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trait: Treasurer, Wm. T. Dewart, 1M Nas
Tendon office. 40.4.1 Plest street.
rarls ofnre, (I Hut de la Mlchodler. oft
Boo du Quatre Heptsmbre.
Washington nfflc, Munsey flultdlng.
Brooklyn office. Itnoin loi. Kngl Hulld
Int. 303 Washington strtat.
ear riefs vn aror wlla amine,
crisis narf HIsslMiemt l"r puHlnllon srlss.
lit ar rfevtel arllWes rcleimfif le !!
la ail roif smi liompt lor Hal pvrpote.
SeRl'tnitlon on tin last dny brought
the number of mumps on tho i 1 llstsi
np to 7. IS," lo. or ,"'I."M) more than tlio
record for 1!1'J. Aliout TOO.ooo bill
lots will lie cunt on November 7 In the
city. Under ordinary conditions or
growth the city inny be expected tn
gain approximately 10.000 electors n
year, but the extraordinary situation
produced by the war hns undoubtedly
bad nn-efTeet on the imputation.
The resist ration Is satisfactory In
(feat It contrndlcts the opinion often
expressed that the public Is not In
terested In the election. The ordinary
manifestation of enthusiasm nn In
deed not In evidence, but It Is plain
that the selection of President will not
go by default. The truth of the mat
ter rnny be. nnd probably Is, that the
electors have made up their minds
already how thpy will mark their tail
lots, and having nrrlved nt their de
cision, see no reason for any prelliul
wiry display of excitement.
The Lady From Montana.
It Is snld that Miss .Ir.vNCTTK Han
Sin, Itepubllcan, described as "tall
and with n weitlth of red hitlr." nnd
as In her early thirties. Is sure of
election to the Houe of Heprecntn
tlves from Montana. If Hint proves
to bo the case either Jack Kvans,
with two children, nnd Tom Stout,
With three. IhiIIi Pemocrnts. will llflYe
to ro. As they were elected (nt large)
by pluralities of nbmit lO.ooo two
yenrs ngo. nil the Montnmi women
apparently will have to vote for tbolhe I,ft he "me' to be
... .a. mi . a . a m a a-rtl t at4 an an
inny won ine iiimu ires.es n sne is
to take her seat In the House with
430 mere men.
The House of course will not look
the same, or behave Just as It has In
th just, when the Hon. .IcNrTTn !
IIankin writes M. l nfter her name.1, mirtficil to receive the vote of
Members will have to consider her 1 o'I.kaby or nnybody like him. nnd
presence anil govern themselves ac- iiM.MI,.i,t ibe nre.sldent of the Amor!-
cordlngly. There can be no hurling i
the lie" any more, nnd of course no
throwing of Inkstands and fisticuffs.
Parliamentary language will take on
a finer ioll-h. We can fancy 1'ncle
Job Cannon ,of Ihiuvlllo preening
hlmelf and furtively consulting n
hand mirror. Profanity will become
n lost urt lu the lobby. The Improve
ment In the vernacular of members
will 1m revolutionary. They will all
apeak In prose when Itepivsentntlve
Jkankttk IIankin Is In their vicinity.
Wo suppose that she will wear n be
coming hat nnd Mimet lines "carry a
honrpiet pcrhaii nUvays have n nose
gay In n vase on her desk. We shall
expect to we the Hoii-e look like a
bower of isle.s when she sets tlio
fashion. She will have 4:t0 guides to
procedure anil practice; yet It will re
quire point! tact on the part of the
Speaker to rivognlze (he lady from
Montana when she wants the floor.
She will Is- a problem lu divers ways,
but she will provide n good dral of
light, color nnd ntmn-phcrc to n leg-
Islatlve body that will be all t hebe tier
nepresontntlvo .Tkankttk IIankin
will lie n popular member no doubt,
nnd If she Is Joined In the House by
,others of her sex of equal attractions
Cppid miiyas well be made a page
with n quiver full of darts.
now the Other Half Talks.
Kews of 11 verbal Insurrection
ngnlnst the Wilton Administration
romes of nil places from Tort
Worth, Texas. 11, N. Pock, president
of the Association of Farmers Cnlon
Presidents, denounces the Adamson
law. He says that Congress has us
good as taken the oat crop of the
American farmer ami given It to n
fninll class of railroad workers In tho
etinpc of Increased wages. Ho hints
thnt Mr. Wii.min and his cohorts ought
to get together Immediately and carry
tho Immortal principle of the eight
hour pay a IlttJe further by legislating
everybody Into Idleness and wealth.
With feeling Mr. Porn remarks;
"The di-fendprs of the Adnmron law
have had much to aay about emancipat
ing labor, but how about cnalavin; the
.-&ich a misconception of the actual.
Btale of affairs Is dreadful after the
very candid, frank and sincere efforts
of Woniuiow Wilson to please the
tiller of the soil, lioesn't Mr. Poi-i:
know that the farmers have In-cii
emancipated too? Has he never read
that clause of the Clayton act. signed
by Mr. Wilson, permitting fanners as
well as members of labor unions to
conspire lu restraint of trade? Does
he not know that the fanners are free
1" do Hie same thing thnt the train
rnen did? They have the oerinlaslon
nt t .. , i ..... .. ..
. ,.....,., iHnjMjiug iuu ouuguun
of Society) to band together nnd re
fuse to ship food to the cities until n
bill Is pnssed rIyIiir them ?'J a bushel
for (Kitatoes. Or ierhaps they might
prefer to insist upon $2 n bushel for
wheat. That can lie decided lifter they
have refuted to arbitrate tiud been
Kummoiieil to Shadow l.mvii.
In the iftenntlme let us hear niunore
of thcxe tpiarrels between the farmers
and the labor unions, elm .Mr. Wii.sii.v
will have to supplement his railway
trll) of fiot.TIIAl.H, Cl.AttK llllll llfllllK
with another out lit to Investigate the
other half of his emancipation of the
Gum Shoe BIH'tEieurtlon, and Can
dldate Wilton's Denunciation
f Jeremiah O'I.eary.
Two of the guests ut the Terrnc
fJnrden meeting for the Interpretation
by (linn Shoo Mn.r. Sto.m: of Woon
nov Wii.non to voters of Teutonic
sympathies have confessed that they
did not hear the finished and cautious
oration which Hkniiy Ahixks has re
ported ns the contrfbutlon of ltu.r,
I'liii.i's's old friend to that gathottnz.
These witnesses declare that .Mr.
Stunk wanted to make it speech bo
fore the Arlon Society, but that the
directors of that association mu..ied
lit in ; and they testify that the chair
man of the Senate Foreign Relations
Committee "talked ncross the table,"
while bis auditors "cunilnually Inter
rupted him with question."
Passing over the curious fact that
according to the Democratic National
Committee this Informal gathering
Included a roorter competent to re
produce Mr. Stonk's remarks verba
tim, ns It professes to make thrm pub
lic, nnd disregarding the substance
of his forensic effort, It Is Interesting
to observe thnt on September lit.
while President Wilson's supiiorters
were abusing the "hyphenate" vote
vociferously nnd Mr. llroiics was tie
Ing nssnlled for not doing something
to alienate from his cause electors of
pro-German leanings, the senior Sen
ator from Missouri, n State with a
large number of citizens of Teutonic
extraction, the- man who holds the
most Influential iHisltlon In the legis
lative department of the CJuvernmeut
with regard to foreign alTalrs. the
Senator who hns frequently under the
most serious clrcuniMnnccs "spoken
for the President." was In New York
endeavoring to Induce the leaders of
the publicly scorned fraction of Amer
ican citizenship to accept Mr. Wilson
ns their friend nnd devote their en
ergies to his iMilltlcal cai!-o.
This conference took plan on Sep
tember 10, and one of the parties
thereto, J, M. Koiilmtup.. ha said:
"I don't think Fenator Stone's talk
changed one vot.
"He did not convince us. and when
a very dlsap
It was thirteen days later, on Sep
tember !3, that Woophow Wilson
had the npHirtunlty to send to .h:ui:-
miaii A. oi.kahy tne telegram in
wlili-li he said ho would be doenly
...... Trll. ,.P,V ... nmi(.v ,u mes
sage of renunclntlon to 'many dl-
loyal Americans." The ml"tiu of
(iuni Shre Hill had failed; was. Its
failure the Incentive to' the Issuance
of this extraordinary proclamation?
I What Submarine Warfare Did.
At the session of the Iielchstag on
Wednesday only one voice was raised
for the resumption of "submarine war
fare" (tnriedolng or shelling without
warning). It was Count Piin imicit
ion WKHTAttr. a Con-ervatlve leader,
who declare I that "the use of unre
stricted submarine warfare was abso
lutely called for In order to attain' a
speedy nnd victorious peace against
Knglnnd." It Is strange tlmt this de
lusion should persist In the minds of
certnln members of the Itelohstag. ami
that there should be any considerable
number of their countrymen who itl'i
believe that Oreat Britain can be
brought to terms by the Von Tlrpltz
method of mnklng war upon merchant
"Sulimnrlne warfare" began on I'eb-
ruary IK. 101.", and the (ierman flo
tilla literally ran amuck for four
months. Whnt was the h.irvet?
From February IS to Juno Id there
were 21,-11:1 arrivals and sailings of
vessels of nil nationalities lu ami
from ports of the Fulled Kliigtbm,
and during that period only seventy
the British merchant ships were sunk
by fiermnn submarines, according to
tho Iindnn Time. If this should not
be considered n trustworthy source
of Information, there Is a count made
by Lloyd's Beglster up to November
10, 101,", It covers losses of all kinds
nnd from every cause lu the quarter
ending Juno fto. 101,", as reported up
to November 10, This would Include
three months of "submarine warfare."
The estimate, made with the thorough
system that Lloyd's employs, was that
HI British merchant ships of '.'.'IT.OT.".
tons had Ih-cu lost "by war and by
misadventure, condemned, &e,"
How many of these vessels worn
toi'iedoed or shelled by (lerman sub
marines was not stilted In the table
published, but the significant thing Is
that the ships that had disappeared
from registry were only 1.78 per cent,
of tho British mercantile marine, The
fiermnns, of course, never accepted
the Lloyd's tally, and on January 1,
1010, furnished figures of their own.
According to the fiormmi Overseas
News Agency, which quoted "cumpe.
tent authority," since the beginning
of tho war (seventeen mouths) fids
merchnnt ships, of 1,070,02 tons, had
lieen destroyed by submarines nnd
ninety-three, of 01,700 tons, had been
sunk by mines. Of the ships ac
counted for, 024, of 1.2.TI.0H tons,
were British, the loss of British ton
nage being atated an 0.0 per cent.
How many of these ships succumbed
to "submarine warfare," that Is to
say, were destroyed without wnrnlnir,
could not probably he determined, hut
does It matter very much when wo
know that the merchnnt ship easily
falls a prey to the submarine under
I any conditions?
J Tlio so-called "submarine wnrfnre"
went on for about six months In 1015.
or until the Ilrltlsh by snares and by
employing thousands of nrmeil trawl
ers, In addition to patrolling destroy
ers and submarines, were able to
check It. That It was not n failure
only misinformed nermniis and tier
mini iKilltlclans nnd nnvy men opposed
to Chancellor von Hktiiman.n-Hom.-win
will contend. If British esti
mates be discarded altogether, there
remain the (Jerman figures to con
found the advocates of "frightful
ness." It will of course be argued
that these Herman figures overlap the
period of most active "submarine wnr
fnre," but however the tnntter Is
bsiked nt British defensive measures
preclude the success of a Von Tlrpltz
Newark Draws Itlrhly From the Well
As all the world knows. Newark,
metropolis of the Jerseys, Is this year
celebrating the two hundred and tlf
tleth anniversary of ItomnT Thkat's
arrival on the lovely shores of the
I'.ismiIc. Naturally. If not Inevitably,
I art of the celebration took the form
of a prlzo contest In i try. Sweet
singers from Portland to Portland and
everywhere U-twcen Canada and Mex
ico twa'ngd the lyre lu praise of
New York's greatest neighbor. To re
duce song to vulgar mathematics, v.
eral hundreds of sweet manuscripts
were received. Poetry does not ride
as freight, and Cncl.e Sam's mnll clerks
hail to work overtime to move tho
Now, after several postponements,
the Judges have ceased from worry
and the p.Kts are at rest. Tho three
major prizes have been awarded. Tin;
first, of .j.v, goes tn Ci.i:mi:nt Wood
of this premier town, The second, of
?l.".o, was vuin by Mrs. Anna Hi.aki:
Mi.zjfii of San rmticlvii. and tho
third, of !?1imi. i,y At.mttT i:. Twomiii.y
of I'lilladeli Ida. Mr. Wooii's iem
1iil- Newark the "forger of men.
forger of men" which does not Indi
cate thnt the "human documents" of
Treat Town are anything but genuine,
A Newark newwpniier prints the
Wood poem entire and the others In
part. In Mr. Wood's mellifluous
lines the city Is praised for her sweet
self alone; In the others her heralded
qualities are such as all our Ameri
can cities proudly and Justly claim,
cllc merit hown In practical works.
The result Is mighty well worth the
cNpeiisL- In money. In thought, and
lu the labor of the Juilgcs.O'hcy have
all dime Hell.
Ten minor prizes remain to be
awarded, for to poets of lillii a fifty
dollar bill Is minor. Time was when
poos were less ecunlous. To the
three, our heartiest congratulations;
to the ten, a reminder that it was of
"some minor po1 1" that Iwiiimdu'
declared Ids terse "gu-h from the
heart." whence all ong should spring.
To the liiiuilie.Is wliu take no prhw
In money goes the pride in worthy
effort fruitful of profit without a
dollar sign. t And to Newark, greater
glory from coast to coast.
With f'hlcnsro building ocean steam
shlpr. Is there still in tho American
itxlcon such a uord as "Inland"?
From the correspondence, of Dr.
MfKvsTKiaiKito It appears that an Amer
ican conscientiously devoting himself
to the Interests of the I'nited States Is
fMiilty of we.ikncjs. Americans may
I rove they are entitled to respect by
subordinating their national concerns
i to the wel'are of that country which
conferred Mi'H.vsTnatKiifj upon us. Surely
a psychologist was needed to evolve
this patriotic doctrine, and nil should
be grateful to Or, MrHNHTEmiKKn for
correcting thi ancient errorsi by which
no have been misguided.
' This It:rtt S. Cot.tn who has been
' summoned to a police court charged
i with lllegtl registration Is nn old
politician, familiar with all the tricks
of thu trade. Ho was once a familiar
Ib-'iire about City Hall, hut lately he
has kept away from there. The police
hive had an eye on him. however,
and he will be taucht now that under
the statutes voting Is a much more In
tricate tiling than It was in his day.
! Bumnnln'H appeal tn the Allies for
help Is answered by the promise of
, Itusslan reenforcements nnd the des
patch of French olllcers to llucharest.
Meanwhile Itunianla stiffens her de
fence against Fai.kiinhayn nnd Mack
iinvu.v. It Is not altruism that sends
Kusslan fighters and French strate
gists to take part In the bitter cam
paigning along the Danube, Itelnc
1'int as the leaders of tho Allies may
be to see Ituninnlu share the fate of
Ilelgium and Serbia, Bulgaria's threat
concerns them more, Tho great war
began In tho Balkans years ago, nnd
It will not end till tlio fnto of the
Balkan Powers Is settled.
(live "em hell, Ili'ou r.s; It's coming to
'cm. folic from thr Srhrnkit nuiHcnre,
1 Mr. Wilson would have said: "Your
1 manner Is familiar." Mr. Biiyan would
t have said; "I ndmire your motive, but
! I deplore your methods," Mr, IIcoiikh
I went straight ahead giving 'em hell;
"Why did they mako war nnd call It
Mr. H pours is Inaccurate when he
i calls tho Ad imson bill a gold brick,
for It was only glided on one of its
The Slnklnic nf (he niiiiimersdljk.
Tn tiik IIi'lTi.K or Tub si n Sir; with
out ralllnsr nn li.nlv names and vvilhout
puttliisC my n.nllrallly In Jeopardy, 1 would
like I.i ask nu eir ymir learned readers
why there Is a.i iniirh ado iilmut tha sinking
nf four ships nf a lielllKerent hy a suhma- i
rpie of Bnilher lielllKerent and not one
word nf surprise nl.ciut the sinking of a.
neutral ship luarlnc a rarsa nf wheat eon-
...r., ,w mv uuTvriiiiiviii iii na noma
country, H, A,
WkuiiiiiH, N, J., October It.
THE SUN, MONDAY,
THE WILSON TARIFF. ,
Increase1 Exports After the War
Would Mean Lower Wages.
To the Editor or The Sun Sir; The
most distinctive feature of Prealdent
Wilson's publli addresses that marks
hla whole political career ns an orator
Is the unexplained advice he gives to
the general public, which Includes him
self, for he always rays "We must."
Mr. Wilson has aald:
We rnuil aiamlna oumlvi and aea
whether we can make certain that the
taakt Impnaed upon m will be performed,
well performed and performed without In
Tha facts regarding; that examination
have never been made public. He has
' Wa have arefrrel to be provincial.
We hare preferred to atand behind pro
Wa muat iharprn our wlti to compete
In the marketa of tha world.
We muit expand.
We muit break the ihacklea that fetter
Squeeze the Wllaanlsm out of these
ambiguous phracs and they mean that
we muet Increase our Industrial exports.
Mr. Wllaon does not mean the export of
food products, for the high cost of liv
ing Is causing the people to object to
You may catch a weasel asleep, but
you will never catch the President ad
vocating an) thing he believes to bo un
All this advice Is good, very good, but
why does not this profound scholar,
with bis unbounded Intellect, that Is
exemplified by his wonderful manipula
tion of lannuase, explain with a few
simple words, so that ordinary people
can understand, how this Increased ex
portation can he accomplished?
But Woodrow Wilson will never Klvc
this Information, for It would checkmate
his game, nnd he knows It well. How
ever, the following was published In n
stanch Democratic paper, the New Tork
Commercial Uuttrttn. nt November IT.
1SD2, nine das after drover Clcvelind's
second election :
If the manufacturer haa to accept lower
prlcea for hla products he muit either clote
hla works or et compensation In the re
duction tn the cost of production.
Labor may espect to yield Jta quota of
concession grudgingly and tardily, and pon-
Ihly not without more or less disturbing
resort to lockouts and trlks. Those who
have taught worklngmen that a reduction
In the tariff dn.a not mean a relative re
duction lnA.igta have adulterated a great
reform with a very paradoxal doctrine.
That is the truth plainly stated. It Is
the existing war conditions, nnd not the
tow tariff, that Is keeping up wages at
the present time.
Speaking almut the hard times under
the Wlls.in-fIorm.in tarlft law nn No
vember 5, 145 1, the same paper said;
An aterage reducttin of 10 per cent In
wagei l demanded by tha necemltl of
the employer and equally 1 the true In
terest of latxir. With that wa might e.
pect a general revival of builnete; If It b
not quickly conceded we must wait until
worse conditions compel the oneeniion,
At the time this last article was
written there were mlllloni. of urem
ploed throughout the country, althuush
there had already been a general re
duction In wages ranging from 10 to 20
per rent, from which very few had es
caped. There Is no alternative to becoming
extensive Industrial exporters but this:
the wage earners of the United States
must expect to sacrifice at least two
thirds of their splendid wages, and such
a course would reduce the volume of
their work by reducing the home con
sumption of their own products.
This Is the true reason Woodrow Wil
son will nut explain, but tries to hide the
real truth with umblcuous phrases and a
mass of unmeanliiK "weasel word"."
I ask my fellow railroad men whose
work Is dependent on the volume of
business done In the United States to
consider well whnt the resultant effect
of this reelection of Woodrow Wilson
would be before they cast their vote In
November. Kpoak Jat Dwrrn,
Formerly Chief Knglneer of Central
Division. Brotherhood of Locomo
IIatonne, N. J October 14.
HUGHES AT CHARLESTON.
Bis .Speech There a Masterpiece of
('nod Sense and Americanism.
To tiik Kditoh or The Spn sir: Mr.
Hughes In his Charleston, W. Va., od
dress slid :
I desire In consider some of the icllons
which have been taken In order that we
may make a fair estimate. The other
day It wns that the alternates of the
present policy of the Administration was
war, that any one who undertook to
criticise that action must necessarily faor
war. I am a man of peace, and It Is
because I desire to se American peace
safeguarded thit I Insist upon a Ilrrn and
unflinching maintenance of American
rights and such policies as will deserve
and hold the esteem of the entire world,
The policy of a sound enforcement of
known rights Is not u policy of war It
Is a policy of security, of self -ri spect.
When this nation forgets the dignity of
Its own rl!U-n'hlif and the rights of Its
own citizens, It will enter upon a period
of decadence, will Invite Insults nnd will
surely end In overwhelming disaster. No
party can stand before the American pen
pin and say tint It will not maintain
American rluhts, and I propose that tlil
shall nut simply be said but that ll shall
The pnrnKraph quoted clearly dis
covers the fact that, Instead of being
a rhetorical politician, Its author Is a
statesman of tho right type, and there
fore absolutely worthy the confidence)
nnd ballot of every conscientious, men
tally sound nnd truly patriotic Ameri
can elector, be he native born or natu
ralised. With Mr. IIUKhes nt the
"helm of state" the right man would be
In tho rlKht place beyond a shadow of
doubt. Ills failure to "land In the
White House" would be a national
calamity. P. K. P.
Wooiuiaven, October 14.
.Snpermarnsehlno nf Maine.
To tiik KniTon or The Sun Sir; At
our summer home at Old Orchnrd Heach,
Maine, In varying quantities, according
to the season, wa husband with Jealous
care the uncultivated beach plum,
If your correspondents want something
tnsty nnd really delectable let them
serve the preserved beach plums and
Juice on their morning grapefruit,
Maiaschlno cherries do not approach
the hidden and succulent flavor of the
.Frankmn H. Hazm.ton,
PortTl.AND, Me., October 14,
Pnor nld as. limping along,
Ilummlna; a fragment of yesterday's son?.
Happy youth, rnntented nnd gay.
Singing tha tunes Just written to-day,
Ilabt In his cradle, lilting tha run
Rat to th measure! ot to-morrow's tun.
dray eld world, walling to sta
What Is th thsiive of eternity.
II. Bristxt HaiEINS.
OCTOBER 16, 1916.
He Brutally Assails the Cioternmental
Doctrine of .Sen Ice to llumnnlty.
To tub KniTun or The Spn Sir; I
met Kph Small In front of the Capitol
at the unveiling of Sheridan's statue.
"He was a fust class tlghtln' .man,"
said Kph, gazing in admiration nt the
heroic figure of tho mounted warrior,
"Ho wns n man of vision." I replied.
who had i passion for American Ideals
and dedicated himself to a mission of
For the love of Mike!" growled Eph
contemptuously, "when did you fall fer
''What lingo?'1 1 asked, somewhat an
noyed. "Why, thnt lingo about passion an'
mission an' dlHlnfrested service," he
replied In a falsetto drawl, rnlllmr his
eves In affected nlctv. "How lone Is
thls 'ere thing o-goln' to contlnyo?"
he untried. "Ain't wo never coin' to
.quit tnlkln' Ilko sanctimonious Willie -
boys an' git back to thu ondcrstand
able speech o' common men?"
"Tho trouble, with you, Kph," I an
swered, "Is that you're behind tho
times. You've overlooked the fact
that a conception of duty, as exempli-
fled In disinterested r,ervlce, is now
playing n prominent part In the af-
fairs of men and nations."
I "Overlooked It!" he exclaimed. "They
ain't none to overlook. 1 ain't seen no
dlslnt'rostcd sarvlce, ncr you neither.
' But I ain't overlooked the talk nbout
1 It. Ye can't overlook thnt any more'n
, ye kin overlook a plague o" cutworms
iln a cabbage patch. Ye bear It morn-
ln noon an' night, from the highest
in the land down to the scurviest
Iioun' diwg yelplti' fer pap. It gives
me a pain In the pit o' my stummlek,
this talk of faivln' nnnkind." '
"Don't you believe that m"n render , direction : "Chateau Laurler. Pavilion
disinterested service?" I nfked. I do Darvse. City Island."
"Sure I do sometimes." Kald Kph: City Island? City Island was to me
"but mostly when It don't Interfcro but a name, terra incognita. I would
none with their own pus'nul welfare, go on a Journey of discovery. So 1 set
Dmlet'rcsted sarvico Is nil rlglet now a pace that emulated but did not envy
an' then. What I object to Is this that of tho automobiles on the smooth
everlavtln' yap about It ns If It was asphalt roadway that skirted my foot
the first rule of a man's conduct. D'yo path. Shut out at times from this oiled
think human nntoor's changed tee- streak of luxury by a fringe of trees,
totally sence Wilson was elected Prcsl- 1 with the robins hopping before you and
dent? D'yo think man has changed a wide stretch of fields and woods to
overnight from the selfish nr.lmlle he's ' jour left, you have the Illusion of re
allus ben Into a sclf-sacrltlcin'. hvmn motencss until you reach the bridge over
slni:ln' martyr? Not on yer life, he
ain't, an' nobuddy In a normal state redolent of the salt grass of the
o" mind believes It, neither. i meadows, the red aftermath of the sun-
"A man may be put In a high sta- et etching a fringe of trees on tre
Hon," he continued n llectlvely, "an' horizon. The sunset would have de
the glamour of hLi otllci; becloud his I'ghted the iirtlst brush of McCord, and
Jedqment nn' tmke lilm think he's a In the waning light tha meadow was
sort o' lily white savior of the race n Hoeber landscape In the painter's
when he ain't nuthltr but the frail sombre mood,
represent itln of s.-v'rul million com- "Can you tell me how far I am from
mon, ordinary people whoe main ob- City island?" 1 usked the little Irish
Ject In life Is to look nut fer their own nian nt the draw-keeper's house on the
Interests nn the devil take the hind- , bridge.
most." ' "Sure I can. I'm nn old City Islander
"You don't believe, then," I said. ' meself. Tho policeman In the booth
"that we should subordinate our own down the road Ml put you wise." It was
selfish interests to tlio common good; the characteristic Celtic way of Impart
that we should love our neighbors n.s mg knowledge.
ourselves?'1 ! "Do you know where I can set some-
"A an axiom of releegion. yes," he thing to eat the Chateau Laurler?" I
replied; "but as an axiom of gover'- 'suggested.
munt. not In a thousand years. This! " raised his hand In deprecation,
present Administration w.i'n't elected ! "Bon't go to th .Mansion. Sure,
to preach rekegion. It was elected to they'll soak you fiO clnts for a san'wlch.
look nrter the material welfare of the r' to ,ho Inn n"' a' Matty Mulligan
people of this country. The President tent ou"
ought to'be a full 7.s man who Iirair- Being hungry and Impecunious, 1 re
fers the United Slates to any other "'''ted mi the wisdom of this advice,
nation on nlrth, an' stand up fer Its Th" traltlc cop nt the puint of the
rights through thick an thin an' give ' h.ahway Indicated by Matty did put me
It the benefit of fV.-y doubt, fust. ! ,v'"'' lle was " Adonis In uniform
last an' all th time. an. withal a pleasant fellow. As I
"llover'munt an' rrleeclon don't mix waited for the trolley car he warned
now a nv more'n thrv did two thousand n;e: "Stand away from that curb, It's
years ago w!i-n them ns Inquired
'about It w.is told to 'render unto
isar the things which are t'trsar's.'
, Human natnor's Jest the simu now iu
It was then, only a leetle ni.ire so."
j "I suppo-e this country wou'd o r.t
; war now If you could have your
i way." I remarked.
( "Not by no means." said Kph. "Ye
Indent Jest as w, 11 ask me if I'd kill a
'stranger 1 fo.ind carryln' away pun-
'kins from my garden. I hep 1 wouldn't
have to kilt him to make him under-
stand h" was trespassln' on mv rights
and had to quit, of course If I was
nfrcre el to assert my rights I'd prob-
tt'Iv loie mv nunklns
I "What-would you ilo In such a case?"
'he askcil. becoming questioner In turn.
"I s'poso ye'd offi r to nrbltnte, or
Iniebls- e'd feed ve were renilcrln' a,
jdlni'r steel sarvkv In b ttin' the cuss
git nw.iv with your propertv. or p'r'nps
1 ve'el let the stranger strip yer gar-
den cban so ve could sav to yer wife
long about hnrvestln' time. 'Wall,
i 'Mainly. the ain't nuthlu left In the
gir.b n. bus we've got along all sum-
mer v.Itl.out no trouble,'"
"You talk fouhshly, i.'ph." I replied;
noth.ng can note absurd than a
comparison between the management
of a miserable little garden patch and
the solutlnn of the great world prob-
lems of the present day,"
"isut elon'i i hem lint handles worm
problems belong to the same brerel o
in..,, n tl, thnt .,'..,.!- r,..e,i..., n.,'
, harvests crops?" he demande d fiercely.
'"They may dress ellffrunt air they
may talk dlfr runt, but they re Jest
the sune under tlu lr skin.
"The trouble Is," he continued, "we've
got In this here country a litter o'
men that ain't got red blood In their
veln.e. but a sort o' watery rheum that
ain't lit fer man ncr beast; they ain't
got natural Instincts; they've grown
up soft an' llabby an' conscience rid
den. The'y don't see things an they
are, but see "em ns they think they
ought to be.
I "That thar poet Kipling hit the null
'square on the lu,,d when he said We
ain't neither I'liildien ncr gods, but
men In a weuM e." men. I
'This 'ere (iovcr'munt Is now bcln'
run ny a set ev men who talk like
gods an' act like children. All they
talk about Is eluty nn' missions nn'
visions, when they ought to bo en
forcln' rights, which Is the function
of alt gover'munt so far ns I've Ikhmi
able- to I'nrn.
"We s'on't want a fJover'munt run
by ni''n who treat their conscience
' e. in... ,i,.,.. a,. ,i...i ii.. ..... .
Jls.e . .... .. ii,,-,no
worry about it. p.mper It, ; coddle- It,
Idocwir It. an don't do nuthln' for fear
of overworkln' It.
As Ive sa d afore he concluded,
"what we need In this here country at
tho present time Is less conscience a,,'
mo.e Kills. .Simon CliEEfT.
Aijunv. October 14.
Kxtrniled l'e of a Term In Physics,
To the Kpitor ny The Spn Fir: In
your editorial article on "Premier Te.
rnurhl's Policy" appear the words "an
unsliibl' equilibrium," ,
(an there bo "nn unstable equi
South N'onwAi.K, Conn.. October 14,
Knlcker What la th Presidential
1J ticker T, r, T, r. on a weasel skis.
SO UTHEltN DOM IN A TIo'n.
To Draw Attention to It Is Not Sec
tionalism. To the Editor or The Sun Sir; When
the Southern Democratic, oligarchy was
employing black belt returns to count
out the majorities In the white districts
the excuse for this fraudulent practice
wns "the preservation of white su-
' premacy." When the disfranchisement
laws wero enacted the pretext for this
.device to uphold rule by a political
oligarchy was "to preserve white! clvlll-
nation." The criticism of Democratic
'methods In tho South was formerly met
by Southern Democratic leaders with tha
cry of "Do you want the negro to
dominate?" President Wilson now
throws an entirely new cloak over the
misdoings of the Southern regime, to
til, Ia ihn n1lcr!trMiv fenm view hv rhnr.
1 acterlilng as "sectionalism" any refer-
' "ce whatever as to the South being
'n the saddle.
' ' course the helpless masses of the
repressed South can't do anything to
tlnow off the yoke of the oligarchy In
the South, but the rest of the country
tan vote to unload the national control
! of ,h'' oligarchy, and It Is up to the
vters to determine whether or not tho
Southern Democrats shall continue to
i dominate the nation,
J Jo'rp't r- Manning.
Member Alabama legislature UDt-tSJo.
New YtmK Oc'oh"
Genial Kxplorer Discovers City
Island and Reports.
J To the Kpitor or The sun Sir; At
' the Intersection of Wllllamsbrldse road
and Pr.lh.im Parkway a day or two ago
I saw a sign with an arrow pointing a
Kat Cheter Hay. There the air Is
dinserous. Some crazy driver who
thinks of no ope bei,bs himself may
swing around the curve ami take you off
1 -Vl the end of the trolley line Is Ilel-
den' Point The Sound caressed th
I-bbly slier- softly In moonlit waves,
and the rd eye of Stepping Stone Light
looked at m wnrnlnsly. To the right
"1,! the Mansion, whence cime strains
of ,Unc" c- n"d to the left the Inn
"l,h thn cheerful clatter of knivc nnd
' ln,)K " auvicc nna cnose
rhn '"" !h an 01,1 "ln root farmhouse
"f hundred years with an arch In the
, hallway that discloses a olld mahogany
stair nit. ln the "parlor," which from
,ho modern requirements of tran-lent
'"'tors has been converted Into a dining
' room, Is a wooden chimney piece that
"ou1,1 arouse the acquisitiveness ,,f an
antiquary As I sat awaiting my meal
""1 nv.islng on the nnclentness of the
'Iar" wlth murmur of the Sound
wa,f" rhythmically punctuating my
1 ,m- suddenly conscious
,h,t 1 ,trtr', directly nt a .pretty
ulrl opposite to me with a party of six.
A M'uU vpv"1 turban, a pink knit
!,tt'a,rr mrr a "'I eM gulrnpo
w"h an embroidered sailor collar made
,,or a '11',ur' for "TlM- 1 ""' rea,1'
x,"-"n to I'!""' '" "ho com-
memvd to eat from the dish of steamed
'"" ',""'"", "' " ;
Then the Illusion was shattered, and
from a divinity she dropped to the nrdl-
"!,r" lov,I , of ,h' m,0tn nom:'n w,,n
Uc,, h""u wl,h medium of
The Jitney stage for the city leaves
at 5 o'clock, sir," the waiter said In
response to my Inquiry.
I looked nt my watch forgot my
pleasant dream of a moment before,
hurried outside and was soon whirling
toward the city In the company of a
couple of amateur Oerman fishermen
who carrie d their catch ami tackle, Down
the Parkway we travelled In the com
piny of millionaire cars, and over the
""nn rt r"a'' thr,,Kh the pa,k
",' ,he , Then t he I shts of the
ity, nnd a heel In a lodging rouse-
what one Is my secret. A man's pocket
book sometimes chooses his bed,
New YonK, October 14,
Chopin on the Farm.
To THE KniTORorTiir Spn Sir; With
true sociological ncuteness nnd wli'i
love of art, Desire 15-scirboura rambles
Into the heart of nature and, hearing the
strains of one of Chopin's nocturnes
nalt upo , nutumll from
farnl n,Hl. ,, ,,f rc(.lvillR tnnt ,np
mcllM,y 'm;llIll b a (Mm(r,,
.!..,,,. n.-,e. ,v, ...i. i. ... . ...
f the high price of pork, turkeys, whov.
nn,, .mo,t everything else,
, NnWi thq ,H cnll,r.lry , the Xfx.
.gs of professor, 1, have In .nary
Muhl aI, ,ntfrPMln p:iBM informed
i us that to make the farmer's life happy
wdth music, travelling libraries and art
would tend to attract people to thu
farms, Increasing production and hencj
lessening tha cost of living,
So, unless this girt played the no.
turno very poorly, It would seem that
professors are right,
James D. Deweix, Jr.
New Haven, Conn., October 14,
First Peacock What worrUs you?
Hecoad Peacock I bop we shall ntvtr
dtgenerat Into a rac without tails.
ARE THE AMERICAN PEOPLE LIVING
IN FREEDOM OR BONDAGE?
It Is Time to Searth Our Hearts to Learn Whether False Meals Hide 1 urn
or Principle and Patriotism Survive, to Govern (he .National Conduct.
Are wo bond or free? Tho question
Is paramount and must soon bo
answered. In Its solution rests the
destiny of the republic.
Have wo as Individuals "Inalienable
rights," nnd as a nation Is this In
truth "the lund of the free and tho
homo of the brave"?
Are wo In danger of losing the price
less blessings of liberty for which the
fathers bled, or are they already lost to
Have we hypothecated our birthright
or have wo sold It for a "mess of
If we are too busy stuffing our wal
lets to keep thr? shield of honor un
furnished, to keep the torch of liberty
alight, or to recognize nnd appreciate
thfse blessings and tho sacrifices they
cost, tho time Is now ripe to make the
If we are "too proud to fight" for
the Integrity of our inheritance let us
make haste to proclaim It to the world,
that we be not charged with the crime
of national hypocrisy. At a time
of International nnd domestic unrest,
when great States without nnd lnsldl -
ous forces within seek to strangle the
spirit of liberty. Is "peace at any
price" to be our watchword? If so,
let It be known
Shall wo as a free peopte abdicate
the throne of reason and of govern
ment that we may give full nlav
any political vagary our fancies tile -
tate? Is It In conformity with thi
faithful ellscharge of our trusteeship
that we surrender without n struggle
the function eif government to the de
mands of any class of citizens thnt
peace may be our portion at tho price
of liberty nnd the abandonment of the
I heroic traditions of the past? Serf
dom, not freedom, Is the bitter frnlt
of such a course.
The world Is In the birth pangs of
an epoch. We nre standing on the
threshold of a new era. and If we
would gird ourselves to discharge the
huge responsibilities the times Impose
' If liennVAH tla tn nvamtn, a atx sC ,
'fundamental factors concerneel with It he sahl that our sltu.it,. .a n I
jour future. but without prospci ts" if
i If In this great crisis we are to make because the symptoms ut de ) k) La
prompt and adequate response to th observeel,
teaX of duty, duty to ourselves and I It would seem "e-slfr f a '
duty to others, wc must to-dny Inspect 1 to go through the eye of i i
critically the foundations upon which , than for Individuals or t. UI r- '
our Institutions rest nnd "set our house and apply th" lessons of b.
In order" to-morrow may be too late, nations have had tli- ,r
j In th,e heat and confusion of con-
j fllct the basic principles of human
Justice and liberty nre easily obscured,
! Becent events In International and do -
mestlc affairs have brought this fresh
Something for nothing ran be so-
cured neither by Individuals nor na -
tlons. Travail is the prlce of achieve-
If we would seek a sound solution
of th" problems which confront us we
must engage In the grtnt art of Intro -
sjiectlon: a elKtlcult. unpopular nnd
(Unflattering duty. , people In the
iuii hush of prosperous traele reents
the suggestion that It undertake th"
unpleasant though profitable task of
seeing Itself as others sen It. Yet the
pen.s or to-uay compel the p'unge.
National, like individual, greatness
Is founded upon and revealed In char
acter. In response to evolutional Im
' pulses the character of a people Is bo.
come the standard by which nations
are Judged. This re-elves emphasis
.In democracies where the will of a
' people find" expression In govern
mental policies, ond hence registers
the ehirncter of the average citizen, j toel.e as freemen or as - , .. -Yast
possessions, boundless efficiency, die battling glon u:v .r
trade volume, are beside the Issue. .on n.ld like the ;itni-r ;
' Nations, llko indjviduats. miy be ! funilamentel prim "pi. s
srmsh nnd tyrannical. Nations, like , erty. or sha:i we l:e s -Individuals,
may Is' good or lid neigh- ,,wn hand In Isc.i i: . ,
bors. These and similar qualities eif I tin- victims of o.,r ,
national character have their source wv be destroyed th!" .'
In ferces Inseparably associated with of forces thy d n: ' ..
standards nf intelligence! F.ducntlon not possibly b for. -may
and often has contributed largely , ! consumed by a '. . .
toward tho fashioning of good citizen-! malady wh.ch 'cni'd ' ,v
ship; yet however we may plume our- ' vented lind v w.t'i
.selves upon enjoying as nations go a vokril tho knowb-Ig '
fairly low coefficient of Illiteracy, we nble to that etid"
must recognize that this commendable j Soon in rm h mr . '
condition of ltef offers no n-siirnnce plae-ed the inttuire" V
,of Immunity from nntlonai blunders uei, shall tvlti to ,
(and moral turpitude. nu, of m , . .
Whether or not we regard Igno- the .vtorv of ,i" n . ,
ranee, credulity, folly nnd prejudice as 1 gent, prepared S....n t .
synonymous, whether or not I.mii. rnme. never to t.tu"
jann has a percentage of illiterai'v i sam form the..!.-, m
-higher and Iowa lower than the aver- Ing the elrgrev of h
, nge for tho country, they are but In-1 of leglsterlng be-', t. f .
, terestlng collateral l.ues. j spim .,,, ,,,.,,
.it" eiominant nml po
tent factor In Individual deve'lopment
land character culture, and as earlier
Indli-ateel In our time through Its
cumulative expression Is also the chief
.guide in classifying nations as to their
purpose and ability lo confer upon
tncmscivej and their cnntempornrii s
nnd transmit to posterity the blessings
! of the higher freedom. .
i We nre then the creature of nor
iii.Hir.iitK .inn ine opinions ile
; iriucm ui' ie-iroiii. ,-o long iis we are
'suffered to liask I'omnlnlsantlv In the
' 'V "" "' " lr c 1"'nI",, vrr' ' 1f,m ot the fon-tit i'i -i
citizen Is entltleil to opinions, yet Inis- j not honor Is i.i l ..
, much ns our destiny as a nation abides 1 white tlag and i
, n the nature e.f our mental process, s Stripes is to 1... ,. ,.
t Is the eluty of every patriot to ask ) shall surely pa
; himself whether his opinions are cor-! fair and 'pi.-pii - l
,rect. for If Incorrect they arc vt.lti-' bourne whence no r ,'
able neither to himself r , t,,0 ..KoP M) , lr , , ,
; republic which he would serve. If well doing ve m.v p
, our minds react correctly to certain I Ignorance of f.v...b
conditions and events, we are still a II IB
! free jieeipte If ,ur Ideas and opinions ""Know v cot tb
,are Incorrect, not In consonanc.. with I vleld vnurs'ehes ,.'erv rv
'the racts, we nre slaves -slaves to servants ve an- to v h
self-lmposeel conditions unfavorable to ' whether of M,, nut . .. ,
Inatlonnt development. If we think , enco unto right.. .-i-m -'clearly
our triumph over dlllleultles Is ltl. F P r
r!i!I ' Wone-KSTn;.' m'.s "
GIVE US BUTTERMILK!
An Outraged Consumer Adds to (he
Milk Ptineyeir's Trembles,
To the KniTott or The Spn .sir; I
have addicssed the enclosed commutm-a-lion
to Mr. I.olon Ilortoti, who u presi
dent of the Slionleld Farms-Slawsoti-Decker
Company. William a. Finn.
Xfu' Voiik, October 14,
Iri: Sin: At Ihl, present time nhen so
mn h puliIU'ltv l being Elven liv the lead.
Ing dlnrll.uters ot milk In this city to the
high quality nf standard vvliieh has oe.
velnped sliue the milk business has been
pnu tli-ully lentrallied to n p.ilnt of tin
nopoly, I consider tlmt Hie time Is ni,ir.
tune In request Unit some eteuse or an
apology b nmle tn the pulille nt large
for tile equally reverse condition vvhli'h
has ejtert for several years past In plc.
Ing upon the market the concoition which
you and others advertise us "buttermilk "
It baa for the period of forty-odd yars
been one of(the pleasures of the signer of
thla letter lo partake frequently of a
drink of buttermilk, but since th sup.
prcaslon of th small corner stands (both
If we "see as through a glass dirk,
ly" disaster Is our portion,
If this be doubted, wifnei th di.
tresslng nid pathetic sped t le of a
great people enjoying ie prr mt je ,
Illiteracy lower than o ir ow i lnij,.
trlousiy engaged In a tm.ntr is. n.
defensible nnd Implo ls rut. . ,r
which blels fair to gtiitrant to 1 r ,
title of the champion Impevtur of hit.
tory. Behold what nus nicf ai i n .
education divorced from Irtri,, p"
and its corollary ihiir.vtcr
wrought! One eif thu b, -t i t
nnrl mn,t thrift!, nnil .111. I..,,, .
of modern times has le.' .n e. i
eyes become an Intertritinn il i ,
nnd seems In a fal way to 1
the humiliation and sk; me ' '
ing an international m-ndl. ar.i -p.
arc in nonuage tn tlere n e tner
processes, Incorrect opinio'- f,
mcais. ine siamnzing lull, , .
Intelligence, common srn , h.'
, national character has b.
' gulfed In a serfdom of r (
greed nnd lust which h. is i. m
thin mack of culture wl.t. . j,
1 boast, and will pro' ably .s -t !. r ujm:
the shores of time a wreck,
Nations, like Individual. scM-n
i bear prosperity gr.i' Cf'Ji:y, wls.ly .
safely. Human nature, and t. i-
mental processes being eri.,i v
same yesterday, to- I i nr. i ' . r
tolls Inevitable that history.
l e. .
1 pent itself. Ancient nnd a
! tory abound In examples
Posed serfelom differing r it
nut only in eiegree. from t t j
cited, For example has t .e n. if
dismemberment of the It im n Krnp -e
no lcson for us? As with h-- t
star of fortune hns horn wi'h ,,
with her. we haw enjoyed 'i , y.
resources and opportunities ant r.
corded great achievements. II. a s
accumulation of riches, the , .
nnd selfish case of luxury, the , , .
cation of success destroyed ir t. -,
tal poise and warped our m r .' -as
with Bom"? At the V"rv p nra,
Via nf nnp el v11l;it Inn nt u f
prophets, even as we have te- . . r
voices of thes pitrl"ts are s .
crying In the wudfrnrss '' f n
I pies have e-herlshf I the v
when the criii-Irl day shall -
favoring clrcurnstan e tn vs.' ...
or a Mnes a by a m ta ' n k
, raised for their dell-, r ?t e
Still fre-h in many min N le i M
I picture of our own in' .r v - .
, to lack of national lnb Ilu o - '
dent to conduct our course n
' nance with the demands of r
. Many of us lerall with as'.'
perilously small margin ly w- ,v ,
, hysterical nnd entlulous ! f
the free and unlimited e nna : i
in ratio of in to 1 was elef -
, Incident furnished crephl.- '
.our national v.i-dem and
Where Is the man who his
hood to doubt that the n .
possesses approxlmat -ly
ratio of voters who at-.-tt!Ilgcnt
upon curree n'
of vital eemsi.;..,.tv, t 1 '
Kvc:i as vv lb m..n ,ri
die. Soon or late' .
I tiass fion the : '
- itry whieh he vv-i'i i.miPv
fill with illgnltv h ! "
sent In the otin. .
when the era now , . .
estnlli-hed In the e,.",
If the dlMemp. -
mental I'onftiM. t, . t, I
and mental prcin'r I
resources if ,.s', ,. .
j ,, ,,, Mlm .. ,.
t -i. .!,., i .. . . .
- 1 goal
of our Ide als
not patriotism I
If efficiency and f
1 movable and tn! ." i
' te. em j e irs .11.1 1 :. i I
the city, this !iil t
I The Individuals
pl.i.lng upon the . .
pr.i.lmt slimi'd In
h"ii.ed nnd In II i. i
of 'mv oh) h nili f '
Ing the f.i! in nn ' .
nnd ,-ifter t!v trial ...
, w..uld Mir-ly f..l . . .
Ing with tho s-nt.i .
. tlonally in imp t up
Of tile M.M II , e. ,"
pertn.l of their lint.r -
I preclude tho pn.sih' l
liiiliciea .,r ii set ..n I 1
I hav e been lnf..rM I
son nf corner st,ir,N b"
has be.-n i.'i the ur..ti'i
j hy order of the Ilia- 1 .' I
1 It vvoul be -mt ..f t .
, rise th it auc is' I... ' i
I rei nrd mv p iiji -stands
w here cen i i
procured and In surra
tary than most of n p i
substitute la now epe t
truly, v ,
Ngvr Tok, October II,