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THE SUN FRIDAY, DECEMBER
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FRIDAY, DECBMBEIt 1, 1010.
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TELEPHONE. UKUKMAN WOt.
A Study or American Dependence.
In Investigating the possible effect
of European economic alliances on
American forclRii trmle the National
Foreign Trade Council li performing
a public service. It has Just Issued a
report showing the amount ami extent
of our deiKMiiience on other countries
for supplies of nil kinds.
In the case mt 213 commodities", ot
each of which we Imported more thnn
11,000,000 worth yearly before the
mar, 121 were Imported principally
from the countries of the allied group.
Including the British colonies. Only
forty-nine came principally from Ger
many, Austria-Hungary, Ihilgorla nnd
Turkey. Excluding the British colo
nies, we were nlwiut equally dependent
Bpon the United Kingdom and Oer
ninny, the llrst being the principal
source of forty-six largely Imported
articles, the second of forty-fUe.
An Iui)ort:mt (mint Is that we arc
practically Independent of all other
countries lu resiect of our fool sup
ply. Ten and coffee 'are possible ex
ceptions to this statement ; almost all
our coffee comes from Brazil. Manga
nese, which used to lie brought from
British India nnd Itiisshi, now comes
from Brar.ll. Nearly nil our nickel
was from ('lunula und Japan, nnd
Italy furnished most of our silk.
The value of such a survey as this
It obvious. If the time ever comes
when It Is thought necessary ade
quately to protect existing Industries
and to foster new Industries that shall
free us from reliance on particular
nations, such facts and figures as these
will tell us Just wlmt we buve to do.
The Teutonic Goal la the East.
The Might of I lie Rumanian Gov
ernment to the Russian frontier, the
reduction of the western part of the
country, the rapid advance of the
Teutonic forces lo Bucharest, Indicate
the Imminent ihtII to the capital nnd
apparently foreshadow the further
conquest of Rumania.
.The advance of the armies of Von
Fai.ke.miayn and Vox Mackensen,
every manu-uvre timed to exactness
and lilting us cog to cog In a inn
chine, has been one of the most re
markable strategic movements of the
war. The complete conquest of Hit
ninuin may no more decide the war
than did the subjugation of Sorbin,
nnd it will lengthen rnther thnn
shorten It'; but It will make the Cen
trnl Towers almost Impregnable In
the Balkans and seriously menace
Russia's N)sltloii In the Near East.
It Is iM'comlng more and more obvl
ous (hat Germany Is conscious she
ciinnot win In the west that neither
England nor France can be destroyed.
The further devastation of Belgium,
the failures at Verdun nnd on the
Homme are only mine of tlx evidences
of tills. Asa result she has turned her
nmbltloii to the goal In the Near East,
toward which she has long struggled
The completeness of the expedition
ngalust Rumania shows its purpose
to have been more than punitive. The
revival by the new Austrian Em
peror of the plan of n south Slav state
nnd of Trlallsin Instead of Dualism
for the Aiistni-lliiiigiirluii monarchy
Indicates the Teutonic future policy
for it southern expansion.
IIismaiii'K'k diplomatic strategy at
the 1 tori in Congress of inspiring Ru
mania's enmity agiilnst Russia by glv
lug the coveted Bessarabia to Russia
then of cultivating mi iillliinec with
Rumania, hail for its purio-n the
building up of u barrier against i
Russian oerliiud advance to the Bal
knns and Constantinople. Riiaiauia's
termination of the alliance and her
fulluro to fiillll her pursi-n must I
tilted n serious menace to the Hep
manic Near East pulley. But a Ru
ninnln subjiigate.l would restore thl
Tile conquest of Serbia rave the
Central Towers the Orient railway
to Constantinople, The conquest
of Rumania would give four niori
railway lines from Austria to the
Danube mid Riilgrtria, and thence to
the Bosporus; the roods through I Ier
niamistnilt and Kronsladt to tlio I inn
ube, the line from Bucharest to Con
stnnr.a mid from Buknwlua to (ialtit
nnd southern Itiimaula. In addition
It gives control of the Danube. By
these means of communication Ru
mania's wealth of oil nod grain may
bo quickly furnished to relievo the
pressing needs of the Central Towers,
By the use of the Danube and the
KIImi Canal Germany could send sub'
murines to the Black Sou mid thus
end Russia's unchallenged sway In
To permit Itumnnla to shnre the
fate of Belgium, Serbia and Slonte
negro would be another confession
of the Inefficiency and Improvidence of
the Allies. But here Russia has a
purpose of her own; the fight nar
rows down to her and her old enemies.
It Is the light that she has been
waging for a half century ngalnst the
Teutonic Drang nnch Osten. Ru
mnnln's extremity becomes Russia's
The Novelist's Freedom Limited by
The admission of the manuscript of
n novel, written by the female defend
ant In a suit for separation, as evi
dence of the young woman's mental
attitude toward the plaintiff, Is likely
to have Us effect upon authorship.
Of course aelf-revelatlon Is common
enough among the scriveners; few
men have written a doten books with
out leaving the autobiographical nlark
on at least one of their works. Is It
not Arnold Hennett who tins In
sisted that, as a man can put forth
only that which he has contained,
every liook Is In a way n revelation of
the writer? This Is of course n nar
row theory, easily dispelled by nn ex
amination of the work of any one of
a dozen giants who, unlike Bennett,
were not confined to the narrow lim
its of humdrum happenings. It Is
Impossible that Stevenson found In
himself that devil which guided the
Master of Ballantrne.
But that Is not exactly the isilnt.
The court has opened the door, nnd
the renllst who plucks chapters from
his own soul, or appears to, Is In dan
ger of being haled to the bar. "My
Ife Is looking over my shoulder as
I write," wns n favorite phrase of
the Victorian best seller authors. But
they wrote prose Idyls, and If their
Ives looked over their shoulders,
hlch their wives probably didn't,
there wns nothing to fenr. No scan
dalous cats were let out of the bag.
Tills, however, Is another age. The
author Invents a character nnd ex-
mines the character's soul. What
demon lurks In Esmond Gimiooley,
or whatever the protagonist's name
may lie? The author may not hnve
the fortunate m-quaiiitnncc of a Gil-
booley, so he asks himself what jho
himself would lie If he let himself run
lid. Presently on pnier appears n
creature who drinks heavily, gam
bles the night long und bents his wife.
In this there could bo no danger If
the author's wife knew him to lie u
sober man who would not play bridge
for n mill n iiolnt or kill a fly. The
fatal thing, obviously, would be to
ttributc to Gimiooley evils so secret
that they might exist, unsuspected,
In any one: )
Now he knew, wlint lind been for
months a vague fear, thnt he loved
Krutntoude Zink, and that the distance
between him and his lawful wedded
wife had become an Impassable abyss."
He describes Ermyntrude. His
wife, looking over the manuscript If
not over the shoulder, recognlr.es Miss
Zink as her dearest friend. She sees
nil, nnd n lawyer, for the possibility
of self-revelation by nn author hns
been recognized In a court.
The cautious married novelist will
do well to make his heroes nnd his
11 In I us the antithesis of himself; par
ticularly the heroes, unless his wife
is portrayed as the heroine. Tills ad
vice does not apply, of course, to those
wretched novelists whoso wives never
read their huslaud's stuff.
A Lost Leader.
The late Patrick Henry Morris-
sey, formerly iienu or tne isrotner
hood of Railway Trainmen, never
played isdltles. never evaded, mude
up his own mind and kept his mind
K'ii until makeup time. He was fair;
when one of the trainmen's locals
roko an ngrecment with n railroad
lie expelled the unit and sent men to
take the places of the strikers. He
was trusted; long after he had left
the presidency of his brotherhood to
work In n railway vice-president's of
flce the locomotive engineers chose
him ns their man on the arbitration
board of 1012. He was far sighted;
u dissenting from the settlement of
1012 he declared that the award was j
n trouble breeder.
Organized labor lias Iteen cursed
with some mighty unlit and mlsrep-
resentntlve leaders In this country,
and this bus come about largely where
the lenders were self-constltuled as
such. Where the men choose deliber
ately the type Is better. Such men
as Mouiussky an few. Organized la-
sir needs them to-day.
Seteral years ago the 1'nlled States
Public Health Service undertook nn
extensive Imestlgntlnn of the hygienic
environment nnd physical condition of
the garment workers of tills oily.
Ilils scientific and practical study re
vealed certain defects, not only In the
factories and work rooms of these toll
ers, lint nisn in ineir pnysicai condi
tion. Many of these were shown to
be remediable and the best methods of
removing them were pointed out.
A less Immediate, hut fur reaching
beneficent result of this Investigation
Is now in evidence. It appears that
the Itetall Dry Hoods Association of
this city has profiled by the lessons
Impressed In tills report. Wo have 1st
fore us tho reiwt. of tho Committee
on Industrial Hygiene of this associa
tion, published lu the Statical llvriirtX
of November 25. Medical siiiiervlslon,
Involving the ierlisllc examination of
every employee, has been Instituted In
the various department stores. Dis
eases of the heart and kidneys, cancer,
dlalietes und n number of pulmonary
t ils'rculosls cases have boon discovered
through routine examinations und
their insidious progress, which would
hnve handicapped tbe employee nnd
consequently damaged the Interests of
the employer, hai been checked. re-
quently the employee hns been entirely
Incapacitated before the employer real
ized any obligation for length of ser
vice. The list of dependents Is dimin
ished and much useless expenditure Is
avoided. About ten per cent, of the
applicants for employment In one store
were affected by tuberculosis. An
other store revealed twenty-four enses
of this disease In the first thousand
examinations of Its employees nnd In
another Instance four cases with posi
tive capacity for Infecting others were
found nmong the first two hundred
and fifty examinations. Diseases like
diphtheria and tonsillitis, which arc
likely to become epidemic nnd are eas
ily transmitted through contact, were
promptly Isolated. At one time the
shoo department of another store was
almost entirely depleted by spread of
During the smallpox epidemic phy
sicians attached to the department
stores vaccinated the employees, who
became advocates also of vaccination
against typhoid fever. In one store,
during 1015, 20.1 applicants were es
pecially examined for skin, throat nnd
lung diseases. I en (lets dealing with
the eradication of -vermin, "colds." tu
berculosis opd with general hygiene
were msiriDuicu among the applicants.
When on employee Is found 111 with
fever, ho Is sent home nnd Instructed
to remain In bed. Cultures nre made
and treatment Is outlined, until the
family physician Is consulted or proKr
hospital arrangements can lie niiule.
Cases requiring dispensary care or ex
aminations nre sent, to the proper
clinics; one store grants leave of ab
sence for this purpose, without deduct
We shall not enter Into detail but be
content with stntlng that some serious
contagions nnd Infections .not alone
among the employees but nmong pur-
cnasers also hnve been prevented by
the nurses and physicians employed In
these establishments. Both employers
and employees profit.
Some of these stores hnve set Apart
n suite of five rooms, consisting of a
doctor's office, waiting room, steriliz
ing room for slight wounds and two
rooms where the men and women re
spectively were tenqionirlly placed.
This Is called the Infirmary, which
may be resorted to nlso by customers
suddenly tieeoinlng 111.
.The committee, having studied tin
lives, desires and physical needs ot
(lie department store women, recom
mends close scrutiny not only of appli
cants for admission but nlso of the
salesixople, who nre often delicate
specimens, nnd the Improvement of the
latter by welfare work In evening gym
Then- Is mi doubt that If the recom
mendations of the committee un
adopted the results Inuring to the
benefit of both employer and employee
will Justify the slight expense of this
Thus is it shown once more that the
"pocket nerve" Is Hip most energetic
stimulus to welfare work.
It Is the custom and pleasure of
Americans to buy nbout ?00,(KHi.(XiO
worth of furs n year, usually nt tills
season when woman's fancy lightly
turns to thoughts of sable or the
humbler beasts. The manufactured
fur trade In this country Is, for the
most part, by American for Ameri
cans. While It Is true that we Import
about .lfi.ism.OfMi worth of undressed
furs, we have lieen exiortlng from
$!,Oi0,000 to SlS.tSNi.lSK) worth, so that
Hie balance of trade In the raw article
Is not heavily ngsiliist us. The huge
figures are seen In the finished prod
uct, ready for wear. This comes
from jierhnps 1,-100 factories, more
than 1.000 of them In this city, each
factory employing on the average
nbout ten persons. Each employee
turns out about $5,000 worth of fin
Islied furs In a year.
Before tho war our Imtsirts of
dressed and imtiiiifncturcd furs run ns
high ns $11,110.1 mo. j.nst season they
were $.1.20S.ls::, and In the same
porlod e exported $0.'ls',7Sil worth
of the same class of gootls.
In 1011 tieriiinny sold to America
nearly $7,s'si,(Mhi worth of undressed
furs, lyolpsto. a world market for
furs, wns finding the I'lilted Stales
her best customer. Now few furs get
through to us from (Jermnny, und our
purchases from Knglnnd and ('niindn.J
nearly all skins of Canadian iintmnK
have risen from $.',800,000 in IIU'J
lo nearly $10,100,000 In this last year.
And w took ti million's worth from
Most, of (be furs we Import stay In
Mils country, tho grand total of re
exsirled furs, raw, dressed and inniiii
faclured, being only $7.V),ono.
Of the money spent here for furs
nbout oiie-lhlrd. or Jlm.iknvshi, pies to
the trappers of the Milled Sttiliv, In
cluding Alaska, From Alaska, how
eter. the market receives less than a
million dollars worth n year, for that
land's greatest fur bearer, the seal,
gambols on tbe beach untouched, for
the, law Is on him mid will lie on for
Minerva's Interest In Pan-American
The lady Minkiiva of the Itomans
was great und so wise that tho peo
ple said, when n stupid imtsou set up
as corrector of one nioro Intelligent,
sus Minkiwam doect," the pig Is tell
ing Minkiiva what's what. Tho daugh
ter of Jvi'iTKit was the patroness of
women anil of warriors. Artists be
sought her fuvor. She Is accused of
having Invented numbers. Sim infill
enecd the fates and fortunes of trad
ers nnd merchants. In short, she was
held hi Irigh esteem by every well reg
Hinted descendant of tho Founder,
whatever "line" he was "In,"
Her festival was held In Mnreh,
nnd nt its beginning the Itomaii boys
bunded over to their teachers the
school fee, the Mlnervnl money.
Now y distinguished Latin ot the
West, Sefior don Estrada Oabmsa,
President of Guatemala, has given to
his countrymen's Feast of Minerva,
with Its elaborate programme of edu
cational and patriotic observances, n
new touch of International character.
Frizes were given for scholarship, nnd
one of them, the consul at Guatemala
City. reports, of $100 In gold nnd a
trip to the United States, was given
by nn Amerlcnn firm for the best es
say In English.
May the lady Minerva show her
good will In tho greater prosperity of
the sensible Guatemalans. May she
travel with the young Latin Amerlcnn
who Is coming to take notes among
us. And may she sec to It that tho
lieoiHc of the America to our south
have their eyes opened to the merits
of the North Amerlcnn made ploughs
nnd disk ploughs displayed In the re
cent festival as Implements for the
admixture of brains with the soil,
especially In the sugar cane fields.
If Miss Minerva Is going to take
charge of Lot In Amerlcnn commercial
nffnlrs we shall hnve to look sharply
after our end of the business.
Up to Its Old Tricks.
Several yenrs ago The Sun called
attention to n certain notorious Ben
Davis, the client of the very resec
table apple family, that with n well
rounded, healthy figure, gnrbed In
rosy rod. wns going around the coun
try deceiving coplc.
Orchnrdlsts who grew Ben Duvlses
and buyers who tried to eat them
Joined In denouncing them ns the most
deceptive of fruits. In Missouri, the
Inst Ben Dnvls stronghold, the apple
was stripjied of Its mask and Its
Julceless fibre dissected to the core,
with the result that the tree that
bore It wns either grafted with an
other variety or uprooted and de
stroyed. "A fallen Idol whpse days
nre numbered" wns the comment.
But was that tho end? No. The
Ben Dnvls merely went further west
und. like some early citizens of thnt
section who wished to start anew, took
another name. It has come back
plumper, rounder, redder than ever,
aligning Itself with New York Jon
athans and Baldwins, and the Rhode
I-lnml Greenings. .The Federal au
thorities saw the deception and salil
something like this: So long as you
stay In the State where you were
grown and when you nre known flu
may call oiirself anything you please,
but the minute u cross the State
line you are a Ben Davis. The coun
try needs protection against you. Do
Now If you are fooled by the Ben
Dnvls do not accuse The Sun or the
Federal Government of not warning
you against It.
Great Kritaln's refusal to grant a
safe conduct to the new Austro-llun-gnrlan
Ambassador to tbe I'nlted
Stntcs does not prove Hint t Teutonic
sympathizer In the Hrltlsii Govern
ment In cunningly stlrrlui; up bad
feeling between the Allies and this
country. Till theory Is finlimtlc. The
Incident merely exemplifies. In ur
opinion, certain characteristics of Eng
land's dlplomncy that have sometimes
been exhibited. Kiml.'iml may often be
depended uihh to do uselessly Irrltnt
ing thing In her Intercourse with na
tions whose good feeling should be
vulued by her statesmen.
Our distinguished friends of numer
ous, and In soma Instances disinterest
ed, pence movements miijt Ue iible to
bring the warring nations to concord
as soon as they hnve settled their own
It may l that "police reasons" re
nulrc n return of ward men. Uven
so. Commissioner Woods should rename
them. A warn man ny nny otner imng- ,1Mn(f of ,,o straphanger by ellmlnat
Inublo name would less offend the uos- , ,., fr...1!4 altoEriher from the cars
trlls of New Yorkers who remember
the l.c.ow revelations.
There Is not one Individual In Sing
Sing prison but hns cnuse to rejoice nnd1
give thanks for the manifold privileges,
nnd great meetings hn lias enjnyeii (lur
ing the last year, The Mutmil Wclare
I'libllo benefactors nil of them; by
remaining locked up they have con-
trihlitod hnntlsomely to tho sum total
of other folks' happiness.
Ford nssels JWO.OOO.OOO. rh? Yet.
his Is the lenst expensive product of Its
kind. If the good man would but go
Into tho provision business he'd lay
nsldn something for a rainy day worth
tJolf Is not nn nniuenient
Jnssc A, Haijiwin nf HlltioK
His Honor must have Isjen off his
Not it few New Yorkers nre trying
to figure out the exact significance of
the fact that on being notified of thn
escapo of n dangerous liaintlo from an
asylum the New ork police Immedi
ately put a watch on tho most expen
sive lintels In town.
The forecasters who predicted fair
weather for ycMrrday should be thank
ful Hint the grand army of early Kolf-
crs did not catch them.
Count von Kkventuiw Is ono of the
most Instructlvo exhibits In thu gallery
of Teutonic placidity.
Tho legacy of I-'nANst Josef to Katii
nni.Nt: Si'iiiiatt and tho ceremony which
denies his body admission lo the vault
until Its bearers proclaim him to have
been n poor and sinful man should
convince the most sceptical that even
kings arc human.
Is Moving Picture Ilnmnr So
To tub Kiutoii op Tub Sun Sir: Why
Is It wo have to few really funny
1 have seen many comedies on the
speaking stago which were full of laughs,
but few of them havo been pictured. In
stead we havo nn the screen the slapstick
abomination, utterly lacking In humor,
nnd when tho producer seeks to rise
above this the result usually Is far
fetched and dreary.
Why not some of the old Hoyt farces
and such stago successes ns "Too Much
Johnson," "Charley's Aunt" and "The
Private Secretary," ss well ns other real
comedies Hint made people laugh not so
many years ago? J. J,
Bsookltn, November !,
FITZGERALD OF BROOKLYN.
PenoHallty of the Food Embargo Ad
ToeatCf Fighter and Worker.
Wasihnoton, Nov. SO. Those whose
job It will be to defeat the proposed
Fltigerald food embargo bill will know,
even when they have won, that they
have had a fia-ht. The late J. BUI.
meeting Fltigeratd for the first time In
1916, said, "Oh, I know you; you're the
Speaker Clark classes Flttgerald as
the best parliamentarian In the House.
He certainly Is one of the strongest de
baters and Is an Indefatigable worker.
He Is not a profound Btudent of Amer
ican political history as are dlllett and
Gardner of Massachusetts, or Padgett
and Oarrett ot Tennessee, to mention
only two on each side of the House,
but tho Brooklyn member la well In
formed In tho history of Federal legis
lation relating to Treasury receipts and
expenditures and foreign commerce.
Ho Is said to have specialized In
these subjects away bock In his earliest
Congress years In order better to under
stand bills relating to or affecting New
Fltigerald suffered in prestige for
a time when his enemies succeeded In
nxlng on him the charge of having
helped Uncle Joo Cannon In one of
ne.peu uncie joo rnn in nn .
the Ulter's famous battles. Ambitious
oung members a few years ago used tu
refer to this In debate. They do not any
more. Those who did were wofully
mauled, for Fitzgerald can rough house
In debate when he wants to. Hut the
charge no longer sticks, anyway.
The late Samuel A. Wlthcrspoon of
Mississippi once said to a colleague from
the North. "When I came to Congress,
sir, I looked to see Fitzgerald's horns
and hoofs; now I think he's the biggest
man on our ride of the House, sir, and
I wish he were our leader."
Gov. Willis of Ohio when he was In
the House, though violently opposed po
litically to everything Fitzgerald fa
vored, found la him and Taggart of Kan
sas congenial spirits; the three In then
college years had gone strong and far
In higher mathematics, and all three
would at times make uncanny use of
figures In running debate to the con
fusion of many members.
Fitzgerald has only within three or
four years adopted the. eight hour law
as a rule In the offices of the Committee
on Appropriations, of which he Is chair
man. It to told of him that for years his
office hours were anywhere from four
teen to twenty-four hours a day. In
those years his only outdoor sport was
flshlnir. preferably of the ocean shore
kind, and that he could Indulge In only
between resslons of Congrea. Ills ofllce
force was a hapgnrd looking lot.
One happy day Fitzgerald took up
golf. Since then, except when he Is ac
tually preparing an appropriation bill,
he Is content to work only eight hours
a day In his olllce. devoting tho rest of
da) light to the links. Ills office staff
- CAN SUCH THINGS BE?
lines Relaxed Convention In Ilrooktyn
Kxpoc Man's Knee to Incumbrance?
To thk Kiutoii or The Sun Sir: Your
editorial article "Little Hays of Hope
for the Tired Straphanger" does not
scintillate even a faint phosphorescent
gleam for the commuters on the
It. It. T.'s West Knd line, a road which
operates along a lane of unnamed sta
tions throuEh what a stranger mlRht
think Is u nameless country. The latest
style cars over there hac a few "cor
rect posture" seats arranged In a close
and familiar formation that enables the
attired business woman to lt uion the
knee of the tired business man without
violating any conxcntlona of !lrookln
While It is true that an Htlempt Is
made to accord certain, or uncertain,
comforts to tho standee, such as a few
handles on the backs of the aforesaid
teats and nlso a few Blltterlns white
poles which one may embrace, a la
clinging Ivy, still there are large neutral
zones holding no holds for the passen
ger, while a snap tho whip manner of
taking the turns him popul.u ized the
latest Indoor dlersion, human billiards.
With that degree of sagacity with
which the Wall Street broker discounts
I'liniliiuriK'IpH In the lliianclil world, the
I I T )ias already anticipated tiny
of the West Knd branch of Its tcrvlce.
Hrooki.tn. November 3".
a7t. STEWART'S PICTURE.
History of n Pencil Sketrh That At
tained Wide Popularll).
To Tin: Kditoi; or TllK Sl'N Mr: A.
IT. Stewart died In th" spring of IS7.
and I, with hundreds of his emptejees.
saw his remains placed In tho family
vault in St, Mark's churchyard. lie
could not hnc hnd his plcluie tnketi
on n veranda at Saratoga In 1 S7B or
.lis'7. I worked for A. T. Stewart for
twche ears and drew tho only sketch
of him, which l g.io to olio of the slock
boys, nnd he sold It to a photographer
on I'.uk How, who in tin u sold thou
sands of copies at Mr. Slcwmt'H death
ns "tho only portrait nf the great hum--c'inni,
drawn by one of his clerks "
If there nre any of the "old guard"
from t'linmls'is street nnd .Hroaday
living and should see this they will
easily verify my statement. H. '.
Union Him., N. J Noxeniber 20.
Our correspondent who recalls' a
portrait of Mr, Stewart in a Saratoga
Springs stereoscopic group photograph
specllled that ho did not know In what
year Iho plato wns exposed. It might,
of course, hae been several years bo
fore tho prints of which he 'Uroto were
The Slave Ilrlters,
To THK Kiutor of TUB Sun Mr: There
am many thousands who would sign a
prolef! ngalust the tlerniau treatment of
tho Helglnns. Who will start It?
Nkw Yoiik, November '".'. T. M.
After Tlnuiksaltlng Day.
Not for Ihs trrnmirc that mines to in
crimsoned nnd Irar liratalneds
Not for the winning nf ur wrung nralth,
nor Joy In the gold we've, gained;
Not for 111" trlumpha our traders lioat In
the nelils whero t lis prlno I pelf
flut thanka we give for tho new found faith
that our spirit may Hnd Itself.
Thry hold in guilty, who urnreli our waji,
of trranon to Unit and maiii
Dead souls wr arrm to the eyea of them
who only our falllnga sciiiii
But a nation knrela nnd Ii penllrnt, for
It hearoth Thy footsteps fall;
And Its anul la stirred, ni It soars from
earth. Iy a heavenly bugle call.
What profit roinrlh to him who wlna the
wealth that th world may give
If he ilratroyeth that .purk divine that It
all nf a man ahall live?
Though je have been weak, my people,
and have followed the feebler way.
Give herd to the Hall nf Ilia clarion cry
un Uod'a Thanksgiving pay I
Euwiau S. Vis Zilb.
A Plea to Give the Dentsehlaal Its
Dae, Wlthont Haggling.
To thk Editor or The Son Sir: In
tho smoking room of the City of Heattlo
while In Alaskan waters this last sum
mer a lively argument over the achieve
ment of tho Deutschland resulted when
exactly the contentious statement ot Mr.
John J. Swan was brought up by sev
eral. After the smoko cleared the con
sensus of opinion was that those hold
ing tho Swan opinion had edged too
much and were beaten to a pulp.
A square sportsman Is quick to see a
record and hates haggling like that of
Mr. Swan. With the view that a me
morial In unnecessary I quite agree, for
we all know the Deutschland crossed
and recrosied the Atlantic without a
convoy. What tho ten submarines did
Is not clear. O. W.
Wkst Haven, Conn.. November 30.
WHAT SHOES COST.
The Wholesale Prices Current Are
Proved Not to Be Exorbitant.
To tii r. Editor or Til is Sun Sir: Much
misinformation Is given to the public
these days regarding prospective and
present shoe prices. For the most part
Kucn ulk , abHurdi tr Is scarce
, ,. h . . . . ,
and machinery prices are about as usual.
Machinery royalty costs ore not more
than 3 cents per pair on the average and
do not affect one iota the old retail
Comment In the shoe and leather trade
and In the dally press concerning the
prevalent high prices may have led pome
people, to believe thnt 120 a pair might
become a common price for leather boots
and shoe. Any such statement would
be perfectly true If confined to the ultra
stylish footwear, which amounts to only
a small percentage of the total volume.
Such high priced shoes occupy a con
spicuous position In the foreground, while
In the background Is the great volume
of business for the masses. The Wrrkly
llulletln has consulted a few representa
tive concerns making footwear for the
masses and asked for the average whole
sale price ot their shipments at present,
U. K. Taylor Co, men's Qoodyear wells. A
W. II. Melllwnln Company, men's, boys'
and youths' welts, McKays and nailed
A. (I. Walton Co., hoyn' shorn C
Iirrry Shoo Co., mlvm-a' thoes IJ
J. I Mrlannon & Ilrn., mlnnm shorn.. , IZ
Thomas O. Plant Co.. atyllnh llnrn of
wumrn'a ahoe?. ery fancy stylra
Kmllcott, Johnnon A Co. men's, worn-
rn'n, chlldrrn'a writ. McKa)a, pegged
ami tiallril O
Iinnn & McCarty, wnmrii'., mlnsrn' and
ihltdren'n wrttn ami McKn)a It
A. S. Krelder Shop Co., Motneh'n. mtnsM
mid children's writs nml MeKn. T
II. '. ('.nod mm Co., cenrral line, of Mc-
Ka nhora J
Intrrnatlotutl Shop Co, gftirral llnr of
wrltn, MoKa), turns and nailed Mlnrn.K
SrU, Hchnali A Co., 113 ntylrs mi'li's
uclts. embracing entire line from
chrnprnt to tllr hrt ...I,
Jlronn Shoe Co., gcnrral line wrllf. Mc
Ki), Ac,, 30 prr cent. clilldrrnV . . .M
The sum of theso tbtrtecn average
wholesale prices Is $31.77, which, divided
by 13, gives Us 12,44, or composite whole
sale price a pair.
The average wholesale price of this
list of manufacturers, making shoes good
enough for any reasonable person nnd
low priced enough for the smatletit In
come, shows a composite cost of 12.4 4 a
To these wholesale prices may be
added nny retail profit which the reader
cares to. Some dealers are said to s-ll
nt S3 iwr cent, prollt, others ut 100 per
cent. Hut the figures show that th
shoes for the average consumer nre being
manufactured nt a very moderate flginc
and that If any class of persons feel
they nre being robbed during this re
markable lenther market It Is the fault
of our system of retail distribution and
not of manufacture
The total producing capacity of the
firms mentioned above Is etlmated to
be Slfi.oftft pairs of rhoes dally, or nbout
54,Min,Oi1ii pairs ier annum, or nppto.xl
mutely one-third of the total production
of the whole United Stairs In l'.'ll.
Boston, Novcmlsr 2S.
DAYS OF REAL DINING.
An Ancient's .Mind Wanders Hark to
Iliirgiind) and iooe.
To tiik Kiutor of Tltr. Sl'N - Mr Who
would caie to live Jut lo rat and drink,
I would like to ask Lieslie Lescarlinuia,
when food and drink are prepared for
thie-o who use it ns a fuel to stimulate
In the olden days, when we had land-
I lords too fat lo dance, but who Knew
something nbout fluids and wines, ami
who would hao your fnMiilte llurgiindy
standing in Iho sunlight Inline dinner,
hnve our wild goose n golden blown
stuffed will) cliesluutH ni.il resting on a
bed of Juicy oranges nnd give ou a
salad of giecm that had ncirr seen
cold storage, life was real mid lime was
Meeting nml contentment beamed on
diners' faces nnd eyes sparkled like the
crackling log Pres.
There were no sadder and longer faces
the next day either; fur Ihe champagne
wns real and tint sonin whlto stuff
charged with cnrlioulc iicld gus.
Jamks !, Iikwki.i.. Jr.
Nkw lUr.N, Conn,, Nov ember 2S.
This Paper as Seen In Colorado,
rViou fir Hiwlitfr bnr Mrraltl.
New York State went for Mr. Ilmilies
by ,i large pliir.illt, and no papci' In
Hint Stale fought for his election mole
eloquently or valiantly than Tun Si'. v.
To our notion Thk Sin is New York's
and the nation's great st newspaper, for
lu matlcis of fairness, accuracy and
fly le tho acid test ot Journalism Tin:
Sl'N heads the list. Although It sas
"it still believes that of the two candi
dates In this closely contested election
.Mr. Hughes Is the better man for Presi
dent," It refuses to Join tho chorus of
calamity howlers, and tells lis readers:
"Thu President elected Is the President
not only for those who supported lilm
but for cveiy palrlotln and devoted
American; and good luck to him ami
wisdom conimcnsui'iito with thn mighty
task before him in Iho next four years."
And it is this broad minded, cleMi,
Just, uplifting altitude which always
characterises Tin: Sl'N that makes "It
shine for nil," and In our humble opinion
stamps It the nation's best and most
Trilling With an Important Subject
To thk KniTon of Tin: Sun--.VIi' The
Colonel lu his letter nnd you lu the
edltorlnl nrtlclo are probably right In
attributing to the mate of tho whaler
a pronunciation of "see-vlllly" In strict
accordance with thnt spelling, but I ven
ture n brief for tho mate that he must
have had In mind sea-vllty us the cor
rect expression of bis meaning, particu
larly if hn was laboring during a bad
sh nt sea, 11. I). I.tman.
Nuw YniiW, Novcmbor III.
THE SHORT DAY'S WORK IN RELA.
TJON TO THE COST OF LIVING.
Mr. McPherson Discusses First the CeaJltlotM In the Coal Trade.
Upon the combustion of coal depends
tho operation of our mills and facto
ries, the runnings of railroad trains,
warmth for our habitations and heat
for tho preparation of food for the
table. Gas, oil and electricity take
part In this provision, but to a com
paratively small degree. Without coal
tho processes of our civilization would
cease. With an Inadequate supply
they will be seriously deranged. Upon
tho verge of winter, when coal is most
needed and when Its mining nnd trans
portation nre most difficult, wc nre con
fronted with an Inadequate supply. The
cause Is directly trnceablo to tho lack of
a sufficient number of miners and la
borers In tho mines, to the lack of ade
quate railroad facilities, and to the un
willingness of miners nnd laborers to
Increase their exertions In order to re
lieve tho pressing necessities ot their
feltowmen. Demand has Increased In
relation to supply, and supply Is di
minishing in relation to tho demand.
Therefore prices rise.
Coal from the bituminous fields Is
that principally used. Anthracite also
is Important. In New York and other
largo cities of the Host It Is of tho first
Importance. The bituminous coal used
In the Kastern States comes mostly
from tho fields extending along the
eastern slope of the Appalachian range
In Pennsylvania, West Virginia and
Two years ago this country was in
an Industrial depression deepened by
tbe war which for the time had
wrought havoc with our export and
Import trade. There were then more
miners thnn were needed to dig tbe
coal for which there was demand and
more railroad cars than were required
for Its transportation to the markets.
Early in 1315 when the belligerent na
tions resorted to this country for
arms, munitions, food and clothing,
mills and factories that had been
working part tlmo worked overtime
nnd then began tho ceaseless opera
tion twerfty-four hours a day that
ban continued. In greater proportion
our raw cotton is made Into fabrics
in tho mills of this country nnd the
extending manufacture of automobiles
further Increased the consumption of
coal. TJiere hnd been a marked mi
gration of laborers from this country
to Kuropo for enlistment In the ar
mies of their native binds. The high
prices received for munitions per
mitted tbe payment of high wages to
laborers, nnd they flowed from the
mines nnd railroads to the factories.
This change nf employment was fos
tered by agents of the factories, who
sought laborers wherever they could
",n m,1,s an" mciones came ithe Industries nnd for the comforts of
work twenty-four hours a day. day In tne ,lomcH ullXK ,, ,inri, W
an day out. their demand for ma- anlhruolte mlnor ,, w0rKri, mc
terlals Increased. This enhanced the ', ,,,, or plx uwr (av
demand for transportation that was' ,Jg a,M)r,,r n wor,. ,m,j, h(iu.
further augmented by the necessity or nn ,lntlp oncpr n h(,
for the conveyance of supplies for m)c caTn thp ,.oa, n,mer ,MM hu
Kuropo to the tenlsmrd and of supplies from ie vpn ,f m,ners mi, ,
for our home markets for which rising ,aborers would work even a full tight
prosper jy ...uugm a r.siot,- un o-
The railroads needed o run more
trains, nnd therefore to burn more
co.il. More men were needed in the
mines and more men were needed on
the railroads nt the same time that
tho available supply of workmen was
Isdng drained by tbe mills and fac
tories that were busy not only In mak
ing the things for Immediate use In
e1.,., , ,
IIHH ruuiuiy .um .iiiio.ni, um iii (ii u-
vldlng the structural material nnd ma
chinery for additional mills nnd fac
tories for which there was urgent
need, The prices of coal rose to heights
hitherto unknown. The rates of pay
, anij ,,,. ,lai.
, ,Mipi !ll!vnm.0)I ,n 20 por ron., um,v
more. The operators say that these 1 """ ' " "f .hi.....
advances Instead of stimulating thcm,,llP" miners nnd laborer emplotel
to work harder encouraged them to al'd ,0 encourage consumers to U n
diminish their effort-. This Is liecnuso 'heir stocks for the winter, i' is i' r
thev nre contnnt with the same nggre- annual experience that the gri ibr
gate wage that now accrues with less
work In shorter hours. The miners
discontinue work on nil the various
holidays of tho different nationalities.
.Moreover there has "been nn unusual
number of strikes for petty enures that I
have thrown mines Into Idleness for,
days mill sometimes for weeks.
Not only hns the demand for coal'
I for dome-lii' consumption increased,
ON THE FURNACE GRATINGS.
Oli-cnatlnn- on the Apparent Hcnclll
of Hot and Cold llln-t.
lo THK lil'ITou or i in; jm-n .-ir- in-
spiled b.N the oil.toilal article "I'iglillug
the llogy, Night Air," tu which Is quoted
To tiik Ci'iTou or Tin: Srs Str- In.
the lie.illh bulletin's nduee a to the
neeo'slti of a plenitude of fresh air ns
a preventive asalu-t respiratory ills,
eases, 1 am going lo venture to relate
that the follow Ing happening Incident to
a recent trip lo our city prompts a
further suggestion for a fuller resen- 'i
III the pt onuses; thai I-, to nscetlnlii .be
plOslolnglcnl effect resulting from tliei
application simultaneously of direct cur
rents of superheated and wintry air on
,1 sleeping body :
About 1 o'clock A, M. on a cold nnd
blustery Saturday morning 1 noticed sev
eral of our brothers reposing on the Iron
grating furnace loom M-nlllalors which
consulate pait of n broad sidewalk lead
Ing from Ilmadwny Inward the I'eun
s)lvanla Hallro.id station, Being ,i
stranger I stopped to look Ihcui over.
Thiee weie soiindl sleeping; one oilier, :
assisted by two cotiirade, wns carefully
rrappljlng a bandage to o sore nbove his
left ankle. Numerous unnotlelng pas.
ersby convinced me that this was not an
uncommon sight -In the very tlnaucl.il
heart of the biggest, richest nnd great
est city of nil the world, A nearby
night watchman told me: "It's the snmo
old gang cveiy night."
If they were subject to pneumonia,
bronchitis, grip or colds there would
have been nt times a change In their
lank, but the chilliest blast Is no Iril
t.tnt to their seasonably normal mucous
membranes; no symptomatic cough to
the contiary Is ever heard nmong them,
Their wind swept slumber Is to all ap
pearances Joyful. No sliding off of cum-
brrsntnc blankets ; no wniry oer efforts
made to hide u Icnr In a cretonne cur
tain unsteadily tucked at a late hour
behind Ihe ililffoulcr.
This Held might reveal the fought for
prophylaxis. .1. l. llori.f.
Hiiiiii.and I'ai.i s, November 'JO.
Illrtlqilaee of a Famous Show man.
To tiik llnnon or Tnr. Htv-sir', It has
awa hern my umler .uii'llnc Unit Hie late
James A, ll.iltry wiik lioru in I'llut, Mlih.
linn un. lit m.imoiih,
IUiiokmv. Noveiiilier '."a
An lowan Whose Work l Never Hone,
r-'ioiii lAr Tlnfoii ,jrriiir,
Mr. Illnh.iw' will krrp he,idiiiarlrr at
Spirit I.akt. lie la now a Slat foul In-pectgr.
but the mines of the United statu
havo been called upon to supply tht
markets of other countries formerly
dependent upon England which, bt.
cause of the enlistment In her vrt
armies, can no longer supply t,(m
The situation has become so tm
that laborers on the railroads h
ought to be employed upon the tracxi
are often drafted to the piers for um
In transferring coal from the rail,
road cars to the hulls of the essis
Moreover, tho phenomenal actlvttr
with the attendant high wages and
high prices hns led all sorts nnd con.
dltlons of peoplo to forego once prac.
tlsed economies In the use of eoul in
ineir nomcs, anu tins enhances td
demand. This Is tho condition nt thi '
beginning of winter when an Inade.
quate supply of coal means dlstreu
In the homes and u diminution ot in.
H must bo added that a measure of
blame rests with the consumers of
coal. Months ago tho operators for,
saw that their difficulties would In.
crease and their production dlmlnUh.
They besought the extensive users of
bituminous coal to place their orders
far In advance that they might In a
measure lie filled, and urged that they
store coal for future use. Many con
sumers, however, even those- who wert
wont to nave storage piles, but h.nl e.
haustcd them, even those whose ior..
sumption of coal hnd Increased 200 per
cent, and more neglected to heij tht
warning. Indulging In a human pr.
penslty to repose ii blind confidence a
The situation In the anthr.tcitt
fields Is entirely simitar, having beta
brought about by entirely slm.tar
causes. Two years ago the antlirn.
cite operators In order to keep their
mines running and their miners em.
ployed produced a surplus of anthra
cite coal that was stored. The stock
In storage were largely depleted
months ago, and they cannot . re
plenlshcd. Instead of each anthra
cite miner producing more coal, h
now produces less.
Tho car shortage in tbe nntbr.itita
region hns not been so serious a In
the bituminous fields. The lallm.id
designated "tho anthracite lines" at
nearly nil times have been ut le to
provide the cars necessary to market
tho coal for which there I demand.
Other anthracite carriers with a
greater volume of more diversified
traffic, have not done so will The
principal reason for tbe shortage In the
supply of anthracite coal and the high
prices lies lu tho fact that there are
fewer miners nnd mine laborer, and
that these men will not put forth th
effort needed for the mninteniinre of
hour (1.,y tnc production of anthracite
' , Pom lt! tnereased by 20 per cent,
nnd the prices would no longer soar to
the heights of to-day.
Anthracite Is used to a limited tv
tent in mills and fnctor'es and 1 an
extent by the railroads. Its chief u
Is for heating the great office building,
the hotels, other buildings wlurt.n
men congregate, and their homes The
high wages and high prices now pre
vailing have led many who were for
merly content to use bituminous teal
In their stoves nnd furnace, now i
demand anthracite. Although the an-
j thraclte companies mike lower piI,t
in the summer than In the winter In
oruer to Keep tueir
number of consumers ile,i the r r--
ders until cold weather has arrived
Thus It Is that at the Winning '
the winter season, when coal is n
needed, the supply Is diminishing a d
prices are rising. The root of "
trouble Is In the diminished number nf
miners and the disinclination of th.i.e
who remain to do even n fu di
, work. I.uian (i, Mi'I'nhr .
SHORT. LESS UGLY WORDS.
Why. Indeed, Say "llevnmelhjllnrli"
trnmlne" When "fll" SufhVft
to THK lililToi! op Tin; m s. sir i
letter signed "W. .1, I.." cotii'i-n 'i: I
. lar and technical words 1 bcliee to Ii
To thk Kiutoii op Thi: Si s. Sir T
been written by Colonel .1 I. "
an expert and scientific cxponni r
expressive lu nomenclature :ii
he who devised. Invented and h n
to the notice of n wondering r il
linn whoso endeavor leads httn '
the accuracy of Jiidgment.il ten-
sires to agree with this luerar pt
hi his excellent argument I'
Instance, dealing largely In he
liuetetranilne, spend hours of
nblo time lu attempting to tell
slstant to fetch me some from t
I do not. I say slmpb. "Ma. Ii i
Mimo ill," .Mack docs this, and
through the d.i's work He
stands. So do 1,. mid It dnr-n 1 t
Jiex,imeth liiietetranilne. Theicf
Maeterlinck so delicately puts n i
nine lllrd." we should worry..
We all icmember when t
"horseless carriages." "Anton
bad chough. hca en knows In
thev me "motor ears," or in.o
simply "motors." The pop,. . i
at last comes the ilnnl sitting
nirnt lu this leloed, h so
has made the picturesque "
"litis" also Is expressive
In the ilnnl test the winds n
lowed to walk as they will, .in I
nf the word l the will of the '
ue It. "Airplane" Is a, good w
the Language Purity League o
Itself hoarse in Its strlvlu,- lo i
Wii.minoton, lc., November i
Thn Policy of Million,
Tommy What Ii your pnli.
Johnny A nolo to s'.oit. (
Trade In North t.eorgla.
'row lr imlfnti I lliirw
Sim l.oiiergan nrnujclit lo ,i i
eooii and piiginlin hide SiltilM,!' .1 i '
thrin In the hardware More f".
trapa, bullet mmilda and mini " '
Old I'enn Mate KurnMie nllirr I
'loin tltr ,Vf HTllr I 'W
J P llranuan ha purchoed a i
by which he and the family ran r
comforts of their ulng.