clerks' and examiners' time to hound
the Penny; money that xvas needed
for munitions. If times xvero not so
hard the royal auditors never would
.onseni (on truce with penny. They '
woiiKi get it. even u tuo colonics
reeled beneath the cost. Hut war hm have accumulated something ami are
softened them and Ihey teniMirle. thrifty for die benefit of those who
Of course, explnlns an olllclal at lli!1,av' "ot accumulated, who never
exchequer and Audit Office, there Is Caecum "CVCr
nothing to conceal. . uf course It tiny be that the moral
A reporter for the rifi Mail wen' j tone of the American people Is so low
to the Auditor-General xvlth what he .thnt ihey will x-ote to sustain l'rel
lonshlorcd u fortunate solution of'dent Wilson In his unfair war nn
the ti.u.ucli.1 tragedy. It should flr.t i,hr'n -l'Pl' hause they arc not the
, , , , , ,,. ., , ,, ,
be explained In palliation of his of-
fence Hint probably be came from
Park How or Ireland; surely
from Glasgow. He put his hand m
his .mcket and offered to loss penny
into the Treasury to balance the ae-
count. The look he got cannot be
put on piir. '"It would be highly
Improper." was the ofllclal reply. And
every bookl;eeier xvho has tolled Into
the night because be had added 0 and
7 and made l." of them will appre
ciate the Justice of the answer. In
the kingdom of ledgers no guilty
penny may run at large. j
- . . I A not her Old Voter Cull for Them to
Is there anything In the entomologl- i Dispel Apnthy.
cal kingdom that has so ephemeral a 1 .... ...
nr. ... Z ..i. i i,,.- To tiik KniTon or Tiik Srs: . r;
life as a Greek .iTemler" , , ., , ...
J Anion i the pood things inibli.-diej In
The ranks of real authorities up.miT,,,: ;. 'hlrh I lead with a whole
the currency question have been sadly l"on" ,rrllh- "nnr ,ll,s p,ruok '"c m"rr
depleted bv the passing of Hoiiack . i"Hy than the eusKestlon by -.1. S. II."
White, whose Hngllsh was the purest ot " rctur" l" ",'"'l fashioned ran,,
of mediums ever employed In the .lis- calcti uurihlns- club.., after the manner
eusidon of that dlflleult subject. of ,1,p ''hwoln Wide Awakes la v,i.
'In which I marched, until I matched
The attack by Vllllstaa upon rill-1 n'"h Lincoln's Hirelings, we were
huahua was In the true etyle of ' " '"d by the i Southern nre eater?, clear
I'A.vono Villa. It Is the strongest evl- Appomattox.
deuce yet forthcoming tlit he is alive. To conduct a pollth-al campalan la
Perhaps It is well for the Mexican Public ball' and with street toiner
Commission at New London that . "ratoiy is like trying to celebrate tlm
P:;cno Is not lurking in the hills of' I'mirth of July without ilrewoiks. I'eo
Old Lyme. I1'0 generally tal;e to brass band, torch
. I light, transparency parades llko h duck
The short loaf of bread is under ( t water,
suspicion of being too short In the T)ie pnlltic.it att,aiphcre neous mi ring
baker's Interest. There Is a great howl i up and needs It bndly, Oener.il Apathy
when n ttust raises the price of an; seems to be la control, Sound the tlm
article or a product, but the Individ- i hud and waKe him up. XVe need moie
ual small dealer frequently has no i gaiter in our campaign in order to
scruples when he Is working for bis t aroure a sort of war spirit unning cer
own pocket. The meanest Imposition I lain classes of people tint don't listen
nf all swindle is the proper name for . much lo political fpeeches without the
It l.s the light weight loaf of bread, 1 1 roteclmle.il aeeoinpanhnetit. sunt
the staff of life for the poor. Some 1 the ball lulling now. Never was there
famllhri have little else to eat In these j a belter opportunity presented for such
times of high food prices. Commls- j organization n a slsanlle scale as at
sinner of Weights ami Measures Hum- Ibis lime. s. It. S.
can is going after the extortioners. 1 Washington, P. f September 16.
May he lay them by the heels, every .
one of them.
With the KtiRllsh it Is pvih.ip that'
Iron tenacity that counts, with the
French II Is brains, with the Hermans
shall we say II Is will power, but with
us it Is the heart. XX'e are an army with
a nean, an army wnii a soul. uriirini
The Russians can't have both the
soul and the heart In this dlstiihn-
Hop, The soul has been already al-
totted to the French. Apparently
nothing Is left over for the Serbians,
the Italians nnd the Rumanians. They
are doing their bit, especially the
x,M,at xvas tho censor about when ho
released the news from Sofia that a
battle lietween the nulgar-Germans
and the Rumanians ended In the "com-
piete Destruction or tl,e Rumanians,
who arc retreating along tho entire
Who Captured Jefferson I)al?
To the Kditor or Tun Siv sir: Silas
Ilent suggests III hln letter printed thU
morning thnt President Lincoln rojll
he said to have cptuted Davis, as Clrant
was acting under Lincoln's orders, den
era'. Wilson was acting under (Irant. and
Colonel I'rIUiiard wns In the immcdlixe
cimmanil of the cavalry that actually
miida the capture. It will at onco ip-j-ear
that some of these writers are 1,,
eiror, as President Lincoln was shot
by Booth April It and he died April
15. and Davis was not cantured till Mm
10, ihr.i. Lincoln was burled at Spring-
field, III., more than a week More
Davis was captured. In the last analysis
It will be found that Corporal Mimxcr,
Company C, Fourth Michigan Cavalry,
Is entitled to the credit of capturing
Davis, See Hay and Nlcetay's "Life of
Lincoln," volume X., pages 271, 272.
T. H. RoaaaTa,
BaooKLTH, BepUmbrr II.
THE POLITICAL EXODUS.
A Lifetime Democrat I.ooklnir for a
Party That Will Htand by the Rlaht.
To tiik EDiTon or Tub Suk Sir; I
notice thnt our Vice-President In his
speech of acceptance states that the
President has "wnlkert where thcro
was no pnfih and has left n trail." He
has certainly delved Into darkness
where no American has over dared to
ro before, and the trail that he has
left behind Js Indeed interesting. In
Dnni. nf flm fnntnrltita nnn ran nml
thp foitowlns legislation, which speaks
. (ur itself :
The law applying to the mercantile
i marine, which, has practically driven
1 11 from t,IC "a"' throwing the little
I shipping trado that wo had into the
duuhIm ()f forelKners;
1 The law that a labor trust Is the
only kind thnt cannot be prosecuted,
u" lnlH ,uce or ms P'a "
"spokesman" and advocate for fair
dealing with all tho people:
The a,ivocncy of arbitration so long
ns both parties an- willing to nrbl-
trntc, and the flan I upholding of those
wn" nrt" ""l willing to nrbltruto;
Wl Vnltmle Want blu." 'the
(KMl ro,., ,,, nml ...... nllJ harbor ,
hiiin, iwlilch have practically favored
the constituents of our Southern Hep-
me PHiiiuiisnrocni 01 a tarin mw
which will enable our country to be
Howled with forelRii goods nt the ex
pense of our own manufacturers nnd
the American workmen:
The bill which fstabllshcs (he prln.
dple of n man being compelled to
have Ills private ntT.iIrs made public
as n privilege for paying tho Income
The drawing to the Wdcr of the
mntorlty of the nillltln from the four
Slates In the t'nlon that pay practi
cally half the Income tax In order
that the citizens of the remaining for-
ty.foiir Slates may be lu.pt nt home:
"' ',,r " '"",rH wnlr"
can be most wonderfully worked to n
very logical nnd happy conclusion to
the xvorklngm.in by gradually 'work
Inir tt down to ten hours pay for one
hour's witk. ami then with nnother
Wilson In the chair it might be worked
un the 1n!s of ten hours pay for no
hoars wink. This all could he paid
for along the blind Democratic lines
thnt we aie living under now of 2 per
cent, of the people paying the taxes
for the other !is per cent., and Is of
' ' , ,
ym,,y overtax the ; per cent, that
Kunercrs: out again ine tnotisn: arire.t
llwt ,,.,, , ump fatrnoM )n ,
.American people when a question Is
submitted to tiieni, and not to such a
Congress as we have been living
, , " .
tVmocrat. soon to pass to any other
party that will stand bravely for what
( is right. In the fare of public clamor
advocating mob rule and mediocrity as
the passport to power and succe.
ii. a. t.
New York, September 1.
THE MARCHING CLUBS.
THE HANGED ELEPHANT.
llld Vengeance or the Showman's In.
s"l,c, 0rd" Knd'
To Tin: KtUTon or Tin: fvsSIr: That
MnrUeinii Marc. n... h.ni .a..i.i,..i
j n,ut be put out of the way was without
()Ucstlnn. She had already taken eight
human lives, and whs a constant menace.
, Hut to hang her ecms lo me sheer
i brutality. The. huge be.i.st struccled
) cpinc a while."
Was superior man tiylng to avenge
the eight or did the showman will, an
i , business InUn this means of tiro.
'dining an excltlmt and uuunu.il spec-
i.u.'e tor ibe c rowd?
i i;iephanta have had to be killed beforu
' this, because, poor dumb brutes, they
j have heard the call of the wild and In
their endeavor to break thtir shackles
have struck at their Jailor, man. Death
has heen and must alwnys be thc pen
alty for this, but why can It not be
ineled out humanely nnd mercifully?
That, It can be done was proved In the
cases of Tip, I'iiinda ami one other.
It remained for Tennessee to give us
Hut brutalizing spectacle of choking an
elephant to death. K. II, M.
HWKiKi.vN, September 16.
The Land of Lynching.
To tub Kditor op Tim Hun Mr;
was dellKhted to read your editorial
article on tho "Lynching of Murderous
Mury." When I read the tiewn retwu-t
I snui to myseir: "XVIII it ever bu possl
blc for thc people of the South to do
anything In an enlightened and humane
way? XX'lll they always be suvnges at
These revolting exhibitions of barbar
ism which In tho South Is (ho order of
(he day what Is the real cause? Is It
the cllmale? jj, g,
Nbw York, September If,
ERIC TO HELP.
He Is Being- Educate to Find the Lost
To tiik Kditor or Tub Sun Sir; All
the time that I can possibly ipare from
my search for my lost blonde sister-in-law
J am now giving to Krlc, my new
niondehound, to a study ot his character
and a furtherance of his education. A
close observation of his psychological
side makes me begin to wonder If, nfler
nil, the theory of the transmigration of
souls Is not true. I mean that sort of
metiimpsychoslg which embraces tho
pasting ot the soul of a man Into an
If the theory Is true, then I.'rlc Is pos-'
::crsed of or by a disappointed soul 1
which In Its human Incarnation longed to 1
be an operatic tenor but which by force
of circumstance was a stove salesman.
For Krlc tries to sing. L'nobservlng and
unsympathetic persons may say of this
phenomenon that the dog In merely howl
ing. Nothing could be further from Hie
truth. Krlc always attempts the same
sdlig and always falls. The tone of his
nice snows last lie realizes inis. ma
rong, at best, Is very hard to describe,
but If you will plajr over or hum n few
bars of th.it part of Chopin's funeral
march where the second theme In Ihc
minor key Is Introduced you will get a
faint Idea of what It Is like. Tou must
remember, too, that Kile's speaking and
singing voice Is chronically as hoarse
an that of a Dansevnort Market huckster
late on a Saturday night
I.Ike all those who would woo the
higher arts. Inspiration comes to Krlc
ut.expectedly and at unusual times. I
have known him when shut out In the
yard at night with the moon shining to
iry to sing. Hut then I have known the
moon to affect other persons the name,
way, notably Hill. Kvei, though he Is
cold nnd hungry the same tiling will
happen to ( lie dog. One day this sum
mer, while pausing to scratch behind hU
car with his hind leg, he Inadvertently
sented hlmeelf on a bee In the grans.
Notwithstanding the pah, of the sting,
the Inspiration seized him Just then and
l.e lifted up his voice In sons. Rarely
have 1 heard hln, sing so loudiy. I.Ike
most aspiring souls, he has all the sym
pathy hi the world for those whose en
deavors appeal to him. When others
would make melody, partlculaily on the
Jcwsharp or oboe, Krlc will seat himself
nr. close as possible to their feet and, alt
uninvited. Join In. So great Is Mis en
thusiasm that even a curtly nxpressed
bint to "Shut up!" or even a kick does
not dampen his ardor. He may leave off
for the moment, hut he will come back
and resume unless he Is chained up or
tif course his education is the de
vclopment of the practical side of
Krlc's character. To answer to hl
name. t lie down when told, lo re
trieve when asked, to heel when ordered:
these are the A H C ot a well bred
dog's education, of course there are
D K Fs too. but never mind. Krlc has
always answered to his name. He will
He down when told If he has had a vciy
lie.it ty meal or Is tired out. I had some
tiouble in teaching him to retrieve. Onie
lie learned It he overdid It. He would
ko off retrieving on hi own hook
Just to show how well he had teamed
his lenson.. One day when on a wall;
we were passing a clump of hushes sur
rounding a pool ami he rettieved a black
silk stocking, although there wan no
wash hanging out for miles around.
Hut I had most tumble In teaching
blin to heel. Hy that I nicnn to follow
me with bin nose at my heel as I walk
about. Hither Krlc could not or would
not learn this trick. So I hit upon a
scheme. The dog la very fond of bologna
and so before starting out with him I rub
the heel of my right boot with n piece
of It and Krlc. oblivious of all else, w-ill
pcrslftently heel so long as the odor
of the boloKiia lasts.
Please don't laugh at Krlc, lie my
dog and I love dogs. As time goes on
and we get to know each other better
1 nm sine we shall become fast friends
and that he will be, an aid and solace to
me In my search for my Ion blonde
sltei-ln-law. T. I.
Nr.w Tons', September 1.
MAINE. STAR OF HOPE.
A Democrat Home From Mexico Long
for a Hughes Victory.
To tiik Km Ton or Tin: Sr.v Mc- a
friend of mine who iccently an Iced
from Me!oo after a sojiurii there
tin outbuilt the tioublous period and l.s
now enjo.vlns a vacation in New Kng
land writes me ibis :
"Well, Maine repudiated the Adminis
tration, and t devoutly hope It is but
a forecast of what Is in tore for the
bloody pe.ue outnt at Washington. I,
who am a Democrat by biith. education
and conviction, never thogitlit to cele
brate a Hepubllcan victory, but If the
litter (the llepulillcans) do not win In
November I am afraid I shall loe
eoine of my hltheito unshaken faith In
the American people. It sure would be
a blow, but I am staking my faith on
my fellow countrymen."
How is that for a little sidelight on
the fcellnus of one American wi'o mis
observed the course of waichful waiting
at close langeV John Woi.tht.
Nkw YonK, September 16.
AS TO THE HYPHENATES.
Wh) Should Hughes nepudlute XVII
son's "Very Small Minority"?
To tiik IhHTor. or Tiik Rcn sir; l
should like to have these questions
answered: What Is a hyphenate? Is It
dl.soalty for American citizens of Her
man extraction to vote? If not, why
should Mr. Hughes repudlnle their sup-
port'.' If so, why docs not Mr. Wilson
The President Is always rateful to sav
in it disloyalty Is confined lo a "very
small minority" of our foreign born. Is
this negligible number of voters to
"wreak Its vengeance at the polls"?
What, In a country where majority
Do Mr. Wilson's supporters want Mr.
Hughes to alienate all our foreign bom
voters because Mr. Wilson has casti
gated a "very small minority" of them?
American :r.o Ykaiis,
Wasiiinuton, D, C September 16,
SWINGERS OF MAINE.
Credit Is Insisted Upon for Messrs,
Daniels and Untermyer.
To tiik Kpitoii or Tiik Bun Sir; i
quote from your editorial nrtlclo of
September 13 about Josephus:
"He Is needed by (he Democracy in
liather, I should say, hy the Republi
cans. Using on the spot, I can see how
much Daniels and Untermyer helped to
swell thc Hepubllcan majoilty here. Di
al! means urge that they shall be sent
Into every State. Fn.Lowga Davk.
Belfast, If., September II.
VINDICATION OF THE REPUBLI
CAN PROTECTIVE TARIFF.
The Proftnunme of That Party Oattlaed in Striking Fashion by the .Senior
Senator ef the United States.
From a tpteth In tht United Statet Senate on August JJ 6f t)r 1. II. Oalhngtr n ,;,e
There Is n fictitious prosperity at the
present time, due to the Kuropoan war,
but when the war ends the deadly work
of the Democratic tariff law will again
be In full operation.
Mr. President, free trade Is but a relic
of the old Colonial days when our strug
gling ancestors were powerless to assert
(hemselvcs, but It was expelled with tho
nrat breath drawn hy the American Con
gress on Independence Day of 1789. That
was the "new freedom," and any retro
gression to free trade Is but ft resub
mission to the yoke of foreign power,
Nowhere among tlie nations is irro ir.uu
longer tolerated. Miglanil, wmi ncr ,m
capital Invested In the producing coun
tries. Is finding It Intolerable and Is get-
ling ready for a protective tariff of sumo
kind. Hut, with all our experience and
with all the udvanlaces to bo galped
from the experience of others,- we bavo
men, prominent In the councils of the
nation, bo Wind that they cannot, or so
obstinate that they will not, see the
folly of our present course of adopting
the very tiollcy which became Intoler
able to our forefathers and which never
will again be borne by a free and en
Our Imports of foreign goods for May
of this year, notwithstanding tho war In
Kurotie. were the largest on record.
totalling $229.000,0n0, an increase of M!
ouO.imki over April and an excess or
H2,nun.0no over the May average from
l?ll to 1914.
For the rnr ending with May our
Impoits totalled 10.00MOO. an In-
crease of , 36,000.000 over the preceding
ear. or tne .May impons, oj.i i"o
cent, were entered free of duty. If
anybody thinks that we have become
the dumping ground for Kurope," Just
let him wait until the war Is over. The
worst Is yet to come. Of course this
added surplus "f foreign eoods displaced
an equal amount of goods or Aniencsn
XX'e are urged hy our friends on the
other side of the chamber to take the
tariff out of politics. XX'hat we are going
to do Is to take politics out of the tariff
and treat II as a natural, matter of fact
business affair. Just as we treat any
other phase of our governmental opera
tions. It can be perfectly adjusted to
our conditions and requirements so that
It need not cause a ferment every time
It Is mentioned. It should be a staple
article, like our currency or water sup
ply or transportation facilities. When
we renllze the immense sums of money
Invested In this country that can be
swept away by a single fluctuation ot
tariff rates. It Is teadlly understood why
the tariff should ho peimanent and
steady. It Is possible fur at, American
manufacturer to estimate his cost of
production by summing up the fixed
cnarges or operation ami . mm in some will perhaps s.iv t,,t l H
overhead. Felling, advertising, Interest rsht, )Ul ,hM , vh,mhi ,.;,, rn , , ,
cud depredation accounts and then to tPr,,M from (hrfp M.ltrmin ,
calculate a fair profit un tho whole ; answer Is that theie in no sti l, r ! -but
whenever a concatenation of clr- ' a raw material, except what In U-i.
cunwtancca like those of shall thc rtn eMntr ;i.fM, , c
dinner uic ponuvxi coiiiii'-.si"o ui im-
Administration and of Congress the
manufacturer's product may be rendered
unsalable by the sttoke of n pen or by
the moving of a decimal point In the
rate of duty. So long as It Is possible for
an act of Conuress to confiscate the prop
el ty of a citizen. It Is possible for lunor
aut or unprincipled politicians to com
mit a wholesale cilnu ngalnst society.
The protective tariff is not a friend
of monopoly. On the contrary, it Is
and always has been, In principle and
In practice, the parent of domestic com
petition, and has worheil out for the
benefit of Independent enterpilse In the
manufactures and arts. On the other
hand, free trade is fully capable of and
certain to foster monopoly. I'or Instance,
lake a highly capitalized Industry like
tnc steel business, in which there .lie a
few tremendous concerns and hundreds of
small ones, each operating successfully
in Its on. i spheie and In ptoportlon to
th capital Invested under a protective
tariff, as heretofoie. Now, then, take
away flic tariff and the two or thtee big
concerns would possibly be able, because
of their organization, equipment anil
holdings of Iron mines, to compete with
forclsn ilv.ils, but the hundreds of In
dependent not similarly situated would
surely go to the wall. In this way free
trade would be creating a monopoly that
protection has prevented.
As to the Democratic charge that It
Is a breeder of high prices, (he protec
tive tariff has bei n completely vindicated.
The accusations so frequently made
have been so often exploded that the
subject Is pei baps unworthy of further
discussion: but 1 will venture to point
out a few facts which ntmolutely icfute
this contention. The history of the tin
plate industry In this country Is well
nowu as having been created and fo-
tered by the tailff until tin plate was
i' ' i viMii-iioirr
which was a f taction of (he former
prices paid to foreigners. Steel rails
furnish another mot striking Instance.
A SEA FOOD SWINDLE.
Muscles of the Pig Ileiirh ( lam Sold
To tiik KniTon or Tin: Spn Mr; I
hate to repeat it. but a llockaway Head,
mosb.,ch Imparted some Information
which, while It was news to tne, may
be a well known trade secret. We were (
laiMiis aooui hKimmerti, w men 1 naa
supposed were used only for halt,
Little Necl: clam chowder and the shells
for paving bungalow lawns and for
marine artists to paint sea scenes In.
He told me In a whisper that the muscle
or bard nart wan nold for Kcal!nn Tlda
piob.ibly accounts for the scallops (?)
your correspondent Is complaining nhout.
Pome restaurants bill "sea scallops." Do i
they mean skimmers? I
Perhaps your clam editor can shed
more light on the sea clam nnd Its
habits nnd Its uses ns food for nun,
bird and n-h. K. D.
Nkw York, September 11.
Mhiii The Mauler.
I'm tired nt tlnmirL, vueutlun sn l enee,
Of cbnuliiK Mirniiita about no my kiieen,
nt tiii)!iiK her tuinly And novel ft nil ur-h,
Tben, Keltic em'.iiinnteil, to fin, I I'll, In
I'm tired nf elnslng n lliin-nllnn love tune,
of fiiH.biK around 'neath n September moon.
Of ln'.klr.x rellKlnu, nr an up to lUte lm,
And all nf the llm oauhlim fierce rbeii.
Vacation l over, but hniv cun I leave her'.1
She will lint accept me, tml mill It would
I hale her! 1 love her! Jun what would
Were you Id my bootat t leave It to you!
II. 8. U.
I Silk, pearl buttons, wire mill
manufactures nnd other cninnm,iit(1
have been similarly reduced In enft (
our 'citizens, while our ninnuf,irtiir,.r
have made possible n slate of snolity
In which the wane earner has beour.e
self-respecting, well to do, fruictou
citizen of whom we are proud, and not
tho object of charity, which free trrtjej
would make him.
You may say. "Yca; but bavins now
established our Infant Industries, ilV
not let them stand, creep, walk nr f.,;i
down, aecoidlng to their strength:" Why,
wo hnvo tried that for the bin t,rw!
years on several items, rae p-e.ri,i
..nr hns ol)1(.urtl nmny (jf ,)(, .
'but ,nkc for stance, the mailer of l.i.t,.
again. Free trade In hides has not onli-
discouraged (he production of cutl.
but has closed our tanneries, so lh.,t mc'
have been dependent upon foreign coun
tries for the finished product. Our
breeders nnd tanners have lost thdr Ilv.
Ing, our hldca bring lens, and we pay
more for leather nnd ehoes. This Is j
glaring example now In everyday opera
tion of how free trade compels us to
sell In the cheapest and buy In the
dearest market ; and. incidentally, it eon
cluslvely shows, what I started nut to
show, that (he protective tariff dors not
raise prices, while free trndo frequently
Increases the cost of llvlnc.
There Is no question as to the ire.ent
and future nceil of protection uc.ili.s-t Hi.
i chfnp ,nbnr of 0r,.ntal rlm,rl.
mot comp)f,0 ,, ronvlnelnK p,.,f of
this need Is to be found In the table.
siting forth the wants paid In J.j.
,, ,mve Bp,,fnrei, flnm wc(). , '
,n , Amrrkan kcohoi.iI.,1 for -evem
months past. These tables are taken
from the olllclal report for the yr-ar
1915 of the Japanese Department ef
Finance. They show conclusively t'm
In similar lines of labor uncr in tii.
rnlted States are many times hcii-
In Japan. Surely we mmi ,...
protection to meet Hint kind of cnairt
tlllon. Labor In the production of fUi..ei
products Is conservatively estimated to
lie 90 per cent, of their value. Thl
the strongest nrgument that I ran ff.
In support of a pi elective tariff. I.t in
manufacture our products bete, unit
maintain the prosperity and well U
of our own people and of (hose v,
crowd our shores asking for work ir.ru
who are helping iih to butbi up a ee- .
monweulth of strong, home lovhu, :r
Informed citizens, who take a pri'l ,
the country and Its Institution . a m.i
that Improves with e.ieh surcelmr
sener.itlon hy reason of better mailt .ns
and increased opportunlt.v If ie 5peril
our money at home nnd give work m eir
own people they are bound to sn a! t
proceeds of their labor In our tii-rm -
tics, and It I their money that mii
( for our prosperity
mat we possess In this counti-v I-. ..-
least partly, a manufactured pio.pM .
cept the soil and what Ii cmita i
the trees go with the soil, The :r .f
the ore or coal or gas or oil N i-str, r,
from the ground, or th tn-e is f.
In the woo,., or the hay . n . t
meadow, It Is a manufacture:
the product of labor l.t us tmt tV
deceive ourselves with the arsum.-"' '
wool or hlde or lumbr or 'r
or Insot copper Is i.uv matei'nt ai
therefore entitled to entrv at r,t- j.
torn houe fi,.t. ,,f duty, r r cm .. r
or ton or foot of such niatcul tP
jf Mimethlmr to whi,-l, .. ar.' .
on" inn i iiueu Mali's h im ,. ,
ind has Injured our felb.w
The underlying pi in Ipie ,.f .
Is not that capital icipi.tee t
but that labor needs t Tc
largely fro;,, tho fact Hue Hie .
which we demand, the llvir .
that are mvesraiy in this .o-ii:o
education which Is coinpulnrv, i
nanuards of morals i .i n.t o.I ti . ,e
laws, all looking to the b.'tt.Ti.i
the social f.ibrlc. cannot be n-..ih .
or enjoyed without each ren'ivn.s ,i
of pay that Is cnmmi-nMi: ate w i
Is expected of Ibe earner
I'or these to.isnns our wae
higher, and fur t! .it rc.is.it our
Is better, our standanN arc tin I "
our labor the most iillcli-m, onr i
tin? most Intelllk-ent and p-o-
any nation on the globe.
The fearless manner in wnl, h lie
cans stand now, in the fullest n e
the policy of tariff pinte. tlnn I
can Industries .ni.l i..... i i.
the attitude of men who know t -
j arc ilght and know that even ore
should know It. Then. Is n' s,
j away from thc question. ' , M(' ,
, rami courage, no llguiing i
Plus thin or tli.it; Just tae pli i'
ment of what wc know to be i,; ' I
by the courage of our romi t
Views on the Suggestion to Pa? l..ii"T
To tiii: Kpitor or Tin: Si s
far as "Indlvldu.illlys" su,-r
"pay lahor for merit" Is ion-em.
will find that nrsanlzeil l.i.ior r c
iuid punishes any form of ,i i
rivalry or competition lu-tweeti o '
Job. The rules of some am ) I,
deflate that po momhci may in
his work to a greater poe t
possible to the slowest man oi. t ie
In cases where tlie iii.lnn b
mnnded ami laktn the einpl -.M
light to designate n foreman, '
foreman who Is found qii Itv
to get too much work out of "
thc most severe pmitshmi-n-s i
vlded and meted out i nn- t
that If such a foicm.in ,s r. i, I
more than once the einplo.v.-i m.
again employ the wnt.h as f
Dun. I i-
New York, Se.ii-n,bi-i :.
Solum. in Xle AilmilPil.
To tiik Kwtiui or Tun ,s
Solomon vie, dry p... u, i.j
nue, Albany, K,, ailinl-i -cm i
nf Fame; If required, h" y
obtain n court ,,r,l,.r rm i
Christian nn I irii.itni- fir i.
roll-d under t ti - ll,irn. i 1
stands wet nt tli i-rbba I n Ii
Aiiust, September 111.
Innliy anil Hallelujah.
fiDi.t Hie I'n.JiiNn lift
Th fleorcli IaijlUtiire e.ins- 'b
ology but XVednealay mi l oi "
Would that It were two ear bi-fu ihW