Newspaper Page Text
THE SUN, FRIDAY, DECEMBER 8, 1916.
Wdhliinglon Worried Over
Uerninn.v'.s Admission of
Sink iny Sk'umahin.
MAY BK A 'MISTAKK,
Berlin Explains That Ysm1
Wns Tnkcn foia Trims
port. I Washington-, Vtc. 7. There are Indl.
cations to-night that President Wilson
and Secretary learning regard Germany's
applanation of tho sinking of the l AO.
' steamship Arabia aa distinctly unsatls
factory. The status of the submarine
Itsue appears as a consequence to have
iiow assumed a serious aspect, which
may not be removed until the two Gov-
ernmentii have reached an understand
, Ing concerning the Interpretation which
the Berlin Foreign OrBee Intends to give
. In the future to the pledge mad to, the
United States laat May.
I Th German note had no aooner been
I made public here than signs pointed to
' the concern and dissatisfaction of the
Administration. President WlUon was
tt once Informed of Its contents by
! Secretary Umln, and the State De-
i iiarim.ni rerused natly to make any
-omabent on It. Secretary Lansing par
ried all questions In advance by stating
i that he had nothing to aay about the
I ''Ote and "would not discuss It In any
; "Is that because of the seriousness of
i the situation?" lie was asked.
I "You may draw your own concluJ
alone." was the reply.
' Information from authotiutlve sources
made It clear that the note necessarily
: maae tne wnole status of the submarine
I question far more serious than nppeai-',rl
on the surface, chiefly because the Oer
man Government admit that the atUcU
, on tfe passenger ship may have ben
"another mistake" and takes Issue with
thin Government's Interpretation of the
i rights of armed merchantmen on the
I Bkgh seas.
lassies .Made Clean Cat.
Both Issues zta mado clean cut and
well defined In the German note. Tliy
are marie known to thts Government In
cident with reports In the seml-oftVli
J Kottnltchc Ztltung that Germany would
henceforth conduct her nubmarlne war
fare according to her own vlewa find
t without being deterred by American
Itegardless of whether the Arabia waa
or was not a peaceful merchanman a
direct Issue Is raised bv Germanv's
J atatement that the submarine commander
presumed she was an army transnort
, and therefore felt Justified In attacking
. oer. uermany adds that If the United
States can prove that ehe w.-.k an ordt
' nary passenger steamer the "ihmarlne
commander's action would lue been
rt contrary to Instructions.
. The United State Government standi
( fcy Its doctrine that the submarine com-
mander muH rresume .1 vessel en
i countered on the high seas to be a peace-
able merchant ship until conclusive evl
I dence chows she Is a warshln. The
j German Government In Its note admit
i i. urn nai Know nnn noes noi yet Know
J whether the Arabia was a passenger ves
i sel or a warship, t'tuler these clrcum
I stances Secretary Lansing holds that the
J submarine commander had no right un-
Vr International law to Are on the
The views f the United States Gov
ernment on this Important point have
been communicated to Germany In a
memorandum which Secretary Lansing
despatched to all Governments last
March. This memorandum made clear
the position which the United States
took with respect to the status of armed
merchantmen on the high seas.
Presnmptlnn .Vo Hacnse.
"The determination or warlike char
acter must rest In no case upon presump
tion." Secretary Lansing says, "but upon
conclusive evidence, because tho respon
aiblllty for the destruction of life and
property depends on tho actual facts of
the case and cannot be arniiieii n.
ened by a standard nf evlrienee whlnd
a belligerent mny announce an Treating
... ouiui.iiuii oi noeiiie rnnrncter.
mo amission ny liermaiiy that the
Arabia cane "may be another regretta.
files inictalfa.' i-
inv r.i T., .i u , J""1 nuestion
........ v. ,.. , di0 Bunmanne Issue,
... --h iTmutni Wilson has
long taken the ground that submarine
rfare against commerce carriers wan
Incompatible with the laws of humanity
for the very reason that mistakes were
Bound to occur.
Germany'a olea of a "rerFtt.i.
take" only adds force to the President's
rV.;. -..I w 1 ""Y"" "ubmarlne
warfare which permit of these mistakes
anuet be abandoned. Th. irn
Insists that there must be no form o
ubmarlne warfare which permits of
r omerwise American and
other non-combatant lives would always
In the case of the Arnhi ,......
wiately 300 women and children were
....icu jcupuray ny me action of the
aubmarlne commander, according to In
formation which the State Department
T f-cucu. American uvea were
ruiruneu, according to one affidavit
tnade by an American.
Two engineer officers were killed. In
view of the facts which have developed
from this Government's Investigation,
the German reply is considered lu no
aen'e a valid explanation. The German
note, addressed to Charge Grew, In re
Ply to his Inquiries made on Instruc-
tlons from Washington, follows;
, Fomiom Orncx, nrjiiirr,
M , Dec. J, nig,
The undersigned has the honor to
Inform Mr. Grew, charge d" affaires
of the United States of America, In
reply to the note nf the 21st ultimo,
that the Investigation conducted by
the German Government concerning
the sinking of the Ilrltlnh steamer
Arabia, has led to the following re
suits. German Farts.
On the morning of November 6 a
German siilnnarlno encountered n
large steamer coming from the Cnrlgo
Btralts. one hundred nautical miles
west of the lland of Corigo. Tho
steamer was painted Mack and had a
black superstructurn, and not, as Is
otherwise the case with I', and O. Hue
superstructures, a light color. Tlin
steamer, which was Identical with the
Arabia, was not travelling on the
routo regularly used by the passenger
Bteamerw between Port Kald and Malta,
as Is made plain on thu enclosed map
but was taking a zlgxng courso toward
the west. 120 nautical miles north of
Uiat route. This course, on which the
submarine passed three tlmllar steam
ers at tho Kuno spot on the same
morning, leads from tho Aegean to
Malta, no that the Arabia wat moving
on the transport routo Corlgo-Malta
u.M Mdety f0r war purposes, accord,
lug to the experience until now,
Thn i-f.intn.trxirr f the submarine
" muirii mm tnero
coloied perrons , ihri -.."" T
.. inmira of Chinese and
lumcs oi, board the steamer. ,1. con!
sldered them to be workmen soldiers
such as are used In great numbers be
hind the front by the enemies of Ger
many. In aplte of .the clear weather
and careful observation he did not
perceive any women ana) children.
Thought Ship a Transport.
In the circumstances the commander
of tho submarine was convinced that
In the case of this steamer he was
concerned with n transport ship for
troops In the icrvlce of the British
Government, which Is to be considered
m an auxiliary warship according to
International law and can therefore be
treated like a warship. lie accord
ingly considered himself Justified In
attacking the steamer without delay
nrd sank It.
Should the American Government
I gle the official data showing that the
-.Mama was ai ine lime or me ior
pedulng an ordinary passenger steam
er, the action of the commander would
not have been In accordance with the
Instructions given him, since these
Instruction are now, aa before. In
agreement with the assurances of the
German note of May, UK. This
would then be a. case of a regrettable
mistake from which the German Gov
ernment would promptly draw the
What action the H.nt- n.n.,.m.n(
will lake la problematical. Should It be
shown that the Arabia waa, as Germany
contends, a transport, this Government
probably would admit the sinking was
If. however, It Is shown that the sub
marine commander was mistaken in
noming ner to be a tranort. a most
serious situation will confront the Slate
Department. At the time the Sussex
was sunk Germany was told that this
luuuw; iuuiu uui wicnu - regrciiaoie
GEN. SCOTT SOUNDS
ARMY NEEDS OF U.S.
Continued from Ftrtt Pap.
manhood of other races who sacrifice self
that the nation may live.
"During last May and June hundreds
of thousanda marched In so-called pre
paredness parades to the plaudits of on
lookers. But when the militia was called
out In June to protect our border It waa
with the utmost difficulty that Its units
were recruited to the small number re.
quired, and some were never rilled. The
spirit was rife to let somebody else do
It. Not only Is there evidence of the
volunteer spirit being moribund, but the
States have for years been unable to
make an efficient showing with the
militia, even with the generous assist
ance of the general Government In quali
fied Instructors and supplies.
"A young man between 18 and 21 Is
at the least earning capacity of his ca
reer. It Is a time of anxiety to the
parent and uncertainty for the son.
During these years few settle Into their
life's vocation. They are an expense to
fh.tr nir.nl.1 th.t. n i-.m ..mIh
win not pay ror their board and clothes. 1
They can be given military training I
without the slightest disruption of bust
"The stabilising effect of military dls-
rltlllnA arul Int.natv tpmlnln. iinun .i,K
young men would be of utmost value
In forming character, and thereby a
foundation for their life's work. They ,
would become an asset of Incalculable
value to the nation not only In time of
emergency but In the recruitment to
Industrial life or the thousands returned
from military pursuits Improved men
tally, morally and physically by the
Arssyt-aa Tralalag 9eee)l.
The hundreds of military schools In
the country are evidence of the faith of
thousands of parents that their boys are
better fitted for the responsibilities of l"e PP"y 01 l"e United States aov
1 1 f , t, .t.m.n. r 1 . ! eminent.
drills therein received. The most lmpor-
sn rnnHnn nt s.. .1.- ..l.Wll.L I
merrt ahould be to make It a real train- !
Ing school for our young men and
thereby Inspire them with the spirit of
patriotism and sense of duty and re
sponsibility with which .each generation
must be Imbued If we are to continue our
high mission as a nation.
I shall not attempt In thla report to
evolve a system to carry out so Impor
tant a worx. 11 is relieved that the
average parent would gladly welcome '
the opportunity for military training for
their boys between the ages of IS and
21, As the training would be educational
there should be no remuneration for ser
vice, but the Government should stand
all the expense."
Gen. Bcott In his statistics on the
recent guard mobilisation shows that In
eleven States, with 1 ,10ft enrolled
guardsmen at the time of the call, more
than It per cent, failed to respond and
29 per cent, of the remainder could not
pass required physical tests, making the
force 43 per cent, raw recruits when It
went to the border. Brought up to war
strength, he says, the rorca would have
been 75 per cent green men and useless
for war purposes for many months.
"These figures probably hold good for
the entire body of the National Guard,"
the report adds.
An aggregate force of 151. OSS officers
and men of the guard were mustered Into
the Federal service under the call and
about 110.S37 were on the border a
month and a half after the call was
issued. The general commends highly
the efficiency of the railroads In han
dling the mobilization.
Turning to recruiting in the regular
nrmy the report says the service waa
29,130 short of Its authorized strength on
August 11 last Between March IS, when
Congress authorized bringing the army
up to war strength by adding 20,000
men, and August 31 only 8,463 addi
tional men were enrolled.
"It Is cause for very sober consider 1
tlon on the part of every citizen of the
country when the fact Is fully under
stood." Gen. Scott says, "that the unite
of the National Ouard and regular
army have not been recruited up to war
strength In the crisis we have Just
TRAIN HITS MOTOR; 5 KILLED.
Sixth Coaaectlcat Carpeater la the
STArrono BraiNOs, Conn., Dec. 7. An
automobile In which were six carpenters
was wtruck by a northbound train of the
Central Vermont Railroad at a grade
crossing to-day and only one of them es
caped alive. The dead are Henry fit.
Pierre, Alcot B. Clansman, Preston Aui
terhaut, A. 8. Bwanson and an unidenti
The sixth man, W. D. Lasem, la In a
hospital near here. Ills recovery is ex
ho lived In Willi-
mantle, were at work on a house In i
Stafford Springs. Ther were on thele i
hnm. Th. nn.mln. hd,
hidden from them by high embankments
on both sides of the track. The locomo
tive struck their machine with such
force that two of the men were tosa.-d
Into a brook fifty feet away.
TJ. S. ATTACHES COMING HOME.
Secretary Wlaslorr and Col. Kaha
of llerllu Km baser Sail on Oscar II.
CorsNiuocN (via London). Dec. 7.
The Scandinavian American liner Oscar
it. lett uopeunagen to-day for New
York. Among those on her nassenser
list are Ii. I.anler Wlnslow, secretary,
and Col. Joseph El Kuhn, former mili
tary attacne oi tne American Embassy
-i .w. .V. JSnea "
Col, Kuhn was recently assigned as
DANIELS SAYS NAVY
WON'T FALL BEHIND
Animal Report Shows U. S. Is
Building- the Greatest
OUXS EXCEED 16 INCHES
Secretary Tells of Torpedo
More Efficient Than Any
Wasiii.votom, Dec 7. Secretary Dan
iels In hla annual report says the coun
try Is now determined to provide and
" " "Juaie ior iu neeas. I
I ... ..
I " feneration will never again
e the United State fall behind In rela
Ure atandlng among the navies of the
Mr. Daniels cites an matters of grat
ifying progress the fact that the United
... . ...
" tne freatest battle-
lnd bl cruisers afloat, that the
new American battteahlpa are protected
attack, that the
Navy Department has developed a nc
torpedo more efficient than any used
abroad and that target practice has
shown better records than those at
tained in actual battle by the naviea of
"The feeling of apprehension over na
tional preparedness," say Secretary
Daniels, "more or leas well defined, which
naa been aroused In the minds of the
American people aa a reault of the Eu-
ronean war. has extended in th. mn
of target practice. In view of thla It Is S3,' to b" ranged. Mr. Bryan's
vratlfylng to be able to etate, not In any , frlnd" maintain that It was a apon
spirit of boasting but merely aa an ex- l"ua affair. Democrat of many
presslon of steel cold fact, that the ' l,1,n.l" of opinion attended the dinner.
American navy has not only equalled a enthusiasm Mr. Hrynn evoked
but in battle target Dractlce ha. nr. I w" a m,t,.r of mlch comment to-day.
tually excelled the best record hellv.rf
10 nave been made In the recent Euro
pean naval battles.'
Secretary Daniels says there Is the
heartiest cooperation among the'omcers
in hi Dep7me7.'rr r.'lr. T,h
atlon of a chief of naval operations as a
highly successful move. p"a"ona ns
Gun Exceed 10 Inches.
Regarding the construction of vessels
Mr. DanHs sajs: "Particular attention
has been devoted to Improvement of the
protection of capital ships against un
derwater torpedo attack. Experimental
investigations alons this line have con-
unuea curing the year and have indl-1
cated ao far that th. conclusions reached
7"" ""'' nauiesnips 43 and
44 were ""ounJ and that the protection
under water of our new battl.shin u
nmirruij superior to mat of any pre
vloue battleships In any navy."
oecreiary Daniel says tne construe
" "aiuesnip Arizona at the
Tork navy yard demonstrated that
h're has been an lncreaxe of efficiency
,n new construction at that yard., Capt.
O. E. nurd, industrial manager of the
yard, reports that the cost per ton for
inc Arizona wan ji'VO6r. against IIS6
for the Florida and I2JJ.53 for the New
Important work has been done hy the
bureau of ordnance. The bureau has
designed a new torpedo which Rear Ad-
mira! oiraus is responsible for and which
is expected to have Improied features
rf 0nMoea of foreign make, it is
Mr. Daniels says the Navy Depart-
TT.ent IS HOW COnStniC nC a run lnrir..
lhan,ih? ,1S 'Jch rlfl" whlch are
proviaea ror the newest batt eshlns. It.
expects this larger calibre weapon mny
be Installed on the 1918 battleship". The
system of mounting three guns to a tur
ret Is Indorsed. Anti-aircraft guns are
reported to have b.en successfully In
stalled on several battleships and are
to be provided for others. The report
says: "The necessity for aircraft aa an
lmp'!rt,a"t arm of nav"1 "vlfe Is ap.
i.ciia,ri nun inurn man ueiore ineir
value was demonstrated In the Euro
pean war. The development of air
craft In the navy has not progressed as
rapidly as its usefulness demands."
To guard against violations of neur
tralttr through use of the radio service.
Mr. Daniels believes, legislation would
be In order to Impose proper penalties
for any use of the radio which might
"imperil the peace of the L'nlted
The Importance of oil conservation for
the navy is emphasized hy Mr. Daniels.
When the three year programme already
authorized by Congress Is completed the
navy will require , 721, 000 barrels of
ruet oil annually in time of peace and
about three times as much In the event
of war. The adequate supply of fuel oil
Is regarded as a national necessity, and
the Navy Department expects Congress
not to permit private claimants to en
croach oh the navy's oil reserves.
As expected, Secretary Daniels in
dorses promotion by selection. This sys
tem alone permits a "brilliant man, gift
ed as Farragut or Dewey," tu be ad
vanced above the mediocre man who hap
pens to have graduated a number ahead
In commenting on what remains to
be done. Secretary Daniels says: "I feel
It my duty to warn as solemnly aa I
may agalnat the danger that lies In a
possible feeling on the part of our people
that the navy haa now been attended to,
has been placed where It belongs among
the great navies of the world, and that
there Is nothing further to bo done.
Complacent retrospection of past achieve
ment is the father of dry rot."
GLOVE TRADE A GOLD MINE.
Abraham Mansbach Earaed 534
Per Cent, la a Single Year.
A business that actually paid as high
as $34 per cent In a slnglo year was
revealed yesterday In a transfer tax ap
praiser's report filed In Brooklyn.
The report shows that Abraham II.
Mansbach, who died on July 3 at 1854
Eighty-second street, Brooklyn, leaving
a net estate of $247,294, had a veritable
gold mine In the kid glove business he
conducted at 221 Fourth avenue, "Man
hattan. From Juno 1, 1913, to Junn 1,
1916, net profits were $35,234.14, $53,
425,91 and $33,432.01, respectively, on
nn original cash investment of $10,000,
7he. two eld.et f0""' unJr he will, are
" i"""" ' ousi-
neSS at ItS fSCO VSlUO.
Judgeship lllll Passes Senate.
Washinoton, Dec 7. By a party
vote of 33 to 25 the Senate to-day
passed Senator Hoke Pmlth's bill au
I thorlztng the President to nonolnt an
the age of 70, haa served ten yeara. and
Is suffering from mental or physical dis
ability of a permanent character.
, bW riVffllTCLAUL mmVJ
1920 BOOKLET FOR
BRYAN UNDER WAY
Indications Are "Barkis Is
WHHny bnt No Direct
Statement Is Jfade.
PROHIBITION THE ISSKE
Commoner's Friends at Capi-
tnl Talking: of Him as Logi
Wasiiinqto, Dee. 7. After a busy
two days spent In the capital William J.
Bryan .ook his departure this afternoon.
1-ivlng behind him a Presidential boom
bearing a familiar label.
Mr. Bryan has not said anything
which would Indicate In so many words
that he Is out for tho Democratic nomi
nation In 120. Nevertheless a boom
has been started by his faithful follow
er!', who got busy to-day talking about
him as the logical candidate. The fact
that the Commoner three time has gone
down to defeat did not seem to count
with them at all.
According to Itepresentatlve Warren
ST0"!? Bn',ey of Pennsylvania, one of
Mr. Bryan's closest friends In Congress,
the Commoner told his friends shortly
after his resignation as Secretary of
siwio mai e never expected again to
hold public office. Mr. Bailey, however,
was one of thoee who began talking of
Mr. Bryan aa tho logical candidate to-
7?y' am!.u,'re w" "" intimation
that Barkis would be willn'.
mere 13 considerable mystery as to
how last night's dinner for Mr. Drvm
' if" .lrltna of Mr. Bryan believe he
Is the logical candidate for MV.nl r.a.
sons. One of these Is that the election
demonstrated that the South and West
can now win without the East, Another
. " " howed their opinion
, " ZjZ " 'ntiment. of which Mr.
Tn has been the apostle, had carried
, the election. There were alsn manv hn
believed that four years from now the
great issue might after all be prohibition,
which would be strong with the women
It was significant, to-lay that many
conservatives were Inclined to take this
view. Senator Simmon of North Caro
lina, a conservative and one of the most
tnnuentlal members of the Senate,
Praised Mr. Bryan's speech, and said
uniess some action were taken inJ
1 ,n " four yeara looking towardl
. national nrohlbltlon It was bnuml in K-
one of the great Issues at the next na
Senator Kenyon of Iowa, one of the
prohibition advocates on the Republican
side, went so far aa to say that If Mr.
Ilrvm .Km, 1.1 -., trxm , .
the Democratic ticket with prohibition
in Its platform the Republicans could
not hold their party together In opposi
tion to It.
Although refusing to discuss Mr.
Bryan as a candidate, these men. and
many others concede that Mr. Rryan Is
likely to assume great prominence In the
next four years In view of the spread of
tho prohibition movement, which haa
caused half the country to go dry al- j
Friends of Mr. Bryan said he had com
mitted himself to this cause and would
work Indefatlgably In the next four years
to obtain enough delegatea to the next
national convention to get it into the
platform. They made the prediction that
with it In the platform ho would be the
only candidate to name.
McADOO QUITS BEFORE MAR. 4.
Carter Glass to Succeed Him as
Secretary of Treaeary.
Washington, Dec. 7. Secretary Ms
Adoo Is almost certain to leave the
Treasury before March 4, He has told
close personal friends so. Representa
tive Carter Glass of Virginia Is under
consideration by tho President to huc
ceed htm. Mr. OIjbs became secretary
of the national committee at the earnest
request of the President. He Is chair
man of the House Banking and Currency
Committee. It Is underntood the only
objection raised against him Is that he
would make another Southerner In the
Other changes In the Treasury Depart
ment are eoon to occur. Andrew Peters,
Assistant Secretary, Is to resign. II.
will he succeeded hy John Burke, now
Treasurer of the United States. Mr.
Burke la expected to be rucce.ded In
turn by Robert W Woolley, who r'
signed as Director of the Mint to become
publicity director of the Democratic
WM. HARRIS ESTATE $671,500.
Petition la Jamaica to Probate
Theatrical Mast's Will.
Petitions were filed with Surrogate
Noble at Jamaica yesterday for the pro
bate of the will of the late William Har
rls, the theatrical man of Ilayslde. Es,
ttmates fix the value of the real estae
at $21,500 and the peruana! estate $660,.
William Harris, Jr.. Is the chief ben
eflclary under the will. Three daughters
and a granddaughter are also said to be
Joseph T. Blckerton of 320 Weat Forty-
second street and William Harris, Jr ,
are named as executors.
THAW SPENT $6,475 ON NOV. 7.
Helped to Elect Frank If, Illscsck
to Court of Appeals.
AtJJANT, Dec. 7 Harry If. Thaw re.
ported from Pittsburg to-day to the
Secretary of State that he expended
$C,475 In his effort to advance the
candidacy of Frank It. Hlscock, Chief
Judge-elect or the Court of Appeals,
becauso he was opposed to hla Demo
cratic opponent. Judge Almet F. Jenks,
He spent $376 for a Ford car. $32
for motor service una railroad fare, $94$
for hotel bills, $2,074 for printing and
$1,344 was contributed to political clubs.
This is about
Lord & Taylor the time pco
Boo Shop pie want to
talk Children's Books. We
can make claim to nothing
extraordinary in our chil
dren's stock, but the young
lady who has charge of
this department is a joy
to our customers and to
us, because she knows and
DouiltJay Pate & Company
DIRINt THE CIVIL WAR
yaar htHn Lm's
LAWYERS MORTMSE CO.
Ca4tt, fcirtH A Fr49,Mt,M0
tt liberty Rt.,K.Y. 14 Meatsrne St-.nti
6.0. P. USED $454,334
IN PRESS CAMPAIGN
Collections Amounted to Only
$377,207, Guy Emerson
Beports to Congress.
WAiHlNmw, Dec. 7 Full disclosure
of the extensive advertising campaign
carried on in behalf of the Republican
Prealdentlal ticket In the closing week
of the campaign was made to-day In the
report filed with the clerk of the House
of Representatives by Guy Emerson,
manager of the Republican Publicity As
sociation, with headquarters at IS East
Fifty-sixth street. New Tork city.
The Democrats were much exercised
over thin, advertising campaign, which
looaea squarely at them the last few
days of the camoalm In full naare adver.
tneir dally newsnarxrs.
Uam- . 1 , ..
t,i., f-iiimrauc managers nav esil-
mate.i that tM t
by the Renubllcana cost "a million riol.
lars." As a matter of fact Mr. Emerson,
mm wiv iHgcituvil coucciea
3377,307 and spent 1454,134.
The largest contributor was Pierre du
Pont of the Du Pont Powder Company,
who gave 170. 000. Other larxo con-
trlbutnrs were Frank A. Vanderllp. 325,-1
000 ; John D. Rockefeller, Sr.. 323.000 :'
Oliver It. Payne, $25,000: Mrs. E. II, I
iiamman, J. 1". Morgan, Henry p.
Davison. C. A. Collin. W. II. Chllds,
George F. Baker, Herrlck, Berg & Co.
and Charles Pratt & Co.. $10,000 each.
Other contributors were : F. U. Sohoen
maker. New York. $1,000; Cornelius
Vanderbllt, New York. $5,000; D.
Wheeler. New York. $1,000; A. B. Tun
ker. New York. $5,000; F. W. Stearns,
New York. $1,000; William II. Coolldge,
Boston, $2,500; Lewis U Clark, Boston,
$1,500; James Mclean, New York.
$5,000 ; P. D. Bakus, New York, $1,000;
Crtorxe Ulumenthal. New York. $1,300;
W. H. Nichols, New York, $2,000; F. U
J if rohb rnri rTioonrWHH,ni.'bllev'a ln lnd'v"lual private ownership
J. B. Cobb. New lork. $1,000 : Wllllani as 1.... ,h.n r.nv.mmt -n.,.m,i
P. Clyde, New York. $5,000: John D.
Arrhbold. New York, $1,000 ; John San
ford, Amsterdam, N. Y., $3,000 ; Frank
Hemls. Boston. $1,000; F. S. Moseley A
Co.. Boston, $1,000; F. G. Webster, Ucsi
ton. $5,000; Htedman Butterlck, Boston,
ii.vvv jicn aione, nuiion, id,uuu;
""K Iabody. Boston. $3,000; U K.
Liggett, Boston. $10,000; John W. Simp
son. New York. $1,000; F. Colt Johnson,
New York. $2,000.
John D. Rockefeller. Jr.. Ner York,
$5,000: E. V. n, Thayer. Boston. $3,000',
Edward Kneeland, Pittsburg. $1,000 ; A,
W. Mellon. Pittsburg. $2,500 . It. B. Mel
lon. Pittsburg. $2,500; M. IC McMullen.
Pittsburg, $1,500 ; Thomas W. Fitch, Jr.,
Carnegie. Pa.. $1,000; Emerson McMIl
an .sw' Tork. $30 ; William R. Peters,
New York. $1,000: Seward Prosser. New
York. $2,300; E. T. Stotesbury. Philadel
phia, $3,000; R. Fulton Cutting. New
York. $2.00$; Mm. Olivia M. Cutting.
New York. $1.000 ; Charles Hayden, Bos
ton. $3,000, John N. Willys, New Tork,
WILSON GAVE $2,500.
Democratic Campaign Fond
Amounted to l,ON,nm.
Washington, Dec. 7 The final re
port of the Democratic National Commit
tee on Its campaign receipts and ex
penditures, filed with the Houe to-day,
shows total receipts of S1.SOS.34S nnd
disbursemints of $1,6S4..U0.
ints of $1.6S4..-.J0. In addition ' fl,, , ', "Vi rnpa'n against
ascertained llbllltles. $97,005 ; I 1 "il,?.f"1" vv' t the Inter
1.1... ....ii. .-.i tato Commerce Commission In the n-
clalma subject to audit, $99,479, and
loans to be repaid, $32,000.
The report waa submitted by Treas
urer Wilbur W. Marsh. The largest
contributor was Cleveland H. Dodxe.
President Wilson contributed $2,500. Of
the contributions $490,175 were In
amounts less than $100, The loans to
be refunded are ;
Henry S, Priest, St. Iiuls. $30,000, and
F. S. Peabody, Chicago, $2,000. Another
loan by Mr. Peabody of $30,000 has
The Woodrow Wilson Independence
League, through Henry Bruere of New
York, treasurer. In its final report to
day acknowledged contributions of $47.
119 and expenditures of $46,405, In ad
dition to $7,972 spent for the league
by the Democratic National Committee.
The contributions Included $20,000 by
Charles R. Crane.
The National Hughes Alliance, through
Arch W. Shaw, treasurer, reported re
ceipts of $13,212; disbursements of $21,
239, besides unpaid bills nf $8,213. Will
lam Rlgley. Jr., Chicago, who gave
$4,250, was the principal contributor.
DEWEY'S NAVIGATOR DYING.
Capt. Carlos ti. Calkins Retired
Ten Years Ago.
BKRKMJrr. Cal, Dec. 7. Capf Carlos
Oilman Calkins, navigating officer on
Admiral Dewey's flagship, the Olympla,
nt Manila Bay, Is at the point of death
at hla home here.
He has been III for several months
Capt. Calkins was retired from active
ecricc wui fii i
1. Altmatt $c Ota
Extraordinary Values in
Women's Velveteen Dresses
(sizes 24 to 44)
in brown, burgundy, green, navy blue
at $22.50, $27.50, $35.00 & $38.00
Women's Ready-to-wear Qown
BRYAN AGAINST U.S.
Ex-Secretary of State In Vigor
ous Protest to Newlands
OWES STOCK GUARANTEE
Radicals Shocked by Demo
cratlc Leader's Favorinp
of the Roads.
Washington, Dee. 7. William J,
Bryan appeared before .the Newlands
joint committee of Congress to-day and
vigorously opposed the plan for Federal
Incorporation of railroads engaged In
Interstate commerce. Mr. Iky an waa
the only witness to-day and theacommlt
tee did not get through with him. He
consented to return In JntMtary to be
While most of Mr. Bryan's proposals
pleased the radicals, he caused great
consternation among them when he pro
posed legislation to place securities of
railroads "on the same basis of stability
as Government bonds." The speaker
said be would do this by permitting the
railroads to charge a rate that would
keep their stocks always at par and
enough In addition to create a sinking
fund up to 2; per cent, of their capi
talisation to meet the requirements of
the "lean years" and guarantee the re
turn of dividends on the stock.
Hfrngrpili I., nl...l.l.i
1 iifsiocrsii .ire uiiaiseislef.
The former Secretary of State lntl-
not"! 5 Per cent, return on the stock
iw hici tun ucinuuus ui inteaiurs
and that 2 per cent In addition for the
sinking fund would about meet his ides.
The radicals said he had unconsciously
suggested something that exceeded the
wildest dreams of the railroad managers
themselves and had evolved a plan that
practically amounted to a guarantee on
, rauroau issues.
Tbe Democratic leader also disap
pointed some of his followers when ha
declared tils opposition to Government
ownership of railroads as a fundamental
proposition, but said It would be In
evitable unless the railroad owners
changed their attitude toward regula
tion. He compared railroads with municipal
service corporations which had acted in
such a way as to make public owner
AltVays for Private Ownership.
Mr. Bryan declared he had always
He explained that his attitude had been
misunderstood and that he had ad
voeated Government ownership only as
Mr. Bryan was rather severe on
Congress and on the railroads. He
warned Senator Newlands that the tat
ter's plan for Federal Incorporation
would be an entering wedge for Govern
ment ownership, for It would lead to
evils that the people would not tolerate
and they would take over the roads.
He believed Congress would be less
mindful of the public Interest than State
Iegllatures are and that the restrictive
Influences on the railroads would be
less under Federal control because the
Government would be further removed
from the people.
The witness charged that when the
new Union station In Washington was
being authorized by Congress, to which
the Government contributed half the
expense, two leading railroads had lob
byists In the corridors of the Capitol
who handed out railway passes to mem
bers who voted fnr'Mie bill, nnd Mr
Bryan said he knew of one Instance
where a pass was refused a member
who had voted against' the bill.
Railroad F.lerteil Congressman.
Mr. Bryin also charged that while he
was a member of the House one railroad
was bold enough to elect Its president to
Congress, and from his place on th
HnM- V. .11....... ... . .. .
terest of the public
"If we want less regulation than we
now have I hnow of no better way to
get It than to pass this legislation for
Federal Incorporation." said Mr. Bryan.
"My reasou for coming before you Is
that thts proposition for Federal Incor
poratlon Is of such great Importance, so
revolutionary, that, as one Interested In
all things that affect the Government
and the people, I felt It my duty to be
present and represent the "other side.' "
Mr. Bryan said that Federal Incorpo
ration would shoulder upon the Govern
ment nn overwhelming burden nnd that
the official organisation to handle It
would not be able to give the necessary
attention to details.
'The further you remove regulation
from the people the more difficult you
will find It to regulate successfully,"
said the witness, "for If there Is any
virtue In representative government the
representation is best when the regula
tion Is nearest home,"
CAR DYNAMITER CONVICTED.
Jury Asks Mercy for Striking At
Ati-anta. Oa.. Dec. 7. J. II. Gui.t.r
a striking motorman, waa convicted by
ii,-uar uyniumung a street
car November 7. Several passengers
received painful Injuries. The Jury
recommended mercy. Sentence will be
passen mier ine penalty is from Ave
to ten year.
Twenty-seven street cars have been
dynamited since the motormen and con-
uuciors eiriKo pegan last September.
BUREAU OF LABOR
- SEERS EXPANSION
Secretary Wilson Says Employ
ment Branch Has Far Out
BAN ON STRIKE BREAKERS
Right of Collective Bargaining
by Wage Earners Is
Washington! Xc. 7. Expansion of
the Government's publlo employment
service by creation of a separate Bureau
of Employment within the Department
of Labor, la the chief recommendation of
Be re tar y Wilson's annual report, mad
public to-day. The work. It Is declared,
has outgrown the faculties of the Bu
reau of Immigration, from which It has
been directed. Beginning In a small
way In 107. It now covers' the country
through the Post Office and other de-'
The assistance of the Peat Office De
partment, Seeertary Wilson says, has
len particularly helpful. Some
(0,000 post offices are distributing
blanks which the seeker of a job msy
fill out and send through the malls free
of postage. When applications of em
ployers and employees In the same
neighborhood enter the same post office
the postmaster brings them together
without forwarding the applications.
One feature of the employment work
emphasised In the report Is the De
partment of Labor's cooperation with
State and city public employment work.
The department's aim. It la declared. Is
to make the work "so extensive as to
comprise the whole country geograph
ically and to embrace all Its Industries,
yet so Intensive ss to discover every
opportunity for work, however obscure.
nnd to reach with a helping hand every
wage earner needing employment or
wanting better employment."
The department s attitude toward '
strike breaking Is set forth In connec- I
tlon with Its public employment policy 1
in these words:
"The Department of Labor should not
make Itself a medium for conveying In
formation of demands for wage earners
where labor disputes are the cause of
the demand. That there la already a
sufficient eupply of labor there Is as
true If It Is unemployed on account of
a dispute over terms as if It were un- 1
employed from lack of employment Op
portunities from other causes."
The report relates at length the de
partment's mediation efforts during the
year and argues for collective bargain-
lng In matters of employment.
"Large employers are usually Incor-
porated companies with many stockhold
ers of diversified Industrial connections
and with boards of directors having In
tercorporate affiliations. An Individual
wage worker Is weak Indeed as a bar
gainer against such employers. He must
take what they offer or go without em
ployment, and going without employment t
means to the wage worker what bank-'
ruptcy means to the business man. ex
cept that It Is Immeasu.ably worse."
HUGE FARM EOND ISSUE LIKELY
Indication Point to Total la E
cess of ) iso.OOO.OOO.
Washington, Dec. 7 If the forma-1
i . , . . , .
"un vi tann luau associations under ine
rural credits law Is unv lnrilmtlnn the
Investment market of the country will
be called on to absorb new farm loan
bonds to an amount that may exceed
The farm loan board expects to an
nounce by December 20 the twelve dis
tricts In which the farm loan banks will
be located, and has already begun to
.-ound experts as to the probable rate
nr interest tne new bonds ehould bear.
It will not be less than 4 per cent, nor
more than 5. The farm loan board be
lieves that even at 4 per cent, the bonds
will be readily absorbed. In view of the
various guarantees behind them, and
also because of their saleable denomina
tion running from $25 to $1,000. Bonds
will be due In forty years, but can b
paid off In five years.
It is expected the first bonds will
appear In February.
CLOTHING WORKERS TO STRIKE
Vote Taken Last Night Will Call
Out 123.00O Persons.
Clothing wurkers, meeting yesterday
m their various halls, voted for a general
strike In that Industry to compel a wage
Increase of $2 a week and an eight hour
day. It was estimated by the labor
union leaders that 125,000 workers would
be Involved In the etrlke.
It was announced by Joseph A.
Schlossberr of the, Amnlnm.t rf-M. ,,
ing Workers of America that the eight
hour fight would be made In Montreal, 1
Toronto, Syracuse, Boston, Philadelphia, i
Detroit, St. Louis and Baltimore simul
taneously with the struggle here. The
strike is timed for the early part of next'
THIS IS THE BIG DAY
RUSSIAN BAZAAR aa&4lV
TOIJ CAN SBK
THE BEST SHOW IN TOWN AND DO YOUR
CHRISTMAS SHOPPING FOR 25 CENTS,
theatre VIMVad"nMm.r rt0.'nC1.?.y.SUr,? dressier and her amiHng tm-
ana art onjects. ualquo and useful examples of Kusian peaanl IiamUcr.if
OM P. M. .UNTIL MIDNIGHT.
ART SALKS AND EXHIBITIONS.
Silo Building, 546
A Valuable Collection of
of the 15th, 16th, 17th and 18th Centuries
Among which will be feuod many ctacnDlee nf merit ami 1,11,1111 h1
Air York City. l S. A, r,h l uh
.l'J.1."Z?'J.',oui,0t tlm$t "emj to mt to e IV ,M pi
iiofiffri iuiy 10 command toad pncti, I em unMma iai ,n."...t .
that Iht pvIufm ur, iu A,, ctttinalHn,, lomV i) tSent nart nrli ll. .
" Vours, 'faithfully. .Sfscf) , T til 1 '
EXHIBITION TO TIME or "ALE.
GARDEN SOLD TO DAY,
MAY BE PUBLIC MARKET
Pamous Old 3fndlson Squirp
Landmark to I)c Put 1 1,
Madison Square Garden's fate. Is to b
decided to-day at noon In the real
tate auction room on Vcey street ',h,
the property will be offered for sal,
part of proceedings by tho New YatV
Life Insurance Company t r,,,.,
$2,300,000 In tho form of a mortzij'
loan. It was reported yesterday u,,.
Interests not Identified with the c;,ird,
now hope to obtain It and that if th.
are successful they will divide the ,Z
Into building plots. They are to b.'
In their efforts by the New York I f.
which has agreed to lend 11,730 00)' on'
mortgage to the purchaser. '
Bryan L. Kenntlly as auctioneer wii
officiate at the sale, which will t. un,i.;
the direction of John F O'Hrlen, re? t,'
It U certain that Interests represent.
by J. P. Morgan & Co. will bid o ttj
property up to a certain flm.r. . lt
Is a second mortxaae for i.vta 'aaa Jl. t
must be protected, h.ld ht, tV. " i?
Joyce, who Is connected with the bint
Ing Arm. Mr. Kcnneiiy reports tint stv.
eral out of town real estate twn "
coming to bid on the property nn,i tki.
. V . ' """"" mere win b, .
most Interesting competition for m.
famous old arena.
A new bidder has appealed
Garden. It was discovered e-.r,!,.
This la the American Poultry A.".o..i
tlon, which has conceived the Irlea of ia
Ing over the building and maintaining!
perpetually for a public market . wili
as the home of the annual poult-v and
Pigeon show. Should the ns-oclauon Jit
tho old ahow place It will be the Urien
refall egg, milk and food market .n ti.
United States. "
Railway Transfer sheds Mara.
Yin.. ..--,.., 1 , J T - . -
part of the huge transfer ehds ? t",
Baltimore and Ohio Railrosd he-.
destroyed by fire to-day. Kiijhf lai.ui
freight cars and a large quant ... ,
merchandise on the platforms a!o W(.r,
in 5, 10, 25 and SO lb. cottoa bait
and in 2 and S lb. cartons
Once you've used
never want another
kind of granulated
Sweeten it with Domino
Granulated, Tablet, Powdered,
Thla trouble commonly called "ilfk
headache, ts said to be due to th rrtn
tton of urea In the sstem. Often 't H
statedthatapoorcondltlon nf tti.binot
Is a cause of these headache., or Us:
tt is a nervous condition: and taceruia
cases, no doubt this ! true,
VVhere treatment ts demanded. It
more for the pain than anything
nJ Or. A. F. 8chellichml.lt rl Isii
vllle, has found antl-kamnla tshli.ti
(lye prompt and satlitsctorv r '
A Kelt should be Insisted upon "he wy,
and the patient should go to bed, darken
the room, and all the Bttenaiit tal
larallT should be ns fjulet s pM!hie
An emetlo will sometimes shorten tut
ttack. Tbe bowels should be k.pterea
with "Aetotds": a hot bsth and a tnor.
ough rob-down with a coar.e t-"
often give grateful relief. '!
kamnla tablets when the first ur
Bear, will usually prevent the at'vk
urlng an attack, one tablet eve v c '
or two will shorten the attack 1
Ileve the usual nnuseit and v m :j
These tablets may be obt.ilne I sr a
druggliu. Ask for A-K 'laiilet 1V
are alio unexcelled for nervom bh
aches, neuralgia and all t aint.
ART 4AI.F.4 AND K.XIII1II 1 Iiin-
Avenue Art Galleries
Fifth Aw, and 1,3 & 5 WtNt Af
Silo & Sons, Auctioneers.
I Bis I
Cane Sugar j
I Granulated !